The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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THE FOLLOWING LISTINGS OF SECTION 8 orders of Compulsory Acquisition
under the recently amended Land Acquisition Act are the first orders to
be listed under the new Act.

Farmers must take note that it is no longer necessary under the new law
for the acquiring authority to serve Section 5 Notices, Section 8 orders
or Section 7 admin court papers.

All Farmers listed below are advised to avail themselves of the Section 8
orders from the acquiring authority.  Those farmers requiring legal
advice as to how to proceed should contact JAG as a matter of urgency or
their legal practitioners, especially those farmers still on their farms
and particularly vulnerable.

Take note also that the new acquiring authority is J L NKOMO, Minister of
Special Affairs in the Presidnet's Office in Charge of Lands, Land Reform
and Resettlement.

  Vesting of land, taking of materials and
  exercise of rights over land

NOTICE is hereby given, in terms of paragraph (iii) of subsection (1) of
section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter 20:10), that the President
has acquired compulsorily the land described in the Schedule for
resettlement purposes.

Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office in Charge of Lands,
Land Reform and Resettlement.

LOT 2 - SECTION 8 - 26 TH APRIL 2004

26.04.2004; 1. 5290/80. Watershed Estates (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Kroomklof of Kenilworth; 259,8125 ha
26.04.2004; 2. 2955/92. Dandon (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Lot 2 of Newcastle; 158,1572 ha
26.04.2004; 3. 2954/92. Dandon (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Lot 3 of New Castle; 122,1433 ha
26.04.2004; 4. 8600/71. Cecillia J Hunwick; Chipinga; Hilderstroom of Dhleni of Hartbeastnek; 429,2900 ha
26.04.2004; 5. 5523/80. Red Sands (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Remaining Extent of Clearwater; 428,2403 ha
26.04.2004; 6. 8366/91. Dandon (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Remaining Extent of Laughing Waters of Newcastle; 320,6658 ha
26.04.2004; 7. 9395/90. The Chipinge Coffee Company (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Lot 1 of Rietvlei of Kenilworth; 31,4513 ha
26.04.2004; 8. 1589/85. Joubert Brothers (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Subdivision A of Woodstock; 256,9554 ha
26.04.2004; 9. 6846/87. Lydell Farm (Private) Limited; Chipinga; Subdivision A of Busi; 202,3392 ha
26.04.2004; 10. 0003787/98. The Trustees for The Time Being of The Late Merlach Trust; Goromonzi; Subdivision D of Binder; 122,0751 ha
26.04.2004; 11. 415/89. Cecil Robin Balfour Green; Inyanga; Leaping Waters of Rupurara; 148,7655 ha
26.04.2004; 12. 5634/69. Bracken Hills A Development Company (Private) Limited; Inyanga; Remainder of Bracken Hills A; 544.0390 acres
26.04.2004; 13. 8396/97. Chitatu Farm (Private) Limited; Lomagundi; Virgiia; 1 315,1606 ha
26.04.2004; 14. 24443/86. Martinna Susanna Hunderrmark, Frederick Albertus Vander Merwe & Johanna Eliza Van Der Merwe; Lomagundi; Maryland; 1 302,9868 ha
26.04.2004; 15. 4576/93. Consolidated Afric P/L; Lomagundi; Gretton Extension A; 390,8900 ha
26.04.2004; 16. 9221/87. E D Dodgen (1987) (Private) Limited; Lomagundi; Nyrugwe; 954,4325 ha
26.04.2004; 17. 8755/99. Atlantic Farming Enterprises (Pvt) Ltd; Makoni; Farm 3 of Yorkshire Estate; 993,4753 ha
26.04.2004; 18. 5128/74. Dagbreek Estates (Private) Limited; Makoni; Dagbreek; 486,5422 ha
26.04.2004; 19. 5222/91. Pambeli Farms (Private) Limited; Makoni; Lot 9 of York of Yourshire Estate; 888,28 ha
26.04.2004; 20. 4240/98. Farinya Farming Enterprises (Private) Limited; Makoni; Lot 1 of Chimbi; 1 120,97 ha
26.04.2004; 21. 1271/96. Gerald Ian Balance; Makoni; Ripple Mead; 725,7751 ha
26.04.2004; 22. 7451/80. Excelsior Farm (Pvt) Ltd; Makoni; Excelsior; 567,3100 ha
26.04.2004; 23. 4094/92. Hunyani Agri-Forestry Limited; Makoni; Remaining Extent of Eagles Nest; 1170,3941 ha
26.04.2004; 24. 4094/92; Hunyani Agri-Forestry Limited; Makoni; The Remainder of Subdivision A of Eagles Nest; 1266,2709 ha
26.04.2004; 25. 539/85. Magadalena Catharina Malan; Makoni; The Remainder of Mount Tikwiri; 1097,4252 ha
26.04.2004; 26. 2174/88. Masori Investment P/L; Makoni; York of Yourshire Estate; 2 055,66 ha
26.04.2004; 27. 7980/02. Baracco Farming (Private) Limited; Makoni; Merion; 1 536,38 ha
26.04.2004; 28. 7377/87. Nirmalalini (Private) Limited; Makoni; Subdivision D of Wick; 284,1342 ha
26.04.2004; 29. 152/98. Chimbi River Farm (Private) Limited; Makoni; Farm 24A Lawrencedale Estate; 1 286,2684 ha
26.04.2004; 30. 7303/83. Mazuri Farms (Private) Limited; Marandellas; Murrayfield; 843,6417 ha
26.04.2004; 31. 2005/96. Rietpan (Private) Limited; Mazoe; Rietpan; 837,646 ha
26.04.2004; 32. 1021/87. Chipudzana (Private) Limited; Melsetter; Weltvrede of Avontuur Extension; 981,3334 ha
26.04.2004; 33. 441/70. Michael Edwin Guyse Thorburn; Salisbury; Remainder of Subdivision A portion of Ellandale; 1 189,5976 morgen
26.04.2004; 34. 3859/95. Cregg Conell (Private) Limited; Salisbury; Lot 1 of Somerby; 101,6577 ha
26.04.2004; 35. 6696/92. P D Hulley; Umtali; Lot 1 of Orkney of Howth; 438,0069 ha
26.04.2004; 36. 3350A/84. Constance Campbell-Morrison; Umtali; Subdivision E of Burma of Clydesdale; 101,1969 ha
26.04.2004; 37. 3766/68. Sleightholme Farms (Private) Limited; Umtali; Subdivision C of Burma of Clydesdale; 249,9964 acres
26.04.2004; 38. 3765/68. Sleightholme Farms (Private) Limited; Umtali; Subdivision D of Burma of Clydesdale; 249,9966 acres
26.04.2004; 39. 6717/71. Ardroy Estate (Private) Limited; Umtali; Lot 2 of Essex; 244,9615 ha
26.04.2004; 40. Certificate of Consolidated Title 2904/68; Guy Goodwin Coke-Norris; Umtali; Lot 1E Laverstock; 528,2422 acres
26.04.2004; 41. 7391/71. Mutare Board and Paper Mills Limited; Umtali; Nyagari; 588,3894 ha
26.04.2004; 42. 2572/80. Border Timbers Limited; Umtali; Penhalonga Tree Plot; 86,3255 ha
26.04.2004; 43. 2572/80. Border Timbers Limited; Umtali; Tyrconnel East of Tyrconnel; 301,5158 ha
26.04.2004; 44. 2572/80. Border Timbers Limited; Umtali; Tunnes Rus; 241,1384 ha
26.04.2004; 45. 9876/90. Gibons Investments (Private) Limited; Umtali; Falling Waters of Laurance Ville; 173,5302 ha
26.04.2004; 46. 5967/80. B & C Bus Company (Private) Limited; Umtali; Remaining Extent of Fernicarry Extension; 279,0843 ha
26.04.2004; 47. 5371/72. Malcom William Shaw; Umtali; Remaining Extent of Felsted of Laurance Ville; 194,9938 ha
26.04.2004; 48. 2650/94. High Point Estate (Private) Limited; Umtali; Lot 1 of Greencroft; 173,0877 ha
26.04.2004; 49. 4711/85. Border Timbers Limited; Umtali; Imbeza Valley Lot; 8 92,5039 ha
26.04.2004; 50. 288/81. Eastlands (Private) Limited; Umtali. Remaining extent of Subdivision B of Eastlands; 148,1388 ha
26.04.2004; 51. 3663/86. Robert John Rickard and Jill Penelope Rickard; Umtali; Globe Rock of Monkfield of Norseland; 74,5303 ha
26.04.2004; 52. 2897/48. The Wattle Company Limited; Umtali; Balgregie; 1595 morgen, 593 square roods
26.04.2004; 53. 1241/73. Glenburn Investments (Private) Limited; Umtali; Glenburn of Dunmon of Laurance Ville; 102,6362 ha
26.04.2004; 54. 1865/46. The Wattle Company Limited; Umtali; "Mapoff"; 842 morgen, 25 square roods
26.04.2004; 55. 288/81. Eastlands (Private) Limited; Umtali; Remaining Extent of Eastlands; 153,6801 ha
26.04.2004; 56. 2558/56. Johannes Stephanus Vorster; Umtali; Elrado of Gwindingwi; 472,4622 morgen
26.04.2004; 57. 1367/75. Terence Joseph Grant; Umtali; Chinakatori of Maonza; 136,5111 ha
26.04.2004; 58. 49040/71. Nyameni (Private) Limited; Umtali; Remaining Extent of Cloudlands Estate; 407,2163 ha
26.04.2004; 59. 3479/93. Ferndale Investments (Private) Limited; Umtali; Nahoon Estate; 444,2658 ha
26.04.2004; 60. 6180/94. Chalgrove (Private) Limited; Umtali; Chalgrove of Burma of Clyesdale; 521,4907 ha
26.04.2004; 61. 6181/94. Manyera Farm (Private) Limited; Umtali; Manyera; 809,2688 ha
26.04.2004; 62. 3207/88; Ardingly Farm (Private) Limited; Umtali; Lot 1 of Lot 1 of Brown Hill Estate A; 240,9409 ha
26.04.2004; 63. 2119/96. Dentrow Farm (Private) Limited; Urungwe; Dentrow Estate; 962,3647 ha
26.04.2004; 64. 4560/85. Kapena Farm (Private) Limited; Urungwe; Tengwe; 69 505,4835 ha
26.04.2004; 65. 8595/99. Acredell Services (Private) Limited; Urungwe; Lot 1 of Deerwood Park; 1 406,2605 ha
26.04.2004; 66. 5389/81. Dendera Estate (Private) Limited; Urungwe; Katengwe; 338,2053 ha
26.04.2004; 67. 5314/68. Stan Sheppard (Private) Limited; Urungwe; Lot 1 of the Ridges; 1 499,9783 acres
26.04.2004; 68. 7342/95; Francis George Radford and Rosemarie Elsie Scarborough; Umtali; Subdivision D of Orkney of Howth; 101,1728 ha
26.04.2004; 69. 2849/88. H J Vorster P/L; Umtali; Gwindingwe; 419,1474 ha
26.04.2004; 70. 7023/80. Gary Terrence Goss; Umtali; Inodzi Extension; 135,3300 acres
26.04.2004; 71. 2435/77. David Charles Walker; Umtali; Imbeza Valley Lot 2; 73,66 ha
26.04.2004; 72. 658/87. Richard Seager; Wedza Lot 1 of Una; 606,99 ha

