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With Southern African Summit Over, Crackdown Resumes In Zimbabwe


By Sithandekile Mhlanga and Patience Rusere
24 August 2007

Police in Zimbabwe's second city of Bulawayo arrested six members of the
activist group Women of Zimbabwe Arise early Friday, but freed them late in
the evening after allegedly threatening them with death if they did not
cease protest activities.

WOZA National Coordinator Jenni Williams said police officers took the women
to the Khami ruins about 40 kilometers outside the Matabeleland Province
capital, and told them they would be thrown into a reservoir there if they
did not quit the group.

WOZA sources said Maria Moyo, Rosemary Siziba, Aida Ndebele, Margaret Ndlovu
and two others were taken from their homes by police around dawn. The group
said police also tried to break into the home of Magodonga Mahlangu, a WOZA
official in Bulawayo, but having failed to gain entry, then seized her dog.

In Masvingo, capital of the province of the same name, police were said to
have raided the homes of two WOZA members Thursday night seeking documents.

Williams said the six Bulawayo women were traumatized by the ordeal,
particularly Maria Moyo who is ill, while another had a one-year-old infant
with her.

She said the police officers released the women after some white journalists
visiting the Khami resort area approached them.

Williams told reporter Sithandekile Mhlanga of VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe
that she suspects that the motive behind the raids raids is that police
learned her organization held an annual congress earlier this month in
secret, avoiding official scrutiny.

Elsewhere, political and civic activists say that in the wake of the
Southern African Development Community summit last week, the government has
resumed cracking down on its opposition among political parties and civil
society groups.

On the weekend immediately following the summit, some 15 clerics and
opposition members were arrested while conducting a prayer meeting in
Chitungwiza, a satellite city south of Harare. A few days later, police
arrested two American women who were filming a documentary about rape in
Zimbabwe, deporting them to South Africa.

On Thursday, sources said, plainclothes police officers attempted to arrest
organizers of the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition and the Zimbabwe National
Students Union as they spoke at a public meeting in Gwanda, but the two
managed to escape.

Also Thursday, agents of the Joint Operations Command, a coordinating
mechanism for the country's police, military and security agencies,
interrogated officials of the Bulawayo Agenda, threatening them with arrest
if anyone in a meeting they have called for Saturday, Aug. 25, mentions
President Robert Mugabe's name.

Then on Friday police in Bulawayo seized WOZA members from their homes.

Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition Programs Manager Pedzisai Ruhanya tells
reporter Patience Rusere he thinks the crackdown is meant to bolster Mr.
Mugabe's reputation as a resolute figure who does not care about public or
international opinion.

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Analysts See Civil Unrest In Zimbabwe As Food Shortages Intensify


By Ndimyake Mwakalyelye and Loirdham Moyo
24 August 2007

Mounting and already severe food shortages in all parts of Zimbabwe have
lent new impetus to the quest for a solution to the political and economic
crisis, analysts say.

Chronic food shortages over the years have taken a heavy toll, particularly
in children, with malnutrition widespread and the distended child bellies of
kwashiorkor appearing even in urban settings, as reported recently by Harare
public health officials.

The 2005-2006 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey, compiled by the
Central Statistical Office, reported stunted growth in 29% of children under
the age of five. The Harare City Council's health department collaborated in
the study.

Meanwhile, consumer desperation has led to tragic incidents such as a
stampede for extremely scarce sugar in Bulawayo, resulting in three deaths.

Economists say the scarcity of staple goods has been exacerbated by the
government drive since last month to reduce prices by fiat, which emptied
supermarket shelves as Zimbabweans rushed in to purchase leaving merchants
with heavy losses.

The government has allowed some prices to rise to draw goods back into the
market, including those of sugar, tea and chicken, but little improvement is

Perspective on the acute shortages of food items and other basic commodities
was provided by independent development consultant Roger Mpande and Advocacy
and Communications Manager Fambai Ngirande of the National Association of
Non-Governmental Organizations.

Mpande told reporter Ndimyake Mwakalyelye of VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe
that the food emergency in the country is reaching critical proportions.

From Mutare, reporter Loirdham Moyo reported that millers complain they
often go for days without receiving grain allocations from the state-run
Grain Marketing Board, reflecting disruption in the supply chain of the
national staple maize meal.

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Zimbabwe must embark on economic reforms: SADC

Zim Online

Saturday 25 August 2007

Own Correspondent

JOHANNESBURG - Southern African Development Community (SADC) executive
secretary Tomaz Augusto Salomao has recommended that Zimbabwe undertakes
comprehensive economic reforms that should include currency reforms,
expenditure cuts and a stable policy environment, according to a report
presented to regional leaders last week.

In the report to the SADC heads of state summit in Zambia, contents of which
have until now been kept a closely-guarded secret, Salomao echoed
International Monetary Fund (IMF) recommendations that Harare must act on a
host of distortions in the troubled economy.

The Mozambican diplomat who has been at the helm of the regional body's
secretariat since September 2005 said robust policies were needed "to reduce
the overvaluation of the exchange rate, to reduce the budget deficit and to
control the growth of domestic credit and money supply which fuel inflation,
and to reduce price distortions in the economy".

"Equally important is the need to avoid frequent changes in policy
initiatives, which have caused uncertainties and led to the view that the
policy environment is unpredictable," said Salomao.

Salomao was tasked by SADC at a special summit in Tanzania last March to
recommend a rescue package for Zimbabwe, in the eighth year of an economic
recession that threatens to disturb prevailing regional peace and security.

The report was not adopted at last week's SADC summit and was forwarded to a
committee of regional finance ministers for their blessings.

In the same report, Salomao recommended the restoration of balance of
payments support for Zimbabwe to ease shortages of foreign currency in the
country and to boost the capacity to build Harare's hard cash reserves.

"The restoration of the country's foreign exchange generating capacity
through Balance of Payments support is crucial: however, the most urgent
action that is needed to start this process is to establish lines of credit
to enable Zimbabwe to import inputs for its productive sectors, particularly
for agriculture and foreign currency generating sectors.

Zimbabwe is believed to have operated on less than a week's import cover
since her economic crisis started towards the end of 1999 after the IMF
pulled the plug on aid in protest at mismanagement by President Robert
Mugabe's government.

The IMF pull-out immediately sent a cue to other Western donors and
investors to withdraw from Zimbabwe, leading to a crippling foreign currency
crisis that has manifested itself through shortages of fuel, power and other
essential raw materials. The tottering Zimbabwean economy has contracted by
around 40 percent due to the problems faced the country.

The IMF has over the years encouraged the Zimbabwean authorities to
implement wide-ranging macroeconomic reforms to arrest the economic decline.

The southern African country has twice survived expulsion from the
institution due to outstanding arrears, which stood at more than US$131
million at the end of last June.

The accumulating arrears are expected to jeopardise Zimbabwe's chances of
surviving another IMF attempt to expel the country from the Fund.

The board is expected to meet in September for the crucial review meeting
after giving Zimbabwe six months to implement a comprehensive economic
recovery programme to stop a seven-year slide.

At its last review meeting in February, the influential IMF board of
directors urged the Harare authorities to resolve the arrears problem
promptly, and warned that it would again consider Zimbabwe's outstanding
debts in six months.

Zimbabwe has been in continuous arrears to the IMF since February 2001 and
is the only case of protracted arrears to the Poverty Reduction and Growth
Facility-Exogenous Shocks Facility Trust.

The IMF suspended Zimbabwe's voting rights country in 2003, forcing Harare
to make surprise payments totaling US$193 million between 2005 and 2006 to
clear its arrears.

But Mugabe, who has ruled since independence from Britain 27 years ago, has
accused the IMF and other Western donors of treating his country unfairly
and saying Zimbabwe was unlikely to clear the arrears without guarantees
that aid and its voting rights would be restored.

Salomao reiterated the Zimbabwe government position by calling for the
removal of so-called sanctions against the country.

"SADC should do all it can to help Zimbabwe address the issue of sanctions,
which is not only hurting the economy through failure to get BoP support and
lines of credit, but also through reduced markets for its products," said
the SADC chief.

Mugabe and more than 100 of his lieutenants are banned from setting foot in
the European Union, United States, Australia and New Zealand under targeted
sanctions imposed in 2002.

The sanctions also include the freezing of their assets in these countries
as well as an arms embargo - ZimOnline

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ZANU PF youths harass journalist over alleged Studio 7 links

Zim Online

Saturday 25 August 2007

By Regerai Marwezu

MASVINGO - Ruling ZANU PF youths on Wednesday abducted and held
captive a Zimbabwean journalist for more than six hours in Gutu district in
the southern province of Masvingo after they accused him of working for a
US-based anti-government radio station.

Godfrey Mutimba, a correspondent for the weekly Standard newspaper,
was in Gutu to investigate allegations that ZANU PF youths were beating up
villagers who had attended a memorial service for the late opposition
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) national chairman Isaac Matongo.

Matongo's memorial service was held at his rural home in Gutu about
two weeks ago.

The ZANU PF youths pounced on Mutimba and detained him for close to
six hours after they accused him of working for the Voice of America's
Studio 7, a radio station run by exiled Zimbabwean journalists.

The youths threatened to beat up Mutimba whom they accused of churning
out anti-government propaganda at the radio station. He was only released
after senior ZANU PF officials in the area ordered his release.

"I had gone to Gutu to investigate allegations that some villagers
were being victimized for attending Matongo's memorial service. But before I
could complete my work, a group of ZANU PF youths abducted me and threatened
to beat me up.

"They accused me of working for Studio 7. But I told them I was from
the Standard newspaper. Even when I showed them my Press (identification)
card, they refused to listen and continued harassing me," said Mutimba.

Attacks and harassment of journalists by ZANU PF supporters are common
in Zimbabwe ahead of election times. Several journalists have been arrested
and beaten up in the line of duty over the past four years.

For example, last month, the wife of Zimbabwe army commander Jocelyn
Chiwenga, beat up award-winning photographer Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi who was
covering a tour of supermarkets by opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

The Zimbabwean government, that has shut down four privately-run
newspapers and arrested over a hundred journalists over the past four years,
accuses foreign-based media of pushing a "regime change" agenda in the
country. - ZimOnline

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CIO's Ncube plot exposed

Zim Independent

Loughty Dube

THE Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO)'s plot to silence Bulawayo
Archbishop Pius Ncube by linking him to a sex scandal is in disarray as
details of the plot have started leaking, exposing the intelligence service's

It has now been established that the CIO is behind the sting operation
which exposed the Archbishop's alleged affair.

The disclosures of the CIO involvement in the saga comes at a time
when questions are being raised over whether Ernest Tekere - a former senior
CIO officer who was identified as the private investigator in Ncube's
scandal - had the capacity to conduct such an evidently large project on his

According to information from former minister Enos Nkala, Tekere
featured in massacres of civilians by government forces in Matabeleland and
Midlands in the 1980s. He apparently worked with his former employers in the
Ncube sting operation.

Sources said the CIO worked closely with state-media journalists to
target Ncube for allegedly sleeping with different women when he is sworn to
celibacy. It is said the CIO set up the sting over a period of two years and
poured a lot of money and resources into ensuring Ncube was exposed. After
the plot, a campaign of publicity was then launched to "expose, shame and
silence" the cleric, it is said. State media journalists were arranged to
publicise the project in its various phases.

Video footage - which allegedly shows Ncube in explicit sexual acts -
and photographs were produced and distributed to selected state media
journalists. Some of the footage has also been given to online publications
for maximum publicity.

