Sent: Wednesday, July 31, 2002 8:53 AM
The eccentric character from Ally
Mcbeal, John Cage, said something quite interesting on Monday night. "You are
nothing, if not a soul." or something to that effect.
Victims are the poor
farmers, the poor farm workers, the poor recipients of political violence
basically the poor "feel sorry for me" kind. This is a harsh observation.
Any person who is a victim of racism, for example, is racist themselves because
they believe and accept that it is okay to be discriminated against. That is the
victim syndrome, that kept the children of Israel in captivity untill Moses came
Survivors are the same poor farmers, farm workers, recepients of
political violence, the "i do not want your pity, give me your support" kind who
persevere. Easy to say from an office desk top, you might retort but we
all have choices. You can choose to turn and flee or live and perhaps die. The
passengers of the hijacked Panam flight that was apparently headed for the white
house chose to do something about their circumstances and crashed the plane.
Instead of passively screaming their heads off all the way to the chosen
destination by al quaeda, they chose to live. In doing so, they paid with their
lives and died but saved lives that we will never be able to enumerate. Life can
be quite harsh.
Victors are Nelson Mandela and more recently Ronaldo. I
was in Paris, when the rumour spread that Ronaldo had died that morning. The
Brazilian team did not even come out for the pre-match warm up. When they came
out, Ronaldo was still alive but it was not him playing. It was a victim of some
mysterious epileptic fit. The result France 3, Brazil 0. Second place is
unacceptable in Brazil. Winning without flair is probably a bigger crime. Over
the next three years, Ronaldo the survivor emerged. Plagued by knee and thigh
injuries, comeback after comeback failed. With his healthy bank balance, he
could have opted for retirement and led a playboy lifestyle on the copacabana
beach. But, hell no, we won't go! prevailed and the young lad had one more
comeback a couple of months before the Korea-Japan world cup. He played only one
friendly for his country before the tournament started. Then the challenge came:
Ronaldo declared that he would only be completely rehabilitated if Brazil not
only won the cup with some flair, but also if he ended up top goal scorer. What
cheek! What arrogance!
In the final of the world cup, Ronaldo was substituted
about 10 minutes before the end of the game. Not only had he scored a goal per
game, not only were the underdogs in the final thanks to this high return from
Ronaldo, but he had also just scored two goals to win the cup for his country.
As the match entered its last few minutes, young Ronaldo was weeping into the
arms of one of the coaching staff...laying his ghost to rest. Ronaldo had moved
from victim to survivor and finally to victor. Ronaldo dedicated his comeback
and victory to his physio.
Who is your physio? What choices are you going to
make over the next few days? Are you responding to your soul as the eccentric
John Cage suggests? Noted Psychologist, William James has said: " The greatest
discvery of my generation is that humans can alter their lives by altering their
attitude of mind." Are you going to be a victim, are you surviving, holding on
or are you going to emerge victorious? Dr Stephen Johnson has written a book
called Who Moved My Cheese. May i suggest you read it.
" We are not
prisoners of the past, we are pioneers of the future."
31 July 2002
Can we educate our police
7/31/02 9:18:08 AM (GMT +2)
years ago, I gave a lift to several people who were going to the
Support Unit depot at Chikurubi.
They included a church minister
going to conduct a service and two
going to play in a
When I stopped at the gate, the policeman on duty warned me
stopping was forbidden there.
Well, they have their rules,
and there are "No stopping" signs along
the road for some 500m either side of
The regulation would be fair if it wasn't for another
Every time I have passed by the place,
a group of people can be seen
waiting for lifts into town from the depot
gate, right between two "No
There are usually
several police officers in uniform among them.
They do get lifts or
they would not always wait there.
So are they ignoring their own
There is a more fundamental issue here.
ignoring the rules they enforce on others.
This isn't the only
I have often heard policemen saying "Isu tiri varidzi
make the laws), but they do not and they need to be taught that
they are not
above the law.
They are servants of the law and
should set an example for us all by
abiding by that very law.
They are civil servants, our servants, and need to be trained to be
This doesn't mean we should be telling them all the time,
detail, how they should do their job.
If someone is
taking on a job, the employer should tell them the
conditions: pay, hours,
any general regulations and guidelines as to how
they want the job
Whether we like it or not, the employer pays salaries and
authority, but they should not be breathing down the worker's neck
them how to carry out their tasks in minute detail.
worker should be given general guidelines and should then be left
If they don't then the employer can correct them.
should be the same with the police and all civil servants.
theory, the society sets out the broad rules of how they should
approving a constitution and through laws passed by
representatives in Parliament.
Then they should be left to
get on with the job, but challenged if
they are not doing it according to
There are proper ways of doing this. You may
be able to remind the
official (himself or herself). In other cases, you may
make a report to a
This is our right.
We pay them through our taxes.
It is important that we exercise our
This doesn't mean constant confrontation.
a policeman stopped me on the road and asked questions I
unnecessary about my personal business.
He also spoke rather
I asked him to identify himself (there is a law that police
should wear their force numbers so that you know who you are dealing
or can find identify them) and he did produce his police identity
I wrote down his name and number and said: "Now I know who
But I am not iwe to you, young man," I admonished him.
His attitude changed as he tried to show some respect for my
We spent a few minutes exchanging pleasantries and
Before we parted he was calling me sekuru (grandfather)
- and I still
had not answered his original questions.
I hoped I
had done something to educate him.
The trouble is that for a long
time, the police have been encouraged
to get away with ignoring their own
In 1965 Ian Smith declared a State of Emergency, which
laws as there were to address official arrogance and
During the 1970s, he changed the law so that the police
him, not to the Minister of Home Affairs.
of emergency lasted till 1990, so a whole generation of
through their whole careers treating "emergency" as a normal
affairs, before and after independence.
After independence, they
were supposed to report once more to the
Minister of Home Affairs, but no one
seems to have told them that.
