The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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      From murderous Amin to despotic Gaddafi

      8/21/02 9:02:43 AM (GMT +2)

      It is indeed a monumental tragedy that African leaders have no shame
in applauding and cheering idiots, despots and buffoons.

      The recent circus in Durban clearly shows that our leaders have their
heads still firmly buried in sand.

      The birth of the African Union had provided the African presidents
with a tremendous opportunity to shed off the past, to unequivocally and
      unambiguously embark on democratic governance.

      But as it turned out, it was all the millions of us across the
continent who were contemptuously short-charged.

      We were treated to the spectacle of these leaders idiotically cheering
a buffoon from North Africa in exactly the same way that African leaders did
to another murderous tyrant called Idi Amin way back in the

      A crying shame and true testimony that in a time span of more than 30
years, nothing has changed in Africa.

      Everybody knows that Muammar Gaddafi became Libya's head of state
through a coup d'etat. Since 1969 when he took over no elections have been
held in Libya. There simply isn't any democracy in that country.

      The man is a dictator. He is a heartless bully whose greatest love is
to seek other dictators on the continent and bankroll them in order to make
sure that they continue the heart-rending suppression of their own citizens.

      One simply cannot begin to comprehend how Presidents Olusegun
Obasanjo, Festus Mogae and Thabo Mbeki could just sit there and watch this
tragedy of a desert dweller throw his childish tantrums about "Africans" and
some such nonsense. One of them should have stood up, banged the table and
stated in no uncertain terms that Africa's time had come. He should have
stated that: democracy must be embraced by the continent without
preconditions; that those who did not want democracy could stand up and walk
out. He could have gone further to say those few who really wanted to
release the energy and potential of their people through democratic
governance could stay and do business.

      But as usual they did nothing. It is terribly frightening when one
begins to see that out of more than 40 African heads of state, not even one
realises that the greatest scourge of our continent is lack of good
governance. In short, democracy.

      Billions of dollars have been poured into the continent of Africa over
the years. Billions are still being poured. Billions will be poured in the

      But because those billions have never reached, are not reaching and
will never reach the intended beneficiaries, poverty and misery will always
stalk the majority of the people on this continent.

      The sickening wretchedness of the ordinary African is cast in stone
and here to stay.

      Democracy brings accountability; accountability strangles corrupt
sharks and when unrestricted, human drive and initiative produce tremendous
progress and self-benefit.

      But judging from the recent useless feel-good conference in the port
city of Durban, one can safely remind fellow Africans that the diseases -
the grinding poverty, the corruption, the torture and killing - are here to

      In Durban African leaders clearly showed that from this abominable
path, they will not be dislodged.

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      Women's silence in all this mayhem is baffling

      8/21/02 8:54:03 AM (GMT +2)

      By Cathy Buckle

      I have long been a believer that it is men that are largely to blame
for the wars in the world. After all, men make guns and bombs and women make
babies and peace.

      Certainly in Zimbabwe it is men that have caused this unspeakable
horror that has become our daily lives and it is the women that are
shouldering the consequences.

      It is the man that leads us and the men who surround him who decided
that they were not prepared to give up power and would do whatever it took
to stay in charge.

      The lot of women in Zimbabwe has become intolerable and the load we
carry every day is overwhelming us.

      Our hell starts before dawn every single morning when we look at the
empty shelves in our kitchens and wonder what on earth we are going
      to cook that will satisfy our children's grumbling stomachs.

      Gone are the days when we could start their morning with a cup of
sweet milky tea because we cannot get sugar and can seldom afford milk.

      We have to ration them to one biscuit with their cup of black tea
because the price of a packet of biscuits has gone from Z$40 four months ago
to over Z$100 now.

      We can only reminisce about the taste of a bowl of soft porridge
because we can no longer get maize-meal and the cost of other cereals is

      Eggs are a luxury to be saved for holidays and paydays as each single
egg now costs Z$27.

      We have to stand in food queues day after day patiently waiting for
sugar or salt, maize-meal or cooking oil.

      As mothers, we have to find ways of repairing our children's clothes
and shoes again and again because new ones are luxuries that we cannot

      We have to accept that there is a good chance that our daughters'
education will be the first one to be forfeited when we can no longer afford
the school fees.

      As women, we have been forced to accept that when our daughters leave
school they will have to attend the Border Gezi inspired National Youth
Training camps.

      We know that our daughters will have to share dormitories with men and
that there is a very good chance they will come out of that training either
with an unwanted pregnancy or the Aids virus - or both.

      As women, we have been forced to accept that if we want a job and if
we want to keep it, there is a very good chance that we will have to
      allow our bosses to have sex with us.

      We know that if we want a place in a college and that if we want to be
able to graduate from that institution we will have to give sexual favours
to our tutors and lecturers.

      For the last 30 months Zimbabwean women - black, brown and white -
have had to watch as our lives have been completely ravaged by the men
governing Zimbabwe.

