The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
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From The Guardian (UK), 9 April


Streak's rebels set quit deadline


Telford Vice in Durban


Zimbabwe's senior players have given their board a deadline of next
Wednesday to meet their demands or face mass resignation. Meetings were
being held last night between a players' delegation consisting of the former
captain Heath Streak, Grant Flower, Andy Blignaut and their lawyer and
Zimbabwe Cricket Union officials. The meetings were hastily arranged after
11 contracted players threatened to resign yesterday morning. If they carry
out their threat England could find themselves facing a second-string Test
side if their controversial tour to Zimbabwe takes place in October. "We've
given the delegation a mandate of 4pm on Wednesday, and if they don't come
up with the goods we're out of here," a senior player said from Harare last
night. The player did not hold out much hope for the success of the
negotiations. "I don't think we're going to get anywhere with them," he
said. "There is no future for Zimbabwe cricket." The players' major concern
is the lack of top-level playing experience among the national selectors,
but Tatenda Taibu's elevation to the captaincy in the place of Heath Streak
has become another stumbling block. "There are quite a few guys who don't
want to play under Tatenda Taibu, and it's not a racial issue," the player
said. "It's because he is 20 years old and he's still trying to make it in
international cricket. We've asked them to reverse the captaincy situation
back to Streak, and they have said they won't. If that's the case, there are
a few of us who are going to leave purely on that basis."

The ZCU said Streak issued the board with an ultimatum that he would resign
if the selection panel was not restructured, a claim Streak's father has
denied. "At the board meeting on Friday, [board members] Max Ebrahim and
Ozias Bvute were basically out of their trees," the player said. "They
shouted down [the ZCU chairman] Peter Chingoka when he tried to say they
should discuss Heath's concerns." Sri Lanka's selectors, meanwhile, have
named three uncapped players in their 16-member squad for this month's
limited-overs series against Zimbabwe. The Sri Lankan squad will leave on
April 15 for Zimbabwe, where they will play five limited-overs matches
followed by two Tests. The squad includes the all-rounder Farveez Mahroof,
who led Sri Lanka in this year's Under-19 World Cup in Bangladesh. Dilhara
Fernando, who has recovered from a spinal injury, returns to the squad to
bolster the fast bowling department, which also includes the left-arm quick
bowlers Chaminda Vaas and Nuwan Zoysa, as well as the right-arm seamer Nuwan
Kulasekera. Fernando has played only one international match since his
injury last April, the final home Test match against England in December.
The first match of the series against the Zimbabweans begins in Bulawayo on
April 20.
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Resurgence of TB causes concern
BULAWAYO, 9 Apr 2004 (IRIN) - Malnutrition due to the ongoing food crisis,
the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and overcrowded urban areas are all contributing to a
rise in tuberculosis (TB) infections in Zimbabwe.

Nicholas Siziba, the national coordinator of the Ministry of Health's
special TB programme, sounded the alarm last week while visiting
Matabeleland South province - one of the worst-affected in terms of TB
rates.

He said the annual number of infections for the southern province had risen
to 3,000, up from slightly over 2,000 in previous years.

"In Matabeleland South, TB remains a major public health problem. This is
largely because of a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection rates in the
community. The resultant malnutrition, poor sanitation and overcrowding in
the urban areas contributes to the easy spread of the disease."

Siziba said the rapid increase in infections across the country called for
the participation of the private sector and NGOs in fighting the resurgence
of the illness. "This is not a problem that can be left to the Ministry of
Health and Child Welfare alone, because more people are dying of TB than
other curable infectious diseases," he stressed.

The Zimbabwe Association for the Rehabilitation and Prevention of
Tuberculosis (RAPT) warned that TB was emerging as the major opportunistic
killer of people living with AIDS.

RAPT national co-ordinator Ellen Ndimande told IRIN that TB, riding on the
back of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, was fast getting out of control.

