The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Reuters

S.Africa says wants to understand scale of Zimbabwe's woes
Wed Jul 13, 2005 8:20 AM GMT
HARARE (Reuters) - South Africa said on Tuesday it was working to understand
the scale of problems besetting its troubled neighbour Zimbabwe as it
grapples with acute shortages of fuel and food.

South Africa has been criticised at home and abroad for a policy of 'quiet
diplomacy' towards Zimbabwe, where authorities have demolished houses in
poor townships in a campaign against what it calls illegal building. Western
countries have urged Pretoria to publicly criticise President Robert Mugabe.

"There is always a coordinated approach to assist Zimbabwe. We need to
understand as well the extent of the challenges and the impact on the
people," South Africa's new Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka told
reporters.

"I was getting a global understanding of the challenge," Mlambo-Ngcuka said
after meeting Mugabe during a one-day visit to the country.

Mlambo-Ngcuka's visit came in the wake of a government 'clean-up' campaign
of demolition in urban and rural areas that has attracted criticism at home
and abroad.

Aid groups have said the campaign has left an estimated 300,000 people
homeless in the country's poor townships.

Mlambo-Ngcuka was accompanied by South Africa's deputy finance minister,
Jabu Moleketi.

"The deputy minister is the numbers' person. We need to understand what we
are dealing with...and have it confirmed," she said.

Zimbabwe is in the throes of its worst economic crisis since independence
from Britain in 1980, blamed on mismanagement by Mugabe's government. Mugabe
denies the charges and accuses his domestic and international opponents of
sabotaging the once prosperous country.

The economic crisis has deepened since the controversial March 31
parliamentary elections which gave Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF party a
two-thirds majority amid opposition charges of vote rigging.

Zimbabwe's petrol pumps have virtually run dry in recent weeks and the
former regional bread basket has had to import 1.8 million tonnes of the
staple maize crop after a late season drought destroyed most of its crop.

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Business Day

Posted to the web on: 13 July 2005
Zanu (PF) rift grows as ministers clash over blitz
Dumisani Muleya

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Harare Correspondent

ZIMBABWEAN President Robert Mugabe's senior ministers continue to fight over
the continuing urban demolition campaign as evidence of deep rifts over the
programme mounts.

Official documents show Home Affairs Minister Kembo Mohadi and his local
government counterpart, Ignatius Chombo, are at loggerheads after police
destroyed housing co-operatives approved by government.

Sources said this week the fight between Mohadi and Chombi shows deepening
divisions in Mugabe's government over the crackdown.

A senior Zanu (PF) official, Pearson Mbalekwa, resigned two weeks ago in
protest at the blitz. There are fears more ruling party members will quit to
lay the basis for the formation of a new party to challenge Mugabe's rule.

Chombo has been making frantic efforts to prevent Mohadi and police
commissioner Augustine Chihuri from sanctioning further destruction of
approved housing schemes

Official documents say Chombo failed last month to stop Mohadi and Chihuri
from deploying police to demolish Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo, Ushewokunze,
Ngungunyana, and Border Gezi housing schemes.

Chombo's permanent secretary, Partson Mbiriri, wrote to Chihuri and Mohadi
last month advising them to avoid razing approved co-operatives, but the
letter was ignored.

Mohadi said there had been a "communication breakdown" between him and
Chombo, but failed to explain how they could misunderstand each other when
they sit on an interministerial committee overseeing the controversial
blitz.

Meanwhile, United Nations (UN) envoy Anna Tibaijuka, who was in Zimbabwe
recently to report on the demolition campaign, will present her findings to
UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in two weeks, giving guidance on how the
world body will deals with Harare's policies.

Both Annan and South African President Thabo Mbeki have said they are
waiting for Tibaijuka's report before considering a response to the Zimbabwe
campaign, which activists in the west have called a human-rights violation.
With Reuters
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Zim Online

ZANU PF shoots down opposition motion on evictions
Wed 13 July 2005

HARARE - Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU PF party yesterday used its majority
in Parliament to reject an opposition motion demanding that the government
stop demolishing homes in urban areas and that it provides accommodation for
families left homeless by its controversial urban clean-up drive.

