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Roll of Dishonour

A Bulletin from the Office of Foreign Assets Control, November 23, 2005.

A new Executive Order, BLOCKING PROPERTY OF ADDITIONAL PERSONS UNDERMINING
DEMOCRATIC PROCESSES OR INSTITUTIONS IN ZIMBABWE, has been issued
recertifying some of the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) previously
designated under the Zimbabwe program. All of these recertified names will
appear as changes in OFAC's SDN Changes files. However, not all of these
recertified names have actually changed.

The following individuals have been added to OFAC's SDN list:
CHAPFIKA, Abina; DOB 23 Aug 1961; Passport ZE190297 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of
David Chapfika (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHAPFIKA, David; DOB 7 Apr 1957; Passport ZL037165 (Zimbabwe); Deputy
Minister of Finance (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHARAMBA, Rudo Grace; DOB 20 Jun 1964; Spouse of George Charamba
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] ZIMBABWE]
CHIGUDU, Tinaye Elisha Nzirasha; DOB 13 Aug 1942; Passport AD000013
(Zimbabwe); Manicaland Provincial Governor (individual) [ZIMBABWE] ZIMBABWE]
CHIHOTA, Phineas; DOB 23 Nov 1950; Deputy Minister of Industry and
International Trade (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHIMUTENGWENDE, Chenhamo Chakezha Chen; DOB 28 Aug 1943; Passport ZD001423
(Zimbabwe); alt. Passport AN288614 (Zimbabwe); Minister of State for Public
and Interactive Affairs (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHINAMASA, Gamuchirai, 2 Honeybear Lane, Borrowdale, Zimbabwe; DOB 11 Nov
1991; Passport AN634603 (Zimbabwe); Child of Patrick Chinamasa (individual)
[ ZIMBABWE]
CHINAMASA, Monica, 6B Honeybear Lane, Borrowdale, Zimbabwe; DOB circa
1950; Spouse of Patrick Chinamasa (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHITEPO, Victoria; DOB 27 Mar 1928; Politburo (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHIWENGA, Jocelyn Mauchaza; DOB 19 May 1955; Passport AN061550 (Zimbabwe);
Spouse of Constantine Chiwenga (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHIWESHE, George; DOB 4 Jun 1953; Chairman of Zimbabwe Electoral Commission
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHOMBO, Ever, No. 38, 39th Crescent, Warrenton Park, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB
20 Sep 1956; Passport AN845280 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of Ignatius Chombo
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
CHOMBO, Marian, 45 Basset Crescent, Alexandra Park, Zimbabwe; DOB 11 Aug
1960; Passport AD000896 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of Ignatius Chombo (individual)
[ ZIMBABWE]
DABENGWA, Ijeoma; DOB 27 Oct 1971; Passport AN032426 (Zimbabwe); Child of
Dumiso Dabengwa (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
DAMASANE, Abigail; DOB 27 May 1952; Deputy Minister for Women's Affairs,
Gender and Community Development (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
GAMBE, Theophilus Pharaoh; DOB 20 Jun 1959; Passport ZA567403 (Zimbabwe);
Chairman, Electoral Supervisory Commission (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
GONO, Gideon; DOB 29 Nov 1959; Passport AD000854 (Zimbabwe); Governor of the
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
GONO, Hellin Mushanyuri; DOB 6 May 1962; Passport AN548299 (Zimbabwe);
Spouse of Gideon Gono (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
JOKONYA, Tichaona Joseph Benjamin, Samaita Mutasa Farm, Beatrice, Zimbabwe;
DOB 27 Dec 1938; Passport ZD002261 (Zimbabwe); alt. Passport D001289
(Zimbabwe); alt. Passport AD000797 (Zimbabwe); Minister of Information and
Publicity (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
KANGAI, Kumbirai; DOB 17 Feb 1938; Politburo Deputy Secretary for External
Relations (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
KAUKONDE, Ray Joseph, Private Bag 7706, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 4
Mar 1963; Mashonaland East Provincial Governor (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
LANGA, Andrew; DOB 13 Jan 1965; Deputy Minister of Environment and Tourism
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MANDIZHA, Barbara; DOB 24 Oct 1959; Deputy Police Commissioner (individual)
[ ZIMBABWE]
MATANGA, Godwin; DOB 5 Feb 1962; Passport ZL042663 (Zimbabwe); Deputy Police
Commissioner (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MATHEMA, Cain; DOB 28 Jan 1948; Bulawayo Provincial Governor (individual)
[ ZIMBABWE]
MATIBIRI, Innocent Tonderai; DOB 9 Oct 1968; Deputy Police Commissioner
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MATIZA, Biggie Joel; DOB 17 Aug 1960; Passport ZA557399 (Zimbabwe); Deputy
Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MATONGA, Bright; DOB circa 1969; Deputy Minister of Information and
Publicity (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MATSHALAGA, Obert; DOB 21 Apr 1951; Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MSIPA, Cephas George; DOB 7 Jul 1931; Passport ZD001500 (Zimbabwe); Midlands
Provincial Governor (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MSIPA, Sharlottie; DOB 6 May 1936; Passport ZL008055 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of
Cephas Msipa (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MUCHINGURI, Natasha, 2 Tender Road, Highlands, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB circa
1994; Child of Oppah Muchinguri (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MUCHINGURI, Tanya, 2 Tender Road, Highlands, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB circa
1989; Child of Oppah Muchinguri (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MUGUTI, Edwin, 7 Tay Road, Vainona, Borrowdale, Zimbabwe; DOB 2 May 1964;
Passport AN775556 (Zimbabwe); Deputy Minister of Health and Child Welfare
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MURERWA, Ruth Chipo, 321 Ard-Na-Lea Close, Glen Lorne, Chisipite, Zimbabwe;
DOB 27 Jul 1947; Passport AD001244 (Zimbabwe) expires 19 Aug 2009; Spouse of
Herbert Murerwa (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MUTEZO, Munacho Thomas Alvar, 950 Sugarloaf Hill, Glen Lorne, Zimbabwe; DOB
14 Feb 1954; Passport AN187189 (Zimbabwe) expires 5 Dec 2010; Minister of
Water Resources and Infrastructural Development (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
MUTINHIRI, Ambrose; DOB 22 Feb 1944; Passport AD000969 (Zimbabwe); Minister
of Youth Development and Employment Creation (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
NDLOVU, Richard; DOB 26 Jun 1942; Politburo Deputy Commissariat (individual)
[ ZIMBABWE]
NDLOVU, Rose Jaele; DOB 27 Sep 1939; Passport AD000813 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of
Sikhanyiso Ndlovu (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
NGUNI, Sylvester Robert; DOB 4 May 1955; Passport ZE215371 (Zimbabwe);
Deputy Minister of Agriculture (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
NKOMO, Georgina Ngwenya, 59 Muchbimding Road, Worringham, Bulawayo,
Zimbabwe; DOB 4 Aug 1966; Spouse of John Nkomo (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
NKOMO, Louise S. (a.k.a. NHEMA, Louise Sehulle), 3 Farthinghill Road,
Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 25 Aug 1964; Passport ZE151361 (Zimbabwe);
Spouse of Francis Nhema (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
NYAMBUYA, Michael Rueben; DOB 23 Jul 1955; Passport AN045019 (Zimbabwe);
Minister of Energy and Power Development (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
NYONI, Peter Baka; DOB 10 Jan 1950; Passport ZD002188 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of
Sithembiso Nyoni (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
PATEL, Khantibhal; DOB 28 Oct 1928; Politburo Deputy Secretary for Finance
(individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
SAKABUYA, Morris; Deputy Minister of Local Government, Public Works, and
Urban Development (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
SAVANHU, Tendai; DOB 21 Mar 1968; Politburo Deputy Secretary of Transport
and Social Welfare (individual) [ ZIMBABWE]
SEKERAMAYI, Lovemore; Chief Elections Officer (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SEKERAMAYI, Tsitsi Chihuri, 31 Honey Bear Lane, Borrowdale, Harare,
Zimbabwe; DOB circa 1944; Spouse of Sydney Sekeramayi (individual) [
ZIMBABWE]
SHAMU, Webster Kotiwani, 1 Uplands Close, Highlands, Zimbabwe; DOB 6 Jun
1945; Passport AN203141 (Zimbabwe) expires 15 Jan 2011; Minister of Policy
Implementation (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SIBANDA, Levy; Deputy Police Commissioner (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
ZHUWAO, Beauty Lily; DOB 10 Jan 1965; Passport AN353466 (Zimbabwe); Spouse
of Patrick Zhuwao (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
ZHUWAO, Patrick; DOB 23 May 1967; Deputy Minister of Science and Technology
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]

The following deletions have been made to OFAC's SDN list:
KURUNERI, Christopher; DOB 4 Apr 1949; Deputy Minister, Finance and Economic
Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MOYO, July; DOB 7 May 1950; Minister of Public Service, Labor and Social
Welfare of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE]

