The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Geldof: Mugabe a 'scar on the face of Africa'
Rock star backs fund to stop Zimbabwe rights abuses
Wednesday, April 21, 2004 Posted: 10:30 AM EDT (1430 GMT)

LONDON, England (Reuters) -- Live Aid founder Bob Geldof called President
Robert Mugabe a "grotesque tyrant" and lent his backing to a fund to counter
human rights abuses in Zimbabwe.

The Irish rock star turned poverty campaigner endorsed the fund at a media
briefing on Tuesday evening.

"(British Prime Minister) Tony Blair has said Africa is a scar on the
conscience of the world. Mugabe is a scar on the face of Africa," Geldof

"He's one of the grotesque tyrants of the planet, and the sooner we can get
rid of him, the better," he added.

The British-based fund, whose patrons are two of southern Africa's top
clergymen, will raise money for human rights-related lawsuits and to
campaign for legal reform.

The Zimbabwe Defence and Aid Fund accuses Mugabe of corrupting the legal
system. It says the law is routinely used as a tool of repression, with many
facing torture, illegal detention and malicious prosecution.

Zimbabwe has faced increasing international isolation since the start of a
government-sanctioned land grab that accompanied a general election in 2000.

The country has been suspended from the Commonwealth -- a 54-nation group of
mainly former British colonies -- since Mugabe, in power since independence
from Britain in 1980, won a widely-criticized presidential election in 2002.

Mugabe says criticism is a post-colonial plot to maintain the dominance of
the country's mostly white commercial farmers who formed the backbone of a
once-thriving agricultural economy that is now collapsing.

In a statement issued by the fund, patron and South African Archbishop
Emeritus Desmond Tutu said: "It is a situation where we cannot stand by
watching a tragedy unfold without becoming complicit through our apathy."

"In South Africa a similar fund saved many of our people," Tutu said.
"Nelson Mandela himself might not have been saved from the gallows without
the efforts of the international community and those who selflessly strove
to see that justice prevailed."

The fund's second patron is Pius Ncube, Catholic Archbishop of Zimbabwe's
second city, Bulawayo, and a long-standing critic of Zimbabwean government

In February, Prime Minister Blair appointed Geldof to his newly-formed
international commission on Africa.

Earlier on Tuesday, Geldof told a gathering of human rights lawyers he hoped
the commission could help deliver massive aid flows to Africa and needed to
take a wide-ranging approach.

"Will it narrow itself to the very piecemeal solutions that conjured it into
being, as opposed to the very totality of fear in the South (hemisphere)?"
Geldof said.

"More than likely. But I will fight non-stop to prevent that happening and
should I fail I'll leave."
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THE FOLLOWING LISTINGS OF SECTION 8 orders of Compulsory Acquisition
under the recently ammended Land Acquisition Act are the first orders to
be listed under the new act.

Farmers must take note that it is no longer necessary under the new law
for the acquiring authority to serve Section 5 Notices, Section 8 orders
or Section 7 admin court papers.

All Farmers listed below are advised to avail themselves of the Section 8
orders from the acquiring authority.  Those farmers requiring legal
advice as to how to proceed should contact JAG as a matter of urgency or
their legal practitioners, especially those farmers still on their farms
and particularly vulnerable.

Take note also that the new acquiring authority is J L NKOMO, Minister of
Special Affairs in the Presidnet's Office in Charge of Lands, Land Reform
and Resettlement.

  Vesting of land, taking of materials and
  exercise of rights over land

NOTICE is hereby given, in terms of paragraph (iii) of subsection (1) of
section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter 20:10), that the President
has acquired compulsorily the land described in the Schedule for
resettlement purposes.

Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office in Charge of Lands,
Land Reform and Resettlement.


LOT 1 SECTION 8 16.04.2004

16.04.2004. 1. 1506/82. Darwin Tobacco Estate (Private)
Limited: Bindura: Azikara Estate: 1 369,4555 ha
16.04.2004. 2. 6204/72. Nyawta Estates (Private) Limited: Bindura: Lot 1
of Lot 1 of Dunmaglas: 419,7948 ha
16.04.2004. 3. 1730/89. Paki Farm (Private) Limited: Bindura: Glen
Divis: 1 316,4682 ha
16.04.2004. 4. 2140/92. Uchania Farm (Private) Limited: Bindura: Lot 1 of
Uchania: 669,7421 ha
16.04.2004. 5. 1488/83. Loch Nagar Farm (Private)
Limited: Darwin: Mshawa: Estate 404,3686 ha
16.04.2004. 6. 9657/99. Aranbira Farm P/L: Darwin: Lot 1 of Aranbira B
Extension: 427,4198 ha
16.04.2004. 7. 4279/77. Dolphin Park P/L: Darwin: Riviera
Estate: 685,4242 ha
16.04.2004. 8. 6745/80. Dunbarton Estate (Private) Limited: Darwin: The
Remaining Extent of Dunbarton: 2 527,31245 ha
16.04.2004. 9. 8422/96. H F Schrale (Private) Limited: Darwin: Remainder
of Silverstroom: 1 344,6005 ha
16.04.2004. 10. 318/96. Oeall Farming (Private)
Limited: Darwin: Allways: 1 285,1158 ha
16.04.2004. 11. 5339/84. Tomislav Theodore Crnkovic: Darwin: Satsi
Vale: 1 014,3245 ha
16.04.2004. 12. 4822/84. Michael John Peall: Darwin: Runyararo: 1
060,2713 ha
16.04.2004. 13. 326/94. Chiripiro Farms (Pvt) Ltd: Darwin: Chiripiro
Estate A: 1 463,8591 ha
16.04.2004. 14. 65/63. Stephanus Christian Daniel Erasmus: Darwin: Mutwa
Estate: 6 032,3556 acres
16.04.2004. 15. 7970/2000. G F Dollar (Pvt) Ltd: Darwin: Tzoro: 954,3391
16.04.2004. 16. 14/73. Dolphin Park (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1 of
Nteto Park: 637,2886 ha
16.04.2004. 17. 3607/97. Club House Investments P/L: Darwin: Everton: 2
765,0032 acres
16.04.2004. 18. 3259/76. Patrick Michael Fitzgerald: Darwin: The
Remaining Extent of Linton: 563,9977 ha
16.04.2004. 19. 3357/78. George Stam: Darwin: The Remainder of
Welkom: 766,3174 ha
16.04.2004. 20. 3560/77. Christopher Henry Fenton-Wells: Darwin: Maddola
Estate: 718,7655 ha
16.04.2004. 21. 5948/94. Aranbira Farm (Private) Limited: Darwin: The
Remainder of Aranbira 'B' Extension: 934,2801 ha
16.04.2004. 22. 5930/90. D & M Farming (Private) Limited: Darwin: Oban: 2
315,7305 ha
16.04.2004. 23. 2107/81. Lochnagar Farm (Private)
Limited: Darwin: Remainder of Lochnagar: 1 004,6680 ha
16.04.2004. 24. 4782/92. Benflora P/L: Darwin: Lot 1 of
Birdwood: 614,0204 ha
16.04.2004. 25. 4783/92. Benflora (Private) Limited: Darwin: Silverstroom
Estate: 1 365,2103 ha
16.04.2004. 26. 0018/98. D J Bezuidenhout & Company (Private)
Limited: Darwin: Eureka: 714,2578 ha
16.04.2004. 27. 4707/78. Richard Alan Gibbs: Darwin: Lot 1 of
Kwarate: 442,4883 ha
16.04.2004. 28. 1735/95. Ian Johnstone (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1
of Chipiri: 1 354,7124 ha
16.04.2004. 29. 6664/74. Tullamore Estates (Private)
Limited: Goromonzi: Subdivision A of Ndiriri: 285,9281 ha
16.04.2004. 30. 10593/97. Crakehall Investments (Private) Limited:
 Goromonzi: Kilmuir Annexe of the Meadows: 61,4009 ha
16.04.2004. 31. 4945/83. Patrict Francis Mellon: Goromonzi: Remaining
Extent of Bellevue Farm: 1 266,5172 ha
16.04.2004. 32. 3013/79. Terrance Shepperson Payne: Goromonzi: Remainder
of Buena Vista: 630,6231 ha
16.04.2004. 33. 226/47. Wilton Tobacco & Estate Company
Ltd.: Makoni: Wilton: 1 059 morgen
16.04.2004. 34. 4849/90. Maureen Rhoda Klug: Makoni: Subdivision D of
(Thabor and Sandilboom): 342,3946 ha
16.04.2004. 35. 5747/90. H & L Farms P/L: Marandellas: Lot 17 of Wenimbi
Estate: 521,60 ha
16.04.2004. 36. 108/81. Forest Lodge Nursery P/L: Marandellas: S/D 'A' of
Forest Range: 414,8828 ha
16.04.2004. 37. 76/87. Milanark P/L: Marandellas: Borrowdale: 976,7872 ha
16.04.2004. 38. 140/85. Brondesbury Farm P/L: Marandellas: R/E of Hopeful
of Alexander: 404,8016 ha
16.04.2004. 39. 7303/83. Mazuri Farms (Private)
Limited: Marandellas: Murrayfield: 843,6417 ha
16.04.2004. 40. 1949/81. Martin Gore Stewart: Marandellas: Mem bge of
Carruthersville 'E': 303,725 5 ha
16.04.2004. 41. 2763/59. Amershal Investments (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Subdivision B portion of Brotherton: 1 215,4384 morgen
16.04.2004. 42. 404/82. T A G Estate (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Holmhead
of Umsengedsi: 809,3568 ha
16.04.2004. 43. 3934/2001. Simon Dennis Marshall Sherwood: Mazoe: Rosetta
Rust: 822,5557ha
16.04.2004. 44. 3539/76. Abraham Herculaas Van Eeden: Mazoe: Remaining
Extent of River View: 451,0166 ha
16.04.2004. 45. 2580/95. Inyoni Estate (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Pennyrhyn of Mapere of Barwick Estate: 615,7100 ha
16.04.2004. 46. 200/64. Nicholas George Alenander Browne: Mazoe: The
Remaining Extent of Farm 25 of Glendale: 436,1717 ha
16.04.2004. 47. 1318/85. Felton Farms (Pvt) Ltd: Mazoe: Felton: 1 717,415
16.04.2004. 48. 6440/2000. Rhino Kop Properties (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Lot 1 of Simoona Estate: 101,1711 ha
16.04.2004. 49. 2590/88. Gerhard Wilhelm
Breytenbach: Mazoe: Brinsham: 1694,0457 ha
16.04.2004. 50. 5945/80. David Sole P/L: Mazoe: Farm 13A of
Glendale: 580,4289 ha
16.04.2004. 51. 12846/99. Redbud Farming (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Farm
16A of Glendale: 80,5394 ha
16.04.2004. 52. 4416/85. E P Fynes-Clinton (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Lot
1 of River View: 309,5714 ha
16.04.2004. 53. 1960/94. Holmfield Enterprises (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Lot 1 of Kaba Estate A: 957,9583 ha
16.04.2004. 54. 8395/90. P & B Farming (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Subdivision A of Subdivision A of Marshfield: 202,3584 ha
16.04.2004. 55. 668/88. Sandhurst Farm (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Lot 2 of
Kaba Estate: 730,0618 ha
16.04.2004. 56. 2044/72. Sangere Farm P/L: Mazoe: The Remainder of
Sangere North: 185,9672 ha
16.04.2004. 57. 1073/96: Laga Farming P/L: Mazoe: Remainder of Claverhimm
South of Claverhill: 649,3507 ha
16.04.2004. 58. 7012/86. Patrick Maria France
Krambergar: Mazoe: Mandindindi: 883,0700 ha
16.04.2004. 59. 4883/2001. Crawken Properties (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Lot 1 of 32A of Glendale: 658,4669 ha
16.04.2004: 60. 6282/69: Kachere (Private) Limited: Mazoe Rhambahoobe of
Fochabers of Moores Grant: 1 129,0979acres
16.04.2004. 61. 491/80. Nyawta Estates (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Remainder of Lot 1 of Dunmaglas: 502,6219 ha
16.04.2004. 62. 2148/2000. Malberry Farming P/L: Salisbury: Duiker: 1
104,0246 ha
16.04.2004. 63. 4737/87. A W C Teague Company (Private)
Limited: Umtali: Remaining Extent of Essex: 203,7159 ha
16.04.2004. 64. 1215/64. Vumba Coffee Estates (Private)
Limited: Umtali: "Eggardon Hill": 499,9917 acres
16.04.2004. 65. 3030/97. H J Vorster (Private) Limited: Umtali: Valhalla
Estate A: 561,2487 ha
16.04.2004. 66. 7099/94. Millham Enterprises P/L: Darwin: Riodora: 2
209,7784 acres

