Posted: Tue, 23 Apr 2002 8:19
Thousands of Zimbabweans facing starvation:
The United Nations World Food Program (WFP) is calling for
international assistance to feed thousands of people it says are at
starvation in Zimbabwe.
The WFP says it has received only
one-third of the food supplies needed to
deal with the crisis.
it doe not have enough food to help those in need in the worst
The WFP estimates that more than 700,000 Zimbabweans are now
but it says the international community has been slow to
Severe drought and the redistribution of farming land have
widespread food shortages.
The World Food Program says an
extra 80,000 tonnes of maize and grain is
needed to prevent
Australia is one of a small group of nations which is already
El Nino may worsen food
Johannesburg - Already facing widespread food shortages,
Southern Africa may
still have to deal with the effects of a possible El Nino
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), which consists of UN
organisations and standing invitees such as the International Committee
the Red Cross and the World Bank, warned in a press release that the
could experience further humanitarian crises.
stresses the importance of monitoring early warning information
related to a
possible El Nino event. If another weather phenomenon were to
rainfall and other climatic shocks could further undermine
and food security within Southern Africa," the committee
expressed concern that a number of countries within Southern Africa
require a significant increase in humanitarian assistance in
Crisis compounded by Aids
The IASC said: "The present food
security situation in the region is the
worst since 1992, when effective
collaboration among governments, SADC
[Southern Africa Development
Community], humanitarian partners and donors
averted famine in the face of a
devastating drought. Today, 10 years later,
the factors contributing to the
crisis are numerous and vary from country to
drought, floods, disruptions to commercial farming, depletion
grain reserves, poor economic performance, foreign exchange
delays in the timely importation of maize."
Maize prices have increased
dramatically because of the shortages, leaving
large segments of the
population in the region unable to buy food.
"The crisis is compounded by
the high prevalence of HIV/Aids. Inadequate
food availability and consumption
places an even greater strain on those
affected by HIV/Aids and the family
members struggling to care for them.
HIV/Aids increases household
vulnerability to food insecurity by
disproportionately affecting working age
people," the IASC said.
Situation could worsen
impact of HIV/Aids on the incomes and purchasing power of
severe. It also "adds to the disease burden (tuberculosis,
others) that the population faces along with the food
While the April-June harvest season should provide
short-term relief for
some of the 2.7 million people currently in need of
food aid, the IASC
warned that "the food security situation in the second
half of 2002 and into
early 2003 is expected to significantly worsen in
Malawi, Zambia and
Households in parts of Lesotho,
Mozambique and Swaziland were also
experiencing serious food shortages. The
IASC said some 125 000 refugees in
Malawi and Zambia depended on food aid for
IRIN has previously reported that the
117 000 refugees in Zambia have only
been receiving half-rations so far this
year due to funding and logistical
The IASC said joint
assessment missions would be conducted in Lesotho,
Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe during April and May. The
aim would be to
"qualify the dimensions of the humanitarian crisis".
"The IASC expresses
its commitment to work with affected governments and
regional partners on
multi-sectoral assessments of needs, the design of
strategies and in ensuring effective co-ordination of
including logistics related to the delivery of urgently
needed relief cargo,"
the committee said.
The international donor community was also urged to
"help prevent the
current crisis from becoming a humanitarian disaster". -
H E L P
We at the C.F.U. Bulawayo branch need
your help. We're not ashamed to ask
for it and hope you will
respond. Our futures are inextricably linked.
Our members are under
severe threats in the farming areas of Matabeleland.
Many people living in
Bulawayo simply do not realise what is going on. Are
you aware, for
instance, that whilst many people were travelling out to the
dams for a well
deserved break over Easter, just a few hundred yards off the
main road one of
our farmers was fighting for his very survival.
The end result of that
little episode is that he was given just 72 hours to
pack up and leave
his farm, lock stock and barrel, and right now has
nowhere to live. He
has lost millions of dollars worth of investment.
Another farmer off the
This sort of story is being repeated several times every single
Matabeleland. Your hinterland is crumbling. It is all
Governemnt is not even complying with its own laws. The
police stand around
and do nothing whilst farmers are assaulted in their own
arrest the farmers for attempted murder. The situation is
We co-exist in two very different worlds right
Many people in Bulawayo have no idea it is happening.
situatiion is simple - without our farmers we are all finished.
cannot sit back and think that we are safe. Only last week the war
in one of their threateneing letters to farmers, warned that
industry would be next in line for their thuggery.
can you do?
