|The ZIMBABWE Situation||Our
thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe |
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.
|Gucci Grace blows £75k|
GRACE MUGABE, wife of brutal Zimbabwean president Robert, likes to be called
By SALLY BROOK
SHE is dubbed First Shopper and Grabbing Grace by her people.
Grace Mugabe’s Paris spree might seem like incredible excess, but as far as she is concerned, it was a drop in the ocean.
Her timing was immaculate.
Weeks earlier the World Food Programme was releasing a report saying more than seven million in Zimbabwe were dying of starvation.
But Grace carried on regardless.
And her doting husband Mugabe — 40 years older than she is — does not shy away from indulging his well-built wife.
He even bought her a lavishly-equipped DC-9, formerly owned by Playboy baron Hugh Hefner.
The gift was to help with Grace’s shopping.
With her own plane she was able to go on regular shopping jollies to New York, London and Rome.
In London, Grace likes to stay in the sumptuous surrounds of Claridge’s, conveniently close to elegant shops of Kensington.
At least now she has her own plane other Air Zimbabwe passengers are spared the humiliation of being turfed off flights to accommodate their first lady and her numerous parcels.
When she used to use the country’s commercial airline she would also order pilots to land at military air bases instead of the normal airport so she could avoid paying duty on her purchases.
She and Mugabe now own at least SIX luxury properties.
Grace laughed off outraged criticism after it was revealed that she used public funds to build an incredibly vulgar home called Gracelands in a plush Harare suburb.
The finance came from a US aid programme intended to help the poor.
Gracelands was then sold to the Mugabes’ pal Colonel Gaddafi for three times
its original price.
Perhaps Grace is now given such freedom because she gave Mugabe what he most desired — a son, Robert junior.
She has since borne him a daughter and a second son
Grace, who was a good student at her Cathollic school, married Flight Lt Patrick Guririza in her teens.
But once her affair with Mugabe began, her husband was conveniently posted to Beijing — and has yet to return.
At least while he was with Sally, Mugabe managed to publicly maintain his socialist credentials.
But we now know he squandered many millions of pounds donated by Britain to help in the redistribution of land to homeless blacks.
His achievements to date, as we revealed yesterday, are a catalogue of horrors.
That Grabbing Grace can swan around flaunting her money is all the more crass when you look at the reality most Zimbabweans face.
For them, luxury would be reliable electricity, fresh water and ... food.
A spokesman for the Movement For Democratic Change, Zimbabwe’s persecuted opposition, said: “At a time when most Zimbabweans are starving and the average township black lives in a tiny house with, on average, 16 other people, the way our crooked president and his scheming wife flash their wealth in front of them is an insult to the citizens they claim to care for.
“One day the Mugabes will pay heavily.”
List of persons referred to in Article 6
1. Mugabe, Robert Gabriel President, born 21.2.1924
2. Buka (a.k.a. Bhuka), Flora Minister of State in Vice-President's
Office (former Minister of State
for the Land Reform Programme in the President's Office), born
3. Bonyongwe, Happyton Director-General Central Intelligence
Organisation, born 6.11.1960
4. Chapfika, David Deputy Minister of Finance and Economic Development
5. Charamba, George Permanent Secretary Department for Information
and Publicity, born
6. Charumbira, Fortune Zefanaya Deputy Minister for Local Government,
Public Works and National
Housing, born 10.6.1962
7. Chigwedere, Aeneas Soko Minister of Education, Sports and Culture,
8. Chihuri, Augustine Police Commissioner, born 10.3.1953
9. Chikowore, Enos C. ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Land and
Resettlement, born 1936
10. Chinamasa, Patrick Anthony Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs, born 25.1.1947
11. Chindori-Chininga, Edward Takaruza former Minister of Mines and
Mining Development, born 14.3.1955
12. Chipanga, Tongesai Shadreck Deputy Minister of Home Affairs
13. Chiwenga, Constantine Commander Zimbabwe Defence Forces, General
Commander, Lieutenant General), born 25.8.1956
14. Chiwewe, Willard Senior Secretary responsible for Special Affairs
in the President's
Office (former Senior Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs), born
15. Chombo, Ignatius Morgan Chiminya Minister of Local Government,
Public Works and National Housing,
16. Dabengwa, Dumiso ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member, born 1939
17. Goche, Nicholas Tasunungurwa Minister of State for National
Security in the President's Office (former
Security Minister), born 1.8.1946
18. Gula-Ndebele, Sobuza Chairman of Electoral Supervisory Commission
19. Gumbo, Rugare Eleck Ngidi Minister of State for State Enterprises
and Parastatals in the President's
Office (former Deputy Minister of Home Affairs, born 8.3.1940
20. Hove, Richard ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Economic Affairs, born
21. Hungwe, Josaya (a.k.a. Josiah) Dunira Provincial Governor:
Masvingo, born 7.11.1935
22. Kangai, Kumbirai ZANU (PF) Politburo Committee Member, born 17.2.1938
23. Karimanzira, David Ishemunyoro Godi ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary
for Finance, born 25.5.1947
24. Kasukuwere, Saviour ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy-Secretary for
Youth Affairs, born
25. Kuruneri, Christopher Tichaona Minister of Finance and Economic
Development (former Deputy
Minister of Finance and Economic Development), born 4.4.1949
26. Langa, Andrew Deputy Minister of Transport and Communications
27. Lesabe, Thenjiwe V. ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Women's
Affairs, born 1933
28. Machaya, Jason (a.k.a. Jaison) Max Kokerai Deputy Minister of
Mines and Mining Development, born 13.6.1952
29. Made, Joseph Mtakwese Minister of Agriculture and Rural
Development (former Minister of
Lands, Agricultural and Rural Resettlement), born 21.11.1954
30. Madzongwe, Edna (a.k.a. Edina) ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy
Secretary for Production and Labour,
31. Mahofa, Shuvai Ben Deputy Minister for Youth Development, Gender
Creation, born 4.4.1941
32. Mahoso, Tafataona Chair, Media Information Commission
33. Makoni, Simbarashe ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary General
for Economic Affairs
(former Minister of Finance), born 22.3.1950
34. Malinga, Joshua ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Disabled
35. Mangwana, Paul Munyaradzi Minister of Public Service, Labour and
Social Welfare (former Minister
of State for State Enterprises and Parastatals in the President's Office),