      We have stood by and watched as our husbands and sons have been
berated by government supporters.

      We have seen our homes burnt down, our possessions looted and

      We have stood at funerals and grieved for the men who have died in our
fight for democracy.

      We have seen our clinics run out of drugs, our schools close down and
our shops run out of food.

      We have stood by and watched as our government of men has raised $65
million for a beauty pageant so that they can ogle pretty women when our own
bodies have become weak and ravaged by hunger and exhaustion.

      In India when the women had finally had enough of their government's
ways they went outside their back doors every night and banged their cooking
pots in protest.

      Within a few weeks the noise of women banging pots at dusk became so
loud that it could be heard across the country.

      In South Africa during apartheid women wore black sashes in silent
protest against the policies of their government.

      In Argentina women carried posters of their husbands and sons who were
missing or had been abused.

      In South America women wore the nappies of their missing children on
their heads as scarves and in silent protest at their government.

      And in Zimbabwe - we women just watch our families grow thinner, and
we wait.

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      Final nail in coffin of the rule of law

      8/21/02 8:53:33 AM (GMT +2)

      When it was first reported in the Press that a gang of suspected war
veterans had, last Friday, dragged out of his courtroom, the sole Chipinge
magistrate, Walter Chikwanha, and took him to a government building where
they severely assaulted him, every peace-loving, law-abiding Zimbabwean was
genuinely dismayed.

      It was the ultimate proof, if indeed any more proof was needed, that
the rule of law has completely broken down in Zimbabwe.

      Many felt anger and revulsion at the state of anarchy and lawlessness
this country has been allowed to descend into because one man will not
countenance the idea that the people of this country have the inalienable
right to decide who will govern them at any given time.

      The attack on Chikwanha was, of course, not the first on a magistrate.
Others in Bindura, Kadoma and Masvingo have in the past been threatened and
demands have been made for them to be transferred or removed altogether
because they had delivered judgments which Zanu PF supporters did not like.

      And, as we will all recall, even High Court judges have had a taste of
the nastiness of the so-called war veterans when they think the courts "have
betrayed the party". Because they have been given free rein by their
 "patron" to virtually run the country as they please, what they want
practically goes. And there is no better person to testify to that than the
present Chief Justice, Godfrey Chidyausiku. They frightened him out of his
wits when, as head of the commission of inquiry into the wholesale looting
of the War Victims' Compensation Fund, they publicly derided him, danced on
top of his desk and forced him to abandon hearing damning evidence about how
their leader, the late Chenjerai Hitler Hunzvi, had facilitated huge claims
from the fund by undeserving claimants.

      All in all, the war veterans have for a long time now been sending a
clear message that the courts were only free to convict and punish everyone
else except Zanu PF activists.

      But the physical attack and subsequent abduction of the Chipinge
magistrate, whose whereabouts were still unknown as of Monday, is the most
serious message to that effect to date. It is not entirely alarmist to say
that that attack represented the final nail in the coffin of the rule of law
in Zimbabwe. To all right-thinking Zimbabweans, the attack on Chikwanha was
like an attack on their own person: an assault on their own dignity, freedom
and personal rights.

      More than that, it heralded frightening prospects in that, henceforth,
no one who does not support Zanu PF can expect a fair trial. All magistrates
and judges will now be afraid to pass fair judgments as this could have dire
consequences on their own personal safety. In short, it means the end of
justice, law and order. The justice system as we used to know it and as
obtains in all civilised countries has now been emasculated.

      The decision to go on what was virtually a spontaneous strike by
magistrates and other court officials in Manicaland - action which, needless
to say, is unprecedented - signals the profundity of alarm sparked off by
what has been done to Chikwanha among those members of the judiciary who
refuse to compromise their professional ethics by allowing themselves to be
turned into puppets of Zanu PF and the government's notoriously capricious

      It all started with the farm invasions in February 2000.

      Although everybody knew they were ordered by the highest office in the
land in retaliation for what the government saw as humiliation when the
people rejected the draft constitution, President Mugabe told the world that
the invasions were "spontaneous demonstrations".

      He thereafter expressly ordered the police never to move against the
invaders, the so-called war veterans who in reality were no more than
frustrated and, therefore, criminally-inclined hordes of jobless youths whos
e plight was being taken advantage of by the government to destroy support
for the MDC.

      The invasions were later used as punishment on white commercial
farmers for whipping out their cheque books in their massive show of open
support for the infant opposition party.

      It is a fundamental right for citizens to support a political party of
their choice.

      The people of this country have an obligation to force a return to the
rule of law.
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      Magistrate orders arrested farmers to remain on farms

      8/21/02 8:06:47 AM (GMT +2)

      From Energy Bara in Masvingo

      Macgregor Kufa, a Mwenezi magistrate, has ordered four white
commercial farmers arrested for refusing to vacate their designated
properties to remain on their farms until the constitutionality of the
evictions is determined by the Supreme Court.

