The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Cowardly whites who help Mugabe
Boris Johnson on the suffering of Zimbabwe’s farmers and the indifference of big business

Masowe, Zimbabwe

Frankly, I am a bit nervous. Someone has said I’ll get killed, looking all white and foolish out here in Mashonaland, and I am beginning to see why. We’re only a couple of hundred yards away from the thugs wielding pipes, swords and guns who have been persecuting the local farmers. Three weeks ago, they bludgeoned one of the workers to death. Then they attacked Tommy Bayley, a farmer, and tried to throw him on to a fire. And now the idea is that we will go up to their picket line and see if they will let us through to the next house, where they are imprisoning an elderly white couple. These are Tommy’s parents, and they have been besieged for 30 days.

Tommy doesn’t think that we should go on foot, and, alas, if he were to come with us, they would hit him. ‘I think you should go by car,’ he says, and I am very much in agreement. But Peta Thornycroft, the Daily Telegraph’s Zimbabwe-born correspondent, is made of sterner stuff. She has just been released after four days’ detention at Robert Mugabe’s pleasure. ‘We’ll walk,’ she says, and we do. We walk through the acacia and the macasa trees. The birds are twittering, and I pretend to look around at the blue rolling hills of the 5,000-acre Bayley farm.

When sauntering towards a feral band of black Zanu-PF gangsters, do you keep your hands in your pockets to show confidence, or do you take them out, to show that you mean business? In, out; in, out: I don’t decide until we reach the end of the garden, where there is a poster of Comrade Mugabe and a makeshift barrier on the road, and the steel-mesh gates to the elder Bayleys’ homestead. The gates are locked, illegally, and behind them, illegally, are the thugs. They are generically called ‘War Veterans’, though most of them are far too young to remember Mugabe’s 1970s guerrilla war. They have opaque, staring eyes, and they smell.

‘You are not getting the right idea by coming here,’ shouts one, with a blue forage cap and a bumfluff chin. Behind them is a smouldering log fire, surrounded by husks of the seedcorn that they have looted from this once-prosperous farm. These people, and the thousands like them across rural Zimbabwe, are wrecking the economy. They are meant to be farmers, the designated inheritors of white cultivation. Their idea of animal husbandry is to hack steaks from the haunches of living cattle, and leave them to die. For two years they have prevented the farm from functioning; and when Zimbabwe finds itself in the absurd position of importing mealie-maize and cooking oil, and when inflation is running at 117 per cent, Mugabe has the cheek to blame a ‘drought’.

The terror began in March 2000, here at Danbury Park farm, and it is reaching its climax. Mugabe has stolen the election by brutality and cheating, and there is nothing now to stop him. As it happens, he is in Libya today, bartering Zimbabwean beef for Gaddafi’s oil. There seems no obvious reason why he should not survive for his statutory six more years in office.

Trish Bayley, Tommy’s wife, is sure that their house has been reserved for a minister or other bigshot in Mugabe’s party. Technically, they can’t be evicted yet, since Mugabe’s expropriation order has to be approved by the courts. The idea, therefore, is to drive them out: to play drums all night, to hurl sexual taunts at Trish, to tyrannise them and their workers until they can take no more. ‘They want to poke us like chickens in a cage,’ says Tommy. The police have told them that they can no longer plant crops. Tommy can’t inspect his herd, so that the cattle are now infested with ticks and have developed terrible head-sores. This farm used to produce 90 tons of edible beef a year; not this year. Most worryingly of all, Tommy is not allowed to visit his parents over the way. His mother Bobs has Parkinson’s, and his father Tom has had a hip replacement and can hardly move.

That is why Peta Thornycroft is so determined that we should get through to relieve them, and she works wonders of persuasion now, as we stand at the gateway.

‘I have come to see my old friend who is very ill,’ she says, miming the palsy, and eventually, with the help of a grinning police officer, we are admitted. ‘You have 20 minutes only,’ says bumfluff-chin. ‘No,’ snarls one in a Zanu-PF yellow visor, who looks a bit like Spike Lee, ‘you have 15.’ The cannonball-headed policeman guffaws. ‘You must be nice,’ he tells us. ‘This is their land.’ That is a lie, of course. Even under Mugabe’s programme of theft, the land belongs to the Bayleys until the procedure is complete, but any such suggestion is greeted with a repellent giggle from the officer of the law.

As we reach the little cottage, I am reminded of visiting my grandparents in Somerset. There are Jack Russells and potted flowers, and at length a trembling hand unlocks the steel shutters of the front door. It is Bobs, and she twigs immediately that we must pretend to be related. ‘How lovely to see you again,’ she says to Peta, and lets us in. She tells us we are the first white people she has seen for 30 days, and she is plainly in a highly emotional state. All the curtains are drawn, she says, because the thugs circle the house and look in. Then her husband Tom shuffles in on a frame. He is almost 90, and his palms are deeply pruned and creased. He came out from Chelmsford in Essex in 1930, he tells us, and he had only £5, which he used to buy his first small plot. ‘I’ve been on this farm for 70 years, and I’ve produced a thousand tons of maize each and every year I’ve been here. This land was bush before I came.’ Peta asks why his farm is called Danbury Park and the old boy starts crying. ‘Because I came from a village near Danbury,’ he says. I am afraid that at this point I feel a bit overwhelmed myself. This is his land: he planted it; he developed it; he bought it, and there is not a damn thing anyone can do to help him protect it.

The old man is British, or ‘British Empire’, as he puts it. He has a tray of medals earned by some uncle in the King’s service. But the British cannot help him now. You and I may dream of some SAS operation to save the farmsteads, or some Essex-levied militia sailing up the Zambezi. It is not going to happen. The Bayleys’ torture will go on for as long as Mugabe wants, and there are many people who deserve the blame. As Algy Cluff pointed out in these pages two weeks ago, there was a failure — on the part of the Commercial Farmers’ Union and the British government — to see the importance of the land-reform issue. They should have done a deal with Mugabe before he started to combine land redistribution with the rhetoric of race hate. One might mention the EU, which disastrously pulled out its observers before the recent polling day.

There is Mugabe’s single most important political ally, Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, who has signally failed to condemn the elections. The South Africans are effectively supplying the bankrupt Mugabe with free electricity. Mbeki could pull the plug on Mugabe overnight, just as John Vorster terminated Ian Smith. And then there is a host of other names which are cursed on the verandas of anti-Mugabe households. These are the white businessmen, who have connived, actively or passively, in keeping the mad old tyrant in power. No doubt Tony O’Reilly, the newspaper-to-baked-beans magnate, has long repented of Mugabe’s visit to his Irish schloss.

A less abashed co-operator is John Bredenkamp, a former member of the Rhodesian rugby team and husband to ex-Miss Rhodesia, who was revealed last Sunday to be the 33rd richest man in Britain with a £720 million fortune and a home in Berkshire. Mr Bredenkamp is thought to be close to Mugabe, but especially to Emmerson Mnangagwa, the speaker of the Zimbabwean parliament and Mugabe’s heir-apparent. Mr Bredenkamp’s mining operations in the Congo benefit greatly from the incursion of Zimbabwean troops, which is a kind of joint-stock venture by Zanu-PF and its business friends. Has Bredenkamp ever raised his voice in protest at anything done by his chums? On the contrary. He is going round offering to buy up some of the most beautiful white farms, on the understanding that he can get the acquisition orders lifted. Then one might mention another Zanu-PF crony, called Billy Rautenbach, who is wanted by Interpol. And then there are the really big players, the ones who should have had the guts to speak out, but who have kept silent. Prime among these is Anglo-American, the giant South African conglomerate, which is now supposed to have a good liberal conscience.