"Since 1954 we have had a very successful fight against the disease, to the
point where the association declared that the war on TB had been won. But
the past few years have shown us that the disease has re-emerged to become
the number one killer of people with HIV/AIDS," said Ndimande.

"The high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in this country has facilitated the
resurgence of the disease, at a time when government and private
organisations are over-stretched in financial and human resources," she
added.

RAPT was hamstrung in responding by a serious cash crisis.

"We have suspended at least three awareness and mitigation programmes due to
have been done this year. RAPT now depends only on its fundraising
activities. The business sector, which previously supported us generously,
is no longer in a position to donate because they also face varying
financial problems due to the state of the economy," Ndimande explained.

She said RAPT was wrapping up its last programme of TB awareness among food
vendors in Bulawayo. Ndimande called on the government to come up with a
revised programme aimed at fighting both TB and HIV/AIDS.

"These diseases have become partners, and we cannot fight one in isolation
from the other. Although most HIV/AIDS patients are tested for TB, the
separation of treatment programmes works against the goals of defeating
both," Ndimande said.

Efforts to get a comment from Stanley Midzi, the director of disease control
and prevention in the ministry of health, were unsuccessful.

Zimbabwe, which received a UN World Health Organisation grant to fight TB
and malaria earlier this year, is rated among 22 countries with the heaviest
TB burden worldwide.
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FinGaz

††††† Chaibva says ZANU PF chefs taught youths to kill opponents

††††† Staff Reporter
††††† 4/8/2004 7:33:24 AM (GMT +2)

††††† MOVEMENT for Democratic Change (MDC) legislator for Harare South
Gabriel Chaibva, raised the ire of ZANU PF parliamentarians this week when
he said senior ruling party officials trained youths to kill opponents in
the early 1980s.

††††† Chaibva said he underwent such youth training in one of the camps
created soon after independence in 1980 at the behest of Didymus Mutasa, now
a State Minister in charge of Anti-Corruption.

††††† That courted anger from ZANU PF legislators who are solidly behind the
controversial youth training centres established by the government in recent
years.

††††† Chaibva said: "There was this training camp called Robert Gabriel
Mugabe in Marondera.

††††† "When we went there, we spent two weeks. We were being taught by the
late Ernest Kadungure, who at one point was a Political Affairs Minister, a
member of the ruling party and secretary of the Politburo, on how to deal
with ZAPU and to kill opponents to ZANU PF's rule during those days in the
1980s. So the historical origin of this programme is very acquainted to me."

††††† To which ZANU PF chief whip Joram Gumbo moved a motion asking the
Speaker of Parliament, Emmerson Mnang-agwa to compel Chaibva, on a matter of
parliamentary privilege, to furnish the Portfolio Committee on Youth
Development, Gender and Employment Creation with a detailed report on what
really transpired in those camps.

††††† "Although one of the trainers he has mentioned (Kadungure), is late,
Honourable Mutasa and others are still alive," said Gumbo.

††††† "He should be compelled to furnish the House with details of what went
on so we can be informed about the bad spirit by which ZANU PF used to train
people how to kill. I think we are lucky he is still alive."

††††† Mnangagwa is expected to make a ruling on the matter in due course.


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FinGaz

††††† MDC grills Tsvangirai over Zengeza

††††† Brian Mangwende
††††† 4/8/2004 7:32:16 AM (GMT +2)

††††† MORGAN Tsvangirai, leader of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
which faces a serious crisis of public confidence as a credible opposition,
has come under fire for allegedly causing the simmering split within the
party and its failure to regain the Zengeza seat.

††††† Reports of a rift within the opposition party have swirled for some
time now although the MDC has always denied such a split existed.

††††† Impeccable party insiders said that pressure was mounting on the
opposition leadership over widening cracks within the ranks of the MDC,
which could give ZANU PF an edge in next year's watershed parliamentary
elections. They said the fissures came at a particularly irksome moment for
the MDC, which many fear might fail to keep its course in the treacherous
waters of Zimbabwean politics.