After a few years, the law was again
changed so that they only had to
report to the Prime Minister.
That is a long history, which has resulted in the police force, and a
other officials, adopting bad habits.
Now citizens have gotten used
to not challenging anything that is done
by anyone who wears a police
Recently we have even seen "war veterans" and youth
manning road blocks and taking other action to control us,
We have gotten so accustomed to not
challenging the police that it
appears we are afraid to do so because we know
what they can do to us.
They probably wouldn't get away with that
if we hadn't grown used to
obeying anyone wearing a uniform.
many rural communities, mupurisa means anyone in uniform who
chooses to call
(himself or herself) a police officer.
They may be a mupurisa for a
witch-hunter and their uniform may be
second-hand overalls from a private
security company, but if they carry a
baton stick and
no-one challenges their right to use them.
We need to re-educate
ourselves as well as all these "policemen", so
that we don't accept everyone
who claims authority over us without question.
We need to be
unafraid to ask them to prove they have legal authority.
need to challenge them if they abuse that authority
Everybody must have confidence in all
7/31/02 9:17:13 AM (GMT +2)
Mugabe may have been ambivalent in prescribing a foolproof
solution to the economic, political and social ills afflicting
But he has been quite unequivocal in his attitude to
of justice since the farm invasions of the same
In defying the Supreme Court at the height of those savage,
and lawless invasions, he displayed to all the world his utter
the rule of law - as long as it did not conform to his own
Certainly, it could not have escaped his attention that
part of the
reason why most of the international community turned against
that he, as president of the republic, was contemptuous of the
courts in a
manner vividly reminiscent of the rule of a dictator in a typical
American banana republic.
If he didn't like the judgement
handed down by a judge, he campaigned
for that judge's removal, publicly. In
South America, the president ordered
the judge to be shot - so
perhaps we should be thankful for small mercies.
Last week, Mugabe
proclaimed publicly that "we" would defy judges'
sentences if they were not
objective. His "we" cannot possibly refer to the
people of Zimbabwe, on whose
behalf he is sworn to act.
It must be assumed he was referring to
Zanu PF and its puppet
government, on whose behalf he defied the Supreme
Court in 2000.
His declaration must have caused much consternation,
not to say
disquiet, not only among the legal fraternity, but also among
It must be assumed that he and his party will
have the sole
prerogative of defining what is and what is not "objective" in
It can also be assumed that only if the
verdict favours Zanu PF and
its apologists will it not be defied by the
President and his government.
Where does this leave other citizens,
who may be the victims of Zanu
PF savagery? In fact, where does this leave
ordinary people who look to the
judges for absolute fairness all the
Will there now be trepidation when a citizen goes before a
to be "objective" only within the parameters set by Zanu
The ruling party's record of objectivity cannot inspire many
citizens to trust its interpretation of what is and what is not
The forced retirement of the former Chief Justice,
Anthony Gubbay, is
How the application of justice,
as understood by the rest of the
world - independent, fair and objective -
can exist in such a scenario is a
little difficult to imagine.
The effect of Mugabe's declaration is likely to be another round of
sanctions" against his supporters, particularly the judges he
appointed to the Bench.
Already, Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku, who
rose to his position
in the most controversial circumstances imaginable, is
on the blacklist of
people barred from the United States.
this latest declaration Mugabe may have inadvertently reminded
European Union and the United States government that they ought to
people to their lists of persona non grata.
Joshua Malinga and four
high-profile Zanu PF women were victims of the
smart sanctions last
Why any government official should complain about their
These people belong to Zanu PF,
accused by the governments concerned -
and by millions of Zimbabweans as well
- of not conducting itself in a
universally acceptable manner towards its own
people, such as not giving
them a fair chance of freely and fairly electing
an MP or a president of
Zanu PF stands accused,
again not just by the governments of the West,
but also by millions of other
Zimbabweans, of committing atrocities against
the people only because they
have dared to exercise their inalienable right
to free speech, free assembly
and free association in their own country.
Any government or party
guilty of these crimes against democracy
deserves to be punished
Commercial farmers to have tax deducted from
7/31/02 9:00:55 AM (GMT +2)
Correspondent in Bulawayo
White commercial farmers who have delayed
or absconded on payments of
the unit tax to rural district councils will have
it deducted from their
ompensation funds from government and will be slapped
Jerry Gotora, the chairman of the Rural
District Councils Association,
also said the commercial farmers have a legal
obligation to pay the tax and
will be forced to do so.
stopped paying a year before their farms were acquired, all
that money will
be deducted up to the acquisition date," said Gotora.
district councils have been reduced to near bankruptcy as 90
commercial farmers stopped paying until at the height of illegal
invasions by war veterans in 2000.
They argued that since they were
sharing the land with invaders, they
should split the payments of the
The invasions intensified over the past two years and some
farmers have left their farms without getting any compensation
developments on the farms.
The government only gives
councils a grant of 80 percent of what they
collect and since they have not
been collecting much revenue, most are
In a bid to
boost the council revenue base, rural district councils
registering all resettled farmers for collection of
"Everybody living in the rural areas of Zimbabwe
pays a levy or tax to
the local authority. The amounts vary from council to
council because some
charge per head others per acre, but all must pay", said
He said exercises are in progress in most rural areas to
farmers resettled on the villagised and self-contained
Government claims that more than 30 000 people have been
since the chaotic land reform programme started in 2000.
Zanu PF youths kidnap Manicaland MDC
7/31/02 8:57:31 AM (GMT +2)
Mangwende in Mutare
PROSPER Mutseyami, the MDC's vice-chairman in
Manicaland, was on
Monday allegedly kidnapped by a group of Zanu PF youths,
who have reportedly
assumed police duties in Chipinge
The vigilantes reportedly handed him over to the CID
in Chipinge, an
MDC official said on Monday.
officer-in-charge at Chipinge Police Station denied
knowledge of the
incident, a member of the CID who identified himself as
Runatsai, on the same
day confirmed Mutseyami was being interrogated.