According to reliable sources, the first phase of the plot is the $20
billion adultery case filed by Onesimus Sibanda, who is suing Ncube over an
alleged adulterous affair with his wife Rosemary.

The first phase however did not achieve the desired results as
Zimbabweans rallied behind Archbishop Ncube and dismissed the whole episode
as a plot by the government to silence the vocal government critic.

The manner the first phase was executed in and the way it was
publicised by the state media has also given credence to the view that it
was a state hatchet job.

However, the Independent will reveal that the CIO and the state media
have not given up on Archbishop Ncube but are now working towards unleashing
more exposés on the cleric to be done in the remaining two phases.

The second phase of the three-phase operation will entail another
lawsuit to be filed by Sibanda where this time he is claiming that his wife
Rosemary infected him with the HIV virus which she acquired from Ncube.

Two weeks ago state media editors, journalists, a lawyer and state
security agents met at a Bulawayo hotel to map out strategies on how they
will proceed with the smear campaign on the vocal cleric.

However, a few days after the meeting state newsrooms were awash with
talk about the plot and a witch-hunt has already been instituted to find out
who leaked the information among those present at the planning meeting at
the hotel.

The Chronicle recently carried a story where it said it will "break"
stories involving more lawsuits from Sibanda and other people over Ncube's
adulterous relationships.

The third phase of the planned smear campaign will be a disclosure
through a story that Archbishop Ncube fathered two children with a married
woman from Esigodini in Matabeleland South.

The sources close to CIO operations however say a sticking point that
is delaying the planned exposé of Ncube is on modalities of convincing the
husband of the Esigodini woman to agree that the children are not his.

Subsequent meetings have been held between the state editors,
journalists and state security agents to fine-tune details of the case
before the stories are published.

The sources also revealed how the alleged footage involving Ncube was
acquired and doctored by the state security agents.

The sources said state security agents tampered with telephone lines
to Ncube's house at St Mary's Cathedral and later sent fake technicians who
later said the fault was in cables in Archbishop Ncube's bedroom.

After gaining access to his residence the CIO operatives then
installed the surveillance cameras.

Sources close to the plot also indicated that the CIO paid nurses at
the Catholic-owned Mater Dei hospital to take blood samples of Archbishop
Ncube when he was admitted there while suffering from a mild stroke.

The sources claim that DNA tests were performed on Ncube's blood which
they say will prove that he fathered the children in Esigodini.

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Govt in price blitz climb-down

Zim Independent

Augustine Mukaro

GOVERNMENT has started reversing the unrealistic prices decreed by the
government last month in what amounts to a major climb-down after the
programme backfired.

Sources privy to the policy shift said the Price Monitoring and
Stabilisation Taskforce has been mandated to rethink the operation as the
Zanu PF leadership gives in to pressure to stop the destructive exercise.
From its launch, top government officials have failed to agree on the blitz,
with Vice President Joice Mujuru and central bank governor Gideon Gono
understood to oppose it.

Mujuru is next week expected to address business captains at the
Employers Confederation of Zimbabwe congress which starts in Victoria Falls
on Wednesday. She has been mandated to clean up the mess caused by the price
blitz and would reconstitute the taskforce. This comes after President
Robert Mugabe has been convinced his campaign has been a huge disaster.

"The Emcoz slogan 'for industrial peace and productivity' will be
under stern test at a time when neither peace nor productivity in Zimbabwean
industry are as they need to be," the employers said in a statement

Government sources this week said Mujuru has been actively promoting
dialogue between government and business at all levels. This has resulted in
the holding of consultative meetings between price monitoring taskforce
members and businesspeople across the country.

The retreat by the state has manifested itself in the upward revision
of prices and services almost on a daily basis. The most notable revision
this week was in the telecommunications sector where operators were allowed
to raise rates to 10 times the June 18 standard.

The price monitoring taskforce has been given a new mandate to revise
the prices of all commodities in response to the recommendations submitted
by various stakeholders.

The taskforce was last week presented with an assessment report of the
blitz, clearly showing that the crackdown has had disastrous consequences,
rendering government's stakeholder-driven turnaround initiative useless,
reducing government revenue, promoting parallel market activities, eroding
investor confidence and militating against efforts to reduce inflation.

"Shortages of basic commodities, deteriorating services in virtually
all sectors and the general public outcry forced government to revise the
policy in relation to representations submitted by the stakeholders,"
sources said.

Sources said the taskforce office at the Police General Headquarters
has received thousands of representations from affected businesses seeking a
review of the pricing structure in relation to the production costs.
"Businesses are clamouring for a credible pricing mechanism that ensures
both business viability and affordability to consumers," the sources said.
"The taskforce is now in the process of going through the various
representations and recommending the appropriate adjustments, which might
see a complete departure from the price blitz directives."

The past week has seen a major shift with government backing down on
unrealistic prices set out during the price reduction crackdown resulting in
serious shortages. Government this week approved the increase in
telecommunications tariffs, freight charges, and train and airfares. Earlier
in the week, it had allowed suppliers of foodstuffs, soap, farming inputs
and tyres to hike their prices to ensure the supplies on the market.
Foodstuffs whose prices were increased included sugar, tea-leaves, chicken
and soda. Prices of motor vehicle tyres, Bata shoes, the whole soap range
and maize seed were also increased. It proceeded to re-license 42 private
abattoirs to avert the worsening meat shortages which had forced all
butcheries to close.

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Zim in bid to buy Russian planes again

Zim Independent

Paul Nyakazeya

THE Minister of Transport and Communications, Christopher Mushowe, and
Air Zimbabwe chief executive Peter Chikumba are in Russia to revive the deal
to buy five Ilyushin and Tupolev planes from the former communist country.

According to information to hand the two and other senior officials
left for Russia last week to revive the deal despite serious misgivings
being expressed by the national airlines technical staff over the planned
US$381,8 million deal between the country and Russia. They are scheduled to
return next Monday.

Government sources said the Ilyushin planes to be bought are three
IL-96-400 P for passengers and two IL-96-400 M for cargo at a cost of
US$381,8 million.

The condition of the deal requires the Zimbabwean government to make a
30% cash down payment which translate to US$114,5 million. The remaining 70%
will be in the form of a loan.

Deliveries will start next year from the Voronezh Aircraft
Construction Company (Vaco) plant once the final deal is signed.

Vaco is one of the biggest factories in Russia producing passenger and
cargo aircraft.

The deal will be financed by Ilyushin Finance Co, one of two state-run
Russian companies involved in domestic aircraft construction and sales

Ilyushin Finance Co focuses on financing IL-96-300, IL-96-400,
Tu-204-300 and An-148 aircraft.

The deal has caused jitters among the airline's pilots and engineers,
who have expressed serious concerns over the technical quality of the
aircraft. The staff want the airline and its engineers to a have greater say
in any planned acquisitions following problems with recent plane
acquisitions from China.

Russian planes are notorious for technical faults and failures which
have resulted in them being labelled "flying coffins".

"They (Mushowe and Chikumba) are reviving the deal despite technical
reports discouraging them from going ahead with the deal. Human safety
concerns should prevail ahead of political and monetary gains in aviation,"
said one engineer.

Sources said Air Zimbabwe's routes are mostly north/south which is
overland and to the Far East where two-engine planes are ideal. The Russian
planes have four engines. "Spare pulling (buying spares) is difficult as no
other country in the region flies such a plane, even on the destination that
the national airline flies. The history of the plane has never been inviting
for passengers," sources said.

It also emerged on Wednesday that the planes government wants to buy
were still on the drawing board and have not yet been approved by aviation
experts. This is supposed to be the newer version of the Ilyushin.

"What is surprising is that Aeroflot-Russia (the Russins airline) are
buying Boeing and Airbus planes. They had an order for Ilyushins which they
cancelled last year," said one engineer.

Despite the Ilyushin being cheaper than the Boeings, they are
expensive to maintain as they are on record as being fuel guzzlers and their
spare parts are difficult to buy.

The initial agreement to buy the planes was signed by the Reserve Bank
governor Gideon Gono and Mushowe during their visit to Moscow in April last

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CIO, state media connive in Ncube smear campaign

Zim Independent

Loughty Dube

DETAILS of a plot hatched by the CIO spy agency working hand in hand
with state media journalists have emerged with indications that the two
worked hand in glove in planning and exposing the adultery story involving
Archbishop Pius Ncube.

Archbishop Ncube was slapped with a $20 billion adultery lawsuit at St
Mary's Cathedral a month ago after he was served with the papers by the
Deputy Sheriff, who was accompanied by a large contingent of journalists and
photographers from the state media.

However, details have emerged that the journalists present during the
serving of papers were part of a well-orchestrated plot involving the CIO.

It has also emerged that the state media journalists and even
President Robert Mugabe had information about the issue long before the
story was broken.

Sources among journalists that were part of the team say the plot was
master-minded by the state intelligence agency and involved editors at the
state media organisations and involved a South African Broadcasting
Corporation (SABC) team.

It also emerged that Archbishop Ncube was duped by the SABC team to
agree to an interview where he unknowingly answered questions that were
later on twisted to implicate him in the adultery case.

The SABC team, led by correspondent Supa Mandiwanzira, arrived in
Bulawayo two days before the adultery story was exposed, after fixing an
appointment with Archbishop Ncube for an interview on the situation in

Archbishop Ncube agreed to the interview after he was told that
Mandiwanzira was the SABC correspondent in Zimbabwe.

However, SABC is now investigating the allegations that Mandiwanzira
used SABC credentials to set up the sting interview after viewers raised
concerns over the integrity of the South African broadcaster.

Mandiwanzira runs one of the top media production companies in
Zimbabwe, Mighty Movies, and also provides the SABC with news productions on

The current affairs managing director of SABC, Snuki Zikalala, quoted
in South African media last week said they would investigate the matter
immediately and take "appropriate action".

"We are hearing this for the first time. If there is any truth in what
has been said then we will take the appropriate action," Zikalala said.

He said Mandiwanzira was not a fulltime SABC employee, but owned an
agency from which the SABC commissioned stories on a daily basis.

Mighty Movies might lose its contract with SABC if it is found that
Mandiwanzira abused his SABC credentials.

In a sting operation that was not communicated to station heads at the
ZBC Montrose studios the Harare-based journalists, led by Mandiwanzira,
arrived at the studios on Friday and did not state their mission as is
usually the case when news crews have assignments covered in the
jurisdiction of sister stations.

Mandiwanzira's cameraman was on Sunday, a day before the sting
operation, at St Mary's Cathedral where he was seen filming the Sunday Mass
but left earlier when he realised that Archbishop Ncube was not presiding
over the ceremony.

On Monday morning the day of the operation, Mandiwanzira, allegedly
then provided SABC jackets to Zimbabwean state broadcasters, editor-in-chief
Tazzen Mandizvidza and Voice of Zimbabwe station head Happison Muchechetere
who interviewed Ncube, under the guise that they were from the SABC.

Mandiwanzira also recruited Montrose ZBC photographer, Solo Chinara to
film footage that was used on the ZTV news bulletin.

According to the plan hatched by the CIO, the idea was to ensure that
the SABC crew kept Archbishop Ncube in the city for the interview to allow
papers to be served on him while cameras were rolling.

It is alleged that during the interview one of the initial questions
put to Ncube by Mandiwanzira was what he thought about Catholic bishops in
the US who had broken their vows of celibacy.

Ncube replied to the question: "Everybody is a sinner, there is nobody
who does not sin."

The statement was later broadcast on ZTV to appear as if Ncube had
been responding to a question on whether he had engaged in an adulterous
relationship with Rosemary Sibanda, the woman whose husband is suing
Archbishop Ncube for adultery.