36. Mangwende, Witness Pasichigare Madunda Provincial Governor:
Harare (former Minister for Transport and
Communications), born 15.10.1946
37. Manyika, Elliot Tapfumanei Minister without Portfolio (former
Minister of Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation), born 30.7.1955
38. Manyonda, Kenneth Vhundukai Deputy Minister of Industry and
International Trade, born 10.8.1934
39. Marumahoko, Rueben Deputy Minister of Energy and Power
Development, born 4.4.1948
40. Masawi, Ephrahim Sango Provincial Governor: Mashonaland Central
41. Masuku, Angeline Provincial Governor: Matabeleland South (ZANU
(PF) Politburo Secretary
for Disabled and Disadvantaged), born 14.10.1936
42. Mathema, Cain Provincial Governor: Bulawayo
43. Mathuthu, T. ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Transport and
44. Midzi, Amos Bernard (Mugenva) Minister of Mines and Mining
Development (former Minister of
Energy and Power Development), born 4.7.1952
45. Mnangagwa, Emmerson Dambudzo Speaker of Parliament, born 15.9.1946
46. Mohadi, Kembo Campbell Dugishi Minister of Home Affairs (former
Deputy Minister of Local Government,
Public Works and National Housing), born 15.11.1949
47. Moyo, Jonathan Minister of State for Information and Publicity in
Office, born 12.1.1957
48. Moyo, July Gabarari Minister of Energy and Power Development
(former Minister of Public
Service, Labour and Social Welfare), born 7.5.1950
49. Moyo, Simon Khaya ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Legal
Affairs, born 1945
50. Mpofu, Obert Moses Provincial Governor: Matabeleland North (ZANU
Deputy Secretary for National Security), born 12.10.1951
51. Msika, Joseph W. Vice-President, born 6.12.1923
52. Msipa, Cephas George Provincial Governor: Midlands, born 7.7.1931
53. Muchena, Olivia Nyembesi (a.k.a. Nyembezi)
Minister of State for Science and Technology in the President's Office
(former Minister of State in Vice-President Msika's Office), born
54. Muchinguri, Oppah Chamu Zvipange ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary
for Gender and Culture, born
55. Mudede, Tobaiwa (Tonneth) Registrar General, born 22.12.1942
56. Mudenge, Isack Stanilaus Gorerazvo Minister of Foreign Affairs,
57. Mugabe, Grace Spouse of Robert Gabriel Mugabe, born 23.7.1965
58. Mugabe, Sabina ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member, born
59. Mujuru, Joyce Teurai Ropa Minister of Water Resources and
Infrastructural Development (former
Minister of Rural Resources and Water Development), born
60. Mujuru, Solomon T.R. ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member,
61. Mumbengegwi, Samuel Creighton Minister of Industry and
International Trade (former Minister of
Higher Education and Technology), born 23.10.1942
62. Murerwa, Herbert Muchemwa Minister of Higher and Tertiary
Education (former Minister of Finance
and Economic Development), born 31.7.1941
63. Mushohwe, Christopher Chindoti Minister of Transport and
Communications (former Deputy Minister
of Transport and Communications, born 6.2.1954
64. Mutasa, Didymus Noel Edwin Minister of Special Affiars in the
President's Office in charge of the
Anti-Corruption and Anti-Monopolies Programme (former ZANU (PF)
Politburo Secretary for External Relations), born 27.7.1935
65. Mutinhiri, Ambros (a.k.a. Ambrose) Minister of Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation,
66. Mutiwekuziva, Kenneth Kaparadza Deputy Minister of Small and
Medium Enterprises Development, born
67. Muzenda, Tsitsi V. ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member,
68. Muzonzini, Elisha Brigadier (former Director-General Central
69. Ncube, Abedinico Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, born 13.10.1954
70. Ndlovu, Naison K. ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Production
and Labour, born
71. Ndlovu, Sikhanyiso ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for
72. Nhema, Francis Minister of Environment and Tourism, born 17.4.1959
73. Nkomo, John Landa Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office
74. Nyambuya, Michael Reuben Lieutenant General, Provincial Governor:
75. Nyoni, Sithembiso Gile Glad Minister of Small and Medium
Enterprises Development (former
Minister of State for the Informal Sector), born 20.9.1949
76. Parirenyatwa, David Pagwese Minister of Health and Child Welfare
(former Deputy Minister), born
77. Pote, Selina M. ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Gender and
78. Rusere, Tinos Deputy Minister for Water Resources and
(former Deputy Minister of Rural Resources and Water Development),
79. Sakupwanya, Stanley ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for
Health and Child Welfare
80. Samkange, Nelson Tapera Crispen Provincial Governor: Mashonaland West
81. Sekeramayi, Sydney (a.k.a. Sidney) Tigere Minister of Defence,
82. Shamu,Webster Minister of State for Policy Implementation in the
83. Shamuyarira, Nathan Marwirakuwa ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for
Information and Publicity, born
84. Shiri, Perence Air Marshal (Air Force), born 1.11.1955
85. Shumba, Isaiah Masvayamwando Deputy Minister of Education, Sports
and Culture, born 3.1.1949
86. Sibanda, Jabulani Chair, National War Veterans Association, born
87. Sibanda, Misheck Julius Mpande Cabinet Secretary (successor to
No. 93 Charles Utete), born 3.5.1949
88. Sibanda, Phillip Valerio (a.k.a. Valentine) Commander Zimbabwe
National Army, Lieutenant General, born
89. Sikosana, Absolom ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Youth Affairs
90. Stamps, Timothy Health Advisor in the Office of the President,
91. Tawengwa, Solomon Chirume ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary
for Finance, born 15.6.1940
92. Tungamirai, Josiah T. Minister of State for Indigenisation and
Empowerment, Retired Air
Marshall (former ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Empowerment
and Indigenisation), born 8.10.1948
93. Utete, Charles Chairman of the Presidential Land Review Committee
Secretary), born 30.10.1938
94. Zimonte, Paradzai Prisons Director, born 4.3.1947
95. Zvinavashe, Vitalis Retired General (former Chief of Defense
Staff), born 27.9.1943
From The US Treasury, 2 March
Treasury designates seven entities as Specially Designated Nationals of
The Department of the Treasury today announced the designation of seven
Zimbabwean entities, three commercial farms and four businesses, as
Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs) of Zimbabwe. "Today's action
illustrates the Bush Administration's commitment to condemn those who
threaten the democratic process and institutions in Zimbabwe by isolating
and exposing them and the entities they own and control," said Juan Zarate,
the U.S. Treasury Department's Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Executive
Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes.
