The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The Telegraph

White farmer is held for 'killing Mugabe invader'
By Peta Thornycroft in Harare
(Filed: 26/05/2004)

A white farmer has allegedly shot dead one of President Robert Mugabe's
supporters during an attack on his property.

Spiro Landos, 48, a farmer of Greek descent who grew vegetables for British
supermarkets, was seriously wounded before being detained by police in
hospital in Mutare, 160 miles south east of Harare.

During the attack he was pinned down by a 30-strong mob. He apparently drew
a gun and fired a warning shot in the air. But one man was hit and died.

Mr Landos is recovering from surgery and is unable to walk.

His relatives fear he will be charged with murdering one of Mr Mugabe's "war
veterans" who fought for independence from Britain in 1980.

They said they were anxious about his prospects for a fair trial in a
highly-charged racial and political environment following Mr Mugabe's
anti-white rhetoric during an interview with Sky News this week. Friends
said Mr Landos had been asking police to disperse a mob of ruling Zanu PF
supporters from his land for a week before the attack on the farm,
Riverside, in the Odzi district. When he failed to return to his homestead
after dark on Monday a friend found him near the farm gate, semi-conscious
and bleeding from head wounds.

The incident was the first in which any farmer has fired a weapon since Mr
Mugabe ordered the land grab of more than 20 million acres in 2000.

Up to 3,000 farmers have been attacked or hounded from their homes. It has
been a violent few days for many of the country's remaining white farmers.

John Worsley-Worswick, a spokesman for the pressure group Justice for
Agriculture, said: "The latest onslaught has been sudden after a relatively
quiet couple of months. In all cases the attackers have had a common message
that whites must leave and go to Britain."

A white manager of a wildlife sanctuary, Anthony Bodington, 35, was abducted
and tortured in southern Zimbabwe and is recovering in a private hospital.
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The Formation of a Democratic Alliance to ensure Free and Fair Elections in Zimbabwe

Introduction

In April 2004, the International Crisis Group (ICG) prepared a report entitled Zimbabwe: in Search of a New Strategy. As the hope of a negotiated solution between ZANU(PF) and MDC fades, it recommended that international and local efforts should centre on ensuring Zimbabwe's compliance with the SADC Norms and Standards for Free and Fair Elections. In particular, it should focus on crafting specific benchmarks and timelines for a free and fair electoral process; and, equally important, build an international consensus on the consequences if these benchmarks are systematically violated. If these pre-conditions are not met early on, the international community would reject the electoral process even before polling day.

The ICG recommended that the U.S. and multilateral international organisations should consult key stakeholders in SADC and Zimbabwe to craft these benchmarks and accompanying timelines. This paper summarises the ICG report and calls for the formation of a democratic alliance between the MDC and civic society to coordinate responses to the international community's initiative. The alliance should also make a strong regional diplomatic offensive and formulate smart strategies for non-violent protests that will bring pressure to bear on ZANU(PF) to ensure conditions for free and fair elections in 2005.

ZANU(PF)'s Strategy

ZANU(PF) intends to win the March 2005 elections at any cost. It has already closed the Daily News, banned civic meetings under POSA, retired impartial judges, militarised civilian political structures, and systematically arrested and beaten activists. ZANU(PF) not only wants to win, but it wants a two-thirds majority to make constitutional amendments that entrench its rule under Mugabe. It has no intention of conducting free and fair elections, but will endeavour to garner as much legitimacy as possible in the process, especially in the eyes of its SADC allies. ZANU(PF) therefore needs a compliant MDC that participates at all levels in order to maintain a pretence of multi-party democracy.

ZANU-PF's election campaign has kicked off by targeting symptoms of economic mismanagement, especially corruption and inflation. In the rural areas it launched Operation Nyararai ("Shut Up") in January 2004, to seal off the countryside. Residents of every village are required to register with the headman, to whom visitors, including children visiting parents, must justify themselves. This will effectively close off rural Zimbabwe to opposition campaigners. ZANU-PF also controls the process for delimiting constituencies and registering voters. By gerrymandering to reduce urban constituencies it could increase its share of parliament relatively easily. Merely by focusing on reclaiming a few MDC seats in "swing" areas such as the Midlands, Masvingo and Manicaland, it could probably be certain of a two-thirds majority. Such a relatively modest objective might consolidate its power but without forcing the kind of sweeping victory that would cause domestic and international observers alike to cry foul. ZANU(PF) might even open space for campaigning close to the elections so that international observers would be tempted to certify that voting was free and fair.