Anglo has vast investments in Zimbabwe. It could easily turn the screws on Mugabe. But when some Zimbabwean human-rights activists went to call on Philip Baum, Anglo’s head honcho, to ask for modest financial help, he told them not now, not ever. It is true that Anglo-American has not publicly declared in favour of Mugabe. But it has done nothing to remove him. It could have made it clear, for instance, that its workers would not be penalised for striking in protest at Mugabe’s breaches of democracy. It did not.

We now have a Zimbabwean Milosevic, a man using the themes of race hate and land; a man so egotistical that he is prepared to ruin the country to keep himself in power. Like Milosevic, Mugabe is illegally deploying security forces to conduct and abet racially motivated pogroms. We went to war, in Kosovo, on behalf of the KLA, who later turned out to have links with the al-Qa’eda network. What are we doing for these British people, weeping and terrified?

But now the policeman is back outside the old couple’s front door, and we are being asked to go. I take down some phone numbers for Bobs, friends she wants me to ring in Hampshire, and the name of some medicine she needs for her shakes. As we walk back out of the compound, surrounded by the youths swinging their chains and sticks, Peta is magnificent.

‘If you were my son,’ she says to one yob, as we reach the gate, ‘I’d bend you over my knees and whack you.’ At once the visored one, Spike Lee, gets angry; and since the gate is still locked against our exit, I don’t like the look of things. ‘If you were my f–—ing mother,’ he says with an imperfect command of logic, ‘you would not be my f–—ing mother.’ At last we get out, and my nape crawls as we turn our backs on the gang. One of them shouts after us, ‘Only black people allowed here now.’ Twenty years ago, before this kid was born, Zimbabwe had among the best race-relations in Africa. One man has filled these minds with violence and hate, and too many people have stood by while he has done so.

Our strategy so far has been to bellow at Mugabe from afar; but he has no difficulty in turning purple-faced British denunciations to his advantage. Might it not be time to direct our wrath — and penalties — at his silent white collaborators?
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From the MDC

In this update:

MDC’s legal challenge to the March 2002 Presidential elections
Statement by Morgan Tsvangirai, President of the Movement for Democratic
Change - April 11, 2002
Summary of David Coltart’s review of the Presidential Election - 26 March

MDC’s legal challenge to the March 2002 Presidential elections
Statement by Morgan Tsvangirai, President of the Movement for Democratic
April 11, 2002

On Friday, April 12, 2002, the Movement for Democratic Change will file an
election petition in Zimbabwe’s High Court seeking the nullification of
Robert Mugabe’s purported re-election in the March 9 and 10 Presidential

It is common cause that the MDC rejected the outcome of the March 2002
presidential elections and categorically views Robert Mugabe’s presidency as

We should restate our salient position that the issue of the election that
was stolen from the people of Zimbabwe and the consequent illegitimacy of
the sitting government is fundamentally a matter that falls within the
province of political dispute requiring a political solution.

We are bringing this legal action in the full knowledge of the above. In the
light of this, we view the legal process as complementing the political
process. The hearing of this matter in court, will in fact, expose
overwhelmingly shocking evidence of electoral fraud and a complete picture
on how the will of the people of Zimbabwe was subverted with impunity on the
9th and 10th of March.

We have an overwhelmingly strong case. The MDC’s legal machinery has been
working on this case, 24 hours around the clock in anticipation of the MDC
leadership’s decision to complement the political process on the stolen
election through legal action. Our lawyers have uncovered mountains of
hardcore and powerful evidence of electoral fraud, which if presented to an
independent and impartial court would undoubtedly result in Robert Mugabe’s
electoral victory being set aside.

We however hasten to add that we are not under any illusions that despite
the overwhelming evidence at hand, the complimentary legal action may face a
hurdle, given that Zanu PF has now subverted Zimbabwe’s judicial system.

Finally, we wish to state that whilst we appreciate that there are talks
taking place between the MDC and Zanu PF, we only had 30 days within which
to file this election petition. We simply could not forfeit the remedy given
to the MDC by law, by failing to file the election petition within the time
limits prescribed by the electoral law.

As MDC, we have entered in these talks in the full knowledge that we have a
national responsibility to find a solution to the Zimbabwean crisis. In the
event that Zanu PF acts in good faith in these talks, and a solution is
found to the crisis, then, the court action may not be necessary.

Morgan Tsvangirai
MDC President
Harare, 11 April 2002
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Zimbabwe must realise that it can't go it alone'

Trade and industry editor John Fraser speaks to David Connolly, the Australian High Commissioner

As a career diplomat-turned politician, then going back to diplomacy, David Connolly seems to have applied his experience successfully in both fields in representing his country's interest along what can sometimes be the thorny path of international relations. Here he discusses wide-ranging issues affecting Australia and SA, especially trade, as well as Zimbabwe.

What has been the role of the Commonwealth, and Australia as its chair, in assessing the elections in Zimbabwe?

There was a significant group of election observers who reported unanimously, with the one exception. The Commonwealth observer group was one of the most thorough and methodical in recording what it saw and its report contains abundant evidence of the violation of the democratic rights of the Zimbabwean people.

The Commonwealth had only one role, to make a judgment on the basis of its own observers' report, which it did. The decision was to suspend Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth for 12 months, subject to review.

For ages the focus of the Commonwealth has been on this region first with apartheid in SA and now with Zimbabwe. Does this depress you?

The Commonwealth has had a long interest both in SA and in Zimbabwe and in both cases it can be said that it has been a very honourable interest.

It took decades to sort out the problem of a lack of democracy in SA. It also took time to sort out the consequences of UDI (unilateral declaration of independence) in what was then Rhodesia with the establishment of a democratic state.

It is so important for Zimbabwe to understand that you can't go it alone we are in a world where certain standards of behaviour are expected and no nation can stand out from its region or from the world economy.

The Commonwealth stands ready to help Zimbabwe to overcome its problems, including the issue of land redistribution.

The Australian cricket team has cancelled a tour of Zimbabwe. Was that a political move?

The Australian government is advising all Australians to defer normal holiday and business travel to Zimbabwe until further notice, but it was the Australian Cricket Board that took the decision to cancel the tour based on its legitimate concerns about the security of the players.

After the presidential election there have been alarming reports of murders, beatings and violent retributive action by supporters of the government against opposition members and those suspected of supporting the opposition.

President Robert Mugabe is responsible for the violence and breakdown of the rule of law and he and Zanu (PF) must accept full responsibility for the cricket tour being cancelled.

You were a career diplomat who went into politics and now you are back as a diplomat. Is your political experience useful to you in your current post?

I believe that the skills you acquire in politics can make you a better diplomat, provided they are combined with the right personality and traits to handle the complexities of diplomacy.

It is easier for a former parliamentarian to work with ministers and members of parliament, we are members of the same club.

In 1994 Australia had two objectives: to give whatever financial and technical support we could to SA's first democratically elected government and to renew the trade ties which had been quite severely dented because of sanctions. These objectives have definitely been achieved.

What about trade? How is the commercial relationship progressing.

It's going from strength to strength. SA is our 20th-largest trading partner and SA is the fifthlargest source of foreign investment in Australia and the trend is upwards.

The synergies in mining between the two countries are self evident and, subject to political stability, there will be major Australian interest in Angola, Congo and Tanzania.

SA will always be the entrepôt for Australian investors in Africa and the source of much mining technology and expertise grafted on to Australian companies, operating together in Africa. It is easier for us to use SA expertise than to import it from Australia.

However, Australia can't take this trading relationship for granted, as SA companies have shown substantial competence as exporters and, although the trade balance is currently in our favour, I can see SA exports catching up and surpassing Australian exports to SA.

Take the car industry: Australians have an insatiable desire for BMWs and the C-Class Mercedes is being imported from SA.

But this is a two-way trade and there are opportunities for Australia in exporting not just cars, but also in the context of spare parts and components.

I am quite optimistic about the prospects for new world wine production and I would like to see a lot more Australian investment in the SA wine industry. I see opportunities for great synergies between the two countries, even though we will continue to compete in some markets.