"We have him under
interrogation," Runatsai said. "Since I am not the
one dealing with the case,
I am not in a position to tell you why he has
"However, he has not been placed in police custody neither has he
formally charged so far. We are waiting for our superiors to interview
and we will take it from there."
Pishai Muchauraya, the
MDC's provincial spokesman, said: "Mutseyami
was abducted by a group of the
Zanu PF youth brigade from his home in Gaza
at around 5am on
"He was bundled up and taken to Chipinge Police Station CID
The circumstances are confusing. If the police wanted to arrest him
crime they suspect he committed, then they should make the
themselves, not Zanu PF thugs.
"Up to now we do not know
what crime he committed and the police are
not co-operating with
Mutseyami has been in and out of police custody since the June
parliamentary election in which Zanu PF lost 57 seats to the opposition
Out of 14 constituencies in Manicaland, the MDC won seven,
six, and Zanu Ndonga one.
Govt dismisses sanctions impact
Johannesburg - Zimbabwe's Minister of
Home Affairs John Nkomo has dismissed
the impact of expanded European Union
(EU) sanctions on the country's ruling
elite, despite five government
officials being denied entry to Europe at the
Nkomo said on
Monday that a decision by Sweden not to grant visas to four
to attend a women's conference "only strengthened the
government's resolve in
following through with the land redistribution
"The EU is
only a part of a broader world. There are still many countries
who have no
problem in dealing with us. By broadening their list means that
what we are
doing is effective or else they wouldn't have bothered," he
four women, Edna Madzongwe, the deputy speaker of parliament, Olivia
the minister of state in Vice-President Joseph Msiki's office,
the deputy minister of youth development and Flora Bhuka, the
state in Vice-President Simon Muzenda's office, were supposed to
Scandinavian country to attend a women's conference.
official from the Swedish embassy in Harare confirmed that the country
refused to grant the three permission to visit Sweden.
"The decision is
as a result of the extended EU list. We have gone ahead and
was decided in Brussels," said charge d'affairs, Abdi Foum.
In a separate
incident, the deputy secretary for the disabled and
Malinga, was detained at Gatwick International Airport
in London. Malinga was
sent back to Zimbabwe on the first available flight.
Amid concerns over
human rights, foreign ministers of the 15-nation EU last
week voted to add 52
new names to a list of 20 leading Zanu-PF and
government officials slapped
with sanctions just before the controversial
Under the amended list, the 72 officials were banned from
travelling in the
EU, and assets held in Europe were frozen.
for Democratic Change (MDC) legal affairs secretary, David Coltart,
the use of "smart sanctions".
"The MDC is wholly supportive of these
travel bans as it is a crucial way of
asserting leverage over the regime
without hurting innocent people. All of
those targeted have willingly
supported the regime and violence. None of
them have spoken out. Malinga,
although disabled himself, has not spoken out
about how through political
violence hundreds of people have been maimed,"
Meanwhile, Zanu-PF and the MDC clashed over the
weekend in the town of
Kadoma, west of Harare, in the first mayoral election
since President Robert
Mugabe's controversial re-election. The MDC alleged
that Zanu-PF militants
had attacked their supporters in the lead-up to the
"Zanu-PF acts as if the MDC is an illegal organisation in the
During the campaign a number of MDC district officials were harassed
police for reasons unknown," said MDC secretary-general Welshman
"Young men and women wearing MDC T-shirts have been beaten up on
and in beer halls. It has become impossible to express one's
affiliation. We are constantly under fire from Zanu-PF militia and
the very police that is supposed to protect its citizens," he
A low voter turn-out was reported in the Kadoma poll.
Warning of exodus from Zimbabwe
Lamont in Johannesburg
Published: July 30 2002 5:00 | Last Updated:
July 30 2002 5:00
Save the Children, the UK-based international aid
warned of mass migration of starving people from Zimbabwe
South Africa within the next three months.
"Migration happens as an absolute last resort. But if we go on as
without major intervention - people will begin to starve in late
and October. If we don't manage this with a significant increase
in aid and
[Zimbabwean] government and commercial participation, then we
large-scale population movement," said Brendan Paddy, a spokesman for
"People at the end of the rope will break for the
border with South
Africa. Many Zimbabweans have economic and social links
The United Nations World Food Programme estimates that
Zimbabweans - half the country's population - face severe food
a result of drought and a mismanaged economy. But the UN agency
are not dying yet in Zimbabwe as a direct result of
Some of the worst hit areas are in the south-west of
the country along
the border with South Africa and Botswana.
border between South Africa and Zimbabwe is porous. A large
community - estimated by analysts to number more than 1m people -
South Africa. South African immigration officials acknowledge that
illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe crossing the border in search of
"Border jumpers" cross the Limpopo river at night
to make their way
through holes in a border fence that during the apartheid
electrified with a lethal charge to discourage military
Officials have yet to report an influx of hungry
the land in the neighbouring country. But the South
African government has
made contingency plans in its northern Limpopo
province for the arrival of
refugees. The regional food crisis affecting 14m
people in Zimbabwe,
Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi, Swaziland and Lesotho is
expected to peak in
October and subside in March.
Robert Mugabe's government has no foreign currency with
which to import maize
supplies. In spite of appeals by the UN, it has
discouraged private sector
participation in food distribution by imposing
price controls and maintaining
a state monopoly on maize- marketing.
Mugabe Retained as Cricket Union's Patron
July 30, 2002
Posted to the web July 30,
Despite international pressure, the Zimbabwe Cricket Union has
retain President Robert Mugabe as the union's patron.
decision to retain him was unanimously reached at an annual general
held yesterday. This means Mugabe will be the union's patron for the
of the Cricket World Cup scheduled for 8 February to 23 March.