All recent Zimbabwean elections have been typified by high levels of violence and intimidation during the run-up period, but relatively peaceful conditions when observers were present and ballots actually cast. Similarly, ZANU(PF) might increase civic freedoms such as access to the media and the right to assemble shortly before election day, by which time, however, the damage would already have been done. If it can control the framework for elections as in the past, and observers come only at the end of the electoral process, it would be almost certain to win the seats it wants.

To boycott or not?

The MDC has participated in by-elections and has begun preparing for the March 2005 parliamentary elections. It has, however, threatened to boycott the elections if certain conditions are not met. But if some conditions are not met, and the electoral process is compromised, the MDC will face a fundamental strategic dilemma. If it contests the elections it will legitimise a patently flawed electoral process, managed and controlled entirely by the ruling party. When it loses the election, as it clearly must, its plaintive cry that the election was neither free nor fair will be ignored by invited observers. If, on the other hand, it boycotts the election, it would lose all its seats without a fight, and leave every government institution in the hands of the ruling party. It should also be remember that if, against all odds, the MDC won the election, the President and his executive would still hold the reins of power. This power could be exercised to severely curtail the effectiveness of an MDC dominated legislature.

International Diplomacy

To avoid this dilemma, it is imperative that an international consensus is found on the dividing line between a relatively free and fair election process and one that is so flawed that it should be declared null and void. There must be, in other words, an agreed procedure for determining quickly whether the process - not the voting day itself - is conducted properly, and to the greatest extent possible agreement on the specific consequences that would flow from significant violations. The ICG sees the EU and U.S. initiating the urgent task of building consensus around this plan of action by appointing envoys to consult throughout the region. They would begin by coming to agreement with the bulk of SADC countries, including South Africa, followed closely by Nigeria and other key AU member states. The assumption of power through elections by former opposition movements in Kenya, Nigeria, and Ghana, combined with the presence of stable democracies such as Botswana and Mauritius, could tip the scales in favour of a democrat ic solution in Zimbabwe.

So, too, could the NEPAD initiative, which sets credible elections as a priority - and because Western responsiveness to NEPAD is influenced by how African countries handle Zimbabwe. A special effort should be made to draw in those African leaders who are strong NEPAD supporters, including Presidents Obasanjo of Nigeria, Wade of Senegal and Bouteflika of Algeria. To provide added impetus to the entire diplomatic exercise, donors should stress that significant progress can be expected on the NEPAD initiative if African countries can deliver a free and free electoral process that legitimises the government in Zimbabwe in the eyes of the international community. At the same time the international community should, with local stakeholders, draft a recovery assistance plan that outlines the significant assistance for debt relief, economic development and land reform that would be made available to Zimbabwe if it passes the electoral test.

Regional Diplomacy

Like South Africa, many governments in the region share a history of solidarity with ZANU(PF). Each is reluctant to become a lone voice speaking against Mugabe and be denounced as a "colonial puppet".

Bishops, the MDC and Zimbabwean civil society have sent representatives to Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Mauritius, Seychelles and Botswana, where they have stressed the need for a return to democracy. Engendering this collective interest in deepening engagement could be critical to calculations in both Pretoria and Harare.

There has been a slow but steady change: largely the result of concerted lobbying by the Zimbabwean opposition and civil society, and because of the sheer magnitude of Zimbabwe's economic collapse. In the last half of 2003, MDC delegations were well received, particularly in Kenya, Ghana, Senegal, Mozambique, Mauritius, Tanzania and Malawi. Civil society organisations in the Crisis Coalition also lobbied the region. ZCTU's work with COSATU and others in the Southern Africa Trade Union Coordinating Council (SATUCC) has led to several specific achievements. President Olusegun Obasanjo, has been active in pressing Zimbabwe for dialogue. Until more African states take such a stand, however, South Africa's contrary voice will continue to speak loudest. There needs to be an even more concerted diplomatic effort to persuade SADC states, especially South Africa, that the interests of Zimbabwe, SADC and African as a whole, will be best served by a democratically elected government under the SADC electoral protocol

Strategic Action

Carefully targeted and well-organised non-violent mass action and civil disobedience can be important catalysts for policy change and sometimes even promote transition. But, because efforts by the opposition and civil society have been disorganised, the Mugabe regime has not been under sufficiently strong pressure to accept negotiations. While recognising the singular acts of bravery, sporadic and ineffectual demonstrations not only lack strategic impetus, they sap the morale of the people.