SA and Australia are very close on issues of international trade and are both members of the Cairns group, which is seeking a better deal for agricultural exporters to the key markets of the US and Europe. How do you assess this partnership?

SA has been enormously helpful in emphasising the significance of primary industries and the need to open markets and to lower tariffs. The Cairns group has been reasonably successful and this can be linked to the close relationship of SA and Australia.

Australia has been a favoured destination for SA emigrants. Is the level of emigration slowing down ?

I can't say we have noticed that. There are about 4000 to 6000 South Africans emigrating to Australia a year. There are also a number of students from SA and from southern Africa.

What do you think of those SA exiles who run down their former home ?

Unfortunately, it's true that this happens. One thing that people admire Australians for is that they fight the good fight at the political level at home, but you'll never find Australians running down their own country when they are abroad.

The history of SA is very different, but I always urge South Africans to try to live in today and not yesterday. I visited SA in the late 1970s and the security situation was very tense. I found a country at war with itself.

When I came back in 1996 as a Commonwealth adviser to parliamentary committees, I was astonished at the transformation I found. I believe business has a good future in Africa and you can make a lot of money in SA, where the rate of return on an investment can be 20% to 25%. In Australia you will get about half that.

You have an entire continent in which to do business. If you want a little excitement in life, you should stay in SA.

Apr 11 2002 12:00:00:000AM  Business Day 1st Edition

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Daily News

Oppressors will not voluntarily hand over freedom

4/11/02 11:42:42 AM (GMT +2)

By H A Mushimbo

THE disputed result of the 9-11 March presidential election has thoroughly
exposed President Mugabe and his Zanu PF for the vicious wolves in sheep’s
clothing that they are.

We have learnt the hard way that freedom is not voluntarily surrendered by
the oppressors, but demanded by the oppressed. We have been tortured,
persecuted, maimed, raped, displaced, pauperised, disenfranchised, abused,
cheated, humiliated, terrorised, murdered in cold blood, massacred.

We have lost our beloved ones, who now form a new chapter of heroes within
our imminent new political dispensation and culture which will be based on
equal rights, security, justice, peace, reconciliation, unity and

We have watched all the gains of our bitter and protracted armed struggle
reversed by those who lead us. The worship of accumulation of personal
wealth and absolute power and the belief that this is the sole purpose of
life are responsible for Mugabe’s turning against the people. To him, wealth
and absolute power have become false gods.

We are confronted with yet further hard realities that threaten our very
lives, the economic crisis, the State-sponsored violence before, during and
after the election, perpetrated by bloodthirsty warmongers whose actions
threaten to isolate us from the entire world and deny us the very investment
that we desperately need.

The land reform programme needs an urgent, transparent, well-planned,
well-funded, orderly and sustainable approach.

The international community has responded with “smart” sanctions targeted at
those responsible for gross human rights violations. I salute the West and
its allies for their response to our persecution by Mugabe and his
followers. We must not forget to salute Ghana which has resisted the
continental hypocrisy which now threatens the credibility of African leaders
and their commitment to genuine democracy.

African leaders have a new slogan, which says that crimes against humanity
and massive electoral fraud committed by a black president are acceptable
and legitimate by African standards.

It would appear that the Southern African Development Community (Sadc)
leaders, various organisations and political groups, for example, the Pan
Africanist Congress of South Africa, and the Kaire Mbuendes and the Lilian
Patels have taken advantage of our silence to misrepresent us.

Every time these African brothers and sisters speak, they not only offend
and grossly misrepresent us, but auction and deliver us to our persecutors
for slaughter. On the one hand, these shameless leaders are the
beneficiaries of businesses re-locating from Zimbabwe’s increasingly hostile

In doing this, they make sure they keep away any sympathetic American and
European nations and their allies. They oppose the smart sanctions targeted
at those responsible for the crisis and the heinous crimes against humanity
so that the genocide can continue undeterred.

Sadc opposes smart sanctions, without any attempt to try and remove the
underlying causes, particularly the murder in cold blood of innocent,
defenceless and poor Zimbabweans by supporters of Mugabe’s ruling party.

We should have learnt that we are our own liberators and that any foreign
assistance in whatever form must be based on our own decisive action. The
foreigners can only reinforce our own efforts.

We must immediately become players in our own situation. It is quite clear
that everyone’s participation will inspire divine intervention. We must
stop blaming foreign initiatives.

We must immediately suggest alternatives out of the crisis and I am
confident that our home-grown initiatives will be the best.

Zimbabwe must take advantage of its abundance of human resource talent. If
you look at the presidential election reports, you cannot fail to be
thoroughly impressed by the comprehensive report by Zimbabwe Election
Support Network, which must be just as good, if not even better, than those
of all the Sadc countries except the one by the Sadc Parliamentary Forum.

All the credible civic groupings, genuine Christian churches and all our
academics can easily propose peaceful alternatives to the presidential

Morgan Tsvangirai, the MDC leader, said at the Sakubva rally of 3 February
2002, and I quote: “Zanu PF and violence are like twin brothers, we are
surprised at Mugabe’s calls for war if he loses. Whom is he going to fight
and whose children is he going to use? From 11 March, all violence will
stop. We won’t allow you to retaliate. This is no time for war”.

These are indeed words of a servant whose love for peace is the envy of the
whole world. To me, Tsvangirai is the complete opposite of Mugabe.

In view of Tsvangirai’s concern for the silently suffering poor majority who
are severely marginalised by the harsh economic hardships and barbaric,
bloody and brutal violence and in view of the untold suffering of the poor
people of Zimbabwe, it is imperative to seek an urgent solution to the
present crisis facing this country.

It is my submission that a body be sworn in to work out a new constitution
for the country, for use by the next government. It could be chaired
by one of the Supreme Court judges.

The National Constitutional Assembly should be given a chance to present
their alternative constitution for Zimbabwe which could save time and

An Independent Media Commission should be established to ensure
professionalism by practising media personnel. The commission could be
headed by our own international award-winning journalists, or someone like
retired High Court judge, Justice John Manyarara, an indefatigable champion
of media ethics and freedom in his own right.

There should also be an Independent Security Commission to monitor the
activities of the army, the police and the secret service. It could be heade
d by a former military person of impeccable credentials.

An Independent Electoral Commission should also be established with the
assistance of the Commonwealth and the United Nations, with a brief to run
and monitor the entire electoral process.

I pray that the Lord blesses us and that reconciliation takes root, so that
the life-threatening difficulties ahead of us can be overcome, while Mugabe
prepares to step down gracefully.

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Daily News

What sin have Makoni people committed?

4/11/02 11:40:38 AM (GMT +2)

Didymus Noel Mutasa first shot to prominence through his work at one of the
most enduring symbols of Zimbabwe’s nationalist struggle, Cold Comfort Farm,
which he co-founded in 1959 with the late Guy Clutton-Brock, an Anglican
priest whose remains now lie interred at the National Heroes’ Acre.

The collapse of the enterprise a few years ago, with Mutasa at the helm as
executive director, almost signalled the beginning of the decline in the
fortunes of one of Zanu PF’s original firebrands, a stalwart of the struggle
for Zimbabwe’s liberation.

As secretary for administration, Mutasa was the fourth most powerful man in
the ruling party ­ not that the people of his district, Makoni, ever really
derived any substantive benefit from this elevated political status in the
same way that the people of other areas do benefit from the influence at
national level of their local politicians.

Masvingo Province and Mashonaland West, for example, have derived tremendous
benefits from the caring attitude of Vice-President Simon Muzenda and
President Mugabe, respectively, for the rural areas of their origin.

The saying “Masvingo netara” (Masvingo by tarred road) was coined in
appreciation of Muzenda’s role in developing his province.

