Esigodini farmers clash with war veterans
8:20:54 AM (GMT +2)
From Chris Gande in Esigodini
farm workers in Matabeleland were beaten up and displaced by war
a fresh wave of invasions on Saturday.
Police have done little to
Yesterday a group of war veterans led by former dissident
(Tennyson Ndlovu) arrived at Glenala Park, Esigodini, one of
suppliers of vegetables to Bulawayo and gave the farm owner an
leave by noon.
The farm is about 35 kilometres south of
The group of about 60, comprising war veterans, settlers and
from nearby Habane township, were brought to the farm in a
Development Fund truck.
Yesterday morning the group returned
and assaulted seven farm workers and
insisted that they pack their
possessions and leave. Two of the workers
sustained face injuries and
required immediate medical attention.
There are about 150 farm employees
and about half of them had their homes
and property destroyed by rampaging
youths at the instigation of the war
veterans. The workers fled the farm as a
result. The remaining workers have
vowed to stay and are accusing the war
veterans of trying to give the farm
to a senior member of the
Police, who spent the whole day acting as intermediaries,
the farmer should leave because they could not guarantee his
But the owner, Alastair Coulson, 51, refused to leave and argued
that if he
left, he would expose the remaining workers to victimisation by
veterans. Four neighbouring commercial farmers also vowed to stay
solidarity with the farmer and his workers, fearing the war veterans
attack at night.
The farm has been listed for compulsory
acquisition, but there have been no
settlers on the farm.
unidentified army colonel has visited the farm on three occasions and
to have been allocated the farm. He even brought his
The workers said they were going to defy the
ultimatum and have grouped in
the farmyard, preparing for a stand-off with
the invaders. The situation was
tense as the noon deadline expired and the
war veterans could be seen
loitering in the garden in groups.
owner said: “I am not going to vacate until I obtain an official
notice from Government.”
He bought the 300 hectare farm 10 years
The Member-in-Charge at Esigodini police station, Inspector Mafuwa,
was still negotiating with the parties to reach an amicable
Several farmers in Matabeleland have been issued with eviction
signed by Andrew Ndlovu, the Zimbabwe National Liberation War
Association secretary for projects. The notices order white farmers
vacate their farms because they allegedly support the opposition
for Democratic Change.
The letters encourage settlers to
chase the White farmers.
Sent: 05 April 2002 23:29
Subject: Open letter to All Farmers
This is an open letter to all our very precious Zimbabwe farmers from
the folk who live safely in the towns across the country.
feel isolated wherever you are, you may feel that all hope is
gone and that
absolutely nobody gives a damn about your terrible plight.
You may feel
that we folk here safe in suburbia don't care, that "I am
all right Jack" is
the order of the day.
But believe me, you are not alone. We are with you
every step of the way.
Your fears are our fears, your hopes are our
hopes, your prayers are
echoed in our prayers.
We feel your plight
very deeply. We worry about you all, day in and day
out. Not a day goes by
without our thoughts and prayers being dedicated
to you in your twenty fours
months of hell.
Words of hope and inspiration ?
Those in the know
are positive that it will all come right.
Behind the scenes hundreds of
people are working furiously to ensure our
future is safe in Zimbabwe, so
take heart, have courage and remember
that we in the Towns care very much
about You Our Farmers.
Sent: 06 April 2002 09:48
Subject: Breaking News from Wildlife farm in
(On behalf of the Commercial Farmers
Reports received indicate that the Pascal residence in Inyathi,
is under gunfire this morning. The farm, Gourlays is under a
notice of acquisition but no official notice of eviction has been
At 1 pm yesterday a group of war veterans and settlers surrounded
chanting and singing. They have been demanding the owner's leave
week. Mrs Pascal was home at the time.
They were also
pressing for compensation for the death of a Rhino. The farm
is a wildlife
undertaking and over 20 Rhinos are resident.
Police escorted Richard
Pascal, who had been in town, into his besieged
home. The War Veterans led by
Luka Tshuma and Vote Ndlovu threatened Richard
Pascal with death in the
presence of the Police. The situation was
eventually diffused at 7 pm last
This morning Richard and another made to leave and came upon 50
outside the homestead. The same War veterans were present and one of
said to have swung an axe at Pascal but missed.
able to escape them and as he ran toward the home gunfire broke
continued after he had gone into the house. It is said one person
Police support unit have since arrived to diffuse the
Updates will be made available as they come to
Over the last few weeks, some farmers in Matabeleland were issued
letter from the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans
(ZNLWVA) National Secretary for Projects, Andrew Ndlovu advising
leave their farms with immediate effect.
The letter attacks
white farmers for the perceived 'wrongdoings' of the
party (MDC), Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU),
the Governments of
Britain and United States who have imposed sanctions.
the letter has been delivered from farm to farm by a group
of about 20 people
who are delivering it from door to door. The group is
alleged to also be
ordering settlers on the farms to make sure that the
farmers vacate the
6th April 2002
Army, Zanu PF youths beat up NCA protesters
8:23:19 AM (GMT +2)
By Guthrie Munyuki
HEAVILY armed soldiers
and members of the paramilitary support unit, backed
by Zanu PF youth
brigades, beat up people severely on Friday and Saturday,
to discourage them
from attending demonstrations organised by the National
Assembly (NCA), in five major cities.
More than 60 people were arrested
and are due to appear in court today.
Their lawyers and relatives have not
been allowed to see them.
The demonstrators were arrested on charges of
contravening a section of the
Public Order and Security Act (Posa), that
compels protesters to obtain
police permission first before they engage in
any public demonstrations.
The demonstrations, scheduled simultaneously
for Harare, Gweru, Masvingo,
Mutare and Bulawayo were organised to press the
government to accept a new
constitution to replace the current one, which it
has abused in order to
maintain its grip on power.
Douglas Mwonzora said: “The police, army and Zanu PF youths
clamped down on
the demonstrators. In fact, in Harare the Zanu PF youths
clad in riot gear,
and moving around in police vehicles, patrolled the
streets singing Zanu PF
He said they received reports of brutal attacks on civilians by
forces on Friday and Saturday, from areas where they had
He said the indiscriminate beatings were aimed
at intimidating people from
taking part in the demonstrations.
charge that the Zanu PF government has effectively turned Zimbabwe into
police state,” Mwonzora said.