To address this weakness, the MDC called for a broad alliance to apply pressure on the government at its annual conference in December 2003. In January 2004, it opened consultations with civil society representatives to launch a variety of rolling mass actions. However, personal rivalries have undermined the pledge of MDC, union and other civic leaders to cooperate and coordinate better. This has to change, and change as soon as possible.

Zimbabwean are looking to their pro-democracy political and civic leaders to demonstrate the statesmanshlp that looks beyond personal rivaliries: to speak with one voice, to build strength through unity, to coordinate for effective action. With the threat of the elections being brought forward, there is an added urgency to form a broad pro-democracy alliance that is united by clear strategic objectives and action plans, and that can respond strategically, coherently and effectively to the international diplomatic initiative that focuses on the SADC norms and standards for free and fair elections. Every effort must be made to reach agreement on what steps would be taken if the electoral process does not meet the benchmarks.

The alliance has to spell out precisely what they want from their government; what specific conditions must be met, and the action it will take if the conditions are not met. One of the most effective levers of influence at the disposal of Zimbabweans could be to escalate non-violent mass action in protest if ZANU-PF fails to meet the benchmarks for free and fair elections in 2005.

To have any relevant, however, leaders must be willing to participate in the front lines.

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The Star

Stubborn Zimbabwean leader set to face civil disobedience
May 26, 2004

By Basildon Peta

Zimbabwe's main opposition party and civic groups have begun
consultations to launch a major civil disobedience campaign.

The decision was taken after President Robert Mugabe slammed the door
on negotiations to end the crisis in Zimbabwe.

Yesterday, Lovemore Madhuku, chairperson of the National
Constitutional Assembly, Zimbabwe's largest civic group, said there was no
alternative to a civil disobedience campaign, based on a set of demands, to
open the way to democracy in Zimbabwe.

"We are in serious consultations and we will announce a comprehensive
outcome in three to four weeks' time," said Madhuku.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) and civic groups
had hoped they could engage Mugabe in dialogue to draw up a new constitution
and create a democratic environment, which has been dissipated by draconian
security and media laws. They had hoped that, through dialogue, they could
achieve an electoral framework to guarantee free and fair elections next
year.

But after Mugabe's decision to slam the door on any talks - and after
South Africa this week reiterated its softly-softly policies on Zimbabwe -
the civic leaders said they had no option but to mobilise for a major civil
disobedience campaign.

"It seems that the only realistic way of forcing Mugabe to negotiate
is by making the country ungovernable. We have mobilised for successful
protests before, and this can be done. There is no other way," said a civic
leader who preferred not to be named.

"We cannot look forward to South Africans or other Africans for help.
Our salvation can come only from within ourselves, and it is high time we
made the sacrifices."

MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube said the only option left for his
party was to concentrate on "building a coalition of forces to mobilise
strongly for the fulfilment of conditions that will guarantee free and fair
elections.

"We have to mount intensive internal pressure to ensure our rights
don't continue being appropriated by the Mugabe regime."

Ncube emphasised that everything would be done in terms of the
constitutional rights of citizens to express themselves.

He reiterated his party's threat to boycott the next elections unless
Mugabe agreed to hold them in terms of the Southern African Development
Community norms and standards for free and fair polls.

The MDC has drawn up a list of 15 demands to democratise the electoral
process. These include giving the opposition access to the state media,
setting up an independent electoral commission, allowing United Nations
supervision of elections, and restoring the rule of law.

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The Telegraph

South Africa fears 'Zimbabwe approach'
By Robin Gedye, Foreign Affairs Writer
(Filed: 26/05/2004)

South Africa yesterday increased fears among white farmers of a
Zimbabwe-style 'land grab'.

Thoko Didiza, the land affairs minister, said high prices being demanded by
white farmers were hampering the redistribution programme. Under the
proposal, 30 per cent of white-owned farmland is to be owned by blacks by
2014.

"The first option is to negotiate because we believe some of those prices
are inflated," she said. But then she warned that, as a last resort, the
government could use legislation allowing land expropriation, recently
approved by President Thabo Mbeki.