The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) immediately
accused the ZANU PF parliamentarians of voting against their consciences and
betraying thousands of families displaced by the campaign because of their
fear of President Robert Mugabe.

"They know the truth but are too afraid to speak out," MDC spokesman
Paul Themba Nyathi told ZimOnline. "As a result of their selfish vote, the
suffering of the people will continue. Mothers and children will continue to
sleep in the open in the middle of this cold winter. School children will
remain out of school. The people will continue to suffer in hunger and
destitution," he added.

ZANU PF spokesman Nathan Shamuyarira was not immediately available for
comment on the matter.

But the ruling party and the government have in the past rejected
criticism by local human rights groups and the international community
against the clean-up drive, insisting that the destruction of city backyard
cottages and shantytowns was necessary to smash crime and to restore the
beauty of Zimbabwe's cities.

Moving his motion in Parliament, MDC legislator for Harare's
Dzivarasekwa constituency, Edwin Mushoriwa, described Operation
Murambatsvina (the government's code for the clean-up campaign) as a "war
against the people."

Mushoriwa called on the government to urgently provide accommodation
and other basic amenities to close to a million people cast onto the streets
without food or water when the police destroyed their makeshift homes and
informal businesses in urban centres across the country.

Voting by show of hands, ZANU PF legislators shot down the motion. The
ruling party won 78 seats in last March's disputed parliamentary election
but enjoys another 12 seats occupied by people handpicked to Parliament by
Mugabe under a constitutional clause allowing him to do so.

The party has an additional eight seats occupied by provincial
governors who are appointed to their posts by Mugabe and sit in Parliament
with full voting powers.

Ten representatives of traditional chiefs who also have full voting
powers in the House traditionally vote with ZANU PF assuring the party of
control of 108 seats or more than a critical two thirds of the 150-seat
chamber.

The MDC has 41 seats and an independent occupies the remaining seat. -
ZimOnline

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Zim Online

European Parliament wants SADC to shut down training centre in Harare
Wed 13 July 2005

HARARE - Zimbabwe's fallout with the international community is
threatening to derail regional peacekeeping training with the European
Parliament calling on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to
close down its peacekeeping training centre in Harare.

In a raft of resolutions dated July 7, the Parliament called on SADC
to close down the Harare training centre to show its displeasure with
President Robert Mugabe's repressive rule and violation of human rights.

"The European Parliament calls upon SADC to close its regional
peacekeeping training center in Harare as an indication of its willingness
to exert pressure on the Mugabe regime," the Parliament resolution reads.

The European Union is a major sponsor of the SADC peacekeeping
training centre. Operations at the centre could be severely hamstrung should
European parliamentarians, unhappy over the centre's location in Harare,
pressure the union to withdraw funding.

The EU, United States, Australia, New Zealand and Switzerland three
years ago imposed targeted sanctions against Mugabe and his top officials
for stealing elections, failure to uphold the rule of law, human rights and
for the seizure of land from white farmers without paying compensation.

The Western nations, that have cut all non-humanitarian aid to
Zimbabwe, also banned military sales to Harare. The International Monetary
Fund and other multilateral financiers and development assistance
institutions have also withheld support to Zimbabwe.

But the SADC peacekeeping centre had remained unaffected by Harare's
estrangement from the international community because it belongs to the
region and is aimed at promoting peace.

The European Parliament, which also passed a resolution calling on
Mugabe to step down from power, called for curtailment of economic links
with Harare and said EU-based multinational corporations should not enter
contracts that might help prop up the Zimbabwe government.

The parliament also called for the appointment of an EU special envoy
for Zimbabwe to galvanise African and international pressure for change in
the southern African nation.

The European Parliament's resolutions have been forwarded to the EU
General Affairs and External Relations Council for consideration and
possible actioning. The key council meets on Monday and Tuesday next week. -
ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Church leaders say Zimbabwe must be "ashamed" of itself
Wed 13 July 2005

JOHANNESBURG - South African church leaders last night said the
Zimbabwe government should be "ashamed" of itself for the atrocious
conditions at a holding camp for thousands of families displaced by its
urban clean-up campaign.