“We take pride in the fact that the
government has brought out all its
organs of force, the police, army and
Central Intelligence Organisation.”
The three organs, before the
presidential election, ran a terror campaign,
beating up perceived supporters
of the opposition Movement for Democratic
foiled demonstrations were followed by arrests of NCA chairman,
Madhuku, Felix Mafa, and Sylvester Mutasa, the chairman of the
Edwina Spicer, a prominent Harare film producer, was among the
arrested on Saturday in the five cities.
Spicer was filming
a video of the march.
The arrests occurred when at least 344 women
arrested in Harare on Thursday,
appeared at the magistrates’ courts for an
They were arrested while attending a gender workshop in
The NCA said it would continue with demonstrations until the
accepts a new constitution.
“We are no longer announcing
our demonstrations. The NCA will hold another
one within a week,” Madhuku
said from police custody.
“I can say that we have been successful in
defying the police ban. A lot of
people had come for the demonstrations but
were intimidated by the presence
of the police.”
Police stopped the
demonstration, citing the provisions which it said were
contained in the
The police alleged the NCA was an appendage of the MDC,
and therefore had a
The NCA, which is a grouping of
different civic organisations, says the
current Constitution is archaic and
there is a need for a new one.
It blamed President Mugabe’s re-election
on the defects and flaws within it,
that enabled Zanu PF to manipulate the
outcome of the election of 9-11 March
in which opposition MDC leader, Morgan
Tsvangirai lost, because of alleged
The NCA, on 12
and 13 February, 2000, successfully led Zimbabweans in
rejecting a Zanu
PF-sponsored constitutional draft emphatically, during a
Parastatals on the verge of collapse
4/8/02 9:22:51 AM
From Chris Gande
PARASTATALS are on the verge of
collapse and thousands of workers are likely
to find themselves joining the
burgeoning ranks of the unemployed because
the country is on the brink of
Zimbabwe’s economic malaise has been worsened
by the outcome of the last
month’s presidential election whose results have
been rejected by the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) as “the
greatest fraud in
history” and by the international community because the
Several parastatals in Zimbabwe are
about to cease operation because of
corruption and maladministration. The
Cold Storage Company (CSC), smitten by
a $230 million debt, is one
government-run company that is operating under
severe financial stress and is
on the brink of collapse.
Despite the company earning the country more
than $2 billion in foreign
currency every year from beef exports to the
European Union, the problems
affecting the company continue to
Some of its assets have gone under the hammer due to the mounting
a solution is not found soon the CSC’s operations will be so
it will be difficult to satisfy both the domestic and export
requirements,” Ngoni Chinogaramombe, the financial director
Government efforts to privatise the parastatals, through the
Agency of Zimbabwe (PAZ), have borne no fruit over the past
three years. PAZ
was a major component of the economic reform programme that
was launched in
1999 to spearhead the government’s aim to cut its interests
from at least 40
The PAZ, a semi-autonomous
body housed in the Office of the President and
Cabinet, has failed to come up
with proper mechanisms to speed up the
privatisation of the loss-making
parastatals. The Zimbabwe United Passenger
Company (Zupco), a State transport
enterprise, is another typical example of
parastatals that are serious
contenders for the scrap heap.
The company, running an aging fleet of
buses, is operating on a shoe string
budget and is following in the CSC’s
footsteps. Most of Zupco’s problems can
be attributed to the ruling Zanu PF,
which disrupts its services when it
commandeers buses for political or State
There have also been allegations that the ruling party does
timeously for the public transporter’s services. Zupco, together with
National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ), another
parastatal, are involved in the money-sapping
“Freedom Train” project which
has almost brought both to their knees.
Eric Bloch, a Bulawayo-based economic commentator, said parastatals
Zimbabwe were going to close down unless the government backed them
guarantees. “There will be no survival,” he said. “Government needs
address as a matter of urgency fundamental economic issues for
parastatals to survive.”
He said the government needed to back the
parastatals with guarantees at
this time when Zimbabwe was at war with the
world. Privatisation of the Road
Motor Services, the road haulage department
of the NRZ has set a precedent
of how the commercialisation of parastatals
The company, after nearly two years of privatisation went into
after it became bankrupt. Hundreds of jobs are being lost as
buckle because of the harsh economic climate. The collapse of
will result in more people being unemployed.
the national vice-president of the black economic empowerment
Affirmative Action Group accused some people of not being serious
matters of the economy.
He said: “The spirit is lacking. We need a vision
that will see us put
together the economy. A lot of economic experts have
said that we can be the
Japan of Africa.” Ncube accused some people of always
offering any solutions, thus destroying the
Zimbabwe’s isolation by the international community, and the
Monetary Fund and the World Bank has ensured that parastatals
survive through domestic funding.
There is no new investment
flowing into the country because Zimbabwe is now
classified among the
countries which are high-risk investment destinations.
people on the street are not sure whether privatising
parastatals is the way
forward. Others, however, feel that the entities
should remain as they are.
Jeffrey Shumba, a worker at one of the
parastatals, said if these entities
were handed over to the workers without
any government interference, there
would be no problem.
“The parastatals should be handed over to the people
so that they run them.
If the situation remains as it is, then the companies
will continue to
deteriorate until they collapse,” he said.
railway worker, Marko Sibanda, said loss-making parastatals were
phenomenon peculiar to Zimbabwe. He said they should be left as they
“Parastatals just provide services. They should just be commercial but
under the control of the government,” Sibanda said.
Diplomatic row looms over farm seizures
AM (GMT +2)
From Chris Gande in Bulawayo
A DIPLOMATIC row is
looming between Zimbabwe and Indonesia following the
acquisition of four
Nyamandlovu farms in breach of an agreement signed
between the two
The four farms belonging to PT Royal Ostrindo and Dollar Bubi
Limited, were re-designated by the government last
The group is the country’s leading producer of live ostrich for
meat for export. It employs more than 1 000 people.
billion investment is covered by a government-to-government agreement
originates from a G15 countries’ meeting.