JUSTICE FOR AGRICULTURE LEGAL COMMUNIQUÉ - April 26, 2004 Email:; Internet: -------------------------------------------------------------------------- LOT 142 SECTION 5 26TH APRIL 2004 26.04.2004. 1. 1847/01. Mazville Farming (Private) Limited; Bellingwe; Shenandoah of the Umsungwe Block; 80,9359 ha 26.04.2004. 2. 1338/59. Moorcroft and Moorcroft; Bellingwe; Remaining Extent of Kromdraai Estate; 8 420,6127 morgen 26.04.2004. 3. 11038/97. Propkept Investments (Private) Limited; Goromonzi; Remainder of Subdivision C of Learig; 370,5811 ha 26.04.2004. 4. 2959/71. Melfort Farm P/L; Goromonzi; Melfort B; 398,2267 morgen 26.04.2004. 5. 8629/99. Becontree Investments (Private) Limited; Goromonzi; Rots Der Eeue Estate A; 189,5461 ha 26.04.2004. 6. 5508/89. Christoffel Gideon Laurens; Gwelo; Subdivision A of De Rust of Fallowfield; 1 027,8196 ha 26.04.2004. 7. 1111/80. Heynie Lodewikus Liebenberg; Gwelo; Taranaki of East Shangani Block; 933,1793 ha 26.04.2004. 8. 211/65. Freda Mary Kaschula; Gwelo; Remaining Extent of Subdivision 20 of West Gwelo Block; 1 961,8913 acres 26.04.2004. 9. 3117/73. Joseph Pytlik and Maria Elizabeth Pytlik; Gwelo; "Shaw Lands"; 1 284,771 ha 26.04.2004. 10. 4710/90. Manuel Dos Santos; Gwelo Lot 75 of the Umsungwe Block; 389,7143 ha 26.04.2004. 11. 398/66. James Redmond and Catherine Mary Redmond; Gwelo; Berkshire of the Fife Scott Block; 1 787,7874 acres 26.04.2004. 12. 1014/71. Walter James Avery; Gwelo; Gwelo Small Holding; 28 239,6509 ha 26.04.2004. 13. 1302/99. Davis Granite (Private) Limited; Gwelo; La Rochelle of Bendhu; 102,4531 ha 26.04.2004. 14. 2248/83. Clive Leopold Hein; Gwelo; Remainder of Dopton; 2 284,7657 ha 26.04.2004. 15. 2843/72. Petrus Jacobus Van Der Merwe; Gwelo; Buda; 2 446,9736 ha 26.04.2004. 16. 1949/68. Ian Stewart Cox; Gwelo; Adamantia; 4 517,6155 acres 26.04.2004. 17. 2559/86. Hester Antoenetta Mortley-Wood; Gwelo; Remainder of Dewhurst; 1 357,3013 ha 26.04.2004. 18. 1517/94. DesputeFarm (Private) Limited; Gwelo; Despute of Ghoko Block; 1 131,3514 ha 26.04.2004. 19. 1353/82. Michael Edwin Futter; Gwelo; Remainder of Four Chums Block; 921,4884 ha 26.04.2004. 20. 2107/70. Colin Charles Barry; Gwelo; Ellangowan of Foxton; 1 000,0507 acres 26.04.2004. 21. 1248/97. Chrisgid (Private) Limited; Gwelo; Woodlands; 2 802,5028 ha 26.04.2004. 22. 341/96. Elsje Hester Herbst; Louisa Antoinetta Erasmus; Anna Magdalena Van Druten and Hendrika Maria Griffiths; Gwelo; Good Hope of Ghoko Block; 2 213,5004 ha 26.04.2004. 23. 2004/76. Norman Naisbitt (Private) Limited; Gwelo; Hursley Park of Walton; 736,6055 ha 26.04.2004. 24. 2004/76. Norman Naisbitt (Private) Limited; Gwelo; Subdivision A of Staines; 1 070,5754 ha 26.04.2004. 25. 98/47. Robert Basson; Gwelo; Farm 'Koppies' portion of East Shangani Block; 1100morgen 201 square roods 26.04.2004. 26. 2377/94. Maliyetu (Private) Limited; Gwelo; Hebron of Kenilworth; 213,7327 ha 26.04.2004. 27. 870/84. Arcadia Farm (Private) Limited; Gwelo; Gwelo Small Holding; 26 215,8126 ha 26.04.2004. 28. 1428/81. Anges Patricia Mountford, George Bowie Mountford and Godwin Emmanuel Mountford; Gwelo; Fairview C of Fairview A; 501,9196 ha 26.04.2004. 29. 3022/97. Hollyland Farming (Private) Limited; Gwelo; The Remainder of Lot 3 of Bushy Park 2; 3 946,8085 ha 26.04.2004. 30. 2588/94. Basil Walter Scheepers; Gwelo; Lot 1Gmnyomi; 224 6212 ha 26.04.2004. 31. 856/79. Moral Re-Armament; Gwelo; The Remainder of Gwelo Small Holding; 18 134,726 ha 26.04.2004. 32. 513/88. Alveston Estate (1985); Makoni; Lot 4 Lawrencedale; 838,3100 ha 26.04.2004. 33. 4596/81. Masori Investments (Private) Limited; Makoni; Remaining Extent of Maidstone; 1 113,3764 ha 26.04.2004. 34. 5128/74. Dagbreek Estates (Private) Limited; Makoni; Dagbreek; 486,5422 ha 26.04.2004. 35. 2937/00. Michael Barry Jansen; QueQue; Xanthippe of the Main Belt Block; 1 333,0262 ha 26.04.2004. 36. 1491/97. Eggton (Private) Limited; QueQue; Boulderwood of the Main Belt Block; 1 284,7771 ha 26.04.2004. 37. 862/84. N G Coetzee and Son (Private) Limited; QueQue; Subdivision 4 of East Clare Block 41,2790 ha 26.04.2004. 38. 4284/89. Brimley Estate (Private) Limited; QueQue; Bezuidenhout's Kraal; 1 284,7771 ha 26.04.2004. 39. 3124/72. Henry Swan Elsworth; QueQue; Kilkenny; 2 569,5570 ha 26.04.2004. 40. 188/84. Richard James Danvers; QueQue; Maliami; 809,3567 ha 26.04.2004. 41. 660/61. Bealuieu Farm Holdings (Private) Limited; QueQue; Lot 1 of Newlands; 3 065,1754 acres 26.04.2004. 42. 2691/81. Harold John Corbelt; QueQue; Bridgewater of the Quantocks; 987,2561 ha 26.04.2004. 43. 2348/77. Colin Charles Barry; QueQue; Remainder of Kingswood of the Main Belt Block; 877,0381 ha 26.04.2004. 44. 3671/72. Eduan Estate (Private) Limited; QueQue; Remainder of Lot 1 of Sherwood Block; 794,7301 ha 26.04.2004. 45. 367/72. Eduan Estate (Private) Limited; QueQue; Toekoms Droom of Sherwood Park of Sherwood Block; 368,1420 ha 26.04.2004. 46. 292/98. Junita Farm (Private) Limited; QueQue; Junita of the Main Belt Block; 1 675,7662 ha 26.04.2004. 47. 2666/73. Caberfeugh Estate (Private) Limited; QueQue; Runnimede; 940,4568 ha 26.04.2004. 48. 2666/73. Caberfeigh Estate (Private) Limited; QueQue; Collynie; 1 027,8216 ha 26.04.2004. 49. 363/01. Finchley Farms (Private) Limited; QueQue; Finchley; 467,6500 ha 26.04.2004. 50. 616/79. Hilton Stewart Gifford; QueQue; Kabanga Ranch; 8 604,3602 ha 26.04.2004. 51. 2335/81. Anthony David Graham Clarke; QueQue; Remainder of Bon Accord of the Main Belt Block; 188,6096 ha 26.04.2004. 52. 4313/87. Mark Anthony Macgregor; QueQue; Lot 1 of Graydene; 124,6356 ha 26.04.2004. 53. 1279/89. Derek John Louis Austen; QueQue; Lot 2 of Matchbel; 258,4497 ha 26.04.2004. 54. 2020/81. Edwin Ridley Trewin Parker; QueQue; Gwengula; 1 417,3662 ha 26.04.2004. 55. 3493/00. Theunes Farming Company (Private) Limited; QueQue; Lime Ridge of the Main Belt Block; 1 564,0134 ha 26.04.2004. 56. 1095/98. Douglas Harry Hensberg and Heather Hensberg; QueQue; Summerfield of East Clare Block; 102,0557 ha 26.04.2004. 57. 670/76. Paul Redin Savory; QueQue; Remainder of Loozan Estate; 2 733,7627 ha 26.04.2004. 58. 413/64. Patrick Joseph Burke; QueQue; Circle G Ranch; 17 264,2780 acres 26.04.2004. 59. 2742/88. Jemville (Privte) Limited; QueQue; Sandspruit Estate; 1 058,036 ha 26.04.2004. 60. 4309/88. Maria Elizabeth Steyn; QueQue; Long Valley of Belgrave; 808,1267 ha 26.04.2004. 61. 141/87. Pavloma (Private) Limited; QueQue; Maryann; 3 419,8564 ha 26.04.2004. 62. 1687/86. Que Que Cinema Investment Company (Private) Limited; QueQue; Solitaire; 1 735,1517 ha 26.04.2004. 63. 2639/80. H E Elsworth and Son; QueQue; Gabbari Extension; 2 589,1470 ha 26.04.2004. 64. 226/90. D I J (Private) Limited; QueQue; Remainder of Glen Arroch of the Main Belt Block; 1 221,2191 ha 26.04.2004. 65. 2065/76. Arcadia Farm (Private) Limited; Selukwe; Valentia; 815,4052 ha LOT 143 SECTION 5 26TH APRIL 2004 26.04.2004. 1. 4801/89. Turner Properties (Private) Limited; Salisbury; The Remainder of Mount Hampden; 305,5417 ha 26.04.2004. 2. 1723/76. Retreat Farm P/L; Salisbury; Retreat; 624,50 ha 26.04.2004. 3. 3975/87. Mashonaland Holdings (Private) Limited; Salisbury; Chizororo of Eyrecourt; 197,5300 ha
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Commonwealth head sees no Zimbabwe progress
Mon 26 April, 2004 14:06