The farms, owned by Jonathan Moyo, Minister of Information of Zimbabwe, are
among those that were passed on to favored members of the Mugabe regime
following his chaotic land redistribution scheme. The four other businesses
designated today include:
M & S Syndicate (Pvt) Ltd., an influential Zimbabwean holding company owned
by the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF). M&S
Syndicate (Pvt) Ltd. is controlled by SDN Emmerson Mnangagwa, Parliamentary
Speaker of Zimbabwe, and four other prohibited officials;
Zimbabwe Defence Industries (Pvt) Ltd., a government-owned manufacturer and
distributor of arms, ammunition and other military-related items;
Swift Investments (Pvt) Ltd., which operates miscellaneous retail stores;
Zvinavashe Investments (Pvt) Ltd., which manufactures transportation
Zimbabwe Defence, Swift Investments and Zvinavashe are controlled by the
retired Zimbabwe Defense Forces General, Vitalis Zvinavashe.
Each of the seven entities is controlled by one or more key members of the
Mugabe regime that were named as prohibited persons in the Annex to
Executive Order 13288. This Order imposes economic sanctions on persons who
undermine democratic processes and institutions in Zimbabwe. The President
of Zimbabwe, Robert Gabriel Mugabe, and 76 other Zimbabwean government
officials and persons of influence are included in the Annex. Executive
Order 13288 provides for the blocking of properties within U.S. jurisdiction
or the possession or control of U.S. persons in which the SDNs have an
interest. Blocked properties are denied access to the U.S. financial system.
The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) worked in
close consultation with the U.S. State Department in the designation of
these seven entities. Treasury will continue working closely with the State
Department in implementation of Executive Order 13288 to disrupt the efforts
of those who disregard democracy. Doing business with an SDN of Zimbabwe may
carry criminal penalties of up to $500,000, twice the monetary gain or loss
per violation for an organization. Individual criminal penalties may be up
to $250,000 or twice the monetary gain or loss per violation. Individuals
may also face imprisonment for up to ten years for a criminal violation. In
addition, civil penalties of up to $11,000 per violation may be imposed
From IOL (SA), 3 March
US widens its sanctions against Zimbabwe
Washington - The United States on Tuesday said it was widening an existing
sanctions regime against Zimbabwe to include seven government-related
businesses. The enhanced US sanctions ban any transactions with the seven
black-listed groups. The US state department said the sanctions will apply
to commercial farms "seized" by Zimbabwe Information Minister Jonathan Moyo;
Zimbabwe Defence Industries, a state-owned arms maker and M&S Syndicate, a
holding group owned by the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic
Front. Also targeted are two companies "representing the interests" of
retired Zimbabwe Defence Forces General Vitalis Zvinavashe, the state
department said in a statement. "Should Zimbabwe's rulers continue to
oppress its citizens and to resist forthright efforts toward resolving the
country's political crisis, we are prepared to impose additional targeted
financial and travel sanctions on those undermining democracy in Zimbabwe,"
the state department said. A high profile state department human rights
report, released here in February, said Zimbabwe's government continued to
oversee "a concerted campaign of violence, repression and intimidation."
"Torture by various methods is used against political opponents and human
rights advocates," the report added.
Enough is Enough
We have a fundamental right to freedom of expression!
part of our motivation towards supporting civic action and promoting democracy
in Zimbabwe through non-violent means, Sokwanele is pleased to announce the launch of
our website: www.sokwanele.com.
Sokwanele.com aims to fulfil two functions: the first, which is already underway, is to provide our visitors with regularly updated news from local and international media sources, and original news and images from Sokwanele sources.
Headlines are updated on our homepage throughout the week, while the other areas of the website, updated weekly, focus on sorting recent news by subject. This makes it easy for visitors to immediately access the information they seek according to their own particular interests.
The subject sections are as follows: Justice, Economy, Wildlife and Environment, Social Welfare, Our People, and Elections. We feel that this subject focused approach complements the excellent work done by other sites already dedicated to providing breaking news on a daily basis to our community.
Sokwanele.com’s second objective, currently under development, is to provide visitors with the detailed information that supports and makes the news; including downloadable reports issued by international and local organisations, changing legislation, and media statements. We anticipate it will take a short while to build up our resources, but feel that this feature of Sokwanele.com will eventually be especially beneficial to journalists, researchers and students – or anyone who wants a comprehensive understanding of what’s happening in Zimbabwe.