The following changes have been made to OFAC's SDN list:
ALLAN GRANGE FARM, Chegutu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- ALLAN GRANGE FARM,
Chegutu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
AUCHENBURG FARM, Nyamandlovu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- AUCHENBURG FARM,
Nyamandlovu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
BAMBOO CREEK FARM, Shamva, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- BAMBOO CREEK FARM,
Shamva, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
BOURNE FARM, Chegutu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- BOURNE FARM, Chegutu,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
BUKA, Flora; DOB 25 Feb 1968; Minister of State for Land Reform of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- BUKA, Flora; DOB 25 Feb 1968; Minister of State
for Special Affairs, Land and Resettlement Program (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CALGARY FARM, Mazowe, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- CALGARY FARM, Mazowe,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
CHARAMBA, George; DOB 4 Apr 1963; Permanent Secretary, Zimbabwean Ministry
of Information (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHARAMBA, George; DOB 4 Apr
1963; Passport AD001255 (Zimbabwe); Permanent Secretary, Zimbabwean Ministry
of Information and Publicity (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
†CHARUMBIRA, Fortune; DOB 10 Jun 1962; Deputy Minister for Local Government,
Public Works, and National Housing of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to-
CHARUMBIRA, Fortune Zefanaya; DOB 10 Jun 1962; Member of Parliament &
Central Committee Member (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHIGWEDERE, Aeneas; DOB 25 Nov 1939; Minister of Education, Sports and
Culture of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHIGWEDERE, Aeneas Soko;
DOB 25 Nov 1939; Minister of Education, Sports and Culture (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
CHIHURI, Augustine; DOB 10 Mar 1953; Zimbabwean Police Commissioner
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHIHURI, Augustine; DOB 10 Mar 1953; Passport
AD000206 (Zimbabwe); Police Commissioner (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHIKOWORE, Enos; DOB 17 July 1942; Politburo Secretary for Land and
Resettlement of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHIKOWORE, Enos; DOB
17 July 1942; Former Central Committee Member; Deceased (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] CHINAMASA, Patrick; DOB 25 Jan 1947; Minister of Justice of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHINAMASA, Patrick, 6B Honeybear Lane,
Borrowdale, Zimbabwe; DOB 25 Jan 1947; Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHINDORI-CHININGA, Edward; DOB 14 Mar 1955; Minister of Mines of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHINDORI-CHININGA, Edward; DOB 14 Mar 1955;
Passport AN388694 (Zimbabwe); Member of Parliament for Guruve South
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHIWENGA, Constantine; DOB 25 Aug 1956; Lt. General, Commander of the
Zimbabwean Army (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHIWENGA, Constantine Gureya;
DOB 25 Aug 1956; Passport AD000263 (Zimbabwe); Lt. General, Commander of
Zimbabwe Defense Forces (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHIWEWE, Willard; DOB 19 Mar 1949; Senior Secretary, Ministry of Foreign
Affairs of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHIWEWE, Willard, Private
Bag 7713, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 19 Mar 1949; Masvingo Provincial
Governor (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
CHOMBO, Ignatius; DOB 1 Aug 1952; Minister of Local Government of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- CHOMBO, Ignatius Morgan; DOB 1 Aug 1952;
Passport AD000500 (Zimbabwe); Minister of Local Government, Public Works and
National Housing (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
COLD COMFORT FARM TRUST CO-OPERATIVE, 7 Cowie Road, Tynwald, Harare,
Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 6996, Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- COLD COMFORT FARM
TRUST CO-OPERATIVE, 7 Cowie Road, Tynwald, Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box
6996, Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
CORBURN 13 FARM, Chegutu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- CORBURN 13 FARM, Chegutu,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
DABENGWA, Dumiso; DOB 6 Dec 1939; Politburo Senior Committee Member of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- DABENGWA, Dumiso; DOB 6 Dec 1939;
Passport AD000005 (Zimbabwe); Politburo Committee Member (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] DUIKER FLATS FARM, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- DUIKER FLATS FARM,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
EIRIN FARM, Marondera, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- EIRIN FARM, Marondera,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
EYRIE FARM, Mashvingo, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- EYRIE FARM, Mashvingo,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
FOUNTAIN FARM, Insiza, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- FOUNTAIN FARM, Insiza,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
GOCHE, Nicholas; DOB 1 Aug 1946; Minister of State for National Security of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- GOCHE, Nicholas Tasunungurwa; DOB 1
Aug 1946; Minister of Public Works, Labour and Social Welfare (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
GOWRIE FARM, Norton, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- GOWRIE FARM, Norton, Zimbabwe
[ZIMBABWE]
GUMBO, Rugare; DOB 8 Mar 1940; Deputy Minister for Home Affairs of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- GUMBO, Aleck Rugare Ngidi, Montrolse Farm, PO
Box 1175, Gweru, Zimbabwe; DOB 8 Mar 1940; Minister of Economic Development
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
HARMONY FARM, Mazowe, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- HARMONY FARM, Mazowe,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
HOVE, Richard; DOB 23 Sep 1939; Politburo Secretary for Economic Affairs of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- HOVE, Richard Chemist; DOB 23 Sep
1939; Passport ZD002376 (Zimbabwe); Politburo Secretary for Economic Affairs
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
KARIMANZIRA, David; DOB 25 May 1947; Politburo Secretary for Finance of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- KARIMANZIRA, David; DOB 25 May 1947;
Harare Provincial Governor & Politburo Secretary for Finance (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] KASUKUWERE, Saviour; DOB 23 Oct 1970; Deputy Secretary for Youth
Affairs of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- KASUKUWERE, Savior, 78
Enterprise Road, Chisipite, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 23 Oct 1970; Deputy
Minister for Youth Development and Employment Creation & Deputy Secretary
for Youth Affairs (individual) [ZIMBABWE] LESABE, Thenjiwe; DOB 5 Jan 1933;
Politburo Secretary for Women's Affairs of Zimbabwe (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] -to- LESABE, Thenjiwe; DOB 5 Jan 1933; Politburo Committee Member
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
LITTLE CONNEMARA 1 FARM, Nyanga, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- LITTLE CONNEMARA 1
FARM, Nyanga, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
LOCHINVAR FARM, Mashvingo, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- LOCHINVAR FARM,
Mashvingo, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
LONGWOOD FARM, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- LONGWOOD FARM, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
LOT 3A OF DETE VALLEY FARM, Lupane, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- LOT 3A OF DETE
VALLEY FARM, Lupane, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
LOTHAIN FARM, Gutu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- LOTHAIN FARM, Gutu, Zimbabwe
[ZIMBABWE]
M & S SYNDICATE (PVT) LTD., First Floor, Victory House, 88 Robert Mugabe
Road, Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 1275, Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- M &
S SYNDICATE (PVT) LTD., First Floor, Victory House, 88 Robert Mugabe Road,
Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 1275, Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
MACHAYA, Jaison; DOB 13 Jun 1952; Deputy Minister for Mines and Mining
Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MACHAYA, Jaison Max
Kokerai; DOB 13 Jun 1952; Member of Parliament for Gokwe Kana (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
MADE, Joseph; DOB 21 Nov 1954; Minister of Agriculture of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MADE, Joseph Mtakwese; DOB 21 Nov 1954;
Passport AN000144 (Zimbabwe); Minister of Agriculture (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
MADZONGWE, Edna; DOB 11 Jul 1943; Deputy-Secretary for Production and Labor
of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MADZONGWE, Edna; DOB 11 Jul 1945;
Deputy Speaker of Parliament (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MAHOFA, Shuvai; DOB 4 Apr 1941; Deputy Minister for Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to-
MAHOFA, Shuvai Ben; DOB 4 Apr 1941; Passport AD000369 (Zimbabwe); Member of
Parliament for Gutu South (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MALINGA, Joshua; DOB 28 Apr 1944; Deputy Secretary for Disabled and
Disadvantaged of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MALINGA, Joshua; DOB
28 Apr 1944; Deputy Secretary for Disabled and Disadvantaged (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] MANGWANA, Paul; DOB 10 Aug 1961; Minister of State for State
Enterprises and Parastatals of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to-
MANGWANA, Munyaradzi Paul, Box 360, Kadoma, Zimbabwe; No. 1, 5th Avenue,
Westview, Kadoma, Zimbabwe; DOB 10 Aug 1961; Passport AD000459 (Zimbabwe);
Minister of State for Anti-Corruption and Anti-Monopolies (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
MANGWENDE, Witness; DOB 15 Aug 1946; Minister of Transport and
Communications of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MANGWENDE, Witness;
DOB 15 Aug 1946; Former Minister of Transport and Communications ; Deceased
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] MANYIKA, Elliot; DOB 30 Jul 1955; Minister of Youth
Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MANYIKA, Elliot, PO Box
300, Bindura, Zimbabwe; DOB 30 Jul 1955; Passport AD000642 (Zimbabwe);
Minister Without Portfolio (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MANYONDA, Kenneth; DOB 10 Aug 1934; Deputy Minister for Industry and
International Trade of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MANYONDA,
Kenneth, 6 Speke Avenue, Murambi, Mutare, Zimbabwe; DOB 10 Aug 1934; Central
Committee Member (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MARONDERA MAPLE LEAF FARM, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- MARONDERA MAPLE LEAF
FARM, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
MARUMAHOKO, Reuben; DOB 4 Apr 1948; Deputy Minister for Energy and Power
Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MARUMAHOKO, Rueben,
11 Douglas Clark Avenue, The Grange, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 4 Apr 1948;
Deputy Minister for Home Affairs (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MASUKU, Angeline; DOB 14 Oct 1936; Politburo Secretary for Disabled and
Disadvantaged Persons Welfare of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to-
MASUKU, Angeline; DOB 14 Oct 1936; Matebeleland South Provincial Governor &
Politburo Secretary for Gender and Culture (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MATHUTHU, Sithokozile; Deputy-Secretary for Transport and Social Welfare of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MATHUTHU, Sithokozile; Matabeleland
North Provincial Governor & Deputy Secretary for Transport and Social
Welfare (individual) [ZIMBABWE] MIDZI, Amos Bernard Muvenga; DOB 4 July
1952; Minister for Energy and Development of Zimbabwe (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] -to- MIDZI, Amos Bernard Muvenga; DOB 4 July 1952; Minister of
Mines and Mining Development (individual) [ZIMBABWE] MNANGAGWA, Emmerson;
DOB 15 Sep 1946; Parliamentary Speaker of Zimbabwe (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] -to- MNANGAGWA, Emmerson Dambudzo; DOB 15 Sep
1946; Passport AD00060 (Zimbabwe); Minister of Rural Housing and Social
Amenities (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MOHADI, Kembo; DOB 15 Nov 1949; Minister of Home Affairs of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MOHADI, Kembo Campbell Dugishi; DOB 15 Nov
1949; Minister of Home Affairs (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MOMBESHORA, Swithun; DOB 20 Aug 1945; Minister of Higher Education of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MOMBESHORA, Swithun; DOB 20 Aug
1945; Former Minister of Higher Education; Deceased (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MOYO, Jonathan; DOB 12 Jan 1957; Minister of Information of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MOYO, Jonathan Nathaniel; DOB 12 Jan 1957;
Passport AD000432 (Zimbabwe); Member of Parliament for Tsholotsho & Former
Minister of Information and Publicity (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MOYO, Simon Khaya; DOB 1945; Deputy-Secretary for Legal Affairs of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MOYO, Simon Khaya; DOB 1 Oct 1945; Passport
ZD001512 (Zimbabwe); Politburo Member (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MPOFU, Obert; DOB 12 Oct 1951; Deputy-Secretary for National Security of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MPOFU, Obert Moses; DOB 12 Oct 1951;
Passport ZD001549 (Zimbabwe); Deputy Secretary for National Security
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] MSIKA, Joseph; DOB 6 Dec 1923; Vice President of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MSIKA, Joseph; DOB 6 Dec 1923;
Passport ZD001610 (Zimbabwe); First Vice President (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUCHENA, Olivia; DOB 18 Aug 1946; Minister of State for Science and
Technology Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUCHENA,
Olivia Nyembezi, 59 The Chase, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 18 Aug
1946; Passport AD000086 (Zimbabwe); Minister of State for Science and
Technology Development (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUCHINGURI, Opah; DOB 14 Dec 1958; Politburo Secretary for Gender and
Culture of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUCHINGURI, Oppah Chamu
Zvipange, 15 Moorherist Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 14 Dec 1958; Minister
of Women's Affairs, Gender and Community Development (individual) [ZIMBABWE]