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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.

I came across this verse, and thought that although it was written about
another time and place, it certainly applied to Zimbabwe today.
Kind regards
Brigitte Theuma
By the rude bridge that arched the flood,
Their flag to April's breeze unfurled,
Here once the embattled farmers stood,
And fired the shot heard round the world.
-- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), from "Concord Hymn"

Letter 1.  Subject Whites up against Tsvangirai
Dear Jag,

The Herald Reporter is to be commended for reading an alternative viewpoint
to that of The Herald by reading the Open letters Forum. However I am
concerned by the title of the article - "Whites up against Tsvangarai."

I feel that I must point out that at no stage in my letter did I indicate
what colour Soap I was. I believe it to be somewhat unprofessional to
assume that I am as white as Lux. In fact I have been classified as being
dark in Australia. It is worrying that The Herald Reporter has perhaps
become confused or short sighted by the froth and bubbles of the Third
Chimurenga, and decided that Human Rights and Property Rights are all about
the colour of the Soap.

I must also inform The Herald Reporter that the Australian people are very
well informed about Zimbabwe, and the Third Chimurenga, and what has
happened to all the average Joe Soaps that are not well connected
politically. They find it extremely ironic that Zimbabwe is now short of
food after displacing 90% of its large scale commecial farmers. Australia
encourages large scale agriculture and exports vast amounts of agricultural
commodities around the globe. But what the Australian people, the
Commonwealth and the world at large are particularly interested about is
the "cleaning up" in Matabeleland in the early 80s by the 5th Brigade under
Brigadier Shiri. They are aware that thousands of Joe Soaps and their
families (of many colours) were killed and want to know how and why it all

Under normal circumstances the killing of thousands of ordinary Joe Soaps
and their families is actually referred to as Ethnic Cleansing - regardless
of the colour of the Soaps or the style of execution. I would be most
grateful if The Herald Reporter could investigate what happened in
Matabeleland when the 5th Brigade was there, and why, and report it on the
Jag Open Letter Forum, regardless of his or her colour of course. It will
give The Herald Reporter the opportunity to write a world class article for
and to the International Community.

Yours faithfully,

Dark Joe Sipo,

Letter 2.
'Joe Bloke' - Misinterpretation

We displaced farmers should be the last to assist Mouthpiece Moyo in
misinterpreting Morgan's statements on putting the Humpty Dumpty of
commercial farming back together again in a post Zanu PF Zimbabwe. No one
can really think it is possible to return absolutely to the status quo pro
ante the farm invasions. It is a toothpaste tube so thoroughly squeezed
that only a limited amount of toothpaste can be pushed back into the tube -
a pristine full tube is beyond the bounds of practicality. Morgan's
statements were simply a recognition of that reality.

    A return to law and order and the restoration of property rights are
the cornerstones of MDC policy but some people will have to settle for
compensation rather than restitution. That is all the man said.

ex-Shurugwi Farmer
Letter 3.
Dear JAG people,

I wrote the following article some time ago, having been sickened by the
double-talk and outright untruths propagated under the guise of "land
reform" It is based on my personal observations, and has also been "bounced
off" a number of fairly prominent ex-farmers in order to try and make it as
accurate as possible.

Maybe unsurprisingly, none of the Zim papers felt bold enough to publish
it. Some of you may also remember that I was peripherally involved when JAG
was first formed, mainly in defining the JAG point of view at that time.

Charles Frizell


The lies used by Mugabe's to justify his land grab must rank among the most
blatant dishonesties ever told in Zimbabwe. He and his party knew they were
lies, the people of Zimbabwe knew they were lies and yet in a bizarre
version of "the kings new clothes" all and sundry pretended that there was
some rationale or justification to the process. Even the principal victims
fell into this trap!

Mugabe and his Zanu Pf party manipulated the constitutional referendum in
2000 so that it became instead a vote of confidence in him and the party.
To their horror and dismay, they lost the vote. A shocked Mugabe conceded
defeat and appeared on television where he announced, "the people have
spoken." Within two weeks, the first farm invasions began.

