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Zim Independent


Commissars, cowards and Mugabe's mayhem

ZTV's Media Watch on Monday hosted by Supa Mandiwanzira saw ZBC's Munyaradzi
Hwengwere and the Herald's Phillip Magwaza defending their shamefully
unbalanced coverage of the election. New African editor Baffour Ankomah, who
is being given saturation coverage in the state media, also featured on the

Magwaza said all stories that had anything to do with the MDC were spiked
because the party did not represent the wishes of the people of Zimbabwe, as
it did not espouse land redistribution and the liberation struggle. He was
not interested in British lies, he said.

Speaking like a Zanu PF political commissar, Magwaza parroted the party's
line on the MDC being a British creation. He was supported by Ankomah who
said the election was between Mugabe and the British government whom he
accused of trying to stage a coup using the media and local people.

"We saw that in Ghana 40 years ago when Kwame Nkrumah was removed from
power," he said. In fact Nkrumah was overthrown when the Ghanaian people
became sick of his grandiose schemes which impoverished that once
self-sufficient country. This week the Ghanaian observer team said
Zimbabwe's election results were unacceptable because of the absence of an
independent electoral commission and a biased media.

Hwengwere said ZBC could not give equal coverage to Tsvangirai because he
only held eight rallies while the president held 52. Mandiwanzira did not
challenge him on why Tsvangirai was only able to hold eight rallies.

Ankomah appeared incoherent and failed to answer a basic question on how the
local media cover- ed the presidential election. He did not find time to
read the papers, he said.

His performance on Makamba At Night was little better. Within minutes of the
programme opening, and without any provocation from Makamba, he became
excitable and incoherent, waving his hands around where words failed - as
they often did.

Makamba, to his credit, steered him away from ranting and raving about how
Mugabe was up against British imperialism and asked him instead about Ghana,
Ankomah's homeland.

Makamba showed considerable skill in drawing his guest out on how President
Jerry Rawlings first lost the cities and then in two successive elections
lost his rural base as well. Ankomah appeared not to grasp the significance
of this.

It is extraordinary to think this unstable and prickly commentator, who
could give Tafataona Mahoso a run for his money any day, is the editor of a
significant London-based publication - or so we are told.

Who sponsored his visit to Zimbabwe and who suggested to Makamba that he
feature him on his show? We are keen to know.

President Mugabe's pronouncements on land have over the past six or seven
years been so populist and racist that it is difficult to recall there was a
time when he was a sensible and reasonable leader. Speaking to a "Meet the
President" meeting in 1994 on the land issue, Mugabe said war veterans, who
were demanding inclusion in all government schemes, were no different from
ordinary Zimbabweans and deserved preferential treatment only for
opportunities lost during the liberation war.

Told by CFU president Anthony Swire-Thompson that Zimbabwe was not producing
enough food, the president agreed.

"I want us to be big-minded and look ahead," he said. "We cannot continue to
be a mini-producer." Zimbabwe had the potential to feed other countries in
the region, he said, but was not producing enough.

"With its technical know-how, the country was capable of producing much
more," Mugabe said.

Replying to a question on land acquisition and indigenisation from Cleophas
Mandebvu of the Agricultural Graduates Association, Mugabe said: "I want to
underline the point that land acquisition will operate equally between
blacks and whites. I hope by indigenous you are not saying whites must go
and blacks must take over."

Mugabe said by demanding representation on corporate boards the war veterans
risked alienating public sympathy.

"They shouldn't be seen by everybody else to be overplaying their role.
Otherwise there would be resentment from the very people for whom you fought
in the war. So let us not overdo our role. You want to be everywhere!"

Last week we referred to a report in the Johannesburg Sunday Independent
which said Peta Thornycroft, the Daily Telegraph correspondent arrested
recently in Chimanimani for "pretending to be a journalist", used to provide
cover to Jonathan Moyo when he was "pretending to be a journalist" at Parade
magazine by giving him a nom de plume. We suggested the projected media
commission should investigate.

This report immediately had Moyo bristling with indignation in the official
media. He had instructed his lawyers to take action against the Zimbabwe
Independent, he told the Herald, for calling him unethical and
unprofessional. At no time did he hide behind

a nom de plume, he pointed out, nor did he ever work as a journalist.
The Herald account omitted reference to the original story carried in the
South African media on March 31. For our part, we are happy to retract our
remarks in so far as they may have suggested Moyo was unethical or
unprofessional when contributing to Parade. But we obviously can't retract a
story that appeared in another paper.

For the record, Moyo was invariably keen for his byline to appear on his
articles, former Parade editors told us this week. The Johannesburg paper
was misinformed, they said.

We accept that. But we are surprised that Moyo is sensitive to reports of
this sort when the public media over which he presides has been cited in
several observer mission reports (including Ghana's) as partisan and

Thornycroft, according to Misa, has said she will institute defamation
proceedings against ZBC whose website accused her of being "in the forefront
of destroying (her) own country using the pen" and called her "a former
Rhodesian journalist who could not accept black rule at Independence".

Last November the state media, quoting unnamed government officials, named a
number of journalists as "assisting terrorists", without providing a scrap
of evidence. And on January 31 Moyo used the cover of parliamentary
privilege to make abusive and prejudicial remarks about editors and
journalists when speaking on his Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Bill.

Ministers who attack journalists in vitriolic terms with impunity and then
hide behind the skirts of their lawyers when accused of lacking
professionalism are political cowards. If they can't stand the heat they
should get out of the kitchen.

Perhaps the best criticism of the public media's role comes from Moyo
"The Zanu PF government and its semi-official media both have a track record
of falsifying events," he declared in a Financial Gazette article to which
his name was clearly appended in 1991.

Moyo was commenting on Dr Bernard Chidzero's failed bid for the
secretary-general's job at the UN. Moyo said the former finance minister had
not succeeded because of the political culture he represented.

Moyo attacked the Sunday Mail for saying that celebrating the end of the
Cold War was "the height of folly, if not one of the most tragic jokes of
the century".
"Any country whose official media considers the end of the Cold War to be a
tragic joke of the century," Moyo declared, "does not deserve to be taken
seriously by the international community."

If Chidzero had succeeded, Moyo said, it would have been a "nightmare" for
the international community.

"This is because Zanu PF would have mistaken the selection as a vindication
of its highly ideological and divisive foreign policy which has left the
Zimbabwean government frozen in the cold following the end of the Cold War,"
he said.

Yet addressing a function organised by his department recently, the minister
lamented the way in which Zimbabwe's presidential poll had been globalised.
"That is one of the negative consequences of the end of the Cold War," he

What changed his mind? His remarks on Chidzero's failure to secure the post
are instructive. Any review by the UN of the re-cord, he pointed out, would
reveal that "the conduct of the government of Zimbabwe in foreign and
domestic policy has been based on divisive radicalism, intolerance and
Chidzero was given the impossible task not simply of trying to prove that he
was a good apple in a basket in which the rest were suspected of being
rotten, but that there were no rotten apples at all, Moyo said.

