The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Daily News

      Farm workers' future thrown into disarray after evictions

      8/16/02 9:22:57 AM (GMT +2)

      By Precious Shumba

      Zimbabwe's now jobless farm workers are a heart-rending sight as they
clutch their lifetime collection of possessions of rolled-up blankets, reed
mats, pots and plates - destined to nowhere.

      Runaita Bob of Chidembo village in Bindura, for instance, has never
known any other life outside Condwelani Farm in Mashonaland Central. That
life was shattered on Wednesday as she watched in despair her employer of 26
years, Terry Hinde, pack his belongings under the intimidating supervision
of about 120 pro-Zanu PF vigilantes. Runaita Bob, 54, a mother of three,
fought tears back as she pondered her future . She said: "For all these
years we have been able to send our children to school. We worked with the
Hindes in peace but all that has come to a sad end. This is tragic for us."
She said Hinde, 60, had treated them with affection and had become part of
their lives and the future of her children.

      "My husband and myself have no other source of income," she said. Her
husband worked as a foreman at Condwelani. Runaita Bob's predicament
epitomises the plight of 65 farm workers at Condwelani farm whose future was
thrown into disarray when Hinde was evicted from his property of 27 years.
He is among the 2 900 served with the controversial eviction orders under
Section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act. Before the evictions, relations
between Hinde and his workers were probably typical of that of a caring boss
and his loyal workforce. Then, it probably never dawned on them that a day
would come when they would face similar fates - what life would have to
offer beyond Condwelani.

      The grieving workers, had the same tale to tell - life would be
unbearable without their average monthly income of about $5 000. Paul Saulo,
38, who has worked on the 1 000-hectare farm which grew tobacco, wheat,
maize and reared cattle, said he fully supported the land redistribution
programme but was against the disorderly manner in which it was being
implemented. Saulo said: "This place had become part of my home but I have
now lost my only source of livelihood. The government's land programme is
noble but if it threatens our livelihood, then it becomes totally
irrelevant." Paulo said every farming season, Hinde would assist them with
free seed and fertiliser for their small farming plots on the same property.

      At Mukaro Farm in Marondera, more than 200 workers who were evicted
from the farm are now living on the streets of Marondera. Others have built
makeshift structures in the bush, where they have no access to proper health
facilities. The 65 workers at Condwelani Farm are among over 300 000 farm
workers on Zimbabwe's commercial farms who have been left without any source
of income, shelter, peace of mind and even a village home to turn to for
comfort. Most of the workers said their sudden displacement meant that they
could no longer afford to buy basic foodstuffs such as maize-meal, sugar and
cooking oil. The workers said they had known no peace since the chaotic land
programme began nearly three years ago.

      Hinde said only seven of his workers had benefited from the chaotic
land redistribution exercise. Hinde said his eviction has led to the
abandonment of field crops worth about $60 million and equipment worth
US$100 000 (about Z$65 million on the parallel market.) "There is nothing
that we can do about it," Hinde said. "There comes a time when you do not
care what happens to you. This is the only farm I have in Zimbabwe which I
had developed with all my passion for the past 27 years."
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Daily News

      Evictions likely to leave 500 000 people homeless

      8/16/02 9:16:18 AM (GMT +2)

      By Takaitei Bote Farming Editor

      CLOSE to 500 000 people in the commercial farm-worker community are
likely to be homeless if the 2 900 commercial farmers issued with Section 8
eviction orders vacate their farms, officials in the commercial farming
industry have said.

      Already thousands of farm workers and their families have been left in
the cold following the departure of white commercial farmers issued with
eviction notices.

      Out of the 2 900 commercial farmers notified of expulsion, 30 percent
have left the country while the fate of their workers is not known. The 2
900 commercial farmers were given a 90-day deadline to vacate their farms to
make way for the resettlement of landless black Zimbabweans.The deadline
expired on 9 August.There are allegations that the police and armed soldiers
are evicting farmers who have vowed to stay put and challenge the evictions
in court in the Middle Sabi and Bindura.

      According to Justice for Agriculture the Hinde family in Bindura were
evicted yesterday from their Condwelani Farm and 60 farm workers were left
exposed.Farm workers on four farms in the Middle Sabi face an uncertain
future as Land Committee members and soldiers visited the farms on Saturday
and ordered farmers to leave by last Sunday.

      Executive director of the Zimbabwe Community Development Trust (ZCDT),
Tim Neil, said from a survey they conducted, 110 000 farm workers were
expected to become homeless if the 2 900 commercial farmers vacate their
commercial farms as directed by government in its 9 August notices.
Agriculture production in Zimbabwe has been severely crippled following the
violent farm invasions in 2000If the farm workers' families are to be
included, at least half a million people from the community would be
destitutes soon, Neil said.

      The ZCDT conducted their survey in commercial farming areas where it
received 254 responses, which represents about 10 percent of commercial
farms in the country.

      Neil said the figure of 110 000 farm workers only includes workers
faced with vagrancy if the farms they are working on are to be acquired by
the government.

      Neil said: "We are likely to have more than 10 000 orphans and 11 000
old people made vulnerable immediately following the break-up of the farm
compounds caused by the evictions. In the next six weeks we will see an
increase of street children in urban areas as some of the orphans living in
commercial farms will seek refuge in urban areas.

      "Many old people, who had retired and were being looked after by the
farmers will die of starvation soon as the farmers are leaving." General
Agriculture and Plantation Workers' Union (GAPWUZ) Bindura provincial
officer, Jotham Mutemeri, said 200 farm workers, who add up to 700 people if
      families are included, had had their homes on Leopard Lay Farm in
Bindura torched by settlers two weeks ago and they had become destitutes.
The pupils who resided there have dropped out of school. Leopard Lay Farm
has been taken over by the First Lady Grace Mugabe's brother, Reward Marufu.

      Mutemeri said: "Many children in Bindura have dropped out of school
because their parents are no longer working as their employers have left.
They are not able to work elsewhere because farmers are not employing farm
workers due to uncertainties caused by the evictions."The farm workers have
also not been resettled."

      GAPWUZ secretary-general Clemence Sungai estimated that about 150 000
farm workers would be left in the cold if the government evicted all 2 900
commercial farmers.

      This means that if 150 000 farm workers are left homeless when the
farmers are evicted, more than half a million people, which includes spouses
and children, would be affected.

      Sungai said: "I can only estimate that 150 000 farm workers will be
affected by the Section 8 eviction notices but we are in the process of
compiling the information.

      "We do not have reliable statistics at the moment because some farmers
are in the process of leaving while some have said they will remain on their
farms and their workers are still working."

      There is a total of 350 000 full-time farm workers in the country and
if seasonal workers are included, the total number of farm workers increases
to 500 000.The total number of people living in the commercial farm-worker
community is more than two million.

      While the government has said it would also include farm workers in
the resettlement programme, the majority of farm workers are not being given
land and in most cases are chased away by settlers.
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Daily News

The Mole

      Mugabe did not sound like himself

      8/16/02 8:46:37 AM (GMT +2)

      People - and that includes The Mole - who listened to President Mugabe
's "speech" during the combined ceremony at the national Heroes' Acre last
Monday to mark Heroes' Day and the burial of our world-class technocrat,
Bernard Chidzero, are all agreed on one thing: he didn't sound like himself
at all. And I am not talking about his voice or intonation but about the
speech's content.