††††† Stung by the party's failure to retain the Zengeza parliamentary seat
in a by-election two weeks ago, the sources said, the MDC held an impromptu
retreat in Nyanga last weekend. They said there was panic within the MDC
bunker after the loss to ZANU PF in the Zengeza by-election. Party members
wanted to know why it "was going so badly for them".

††††† Party insiders told The Financial Gazette this week that Tsvangirai,
who accuses President Robert Mugabe, 80, of stealing the 2002 presidential
poll, was at pains to tackle issues threatening to split the opposition
party.

††††† The other source of discord, the sources said, was the imposition of a
candidate for the Zengeza by-election. It was felt within the party that the
loss to ZANU PF was a backlash against the move. Senior MDC members cornered
the MDC leader for his role in the imposition of James Makore as the
candidate for the Zengeza poll. He was also taken to task for doing nothing
to stamp out the confusion arising from overlapping roles within the
hierarchy.

††††† The loss of the Zengeza seat to the ruling ZANU PF during the
parliamentary by-election came as a shock to the MDC, whose leaders blamed
each other for being undemocratic by imposing an unpopular candidate and
ignoring calls by supporters to hold primary elections.

††††† Divisions within the ranks of the MDC leadership had surfaced after
Charlton Hwende, a key member in the opposition party's structures in
Zengeza, fired the first salvo when he was excluded from the race for the
seat left vacant by Tafadzwa Musekiwa, who fled to the United Kingdom citing
security reasons. He criticised the MDC for having a democratic deficit.

††††† "Basically, the debate centred on the question of the rift between the
intellectuals in the party and the trade unionists. People said what was
bothering them," said the source. "It was more of a therapy exercise, which
we needed before next year's elections. However, we feel much better now,
because there was a lot of anger and hurt in the air on how we managed to
lose the Zengeza by-election. At the end we walked out with one voice."

††††† The retreat was called to come up with ways of rekindling confidence
within the MDC urban support base and identify areas of conflict with a view
to minimising them.

††††† It was also meant to plan and devise ways of penetrating ZANU PF's
rural strongholds ahead of the March 2005 parliamentary elections.

††††† MDC spokesperson Paul Themba Nyathi acknowledged the fireworks at the
indaba, but was quick to say all problems had been ironed out amicably.

††††† "The divisions are alleged and are a product of newspaper speculation
and ZANU PF's manipulation," Nyathi said. "The meeting observed all the
machinations and the party has been mandated to exert maximum pressure on
ZANU PF legally and constitutionally to level the electoral field."

††††† Other members who came under attack were said to be Isaac Matongo, the
party's national chairman, for allegedly fanning divisions within the party,
Job Sikhala, the Member of Parliament for St Mary's, who hardly campaigned
for the Zengeza candidate, and Trudy Stevenson (Harare North).

††††† Sikhala and Stevenson were taken to task for speaking to the press
without the express authority of the leadership.

††††† Nyathi said: "It has always been a standing rule that the party speaks
through its spokesperson. That issue was also ironed out."
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New Health Board Challenged



The Herald (Harare)

April 9, 2004
Posted to the web April 8, 2004

Harare

THE newly appointed Public Health Advisory Board has been challenged to
source for additional funding for the health sector.

Health and Child Welfare Minister Dr David Parirenyatwa said the greatest
challenge facing his ministry was limited funding.

He was speaking at the inauguration of the Public Health Advisory Board in
Harare yesterday.

He challenged the new board, chaired by Mr Jealous Batsirayi Nderere (47),
to help the ministry source more funding.

"Your advice will go along way in my vision to address problems related to
health infrastructure, such as the upgrading of health management
information systems and refurbishment of buildings," said Dr Parirenyatwa.

While some health facilities in the country were relatively new, he said,
they ended up looking run-down because of lack of renovation.

Dr Parirenyatwa challenged the board to familiarise itself with the health
sector.