For more than twenty years Mugabe and his party had been talking vaguely
about land reform. Nothing much had happened, especially after financial
support from the UK was withdrawn when it became apparent that the primary
beneficiaries of resettlement were political cronies. Not only that, but
the resettlement programme itself had not been a success story. The vast
majority of people put on what had once been commercial farms produced only
enough to feed themselves, or not even that.

In 1998 an international conference was held and a great deal of money was
promised for agrarian reform in Zimbabwe, with the provision that it be
open and transparent and that the major aim was the alleviation of poverty.
Mugabe and his government never took up this offer, and it is essential to
remember this fact when we consider the Big Lie that was to come only two
years later.

What the reader needs to know is that there is no shortage of undeveloped
agricultural land in Zimbabwe. There are millions upon millions of acres of
totally unused virgin bush. There are three primary types of agriculture in
Zimbabwe; peasant subsistence farming, small-scale commercial farming and
large-scale commercial farming. Each has its own character, which briefly
is as follows.

In peasant subsistence farming the land is communally held, but one
individual or family normally does the farming itself. Generally yields are
low because of a lack of fertiliser and insecticides and also skill levels
are very low. Small-scale farmers often own their own land, skill levels
are higher and yields are higher. These farmers also often employ outside
labour. Large-scale commercial agriculture is characterised by a high level
of mechanisation and a high level of skill and capital utilisation. All
land is owned and the owner holds title deeds. Yields are high, often as
high as on First World farms.

The above pattern is not unusual for any developing country. With possibly
one exception, that exception being that the majority of large-scale
commercial farms was owned by white citizens. Why more black Zimbabweans
had not ventured into large scale agriculture is something of a mystery.
There certainly were no constraints. However, a small number did go into
commercial farming and have been successful at it.

The final fallacy is what could be called the myth of "the right to land."
In countries where communal agriculture is still practiced it is obviously
necessary to set aside a portion of the land for communal agricultural use.
If it's assumed that every citizen has an inalienable right to land, a
nonsense soon occurs. The country has about thirty two million hectares of
agricultural land, and let's assumes a population of sixteen million. That
means that everyone should get about two hectares of land. There is not a
great deal one can do with that! But to divide it any other way is
manifestly unjust, if all have an equal claim. And when the population
grows, what then?

I hope that I have now set the background for what was to become the Big
Lie? Mugabe has just lost a vote of confidence and is in a panic. He comes
up with a truly brilliant solution - give the large commercial farms to his

But how does one justify such a blatantly illegal and racist move? The
answer of course is to organise "spontaneous" invasions of commercial farms
by so-called landless peasants. These invasions were organised and
orchestrated by the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) because the
riff-raff who played the part of the landless peasants could not have
organised a party in a brewery! All over the country white farms were
invaded and the farmers and their families subjected to the maximum
humiliation in order to enhance the propaganda aspect of the strategy. Farm
workers too were terrorised, but deliberately no mention was made of what
was to become of these people when the farms were "resettled" by gangs of
the unemployable.

You also make loud claims about reclaiming ancestral land that was "stolen"
from your ancestors, as well as bleat very loudly about the fact that most
of the large-scale farmers are not black - as if it was their fault! You
are careful to totally ignore the fact that they are citizens with equal
rights to all other citizens. You specifically and publicly target "white"
farmers when racial discrimination is explicitly barred under the
constitution. On the quiet though, you dispossess black and coloured (mixed
race) farmers as well, if they are not loyal party members.

The next cunning move was to force the dispossessed farmers to pay
"retrenchment packages" to their now redundant workers. This helped to
destroy the support the farmers had from their workforce, and had the
additional benefit that is cost the government nothing. It was another act
of breathtaking cynicism.

Once the peasants had served their purpose, they were unceremoniously
cleared off the most prized farms, which were then taken by eminent party
members, judges, senior police officers and other well-connected
hangers-on. Naturally, a number of disputes broke out over the division of
the spoils and these were resolved not through the by now extremely
compromised courts but by pure power and influence within the regime.

In summary, every part of the Land Saga in Zimbabwe has been a huge and
barefaced lie. The white commercial farmers "stole" no land, there was
ample virgin land available for agricultural reform and extension, the
imbalance in numbers between white and black commercial farmers was purely
because more blacks had not risen to the challenge and finally, in all
countries commercial agriculture means that a relatively small number of
people own the majority of the most fertile land. And this is the only way
it should logically be; those who can best utilise a resource should have
most access to the resource.

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.
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Mail and Guardian

Mugabe fans the flames of the revolution


      21 April 2004 07:46

President Robert Mugabe's ruling party in Zimbabwe plays host to a
conference this week of former liberation movements in southern Africa to
make the case for land reform, a senior party official said on Tuesday.

The three-day conference opening on Wednesday in Harare is meant to
"strengthen" the struggle against the remnants of colonialism, said Didymus
Mutasa, the secretary for external affairs for the Zimbabwe African National
Union Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF).

"There is a lot of criticism of our land reform programme and we want those
who are supporting us to understand why we are doing it," said Mutasa.

Invitations to the gathering described as "one of the first of its kind"
have been put out to former guerrilla movements from Angola, Mozambique,
Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia.

Further abroad, Zanu-PF, which waged a seven-year war against British
colonial rule in the 1970s, has invited solidarity groups of blacks from
Britain, the United States and aboriginal groups from Australia.

"Naturally we want to strengthen ourselves and to say that the struggle
continues," said Mutasa of the gathering. He added that he did not know
specifically who would be attending.

Zimbabwe's controversial land reforms is expected to be a highlight of the
forum, while good governance will be discussed among other issues.

After the opening ceremonies, "we will go straight into the discussion of
the land reforms," said Mutasa.

The delegates will be taken on a tour of former white-owned farms which have
been seized under the program and distributed to blacks.

A small group of about 4 500 whites farmers used to own a third of the
country's land including 70% of prime farmland before the government
launched the programme in February 2000.

Now fewer than 400 white farmers remain in the country and possess just
three percent of the country's land.

Mutasa said the meeting will also shine a spotlight on the rights of
non-whites in Western countries.

"Is there any good governance in the so-called civilised world?" he said,
citing aboriginal groups in Australia, Maoris in New Zeland and natives in

"Nobody ever questions why these people are not regarded as human beings,
with any rights," he said.

The meeting of former liberation movements is the brainchild of Mugabe
himself, who in February slammed "the majority" of his counterparts in
Africa for succumbing to Western influence and turning against African
revolutionary causes.

He said that a few militant leaders reminiscent of former staunch
nationalists remained, "but the majority have gone the Western way".

"They are listening to the enemy, they are being dictated to by the enemy
and it's a pity that [the] old type of leadership has vanished the scene,"
he told the state broadcaster.

In a bid to get African countries to continue to resist Western tendencies,
Mugabe promised to host a forum of former liberation movements this year to
sustain "the level of revolutionary zeal ... by interacting with them".

"We would want the forum of former liberation movements to be resuscitated,"
he said. - Sapa-AFP
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ABC Australia

Aboriginal groups invited by Mugabe
Australian Indigenous groups have been invited by Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe to attend a land reform conference.

The three-day Harare conference will open today and intends to "strengthen"
the struggle against colonialism remnants, said Didymus Mutasa, the
secretary for external affairs for the Zimbabwe African National Union
Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF).

Former African liberation movements along with Indigenous groups from
Africa, Britain and the Americas have also been invited.

ZANU-PF waged a seven-year war against British colonial rule in the 1970s.

Former guerrilla movements from Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa,
Tanzania and Zambia have also been invited to the gathering.

"Is there any good governance in the so-called civilised world?" Mr Mutasa

"There is a lot of criticism of our land reform program and we want those
who are supporting us to understand why we are doing it," he told AFP.

Mr Mutasa said the meeting will also shine a spotlight on the rights of
non-whites in Western countries.

"Nobody ever questions why these people are not regarded as human beings,
with any rights," he said.

"Naturally we want to strengthen ourselves and to say that the struggle
continues," said Mr Mutasa. He added that he did not know specifically who
would be attending.

Zimbabwe's controversial land reforms are expected to be a highlight of the
forum, while good governance will be discussed among other issues.

After the opening ceremonies, "we will go straight into the discussion of
the land reforms," said Mr Mutasa.

The delegates will be taken on a tour of former white-owned farms which have
been seized under the program and distributed to blacks.