MUDENGE, Stan; DOB 17 Dec 1948; Minister of Foreign Affairs of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUDENGE, Isack Stan Gorerazvo, 31 St. Brelades
Road, Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 17 Dec 1948; Passport AD000964
(Zimbabwe); Minister of Higher and Tertiary Education (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
MUGABE, Grace; DOB 23 Jul 1965; President of Zimbabwe's "First Lady"
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUGABE, Grace; DOB 23 Jul 1965; Passport
AD001159 (Zimbabwe); Spouse of Robert Mugabe (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUGABE, Robert Gabriel; DOB 21 Feb 1924; President of Zimbabwe (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] -to- MUGABE, Robert Gabriel; DOB 21 Feb 1924; Passport AD002119
(Zimbabwe); President of the Republic of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUGABE, Sabina; DOB 14 Oct 1934; Politburo Senior Committee Member of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUGABE, Sabina; DOB 14 Oct 1934;
Politburo Senior Committee Member (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUJURU, Joyce; DOB 15 Apr 1955; Minister of Rural Resources and Water of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUJURU, Joyce Teurai Ropa; DOB 15 Apr
1955; Second Vice President (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUJURU, Solomon; DOB 1 May 1949; Politburo Senior Committee Member of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUJURU, Solomon Tapfumaneyi Ruzambo
(a.k.a. "NANGO, Rex"); DOB 1 May 1949; Passport ZD001348 (Zimbabwe);
Politburo Senior Committee Member (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUMBENGEGWI, Samuel; DOB 20 July 1945; Minister of Industry and
International Trade of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUMBENGEGWI,
Samuel Simbarashe Simbanenduku, 22 Stour Road, Vainona, Borrowdale, Harare,
Zimbabwe; DOB 20 July 1945; Non-Constituency Member of Parliament
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MURERWA, Herbert; DOB 31 July 1941; Minister of Finance of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MURERWA, Herbert Muchemwa; DOB 31 July 1941;
Passport AD001167 (Zimbabwe); Minister of Finance (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUSHOHWE, Christopher; DOB 6 Feb 1954; Deputy Minister, Transport and
Communications of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUSHOHWE,
Christopher Chindoti; DOB 6 Feb 1954; Minister of Transport and
Communications (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUTASA, Didymus; DOB 27 July 1935; Politburo Secretary for External
Relations of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUTASA, Didymus Noel
Edwin; DOB 27 July 1935; Minister of State for National Security
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUTIWEKUZIVA, Kenneth; DOB 27 May 1948; Deputy Minister for Small and Medium
Enterprise Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to-
MUTIWEKUZIVA, Kenneth Keparadza; DOB 27 May 1948; Deputy Minister for Small
and Medium Enterprise Development (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUZENDA, Simon Vengesai; DOB 28 Oct 1922; Vice President of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUZENDA, Simon Vengesai; DOB 28 Oct 1922;
Former Vice President ; Deceased (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUZENDA, Tsitsi; Politburo Senior Committee Member of Zimbabwe (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] -to- MUZENDA, Tsitsi; DOB 22 Aug 1922; Politburo Senior Committee
Member (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
MUZONZINI, Elisha; DOB 24 Jun 1957; Director of the Central Intelligence
Organization of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- MUZONZINI, Elisha; DOB
24 Jun 1957; Passport AD000648 (Zimbabwe); Former Director of the Central
Intelligence Organization (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
NCUBE, Abedinico; DOB 13 Mar 1954; Deputy Minister, Foreign Affairs of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NCUBE, Abedinico; DOB 13 Mar 1954;
Deputy Minister of Public Service, Labor and Social Welfare (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
NDLOVU MOTORWAYS, c/o Sam Nujoma Street/Livingston Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
[ZIMBABWE] -to- NDLOVU MOTORWAYS, c/o Sam Nujoma Street/Livingston Avenue,
Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
NDLOVU, Naison; DOB 22 Oct 1930; Politburo Secretary for Production and
Labor of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NDLOVU, Naison K.; DOB 22 Oct
1930; Politburo Secretary for Production and Labor (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
NDLOVU, Sikhanyiso; DOB 20 Sept 1949; Deputy-Secretary for Commissariat of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NDLOVU, Sikhanyiso Duke; DOB 4 May
1937; Passport ZD001355 (Zimbabwe); Deputy Minister of Higher and Tertiary
Education (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
NHEMA, Francis; DOB 17 Apr 1959; Minister of Environment and Tourism of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NHEMA, Chenayaimoyo Dunstan Francis,
3 Farthinghill Road, Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 17 Apr 1959; Passport
AD000966 (Zimbabwe); Minister of Environment and Tourism (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] NKOMO, John; DOB 22 Aug 1934; Minister of State for Special
Affairs of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NKOMO, John Landa, 59
Muchbimding Road, Worringham, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe; DOB 22 Aug 1934; Passport
AD000477 (Zimbabwe); Speaker of Parliament & ZANU-PF National Chairman
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] NKOMO, Stephen; DOB 3 Oct 1926; Politburo Senior
Committee Member of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NKOMO, Stephen;
DOB 3 Oct 1926; Former Politburo Senior Committee Member; Deceased
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
NYONI, Sithembiso; DOB 20 Sept 1949; Minister of Small and Medium
Enterprises Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- NYONI,
Sithembiso; DOB 20 Sept 1949; Passport AD000223 (Zimbabwe); Minister of
Small and Medium Enterprises Development (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
OLDHAM FARM, Chegutu, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- OLDHAM FARM, Chegutu,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
PARIRENYATWA, David; DOB 2 Aug 1950; Minister of Health and Child Welfare of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- PARIRENYATWA, David Pagwese, P.O. Box
66222, Kopje, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 2 Aug 1950; Passport AD000899
(Zimbabwe); Minister of Health and Child Welfare (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
PATTERSON FARM, Mazowe, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- PATTERSON FARM, Mazowe,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
PIMENTO FARM, Mashonaland, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- PIMENTO FARM,
Mashonaland, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
POTE, Selina; Deputy-Secretary for Gender and Culture of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- POTE, Selina; Deputy Secretary for Gender and
Culture (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
R/E OF AUDREY FARM, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- R/E OF AUDREY FARM, Zimbabwe
[ZIMBABWE]
R/E OF MLEMBWE FARM, Mlembwe, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- R/E OF MLEMBWE FARM,
Mlembwe, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
RUSERE, Tinos; DOB 10 May 1945; Deputy Minister for Rural Resources and
Water Development of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- RUSERE, Tinos,
12 Cooke Avenue, Southerton, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 10 May 1945; Deputy
Minister of Mines and Mining Development (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SAKUPWANYA, Stanley; Deputy-Secretary for Health and Child Welfare of
Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- SAKUPWANYA, Stanley; DOB circa 1945;
Deputy Secretary for Disabled and Disadvantaged (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SEKERAMAYI, Sidney; DOB 30 Mar 1944; Minister of Defense of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- SEKERAMAYI, Sidney Tigere, 31 Honey Bear Lane,
Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe; DOB 30 Mar 1944; Minister of Defense
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] SHAMUYARIRA, Nathan; DOB 29 Sept 1928; Politburo
Secretary for Information and Publicity of Zimbabwe (individual)
[ZIMBABWE] -to- SHAMUYARIRA, Nathan Marwirakuwa; DOB 29 Sept 1928; Passport
AD000468 (Zimbabwe); Politburo Secretary for Information and Publicity
(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SHIRI, Perence; DOB 11 Jan 1955; Zimbabwean Air Marshal (Air Force)
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- SHIRI, Perence; DOB 11 Jan 1955; Zimbabwean Air
Marshal (Air Force) (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SHUMBA, Isaiah; DOB 3 Jan 1949; Deputy Minister, Education, Sports and
Culture of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- SHUMBA, Isaiah
Masvayamwanda; DOB 3 Jan 1949; Deputy Minister of Education, Sports and
Culture (individual) [ZIMBABWE] SIKOSANA, Absolom; Politburo Secretary for
Youth Affairs of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- SIKOSANA, Absolom;
Politburo Secretary for Youth Affairs (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
SPRING SP FARM, Mashvingo, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- SPRING SP FARM,
Mashvingo, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
SUBDIVISION 3 OF CALEDON FARM, Caledon, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- SUBDIVISION
3 OF CALEDON FARM, Caledon, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
SWIFT INVESTMENTS (PVT) LTD., 730 Cowie Road, Tynwald, Harare, Zimbabwe;
P.O. Box 3928, Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- SWIFT INVESTMENTS (PVT)
LTD., 730 Cowie Road, Tynwald, Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 3928, Harare,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
TAWENGWA, Solomon; DOB 15 Jun 1940; Deputy-Secretary for Finance of Zimbabwe
(individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- TAWENGWA, Solomon; DOB 15 Jun 1940; Former
Executive Mayor of Harare; Deceased (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
TUNGAMIRAI, Josiah; DOB 8 Oct 1948; Politburo Secretary for Empowerment
and Indigenization of Zimbabwe (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- TUNGAMIRAI,
Josiah;† DOB 8 Oct 1948; Former Minister of State for Indigenization and
Empowerment;† Deceased (individual) [ZIMBABWE]
†ULVA FARM, Marondera, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- ULVA FARM, Marondera,
†Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
UMGUZA BLOCK FARM, Umguza, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to-
†UMGUZA BLOCK FARM, Umguza, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
†UTETE, Charles; DOB 30 Oct 1938; Cabinet Secretary of Zimbabwe
(individual)† [ZIMBABWE] -to- UTETE, Charles Manhamu; DOB 30 Oct 1938;
Passport ZD002097† (Zimbabwe); Former Cabinet Secretary (individual)
[ZIMBABWE]
†ZIMBABWE DEFENCE INDUSTRIES (PVT) LTD., 10th Floor, Trustee House, 55
Samora Machel Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 6597, Harare, Zimbabwe
[ZIMBABWE] -to- ZIMBABWE DEFENCE INDUSTRIES (PVT) LTD., 10th Floor, Trustee
House, 55 Samora Machel Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 6597, Harare,
Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
†ZIMONDI, Paradzai; DOB 4 Mar 1947; Zimbabwean Prisons chief (individual)
†[ZIMBABWE] -to- ZIMONDI, Paradzai; DOB 4 Mar 1947; Zimbabwe Prisons Chief
†(individual) [ZIMBABWE]
†ZVINAVASHE INVESTMENTS LTD. (a.k.a. LAMFONTINE FARM; a.k.a. ZVINAVASHE
TRANSPORT), 730 Cowie Road, Tynwald, Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 3928,
Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE] -to- ZVINAVASHE INVESTMENTS LTD. (a.k.a.
LAMFONTINE FARM; a.k.a. ZVINAVASHE TRANSPORT), 730 Cowie Road, Tynwald,
Harare, Zimbabwe; P.O. Box 3928, Harare, Zimbabwe [ZIMBABWE]
†ZVINAVASHE, Vitalis; DOB 27 Sep 1943; General, Commander of Zimbabwe
Defense Forces (individual) [ZIMBABWE] -to- ZVINAVASHE, Vitalis; DOB 27 Sep
1943;
†Politburo Member & Retired Commander of Zimbabwe Defense Forces
(individual)
†[ZIMBABWE]