Part of the agreement reads:
“Investors of one Contracting Party, whose
investments in the territory of
the other Contracting Party suffer losses
owing to war or other armed
conflict, revolution, a state of national
emergency, revolt, insurrection or
riot in the territory of the latter
Contracting Party, shall be accorded by
the latter Contracting Party
treatment, as regards restitutions,
indemnification, compensation or other
delegation from the Indonesian Embassy was expected in
Bulawayo to quell the
looming diplomatic row.
This comes amid Zimbabwe’s isolation by the
international community because
of last month’s hotly disputed presidential
election, won by President
Indonesia is one of the few
countries which have maintained relations with
the beleaguered Zanu PF
However, the designation of the farms into which Cayhadi
Indonesian partner, has poured more than $6 billion in
endangered the relations between the two
Jenni Williams, a spokesperson for the investors, on Thursday
a delegation from the Indonesian Embassy in Harare was flying
Bulawayo to try and avert the situation.
She said: “A delegation
led by the Indonesian ambassador to Zimbabwe will be
in Bulawayo to assess
The Indonesian Embassy refused to comment on the
PT Royal Ostrindo falls under the Export Processing Zone
Authority and holds
certificates under the Zimbabwe Investment
The exporting company, PT Royal Ostrindo, realised a turnover of
million in 2000 and $903 million in 2001.
This revenue was
sourced mainly from meat exports to the Belgian and German
markets and skin
sales to the United States. The farms were designated as
fresh farm violence
CIO officer spearheads Chimanimani terror
JOSEPH Mwale, a Central Intelligence Officer accused of killing
activists Tichaona Chiminya and Talent Mabika in Buhera during the June
parliamentary elections campaign, is reportedly spearheading
MDC supporters in Chimanimani.
Roy Bennet, the MP
for Chimanimani, said Mwale is being assisted by another
CIO agent known as
'Cobra', Major General Matsatswa, Lieutenant- Colonel
Bangidza and two others
identified only as Mutisi and Masabaya, all serving
members of the Zimbabwe
National Army who went on leave three months before
Last year, the High Court ordered that Mwale be arrested and
Chiminya's death but up to now nothing has been done.
Weekend news from
Matabeleland - 3 on attempted murder charges and 7 farm workers
assaultedNews release - 7th April 2002
(On behalf of the
Commercial Farmers' Union)
RICHARD Pascall (51) and two friends, Timothy
Lamprecht (40) and Jonathan
Johnson (60) were yesterday arrested on charges
of attempted murders in
Inyathi, Matabeleland. These arrests followed the
incident on Gourlays Farm
yesterday morning when farmers and war veterans
exchanged gunfire. One
settler was injured in the skirmish by a bullet, which
is said to have
glanced off the back of his head. The war veterans were only
using abusive language.
Pascall was called to talk to a
group of settlers at his gate yesterday
morning and whilst he was informing
them that he was packing to leave the
farm, he was attacked from behind by a
group of persons who had entered
through a back gate. Pascall was manhandled
and the group attempted to
strike him with an axe and handcuff him. He called
for assistance as his
life had been threatened the night before and he
thought they group would
kill him. Two friends came to his aid by firing
shots into the air to
disperse the crowd. Pandemonium broke out and the 60 to
80 strong mob
scuttled back and forth, it is in this fracas that Pascall
feels the person
was injured in the crossfire.
Speaking just before
he was taken into custody, Pascall said, "They are
charging us with attempted
murder. It is said that someone was shot in the
incident this morning. I was
fearful for my life after a war veteran, Vote
Ndlovu, threatened me in the
presence of the officer in charge, Desmond
Dube. Ndlovu said to me in a local
dialect, 'Ngizakungcwaba' meaning 'I
will bury you'. "
Gourlays is a wildlife conservancy with 30 black rhino resident.
are state owned. The farm is the only farm owned by the Pascall's.
It is also
a registered conservancy, and a Zimbabwe Investment Centre
Events began to unfold some weeks back when two male Rhinos fought
territory - one died from injuries. A report was made to National
with both the horn and skin being surrendered to Parks officials.
incidents have occurred since then with attempts to evict the farmer.
mob that live in building close to the farm entrance, insisted that
workers leave and twenty-nine have since left. Normal routines and
have not been permitted and Rhino and other wildlife will soon run
water. Horses and Ostrich have also been released from paddocks and
At about 10am on Friday 5th April, war vets arrived
at the house at the farm
and more war vets were outside the gate, they
demanded that Mrs Pascall take
a person who had been attacked by one of the
Ostrich to hospital. She
called an ambulance but declined to pay the fees,
this resulted in further
harassment and death threats. This was reported to
Inspector Dube at the
Inyathi police station at about 1 o'clock.
larger crowd of war vets began assembling at the house and the
eventually arrived at 7 pm with Mr Pascall. Police invited seven of
vets who were armed with sticks and knobkerries to go into the house
negotiate. However negotiations were not fruitful as the war vets
abuse at the Pascall's, threatening to kill both Mr and Mrs
was no reaction from the Police to this abuse, with the
Officer in charge
describing it as 'Political sayings'. Eventually at about
10 pm, the
situation was defused and the Police left with the war veterans.
Pascall was called to the gate at 7am on Friday morning by a group of
40 war veterans. Although he assured them that he was packing to leave,
were abusive and threatened to smash the gate down. Another group broke
rear gate lock and came in to ambush Pascall from behind, attempting
handcuff and axe him. His life was saved by firing of shots into the air
Johnson and Lamprecht. The three managed to escape to the house under
from various weapons including rocks shot from catapults.