Mutasa reached the climax of his political career as Zanu PF’s secretary for
administration and Speaker of Parliament, although he revealed presidential
aspirations in 1999.

Political analyst, Dr John Makumbe, however, dismissed these ambitions
rather uncharitably when he said: “My advice to him is he should retire from
politics and play with his grandchildren at his farm.”

But completely undeterred by his waning popularity, Mutasa later vied for
the chairmanship of the party at its 1999 congress, in competition with
Emmerson Mnangagwa and John Nkomo.

He lost the battle to Nkomo who became chairman, while Mnangagwa took over
from Mutasa as secretary for administration. Mutasa was, in the meantime,
demoted to secretary for foreign affairs.

Never one to accept defeat, Mutasa was back in the ring again in mid-2000.
He contested for the post of Speaker of Parliament but lost to Mnangagwa

Mutasa seems to have at last read the writing which was clearly written on
the wall.

But, far from playing with his grandchildren on the farm, Mutasa elected to
play with the lives of people back in his constituency.
The arrival of the battered and bruised Mutasa back in Makoni has,
therefore, not been an occasion for celebration among the people of the
province and the district in general, and the residents of the small town of
Rusape, in particular.

Like a rogue elephant, he has quarrelled virtually with everyone. Former
Manicaland provincial governor, Kenneth Manyonda, was obliged to comment
that Zanu PF would be doomed if individuals such as Mutasa remained in
positions of power.

“It is unfortunate that Mutasa continues to hold a very high position in
Zanu PF and yet it has been obvious for a long time that the man has been a
complete liability to Zanu PF,” Manyonda lamented.

Mutasa locked horns with Manicaland governor, Oppah Muchinguri, over the
redistribution of land in Makoni district, which Mutasa largely regards as
his personal fiefdom.

He infuriated Muchinguri by allegedly hijacking the resettlement programme
in the district, doling out land to individuals and groups loyal to him.

His raging war with former Agricultural Minister and former Manicaland
provincial Zanu PF chairman, Kumbirai Kangai, is well-documented.

The late Zororo Duri, one of the most illustrious war veterans of the
province, was not spared Mutasa’s belligerent attentions.

Tired of fighting the very colleagues he should seek to work with for the
development of Manicaland, he has now declared war on the very people he is
supposed to serve.

For instance, he allegedly pointed a gun at supporters of the MDC in Rusape.
He warned civil servants in Chimanimani they risked being shot dead if they
continued to support the MDC.

Last year he stated during a High Court hearing that Zanu PF would take up
arms and go to war, if President Mugabe lost last month’s presidential

In the run-up to the same election Mutasa, acting in concert with local war
veterans and Zanu PF youths, incited violence, organised demonstrations and
banned privately owned newspapers, especially The Daily News, from
circulation in Makoni District.

Now he is back in the news. His name has been linked to a current Zanu PF
strategy to evict suspected MDC supporters from Rusape.

Where in other provinces the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority has
embarked on rural electrification projects, in Rusape Mutasa wants the area
manager for the power utility evicted allegedly because he supports the MDC.

What unpardonable sin have the people of Makoni committed to deserve such

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The Times

Rhinos at risk from Mugabe campaign
By Sam Coates

PRESIDENT MUGABE’S worsening campaign of violence and intimidation in
Zimbabwe is threatening a rare species of rhino.
One of the biggest rhino conservation projects in Zimbabwe, the Gourlays
Conservatory, has been taken over by so-called war veterans as part of
President Mugabe’s policy of redistributing land belonging to white farmers.

One rhino has died as a result and 40 others face an uncertain future after
the veterans, who had been squatting on the land for nearly two years, threw
the owners off their farm 75 miles north of Bulawayo. The President’s
militiamen’s action is an especial threat to one of the more endangered
species of rhino.

More than 95 per cent of the black rhino population has disappeared in the
past 30 years, dropping from 60,000 in the 1970s to fewer than 2,500 at the
last count, in 1998. Black rhinos used to live right across the African
continent, from the Ivory Coast to South Africa, but intensive poaching has
left just a few in Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

The Matabeleland farm, which has been owned by Richard and Carol Pascall for
the past 15 years, is home to a tenth of the rhino population of Zimbabwe.
The couple built up the herd by themselves, starting off with with ten of
the species in 1987 and quickly becoming the most successful rhino breeders
in the country.

That ended two weeks ago when they were told by the local war veterans
chairman that they would be killed and their buildings burnt unless they
left within seven days. They moved out a few days later.

The rhinos are already suffering at the hands of the new owners. One bull
rhino, which was moved on to a smaller patch of land and forced to share
with another male, died in a territorial dispute. The veterans cut off the
rhinos’ water supply at the end of March, and essential maintenance, such as
the mending of fences, has been left undone.

But the biggest threat to the rhinos has come from poachers. The Pascalls
fear that the farm’s new owners will not do enough to defend the rare
species, and game scouts who used to protect the animals have already been
chased of the property.

Mr Pascall described the situation as a nonsense, and condemned the local
authorities for not helping with their predicament.

President Mugabe was meant to have spared conservatories such as the
Pascalls’ from the land grab to preserve rare species and encourage tourism,
but local authorities have done little to intervene.

Daily News

Future of conservancies hangs in the balance

4/11/02 11:51:11 AM (GMT +2)

Farming Reporter

THERE seem to be conflicting reports on whether the government will take
control of all conservancies as part of its controversial land grab policy.

Some stakeholders in the conservancies industry say the government had
expressed interest in taking over the control of all conservancies in the

Efforts to solicit a comment from Francis Nhema, the Minister of the
Environment and Tourism, have been unsuccessful for the past week.

His secretary continuously said that Nhema was either in a meeting or was
not in the office.

However, an official in the ministry said: “We are only given land to take
control of by the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement. We
are not involved in the acquisition of land. But such a policy has been
mooted and we are still waiting for finer details about it.”

Ngoni Masoka, the permanent secretary in the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture
and Rural Resettlement, has been unavailable for a comment despite seeking
details about the issue from his office since Monday.

Clive Stockil, the chairman of the Save Valley Conservancies, yesterday said
he was not aware of any developments as regards the ownership of

He said: “As of now, the policy has not changed because we have not been
notified. The last time we had a meeting with the minister, he re-confirmed
that nothing had changed. We are still waiting to hear if anything has
changed since then.”

Save Valley Conservancies incorporates Chiredzi, Save and the Bubiana
conservancies. The government land reform programme has not spared the
tourism sector.

Last year the government was forced to abandon plans to resettle people in
the Gonarezhou National Park.

Gonarezhou is part of the Gaza-Kruger-Gonarezhou (GKG) Transfrontier Park, a
regional conservation agreement with South Africa and Mozambique.

The government intended to settle 750 people on the 520 plot it had pegged
in the 11 000-hectare park.

Plans to resettle people in the Gonarezhou Park were set aside fearing that
it would be contrary to the GKG agreement.

The three countries signed the project agreement last year but Zimbabwe did
not consult the other signatories when it moved in to in to acquire the part
for resettlement.

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Daily News

Man claims police stole from him during demo

4/11/02 12:20:12 PM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

Peter Kurambiswa, 32, of Dzivaresekwa, has identified the police officer who
allegedly stole from him during an unlawful arrest last November, from a
front-page picture published in The Herald.

Kurambiswa said he was arrested by the police on 27 November at Global House
where he was conducting private business.
He alleges that during the incident, one of the police officers who arrested
him stole his identity documents, his bank card and $9 000 in cash.

His arrest coincided with the mass demonstrations called by the National
Constitutional Assembly to press for the writing of a new constitution.

“When the police took me to the police station,” Kurambiswa said, “I
explained my situation to them. They conceded the illegal arrest and
released me.”