A small group of about 4,500 whites farmers used to own a third of
Zimbabwe's land, including 70 per cent of prime farmland before the
Government launched the program in February 2000.

Now fewer than 400 white farmers remain in the country and possess just 3
per cent of the country's land.

The meeting of former liberation movements is the brainchild of President
Mugabe himself, who has slammed "the majority" of his counterparts in Africa
for succumbing to Western influence and turning against African
revolutionary causes.

He said that a few militant leaders reminiscent of former staunch
nationalists remained, "but the majority have gone the Western way".

"They are listening to the enemy, they are being dictated to by the enemy
and it's a pity that (the) old type of leadership has vanished the scene,"
he told the state broadcaster.

In a bid to get African countries to continue to resist Western tendencies,
Mr Mugabe promised to host a forum of former liberation movements this year
to sustain "the level of revolutionary zeal ... by interacting with them".

"We would want the forum of former liberation movements to be resuscitated,"
he said.

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      MacGill boycotts Australia's tour of Zimbabwe

      Wed April 21, 2004 10:13 AM By Julian Linden
      SYDNEY (Reuters) - Australia leg-spinner Stuart MacGill has refused to
take part in the upcoming tour of Zimbabwe on moral and ethical grounds.

      MacGill told Australia's selectors he had made himself unavailable for
the tour because he "did not believe he could tour Zimbabwe and maintain a
clear conscience."

      MacGill, currently playing county cricket in England for
Nottinghamshire, was due to hold a news conference at Durham on Wednesday to
explain his decision.

      Cricket Australia officials said they understood MacGill's decision
and would not force him to tour or banish him from future selection.

      However, chief executive James Sutherland said the rest of the team
had agreed to go ahead with the tour, in May and June, despite the political
turmoil in the troubled African state.

      "Our head of cricket operations, Michael Brown, and I have had a
number of group and individual discussions with players since before the
World Cup and the broad playing group, including with a number who have
personal concerns about the ethics and morality of playing in Zimbabwe,"
Sutherland said in a statement.

      "We all understand the difficulty and complexity of the issue, but
Cricket Australia, the player group and the ACA (Australian Cricketers
Association) have agreed that, on balance, playing Zimbabwe cricketers in
Zimbabwe is appropriate for the continued development of cricket as a global

      MacGill's decision is a further escalation of the ongoing cricketing
crisis in Zimbabwe. Fifteen rebel white players are in dispute with the
Zimbabwe Cricket Union (ZCU) which began when former captain Heath Streak
questioned the composition of the selection panel.

      The selectors named a weakened side for the current series with Sri
Lanka, raising fears of a horrible mismatch when they play the world
champions from Australia.


      Several teams, including Australia, have been under intense political
pressure to boycott the country as world leaders express serious concerns
about the government of Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe.

      However, the International Cricket Council has threatened
international suspension and a $2 million fine for teams who refuse to tour,
unless there are either legitimate safety or security concerns or they are
asked not to go by their governments.

      England appear likely to tour Zimbabwe in October, despite
reservations about the host country's government, after a meeting at Lord's
on Tuesday with ZCU chairman Peter Chingoka.

      Sutherland said Australia's position was clear: "We go there to play
cricket with other cricketers to fulfil our obligations to world cricket
through the ICC future tours program, and for no other reason."
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From The Daily Telegraph (UK), 21 April

Justice system is being destroyed, says Chairman of the Bar

By Joshua Rozenberg, Legal Editor

Zimbabwe's judges are being bought or bludgeoned into toeing the line of
President Robert Mugabe's ruling Zanu PF party, the leader of barristers in
England and Wales said yesterday. Stephen Irwin, QC, Chairman of the Bar,
said after a three-day visit to Zimbabwe that the country's judges were
under attack. "What is happening here is the destruction of a once fine,
working justice system ... in order to hold on to political power," he said.
The system had been "very severely compromised". Apologising if he sounded
"over-trenchant", Mr Irwin said that reading about a country was different
from "going there and smelling the fear". He added: "Unless things change
radically before the elections in 2005, I believe that the combination of
the political atmosphere, the level of threat and the constitutional and
legal failures mean the outcome of any election will not be representative."
The Bar chairman was allowed to visit Zimbabwe last week with a delegation
of lawyers from Scotland, Ireland, Australia and South Africa. He asked
South Africa to pressure Zimbabwe to change. "We have seen South Africa go
through a decade of change and come through with flying colours, and I ask
those in charge of South Africa to think... given what they have achieved,
shouldn't they be asking for the same standards in their neighbour? We see
... the rule of law working in South Africa and yet just up the road it is
breaking down," he said.

Mr Irwin said a significant number of senior judges had been granted farms
under the land resettlement scheme. The grant was at the will of the
government and the farms could be taken back at any time without
compensation. "I cannot think that it can be right, or that any judiciary
can have the necessary independence in looking at such issues, if they are
both beneficiaries and judges over something as complex and difficult as the
land resettlement scheme," he said. Mr Irwin noted that 36 petitions had
been lodged with the Zimbabwe courts, challenging the validity of
parliamentary elections in 2000. None had yet been resolved, even though
another parliamentary election was expected in May next year. He said case
allocation had been taken over personally by the president of the High
Court, Justice Garwe, creating an opportunity for abuse. Judges had resigned
and it was clear that at least some had stepped down because of political
and other pressures. Many judges were politically appointed and the few who
continued to maintain their independence were vilified in the state-run
media. "You have got to remove the ambiguous position of the judges. You
have got to remove the threat to judges and the pressure on the way they do
their jobs. There is the opportunity if the political will and the
governmental will were to change ... to produce justice on time. This
government could do it. The challenge to Africa and to the region is to get
them to do it," he said. Zimbabwe has been increasingly isolated since a
government-sanctioned land appropriation accompanied a general election in
2000. It has been suspended from the Commonwealth since Mr Mugabe, who has
been in power since independence from Britain in 1980, won a
widely-criticised election in 2002.
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From ZWNEWS, 21 April

Defence and Aid Fund launched

A new project to support civil society in Zimbabwe was launched yesterday at
St Paul's Cathedral in London. The launch coincided with a lecture delivered
by Sir Bob Geldof and hosted by the Bar Human Rights Committee of England
and Wales, in which Geldof called for a massive deployment of resources to
help Africa. "Africa has slipped out of the world safety net. They drift
away from us propelled by the enormity of their poverty and our exhausted
indifference," Geldof said in a wide-ranging and passionate speech. "They
have entered a category of their own. Composed of the most vulnerable and
marginalised, most put upon and ignored. They have become a new category of
misery, a continental underclass - a fourth world." Speaking to the press
after his lecture, Geldof turned his attention to Zimbabwe. "The fact that
Mugabe is still in power brings shame on the whole of Africa. The fight
against Mugabe is nothing to do with the Western world, we now live in an
independent world which should have no truck with this thug. Mugabe has not
just tipped into this madness. He is clever and intelligent and has always
presented his case with spurious arguments. Essentially he is a divisionist
thug, he has been killing the Matabele people for 20 years, he is a
murderous ...., and one of the grotesque tyrants on the planet. The sooner
he goes the better." Two Funds have been formed. They are the Zimbabwe
Defence and Aid Fund, and its sister organisation, the Zimbabwe Aid
Foundation. The Patrons of the Funds are Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus,
and Pius Ncube, Archbishop of Bulawayo. The Funds have wide-ranging
objectives, but in particular have a remit to support those who have become
the victims of illegal detention, malicious prosecution and worse by the
Zimbabwe state machinery.
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From SW Radio Africa, 20 April

MP, others still held

MDC MP for Mutasa Evelyn Masaiti and 5 others arrested by riot police near
Mabvuku on Saturday are still in police custody. They have been charged
under POSA for allegedly looting a shop belonging to Sekesai Makwavarara,
the controversial acting mayor of Harare who defected to Zanu PF last month.
According to her version of events, Masaiti dropped off some youth at a
sporting event in Mabvuku and was clear on her way to Harare when she was
arrested. The youth had accompanied her to the funeral of an MDC official
who passed away in Mutasa. When news of the violence reached policeman at
Mabvuku station, Masaiti was already in custody.In a separate incident, MDC
councillor Oscar Penhiwa was arrested while relaxing at a pub with some
friends in Mabvuku . He too is being charged under POSA although no-one has
identified him in connection with any crime.
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From The Times (UK), 21 April