Munyaradzi Nzarayapenga, the lawyer representing Onesimus Sibanda, the
man suing Archbishop Ncube, convened a quick press conference for state
journalists to announce the lawsuit.

In Zimbabwe it is unusual for lawyers to call press conferences for
any case they are handling. But the involvement of the state in the matter
was made more apparent by statements made by President Mugabe, a week before
the sensational allegations were made public.

Mugabe told Zanu PF supporters during a gathering at the Zanu PF
headquarters in Harare, soon after a closed door meeting of the central
committee, that there were some members of the clergy who were involved in
sexual relationships with married women, yet they wanted to project images
of puritans.

Mugabe warned that clergymen sleeping around with other people's wives
were going to be exposed soon for what they are.

"Where is the godliness?" Mugabe said at the time. "One cannot tell
the difference between a bishop and a layman anymore. Some of them have
sworn to celibacy, but they sleep around."

The earlier claims by Mugabe indicate that he was aware of the
impending smear campaign by the CIO to tarnish Ncube.

It has also emerged that the breaking of the story was to be done in
three phases and after the publicising of the case there are still two more
phases left before the media completes its hatchet-job on the vocal cleric.

The other two phases will allege that Archbishop Ncube has two
children with an Esigodini woman while in other stories the state media will
allege that Sibanda will claim that Archbishop Ncube infected his wife who
then infected him with the HIV and Aids virus.

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Zimra fails to pay August salaries

Zim Independent

Pindai Dube

THE Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (Zimra) is broke and has failed to pay
its workers their August salaries. Zimra workers were due to be paid their
August salaries today but management at the tax revenue body has written to
the workers informing them that the organisation is broke.

In a circular to all the parastatal's staff countrywide Zimra
Commissioner General Gershem Pasi said the organisation did not have any
cash and was negotiating for funding with the Ministry of Finance. Pasi said
he was hoping that workers would be paid their salaries before the end of

"Due to financial constraints, please be advised that we will not be
able to meet the pay day of 24th of August 2007. Negotiations are still
going on between the Ministry of Finance and our selves," reads the
circular. "You will therefore be advised of developments as they unfold."

Zimra is facing serious cash flow problems as a result of the ongoing
price blitz that have seen the revenue collected by the parastatal body

Zimra's plight has also been worsened by the high number of people
losing their jobs and this has contributed to the dwindling tax base.

A recent government study said that Zimra could lose as much as $1,3
trillion. in lost revenue as a result of the blitz.

Pasi however expressed confidence that funding will be secured to pay
the workers by August 31.

"I remain positive that funding will eventually be made available and
that you will be paid by 31 August 2007. I expect all employees to be
patient and continue to be productive," Pasi said in the circular.

But tax officers this week charged that cashflow problems at Zimra
were a result of mismanagement.

"The main reason for the lack of funds is because Zimra gave early
retirement packages to more than 40 senior and middle managers as part of
the restructuring exercise but immediately after they were paid out, the
ministry reversed the decision and said all the managers who had been given
the early exit packages should return to work," said a worker speaking on
condition that he was not named.

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Justice delayed is justice denied for 'petrol bombers': lawyers

Zim Independent

Lucia Makamure

LEGAL experts have expressed concern over the failure by the
magistrates courts to set a trial date in the case of 23 MDC activists
accused of banditry, despite a High Court ruling that there was a lack of
evidence against them.

The experts have further argued that the continued incarceration of
the opposition activists was tantamount to state persecution.

This comes in the wake of the magistrates courts' decision to further
remand the activists a fortnight ago to October 8 on bail.

The activists have appeared in court for a record 53 times and by
October 8 they would have clocked six months on remand.

This, the activists' lawyers said, calls for an enquiry into the
violations of the activists' rights as enshrined in the Zimbabwe

Alec Muchadehama, one of the lawyers representing the activists, said
it now appears that the lower courts were colluding with the state to come
up with unjustified further remands.

"The courts have not been forthcoming with a trial date which has
resulted in the violation of my clients' right to a fair trial," Muchadehama
said. "If a case goes beyond six months before a trial, it triggers an
enquiry as my clients' right to a fair trial would have been violated."

He said if an enquiry is undertaken, his clients' case would be made
stronger by the fact that the activists were in police custody for over
three months.

"My clients have been in custody for the large part of the prescribed
time which calls for an enquiry," Muchadehama said.

The case of the 23 MDC activists has been described by the legal
experts as clear indication of the dearth of the rule of law as due process
in prosecution has not been adhered to.

The experts argued that the police arrested the activists before
completing their investigations.

Wilbert Mandinde, legal officer for the Media Institute of Southern
Africa, said the courts were using further remands to cover up for the state's
failure to come up with incriminating evidence against the alleged petrol

"The police have not been following the proper procedure of
investigating before making arrests in this case as they have been using
excuses of needing more time to carry out investigations when they have
already arrested the suspects," said Mandinde - a former Harare magistrate.

Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights acting director Irene Petras said
there was concern over the long period the activists have been on remand.

"We have been following the case and we are concerned that the
activists have been on remand for that long," said Petras.

Petras said Justice Lawrence Kamocha's judgement in granting the
activists bail showed that there was very little or no evidence at all to
support the charges against the activists.

"It is important that the courts provide a trial date for this case as
soon as possible as justice delayed is justice denied," added Petras.

In a bail application ruling in favour of the activists - including
MDC MP Paul Madzore - Justice Kamocha ruled that the state had failed to
strengthen its case with the passage of time.

"As far back as 10 May 2007 the police had promised to bring critical
evidence against the applicants from South Africa but with the passage of
time it turned out that they had obtained nothing from South Africa
incriminating the applicants," Kamocha said.

The judge said police could not prove as alleged that the MDC
activists were trained at a farm known as Lala Bundu in South Africa. He
said police also failed to substantiate the existence of the farm.

He ruled that it was unjustified to grant the police more time to
carry out their investigations while the activists were still in custody.

"This is clearly pre-trial incarceration for the purposes of carrying
out investigations which is undesirable and has always been frowned upon,"
ruled Kamocha.

Kamocha also noted the state's failure to strengthen its case when he
granted bail to two other activists, Morgan Komichi and Denis Murira.

"The state's allegations are contradictory. the state case has not
been strengthened after a long time has elapsed. There will be no
justification to keep the applicants in custody pending trial," said Kamocha
in his judgement.

Kamocha in passing the bail ruling also revealed that investigating
officer Assistant Commissioner Musarashana Mabunda had provided conflicting
evidence on the dates when the activists are alleged to have undertaken
military training in South Africa.

"The allegations that are being preferred against the applicants are
not clear in that at one stage it was being alleged they underwent military
training between December 2006 and March 2007 in Pretoria and Orange Free
State. As time progressed it was alleged that the military training in South
Africa took place in 2001,"said Kamocha.

Mabunda is said to have further contradicted himself by swearing in an
affidavit on June 19 that the alleged training took place in South Africa in
different phases between 2002 and 2006 which the judge said makes it
difficult for accused to know the period they allegedly underwent military

The police recently issued two reports, entitled Opposition Forces in
Zimbabwe: A Trail of Violence and Opposition Forces in Zimbabwe: The Naked
Truth, Volume 2 to substantiate their claims that the opposition and the
civic organisations are working together for the purpose of violently
overthrowing the government of President Mugabe.

The reports according to the Zimbabwe Human Rights Non-Governmental
Organisations Forum seek to portray opposition parties and civic
organisations as grouped together with the aid and assistance of foreign
governments for the purpose of violently overthrowing the government.

"The reports are interesting and informative on account that they
naively reveal about the politicisation of the police, the use of state
resources for party political purposes and the psychology and occasionally
astounding jurisprudential ignorance of members of the ZRP," said the forum
on the reports.

However, the collapse of the case has exposed the police's failure to
prosecute the alleged petrol bombers and has discredited their reports.

The NGO Forum has called the report "at best a falsehood, at worst a
lie" mainly because they suspect most of the information used to compile the
report to be false.

The gradual collapse of the case has exposed Mugabe for having misled
the Southern African Development Community (Sadc) leaders in March to
believe that Zimbabwe was under siege from the MDC.

The court's failure to prosecute the alleged "petrol bombers" has also
resulted in friction between the Attorney-General Gula-Ndebele and the

Nonetheless the failure by the courts to prosecute the alleged petrol
bombers did not deter the government from telling the just-ended Sadc summit
that the country was under siege from the opposition.

Both the President and the Minister of Justice Patrick Chinamasa made
it clear that the MDC was responsible for the petrol bombings yet no
successful prosecution has taken place.

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Firms rework inflation-adjusted results

Zim Independent

Paul Nyakazeya

COMPANIES set to release interim half-year results have had to rework
their books after the June and July year-on-year inflation figures were
finally released this week.

The Central Statistical Office (CSO) on Wednesday announced the
figures barely a week after the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) had released
the June rate to be used by companies scheduled to announce their interim
financial results for the period ending June 30.

Most companies had resorted to using estimates to work their
inflation-adjusted results after Finance minister Samuel Mumbengegwi ordered
the CSO not to release the figures which he feared would scare away
"potential investors".

"The year-on-year inflation rate for the month of July as measured by
all items on the Consumer Price Index stood at 7 634,8%, gaining 383,7
percentage points on the June rate of 7 251,1%," the CSO said.

The CSO is mandated with the compilation of national statistics that
include the calculation of the inflation numbers using the CPI.

The last official inflation figures released by the CSO had been 1
729,9% for February.

The 2 200,2%, 3 713,9% and 4 530% inflation figures for March, April
and May respectively were confirmed by government departments.

Inflation had opened the year at 1 593,6% in January.

The inflation figures blackout by the CSO had put the corporate sector
in Zimbabwe in a difficult position about what inflation figure to use for
financial reporting purposes.

In a circular to all financial institutions dated August 17 entitled
"Inflation figures for May and June 2007 to facilitate reporting by
financial institutions", RBZ governor Gideon Gono had advised banks to use 4
530% and 7 251,1% as the year-on-year inflation figures for the months of
May and June respectively, with 55,4% and 86,2% being the respective
month-on-month inflation rates.

The central bank also confirmed that the year-on-year inflation for
May was 4 530%. The figures were first revealed by businessdigest last

The announcement of the June inflation figure by the RBZ and the CSO
came when listed companies scheduled to release their interim results for
the period ending June 30 were working on their own estimates for the June
inflation figures.

Last week, African Banking Corporation came up with an annualised
inflation estimate of 6 184% for June 2007 to report their accounts in
inflation-adjusted terms as per IAS 29 requirements.

ABCH had estimated that CPI closed at 9 974 012,2 end of June, which
translates to an annualised inflation figure of 6 184% from the June 2006

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NMB suitor tables US$7m rescue deal

Zim Independent

Kuda Chikwanda

NMB Bank, which was defrauded of US$6,3 million this year by a
syndicate of officials in its treasury department, has secured an investor
willing to inject US$7 million in exchange for equity in a corporate finance
deal that constitutes the bank's rescue package.

Businessdigest is reliably informed that the investor, a local company
whose identity is still under wraps, is engaged in discussions over the size
of shareholding entitled to it once it comes to NMB's assistance. The
discussions are expected to be complete next week.

It has also been established the investor is currently not a
shareholder of the listed company. Efforts to get the identity of the
investor from NMB management proved to be futile with acting NMB chief
executive officer Benson Ndachena refusing to disclose much.