By Andrew Quinn

JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - Diplomatic efforts to reconcile Zimbabwe and the
Commonwealth have made no headway and there is little prospect that
President Robert Mugabe's government will rejoin soon, Commonwealth head Don
McKinnon says.

"We consider it very sad that they have left the Commonwealth. We would like
them to come back, we believe someday they will be able to come back, but I
think the climate right now is not really conducive," McKinnon said on

Mugabe pulled Zimbabwe out of the Commonwealth in December after the
54-member group of mostly former British colonies extended a suspension of
the southern African nation's membership.

Last week Mugabe, 80, derided the Commonwealth -- which criticised his
re-election in 2002 polls described as rigged by Western observers and local
opposition groups -- as an "evil" group bent on infringing Zimbabwe's

McKinnon said efforts by South Africa and Nigeria to bridge the gap with
Zimbabwe appeared to be going nowhere.

"I know that there are African leaders who are talking quietly about this
issue. They would like to see it resolved...but no one has high expectations
at the present time," he told Reuters.

"I believe we've done everything possible to see some kind of
reconciliation. But there has just been no desire to do such a thing on the
Zimbabwe side."

Mugabe, who led a 1970's guerrilla war against white minority rule and has
been Zimbabwe's leader since independence from Britain in 1980, denies
critics' charges that his misrule has brought a once-thriving economy to its

He says his opponents, led by Britain, have sabotaged the country to pay him
back for seizing land from white farmers to give to landless blacks.

Zimbabwe's suspension caused a rift along racial lines in the Commonwealth,
with several African countries, including South Africa, lobbying hard for
its re-admission.

The diplomatic fracas escalated when South Africa, backed by several other
countries, put forward an alternate candidate to replace McKinnon as
Commonwealth secretary-general -- although the former New Zealand foreign
minister won reelection.

McKinnon, in South Africa to attend President Thabo Mbeki's inauguration for
a second term on Tuesday, said the Commonwealth weathered the diplomatic
crisis with a new consensus on the importance of its democratic principles.

"In the end we failed because (Zimbabwe) left the Commonwealth. But on the
other hand the Commonwealth was able to uphold its values. To some extent
the Commonwealth has come out stronger," he said.
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Why I Am Not Voting in 2005

Mail & Guardian (Johannesburg)

April 23, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004

Everjoice J Win: Comment

To vote or not to vote in 2005 - that is the dilemma facing many
Zimbabweans. While others ponder, as do many political parties, here are six
reasons why I will not vote next year if Zimbabwe does not have a new

I am tired of protest voting: In 2000 and 2002 I voted against Zanu-PF, and
not necessarily for the various opposition parties. Zimbabweans need to vote
for coherent alternatives: policies, values, principles and leadership. Some
of us have huge ideological problems with the alternatives to the ruling
party. I will vote for someone with sound ideological principles on gender,
race and class.

Voting does not make a difference: Since we voted against Zanu-PF in 2000
(parliamentary) and 2002 (presidential), what difference has it made? Quite
frankly, very little. Yes, we now have new faces and some good debates in
Parliament or in local government, and Zanu-PF finally came to grips with
how angry most citizens were. Other than a simple change of faces, not a lot
else was different after 20 years of independence. We need a lot more

Without a new Constitution nothing can change: I am one of the five founder
members of the National Constitutional Assembly - the NCA. Our founding
principle was constitutional transformation, not mere reform. This
imperative remains as valid and as urgent as it was in 1997 when we formed
the NCA. It would seem, in our quest for quick change, some of us are
satisfied with the cosmetic changes we get from time to time.

Similarly, those without any principled base are happy participating in
structures in which they have no capacity to make a difference. While we
empathise with the MPs or councillors who fear losing their jobs if we
boycott the elections next year, these leaders will be reminded that
citizens are not in the business of creating jobs for them.

Neither is it our job as the electorate to hold together political parties
that have no glue and resolve to act in effective coalition.

If anything, things have gotten worse. The powers of the executive are
unchecked and the powers of the ruling clique also remain intact. The recent
sacking of the mayor of Harare by the minister of local government is a good
example. Under the Urban Councils Act, the minister has the power to appoint
and fire all mayors and councillors.

While many NGOs, donors and well-meaning groups have wined and dined MPs or
attempted to build their capacity during endless workshops, the Zimbabwean
Parliament does not make decisions. They have no power. This has
consistently and systematically been demonstrated time and again. An MP can
be thrown in jail on trumped-up charges - several Movement for Democratic
Change MPs have been arrested in the past four years.

Laws passed over the past four years, like the Public Order and Security
Act, further restrict already emasculated MPs. The public order law requires
MPs to get police clearance before they hold any gathering in their
constituency. The police have denied the elected Council of Harare City to
hold consultative meetings with residents every Wednesday.

So what is the point of electing representatives who have no power to make
decisions? Why bother to elect leaders who can be dismissed by President
Robert Mugabe, a leader whose electoral victory is still under challenge
before the courts? Some of the most powerful ministers in Zimbabwe today
were never elected by anybody, but are presidential appointees.

Predetermined results: The current regime is not likely to put in place the
Southern African Development Community minimum standards for free and fair
elections by next year. Any dimwitted person will know the results of the
elections are, in a sense, predetermined.

There will be no informed choice: Given the Broadcasting Services Act and
the ruling party's hold on the national broadcaster, Zimbabweans,
particularly those in remote rural areas who depend on radio, will once
again go to the polls with very little idea of what anyone else besides
Zanu-PF stands for.

I have election fatigue and poll-related stress! Nothing short of a
brand-new Constitution will give us a free and fair election in 2005.

Everjoice J Win is a Zimbabwean women's rights activist
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A Dog Eat Dog Affair

Mail & Guardian (Johannesburg)

April 23, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004

Dumisani Muleya

The succession struggle within Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF has resurfaced with
increased intensity amid speculation that President Robert Mugabe will
announce his retirement at the party's crucial congress in December.

Official sources say the issue has come back with heightened ferocity ahead
of the critical congress, which party spokesperson Nathan Shamuyarira has
said would be a "defining moment" for Zimbabwe.

Shamuyarira recently said Mugabe could announce his retirement plans at the
congress. He warned there would be serious in-fighting if Mugabe hinted at
relinquishing power beforehand.

Well-placed sources say the succession battle currently pits two camps - one
led by Secretary for Administration Emmerson Mnangagwa and the other by
Zanu-PF politburo heavyweight, retired army commander General Solomon
Mujuru - against each other.

The two groups are said to be engaged in combat in a bid to seize strategic
ground within the party in preparation for the final assault for power.

Sources say recent developments surrounding Mnangagwa - who Shamuyarira says
is one of Mugabe's potential successors - such as illegal gold-dealing
allegations and the probe of Zanu-PF companies, are part of the escalating
succession battle.

Mnangagwa was recently accused of receiving about Z$16-million from an
alleged illegal gold dealer, Mark Mathew Burden, who has been arraigned
before the courts.

Zanu-PF sources say Mnangagwa's arch-rivals in the Mujuru camp are actively
manoeuvring to counter his ascendancy as the succession fight intensifies.

The Mujuru group is said to be behind the recent appointment of an internal
team to investigate Zanu-PF companies that Mnangagwa controlled.

Mnangagwa, also Speaker of Parliament and fourth in the ruling party pecking
order, was Zanu-PF treasurer and a member of its companies' boards for many

Together with the Joshi brothers - Jayant and Manharlal Chunibal - and Dipak
Pandya, who recently fled the country to escape the investigation, Mnangagwa
firmly controlled Zanu-PF's financial levers for some time.

Zanu-PF businesses are seen as opaque and controversial.

The ruling party never produced audited books during the past 23 years,
except for one announcement in 1992 to the effect that its assets then were
worth Z$486-million - a lot of money at the time.