We'll keep you posted on our progress through this mailing list. In the meanwhile, we welcome you to www.sokwanele.com.
Mbeki is still Zimbabwe point man, says top US Africa official
'The jury is out as to whether SA has
done enough to help resolve the
crisis - we are not getting a sense of progress'
International Affairs Editor
The US is impatient
to see a settlement in Zimbabwe, but for the moment it
still considers President Thabo Mbeki the "point man" on negotiations, says
the most senior US state department official on Africa. Charles Snyder,
acting assistant secretary of state for African affairs, said: "The jury is
out as to whether SA has done enough to help resolve the crisis." Snyder was
in SA earlier this week to speak with US diplomats. The problem "is we are
not getting a sense of progress", on bringing about a settlement in
Zimbabwe, Snyder said. He said the US had not imposed a deadline on SA
achieving a settlement, "but there is a clear sense of urgency because
people are dying". When President George Bush said on his visit to SA last
year he considered Mbeki the "point man" on Zimbabwe there was no deadline
set for a settlement, and there was none now, Snyder said. The crisis, he
said, must ultimately be resolved by Zimbabweans and countries in the
region. "Our option is to reach out more broadly as this is a process that
needs many heads," he said. "We believe that the Africans will push Zimbabwe
said, had become a problem for the New Partnership for Africa's
Development (Nepad), and had come at a crucial time for the initiative.
Nepad, he said, was not dissimilar in its basics from the US' Millennium
Challenge Account, a Bush administration initiative to support African
countries in their reform efforts. But Snyder said the sequencing was
different with Nepad asking for money ahead of promised reforms. Snyder said
the US wanted to be shown reform efforts were under way prior to supporting
them. The signs are that with no settlement in Zimbabwe and Nepad in its
early stages, that Africa will not be a high-profile issue at the Group of
Eight (G-8) Summit that the US will host this year. "There are crises
elsewhere in the world," said Snyder. But he did expect the G-8 would
discuss UK Prime Minister Tony Blair's recently appointed commission looking
into Africa's problems.
pressure of the US budget deficit, Snyder said that the US
congress would if it was convinced of progress in Africa approve the Bush
administration's request for an increase in aid under the Millennium
Challenge Account as well as the programme to combat to HIV/AIDS. With the
US election in November, Snyder said it was difficult to predict whether the
US congress would renew the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act, which gives
tariff- and quota-free access to African countries for certain goods with US
or local input , in the next few months. But he said the need for a longer
extension of the act was something on which there was likely to be broad
agreement between Democrats and Republicans. Snyder said the US effort to
assist African countries on fighting terrorism through intelligence- sharing
and other measures such as improved airport, customs, and border controls,
"is not a one-off short campaign". He said the US was "well satisfied" with
the South African "reaction and willingness" to cooperate in fighting
From The Herald, 3 March
Nkala murder case: State evidence ruled inadmissible
The warned and cautioned
statements by three MDC activists accused of
kidnapping and murdering war veterans' leader Cde Cain Nkala cannot be
admitted as evidence, the High Court ruled yesterday. Handing down judgment
in the "trial-within-a trial" in the murder case, Justice Sandra Mungwira
also rejected the video recording in which Remember Moyo, Khethani Sibanda
and Sazini Mpofu were making indications from the police to where Cde Nkala'
s body was found. The ruling comes after the three had challenged the
validity of their statements. They said they confessed to kidnapping and
murdering Cde Nkala under duress. "As a result, the warned and cautioned
indications, statements and video recording sought to be produced by the
State against each of the accused are ruled to be inadmissible," she said.
The court held a "trial-within-a trial" seeking to establish whether the
police had forced Moyo, Sibanda and Mpofu to make the confessions. In their
evidence, police said the three confessed to the murder of the war veterans'
leader without any undue influence.
In her ruling, Justice Mungwira found that the police officers' accounts on
the manner in which the suspects were handled, were fraught with
inconsistencies. She said the State witnesses made a poor showing as their
testimonies lacked coherence. Under the circumstances, the judge said, it
would be foolhardy to conclude from the facts presented that the State had
proved its case. "The witnesses conducted themselves in a shameless fashion
and displayed utter contempt for the due administration of justice to the
extent that they were prepared to indulge in what can only be described as
works of fiction as is especially illustrated by the state of (the)
investigations diary." The judge also found that the fears expressed by the
defence during the proceedings, although at times exaggerated, were
reasonable. The three are jointly charged with MDC legislator Fletcher
Dulini-Ncube, Nicholas Masera and Army Zulu. They all deny the charges,
claiming political persecution. Cde Nkala was kidnapped and murdered in
November 2001 as campaigning for 2002 presidential election heated up. His
decomposing body was found buried in a shallow grave at Norwood Farm near
Solusi University outside Bulawayo. The date for the continuation of trial
is still to be announced. Advocates Happias Zhou, Edith Mushore, Erik Morris
and Deepak Mehta are representing the six MDC activists in the case,
instructed by Bulawayo based lawyers Mr Nicholas Mathonsi and Mr Josephat
Tshuma. Mr Neville Wamambo and Mr Charles Kandemiri are appearing for the
US is 'fighting Zimbabwe with condoms'
March 03 2004 at 04:03PM
Harare - The United States was trying to remove
Zimbabwe's President Robert
Mugabe from power with millions of condoms as weapons, state radio in that
country said on Wednesday.
It said American President George Bush's regime was behind the "rebranding"
of prophylactics that carry a bright red and yellow sticker advertising
"revolutionary condoms" and a message urging Zimbabweans to "get up, stand
A bulletin said condoms carrying a sticker with "an oppositional political
message" were being distributed throughout Zimbabwe "in what appears to be
collusion between opposition groups and a US-based condom manufacturer."
The radio said the appearance of the redecorated condom packets was "not
surprising, since the United States government has made it clear it is
working toward changing of the regime in Zimbabwe, using, among other
things, the media."