"The Zanu PF government had to convince the international community that it
had abandoned its track record of ideological adventurism and that it was
now, not only competent to understand the changing international
environment, but also able to contribute positively to the emerging new
international political order driven by respect for human rights and
democracy." That was too tall an order, he felt.

The other point worth reproducing from his 1991 article was his claim that
it was "imprudence bordering on sheer folly" for the OAU to have endorsed
the Nigerian candidate, General Olusegun Obasanjo, for the UN post.

"Nigeria embarrassed Africa by putting forward a coup leader as a
candidate," Moyo declared.
We hope Prof Adebayo Adedeji takes note.
We liked the bit in the president's speech to the central committee about
feeling "the throb and vibrancy of the party which stood everywhere like a
giant and formidable monolith".

Was this the "throb and vibrancy" of the crowds which surged for the exits
during his seemingly end-
less pontificating in Marondera, Kadoma and Chinhoyi just ahead of the
election? We gather most were forced back in by the police and local
militias. But some made it safely to the buses.
"All the way," he declared to the central committee, "I readily knew that
victory was certain to be ours."
Of course he did. He had made provision for it!

"More shock was in store for the British," he claimed. "Uzumba Maramba
Pfungwe would disgorge a record 41 090 voters, 37 341 of them voting for the
It was not just the British that were shocked. It was those who thought they
knew how many registered voters there were before Zanu PF's hordes were
"disgorged" into the polling stations.

Elsewhere, Mugabe's rollcall of "victories" read like a road map of Zanu
PF's trail of violence. Chimanimani, Mutasa, Midlands ("throb- bing and
pumping blood"), Mhondoro, Bubi-Umguza, Tsholotsho - all succumbed to
militias and state terror.

And those prelates Mugabe praised - Kunonga, Msindo, Nzira - can be counted
among the state's willing agents.
The chiefs and headmen pledged the support of their followers, Mugabe
boasted. And we know how! A large pay rise also helped.
The president compared the election to a battle between an elephant and a
tiny ant. He meant to suggest Zanu PF was the ant. But who controlled the
machinery of the state, the resources, financial and otherwise? Who bribed
and threatened, who supplied the trucks, who promised retribution, who
assured voters they would know how they voted, who controlled the broadcast
media? Some ant!

Mugabe compared the MDC's international support network to the Berlin
Conference of 1884 which carved up Africa. But contrary to his claims, no
foreign power thought the MDC would win. They knew what they were up
against. The government media reported their envoys as signalling
Tsvangirai's likely defeat. That was before anyone factored in the "daylight
So how can Mugabe now pretend that his "victory" came as a shock? What came
as a shock was the fact he only managed to claim 56% of the poll after such
assiduous rigging and violence. That was the real shock!

Mugabe said he told the people he "would help them overthrow this throttling
monster which sapped and wiped out all the social gains we made in the first
decade of our Independence".
So how come he is still here?

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From The Mail & Guardian (SA), 12 April

No end to the land-grab in Harare

Ruling Zanu PF MP and Zimbabwe's former ambassador to Yugoslavia Brigadier Ambrose Mutinhiri has forcibly taken control of a tobacco farm in Marondera, near Harare. Devastated farm owner Guy Cartwright (68) - who was not home when Mutinhiri, accompanied by war veterans, occupied his property - served a restraining order on the former army official on Tuesday. Cartwright, speaking to the Mail & Guardian from his hiding place in Harare this week, said he had been assured by the local land committee that deals with restitution issues that Mutinhiri had been warned about invading his property on Friday. The land committee officials apparently also told Cartwright that should Mutinhiri, MP for Marondera West, go ahead with the occupation he would have to vacate his parliamentary seat. Mutinhiri won the Marondera seat in a controversial by-election in November 2000, amid accusations that he had bought votes and intimidated the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) supporters. After his victory, in an interview with a local newspaper, Mutinhiri defended the forcible occupation of land, calling it a "revolution, given that those without land are prepared to fight for it, while a minority group with it are resisting to part with it". Cartwright, who inherited his farm known as Waltondale from his father who bought it in 1934, said his property had not been designated for redistribution. The farm, which produces tobacco and maize and has 700 head of cattle, is estimated to be worth Zim$400-million, including its tobacco crop. "All of which the brigadier has announced now belongs to him," said a despondent Cartwright, who is a Zimbabwean citizen.

Cartwright said he had built homes with water and electricity for his workers, constructed a farming school attended by 400 children on his property and donated millions of dollars worth of medical equipment to the local hospital over the years. It was taken away in a flash when he went out for a drive with his wife last Saturday night. While there were several reports last weekend concerning the forcible occupation of farms where the farmers had ties to the MDC, Cartwright had not been involved in politics. However, Mutinhiri has allegedly accused Cartwright's late father of being involved with the former minority-run regime. Another farmer, Alistair Coulson, based in Esigodini near Bulawayo, told the M & G last month that he feared becoming the war veterans' target as he had actively campaigned for the MDC in the presidential elections. "People like me have become exposed and are now vulnerable," a disillusioned Coulson remarked after the outcome of the presidential poll. This week Coulson and his family were forced to leave the farm that had been their home for the past 11 years. The Coulsons had been under siege since last week. During the course of the week, after he has persuaded his family to leave, Coulson stayed on in his home to protect his workers. In a show of solidarity with Coulson farmers in neighbouring areas also under siege remained behind. The M & G was unable to contact Coulson this week. However, Marc Crawford, president of the Matabeleland branch of the Commercial Farmers' Union, said that on Tuesday negotiations with the war veterans had failed. At the time of going to press, Coulson was preparing to move out of his home. Crawford said farmers and farm workers who had assisted the MDC during last month's presidential polls are increasingly becoming targets of the war veterans. Since the elections, Crawford said 10 cases of forcible occupation had been reported to him.

One of the world's most successful black rhino breeding farms was occupied by war veterans last weekend in Turk Mine, located in the Bubi district of Matabeleland, and farm owner Richard Pascal was arrested for attempted murder. Pascal's 22 000ha farm is home to 33 black rhino and has a breeding rate of 12 to 14% a year - the highest for the highly endangered black rhino. War veterans began occupying portions of Pascal's farm in February 2000. Last month they demanded that Pascal vacate the property and the rhino were confined to a smaller area. Since March 25 the rhino have been denied water as Pascal no longer has access to the water pump. Owing to the stressed conditions one of the rhino died two weeks ago. On Monday, after being released on bail, Pascal realised he was homeless. While he was in the lock-up, war veterans took over his entire farm. Pascal describes the occupation as a betrayal of assurances given by the Zimbabwean Environment Ministry that farms devoted to breeding wildlife will not be taken over for redistribution.