"Health is everyone's concern and you will be in the spotlight. As such, you
should review existing health legislation and recommend periodic amendments
that may be necessary.

"Know how much has been allocated to the ministry in the budget and know how
it is being used," he said.

Dr Parirenyatwa said the board should also make meaningful contributions on
how the prevalence of the HIV and Aids pandemic, other sexually transmitted
infections and epidemics like malaria could be reduced.

"I will welcome advice from the board on how to tackle the numerous
challenges facing this ministry.

"The exodus of manpower, clean water, sanitation, refuse collection and the
availability and distribution of vaccines for preventable diseases are just
some of the pressing concerns," he said.

While rabid deaths were on the increase, it is becoming increasingly
difficult for people to get rabies vaccines because of the costs involved,
he said.

A full course vaccine costs over $1 million.

"All those are challenges that the board should look at," he said.

Mr Nderere has been the managing director of QV Pharmacies since 1997 and is
the current vice-chairperson of the Medicines Control Authority.

He holds a BPharm (Hons) from the University of Zimbabwe.

Mr Dombo Chibanda (52), the current assistant director of Health Services
(Environment), is the vice-chairman. Other members of the board are Dr Alva
Mandizvidza Senderayi, a private medical practitioner representing the
Zimbabwe Medical Association on the board, and Mr Victor Mugwagwa,
vice-principal at the School of Traditional Medicine, representing the
Zimbabwe National Traditional Healers' Association.

Mr Douglas Shonhiwa of the Pharmaceutical Society of Zimbabwe, Dr Kudzai
Ndawana of the Zimbabwe Dental Association, Dr Philemon Macheka, Mr Emmanuel
Magade, Mr Alexander Phiri, Dr Edward Makondo, Mrs Cleveria Chizema, Dr
Zvitendo Duri and Ms Sipiwe Tshuma make up the rest of the board.
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Government's Domestic Debt Up to $1,3 Trillion



The Herald (Harare)

April 9, 2004
Posted to the web April 8, 2004

Brian Benza
Harare

GOVERNMENT'S increased recourse to the domestic sector for financing has
seen total domestic debt rising to $1,3 trillion, according to figures
published by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe for the period to April 2 2004.

The rise in total domestic debt reflects an increase in Treasury bills
issued including the interest component. The effective yield on 91-day
Treasury bills has risen from levels around 79,72 percent to the current
level of around 106,50 percent.

The amount has doubled from the December 2003 figure of $590 billion, which
comprised of $14 billion in outstanding debts, $287 billion of Treasury
bills, $284 billion in interest and $4 billion advances from the central
bank.

Government's borrowing is, to a large extent, being channelled to finance
recurrent expenditure at the expense of capital expenditure.

Although the recent salary hikes for civil servants is partly responsible
for the increased borrowings, the rise in the debt can be attributed to the
taking up of Cold Storage Company (CSC) and Grain Marketing Board (GMB)
debts by the Government.

The borrowings are directly contrary to the then Minister of Finance and
Economic Development, Dr Herbert Murerwa's 2004 budget statement where he
proposed to match recurrent expenditure to current revenues and allowing
budget borrowings only for capital expenditure and infrastructure
development.

"Borrowing for consumption as the Government is doing is, however, not
sustainable and merely results in higher levels of debt without creating any
income to repay the debt," said a weekly report said.

Apart from the budgeted expenditure for 2004, Government will incur
additional expenses through the food import bills to meet the shortfall of
around one million tonnes of maize and wheat on the domestic market.

Apart from borrowing from the domestic market in order to finance its
expenditure, Government can utilise its overdraft facility with the central
bank, but there is, however, a statutory limit on the amount the Government
can borrow, set at 20 percent of the previous year's revenue collection.

This means that the Government can utilise its overdraft facility up to a
limit of $228,3 billion in 2004 as the total revenue for 2003 is estimated
at $1,14 trillion.

But with the deficit estimated at $1,85 trillion, the Government would still
need to borrow in excess of $1 trillion from the domestic sector.