"Work is underway, that is true. Unfortunately we cannot share
anything with the public at the moment," Ndachena said.

NMB is expected to issue a cautionary statement to shareholders next
week advising them of plans by the bank to embark on the recapitalisation
exercise and informing them of the advanced state of negotiations with the

"Their (NMB) cautionary note will be released next week as
negotiations are underway to recapitalise the bank and manage the effects of
the fraud. The recapitalisation exercise is the only way foreign currency
can be raised at the moment," said a source privy to developments.

The source said the two parties had reached an agreement where the
suitor company will make a foreign currency injection into the company to
cover the reported US$6,3 million stolen from the bank.

"NMB needs foreign currency and not local currency. This investor has
come in with what NMB needs - hard currency. Once NMB and the investor
finish discussing matters to do with shareholding, the matter will be put to
shareholders to vote. But this investor has legitimate foreign currency,"
the source said.

The source said NMB had already engaged the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
(RBZ) seeking approval for the deal. No comment was given by the central
bank at the time of going to press.

NMB found itself in a dilemma when the central bank gave it two weeks
to transfer client balances to banks of their choices soon after the fraud
was uncovered in May.

It faced an uphill task in making payments to affected clients but has
since managed to make significant compensation to reduce arrears.

The alleged fraudster, Shane Mandara, was an assistant manager in the
treasury department and fled the country as the net closed in on him.

The fraud went for six months before it was detected by the bank's
auditors following a tip-off from an employee who had left for another bank.
The fraud is said to have started when the RBZ returned the management of
foreign currency accounts to commercial banks.

The money was transferred through a personal foreign currency account
using falsified documents. In other cases Mandara claimed the money was
meant for repayment of an RBZ loan, which the central bank has since
dismissed as false. Mandara is now believed to be in the United States.

However, police are yet to make any arrests three months after
receiving a report from the central bank in June giving details of the
suspects and five local banks fingered in the matter. The report had the
addresses and offices of the suspects while the banks involved told RBZ
investigators that they were not aware that some of their clients were party
to the scandal.

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RBZ retrenches 131 workers

Zim Independent

Kuda Chikwanda

THE Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) has axed 131 employees in a
streamlining exercise after scathing attacks by the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) on its quasi-fiscal activities.

Most of the employees left at the end of July while those remaining
will leave at the end of this month.

Approval has already been secured from the Ministry of Public Service,
Labour and Social Welfare Nicholas Goche to proceed with the retrenchment

Businessdigest has established that 17 managerial employees, including
two divisional heads and 114 non-managerial workers face the sack. The names
of the affected workers however are being kept under wraps.

RBZ governor Gideon Gono confirmed the retrenchment exercise and said
it was natural for the central bank to carry out introspective assessments
of its staff complement.

"Please note that, like any organisation, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
does naturally occasionally carry out introspective assessments whose
outcomes can be either increments or reductions of staff on board."

"It is also during such exercises that strategically, it is always
opportune to certify that one does not inadvertently take prisoners on board
through extension of windows for voluntary exits, as well as the weeding out
of any extreme cases of corporate indiscipline as defined in labour
statutes," Gono said.

Gono also said the Labour ministry had duly authorised the entire
process on July 30, 2007 and approved each name on the retrenchment
schedule. The exercise, which was kick-started in March this year, got the
approval of the RBZ works council.

In an internal memo dated March 8, 2007, Gono informed RBZ employees
that he was complying with a directive issued from the ministry of Finance
for RBZ to focus on its core business.

He also said he had warned in his first quarter monetary policy
statement delivered in January that RBZ had set up Fiscorp (Pvt) Ltd - a
special purpose vehicle set up to mop up RBZ's quasi-fiscal operations by
March 1, 2007.

"It has become necessary that we follow-up on these matters with a
clear realignment of the bank's internal core activities, appropriate
structures, supporting skills and manning levels," Gono said in the memo.

He urged RBZ employees to not only consider the exercise seriously but
even volunteer for it by March 20 in order to allow for the new re-aligned
structure to be in place by April 1 2007.

"Please feel free to do so because as governor I do not want to lead a
team of management or staff whose hearts and minds are not totally focused
on the challenges confronting us at the bank or those not dedicated to serve
their country with everything they have at their disposal," he said.

The IMF fired salvoes at the central bank late last year after an
Article IV consultative team visited the country in December saying RBZ's
quasi-fiscal operations were inflationary.

This year the IMF released a report in which it lambasted RBZ
quasi-fiscal financing for resulting in losses amounting to 75% of Zimbabwe's
Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The fund blamed the central bank for worsening the economic crisis
through subsidies, cheap financing availed to agricultural and public
enterprises, the interest cost of market operations and unrealised exchange
losses from an overvalued currency.

The Troubled Bank Fund (TBF) availed to banks in 2004 and loans to the
Grain Marketing Board at concessionary interest rates were fingered as other
major quasi-fiscal activities.

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Misa-Zimbabwe's duck-to-water relationship with the Windhoek Declaration

Zim Independent

By Nyasha Nyakunu

THE Media Institute for Southern Africa-Zimbabwe (Misa-Zimbabwe)
welcomes the debate that has been generated following the publication
recently of its statement criticising the unethical conduct of the state
media in its reportage of the alleged adultery case involving Roman Catholic
Archbishop Pius Ncube of Bulawayo.

The fact that the state media used the statement to vilify and attack
Misa-Zimbabwe at the expense of the pertinent ethical issues raised was an
unfortunate digression if not an admission of their errant and
unprofessional conduct.

In raising the issue of ethics Misa-Zimbabwe was not coming to the
defence of Archbishop Ncube but was acting within its mandate of promoting
and enhancing media accountability and professionalism.

The media's role of reporting on events as they unfold remains
sacrosanct but comes with the highest professional standards and codes of
ethics that any journalist worth their salt can never dispute.

Misa-Zimbabwe is therefore unapologetic in having taken that firm
position regarding the outrageous coverage relating to the archbishop's
alleged illicit affair with a married woman.

Misa-Zimbabwe draws great comfort from the fact that other seasoned
independent journalists and citizens were of similar discomfiture and took
the opportunity to educate journalists and the public at large on the
ethical dictates of the profession based on their wide and shared experience
in the profession.

Media freedom and freedom of expression of which Misa-Zimbabwe will
defend day and night is not licence to impugn and malign but hinges on fair,
objective and balanced reporting which upholds the right to human dignity
and privacy.

This is even more imperative in terms of Zimbabwean statutes once the
matter or subject at hand becomes subjudice, which automatically became the
case upon the serving of papers on Archbishop Ncube by the Deputy Sheriff.

Reporting on matters that are subjudice or before the courts demands
proceeding with great caution to avert the risk of convicting or acquitting
involved parties before judgment is pronounced and undermining court
proceedings and above all the independence of the judiciary.

The responses and debates that ensued following publication of our
statement should have focused therefore on the ethical conduct of the media
without delving into the moral rectitude of Archbishop Ncube and his alleged

Both the state and private media have in the past reported and
published photographs of commercial sex workers who ply their trade in the
country's urban red light districts.

Care has, however, been taken to cover the faces of the commercial sex
workers in question ostensibly with the ethical objective of avoiding the
stigmatisation or ostracisation of the subjects in question by society at

In this instance, the gloves were off and the woman at the centre of
the alleged adulterous affair was openly paraded on national television and
in state newspapers.

The ethical conduct and motive of the state media then becomes
questionable in that regard.

In stating its reservations, Misa-Zimbabwe never suggested that the
conduct or indiscretions of prominent public figures should not be subjected
to scrutiny but that such reportage should be guided by the highest
professional standards that respect human dignity and decency.

The branding of Misa-Zimbabwe as agents of imperialism is therefore
immaterial and neither here nor there as it diverts from the discussion on
whether the state media was professional and ethical in its reportage of the
events around the issue at hand. For the benefit of those who chose to
vilify Misa-Zimbabwe by asking whose interests the organisation represents,
our unequivocal response and position is that Misa-Zimbabwe's values for
which we make no apologies are shaped and informed fundamentally by the 1991
Windhoek Declaration.

The organisation's advocacy activities, networks and partnerships, are
forged around shared values that seek to advance among other objectives, the
aims and objectives of the Windhoek Declaration, African Charter on
Broadcasting, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights and the Banjul
Declaration on the Principles of Freedom of Expression.

The last time we checked, the Windhoek Declaration, which informs
Misa-Zimbabwe's core business, was known and referred to as having been
agreed to and signed by southern African heads of state on their own
volition and wisdom. Simply put, Misa-Zimbabwe has a duck-to-water
relationship with the afore-mentioned declarations and charters and works
within the realm of their set objectives and principles. To therefore link
the aims and objectives of the Windhoek Declaration, African Charter on
Broadcasting and the Banjul Declaration on the Principles of Freedom of
Expression in Africa with "Western imperialist machinations" smacks of
far-fetched diversionary propagandist accusations.

In stating its position Misa-Zimbabwe is, however, happy to note that
the Herald's columnist Nathaniel Manheru seized the opportunity offered by
the publication of our statement in the state-controlled national daily to
acknowledge the establishment and existence of the Media Council of Zimbabwe
(MCZ) which he said should have been interested by the subject in question
as it pertains to media professionalism and accountability.

The acknowledgment of the existence of the independent,
self-regulatory media council is noted and acknowledged as progressive.

Misa-Zimbabwe is reliably informed that the MCZ is well on course and
will soon be playing its role as expected by Manheru and the rest of the
citizens of Zimbabwe.

That is as it should be where it concerns instilling media
professionalism, responsibility and accountability as espoused under the
Banjul Declaration on the Principles of Freedom of Expression in Africa.

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Sadc initiative serves Mugabe

Zim Independent

By Otto Saki

ON March 11, the government of Zimbabwe in one of its usual acts of
brutality carried out spates of arrests and torture against political and
civil society leaders who were gathering under the banner of the Save
Zimbabwe Campaign.

This was the final straw before the Southern African Development
Community (Sadc) called for an extraordinary summit on March 29. The news of
the summit was received with mixed reactions of confusion, hope and anxiety
with a keenness to see an end Zimbabwe's continued political, social and
economic decline.

The Sadc heads of states mandated South African President Thabo Mbeki
to mediate between the ruling Zanu PF and the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change. Over the last five months, many interested parties have
watched with frustration at what appears to be a missed opportunity.

In these five months, Zimbabwe has slid further into crisis, crippled
by runaway inflation of over 5 000% and the crumbling economy, made only
worse by President Mugabe's latest political attempts to avert disaster.

In this context, it is worth returning to the original mandate put
forth by Sadc on March 29 through the enabling communiqué. The Sadc Organ on
Politics, Defence and Security made a resolution, shortly after having been
briefed by Mugabe on the developments in Zimbabwe, and made the following

The summit:

* recalled that free, fair and democratic presidential elections were
held in 2002 in Zimbabwe;

* reaffirmed its solidarity with the government and people of

* mandated Mbeki to continue to facilitate dialogue between the
opposition and the government and report back to the Troika on the progress.
The extraordinary summit also encouraged enhanced diplomatic contacts which
will assist with the resolution of the situation in Zimbabwe;

* mandated the Sadc executive secretary to undertake a study on the
economic situation in Zimbabwe and propose measures on how Sadc can assist
Zimbabwe recover economically;

* reiterated the appeal to Britain to honour its compensation
obligations with regard to land reform made at the Lancaster House; and

* appealed for the lifting of all forms of sanctions against Zimbabwe.

It is interesting to note that results of elections in 2002 remain a
sore point for the Sadc region and ruling party. The election was held in an
environment which makes it impossible to accept the results as having been
free and fair.