1. Farmers who are threatened with demonstrations
desperately need a few
people who are prepared to go out and stay with them
for the weekend, just
to give moral support. so please if you feel you
are able to do this to
help secure our future, get in touch with us so that
we can call you if the
2. We want to update our
database with regards to available accommodation.
If you have any suitable
accommodation available on a short/long term
arrangement for :- a/
b/ farm labourers and their
d/ storage space for equipment/house hold
We can be contacted
on:- email:- firstname.lastname@example.org
This letter, must represent
the heart soreness of a nation of farmers,
their wives and families and
their workers, and puts our plea for help in a
This afternoon the chairman of the Lands Committee addressed
some 50 farmers
gathered at the Chiredzi Council Offices. My husband was
among them. He
informed them that as of tomorrow, we were restricted to
our homesteads and
were not permitted to 'interfere with settler
placement'. The crop which
Govt (in the form of the DA and PA)
has promised us for months we could
have (started harvest on Monday),
now belongs to the people. The DA and PA
were strangely unavailable since
this morning. The Section 8's which we
were all issued on 25th Feb are
to be considered as eviction orders and we
are all to be off our farms by
25th May. He further informed them to
listen to Minister Made's
statement on TV this evening,which we duly did. It
repeated basically what
the Lands Committee said and further pointed out
that it is now a criminal
offence to for a 'white commercial farmer' to in
any way interfere with the
farming operations of the new farm owners. On
top of that the ZFTU have
called for a total sugar industry strike from 18
for increased wages. Not much point if we have to give all
notice tomorrow that as of 25 May they are jobless and
have recorded Made's statement on video and intend to show it
staff tomorrow. In Trelawney the farm has also been walked on by
settlers who intend to commandeer the pivot for wheat farming, with
footing the ZESA bill. I know that it is late (midnight!!), I cannot
and my judgement is clouded. The aircon is on flat out, it is
rain outside and I am boiling hot. My husband has
passed out, worn out by
weeks of talks, my children are jumpy and I
find myself wondering - where
to from here? Am I allowed to get
mad and just yell at God and ask him
exactly what his plan is? It is
all very well hanging in there, but the
skin of our teeth about to tear
apart. Now what? Do we strip the farm of
everything we can manage (are
permitted) to take, do we head for Harare or
further. Or do we continue to
sit tight, put one foot in front of the other
and carry on farming to
the best of our increasingly limited abilities.
The Lord is my refuge and my
strength, in him I DO trust. I do trust him
with the most important
thing in my life - my precious little family. I do
trust him to
keep us in his care, but I would love to see a little light
on the next
step forward. I feel so directionless - like the night is just
in on me. Excuse my ramblings - the outpourings of a sad heart. Sad
to see so
much good go to ruin, sad to see such wanton destruction, sad to
which is built destroyed, sad to see so much suffering all around.
that there are many farmers in far, far worse pickles than the one in
find myself. And am ashamed of my selfishness. Tomorrow is another
day - and
sufficient unto the day are the worries thereof.
F (Farmer's wife -
Young girls see their mother’s head cut
4/23/02 8:40:59 PM (GMT +2)
TWO young girls aged 10 and 17 watched in horror as their mother
brutally murdered by having her head chopped off at the neck.
Tadyanemhandu, 53, was butchered inside her hut by about 20
suspected to be Zanu PF supporters, in Magunje on
The reason for Tadyanemhandu’s grisly murder was the
accusation by the
youths that the deceased was a supporter of the opposition
Democratic Change (MDC). Tadyanemhandu will be buried today at
village in Magunje, Hurungwe East.