Members of the Police Support Unit arrived and were able to prevent
incident. Pascall and his friends were then charged with attempted
Mrs Pascall has since left the farm along with the remaining three
National Parks have since sent scouts on site to ensure the
safety of the
wildlife. Legal representatives are hopeful to secure a court
In another incident on Sunday 7th March, an
Esigodini farmer and his 129
staff decided to stand their ground and refuse
to be illegally evicted by
war veterans and youth, led by notorious dissident
The horticultural farm in Matabeleland South has not
been invaded to date
although an army colonel had visited with his wife
indicating that he was
the beneficiary of the 300-hectare Glenala Park farm.
The farm was purchased
300-hectare farm 10 years ago by Mr Alastair
Although reports were made to the Police yesterday and again
seven workers were assaulted, the police remain aloof and seem
demand respect from the war veterans who were insistent that they
evict the farmer despite no legal papers. The farm is under a
notice of acquisition but the owner is due to argue his case in
court. It is
the family's only farm and the direct source of survival for 800
The farm which is about 35 kilometres South of Bulawayo,
to formal and informal vegetable vendors in Bulawayo,
Zvishavane and other
The farm owner, Mr Alastair Coulson (51
yrs) said, "I am not going to vacate
until I obtain an official eviction
notice from Government."
The group numbering about 60, comprising war
veterans settlers and hired
youths from nearby Habane Township. The war
veterans could be seen loitering
in the garden in groups, and just after noon
a delegation approached and
reminded Coulson of their ultimatum. When he
declined to leave, they
threatened to seek reinforcements to force their way
Noises where heard coming from the farm village. It was determined
youths had gone into the village and looted workers
A police vehicle then left the farm and for two hours there
was no police
presence. The Officer in charge arrived at 4 pm and said that
he could not
guarantee the safety of the farmer and that he should therefore
the next 3 hours negotiation was centered on the security of the
workers who were still within the homestead and the security of farm
Coulson and his wife eventually left after the war veterans
were removed off
the farm and safety of the workers promised by the officer
in charge, who
left a police presence on the farm.
For more information, please contact Jenni Williams
11 213 885 or +263 91 300 456
Email firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
caption: Photo of Farmworker Hlonipani Moyo (20 yrs) injured Sunday
when 3/4 war veterans attached him with a hose pipe on Glenala
Park farm in
From The Sunday Times (UK), 7 April
Mixed fortunes for Mugabe’s men
Below are extracts from the UK Sunday Times Rich List, listing
the wealthiest people in Britain.
Nicholas van Hoogstraten
Ranking Net worth Sector
2002 595= £60m Property
2001 159= £200m
Van Hoogstraten, 57, is due to stand trial this week on a
charge of murdering Mohammed Sabir Raja, a retired businessman, in 1999. The
property tycoon, charged with two other men, has been on conditional bail. He
still has not finished Hamilton Place, his £40m East Sussex mansion, and has
been in dispute with builders. The home, complete with mausoleum, was first
conceived 15 years ago as one of the largest and most expensive country houses
to be built in Britain in the past 100 years and is designed to hold his art
treasures. In addition, he has huge farming and mining interests in Zimbabwe.
Given the volatile political and economic situation in the country we cut our
valuation of van Hoogstraten to £60m - and believe he may fall further.
Ranking Net worth Sector
2002 33 £720m Tobacco
2001 48 £550m
Bredenkamp is expanding his business empire in Africa with the
opening of a new cigarette factory to support his tobacco interests. Based in
Berkshire, Bredenkamp, 61, made his original fortune from the £70m sale of
another tobacco business, Casalee Group, in 1993. The former Rhodesian rugby
captain also has interests in oil, tourism, property and commodities. In total,
his various interests have annual sales of well over £250m.
From The Independent on Sunday (UK), 7 April
stifled by riot police
Scattered clashes broke out yesterday as
hundreds of police officers
blockaded cities and towns in Zimbabwe to thwart
street protests called by a
coalition of civic groups to demand a new
constitution, followed by a fresh
presidential election. In the capital,
Harare, police manned roadblocks on
most approaches to the city centre and
sealed off the central square,
blocking the starting-point of a planned
march. Riot police were on
sidewalks, street corners and at bus and parking
lots. Edwina Spicer, a
television journalist, was arrested, together with her
apparently while filming police deployments. Zimbabweans
collected in small
groups for the protests, organised by the National
(NCA), a coalition of trade unions, professional
bodies and church groups. But any gatherings were
quickly dispersed by
police in riot gear, and none of the protesters were
able to reach the
planned sites of marches to be addressed by NCA leaders.
"We have resorted
to guerrilla tactics to try and circumvent the police, said
Madhuku, chairman of the NCA. "We are avoiding forming one large
this might result in losses of life."
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has rejected Mr Mugabe's
its leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, in last month's presidential
was widely condemned as rigged, but yesterday the President
ruled out a fresh
election. "The next poll will be held in six years ... Let
that sink into
Britain and its surrogates in the MDC," Mr Mugabe told a
meeting of his
party's central committee. Mr Mugabe described the protests
as "senseless" on
Friday, while the Home Affairs Minister, John Nkomo,
issued an order banning
them. Hundreds of people were arrested earlier in
the week, including about
400 women and children rounded up in the poor
suburbs of Harare on Thursday
as they were meeting to plan the
demonstrations. But the NCA vowed to press
ahead, saying it was illegal for
the government to ban peaceful protests.
Human rights groups say 10
opposition supporters have died and thousands of
government critics and
opposition activists have been arrested, beaten and
tortured since the
election as part of a continuing campaign of harassment
and violence against
government critics. "It's as if we are being ruled by an
instead of a civilian government," said Professor Elphas
the University of Zimbabwe.
Mugabe’s exiles find unlikely new home
JANE FLANAGAN IN CHIMOIO
HOME for Johan and Kirsty Fourie is a
leaking tent, two hours’ drive down a potholed dirt track in war-ravaged
They have no electricity, their lavatory is a hole in the
ground and their water supply is a walk away in a field pitted by land-mines.
Even this, they say, is preferable to living on a farm in Robert Mugabe’s
The Fouries are among a new generation of pioneer white
farmers who are fleeing the devastation of Mugabe’s land grab policy to make a
fresh start across the border in Mozambique.