The sticker also bears the name of a non-violent underground group of
activists with the name and motto, "Enough!", an appeal to Zimbabweans to
stop tolerating abuse by Mugabe's government. The motto appears in graffiti,
and is also the name of a news sheet secretly distributed.
The words on the condom are from a composition by reggae legend Bob Marley
who sang, "Get up, stand up, stand up for your rights, get up, stand up,
don't give up the fight." He performed the song in front of Mugabe and
thousands of ecstatic Zimbabweans at the country's independence celebrations
Recipients of the news sheet two weeks ago found the "revolutionary condom"
No comment could be obtained from the United States embassy, but an activist
who asked not to be named said: "the Americans had nothing to do with it."
He said "a few hundred" condoms had been bought, and locally printed
stickers had been glued on before handing them out.
The bulletin linked the "revolutionary" condoms to Population Services
International, a Washington-based non-profit organisation working for child
and maternal health HIV prevention.
PSI provides condoms for aid programmes in Zimbabwe, but by far the biggest
provider is the United States Agency for International Development with a
budget this year of $8,5-million (about R60-million) that will provide 89
million American-manufactured condoms to Zimbabweans.
Condoms are estimated to be the cheapest commodity in Zimbabwe, selling for
about Z$2 each, or a twentieth of a US cent. About 49 million of the USAid
condoms are issued to the private sector for sale, and the rest go to health
institutions for free distribution.
Health officials say as a result of the USAid programme, condom use in
Zimbabwe has risen to about 100 million a year, and proved to be a major
factor in restricting the spread of HIV.
"If the Americans had wanted to achieve regime change in Zimbabwe, they
could have used something more forceful than condoms," said a Western
diplomat. "They must have saved the lives of thousands of Zimbabweans. It's
a weird mind that sees the condom programme as a way of overthrowing
Enough!, known in Shona as Zvakwana! and Sokwanele! in Ndebele, was formed
around 2002, to galvanise opposition against Mugabe around the time he won
presidential elections that were dismissed by independent international
groups as the result of fraud and violent intimidation.
When Mugabe celebrated his 80th birthday last month, Enough! circulated
stamped postcards, with Mugabe's address and carrying a photograph of two
frightened, sickly children.
"There is no reason to celebrate your 80th birthday," it said on the back of
the card. "HIV and Aids, poverty and hunger are robbing our children and our
country of a future. Why don't you care?" - Sapa
Revolutionary condoms campaign
From correspondents in Harare
March 4, 2004
HUMAN rights activists have launched a "revolutionary condoms" campaign,
using stickers on condom packages to urge Zimbabweans to "stand up" against
President Robert Mugabe's autocratic rule.
State radio today blamed the United States, the largest supplier of condoms
to Zimbabwe, claiming the bright red and yellow stickers that have started
appearing on condom packages in recent days were "part of US government
plans for regime change".
US officials said they had nothing to do with the campaign.
A secretive group calling itself Zvakwana, or "Enough is Enough" in the
local Shona language, claimed responsibility for the stickers, which quote
Bob Marley's popular song Get Up, Stand Up. The late reggae legend performed
the song at Zimbabwe's independence celebrations in 1980.
The US Agency for International Development is supplying 90 million condoms
to Zimbabwe this year at a cost of about $US8.5 million ($11.16 million).
Together with the independent Washington-based Population Services
International group, they supply most of the condoms available in the
AIDS-stricken southern African country.
Many are distributed free, and those sold in stores are heavily subsidised.
A pack of three condoms sells for as little as six Zimbabwe dollars
(one-sixth of a US cent). A box of matches costs 30 times more.
Zimbabwe was plunged into its worst political and economic crisis since
independence from Britain when the government began seizing thousands of
white-owned farms for redistribution to blacks in 2000.
The country now faces rampant inflation, along with acute shortages of food,
petrol and other essentials.
The government has also stepped up a crackdown on dissent, arresting
opposition leaders, trade unionists, human rights activists and journalists.
Zvakwana identifies itself on its website as a nonviolent group seeking to
promote civic action against Mugabe's government. None of its members is
identified for fear of arrest under sweeping security laws.
The Associated Press
Aussies pleased by Zimbabwe
Cricket Australia are satisfied with security arrangements for the
team's tour to Zimbabwe in May.
A three-man Australian delegation spent three days in Harare and
"We've had two very good days with them and their response has been
favourable," said Zimbabwe Cricket Union managing director Vince Hogg.
A final decision will be made in two weeks but CA has said security
factors, rather than moral arguments, are the only possible sticking point.
In contrast, England's October tour to Zimbabwe could be postponed
because of objections to President Robert Mugabe.
England's fears will be discussed at a meeting of the International
Cricket Council's executive board next week.
Under ICC rules, every member nation must tour every other country at
least once every five years.
The Australian trio, CA general manager Michael Brown, team manager
Steve Bernard and players union chief executive Tim May, met government
officials and police and inspected grounds.
They will now fly to Sri Lanka to discuss their findings with the
The Australian government is opposed to the tour on moral grounds,
fearing the Mugabe regime, which has been accused of human rights abuses,
will use the visit for political gain.
Australia cancelled a tour of Zimbabwe in 2002 for security reasons
but played in Bulawayo during the 2003 World Cup.
ANALYSIS-S.Africa, Zimbabwe take divergent paths
Reuters, 03.03.04, 4:20 AM ET
By Ed Stoddard
JOHANNESBURG, March 4 (Reuters) - As South Africa prepares to celebrate a
decade of democracy, some investors nervously look north to Zimbabwe, which
threw off white minority rule in 1980 and is today a smouldering ruin.
Analysts say the different economic paths the two countries took from day
one of their revolutions mean they are unlikely to converge. Zimbabwe
embarked on a spending spree it could not afford while South Africa put its
financial house in order.