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Zimbabwe Minister Reacts to U.S. Expansion of Targeted Sanctions on Harare

VOA


By Blessing Zulu
††††† Washington
††††† 24 November 2005

Responding to the expansion of U.S. sanctions targeting top Zimbabwean
officials, one of President Robert Mugabe's key ministers said the executive
order signed this week by President Bush would affect ordinary people more
than government figures.

President Bush signed an executive order Wednesday freezing the U.S. assets
of 128 people and 33 institutions in Zimbabwe. This expanded an original
list of 77 people, including President Mugabe, whose assets were frozen in
2003. Those on the list are also barred from travel in the United States
except to United Nations functions.

The new list includes all cabinet members, their spouses and children. The
U.S. government also added the former and current directors of the Central
Intelligence Organization, the army and the police. Reserve Bank Governor
Gideon Gono, usually regarded as relatively moderate and reform-oriented,
was also put on the list.

State Security Minister Didymus Mutasa, who is also responsible for food
security in the economically and politically distressed Southern African
nation, said the sanctions "affect the ordinary man in the street because
the assistance we were getting from bilateral agreements and from world
bodies like the World Bank have been stopped."

U.S. officials including Ambassador to Zimbabwe Christopher Dell have taken
issue with Harare's contention that the U.S.-led sanctions- the European
Union has also imposed such measures - is responsible for Zimbabwe's
economic collapse.

Mr. Dell recently told a Zimbabwe audience that mismanagement and corruption
were to blame. The White House issued a statement saying the sanctions will
continue to be expanded until Zimbabwe restores democratic norms and the
rule of law.

Mr. Bush told congressional leaders in a letter that Harare continues to
suppress opposition and civil society groups, undermine the independent
media and ignore judicial decisions. He said Zimbabwe's parliamentary
elections in March were not free or fair, and urged the ruling party to open
a dialogue with the opposition.

Reporter Blessing Zulu of VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe sought comment on the
latest expansion of the sanctions from state security minister Mutasa.

For an outside perspective, reporter Zulu spoke with researcher Chris
Maroleng of the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, South Africa.


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Analysts Applaud Stronger US Measures Against Zimbabwe

VOA

††††† By Peta Thornycroft
††††† Harare
††††† 24 November 2005

Analysts in Zimbabwe say that extension of U.S. travel sanctions to include
more senior members of President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF party are welcomed
but do not go far enough. The government has not reacted to the widening of
the travel sanctions, which now include central bank governor Gideon Gono, a
regular visitor to Washington.

David Coltart, legal secretary of the opposition group, the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC), said the new U.S. travel sanctions are a stern
message to President Mugabe to stop hindering democratic reforms in
Zimbabwe.† He said the extension of the sanctions to an additional 128
ZANU-PF members was a warning to Mr. Mugabe to reverse the draconian
policies and laws he implemented in the last five years or expect tougher
action.

John Makumbe, veteran political scientist from the University of Zimbabwe
said the travel sanctions irritated senior members of ZANU-PF. He said he
was pleased that sanctions included central bank governor Gono. But, he
said, the measures do not go far enough and the United States should ensure
that no children of ZANU-PF leaders should be given visas to travel to the
United States on holiday or for study.

Veteran economist Tony Hawkins said the travel sanctions may have annoyed
senior ZANU-PF leaders, but are largely ineffective in helping change
government policy.

He said if they were extended to all children of ZANU-PF leaders, who mostly
study in the United States, it might make a significant difference.

There was no one from the ZANU-PF government who would speak to the foreign
press Thursday about the extension of travel sanctions.

The United States and Zimbabwe continue normal trade since the country's
independence in 1980.


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Witchdoctor told police giving blood made him zombie

Daily Record, UK

25 November 2005
TOTAL TRANCER

By Ross Parry
A WITCHDOCTOR refused to give police a blood sample because it could turn
him into a violent zombie.

The African healer told cops the sight of blood would make him "act like a
lion".

But yesterday Nyararia Mukandiwa was convicted of failing to give a specimen
after a court overturned a ruling clearing him of the charge.

The engineering student was arrested on suspicion of drink-driving in
Huddersfield, Yorkshire, in February last year.

The 33-year-old told police he was a Mhondoro - a Zimbabwean medicine man -
and that seeing blood sent him into a trance He refused to give a blood
sample on health and religious grounds.

He was cleared of the charge at Huddersfield Magistrates Court in September
2004 after District Judge Bennett ruled he had a "reasonable excuse".

But in October, the verdict was quashed by the High Court, who ordered he be
found guilty.

Lord Justice Baker said District Judge Bennett had failed to consider
whether there was any way Mukandiwa could have given blood and said his
analysis had been "seriously flawed He said: "The judge seems to have got
mesmerised in this case."

Mukandiwa was sent back to the magistrates court where he was formally
convicted. Judge Bennett, presiding again, fined him £250 and banned him
from driving for 18 months.

During the first trial, African anthropology professor Richard Werbner
endorsed Mukandiwa's claims that blood could send him into a trance.

In an alien environment, Mhondoros can be a danger to themselves and others.

Mukandiwa's problem is so bad, he has to use an electric razor to avoid
shaving cuts.

Mukandiwa, a member of Zimbabwe's traditional healers association, was
pulled over after his car was seen swerving.

Officers smelled alcohol on his breath but were forced to release him as
they had no breathalyser.

But he was arrested after he pulled away and drove straight into the central
reservation


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Will they ever come back?

New Zimbabwe

By Dr Alex T. Magaisa
Last updated: 11/25/2005 10:46:46
"One morning Farai went to the local barber shop for a hair-cut. Old Joe,
known to many as the "resident expert" always sat in his chair, having a
beer and chatting with clients on all manner of subjects. Old Joe was one of
those people with the talent of managing to strike a conversation with
anyone on any subject. Perhaps it was the manner of his speech - gradual,
calculated with an tone that suggested some form of wisdom and authority. It
was difficult to be annoyed by his questions. So on that occasion, while the
barber was cutting Farai's hair, Old Joe began to talk. He started, "Where
are you from, young man?" "Zimbabwe", answered Tawanda. "That's a long way",
he remarked with a chuckle, "How do you find England?" asked Old Joe. "It's
alright", said Farai and continued, "but things could be better. I miss
home. Zimbabwe is a beautiful place". "So I hear", said Old Joe, "So what
are you doing in this cold place?" "To make money", answered Farai, with
confidence. "And then what will you do when you make money?" probed the old
man. "I came here to make money and once I have got enough, I will go home",
answered Farai. The old man stopped and took a gulp of his beer. He looked
at the young man pointedly and began, "Young man, let me tell you something.
I came here from Jamaica in 1960. I was 20. Young, energetic and hopeful.
You know what I wanted, young man?" he asked. "I don't know" said Farai.
"Money" the old man said, pausing while his eyes remained fixed on Farai, "I
was looking for money", then he paused again before continuing, "and I am
still looking for it."
The exodus of Zimbabweans to the Diaspora over the last five years is well
known. It is common knowledge that the political and economic challenges
facing the small Southern African country have been the central causes for
the flight of so many people across numerous age-groups. Most worryingly
however, is that the country has lost and continues to lose the most
economically active population. The loss of skilled labour to countries such
as the UK, SA, USA, Australia, New Zealand and Canada has left large holes
in the socio-economic framework of the country. While the loss of expertise
is detrimental to economic development it is cheap politics to brand people
in the Diaspora as unpatriotic. History has recorded numerous episodes
showing that people will always move from points oppression and hardship
seeking free space in which to maximise their potential.

The haemorrhage of intellectual capital diminishes the capacity of a
country. It is very easy to blame the people that have left as cowards who
cannot stand the heat. It is also very easy to blame the countries that have
accepted them. Yet the fact remains that the departure of the majority of
the people is directly connected to the economic hardships and political
difficulties prevalent in Zimbabwe. Like any other country, Zimbabwe needs
its intellectual capital. But there has to be sufficient political will to
retain expertise. There are many that have left and more that wish to secure
a chance to leave. But the question is, will they ever return at all? As
part of the search for solutions to its economic problems, Zimbabwe should
be asking what needs to be done to retain or secure the return of skilled
labour.

In order to gauge whether or not those in the Diaspora will return there are
a number of issues to consider. There are three key things that will have a
bearing on people's decision: employment, property and children. In other
words, it will depend on how those in the Diaspora establish a settled
family life in their stations. Many who left did so in pursuit of pastures
new. Many will attest that their original intention was to work for a few
years, build or buy a home in Zimbabwe and then return at some stage when
the situation returned to normalcy. Indeed a number of people purchased or
built homes in Zimbabwe and more invested by purchasing all manner of
trucks, mini-buses with which to pursue business upon returning home. But
their return has been placed on hold due partly to the on-going difficulties
in the country and also to the fact that despite the glitters it is not
always gold that they get in the Diaspora. No sooner have they settled in
the UK and earned a few pounds do they realise that it is insufficient to
meet all their wants.