The central bank advances to Government rose to a high of $427,6 billion at
the end of January, but by 12 March the Government had a positive balance of
$56,6 billion.

Government's recourse to the domestic sector for funding, however, leads to
an expansion in money supply growth, thus it is important for it to contain
its expenditure thereby minimising borrowings from the domestic sector to
reduce inflationary pressures.

As stated by the central bank governor in his monetary policy statement,
fiscal discipline is critical if the monetary control measures put in place
are to bear fruit.

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Rogue Top Politicians, War Vets a Worry - Msika



The Herald (Harare)

April 9, 2004
Posted to the web April 8, 2004

Harare

THE Government is concerned by the behaviour of some war veterans and senior
politicians, who are conniving with some white commercial farmers bent on
derailing the land reform programme, Vice-President Msika has said.

"We have even noticed that some of those being used by whites are some of
our war veterans, including senior politicians," he said.

The Vice-President said this on Wednesday after touring Chifundi and Emily
Park irrigation schemes in Makonde constituency in Mashonaland West
province.

The two schemes have more than 350 hectares under irrigat- ion - where wheat
and soya are grown on a rotation basis.

War veterans, Cde Msika said, should not be used to derail Government
programmes because they knew the history of the liberation struggle better.

"The road map to independence was a tough one. Our young people, including
some sell-outs, must remember that we lost dear friends, brothers, sons and
daughters in our war of liberation," he said.

Cde Msika said it was the duty of parents to tell children born after
independence the true story about the importance of land and what
empowerment through land meant.

The Government, he said, was in the process of organising 99-year lease
agreements so that beneficiaries of land reforms could access capital loans
from financial institutions using land as collateral.

The Government is sourcing tractors and other farming equipment from abroad
with the view to develop the agricultural sector as a viable entity,
Vice-President Msika said

He commended farmers at Chifundi and Emily Park for organising themselves
and embarking on commercial ventures, thereby achieving the objectives set
by Government.

"What I have seen today is clear testimony that the programme is
succeeding," Cde Msika said.

However, the Vice-President challenged the A1 farmers to buy their own
farming equipment so that they would be self-sufficient.

"You cannot continue to rely on help from white commercial farmers as in the
case at Emily Park. By doing so you will dance to their tune, and some of
you will end up selling out by joining the opposition MDC," he said.

Turning to next year's parliamentary elections, Cde Msika said there was
need for the ruling Zanu-PF party to have proper structures from village,
cell, branch to district level in the province in preparation for the polls.

He challenged the party provincial leadership to have regular meetings with
the lower structures.

"You must go out and register our people so that they will be able to vote.
Makonde should remain a Zanu-PF constituency," Cde Msika said.

Last season, farmers at the two schemes were able to harvest up to 1 000
tonnes of wheat that earned them about $700 million.

This summer, the farmers have put more than 320 hectares under soya bean
with an expected yield of 600 tonnes valued at $1,8 billion.
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Reuters

††††† Zimbabwe official meets with players to avert walkout


††††† Thu April 8, 2004 6:01 PM DURBAN (Reuters) - The Zimbabwe Cricket
Union (ZCU) held an emergency meeting on Thursday with a group of players
who threatened to resign their contracts, with further discussions expected
later in the day.
††††† The group, which included most of Zimbabwe's top players, met with ZCU
managing director Vince Hogg in Harare on Thursday over issues similar to
that which has sparked crisis meetings between Hogg and former captain Heath
Streak.

††††† "We told them we wanted to resign over Zimbabwe's selection policies
and the make-up of the selection panel, and we agreed to an emergency
meeting," a player who declined to be named told Reuters from Harare.

††††† Hogg said the players had delegated Streak, Grant Flower, Andy
Blignaut and a lawyer to represent them.

††††† "I've had a meeting with a group of players, and ... they are meeting
with us again this afternoon at 4.30pm (1430 GMT)," Hogg told Reuters from
Harare. "We want to resolve all the issues, even if it takes all Easter
weekend to do it."