"Zimbabwe went on an unsustainable level of social spending, education in
particular," said Tony Hawkins, professor at the graduate school of
management at the University of Zimbabwe.
Such expenditure may have been morally justified to redress the imbalances
of the colonial past and paid off in many ways. According to World Bank
figures, Zimbabwe's literacy rate in 2000 was second only to Lesotho's in
Africa at over 80 percent.
But some analysts say fiscal recklessness sowed the seeds of the economy's
destruction as it could not be maintained in a country that failed to
attract the capital needed for growth.
"Lots of donor aid came to Zimbabwe in the 1980s but almost no foreign
investment," said Hawkins.
Some analysts have argued that after overspending in the 1980s, Zimbabwe --
then inspired by the now-discredited regimes of the Soviet bloc -- found
itself in an uncomfortable embrace with the International Monetary Fund
It then tried to swallow the tough medicine prescribed by the IMF, only to
spit it out in disgust, depriving itself of much needed aid as poverty
In the 1990s President Robert Mugabe's government pursued one ruinous policy
after another, culminating in the seizure of productive white-owned farms
for redistribution to poor blacks.
Zimbabwe now suffers from acute shortages of food, fuel and hard currency,
rocketing unemployment and inflation of more than 600 percent, one of the
highest rates in the world.
By contrast, a decade of austerity may now enable South Africa to direct
more cash to its poor majority -- without the constraints of an imposed IMF
"South Africa has bent over backwards in ways Zimbabwe never did to show it
would be responsible on the macroeconomic side," said Rashad Cassim, head of
the economics department at Johannesburg's University of the Witwatersrand.
DEFICITS, BIG AND SMALL
Between 1980 and 1989, Zimbabwe's budget deficits -- as a percentage of
gross domestic product (GDP) -- averaged around eight percent, according to
African Development Bank data.
The difference with the first decade of rule by the African National
Congress, which won South Africa's first democratic poll in April 1994,
could hardly be starker.
The ANC oversaw a budget deficit in 2002/03 of just 1.1 percent of GDP and
its average since it took office has been just 2.9 percent.
Its budget deficit estimate for 2003/04 is 2.6 percent of GDP and this is
seen widening to 3.1 percent next year -- but analysts say the government
can afford to loosen up now and in fact should, given the country's
"They need to spend more given the social inequalities and high levels of
poverty, especially since they can finance it... but the need to do so is
also a result of their inability to create jobs," said Noelani King Conradie
of NKC Economists.
"What is a good thing is the fact that much of the expenditure will be on
infrastructure development which can create jobs and provide longer-term
The two countries have differed in other ways as well.
"In South Africa there was an attempt to maintain the infrastructure by
hiving off activities to the private sector, through toll roads for example.
And The South African government began liberalising its trade regime. This
is also a fundamental difference with Zimbabwe," said Cassim.
Critics of the ANC's macroeconomic policies, including its alliance
partners, the Communist Party and the Congress of South African Trade
Unions, maintain that its short-term pain for long-term gain strategy could
also prove damaging.
Hundreds of thousands of jobs have been shed as the economy has liberalised
and unemployment runs at well over 30 percent.
Zimbabwe in 1990 did not have South Africa's terrifying rates of violent
crime nor its glaring income disparities, which some estimates put at second
only to Brazil's.
South Africa may have the ability now to spend more on its pressing social
troubles. But if it's too little, too late, the consequences down the road
could also be ugly.
Copyright 2004, Reuters News Service
UN Must Charge Mugabe - DA
March 3, 2004
Posted to the web March 3, 2004
Jonathan Katzenellenbogen, International Affairs Editor
WARNING of possible genocide in Zimbabwe, the Democratic Alliance (DA) says
it is pushing for action on Zimbabwe by the United Nations (UN) Security
Council and for President Robert Mugabe to face charges before the
International Criminal Court.
Speaking to journalists yesterday in Sandton, DA leader Tony Leon also said
it would be illegal under the Refugee Act for ousted Haitian President
Jean-Bertrand Aristide to be granted political asylum in SA as he was guilty
of human-rights abuses and electoral fraud.
In a blistering attack on Leon yesterday, the presidency said that Aristide
had not requested asylum in SA and the matter was not on the cabinet's
agenda. And in response to Leon's call for the UN to take action over
Zimbabwe, the foreign affairs department said it made "no apologies for
quiet diplomacy" as it had succeeded in ending conflicts in a number of
To try and bring about UN Security Council action on Zimbabwe, the DA says
it intends to write to the current chairman of the body, France, to request
the organisation to make plans for the event of mass killings or rapes in
Without the backing of Zimbabwe's neighbours, it is unlikely that the
country could be declared a threat to international peace and security,
which would allow action to be taken by the world body. Nevertheless, in the
absence of regional support for a resolution, the security council could
pass a resolution condemning Mugabe's government for its rights abuses,
something that would be of considerable symbolic importance.
At yesterday's press briefing, Leon also said the party intended to write to
the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in The Hague to request
that he open an investigation into human rights abuses in Zimbabwe as well
as crimes committed by Zimbabwean forces in the Democratic Republic of
Andre Snyders, a specialist on the International Criminal Court at the
Institute for Security Studies, says the courts's statute allows it to
receive information on crimes from individuals and nongovernmental
The Hague-based court, set up in 2001 to prosecute crimes against humanity,
has not yet said what cases it intends to pursue.
Judges question Moyo's powers as Daily News hearing opens
TWO Supreme Court judges questioned powers Zimbabwe's information minister
Jonathan Moyo had given to himself as the court began hearing a
constitutional challenge brought by the country's main independent daily, a
fierce critic of President Robert Mugabe, against tough media laws which
were used to close down the newspaper last year.