"We are starting from
scratch and things are far from easy, but at least we can work and make some
progress," said Johan Fourie, 28, who left his family’s farm in Masvingo last
August after the ‘war veterans’ moved in and began burning the land.
home, people are not doing much except waiting to see what happens next.
Anything has to be better than that. At least there is some sort of future here
and you know that you’re still going to be farming next year."
couple, who married a year ago, are among 20 white farming families who have
settled in the Mozambican province of Manica, on the Zimbabwean border.
Up to a dozen more have made their homes in the northern Tete province,
and since last month’s disputed Zimbabwean presidential elections, the
Mozambique government has received around 100 more applications from farmers
eager to start again. Delighted by the response, the authorities are preparing
packages of leased land and tax-free incentives to persuade many more to cross
For Mozambique, the farmers offer a chance to help galvanise
the country’s almost non-existent agricultural industry.
Less than 5% of
its arable plots are cultivated and years of fighting - first for independence,
then a 16-year civil war - have left the land strewn with land-mines and farm
buildings devastated by bullets and bombs. Large swathes of the population have
never had a job.
"We welcome the farmers," said José da Graça, the
provincial director of agriculture and rural development. "We are keen for
foreign investment and there is no reason to discriminate against the Zimbabwean
farmers. They will open up the land and the local community sees benefits from
that, in terms of employment, roads and bridges. As long as they abide by our
laws and respect our culture, we have no problem with them."
offers white Zimbabweans the opportunity to remain in southern Africa and stay
close to their homes and farms for which they may eventually receive
compensation. A change in regime would also give them the option of returning to
their farms in Zimbabwe, many of which they have worked for generations.
Most importantly, they and their families can feel safe and their
efforts are welcomed by the Mozambique government. In Zimbabwe they were used as
pawns in Mugabe’s strategy to retain power and defend his position against
Morgan Tsvangirai and his Movement for Democratic Change.
is among those who have found work with one of the new settlers. He fled
Mozambique’s civil war for Zimbabwe 15 years ago but is one of many thousands
who have now decided life is better at home.
"I never dreamt I would
think life in my own country was better than in Zimbabwe. We are so happy these
people are coming here to grow food and provide jobs," Sagwate said.
employer, Brendon Evans brought his family, a small herd of cows and a large
satellite dish over the border six months ago. Their dairy and corn farm, just
outside Harare, was one of the first to be invaded by government-supporting
The squatters have since gone, and for a while the Evans’ held
out some hope of returning until Mugabe "stole the election".
lot of people in Zimbabwe we had our lives on hold, but once the election was
over there was no going back," said Jenny Evans, 28.
They live in a
stark, unpainted, concrete house at the end of a five-mile dirt road. They are
taking lessons in Portuguese and have begun a weekly study group for fellow
Zimbabweans new to the area.
They meet over beer and a barbecue to air
problems and share information about the labyrinth of rules surrounding the
licensing of new companies. They complain of corruption among officials who
handle the applications and the lack of financial aid available to help them get
Although Mozambique has begun to embrace market reforms, land
still cannot be bought or sold. New farmers can apply for 50-year leases but are
limited to 2,470 acres each, for which they pay around £500 per year.
Mrs Fourie said: "Zimbabwean farmers are used to owning their land, not
leasing it, so we have to change our way of thinking. To me it is a bit of a
relief, because at least if it is taken away from us, our life savings don’t go
with it, which is what has happened to our parents’ generation at home."
Not everyone has welcomed the arrival of these pioneers.
some blacks, the new white communities trigger memories of hardship under
Portuguese rule and the part the white governments of South Africa and Rhodesia,
as it then was, played during their long and bitter civil war.
elderly lady, selling bananas at the side of the road in Chimoio, told how she
had lost two sons to the war and was nervous to see new white faces in the town.
"I don’t trust them," she said. "When I see a white face I think that we
must be prepared for something terrible."
Da Graça added: "There are
many who are worried that violence will start again. People here have had enough
of war, they want to live in peace. Some have said to me, ‘Please tell the white
farmers if they want to come they must leave their guns behind’."
New scramble for Africa was born in Zimbabwe
April 07 2002 at 08:32AM
Johannesburg - Last millennium's scramble
for Africa, during which European
colonial powers tried to seize as much
African land as possible, consolidate
power over local inhabitants and fend
off competitors, should have ended
with the emergence of 52 independent
But events in Zimbabwe suggest otherwise, and there is evidence
of a new
scramble for Africa. Transparency International, the watchdog
says the proponents are not the old powers but the new
political elite led
by President Robert Mugabe and his inner
The Zimbabwe Chapter of Transparency International says Robert
his Zanu-PF party hit the ground running in 1980, preaching the
African socialism soon after independence from Britain.
sought to restructure the economy through land reform, nationalisation
industries and the expansion of social services, especially
By the end of the 1980s, Zimbabwe had one of the
best school systems in
Africa and the majority of its population could read
and write. The life
expectancy of the average Zimbabwean was on the
But the study - The New Scramble for Africa - says these social
were achieved at the expense of growth in agricultural and
As a result, government expenditure began to grow
faster than tax revenue,
forcing Zanu-PF to seek salvation from the World
Bank and the International
Monetary Fund by the early 1990s.
Hawkins, one of the organisation's key members, says the economy was
too sluggishly to support the high levels of social spending
education - less so on health.
"There were also several other
bottlenecks, especially foreign exchange,
partly because of the government's
innate hostility to foreign investment
and its preference for a command
"This had to be partially abandoned in 1991 when the World
economic structural adjustment programme was adopted," Hawkins
"But that flopped, largely because the government was unwilling to
through with all of its measures."
He said the decline deepened
because Zanu-PF continued to distribute wealth
without ever trying to create
it first, and "Zimbabweans are as poor now as
they were in 1970".
Daily News - Leader Page
Chombo should defer to the wishes of the
4/8/02 8:46:59 AM (GMT +2)
THE Minister of Local
Government, Public Works and National Housing, Dr
Ignatius Chombo, is abusing
his authority, when he vetoes decisions by the
newly-elected Harare City
Council in order to protect the interests of a few
He is not a minister for Zanu PF supporters only.