      Samuel Viljoen, Edwards Henry, Gerald Whitehead, and Christo Schimper
were not asked to plead and were remanded to 18 September on $10 000 bail

      Kufa ordered the farmers to remain on their farms pending a ruling by
the Supreme Court on the constitutionality of Section 8 of the Land
Acquisition Act.

      The High Court recently issued a provisional order in which it ordered
the Minister of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, and the Minister
of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs, and the Attorney-General to
show cause why the new amendment to the Land Acquisition Act should not be
declared invalid.

      The ruling by Kufa comes at a time when other magistrates across the
country have been giving ultimatums to farmers to leave their properties
pending the finalisation of their cases.

      The State alleges that the four commercial farmers defied Section 8 of
the Land Acquisition Act which required them to vacate their properties on 8

      In Masvingo some white commercial farmers were given only two days to
remove all their personal belongings from their farmhouses.

      On Monday, Masvingo provincial magistrate Godwin Chizhande ordered
five commercial farmers to leave their farms pending the finalisation of
their cases.

      The farmers were given two days to vacate their properties.

      Chizhande granted them $500 bail each on condition they would leave
their farms.
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      Row with Maputo over border killing

      8/21/02 7:56:44 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      DIPLOMATIC relations between Zimbabwe and Mozambique could be strained
over reports of the death of a Mozambican civilian allegedly shot by
Zimbabwean soldiers a month ago.

      Jorge Maquenzi was allegedly fired at by the soldiers and died later
at Mutare General Hospital.

      The attack, like many others, reportedly took place near Machipanda,
the border post outside Mutare.

      According to the Mozambican daily newspaper in Beira, Diario de
Mozambique, Maquenzi's body was taken to that country only last week.

      The newspaper cited red tape as the reason for the delay, saying: "The
      delay in returning his body was due to bureaucratic complications on
the Zimbabwean side."

      About 600 illegal cross-border traders from both countries have been
netted in the ongoing combined army-police blitz to curb unauthorised
crossing between the two countries.

      According to Diario de Mozambique, Zimbabwean troops have been accused
of raping and torturing the traders before forcing them to pay fines of $500

      The paper alleged that the uniformed forces confiscated the goods for
personal use.

      The newspaper quotes Antonio Joaquim, 23, as saying soldiers forced
him to drink five litres of diesel out of the 40 litres he had bought in

      He was allegedly among 30 Mozambicans who had crossed into the country
last Saturday to shop in the city, the newspaper reported.

      The uniformed officers keep a 24-hour vigil at all illegal entry
points in an operation aimed at stopping the traders from exporting scarce
      commodities such as cooking oil, maize-meal, sugar, margarine, salt,
cigarettes and soft drinks to Mozambique.

      Those caught are allegedly assaulted and transported to Grand Reef
Infantry Battalion Barracks, about 20km west of Mutare, for
      corporal punishment, before being ordered to pay $500 in fines.

      Speaking on condition of anonymity, a senior official at the
Mozambican Embassy in Harare on Monday said: "We have been receiving
disturbing reports from that end. Consequently, there were meetings of the
joint commission, one of which was held in Mutare.

      "Both sides discussed the incidents. Our provincial director of Manica
police attended the meeting and it was agreed that our problems should be
resolved amicably.

      "Also at the meeting was his Zimbabwean counterpart and senior army
officials. We do not see why we should not be able to solve these problems
as we have been working together for a long time."

      Asked at whose behest the meeting was convened, the official said:
"This was a routine meeting and we really do not fuss about who called the
meeting first. But, I can assure you both countries have made an undertaking
to resolve the problems."

      Mbonisi Gatsheni, the army spokesman, referred all questions to army
officials at 3 Brigade in Mutare.

      Efforts to get a comment from 3 Brigade and the police were in vain.
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      Zimbabwe in a fix to repay Libyan oil, claims paper

      8/21/02 8:12:06 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      A British newspaper last Saturday reported that the Zimbabwean
government had surrendered the title deeds to the Zimbabwe High Commission
premises in London to Libya as security on an oil transaction.

      The Times said: "President Mugabe has run up such colossal debts that
he is reported to have handed over the deeds of his country's high
commission in The Strand in London to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi of Libya as
surety on an oil deal.

      "The Zimbabwean leader has already parted with hotels, farms seized
from their white owners and some of his country's most valuable assets to
ensure that Libya does not halt its vital oil supplies."

      But the high commission yesterday denied that the title deeds had been
given to Libya.

      Dennis Dzapasi, a high commission spokesman, told The Daily News from
London: "We have no idea about that. We didn't see that story but that is

      He said the high commission had experienced "such kind of naked lies"
last year when there was speculation that President Mugabe owned a castle in

      The Times said Mugabe had also given Gaddafi a controlling share in
the oil pipeline between Zimbabwe and the Mozambican port of Beira and a
significant shareholding in the State-owned National Oil Company of Zimbabwe
to ensure that Libya did not stop oil supplies.