The spokesman for Anglican Archbishop Njongonkulo Ndungane, who led
the church delegation, told ZimOnline after arriving back in Johannesburg
that Harare's clean-up operation had created untold misery and described
living conditions at Caledonia farm holding camp for displaced families as
"absolutely atrocious."

The Zimbabwe government, which has claimed it is building modern
houses for displaced families, was failing to provide basic amenities for
evicted families with young children sleeping with their parents in the open
at Caledonia, the spokesman, Esau Mathew said.

"If what we saw is what the Zimbabwe government calls provisions, then
they should be ashamed of themselves. The conditions left by the clean up
operation are absolutely atrocious," said Mathew.

Describing the situation at Caledonia, Mathew said: "Parents in the
so-called transit camp are struggling to care for the young in addition to
their own daily suffering. We saw situations in Caledonia farm where
hundreds of children have been thrown out of school for close to two months
now. They live in makeshift shelters with no roof, no doors and they are
totally exposed to the cold."

Mathew said South African churches will lead an international campaign
to highlight the suffering of Zimbabweans as a result of the clean-up
operation that is believed to have left close to a million people without
shelter or a means of livelihood after their homes and informal businesses
were demolished by the police.

He said there was a general consensus among the church leaders to
mobilise international relief for Zimbabweans but added that a formal
decision on the matter was still to be taken.

In a report released earlier yesterday, the South African clergymen
warned that the demolition of homes by President Robert Mugabe's government
could turn already restive young Zimbabweans into "catalysts for conflict."

"Young people who could be agents for change may become catalysts for
conflict as they are exposed to the hopelessness of their parents," the
churchmen said in their report.

The demolition of thousands of houses and backyard cottages has drawn
international outrage with the United States, Britain, human rights and
church groups condemning the exercise as an assault on the rights of the
poor.

Mugabe denies victimising the poor claiming the clean-up drive is
meant to spruce up the images of cities and towns and smash an illegal black
market for foreign currency and basic commodities in short supply in the
country.

"This deliberate destruction of the informal economy, which is meant
to cater for the economically vulnerable groups is unparalleled in modern
day Africa," the religious leaders' report said.

The church leaders said they had during their short mission to
Zimbabwe witnessed a humanitarian crisis which was last experienced in the
southern African nation during the difficult period of its liberation war in
the 1970s. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Landmark multi-billion dollar shopping mall faces demolition
Wed 13 July 2005

HARARE - A state commission running Harare has said it will demolish
the multi-billion dollar Sam Levy Village shopping mall in the capital's
Borrowdale suburb of the rich because it was built in contravention of city
by-laws.

Commission spokesman Leslie Gwindi last night told ZimOnline that the
mall's owner, Sam Levy, built the shopping complex several years ago without
authority from the city council and that he had not over the years taken
measures to rectify the matter and ensure his building conformed with
municipal by-laws.

Gwindi said the landmark complex that houses up-market clothing
boutiques, restaurants, bars and offices would be treated just as any other
illegal structure by the police demolition teams who this week extended
their operation to Harare's affluent suburbs.

"We will deal with the situation just like any illegal structure. He
(Levy) never corrected or conformed with the city by-laws," said Gwindi.

A secretary at Levy's office said the business tycoon did not wish to
comment on the matter. "Mr Levy says he does not wish to comment on that
issue," the secretary said by phone.

If razed down, the shopping complex would be the biggest, most modern
and expensive building to be demolished under the government's controversial
urban clean-up drive that has drawn wide condemnation from the international
community.

Previously, the police have only demolished backyard cottages in
low-income suburbs and shantytowns they say were not built according to city
by-laws.

Close to a million people have been left homeless and without a means
of livelihood after their informal businesses and homes were destroyed under
the clean-up campaign that the government says is necessary to root out
crime and restore the beauty of Zimbabwe's cities and towns.