Zimbabwe is to
host six of the matches in the World Cup. The countries
expected to play in
Zimbabwe are: England, India, Australia, the
Netherlands, Pakistan and
Namibia. Zimbabwe stands to rake in US$10 million
for co-hosting the
ZCU chairman, Peter Chingoka said Zimbabwe would go ahead with
despite fears that it will be stripped of its right to co-host.
Standard Sport that they had given assurances to the International
Council that all visitors to the global cricket festival would be
that Pakistan's visit to Zimbabwe would be a clear demonstration of
Pakistan are to play two tests and five one day matches in
He said security fears had been allayed by the high commissions
embassies of the countries concerned and the union had been given
that the teams and their supporters would be coming.
whether defending champions Australia would be present given their
cancelled tour to Zimbabwe, Chingoka insisted that they would be
Zimbabwe is to use Harare Sports Club and Queens Sports Club for
IMF says Zimbabwe making efforts to resuscitate
7/31/02 8:59:57 AM (GMT +2)
THE International Monetary Fund (IMF) says the Zimbabwean
was making efforts to resuscitate the economy before it announced
supplementary budget last week.
Simba Makoni, the Minister of Finance and Economic
Development, presented a
$52,97 billion budget for food relief, agricultural
inputs, health services
and for civil servants wages and salaries. In an
interview yesterday, Jose
Fajgenbaum, the IMF deputy-director for the
African Affairs Department, said
they still awaited a report from their
Harare office pertaining to the 2002
Supplementary Budget. "We had seen a
number of good measures which your
Minister of Finance had adopted which
were aimed at reducing the deficit and
to address the run-away inflation,"
said Fajgenbaum. "But in light of last
week's developments, we might have to
wait for a report from our resident
representative in your country," the IMF
wrote to Harare.
Gilbert Johnson, the IMF Harare resident was yesterday said to be out
country until next week. The IMF adopted a declaration of
Zimbabwe and suspended its technical assistance after
Harare failed to settle
its overdue financial debt. Zimbabwe owes IMF at
least US$132 million (Z$7,2
billion). The country first incurred arrears to
the Bretton Woods institution
last year in February and in September it was
declared ineligible to use
general resources of the IMF and removed from the
list of countries eligible
to borrow resources under the Poverty Reduction
and Growth Facility
Last year the foreign currency-strapped Southern African
US$1,6 million and only US$3million this year. The country has
been hit by
an acute shortage of foreign currency as the export sector is
giving in to
the skewed macro-economic fundamentals. Last week Makoni told
that the foreign currency shortages had led to an accumulation of
payment arrears to US$1,1 billion. He urged his Cabinet colleagues
an environment in which the country can get external financial
After the IMF closed its doors to Zimbabwe, Makoni said he
ensure that IMF changes its position when they meet in September this
But Fajgenbaum said he was not aware of the September meeting. "We do
have any firm date in September to meet Zimbabwean authorities,"
Fajgenbaum. "If we have a mission to meet Zimbabwean authorities it
have to be later than September. I do not know where people got that
Efforts to get a comment from Makoni were yesterday fruitless as he
attending a Cabinet meeting.
Sanctions bite Zesa
7/31/02 9:11:55 AM (GMT
By Pedzisai Ruhanya Chief Reporter
Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (Zesa) has recorded a
billion loss as the effects of international sanctions against
begin to be felt.
Zesa's top management yesterday said the
withdrawal of foreign funding
by the World Bank, the European Investment Bank
(EIB), and the African
Development Bank (ADB), among others, had contributed
immensely to the
parastatal's financial woes.
who flew to Malaysia this week, has said Zimbabwe
can do without the
assistance of the World Bank (WB) and the International
The loss as of May this year came to light after management
give the workers a 50 percent cost of living adjustment during
citing cash-flow problems.
The workers' agitation
for a pay rise led to Sydney Gata, the Zesa
executive chairman and Mugabe's
brother-in-law, threatening to deal severely
with workers holding meetings
during working hours.
Gata's threats followed a memorandum written
by Ian Munjoma, the
acting secretary-general of the Zimbabwe Electricity
The memo, dated 18 July, informed all
branch chairpersons and national
executive members of the failure of the
collective bargaining exercise.
Munjoma said: "After prolonged
negotiations which were characterised
by Zesa management's stand that they
have nothing to offer other than a zero
percent cost of living adjustment, we
opted to consult you through your
constituencies as to what further action to
The National Employment Council for the
Zimbabwe Electricity and
Energy Supply Industry, said in its memorandum the
50 percent cost of living
demand was based on the spirit of the Kadoma
collective bargaining agreement
reached early this year.
conceded that salary increments would be considered because of
the erosion of
"Zesa management presented their response position paper
highlights are that: the need for a cost of living adjustment
acknowledged, the financial position of Zesa is currently not strong in
of a loss of $1 billion as at May 2002," read the
Daniel Maviva, the Zesa management services officer,
admitted the parastatal had serious financial
He said major refurbishments at Hwange, Kariba and in the
generally, which were previously funded by external financiers
such as the
WB, EIB and ADB, "are now being funded using own resources due to
withdrawal of those financiers under targeted sanctions".
Maviva said another cause was the 96 percent rise in the price of coal
2001, while diesel went up by 68 percent.
"The prices of all
materials used by Zesa went up by 11 percent due to
environment which we are operating in and the delayed
approval of the tariff
increases," he said.
Zesa increased its tariffs by 40 percent two
The WB and IMF withdrew crucial balance of payment
support to Zimbabwe
in 1998, after the government failed to meet the
to privatise parastatals and reduce government
expenditure, among other
Mugabe To Veto Gay Legislation
Mugabe has once again stated that he will veto any attempt
homosexuality in Zimbabwe.
The move is the latest in a long line of
'crackdowns' on what he calls
recently ordered the 'Central Intelligence Organisation' to
possible gay connections in his administration.