      Described by The Herald as "philosophical", the first time ever that
the paper has found it necessary to interpret or label Mugabe's speeches, it
lacked most of Mugabe's favourite phrases and did not have his typical
thrust. In fact most people are convinced it was written by Professor
Jonathan Moyo whose hallmark when writing hate-filled political propaganda
pieces these days is incoherent demagoguery. You would think he went to the
same writing school as Tafataona Mahoso, that other insufferable rambler.

      Obviously meant to sound highfalutin, the "speech" simply didn't flow
smoothly and instead left you wondering what exactly he wanted to say -
which is not at all like Mugabe, who has a reputation of being not only an
inimitable orator, but also of arranging his thoughts in a faultlessly
logical way. For example, can anybody make sense out of connecting the
following paragraphs: "Today, in the eerie silence of this sacred acre, they
(heroes) ask you and me many questions. What have you done for your country
in your sphere of activity? President Mugabe said people should ask
themselves what they were doing for their country, fellow citizens and

      "Or are you negating the very illustrious essence of these proud and
venerated men and women of honour we gather yearly to acknowledge? "If
Joshua Nkomo were to rise , would you be fit to hold his hand and walk in
step with him down the path that emanates from this very sacred shrine and
ends in a great future for our country?" Save for the two questions about
what some people have done for their country in their "little spheres of
activity" and whether they would be "fit to hold Joshua Nkomo's hand and
walk with him if he were to rise this instant", I would salute anybody who
says they are able to connect the ideas in these paragraphs. And I suppose
Mugabe would have little difficulty answering those questions.

      His reply to the question about what he has done for his country would
be short and straightforward. He would simply say: "I have destroyed it, Cde
      As to the question about what he has done for the children, Mugabe
would simply reply: "I have built for them a training camp named after our
tireless political activist, Border Gezi, where we are turning them into
anarchists, rapists, torturers and ruthless killers of our political
opponents." To the question whether he (President Mugabe) would be fit to
hold Joshua Nkomo's hand and walk in step with him into the "great future of
our country," Mugabe's only honest reply would be to say: "Nope! Instead I
would run away because I would be filled with so much shame over the
terrible damage my party, government and I have done to this country."

      n Still on Mugabe's marathon Heroes' Day speech, a second front-page
story in the same issue of The Herald sounded a lot more like Mugabe,
though - bitter, vituperative and filled with sour grapes and wishful
thinking. What else, if not wishful thinking, would you call a grown man in
a poor Third World country's threat that he will apply his own sanctions on
all those powerful countries that have applied sanctions on him and all the
leaders of his party? In the story, Mugabe fumes: "We will in due course
announce our own comprehensive response to those countries that have
declared sanctions on us. Just as they regard it as their right to impose
sanctions on us, they should recognise that we reserve the right to respond
as best we know. They appear to have forgotten that they also have interests
here," Mugabe gloated.

      And just how are you going to respond, Mr President, if we may ask? By
taking away all the Lonrho and Anglo-American mines and properties and run
them down until they close down, as we did with all the parastatals we
inherited as flourishing concerns, I suppose? Perhaps the most ticklish part
of Mugabe's speech was when he expressed outrage at the fact that those who
should know better than to lend legitimacy to his government's ruinous
policies have also been caught in the sanctions net by either being deported
or denied visas to enter Europe or the United States. He bellowed: "Let
Europe banish all holy men who obey their conscience and stand by our cause
as they have done with the likes of Bishop (Nolbert) Kunonga. Let Europe
banish all the disabled as they have done with the likes of Cde (Joshua)
Malinga, banish all wives, children, brothers, sisters and cousins."

      Claiming that most Europeans opposed to the sanctions against him and
members of his government were being dragged by "the gangster of 10 Downing
Street (Tony Blair)," he asked somewhat rhetorically: "But why should they
be dragged in that willing manner by someone who has gone insane?" The Mole
is not too sure about that insanity bit as it would appear more appropriate
applied to some people closer to home than to Tony Blair and his government.
But one thing is certain:
      reference to wives, children, brothers, sisters and cousins" being
banned can only mean one thing: the sanctions have really started to hurt.
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Daily News

      'Loyal farmers' can believe Zanu PF and its leadership at their own

      8/16/02 9:37:38 AM (GMT +2)

      Reading the Reuters report of President Mugabe's speech on Monday 12
August, he publicly referred to "loyal farmers" for the first time in living
      Beware! This is another instance of his classic "divide and rule"
strategy. (Kiss my . . . and you'll be OK).He is obviously worried that
farmers are finally speaking out through Justice for Agriculture and
rebutting his claims.

      More evidence of this concern is his and his party's evident
reluctance to become the focus of a "negative Press".Believe him at your
peril, he has never in his entire life been known to stand by an honourable
commitment.Don't get caught napping yet again by this master of corruption
and deception. With Mugabe, the only tactic is to demand discernible action.
His words mean nothing and are only aimed at treachery.

      Meanwhile, keep shouting the truth, specify names and expose
dishonesty to the glare of public scrutiny.

      Charles, UK
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Daily News

      Government nearly loses $4m to conmen

      8/16/02 9:32:30 AM (GMT +2)

      Court Reporter

      THE government nearly lost $4 million to two fraudsters who allegedly
raised a fake invoice purporting they had supplied stationery to the
Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture.

      The suspected fraudsters allegedly wrote a quotation to the Central
Payments Office (CPO) on a Sebago Utilities letterhead demanding payment for
the "ghost" stationery shipment. The CPO issued a cheque on the strength of
the invoice. Collin Nyawodza, 32, who owns Sebago Utilities and
Installations (Private) Limited, and Tonderai Mhindo of Queensdale, Harare,
appeared before Harare provincial magistrate Dominic Muzavazi. Mhindo
allegedly collected the cheque which was deposited into Nyawodza's account
with First Bank. The cheque was dishonoured when the offence came to light
and the police immediately launched an investigation leading to the suspects
' arrest on Friday last week.

      Nyawodza and Mhindo were granted $50 000 bail each and remanded to 3
September. The court ordered them to report once every week to the Criminal
Investigation Department Fraud Squad in Harare. Chifarai Dube prosecuted.
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Daily News

      Plight of farm workers deplored

      8/16/02 9:20:57 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      LOCAL and international civic organisations have described the plight
of thousands of farm workers rendered jobless as a humanitarian disaster
thrust on the nation by the government.

      Dr John Makumbe of Crisis in Zimbabwe, said the desperate situation on
commercial farms had been deliberately created by the Zanu PF government in
its desperate bid to hold on to power. He said about 150 000 Zimbabwean farm
workers were now homeless and jobless due to the government-sanctioned
evictions of thousands of commercial farmers. Makumbe lamented the fact that
thousands of children of displaced farm workers would not be able to
continue with their lessons at their former farm schools because of the
haphazard evictions. He said the government should have allocated land to
the farm workers who would be affected by the evictions.