Kurambiswa said when The Herald published the article the following day, he
took the accompanying picture to the police and tried to reclaim his

Harare Central police refused to assist him and the docket was reportedly
Kurambiswa has since made a formal report against the suspected officer,
case number IR 040344, at Harare Central Police Station.

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Daily News

Abducted MDC official freed after torture by CIO

4/11/02 12:19:35 PM (GMT +2)

From Zerubabel Mudzingwa in Gweru

Robbie Siyanai, the MDC provincial secretary for information and publicity
for Midlands, was released on Monday after being abducted and severely
tortured by members of Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) last

Police last Friday arrested 20 MDC activists for allegedly contravening a
section of the Public Order and Security Act, which bars unsanctioned public

They were detained at Gweru Central Police Station and were only released on
Monday afternoon without being formally charged.

Siyanai alleges that he was approached by CIO agents as he visited the cells
and was bundled into an unmarked car.
They allegedly drove him to their offices in the city where they brutally
tortured him for allegedly organising the failed NCA demonstration on
Saturday and helping in the recruitment of a private militia for training in

He sustained gaping wounds on his face and back. “I was also forced to drink
a bitter substance which I suspect could be poisonous and later ordered to
sign documents purporting to confirm that the MDC was indeed in the process
of recruiting youths to train as militias”, said Siyanai.

“What shocked me most was that my abduction seemed to have the tacit
approval of the police because they never raised the alarm when I was
bundled into a CIO car parked on the police station premises.

“They even forced me to identify police officers who are sympathetic to the
MDC and confess that the MDC was behind the burning of a Coca Cola warehouse
in Harare two weeks ago,” he said.

Siyanai said about 10 CIO officers took turns to assault him with booted
feet, clenched fists and sjamboks, forcing him to denounce his MDC

They allegedly tore up his clothes and whipped him until he fell
unconscious. He was only released eight hours later and ordered to report to
the CIO offices.

“They threatened me with unspecified action if I reported the matter to the
Press and even promised me that Zanu PF would buy me a house if I renounced
my MDC membership. I want to assure them that I will never leave the MDC
even if it means dying for its cause,” said Siyanai.

Renson Gasela, the MDC MP for Gweru Rural, is already being investigated by
police for allegedly recruiting youths for military training in Australia.

Gasela, who is facing another treason charge together with party president
Morgan Tsvangirai and secretary-general Welshman Ncube, has denied the

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Daily News

War vets threaten to hijack WFP’s food distribution

4/11/02 12:16:13 PM (GMT +2)

From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

THE distribution of food by the World Food Programme (WFP) in Matabeleland
North rural areas is under threat from war veterans who want to take charge
of the whole exercise.

War veterans want the food to be distributed in areas that are Zanu PF
strongholds and have threatened the programme in Umzingwane District.

The exercise, which was started in February this year, was temporarily
suspended just before the presidential election because of political

There were indications that the issue of food aid would be manipulated for
political ends in the period just before the elections, as politicians tried
to use food to buy votes for Zanu PF.

War veterans who wanted food aid to be used in Zanu PF’s favour took over
operations at the Grain Marketing Board depot in Bulawayo, distributing
maize which was being received from South Africa to those loyal to the

Maize-meal was being sold upon production of a Zanu PF membership card in
both rural and urban areas.

The WFP only resumed the programme after the elections.

Norbert Dube, the director of Orap, an organisation involved in the WFP
programme, said food distribution exercises have been running in Insiza,
Hwange, Umzingwane and Tsholotsho.

“We have had the problem of people wanting to meddle in the programme for
political reasons but according to the agreements regarding the
distribution, food is not a political issue,” he said.

He said the WFP did assessments in September and October last year and
identified areas that were in desperate need of food aid, which was where
they were concentrating.

“When we get into an area, we consult with the chiefs and headmen over who
is supposed to benefit and we assist those identified groups,” said Dube.

Daily News

War veterans fire senior Kadoma council officials

4/11/02 12:15:50 PM (GMT +2)

By Luke Tamborinyoka Municipal Reporter

WAR veterans have “fired” four senior officials from the Kadoma Town
Council, accusing them of sympathising with the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC).

Political tension rises in the town ahead of the mayoral by-election to be
held soon following the death of the executive mayor, Ernest Shamuyarira.

The officials were “dismissed” on Thursday, the same day the
Registrar-General, Tobaiwa Mudede, published a notice announcing that the
voters roll for the by-election was now open for inspection.

The war veterans allegedly went to the council’s offices and demanded office
and car keys from three of the four council officials and ordered them to go
and never come back.

“They have still not reported for work,” a council official said yesterday.
“The war veterans told them that they could not continue to hold positions
in council when they were supporters of the MDC. There is uncertainty here
at the council offices as most people are afraid of suffering a similar

The war veterans are allegedly led by one, Comrade Shumba and Malaba, and
some Zanu PF supporters who are based at the Zanu PF offices in Rimuka.

The four officials were identified only as Mr Gonese (Deputy Town Clerk), Mr
Kepekepe (Town Engineer), Mr Katsuro (Housing Administration) and a Mrs
Musengezi, a secretary in the council.

Other senior officials reported to have been harassed include a labour
officer at the town’s labour offices and some junior officers in the
maintenance division.

Fanuel Phiri, Kadoma’s acting executive mayor, yesterday confirmed the
senior officials were not at work.
“I was on an exchange visit to Uganda and I only came back on Saturday. All
I know is that when I returned, their leave papers were in my basket. As far
as I am concerned, they are on leave,” he said.

He refused to say whether he did not find it odd that all the four officials
would go on leave on the same day in his absence and leave their cars.

“I am not aware of any other story. If I find anything more, I will let you
know,” said Phiri.

Austin Mupandawana, the Member of Parliament for Kadoma Central, yesterday
accused the war veterans of bussing in people from outside the Kadoma
municipal area ahead of the mayoral polls.

He said some people from as far away as Sanyati, Mhondoro and the
surrounding farms were coming in for registration ahead of the poll.

“We are conducting further investigations. We know we have always been
cheated and we are on the watch-out for such fraud,”
Mupandawana said.

There are also unconfirmed allegations that some of the war veterans are
manning the inspection centres in the town’s 16 wards and have ordered out
15 officials from the Registrar-General’s office in Harare, accusing them of
being sympathetic to the MDC.

Officials at the Registrar General’s district office in the town referred
questions to Tobaiwa Mudede, who could not be reached for comment.

The officials who were deployed to Kadoma on Sunday said they returned to
Harare on Tuesday after their seniors told them that war veterans did not
want them in the town.

The election dates are yet to be announced by the Registrar General.

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Daily News

Seven new settlers in remand over looting

4/11/02 12:15:13 PM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

SEVEN of the 21 settlers on Hunyani Farm, who looted property, including 10
bags of maize-meal worth about $50 000 on nearby Braeside Farm in
Mashonaland West a day before the presidential election results were
announced, will spend
another week in remand custody before their fate is decided.

High Court judge Justice Anne-Marie Gowora yesterday postponed to next
Tuesday her ruling on the settlers’ bail application, saying she needed time
to peruse the court record before passing judgment.

This would enable her to assess why magistrate Cephas Mushipe had denied
bail to Garikai Muzambi, Sekesai Makwiramiti, William Bemba, Pomerai
Chirimanyemba, Vernon Musora, Hollyman Zvikaramba and Jealous Sopa.

Mushipe had granted their 14 alleged accomplices $5 000 bail each when they
appeared at the Chinhoyi Magistrates’ Courts on 4 April before remanding
them to 16 April.

The same magistrate, however, denied bail to the seven men, who later
appeared before him, although he granted bail to a 16-year-old boy who
appeared with the seven men.