It is shocking as it is annoying to know that in 2007, 13 wise men
from Sadc held a meeting to inform anyone and everyone who cared to know
that one of theirs was lawfully elected in 2002, five years earlier!

Solidarity for peoples oppressed has been a phenomenon that predates
post-independence Africa. Sadc states expressed their solidarity with the
government of Zimbabwe and its peoples.

It however remains ambiguous as to the beneficiaries of this
solidarity. Is Sadc supporting the general masses of Zimbabwe or a few of
their comrades with whom they have shared a history? It is very difficult to
support the victor and vanquished unless one is engaged in acts of

South Africa has been involved in "behind-the-scenes efforts" to
contribute to Zimbabwe's recovery, with little success.

While engaged in the mediation efforts as a "good neighbour" Mbeki in
an address in the ANC Today remarked: "It is clear that some within Zimbabwe
and elsewhere in the world, including our country, are following the example
set by Reagan and his advisers, to treat human rights as a tool for
overthrowing the government of Zimbabwe and rebuilding Zimbabwe as they
wish. In modern parlance, this is called regime change."

The statement seems to betray the partisan thinking in the
Sadc-anointed mediator. Signs of such views have admittedly culminated in
the South African-led mediation informing Zimbabweans that there is no time
in Zimbabwe to discuss the constitution before the next election.

It is not more important to have a new constitution which protects
fundamental rights and freedoms than it is to have another election for
which Sadc will plead a retrospective acceptance as having been free and

Zimbabwe's economy is unfortunately experiencing the most severe
difficulties since attainment of black majority rule. The economic recovery
of Zimbabwe is heavily embedded in the current constitutional, legal and
social crisis.

A rescue package from Sadc will make meaningful changes if Zimbabwe
leaders are accountable, if institutionalised thievery and plunder is
exorcised and if adherence to rudimentary principles of economics is
acceptable. Self-defeatist policies and populist agendas which are
short-lived should be discarded. In the absence of such, a few individuals
will use the so-called economic rescue package to further leverage
themselves from their own doings.

The redistribution of the land remains critical in addressing colonial
imbalances. However, the Zimbabwean land reform programme is the best
example of how not to carry out a land reform. It is an unmatched lesson on
how to run an agro-based economy aground.

The British have been blamed for all the woes that have befallen
Zimbabwe. It remains my humble view that Zanu PF and the government should
wholly accept messing up, as Zimbabweans are tired of being told that Tony
Blair is responsible for a low life expectancy, non-productivity on the
farms and the looting of diamonds in Marange.

The West has been blamed for the arrest of journalists and closure of
independent media; the criminal Operation Murambatsvina in which 700 000
people were left homeless, and the arrest, torture and persecution of
legitimate political activists.

That prices have been reduced and now food and basic commodities are
in short supply, that 3,5 million Zimbabweans have fled from Blair into
South Africa, Botswana and interestingly the United Kingdom, and record
numbers being deported from South Africa (the mediator) on a daily basis.
Let's be honest, this can't fly anymore!

To cap the extraordinary summit, Sadc leaders were extremely concerned
by the continued imposition of sanctions on Zimbabwe. The bold line between
individuals, ruling party, government and Zimbabwe has been deliberately
obliterated. The state, the party and the country are one and our neighbours
seem to have accepted such notions.

Zimbabwe still remains one of the countries that have a trade surplus
with North America and the European Union. In any event, Zimbabwe has
adopted a "Look East" policy, when the East is looking to the West. So Sadc
should not make this an issue; our leaders are not interested in London or
Washington DC because there is Kuala Lumpur or Beijing.

After reading and giving an interpretation to the Sadc communiqué
which is reflective of the dearth in mediation efforts, one will be forgiven
to conclude that the Sadc efforts were never about Zimbabwe, but about
serving an individual, a political party and a kleptocratic leadership which
has become the greatest threat to the existence of Zimbabweans.

Consequently, Sadc heads of state concluded during the recently held
summit that the problems in Zimbabwe were exaggerated, reflective of
different and limited understanding of the problem in Zimbabwe.

Students of medicine will aver that the best way to treat an ailment
is to make a proper diagnosis, failure of which might cause complications
for both the patient and doctor.

* Otto Saki is a lawyer with Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights.

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Mugabe exposes Sadc as toothless

Zim Independent

Dumisani Muleya

SOUTHERN African Development Community (Sadc) leaders ended their
summit in Zambia last week deeply divided over the Zimbabwe issue, exposing
diplomatic weaknesses in the regional bloc which is struggling to tackle the
simmering trouble-spot in its backyard.

There was great expectation - perhaps misplaced - that Sadc would be
able to effectively deal with the Zimbabwe crisis which is doing serious
collateral damage to the region.

The Zimbabwe situation is undermining the regional economy and has
also triggered a wave of largely economic refugees into neighbouring states.
It is discouraging investment into the region and donor aid, particularly to
Sadc itself which depends on it for its operations.

These destabilising dynamics, among other reasons, were seen as a
raison d'être for Sadc leaders to come up with a plan and take strong
measures against President Mugabe's regime to end the crisis.

However, Sadc leaders failed to tackle the issue due to inherent
weaknesses within Sadc and intense divisions among leaders stemming from
regional rivalries and self-interest.

The geo-political dynamics - coupled with negative competition for
influence among leaders of the Sadc region - militate against unity of
purpose when it comes to such issues as dealing with a rogue member state.
This allows Mugabe by default to appear as a skilful statesman who gets
desired diplomatic outcomes by running rings around his colleagues.

Zambian Finance and Information ministers confirmed that Sadc failed
to deal with Mugabe and suggested that maybe retired statesmen like former
South African president Nelson Mandela and ex-Zambian president Kenneth
Kaunda might be able to persuade him to change his ways.

However, Mandela and Kuanda may not have leverage on him for
historical reasons. Former Botswana president Sir Ketumile Masire succeeded
in lobbying Kaunda to introduce political reforms in 1991 when Zambia was in

Despite their public efforts to appear united, Sadc leaders were
sharply divided at last week's tense summit in Zambia on how to deal with
the Zimbabwe situation. The regional leaders were for the most part at odds
over Zimbabwe's controversial economic report which they failed to adopt.

Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa, who recently said Zimbabwe was like
a "sinking Titanic", said Sadc leaders were satisfied with Zimbabwe's
explanation on human rights accusations, electoral laws, and progress in
talks for a negotiated settlement between Zanu PF and MDC. His remarks
sounded like a poor attempt to gloss over the problems.

The rift among the leaders was triggered by differences over the
economic report which, despite President Thabo Mbeki's denials, has proposed
attaching stringent conditions to Zimbabwe's planned rescue package.

The conditions to the "take-it-or-leave-it" deal sparked resistance
from Harare authorities, while other Sadc leaders felt the report was a fair
assessment of economic circumstances in Zimbabwe.

Mugabe and his ministers argued that the economic crisis was caused by
US and European Union sanctions, which were imposed after repression, human
rights abuses and electoral manipulation.

Other leaders, while acknowledging the sanctions issue, think Mugabe's
policies are also to blame for the crisis. South Africa, Tanzania, Botswana,
Lesotho and Mozambique want Sadc to act on the Zimbabwe issue, while Angola
and Namibia are backing Zimbabwe.

Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe have a mutual defence pact. Since Angola
has taken over the Sadc organ on politics, defence and security, Zimbabwe
will be better protected in the region.

Other countries appear neutral and this division makes it virtually
impossible for Sadc to act with one voice on Zimbabwe. Zambia and Malawi are
helping Zimbabwe with food exports.

The schisms in Zambia among leaders created a sense of paralysis. Due
to the rupture, the economic report was merely noted - not adopted - and
sent back to finance ministers so they could draw up an economic rescue plan
in consultation with the Zimbabwean government.

Diplomatic sources familiar with Sadc protocols said the report is now
practically a "dead letter".

The confidential report, compiled by Sadc executive secretary Tomaz
Augusto Salomao, had conditions for aid to Zimbabwe tougher than those
usually imposed by global institutions such as the International Monetary
Fund. The IMF said this week Zimbabwe has not been listening to advice.

The demands were designed to secure concessions of political reform
from Mugabe.

The conditions included the need for political and legal reforms,
economic liberalisation and privatisation of public enterprises.

Sadc also demanded fundamental structural reforms, including an
overhaul of public enterprises and the public service, the removal of
administrative controls in pricing, restoration of the rule of law and
property rights, as well as improvements in governance.

The bloc wanted Zimbabwe to immediately address the economic crisis by
implementing a comprehensive stabilisation package comprising several
mutually reinforcing actions.

It also wanted a tightening of fiscal and monetary policies. It had
expressed alarm over quasi-fiscal activities by the Zimbabwean central bank
and recommended liberalisation in pricing and exchange rate regimes.

Sadc wanted a reduction of the budget deficit and fiscal discipline to
contain inflation, now officially 7 634,8%.

The bloc said the crisis was extremely serious and needed to be
tackled urgently to limit the continuing implosion already destabilising the
region with a wave of economic refugees.

Sadc proposed sending economic advisers to oversee the implementation
of the economic rescue programme. This implied firm methodologies and
reporting, progress monitoring and censure in the process.

While the economic report caused divisions, Sadc leaders did reach
consensus on Mbeki's report on talks between Zanu PF and MDC.

The Sadc communique said the leaders "welcomed the progress and
encouraged the parties to expedite the process of negotiations and conclude
work as soon as possible so that elections are held in an atmosphere of
peace, allowing the people of Zimbabwe to elect the leaders of their choice
in an atmosphere of peace and tranquillity".

However, analysts say Zanu PF is merely going through the motions and
even if an agreement is reached soon, with the current imbalanced power
relations between the parties it would largely protect Mugabe's interests.

Sadc has been weak from the start due to the circumstances and purpose
for which it was established. Formed in April 1980 as the Southern African
Development Coordinating Conference by Frontline States, Sadc's main
objective was to coordinate development strategy for the region and also
counter apartheid South Africa's "Constellation of States" project as well
as resist its economic and military might.

Some observers thought it was a way of opposing apartheid, but in fact
it was more a case of protecting weaker regional states from South African
aggression. The apartheid-era South African government viewed itself as the
target of a "total onslaught" by Soviet-backed Marxist regimes in the
region. It reacted through a counter-attack described as a "total strategy"
which involved economic and military destabilisation of the region from
Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, Botswana to Zimbabwe.

Thus Sadc was not a customs or political union, which means its
ability to deal with internal problems was very limited.

In fact, Sadc has so far not been able to resolve any political
problems within itself except when a group of countries act in their
self-interest in the name of the body as happened in 1998 when Zimbabwe,
Angola and Namibia joined the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) war.

By the same token, South Africa and Botswana also invaded Lesotho
under the name of Sadc to restore order following an outbreak of turmoil
after disputed elections in that country. In the 1980s, Zimbabwe intervened
in Mozambique on its own.

The DRC war created a major row between Mugabe and Mandela, who as
Sadc chair, refused to allow Sadc to get involved as a bloc. Prior to that,
Mugabe and Mandela had clashed the year before at a Sadc meeting in Luanda
making it difficult for the group to act collectively on the DRC and

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Mutambara just wants presidency but can't say it

Zim Independent

By Charles Mangongera

I HAVE been watching the Arthur Mutambara political soap opera from a
distance ever since the robotics professor was jettisoned from his otherwise
impressive academic career to lead a faction of the MDC as a rookie
president after the opposition party had imploded in October 2005.