A United Nations envoy who was in Zimbabwe for the last two weeks
probing the home demolitions will submit a report to the world body's chief
Koffi Annan in two weeks time. - ZimOnline

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Reuters

No change on Zimbabwe policy, ICC tells New Zealand
Wed Jul 13, 2005 1:37 AM BST

LONDON, July 12 (Reuters) - The president of the International Cricket
Council (ICC) told New Zealand on Tuesday that the sport's governing body
will not exclude Zimbabwe from future tours.

New Zealand's Foreign Minister Phil Goff, in a letter earlier this month,
asked the ICC to change its policy on Zimbabwe because of concerns about
human rights abuses under President Robert Mugabe.

Goff also asked that New Zealand be allowed to cancel its scheduled trip to
Zimbabwe without facing a hefty fine.

But ICC president Ehsan Mani wrote back on Tuesday saying there would be no
change to its Future Tours Programme (FTP) regulations.

"The board recognises that issues of the relationships between countries are
driven by politicians and governments that are elected by the people to deal
with these political issues," Mani wrote in his letter.

Mani said that while the ICC recognises that governments will from time to
time try to use sporting sanctions as a foreign policy tool, cricket's
governing body would not be drawn into this.

"This view in no way endorses the political regime or policies in any of our
member countries," Mani said.

"It simply reflects the reality that it is for governments and politicians
that are elected, to grapple with the complexities and difficulties of
international relations between countries," he added.

SUPPORT PLANS

New Zealand had announced it would refuse to issue visas to the Zimbabwe
team in a reciprocal tour scheduled for the end of this year.

The British and Australian governments have announced they would support
plans to exclude Zimbabwe from international sport.

However, New Zealand's cricket association has said it would proceed with
the tour to avoid paying the ICC a minimum fine of $2 million for any
boycott.

Zimbabwean cricket has been in crisis for several years.

At the 2003 World Cup held mostly in South Africa but with a few games in
Zimbabwe, Andy Flower and Henry Olonga of Zimbabwe wore black armbands to
"mourn the death of democracy" in their country.

Last year, most of Zimbabwe's top players walked out on the national team
over a race row, leading to calls for international sides to boycott
Zimbabwe.

The ICC threatened to fine countries which refused to tour, but Australian
leg-spinner Stuart MacGill lodged a personal protest, refusing to take part
in his team's trip and telling selectors he could not "tour Zimbabwe and
maintain a clear conscience".

Shortly after his announcement, Australia's tour was cancelled and no fines
were issued.

Later that year, England's planned tour of the country was postponed after
the ICC took away Zimbabwe's test status, which has since been returned.

The issue has resurfaced after Western countries and organisations including
Britain, the United States, the Commonwealth and the European Union
condemned a new housing programme in Zimbabwe, which has claimed the lives
of at least two children crushed to death in demolished houses.

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The Herald

Foreign investors assess oil extraction feasibility

Business Reporter
SOME foreign investors are assessing the feasibility of extracting oil from
huge coal deposits recently discovered in Chiredzi and Mutorashanga, Herald
Business has established.

It is understood that Austrian investors have already sought audience with
the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe and the Government on the intended project.
Fuel can be extracted from coal using several methods and these include the
"syngas process" where coal is gasified to make syngas.

This gas is condensed to make light hydrocarbons which are further processed
into petrol and diesel.

Syngas can also be converted to methanol, which can be used as a fuel or
further processed into petrol.

The project is expected to go a long way in easing fuel shortages currently
afflicting the country.

"A series of meetings have already been conducted with the RBZ officials,"
sources said.

Several industrialised countries such as Germany and nearer home, South
Africa, have successfully adopted this method to meet their fuel needs.

About 40 percent of South Africa's fuel requirements are met by Sasol, which
uses the syngas process to extract oil from coal.

At least 15 percent of Zimbabwe's total energy consumption is accounted for
by oil, all of which is imported.

The country imports at least 1,2 billion litres of oil annually. Zimbabwe
has substantial coal reserves in Hwange and Lupane in Matabeleland North
where huge coal deposits exist. Hwange's coal deposits are currently being
utilised almost exclusively for electricity power generation.

Zimbabwe is facing serious fuel shortages largely due to inadequate foreign
currency inflows in the last five years.