She was the mother of MDC
youth activist Tichaona Tadyanemhandu, 20, who
went missing in Hurungwe in
June 2000. His body was found six months later
in the mortuary at Harare
Central Hospital. Brandina Tadyanemhandu’s
attackers, who were allegedly led
by a war veteran known as Cde Chifamba,
also burnt the family’s main house,
destroying property worth thousands of
husband, Enos, 63, yesterday said: “They killed my only son
in a family of
eight children and now they have killed my wife. Why are they
after they won the election? I will not be silenced. I will
speak out against
A distraught Tadyanemhandu said it seemed like a normal day
when he drove
his herd of cattle to the dip tank at Magororo township at
about 6am on the
fateful day. On his way back, at about 10am, he said he was
his 17-year-old daughter, Chipo, weeping, approached
“She was crying,” he said. “My first thought was that she had been
by a friend. She struggled to tell me that her mother’s head had
off by Zanu PF supporters.” Tadyanemhandu said Chipo told him that
mother’s alleged killers had called at the house looking for him,
they wanted to rid the area of MDC supporters.
He said his wife
had apparently asked them why they were still bothering
people when they had
won the presidential election. This question, it seems,
incensed the youths
who declared Tadyanemhandu would meet her husband in
heaven before they
attacked her and chopped her head off.
He said his other daughter,
Tendai, aged 10, also witnessed the gruesome
murder. “When I saw my wife’s
remains, the head and the body were cleanly
separated,” Tadyanemhandu said
yesterday. “I had to push them back
together.” He said a postmortem
report had confirmed his wife was
decapitated with a sharp object.
said when he reported the murder at Magunje police station, the
asked him if the assailants were known to him. “When my daughters
that they were supporters of the ruling party the officers asked us
the suspects to the police station,” Tadyanemhandu said.
know how they expect us to follow the youths back to their base,
are hunting for me so that they can harm me as well.”
there were about 500 Zanu PF supporters camped near
Sanyati Bridge who were
terrorising villagers in Magunje.
The youths, who are reportedly
receiving food provisions from the Magunje
Rural District Council, are
allegedly waiting to receive payment in return
for campaigning for President
Mugabe in last month’s election. Efforts to
confirm this with council
officials were not successful yesterday.
Harare residents fail to agree over mayoral
4/23/02 8:02:11 PM (GMT +2)
TEMPERS flared during a public meeting at Harare’s Town House
yesterday as a
meeting of residents failed to reach consensus over the
decision by the
Executive Mayor, Elias Mudzuri, to move into the
mansion and to take delivery of a $22 million Mercedes
The mansion and the limousine took centre stage at the
residents questioning why the mayor had taken such
The meeting, attended by about 150 people, was called by the
consult residents on the way forward.
While most of the ward
representatives suggested the mayor should occupy the
guest wing of the
mansion for security reasons, they said the council must
quickly take a
decision to find cheaper accommodation for him.
The residents, most of
them representatives of high-density residential
areas, took a swipe at Mike
Davies, the acting chairman of the Combined
Harare Residents’ Association,
for issuing statements to the Press without
accused the association of speaking on behalf of residents from
“You must fully consult before you make
statements,” one resident said, “We
appreciate that the house is a monster,
but we understand the mayor’s
position that he moved into the guest wing for
Diamond Karanda, a resident of Glen Norah, said Davies
should not issue
statements before consultation.
Mudzuri said some of
the statements issued by the Combined Harare Residents’
to personal attacks.
He proceeded to read certain sections of the
statement, which he said were
“I bought my house in Milton
Park, but these people seem to suggest that I
got the house in unclear
circumstances,” said Mudzuri.
Earlier, Nomutsa Chideya, the Harare town
clerk, had said Mudzuri should
have instead moved into the main
“The council will take the appropriate decision regarding the
but some of us are of the view that the mayor should have
moved into the
main house instead. It is council property which is lying
He said the previous vehicle for the mayor was
expensive to maintain.
“Before the new Benz arrived the council was
spending about $4 million to $5
million in repairs per year,” he said. “The
new vehicle is cheaper and the
decision to buy a new vehicle had already been
The residents said the council must take urgent steps to collect
repair street lights, patch up potholes and repair the hostels in
The residents said Mbare Musika must also be
renovated to prevent a major
disease outbreak in the city.
residents applauded the decision by the new council to engage them
Madhuku arrested ahead of planned
4/23/02 8:02:54 PM (GMT +2)
LOVEMORE Madhuku, the chairman of the National Constitutional
(NCA), was arrested by the police in Harare yesterday in connection
demonstration his organisation has planned for today..
officials said Madhuku was picked up during a meeting at the
offices, where the strategy for the peaceful demonstration
The NCA announced yesterday that it would go ahead with the
protest, with or
without permission of the police.