I must say I have a lot of respect for Mutambara as an academician but
I find him to be too coarse as a politician. I have listened to and watched
several interviews that he has given to different media both here and abroad
and I have never seen such a grandiose display of political immaturity.

Mutambara is in the same league as Robert Mugabe in that they both
want to present themselves as the most intelligent brains that have ever
happened to Zimbabwe. A few years ago, Mugabe was boisterously telling us
that Morgan Tsvangirai and Gibson Sibanda must not get involved in politics
because they are intellectually bankrupt and should stick to their
professions as "tea boys" and "train drivers". Today we hear Mutambara
calling Tsvangirai an "intellectual midget" and a "hopeless leader".

One does not have to be a professor of anything to be a good leader -
and moreso in political leadership.

I am suddenly reminded of an article that the late eminent scholar
Professor Masipula Sithole once penned in his weekly Public Eye column in
the Financial Gazette. In that article, entitled "Common sense is all that's
needed", Sithole argued that one does not have to be a political scientist
to be a politician, nor an economist to be able to balance one's payments.
He says common sense will do.

I agree. One does not have to be an intellectual giant to inspire
confidence as a leader, especially in politics. In a follow-up article, the
good professor further argues that one only needs common sense and luck to
be a leader.

Honestly, I do not understand Mutambara's "beef" with Tsvangirai. As
many others have argued before, I find it incredible that Mutambara is angry
with Tsvangirai because he says the latter has refused to be the sole
opposition candidate in the 2008 presidential election. Why would Tsvangirai
spurn such an offer when he has always wished to be president of Zimbabwe?

And more fundamentally, does Tsvangirai need Mutambara to anoint him
as the sole presidential candidate for next year's plebiscite?

In my view, Mutambara is being economic with the truth. If he thinks
that Zimbabweans are stupid people who will believe his egoistic verbiage,
then he is not fit to govern.

There is no doubt that Mutambara himself wants to be the number one
citizen of the country. The problem is that he is not his own man and for
him to openly declare his desire for the presidency would be intolerable for
his handlers. He is working with very clearly defined terms of reference.

Mutambabara demonstrates that he is a hopeless leader himself when he
argues that he is pulling his faction out of the Save Zimbabwe Campaign
because it is furthering Tsvangirai's interests but at the same time calls
for all democratic forces to unite against Mugabe.

If Mutambara says his faction supports Tsvangirai as a single
candidate for next year's elections, then which interests of Tsvangirai's is
he against in the Save Zimbabwe Campaign?

This sort of confusion is reminiscent of his much-hyped entry into
politics when he called himself the anti-senate president of the pro-senate
faction, whatever that meant.

My own assessment of Mutambabara and his handlers is that they are
covetous of Tsvangirai because of his popularity with the masses of
Zimbabwe. And that is a feeling that they share with Mugabe.

While Mutambara wants to boast about his knowledge of WiFi and WiMax,
Tsvangirai has managed to articulate people's bread-and-butter issues in a
humble manner. In the court of public opinion, Tsvangirai has beaten
Mutambara hands down.

By shunning Mutambara, Zimbabweans have demonstrated that they would
rather be governed by a humble and people-centered "intellectual midget"
than by a pompous and self-righteous intellectual giant.

Mutambara and his backers have realised that they cannot dislodge
Tsvangirai and therefore are resorting to desperate measures to gain
relevance among Zimbabweans. They must go back to the drawing board.

This is the same confusion that is engulfing proponents of the
so-called "Third Way" who include the likes of Jonathan Moyo and a few
armchair activists in the diaspora. These are people who think that mounting
a serious challenge against Mugabe's dictatorship is a stroll in the park.

It is not and in such a gargantuan struggle there are bound to be some
differences in terms of tact and strategy. Even in the liberation movement
there were struggles within the struggle.

To then turn around and blame all the shortcomings of the opposition
movement on Tsvangirai is being naïve and unfair. Tsvangirai was brave
enough to stand up and challenge Mugabe when many of us were quaking under
his totalitarian rule. Now that he has won the hearts and minds of the
people some of us think because we were fortunate enough to have university
degrees we can just kick him out and ride on his popularity.

I challenge all those that are proposing a "third way" to form their
own political parties today and leave Tsvangirai and his MDC and we will see
how far they will go.

The third way agenda is advanced by some sections of the intellectual
community who have a missed-opportunity mentality. They look at Tsvangirai
and think it could have been them at the helm of leadership in the
opposition movement because they have university degrees and he does not.

How many of us have university degrees but have failed to run even our
own families? Some of us even have seven university degrees but we have
ruined a once vibrant economy!

History is full of names of great political leaders who never went
through law school or the school of political science. John Major became
prime minister of Britain at a crucial time in the history of the country
but he never went to university

* Charles Mangongera is a human rights and development expert based in

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Hunters deserting village

Zim Independent

By Jupiter Punungwe

LET'S suppose in a certain village the headman decrees a law that
everybody who goes hunting must bring all the meat to the headman. The
headman, as the leader, will cut the animal in half and give the hunter one
half and keep the other half for himself.

However the hunter can only cook meat when he has the headman's

The hunter gets his side of the meat, if he brings the animal on the
day he kills it. If he comes a day after, the headman gets all the meat. The
hunter's half of the animal is kept in the headman's fridge.

On some days when he runs out of meat, the headman cooks the hunter's
meat. Of course he gets some dried vegetables for the hunter to eat his
sadza with. The hunter can not question the way the headman has taken his

All he can do is gratefully and quietly accept his dried vegetables.

Here is the question. How many people will go hunting in this village?
Isn't it most likely there will be no hunters left at all!

The little story might sound improbable and quirky but this is exactly
how foreign currency earnings by Zimbabwean exporters are being managed.

An exporter must repatriate all his earnings to a foreign currency
account in Zimbabwe. If he does so within 30 days, the Reserve Bank
(headman) takes 40% at the official rate (read 7% of actual value). After 30
days the RBZ takes everything.

The remaining 60% has to be kept in an FCA.

Exporters can also use that remainder with written permission from the
RBZ. If the RBZ is in desperate need of foreign currency, they just issue a
directive to have all the money in the FCA converted to local currency at
the official rate.

How many of you are still wondering why Zimbabwe's exports have been
declining rapidly? The hunters have stopped hunting and are leaving the
village one by one.

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Dictatorship and challenges of a democratic transition

Zim Independent

By Crisford Chogugudza

ZIMBABWE, once a promising democracy and beacon of hope in sub-Saharan
Africa has irretrievably slipped into the troubled waters of an increasingly
fierce and brutal dictatorship.

The country is on the brink of an unprecedented economic collapse and
its revival under the current administration is impossible to imagine.

It would appear there are elements in the Mugabe establishment who are
determined to bring the country further down to its knees at all costs in
defiance of the brave and incessant calls for a democratic transition in

Personal aggrandisement, manipulation of nationalism and abuse of
pan-africanism have become key to Zanu PF politics in recent times.

Zimbabweans continue to risk death and are being embarrassed daily at
border posts as they attempt to flee the country in search of survival in
neighbouring countries.

Unofficial statistics put the figure of Zimbabwean refugees in the
diaspora at more than five million, with the majority being in South Africa.
The reality of life in Zimbabwe today is that of gloom and despair.

Democratic transition through universal suffrage is increasingly
becoming a distant reality.

What we see in Zimbabwe today is a regime that is virtually on a war
path with its own people.

Unofficial reports say that the number of people disappearing in the
country under mysterious circumstances has increased sharply as the regime
sets out to deal with rising political dissent.

Freedom of expression, the most crucial of all human rights, continues
to be criminalised with President Mugabe recently signing another
controversial piece of legislation aimed at further curtailing freedom of
expression in Zimbabwe.

Emails and telephone communication to and from Zimbabwe are now
subject to gagging courtesy of technology received from China.

Threats, discrimination, detention, and violence continue to affect
freedom of expression in the country.

Members of the opposition and their sympathisers have become subjects
of wanton arrest and harassment.

Critics allege that the once respectable judicial system in the
country has either been infiltrated or staffed with Zanu PF apologists whose
judgements are either selective or questionable in most instances.

The Mugabe regime has by its brutal acts imposed a siege mentality
amongst common people by creating a culture of fear resulting in people
becoming afraid to speak out.

Since Mugabe's loss of the constitutional referendum in 2000 there has
been a systematic strangulation of all the means available for Zimbabweans
to express themselves.

Journalists who dare publish the slightest criticism of any hostile
government policy are branded enemies of the state and end up in detention
and their newspaper without a licence.

The story of The Daily News is a classic example.

Today there is a lot being said about the possibility of free and fair
elections in Zimbabwe.

It is inconceivable how this can be achieved in a state where there is
no press freedom or simple freedom of expression or association.

The opposition and anti establishment civil organisations are only
given national press coverage when they stage peaceful demonstrations and
get beaten up for expressing their democratic rights.

The idea here is being to portray them as law breakers.

The question to ask now is what options exist for a successful
transition in Zimbabwe, democratic or otherwise.

A number of suggestions have been put forward but there is virtually
nobody who has committed themselves to helping the people of Zimbabwe in the
same manner as has happened in Sudan's Darfour region and other trouble
spots in Africa.

If the current trend in the way things are deteriorating in Zimbabwe
continues Zimbabwe could be another Rwanda.

Some have invested immense hopes in South African President Thabo
Mbeki, but all what Mbeki has managed to do is to raise Mugabe's political
ego and buy time for him. Critics have said that South Africa is actually
benefiting more from the Zimbabwean crisis than otherwise.

Some have questioned whether South Africa's Thabo Mbeki is unable or
unwilling to help solve the Zimbabwe political mess.

His failure to rein in Zanu PF in the inter-party talks raises more
eyebrows about his integrity and suitability as a peace broker.

The overly fancied Sadc initiative spearheaded by Thabo Mbeki is
doomed to fail as long as Mbeki shies away from the carrot and stick
approach to Zimbabwe's problem.

Mugabe has very little respect for his fellow African leaders and
these leaders have blindly supported his dangerous and expensive war of
words against the West.

Sadc has neither the institutional capacity nor the political will to
resolve Zimbabwe's problems.

It is high time the more powerful members of the international
community take the Zimbabwe crisis more seriously to avoid a humanitarian

It is now time to draw up a UN Security Council plan for Zimbabwe
similar to that for Darfour, East Timor or Kosovo. The earlier this is done
the better.

However, most Zimbabweans prefer a peaceful transition of power if
that can be achieved.

But the idea of democratic transition in Zimbabwe through elections is

Elections will not work in Zimbabwe for as long as they are run by the
same individuals and institutions that have run previous ones.

A new constitution for next year's elections may not be conceivable
now but major concessions can still be made in terms of repealing major
aspects of electoral law, ie the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act (Aippa) and Public Order and Security Act (Posa).

Without the above considerations, elections will come and go and as
usual, Mugabe will still be there with a disputed mandate and legitimacy.

A leadership renewal or re-branding in the opposition hierarchy is
manifestly becoming imperative.

The era of professional leadership is long gone, it's either the
current leaders radically change tactics or hand over to a fresh pair of

The increasingly belligerent twin MDC leadership should be
complementing not decimating each other.

Going to elections as divided will not earn them victory.

If Morgan Tsvangirai lost the 2002 elections by 400 000 votes, simple
arithmetic tells me that allowing him to go it alone will be a dangerous
gamble which could erode his chances of winning elections.

The man is inspired by huge attendances at political rallies which are
essentially made up of potential supporters most of whom are not registered

It is unfortunate he is rapidly losing the plot.