      "These innocent children are the victims of the so-called Third
Chimurenga and there are thousands of them who are now homeless and will be
literally living on the streets without food," Makumbe said. Scores of
displaced and harassed farm workers have been living by the roadside,
particularly in Mashonaland East, West and Central, where the bulk of
farmers have been forcibly ejected from their farms. An international
independent non-governmental organisation, the Centre on Housing Rights and
Evictions based in Switzerland, said in a statement yesterday, the latest
developments were a cause for great concern.

      "The programme embarked upon in the past few years by the Zimbabwean
government has been politically motivated and is in flagrant violation of
the basic
      human rights of thousands of farmers and tens of thousands of farm
workers, who will be left both homeless and without income." It urged the
government to reconsider its approach, even at this late stage. n Zimbabwean
police yesterday summoned six white farmers to appear at the Gwanda
magitrates's court today to face charges of defying a government eviction
order, Reuters reports. Justice for Agriculture, a farmers' pressure group,
said the six from Matabeleland South province were believed to be the first
to be charged for defying President Mugabe's August 8 deadline to vacate
their farms. The charge carries a fine or a two-year jail term.
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Daily News

      Zanu PF madness is still with us

      8/16/02 9:38:50 AM (GMT +2)

      When Joshua Nkomo died, the then legitimate President of Zimbabwe,
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (now considered illegitimate by many) said the
violence and war against the people of Midlands and Matabeleland and the
assassination attempt on Joshua Nkomo, ("if a snake enters the house, hit
the head to kill it" - Mugabe) was a "moment of madness".With those
conciliatory words, we assumed that that instant of insanity had passed and
would never be repeated.But no, with the use of a partisan and brutal police
force and the directionless CIO, we have seen how the same government with
Mugabe (the presidential elections have been condemned by all sane people)
at the helm, has again started a campaign to purge this country of all MDC
supporters and their leadership.They pick up a man, MP Fletcher
Dulini-Ncube, from an operating table in hospital; they raid Morgan
Tsvangirai's rural and urban homes looking for imaginary weapons of war;
they starve MDC supporters in rural areas; they have curtailed the movement
of urbanites, and keep on arresting people today because they burned DDF
tractors "tomorrow".

      Maybe soon when they have forcibly assimilated the MDC, as they did
Zapu, they will again ascribe it to "a moment of madness". This shows that
dementia has been at play in this country since independence. Who cannot see
that the country is running on sheer lunacy?The senselessness is evident
when we go to get doctors from Cuba because we cannot pay our own. We would
rather send them to Border Gezi youth centre to instil patriotism! Folly is
apparent when we devalue the dollar only for importing cars, which we are
not assembling in this country anyway. Madness is when we call our own
rational minister and governor "saboteurs" when we know of real saboteurs in
the Ministry of Agriculture, in the presidium, in the so-called
indigenisation lobby groups and in some sections of the war vets.

      Derangement is when we lose our souls and starve a large section of
our people because they do not support Zanu PF.We have created heartless
murderers, cruel youths, rude ministers and a fearful populace. How history
repeats itself. Yesterday it was Joshua Nkomo, now it is Morgan Tsvangirai
and the same man is responsible.

      He will blame others even on his deathbed. We, the people of Zimbabwe,
will always tell our children that during our generation a man walked this
land and a lot of innocent blood was shed in his name.

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Daily News

      MDC discredits UK news report

      8/16/02 9:31:34 AM (GMT +2)

      Chief Reporter

      WELSHMAN Ncube, the MDC secretary-general says his party did not
sanction calls for armed intervention by United Nations troops to prevent
mass starvation in the country.

      Ncube was responding to a story in Tuesday's issue of The Times of
London which quoted Roy Bennet, the MP for Chimanimani, as having called for
military mediation in the country. Ncube said: "The MDC has become aware of
a story published in The Times of London, which quotes Bennet saying that
the opposition leaders are calling for armed intervention by a UN force to
prevent mass starvation. "While we have not been able to establish from
Bennet himself if he was quoted correctly, we wish to state categorically
that the MDC has never developed a position or policy that advocates armed
intervention." Ncube said his party's position was that the crisis in
Zimbabwe required a political solution worked out by Zimbabweans themselves
and not through armed intercession from the UN or any other party for that

      He said what was required was humanitarian food assistance to ensure
that all the people in the country were saved from famine. "This would
ensure that no one dies as a result of the failure by the government to
provide food for all Zimbabweans in a non-partisan manner." The UN has said
that more than six million Zimbabweans face starvation as President Mugabe
proceeds with the eviction of white commercial farmers to pave the way for
the resettlement of landless peasants ahead of the farming season. The MDC
has complained that its supporters were being marginalised in the
distribution of food aid by Mugabe's supporters, an allegation denied by the
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Daily News

      Opposition official escapes captors after alleged torture

      8/16/02 9:25:26 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      FANUEL Marange, the MDC's district co-ordinator for Mutare South, who
was allegedly abducted by a group of Zanu PF youths, escaped from his
captors after six days of torture.

      Relating his experience, Marange alleged the youths assaulted him with
sticks, iron bars and burning logs. Marange who had welts on his back, also
sustained facial injuries. "A Zanu PF youth whom I know as Given Maringahosi
approached me, saying I was on their 'wanted' list," Marange said. "All of
sudden, about 10 youths surrounded me and took turns to assault me." Marange
said he managed to escape and run to his house. "As I was packing my bags to
leave the house, in fear of further attacks, the youths surrounded my house.
I ran into a nearby bush but my dog gave me away. It followed me and they
trailed it." he youths found him and frog-marched him to Nyamanhindi Store
where they prodded his legs with burning logs. "For three days they took
turns to assault me, asking why I had joined the MDC," he said.

      After his fourth day in captivity, Marange said he was transferred
from Nyamanhindi Store in Bazel Bridge to a war veteran's house in the same
area. He said: "I did not know what they were planning to do with me. The
war veteran gave me food and water and I slept in the same room as some of
his children. I was not beaten up. But after I learnt he had gone to prepare
for the Heroes' Day celebrations on Saturday, I managed to escape."

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Zim Independent

Govt finally legalises dollar devaluation
Godfrey Marawanyika
THE government has belatedly legislated for the devaluation of the local
currency from $50 to $55 against the greenback two years after it introduced
the move.

Initially banks and financial institutions were operating under the
open-mouth-system, where government publicly announces a policy shift before
legislating it.

Finance minister Dr Simba Makoni announced the legislation on August 2 in
consultation with the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe. Makoni and central bank
governor Dr Leonard Tsumba have been advocating for devaluation but have met
stiff resistance due to a lack of political will by the government.

The local currency had been hedged to the greenback since October 2000 but
has been now been devalued by 10%.

The Exchange Control (Exchange Rate) Direction, (2002) Statutory Instrument
223 of 2002, provides for a $55 mid-rate to the US unit, with a 10% band
either side plus a maximum 2,5% commission, up from the previous $50

The latest regulation applies to every foreign currency dealer and any other
person as specified by the central bank.

"The bands within which every foreign currency dealer shall maintain the
exchange rate above or below the mid rate shall be 10 per centum below the
mid rate," said Makoni in the Statutory Instrument.