Pascal's ordeal began on Friday night, April 5, when war veterans broke into his home, ordering the farmer and his friends to leave. With the help of some members of the police, Pascal managed to send the war veterans away. But they returned the next morning. When Pascal went down to address them, he was attacked by youths armed with spears, axes and catapults. Pascal's friends rushed to his rescue and fired shots into the air. By then the war veterans were firing stones from catapults. Pascal returned to his home to collect his gun and then fired more shots into the air to disperse the crowd. The war veterans claimed that a bullet wounded one of their members and Pascal was arrested on murder charges. Pascal believes the war veterans had the backing of certain policemen who were interested in rhino horns. When the rhino died two weeks ago, Pascal brought the National Parks officials in to collect the horn. He said the war veteran squatters got agitated that they had not been consulted as they had wanted the trophy fee for the animals. Pascal bought his farm 15 years ago. Ten black rhino were brought into the farm as part of a government-backed initiative to save the endangered species. Since then South Africans, Americans and the British have pumped money into the farm as part of a two-pronged approach - saving the wildlife and community development. "I have already committed 4 000ha of my property for resettlement. I am a Zimbabwean citizen. I was quite prepared to spend the rest of my life here," Pascal said.

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Daily News

Court denies bail to suspected farm looters

4/12/02 8:42:16 AM (GMT +2)

Chief Reporter

THIRTY-SIX war veterans and Zanu PF supporters who were arrested on Sunday
after they allegedly looted $17 million worth of property on three farms in
Karoi were on Tuesday remanded in custody by the Karoi Magistrate court.

The 36 suspects were denied bail by the court and were remanded to 23 April.
A source at the court said the Zanu PF supporters were denied bail after the
State opposed their request because the police were still investigating the

He said they are charged with theft and malicious injury to property. “The
police are determined to stop all criminal activities on the farms which are
not related to the government’s lawful land reform programme. They indicated
that they wanted enough time to fully investigate the matter,” said the

The Zanu PF supporters and war veterans chased away more than 300 farm
workers at Mukuyu, Toekoms and Lanlory farms since October last year. They
gave the farmers until Saturday to leave the farms and on Monday the farmers
were complying with the illegal orders.

They looted compressors, fertiliser and maize and assaulted workers on the
farms whom they accused of refusing to leave the farms for their occupation.
Since Mugabe’s disputed victory in the March presidential election, Zanu PF
supporters and war veterans have been occupying more commercial farms and
assaulting workers, with the police taking little action against their
illegal activities.

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Daily News

Libya threatens to cut fuel supplies over debt

4/12/02 8:34:27 AM (GMT +2)

By Sandra Nyaira Political Editor

PRESIDENT Mugabe is back in Harare after a four-day working visit to Libya.
Sources say he was scouting around for assistance to ease Zimbabwe’s
worsening economic crisis following a threat by President Muammar Gaddafi to
cut the fuel life-line over non-payment of bills by the Harare government.

Diplomatic sources told The Daily News that Libya and most of the companies
supplying Zimbabwe with fuel had threatened to discontinue supplies.

The arrangement between Libya and Zimbabwe was only a stop-gap measure but,
the sources said, Gaddafi, one of Mugabe’s closest allies, had threatened to
cut fuel supplies to Harare following the government’s failure to pay.
“Mugabe had first indicated that he wanted to pay through a barter deal in
exchange for beef since the country faces a serious foreign currency
problem,” one well-placed source said. “The Libyans turned this proposal
down, saying they would only accept Zimbabwean beef if the European Union
resumed beef imports from the country.” Mugabe departed for Tripoli as talks
between Zanu PF and the MDC kicked off on Monday.

Mugabe has been increasingly isolated by the world in the wake of his
controversial victory in last month’s presidential election amid reports
that Zimbabwe is virtually mortgaged to Libya in exchange for oil and money.

The Libyans are said to have been allocated farms by the government. No
official comment could be obtained from the Libyan ambassador, Mahmoud
Azabi, who was said by his office to be out of the country. Reports in the
State-controlled Herald yesterday said Libya was now providing 70 percent of
Zimbabwe fuel imports.

A 12-month US$330 million (Z$18,15 billion) oil deal signed by Mugabe and
Gaddafi last year for Libya to supply Zimbabwe with oil expires in two
months’ time and Mugabe was reportedly anxious to secure an extension to
avert another crisis in the tense period after the presidential poll. “The
bottom line is that Libya has been unable to get the products promised by
Mugabe when the deal was sealed,” another source said. “That is why Mugabe
had to go and plead with Gaddafi.” The deal, under which Gaddafi supplied
oil in exchange for land, agricultural produce and stakes in key enterprises
in the tourism sector, helped Mugabe reduce the magnitude of the crippling
fuel crisis which started in October 1999.

With the exception of Gaddafi, the rest of the world’s suppliers had stopped
oil supplies to Zimbabwe due to non-payment.
Gaddafi, who has emerged as Mugabe’s key foreign ally, described Mugabe’s
disputed win in the presidential election as a “victory for Africa” at a
dinner organised for Mugabe during the trip.

Mugabe is increasingly being isolated on the international scene over his
controversial re-election and repressive rule.
The Minister of Mines and Energy, Edward Chindori-Chininga, last month went
on a whirlwind tour of the world as he tried to secure more fuel for the
country to no avail.

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Daily News

Three arrested over missing MDC funds

4/12/02 8:36:56 AM (GMT +2)

Chief Reporter

TWO MDC officials and a party activist in Mashonaland West province were
last week arrested by the police and remanded in custody by the Chinhoyi
Magistrates’ Court for allegedly converting to their own use $441 000 meant
to pay the opposition party’s polling agents.

Washington Chimedza, the Zvimba North youth chairman, Ben Moyake, the
security officer for the district, and Jafarin Ngunda, a party activist,
were last Friday remanded to 19 April on charges of theft by conversion. The
State alleges that the three MDC activists converted party funds to their
own use after they failed to pay the MDC polling agents for their role in
the March presidential election.

Gift Konjana, the MDC administrator for Mashonaland West, yesterday said on
12 March Chimedza, Moyake and Ngunda were given the money by the party to
pay 144 polling agents.

“When some of the polling agents gathered at the Chinhoyi Showgrounds to
receive their money, the three told them to disperse because Zanu PF
supporters were coming to attack them,” Konjana said.

He said the polling agents dispersed but quickly regrouped when they
realised that it was not true that Zanu PF supporters wanted to attack them.
“Chimedza, Moyake and Ngunda then told the polling agents that the money was
missing and they could not pay them,” Konjana said. He said the three
culprits told the polling agents that they were going to present the case to
the provincial executive but they instead ran away.

Konjana said the MDC’s security officers then caught Chimedza in Harare last
Thursday and took him to the police in Chinhoyi, who arrested him.
Ngunda was arrested by the police in Mutorashanga, while Moyake surrendered
himself to the MDC and was taken to the police. “While the case is being
handled by the court, we have met our polling agents and assured them that
the party was aware of their problem. We are securing funds to pay them,”
Konjana said.