††††† Hogg has been in talks with Streak since Tuesday after the ZCU said
the pace bowler resigned the captaincy over similar issues at the weekend.
Streak's father, Denis, said his son did not resign.

††††† Hogg said his meetings with Streak over the bowler's own position were
continuing.

††††† "That's part of what we are discussing today."
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FinGaz

††††† ZESN paints an orgy of violence in Zengeza poll

††††† Staff Reporter
††††† 4/8/2004 7:41:10 AM (GMT +2)

††††† THE Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN) has produced a damning
report on the just ended Zengeza parliamentary by-election which chronicles
a number of irregularities that could give credence to the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC)'s claims that the poll was marred by improprieties.

††††† The report, which outlines areas of violence, intimidation and
political skirmishes between ZANU PF and the MDC, comes at a time when the
ruling party is at pains to try to spruce up its battered human rights
record.

††††† ZESN noted the grisly murder of an MDC activist Francis Chinozvinya,
who died of bullet wounds after an unknown assailant shot him. Another
opposition party supporter, Arthur Gunzvenzve, was shot in the leg on the
last day of polling.

††††† "The firing of gunshots during which one person was killed sent shock
waves among voters and residents of the constituency," the report said.
"Just after the shooting . . . people gathered for a funeral at a nearby
house about 300 metres away from the polling station. Members of the MDC and
family members of the deceased were seen crying, which was a very sad and
painful incident to witness. The incident marked the climax of violence in
the election."

††††† In an election marked by voter apathy and complacency, the MDC's
imposed candidate James Makore polled 6 706 votes while ZANU PF's
Christopher Chigumba garnered 8 744 in a constituency where there are 47 256
registered voters.

††††† Smaller parties like the National Alliance for Good Governance got a
paltry 35 votes through Tendayi Chakanyuka, while ZANU's Gideon Chinogureyi
went back home with 97 votes.

††††† The report chronicled a number of incidents of violence and
intimidation by suspected ZANU PF activists whom it said either turned away
prospective voters or took down people's names as they queued to cast their
vote.

††††† ZESN said a knife-wielding suspected ZANU PF supporter stormed into a
polling station at Ndangariro Primary School and threatened potential
voters, adding that other suspected ruling party activists ejected known MDC
members from the queue before they could vote.

††††† Police confiscated the knife, but let the culprit go scot-free while
the MDC chairperson of the party's liaison committee was arrested for
allegedly initiating violence after she reported the incidents to the
police.

††††† An MDC supporter was struck in the face with a weapon, the report
claimed, while suspected women and youths from the ruling party
strategically positioned themselves and turned away voters they claimed did
not belong to their wards.

††††† "These groups were at Unit K creche, Seke 1 High School, Zengeza 8
Primary School, Zengeza 4 High School, Seke 7 and Dudzai Primary Schools,
ZESN said.

††††† "Someone was giving out Kapenta fish and beer to voters near Dudzai
Primary School while another woman was dishing out $1 000 notes to each
prospective voter outside Seke 7 Primary School (parties not known)."

††††† An MDC polling agent was arrested in Unit H while the opposition
party's spokesperson for Chitungwiza province was also arrested for being in
the company of the party's chairperson of the Multi-Party Liaison Committee.

††††† "The police details at most polling stations did not take any action
against incidents which took place beyond the 100-metre radius. This is
where incidents of intimidation and violent clashes took place," ZESN said
in the report.

††††† ZESN attributed voter apathy to an intimidatory atmosphere prior to
and during the election period.

††††† About 1 293 people were turned away for various reasons, but what
could have raised eyebrows was the sudden rise in the number of youths
assisted to vote on the basis that they were illiterate.

††††† "The number of . . . assisted voters was too large for an urban
constituency considering the high literacy level, which is almost 100
percent in urban areas," the report said. "One would have thought the
constituents by now, given the prevalence of elections in Zimbabwe, would
know what is expected of them when one intends to cast their vote."