The police also
arrested Maxwell Saungweme, the NCA information officer, and
the organisation’s acting co-ordinator, while in Highfield
they arrested the
constituency chairperson, identified only as Gurudza.
Two men in a white
Mazda truck, registration number 751-964B, visited
Gurudza at his home in the
Lusaka section of Highfield and demanded to
search his house. After
ransacking the house, they picked him up.
The NCA has been advocating for
a new constitution and the planned
demonstration today, the second within a
month, is part of the strategy to
register its concerns.
On 6 April,
about 400 NCA protesters, including Madhuku, were arrested for
taking part in
demonstrations in Harare.
They were arrested under a section of the
draconian Public Order and
Security Act (POSA), which the police say compels
protesters to obtain
police permission before staging a
But Madhuku, a lecturer in constitutional law at the
University of Zimbabwe,
insists that POSA requires that the police only be
Madhuku says the NCA believes in the primacy of a new
constitution and has
vowed to stage demonstrations until the government
accepts a new
Price of bread now $60
8:03:51 PM (GMT +2)
By Takaitei Bote Farming Editor
and producer price of bread goes up from $48,50 to $60,44 a loaf
While President Mugabe promised voters during the campaign
presidential election in March that government would not increase
basic commodities if he was re-elected, the Ministry of Industry
Commerce announced in an extraordinary gazette published yesterday that
retail price of a standard loaf of bread, white or brown, had been
by 24,89 percent.
Retailers will now be allowed to sell half
of a standard loaf of bread for
The wholesale price of a
standard loaf of bread has been increased from $44
increase announced yesterday is the first in the price of bread
government introduced statutory controls on the prices of basic
The government reduced the retail price of
bread from about $64 to $48,50
and gazetted it following complaints from
consumers that they could no
longer afford to buy a loaf.
Prior to the
introduction of the controls, bread price increases were
effected on a
monthly basis, as producers of flour claimed the cost of
increasing regularly because they were importing flour using
currency exchange rates.
The shortages of foreign currency in Zimbabwe
forced flour producers to
procure foreign currency on the parallel
The latest bread price increase is also the first time that the
has effected a major price increase on a basic commodity since
Mugabe was re-elected last month.
In one advertisement
published in The Herald during the campaign period Zanu
PF said: “Vote for
price controls. Your Zanu PF government under the
leadership of our President
Cde R G Mugabe says ‘No’ to high prices of basic
the move to increase the price of bread may be welcomed by producers
they were producing at a loss, consumers will find it even more
buy bread every day.
Bread, a basic staple in the diet of the majority of
the urban population
and an important component in rural diets, was
considered unaffordable last
August at $38.
Most bakers in the country
had reduced bread production and retrenched
staff, citing operational losses
as a result of price controls.
National Bakers’ Association executive
committee member, Les le Roux said:
“We welcome the price increases although
we had applied for a wholesale
price of $63 for a standard loaf of bread.
These price increases will not
safeguard the viability of the
Le Roux said government had been informed input prices in the
industry had been increased over the past five months.
the price of yeast had increased by 202 percent since February, with
price of baking fats and oils going up by 26 percent last month while
were increased by 21 percent last October.
The Consumer Council of
Zimbabwe senior manager, Victor Chisi, said he could
not comment as he was
not aware of the price increases.
Production of wheat crop shrouded in
4/23/02 7:45:12 PM (GMT +2)
Bote Farming Editor
UNCERTAINTY surrounds the production of the
large-scale commercial wheat
crop this year following alleged harassment of
farmers making preparations
Wheat is the country’s second
staple after maize.
In a statement, Colin Cloete, the Commercial Farmers’
Union president said:
“There are major constraints facing farmers and these
have to be addressed
if a sizeable crop is to be established this winter.