An increasing number of those that have managed to get formal employment or
have access to legal status in their new stations have become integrated
into the local way of life. While social integration may be difficult in the
first few years, economic integration can be achieved fairly quickly since
by virtue of their employment and status they are able to access mortgages.
Thus where a few years ago a Zimbabwean first thought of buying a house in
Zimbabwe, today he is more likely to think first of establishing a home in
the UK. It is makes business sense to pay the mortgage for your own property
than to pay rentals to the landlord. While the latter is mere expenditure,
the former is an investment. Similarly, some see little sense in buying a
house for cash in Zimbabwe, while renting a property in the UK. They know
that some people spent years renting homes in Harare, while building
mansions in rural areas, where title is insecure that those properties have
limited, if any market value. They are also wary of the way in which
property rights are continually violated and ignored by those in power and
worry that their investments might go to waste.

However, getting a house via a mortgage in the Diaspora also means that the
person's flexibility is limited as he must maintain regular mortgage
payments lest the property is repossessed. Getting a mortgage calls for or
demonstrates long-term commitment to the station where one is based. It is
easy to see why a graduate is attracted to the UK where he is able to buy a
property, whereas he could work for years before accessing a mortgage
facility, if at all, in Zimbabwe. But once a person establishes a home in
the Diaspora, chances are that he or she will remain for the long term. He
may indeed buy a home in Zimbabwe - but this is in the tradition of
Zimbabweans, who have always maintained a home in the rural area despite
living and working in the city. Just as they worked and lived in the city
and returned home for Christmas, so will many Zimbabweans who have set up
base in the Diaspora. The Zimbabwean property, if it does not fall prey to
the vultures, remains at best, a retirement home. But relatives also have a
place of abode in the meanwhile.

Then there is the question of employment, which is available in the Diaspora
but is scarce at home. Even if it is available at home, the rewards are very
limited. Towards the end of the 1990s civil engineers found themselves
redundant in a dormant construction market in Zimbabwe. Yet their skills are
highly sought after in the Diaspora. Medical doctors and nurses provide an
essential service in protecting the health of the nation. Yet they find
themselves earning far less than the average employee in industry - the
essential sector is one of the lowest paid. And yes, cry too the beloved
teacher without whose wisdom and commitment we would all be poorer. Their
working conditions are poor while the bigger portion of the budget goes to
non-essential services. These people work hard for humanity, but they also
need to survive and live comfortably. But what they get is not commensurate
with the service they give to society. Small wonder therefore, that when the
foreign countries call, they respond en masse. There they earn better
salaries and are able to buy homes and are generally well looked after as
essential employees.

That is not to say it is all rosy where they go, but in comparison, they
fare better than they did during their time in Zimbabwe, when they were
incarcerated even for protesting at their dire situation. Give a person a
job and good conditions and he will settle. People often talk about those in
the Diaspora using disparaging terminology. But beyond those dire
descriptions, there is an increasing number of Zimbabweans who are doing
very well in the middle and top end of the formal market. Many off-shore
financial centres, the City of London, Johannesburg, etc, host an increasing
number of high-calibre Zimbabwean professionals whose talents are much
appreciated. As long as you have what it takes and can demonstrate your
ability, space will be available to you. Once a person gets a long-term job

Settlement often becomes more established when people establish stable
social relations and have off-spring in the Diaspora. People meet and marry
from across cultures, races and all manner of backgrounds. These bonds
assume a bigger meaning over time. Slowly but surely the Zimbabwe factor
becomes a factor in a complex web of interests. Children become an important
part of the equation and their best interests have to be considered. Many
people have expressed concern over the education standards in many of the UK
schools and there was a time when Zimbabweans parents in the UK used to send
their kids for education in Zimbabwean schools. But given that the standards
there have plummeted and may not be at the levels they were before and the
general difficulties people face in their daily lives, that is no longer an
easy option for parents. Many of those with stable jobs, income and homes it
seems now prefer to keep their kids in the Diaspora, closer to the family.

Whereas, parents may find social integration hard, their children who are
born in the Diaspora have become part of that local society. The culture,
behaviour, lifestyle and taste are domestic to them even though they may be
foreign to their parents. In fact, on many counts Zimbabwe becomes a foreign
land to them and they lack the attachment of their parents. This generation
that will grow in the Diaspora is more likely to be comfortable in the local
environment and when making a decision whether or not to return, parents
will have to consider what is in the best interests of the child. Some in
the Diaspora are still nostalgic about Zimbabwe, seeing it through the lens
of the past, without realising that things have changed. There is no doubt
that many first generation Zimbabwean immigrants have a yearning to return
home at some point. But when is a question that continues to defy an answer.
On the one hand they yearn for a yesteryear Zimbabwe but at the same time,
they want to return home with "something" but sadly for quite a number that
"something" remains elusive.

Many people are also aware of what transpired in 1980. In the euphoria of
independence, many Zimbabweans who had been in the Diaspora decided to
return home to participate in the building of a new Zimbabwe. Many sold
their properties and left their jobs to start a new life. The change in
political governance may give rise to new hope, but those who recall what
they refer to as the "folly" of the 1980 immigrants, will probably take
their time before making a permanent return. The current political
developments in the opposition movement do not give rise to much hope and
many will be keeping their cards very close to their chests.

Finally, there is also the reality that what many considered were finer
pastures have turned out to be thorn-infested. For many, especially at the
lower end of the job market or in the extra-legal market, it is simply a
matter of survival. It is commonly referred to as living from hand to mouth.
Not only do Diasporans need to look after their welfare in their stations
but they have so many pressures from home, to build or buy a house and to
look after the many extended family dependants. The bulk work hard for long
hours but the wages are mostly sufficient to cover only their basic needs,
leaving very little to save. Slowly but surely they get into the routine,
and without realising they will have spent many years in the Diaspora. Those
hoping for a quick return have not learnt from their fellow immigrants who
came before them - the Nigerians, Jamaicans, Ghanaians, Kenyans, Pakistanis
and Indians, etc. They too thought they would come for a short while, make
money and return to their homelands. Many of them are still in the Diaspora,
now with their children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Perhaps in 2050, well into the seventies, Farai will be sitting in some
barber-shop somewhere in England, telling another newly-arrived young
immigrant with dreams of making money and making a quick return home, that
he too came looking for money at the turn of the century, but is still
looking for it.

Dr Magaisa is a lawyer specialising in Economic and Financial Services Law.
He is also a columnist for the Zimbabwe Independent newspaper. He can be
contacted at wamagaisa@yahoo.co.uk


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Zimbabwe's senate election denounced as 'political farce'

Business Day

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HARARE - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe may tighten his grip on power in
tomorrow's vote for the senate he resurrected, with the opposition divided
by a poll boycott and voters apathetic about an election that one observer
has called a farce.

Mugabe's ruling Zanu (PF) this year used its parliamentary majority to
create the new 66-seat body, which will approve or reject bills passed by
the lower house.

Critics say the senate will give the octogenarian leader another tool to
cement his control over Zimbabwe, reward political supporters and seek to
avert a split in his party in the face of deepening political and economic
crises.

Zanu (PF) goes into the vote virtually assured of victory, thanks to laws
that guarantee seats for Mugabe's loyalists and an opposition stayaway call
that has seriously weakened his only real political challengers.

"This election is, for all intents and purposes, turning into a process of
formally endorsing Zanu (PF) candidates because the party has won the
election before the vote," said Eldred Masunungure, a leading analyst.

"The general view is that this election is a farce," said Masunungure, a
lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe.

Analysts say the vote will probably be marked by apathy among disillusioned
voters burdened by inflation of more than 400% and shortages of food, fuel
and foreign currency.

Meanwhile, Harare dismissed the US announcement of targetted sanctions
against Zimbabwe, released on Wednesday night. The government says the list
of government officials facing travel restrictions and an asset freeze is
"inconsequential". Reuters, Dumisani Muleya


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The Emperor is Without Clothes



By Ralph Black

The old Marxist Robert Mugabe may be losing friends around the world at an
alarming rate but he still has one unusual and influential capitalist
supporter in Uckfield, East Sussex.

Nicholas Hoogstraten, 59, the controversial property multi-millionaire who
regards ramblers as the scum of the earth and his tenants and women with
even more contempt, has emerged as a long-standing financial backer of
Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF.

A report published by the re-born Zimdaily under the heading British
Business Tycoon Bankrolling Mugabe reveals that despite the "foreign
†backing" accusations leveled against the Movement for Democratic Change,
Mugabe's liberation war party is guilty of the same "apparent evil."
Nothing said of the call by the immoral little boy Patrick Chinamasa - to
use the vice presidents reference to the infamous Jonathan Moyo and Patrick
Chinamsa, for a probe into the allegation that the MDC receives foreign
funding, whilst there has been silence over South Africa's funding of
ZANU-PF's election operations.† I digress.

Details contained in the published article, strip the Zimbabwean Emperor of
his self righteous garb.† Without a doubt the Zimbabwean intelligence agency
is scrambling to cover the exposed groin of the emperor.† It is by reason of
such revelations that the country's independent press is muzzled.† Yet from
distant lands journalists, reveal the nakedness of the emperor.

I marvel at the level of duplicity, employed by Zanu-PF.† Perhaps I dare ask
the question how is it that a British citizen is sole owner of thousands of
hectares of land and owns considerable holdings in Zimbabwe's tourism
industry, whilst Zimbabweans both black and white,† have been disposed of
land under the garb of national interest, and all reposed land falls under
the control of the empire.† Or how Billy Rautenbach, a white man and a
dubious personality, who made his riches by pillaging of Government coffers
during the Zimoco -Zimbabwe national army corruption scandal, still has
possession of his farm whilst 1400 other commercial farmers have had their
farms confiscated.† It is no wonder that the Asset freeze in effect does not
included the Swedish Motor Corporation one of Rautenbach's business
concerns, which has received preferential government treatment.† In another
show of duplicity, questions have not been raised as to how Sam Levy the
white owner of Sam Levy's village in the plush Harare Suburb of Borrowdale,
escaped the demolition of supposed Illegal structures during the recent
Operation Murambastvina.† What has not escaped me is that all the men
mentioned above are white and have ties to Britain.† Perhaps they are viewed
by ZANU-PF bigwigs as better" white scum" - to quote the honorable Didymus
Mutasa, for the simple reason that they have the financial means to buy
protection.