Zimbabwe rebels ready to make their final stand

By Owen Slot, Chief Sports Reporter

The last hope for the 15 rebels of Zimbabwean cricket and the game in their
country as a multiracial enterprise may rest today with the ICC and its
ability in a meeting in London to persuade two members of the Zimbabwe
Cricket Union (ZCU) to adopt a new approach to negotiation by softening its
stance. The rebels - sacked last week for publicly criticising the ZCU -
hope that an arbitration body will be invited to settle their dispute.
However, in a round of goodwill meetings yesterday, Peter Chingoka, chairman
of the ZCU, and Ozias Bvute, a director, suggested that they were not
inclined to budge. "The door is still open," was their message, yet they
simultaneously ruled out arbitration and said that they would not concede to
the players' demand to have Heath Streak reinstated as captain. If this
already sounds like game over, Chingoka cannot have eased the situation in a
briefing with journalists in which he went on the offensive against the very
players with whom he is supposed to be making peace. He accused Streak of
besieging the ZCU with threats and exhibited a letter as evidence. "There is
no reverse gear on the captaincy," he said. Furthermore, he repeated his
claim that there were external influences - a number of the players'
fathers - operating and manufacturing the rift in the game. This was the
same story that he told Zimbabwe's Daily Herald on Friday, about the
clandestine group of "disgruntled hardcore Rhodesians" who were plotting to
"destroy Zimbabwean cricket". Hardly the stuff of moderation.

The same hardline stance was on view in a meeting yesterday morning with
Richard Bevan, the Professional Cricketers' Association chief executive.
"The ZCU were clear and adamant that they had walked the extra mile," Bevan
said. "They thought they had done everything they possibly could and they
thought they would never go into any form of arbitration or mediation."
Meanwhile, the rebel players in Harare are not for softening their position.
While the international fledgelings of the "new" Zimbabwe went down fighting
in a one-day international against Sri Lanka in Bulawayo yesterday, some of
the 15 were already beginning to look at their options elsewhere in the
business world. Such is the wave of sympathy, there is apparently no
shortage of opportunities. They would come back on the right terms, but they
are not of the opinion that the ZCU has moved an inch, let alone a mile.
They feel that any apparent movement towards conciliation by the ZCU is for
show and that yesterday's charm offensive was merely top-spin. "We have come
this far and it is no good turning around now," one player said. "We want to
save the game here. We want the cancer out of cricket. Even if that means
one or two of us being fired, so be it."

Yet, despite the apparent impasse, Bevan suggested that his had been a
positive meeting and that he was "confident that they might be able to
resolve this". It would appear that he is setting great store by today's
meeting between Chingoka, Bvute and the ICC, and the governing body's
ability to force them to see sense and accept an arbitration body. The ECB,
meanwhile, continues to bob around at the surface of the issue, unable to
influence its own fate. The board had been moving towards pulling out of its
autumn tour to Zimbabwe, but was forced to change tack when punishment by
the ICC and possible bankruptcy loomed as a repercussion. The ECB met
Chingoka and Bvute at Lord's and John Read, the communications director,
confirmed afterwards that the tour was still officially on. "This is a
totally invidious position for us," he said. "We are aware that there is a
strong, almost unanimous view among the three main political parties,
probably large sections of the media and the British public, that they
disapprove of the tour going ahead. But we are faced with potentially
horrendous ramifications. It is asking a lot of any organisation to peer
into that financial abyss." The ECB had just been entertained to a
performance of smoke and mirrors by Chingoka and Bvute, who began by
declaring that the board of the ZCU was multiracial and that the fact that
there were four blacks, four whites and four Asians proved it. Put this to
one of the 15 rebels, however, and this is the response: "That is typical
scapegoat language. We're not looking at colour. There is a black guy on the
board, Mike Moyo, and he is very good. There was another, Zed Rusike - he
was good, too, but left two months ago in disgust at the way cricket is
being run." Chingoka left the attendant media at Lord's with these words:
"You are all very welcome to come to Zimbabwe." Hours earlier, the only
British journalist to get to the match in Bulawayo was being deported.
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From The Daily Telegraph (UK), 21 April

Why did Mugabe think I was such a danger to his regime?

By Mihir Bose

Yesterday, at 8am in a government office in Bulawayo, I signed an order
presented by a Zimbabwean immigration officer, agreeing to be deported from
the country. Seven hours later, I boarded a flight for Johannesburg. As the
plane took off, a rainbow appeared in the sky - after the wickedness of
Robert Mugabe's regime, South Africa seems like heaven. I was lucky. I could
have spent a night in one of Mugabe's jails. The order was to remove me
immediately from Zimbabwe; since, at that time, there were no flights, I
should have been kept in jail until I got on the plane. But the immigration
officer took pity on a sports journalist. Political journalists have
suffered much more. They have been punished for writing the truth about the
Mugabe regime; I was deported for failing to get accreditation for a cricket
match. Even as I was being deported, journalists who had arrived with me in
Bulawayo to cover the Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka series were being accredited. But
they don't hold a British passport. I do. My country and my trade -
journalism - make me dangerous to the Mugabe regime.

I had little inkling of this when I arrived at midday on Monday. Along with
me were other correspondents of different nationalities, and several
cricketers, Ian Healey, the former Australian wicketkeeper, among them. I
had been told the best way to get in to Zimbabwe was to lie to immigration
and pretend I was a British tourist (British tourists do not require visas).
Then, once inside, I could gather as much material as possible, and then
start my writing once I'd left the country. I preferred to be upfront; so I
told immigration that I was covering the cricket tour and I was given a
visa. Immigration could not have been more helpful. I was charged 55
American dollars, and the officer even gave me the change in US dollars and
not Zimbabwean dollars, which are worthless. I first became unnerved on the
way to the hotel, when we hit a police roadblock. The driver warned us to
hide our foreign money, as policemen were known to rob tourists, but he
somehow managed to sweet-talk his way through by saying that we were his
friends. Once in the hotel, where the Sri Lankan and Zimbabwean teams and
officials are staying, it was like covering any other international event.

My main concern was to talk to as many people in order to understand the
crisis that faces Zimbabwean cricket. This has seen the former Zimbabwean
captain, Heath Streak, lead a revolt of 15 colleagues (all white) against
what they say is the politicisation of the cricket union, and their
replacement by a very inexperienced, virtually all-black team led by a
20-year-old who has become the youngest ever international cricket captain.
During the course of my interviews, I became aware that cricket officials
were very fearful. One asked not to be quoted; another would only speak in
my hotel room once he'd closed the curtains and checked that he wasn't being
followed. When I mentioned Zanu PF, the ruling party, in public, all
conversation stopped and people furtively looked around to see who was
listening. On Monday evening, having interviewed the new Zimbabwean captain
and coach, I was about to file when I received a call asking me to come down
to reception. I thought the call was from the cricket union regarding my
accreditation. There, waiting for me in the lobby, was the head of
immigration in Bulawayo, accompanied by two officials. He motioned me to a
sofa in the lobby, asked me to produce my passport and then said he would
confiscate it. I was to report to his office at 7.45am on Tuesday. When I
asked what I had done, he told me that he had received orders from on high
in Harare that I was to be deported. He did all this with great courtesy,
but with a bemused air. He could not understand why a cricket writer should
be asked to leave but, as a good civil servant, he followed orders.

Round about me in the lobby, the world went on as normal. Sri Lankan cricket
ers chatted up some local women; Muttiah Muralitharan , their extraordinary
spinner, was presented with a cake by a well-wisher. Hannah Arendt has
spoken of the banality of evil in relation to the Nazi crimes; Mugabe is not
in that class but I now understood how commonplace wickedness can be.
Friends advised me that a word from the Zimbabwean Cricket Union would sort
it out. But their managing director, Vince Hogg, said they had to follow
government orders and referred me to the cricket union's spokesman, Lovemore
Banda, who, far from living up to his name, merely pointed to a government
edict which said that, to get accreditation, you must apply a month before
the event. What nonsense. In 1994, I covered the Winter Olympics at 48
hours' notice and, last month, I got accreditation for the Pakistan-India
series, despite being a month late. In both cases, the organisers, the IOC
and the Pakistan Cricket Board, did everything they could to help me. Is the
Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka series bigger than the Olympics? One reason the
immigration official gave for my deportation was that the powers-that-be in
Harare feared that, as a British journalist, I might try to foment more
trouble between the Zimbabwe authorities and the rebel cricketers. Before
yesterday, I had backed the Sri Lanka tour. This bullying attitude has made
me change my mind; I now agree with my friend Kate Hoey, the Labour MP, that
England should not go to Zimbabwe for its series. A sports body that cannot
protect the integrity of its own sporting event does not deserve to host it.
And the country that gave the world cricket has to show courage and
integrity and set an example.
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10 Mile Sponsored Walk
for Zimbabwean Victims of Torture, Rape & Violence

Sunday 9th May 2004

Start: Putney Bridge Station
Time: 12 onwards!