Most commercial farmers
are now subject to Preliminary Notice of Compulsory
Acquisition or Section 8
orders, which are being served on a daily
“Farmers who have been served with a Section 8 order can no
longer, by law,
plant a crop on their properties. Many others who may not
Section 8 orders have been shut down by war veterans and farm
are physically unable to continue their operations.”
said winter wheat growing season was almost upon Zimbabwe but farmers
still awaiting policy and guidance from from government as to what
required from the large-scale irrigation sector.
Cloete said if no
encouragement was to be given by the government in
constraints facing the large-scale commercial wheat sector,
production of a
wheat crop this winter was unlikely to be more than 20 000
hectares of the 60
000 hectares traditionally planted by the large-scale
sector. Massive food
shortages would be therefore be inevitable.
Planting of wheat should be
completed by 15 May for one to achieve optimum
Traditionally, the large-scale commercial sector grows 95 per
cent of the
wheat crop and last season, it grew 330 000 tonnes.
Minister of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, Dr Joseph Made
stressed the need to boost small-scale wheat production but has
silent on the disturbances besieging the large-scale commercial
Made has categorically stated he does not want to speak
to this reporter
after several phone calls made to him this
Zimbabwe’s wheat stocks are expected to be depleted by July this
already, the country would need to import prior to the local crop
October and November.
Cloete said: “There is wide agreement
that a wheat crop is required and that
it can be grown much cheaper than
importing the product. It is also more
efficient to use local resources of
land, capital and labour than to import
food requiring scarce foreign
currency. Furthermore, large-scale farmers
have the capacity, technical
ability and the resources to grow the crop.”
He said if a full crop was
not grown, the wheat import programme required in
2003 may exceed 500 000
Zimbabwe needs US$300 million ($16,5 billion) which has not been
for the import programme this year alone.
government is reported to have set aside $1 billion for
provision of free
tillage and loans to small-scale farmers embarking on
production of winter
crops this year.
No need to destroy in order to build agricultural
4/23/02 8:49:30 PM (GMT +2)
can strike lucrative deals at this critical juncture, that is
well and good.
It is imperative that we do not appear to live in
Otherwise the only lesson we learn from our experiences
over the past two
disastrous years is that we never learn.
the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement announced
had secured export orders worth $35 billion of agricultural produce
Malaysia, in foreign currency.
But the idea came to naught primarily
because there were never any prior
consultations with producers and neither
was there an inventory of the
capacity of the country to produce the vast
quantities required to fulfil
export orders of the magnitude the ministry
Anyone well versed with the capacity of the agricultural sector
country, laughed off the idea because it was impracticable and also
it belonged to the realm of fantasy.
The idea was being raised
at a time when the agricultural sector was being
targeted by supporters of
the government and the ruling party for invasions,
with farm owners being
prohibited from undertaking farm activities. Since
2000, the situation has
In fact, it has deteriorated, with farmers being evicted
their properties. This, in part, explains why Zimbabwe is
facing a food
crisis. The drought has also been a contributory
At the weekend, the Agricultural and Rural Development Authority
announced it had secured a US$2,5 billion (Z$137,5 billion) agreement
Malaysian firm that is set to benefit some 35 000 old and newly
This must be welcome news for those who make up 70
percent of the country’s
unemployment rate because it suggests more
job-creating opportunities in
role in recent years has not been one of a pioneer. It has
lost some of its
Whether this is as a result of its involvement in the Democratic
the Congo, is unclear.
But if all parastatal organisations
were to complement the efforts of the
private sector in the manner proposed
by ARDA, Zimbabwe would not be hard up
for foreign currency. Zimbabwe would
be in a different position, without
having to worry about how to finance the
importation of fuel products.
A Zimbabwe-Malaysia Trade and Payments
Agreement, which became operational
in 2002, was suspended last year because
the accord, far from conserving
foreign currency had in fact, resulted in a
haemorrhage of hard currency.
It is hoped the new arrangement with ARDA
is not a case of history repeating
There are also other as yet
unfulfilled agreements between this country and
Malaysia. These relate to the
construction of houses in Bulawayo for the
police. The other is on dam
construction on the Gwayi-Shangani River.
Perhaps the ARDA project will be
more fortunate and successful where others
no doubt, has the potential to become a major exporter of
products, it is failing to tap into the available resources.