      "Libyan officials have warned Colonel Gaddafi that Tamoil, the
State-owned oil company, is perilously close to bankruptcy over its dealings
with Zimbabwe," The Times said. "Twice in recent months Tamoil has turned
off the taps to Harare and only a personal plea to the colonel from Mugabe
has restored the oil after he promised to settle the mounting debt."

      According to The Times, Tamoil said Zimbabwe failed to meet its US$90
million (Z$5 billion at the official exchange rate) quarterly payment in May
after Gaddafi had agreed last December to supply US$360 million (Z$20
billion) worth of oil.

      The British Foreign Office told the newspaper that it had not been
informed of any change in the ownership of the Zimbabwean High Commission in

      The Times quoted a spokesman as saying: "It's their property, so I
suppose they can do what they like with it."

      The newspaper said a Zimbabwean diplomat in Paris, France, had
described the deals between Zimbabwe and Libya as "poisonous". Libya is
reportedly supplying Zimbabwe with more than 70 percent of its monthly oil
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      State urged to restore confidence in judiciary

      8/21/02 8:10:01 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE Law Society of Zimbabwe yesterday implored the government to take
urgent action to protect judicial officers and restore public confidence in
the administration of justice in Chipinge.

      The comment follows the brutal assault on the Chipinge magistrate
Walter Chikwanha, allegedly dragged out of the courtroom by suspected war
veterans and assaulted. He had just dismissed an application by the State to
remand in custody five opposition MDC party officials.

      The attack on court officials comes after a statement by President
Mugabe that his government would not respect court judgments they did not
consider objective.

      Magistrates and prosecutors in Manicaland on Monday stopped work in
protest against the assault of their colleague.
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      US labels eviction of farmers senseless act

      8/21/02 8:40:51 AM (GMT +2)

      WASHINGTON - The United States said on Monday it was appalled by what
it called the senseless campaign by the Zimbabwean government to evict white

      It called on the government to stop the campaign, which it said was
contributing to food shortages and damaging the international reputation of
the Southern African country.

      President Mugabe's government has ordered 2 900 of the country's
remaining 4 500 white commercial farmers to quit their land without
compensation, but nearly two-thirds have defied an 8 August deadline.

      Police have arrested nearly 200 farmers since Friday and vowed on
Monday to pick up more farmers resisting the government's fast-track land
resettlement scheme.

      US State Department spokesman Philip Reeker said, "We're certainly
appalled . . . that at a time when six to eight million people are facing
the real possibility of famine, the Mugabe government continues its
senseless campaign to evict commercial farmers and farm workers.

      "The United States once again calls upon Zimbabwe to halt its pursuit
of unchallenged power, restore the rule of law and cease abusing the human
rights of its citizenry."

      Reeker called the arrests "reckless and reprehensible actions . . .
(that are) causing further damage to Zimbabwe's international standing."

      The spokesman said the United States recognised that land distribution
in Zimbabwe was inequitable for historical reasons and that it favoured
rational land reform.

      "That is not what's happening there," he said. "Many of the farms
seized thus far appear to have been distributed to ruling party officials
and to regime insiders and not to the landless peasants whose interest
Mugabe pretends to represent." - Reuter
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US 'working with SA to oust Mugabe'

      August 21 2002 at 10:54AM

The United States does not consider President Robert Mugabe a legitimate
leader and is working with South Africa, Botswana and Mozambique on ways to
isolate him, according to a senior US

The US and Zimbabwe's neighbours were also looking for ways to help the
internal opposition to Mugabe change the system, Walter Kansteiner,
assistant secretary of state for African affairs, told a briefing in

Kansteiner spoke as Zimbabwean Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa urged
landless blacks to move on to white-owned farms, setting the stage for a
possible confrontation with commercial farmers defying eviction orders.

Kansteiner said: "We do not see President Mugabe as the democratically
legitimate leader of the country. The election was fraudulent, and it was
not free and it was not fair.
      'It is madness'

"We're continuing to work with the South Africans and the Botswanans and the
Mozambicans on what are some of the strategies that we can use to isolate
Mugabe, in the sense that he has to realise that the political status quo is
not acceptable."

Strategies could include more travel and financial restrictions on
Zimbabwean leaders, but not trade sanctions, especially during food

The Agency for International Development (USAid) administrator, Andrew
Natsios, announced that the US was contributing an extra 190 000 tons of
food to southern Africa, bringing the US total for the year to about 500

He warned: "Unless commercial markets in Zimbabwe are freed of the
restrictions the Mugabe government is putting on them, we will not be able
to respond adequately to the famine."

Natsios said: "It is madness to arrest commercial farmers in the middle of a
drought when they could grow food to save people from starvation."

In Harare on Tuesday, Chinamasa told the state-owned Herald: "Those who have
been allocated land should move to the farms and utilise it.

"In fact they (black settlers) should have started moving into the farms
when the first 45-day notice period given to the commercial farmers by the
government to round up their operations expired," he said.