Route: Follow the Thames along the South Side past the London Eye and over
Tower Bridge and then down the Strand, ending at Zimbabwe House, 429 The

Zimbabwean VIP walking with us, prizes for walkers and party afterwards at
The Springbok Bar, Covent Garden

If you are unable to walk but would like to sponsor an asylum seeker please
contact Graham on the e-mail below.

Walker Registration and information contact : Graham
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Zimbabwean Security Budget 3 Times Higher than Healthcare Spending
Peta Thornycroft
21 Apr 2004, 16:46 UTC

The Zimbabwe government has stepped up its intelligence operations,
according to human rights workers, trade unionists, and journalists. The
2004 national budget has tripled funds for the Central Intelligence
The figures show spending on security in Zimbabwe has skyrocketed. The
budgets for intelligence and internal defense operations, as well as an
unallocated fund that bypasses parliamentary scrutiny, have swollen to more
than $300 million.

This number is more than three times what Zimbabwe spends on health care.

Almost every aspect of life in Zimbabwe is increasingly being monitored.
Recently, a visiting journalist found himself under scrutiny when he arrived
to cover an international cricket match.

Others who the Zimbabwe government says are its enemies are reporting an
upsurge in monitoring of their day-to-day activities.

Brian Kagoro, co-chairman of a political pressure group called the Crisis
Coalition, says there has been what he described as a phenomenal increase in
public spending on home affairs, defense and security.

He says Zimbabweans now live in what he calls invisible prison cells, and
have to be careful what they say and to whom they say it.

Mr. Kagoro says the increase in intelligence monitoring is deeper and more
sustained than anyone believed possible. He says this includes
intelligence-gathering on activities of some leaders in the ruling ZANU PF
party, as the party's internal power struggle intensifies over who will
eventually replace President Robert Mugabe, who is 80 years old.

Jim Holland, systems administrator for Mango, Zimbabwe's oldest internet
service provider, says only one such company, which has its own satellite
access, can be sure that e-mail is not subject to intelligence surveillance.

There are also more traditional types of security enforcement.

Most opposition members of parliament, candidates, and councilors in rural
and municipal areas have been arrested at one time or another since the main
opposition party was formed in September of 1999.

In one recent incident, an opposition member of parliament, Evelyn Masaiti,
and a Harare city councilor and 13 soccer fans were arrested last weekend at
a game celebrating the 24th anniversary of independence in an impoverished
township east of Harare.

Police told them to disperse from the township, an opposition stronghold,
because too many people had gathered to watch the game. The state accuses
them of looting a shop.

Some intelligence operatives are easy to spot, and will admit their
profession, if asked. They can often be seen in hotels, cafes and sports
clubs, keeping watch on people in the area.

Zimbabwe's academics, lawyers, trade unionists, and particularly journalists
say that the monitoring of their daily lives has recently increased to
unprecedented levels.
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The Guardian

Fletcher drops tour hint
Press Association
Wednesday April 21, 2004 6:32 PM

Coach Duncan Fletcher has hinted at the first signs of a possible
disagreement between the England squad and their England and Wales Cricket
Board employers over the controversial proposed tour to Zimbabwe later this

The ECB met their counterparts from the Zimbabwe Cricket Union at Lord's and
indicated that the proposed sanctions for not meeting their tour commitments
next October could prove too costly to the domestic game in England.

But although the England squad are content for the ECB to handle the
decision-making, Fletcher hinted the players may come to their own
conclusions nearer to the time when the tour is due to take place.

Fletcher, who grew up in Harare and still has relatives in the area, said:
"I think it's very important the ECB deal with the matter and take it out of
the players' hands and let them concentrate on the cricket side.

"We'll have to wait and see about Zimbabwe. We'll make the decision once we
get closer to Zimbabwe and the tour is definitely on.

"Our bosses are discussing it at the moment and we're employed by the ECB
and we'll just leave it to them.

"I have discussed it with them, but it's up to them now to make a decision
and at this stage I will go along with the decision they make."

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ICC adopts two-way approach over Zimbabwe
Wed 21 April, 2004 21:15

LONDON (Reuters) - The International Cricket Council (ICC) says it will play
a two-way role in the dispute between the Zimbabwe Cricket Union (ZCU) and
its players.

Following two days of talks between the ICC and the ZCU, cricket's ruling
body plans to balance the interests of the global game against the
sovereignty of Zimbabwe's administrators in addressing their own domestic

"The ICC recognises and respects the sovereignty of its members in dealing
with often difficult disputes with stakeholders in the game, including
players," ICC president Ehsan Mani said in a statement on Wednesday.

"It is recognised that issues such as the appointment of captains and the
composition of selection committees are matters that fall solely within the
jurisdiction of the member board.

"At the same time, the ICC recognises and has discussed with the ZCU the
international implications of this dispute and its potential effect on
international cricket," Mani added.

"Over the coming weeks, through the agreed process of discussions, the ICC
will be able to monitor this issue and protect the interests of the game
while, at the same time, respecting the sovereignty of the ZCU in dealing
with the specifics of the dispute."

While ZCU chairman Peter Chingoka and ZCU board member Ozias Bvute held
their talks in London with Mani and ICC chief executive Malcolm Speed, a
seriously weakened Zimbabwe side has begun a one-day series at home against
Sri Lanka.

Fifteen white Zimbabwean players were not considered for the first of five
one-day matches on Tuesday after a two-week dispute that escalated when
former captain Heath Streak queried the composition of the selection panel.


Chingoka has said the ZCU are willing to talk to the rebels, adding that his
board will restructure the national selection panel, reducing it from six to
four and including two new members in former national player Richie Kaschula
and under-19 coach Walter Chawaguta.

On Tuesday, the ZCU issued a "categorical denial" against what it described
as a "mischievous racist agenda" suggesting it was trying to drive white
players out of the game.

"We believe that we have run the extra mile and walked the extra yard to get
the best team playing in Zimbabwe," Chingoka told reporters. "Hopefully, all
the players will come back to work as soon as possible."

Following this week's London talks, the ICC has a better understanding of
the issues within the Zimbabwean game and has addressed the claims of racial
bias and political interference levelled against the ZCU.

"The Zimbabwe Cricket Union has provided the ICC with a comprehensive
understanding of the issues involved in the current dispute and provided
assurances and supporting evidence that the dispute is not about race or
politics as it has sometimes simplistically been portrayed," Mani said.

"The ZCU has invested heavily in players from all backgrounds in Zimbabwe
and representative teams below the international level reflect this
investment with players from all races represented in the sport.

"The reality is that the issues involved in this dispute are very complex
and simplistic portrayals of them do little to identify solutions."

Sri Lanka will play four more one-day internationals and two tests against
Zimbabwe while world champions Australia and England are also scheduled to
tour there this year.

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Man of principle
      Comment by Steve Waugh
      April 22, 2004

      STUART MacGILL told me acouple of months ago he was considering
boycotting the tour of Zimbabwe.

      So his announcement yesterday that he was pulling out wasn't a spur of
the moment decision, as many people may think. He has obviously thought
everything through.

      I admire any person who can stand up and make a bold decision like
that and I think he's entitled to be listened to.

      When I first spoke to him, he was pretty strong in his belief not to

      Now he has followed through and, to me, that shows a lot of character.

      If there was going to be one person to make a decision like this it
was Stuart. He's a highly intelligent person, who knows more than most about
what is going on around the world.

      He reads widely and extensively and is always up to date on current

      He's also the type of person who stands up for what he believes and is
not easily swayed nor influenced by peer-group pressure.

      His decision to make himself unavailable for the tour puts the
spotlight on the grey line between sport and politics.

      Looking at what is happening to human rights in Zimbabwe, you'd have
to think hard about whether to go.

      One of our strengths within the Australian cricket squad is showing
compassion for others and taking a step back to ensure we see a clearer
perspective on issues.

      In doing that, like all sports people, they have to balance the
interests of their chosen sport and their professional careers.