"The maximum commission, fee or charge that may be levied on any foreign
currency exchange transaction shall be two comma five per centum of the
total nominal value, expressed in Zimbabwe dollars, of the foreign exchange
transaction concerned."

Makoni said the move repealed the General Notice 453C of 2000, published in
the Gazette of October 2000.

Due to the hedging of currency, the country has been operating a multiple
exchange rate regime that has had serious effects on some sectors of the
economy not granted similar undertakings.

Zimbabwe is operating a multiple exchange rate system for imports of luxury
goods, a Gold Floor Support Price and a different exchange rate for tobacco
farmers. A thriving parallel market where the US unit changes hands at $650
is also in place. The official exchange rate is $55/US$1.
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Zim Independent

Zimbabwe's global rating continues downward spiral
Godfrey Marawanyika
ZIMBABWE'S global rating has continued to plummet, with the latest list from
the United Nations Human Development Report (2002), showing Harare is now
ranked 128 out of 173 countries surveyed.

Since the economic meltdown began two years ago, Zimbabwe, once ranked as
the best emerging market in the region, has seen its fortunes wane.

In the Human Development Index, Zimbabwe is now ranked 128, way below its
biggest competitor in the region, South Africa, ranked 57. Last year
Zimbabwe was ranked 117. Botswana is in the same report ranked 126,
Swaziland 125 and Lesotho 132.

Both Zimbabwe and South Africa are classified under the Medium Human
Development group, which is the middle level group after High Human
Development. The least ranking is the Low Human Development group.

On subjective indicators of governance, which include among other things,
voice and accountability, government effectiveness and corruption
perception, Zimbabwe is ranked in the negative group. On voice and
accountability Zimbabwe is given a minus 0,90 mark. In this group Harare
competes with countries such as Angola with a minus 1,26 points and Rwanda
which has a minus 1,42 points.

On political stability and lack of violence, Zimbabwe was given minus 1,25.
South Africa has 0,07 points with Botswana's score being 0,71.

The indicators used by the UN in the report were developed by the World Bank
Research Unit, and are based on a statistical compilation of perceptions of
the quality of governance. The index ranges from around minus 2,50 to around

Harare's rankings on government effectiveness are even worse with a minus
1,03 points, where it is competing with countries such as Togo which has got
minus 1,32 points and Guinea-Bissau with a minus 1,48 points. Both Togo and
Guinea-Bissau are ranked in the Low Human Development group.

On the rule of law, Zimbabwe was given minus 0,94 points where it shares
rankings with Chad at minus 0,86 points and Burkina Faso with minus 0,79

Failure to respect the rule of law by the government came to a head in 2000
when it launched its fast-track land resettlement programme.

Numerous company invasions followed in 2001, with war veterans being granted
free rein in the country. The situation companies found themselves in led to
the resignation of the then Minister of Industry and International Trade, Dr
Nkosana Moyo.

On corruption levels Zimbabwe was given a minus 1,08, the same rating
accorded to Tajikistan. Kenya was granted a 1,11 points in the same

On political rights, Zimbabwe was given six points where the lowest
achievable score is seven. On freedom of the press, Zimbabwe scored 69 out
of a possible 100 points, Botswana 27, Swaziland 77 and South Africa 23. For
civil liberties Zimbabwe was given five points from a total of 10.

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Zim Independent

Mugabe has failed to give the nation direction
WHAT will it take for President Robert Mugabe and Zanu PF to realise the
country is inexorably sliding down the proverbial drain which will only take
us as far as the Heroes Acre?

As Affirmative Action Group president Sam Ncube noted over the weekend:
"This (Zimbabwe) should be a land of milk and honey, but things are going
wrong. Instead of wasting resources on the (Heroes Day) celebrations, we
should instead direct them to those left behind by the heroes. These people
are suffering."

Ncube was referring to the families of the deceased heroes, many of whom are
living on the scabs of wounds while the heroes' comrades-in-arms live in
unparalleled wealth. Ncube could also have been referring to the generality
of Zimbabweans suffering at the hands of living Zanu PF "heroes".

Would the heroes lying at different provincial acres throughout the country
and at the main shrine in Harare recognise the Zimbabwe of today? Would they
walk tall and say the status quo is what they fought for? Forget the Tony
Blairs and George W Bushs of Mugabe's speeches. Does the Zimbabwe we live in
today reflect what the heroes and us all fought for in one way or the other?

While Mugabe accepts there is widespread famine, he denies food is being
used as a tool to force people to vote or support Zanu PF. Millions are
going hungry only because they support the Movement for Democratic Change
party. But this should never have come to pass. A country that once had a
strategic grain reserve of a million tonnes now finds itself without maize
or the foreign currency to buy it.

The famine ravaging the country is due to the denial mode Mugabe and his
coterie of hangers-on have adopted. The collapse of the country's
agriculture can be traced directly to Mugabe's desperation to hang on to

Even as food aid trickles in, Zimbabwe will not be able to cross the chasm
we have created between ourselves and the international community to assist
us. During the liberation war, we had to appeal to the international
community for guns, ammunition, clothing and moral support. Logistical
support was provided by the very people Zanu PF is today denying food on the
grounds that they support the British government. How soon we forget.

With unemployment now over 65%, the crime rate is on the increase as even
law-abiding citizens are forced to circumvent the law to make ends meet.
Industrial sites are bursting at the seams with men of all ages looking for
any menial job to enable them to put bread on their tables, if the bread can
be found.

Our neighbours who until now have kept their borders open will soon have a
double-think. That Mugabe is a tyrant who threatens the stability of
southern Africa is now beyond doubt. Mugabe exults in defying external
pressures and has appropriated anti-terrorist rhetoric to justify violent
repression of his people. Southern African leaders lack the will to get
tough with Mugabe. This is notably true of South Africa's Thabo Mbeki, who
simply cannot bring himself and his government to act as a major continental
power in response to a renegade neighbour.

According to economist John Robertson, Zimbabwe's conduct has led to
withdrawals of development aid from most Sadc countries. Zambia believes it
would have had much more success attracting direct foreign investment as
well as in restoring more of its own manufacturing capacity. The amount lost
cannot be estimated accurately, but it probably exceeds US$500 million.

In South Africa, lack of will to disapprove Zimbabwe's conduct since 1997
has caused the rand to fall from R6,5 to US$1 to figures that recently
reached R11 to one.

At 2001 Zimbabwe dollar prices, Zimbabwe has seen export trade fall by $134
billion over just two years, which converts to US$600 million at an exchange
rate of $220/US$1, or to US$2,4 billion at the official exchange rate of
$55/US$1. The US$600 million is equivalent to a whole year's earnings from
tobacco, the country's most important export crop. Because it was lost,
about 20 000 jobs have been lost in industry.

The US$600 million would also be enough to pay for all the food imports now
that we have failed to produce the needed crops. Instead, we have to beg for
loans or grants to pay for it. The social disaster in Zimbabwe cannot be
measured. Perhaps 80 000 industrial jobs will be lost in industry as
supplies of agricultural inputs run down, or as their former customers for
crop inputs are driven from the land.