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Zimbabwe discord may undermine England tour
By Simon Briggs and Peta Thornycroft in Harare
(Filed: 10/04/2004)
uk telegraph

Cricket in Zimbabwe was in near-collapse yesterday after a member of the Zimbabwean Cricket Union claimed that he had sacked a group of up to 10 white players - a move which could eliminate any white presence from the national team and help England's chances of withdrawing smoothly from their autumn tour.

Heath Streak
Heath Streak: his ultimatum has prompted a crisis in the ZCU

Deposed captain Heath Streak, whose departure has sparked the crisis, called for the International Cricket Council to "come here and investigate the grave situation at all levels of the game".

Streak's supporters, who have asked not to be named, thought they had been given permission by ZCU managing director Vince Hogg to miss this weekend's provincial fixtures. But yesterday they received messages from Ozias Bvute - the ZCU board member in charge of racial quotas - which said he was firing them for not turning up.

A row which began over the composition of Zimbabwe's five-man selection panel appears to have split along racial lines. Unless the divisions can be healed next week Zimbabwe could lose some international fixtures. And England's reluctance to fulfil their scheduled tour in October could become less controversial.

The ICC had threatened fines and suspensions for any team who renege on their commitments, but even hardline chief executive Malcolm Speed might struggle to hold the line in such circumstances.

ZCU chairman Peter Chingoka said yesterday the board were "willing to restore [Streak] as a player only", endorsing 20-year-old wicketkeeper Tatenda Taibu as Zimbabwe's captain.

Streak said he had no objections to playing under Taibu, but added: "Unless my demands are met, and they include the selection process, accountability of the board, and administration of the ZCU, I will not play for Zimbabwe again."

The crisis began last Friday with Streak's ultimatum to the board, in which he demanded that all Zimbabwean selectors should have personal experience of first-class cricket, and that none should hold conflicting interests as commentators or ZCU directors.

As Streak's conditions would have meant the removal of a black selector who had no first-class experience, as well as an Asian television commentator, the state-run Herald newspaper labelled him a racist.

Chingoka and Hogg are keen to keep racial issues out of Zimbabwean cricket, but not everybody on the ZCU feels the same way.

Hogg confirmed yesterday that following lengthy negotiations with Streak and a group of players on Thursday, he had given them permission not to play in provincial fixtures over Easter. "I was overruled by the board," he said.

Streak and about 10 of Zimbabwe's players are due to discuss the crisis and meet with the ZCU on Tuesday.

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Easter claims 5 lives in Zimbabwe
www.chinaview.cn 2004-04-10 02:31:58

 HARARE, April 9 (Xinhuanet) -- At least five people have been killed and 53 others injured in 79 accidents recorded throughout Zimbabwe since the beginning of the Easter holiday, police said here on Friday.

††††Police spokesperson, Inspector Andrew Phiri said Harare and Matabeleland provinces recorded two deaths each while Masvingo hadone.

††††"The major cause of the accidents was speeding," said Phiri.

††††Phiri said a total of 2,128 tickets had been issued, raising revenue of 63 million Zimbabwean dollars (about 14,651 US dollars).

††††He said Masvingo province had the highest number of injured people of 19, followed by Mashonaland East with eight.

††††The national highway patrol was being maintained and motorists were expected to observe the rules of the road, he said.

††††People who were drink should ask their friends to drive, he said.

††††Phiri urged those people who intend to travel to notify their neighbors or leave someone to look after their properties while guards should be employed at industrial properties.

††††However, bicycle, foot and motorized patrols were being conducted in these areas, he said.

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Students educate visitors about Africa

By John Pedler
hamptonunion@seacoastonline.com

NORTH HAMPTON - If you couldnít fly to Africa on Wednesday night, a visit to North Hampton School was almost as good as being there.