The deregulation of the petroleum sector over the past year has failed to
yield the desired results.
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arabnews.com

AU Leaders Need to Decry Africa's Bad Governance
Sir Cyril Townsend, Arab News

Speaking at his July 4 reception in Nairobi, William Bellamy, the US
Ambassador to Kenya, stated bluntly:

"Turning on the fire hose of international compassion and asking Kenya
and other African nations to drink from it is not a serious strategy for
promoting growth or ending poverty".

This will have surprised and possibly shocked his Kenyan guests.
Another "Ugly American"? It was strangely undiplomatic language. Yet what I
expect he had in mind was that there has to be a partnership. In the context
of Africa that must mean outside assistance has to be met with improved
governance, for it is the poor and corrupt leadership that is holding back
so many African states.

Next day the African leaders attending the African Union's (AU)
two-day summit in Libya put out a statement which set out their challenge to
the G-8 leaders who were assembling at Gleneagles in Scotland. It was good
timing. The requests of the 53 states that make up the AU would have been
carefully studied by the so-called Sherpas, who had the tricky and highly
responsible task of preparing the G-8 draft press release for their summit
masters.

The statement from the AU contained few surprises and would have
chimed in well with current Whitehall thinking. For example it had this to
say on debt relief, which Gordon Brown, the British chancellor of the
exchequer (finance secretary), has been handling with considerable
enthusiasm and effect for over a year:

"We request the developed countries and development partners to
expedite the process of total debt cancellation for Africa by the year 2007".

Turning to the vexed issue of trade barriers, one of the keys to
success, it called on the international community:

"... to establish a fair and equitable trading system and to
facilitate Africa's access to fair markets through ... the elimination of
tariff and non-tariff barriers ... and trade-distorting subsidies and
domestic support, especially in agriculture".

Such a call falls in the middle of the current row within the European
Union over the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Britain and France are
putting forward entirely different views. France benefits from the CAP to an
absurdly large extent. Reform of the expensive CAP will take time but I have
little doubt the EU is now heading in the right direction.

The meeting in Libya invited donor nations to raise their aid to 0.7
percent of their GDP by 2015. This does not have the support of the Bush
administration but international progress is being made.

Turning to the hot potato of expanding the UN Security Council there
was the expected desire for Africa to be given two permanent seats. The
names of the two states to be selected are controversial. My two nominations
would be Egypt and South Africa.

It so happened that in the days leading up to the G-8 summit, which in
Britain were filled with worthy articles on "making poverty history" and the
Live 8 pop concerts, there were appalling developments in Zimbabwe.

The developing world has witnessed regularly the removing of illegal
squatters, sometimes on a large scale, by municipal authorities. But what
happened under the personal orders of President Robert Mugabe was of a
completely different order. Some 250,000 people were put on the streets, and
local and international observers were convinced the bulldozing of houses
and burning of trading stalls were aimed at those who were believed to
support the opposition Movement for Democratic Change under Morgan
Tsvangirai in the elections a few weeks ago. This vicious clearing was
called "Operation Murambatsivna" which translates as "Drive out Trash".

In the words of a strong editorial in The Times (June 7): "No attempt
was made to resettle the slum-dwellers. No warning was given before their
homes were wrecked, possessions burned and livelihoods ruined. Nothing was
done for the nursing mothers, the babies, the sick and the elderly kept back
by armed paramilitaries and left on the street, cowed and bemused".

A number of children died in the buildings being destroyed. The United
Nations condemned this operation as well courageous religious leaders inside
Zimbabwe. But to my alarm the AU saw this as an internal matter and did not
wish to comment.

This is not good enough. The aid that has been requested by the AU for
its poorest members, and rightly so, is going to come from the taxpayers of
the G-8 countries and other nations. The public in Britain, and no doubt in
other countries, saw night after night on the television the bulldozers at
work and the suffering of those so ruthlessly made homeless. The public in
Britain has been moved by the scale of the poverty in Africa, but will not
support the huge relief program agreed at Gleneagles, unless leaders of the
AU are prepared to speak out against bad governance in member states and
corruption and contempt for human rights.