If a portion
of the country’s agrarian revolution was devoted to empowering
Zimbabwe’s agricultural institutions, the impact and
productivity would be
phenomenal. Zimbabwe would be an
Unfortunately, the government has been long
on rhetoric but short on
delivery when it comes to prioritising placement of
under its land reform programme, even though the
Farmers’ Development Trust
provides a compelling argument for supporting
But Zimbabwe does not need to uproot existing
commercial farmers in order to
give space to new players.
should strengthen the capacity of new players so that they can
equally meaningful role within the agricultural sector.
productivity should not be targeting a single market. Zimbabwe must
its role as the region’s major food producer.
It has the land, the
expertise and people to fulfil this regional mandate.
What it needs is to
harness all the resources at its disposal, instead of
destroying in order to
build the sector.
Zimbabwe may soon have a second Independence
4/23/02 8:56:11 PM (GMT +2)
FOR the past 22
years, Zimbabweans made significant changes to their
personal lives. They
moved homes in urban areas, changed or lost jobs,
developed new careers and
some either died or simply retired.
Lodgers became house owners; people
moved from the high-density areas into
the low density areas; former students
are now chief executives; reporters
became editors and small-time vendors
acquired huge businesses.
Those who took part in the first independence
celebrations and joined the
rapid internal movements that followed
immediately afterwards would be first
to testify that their world has equally
changed with them.
If they rose to new heights, they are likely to talk
about the difficulties
and problems of life, far from what they originally
thought were the “noisy”
townships or the dry rural areas.
instant employers, just by moving around. Their language changed
shared little talk about their gardeners and nannies, about
cars, even cats and dogs.
At no point was there any discussion about food
and fuel queues, subjects
that dominate meetings today.
officials ran their voices hoarse, defending Zimbabwe. Those
still in exile
left influential jobs, some abandoned their studies to be
part of the home
That is as it should be.
A nation can only prosper when its
citizens move within its geographical
area and beyond. Progress comes with
movement. Without some form of positive
displacement and growth, there can
never be any movement.
While everybody was moving, or seemed to, one man
remained stuck at the same
President Robert Mugabe, in power
for that length of time, has remained at
State House and his Munhumutapa
office, doing the same job.
The disadvantages of his continued stay in
one home and office, probably
with the same furniture, same bookshelves, same
books and the same saucer
and teacup, far outweigh any spin-offs from such a
Sitting in the same building, Mugabe has watched his
crumble before him.
Corruption immediately sank in.
Despite piecemeal controls and muffled
condemnations, his team ignored
In 1984, at his party’s first congress in a free Zimbabwe, Mugabe
a leadership code, primarily to deal with abuse of office and
In 1989, when the economy began to show
real signs of stress because of an
unchecked and growing budget deficit,
nearly three-quarters of his top team
had become second-hand car dealers.
That led to the Sandura
Commission of Inquiry into the Willowvale car scandal
which claimed the life
and careers of his most trusted lieutenants: Maurice
Nyagumbo, Enos Nkala,
Dzingai Mutumbuka, Frederick Shava, Callistus Ndlovu,
Mugabe, however, remained firm.
Today, as we tumble
in freezing waters, battered and without any breath,
Mugabe says let’s push
on. He has suddenly discovered a new formula for
changing our fortunes:
Everybody must be empowered overnight. You can be a
millionaire by the year
2008 from our land. A million jobs are up for grabs!
You will live in
utter comfort, so we are told.
Mugabe’s ardent supporters believe he is
breaking new ground in African
That is untrue. Politicising
poverty is a worn-out game on the continent.
Its results, though varied,
only delayed the emancipation of the poor as the
Africans recall, with shattered fondness, the Arusha
Declaration of 1967
when the late Julius Nyerere introduced an empowerment
drive dubbed ujamaa
in Tanzania. The idea was to bring wealth to the people,
co-operatives and indigenisation with the help from the
The West was regarded as a natural enemy because of its links to
and international capital. Today, ujamaa needs no further debate.
has moved to the other end of the political pendulum. Ujamaa
before Nyerere retired and died.
In 1975, the late
Samora Machel nationalised literally every activity and
Mozambique. The Portuguese were hounded out like “cats and
Nyerere, he relied on the East.