Has the persecution of NGO's been a hoax.† Or perhaps, the emperor's stooges
realized that the methods used to topple the colonialist could be the
methods used to topple the emperor.† Who are the real stooges of Western
interest?† Those who call for a respect of the nations rights and seek
assistance from friends or those who point out the speck in their brothers
eye ignoring the log in their own.† Who are the real saboteurs of the
Zimbabwean Dream?† Those who seek to reinvigorate the nation's tattered
fortunes or those who cut deals with the true enemy of the people, and who
seek to secure their economic fortunes by trampling over the liberties of a
proud and sovereign people.

Does it not appear that Emperor Mugabe has run with the sheep by day and
when darkness falls he feeds with the wolves?

Ralph Black is a co-chair of the North American Coalition for a Free
Zimbabwe and director of Communications for the Association of Zimbabweans
Based Abroad.† He writes in his individual capacity.† He can be contacted at
ralphblck@yahoo.com


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Zimbabwe:† The Politics of Smoke and Mirrors



By Ralph Black

Magicians often use smoke and mirrors to create illusions and obscure your
vision of a bit of trickery.† A person who is using "smoke and mirrors" is
creating an illusion. .† Such is the case with the senate election to be
held on the 26th of November 2005.† The Mugabe government would like the
world to believe that Zimbabwe is a democratic society, while in reality;
its commitment to democracy remains a 'mile wide and inch thick'.†† The
creation of the senate amidst protests from opposition party's and civil
society is testament to this particular brand of illus ional democracy
employed by the Mugabe's ruling party.

The senate will not only be a warehouse for derelict politicians, but will
serve as an enormous economic burden for a country that has been declared to
have the fastest declining economy in the world.† Further, the senate is in
preparation for the retirement of a dictator and tyrant and the creation of
a Government of National Unity.† The conflict within the main opposition has
been played out and up by the Zimbabwean Intelligence service in a bid to
distract the Zimbabwean people and opposition politicians from the
undeniable reality, that† Robert Mugabe has become a liability to the
fortunes of the country , his party Zanu-PF and the region.† In addition, it
has become apparent to Mugabe, and the intelligence services of Zimbabwe and
South Africa that a Zanu-PF without Robert Mugabe as its leader is a weaker
and more venerable political party that will not retain its hold on power
into the future.† This reality will have adverse effects for the South
African ruling party the ANC, and its coalition.† Clearly, every precaution
is being taken to avoid an outcome similar to that witnessed in Zambia and
to some extent Kenya, where once leading figures like Kaunda and Moi stepped
off the political scene; their successors were not able to galvanize
sufficient support from the population to remain in power.† For South
Africa, the rise of a labor backed opposition party threatens its own
coalition with the largest and politically virulent COSATU.† Therefore the
emergence of a coalition Government or Government of National Unity with
organized labor being part of the ruling structure is the main objective of
its meddling mediation in Zimbabwe's politics.

While much has been made of the internal squabbles surrounding the MDC's
non-participation in the senate election, evidence has emerged that South
Africa has persuaded the British Government and the United States to support
the creation of† a framework for a Government of National Unity in Zimbabwe,
promising each faction within the MDC a part of the political fortunes on
condition that human rights abuses be swept under the carpet, and Robert
Mugabe is granted immunity from prosecution for crimes against humanity for
the remaining days of his natural life.† As an insurance policy, Mugabe has
agreed to retire with the condition that his appointed successor is accepted
by the international community and that key hardliners within the party and
public service continue their tenure until 2010.† In exchange South Africa
under the terms of its economic bail out package has undertaken to
micro-manage Mugabe's transition to retirement and has adopted unprecedented
measures i.e. the signing of a defense agreement that will provide for the
training of the South African Air force by Zimbabwean instructors, the
signing of an intelligence exchange protocol and the sale of military
hardware to the Zimbabwean Military intelligence and Intelligence
organization.† Zimbabwe has in exchange accepted to adopt economic reform -
the lifting of price controls and acceptance of IMF economic reform measures
and UN demands for access to build permanent housing for those displaced and
rendered homeless by Mugabe's social reconstruction by sledge hammer and
bulldozer policy..

One major obstacle to this grand scheme is the intransigence of the
opposition leader Morgan Tsavangirai and the non- involvement of the MDC in
the political abortion of our age the senate.†† Depending on the showing of
the 26 opposition/independent candidates in the senate election, it is
expected that moves will be made to either oust the opposition leader on the
grounds of misconduct, creating a vacuum in the MDC - to be filled by a pro
Government of National Unity candidate or the buying out of opposition
leaders currently opposed to the creation of the senate and the total
decimation of the opposition party weakening any meaningful opposition to a
Government of National Unity.

What benefit is a Government of National Unity to the proponents of this
travesty?

Mentioned above is the fact that South Africa has to neutralize the
political aspirations of the all powerful Congress of South African Trade
Unions.† The tide of change that has swept at least one regional labor
backed political party to power the Zambian, Movement for Multi party
Democracy must be stopped in what increasingly appears to be South Africa's
fifth province - Zimbabwe.

Further, evidence suggests that military discipline is breaking down in the
military camps /barracks across Zimbabwe.† The rank and file of Zimbabwe's
war machine is becoming increasingly dissatisfied with their conditions of
service and desertion from the army ranks is at an all time high.
Zimbabwean Military Intelligence estimates, indicate that if a political
solution is not reached within the next 18 months, a mutiny is possible,
preceded by a complete collapse of the command and control structures of the
entire security services resulting in the existence of internal conditions
that are conducive for a violent overthrow of the Mugabe Government, with
the deserters forming the core of the resistance.† The intelligence protocol
between South Africa and Zimbabwe, and the training programs agreed upon
between the South African Air force and the Zimbabwean Air force is meant
not only to secure Mugabe's retirement but to provide protection and
military assistance to the ailing Mugabe government in the event of a
military sponsored uprising.† A further challenge for the Mugabe Government
is the growing restlessness of the population.† Calls for democratic
resistance are being made with growing frequency.† According to Zimbabwean
Intelligence estimates, fears of an urban uprising are real.† With an
increasing number of unemployed, low moral within the military, police
force, intelligence organization and public service rank and file, sympathy
of the business sector with the plight of the workforce and increasing
militancy of the student organizations and the country's trade unions an
outlet must be found.† Repression, restrictive legislation and the
deployment of security forces to quell street demonstrations is no longer a
viable and sustainable approach.† The creation of the senate as the preamble
to establishing a Government of National Unity may dampen the opposition and
the forces for democracy's appetite for outright confrontation, with Zanu-PF's
ruling elite.

On the economic front South Africa cannot afford for the Zimbabwean economy
to collapse.† Currently, the self enriching policies of the Mugabe regime
has ruined the economic fortunes of the country, and alienated the country
from international financial markets.† With problems of its own the South
African Government is unable to shore up the Zimbabwean economy, over the
long term.† Further, the current economic layout of the region indicates
that a majority of the regions, national economies are consumer markets,
with South Africa being the only manufacturing hub.† The further collapse of
the Zimbabwean economy, coupled with the threat of internal strife, will
invariably tie up South Africa's and the International Community's
resources, in a bid to clean up in the aftermath of Mugabe's ruinous rule.
The further disintegration of conditions in Zimbabwe will hurt South Africa's
post apartheid recovery; hence as if to head the looming crisis off at the
pass, South Africa has proposed the formation of a Government of National
Unity.

A resolution to the Zimbabwean crisis in this manner works well for the
American and European Governments.† With declining popularity, the British
and American governments do not need to add Mugabe and Zimbabwe to the
gallery of crises being faced by these nations.† Further, as reported by the
US National Intelligence Council, in March of 2005, America and a bloc of
European nations are contemplating reducing their strategic investments on
the African Continent over the next fifteen years, leaving room for newer
actors, especially Africa's new Imperialist master China, whose commitment
to democratic values is questionable at best.† At present the emergence of a
government of national unity in Zimbabwe presents an upside option for
democracy to take root, given the fact that the countries main opposition is
in disarray, and the country's civil society has failed to mount an
affective advocacy campaign for change and a return to democratic rule,
despite the enormous investment by Western and European governments.
Greater emphasis is being placed on supporting countries like South Africa
whose efforts at consolidating democracy present a more sensible investment
and warrant international engagement.† It is agreed in international
circles, that Zimbabwe (in its current state) amongst other African
countries - struggling to overcome sub-par economic performance and plagued
by poor leadership, divisive ethnic politics, decayed government
institutions, geographic constraints and a brain drain may be unable to
engage the international community sufficiently to reverse its downward
trajectory.

This is reason for Zimbabweans to be afraid - very afraid for their future.
However, Zimbabweans need to use their fear to propel themselves forward.
The correlation between democracy and disobedience - civil disobedience must
be considered.† Conditions in the Southern African Country are conducive for
non violent democratic resistance.† Chiefly; the injustice suffered by the
Zimbabwean people has been sustained and clear.††† Further, appeals to the
political majority have been made in good faith and have failed.† The
emergence of the MDC in 1999 was a result of calls for wide ranging reform
being rejected by the Government and ruling party.† What remains is for the
opposition leader to form a working alliance of the small groups that have
made claims of sustained and clear injustice, into a working political
majority, that will vigorously advocate for change- on the streets.† A
Government of National Unity would appear to present a different beast with
the same DNA as Zanu-PF.† For the people of Zimbabwe - De-Zanufication
presents the only possible upside for the fortunes of the nation.† Anything
short of this is tantamount to appeasement and selling out to the corrupt
and immoral political majority.

History reveals that unity crafted by the ruling elite is not sustainable.
The Zimbabwe-Rhodesia agreement of the late 70's, the Lancaster House
agreement of† 1978/79, the government of national unity of the 1980's and
the Unity Accord of the early 90's litter the annals of history and give
witness to the futility of† unity forged on the anvil of political
compromise.

Ralph Black is the Director of Communication for the Association of
Zimbabweans Based Abroad (www.azba.org.), co-chair of the North American
Coalition for a Free Zimbabwe (www.zimbabweans.org) and board member of DFW
Community Alliance (www.dfwinternational.org).† He writes in his personal
capacity.† He can be contacted by e-mail at ralphblck@yahoo.com.