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NZ could impose sanctions on Zimbabwe

Government confirms that if the ICC means what it says, official
sporting sanctions will be imposed on Zimbabwe

13 July 2005

The Government has confirmed that if the International Cricket Council means
what it says, then official sporting sanctions will be imposed on Zimbabwe.

The ICC has issued a statement saying it understands some governments will
use sanctions as part of foreign policy.

It says its members accept that in the face of a formal directive from a
government, the obligations of the Future Tours Programme will not apply.

Foreign Affairs Minister Phil Goff is sceptical but hopeful, and is asking
for the statement to be clarified.

He says if it means all that is required is an official motion of Parliament
on sporting sanctions, then that is exactly what will happen.

2005 NZCity, NewsTalkZB
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Terror Knocks Africa Off the World Stage - So What's New?

The East African (Nairobi)

OPINION
July 11, 2005
Posted to the web July 12, 2005

Charles Onyango-Obbo
Nairobi

As the G8 leaders met in Gleneagles, Scotland, last Thursday we were all
expecting that they would make some strong statements about their plan to
fight Africa's bone-crushing poverty and insurmountable debt.

Then a series of terrorist bombs in London changed the script and the stage
lights shifted from Africa, which had been in the international spotlight
since the G8 finance ministers announced the debt write-off for some of the
poorest countries on the continent three weeks ago, and the world sang and
danced for us at Bob Geldof's Live 8 concerts.

There was a familiar ring to the events. Africa tends to be remembered when
there are no other pressing issues to occupy the international community.
Until a year ago, campaigners were criticising the world's rich nations for
being preoccupied with the fight against terrorism, and ignoring hungry and
diseased Africa. Now that Tony Blair had taken time out, for some Africa
time, he's been jolted to focus again on, well, terrorism.

This situation is, nevertheless, instructive. It's that dichotomy, and the
relative morality that comes with it, that is wrong with the world today.

Consider this: Five Africans die every minute from Aids and related
diseases. An African child dies from malaria every 30 seconds. One of every
16 African women will die of pregnancy or childbirth complications. Compare
that with 1 in 3,700 women in North America. First, the world couldn't agree
whether the wretched conditions in Africa or international terrorism should
be the priority. And we aren't sure whether Africa's misery is the world's
business, or it's our mess and we should clean it up by ourselves. Depending
on how much food you have on your plate, you might think that debate is a
legitimate one.

But it gets trickier when we have groups claiming that they are responsible
for things like the London bombings, and that they are carrying out the will
of God.

Since the September 11 attack on the US, it's common to hear arguments about
whether or not the US "deserved it." But if the US was the victim in the
September 11 attack, it became the invader in Iraq in 2003 and today
justifies its occupation of Iraq is justified - in much the same way Blair
stands by the righteousness of the British military presence in that
country.

When the terrorists' bombs hit the US embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam
in 1998, Kenyans - who bore the brunt of the attacks - asked what they had
done to deserve the fate that befell them. The terrorists said they had
"brought it upon themselves" by hosting the Americans.

The absence of a global morality that agrees that all killing is wrong,
leads to arguments about whether what's happening in the Darfur region of
western Sudan is genocide or not.

When Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe destroys the homes of the poor and
working class in Harare because they support the opposition, the African
Union is not sure. Is that really what he's doing, or is he simply enforcing
municipal law by removing illegal settlements, they ask.

An African president steals elections, but international observers say,
"Yes, there were irregularities, but not enough to influence the final
outcome." So a vote thief continues to rule. A corrupt regime skims off aid
money, and the donors say, "True, there have been leakages, but some of the
aid was still spent putting three million more children through primary
school."

African governments then have to make a choice between whether to buy a
fancy $95,000 car for the minister, or spend $500 and save half a village
from being wiped out by malaria. Easy decision: the minister's car takes
priority.

Further down the chain, thugs rape a woman on a Nairobi or Kampala street.
Their defence? She wore a revealing miniskirt! Is there still anything out
there that can't be excused?

Onyango-Obbo is Nation Media Group's managing editor for Convergence and New
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