It is understood that Mnangagwa's rivals are hoping he would be implicated
in corruption and plunder after the internal graft probe, something
calculated to damage his repu- tation and undermine his succession

Mnangagwa's adversaries are already using accusations of pillage involving
precious minerals during the Democratic Republic of Congo war as a political
weapon against him.

"The in-fighting is now serious and is getting increasingly worse. It's now
a dog-eat-dog affair," a source said.

"The Mnangagwa and Mujuru camps are battling to gain advantage over each

The composition of the Zanu-PF investigation squad formed late last month
has raised eyebrows and lends credence to claims that the Mujuru camp is
behind the whole issue.

The team comprises Zanu-PF finance secretary David Kariman- zira, who is the
chairperson, former finance minister Simba Makoni, Matabeleland North
Governor Obert Mpofu, Deputy Transport Secretary Thoko Mathuthu and Mujuru

A source said: "If you look closely at the group there is no doubt it is
dominated by the Mujuru camp.

"Karimanzira is Mujuru's ally in Mashonaland East province and Makoni is
part of the camp. Which-ever faction Mpofu and Mathuthu support it's
immaterial because they are window-dressers anyway."

Mujuru is regarded as the Zanu-PF king-maker. His power derives from his
role as a wartime second-in-command general - after the revered Josiah
Magamba Tongogara - within the ranks of Zanu-PF's military wing, Zanla,
during the struggle for independence from Britain in the 1970s.

Last year Mujuru, who retired from the army in 1992 but still wields a lot
of influence within the military, was linked to a clandestine committee that
was formed to gather and collate people's views on Mugabe's succession

The team was, however, later disbanded after it was alleged to have fuelled
Zanu-PF factionalism.

The Mujuru camp is seen as powerful because it apparently includes Zanu-PF
politburo kingpins Dumiso Dabengwa and retired Air Marshal Josiah

Mujuru is not interested in becoming president wants but to install an ally.
Defence Minister Sydney Sekeramayi, party chairperson John Nkomo and Makoni
are said to be his favourites.

In a rare insight into Zanu-PF internal dynamics, Shamuyarira recently said
Mnangagwa was going head-to-head with Nkomo in the succession race. He also
said Sekeramayi, a close Mujuru associate, and former Zimbabwe Defence Force
commander General Vitalis Zvinavashe, Mnangagwa's ally, were in the
succession picture.

For the first time Zvinavashe this week admitted he is a politician and
declared himself ready to play "any role given to me by the ruling party or
the government".

The Zanu-PF succession fight is said to have now permeated state security
structures where Mnangagwa and Mujuru exercise huge influence.

The roping in of security agents has created an explosive situation.

Mujuru is influential in the army, while Mnangagwa, former state security
minister, is connected within the Central Intelligence Organisation.

Following recent illegal gold-dealing allegations, Burden claimed he was
tortured by the police to implicate Mnangagwa.
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Union Network International

Zimbabwe: UNI's ILO Complaint on Freedom of Association

UNI has submitted an official complaint to the ILO Director General, about
the Zimbabwe Government's violations of the ILO core principles. Lovemore
Matombo, President of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) and of
UNI affiliate, Communications & Allied Services Workers' Union (CASWUZ), was
dismissed from his employment in Zimpost after attending the Congress of the
Organisation of African Trade Unions in Khartoum (Sudan) on 5-11 January
2004, in his position as ZCTU president.
In the complaint Philip Jennings, UNI General Secretary said "Lovemore
Matombo is being victimised for his trade union activities and that his
dismissal has been carried out on totally spurious grounds and cannot be
justified" The complaint has now been referred to the Committee on Freedom
of Association.

Many have already sent protest messages on this matter. This can be done
from UNI Solidarity web page at
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Sydney Morning Herald

Coach Marsh has abandoned us, say Zimbabwe's rebel players
By Alex Brown
      April 27, 2004

Geoff Marsh stands accused of abandoning Zimbabwe's rebel white players, a
day after the Australia-born Zimbabwe coach watched his depleted XI stumble
to a record low one-day international total against Sri Lanka.

According to veteran batsman Grant Flower, Marsh's silence throughout the
Heath Streak-inspired player revolt had surprised and disappointed the 15
white cricketers, all of whom are involved in a tense dispute with the
Zimbabwe Cricket Union.

While those players remain sidelined, Zimbabwe's makeshift one-day side was
dismissed for 35 by Sri Lanka in Harare.

That result, Flower said, could mark the beginning of a new, woeful chapter
for Zimbabwean cricket, not aided by Marsh's apparent indifference to the
rebel players' stand.

"To be honest, I thought he would have stood up for us and said a little
more," Flower said. "He has sat on the fence and obviously just wants to see
out his contract. He obviously has his own personal reasons.

"He told us that he had tried for two years to make changes happen but he
couldn't do anything about it. I don't want to go too deeply into it. But
with everything that's going on, I don't think any of us were too upset at
the loss to Sri Lanka. We still want to play for Zimbabwe, but it doesn't
look good."

Flower's bleak assessment was supported by Sri Lanka coach John Dyson.
Having watched his side dismantle Zimbabwe inside 18 overs - en route to a
thunderous nine-wicket victory - Dyson offered a dire prediction for the
struggling African nation ahead of Australia's tour next month. "They'll
have huge problems against the Australian attack, I don't think there's any
surprises there," Dyson said.

"They've really struggled against us . . . we didn't even use our spinners
in the last match. I've spoken to Geoff [Marsh] at the matches and he said
to me that he's basically doing his job until the end of his contract and
then leaving."

Marsh's predicament and Zimbabwe's struggles are causing concern among
certain factions within the International Cricket Council, many fearing that
continued lopsided results will undermine the legitimacy of the Test
championship and substantially alter the record books. The latest impasse
was reached after the rebels were stood down for supporting Streak, who was
sacked from the Zimbabwean captaincy after giving the ZCU a list of
demands - mainly relating to team selection policies.

The ZCU made several concessions but refused to alter its stance on Streak
and the captaincy. Those sympathetic to Streak have remained in selection
exile throughout the Sri Lanka series, restricting Zimbabwe to a virtual
second XI.

Under ICC regulations, a nation cannot be stripped of Test status once
elected a full member of the council. But when approached by the Herald last
night, former ICC president Malcolm Gray said a nation could feasibly ask
the ICC to suspend tour arrangements in a time of crisis.

"It is usually cricket that loses out with when disputes arise between
players and administrators," Gray said. "It is hoped a joint solution can be
found even if there is a temporary suspension of Zimbabwe's commitments."

Flower doubted the ZCU would make such a move. He said the Zimbabwe board
would be loath to forgo a place among the elite cricket-playing nations.

"There's definitely a lot of merit in [Zimbabwe's temporary suspension], but
it won't come from their end," he said. "And the ICC's stance has been that
they don't want to get involved in nations' internal politics, so I don't
think it will ever happen.

"One or two of the guys have begun looking at playing options outside of

"No one's sure whether they'll be able to play for Zimbabwe again. But
everyone believes in what we're trying to achieve, so the focus is more on
this issue."
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Hotels did not refuse to accommodate Mugabe: Envoy

April 26, 2004, 14:44

Robert Mugabe, the Zimbabwean president, visiting South Africa for
tomorrow's inauguration of his counterpart Thabo Mbeki, has not been refused
accommodation by any of the local hotels, his envoy said in Pretoria today.

Denying media reports to this effect, Simon Moyo, the ambassador, said
Mugabe was staying at a guest house out of choice. He added: "President
Mugabe was offered three hotels and a guest house to choose from. He
preferred a guest house."

Media reports said that Mugabe would stay at a guest house in Pretoria after
two five-star hotels refused to accommodate him. Moyo said the South African
media had been "abuzz with distortion and falsehoods" since Mugabe's arrival
at the Waterkloof air base in Pretoria yesterday.

The ambassador added: "The fact is that President Mugabe is jubilant to be
in South Africa, for the relations between South Africa and Zimbabwe at both
party and government levels remain cordial and excellent.

"He is here to congratulate his brother President Mbeki and the ANC for
their thunderous victory in the recently concluded elections. His reception
at the airport in Pretoria yesterday was fantastic."

Mugabe's rule has been widely criticised in recent years over political and
economic instability in his country. - Sapa
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From The Sunday Mirror, 25 April

Chris Kuruneri faces the chop

Tawanda Majoni

Chris Kuruneri, the Finance and Economic Development Minister, who became
the first cabinet minister to be stung by the anti-corruption wasp following
his arrest yesterday morning, is likely to face the chop in the course of
this week, the Sunday Mirror has been told. Kuruneri was nabbed by the
Criminal Investigations Department's Serious Fraud Squad and is being
charged under the Exchange Control Act for allegedly illegally externalising
foreign currency between 2002 and 2004. He is also being investigated for
allegedly holding two passports, one Zimbabwean and another Canadian. nder
Zimbabwean law, it is an offence to hold dual citizenship. A highly-placed
source said the arrest of Kuruneri came at a time pressure was mounting
within cabinet and the ruling Zanu PF's Politburo for Kuruneri to resign,
particularly after it emerged that he had built a posh mansion worth about
R30 million in South Africa, paid for in foreign currency. "With or without
the arrest of Kuruneri, it had been planned that he would face the chop some
time this coming week. The decision to investigate Kuruneri came from high
above and the CIO was involved in compiling evidence against the minister,
with the report having been finalised last week," said the source.

Chief police spokesman, Wayne Bvudzijena confirmed the arrest of Kuruneri.
"He (Kuruneri) has been arrested and is in police custody. We are charging
him under the Exchange Control Act for the externalisation of foreign
currency. He will appear in court as soon as possible," Bvudzijena told the
Sunday Mirror. Bvudzijena would not available details on how the
externalisation of forex occurred, saying the police were still trying to
gather more details about the alleged offence. A high-powered team of
detectives has since been dispatched to South Africa to dig out the minister
's financial transactions. The police spokesman said Kuruneri had
externalised US$1 million, 300 000 pound sterling and R300 000 rand - all
amounting to Z$7.513 billion - and confirmed that the minister was being
investigated for allegedly possessing two passports. Kuruneri spent the
better part of yesterday at the CID headquarters at Morris Depot, where he
was being interrogated. He was arrested by a team of detectives headed by
one Chief Superintendent Mangoma, but operatives from the President's Office
were also involved.