Police said about 215 white farmers had been arrested since Mugabe ordered 2
900 off their land last Thursday.

The farmers' lobby group Justice for Agriculture (Jag) said on Tuesday 145
farmers had appeared in court to face charges since Friday.

Most had been released on bail and ordered not to return to their farms.

Jag declined to comment on Chinamasa's remarks, but said 15 farmers in the
Karoi-Tengwe area had surrendered to police.

"A team of lawyers is looking into legal action. One of the options open is
to challenge the bail conditions that are being imposed on the farmers
countrywide," said Jag spokesperson Jenni Williams.
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S.Africa intervenes in Zimbabwe land grab crisis

CAPE TOWN, Aug. 21 - South Africa intervened on behalf of its citizens
caught up in Zimbabwe's controversial land grab on Wednesday.
       But the move was not enough to silence critics of President Thabo
Mbeki who say his lack of action on the Zimbabwe crisis is a key factor
behind the rand's slide to a 15-week low of 10.95 to the dollar.

       Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe has ordered 2,900 white farmers to
hand over their land for redistribution to blacks, but most have ignored the
August 8 deadline.
       Around 200 white farmers, including two South Africans, have been
arrested in the last week for defying eviction orders.
       South African Foreign Ministry spokesman Ronnie Mamoepa said the
country's High Commissioner in Harare, equivalent to an ambassador, had been
in touch with the Zimbabwe Foreign Ministry on Wednesday.
       ''The South African High Commissioner has made representations to the
Zimbawe Foreign Ministry regarding six farms owned by South Africans in
Zimbabwe and earmarked for redistribution,'' he said.
       Mamoepa declined to elaborate or say whether Pretoria was asking for
an exemption from the land reform drive.
       ''The mission remains in contact with the Zimbabwean authorities to
find an early resolution to this matter,'' he said.
       Mbeki's critics said South Africa's mission in neighbouring Zimbabwe
had not done nearly enough to bolster confidence in the region.
       ''What is happening in Zimbabwe is having a big effect,'' one trader
told Reuters.

       Tony Leon, leader of South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance,
said Mbeki's response had been completely inadequate.
       ''Our lack of any cogent and coherent response is costing us badly in
terms of the rand and in terms of our regional credibility,'' he said.
       ''Our silence is a continuing failure on our behalf.''
       Officials could not confirm a statement by U.S. assistant secretary
of state for African affairs Walter Kansteiner that South Africa was
cooperating in a programme to isolate Mugabe. ''We are looking at that
statement,'' said Mamoepa.
       Mugabe, in power since 1980, says he is seizing farms to reverse the
legacy of British colonial rule, which left about 70 percent of the best
land in the hands of a tiny white minority.
       A senior government source told Reuters Pretoria believed the
Zimbabwe crisis was a domestic issue.
       ''The guiding principle is still that this problem should rest where
it belongs - with Britain. It is a British problem, a British history that
got Zimbabwe where it is today,'' he said.
       However, he added that the government was becoming increasingly
frustrated with Mugabe and the effect his policies were having on business
       Stellenbosch Univeristy political scientist Willie Breytenbach said
the arrest of two South African farmers had given Mbeki a key chance to send
a strong signal to Mugabe.
       ''Should Thabo (Mbeki) have been looking for an excuse to change tack
or to get involved more directly, then, if he is clever, he will use this
opportunity,'' he said.
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Zimbabwe: U.S. threats against Mugabe 'racist'
August 21, 2002 Posted: 1:32 PM EDT (1732 GMT)

HARARE, Zimbabwe (Reuters) -- Zimbabwe accused the United States and Britain
Wednesday of a "racist" campaign to isolate Zimbabwean President Robert
Mugabe internationally and maintain white economic dominance in southern

The United States said Tuesday it did not consider Mugabe, who won a
controversial election in March, a legitimate leader and was working with
governments in the region to isolate him.

"The legitimacy of our political system or our president is not dependent on
America, Britain or any other country, but on Zimbabweans," a senior
Zimbabwean foreign affairs official said.

"The bullying tactics that America and Britain are using against us are
meant to frustrate our quest for social and economic justice, to stop our
program to redistribute some of the very large tracts of land held by whites
here to the indigenous black people," he told Reuters.

Zimbabwe has been gripped by a political and economic crisis since
pro-government militants invaded white-owned farms in early 2000 in support
of Mugabe's campaign to redistribute farms to landless blacks.

The government has ordered 2,900 of the country's 4,500 white commercial
farmers to vacate their farms, but nearly two-thirds are defying the Aug. 8
order. Some 200 farmers have been arrested and many charged for resisting

Mugabe's re-election in March was condemned by the opposition and some
Western nations, including the United States and former colonial ruler
Britain, as fraudulent. But the government insists the polls were free and

Isolate mugabe
Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Walter Kansteiner said
Tuesday that the United States and Zimbabwe's neighbors were looking for
ways to help the internal opposition change the system.