The president said South Africa would not allow the disruptive land seizures
of Zimbabwe. However, Ms Didiza's comments raised white farmers' fears as
she pointed out that a boom in property prices was making it difficult to
meet the land reform target.

Only a tiny proportion of the government's redistribution target has so far
been met under its "willing buyer, willing seller" scheme.
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Household access to food a major problem
JOHANNESBURG, 26 May 2004 (IRIN) - Access to food will be a major challenge
for ordinary Zimbabweans in the 2004/05 consumption year, the Famine Early
Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) has cautioned.

"Zimbabwe continues to face a severe food security crisis, characterised by
high levels of unemployment and inflation, poor agricultural production over
the last four years, drought, and poor government policies, exacerbated by
crippling levels of HIV/AIDS," FEWS NET said in its latest food security
emergency report.

Over the last year more than two-thirds of the population has been food
insecure, the report noted. Although some food security indicators had
improved in recent months, "many Zimbabweans continue to face conditions of
extreme food insecurity".

"The most significant food security problem in Zimbabwe is access to
adequate food. The purchasing power of both rural and urban households has
drastically declined over the past few years, as the availability and value
of income options has declined, inflation has risen and unemployment has
remained high. Even if food is available on the market, urban and rural
households will not be able to purchase it if they do not have the money or
other means needed to do so," FEWS NET said.

Zimbabwe's inflation rate has hovered around 600 percent and, coupled with
poor harvests in recent years, this has led to a significant decrease in
household purchasing power.

"Over the past few years, cereal availability has been a major concern,
given poor cereal production and concerns regarding the capacity of the
country to import sufficient food to meet needs. Following a poor start, the
[current] agricultural season has progressed better than expected, with
favourable rainfall in the second half of the season, combined with greater
availability of seeds and inputs than expected," the report commented.

With the cancellation of the United Nations-led crop and food supply
assessment mission, "there is currently not a consensus on likely 2003/04
maize production", but FEWS NET's preliminary assessment is that production
will be close to the last five-year average of about 1.4 million mt.

"This is an improvement over last year's very poor season, but lower than
the 1990s average, leaving a sizable import requirement. Based on the
country's import record over the past three years, and provided the foreign
currency earnings situation remains at least the same as it was in 2001/02,
the country could still manage to import, from within the region, the
minimum of 500,000 mt needed to close the gap. However, this import
performance will need to be periodically reassessed in view of the
continuing economic decline and poor export performance," FEWS NET
explained.

Ensuring household level access to food would therefore be "a major national
challenge" in the 2004/05 marketing year.

The state Grain Marketing Board (GMB) would have to improve its capacity to
"purchase grain surplus from the market and redistribute to the right places
at the right time in the right quantities".

"With food access of great continuing concern, targeted food aid should
continue throughout the country for poor socioeconomic groups. Improved
maize availability will not address the famine threat that could occur in
some parts of the country this year. Special attention is required for the
most vulnerable districts of Manicaland and Matebeleland South provinces,"
the report concluded.
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From Malaysiakini, 26 May

Mugabe's mansion - gov't to investigate claim

Beh Lih Yi

The government was today urged to clarify its involvement in the
construction of a 5 million mansion for Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe,
near Harare. In an immediate reaction, two ministers have said this would be
investigated. Parliamentary Opposition Leader Lim Kit Siang said this
morning that Mugabe's statement "is shocking". "I call on the government to
issue a ministerial statement as we want to know whether we have secretly
and unlawfully funded the 25-bedroom mansion," he told a press conference in
the Parliament. Mugabe, in an interview with television station Sky News,
had denied that the mansion was being financed out of public coffers but
said, instead, that the Malaysian and Chinese governments were providing
partial funding. However he did not disclose the exact sum involved or when
the money had been channelled to him. In the same interview, he said former
Malaysian premier Dr Mahathir Mohamad had provided the timber for the
structure. Lim asked how, if at all, the Malaysian government could have
provided funds since Mugabe has a reputation for dictatorial leadership.
"(There is) no moral and political reason for us to do that," he said,
pointing out that no audit report has been tabled in Parliament pertaining
to the alleged funding, which may involve taxpayers' money. "We know Mugabe
is a good friend of Mahathir... (But) there was no parliamentary approval to
fund this rotten and corruptible regime," said Lim, who is DAP chairperson
and Ipoh Timor MP. He said it would be an "unprecedented case" for a
government to fund another government leader's mansion, if the claim is
proven true.