Four state of the art four-wheel drive vehicles, which a constable said had
accompanied Kuruneri there, were parked inside the HQ's gate while another
fleet was parked in the car park adjacent to the Forensics building when the
Sunday Mirror crew visited Morris Depot yesterday morning. Two CIO officers,
ostensibly providing security for Kuruneri, kept guard outside the building
where the interrogation was taking place, while a number of police Mazda
pick-ups were lined up outside the gate to the HQ. Kuruneri was recently
reported to have built a mansion in upmarket Llandudno in Cape Town through
cash transactions in the greenback. This evoked anger among Zimbabweans, who
argued that it was improper for a cabinet minister to do so when forex was
scarce at home. There were subsequent media reports that he had another
high-profile property in South Africa which he was letting, outside the one
under construction. A senior police officer said Kuruneri faced a long time
in remand prison before being brought before the courts for a fully-fledged
trial. "A warrant of arrest was speedily prepared to ensure that there would
be no hiccups as happened in the case of (James) Makamba, even though it is
possible that he could appear in court soon for initial remand. "It has been
ensured that there would be no grounds for his lawyers to successfully
appeal for bail before regulation time under the Presidential Powers legal

Prominent businessman and Zanu PF Central Committee member, James Makamba
was arrested in February for allegedly externalising billions of local
currency in forex. The Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) (Amendment
of the Criminal Procedure and Evidence Act) Regulations 2004 was swiftly
promulgated, disabling courts from granting bail to accused persons accused
of certain crimes in a period within 21 days. The amendments caused a furore
among legal experts, with critics saying that was unconstitutional because
the amendments were tantamount to officialising the arresting of a person in
order to investigate, but the state argued that the period was vital for
undisturbed investigations to take place. The revelation that Kuruneri
allegedly held two passports has left the general public dumbfounded, with
people wondering how, if true, a cabinet minister could do so. Questions are
being posed over his allegiance to his country, this time regarding the
allegation that he held onto his Canadian passport even after the government
made that a criminal offence. Critics are charging that Kuruneri's
allegiance to his country, worse still because he is in charge of the
sensitive portfolio of finance, would be questionable if the allegation of
dual citizenship were true. Given that it is illegal to hold dual
citizenship under Zimbabwean law, it is also mysterious how President Robert
Mugabe promoted Kuruneri to full minister without state security checking on
his details, a development many say betrays yawning gaps in the country's
intelligence system.

The beleaguered minister deputised in the finance ministry from 2000.
Ironically, when Mugabe promoted Kuruneri, he hailed him as the panacea to
Zimbabwe's economic woes. The 55-year old Kuruneri, who was elevated to his
current portfolio in the February cabinet reshuffle, has been dogged by
controversy for a long time. In August 2001, when he was deputy minister,
the deputy sheriff, on orders from the High Court, attached property from a
firm linked to him, Quality Packaging Products, over a $130 000 debt. He was
in 1995 loaned $19 702 by the now defunct Universal Merchant Bank and he
failed to repay the debt by the deadline date of December 31 1997. In yet
another saga, while he was with the Transport and Communications ministry,
$5 billion worth of tenders mysteriously disappeared from the then Post and
Telecommunications (now ZIMPOST) department and his office could not give a
satisfactory answer. President Mugabe recently launched an across-the-board
sting campaign against corruption, which has so far netted in several
prominent politicians and businesspeople, while others are reported to be on
the run. Among those who have been arrested are Phillip Chiyangwa, the Zanu
PF Mashonaland West provincial chairman whose post seems to be hanging in
the balance, and Makamba. While Chiyangwa successfully applied for bail,
Makamba is still in custody. The anti-corruption blitz has extended to the
ruling party's own businesses. Several directors linked to the business
concerns, among them Jayanti Joshi, a British national who for a long time
managed Zanu PF businesses, have since skipped the country. Meanwhile, even
before the current Zanu PF probe, there had been rumours that a very senior
ruling party official was under investigation for his alleged involvement in
irregular dealings and might be suspended from his highly important state
post any time from now. Confidential sources allege the senior official's
arrest has been postponed several times in the past, but that the relevant
authorities in government had now been asked to prepare the necessary
paperwork to facilitate his suspension.
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Chombo Rules Out New Mayoral Polls for Harare

The Herald (Harare)

April 24, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004


THE Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Cde
Ignatius Chombo, ruled out the holding of new elections for Harare saying
Government had seconded competent and experienced personnel to help the city
improve service delivery.

Cde Chombo on Wednesday announced a committee comprising educationist
Professor Jameson Kurasha, acting Harare provincial administrator Cde Benard
Chahuruva and businessman Cde Tendai Savanhu to monitor the operations of
Harare City Council.

He said additional experts in the fields of finance, law and engineering
would be seconded to the city.

"Government will pay members of the committee," he said.

Cde Chombo said the secondment was a deliberate Government move to arrest
the fast decline in service delivery in the city.

The Kurasha committee started work on Thursday.

Cde Chombo's comments on Eng Mudzuri follow media reports that the fired
mayor was suing President Mugabe over the dismissal.

The minister said the dismissed mayor Engineer Elias Mudzuri is free to
contest his dismissal in the courts of law but should not stand in council's
way to deliver quality service as directed by Government.

But when contacted for comment, Eng Mudzuri referred The Herald to the
Financial Gazette.

He said enquiries should be made at The Financial Gazette because they were
the ones who had written the story.

"Ask The Financial Gazette. I did not write that story. They should know
better," he said.

Eng Mudzuri said he was not moving out of the council house in Gunhill
because the seven days he was given to move out was too short a notice.

"Where do you want me and my family to go? There is a tenant in my house and
all I can do is to give him enough time to look for alternative
accommodation," he said.

Eng Mudzuri said if he were to move out of the council house now, his only
option would be to move into a hotel together with his family.

He said the directive to dismiss him from the house was inhuman.

Eng Mudzuri denied allegations of corruption and mismanagement which were
levelled against him by the Government. The allegations led to the setting
up of the Kurasha committee which investigated him and produced a report,
which subsequently led to Eng Mudzuri's dismissal.
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Suspected Terrorists Back in Court

The Herald (Harare)

April 24, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004

Alfred Chagonda

The 70 suspected terrorists who were arrested at Harare International
Airport last month in connection with a foiled coup in the Equatorial
Guinea, were back in court at Chikurubi Maximum Security Prison yesterday.

The court proceedings were however dominated by an argument over whether
they should receive extra food from outside the prison system.

Their lawyer, Advocate Francois Joubert, instructed by Mr Jonathan Samkange
of Byron, Venturas and Partners told the court, presided over by provincial
magistrate Mr Mishrod Guvamombe, that relatives of the suspects were
bringing food for them but prison officers were denying them that food.

Mr Samkange said the suspects were being treated as if they had already been

"They should be allowed food because they need to follow these proceedings.
Right now, they are hungry," said Mr Samkange.

Mr Lawrence Phiri, representing the State and assisted by Mr Stephen Musona
said there were several security reasons why such persons were not always
allowed food from outside the prison system.

"Some of them are now hiring other prisoners to do certain chores for them
on promises of food," said Mr Phiri.

Police officer-in-charge at the prison, Superintendent Solomon Gonye
testified that the suspected mercenaries were high-risk prisoners in Class D
and that they were therefore not allowed to receive food from outside the
prison system.

He said prison authorities had the powers in terms of the prison regulations
to deny outside food for certain prisoners.

"It is normal for our superiors to give us instructions and in this case,
they last received food from outside on Friday last week," said Supt Gonye.

Mr Guvamombe ruled that unconvicted prisoners were allowed to receive food
from outside the prison system.

"It would be unjust for the court to sanction the departure from normal
prison regulations and the application for the accused to receive extra food
is granted," said Mr Guvamombe.

He however said the prison officers had a discretion on the type and
quantities of the food brought for prisoners and there should be a balance
between the rights of the prisoners and the security concerns.

The suspected terrorists were remanded in custody to April 26. They were
brought to the huge improvised courtroom in handcuffs and leg irons.

Although dressed in prison garb, some of them were wearing designer snickers
rather than the normal prison sandals. They were also observed communicating
with relatives through signs during the court's adjournments.

Charges against the group comprising 10 whites, two coloureds and 58 blacks
arose in June 2003 when Simon Francis Mann was allegedly contracted by
Severo Moto, an exiled opposition political leader from the Equatorial
Guinea, to assist him in toppling the current government in that country
through a violent coup.

The suspects allegedly conspired to possess dangerous weapons, which were to
be used in carrying out the coup.

On March 6, the State alleges, the men landed at Harare International
Airport to collect weapons and were arrested before they could conduct a
pre-loading inspection of the weapons.

The suspects are from South Africa, Britain, Angola, Namibia and the
Democratic Republic of Congo. There is one Zimbabwean in the group.

They are being charged under the Public Order and Security Act, the Firearms
Act and the Immigration Act.
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Government Dismisses MDC Claims

The Herald (Harare)

April 24, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004


THE Government has dismissed as a "figment of imagination" claims by the MDC
that there would be low crop yields this season, saying the opposition party
was just trying to get sympathy from its sponsors.

MDC shadow minister for agriculture Mr Renson Gasela on Thursday presented
what he said were outcomes of a 10-day countrywide survey of communal,
small-scale commercial areas and fast track resettlement areas at a press
conference in Harare yesterday.