Three quarters of agricultural exports will come to an end with the
destruction of commercial agriculture and the loss of this revenue will
damage or destroy the prospects of survival of most of the remaining
businesses and most other urban jobs.

By being forced to accept the basic farming methods of their ancestors,
Zimbabwe's new farm-land occupiers will face poverty and starvation on the
million small plots being carved out of the 6 000 commercial farms now being
nationalised. Only the people of this country can stop the madness before it
explodes in our faces. As former United States president John F Kennedy once
said: "The task (of government) is not to fix the blame for the past, but to
fix the course for the future." Mugabe has failedto do that.
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Mugabe's abysmal record

But the west has missed its chance to help

Friday August 16, 2002
The Guardian

Renewed calls have been made this week to tackle the worsening political and
economic crisis in Zimbabwe. The calls have come from Britain, other
Commonwealth countries and from within Zimbabwe itself. There is despair,
rightly, that the Zimbabwe president, Robert Mugabe, continues to violate
the rule of law and harass white farmers and political opponents, and all at
a time when aid agencies are warning that half the population of the country
is facing famine.
Much of the focus on Zimbabwe in this country is because white farmers with
British links are involved. Without that element, Zimbabwe would receive
much less press attention and fewer expressions of outrage from here and
from white Commonwealth countries. Mugabe's record is abysmal, especially in
recent months when he has presided over a press crackdown, but there are
other just as bad governments in Africa that receive scant coverage.

Against the background of Mugabe's ultimatum last week to white farmers to
hand over their land, Helen Clark, the New Zealand prime minister, urged the
Commonwealth finally to expel Zimbabwe. The British foreign minister and
arch-critic of Mugabe, Peter Hain, blamed him for the famine: "Despite
Harare's claims that this is purely a result of drought, everyone knows it
is a man-made tragedy: one man's." Michael Ancram, the shadow foreign
secretary, called for Tony Blair to put together an international coalition.
Roy Bennett, an MP with the Zimbabwe opposition party, the Movement for
Democratic Change, urged United Nations intervention.

None of this huffing and puffing helps much. Clark's call for expulsion from
the Commonwealth will not worry Harare: the Commonwealth has long ceased to
have any relevance. And the chances of a UN force becoming involved are
pretty much zero, given the political failure of the UN to put together a
force to deal with the much more serious problems of Zimbabwe's neighbour,
the Democratic Republic of Congo, where a fragile ceasefire is just holding.
As for Hain, he is guilty of wildly overstating his case: Mugabe, assuredly,
has made the famine worse but that famine is primarily a result of a drought
that has brought misery across a whole swathe of southern African countries
that Mugabe has no control over.

The international community had an opportunity two months ago to exert real
influence over Zimbabwe and spurned it. At the summit of the world's richest
nations (the Group of Eight) in Kananaskis, in Canada, in June, leaders
could have opted to divert significant financial resources to Africa. The
channel would have been the new partnership for African development, a plan
worked out between African and western leaders. The west was to have
invested heavily in African governments committed to democracy, transparency
and the rule of law. But the G8 leaders - apart from Britain and Canada -
refused to countenance the huge sums of money involved.

Nepad offered the west a significant lever in African politics. Better
still, it would have provided the African architects of the plan, Thabo
Mbeki, and the Nigerian president, Olusegun Obasanjo, with a rare chance to
exert real influence over their African neighbours, people such as Mugabe.

Mugabe can safely ignore the calls of Clark, Hain, Ancram and Bennett. He
would have found it harder to have resisted pressure from Mbeki, Obasanjo
and other African leaders supported by the financial muscle of the G8.
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The Times - letters

            Need for action on Zimbabwe
            From Sir Ian Lloyd

            Sir, HMG's inability to confront the realities underlying the
breakdown of any semblance of civilised order in Zimbabwe is tragic
(letters, August 14).
            The very welcome decision to grant asylum to Mr Ephraim Tapa
(report, August 9) highlights the magnitude of what must now be classified
as one of the most serious abuses of human rights sustained by state
terrorism in sub-Saharan Africa. It is likely to lead to a massive demand,
not only for food aid, but for assistance to the 1.75 million black farm
workers facing expulsion and starvation.

            Yet in this context the Foreign Office Minister Mr Mike O'Brien
apparently chose not to discuss with Colonel Gaddafi the impact on President
Mugabe's policies and actions of the "farms for oil" deal (report, August
9). This deal may well conform to Gaddafi's desire to control events
elsewhere in Africa, but it cannot be described as other than the sale of
land acquired by acts of blatant and indefensible terrorism for oil.

            If Gaddafi's undertakings to join the worldwide coalition
against terrorism and its consequences are to have any meaning whatsoever,
this is a deal which the civilised world should condemn without reservation.

            Mr Tapa's statement that "Governments talk openly about
overthrowing Saddam Hussein. Why not Mugabe?" poses a question which should
properly be addressed first to Tony Blair. It is also, doubtless, a question
for both President Bush and Kofi Annan.

            The question which the international community has yet to
resolve is whether and in what circumstances the UN should authorise the use
of power in defence of civilised order, especially when that order is
imperilled by undemocratic regimes, organised terror, or both.

            Yours faithfully,
            IAN LLOYD
            (Conservative MP, 1964-92),
            Bakers House,
            Priors Dean, Hampshire GU32 1BS.
            August 14.

            From Professor Richard M. S. Wilson

            Sir, In the light of Robert Mugabe's economic mismanagement and
apparent disregard for the rule of law in Zimbabwe, it is interesting to
note that, in his Who's Who entry, Mr Mugabe claims to have not only BSc
(Econ) and LLB degrees from the University of London, but also MSc (Econ)
and LLM degrees from that same institution.

            Whilst it would be hard to believe that either the tuition he
received or the curriculum he followed in studying for these London degrees
aimed to bring about the current sad state of affairs in Zimbabwe (and the
broader region of Southern Africa), is there not a risk of British
university education being brought into disrepute when the holder of such
degrees so conspicuously disregards what he has been taught?

            RICHARD WILSON
            (Professor of Business Administration and Financial Management),
            The Business School,
            Loughborough University,
            Leicestershire LE11 3TU.
            August 14.
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Sent: Thursday, August 15, 2002 10:08 PM
Subject: Immoral maize

The Spectator

Immoral maize
Hugh Russell unveils the recipe for nshima, and the cause of Zambia's
impending famine  Lusaka

Unless you're suffering a severe attack of compassion-fatigue, you'll know
that famine is with us again, and this time it's happening right here on my
doorstep, in southern Africa. Food stocks officially ran out in Zambia last
Thursday, much to the admitted surprise of our vice-president, the
Honourable Enoch Kavindele, who said rather plaintively that the government
had thought the stocks would last a little longer, but they hadn't. Shame.
Help is at hand. The United States and Canada have offered Zambia several
zillion tons of food for free. But wait just one cassava-picking minute -
there's a snag. Yes, they're offering us maize. Yes, that's what we need.
But's genetically modified maize!