Speaking to malaysiakini later, Deputy Foreign Minister Joseph Salang Gandum
said he is unaware of Mugabe's statement. "I will check on it. But I don't
think the government would have funded the mansion, (although) we do assist
(the Zimbabwean government) in other aspects such as human resources. But it
is quite impossible (that we have funded) a mansion," he said at Parliament
House. Asked whether an investigation would be carried out, he replied: "Let
us check (on this) first." Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Mustapa Mohamed - who oversees national economic planning - refused to
comment when asked about this yesterday. "We will check, thanks for the
information," he said. Meanwhile, corruption watchdog Kuala Lumpur Society
for Transparency and Integrity said the government owes the public an
explanation for the revelation. "If true, the government must explain why it
funded such a luxury for a political head reputed to be a dictator," said
its deputy president Param Cumaraswamy in a statement today. Kuala Lumpur
Society for Transparency and Integrity is the local chapter of Transparency
International. He said Zimbabwe was in serious political and economic
disorder, and that the annual inflation rate is 620 percent and climbing.
"The unemployment rate exceeds 70 percent. One in four Zimbabweans is HIV
positive; 4,000 die every week. Agriculture output has been so ravaged that
Zimbabwe now has the highest number of citizens starving to death in
Africa," he said. He also cited comments by a spokesperson for Transparency
International (Zimbabwe Chapter), who is reported to have said that it has
become "absolutely essential" for Mugabe to disclose his sources of foreign
currency used to pay for all imported materials for his private mansion.
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From The Times (UK), 23 May

Staring down barrel of a gun

Malcolm Conn in Harare

I came to write about cricket. Instead, I had a bayonet pointed at my chest
and was told I looked like a terrorist

Shane Warne has enjoyed the golf courses in Zimbabwe, Matthew Hayden was
taken by the fishing, and Simon Katich has raved about his game park visit.
It's a shame about the cricket. The Australia Test players have just spent a
week in limbo, attempting to amuse themselves as an Orwellian maelstrom of
doublespeak swirled around them. When yet another deal between the
duplicitous and hopelessly compromised Zimbabwe Cricket Union (ZCU) and the
15 striking white players collapsed, an increasingly exasperated Cricket
Australia chief executive, James Sutherland, said from Melbourne: "We have
had repeated assurances and been repeatedly disappointed. It's got to the
stage where we won't believe anything until we see it." The tentacles of
president Robert Mugabe's regime have now reached into the ZCU, where some
board members, who are considered government stooges, regard getting rid of
the white players as a victory. The sacking of captain Heath Streak for
complaining to the ZCU about racism in selection and the walkout of 14 other
white players in support merely sped up the aim of installing a black
captain and a largely black team. It was against this backdrop that the
fatalistic world champions attempted to carry on as normal in the most
abnormal of circumstances, preparing to play Test cricket with no idea who
their opponents would be, or whether, as it turned out, there would be any
at all.

South Africans laugh when asked about safety in Zimbabwe. Harare, they
claim, is nowhere near as dangerous as Johannesburg, but caution is still
needed, and the Australian players may not be too unhappy about the fact
that they will soon be heading for home. I went for a leisurely stroll
around Harare last week, and ended up looking down the barrel of a rifle.
Mugabe's heavily guarded state residence is across the road from the Harare
Sports Club, Zimbabwe's main Test ground. The stone-walled compound, topped
with razor wire and security cameras, takes up an entire city block and has
several soldiers with semi-automatic weapons pacing the public footpath
outside. The soldiers took no notice as I walked past to get to the sports
club, but the compound guards in dark-green uniforms on either side of large
steel gates were far more interested. Realising there was no easy way around
the compound, I doubled back, only to find a bayonet pointing at my chest.
"What are you up to? What are you doing? You can't go there," the guard spat
through clenched teeth. "Sorry," I replied. "I'm trying to get to the
cricket ground." "You are up to something, you are a terrorist," the guard
hissed. Wearing a T-shirt that read "Cricket - a passion not a game", a pair
of blue running shorts and trainers, I didn't feel like a terrorist, and was
surprised to hear that I looked like one. Two army officers emerged and
began an increasingly uncomfortable 15-minute interrogation. All the while,
the guard, his rifle levelled at me, hissed invective: "Don't let him go, he
's a terrorist. Lock him up . . ."