Prosecuting, Chengetai Gwatidzo of the Attorney-General’s Office, said the
suspected looters, acting in common purpose stole 10 50kg bags of the scarce
commodity and other goods, such as farm radios from Rory Hensmen, the farm

Josphat Munyuki appeared for the settlers. The situation in the province was
volatile in the run-up to, during and after the poll, with the police and
war veterans allegedly inciting settlers and villagers to loot property
worth millions of dollars from commercial farms in Mutorashanga, Raffingora,
Banket and Chinhoyi.

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Daily News

Mudede’s office apologises for disenfranchising whites

4/11/02 12:15:08 PM (GMT +2)

From Sandra Mujokoro in Bulawayo

THE Registrar-General’s Office has sent letters of apology to white
Zimbabweans who were struck off the voters’ roll, saying their removal from
the register was an error.

More than 3 000 whites in Bulawayo alone did not cast their ballots in the
9-11 March election after they were notified through letters, apparently
deliberately delayed in the post, that they were not
eligible to vote.

About 1 500 of them contested this decision in the High Court but their
class action case was thrown out on grounds that they had abruptly ceased to
be Zimbabwean citizens.

More than a week after the election, some affected whites started receiving
the letters of apology, which surprisingly were date-stamped 1 March 2002
but were only received last week.

Part of the letter reads:
“We have checked in our records and found out that a letter of objection
could have been sent in error due to computer miscoding.

“If you receive this letter, please contact the Citizenship Office . . . for
further clarification.”

One of the affected people, whose letter is in the possession of The Daily
News, had an envelope post-marked 20 March but which has a Citizenship
Office stamp dated 1 March 2002.

He received the letter on 21 March, nearly two weeks after the election,
whose result has been condemned as fraudulent by the international community
and some African countries, due to a number of
irregularities and the situation prevailing before the poll.

The affected white individual, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said he
did not understand why they were not notified earlier of the error in
sending out the letters of objection.

He had registered to vote in the Bulawayo South constituency.
“We did not vote because we were informed that we were not eligible to do
so. This was a deliberate effort to disenfranchise us and we are very angry
about this,” he said.

He questioned why a letter cleared for posting on the first of March only
arrived 21 days later.

Also affected was the former Southern Rhodesia Prime Minister, Sir Garfield
Todd, who received a registered letter on 5 February from the Ministry of
Home Affairs’ provincial registry in Bulawayo, advising him he had ceased to
be a citizen of Zimbabwe. He was therefore no longer qualified nor entitled
to be registered as a voter in Bulawayo South constituency.

Most of the letters advising people of their ineligibility to vote were
delivered within a few days before the election, giving them very little
time to seek legal recourse.

The letter gave the whites seven days in which to lodge an appeal or face
being struck off the voters’ roll. Officials at the Registrar-General’s
Office declined to comment.

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Daily News

Full text of Mudede’s statement

4/11/02 12:14:28 PM (GMT +2)

THE following is the full and unedited text of the statement issued by the
Registrar-General, Tobaiwa Mudede, at the Press conference yesterday:

The purpose of this press conference is to clarify the election results in
view of the recent press reports which speculate that the Registrar-General
rigged the election in favour of the ruling party (Zanu PF).
The results of the election are as follows: -
1. Robert Gabriel Mugabe - 1 681 212
2. Morgan Tsvangirai - 1 262 403
3. Tarugarira Wilson Kumbula - 31 368
4. Shake Maya - 11 906
5. Paul Siwela - 11 871
Spoilt papers - 48 131
Total valid votes cast - 2 998 760
Total votes cast - 3 046 891
We do not understand how The Daily News came up with a figure of 115 277 as
spoilt votes when the actual figure is 48 131. The figure is arrived at
after adding all spoilt ballot papers in the 120 constituencies.
It looks like The Daily News is cooking up figures in order to justify their
allegations against the Registrar-General. For instance, going by their
story if you add 2 998 758 valid votes to their 115 277 alleged spoilt
ballot papers the total they are coming up with is 2 414 035. The addition
of these two figures actually comes to 3 114 035. The 700 000 votes
difference arises from their miscalculations and are therefore not worth
commenting on.

T.T. Mudede
Registrar General of Elections

n Mudede’s Press conference yesterday was called as the result of a story
published in The Daily News pointing out that the total number of votes of 2
298 758, which the Registrar-General announced in a live broadcast on 13
March, was 700 000 votes less than the 2 998 758 valid votes subsequently
published in other media.

The Daily News Editor-in-Chief, Geoffrey Nyarota, said last night that the
paper stood by its story as published yesterday.
“We urge our readers to go through Mr Mudede’s full statement as published
here and then to compare it with our story yesterday, to see if the
Registrar-General has, in any way, addressed the legitimate concerns raised
in the story,” he said. “Why doesn’t ZTV show the tape again?”

Daily News

Mudede circus continues

4/11/02 12:03:46 PM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporters

TOBAIWA Mudede, the Registrar-General, yesterday announced new presidential
election results by reducing the total number of votes cast in favour of
President Mugabe by a total of 4 000 votes in what he said was the final
report of the election.

Addressing a Press conference in Harare yesterday, Mudede announced that
MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai’s figure had increased simultaneously by 4 002
votes. The new figures were announced exactly a month after the election.

In the fresh results announced yesterday, Mugabe’s latest total now stands
at 1 681 212, down from the 1 685 212 announced in March, while the total
number of votes cast for Tsvangirai increased yesterday from 1 258 401 to 1
262 403 votes.

In a separate development yesterday, the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation
(ZBC) issued a statement in which they gave a breakdown of the election

The ZBC figures were at variance with Mudede’s latest figures but consistent
with those published by The Daily News yesterday and announced by Mudede on
13 March 2002.

When Mudede announced the election results on the ZBC on 13 March 2002, his
figures as captured on a video tape in the possession of The Daily News were
as follows:
Tarugarira Wilson Kumbula of Zanu ­ 31 368; Shake Maya of NAGG ­ 11 906;
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (Zanu PF) ­ 1 685 212; Paul Siwela, an Independent ­
11 871, with Morgan Tsvangirai of the MDC polling 1 258 401 votes.

The total number of votes cast, as announced by Mudede live on radio and
television, was 2 298 758. This figure was, however, inaccurate.

Yesterday Mudede announced the following figures: Zanu PF ­ 1 681 212, MDC ­
1 262 403, Zanu ­ 31 368, Paul Siwela ­ 11 871 and NAGG ­ 11 906.

Mudede said that a total of only 48 131 ballot papers had been spoilt
against a total of 2 998 760 valid votes cast. He said the total number of
votes cast was now 3 046 891.

Throughout the Press conference, Mudede concentrated on attacking The Daily
News instead of explaining the confusion which he has caused over the
election results.

In the end he evicted the newspaper’s chief reporter, Pedzisai Ruhanya, from
the Press conference after the journalist pressed him to clarify the
contradictions in his figures.

“Get out!” Mudede shouted while thumping the table with his clenched fist.
He drew his chair back and marched towards Ruhanya while ordering his
subordinates to “call the boys”.

Two security men entered and escorted Ruhanya from the room. Unknown to
Mudede, two other journalists from The Daily News remained behind.

Mudede then said: “I am not going to discuss the ZBC tape. The figures were
coming from the counting centres and they were subject to correction in the
event that the centres discover some mistakes. When you run an election you
only come with a correct figure after the verification process in a final
report. In other countries it spills into four days.

“If what we put here is wrong it is subject to corrections. But the problem
is that The Daily News is always lying and we know the reason.”

He also disputed the figure of 115 277 which appeared in The Herald of
14 March as the total of spoilt papers.

“Go and ask The Herald where they got the figures,” Mudede said.

Even journalists from the State media pointed out to Mudede that he had to
clarify the discrepancies if he wanted them to write a credible story,
because his figures did not make any sense to them. This was raised after he
asked the reporters what action he should take against The Daily News.