Ha! Oh no, you don't, Uncle Sammy! Some of our politicians are sharp enough
to realise that GM food is, of course, part of a cunning neocolonialist plot
to destabilise decent African countries by weakening our physical condition,
robbing us of our manhood and making the potholes in the road even deeper
and more numerous.

Our redoubtable President, Levy Mwanawasa, has refused to allow this maize
to be distributed to the starving until he can be sure that it's safe. No
doubt he's seen the video footage of protests against GM food in the UK. Two
or three hundred muzungus in green anoraks trampling over fields in Norfolk
can't be wrong, can they?

Instead he's called a conference to debate the issue. This conference is
taking place as I write, in our splendid Mulungushi International Conference
Centre, where delegates will undoubtedly be provided with mid-morning coffee
and biccies, lunch, mid-afternoon tea and biccies, and din-dins.

While the conference confers, children in the drought-stricken villages of
the worst-hit regions will sit down to meals of rats, roots and other
rubbish, and shortly you can confidently expect to see television pictures
of Zambian kiddies with those tell-tale swollen bellies.

The country needs maize, and it needs it badly. Without maize there can be
no mealie meal, and without mealie meal there can be no 'nshima' - our
national dish. Cue, once again, vice-president Enoch Kavindele.

I'm rather fond of Enoch. He cuts an endearing figure as he blunders around
the Lusaka political arena, one step ahead of his harassed press officer,
spraying misguided and ill-chosen remarks like an African John Prescott.
This time he came up with a vintage Enochism. Zambians, he announced, should
diversify their diet. They should eat potatoes or rice or pasta instead of

That might sound reasonable to European ears. To appreciate just how
ludicrously unreal a suggestion it is, you need to understand the place of
nshima in our society and culture. The truth is, if you sit a hungry Zambian
down in front of smoked trout, steak au poivre, French fries, crème caramel
and a decent Stilton, he may eat it. But afterwards he will look up and say,
'Fine. Now, where's the nshima?'

To a Zambian, nshima means more than his daily bread, more even than the
bread of heaven. It means more than a full rice bowl does to a Chinese
peasant. It means more than a sack of spuds does to Paddy O'Gob from
Ballykisselbow. Nshima to a Zambian means everything. It is food. It is
medicine. It is comfort and security. It is a remedy for loneliness, it is a
celebration of family life, it is a refuge in time of trouble, it is a
hangover cure. It is literally the stuff of life. In Zambia we eat nshima
for breakfast, lunch, dinner, tea, and as a midnight snack. Our idea of a
change from nshima is more nshima. Our idea of a varied diet is nshima on
two different plates.

What is it? To make nshima, you take cobs of maize, strip the kernels from
the cobs and grind them into a fine whitish powder, known as mealie meal.
Then you cook it in boiling water, and it is in the cooking that the
mystique of nshima begins. Actually, all the nshima cook does is boil the
stuff. But she - note, always 'she'; this is Africa, man! - she stirs it
with a special stick. An nshima stick. All right, it's actually only a long
wooden spoon - long, because as nshima comes to the boil it spits at you -
but it's a special stick, nonetheless. Eventually the mixture thickens and
is scooped out on to a large plate, where it lies in thick, glutinous heaps,
looking for all the world like mashed potato.

Only the very hungry eat it on its own. Otherwise it is always eaten with
something else; that something else being known as 'relish'. If you're well
off, your relish might be meat with gravy. If not, perhaps kapenta - tiny
dried fish with a strangely pungent smell. In the worst-case scenario - that
is, if you are one of the 85 per cent of Zambians who live in extreme
poverty - your relish will be a few edible leaves, plucked from the garden
or the bush, and cooked up with onion and tomato.

But the important thing is the nshima. And the next important thing is how
you eat the stuff. Yes, you've guessed. Those who live hand-to-mouth eat
hand-to-mouth. You use your fingers. The skilled Zambian nshima-eater - and
there is no such thing as an unskilled Zambian nshima-eater - takes a small
portion of nshima, rolls it deftly into a ball in the palm of his hand,
dunks it into whatever relish is going and pops it delicately into his
mouth. If a naive European takes a knife and fork to it, every Zambian
within a hundred yards will pee himself laughing. I know. I was that

And what does it taste like, after all this? Well, there you have me. To my
palate ...nothing. Nothing I can put my finger, or fingers, on. Nshima is so
bland, so 'pappy', so hopelessly uninteresting, so eternally boring that I
find I lose my appetite just thinking about it. But we need it. We've got to
have it. It's what we eat. So why, you may be forgiven for asking, don't we
grow enough of it?

Drought, says the government. Bollocks, say the critics. They point out that
Zambia is a country riddled with rivers, studded with gushing boreholes. The
government apparently reckons on two crops of maize a year. My gardener, who
should obviously be the Zambian minister of agriculture, produces three with
ease. This year's third crop is currently as high as - oh, as an elephant's
eye. (Or would be, if we had an elephant to measure against it, but we ate
most of our elephants years ago, too. With nshima, of course.)

Common sense tells us that all it would take for Zambia to be
self-sufficient in its favourite food is a little forward planning - the
same forward planning that would have told vice-president Enoch that the
country was running out of food stocks long before last Thursday. But
forward planning, like mealie meal, we don't have. And soon you'll see the
pictures of the kids in the villages, lying in the dust, too weak to flick
the flies from their faces.

It's not only genetically modified maize our country needs. It's some
genetically modified politicians.

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Daily News - letter

      Zanu PF should be sued now

      8/16/02 9:36:07 AM (GMT +2)

      In light of the compensation claims now being lodged by victims of
"apartheid" against international banks and companies, for prolonging the
"apartheid" era in South Africa, the time has come to not only start suing
Zanu PF and its leader, but also all other countries, organisations and
individuals that prolong the misrule of the present illegal regime in
Zimbabwe by turning a blind eye to its actions and indirectly supporting it.

      W P Breytenbach
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Daily News - letter

      The only way is to fight Mugabe from outside

      8/16/02 9:34:33 AM (GMT +2)

      With Zimbabwe out of fuel, President Mugabe has already gone begging
to places such as Tripoli and the Lord knows where he is going next.

      This dependence on outcast nations contributes to Zimbabwe's
diplomatic isolation and economic decay.

      Remember Sudan when it was going bankrupt? They went as far as
Baghdad, Damascus, Tehran, and Tripoli looking for aid and these pariah
nations helped Sudan translate its petroleum reserves into economic and
political capital.The ability to produce its own weapons then left Sudan far
less beholden to fundamentalist regimes and international rogues like Osama
bin Laden, who was welcomed into that country.

      Sudan even strengthened its ties with Iran, Iraq (which it supported
in the Persian Gulf War), and Libya.

      What little popularity the Sudanese gained was eroded, as the
government's policies sank Sudan deeper into financial destitution,
political turmoil, and international isolation.

      Is this the way beautiful Zimbabwe should go?The damage caused by the
Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) in Ghana also took place
here because Zimbabweans were unfamiliar with its effects. But Zimbabweans
now know that their problems are because of Mugabe, his government and
twenty-year-old so-called war veterans, and that his regime has to be

      Morgan Tsvangirai cannot do anything more as long as he is in
Zimbabwe. Credit must however be given to him because he has done his part.
Mugabe has him under control as long as he is inside Zimbabwe. Although
isolating or attacking Zimbabwe as a nation may be futile, the parties to
the conflict - in this case the people of Zimbabwe and its government -
cannot bring about justice and stability on their own because the government
which is in control is not playing a fair game.