As things stand now, Morgan Tsvangirai may lose substantial
Matabeleland and Midlands votes to the rival smaller MDC Mutambara faction
thereby assuring Mugabe another controversial election victory.

Political scientist and former Zanu PF and government chief
propagandist Professor Jonathan Moyo has predicted the possibility of a coup
in Zimbabwe as the political situation continues to deteriorate.

This prediction is based on the assumption that the soldiers
themselves are increasingly becoming despondent given the mass desertions
witnessed recently.

If Mugabe does not act fast enough to resolve the succession issue,
then a coup may be inevitable as conditions for this eventuality are firming
each day.

The question to ask is, will Zimbabweans accept a coup? The answer is
no! Coups have the tendency to distort the process of democratisation.

Above all, a coup would be a dangerous precedent for future
democratically elected governments.

Cognisant of the failures of previous initiatives and the likely
failure of current initiatives to bring about change in Zimbabwe, the only
option left is to bring in the UN to make a decision on the future of
Zimbabwe before it's too late.

Elections have failed to change anything and Zanu PF has equally
failed to use its contested mandate and legitimacy to save the country from

A UN intervention strategy can start with forcing Zanu PF and the
opposition to share power under the supervision of a neutral figure pending
the holding of free and fair elections.

Alternatively, the UN and Sadc in conjunction with local civic society
bodies could be allowed to organise and supervise the 2008 elections and
hand over power to whoever wins.

Zimbabwe is increasingly becoming a time bomb waiting to explode.

* Crisford Chogugudza is a Zimbabwean academic writing from London.

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Sadc lacks capacity to intervene in Zimbabwe

Zim Independent

By Jonathan Moyo

IT is something of an ordeal for Zimbabweans and others in sections of
the international community who expected last week's annual Sadc summit in
Lusaka to publicly throw the book at President Robert Mugabe on account of
his continuing and irresponsible failure to do the obvious to resolve the
widening and deepening Zimbabwean crisis.

The summit dashed these baseless expectations by giving Mugabe and his
delegation a resounding welcome and offering him the now too familiar
solidarity proclamations which nevertheless are meaningless on the ground.

What is the explanation of what happened in Lusaka?

Notable from this saga is not that the Lusaka Sadc summit, in the
footsteps of its predecessors since 2000, did not do anything about
resolving the Zimbabwean crisis but that anyone actually expected the summit
to do something when the fact is that there is really nothing meaningful
that Sadc can do.

Sadc was not set up, and therefore does not have mechanisms, to deal
with national questions such as that dogging Zimbabwe today.

What further weakens Sadc's capacity to intervene in Zimbabwe is that,
as a development and not a political community, the regional grouping was
actually created to seek, receive and manage donor funding as opposed to
pursuing work funded from the coffers of its member states who in fact have
failed to even pay for the construction of their own headquarters.

Another fact is that donors who have been boycotting Zimbabwe since
2000 are currently boycotting Sadc because of its perceived solidarity with
Zimbabwe under Mugabe and Zanu PF.

But the same donors are not boycotting individual Sadc members. Some
Sadc countries like Mozambique continue to receive tremendous budgetary
support from donors.

What this means is that Sadc countries can afford to play summit games
as happened in Lusaka last week by proclaiming meaningless solidarity with
Mugabe to the detriment of the regional grouping as long as that solidarity
does not harm the relationship of individual members states with the donor

The intended transformation of Sadc from a development coordination
conference - that emerged from the ashes of the Frontline States - to a
development community with binding political and economic obligations on its
members has not yet materialised and is not about to happen.

A significant number of Sadc members also belong to Comesa while
others belong to the Southern African Customs Union (Sacu) with the former
promising a potentially much more lucrative and dynamic market than the
latter which is rooted in apartheid South Africa.

Among the continent's regional groupings, Sadc is arguably the only
one with between little and no political or economic influence on its

For example, the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas)
and the East African Community (EAC) are better able than Sadc to deal with
their collective interests including to address problematic national
questions facing their members as happened with Ecowas in Liberia and Sierra

While there is a widespread belief in Zambia and Malawi that
Zimbabweans should solve their own internal problems in the same way that
Zambians and Malawians did when they respectively removed from power through
electoral means Kenneth Kaunda and his Unip party and Kamuzu Banda and his
Malawi Congress Party, this otherwise correct belief fails to appreciate the
depth and breadth of the Zimbabwean crisis in so far as it is about an
unresolved national governance question and not merely about electoral

In 1998 political order and stability in Lesotho and the Democratic
Republic of Congo were not restored through electoral politics. Any
suggestion that elections can or will resolve the Zimbabwean crisis is
either disingenuous or ignorant.

No national question anywhere in the world has ever been resolved
through electoral politics.

In any case, the Zimbabwean economy cannot afford massive elections.

Elections are useful in changing governments or administrations where
regime rules of governance are settled.

But elections are utterly useless where such rules are contested as is
the case in Zimbabwe and indeed as was the case in Lesotho in 1998 and the
Democratic Republic of Congo.

Put differently, during the liberation struggle in this country, there
is no sane person who thought that Ian Smith's Rhodesian Front could have
been removed from power between 1965 and 1979 through elections without
changing the regime rules of governance.

The armed struggle was waged precisely in order to change the regime
rules of governance and the 1979 Lancaster House constitutional talks were
useful only in so far as they altered the scheme of regime rules of
governance to introduce for the first time in the country a justiciable Bill
of Rights and pave way for democratic elections which should have in turn
institutionalised democratic governance.

Unfortunately for Zimbabweans, whereas the 1980 elections put in power
a government from the liberation movement led by Mugabe, that government and
its leader inherited the entire gamut of the brutal Rhodesian scheme of
regime rules in the form of the state of emergency declared in November

Consequently, the new liberation government extended the 15 year old
Rhodesian state of emergency by another 10 years from 1980 to 1990. What
this means is that from 1965 to 1990 the regime rules of governance in this
country were manifestly defined by a vicious state of emergency whose
essence was to suspend the implementation of a justiciable Bill of Rights
and unleash Gukurahundi.

Whereas Ian Smith ruled this country for 15 years under an officially
declared state of emergency, Mugabe ruled it for 10 years under similar
cruel circumstances from 1980 to 1990 leaving a difference of only five
years between Smith's and his emergency rule.

During that period, Mugabe made it clear that he was an apostle of the
one party state and that therefore he wanted to be president for life while
Zanu PF, especially after the 1987 Unity Accord, made it clear that it
wanted this country to be a legalised one party socialist state.

The contested regime rules of governance in Zimbabwe cannot be
understood properly outside this background.

Although the state of emergency and the one party state are no longer
law in formal terms, they remain the name of the game and the political
culture in de facto terms.

It is only in this very fundamental but quite nuanced sense that
Zimbabwe does indeed require regime change whose meaning is not as narrow as
merely changing the government of the day or removing Mugabe from office
through elections.

Apart from the fact that Sadc does not have a strategic capacity to
intervene to resolve Zimbabwe's national question, there is no evidence that
there is any understanding within Sadc of the contested scheme of regime
rules of governance in Zimbabwe as the primary cause of the current conflict
in the country beyond the sanctions discourse.

Indeed, the same regime scheme is not understood by those who continue
to expect Sadc to take tough action on Zimbabwe.

The only systematic attempt to change the scheme of regime rules of
governance in Zimbabwe since Independence in 1980 was in 1999 when Mugabe
set up a constitutional reform process under the auspices of the
Constitutional Commission.

Sadc did not support that golden opportunity nor did the donor
community and many in the opposition and civil society in Zimbabwe who today
expect Sadc to suddenly do something to rein in Mugabe.

What happens next does not depend on Sadc but primarily on

* Jonathan Moyo is the independent Member of Parliament for

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The painkiller mistaken for the cure

Zim Independent


EVERYTIME members of the Cabinet Monitoring and Stabilisation
Taskforce are confronted with problems which have emanated from the current
ill-fated price controls, their supposed solutions betray a bewildering
paucity of appreciation of the basic fundamentals of running an economy.

Comments from the taskforce members have in all honesty not helped to
build confidence in a market that has been made to live on the edge. The
government, in deciding to come up with drastic measures on trying to
stabilise prices, was sending out the message that it was taking charge of
the process and with it had solutions to achieving price stability, halting
inflation and hopefully ushering in a new epoch of economic recovery. But
there is all the evidence that the government is thin on the ground on this

This is best exemplified by the Cabinet price monitoring taskforce
vice-chairman Elliot Manyika's response to industry concerns when he paid a
visit to Olivine Industries last week.

Management at the company had presented to the minister an inventory
of problems faced by the food processor. These include power outages, lack
of foreign currency, shortage of coal, water supply problems, shortage of
raw materials, especially grains, erratic supplies and unsustainable
interest rates.

These concerns echo throughout the manufacturing sector where capacity
is plummeting with each passing day. Olivine officials presented these
concerns to Manyika with the hope of finding a solution to their problems.
Manyika's response, as reported on ZBC news and in the press, was not only
hollow but exhibited a shallowness that is consistent with government's
handling of the economy.

In response to the concerns, he urged the company to continue working
with government and to make maximum use of the available capacity so that
goods are available to consumers. He didn't say by what stroke of magic he
would achieve this.

Manyika here appears to have not understood that industry is crying
out for policy measures that ensure that capacity utilisation is enhanced.
It is important for the minister to note that manufacturers can only survive
if they can fully utilise capital equipment which has been lying cold in
factories. There is too much unused capacity in the economy including
unemployed workers and idle plant and equipment that could be used to
produce goods and services.

Pre-occupied with executing a clampdown, there has not been
corresponding exertion in ensuring that industries are revived and not
deliberately killed. There is credence in the economic argument that price
stability, while desirable for any economy, might sometimes not be
sufficient to achieving serious macroeconomic recovery in the medium term. A
price stabilisation plan should be accompanied by a plan to utilise capacity
and to produce goods of the right quality.

Instead the quality of products has deteriorated as manufacturers have
tried to cope with the limited capacity available. The government has in the
past attacked quality deterioration and has tried to issue specific product
standards. But this means that the government bureaucracy controlling prices
tends to get bigger, more intrusive, and more expensive but at the end still
achieves nothing. The quality and size of bread available on the market is a
case in point.

It should be noted that one of the simplest forms of evading controls
is quality deterioration. Quality control on products has become an
additional expense for manufacturers being egged on to churn out products.
Many manufacturers are foregoing this key production process.

Manyika should be told that not only do producers have an incentive to
raise prices, but consumers also have an incentive to pay them. The prices
prevailing on the black markets are way above not only the official price,
but even the price that would prevail in a free market, because the buyers
are unusually desperate and because both buyers and sellers face penalties
if their transactions are detected.

Another lesson for Manyika is that price controls may prohibit wage
increases that are out of line with the new trends in demand and prices. But
a key cure for inflation is a combination of a prudent monetary policy,
fiscal restraint and industry ability to produce more goods. Price and wage
controls are the anesthesia that suppresses the pain. The current mode of
price controls has virtually freed the central bank from responsibility for
inflation. As a result the pressures on government to avoid recession may
lead to a continuation or even acceleration of excessive growth in the money
supply and with it, inflation. The painkiller is mistaken for the cure. Is
Manyika aware of the new inflation figures announced this week? The numbers
should be an apt reminder of policy failure.

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Leadership paradox takes dangerous twist

Zim Independent

Candid Comment

By Joram Nyathi

"DOES a president have to be an intellectual for the country to have
the change it deserves?" This was a key question posed by Mutumwa Mawere in
his article in the Zimbabwe Independent last week titled "Zimbabwe and the
leadership paradox".