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Daily News

Mine workers victimised

4/12/02 8:38:50 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

ZANU PF supporters in Shamva have unleashed a reign of terror at Shamva Gold
Mine, where they are victimising workers suspected of supporting the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

The ruling party’s supporters have established a base at the mine. About 20
workers have been ordered to leave the mine for Harare, where they were
instructed to look for new jobs from Morgan Tsvangirai, the MDC leader.
Misheck Kanengosha, 43, a worker from Shamva Gold Mine who has been working
at the mine for 23 years, said: “I was forced to leave the mine after 96
Zanu PF supporters stoned my house last week. “They threatened to kill me
and my family,”Kanengosha said.

He said the police refused to intervene when he reported his ordeal. They
told him they could not deal with the Zanu PF supporters because it was a
political issue.

Kanengosha left the mining town last week after the supporters set his
property, worth $550 000, on fire.
“The supporters are screening people whom they suspect to be among the 4 000
people who voted for the MDC leader during the presidential election,”
Kanengosha said.
The police in Shamva refused to comment on the issue.

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Zim Independent

Targeted sanctions bite RBZ
Barnabas Thondhlana

THE Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe is the latest casualty of targeted sanctions
from the international community, with its corresponding banks in Europe
developing cold feet on dealings.

Though the sanctions are more subtle than those imposed on political leaders
and their cronies, they are biting all the same.

RBZ spokesman Ignatius Mabasa was reserved in his response to enquiries from
the Zimbabwe Independent on the sanctions.

"In response to your questions, please be advised that the RBZ is not aware
of any sanctions being imposed by EU banks on its operations. Relationships
with our EU correspondent banks presently continue as normal," Mabasa said.

The RBZ's corresponding banks include the European Investment Bank, Chase
Manhattan, National Westminister, Sumitomo Bank Ltd, Citibank Pvt and
Bankers Trust Company.

According to Alex Kramer, the European Commission's economic advisor in
Harare, Zimbabwe had defaulted on external obligations in May 2000, and as a
result would find it difficult to access credit from international financial

"Zimbabwe defaulted on payments to the EIB in May 2000, and has been in
arrears since," Kramer said. "The amount is quite substantial."

He declined to give a figure citing bank/client confidentialities. Figures
released by the Ministry of Finance show that Zimbabwe's total external debt
arrears as at September 30 2001 were US$723,1 million. The debt to the EIB,
for both government and parastatals, stood at US$28,3 million.

A random survey of corresponding banks' relationships with the central bank
hit a brick wall with most banks declining to comment on bank/client

A Johannesburg-based spokesman for Citibank was more forthcoming, but would
only say the bank had extensive business dealings with Zimbabwe and the
central bank.

"We are well represented in Zimbabwe, and do not know anything about the
sanctions you are referring to," the spokesman said.

However, central bank sources confirmed the RBZ was increasingly being
isolated by the international community.

"There is a contagion effect from the political morass the country is in," a
source said.

"The country's pariah-status has spread to the banking sector and will soon
permeate a lot of other industries as well."

It is understood while some banks have a soft spot for Zimbabwe owing to the
presence of nationals holding top posts in those banks, the question of how
funds extended would be repaid was the stumbling block.

"Zimbabwe's exports are insignificant, the agricultural produce has been
badly affected by the drought and the little to be harvested is tied to
Malaysia under a forward selling deal and prospects of future harvests are
under threat from the war veterans and the land-resettlement programme," the
source said.

The central bank has raised issue with its corresponding banks on the
sanctions issue, questioning why it was being targeted when initial
indications were that these would be restricted to politicians alone.

One international banker said sanctions was too strong a word for the
relationship the central bank had with its corresponding banks, preferring
instead to refer it as a boycott. But he said the effects were the same.

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Zim Independent

Forward selling mulled to rescue Zim
Barnabas Thondhlana

A NUMBER of proposals have been put forward to rescue Zimbabwe's
deteriorating food crisis, among them forward selling of gold and tobacco,
the Zimbabwe Independent has established.

An estimated eight million people are starving in the coun try, the majority
of them in rural areas, long considered the ruling party Zanu PF's
stronghold. In the recent March 9/11 election, incumbent President Robert
Mugabe romped home to victory on the back of a massive rural vote - and what
some have charged was the stuffing of ballot boxes - beating a spirited
challenge from Movement for Democratic Change leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

However, Mugabe's nation-wide promise that nobody would starve from the
effects of the drought and the man-made errors of the land redistribution
exercise is under threat of ringing hollow as financing constraints bring
the spectre of hunger into Zimbabwean homes.

Zimbabwe's tenacious foreign currency position has affected the importation
of maize as the little currency on the market is quickly used up in payments
for fuel and electricity. While 70% of Zimbabwe's fuel needs are being met
by Libya - which has opted for internal investment in Zimbabwe dollars as
payment - the remainder still has to be imported over land. The export
sector exists in name only, and half-hearted incentives government put in
place last year to revive the sector are still to bear fruit.

A Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe spokesman said forward selling of gold had not
yet been considered but could not be ruled out.

"Please be advised that the RBZ has not done anything like forward selling
of gold for maize purchases, but the fact that we have not done it does not
preclude us from exploring that option in the future," the RBZ spokesman

However, in 2000, the RBZ forward sold three years of Zimbabwe's gold output
to raise foreign currency and money for various purposes. That avenue is at
the moment closed to government.

It is understood forward selling of tobacco is another option which
government and financial institutions were looking at. The tobacco auction
floors open in May, and a number of international buyers are expected in the
country to look at the crop. This year's crop is estimated at 167 million
kilogrammes, down from the 200 million of last year. But industry players
said tobacco was not accessible to government as it was sold through

"Zimbabwe is now desperate as the maize market is now a seller's market and
conditions obtaining are now much stiffer than was the case before," said
one analyst. "Zimbabwe is now considered a risky market and even banks which
would normally rush to finance such imports are now sceptical. So any trade
in maize is on a cash basis alone."

One bank executive said the country's needed a Good Samaritan not worried
about the country risk.

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Zim Independent

Zimbabwe pays price of Mugabe's self-alienation
Vincent Kahiya

NELSON Mandela came to the presidency in South Africa in 1994 proclaiming
"human rights will be the light that guides our foreign policy". His
successor, Thabo Mbeki, called for an African Renaissance and an end to the
dictatorships that have disfigured the continent's political landscape.

The foreign policy statements enunciated by the two presidents bore
testimony that in a globalised world international relations can no longer
be divorced from a country's domestic outlook. Zimbabwe's image, which has
been tarred by reports of violence, instability and abandonment of the rule
of law, has created serious challenges which require astute statesmanship.

Foreign minister Stan Mudenge in a policy document on Zimbabwe's foreign
policy in January 1999 wrote that "Zimbabwe's foreign policy objective is
fundamentally to help safeguard and enhance the security and prestige of the
country and the quality of life of its people by engaging with other
countries at various levels in order to influence their behaviour so that an
international environment conducive to the attainment of these goals is
created and maintained.