“Legal action,” suggested ZBC diplomatic correspondent, Judith Makwanya,

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Daily News

Villagers hit out at Grace Mugabe

4/11/02 12:20:50 PM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

ANGRY and hungry villagers in Gwangwava village, Rushinga, last weekend
lashed out at the First Lady, Grace Mugabe, accusing her of thinking about
their plight only when elections are around the corner.

When the First Lady accompanied President Mugabe to a campaign rally held at
Bopoma Primary School last month in Rushinga, she donated $400 000 to the
school and four sewing machines to some of the local women.

Dismissing the offer as an election gimmick, the villagers denounced Grace
Mugabe, saying the four machines were too few to uplift the hordes of poor
women in Rushinga.

Loice Murandu, one of the villagers, said: “Mugabe thinks we are all fools
but some of us are not. We have suffered for a long time and now we know
that we are being abused. We have had to think again.”

Although Murandu could not be drawn to discuss her political affiliation,
she said the issues of starvation, unfulfilled promises and poverty had
contributed to the growing dislike for Zanu PF countrywide.

Most villagers said they were finding it extremely difficult to feed their

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Daily News

Donation row splits Bulawayo council

4/11/02 12:13:53 PM (GMT +2)

By Chris Gande

A ROW has erupted in the Bulawayo City Council over a resolution to donate
$500 000 to the independence celebrations due in about a weeks’ time.

There was heated debate in the council chambers last week, as some
councillors felt that because of the current economic hardships exarcebated
by the drought, there was no need to hold lavish independence celebrations.

Zimbabwe celebrates 22 years of independence from Britain with the majority
of people wallowing in poverty caused by drought and farm invasions.

Some Bulawayo city councillors, mostly from the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC), said the $500 000 should be donated to starving
people, particularly the destitute and the rural folk, some
of whom are going for days without anything to eat.

In the urban centres, queues for maize-meal and other basic commodities have
become the order of the day.

Alderman Charles Mpofu, the MDC chief whip in council said the independence
festivities should be shelved this year because of the deteriorating
economic situation.

The Bulawayo City Council has 16 councillors from Zanu PF, nine from the MDC
and one independent.

Said Mpofu: “What are we celebrating? The suffering of the people? There is
really nothing to celebrate because people are suffering.”

He said rate-payers were going to foot the bill for the celebrations, which
are a State occasion, but only a few people were going to benefit from them.

Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube, the mayor, also an MDC member, however said the
donation was traditional and should therefore be treated as procedural.

In the past the government has postponed State occasions because of
phenomena like Cyclone Eline. The drought this year has already been
declared a national disaster. Council has agreed to make the donation
despite the parlous state of its finances, which has seen the local
authority borrowing more than $700 million from the open market.

Some Bulawayo residents have also criticised the council for agreeing to
donate the independence celebration money.

In a snap survey, the residents said the money should have been channeled to
other uses like the deteriorating health delivery system and other projects.

Said Nhlanhla Ndlovu: “Independence celebrations are for every Zimbabwean
but we know that they will be turned into a Zanu PF affair. The food will
obviously go to Zanu PF supporters only.”

Bulawayo is a known MDC stronghold, judging by the results of all elections
that have been held since the party was formed in 1999.

Sanele Phiri said this year’s independence celebrations should be low-key
because of the current political situation.

“If we are serious about putting our economy back on track, we should be
channelling our money to other more pressing needs than blowing it all on
one function.

“We all know that we got our independence from Britain 22 years ago. Do we
need to spend lots of money to remind us of that?” she asked.

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Ostrich, Poultry Industries Face Stockfeed Crisis

The Daily News (Harare)

April 11, 2002
Posted to the web April 11, 2002

Sandra Mujokoro

THE ostrich and poultry industries are reeling under the current maize
shortages as stockfeed supplies dwindle.

Ostrich producers have been forced to cut down on feed for the birds and are
struggling to secure a permit to be able to import maize for stockfeed from
South Africa.

For an excerpt from the Africa 2002 guidebook, click here.
(Adobe Acrobat).

To buy the book, click here.

Andrew Cunningham of the Ostrich Producers' Association said instead of the
normal recommended 110 to 120kg of maize per bird from the period of birth
to slaughter, they have lowered it to 30kg per bird.

The ostrich industry has seen a decline of about 40 percent, as the maize
situation and the reduced demand for ostrich skin products take their toll
on the market.

"The situation is worse in the poultry industry and most producers have shut

"This is because poultry only survives on cereals while ostriches can do
with alternatives such as maize bran, soya oil, wheat bran and cotton oil,"
said Cunningham.

He said the maize and wheat shortages also mean that the maize and wheat
bran are in short supply.

"We are approaching the breeding season in three to four weeks' time and
this is when maize is really needed. We have been surviving on last year's
stocks but most of the producers have run out of this," said Cunningham.

He said while the importation of maize for stockfeed is an alternative, it
is very expensive. He said Zimbabwe can only import genetically modified
organism (GMO)-free maize, which is very expensive due to competition with
Asian markets.

This would require a premium of US$20 (Z$1 100) on maize bought for stock.

Overall, it would cost the farmer about US$195 (Z$10 275) per tonne to bring
maize for stockfeed from South Africa.

Designation of Two Farms Disrupts Ostrich Industry

The Daily News (Harare)

April 11, 2002
Posted to the web April 11, 2002

Chris Gande

THE fledgling ostrich skin and meat processing industry has been dealt a
severe blow following the designation of two farms belonging to Dollar Bubi
(Private) Limited.

The company is a joint venture between an Indonesian businessman, Cayhad
Kumala, and a Zimbabwean company, PT Royal Ostrindo.

The farms, Dollar Bubi Block and Mimosa Park, have the world's largest
ostrich egg hatchery producing over 50 000 eggs.

The Zimbabwean ostrich industry has been growing over the years following
the high demand for ostrich meat and skin on the international market.

The Dollar Bubi farms were last year delisted following concerns over the
flouting of a government to government agreement.

However, the farms were redesignated last month jeopardising investment of
more than US$11 million (Z$605 million) made by the Indonesian.

The fate of over 1 000 workers is on the balance following the designation

of the farms.

The investor has threatened to enact a compensation clause of the trade

agreement, which allows for investment protection.

Kumala has an 88 percent shareholding in Dollar Bubi and a 50 percent in PT
Royal Ostrindo. The exporting company, PT Royal Ostrindo, realised a
turnover of $903 million last year.

This revenue was sourced mainly by meat sales to Belgium and German markets
and skin sales to the United States.

Jenni Williams, a spokesperson for the investment, said the Indonesian
ambassador, Dadang Sukandar, was in Bulawayo last week and was briefed on
the situation prevailing on the farms.

"Sukandar is expected to communicate with Kumala on the way forward," she

However, the government, which has accelerated its chaotic land resettlement
programme is not expected to delist the farms, paving way for a diplomatic

Concerns have been raised regarding the future of the investment and the
stability of the downstream developments of three additional companies, a
slaughterhouse, PT Royal Ostrindo, a tannery and marketing concern for meat
and skins, and a processing plant for ostrich meat, called Ostrindo Meats.
The enterprise falls under the Export Processing Zone Authority and holds
approved certificates under the Zimbabwe Investment Centre. On Dollar Block,
a safari operation stands to loose millions of dollars in revenue.

An official said foreign currency generating hunts that were confirmed were
already being cancelled.The manager, who was present at the meeting with the
Indonesian Ambassador,highlighted the potential loss to the tourism related
wing of the venture.

He said: "The revenue that we stand to lose from the hunting quota for the
2002 season is approximately $15 million."He said in addition, revenue from
the sale of fresh meat and hides for the coming season was estimated at more
than $6 million.

The direct loss from animals poached over the last year is estimated at $3

He said the indirect loss expected over the next five years, due to losses
from poaching, was estimated at $25 million.

"Therefore, our total expected loss of revenue would be $49 million to the
safari operation alone," he said. "Without the delisting notice, we will
continue to lose essential revenue for Dollar Bubi."