In his latest
statement he confirms that he will continue to ignore
rulings by judges he
"We will respect judges where the judgments are
true judgments. Judges
are human beings. They are not gods who have come from
some planet, Venus or
Mugabe has previously removed
judges who he considers pro-gay and
continues to veto any legislation in
favour of gay rights.
"When I said gays are worse then dogs and
pigs, I really meant it
because pigs don`t do unnatural things."
From ZWNEWS, 31
Let them eat
Anyone can balance their books by the simple expedient of not
paying their bills, as Zimbabwe Finance Minister Simba Makoni demonstrated last
week when he presented a supplementary "mini-budget’’ to Parliament. Derisive
laughter from the opposition Movement for Democratic Change greeted much of his
45-minute statement. Makoni's books "balance" by simply defaulting on service of
US $1,1 billion in international debt, and financing day-to-day government by
borrowing from captive local financial institutions at a quarter the rate of
inflation. Pensioners and others who have their life savings invested are forced
to lend to Robert Mugabe’s regime; and for every dollar they hand over they get
only 40 cents back at the end of the year. Many elderly people would be unable
to survive without remittances from relatives abroad.
Makoni blamed all Zimbabwe's economic troubles on drought and
inflation - meticulously avoiding reference to the disruption of agriculture by
state-sponsored militants, and the seizure of 5 000 commercial farms, the
invasions of factories, tourist facilities and other business premises. He
referred coyly to "our agrarian transformation" which, to be a success, now
requires vast injections of inputs – Z$8,5 billion. He allocated Z$17,1 billion
to food relief for 7,8 million people. But this comes to US $310 million at the
official rate of exchange, and is already pretty well offset by US $236 million
in pledges Zimbabwe has already received from foreign donors. In other words, if
drought were Zimbabwe’s only problem, there would be little to worry about.
"Government is committed to striving to ensure that no citizen of Zimbabwe dies
of starvation," Makoni announced. According to Catholic churchmen, 27 children
have already died of malnutrition-related diseases at Binga, on the shores of
Lake Kariba, where ruling Zanu PF militants prevent distribution of relief to
suspected MDC voters' families. Angela Rippon of the British Red Cross last
week reported that three children had died at their school desks. Makoni
announced plans for supplementary feeding schemes for under-5s and for
schoolchildren in the 5-9 age group, which, even if it happened, would do
nothing for the millions withdrawn from school because their parents cannot
afford the fees. Able-bodied adults will receive relief in "food for work"
schemes and the elderly and infirm will get it free, Makoni added, to MDC shouts
of "Zanu PF only!"
Makoni admitted that with the agricultural sector shrinking by
24,6 percent (against his October 2001 estimate of 6,9 percent), manufacturing
by 11,9 percent (forecast 7 percent), mining by 4,9 percent (2,4 percent) and
the hotel and distribution sector by 12 percent (8,6 percent), the economy would
contract by an overall 11,1 percent this year. Agricultural exports will decline
13,6 percent. He said revenues were above target only because of runaway
inflation, adding with masterly understatement, "We therefore do not celebrate."
Extra funds were allocated to chronically inefficient parastatals, and – to MDC
shouts of "It was illegitimate," to running elections. In all, Makoni said he
would finance Z$52 billion additional expenditure by re-allocating spending
between ministries and by seeking Z$11,5 billion (U$209 million at the official
exchange rate) from a revaluation of "non-essential" imports for customs duty
purposes. This effective devaluation came just two days after Mugabe explicitly
rejected any form of devaluation and savagely attacked the existence of parallel
In an inflation-fuelling step, Makoni said "non-essentials"
would be valued at an exchange rate of Z$300 to U$1 instead of the official rate
of Z$55. (The black market rate is now running at Z$500-$700 for one American
dollar.) Imported goods, including spares of every sort, domestic appliances,
and medicines, are likely to jump by 500 percent in price. In addition, the
discretion customs officers will enjoy opens the door wider to corruption. On
July 23, Mugabe declared at the opening of Parliament that devaluation was
"dead." He explained that the Zimbabwe dollar would recover its 55-US $1 value
by virtue a huge new outflow of exports, triggered by his "agrarian revolution."
It all illustrated the determination of Zanu PF, from Mugabe downward, to
proclaim utterly contradictory notions. However, the ruling party’s sheer
insensitivity to reality could not be better illustrated than by a full-colour
photograph that appeared on the front page of the state-controlled Herald, and
again (enlarged) inside, on the very day Makoni made his statement about 7.8
million needing food relief. The 78-year-old Mugabe was shown feeding birthday
cake by hand into the mouth of his 30-something wife, Grace, at a lavish
reception at Harare's five-star Sheraton International Hotel. She was wearing an
outfit that might have made supermodel Cindy Crawford jealous.
From The Daily News (SA), 29
Spoornet shunts food aid off the
Famine and starvation is crippling southern African countries
north of the Limpopo and the situation is set to worsen as Spoornet - which
supplies them with food - reduces the number of trains which transport grain.
With the government's privatisation of parastatals, including Transnet whose
subsidiaries include Spoornet, the number of trains is expected to be cut
drastically to save the cost of maintaining the ageing fleet. World Food
Programme (WFP) deputy executive director Jean-Jacques Graisse said: "We see
this as a crisis of enormous proportions. The situation worsens with each day."
The reports, based on recent WFP missions to Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique,
Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, warned that about 12,8 million people faced
serious food shortages until the region's next main harvest in April 2003. Given
the gravity of the findings by the assessment missions, UN agencies have called
on donor governments worldwide for rapid donations to avert a humanitarian
crisis. About 1,2 million metric tons of food aid are needed immediately to
relieve the hungry. Over the next year, four million metric tons of food would
have to be imported to meet the needs of the affected people.