For the last few months, while critical of Mugabe's policies toward the
opposition and white commercial farmers, the United States has not pressed
hard for a change of government in Zimbabwe.

But Kansteiner said: "We do not see President Mugabe as the democratically
legitimate leader of the country. The election was fraudulent, and it was
not free and it was not fair."

He said the United States was working with South Africa, Botswana and
Mozambique to isolate Mugabe, but Mozambican officials on Wednesday denied
working with the Americans.

"I am not aware of any initiative of that kind with us," said Foreign
Affairs Minister Leonardo Simao. "Our approach to Zimbabwe is to bring
everybody on board to find solutions."

In South Africa, government officials said they were studying Kansteiner's
remarks. Officials in Botswana were not available to comment.

Kansteiner, who runs U.S. policy toward Africa, said strategies to isolate
Mugabe could include more travel and financial restrictions aimed at
Zimbabwean leaders, but not trade sanctions.

The United States and the European Union have imposed some travel and
financial restrictions on Mugabe, dozens of Zimbabwean officials and
supporters of Mugabe's ZANU-PF party.

In Harare, the foreign affairs official said Zimbabwe was the target of a
"racist program" to maintain white economic dominance in the region.

"But we pray all the time that God can see us through this and that our own
brothers and sisters in Africa will not be used against the interests of
their fellow brothers and sisters in Zimbabwe," he said.

"We pray that no self-respecting African will agree to be an Uncle Tom, a
puppet for a hatchet job against fellow Africans no matter what arguments
are used to dress it up," the official said.
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White Farmers Quit Land In Zimbabwe

Wednesday August 21, 2002 8:20 PM

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) - After his arrest for defying a government eviction
order, white farmer Roy Fuller, 60, salvaged his family photographs and
valuables and left his home of 36 years.

``I am bitter, but its more out of sadness than anger. We're not staying.
It's quite a relief to know its over now,'' he said Wednesday as he joined
dozens of fellow white farmers forced off their land and began making plans
to move to neighboring South Africa to work on a vineyard.

The government's campaign to take over white-owned farms has added to more
than two years of political chaos and disrupted food production. The
seizures, along with a drought, have caused widespread food shortages that
relief groups say threaten half of Zimbabwe's 12.5 million people.

Fuller, ordered by a local court to abandon his 2,900-acre farm in the corn,
beef and tobacco district of Selous, 45 miles west of Harare, left tobacco
worth $60,000, 130 head of beef and dairy cattle and 70 black workers and
their families to a gloomy fate.

The workers, who continued to sort and grade tobacco Wednesday, will
eventually have to leave, Fuller said. Local officials asked him to pay them
severance packages.

His cattle were being moved to a neighbor's land. ``They will have to be
sold or slaughtered; there isn't enough grazing for them there,'' he said.

Fuller was evicted from his farm under a chaotic land redistribution plan
the government says will right colonial-era imbalances that left 4,500
whites with a third of Zimbabwe's farmland and 7 million blacks with the

The government has targeted 95 percent of white-owned land for

In the first mass wave of evictions Aug. 8, about 2,900 farmers were ordered
off their land, but 60 percent refused to comply, according to Justice for
Agriculture, a farmers support group.

Nearly 200 of them were arrested in the past week. The farmers, many
contesting the legality of their eviction orders, face up to two years in
jail and a fine.

Farmers' lawyers believe the eviction orders violate their constitutional
rights of ownership and freedom from racial discrimination and also contain
technical errors making them invalid.

Despite government promises, Fuller received no compensation for his farm,
which is valued at about $1.2 million.

Fuller, scheduled to return to court Aug. 30, said he will demand
compensation, but will not fight for the return of the farm where his three
children grew up.

``The emotional loss, the despair is enormous. Some guys may be a lot
stronger than me, but I've had enough. My mind is made up,'' he said,
recalling threats and intimidation from ruling party militants who occupied
part of his land the past two years. ``We tried to coexist and cooperate but
it didn't work.''

On Tuesday, Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa urged black settlers
allocated land on contested farms to move onto them and begin preparing for
the end-of-year rainy season, despite the court challenges. New farmers
should not be hindered by white efforts to block land redistribution, he

That statement and bail terms that forbid many arrested farmers from living
on their land while awaiting trial disturbed many farmers.

The bail conditions are ``a prejudgment of the validity'' of eviction
orders, said David Hasluck, director of the Commercial Farmers Union,
representing the nation's white farmers.

Though Zimbabwe faces a food shortage, farmers are being forced to abandon
crops, including irrigated wheat, that need constant attention, Hasluck

``By the time they go to court throughout September, the crops will be dead,
exacerbating an already critical food situation,'' he said.

In the Karoi and Chinhoyi districts northwest of Harare, union officials
said some farmers received police permission to tend their crops during the
day but had to stay with neighbors at night.

Others were trying to ``farm by phone'' with the help of unaffected
neighbors, managers and workers, said David Rockingham Gill, a union
official in Chinhoyi.