      In finding that balance we sometimes need to rely on the relevant
authorities who are much better informed to give advice and guidance.

      In making the decision to pull out based on moral grounds I guess you
have to be sure you are going to make a positive impact.

      There are times when you tour a place and start asking if it is right
to be there.

      But each time there has been something positive come out of the
cricket with the goodwill it has created for the people and the positive
vibe it has given off.

      A perfect example is the Test and one-day series between Pakistan and
India in regards to strengthening the relationship between these two

      With regards to cricket it is also influenced by the decisions of the
ruling board in each country and the ICC,which has put down a mandate that
all cricket nations must be toured unless there are security issues.

      On the cricket front, Zimbabwe seems to be at a crisis front with
their topline players and captain being sacked in the last couple of weeks.

      The side they are planning to put out for the Sri Lankan and
Australian tour might be giving younger players an opportunity but in the
longer run may damage their careers. This is a real danger for Zimbabwe
cricket as they have very few experienced players at the best of times.

      ICC need to step in and find a resolution and have some sort of
mediation process.

      At the moment the Zimbabwe cricket board and their players are just
clashing heads with no solutions appearing on the horizon.

      If things go ahead as they are at the moment, I can't see it being a
positive for Zimbabwe cricket.

      The Daily Telegraph
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The Age
Time to declare 'enough'
By Greg Baum
April 22, 2004
Enough is enough. Zimbabwe has gone too far, so Australia must not go at
all. There are more reasons now for Australia not to make its scheduled tour
of Zimbabwe next month than there are to persevere with it.

Stuart MacGill has already stood down, bravely, for it is not as if he can
walk back into the side when and as he chooses.

Other players are said to be uncomfortable, and it is they who will be on
the philosophical front line. Just this week, captain Ricky Ponting
expressed reservations about playing a Zimbabwe team emasculated by bans,
boycotts and massive political interference.

Previously, this column has argued that Australia had to go because it owed
a duty of care to Zimbabwean cricket, and because sport could not allow
itself to be subverted for a political purpose. But Zimbabwean cricket
plainly has been hijacked by that wretched country's tyrannical government,
and is acting as an arm.

Yesterday, Zimbabwe deported a respected sports journalist, ostensibly
because of a problem with accreditation, in fact because it feared he would
tell the truth.

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"I had not written a word," the Daily Telegraph's Mihir Bose said. "One of
the excuses given for my deportation was that (as) a British journalist I
might try to foment trouble. Until I came here, I believed England's cricket
team should go to Zimbabwe (in November). In view of the Zimbabwe Cricket
Union's behaviour, I have now changed my mind."

Although all deny it, the truth is simple enough. Robert Mugabe's Government
has insinuated sympathisers with little cricket knowledge or standing on to
the Zimbabwean cricket board and selection panel. Their purpose, like the
Government's, is not merely to marginalise white men, but drive them out

Fifteen cricketers, all white, went on strike, captain Heath Streak either
resigned or was sacked and the Zimbabwe team that played against Sri Lanka
two days ago was scarcely of club standard.

  The issue in Zimbabwe is not race, but the politics of race.
Reportedly, three of that team were loath to play, for their sympathies were
with the rebels, but were forced not only to play, but to deny misgivings.
Mugabe's dead hand was apparent everywhere.

The upshot is that Australia, the best team in the world, would be playing a
ghost team of little- and unknowns in what would be farcical mismatches.
Zimbabwe at near full strength was twice thrashed by Australia last year.
Ponting said Australia would have little interest in playing.

"It would be disappointing for the player group to go there and play a
second or third-string side," he said this week.

The Australian board has said that it would proceed with the tour because
there was no security risk and because it was obliged by the ICC future
tours program to play everyone. But the future tours program was meant to
propagate the game.

Matches between the Australian team as announced yesterday and the
Zimbabwean team as it stands would hold cricket up to ridicule. Matthew
Hayden might reclaim his world record in a day, but it would be hollow.

While Zimbabwe was still able to field uncompromised teams, it was important
for Australia to show solidarity with the country's beset cricket-playing
community. Now it would be turning a blind eye to the unconscionable.

The issue in Zimbabwe is not race, but the politics of race. Zimbabwe is a
mainly black country represented by a mainly white cricket team. This can be
reversed, but not overnight.

Zimbabwe already had adopted a quota system, but that was not enough for
Ozias Bvute - the new board member in charge of quotas - and Maqsood
Ebrahim, newly appointed to the selection panel.

Streak protested at Ebrahim's appointment and influence, demanding someone
with more cricket experience, and for his troubles was accused of plotting
to destroy Zimbabwean cricket.

This was grossly unfair, since Streak has stayed when it would have easier
and more lucrative for him to go to England or Australia, and despite the
imprisonment of his father. His patriotism is beyond question.

Pigment has become irrelevant; attitude is black and white. Streak's
nomination for the selection panel is a black former player. A black
journalist has been threatened for writing about nepotism in Zimbabwean
cricket. Bose, the deported journalist, is Indian-born.

Henry Olonga, the black cricketer who famously protested against the Mugabe
Government by wearing a black armband in last year's World Cup, sees the
grey. "Heath Streak and Andy Blignaut speak the vernacular languages of
Zimbabwe just as well as other African kids, and are in one sense culturally
as African as the next person," he wrote in the London Observer. "But
obviously, they are white, and it seems it's a bad time to be white in

Racism is abhorrent in any form. If indeed the only acceptable white in
Zimbabwe now would be Cameron, Australia should stay home.

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Monetary Policy Review Today

The Herald (Harare)

April 21, 2004
Posted to the web April 21, 2004

Victoria Ruzvidzo

TODAY the nation awaits the review of the monetary policy by the Reserve
Bank of Zimbabwe governor, Dr Gideon Gono.

The policy has become a central instrument to Zimbabwe's economic revival.

Normally, reviews are done every six months, but present circumstances need
shorter periods between appraisals.

For the past three months, the monetary policy has, to a large extent, been
instrumental in changing the economic landscape.

When the new policy was launched, inflation rates were accelerating, fuelled
by an even faster rate of growth in money supply and a faster rise in the
parallel exchange rate.

Bringing growth in money supply under control and using the auctions to wipe
out the parallel market for foreign currency has seen the major economic
ulcer, inflation, declining steadily since the beginning of the year.

The month-on-month inflation, which reached 33,6 percent in November last
year, dropped to 5,9 percent in March, although modest increases are
expected before the decline continues.

However, interest rates have been rising after an initial decline in
January. The rates now hover around 300 percent as the central bank has left
them to be determined by market forces.

Borrowing, as was probably intended in the new policy, is expensive although
efforts are being made to inflate the economy without inflating money supply
by having a special fund at a concessionary rate for productive purposes.

It is no longer possible now to borrow at low interest rates and use
borrowed funds to create paper fortunes through speculation.

The banking sector has coped with an eventful quarter that saw the closure
of some banks and reorganisation of others.

Overall, the monetary policy has brought back confidence with both local
stakeholders and some international organisations expressing optimism on the
progress made so far.

However, there is need for a relook of some of the policies and strategies
adopted so far for the economy to move into a firm revival mode.

It is against this background that Zimbabwe and some interested external
partners eagerly await the review of the monetary policy statement scheduled
for this afternoon.

Key among the issues expected to be addressed today is the concern of
exporters over 25 percent of their earnings, which they offload at $824 to
the United States dollar, while the balance is paid at the prevailing
auction rate.

Exporters view this as a tax on exports and as a serious limit on Zimbabwe's
ability to boost exports.

Since the beginning of the year, most exporting companies have either scaled
down on exports or have suspended business altogether, arguing that the
blend rate has made their businesses less viable.

Representations have been made to the central bank and to the Ministry of
Finance and Economic Development over the issue.

It is, thus, expected that the matter will be fully addressed to ensure the
generation of more foreign currency through exports.

There has been a steady flow of foreign currency through the foreign
exchange auction system, but increased inflows are required to meet the
country's needs.

So far, more than US$175 million has passed through the auction, which has
registered huge successes since its launch on January 12.

More efforts need to be directed towards reducing inflation which, though
declining, has remained unsustainably high.

The agriculture sector, on which economic revival is premised, also beckons.
More resources need to be allocated to this sector to ensure farmers,
particularly the recently resettled, realise their potential.

Many farmers have failed to operate effectively due to inadequate resources.

The central bank has previously provided funds to the sector, but much more
is required.