      The only way is to fight Mugabe from outside. As an effective step,
Western countries should use their diplomatic offices in Zimbabwe as a
conduit for communicating their displeasure with Mugabe's abuses and for
pressuring the regime to restore law and order and observe the rule of law.
It would also send a very important message to other human rights violators,
that, like it or not, a good government has to be answerable to its people.
The world should not put economic pressure on Zimbabwe through the World
Bank and International Monetary Fund.These sanctions have long-term effects
on innocent citizens and can cause irreparable damage to the economy.

      This would help avoid what happened in Rwanda when the UN acted too
late, after even recalling a Canadian UN commander and his peacekeeping
contingent from Rwanda when they were most needed.

      Interestingly, the Canadian commander continued the mission at his own
risk. Hats off to him. This is exactly what might happen in Zimbabwe if
Mugabe continues to cling to power.

      The killings which took place in Matabeleland were tribally and
politically motivated, as well as unjustified. Up to today racially and
politically driven killings and evictions are taking place. I foresee a
truth commission for Zimbabwe being set up in the near future, and this is
exactly what Mugabe is afraid of. He has to protect himself and his cronies
by remaining in power indefinitely.The alignment of Mugabe with Libya and
his bad governance has the people of Zimbabwe looking eagerly to the West to
build and lead a coalition to force Mugabe and his war veterans out.

      Godwell Manyangadze
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Daily News

      Shortage of basic goods continues

      8/16/02 9:19:35 AM (GMT +2)

      Farming Editor

      BASIC commodities such as maize-meal, bread, sugar, salt and cooking
oil are still in short supply countrywide.

      Zimbabwe has been facing food shortages since December last year when
the government introduced controls on basic commodities.

      While sugar, salt, cooking oil are scarce because of the controls,
bread and maize-meal are in short supply due to the unavailability of maize
and wheat. There are maize-meal shortages because of droughts in the past
two seasons while a reduction in plantings in the commercial farming sector
also contributed to the shortages of both wheat and maize-meal.

      Most supermarkets in Harare yesterday had no bread on shelves for the
second month running. The few shops which have supplies either had super
white bread stock, which is not controlled and more expensive or people
waited to be served while the bread was still in the oven.

      Super white bread costs about $104 compared to the controlled price of
a standard loaf of bread of $60,44.

      The Grain Marketing Board which has the monopoly to import wheat, has
no wheat stocks while it is failing to raise foreign currency to import the
commodity. Producers of basic commodities have said the controlled prices
are too low to an extent they have been making losses.
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Mail and Guardian

Libyan 'dragged onto  plane' in Harare


A former intelligence officer at the Libyan embassy in Harare, Yousef
Murgham, has been deported, the state controlled daily The Herald reported
on Friday.

Murgham is alleged to have been "engaging in activities that posed a threat
to the security and national interests of Zimbabwe," according to the

The action comes as President Robert Mugabe is desperately seeking Libyan
support for his economy, including reported oil-for-farms deals.

The newspaper suggested the authorities may have tried to silence him before
he could give information about controversial business deals to independent

Legal sources say expulsion of the diplomat-turned-businessman on Thursday
was legally dubious as he is married to a Zimbabwean and entitled to
permanent residence.

Independent sources said there were unruly scenes at Harare's international
airport as Murgham (43) was dragged aboard a flight to Nairobi, accompanied
by agents who were to hand him over to Colonel Muammer Gaddafi's security
police in Tripoli.

Officers of the Zimbabwean Central Intelligence organisation prevented his
wife Jean from serving officials with a High Court injunction delaying
deportation until after a hearing.

"My husband was a staunch Zanu (PF) supporter and ally," she told The Daily
News. "It was sad that the man who negotiated the current fuel deal for the
government of Zimbabwe with the Libyan authorities left the country without
a cent."

Murgham leaves behind his wife, and children Samia (12) and Mohammed (8).

"We are ready to take the matter to the International Court of Justice at
the Hague, if my husband disappears," she said.

The Herald said Murgham's deportation was "carried out with the full
knowledge and co-operation of the Libyan Government" after he "used the
cover of contacts he made within the ruling Zanu(PF) party and government
while a diplomat" between 1986-1992.

"The former diplomat was also working very closely with British intelligence
and the opposition MDC whose leadership he once met with," the newspaper

"He had become an undesirable element by engaging in activities threatening
the interests of the country.

"He had also developed links with certain private newspapers in the country
and has tried to blackmail the authorities by claiming he had given damaging
information on the government to one local newspaper, which planned to run a
series of stories using the information."

President Mugabe's ruling party is known to be riven by rival factions. Many
members of his elite own multi-million dollar businesses that vie for
lucrative deals, including the import of famine relief and fuel.

Murgham's lawyer, Jonathan Samkange, said he would go ahead with plans to
have the High Court declare the deportation unlawful. He had a residence
permit valid until 2004. - Sapa-DPA

Daily News

      Libyan deported

      8/16/02 9:21:57 AM (GMT +2)

      By Pedzisai Ruhanya Chief Reporter

      YOUSEF Murgham, a former counsellor at the Libyan Embassy in Zimbabwe
who was arrested on Tuesday by the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO)
for allegedly compromising national security, was deported yesterday.

      He was escorted to Harare International Airport under heavy guard from
State security agents, where he boarded a plane to Cairo, Egypt.

      Mahmoud Youssef Azzabi, the Libyan Ambassador to Zimbabwe, yesterday
said he was unaware of the deportation.

      He said: "I am not aware of that incident but thank you for informing
me."Murgham, 43, left aboard an Air Zimbabwe flight UM 9346 which took off
for Nairobi at 10:30am via Lusaka. He was expected to catch a connecting
flight in Nairobi to Cairo. His brother, Khaleb, 32, was barred from
boarding the same plane by airport security officials.

      Khaleb could not be reached to comment on why he had been prevented
from accompanying his brother.

      Murgham, who is credited with negotiating Zimbabwe's oil deal with
Libya that ended the country's fuel shortages, was driven to the airport in
a police vehicle under the watchful eye of seven heavily armed police
Support Unit officers.

      CIO men prowling around the airport building denied his wife, Jean,
the chance to bid him farewell.

      The CIO officers also prevented Jean from serving the security
officers in charge of his deportation with a copy of an urgent High Court
application to stop the deportation.

      Jean said: "The CIO officer, Max Gweshe, who was in charge of the
arrest of my husband, phoned me on my cellphone and said that he would not
allow me to see Murgham if reporters from The Daily News were around the
airport. "I refused to accept his conditions because I have nothing to
 hide," she said.

      Jean said she would hold the CIO responsible if anything untoward
happened to her husband. "We are ready to take the matter to the
International Court of Justice in The Hague and wherever else it matters, if
my husband disappears," she warned.