Filled with despair, Fuller was unwilling to try such machinations. Instead,
he remembered the troubled times of his youth, when he and his missionary
parents fled war in the Congo in 1962 with their belongings in suitcases.

``That experience keeps coming back to haunt me,'' he said. ``It's happening

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Corrupting the Law

Financial Gazette (Harare)

August 22, 2002
Posted to the web August 21, 2002

APOLOGISTS of the government's chaos that is disguised as land reforms have
reacted with predictable glee to the mass arrest of commercial farmers who
are refusing to abandon their only homes.

The praise-singers are citing the so-called Section 8 orders, which seek to
evict the farmers from their properties without any compensation, as
justification for the government's high-handedness.

The apologists are telling Zimbabweans: the government is only enforcing the
rule of law and the farmers, who have repeatedly gone to the courts to
challenge the reforms, should have known better.

What the apologists don't tell Zimbabweans is the simple fact that any law
that is fundamentally flawed - that is that it is unjust and unfair - will
inevitably be challenged by any right-thinking person.

Section 8 orders fall wholly within this category of laws.

Laws which go against the grain of natural justice and internationally
accepted norms of civilised behaviour or are enacted by an illegitimate
regime will remain unconstitutional and illegal no matter whether that
regime's parliament or courts have blessed them. It is as basic as that.

It is obvious that any law which seeks to dispossess anyone of his rightful
property is unconstitutional and therefore must be subjected to competent
judicial review.

But the corruption of the law in Zimbabwe - many would say the rule of law
is being subverted - is not just confined to the Section 8 orders.

We now have the Public Order and Security Act (POSA), which bans groups of
people from gathering or holding what are perceived to be meetings that have
a political agenda unless approved by the police.

In other words, POSA is criminalising an individual's most fundamental right
to hold political views that are different to those of the ruling party and
class and to share these with others, a curtailment of an individual's basic
freedom of assembly.

Then there is the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act
(AIPPA), which essentially criminalises criticism of President Robert Mugabe
and stifles the media's basic right to report on activities of leading
public officials and companies.

It is trite to state that both AIPPA and POSA are unconstitutional and will
remain so no matter which government or judge approves them.

In fact, the two feudalistic pieces of legislation are the greatest threats
to basic freedoms of all who live and work in Zimbabwe.

As Nigerian author and playwright Wole Soyinka aptly put it in 1987: "The
greatest threat to freedom is the absence of criticism."

Even assuming that the present government has been elected by popular will,
which is far from certain because of the violence waged by ruling party
followers against perceived political foes in the last two national ballots,
it is irresponsible for any regime to enact patently unconstitutional laws,
whatever the justification.

In the enduring 1997 words of America's Sheila Jackson Lee, the Democratic
Party's Texas legislator: "Sometimes the tyranny of the majority must be

As it is, the Section 8 orders not only evict and essentially seize the
farmers' properties but clearly show that the crafters of the legislation
care nothing about where the farmers will live and who will pay for their
upkeep while they mount their legal challenge to the legislation.

Indeed, the orders are silent on what immediate compensation, if any, is
paid to a farmer who is forced to flee his only home and has to leave behind
an entire farm that has crops or cattle.

No individual deserves to be treated like this, more so when a significant
number of the farmers, who are Zimbabweans, actually bought the land with
loans from banks after the country's independence in 1980.

The violent seizure of land from hapless blacks by Rhodesia's 1890s white
supremacists was an intolerable crime against humanity, no matter how the
settlers tried to justify and legalise it.

We don't expect an enlightened administration in the brave new world to do
the same, no matter how justified the action is.
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MDC Statement : Mugabe regime guilty of violating Convention against Torture

The Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment was adopted by the General Assembly of the United
Nations on the 10th December 1984.  Not surprisingly Zimbabwe, under the
Mugabe regime, as never become a "State Party", that is a nation that has
ratified the Convention.  During the last 18 years the Mugabe regime has
systematically violated the Convention.  During the period December 1984 to
December 1987 numerous members of Joshua Nkomo's ZAPU party were subjected
to Torture at the hands of the regime.  Whilst the incidence of Torture
lessened greatly during the period 1988 to 2000 there were nevertheless
sporadic cases of Torture.

Since February 2000 the numbers of Torture cases have escalated
dramatically.  However in most case of Torture the regime has been able to
hide behind the fact that the Torture has been committed by so called "war
veterans" and ZANU (PF) militia, not State functionaries.  However in the
last few weeks a number of clear cut cases involving State officials have

The first case involves MDC Treasurer General and Member of Parliament,
Fletcher Dulini-Ncube.  Dulini-Ncube was arrested by the police 2 weeks ago,
on the instructions of the Attorney General, Andrew Chigovera, and was
detained until his release yesterday after the High Court ordered his
release.  Dulini-Ncube is diabetic and aged 63.  Following the denial
adequate medical treatment when he was detained in solitary confinement in
November last year his eyesight deteriorated in his right eye necessitating
the surgical removal of eye on the 9th August.  The following day
Dulini-Ncube was arrested and hauled out of his sick bed.  Since then he has
been detained in a hospital and has been, for the entire duration of his
incarceration, in leg irons.  On the 16th August a High Court Judge
dismissed the Attorney General's objections to him being granted bail,
stating that there was no basis to the denial of bail.  Indeed the Attorney
General's action in opposing bail in the circumstances was simply vindictive
as was the use of leg irons.