With everything in my hotel-room safe, bar a room keycard and a frequent
flyer card used to swipe the safe shut, the failure to produce adequate
identification made them even less impressed. But little identification was
better than the officers finding the compulsory press card from the Media
and Information Commission, with which every foreign journalist must
register, paying 335 on arrival. The foreign journalist is public enemy No
1 in Zimbabwe for having exposed the oppression and brutality of the Mugabe
regime. Eventually I was forced to write my name, hotel address and
Australian address on a tatty scrap of office paper and was thoroughly
body-searched in some uncomfortable places. When I was finally told to go
and turned to leave, the guard with the gun shouted: "Don't come back, or I
will shoot you." The thought of a bullet in my back did not leave my mind as
I walked back past the soldiers, who still took no notice. It is clear that
Mugabe has turned Zimbabwe into a police state, even at the cricket. During
the recent second Test between Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka at the Queens ground
in Bulawayo, two Australian supporters were arrested and fined for
displaying a harmless non-political banner that poked fun at New Zealand. As
part of an ever greater attempt to prevent public anger against the
government's human rights abuses, posters have been banned from cricket
grounds after isolated protests during last year's World Cup. The fact that
the banner displayed at the Bulawayo Test was irrelevant to Zimbabwe was of
no consequence. And neither, it appears, is cricket.

Malcolm Conn is chief cricket writer of The Australian newspaper
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Councillor Appeals for Urgent Repair of Boreholes At Clinics

The Herald (Harare)

May 26, 2004
Posted to the web May 26, 2004

Harare

SEKE Rural District chairman Councillor Charles Mubaiwa has appealed to the
District Development Fund (DDF) to urgently repair boreholes at Marirangwe
and Makanyazingwa Clinics as nurses are shunning the two health institutions
because there is no water.

There has been no water at Makanyazingwa Clinic for almost two years now and
only one nurse is working at the clinic.

"Nurses are refusing to be deployed at the two clinics because there is no
water," he said.

Clr Mubaiwa said repeated efforts to get the assistance of the DDF had
fallen on deaf ears as the fund kept on postponing attending to the
problems.

He said council was building another clinic at Marirangwe but the shortage
of water was affecting progress. He said the DDF was approached over the
issue and was still to attend to the problem.

He said the other affected clinics were Masasa and Zhakata.

Clr Mubaiwa said the available nursing staff were not working as usual as
they have to go into the community to look for water and thereby affecting
service delivery.

"A good health service needs water," said Clr Mubaiwa.

He said council was having to provide water with bowsers but at times this
was not sufficient as council did not have enough money to offer that kind
of service on a continous basis.

An official with DDF Mr Maxwell Hongoro told ZIS that Government had availed
$50 million for the borehole rehabilitation programme.

He said the rehabilitation of water points was due to start at the end of
this month.

Mr Hongoro urged the communities to form committees which would be
responsible for the proper use and policing of water points to avert thefts
of equipment.
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TGT Loses $200m

The Herald (Harare)

May 26, 2004
Posted to the web May 26, 2004

Harare

THE Tobacco Growers Trust recently lost more than $200 million, part of
which was meant for inputs for small holder tobacco farmers, after two
officials allegedly converted the money to their own use.

TGT board member and general manager Albert Jaure appeared before a Harare
magistrate's court on initial remand for allegedly converting $100 million
meant for inputs for small-scale tobacco farmers to buy a house.

Jaure (44) appeared before magistrate Ms Sukai Tongogara on Monday charged
with theft by conversion.

He was not asked to plead and was remanded to June 9 on $10 million bail.

Jaure was ordered to reside at his Greendale house, surrender his passport
and not visit the Tobacco Growers Trust offices until the matter is
finalised.

Prosecutor Mr Lungile Ndlovu said Jaure committed the offence between
January 30 and March 8 this year.

The State alleges that on January 4 in his capacity as general manager and
also a board member, Jaure approached one Sean Bruss who was selling his
house number 102 Coronation Avenue in Greendale Harare for $300 million.

Jaure allegedly agreed with Bruss to pay him over three months through
monthly instalments of $50 million.

Jaure being one of the signatories of the TGT trust account at the Jewel
Bank took advantage of the pre-signed cheques by another signatory Mr Julius
Ditoyi Ngorima and paid Bruss.