The Daily News was shut down by armed police in September for operating
without registering with a government commission, a requirement under a law
passed by Mugabe shortly after his re-election in March 2002.
The Daily News had refused to register, arguing the law was
It mounted a challenge to the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act in the Supreme Court in September, but the court said the paper
was operating illegally and should comply with the law before challenging
A day later police forcibly shut down the paper.
Various courts have since then ordered that the paper be allowed to publish
again, but it has only sporadically appeared on newsstands. The last edition
came out on February 5 this year.
Daily News lawyer Chris Andersen on Wednesday told the five judges sitting
as a constitutional court that the paper had now "satisfied the provisions
of the order made by this court".
This referred to the fact that the Daily News had applied to the media
commission for a licence, but the application was turned down.
He said that sections of the media law, which has been condemned by rights
groups here and abroad, contravened the Zimbabwean constitution.
These included the section allowing the government to seize property of a
media house that breaks the law.
Andersen argued that members of the Media and Information Commission (MIC)
are appointed by the minister of information and could be suspended by him
and therefore could not be "independent minds".
In the case of the Daily News it amounted to being "subjected to discipline
by a hostile minister", Andersen said.
The Daily News, founded in 1999, has been a thorn in the side of Mugabe's
government because of its unrelenting criticism of the regime's policies.
The government has in turn accused the paper of being a front for Western
Government lawyer Johannes Tomana defended the media law as "entirely
reasonable in a democratic society."
But two judges questioned the power of the minister to hire and fire members
of the commission.
"Is there justice in it?" asked one judge, Luke Malaba.
The Daily News is the only independent alternative to Zimbabwe's two
state-run dailies, The Herald and The Chronicle, and has around one million
Tour still likely to go ahead
Zimbabwe opposition call for cancellation
Wisden Cricinfo staff
March 2, 2004
Zimbabwe's major opposition party, the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC),
has called on the Australians to cancel their planned visit to the country.
The plea came as Australian cricket officials arrived in Harare to inspect
facilities and security precautions ahead of the May tour. The group will
also visit Bulawayo.
Paul Temba Nyathi, a
spokesman for the MDC, said that the tour would give
legitimacy to Robert Mugabe's discredited regime. "It's a moral issue rather
than one of security," he said, adding that cancellation was "in the
interests of the struggling masses of Zimbabweans."
But Michael Brown, Cricket
Australia's operations general manager, said he
and two colleagues had met government officials, senior police, cricket
executives and Australia's ambassador on the first of a two-day inspection
mission. "We're only halfway through our visit. If the standard that we've
seen today is maintained, I see no reason why we wouldn't be looking forward
to coming," he said. "We think it is important that we fulfil our
Australian spectators would be welcome in Zimbabwe, Brown was
in no doubt. "I can only say that what I saw in Bulawayo last year were two
of the most moving experiences that I have seen in my time with cricket. The
first was the merging of Zimbabwean and Australian cricket supporters at the
ground. They started off some metres apart but by the end of the game they
were sharing flags and singing together. The second was the lap of honour
that was completed by the Australian players to show their appreciation to
the Zimbabwean people. They wouldn't have done that if it was
According to the MDC there were 15 arrests
outside the ground during that
match, and a number of those detained were subjected to torture.
John Howard, Australia's prime minister, is on
record as saying that the
decision is Cricket Australia's, even though the government has made it
clear that it feels the tour should be cancelled.
© Wisden Cricinfo Ltd
Nepad reviewers will not brook political interference
March 3, 2004
By Renée Bonorchis
Kigali, Rwanda - They will neither visit prisons nor knock at the
doors of presidential palaces to get first-hand information on how African
leaders run their countries.
But a panel of evaluators, given the job of reviewing the governance
and human rights records of African governments, say they have a credible
process that is insulated from political manipulation, and promise to tell
it as it is.
Under an economic rescue plan, the New Partnership for Africa's
Development (Nepad), launched two years ago, leaders agreed to tackle
problems like corruption, civil strife and outdated infrastructure in return
for more aid and foreign investment.
A key part of the plan is the so-called "peer-review" system, where
governments are subjected to examination on commitment to democracy, peace
and security, economic policy and business environment by a panel of seven
For donors and investors to consider the reviews credible, they should
not vary too much from what the international community thinks about a
country, one diplomat in Kigali said.
A situation like the 2003 elections in Rwanda, where African monitors
gave a highly rosy view of the polls in contrast with the gloomy picture
painted by Western observers, would be unfortunate, he said.
It remained to be seen how frank, in-depth and critical these reports
would be, he said.
But Anglique Savane, chair of the panel of experts, said such fears
were unwarranted because her team was fiercely independent and would not
succumb to any pressures.
"We are not bound by any of these heads of state, so I have the right
to say what I think ... They cannot ask me or any of our panel members to
change our views," she said after attending a heads of state summit to
launch the scheme.
"We are controversial people back at home and we cannot be
manipulated," said Savane.
So far only 17 of the African Union's 53 member countries have agreed
to be peer reviewed.
Oil producer Angola is the latest inclusion.
Analysts say it will be interesting to see the evaluators' report on
Angola, where international agencies say as much as $4 billion in oil
revenues - equivalent to 10 percent of gross domestic product - has been
lost to graft over the past five years.
They have also set their eyes on Nigeria, where corruption has eroded
billions of dollars in oil earnings, and Zimbabwe, where human rights
activists say abuses have escalated rapidly since disputed 2002 presidential
elections won by President Robert Mugabe.
Academics say elections in Namibia,
Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana and
South Africa this year will also signal whether Africans are prepared to
hold free and fair polls and open the closely guarded political space.
The first to be scrutinised is Ghana, with preparatory work due to
start this month in Rwanda and Kenya and in Mauritius shortly after. The
reviews will take six to nine months.