"The challenge for our foreign policy is to formulate a series of policies
and principles that would help create an international environment conducive
to the attainment of that goal," Mudenge said.

He added: "What are those challenges? Security for the country. Peace and
stability in the country and its environs to allow and encourage investment
and economic development. They also include forming partnerships with others
to create larger markets both for attracting greater investment interest
from outsiders and regional players and also for our own companies to
benefit from the economies of scale that come with those bigger markets."

The sought-after environment has over the past two years evaporated in the
heat of President Mugabe's quest for political martyrdom as he implements
his inter- nationally-condemned agrarian reform. Allegations that he stole
the presidential election last month have peeled off the wafer-thin veneer
of legitimacy from his government.
The challenge for the Zimbabwean leadership should be how best to formulate
a foreign policy that guarantees global interactions beneficial to national
interests of which the prime needs are investment, food aid and balance-of-
payments support. But Zimbabwe has continued to lose friends and has elected
to engage in a loud war of words with the West as foreign policy is now
centred on the ego of one man instead of strategically positioning Zimbabwe
in the global economy.

President Mugabe, in a diversionist manoeuvre which stems form failure to
come up with candid policies to solve the problems at home, has continued to
brandish his threatening fist at the British and Americans and in fact at
whoever questions his disastrous policies. But will this attitude "enhance
the security and prestige of the country and the quality of life of its

Political commentators have questioned who, in the entirety of Zimbabwe -
other than Mugabe - cares whether there are gays in the Tony Blair
government or whether the same government consists of "little men" who were
in high school during the time of the liberation war in Zimbabwe?

As the situation at home continues to deteriorate, Zimbabwe has continued to
lose friends. The country has been suspended from the Commonwealth, a club
of former British colonies now largely African/Asian in complexion. The
European Union and the United States have applied targeted sanctions.
Scandinavian countries, which have supported Zimbabwe's social services,
especially health, have cut aid and have threatened to close their missions

African states which hope to reap from South African President Thabo Mbeki's
New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) have begun to regard
Zimbabwe's bad policies as the blight that would fatally poison the plan in
its infancy.

The US has promised African countries US$64 billion in trade and investment
in exchange for respect for democratic values and an end to civil strife on
the continent. Zimbabwe, which has elected to pick a fight with the West, is
not set to get a piece of the cake.

As pressure mounts on Mugabe, he now believes that the problems Zimbabwe is
facing stem from racism and an attempt to recolonise Zimbabwe by the
British. Since the Abuja Agreement arrived at in Nigeria to bring normalcy
to Zimbabwe's skewed land policy and relations with the UK, Mudenge has
tried to drive a wedge between EU countries and predominately black ACP

"One gets the impression that Mudenge hopes that because the ACP countries
are not white they subscribe to de-valued values," said the opposition MDC's
Paul Themba Nyathi in an article in the Zimbabwe Independent in January.

"We all know that within both the EU and ACP, there are nations whose
records of governance stink to high heaven. However, the Cotonou agreement
means that they all at least avoid behaving like Zimbabwe. So for Mudenge to
try and invite the ACP countries to participate in Zimbabwe's disregard for
the rule of law is misplaced," he said.

Zimbabwe will claim that its salvation will not come from the West but from
its Far Eastern comrades under the banner of South-South co-operation.
Mugabe believes that relations with countries like Indonesia, Malaysia,
Thailand, China and Libya are more beneficial than engaging the West.

But in Zimbabwe's time of need, the so-called friends have been found
wanting. Their messages of solidarity have not been translated into
assistance. The country still has to see the benefits of going to bed with
the former South East Asian Tigers as no real investment has come to
Zimbabwe from that source.
Independent economist John Robertson said Zimbabwe's foreign policy focus
had only derived short-term benefits at a huge price to the nation.

"Relations with countries like Libya, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia have
short-term benefits in that they have helped in time of crisis," said
"This has been at a high price because it depended on them getting something
out of it just like Rhodesia depended on South Africa but the help was never
for nothing."

Malaysia/Zimbabwe relations will be best remembered by the controversial YTL
deal which sought to parcel part of the Hwange Power Station to the
Malaysian power utility. The deal appears to have fallen through. The
Libyans are currently supplying fuel to Zimbabwe in return for land and a
stake in the Jewel Bank.
The country desperately needs food aid and the programme being co-ordinated
by the World Food Programme (WFP) has failed to raise the required US$60
million, as the international community does not see the need to assist a
country that has systematically sabotaged its food security.

No financial support has come from the "friends" and ironically the bulk of
the $20 million so far donated to the WFP aid plan has come from the UK and
the US. Such is the government's ingratitude that the national broadcaster
ZBC in its main news bulletin last Tuesday omitted to mention that the US
had donated food at a ceremony in Bindura.

It is no longer clear who Zimbabwe's real friends are or whether the country
would be able to court any new friends as long as the internal politics are
not right, said opposition MDC shadow Foreign minister Tendai Biti.

"If there is no internal neighbourliness it is hard to be friends with any
external person," said Biti.

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Zim Independent

Civil servants undergo security vetting in crackdown
Jacob Mutambara

AS part of its post-election crackdown the government now requires civil
servants to undergo security vetting to determine their political

The Zimbabwe Independent is in possession of the new security vetting forms.
In his inauguration speech last month President Mugabe said that the civil
service should be purged.

In the past civil servants were vetted to check if they had any criminal

A number of civil servants especially teachers taking up new posts in the
rural areas have so far received the current security vetting forms.

Under the new vetting system, Zanu PF chairmen, war veterans, councillors,
village heads, police officers, Central Intelligence Organisation officers,
and Criminal Investigation Department officers, among others, will vet the
civil servants.

These individuals will have to state whether they know and for how long they
have known the applicant. They are also asked whether the applicant belongs
to any political organisation and, if so, which. Again, the vetting officers
are also required to state whether the applicant supports government
policies and, if not, they should state the reasons.

Lastly, they need to know whether the applicant had been arrested for any
offence and whether he or she should be appointed to the public service.

Most civil servants who spoke to the Independent said they were totally
against the vetting system which was tantamount to witch-hunting aimed at
victimising non-Zanu PF supporters.

They said the government was trying to turn all civil servants into Zanu PF

One civil servant who refused to be identified said promotion must be based
on merit and not political allegiance.

"The whole vetting procedure is a gross violation of democratic principles
and human rights. It is also a violation of the Zimbabwean constitution and
all the international charters and conventions to which the government is a
signatory," he said.

Yesterday, Charles Chiveru of the Public Service Commission said they hadn't
received any complaints as yet but those affected were free to visit them
with the forms and they would take it up with the respective ministries.

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Zim Independent

ZFTU 'persuades' factory workers to join its ranks
Loughty Dube

THE Joseph Chinotimba-led labour organisation, the Zimbabwe Federation of
Trade Unions (ZFTU), this week swooped on factories and companies in
Bulawayo's industrial areas persuading workers to join its ranks.