Just as if you stepped off a plane into a village somewhere in the vast treeless plains of West Africa, guests at the schoolís Evening in Africa were greeted with a traditional African drum circle performed by NHS students. The event showcased the seventh-grade studentsí investigations into the life of Africa.

Parents and residents alike were free to roam the wilds of the cafeteria and lap up the knowledge eagerly shared by enthusiastic students jousting for attention.

Each seventh-grader put together either a poster board display or power-point computer presentation on a question that interested them.

Presenting her project on African musical instruments, Shelby Pike demonstrated the fonga - a traditional West African greeting song - which the students had played, on a dumbek, a drum made from fired clay and stretched animal hide.

She explained that the drum head is broken into four areas, each of which produces a different sound when struck. The dumbek can be used to make complicated music, not simply the monosyllabic noise typically associated with drumming.

PHOTO Shelby Pike beats out a rhythm on a dumbek, an African drum from Zimbabwe.
Photo by John Pedler

More than one student looked at the devastating effects of AIDS on African nations.

Africa is home to 70 percent of all people infected with HIV/AIDS, Kaela Deschytner said, and it is the "No. 1 killer" on the continent. Cameroon is the nation with the highest incidence of the disease, she said.

Most of the problem is due to inadequate distribution of condoms and other means to prevent spread of the disease. Deschytner recommended that greater emphasis be placed on making protection available.

Bryce Johnson noticed the same problems. When he compared the life expectancy, birth and death rates of the United States and South Africa, he found a dramatic difference, much of which is due to AIDS.

In 2001, he said, a record-breaking 360,000 people died from the disease in South Africa. He believes the U.S. is doing all it can by shipping drugs and other medical supplies, but he suggested that private citizens could raise more money to help.

Heavy stuff for 12-year-olds.

Staggering problems beset African societies, and obstacles abound that prevent immediate progress. John Gorman compared the educational systems in Libya, Nigeria and Madagascar. Like most of the continent, they lagged far behind American standards. In Madagascar, which Gorman described as "one big rural community," 14 percent of kids go to secondary school. There, building an educational infrastructure is a way of "wrenching them away from the old traditions and getting them to join the modern world," he said. But it comes slowly.

Many Africans who become doctors, lawyers and other professionals dedicate themselves to working specifically for the improvement of their country.

Not that one couldnít find seventh-graders ready to serve their nationís higher calling on Wednesday night.

Morgan Crowley was shocked at the brutal, institutionalized racism of South African apartheid but inspired by how it was defeated. She remains troubled at the continuing presence of racial hatred in the United States.

Always interested in civil rights, Crowley has decided, "I want to be president."

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Sunday Star Times

Govt actions 'like Mugabe' - Ngai Tahu

10 April 2004

Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu has likened the Government's actions over the release of the foreshore and seabed legislation to those of controversial Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe.

Ngai Tahu kaiwhakahaere Mark Solomon said the proposed policy extinguished Maori property rights and due legal process, interfering with the rule of law.

Speaking about the Government's presentation before the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in March, where representatives expressed concerns over Mugabe's regime and his undermining of the rule of law and judicial independence, Mr Solomon said the Government should be "embarrassed and ashamed" by its "duplicitous behaviour".

The proposals announced by the Government did the same, he said.

"This issue started in the courts and it should have been allowed to run its course and be resolved through appropriate legal process. We cannot stand before the international community and assert our commitment to human rights issues in March and then remove the right for our indigenous people to have proper access to the courts.

"We stand up against what Robert Mugabe did but do the same thing to people in our country - what's the difference?"

Mr Solomon said allowing non-Maori to claim customary use rights was also "a shock out of the blue" and it seemed the Government was redefining customary law.

He praised Maori MPs Tariana Turia, Nanaia Mahuta and Georgina Beyer, who are considering crossing the floor over the issue, and would be having words with Te Tai Tonga MP Mahara Okeroa to do the same.

"I'll certainly tell where Ngai Tahu are coming from. He's there to represent his electorate and listen to our people. That's his duty."

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