The West ganged up against Machel in the
full glare of the same East,
created a rebel movement and forced him to enter
into the unsavoury Nkomati
Accord with the apartheid South African white
rulers. Two years later, it
can be argued, the Boers killed
Mozambique has since abandoned Machel’s economic policies and, to a
extent, his nationalistic zeal. President Joaquim Chissano listens to
including Zimbabwe’s beleaguered white farmers.
He even welcomed
his former gadfly, the Afrikaner hard-liners, to introduce
agriculture to Mozambique.
Former President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia
invented a political credo which
he termed “humanism”. This was an attempt at
wholesale empowerment of the
There is no need for any debate
on this theory any further. Kaunda was
thrown out office in an election, the
first real contest in Zambia.
Up north, Idi Amin identified what he
thought was the prime source of the
countrymen’s problem: citizens of Indian
ancestry. He pushed them out, often
with nothing. Their property and assets
were seized as part of a grand
strategy to remove the enemy “in our midst”
and empower poor Ugandans. The
rest, as they say, is now
Mugabe’s government will never move an inch towards meaningful
the so-called exclusive goodwill from the East. Agriculture is
industry that needs support from all over the world; it requires
combination of expertise and money. Zimbabwe does not have either.
agriculture extension service has been on its knees for the past five
Workers are without transport and support.
droughts and other natural disasters must be hedged by industry and
Our senior black captains in the manufacturing sector are known
businesses and running them down, not creating wealth. War
veterans may be
good foot-soldiers necessary in political and nationalistic
not as telescopic thinkers and economic strategists.
Tourism is supposed
to complement agriculture in Mugabe’s new revolution.
Maybe. Should our
hotels brace for new arrivals from Libya, mainland China
and the Democratic
Republic of Congo?
Our world-class holiday resorts are certainly
unprepared for an influx of
visitors from Mupandawana, Dotito, Sanyati or
even Harare and Bulawayo. Any
potential domestic tourist spends half the time
bunking work to queue for
basic items, under the watchful eye of the police
The experiments tackled by Nyerere and others failed because,
and goodwill, mass empowerment becomes too complicated a
for one generation to suck.
We eagerly await the
outcome of Mugabe’s version.
Otherwise, Zimbabwe will eventually have a
second Independence Day,
different from 18 April
Tuesday, 23 April, 2002, 10:20 GMT 11:20 UK
Riot police await Harare protests
Mugabe is wary of street
Hundreds of heavily armed riot police have been deployed in
central Harare ahead of a planned protest march by civil rights groups.
Three activists from the National Constitutional Assembly, including its
leader, were arrested on Monday as they planned the protests, said the group's
The Harare march is due to start at 1230 local time (1030
GMT) and the NCA says that similar protests in the cities of Bulawayo and Gweru
have already been broken up by police.
The NCA's Lovemore Madhuku has not been seen
since his arrest
The NCA is a coalition of church groups, students and trade unions
campaigning for a reduction in the powers of President Robert Mugabe.
The protests come as the opposition Movement for Democratic Change says that
one of its activists was beheaded in front of her children.
Brandina Tadyanemhandu, 53, was attacked by a group of 20 supporters of Mr
Mugabe's Zanu-PF party, who also burnt down her home in the north-western town
of Magunje, says the MDC.
Mrs Tadyanemhandu's son was killed last year, reportedly because he supported
NCA leader and law professor, Lovemore Madhuku was arrested on Monday
afternoon and has not been seen since, said the group's spokesman.
Earlier this month, the NCA said that around 400 activists were arrested
ahead of similar planned demonstrations.
Mr Mugabe's re-election last month was marred by accusations of vote-rigging
and the MDC have asked the courts to annul the results.
The Commonwealth has said the poll was held in "a climate of fear" and
suspended Zimbabwe for a year.
Jailed pro-democracy leader denied bail in
HARARE, April 23 AFP|Published: Wednesday April 24,
A Zimbabwean court denied bail today to jailed pro-democracy
Madhuku, who was arrested yesterday for organising
state television reported.
activists from the National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) were
of 8,000 Zimbabwe dollars ($A270), but a magistrate's court
denied bail to
Madhuku, the report said.