A topical issue over the past few months had been the suggestion by some
stakeholders for the central bank to declare an amnesty for banks,
corporates and individuals who have externalised huge amounts of foreign

The central bank and the police have been on a major hunt for the culprits,
but some argue that better results could be achieved through an amnesty.

It remains to be seen how Dr Gono will deal with this one and a whole list
of other issues at hand.

The need for congruency between the monetary and fiscal policies has also
come to the fore.

It has been argued that not much has been happening on the fiscal side for
the two to complement each other in reviving the economy.

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Namibian judiciary "facing Zimbabweanisation"
afrol News, 21 April - Human rights groups in Namibia are alarmed at what
they call the "Zimbabweanisation" of their so far democratic institution.
Especially the independence of the national judiciary is threatened, they
claim, pointing to "intimidation of independence-minded Namibian judicial
officers, most of whom are white."

The National Society for Human Rights of Namibia (NSHR) today in a press
release said it was "alarmed at insidious but systemic Zimbabweanisation of
not only the socio-economic and political, but also judicial, system in this
country." The group was observing an "ongoing erosion of judicial
independence and circumvention of its effectives."

- Judicial independence means that judges and magistrates can decide cases
before them without fear or favour, based on the law and the facts of a
particular case, NSHR executive director Phil ya Nangoloh reminded Namibian
authorities today. "With an independent judiciary, cases will be decided on
their merits. All litigants know that their case will be decided according
to the law and the facts, not the vagaries of shifting political currents or
the clamour of partisan politicians," Mr ya Nangoloh added.

The Namibian human rights body claims that these standards of judicial
independence now are threatened by the 14-year-old government of President
Sam Nujoma and his SWAPO party, who have totally dominated Namibian politics
ever since independence in 1990. President Nujoma repeatedly has expressed
his admiration of Zimbabwean dictator Robert Mugabe and may be set to change
the Namibian constitution to allow for his fourth presidential term.

The NSHR is expressing "grave concern" at verbal attacks directed by
high-ranking Namibian government and ruling SWAPO party officials at what
they term "white" and "foreign" judges in general and in particular Justice
Elton Hoff following his 23 February unpopular ruling in alleged Caprivi
secessionist case.

The case of the Caprivi secessionists has obtained much attention in Namibia
and large parts of the public were shocked at Justice Hoff's dismissal of
the case because the accused had been illegally detained outside Namibia. "A
truly independent judicial is there to protect the rights of those promoting
unpopular views," the human rights group notes, "including those
representing minority viewpoints or factions and accused of serious crimes."

The group further denounced what it called the "rancorous victimisation and
intimidation against Magistrate Walter Mostert" in 2001. Magistrate Mostert,
a white Namibian citizen, was "unconstitutionally transferred" from his
permanent post, according to the NSHR. After complaining, the
"independent-minded judicial officer" has been denied his annual leave and

Through an investigation, NSHR said it had "reliably established that ever
since he challenged the unconstitutionality of his transfer, Magistrate
Mostert is faced with several vindictive omissions or commissions from
certain officials of Ministry of Justice."

In 2003, the Namibian Parliament had enacted new legislation to give effect
to orders of transferring unpopular judicial officers. Mr ya Nangoloh holds
that this new legislation "is one of the worst pieces of legislation ever
passed by Parliament in the history of our country's constitutional order,
in so as judicial independence is concerned." The act, according to the NSHR
leader, "promotes executive impunity and entrenches executive interference
in both the decisional and institutional independence of the judiciary."

- The systematic erosion of judicial independence in Namibia has alibis in
Zimbabwe, the Namibian group says in its statement. Since the prime targets
of Zimbabwean-style land grab drive in Namibia were white farmers, it was
logical to conclude that the Namibian government would also target primarily
white Namibian judges, magistrates, prosecutors and lawyers as "allies of
white farmers," the group holds. Hence, a Zimbabwe-style divide and rule
strategy was now being employed "to divide the judiciary along racial

Several other parallels could also be drawn between the situation in Namibia
and that in Zimbabwe since 2000, when President Mugabe's land reform
campaign started in earnest, the NSHR warns. Like President Mugabe in
Zimbabwe, the Namibian government had repeatedly demonstrated its disdain
for judicial independence. "This is witnessed by the numerous verbal attacks
as well defamation and intimidation of judges who deliver politically
unpopular rulings," the group says.

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      Mugabe hosts anti-colonial summit

      Zimbabwe is hosting a meeting of former African guerrilla leaders and
freedom fighters to argue for land reform.
      An official from the ruling Zanu-PF party - itself once a guerrilla
force - said the meeting would focus on Zimbabwe's moves to redistribute

      Talks would also seek ways of boosting the anti-colonial struggle, he

      President Robert Mugabe's policy of violently taking the farms of
minority whites and handing them to landless blacks has sparked global

      Several western nations have severed ties with President Mugabe's
government, blaming his policies for Zimbabwe's economic crisis and food

      But in a recent speech marking the 24th anniversary of Zimbabwe's
independence from foreign rule, Mr Mugabe said the country's difficulties
stemmed from a Western plot to re-colonise it.

      Observers say President Mugabe's government will hope the summit shows
domestic opponents it still has historic allies in the region - despite its
international isolation.

      Farm tours

      Invitations to the meeting have been sent to the representatives of
former freedom movements in Angola, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and South

      Didymus Mutasa, the external affairs secretary, told the Agence France
Presse new agency he could not confirm who would be attending.

      He said delegates would be taken on a tour of farms formerly owned by
whites that were now in black hands.

      "There is a lot of criticism of our land reform programme and want
those who are supporting us to understand why we are doing it," he said.

      Falling output

      Other issues on the agenda are said to include the status of black
minorities in western countries and methods of reviving the struggle against

      Mr Mugabe recently lambasted fellow African leaders for betraying the
anti-colonial struggle by "listening to the enemy".

      Thousands of white farmers left Zimbabwe after President Mugabe
authorised peasant supporters of his Zanu-PF party to take over their farms
in February 2000.

      Fearing for their assets, foreign businesses and investors fled
Zimbabwe, while agricultural output in the farms that had changed hands
dropped drastically.
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Leeds Today

'Don't send me home to be killed'

By Charles Heslett

A MUM-OF-SEVEN who found sanctuary in Leeds said today she feared for her
life if the British Government deports her back to Zimbabwe.

Deirdre Humphreys, 43, fled the troubled Southern African country with her
daughter Jessica leaving one of her sons behind.
Two of Mrs Humphreys sons are in London and the rest of her children have
left Zimbabwe and are scattered across the globe.
For four years she has lived at a number of addresses in West Yorkshire,
most recently in Leeds, relying on temporary work permits.
But she says she faces the horrific prospect of going back to the land ruled
with an iron fist by President Robert Mugabe after the Home Office refused
her asylum bid.
Mrs Humphreys has launched an appeal, which will be heard in a few weeks'
But she is petrified that if that fails she will be forced to return to the
country where she believes she will face imprisonment and possibly death.
"I would rather go back to Zimbabwe in a box," she said. "When they try to
put me on that plane back I will not go.
"There's no democracy there, no law and order. Why would I be any safer now
then when I fled four years ago?"
The Home Office states that Mrs Humphreys would only face risk of violence
or death if she tried to live on the family farm in the country and
suggested instead living in Harare.
It added: "The hostility shown to the white minority by the present
government has in practice been limited thus far to the farming community
and not all sections of the white community.
"There are no grounds for you to fear persecution in Zimbabwe on the basis
of your ethnic or social group."
Mrs Humphreys added: "The same regime is in power. My partner had links with
the Movement for Democratic Change and if I go back I will be labelled an
enemy of the state and imprisoned.
"I was arrested once by the police and taken to a police station in the
capital, Harare.
"Do you think they will welcome me back with open arms. I cannot let my
family go through that again."
She escaped the clutches of marauding gangs who took over many white-run
farms where she lived in Zimbabwe in June 2000 with her youngest daughter
and just a few suitcases.
Her mother and stepfather, Jessica and Richard Simpson who both hold British
passports and live in West Yorkshire, paid for their flight to the UK.
Mum and daughter, now 13, have both received extensive counselling for the
trauma they suffered before and during their escape and are under the care
of a psychologist.
A Home Office spokeswoman said: "We do not comment on individual cases.
She said people who failed to be granted asylum would not at present be
forcibly returned.

21 April 2004
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