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Letter to Secretary, US Dept of Homeland Security

Refugee Council USA

3211 4TH Street, NE Washington, DC† 20017-1194

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Tel:† 202-541-5402/04†† Fax:† 202-722-8737
www.refugeecouncilusa.org

VIA FACSIMILE: 202-282-8401

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††
††††††††††††††††††† November 17, 2005

The Honorable Michael Chertoff

Secretary

Department of Homeland Security

Naval Security Station

3801 Nebraska Avenue, NW

Washington, DC† 20393

Dear Secretary Chertoff:

We, members of the Refugee Council USA, a coalition of 20 non-governmental
organizations based in the United States that advocate for the rights and
protection of refugees, are writing to urge you to take immediate measures
to respond to the current crisis in Zimbabwe, which jeopardizes the security
of millions in both urban and rural areas.† Specifically, we ask that the
Department of Homeland Security grant Zimbabwean nationals in the United
States Temporary Protected Status (TPS), and that DHS adjudicators be
provided with materials and training updating them on the current situation
in Zimbabwe, to better inform the adjudication process for asylum and other
forms of relief.

The human rights crisis in Zimbabwe at the end of 2004 was well summarized
in the US Department of State Country Report on Human Right Practices issued
in February 2005:

The Government of Zimbabwe has conducted a concerted campaign of violence,
repression, and intimidation. This campaign has been marked by disregard for
human rights, the rule of law, and the welfare of Zimbabwe's citizens.
Torture by various methods is used against political opponents and human
rights advocates. War veterans, youth brigades, and police officers act with
sustained brutality against political enemies. The Mugabe regime has also
targeted other institutions of government, including the judiciary and
police. Judges have been harassed into submission or resignation, replaced
by Mugabe's cronies. The news media have been restricted and suppressed,
with offending journalists arrested and beaten. Land seizures continue to be
used as a tool for political and social oppression, and opponents of these
destructive policies are subject to violent reprisals.

Since that report was written, however, the crisis in Zimbabwe has greatly
deepened due to the violent mass destruction of homes and markets in several
urban areas under a government program called Operation Murambastvina
(translated as "throw out the trash"). This new policy has claimed hundreds
of lives and resulted in the displacement

of an estimated 700,000 people, directly or indirectly affecting some 2.4
million people, nearly one quarter of the national population.† Since the
operation began in May 2005, hundreds of thousands of women, men and
children have become homeless, without access to adequate food, water,
sanitation, or health care.† Education for thousands of school age children
has been disrupted.† Many of the sick, including those with HIV and AIDS, no
longer have access to health care of any kind. The current socio-political
crisis in Zimbabwe is so grave that the United Nations has estimated that
some five million Zimbabweans will be threatened with starvation this year.

Thousands of Zimbabwean nationals living in the United States - including
students and professionals - where asylum is not a viable option, yet would
find it impossible to return to Zimbabwe safely due to the extraordinary
conditions of political and economic insecurity that currently prevail.† For
these individuals, Temporary Protected Status is needed in order to prevent
them from being forced to return home to a country that is unwilling or
unable to provide its citizens with basic protections.

There is a second group of Zimbabwean nationals in the United States, those
who are seeking protection from persecution through the asylum process, and
there are also Zimbabwean refugees in other countries who are seeking U.S.
resettlement.††† In order that the claims of these individuals can receive
fully informed consideration in view of the recent actions and continuing
policies of the Zimbabwean government, we urge that DHS asylum officers and
adjudicators receive updated information and training regarding the current
human rights abuses being carried out by that government against certain
groups within their population.† We base the request on information we have
received from Zimbabwean asylum applicants and asylum service providers,
which leads us to believe that a more complete understanding of the severity
and the countrywide nature of the evolving crisis in Zimbabwe is needed.

We are attaching a fact sheet and the following web links by government
agencies and independent human rights organizations which underline the
nature of our concerns:

1.† UN Report on Fact-Finding Mission to Zimbabwe to assess the Impact of
Operation Murambatsvina by the UN Special Envoy on Human Settlement Issues,
Mrs. Anna

Kajumulo Tibajuka (18 July 2005):
http://www.unhabitat.org/documents/zimbabwereport.pdf.

2.† U.S. Department of State's Zimbabwe Country Report on Human Rights
Practices (28 February 2005):
http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41634.htm.

3.† Human Rights Watch report Clear the Filth: Mass Evictions and
Demolitions in Zimbabwe (September 2005):
http://hrw.org/backgrounder/africa/zimbabwe0905/.

We would welcome an opportunity for further dialogue, and request an
opportunity to meet with you and your staff to discuss this important issue.
Please contact Berta Romero, Coordinator of the Refugee Council USA, at
telephone: 202-541-5402 to schedule a meeting at your earliest convenience.

Sincerely,

Matt Wilch

Chair, Committee on Protection

Refugee Council USA

On behalf of the following agencies:

John Salzberg, Washington Representative

Center for Victims of Torture

Joseph Roberson, Director

Church World Service/Immigration and Refugee Program

C. Richard Parkins, Director

Episcopal Migration Ministries

Tsehaye Teferra, Executive Director

Ethiopian Community Development Council

Eleanor Acer, Director, Refugee Program

Human Rights First

Arnold Leibowitz, President

International Refugee Research Institute

Robert Carey, Vice President for Resettlement

International Rescue Committee

Fr. Kenneth Gavin, S.J., Director

Jesuit Refugee Service/USA

Dr. Pary Karadaghi, Executive Director

Kurdish Human Rights Watch, Inc.

Ralston H. Deffenbaugh, Jr., President

Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service

Doua Thor, Executive Director

Southeast Asia Resource Action Center

Sammy Mah, Executive Director

World Relief

cc:†††††††††† Sandra Hodgkinson, Director for International Justice, NSC

††††††††††††††† Allyson Ho, Special Assistant to the President for Domestic
Policy, NSC

††††††††††††††† Robert Divine, Acting Director, U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services, DHS

††††††† Richard Greene, Acting Assistant Secretary of State, for DOS/PRM

††††††† Joseph Cuddihy, Director, Asylum and Refugee Affairs, DHS/USCIS

††††††† Kelly Clements, Acting Director, Office of Policy and Resource
Planning, PRM/DOS

††††††† Bruce Nueling, Country Officer for Zimbabwe, DOS

††††††† Colleen Cook, TPS Liaison, DHS

††††††† Toniann Wright, TPS Liaison, DOS/PRM


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72 observers accredited for senatorial election in Zimbabwe

People's Daily

††††† Seventy-two observers have to date been accredited for the Senatorial
election scheduled to take place on Saturday, an official said on Thursday.

††††† Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC) chairperson, Theophilus Gambe,
said this during a joint briefing of observers with the Zimbabwe Electoral
Commission (ZEC).

††††† The figure comprised of 60 locals and 12 foreign observers, he said.

††††† "Accreditation is still going on. The turnout has been low since the
beginning but there has been a slight improvement," Gambe said, adding that
the centers would remain open for extended hours should the need arise.

††††† The accreditation of observers commenced on November 7 and is
scheduled to end on November 26. So far 188 local journalists have been
accredited to cover the polls.

††††† Six foreign organizations, all foreign diplomats accredited to
Zimbabwe and 32 countries were invited by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to
observe the election. The ESC invited all Southern African Development
Community countries as well as the Association of African Election
Authorities.

††††† The ESC has so far expressed satisfaction at the peaceful environment
that has been prevailing prior to the election. Gambe said the commission
had neither received any complaints of intolerance from any political
parties nor disruptions of rallies a sign that the level of political
tolerance was on a gradual increase. The senate will comprise 66 senators,
with 50 elected from the country's 10 provinces.

††††† The ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front party has
so far won 19 seats unopposed and has since been declared duly elected. Out
of the 31 constituencies being contested, the Movement for Democratic Change
fielded candidates in 27 constituencies while other parties and independent
candidates contested the other four.

††††† There is heavy contest in the provinces of Matebeleland North,
Matebeleland South, Bulawayo, Metropolitan, Mashonaland West and Masvingo.
Other parties contesting in the election include the Multi-Racial Open Party
Christian Democracy, Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance, Zimbabwe African National
Union, African National Party, Peace Action is Freedom for All and
independent candidates.

††††† Source: Xinhua


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Omam takes a long-term view on Zimbabwe

Business Report

Chief executive Dloti says outlook will change

November 25, 2005

By Godfrey Mutizwa

Johannesburg - Zimbabwe's biggest stock and property investor, Thabo Dloti,
has seen President Robert Mugabe evict white farmers from their land and
drive the poor out of slums. He isn't budging.

"If you have a short-term perspective, you should be extremely worried,"
said Dloti, the 36-year-old chief executive of Old Mutual Asset Managers
(Omam), Africa's biggest money manager. "We have a long-term view and we
have restructured our portfolios to reflect that."

Omam began switching into stocks and property from cash in 2000, when the
economy started shrinking and inflation soared after Mugabe's seizure of
white-owned farms. Dloti declined to comment on what the firm owns.

The Zimbabwe industrials index has rallied as much as 175 percent in dollar
terms this year. Delta Corporation, a brewer, and Meikles Africa, a grocery
chain, led the advance.

Without the effect of converting gains into US dollars, the gain as of
yesterday was 19 percent, trailing the 23 percent rise in the Morgan Stanley
Capital International emerging markets index, a global benchmark.

Dloti may have little choice but to stay in Zimbabwe. While Omam can legally
sell if it wants to, the firm would also need to sell Zimbabwe dollars to
move money out of the country.

Zimbabwe has no foreign exchange to import fuel, food and power, according
to Patrick Saziwa, an investment analyst at Zimbabwe's Kingdom Stockbrokers.
Kumbirai Nhongo, a spokesperson for the central bank, didn't answer calls.

Dloti has been the chief executive of Omam, which oversees R340 billion from
Johannesburg, since August 2004. This week he was named deputy managing
director of the South African unit of Old Mutual, the firm's London-based
parent.

Old Mutual has been in Zimbabwe for about 110 years. It is the biggest
investor on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange and holds about 30 percent of the
stock in listed companies, according to Emmanuel Munyukwi, the bourse's
chief executive.

The flagship Guaranteed Fund in Zimbabwe more than tripled in 2004,
outpacing the 133 percent annual rate of inflation at year-end. In the
previous two years, the fund trailed the inflation rate.

Old Mutual's Zimbabwe unit is the largest property owner in the country,
according to South Africa's Pam Golding. Zimbabwe's R39 billion economy has
shrunk every year since 2000, government figures show.