Chombo was elected in the
June 2000 parliamentary election by 16 175 out of a
possible 45 000 voters
in the Zvimba North constituency. The person he is
directing his wrath at
Elias Mudzuri, the new executive mayor of Harare, was
elected by 262 275, if
we believe the Registrar-General’s efforts to de
emphasise voting patterns
in the urban areas, deemed sympathetic to the
Chombo should defer to the wishes of the majority in Harare,
who are not
only the city’s ratepayers, but also constitute the majority of
s taxpayers. Democracy is about respecting the wishes of the
Chombo and Zanu PF should back off and let the new council
carry out its
mandate unimpeded. Chombo issued three directives to the new
week: to refer all personnel and financial matters to him; to
bar the new
mayor from attending Cabinet Action Committee meetings; and to
from firing 1 235 Zanu PF supporters hastily recruited by the
Chanakira-led commission, when it became clear the ruling party would
the capital to the opposition, as has already been the case in
Chegutu and Masvingo.
The minister’s actions can only serve
to alienate not only himself by
antagonising residents of the capital city,
but his party and the
government, because what he is doing is in defiance of
the outcome of the
mayoral and municipal polls in Harare.
conduct and reactions are not surprising. They are symptomatic of
contempt with which Zanu PF holds the people of this country. The only
people have under Zanu PF is to do its bidding. Not to do so is to
In all the years that Zanu PF ran all local authorities in
the country since
independence, it has not demanded that its mayors or
council chairs refer
all personnel and financial matters to the minister. The
usurping the powers of an elected authority in order to
perpetuate Zanu PF
rule in the capital.
Zanu PF may attempt all kinds
of subterfuge, but the will of the majority of
the people will triumph,
eventually. The Cabinet Action Committees are
useless busy-bodies, so the new
mayor should not lose any sleep over their
Their record in
Harare has been one of creating an environment that nurtured
neglected basic services to the city’s ratepayers and presided
It is important to appreciate that Harare’s
fall from grace is a direct
product of Zanu PF, the government and the
so-called Cabinet Action
Committees, or whatever their predecessors were
Where were these so-called committees when the economic
wasteland was being
littered with the carcasses of parastatals such as the
Road Motor Services,
the National Railways of Zimbabwe, the Agricultural and
Authority, Ziscosteel, Zimbabwe United Passenger Company,
the Cold Storage
Company and the national airline?
But ratepayers in
Harare were not born yesterday. That is why they
emphatically rejected Amos
Midzi, Zanu PF’s mayoral hopeful, in last month’s
election. They would do
well to reflect on why a once massively popular
liberation party is now the
The new council should go ahead and take the minister
to court. Even if
there is a growing perception that the judiciary is
compliant, Chombo and
his colleagues must be told that the people are not and
will not be
To do nothing would be to surrender the few
remaining rights the people of
this country have to this political
kleptocracy. Chombo’s desperation stems
from the realisation that his party
owes the Harare City Council more than
$20 million in unpaid rates and water
charges, while some of its top
hierarchy also owe the council $300 million.
It’s pay-up time for Zanu PF.
Prices of basic commodities still going up
8:56:54 AM (GMT +2)
From Sandra Mujokoro in Bulawayo
basic commodities continue to spiral despite the government’s
through the gazetting of price controls.
A survey by The Daily News last
week revealed that the prices of most goods
whose prices were regulated by
the government shot up just after the
The government set up
a price monitoring team with police being called upon
to apprehend anyone
caught flouting the law.
However, recently very little monitoring has
been undertaken, resulting in
shop owners charging exorbitant prices on goods
in great demand.
The affected goods include sugar, cooking oil, salt,
milk and soap.
A 750 ml bottle of cooking oil
is selling for $300, while the two-litre
bottle costs $850.
tube of toothpaste which should be selling at $300 is being sold
A sachet of milk cost $38 recently, but is now selling at
$60 at some
In some outlets soft drinks are selling at $40
when they are supposed to be
Residents interviewed expressed
concern at the exorbitant increase in
Sizalobuhle Moyo of
Emakhandeni said he was shocked the prices had gone up
so sharply and said he
could barely afford to buy such basics as margarine.
that most of the things are basics but items such as
margarine, milk and soft
drinks we can do without,” he said
Party talks must focus on election rerun:
4/8/02 8:47:04 AM (GMT +2)
MORGAN Tsvangirai, the opposition MDC leader, yesterday said his
demand a rerun of the presidential election during talks with
Addressing about 5 000 people at Chitungwiza’s Chibuku Stadium,
said he had told the MDC delegation to the talks not to compromise
rerun. He said a government of national unity was unacceptable because
would only legitimise Mugabe’s rule.
In his first public reaction
to the talks between his party and Zanu PF,
Tsvangirai said Mugabe would be
forced to conduct a rerun if he remained
isolated and was constantly reminded
of the illegitimacy of his victory.
The mandate of the MDC’s team to the
talks was to negotiate an election
rerun under international supervision
within the next six to 12 months.
This was Tsvangirai’s first rally since
last month’s hotly-disputed
presidential poll. He accused President Mugabe of
putting the country under
what he described as “a military dictatorship” and
promised his party would
confront Mugabe over the flawed
Tsvangirai said: “Whether Robert Mugabe likes it or not there
is going to be
an election rerun. No matter what he does, Mugabe’s victory is
We have overwhelming evidence that he did not poll more than
850 000 votes.”
The Registrar-General, Tobaiwa Mudede, declared Mugabe
the winner with 1 685
212 votes against 1 258 401 for Tsvangirai. Mugabe has
ruled out an election
rerun and threatened to clamp down on any civil
Tsvangirai warned that Zanu PF would try to swallow up the
opposition as it
did with the late Vice-President Joshua Nkomo’s PF Zapu,
through the Unity
He said: “If they don’t want to talk about
an election rerun, then there is
no need to even start
Tsvangirai said although people were dejected at being
cheated during the
poll it was now time to look forward.
soldiers ran the election and were now being deployed in the streets
assault people in post-election violence.