However, National Milling Co-Operative chief executive Jannie
de Villiers said Spoornet simply did not have the capacity to deal with a
problem of this magnitude. De Villiers said Spoornet had already had a problem
distributing grain throughout South Africa. "You order 40 locomotives and they
bring only 10, resulting in a mill working only half a day," said de Villiers.
He described the crisis as still in its infancy stage and warned that the crunch
was still coming. Independent grain trader James Chryton, echoed De Villiers,
saying Spoornet had been under pressure from Public Enterprise Minister Jeff
Radebe to cut down the number of locomotives in a move to make Spoornet
profitable. He said that making Spoornet profitable was part of the larger
scheme of making the parastatal more attractive to potential investors and
strategic partners. Mxolisi Mgojo, a mining magnate from Eyesizwe Mining
Company, observed that the government was "reaping the fruits" of
under-investing in its rolling stock in the past few years.
Wednesday, 31 July, 2002, 09:08 GMT 10:08
Mugabe 'has destroyed a nation'
Mugabe has rewarded his cronies, say
Robert Mugabe has destroyed Zimbabwe and lost the moral
right to govern the country, says an influential committee of MPs.
The Commons foreign affairs select committee has accused Mr Mugabe of
"deliberately and systematically" flouting the rule of law.
One man can exalt a nation as Nelson Mandela did South
Africa; one man can destroy a nation, as Mugabe has Zimbabwe
Foreign affairs committee
a report published on Wednesday, the MPs say the Zimbabwean president has abused
the rights of his people.
The fierce criticism comes after the BBC discovered food aid had been blocked
from some areas which voted against Mr Mugabe in the March elections.
The MPs argue the UK was right to refuse to accept the result of those polls
and demand a new "free and fair" vote.
They also back ministers' successful calls for Zimbabwe's suspension from the
Commonwealth and say Tony Blair should continue targeted sanctions against Mr
Mugabe and his ruling elite.
Those sanctions include the European Union's ban on members of the ruling
But the rules on allowing such figures to go to international meetings must
be clarified, says the committee.
Zimbabwe faces mass
says: "Even judged against his own yardstick, Robert Mugabe has lost the moral
right to govern his people.
"By abusing their fundamental freedoms he has earned their contempt and that
of the international community and has transformed himself from a respected
statesman into an outcast.
"The tragedy is that he has taken his country with him."
"One man can exalt a nation as Nelson Mandela did South Africa; one man can
destroy a nation, as Mugabe has Zimbabwe."
The MPs say the UK has a "particular obligation" to help rebuild the country
but its status as the former colonial power means it is viewed with mistrust.
Despite that problem, it is "vitally important" for the UK to continue to
increase its aid to the Zimbabwean people, they say.
Such aid should not be channelled through the Harare government but through
other nations and aid agencies.
Tackling land reform
More support should be also given to independent journalists and to the BBC
World Service in Zimbabwe, the MPs recommend.
Land reform has been one of the crunch issues in Zimbabwe.
The report condemns what it says is Mr Mugabe's role in the violent seizure
of farms and for "rewarding his cronies with gifts of expropriated land".
Instead, there should be a land reform programme which helps genuine farmers
and which is monitored by the international community, it says.
WEDNESDAY 31/07/2002 10:17:20
UK MPs slam
Robert Mugabe has lost the moral right to govern Zimbabwe
destroyed the nation, a committee of British MPs said
The Commons Foreign Affairs Select Committee attacked Mr
Mugabe for his
controversial land seizure programme and accused him of
cronies with gifts of expropriated land``.
said the president had ``deliberately and systematically flouted the
law`` and abused the fundamental rights of his people.
They said the
British government was right to successfully urge Zimbabwe`s
the Commonwealth and to refuse to accept the result of
elections there in
The UK has a ``particular obligation`` to help rebuild the nation,
the former colonial power its actions ``are viewed with suspicion
mistrust``, said the report.
It urged Prime Minister Tony Blair to
continue targeted sanctions against
Harare`s ruling elite and increase aid to
the general population, working
through international agencies and
The hard-hitting report stated: ``Since 1980
Robert Mugabe has deliberately
and systematically flouted the rule of law in
Zimbabwe. Even judged against
his own yardstick he has lost the moral right
to govern his people.
``By abusing their fundamental rights and freedoms
he has earned their
contempt and that of the international community and has
from a respected statesman into an outcast.
tragedy is that he has taken his country with him. One man can exalt a
as Nelson Mandela did South Africa; one man can destroy a nation, as
On land reform, the MPs argued for a programme which
farmers, funded and monitored by the international
Their report said: ``We condemn Robert Mugabe for his role in
seizure of farms and for rewarding his cronies with gifts of
On the elections in March the MPs added: ``The
Government was entirely right
to refuse to accept the result or the
legitimacy of the Zimbabwe
presidential elections of March 2002 and we
support the demand for new, free
and fair elections in Zimbabwe monitored by
the Commonwealth and other
impartial international observers.``
report said it was ``vitally important`` that the UK ``continues to
and increase aid to the people of Zimbabwe both bilaterally and
reputable international agencies, though not through the government
Other recommendations to the British government include
for the BBC World Service in Zimbabwe and for other
and to press for countries outside the EU to impose
similar sanctions to
those of Europe.
The report also called on the
government to clarify how the EU travel ban
applied to those travelling to
A member of Zimbabwe`s ruling elite was seized
and deported at Gatwick
Airport last week on his way to attend a disability
conference in New York.
The MPs said that because of mistrust of Britain
it must work for the time
being through international agencies and other
``In time, the relationship will surely change. We hope, for
the sake of the
people of Zimbabwe, that time comes soon,`` added the
Zim Commercial Farmers Head for Kampala
July 31, 2002
Posted to the web July 31, 2002
has been confirmed that hundreds of white commercial farmers from
are in advanced stages of relocating to Uganda. Sources making
to facilitate the start of their farming career here say that
should take off in a matter of months.