The evaluators will send questions and later visit countries for three
weeks to talk to the government, opposition politicians, civic bodies and
donors before they make a report.
Savane, a Senegalese political activist, said the process would ensure
that the end product was credible without necessarily being intrusive. "We
are not an inspector-general," she said when asked whether the team would
visit prisons to ascertain the truth.
Critics say the problem with the scheme is that it is voluntary,
meaning countries with the worst records of democracy will avoid it. Another
downside is that the reports will not be made public unless the heads of
But heads of state would act against a government, pulling in
sanctions and other measures, if a president refused to embrace the changes
recommended by the peers, Savane said.
The backers of the scheme say they are not surprised by the relatively
small number of countries that have joined the group so far.
The fact that countries have to pay at least $100 000 (R650 000) to
participate, coupled with a concern that the process gives opposition and
civic groups too much voice, will put some leaders off - as will the thought
of being sat down by fellow presidents, questioned and told what to do.
Officials say some countries have adopted a wait-and-see attitude to
observe what benefits come to those who have signed up.
"Our poor countries have been cautious embarking on new innovative
things ... The main thing is that we must implement the peer review so that
we can show what the benefits are going to be," said outgoing Nepad head,
DA warns of 'Zim genocide'
02/03/2004 22:15 - (SA)
Cape Town - Opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) leader Tony Leon
Tuesday that it was not impossible that there may be a politically motivated
genocide in Zimbabwe in the coming months.
Speaking at a news conference on the failure of South Africa's foreign
policy regarding Zimbabwe at his party's campaign headquarters in
Johannesburg, Leon said that after much consideration of available evidence
"including the recent revelations on BBC television of government sponsored
murder and torture training camps, we believe there is now a possibility
that (President Robert) Mugabe's regime may begin to engage in the
systematic murder and torture of its political opponents in the run up to
the next election".
An election in Zimbabwe is scheduled to take place early next year.
Leon said agents of the Mugabe government and Zanu-PF loyalists had already
engaged in mass intimidation, scores of opposition activists had been
brutally tortured and rape had also been a means of intimidation.
He said Zimbabwean parliament Speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa, who he was tipped
to succeed Mugabe as president, was head of the Central Intelligence
Organisation during the 1982-87 Matabeleland genocide.
Leon noted that he had been embraced at the ruling African National Congress
conference in Stellenbosch in December 2002.
Leon charged that Mugabe had reportedly visited the camps and his government
had full knowledge of what was going on inside them.
"Genocide is thus by no means an impossible outcome of this process, given
the disturbing precedent of the Matabeleland massacres of the 1980s."
Leon suggested it would be "deeply irresponsible" of the South African
government and the international community not to make contingency plans in
the event that the Mugabe government and his ruling Zanu-PF "begin to kill
or rape large numbers of Zimbabweans" in the election run-up.
"One of the greatest failings of the international community during the
1990s was its inability and unwillingness to take action to avert genocide
in Rwanda. In the case of Zimbabwe, it would be tragic if the international
community waited until it was too late to avert disaster."
Leon said his party would write to France - which currently presides over
the UN Security Council - to outline our concerns and request the Security
Council to make a concrete contingency plan which could be implemented in
the event that mass killings or mass rapes begin in Zimbabwe.
It would also write to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International
Criminal Court and request that he open an investigation "into the crimes of
Robert Mugabe and his associates".
Zim High Court says murder suspects
• State case in Nkala murder trial collapses
By Staff Reporter
A HIGH Court judge has sensationally upheld claims by thee opposition MDC activists that they were tortured in captivity and castigated state witnesses in a murder trial as “indulging in the work of fiction” and showing “utter contempt of the due process of justice”.
Justice Sandra Mungwira told the prosecution in the trial of the MDC activists over the murder of war veterans’ leader Cain Nkala that all warned and cautioned statements together with video evidence was inadmissible as torture had been used to obtain confessions.
Legal experts said the prosecution case had all but collapsed after the judge tore into the heart of its evidence, judging all the confessions to have been obtained under duress and therefore inadmissible in the case.
In a judgement delivered Tuesday, Justice Mungwira said: “The warned and cautioned indications, statements and video recording sought to be produced by the State against each of the accused are ruled to be inadmissible.”
The judgement followed what has been called a “trial within a trial” after defence lawyers sought the exclusion of all warned and cautioned statements obtained from their clients under duress.
Cain Nkala was kidnapped and murdered in November 2001. His decomposing body was found in Solusi, about 40km south-west of Bulawayo. A few days after his kidnap the three accused, Khethani Sibanda, Remember Moyo and Sazini Mpofu were paraded on state television apparently making indications to the police to where Nkala’s body was buried in swamp.
The three were also seen confessing to the crime of murder and burying Nkala’s body. The police had claimed the information had been voluntarily given.
The defence team led by Advocates Happias Zhou, Edith Mushore, Erik Morris and Deepak Mehta instructed by Nicholas Mathonsi and Josephat Tshuma said the whole indications on the video were rehearsed and the police had told their clients to repeat what they had told them.
Various methods of torture used by the police were also described to the court by the three opposition activists who are jointly charged with MDC legislator Fletcher Dulini-Ncube, Nicholas Masera and Army Zulu.
In her judgement, Justice Mungwira was scathing about the conduct of the police and other state witnesses who had come before her. She said most of their accounts were inconsistent. Most of the witnesses, she said, had no credibility and appeared to lie repeatedly.
The prosecution, she said, had failed to convince the
court that the statements of the accused could be accepted as a true account of
what they had told their interrogators.
"The witnesses conducted themselves in a shameless fashion and displayed utter contempt for the due administration of justice to the extent that they were prepared to indulge in what can only be described as works of fiction as is especially illustrated by the state of (the) investigations diary," said Justice Mungwira.