He said Zimbabwe's estimated maize output would be 800 000 tonnes and 200
000 tonnes of small grains like rapoko, representing a shortfall of 900 000
tonnes of the country's grain requirements.

Mr Gasela said the figure of 800 000 tonnes was a liberal one saying the
safest figure to use was 600 000 tonnes as total grain output for the
2003-2004 cropping season.

He accused Government of deliberately starving urban dwellers by impounding
maize coming into the urban areas by mounting roadblocks manned by police
and GMB officers.

"This is nothing short of a systematic starving of the urban people who in
many cases would have provided the productive inputs to their parents and
relatives in communal area," said Mr Gasela.

But the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Dr Joseph Made said
Mr Gasela was simply playing to the gallery to gain sympathy from his
party's sponsors.

"He (Mr Gasela) does not know what else to say because their world (MDC) has
come to an end," said Dr Made.

The MDC has lost almost all the contested by-elections with the latest being
the Zengeza parliamentary by election held last month.

Dr Made said the police and officials from the GMB were doing their job of
enforcing laws.

"Anyone who carries a bag more than the accepted number will be dealt with
according to the law," he said.

"The police officers are only enforcing the laws of the country, which
control the movement of grain in the country."

He said the MDC was busy buying maize from commercial farmers last year for
export to create a deficit in the country.

"What Gasela is saying is the figment of his imagination and of course, it
is the work of the enemy. It is a shame that a black man, a black brother
and African would want to undermine the work of small farmers.

"It is clear that the Satan has taken hold of Gasela and his party. It is a
shame for an honourable member who purports to be shadow minister of
agriculture to be saying such things. I just wish if the good Lord could
help deliver him for he really needs to be exorcised and rehabilitated,"
said Dr Made.

The minister said the Government was committed to helping people in need of
food aid, adding it was a shame that the MDC would make such accusations at
a time when the price for maize meal had actually gone down as a result of
increased supply of maize.

"We are going to be releasing the anticipated figures for the crop output in
the country and these will put their remarks to shame," said Dr Made.
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Operations At Kondozi Farm Move Into High Gear

The Herald (Harare)

April 24, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004


The Agricultural Rural Development Authority's operations at Kondozi Farm in
Odzi have moved into top gear as peace now prevails at the farm.

Acting Manicaland provincial administrator Mr Fungai Mbetsa, on Wednesday
said recruitment of workers was in progress as jobless people from the
surrounding areas flocked to the farm in search of employment.

Arda started operations at the farm last week after its former owners, the
De Klerk family who had refused to vacate, made way for the authority.

The De Klerk family and Mr Edwin Moyo were said to have formed a joint
venture company that had purportedly been running the farm and were refusing
to vacate after the property's acquisition by the Government.

The latest developments at the farm have put to rest, speculation that
former Kondozi workers were likely to return to the farm as they anticipated
a Government reversal of the acquisition.

On Sunday, the Government reiterated that there was no going back on the
acquisition of the farm.

The Government dismissed a story published in The Standard newspaper quoting
Vice President Msika as saying that he had ordered Arda off the farm until
"proper channels" were followed.

The Minister of State for Information and Publicity, Professor Jonathan Moyo
said the Standard story represented wishful thinking for the "treacherous
Standard and its evil sponsors".

"There is no single right-minded Zimbabwean person who would believe that
The Standard, of all newspapers in this world, can report authentically the
Government's position. Obviously, the paper sought to abuse the views of the
Vice President on behalf of its usual white racist sponsors.

"The true position that reflects the collective decision of Government is
that there is no going back on Kondozi, come rain, come sunshine and Arda as
an institution is there to stay and relevant authorities will ensure that

Prof Moyo said reports about a High Court order were a figment of the
imagination peddled by people who wanted to confuse a very straightforward

He said Mr Moyo did not own the place, had not owned it before and would
never own it as it belonged to the State and, therefore, to the people of

"The sooner everyone interested in the matter recognises this point, the
better for them," he said.

It has come to the attention of the The Manica Post that a few villagers
from Marange, who were against the take-over of the farm by Arda, allegedly
went to Vice President Msika last week purporting that they had been sent by
Chief Marange to ask for a reversal of the decision to hand over Kondozi to

The villagers were said to have been sent by the former owners of the farm
in a desperate attempt to win back the farm.

But Chief Marange has since disowned the villagers.

Mr Mbetsa said he had a meeting with a delegation from Chief Marange led by
his representative Chief Hama Marange on Wednesday and the chief said he was
in full support of the Government's acquisition of Kondozi Farm.

"This delegation was not the one which was sent to Harare and Chief Marange
said he was in full support of the Government," Mr Mbetsa said.

Mr Mbetsa reiterated the Government's position on the acquisition of the

"There is no going back on the acquisition of the farm and I was at the farm
yesterday and work is going on smoothly. Arda officials have confirmed that
they are paying workers the same rates, if not more, than those paid by the
former owners. They have confirmed that with me," he said.

The Government acquired Kondozi for Arda last year and said the decision to
acquire it was non-negotiable.
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Mail and Guardian

Inauguration 'sullied' by Mugabe

      Cape Town, South Africa

      26 April 2004 16:31

The inauguration of President Thabo Mbeki on Tuesday will be sullied by the
attendance of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, the official opposition
Democratic Alliance said on Monday. Mugabe was reported to have arrived in
South Africa on Sunday.

DA federal chairperson Joe Seremane said in a statement that South Africa's
successful election "is a tribute to the growing maturity of our democracy".

"It has shown that diversity is not only tolerated; it has become a hallmark
of our strength as a country. But for Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe to
bask in the reflected glory of our achievements should be something that is
an affront to all who treasure South Africa's hard-won freedoms."

Seremane noted that former president Nelson Mandela pledged (during his
inauguration in 1994) that "never again shall it be that this beautiful land
will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the
indignity of being the skunk of the world".

"The sad irony is that this is precisely the scenario that has developed in
Zimbabwe, a country which was once seen as a beacon of hope for the
continent," Seremane said.

"Under Mugabe's leadership Zimbabwe has lurched from crisis to another.
Today Zimbabwe finds itself in a political and economic morass from which it
will struggle for years to extricate itself.

"The suffering of ordinary Zimbabweans should not be underestimated as
unemployment; hyperinflation, food shortages and political violence continue
to exact their toll.

"Zimbabwe's record of holding free and fair elections could not be further
removed from that of South Africa's. Its presidential elections in 2000 were
viewed by many of the foreign observer delegations and the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change as being fatally flawed, with large-scale
vote rigging, massive electoral fraud and political violence being
perpetrated against opposition members and supporters.

"It is simply not appropriate for Mugabe to attend President Mbeki's
inauguration. The Zimbabwean leader's rule has come to symbolise the very
kind of injustice for which so many South Africans fought so long to
overcome." -- I-Net Bridge

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225 340 Malaria Cases Reported Countrywide

The Herald (Harare)

April 26, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004


AT least 225 340 malaria cases have been reported countrywide this year
compared with 208 873 cases last year.

This has been attributed to the increase in rains.

Addressing journalists in Harare last Friday, the Minister of Health and
Child Welfare Dr David Parirenyatwa said the areas most affected by malaria
are Hwange, Mwenezi, Chipinge, Mutasa, Nyanga, Gokwe North and South,
Kariba, Hurungwe, Uzumba-Maramba-Pfungwe, Shamva, Mudzi and Guruve.

Dr Parirenyatwa however, said despite the increase in malaria cases, the
country has adequate anti-malarial drugs to effectively treat people
suffering from the disease.

"Despite current economic challenges, we have adequate anti-malarial drugs
in our health facilities including at community level where we have
chloroquine holders," said Dr Parirenyatwa.

He said other preventative and control measures that the Ministry of Health
and Child Welfare had put in place include the use of indoor residual
spraying which would be used in high risk malaria areas and stagnant water
to kill the mosquito larvae.

"We also encourage self-protection measures such as the use of insecticide
treated mosquito nets, repellents that include soaps and creams and taking
anti-malarial tablets.

"The Government and its partners in the fight against malaria are currently
promoting the use of insecticide treated nets for children under five years
and pregnant women to achieve the 2005 Abuja targets," said Dr Parirenyatwa.

A malaria awareness jingle is expected to be aired on radio soon in Shona,
Ndebele and English.

Africa Malaria Day, which is commemorated on April 25 will be celebrated
under the theme "A Malaria Free Future: Children to Children Roll Back
Malaria". The day will be commemorated in Mudzi at a date to be advised.

Dr Parirenyatwa said the country this year is focussing on children in
combating malaria as they are among the groups who are at greater risk of
contracting the disease.

"Children form a large proportion of the population and are the future
generation. We will strive to give them information on malaria so that they
become actively involved in educating each other and the nation on malaria

Dr Parirenyatwa is appealing to the Ministry of Education, Sport and
Culture, parents and guardians to afford children the opportunity to attend
the commemoration event which will have activities like poems, fun-fares and

In a related issue, the British American Tobacco on Friday evening gave $35
million to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare for countrywide malaria
awareness campaigns.

Receiving the money, Dr Parirenyatwa said the money would go towards
disseminating messages on malaria prevention and control.

He said information on the vulnerability of pregnant mothers, the elderly
and children under five years to malaria needed to be highlighted around the
country including messages on the use of insecticide-treated nets, indoor
residual spraying and mosquito nets.

Dr Parirenyatwa said the money would also go towards malaria campaigns on
early treatment of malaria.

"The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare would like to let the nation aware
that we have adequate anti-malarial drugs at health centres countrywide, "
he said.

BAT managing director Mr Kennedy Mandevhani said the donation was part of
social responsibility by the private sector.

"BAT believes in supporting the community in various initiatives including
malaria programmes," said Mr Mandevhani.

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Worry Over State of Roads

The Herald (Harare)

April 26, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004


RESIDENTS of Chiredzi have expressed dismay over the dilapidated state of
roads in the town amid reports that the town council is failing to access
funds from the National Road Fund to repair the roads.