Already more than 40 percent of the farm has been occupied by war veterans
and Zanu PF supporters.

The Governor for Matabeleland North, Obert Mpofu, however, said the farms
would not be designated.

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Sent: 11 April 2002 10:37

Forwarded message for your information:
We kindly request a few moments of your time as we are in search of good advice and fresh input with regards our present situation.  We are currently running the Zimbabwe Pet Rescue Project in order to lend financial assistance to those brave souls in Zim who are going out to the farms (regardless of very real death threats) that have been appropriated by the "war veterans" to rescue and euthanase the animals that have been abandoned and mutilated in the current state of lunacy that is gripping that country.
We have raised in the region of R65 000.00 which has been divided between supplying them with hard currency to pay vet and fuel bills and buying medical supplies through a company in Zim who in turn distributes these supplies to the rescue operators.  Meryl and her crew have reinstated our faith in humanity, after being shattered by what we have seen and experienced.  No first world person will comprehend the sheer magnitude and depth of depravity and cruelty of the mutilations.
Our only recipient of these funds is the Zim ZNSPCA who run the rescues under the guidance of Meryl Harrison.  We do not deal with any other operator or government institution and monitor the funds in minute detail as we live in Africa and are aware how funds raised tend to become "diluted" along the way.  We have a registered NPO fund raising number.
I shall not send you the utterly mind-blowing photographs that we have of the animals rescued and euthanased as, I am sure, you are aware of the hideous mutilations of pets and farm animals that are occuring at this present moment.  What I have included, though, is our information brief that we have sent to our local press and publications.
Where we need your advice, sir, as to where to from here?  We have rather exhausted all our contacts here in SA and wish to appeal further afield as the ZNSPCA is now in the horrific situation of having zero supplies of Euthanase (the drug used to put down those animals that have been mutilated beyond any human help) and any anaesthetics to carry out surgery.  They are currently stitching up wounds without anaesthetics.
Could you possibly supply us with ANY contacts in the international arena who would help us with this project?  We had to "hit the ground running", so to speak, as this not a long term project that had the luxury of planning and infrastructure.  We had to help IMMEDIATELY and have learnt as we have gone along.  We have every deposit slip, correlating bank statements and proof of receipt from both Meryl, the ZNSPCA and Milborrow, the company from whom we buy the medical supplies. The ZNSPCA and Meryl Harrison are more than willing to verify any enquiry into the validity of our involvement and support of this rescue project.
Here in South Africa we have a stupendous amount of animal cruelty and we have ground to a halt with the ability to raise funds for what is essentially a foreign problem, thus we need to explore further afield and in order to do this we need advice and direction.
Could you help in any way with suggestions and advice as to whom we may contact?  I can assure you that the horrific photographs would have a momentous effect on even the most cynical person or organisation.
Many, many thanks for taking the time to read this.
Yours sincerely,
Estelle Walters

Hello from South Africa!
We are fully aware that you must be inundated with requests to print the details of various campaigns and causes, but we pray that our project can enjoy a few moments of your consideration.
Due to the fact that animal mutilations are escalating at a horrific pace in Zimbabwe resulting from the land invasions, we have spearheaded a project to help in the rescue or euthanasia of domestic and farm animals that are dying horrific deaths because the "militants" are using this means to warn farmers not to return to their farms after being evicted.  Amongst others, dogs are being hung alive on hooks from farm gates and childrens pet ponies are having one hoof chopped off to serve as proof of what would happen to the farmers themselves.
As we have stated in our following brief (page 2 & 3 of the e-mail) we avoid at all costs any political stand as this would jeopardise our project, so all we can do is ask the media to help publicise what we do in the hope that the community can support us in our endeavour.  Please, please consider doing an article on the project, we also have horrifying photos and reports directly from the rescuers themselves that we can pass on to you.  We would so appreciate any help from the media of any kind.
Please consider this, Many, many thanks.
Yours sincerely,
 Estelle Walters

South Africa (021) 789 2019 
South Africa CELL NO: 072 1947 051
FAX NUMBER: South Africa (021)789 2019

With global events focusing on the innocent victims of warfare, we are ignorant of another type of victim of an equally vicious war right on our doorstep.  When Robert Mugabe "vowed" to cease farm invasions, he announced in the same breath that the "dissidents" were not under his control, thus ensuring that the farm invasions could continue, just under another name.
Farmers have under an hour to leave their properties, thus domestic and farm animals are mostly left on the farms, in the hope that they can be rescued later.  Unfortunately this is seldom the case.  Domestic animals are locked up in the farmhouses, drinking from the toilets and shower drains, and mostly suffer a slow death from starvation.  Livestock are left without water and food, and the cows remain unmilked, causing a dreadful slow death.  When the fields are burnt, animals are left inside the paddocks and horses, cows and sheep die in the flames, or worse suffer, terrible burn wounds.
The latest atrocities, as seen on CNN, are mutilations committed by the dissidents to serve as a warning to farmers not to return.  Dogs are hung alive from hooks on farm gates, children's pet ponies are having one of their front hooves chopped off and cows and sheep are being hamstrung.
THE ZIMBABWE PET RESCUE PROJECT has been launched by a group of animal lovers who cannot stand by and see this tragedy unfold.  We are raising funds to assist the incredibly brave souls in Zimbabwe who are going from farm to farm in their own vehicles to rescue those animals which are still alive or to put down those beyond help.  The funds that are raised are not given to any government organisation and are extremely carefully monitored and used for the following: (in order of priority) medical drugs and supplies, pet food and funds for fuel and veterinary bills.  We are a non-political project and this is not political rhetoric, it is fact!
Our fundraising account is:
ACCOUNT NO: 908 432 9132

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Thursday, 11 April, 2002, 16:03 GMT 17:03 UK
Zimbabwe poll challenged in court
Votes being counted in the Zimbabwe election
The opposition alleges massive polling irregularities
The main opposition party in Zimbabwe has said that it will seek a court ruling to annul the result of last month's presidential election, which was won by the incumbent, Robert Mugabe.

Our lawyers have uncovered mountains of hard core and powerful evidence of electoral fraud

Morgan Tsvangirai
The legal spokesman for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), David Coltart, said his party would file an action in the High Court on Friday.

The MDC, led by Morgan Tsvangirai, has accused President Mugabe and his Zanu-PF party of massive fraud and demanded a fresh election.

President Mugabe denies the allegations and has said no new presidential poll will be held until his term expires in six years' time.


Announcing the legal challenge, Mr Tsvangirai said MDC lawyers had uncovered "mountains of hardcore and powerful evidence of electoral fraud which if presented to an independent and impartial court would undoubtedly result in Robert Mugabe's electoral victory being set aside."



The MDC has said there were large discrepancies in the figures recorded at polling stations and those announced by the government.

But the opposition is not relying on the courts to overturn the results and will continue to use political channels.

"We are not under any illusions that despite the overwhelming evidence at hand, the legal action may face a hurdle given that Zanu-PF has now subverted Zimbabwe's judicial system," said Mr Tsvangirai.

Several judges seen as being pro-government sympathisers were appointed last year.


Mr Coltart told the BBC's Focus on Africa programme that the legal action was not intended to derail this week's talks with Zanu-PF but said that Friday was the last day the MDC could legally file the petition.



Under electoral law, any legal challenge must be lodged within 30 days of results being announced.

Commonwealth observers said the presidential election was marred by a climate of fear and violence against opposition supporters.

As a result Zimbabwe was suspended from the Commonwealth for a year.

Talks between Zanu-PF and the MDC on a way forward were adjourned yesterday without achieving a breakthrough, and are due to resume next month.

The talks are taking place under South African and Nigerian mediation.

These two countries contributed to the Commonwealth decision to suspend Zimbabwe.

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