Jaure allegedly made a payment of $11 million with cheque number 00000273 to
Incredible Technologies on Bruss' instructions.

It further alleged that Jaure issued another cheque number 0000274 with a
face value of $39 million to Platinum Investments to top up his first
payment.

He allegedly instructed TGT bankers the Jewel Bank to issue cheque number
182396 with a face value of $50 million in favour of Marko.

The court heard that the cheque was issued and it was later cashed.

As a result, TGT was prejudiced a total of $100 million.

This money, it is alleged, was part of the $10 billion made available by the
Government to benefit small-scale tobacco farmers throughout the country.

The money was sourced through the TGT from the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe.

TGT under the credit scheme input scheme had identified suppliers of inputs
including Farmers World, Rarefield Investments, TSA and Varitech.

The suppliers would be paid in advance to make available inputs to the
farmers who would in turn apply to TGT to benefit from the scheme.

Successful farmers would then supply TGT with their requirements and would
be given buying orders to go and acquire inputs from any of the suppliers.

The farmers would then get their inputs and the supplier would reconcile the
order given to the farmer against the repayment made to them by TGT.

TGT would then recover the money for the inputs from the farmer after
selling their tobacco through the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board.

In a related case, Angellah Manyeruke (22) an administration officer at TGT
also appeared before the same court facing similar charges.

Manyeruke was charged for allegedly converting more than $109 million from
the trust to her own use between January 22 and February 3 this year. She
was remanded out of custody on $10 million bail to June 9 coupled with
reporting conditions.
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Khaleej Times

It's not cricket in Zimbabwe, says Sri Lanka's captain
(AFP)

26 May 2004

NEW DELHI - Sri Lanka's cricket captain Marvan Atapattu on Wednesday warned
international teams visiting Zimbabwe to expect the worst, saying his team's
recent visit to the troubled African nation was "fairly chaotic."

"The facilities and organisation were probably the worst I have experienced
in my playing career," Atapattu was quoted as saying in an interview with
the sport's leading portal "Wisden Cricinfo.'

"To be honest, the tour was fairly chaotic. There were a whole lot of things
that kept going wrong," he said.

"When we arrived, the hotels did not have air conditioning, and then there
were problems with the water supply as well.

"We had to go without a shower until about 10pm after one game, and there
was no water in the toilets for an entire night.

"On the cricket side, there was no communication. When it came to things
like net practice, no one took any responsibility.

"There were no net bowlers and sometimes there weren't even any nets ready.
Even the lunch during the last day of the Test match was 15 minutes late.

"One morning when we were batting, the fourth umpire, who is supposed to ask
us which roller we want, used the heavy roller without asking," Atapattu
said.

Zimbabwe is in danger of being suspended from Test cricket after a revolt by
the country's top white players forced two Test matches against world
champions Australia this month to be cancelled.

Atapattu, whose team played two Tests against a severely weakened Zimbabwe
team earlier this month, wished the International Cricket Council (ICC) had
stepped in earlier and stopped the matches as had happened in Australia's
case.

"We should have been treated in the same way as Australia were," the Sri
Lankan captain said.

"If the ICC agreed to consider stepping in and cancelling the Test series
against Australia, then they should have done the same for us.

"It was difficult to motivate ourselves, but we had to concentrate on our
performance and forget what was happening in their camp. It was not an easy
tour."

The ICC executive board is expected to debate Zimbabwe's future as a Test
nation at its annual meeting in London next month.

Ricky Ponting's Australia are currently playing three one-dayers in
Zimbabwe. England is scheduled to tour there in October.

Sacked Zimbabwe captain Heath Streak last week urged all international teams
to stay away from the strife-torn African nation until a solution is found
to the domestic civil strife that has left the country's cricket in turmoil.

Streak's sacking as captain two months ago by the Zimbabwe Cricket Union
(ZCU) led to a boycott by 15 white players who have since refused to play
for their national side and have been sacked.

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SABC

Lawyers for 'mercenaries' lament prison conditions

May 26, 2004, 12:42

Lawyers for 70 suspected South African mercenaries being held in Zimbabwe
lamented their prison conditions but declined to go into too much detail for
fear of retribution. "Our clients are in a very vulnerable position and we
must be very careful with what we say about what is happening to them,
Francois Joubert, an advocate, told the Pretoria High Court.