Most roads in the town are in bad shape and have huge potholes due to lack
of repair.

It is said council cannot access money from the National Road Fund because
it does not have a permanent engineer.

Contacted for comment, acting Chiredzi town secretary Mr Clayton Sanjobo
confirmed that rehabilitation of the roads was being hampered by shortage of
funds, a situation which he said was being exacerbated by council's
ineligibility to benefit from the road fund.

"We do not get funds from the road fund because we do not have an engineer
and we have just hired one from the beginning of this month but we do not
know whether we will now get funds from the Government.

"The council has, however, pooled together its own resources and is in the
process of carrying out repairs on the town's roads," said Mr Sanjobo.

Government through the Ministry of Transport and Communications gives local
authorities funds from the road fund.

The poor roads were further damaged by heavy rains brought by cyclones Eline
in 2000 and Japhet in early 2003.

A Masvingo lawyer Mr Tongai Matutu recently sued the town council, alleging
that the poor state of the roads damaged his vehicle.
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We Have Failed: Tsvangirai

The Herald (Harare)

April 26, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004


MDC leader Mr Morgan Tsvangirai yesterday expressed frustration at his
party's failure to remove Zanu-PF from power.

"We have struggled to remove Zanu-PF from power during the past four years
and we have failed," he said.

"We must have proper party structures for us to win the general election
next year."

Mr Tsvangirai made the remarks in an address to his party's supporters at
Chitubu Shopping Centre in Glen Norah high-density suburb, Harare.

The MDC, Mr Tsvangirai claimed, had now devised a strategy to penetrate the
rural areas that were strongholds of Zanu-PF.

However, he did not elaborate on what the strategy was.

Commenting on the divisions and resignations that have rocked the party, Mr
Tsvangirai conceded that there was conflict among senior members but lashed
out at those who had deserted him and his party, branding them "useless".

He urged those who still retained faith in his West-backed party to remain
in it.

"The MDC is like a boat and whether things are good or bad you must remain
in it because if you try to jump out you will sink," he said.

The opposition leader scoffed at criticism that he had the habit of imposing
candidates for the party.

"I am not a dictator but the advantage of having sitting MPs as candidates
is that they already know the parliamentary process whereas new candidates
could spend the next five years trying to locate where toilets are at the
Parliament Building," Mr Tsvangirai said.

He said the MDC would only participate in next year's general elections
under conditions that included the setting-up of an independent electoral
commission and holding the elections in one day.

The opposition party has been rocked by resignations of senior officials
with four councillors in Harare having resigned so far.

The four are Harare acting executive mayor Ms Sekesayi Makwavarara, Clr
Gladmore Hakata (Ward 4, Mbare), Clr Tapfumaneyi Jaja (Ward 38, Kuwadzana 4)
and Clr George Vlahakis (Ward 2 Arcadia, Eastlea, Hillside and Cranborne)
who has rejoined Zanu PF.

Clrs Makwavarara and Hakata resigned from the MDC citing harassment by
senior party officials.

The Government last week dismissed Harare executive mayor Engineer Elias
Mudzuri, who was elected on an MDC ticket, for corruption and mismanagement
of council affairs.

Zanu-PF also recently wrestled the Zengeza parliamentary seat from the
opposition there-by penetrating the so-called MDC's urban strongholds.
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Zimbabwe minister in court over illegal forex deals

April 26, 2004, 21:59

Zimbabwe's finance minister appeared in court on charges of breaking
exchange control and citizenship laws today, the first member of president
Robert Mugabe's cabinet to be charged in a corruption crackdown.

Judith Tsamba, the Harare magistrate, ordered Chris Kuruneri to remain in
prison custody until the next hearing on May 11, dismissing an application
by his lawyers to place him in a government hospital because of chronic back
problems. Kuruneri was arrested on Saturday.

Tsamba did not ask Kuruneri to plead on four counts of dealing with and
smuggling foreign currency and another of using a foreign passport without
authority. David Drury, Kuruneri's lawyer, later told journalists that he
denied the charges and said the defence planned to make an application at
the High Court tomorrow.

According to the charge sheet, Kuruneri, a member of the central committee
of Mugabe's ruling Zanu(PF) party, illegally dealt in foreign currency
amounting to $582 611 91. Mugabe embarked on an anti-corruption drive at the
start of the year against the background of an economic crisis opponents
widely blame on his government.

The once prosperous country faces record inflation and unemployment as well
as chronic shortages of foreign currency and fuel. Several prominent
individuals, including Zanu(PF) officials, have been hauled before the
courts on corruption charges. Some businessmen have fled the country to
avoid arrest.

Kuruneri, a former deputy finance minister was promoted in January. His
arrest follows an investigation prompted by a report in a South African
newspaper that he was building a mansion in that country's holiday resort of
Cape Town. Kuruneri has previous denied any wrong doing and said that he
earned the money legitimately from consultancy work done outside Zimbabwe.

Mugabe denies responsibility for Zimbabwe's prevailing economic woes,
blaming them largely on sabotage by local and foreign opponents of his drive
to forcibly redistribute white-owned farms among landless blacks. - Reuters
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      Players dispute ZCU mediation claim

      Mon April 26, 2004 9:51 PM HARARE (Reuters) - The Zimbabwe Cricket
Union's (ZCU) claim that it has agreed a mediation procedure with the 15
rebel players refusing to represent their country has been disputed.
      "The ZCU has furnished to Heath Streak and the players a proposal that
they make themselves available immediately for selection and that if this is
done a mediation procedure will be immediately established for the players'
outstanding grievances to be ventilated before an independent mediator," a
ZCU statement said on Monday.

      "Agreement has been reached upon who the mediator will be and it is
sincerely hoped that the impasse will be resolved on this basis, hopefully
by the end of tomorrow (Tuesday)."

      Vince Hogg, the ZCU's managing director, told Reuters the mediator was
Much Masunda, a professional arbitrator in Zimbabwe. "He's very well
respected by both parties," Hogg said.

      However, a player who declined to be named disputed that the mediation
process had been confirmed.

      "There has been talk about mediation and about this process leading to
arbitration, because we believe it will lead to arbitration," the player
told Reuters.

      "But we are still not up to date with regard to confirming mediation.
We think it is Much Masunda, but we're not sure because we haven't voted on
Much Masunda."

      Hogg was bullish about resolving a crisis that was sparked by a
decision taken at a ZCU board meeting on April 2 to replace Streak with
Tatenda Taibu as team captain. Streak had questioned the composition of
Zimbabwe's selection panel.

      Fourteen other players joined Streak in a players' boycott. They
demanded Streak's reinstatement, a new selection panel and that the ZCU
acknowledged a series of transgressions the players say were committed by
ZCU officials.

      "The players had a nine-point agenda, and there's very little left,"
Hogg said. "They need to come back to work, and mediation and discussion can

      "I'm expecting them back at work on Wednesday. They should be
available for Thursday's match (the fourth one-day international against Sri
Lanka), if they're fit, and for the test matches if the selectors choose

      "The players wanted some cast-iron assurances about a mediation
procedure, which we have given them now."

      The player said the rebels would refuse to make the first move.

      "The ZCU is telling us to go back to practise before mediation takes
place, and we believe it should happen the other way around," he said.

      "Come back to us after the mediation, and if it sounds good we'll go

      "If it doesn't sound good we might have to go to arbitration, which is
final and binding."

      Zimbabwe were forced to select an inexperienced squad for the current
one-day series against Sri Lanka.

      Zimbabwe have lost all three matches so far, and were dismissed for a
world record low total of 35 in Harare on Sunday.

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Zimbabwe Monetary Policy Comes Under Fire
Peta Thornycroft
26 Apr 2004, 16:43 UTC

Zimbabwe's central bank has pulled in as much foreign currency in the first
three months of 2004 as it did in the whole of last year. The rise in
Zimbabwe's foreign currency reserves is due to a campaign to reduce
hyper-inflation and stamp out illegal money trading, but the effort has also
hurt Zimbabwean exports by making them more expensive.
Central Bank Governor Gideon Gono has cleaned up many gray areas in
Zimbabwe's unpredictable and volatile economy. He has stopped banks from
speculating in foreign currency, and managed to limit damage to depositors
while closing some financial institutions that had broken the rules.

Last week he surveyed results of his monetary policy announced in December.
It looks like good news for foreign currency reserves, and Mr. Gono has been
praised profusely by the government and its media press.

But private sector economist Peter Robinson says the only difference is that
foreign currency earned by Zimbabwe has come into official channels. He says
last year it came in through the illegal parallel market, and was used more
efficiently by the productive sector.

Mr. Robinson says one result of Mr. Gono's monetary policy is that exports
are declining every day, and he accuses the central-bank governor of
ignoring, what he describes as, desperate cries from exporters.

The exporters are required to sell a quarter of their export revenues to the
government at the official rate of 824 Zimbabwe dollars to one U.S. dollar,
and the rest on auction at about 4,500 Zimbabwe dollars to the U.S. dollar.

The open-market rate is more than 6,000 to the U.S. dollar.

Mr. Robinson says unless Mr. Gono does away with the limits and allows the
Zimbabwe dollar to float to its real value, the economy will suffer because
export earnings are plummeting. He says declining exports will mean less
foreign currency available in Zimbabwe than ever before.

Already, there is a shortage of foreign currency that severely limits
imports of raw materials and other products needed by the private sector.

Many commentators, mostly quoted in the private-sector press, acknowledge
that the central-bank governor's policies have led to a six-percentage point
reduction in Zimbabwe's inflation rate of nearly 600 percent. Reducing
inflation to 200 percent by the end of the year was one of Mr. Gono's
primary goals.

But they charge the policy is aimed at grabbing headlines and helping the
ruling ZANU PF party in next year's parliamentary elections, and is hurting
the economy in the medium to long term.