The report did not name the other five
activists. All six are due to appear
again in court on Wednesday, it
The six face charges under Zimbabwe's three-month-old Public Order
Security Act, which bans all political demonstrations.
Robert Mugabe pushed the law through parliament ahead of the March
presidential elections. Independent observers said the law was used to
up campaign rallies by the opposition.
At least 38 people were arrested
around Zimbabwe today, as the NCA staged
protests in four main towns and
cities calling for a new constitution that
would create a more democratic
Police brutally broke up most of the protests, beating
people with batons to
chase them away.
White Zimbabwean farmers begin trial on
HARARE, April 23 — A group of white Zimbabwean
commercial farmers pleaded
not guilty on Tuesday to charges of inciting
public violence after clashes
last year with militants loyal to President
were charged after clashing with Mugabe
supporters occupying a white-owned
farm in the Chinhoyi area of northwestern
Zimbabwe in August last
Charges against six other farmers
were dropped on Tuesday, said Jenni
Williams, spokeswoman for the
mainly-white Commercial Farmers Union
''The remaining farmers all
pleaded not guilty to charges of inciting
public violence,'' Williams told
Reuters as the trial got underway
In the week that followed
the farmers' arrests last year, mobs of
militants retaliated by burning and
looting properties in the Chinhoyi area,
forcing dozens of farm families to
At the time, Mugabe accused former
colonial ruler Britain of
conspiring with the farmers to stage-manage some
looting, a charge both
Britain and the CFU
''They will not be treated like
special creatures. Why should they be
treated as if they are next to
God?,'''' Mugabe said after the farmers were
released on bail in August last
Mugabe was re-elected for another
six-year term last month in
elections denounced as fraudulent by the
opposition and many
Zimbabwe has been
in crisis since February 2000 when militants
invaded hundreds of white-owned
farms in support of Mugabe's campaign to
seize farms for redistribution to
Ten white farmers have
been killed in the violence that has
accompanied the invasion of farms by
self-styled veterans of the country's
Police break up Zimbabwe
April 23, 2002 Posted: 9:16 AM EDT (1316
HARARE, Zimbabwe (Reuters) -- Zimbabwean police armed with
into a crowd of activists in Harare on Tuesday at the start of
protests against a constitution opponents say entrenches President
About 1,000 pro-democracy activists ran through
the streets of the capital,
singing and chanting "Down with Mugabe" as they
were chased by heavily-armed
riot police on foot and in trucks.
bid to avoid detection before the protest, activists joined food
before breaking away to storm through the city. Witnesses said one man
been beaten by police, but there were no official reports of injuries
The demonstration soon broke up and protesters melted into
crowd, but organisers said they might regroup later in the day
another demonstration despite the strong police
The National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) had vowed to press
ahead with the
protest despite a police ban on political demonstrations since
controversial re-election last month.
The NCA, a broad
coalition of student and church groups, political parties
and human rights
groups, is demanding a new constitution to replace laws it
says entrench the
rule of Mugabe, who was re-elected in disputed March
Mugabe has amended the constitution 16 times since
leading the country to
independence from Britain in 1980 in what are seen as
attempts to tighten
his grip on power.
Three NCA officials, including
chairman Lovemore Madhuku, were due to appear
in a Harare court on Tuesday,
charged with organising an illegal
demonstration, a police spokesman
NCA spokesman Douglas Mwonzora said protests were also taking place
southern city of Masvingo, but there was no independent
Earlier this month, more than 60 NCA activists were
arrested in the first
major demonstrations against Mugabe since he was
re-elected in a
presidential poll condemned as fraudulent by opposition
Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF party says
the election was free and fair and it
rejects demands by the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) for a
The MDC, whose
leader Morgan Tsvangirai has called Mugabe's election victory
robbery," condemned the government's heavy-handed approach to
while allowing ZANU-PF militants to continue a reign of
terror in the
"It is disturbing that this government deploys its riot
police to deal with
peaceful protesters when violent and armed ZANU-PF gangs
are allowed to
cause mayhem with police assistance," the MDC said in a
"How can a demonstrator armed only with a petition pose a
threat to national
security?," it added.
Zimbabwe introduced tough new
security laws this year banning public
protests and gatherings without police
approval. Penalties range from fines
to a year in