The officials, moving around in groups of five, told workers to dump the
Zimbabwe Congress of trade Unions (ZCTU) and join the ZFTU after promising
to force the workers' management to grant them hefty salary increments.

The ZFTU officials, whose ranks mainly include war veterans and Zanu PF
supporters, this week visited companies in the Belmont and Thorngrove
industrial sites of the city telling workers to join their union.

Industry sources said the ZFTU is targeting companies that had been rocked
by strikes and confusion over salary negotiations in the past and is
promising to intervene in the labour disputes.

The ZFTU, a Zanu PF-affiliated trade union, has told workers that they are
preparing them for the takeover of white-owned companies once the owners
have been forced to leave the country.

President Mugabe during his campaign before the hotly disputed presidential
election threatened to take over white companies that shut down and give
them to workers.

The president of the ZCTU, Lovemore Matombo, this week said he was aware of
cases of intimidation by the ZFTU to gain membership countrywide.

"People have been coerced and intimidated to join the ZFTU and we are aware
that this is happening in both urban and in rural areas," Matombo said.

A general manager of one Belmont-based company visited by the militant ZFTU
officials said the ZFTU members ignored management and went on to address
the workers where numerous promises were made to them.

"The ZFTU is coercing workers to join its ranks and they have been telling
workers that the companies would be theirs once they have thrown white
owners out of the country. The workers are actually believing that," said
one manager speaking on condition of anonymity.

The ZFTU officials are said to have threatened managers with unspecified
action if they prevented the workers from joining the association whose
initial joining fee is $300. Members are then expected to pay 1% of their
net wages as membership fees monthly.

"Our workers were told unconditionally to leave the ZCTU because it was an
MDC affiliate. Once the company takeovers begin those in ZCTU will not
benefit and most workers believed that," said the manager.

The ZFTU officials are operating from the Zanu PF provincial headquarters
near Makokoba.

Chinotimba, the vice president of the ZFTU, gained notoriety before the 2000
parliamentary election after his organisation arm-twisted employers to pay
workers' huge settlements for labour cases in dispute. Chinotimba is the
Zanu PF political commissar in Harare province and is also a municipal

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Zim Independent

Chefs dodge sanctions net
Vincent Kahiya

HOLES are becoming evident in the United States' sanctions net as a
government minister visited the US last month while children of politicians
studying there will not be deported as there is no set policy on how to deal
with them, the Zimbabwe Independent heard this week.

Environment and Tourism minister Francis Nhema was in the US last month to
attend the Safari Club International (SCI) meeting in Las Vegas despite the
travel ban on ministers imposed by George W Bush's government.

Nhema only returned to Zimbabwe last week. But businesswoman Jocelyn
Chiwenga, who is the wife of army general Constantine Chiwenga, was denied
per- mission to attend the same SCI meeting.

While President Bush signed the proclamation imposing the travel ban in
February the State Department did not begin implementing it until after the

Nhema said yesterday he was not on the original list but now is.

Explaining the confusion, a US embassy spokesperson said it was illegal
under the US Protection of Privacy Act to divulge information regarding
persons specified for sanctions.

"All the lists which have been circulating in the media are highly
speculative because it is illegal under the Protection of Privacy Act to
divulge information regarding visa applications and other issues of
confidentiality," the spokesperson said.

US sources said there was debate in the administration over the handling of
the issue of chefs' children who are studying in schools and universities in
the US. Hawks in the administration want a total travel ban on the officials
and their children while others advocate less stringent measures when
dealing with the children. There is debate on whether the travel
restrictions should affect adult progeny as well as minors, and whether
those already there should be targeted.

"There is no settled policy yet," an official told the Independent.

Reports that Mashonaland West governor Patrick Chanetsa travelled to the US
last week could not be confirmed. His office would only say he was in South

The European Union has also imposed a travel ban on Zimbabwean officials but
last week Justice minister Patrick Chinamasa was in Geneva, Switzerland, on
official business. Switzerland is not a member of the EU but it has
independently imposed sanctions on Zimbabwe.

A Swiss Foreign Affairs ministry spokesperson, Daniela Stoffel, this week
confirmed issuing a visa to Chinamasa.

"We issued a visa to your minister Patrick Chinamasa because he was due to
appear before the United Nations Human Rights Commission," said Stoffel.

She said there was a proviso in the sanctions declaration which allowed the
targeted individuals to travel to Switzerland on humanitarian grounds.

Meanwhile, the suspension of Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth has removed the
country from important events on the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association
(CPA) calendar prejudicing local MPs and parliamentary staff of important
training on parliamentary procedures and activities.

The CPA is influential in the training of newly-elected MPs in procedures of
the House, parliamentary accountability and the role of the opposition in a
democracy. Zimbabwean MPs are also accorded the same status as local MPs of
the country they are visiting. This preferential status has been removed by
the suspension.

Parliamentary staff such as the Speaker, the Clerk and librarians will not
be invited to seminars, training workshops or conferences organised by the

The suspension of Zimbabwe from the club resulted in the cancellation of a
CPA regional meeting scheduled to be held in Harare on March 25. Zimbabwe
will also not be invited to the CPA Fifth Southern Africa Regional
Parliamentary Workshop scheduled for Botswana from May 6 to 11.

Minister of State in Vice-President Joseph Msika's Office Olivia Muchena is
a regional representative of the Africa region of the CPA while Clerk of
Parliament Austin Zvoma is the regional secretary. Muchena will not attend
the CPA executive committee meeting to be held in Kiribati in the Pacific.

The Independent learnt this week that Zimbabwe would also not be invited to
attend the regional annual CPA conference to be hosted by Uganda in August.

Britain still wants Zimbabwe to attend the Commonwealth Games in Manchester.

Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said on Wednesday he had not received any
"representations to me on behalf of ordinary Zimbabweans or the opposition
saying the sports people who want to take part in the Commonwealth Games are
Mugabe stooges", adding the situation would change if he received any such

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The original of this article in german follows the automatic translation by
Google Translation

TI DAILY Corruption News Full text service

Robert Mugabes billion Imperium (Robert Mugabe's trillion dollar empire)
South German newspaper 08 April 2002 (Copyright ©

State apparatus serves above all personal enriching

Zimbabwes president controls a powerful party company, whose entwinements
are enough the far over national borders

By Michael Bitala

An old man runs Amok - and nobody stops him. Zimbabwes head of state Robert
Mugabe governed the country in reason and soil. More than two thirds of the
population live below the poverty border, three million humans are
threatened on hunger, and the economy is in the free case. An improvement is
not in view, because straight only could be confirmed the greise dictator by
a choice farce again for further six years. Why however isn't Mugabe in its
destruction illusion braked? Why does nobody fall it? Why doesn't Zanu PF a
correct resistance move in its government party? Why doesn't the military
meutert? Also there everyone must have understood long that it can become
only worse with Mugabe.