“If they have a reign of terror
and brutality, what kind of democracy is
that? If the ZBC only gives one view
from dawn to dusk, what kind of
democracy is that?”
Tsvangirai had intervened to stop his supporters from assaulting
journalists for negative reports on their party, saying that the fact
the media corporation covered the MDC in the first place showed that
acknowledged the party’s strength.
ZBC reporter Justin Manyau and
cameraman Jabulani Ndebele were heckled by
MDC supporters before party
officials rushed to their rescue and offered
them refuge in a tent they were
The supporters tried to overturn the crew’s vehicle, a Mazda
Manyau and Ndebele were later allowed to cover the
Tsvangirai warned that a military dictatorship was potentially
could result in civil war.
He said: “In a military
situation of this nature, violence is the norm. The
problem with us is that
we have been fighting to be nice people, but as the
majority we should not be
intimidated. We must exercise our responsibility
as the majority.
weapon with which we can defeat Mugabe is the vote, although other
might also come in. As a party we must not do what would injure us but
what changes the country for the better.”
He said there was need to
disband the Zanu PF youth brigades, restore law
and order and set up an
independent electoral commission before an election
rerun could be
There was also need for the non-partisan distribution of food
and land, he
Road of fear does not breed love
DID so many have to die on the way to the ballot box before
be counted 'free and fair?'
We wonder why it is
that the politics of Africa are always marred by
worthless violence and
death. When will we, on the loving continent, realise
that power cannot be
obtained over the dead bodies of people wanting to
express their genuine
political views and interests?
"Sometimes I wonder", so the singer sang.
How is it that some people can
decide to forget the future in praise of the
All those political killings, all those youths taught to kill
people, all that dishonesty! How do some people live with that as
I hope that one day an African leader will be
born who will vow that he or
she will not accept killings as part of the road
to the poling station. It
will be a great day for the African
Why should we argue about the legitimacy of our government
if everything had
been seen to be above board?
You see, the only thing
African leaders did not forget to dismantle were the
machinery of repression:
the torturers, the intimidators, the prisons, and
we need is the political imagination to say all prisons will be turned
schools and universities. That the sky is the limit for the freedom of
In your time
You took away our moon
In your time
took away our sun
In your time
You took away our smiles.
You took away
A large piece
Of the destiny
This is not the time to write the poetry of the search for
should have been the time to write new poems in search of new
identities, and a new hope for the country which we all love.
system inherited fear from the Rhodesian regime. The freedom
supposed to say to us, now we are free from fear, but they did
continued on the footpath of fear, and what we know is that the
road of fear
does not breed love.
What is amazing is that the violence
which is going on in our country is
supposed to be from nowhere but the
people are not fools, they know where
their wounds are coming from, they know
the cause of their tears, and they
know the source of their
Rule by violence works for a little of the time, but not for all
time. It is a piece of political history which any leader should
• Chenjerai Hove is a renowned Zimbabwean writer.
Gasela faces fresh treason charges
THE police are investigating Gweru Rural Member of Parliament,
Gasela, on allegations that he is recruiting youths for military
Australia, The Standard has gathered.
Speaking to The
Standard yesterday, Gasela, who is also the MDC shadow
agriculture, strongly denied the allegations and accused the
fabricating the charge in order to arrest him on trumped up
The claims that police intended to arrest Gasela came to light
governor, Cephas Msipa, phoned Gasela on Tuesday querying why
recruiting youths for military training in Australia. Msipa then
that Gasela get in touch with Gweru police to verify the claims.
Commanding Midlands Province, Senior Assistant Commissioner Ngoni
confirmed to Gasela that the police were indeed investigating
When The Standard contacted Gambiza on Friday he was said to be in a
and promised to return calls. He had not done so at the time of going
"I received a call from the governor, whom I have a lot of
expressing surprise that I was recruiting youths for military
then phoned Gambiza who confirmed that there was a report from
that I had addressed various meetings where I recruited the
said I had recruited 90 youths already. The allegation is utter
one wants to recruit people for military training, a rally would
be the last
place to do it," said Gasela.
Gasela said he suspected
that police were looking for a way to frame him and
charge him with
"This is a carefully planned thing to remove the leadership of
through violence or false criminal charges. They are busy smearing me
this is a serious charge because it would mean that I am recruiting
to overthrow the government. I would not be surprised if they were to
my farm, plant weapons and then go back there to discover the same
As a matter of fact, they went to my farm early this year and told
workers they were inquiring about people being trained at the farm,"
Gasela said he was worried about his safety as these
reports would incite
Zanu PF supporters resettled on farms surrounding his
Gasela has already appeared in court over a treason charge arising
alleged plot to assassinate President Mugabe.
Gasela is being
jointly charged with MDC president Morgan Tsvangirai and
general, Welshman Ncube, over allegations that they
approached the Canadian
political consultancy firm, Dickens and Madison, to
help the MDC assassinate
The charges have however been largely dismissed by commentators
been cooked up by Mugabe's regime to get rid of Tsvangirai.
Dabengwa's daughter deported from US
By our own
THE daughter of Zanu PF politburo member and former cabinet
Dabengwa, was refused re-entry into the US on Friday, The
Ijeoma (28), was returning to America to
do a masters degree in business
studies after completing her first degree
there. She had come home on
holiday after graduating.
for comment by The Standard yesterday, Dabengwa confirmed
that his daughter
had indeed been deported but said he was unsure of the
reason for the move
since all her documents were in order. It had been
rumoured that she was
deported for forgery of travel documents.
The Standard understands that
Ijeoma was in London yesterday, on her way
back to Zimbabwe. She is expected
Said Dabengwa: "I can confirm that she is on her way home.
She called me
telling me that she was on her way home after being denied
entry in the US.
They cancelled her visa. Her deportation has nothing to do
with theft or
forgery of travel documents. If they do not want us there, we
will not force
our way. I will find somewhere else for her to complete her
MBA. Maybe here
in Zimbabwe. It's not the end of the world."
asked whether her deportation did not have something to do with the
sanctions imposed on Zimbabwean leaders by the US government,
he was not aware of such a connection.