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New Zimbabwe

MDC MP Sikhala arrested over clashes

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 04/26/2004 22:34:05
FIREBRAND MDC legislator Job Sikhala has been arrested over violent clashes
between his supporters and a rival faction last Friday.

Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena had revealed at the weekend that police
were keen to talk to Sikhala about violent clashes at his home last Friday.
The clashes are said to have started when a rival faction stormed Sikhala's
house and disrupted a party that was going on.

The motive of the attack was not known but two people were stabbed during
the skirmishes which later spilled over to a funeral wake in Zengeza.

"We are still investigating because we are now looking into two cases of
kidnapping in addition to the attempted murder cases that we were
investigating," said Bvudzijena.

Bvudzijena did not say what charges Sikhala faced or when he would be
appearing in court.

Sikhala is the most arrested MDC legislator after several brushes with the
law. He was fined late last year after being convicted of assaulting a
uniformed police officer.
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Elephants Destroy Dinosaur Footprint

Sunday Times (Johannesburg)

April 25, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004

Futhi Ntshingila

A PROFESSOR who risked life and limb searching for dinosaur footprints in
Zimbabwe has been told that a unique footprint discovered by himself and his
colleagues was recently destroyed by a herd of elephants.

University of KwaZulu-Natal palaeontologist Professor Theagarten
Lingham-Soliar and Zimbabwean geologists Ait-Kaci Ahmed and Tim Broderick
discovered the 150 million-year-old footprint of the Brachiosaurus in
December 2001.

The Brachiosaurus was the biggest plant-eating dinosaur on earth. It could
grow as tall as 16m and weigh as much as 10 fully grown elephants.

This dinosaur resembled a giraffe, with a long neck and front legs which
were longer than its hind ones.

The footprint of the dinosaur's back left foot was found in the Chewore area
of northern Zimbabwe.

Broderick recently informed Lingham-Soliar that the footprint, the first to
be discovered in sub-Saharan Africa, had been destroyed.

Broderick, who took pictures of the destroyed footprint, said: "The smoothly
rubbed and rounded banks in the close vicinity are distinctly elephant
traces and strong indications are that the agent of the destruction was a
herd of elephants."

Only three toes of the footprint remain. Lingham-Soliar said the irony was
that the track of the largest extinct land animal was destroyed by its
largest existing counterpart.

At the time of the discovery, Lingham-Soliar and his team were unable to
make a mould of the footprint as there was no latex available in strife-torn
Zimbabwe. However, they did photograph it.

"The footprint was large, about a metre-long and 22cm deep," said

Initially Lingham-Soliar and Broderick discovered footprints of meat-eating
dinosaurs, after a tip from local hunters.

"We followed it up and found the prints. .. The footprint was well preserved
with a mound completely surrounding it," said Lingham-Soliar.

He added that the footprint was "first exposed after very heavy floods in
northern Zimbabwe about 10 years ago".

Lingham-Soliar's paper, published in the scientific journal Neues Jarbuch,
interpreted the walking patterns of dinosaurs, indicating that the
Brachiosaurus did not waddle but walked like a dog.
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Sand Poachers Dig Their Way to Instant Wealth

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

April 25, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004

Caiphas Chimhete

LADEN with a 'mountain' of sand and belching thick black smoke, a battered
lorry labours its way up a hilly area in Harare's Tynwald South suburb,
where development of new houses is proceeding rapidly.

The driver of the dilapidated lorry, with no number plates, no tail lights
or indicators, is happy that he has finally reached his destination without
experiencing a breakdown, which is quite common with the state of his
vehicle, or encountering a police road block where he risks being ticketed
for the same reason.

"At least I know I will get my full payment tomorrow," said Aleck Nyamumwe,
with the triumphant smile of a victor. "But before I go home, I have to make
one more trip because I know the police are occupied at major highways
because of the Easter holiday," he says.

Nyamumwe is one of scores of self-made entrepreneurs euphemistically known
as "sand miners" rather than "sand poachers"making a living out of illegally
quarrying sand in areas around Harare to mitigate the effects Zimbabwe's
economic meltdown.

In the wake of escalating building costs, sand poaching for brick making and
construction has become rampant in Harare, raising fears of massive land
degradation. The problem is most common in areas such as Epworth, Kuwadzana,
Budiriro, Glenview, Snake Park and Chitungwiza.

The sand is carted away for construction in the more-up-market areas such as
Borrowdale Brooke, Westgate, New Marlborough, Tynwald, Budiriro 5 and
Whitecliffe Farm where erection of new residential structures is currently
taking place.

While "sand mining" has become lucrative for those with the stamina to dig
up the sand and move it to where it is required, its indelible environmental
footprints - deep gullies and gaping holes providing ready breeding grounds
for mosquitoes - will be costly to reclaim as the city grows.

On average, a 10 m3 of pit and river sand sells for as much $400 000 and
$500 000 respectively. The price, however, can fluctuate depending on supply
and demand factors. Some of the sand merchants advertise in the Press while
others heap their 'offerings' on roadside of major highways such as Bulawayo
and Beatrice roads, to attract passing motorists.

Environmental experts interviewed by The Standard expressed alarm over the
on-going land denudation caused by uncontrolled sand mining, topsoil
harvesting and brick moulding in Harare. In areas such as Epworth, Snake
Park and Chitungwiza where brick moulding is big business, trees have
virtually disappeared leaving the soil exposed to the vagaries of weather.

"We don't have any other means of burning the bricks so we have to cut down
the trees around here. Remember we have families to feed," said one brick
moulder near Stopover Shopping Centre in Epworth, pointing to a vast area
now virtually stripped of any vegetation.

Shingi Mushamba, a senior programme officer with the Municipal Development
Partnership (MDP) blasted the city fathers for not doing enough to curb
environmental degradation caused by sand mining.

"There is little attention that is being given by the local authorities to
this problem. People are currently getting cheap building supplies but in
the long term its dire consequences are going to catch up with, not only
with the authorities, but the residents as well," said Mushamba.

The MDP official said in areas where there are fertile soils, poachers
"harvest" rich top soil, which sells fast in Harare's northern suburbs,
where it is used as nourishment in flowerpots, vegetable gardens as well as
in green houses.

Apart from general environmental degradation, sand mining poses a serious
threat to Harare's food security situation. About 60 percent of Harare's
food, according to MDP, comes from farms in its peri-urban areas.

"Peri-urban agriculture contributes significantly to the food situation in
cities and if the top soil is removed and the land degraded it will impact
negatively on the overall food situation," said Mushamba, whose organisation
works closely with the city council on a number of environment and
agriculture-related issues.

He said that while in the short term, the sand poachers were sustaining
their families their activities were leaving gullies and pits that would
require billions of dollars to reclaim.

Another lurking danger arises from the deep gullies accumulating stagnant
water and becoming breeding places for mosquitoes and other water borne
diseases - especially during the rainy season - exposing city residents to
health hazards. In addition, the excavations of stream and riverbanks also
cause serious siltation and deposition of soil minerals into Harare's water,
making the purification of drinking water costly.

Harare City Council public relations, Leslie Gwindi, concurred that the city
faces a serious environmental degradation because of the sand poachers.

"We have made a number of arrests around Glen View and other areas in the
West of the city. However, some of the poaching is taking place on land
outside our jurisdiction and so we can't act," said Gwindi.

Analysts said the problem of sand mining is exacerbated by the current
economic depression, which is forcing people to seek alternative means of
survival. The economic recession has resulted in the country's formal sector
shrinking and throwing thousands of workers out of work.

A University of Zimbabwe agriculture lecturer said the environmental
problems in Harare were no different from those afflicting other areas
including the Midlands town of Kwekwe, where gold panners have besieged the
countryside in search of the precious mineral.

"It has become increasingly difficult to access formal employment in
Zimbabwe and people are turning to the natural environment in the peri-urban
areas for livelihood," said the lecturer.
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Envoy Slams Land Reform

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

April 25, 2004
Posted to the web April 26, 2004

Our Own Staff

THE outgoing Australian Ambassador to Zimbabwe, Jonathan Brown, said the
land reform programme has been derailed by the haphazard manner in which the
people were resettled.

In his farewell remarks at a reception on Friday, Brown said it was myopic
to expect people to farm productively given the way they were resettled. The
majority of the resettled farmers were given land but had no farming
equipment, fertiliser, seeds and expertise.

Brown said although there might be successful resettled farmers, he had not
seen one during his stay in Zimbabwe.

"Zimbabwe may have suffered from drought that is now diminishing, but
drought is not responsible for the broken fences, the game snares, ruined
greenhouses and derelict and burnt-out farm buildings that I have seen,"
Brown said.

He said the prosperity of Zimbabwe has been adversely affected as official
figures indicate that there has been a decline in the agriculture sector.
Presently, agriculture is the country's economic backbone.

Brown, who is leaving for Australia tomorrow, also spoke of the breakdown of
the rule of law, human rights abuses and the disregard of court orders by
the government.

He said that during his tenure in Zimbabwe he has met even judges who
expressed fear for the independence and effectiveness of their judicial

Even legislators and civic leaders have been tortured by the police, said
Brown who added that ordinary people were now afraid to talk about politics.

"I have met a civic leader who was savagely beaten by police. I have met
lawyers who have been assaulted while assisting their clients. I have met
journalists and others who have been arrested, imprisoned and released
without charge or with charges dropped. I have read court orders and heard
from litigants that the orders have not been respected or implemented by the
authorities," said Brown.

On the economic front, Brown said businessmen have been forced into illegal
practices to remain viable due to President Robert Mugabe's skewed economic

The Australian Ambassador said it was because of the government's abuse of
human rights and absence of the rule of law that Zimbabwe was suspended from
the Commonwealth.

"In view of what people have shared with me, it would be a mockery to say I
leave this country with happy memories. I leave Zimbabwe with an earnest and
abiding hope for justice," said Brown.
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