By December 31, inflation might reach 522 percent, said John Robertson, an
economist based in Harare. About 80 percent of Zimbabweans live below the
government's poverty line, and 70 percent are unemployed, according to the
International Monetary Fund (IMF). The country will need food aid for about
2.9 million people, a quarter of the population, according to the UN.

"The country is in complete shambles, and it's going to take a very long
time to recover," said Charles Booth, the chief investment officer of RMB
Asset Management, the asset management unit of FirstRand in Johannesburg.

Booth has no assets in Zimbabwe among the R163 billion he manages. Overseas
investors own about 5 percent of the country's publicly traded stock, down
from 30 percent five years ago, according to exchange figures.

The bourse considers Dloti's firm as a local investor because it has a unit
operating in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe faces expulsion from the IMF after running
up $295 million (R1.95 billion) in arrears. US President George W Bush on
Wednesday expanded an executive order from March 2003 that freezes the
assets of people and institutions hindering democracy in the country,
including Mugabe.

Mugabe has said he would retire when his term ended in 2008.
Officials have started dismantling government controls on the economy, such
as price limits on basic foods and foreign exchange restrictions.

Finance minister Herbert Murerwa said earlier this month that price controls
would be scrapped. He has also promised to cut state spending in line with
IMF demands.

The central bank's governor, Gideon Gono, has allowed the Zimbabwe dollar to
depreciate 92 percent against the US dollar this year. In October, he
allowed banks to set the exchange rate for the first time since January
2004.

This year investors have bought shares to hedge against inflation as the
government capped interest rates on debt securities.
Regulations that forced money managers to invest in government bonds hurt
returns on Old Mutual's Zimbabwe funds, Dloti said, as the bonds' yields
were often below inflation.

The benchmark government 91-day treasury bill yields 140 percent.
In recovering from the damage inflicted by Mugabe's rule, Zimbabwe would
benefit from having one of Africa's most educated populations, Dloti said.

The country's 90 percent adult literacy rate is the second-highest in Africa
after Seychelles, according to the UN. In the meantime, Dloti isn't giving
up on Zimbabwe.

"If things do turn, and they will turn, our confidence in that market will
prove to be very useful," he said. The strategy "will pay dividends".

- Bloomberg


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JAG Compensation/Restitution Communique dated 24 November 2005

Email: jag@mango.zw; justiceforagriculture@zol.co.zw

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

The JAG Trust is about to embark on another series of training courses for
Loss Claim Document facilitators, who will be involved in assisting farmers
with the compilation of their claims.

Any farmer's wife or interested party, who is computer literate, able to
work from home and keen on gainful employment, wishing to become involved,
please contact the JAG office to enrol.† It is hoped to commence the first
training course on Monday 5 December 2005.† The course will run for two
full days.

Contact the JAG office 17 Phillips Ave, Belgravia.† Phone (04) 799410.


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JAG Job Opportunities dated 24 November 2005

Please send any job opportunities for publication in this newsletter to:JAG
Job Opportunities; jag@mango.zw

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ad inserted 21 November 2005

WANTED: Retired/semi-retired couple with an interest in cattle and emphasis
on recording / supervising a Dairy 70km from Harare. Very secure homestead.
Remuneration, etc to be discussed on application. Required to start asap,
but by year-end, at latest.

For more information, please phone 011 419 020

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ad inserted 18 November 2005

Teaching opportunity at Once Upon a Time Nursery School.

Once Upon a Time Nursery School is looking for a lovely, fun-loving, but
gentle, qualified Infants or Junior School teacher for January 2006. We
would also be interested if you are Nursery School qualified and
experienced. The teacher we are replacing is emigrating.

We are all ex-teachers and we work well together. It is a happy school,
well equipped and we have a good infrastructure. We provide a well
organised working environment and good conditions of service. We match the
pay package to that of teachers at Infant and Junior School level at any of
the private schools.

The school has four classes with an assistant in each class. We are trying
to find the right lady, who is dedicated and enthusiastic in her approach.
This is an ideal job if you have small children, or if you are looking for
total job satisfaction.

Please phone: School 776470 (ans/fax)
†††††††††††††††††††††† or Rosy 091216730
†††††††††††††††††††††† or Andy 091315455
†††††††††††††††††††††† or email rosyv@zol.co.zw

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ad inserted 17/11/05

Zambian/ex-Zimbabwean farmer on a fully operational farm looking for a
potential partner.† Situated only 16 kms from central Lusaka, currently
growing paprika, seed-maize and vegetables.† Contact details: P O Box
CA115, Lusaka, email: jogs@zamtel.zm Landline 214198.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ad inserted 16 November 2005

TEMP. SECRETARY TOURISM/HUNTING WANTED

Temp secretary in tourism/hunting needed mid-January to end April 2006.
Could be mornings only.† Word, E-mail and common sense required.† Salary
negotiable. Contact ZATSO Tel: 04-702402 or e-mail zatso@mweb.co.zw

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Ad inserted 16 November 2005

Position for Hostel Matron

Kind efficient empathetic persons are invited to apply for the above
position at an independent co-ed primary school in White River Mpumalanga.
Enquiries to Headmaster Uplands Preparatory School White River e-mail
sinclair@uplands.co.za or phone RSA 0137513929.

The Headmaster of Uplands Preparatory School will be in Harare on 25th and
26th November so for interviews please contact J M Sinclair at 494251 or
sincs@mango.zw

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Ad inserted 14 November 2005

WANTED : preferred retired person, with knowledge of cattle feeding and
farm management to live on farm in Ruwa. Remuneration to be discussed on
application.

Call
Patrick Cochran
Mobile + 263 91 274327
Tel/Fax + 263 4 495 433
email : tpc@mweb.co.zw

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Ad inserted 17 November 2005

Position available for a supervisor on an open cast mine in the Midlands.
Mining experience not necessary but the applicant must be mechanically
minded.† Would suit a single younger man.† Please contact the GM at Kinsey
& Co.† Telephone 04 305503 for further information.

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Ad inserted 14 November 2005

GARAGE / MAINTENANCE MANAGER

This position would suit a self-driven, committed, elderly or retired
gentleman with a good knowledge of vehicle maintenance (especially Land
Cruisers) and man management.† It would assist if the incumbent has
experience in overseeing other maintenance such as refrigeration repairs,
plumbing and building, but this is not essential.† Clock watchers need not
apply.† This is a very pleasant and happy environment and we would like to
keep it that way, so a good sense of humour would be great.† Salary is
negotiable to the right person and good perks are offered.† This position
is available immediately.† Interested persons please contact Mrs T Leaman
on (016) 596 or send CVs by fax to (016) 256 or email them to
tshafar@mweb.co.zw

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Ad inserted 14 November 2005

PASTEL / BELINA PAYROLL PROCESSOR

This position requires an alert and conscientious person with good
experience in both Pastel and Belina Payroll, and with a pleasant nature,
preferably also a good sense of humour.† The position is available
immediately, but sooner would be better.† Salary and perks are negotiable
with the right person.† Interested and capable persons please contact Mrs T
Leaman on (016) 596 or send CV by fax to (016) 256 or email them to
tshafari@mweb.co.zw

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Ad inserted 09 November 2005

Experienced bookkeeper required - full time -

The ideal candidate will be a mature woman who's willing to deal with day
to day bookkeeping responsibilities.† She will have a staff of three
reporting to her in a pleasant working environment located in Milton Park.
Remuneration Package commensurate with experience.

Please send CV's to

Demos@hfa.co.zw or Fax, (04) 706 253

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Ad inserted 09 November 2005

A large overseas registered Public Listed Company recently established in
Mozambique's agricultural sector urgently require the following personnel
on a contract basis. Offshore salary (negotiable) and other perks will
apply. CV's by e mail to eakay@teledata.mz or contact the General Manager
Mr Euan Kay on Tel +258820697840

1.. Marketing Manager Chimoio Mozambique

Must be fluent in Portuguese oral and written with a proven track record
and contactable references. Job will entail extensive travelling within
Mozambique and the launch of a new mealie meal onto the national market as
well as other agricultural related produce. Experience in liaison with
donor organisations preferred. Knowledge of the milling and maize industry
would be an advantage.

2.. Cattle Consultant / Manager

Would suit older person without children. The company intends to establish
a large cattle operation (+/- 5000 head) in the Manica / Sofala region to
include intensive feedlot operation. The applicant should have a long
history of cattle management (preferably a displaced rancher) and be
available soonest to start the project. Urgent need to identify suitable
land on consultancy basis. Shona would be an advantage. Chimoio based.
Offshore salary and perks apply.

3.. Cost accountant.

Fully qualified Cost Accountant required to start Jan 06. Must be fully
Pastel 7 literate and preferably Portuguese speaking. To be based in
Chimoio Mozambique. Offshore salary and perks apply. Call the General
Manager for further details.

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Employment Sought

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Ad inserted 22 November 2005

Employment Offered

Full time maid available from January 2006.† Many years experience with
farming family who has emigrated to Australia.† Extremely hard working,
totally honest and loves children.† Current duties include child-minding,
washing and ironing and general cleaning duties.† Accommodation required.
Contact Peta Beattie on 091226181 or pjb@zol.co.zw for further information.

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Ad inserted 14 November 2005

Young man looking for employment (Mr. Daniel VanWyk). A position in the
clothing industry, managerial or sort. I've had experience in several
different fields. I'm a hard worker and would be able to adjust easily to
any working environment or situation. Very reliable, responsible and
independent.

Please contact Miss Carmen VanWyk on 091 615656 or 575431 - 3.

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Ad inserted 09 November 2005

Lady aged 46 seeking position.† Experience in sales, marketing, production,
general management, administration. Computer literate.† Please contact
linda@gekko.co.zw for more information.

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Man, aged 41, experience in Production, Engineering, Security, and
Furniture, Seeks Position.† Please contact Rob Hardy on 091949625 or
305440(phone/fax). Available Immediately.

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Ad inserted 16/11/05

If you can't afford to pay full-time staff with all the usual benefits
(holidays, medical aid, leave pay, etc), I am available for temporary work
on an "as and when needed" basis.

Administration/typing/secretarial/general office work.
Either from my home, or at your office.

Contact: Sally - 490871, or email - lundgren@zol.co.zw

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For the latest listings of accommodation available for farmers, contact
justiceforagriculture@zol.co.zw (updated 24 November 2005)

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