In order to understand the present happening, one must say good-bye to the
idea that Mugabe - as usual in many other countries of Africa - is only
alone dominant a Despot. It would be just as wrong to regard its government
party Zanu PF as political combination. It is an enormous business
enterprise, which is led by a hand fully men, who belong all together to the
closest familiar ones of the president. If this would have fallen through
with the choice, this billion-losses would have meant. Mugabes clique has
entire power in the hand, the government, the economy, the law, the security
forceses and the military. And you do not go it around prosperity, democracy
or liberty, it go to it only around how she can keep the billion business
upright for their own advantage.

A party at business takes part

The power base Mugabes is the Zanu PF. The party possesses two companies,
Zidco of getting thing and the M&S group for more than twenty years, at
which Zidco holds again 55 per cent. By these two enterprises the party is
involved in almost all important business in Zimbabwe. It has portions of
Duty Free Shops, Catering companies, building contractors, banks, real
estate companies, machine and armament makers and of import and export
trades, in order to call only some fields. This does not only make the Zanu
PF, its key figures for incomes possible in billion height can by the party
also lucrative posts in the economy secure itself. Robert Mugabe has
officially no portions, it dressed also no offices in these companies. Above
all its two familiar Emmerson Mnangagwa and Sidney Sekeramayi and the family
of the Joshi originating from Asia settle that. Mnangagwa, Sekeramayi and
two brothers from the Joshi Klan divide the vierkoepfige management of

The Joshis had developed itself first its Geschaeftsimperium in Malawi. When
they had to leave the country because of corruption reproaches, they found
accomodation with Mugabe. They spendierten millions for the party and let
also the children of prominent Zanu PF people in Europe and America train.
But they got Zimbabwes of special rights in the economy. Today Jayant Joshi
is for example not only a director with Zidco, but sits also in the
executive committee several Zanu PF companies, for example the roofridge
bank corporation, Zidco of engine, M&S Syndicate, Catercraft, Oporto
Investments, national Blankets, Treger of getting thing and star Travel. It
is also in the executive committee of the Londoner Zidco branch, Eagle
Investment, sits, which stands for years in the suspicion to transfer money
on Mugabes private accounts.

Trade with "blood diamonds"

Until today the connections between the dictator and the Joshis are very
close. Mugabes Mrs. Grace is considered as a friend of Heena Joshi. This
played not only a key role in the building of the new airport in the capital
Harare, but also in the company Oryx of dia. moon, whose planned stock
exchange course in London became before two years the scandal. At that time
it became admits that by Orxy the simbabwische and the Congolese government
wanted to sell "blood diamonds so mentioned" from the civil war country the
Congo. At Oryx of dia. moon the Zidco had 237000 portions. In the meantime
it is in the possession of a South African lawyer, by whom it is reported
that he acts particularly with clean diamonds so mentioned out of South
Africa and Namibia.

Political power secures itself Mugabe particularly by its familiar
Sekeramayi and Mnangagwa, which control the secret service since
independence Zimbabwes more than twenty years ago. Both men know the
financial secrets of the party, which did not publish ever a balance.
Sekeramayi works today directly in the office of the president, so that
Mugabe with him has the direct guidance of the security forceses. For the
head of state Emmerson Mnangagwa is still more important. It is not only
considered as the successors chosen of Mugabe as a president, it by its
proximity to Mugabe, by its role in the party, in the secret service and in
the economy also gladly as a "son of God" is designated. In former times he
was a treasurer of the Zanu PF, then Ministers of Justice. After the man
hated in the population had lost his own constituency with the parliamentary
elections 2000, Mugabe short hand made him the speaker of the parliament.

Change of power hardly possible

Mnangagwa sits in the executive committee of 14 companies, in which Zidco is
involved, and is considered as the economical head of the party. It was also
the key figure, which contrived more than one dozen of contracts with the
Congolese government. Since August 1998 is involved the military Zimbabwes
with approximately 10000 soldiers in the civil war in the democratic
Republic of the Congo. It supports the government in Kinshasa against the
Besatzer from Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. The campaign is considered as
economic fiasko, since Zimbabwe must apply daily one million US dollar for
it approximately. As return close trusted friends received mine and digging
concessions or lucrative orders from Mugabe from the government in Kinshasa.
Mnangagwa contrived a majority of these business. Thus it mediated between
Chinese armament makers, current factory, one bank and two transport
enterprises, which came all together with the former Congolese dictator
Laurent Kabila into the business.

As one of the most important contracting parties for Mugabe and also for the
Congo today the company Zvinavashe transport is considered. It supplies
weapons and military equipment from Zimbabwe to the Congo and belongs to
general Vitalis Zvinavashe, to the boss with of the simbabwischen army. It
could itself secure by its business relations with Kabila also lucrative
concessions in Congolese diamond mines. Thus Mugabe has in the long term at
least the guidance of the military behind itself. Zvinavashe was it then
also, before the presidency elections in Zimbabwe announced, which will not
recognize military other head of state than Mugabe.

Another business partner, which Mnangagwa of the Congolese government
obtained, is John Bredenkamp, which even "as the largest weapon supplier in
the democratic Republic of the Congo" calls itself. It is considered as the
key figure, which weapons from Bulgaria unite and former Soviet republics on
Zimbabwe into the Congo bring. Bredenkamp, Zvinavashe and Billy lozenge
brook, which is located in South Africa on the list of the 20 largest
economiccriminal, supply everything from weapons over telephones up to
gasoline to the Congo and leave themselves for it with concession for
diamonds -, cobalt or ore mines to pay, at which the Central African country
is rich. Billy lozenge brook received the majority at the Congolese mine
company of GEC amine, the contract over his company Ridgepoint contrived
Emmerson Mnangagwa, as he had to admit 1999 before the press. That also
Robert Mugabe received a license for diamond promotion in the Congo, the
Minister of Justice at that time denied however.

Since the war in the Congo continues and remains the Zanu PF further with
Mugabe at power, the business of this power clique might function further.
By the in such a way specified "smart sanctions", those the European union,
which Switzerland and the USA issued against Zimbabwe, might have become
more difficult it for Mugabes trusted friend to transfer their profits into
the west. It might be just as difficult however to make the personal
accounts of the dictator abroad - Mugabe has it, contrary to some its
familiar ones, until today created to emerge in not one corruption scandal.
For national indignation so far only the out-curving life-style of its wife
provided, who flew so far almost weekly to London for buying - while the
Zimbabwer had to endure forwards for hours empty business. By the sanctions,
which contain an entry prohibition in the European Union countries and in
the USA for Mugabes family and its familiar ones also, the president wife
will have herself to search now another Einkaufsparadies.

Copyright ©
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Newspaper Prices Go Up

The Herald (Harare)

April 12, 2002
Posted to the web April 12, 2002

Business Reporter

THE cover prices for three titles published by the Zimbabwe Newspapers Group
have been increased by between 25 and 42 percent, with effect from April 15
this year.