The second case involves the detention of commercial farmer Robin Greaves by
Nyamandlovu Police on the 16th August, 2002.  Mr Greaves was detained on
allegations that he remained in his home more than 90 days after being given
notice to vacate it by the regime.  Mr Greaves is aged 64.  On the 17th
August 2002 Mr Greaves' family doctor Dr.  J.G.M.  Ferguson wrote a medical
report which reads as follows:

"This patient is chronically unwell with multiple problems.  He has had
carcinoma of the prostrate and renal cancer which led to him having a
nephrechtomy.  He was badly shot up in a dissident ambush which left him
with neurological damage and his eye had to be removed.  His vision is
extremely poor and there is chronic sepsis of the eye socket.  Mr Greaves
suffers from chronic bronchitis and requires frequent courses of steroids.
There is polycystic liver disease which may be due to secondary cancer
deposits.  Mr Greaves requires constant medical supervision and it is
inadvisable for him to be detained.  I must advise that he should be
urgently released."

The above mentioned medical report was brought to the attention of the
following people: Minister Sithembiso Nyoni, Senior Assistant Commissioner
Zengeni (a staff officer in Police Headquarters in Harare), Superintendent
Moyo (District Officer Commanding Bulawayo Rural - it is thought), Officer
Commanding Police Matabeleland North (name unknown), Officer in Charge
police Nyamandlovu and Obert Mpofu, and Governor Matabeleland North
Province.  Doctor Ferguson himself travelled to Nyamandlovu with Mr Greaves'
lawyer and made representations there. Despite their efforts the authorities
refused to release Mr Greaves and tonight he remains in a police cell and
will probably only appear in court on Monday the 19th August.  It goes
without saying that the conditions he is being held under are shocking and
extremely unhygenic.

It is pertinent to note that numerous other farmers arrested on identical
charges have been released by the police in their areas having been simply
cautioned or granted free bail.  In other words this is clearly a case where
the police and other authorities could have exercised mercy and released Mr
Greaves.  The decision to hold him is accordingly gratuitous and vindictive,
as was Mr Dulini-Ncube's treatment.

Article 1 of the Convention against Torture states:

'Torture' means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical
or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as ...
intimidating him or coercing him, or for any reason based on discrimination
of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the
instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or
other person acting in an official capacity.

Article 5(2) of the Convention against Torture states:

Each State Party ( i.e.  Nations which have ratified the Convention) shall
likewise take measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction
over such offences in cases where the alleged offender is present in any
territory under its jurisdiction.

The actions of the Attorney General, the Police and the regime's officials
in the above mentioned cases are clear cut violations of Article 1. Nations
which have ratified the Convention, which include South Africa, Algeria,
Canada.  Australia, New Zealand, Russia, Togo, and most European countries,
are obliged to take measures to ensure that those people who commit torture
anywhere in the world can be prosecuted if they happen to come on to their

The MDC condemns these ongoing acts of Torture perpetrated by the regime.

It should be stressed that these two cases are simply the tip of the iceberg
and most poor black Zimbabweans who have been subjected to Torture at the
hands of the regime do not have the luxury of legal counsel, as these two
men had, and as a result their cases are largely unreported.  The MDC calls
upon the international Community to take vigorous action against all those
guilty of Torture in Zimbabwe.

David Coltart
Secretary for Legal Affairs (and Shadow Justice Minister)
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Hackers Infiltrate RBZ Website

Financial Gazette (Harare)

August 22, 2002
Posted to the web August 21, 2002

Staff Reporter

THE Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) website has been infiltrated at least
twice in the past two weeks, raising fears about the security of the
country's financial system.

The RBZ site, which has been targeted by hackers in the past year, was last
week tampered with by someone who posted obscenities and called for the
liberation of Palestine.

A similar message was posted on the same website a fortnight ago and
officials at the central bank were this week frantically trying to improve
security on their site.

"We are working on the problem to ensure it does not occur again," an RBZ
official told the Financial Gazette.

The RBZ website was first tampered with in September last year when hackers
diverted some of the links to the site to pornographic material.

Visitors to the central bank site are able to link directly to the websites
of all the country's financial institutions.

Information technology experts this week warned that the ease with which
hackers have been able to penetrate the RBZ compromised the security of
Zimbabwe's financial system.

"I can't imagine that the security on that website is good and that raises
fears about the stability of the entire financial system," a computer
security expert said.
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