Several commercial farmers have
already visited the country and have shown
willingness to invest in the
country. Many have gone a step further to make
arrangements to formalise
their investments in the country. "They are mainly
in two groups. There is a
group that is visiting for the second time and
they are interested in growing
vegetables, fruits and flowers. These
horticultural farmers want to quickly
produce for the customers abroad,"
said a source at IDEA
These horticultural farmers, especially those planning to grow
and fruits are likely to be the first to set up farming
say the farmers already have customers, particularly in
Europe to whom they
have been supplying high quality products for a long
"They are interested in maintaining the linkage with their
customers and they should start production in the shortest time
said the source.
Those intending to grow flowers will be
next as these need bigger investment
than the vegetable and fruit growers.
Tobacco farmers who have shown keen
interest to invest big in the countryside
have visited for a second time
scouting for suitable land to grow tobacco.
Tobacco is big time investment.
The Zimbabwe tobacco has hitherto enjoyed a
good share of the international
The Minister of
Agriculture, Dr. Kisamba Mugerwa described the coming of the
Uganda as a positive step in line with the standing
government position of
attracting investors here.
"Uganda needs people like these who have
access to the export market. They
can establish a nucleus for smaller farmers
to act as out-growers. We have
land that was formerly farmed by the
government that they can use. This land
will not be sold to them but leased
for them to cultivate," said Mugerwa.
In case the available government
land is all leased out, Mugerwa said that
there are large tracts of idle land
owned by private individuals who are
willing to lease it out. John Magnay of
Magric (U) Ltd who is helping
setting up the tobacco investments said that
the coming of the Zimbabwe
growers would be a big boost to the local tobacco
industry. He added that
there will be large growers who will be looking at
developing their own
"They will be producing a
different quality product for a different market
than that currently grown by
our small growers ," said Magnay.
Details about the future plans of the
Zimbabwean investors is very guarded
for fear of reprisals back in Zimbabwe
where they have been ordered to stop
farming by President mugabe's government
and chased off the farms they had
occupied for many decades.
Zimbabwe on defence over EU sanctions
July 31, 2002 Posted: 1416
Zimbabwe (Reuters) -- Pro-democracy activists are likely to be
Zimbabwe's response to European Union sanctions against
Mugabe and his governing elite, analysts warned on
Sithole, professor of political science at the University of
Reuters the international community should expect Mugabe to
after the EU extended sanctions, including a travel ban and
"I think he is likely to target those within his reach first, and
response could badly affect civic society and the opposition if
international community does not hold him to account," he said,
travel restrictions on opposition activists were one possible
The EU, along with the United States, imposed sanctions after
re-elected in March in polls considered not free and fair, and
seizure of white-owned commercial farmland for redistribution to
The EU sanctions initially targeted 20 leaders from
Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF
Party, but were extended to 52 others a week
For the moment, ZANU-PF had to live with the fact that its leaders,
names that open doors at home, have doors slammed in their faces in
Mugabe has had to invoke invitations from the
United Nations to get
permission to fly to Europe and the United States for
conferences and Sweden
said on Monday it had denied visas to three female
Zimbabwean Information Minister Jonathan Moyo hinted
at retaliation when
London airport officials last weekend prevented Joshua
Malinga -- the
wheelchair-bound Deputy-Secretary for the Disabled in ZANU-PF
passing through the airport in transit to the United
Moyo said perhaps the time had come for Harare to compile its own
Britons who were not welcome in Zimbabwe.
What Moyo did not
mention was that a "counter-sanctions list" has been
quietly and informally
debated in official circles since March, sources
"The issue of
some kind of retaliation has been exercising the minds of
quite a number of
people in the government, because in international
relations there is always
the question of reciprocity," one source told
"We are the
victims of racism and racist politics and we have no wish to
turn our cheeks
for a beating. I think it's only fair that we hit back, but
in our case, the
response must necessarily encompass some of those
Zimbabweans who are
supporting the EU, U.S. or any other sanctions."
The government could
seize passports of those championing sanctions against
ZANU-PF members or
make it an offence, punishable by imprisonment, to
support external sanctions
against fellow citizens, the official added.
Opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) secretary-general Welshman
Ncube said while
"counter-sanctions" against government critics were
possible, they would be
"It's not something you can rule out here...but we would
challenge that for
interfering with freedom of expression and freedom of
association," he said.
Mugabe, a 78-year-old former guerrilla leader, has
vowed to defend his
government against Western "bullies" and says economic
recovery hinges on
his controversial land reforms.
Britain's Amos says Zimbabwe dampens aid
PRETORIA, July 31 - Britain's Junior Foreign Minister
Baroness Valerie Amos
said on Wednesday efforts to raise food aid for some 13
people in southern Africa could be hurt by Zimbabwe's
The United Nations' food aid agency
World Food Programme (WFP)
launched an appeal earlier this month for $507
million for an estimated one
million tonnes of food aid required to deal with
crippling food shortages in
Half of that amount is
earmarked for Zimbabwe, the hardest hit of six
affected countries in the
area, with at least six million people at risk.
Amos said donors were
concerned that food distribution in Zimbabwe
would be politicised by the
government of President Robert Mugabe, who faces
international censure for
seizing white-owned farms for redistribution to
think, frankly speaking, the WFP is having problems raising funds
donor community, though not from Britain and the U.S., because of
going on in Zimbabwe,'' she said.
The WFP said it had raised a quarter
of the required amount so far
with the U.S. and Britain the biggest
But even then, the pace of donations was slow given the extent
crisis which the WFP describes as the worst humanitarian crisis in the
''The fear that we might not raise enough to meet
our target keeps us
awake every night,'' Luis Clemens, WFP spokesman in
Once a regional bread basket, Zimbabwe
has been reduced to begging
for food after the land seizures and drought
combined to cut output of the
staple maize crop by two thirds.