He was arguing in an application by the men for a court order directing the
South African government to uphold their constitutional rights. The men
stand accused of plotting to overthrow the government of Equatorial Guinea.
They were arrested at the Harare International Airport more than two months
ago when they allegedly landed to refuel and pick up military equipment.

Joubert referred today to the conditions under which his clients are being
held in Harare's Chikurubi Maximum Security Prison as an example of the
extent to which their rights were allegedly being violated. "We have to be
guarded in what we say," he told Bernard Ngoepe. "We don't want to
unnecessarily compromise our clients."

The men are currently being held with convicted high security risk prisoners
instead of other awaiting trial inmates. When questioned by Ngoepe, Joubert
conceded that prison conditions in South Africa were also far from
satisfactory. However, his clients would welcome being held here, he added.

Joubert also referred to what he termed as the deterioration of the rule of
law in Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea saying his clients were unlikely to
have a fair trial in either country. The men are seeking their extradition
to South Africa and want the government to ensure they are not tried in
Equatorial Guinea - where they fear being put to death. - Sapa
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News24

Zim rights record gets worse
26/05/2004 20:06 - (SA)

Johannesburg - Zimbabwe last year stepped up attacks on critics of the
government, including torture and kidnappings, gagged the media and misused
scarce food stocks for political ends, Amnesty International said in a
report published on Wednesday.

"There was an escalation in state-sponsored attacks on critics of the
government, particularly supporters of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC)," the report said.

The London-based rights watchdog said "perpetrators of human rights
violations continued to enjoy impunity, and allegations against state agents
were not investigated.

"The majority of abuses were committed by ruling party supporters and
police, security and army officers against opposition supporters," it said.

"Police officers were implicated in torture, ill-treatment and unlawful
killings, mostly of MDC supporters," Amnesty International said, adding that
"hundreds of people were detained for holding political meetings or peaceful
political protests."

The report also slammed a crackdown on the media following a draconian 2002
law used to close down the popular independent Daily News tabloid, which was
fiercely critical of President Robert Mugabe's government.

It also evoked the expulsion of a foreign journalist working for a British
paper and the arrest of scores of local journalists.

"The authorities and state-sponsored militia continued to deny people access
to food aid based on real or perceived political affiliation, and used food
aid to buy votes during parliamentary by-elections" it said.

"Political manipulation of food aid by officials and supporters of the
ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) continued.
The food situation remained critical."

Aid agencies estimate that Zimbabwe will this year face shortages of up to
800 000 tons of maize meal, a national staple.

Some of the agencies blame the country's controversial land reform
programme, which saw the seizure of white-owned farms for redistribution to
new black farmers, for cutting maize production and leading to a crippling
food shortage.

Amnesty said Harare also reportedly "established training camps throughout
the country for youth militia members, increasing concerns about the use of
youth militia to carry out serious human rights violations against the
government's perceived political enemies."

It said a slew of elections held last year were anything but free and fair.
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Telone Workers Strike

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

May 26, 2004
Posted to the web May 26, 2004

TELONE employees have gone on strike and say they will not relent until the
company increases their salaries so that the lowest paid worker gets about
$861 000 per month, which is the poverty datum line.

The countrywide strike kicked-off on Monday, with more than 85 percent of
the TelOne workforce downing tools.

Gift Chimanikire, the secretary-general of the Zimbabwe Posts and
Telecommunications Workers' Union that encompasses TelOne workers, said the
employees had resorted to industrial action because they felt the management
was short-changing them.

Chimanikire told the Standard yesterday that the workers would not return to
work until the management reviews the Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA).

"On 1 April, it was agreed that the employees would get a rise in their
salaries, but now the management is backtracking on their commitment,"
Chimanikire said.

He said the arbitration results were in the employees' favour so the
management was left with no option but to award the workers a salary
increment.

"It is unfortunate however that the management is refusing to pay us our
dues. They are actually offering something far much below what was agreed
between our arbitrator and theirs," he said.

He added: "There are no negotiations on the issue of reviewing our COLA."

TelOne employees in Harare have not been reporting for work from Monday and
the strike spread to other small towns as the week progressed.

Collin Wilbesi, the TelOne spokesperson, could only say the strike issue
"was sensitive". Hampton Mhlanga, the TelOne Managing Director, asked for
written questions before he could comment.
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