"I cannot confirm or deny that,
but what I know is she is coming back and we
are waiting for her."
remains unclear why she was denied entry into the US, when she had done
degree there and had just returned home for a brief visit before
The former home affairs minister was not on the initial list of
Zanu PF officials and cabinet ministers.
The US government
imposed travel restrictions on President Mugabe, his
cabinet ministers, their
spouses and children studying in the US and is in
the process of extending
the ban to individuals associated with Zanu PF.
Meanwhile, the United State
embassy in Harare said it would not reveal the
names of the targeted
individuals but advised those wishing to travel to the
US to first check that
their names were not on the list.
The Standard understands that there are
several government ministers'
children studying and living in America and
Times of India
Zimbabwe Oppn not to cooperate with Mugabe
[ SUNDAY, APRIL 07, 2002 9:27:44 PM ]
HITUNGWIZA, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwean
Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said on
Sunday that his party would not
cooperate with the government of President
Robert Mugabe, which he described
as a "military junta."
"Mugabe is sitting as chairman of a military
junta," Tsvangirai told a rally
of some 5,000 supporters in Chitungwiza, a
satellite city outside the
capital Harare. "When soldiers reign terror and
brutality on the
population -- what kind of democracy is that?" he
"We cannot be expected to cooperate with such a regime," he said.
don't want to talk about new elections, then there is no need to
negotiations," said Tsvangirai, who has rejected Mugabe's victory
month's widely condemned presidential election.
dismissed calls for fresh elections, in a speech Friday to his
central committee, saying: "The next poll will be held six years
that sink into Britain and its surrogates in the MDC," he said.
has repeatedly accused the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
being a front for the interests of Britain, the former colonial
power in the
southern African country.
The MDC is expected to start meeting next week
for talks with Mugabe's
ruling Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic
Front (ZANU-PF) to seek
solutions to the country's political and economic
Preparations for the talks began Thursday when two facilitators
prominent African leaders, presidents Olusegun Obasanjo of
Nigeria and Thabo
Mbeki of South Africa, consulted with the two parties on an
agenda for the
But Tsvangirai, calling for fresh elections,
ruled out forming a national
unity government with Mugabe, who has been in
power in Zimbabwe since
independence 22 years ago. "We can only accept an
interim arrangement, but
certainly not a government of national unity," he
"We are going to have new elections conducted in Zimbabwe,"
giving public voice for the first time to a demand made
repeatedly by his
party since the March 9-11 polls, marred by violence and
documented by independent observers.
Tsvangirai said the
new elections would have to take place under an
commission, with international supervision. The
Chitungwiza rally, held at a
football field, received police clearance
despite a tough new security
The MDC only announced the rally hours before it was due to begin,
that pro-Mugabe militias might try to break it up. In his speech,
called for the disbanding of youth militias accused of mounting
intimidation campaign that allegedly helped Mugabe to retain power, He
said lawlessness should end that has seen police turn a blind eye to
on opposition supporters.
Sunday's rally came the day after
police cracked down on protests in five
cities mounted by a pro-democracy
group calling for a more democratic
constitution that would prevent the
abuses that aided Mugabe's re-election.
Lovemore Madhuku, who organized
the protests, and at least 12 others from
his group remained in jail Sunday
after being arrested a day earlier.
Zimbabwean police hold 60 after quashing
HARARE, April 7 — Zimbabwean police held more than 60
activists and their
leader in custody on Sunday after arresting them during
against the country's constitution, organisers of the banned
Douglas Mwonzora, spokesman for the National
(NCA), said Harare police had denied the
organisation's chairman, Lovemore
Madhuku, and 30 others arrested in the
capital on Saturday any access to
''They are still in the
cells, they have not seen a lawyer up to
today and other people sent to see
them, including Madhuku's wife, have also
not been allowed access,'' Mwonzora
Saturday's protests in major cities were the country's
demonstrations since President Robert Mugabe was re-elected last
month in a
poll Western countries and the opposition Movement for Democratic
(MDC) condemned as fraudulent.
The NCA, which is demanding a
new constitution to replace laws it
says entrench Mugabe's rule, pledged to
hold similar protests on April 18,
when the former British colony of Rhodesia
will mark 22 years of
Police spokesman Tarwireyi
Tirivavi confirmed the arrests, and said
Madhuku had been charged with
contravening a section of a harsh new law that
compels protest organisers to
seek police clearance first. Penalties range
from fines to a year in
''Madhuku is likely to appear in court on Monday,'' Tirivavi
could not say what the charges against the other activists were, or
they had been allowed to see a lawyer.
Mwonzora said 15
people were still in detention in the second city of
Bulawayo, 10 in the
central city of Gweru and a further nine in the eastern
border city of
Eyewitnesses in Harare said some protesters
were beaten on Saturday
as riot police swarmed on a group trying to join the
NCA march. But on
Sunday Mwonzora said the NCA had not received any reports
On Saturday, Harare's magistrate court remanded on bail 370
arrested on Thursday for holding what the police said was an
The bedraggled women arrived at court in
several truckloads, some
pregnant and others with crying babies strapped to
their backs. They were
remanded on $500 bail each to April 26.
NCA, a coalition of student and church groups, political parties
rights organisations, says deeply rooted flaws in the current
make it impossible to hold free and fair elections in Zimbabwe.
Friday, Mugabe ruled out rerunning the election, as demanded by
Morgan Tsvangirai, and warned he would not brook any challenge to
Nigerian and South African envoys separately met Mugabe's
ZANU-PF party and the MDC last week to map out an agenda for talks
the two rivals.
State media said talks between this two
parties were expected to
commence early this week, but Tsvangirai, who calls
daylight robbery, has said he will discuss nothing but fresh
Mugabe denies responsibility for Zimbabwe's worst economic
political crisis since independence in 1980, which many blame on
policies including seizure of white-owned commercial farms
redistribution to landless blacks.
Mugabe says the economy has
been sabotaged by his opponents, led by
Britain, in retaliation for the land
grab, but political analysts warn more
protests could be on the cards if he
fails to revive the economy.