      Jean said she was not sure how the government expected Murgham to
travel to Tripoli as he had no money on him. Murgham left behind his
Zimbabwean wife Jean, 39, daughter Samia,12, and son Mohammed, 8. Jean said
Gweshe called her in the morning telling her to bring her husband money and
clothes before his deportation. She could not do so as she was busy
arranging to stop the deportation with the family lawyer, Jonathan Samkange
of Byron Venturas. Samkange confirmed his client had been deported but said
he would go ahead with his application to reverse the decision. "My husband
was a staunch Zanu PF supporter and ally," said Jean. "During the
presidential election campaign he attended more rallies than most
Zimbabweans did."

      She said she was hurt when she was told by Samkange that Murgham was
in leg irons in the holding cell at Hatfield Police Station."It was sad that
a man who negotiated the current fuel deal for the government of Zimbabwe
with the Libyan authorities left the country without a cent. He did not
deserve such treatment," she said.Jean said Murgham came to Zimbabwe in 1987
as a counsellor at the Libyan Embassy and resigned from the government in
1993 but preferred to remain in Zimbabwe.She said that on 15 July this year
Murgham received a telephone call from the immigration department asking him
to leave Zimbabwe within 24 hours, despite being in possession of a
residence permit valid until 2004.

      But Samkange intervened and wrote a letter to the department on 19
July asking them to put their directive in writing. The response came on 24
July revoking the deportation.

      "While this was taking place, my husband disappeared from home from 16
July to 25 July. When he was found by a family member, he refused to say
anything about his absence from home," she said. Jean said her husband was
arrested on 13 July 2002 in the streets of Harare. The family was only
informed of the arrest by an official from the Libyan Embassy. At the time
of his deportation, Murgham was finalising his permanent residence status
with immigration officials, Samkange said.

Libyan Oil Group Hit By Its Dealings With Zimbabwe

Business Day (Johannesburg)

August 16, 2002
Posted to the web August 16, 2002

Jean-Jacques Cornish

Tamoil offers 70% of 800000 barrels a month

PRETORIA Tamoil, the Libyan stateowned oil company is faced with bankruptcy
over its dealings with Zimbabwe, industry sources say.

So desperate is Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to maintain this vital
source that he had handed the deeds of Zimbabwe House, the home of his
country's high commission in London, to Libya's leader Muammar Gadaffi as
surety. Libya already owns vast tracts of land in Zimbabwe as a result of
the deal.

Following the $360m-a-year deal struck between Mugabe and Gadaffi last
December, Tamoil was contracted to provide 70% of Zimbabwe's 800000 barrel a
month requirement.

The rest of Zimbabwe's oil came from IPG in Kuwait and overland from SA.

Oil industry sources said one of those suppliers, BP, would close the taps
to Zimbabwe because of nonpayment.

The sources said the Libya-Zimbabwe transaction took an early turn for the
worse. Supplies had been stopped twice. Zimbabwe was unable to meet the $90m
quarterly payment in May this year and Tamoil turned off the taps for 21
days. Gadaffi personally intervened to get the oil flowing again.

Among the items taken in payment were controlling interests in the Jewel
Bank, formerly the Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe and in the state travel
company, Rainbow Tourist Group.

Gadaffi has been given a controlling share in the oil pipeline between
Zimbabwe and the Mozambique port of Beira. He also has a significant
shareholding in Zimbabwe's state-owned energy company Noczim. Gadaffi had
said he also wanted shares in the Victoria Falls Hotel and the Sheraton in

Mugabe was understood to have facilitated foreign travel for 10000 Libyans
by giving them Zimbabwean passports. Sources inside Zimbabwe said more than
1500 Libyans had been given homes, work permits and jobs in Zimbabwe.

Nevertheless, Tamoil had cash flow problems resulting from the overly
generous transaction with Zimbabwe and other mismanagement. It could not
make the $45m safety upgrade to its 340km pipeline that runs one metre below
the road surface from Genoa in Italy to the Colombey refinery in

Swiss authorities reacting to the fires in the Mont Blanc and Gothard
Tunnels said the line had to be moved away from the Great Saint Bernard
Tunnel pipeline in Switzerland. Tamoil assets in Hungary and Slovakia had
been sold at knockdown prices to Agip of Italy.

Unless Libya could negotiate a $500m soft loan for Tamoil, more of the
company's $2bn in assets might have to come under the hammer.

Tamoil looked likely to pull out of a deal to buy 40% of Egypt's Midor

Executives from Tamoil, which had offices in Monaco, London, Milan and
Geneva, had been sacked for complaining and for providing information to the
international media. They included former Tamoil CE Muhamed Abduljawad.

Tamoil employees in Europe could lose their jobs, while those involved in
the deal with Zimbabwe had pocketed their commissions and left. Businessmen
trusted by Gadaffi used the investment system to bypass remaining sanctions.

Zimbabwean representatives were starting to talk out about the damaging
relationship causing Mugabe to give away or pawn his country's assets. A
Zimbabwean diplomat in Paris described the Libyan assistance as "poisonous".
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Zim Independent

Zisco operating capacity drops to 20%
Barnabas Thondhlana
Zimbabwe Iron and Steel Company (Zisco) is operating at only 20% of its
capacity, down from 30% in April, forcing most steel users to resort to
imports from South Africa.

The reduced operating capacity has also dealt a blow to the company's
exports, which have drastically gone down at a time when the major
shareholder, government, is desperate for foreign currency from any quarter.

Zisco spokesperson Fortunate Chikukwa said the shortage of working capital
was adversely affecting both local and export orders.

"As a capital-intensive and integrated operation, Zisco needs a capital
injection of $3 billion to enable it to operate sustainably," Chikukwa said.

She said Number Four blast furnace was working normally except for
occasional maintenance and working capital shortages that necessitated
stoppage. The blast furnace, the heart of the Zisco operation, was nearly
shut down following an industrial upheaval at the company last year.

Chikukwa said Zisco had the capacity to produce quality steel "but this
needs to be matched by sufficient working capital".

"Although Zisco has been operating at 20% of its capacity, it has managed to
contribute significantly to the country's foreign currency needs through its
export of steel to the Far Eastern countries like Taiwan, Singapore, China
and the Philippines," she said.

Chikukwa said many Zimbabwean companies imported most steel products that
were not produced by Zisco, while they bought the Zisco range of products

Negotiations for financial injection of $10 billion required to boost
operations have been going on since the beginning of the year.

The Jewel Bank is the lead bank in the negotiations. In April, Jewel Bank
CEO Gideon Gono said: "Mistakes have been made in the past to refocus
resources on Zisco alone and forgetting the inter-linkages that are critical
for its success."

In June, Zisco's debt to Wankie Colliery stood at $2 billion, and Wankie
management had proposed that it be converted into equity. The debt accrued
from coal supplies to the Redcliff-based company, the country's sole steel
manufacturing concern.

"Zisco has the capacity to generate more foreign currency if the working
capital problem that the company is currently facing is resolved," said

German bank KFW withheld a $2,4 billion loan to Zisco citing the unstable
economic environment prevailing in Zimbabwe.

Zisco has for a long time been facing operational problems and towards the
end of last year introduced a three-day working week for its 3 000 workers
to ease pressure on working capital.

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