Rains later this year are expected to boost harvests in Zimbabwe but
predict annual food shortages because the seizures have disrupted
country's farm system.
The WFP, which is the world's biggest food
agency, said it had
expanded its appeal beyond traditional donors -- to the
Middle East, East
Asia and Latin America.
WFP Chief James Morris
said earlier this month he had warned Mugabe
not to use food distribution for
political gain. Mugabe in turn had assured
him, he said.
been accused by the opposition of using food as a campaign
controversial polls he won in March and of channelling food aid
of his ruling ZANU-PF party.
Amos is on a three day visit to South
Africa. She is British Prime
Minister's Tony Blair's personal representative
to the Group of Eight (G8)
Zimbabwe to target critics in sanctions
HARARE, July 31 - Pro-democracy activists are likely to
be targeted in
Zimbabwe's response to European Union sanctions against
Mugabe and his governing elite, analysts warned on
Masipula Sithole, professor of political science at the
Zimbabwe, told Reuters the international community should
expect Mugabe to
respond harshly, after the EU extended sanctions, including
a travel ban and
''I think he is likely to target
those within his reach first, and
his response could badly affect civic
society and the opposition if the
international community does not hold him
to account,'' he said, adding
travel restrictions on opposition activists
were one possible response.
The EU, along with the United States,
imposed sanctions after Mugabe
was re-elected in March in polls considered
not free and fair, and over the
seizure of white-owned commercial farmland
for redistribution to landless
The EU sanctions initially
targeted 20 leaders from Mugabe's ruling
ZANU-PF Party, but were extended to
52 others a week ago.
For the moment, ZANU-PF had to live with the
fact that its leaders,
who have names that open doors at home, have doors
slammed in their faces in
the European Union, Sithole said.
has been forced to decline U.N. invitations to fly to Europe
and the United
States for conferences and Sweden said on Monday it had
denied visas to three
female ZANU-PF legislators.
Zimbabwean Information Minister Jonathan
Moyo hinted at retaliation
when London airport officials last weekend
prevented Joshua Malinga -- the
wheelchair-bound Deputy-Secretary for the
Disabled in ZANU-PF -- from
entering the country.
Moyo said perhaps
the time had come for Harare to compile its own
list of Britons who were not
welcome in Zimbabwe.
What Moyo did
not mention was that a ''counter-sanctions list'' has
been quietly and
informally debated in official circles since March, sources
''The issue of some kind of retaliation has been exercising the minds
quite a number of people in the government, because in
relations there is always the question of reciprocity,'' one
''We are the victims of racism and racist
politics and we have no
wish to turn our cheeks for a beating. I think it's
only fair that we hit
back, but in our case, the response must necessarily
encompass some of those
Zimbabweans who are supporting the EU, U.S. or any
The government could seize passports of those
against ZANU-PF members or make it an offence,
punishable by imprisonment,
to support external sanctions against fellow
citizens, the official added.
Opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) secretary-general
Welshman Ncube said while
''counter-sanctions'' against government critics
were possible, they would be
''It's not something you can rule out here...but we would
that for interfering with freedom of expression and freedom
association,'' he said.
Mugabe, Zimbabwe's ruler since
independence from Britain in 1980,
says he won the March 9-11 election fairly
and accuses the West of trying to
impose MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai as
leader of the southern African state.
Mugabe, a 78-year-old former
guerrilla leader, has vowed to defend
his government against Western
''bullies'' and says economic recovery hinges
on his controversial land
Zimbabwe's economy is in its fourth year of recession and the
is suffering severe food shortages. Aid agencies say six
Zimbabweans, about half the population, need food aid because of
the disruption to farming caused by Mugabe's land seizures.
This is in response to the Zimbabwe president's speech
delivered when he was opening the 5th Session.
He was responding to Learnmore
Judah Jongwe (MDC - MP
for Kuwadzana) who stabbed his wife. Though this
just a domestic issue it has been taken politically.
excellency you should not forget that during your
tenure of office so many
people have rapped, brutally
attacked and some killed. Nothing has happened
perpetrators and no-one has bought space like what
(of the Norah fame) done.
You notice what,Mr President, the ZANLA Chief
Staff, Josiah Magama Tongogora died mysteriously in
December 1979. Many
thought he was the Zimbabwean
leader to be. Captain Nhleya of the Defence
just disappeared so was Rashiwe Guzha. The late, old
Joshua Nkomo ran away via Botswana when
your CIOs where about to pounce on
If the truth be told like what you said and which
your ZANU PF
Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) spend
three days flighting is true, then you
have been arrested and send to the Hague for trial.
gave the orders to have innocent, defenceless
civilians killed in the
Midlands and Matebeleland by
the notorious North Korean trained 5th Brigade,
that Learnmore Jongwe ? That part of history you seem
to keep to your
self Mr President. I do not think you
were born well after this era or after
1987 Unity Agreement. The then President Canaan
Banana should also be arrested like what
happened to Learnmore Jongwe.
Killing civilians can
not be war agaist terrorism.
June 2000, parliamentary elections, many
opposition supporters and
sympathisers were killed and
up to today the killers are free. Among the
farmers, Martin Olds died a painful death. What about
Chiminya and his colleague were killed in cold
blood, is that land reform.
The killers are ZANU PF
youths, War Veterans, CIO functionaries
Katsiyatota is now working in Chipinge, why can't you
Mr President I come from the Midlans were I also lost
relatives. I work at state house your residence
how do you think I feel if
you want to apply the law
selectively like that. You know what happened
Joseph Kabila of D R Congo or the former Romanian
we can not let people who spill innocent blood
roam freely like that, but
that should start with
Robert Gabriel Mugabe. You can not see a log in
Let us not politicise a domestic issue. Jongwe
hav become very emotional when he saw his wife with
another man full
stop. Nothing political.
(Name and address withheld)