The Herald, the flagship of the six titles under the Zimpapers stable, will
cost $50, up from $35.

The new price for the weekly Sunday Mail is now $70, up from $50.

Kwayedza, the country's only national vernacular weekly paper, now costs

The last increases were in October and the group has attributed the
increases to the cost of inputs.

While the increases range between 25 percent and 42 percent the printing
costs have risen by even higher margins.

"The printing costs went up by more than 60 percent since the last newspaper
price increase in October last year," Zimpapers chief executive Mr Bramwell
Kamudyariwa said yesterday.

He said for some time the company has been cushioning the readers but it had
reached a point where it could not absorb the costs anymore.

"Since the last increment, the price of newsprint, ink and other consumables
increased by an average of 60 percent.

"It must also be realised that labour costs increased after some salary
adjustments this year but there was no corresponding adjustment in the price
of the newspapers," he said, adding that the price of newsprint had also
been increased recently.

"We are not transmitting the full cost to our readers but want to operate on
a break-even position," Mr Kamudyariwa said.

The prices of printing consumables have increased significantly in the last

Newsprint price went up more than five times last year alone.

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Police Blitz Nets Assortment of Basic Commodities Worth $1million

The Herald (Harare)

April 12, 2002
Posted to the web April 12, 2002

Herald Reporter

MBARE Police yesterday recovered an assortment of basic commodities valued
at $1 million as it steps up its clampdown on illegal traders on the black

Police Superintendent Shakespear Marange yesterday said the raids were now a
major priority and more personnel would be deployed there.

He said previously there had been a skeleton staff as most officers were
deployed in various centres throughout the country during the presidential

"The raids are now our major priority to ensure that members of the public
are not shortchanged," Supt Marange said.

Also present during the raids were officials from the Grain Marketing Board
and security officers from the Harare Municipality.

About 15 illegal street vendors who were caught selling commodities at
inflated prices were arrested during the raids. Commodities on offer
included washing soap, mealie-meal, sugar and cooking oil.

At the Mbare market, a bar of soap costs at least $170 while in retail shops
the price is around $98. A packet of 2kg white sugar retails at about $76
but fetches $150 on the black market.

A 2 litre bottle of cooking oil is fetching $900 while in retail shops it
costs around $400.

Most residents of Harare who fail to secure mealie-meal at nearby shopping
centres, frequent the market to buy bags of mealie-meal for at least $500.

Supt Marange said this was the reason why most household commodities were
scarce in retail shops.

"There is profiteering going on at the expense of helpless people," he said
adding that the recovered commodities would be sold at a public auction and
so far, five public auctions have been held.

Police are also targeting tuckshop owners.
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Harare Not in a Hurry to Re-Enter EU Beef Market

The Daily News (Harare)

April 12, 2002
Posted to the web April 12, 2002

Columbus Mavhunga

ZIMBABWE stands to lose at least US$20 million ($1,1 billion) because the
government is not yet committed to resuming beef exports to the European
Union (EU) market.

In an interview, the director of the Department of Veterinary Services, Dr
Stuart Hargreaves, said the country was not in a hurry to resume beef
exports to the EU.

The beef exports for the EU market were suspended last year in August,
following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Masvingo and Matabeleland
South and North provinces.

"I cannot say we are in a hurry to re-enter the EU markets," said
Hargreaves. "We have started other initiatives to open other markets. Maybe
the earliest we can resume beef trade with the EU is next year."

Zimbabwe has an annual beef export quota of 9 100 tonnes to the EU and 5 500
tonnes to South Africa, but it has failed to fulfil both quotas in the last
four years. The situation might be compounded by the closure of the
government-owned Cold Storage Company's Bulawayo abattoir and the
below-capacity output at the meat-processor's other main abattoir in
Chinhoyi since February.

This comes against a background of depleted foreign reserves for almost
three years now.

Hargreaves said Zimbabwe is eyeing Asian and Middle East countries such as
Malaysia, Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates, among others, as new
exporting markets. It intends to tap other markets in North Africa in
countries such as Libya, he said.

"There is a fair amount of work that needs to be done before we think of the
EU," said Hargreaves. "When the EU veterinary inspection team came, they
asked us to rehabilitate the Save Conservancy fence ­ that is now in
progress. Moreover, the team said we need to improve on the identification
of animals, especially from the smallholder farmers. The Livestock
Development Trust is already working on that. But all that will take some

"But our new markets have the potential to far exceed the EU quota." Asked
if that would be too ambitious given that the herd is declining as a result
of the collapse of the commercial farming sector, Hargreaves said: "We are
going to involve the smallholder sector so that it commercialises its
activities and earns forex."

An official with the local EU office said the government was not making
frantic efforts to resuscitate its exports to the EU. "It seems there is no
sense of urgency on the issue of resuscitating beef exports to the EU," said
the official. "It is glued to the land reform issue and to the issue of a
winter maize crop to avert starvation. The ball is in its court to address
its priorities, otherwise the EU is ready."

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Minister Quashes Rumours of Fuel Increase

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

April 12, 2002
Posted to the web April 12, 2002

Vincent Kahiya

THE National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (Noczim) is currently sitting on a $12 billion surplus after successfully paying off its debt, also estimated at $12 billion, at the end of last year.

Industry sources this week said Noczim was in such a good financial position that the price of fuel would not go up even if the Zimbabwe dollar was devalued to 120:1 to the greenback.

Transport and Energy minister Edward Chindori-Chininga yesterday said there would be no fuel increase, quashing rumours in the market that fuel was expected to go up any time now. The rumours had been fed by a 25% fuel price increase in South Africa last week and the volatility of the commodity's price on the international market.

"We have done our calculations and there is not going to be a price increase," said Chindori-Chininga.

"Noczim's investment in the financial sector amounts to approximately $6 billion. In addition to this amount there is an amount of approximately $6 billion in cash collaterals for current foreign denominated debt," he said.

The sources said the financial position of Noczim and power utility Zesa had influenced the decision by the Reserve Bank and the Finance ministry to devalue the dollar, which is currently pegged at 55:1 to the United States dollar.

Sources this week said Noczim had managed to build reserves because fuel prices on the international market had been sup- pressed before this month's jump. There should have been corresponding cuts in forecourt prices of the commodity. This did not happen resulting in Noczim making a profit.

The oil company is currently using the reserves to buy hard currency for fuel purchases from sources other than Libya. Zimbabwe also imports fuel from IPG of Kuwait and Sasol in South Africa.

Libya has meanwhile continued to supply fuel to the country in exchange for national assets.

Chindori-Chininga said the Libyan fuel was being paid for through investments and exports to Libya. The government has ceded part of its stake in the Jewel Bank and hospitality counter Rainbow Tourism Group in exchange for fuel. The Libyans have also shown interest in infra-structural development in oil-related industries and land.

Chindori-Chininga said some of the fuel was being paid for through a beef exports deal secured by Farirai Meats, which is headed by businessman John Mapondera.

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