He added: "Today even Mugabe accepts that Tsvangirai has the
confidence of the educated and the working people while Zanu PF has the
support of the rural masses."

The answer to Mawere's question is an emphatic NO. Yet we must be very
afraid when intellectuals, in their desperation for change, begin to
question the value of education. Somebody has given education a bad name.

By the time Mawere raised his question, he had attempted to show how,
despite having many intellectuals in all his cabinets since 1980, President
Mugabe has failed to develop Zimbabwe.

"What is clear is that such leadership has failed to give hope to
Zimbabweans and has dismally failed to fight poverty and entrench the rule
of law," observed Mawere.

He then proposed an experiment with the less educated who enjoy the
"confidence of the educated and working people".

I have listened to countless tales of this nature from less
sophisticated political activists and other frustrated individuals. Nowhere
does Mawere demonstrate that Mugabe's policies have failed because of "an
intellectually defined strait jacket". Instead his deduction logically
dictates that the less educated should do better, or if not, at least their
failures should be tolerated since intellectuals have also failed.

I don't know how this categorisation should help resolve the
"leadership paradox" Mawere is lamenting.

There is an even deeper problem with Mawere's thesis. To him, people
should be rewarded for their suffering under Mugabe's bad policies, not for
their dedication to any philosophy or development policy. He is disappointed
that those who have not suffered enough from Mugabe's bad policies,
presumably intellectuals, might be elected into office.

Has Mawere forgotten how Mugabe has manipulated the electorate and
exacted his reward for his 11 years of suffering in prison plus five in
Mozambique? It was the same reward mentality that caused the crash of the
dollar in 1997 when war veterans were awarded an unbudgeted $4 billion.

Yet the truth is that there were and still are a lot more Zimbabweans
who sacrificed more than Mugabe and there are many who have suffered worse
than Tsvangirai for a better Zimbabwe. In both instances, many lost their
lives without demanding a reward.

Because Mawere has convinced himself that the less educated the
better, he has fallen into the trap which produces the "leadership paradox"
Zimbabwe is saddled with: he asks whether it is fair to compare Mugabe and
Tsvangirai when the latter has never been given the chance to rule, reducing
the debate to personalities rather than issues, a favourite pastime of
little minds. What do their parties stand for?

Where do they stand vis-à-vis property rights, the rule of law,
economic policies and the land question? These are the fundamental issues
which should inform electoral choices, not a party leader's level of

This is perhaps demanding too much if people like Mawere also accept
as unqualified truth poisonous myths that "educated and working people"
support Tsvangirai while Zanu PF "has the support of the rural masses". For
if the MDC is suspicious of intellectuals, what other reason do they have to
support Tsvangirai than that he is someone they can easily manipulate for
selfish ends? The same applies to business. Are these the virtues upon which
we should elect national leaders?

Mawere can surely make his case for Tsvangirai and denigrate Arthur
Mutambara without losing his usual sense of balance. Do we have to throw out
the baby together with the bath water? How can we get good leaders if we are
afraid to tell aspirants their self-evident shortcomings? This is the same
culture which made the Mugabe that we now love to hate.

The myth about support strongholds is even more damaging for the MDC.
It sits so well with other allegations like vote-rigging and the
characteristic indecisiveness about participation in elections that the
party will remain a perpetual victim of unjust laws. If the MDC has a
captive urban constituency, it can never lose there and therefore need not
sell voters its policies. Protests against bad Zanu PF policies
automatically translate into confidence in the MDC's. Conversely, since Zanu
PF controls rural areas the MDC need not campaign there. But if Zanu PF has
the "support" of the rural population why should it rig the polls? It is as
if somebody needs to reeducate these people about Zimbabwe's demographic

There are as many rural and urban people who have invested heavily in
Zanu PF as are disillusioned and disenchanted like Mawere. The MDC still has
to claim a loyal constituency beyond protest votes. While Zanu PF's
patronage system has enriched many a venal fellow, in the MDC we are
investing in potential. So far that potential remains unrealised and I am
not sure that the party's over-dependency on the protest vote is any closer
to delivering the Promised Land than it was in 2000.

The supreme paradox is that if Tsvangirai's heart is with the poor
rural folk and they continue to support Zanu PF, it means they don't know
him and his party. He goes to the rural areas to talk more about what they
already know: their problems and Zanu PF, than about himself and his party's
policies. The message is no better in urban areas. I don't know if a little
more education would have made him worse.

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Mission Impossible

Zim Independent


EVIDENCE of seriously delusional behaviour could be found all over the
government press this week. There was a concerted attempt to portray last
weekend's Lusaka Sadc summit in heroic terms. Didymus Mutasa, for instance,
"hailed" the moves by Sadc to help Zimbabwe overcome its current

In other words they are trying to find a way to haul Zimbabwe out of
the morass that ministers like Mutasa have produced. Those privy to Tomaz
Salomao's report, details of which were carried in this paper last week,
will know this is a Mission Impossible so long as people like Mutasa
continue to sabotage agriculture by pursuing damaging and racist policies.

"The country is facing some economic challenges and the assistance by
Sadc would go a long way to reviving our once vibrant and efficient
economy." Mutasa told the Herald.

Why wasn't he asked why it should be left to others to rescue Zimbabwe
from suicidal policies both in agriculture and the wider economy? Why are we
in the embarrassing position of looking to our neighbours to help us out of
this mess?

"The government is working hard to stabilise the economy and with
support from member countries we are likely to win this economic war,"
Mutasa lamely claimed.

Which planet does he live on? Has he seen the empty supermarket
shelves, the fuel queues, and everywhere the evidence of a country in
economic decline? How is Sadc going to get us out of this man-made disaster?
Those attending closed-door sessions report that Salomao didn't mince his
words on the extent of the crisis. Even the summit communiqué, normally a
polite statement glossing over problems, went straight to the heart of the

The summit urged the parties to expedite their negotiations in
Pretoria "so that the next elections are held in an atmosphere of peace
allowing the people of Zimbabwe to elect the leaders of their choice in an
atmosphere of peace and tranquility".

Why say that if it was already the case? Why spell out the need for
people to be able to make a free choice in a tranquil political environment
if Zimbabwe, as Patrick Chinamasa claimed on Zambian television, was a
"normal" democracy?

We argued after similar state self-congratulation in Dar es Salaam in
March that events would come back to haunt them. Now they have as Zimbabwe
is top of the agenda at every Sadc meeting, having its dirty laundry hung
out to dry for all to see.

The MDC let everybody down again by not taking advantage of the
opportunity to respond to Chinamasa by exposing the state's fabrication of
charges against its members and the escalation of state violence that
followed the Dar es Salaam meeting. That would have warranted a press
conference and world attention. They should have exposed the government's
much-touted dossier as a pack of lies, as shown in court. But they missed
their chance.

However, the MDC's central concern on the need for electoral reform
has now been taken up by President Mbeki and will not disappear so easily.

Those in government that are looking to Sadc to rescue them from their
own idiocy should bear one small fact in mind. Sadc is the beneficiary of
donor funding dressed up as "development partnerships". Even the Sadc
secretariat is bankrolled by EU donors. There is no question of EU funds
going on a Zimbabwe rescue plan that does not solve the political problem of
Zimbabwean ministers destroying the economy. Price controls have exposed the
limitations of political intervention in the market and ministerial
ignorance of how an economy functions.

The Sadc rescue plan is a chimera - something that Mutasa can talk
about to make it look as if the Sadc cavalry will charge to our salvation.
But it won't happen. Mutasa isn't winning the economic war. He is
self-evidently losing it. And he is part of the problem. So long as his ilk
are in charge things will just get steadily worse - as everybody but him can

Applause in Lusaka for Zimbabwe's wayward leaders doesn't equal
solutions to their incorrigible mismanagement and the plight of the people
they oppress. When the self-congratulation dies down what is left - more
empty shelves?

Those writing for the Herald from the depths of Munhumutapa Building
usually like to show off their learning. But on Monday they got it badly
wrong when they described four revolutionary leaders as a "trio".

Headed "three presidents stand above the rest", the letter cited
Presidents Mugabe, Fidel Castro, Hugo Chavez, and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as a
"trio" which stood "head and shoulders" above the rest. We suspect the
Iranian leader was chucked in at the last minute!

But Muckraker is intrigued. Why has Hugo Chavez, with all that oil,
never visited Zimbabwe when he is applauded here as a revolutionary hero? He
gives free heating oil to New York's poor in winter months. But none to
Zimbabwe. Indeed, why doesn't anybody come here anymore?

Muckraker was hoping to see some clue in the state media to explain
Abdoulaye Wade's sudden decision to skip Harare last week. What was he
planning to do in the first place?

The Herald told us it was a state visit. But state visits last longer
than a day, usually involve a visit to another centre apart from the
capital, and include a number of courtesy calls and visits to memorials.
Above all, they are not arranged at the last minute. They are constantly
mixed up in the state media with official visits. Any foreign leader flying
over the country is said to be on a state visit!

It was in fact an official visit.

So what was it about? Zimbabwe and Senegal are hardly close. Wade,
until recently, was an advocate of Nepad. Mugabe is Nepad's target! Perhaps
he was on a secret AU mission tasked by fellow West African leaders ahead of
the Lusaka summit.

That mission would have been doomed from the outset if it sought to
win a more amenable stance from the Zimbabwean leader. Wade could have
realised that the signals from Harare were less than friendly and called the
whole thing off. He wouldn't want to suffer the same fate as Olusegun
Obasanjo and Joaquim Chissano who still bear the scars of daring to
intercede where none was wanted!

Muckraker is surprised that the Sunday Mail in its stories on Rotina
Mavhunga, the Chinhoyi-based n'anga, could have missed a story right under
its nose. Our information is that Mavhunga was not far wide of the mark in
seeing diesel emerging from the rocks. The story that the Sunday Mail missed
was how it got there in the first place.

Given the newspaper's revolutionary credentials, it is remarkable that
it failed to get to the bottom of this one!

We liked the juxtaposition of headings in the Herald on Monday.
"Diarrhoea cases rise," "Msika blasts foreign media."

Indeed, there's a lot of it going around!

Former Zambian vice-president Nevers Mumba appears to be a very
confused Christian. Speaking at an apostolic conference in Bulawayo last
week, he likened what he called the West's bully-boy tactics to the Biblical
Goliath who was slain by tiny David, according to a report in the Sunday

Referring to the just-ended Sadc summit in Lusaka, he said it was at
such meetings that the West's Goliaths made their presence felt. Small
African countries couldn't even speak up for their interests because they
were afraid of the Goliaths, Mumba claimed.

From there it was a small hop, skip and a jump to support for
President Mugabe's land seizures.

"Without land there is no independence," he helpfully remarked.

Zambia has not exactly been blessed in its choice of politicians.
Kenneth Kaunda ran the country into the ground over the years by the
adoption of disastrous policies such as nationalisation and
collectivisation. Frederick Chiluba compounded the damage by firmly fixing
his hand in the national cookie jar, according to news reports.

Posturing prelates of the Mumba variety should not surprise us. We
have several of our own. But the comparison with David and Goliath was
stupefying. Who was it who unleashed the Fifth Brigade on Matabeleland:
David or Goliath? Who was it who carried out Operation Murambatsvina: David
or Goliath? Who has the forces of repression at his disposal: David or
Goliath? Who uses violence to cow his critics: David or Goliath?

Mumba must be blind when he compares this brutal regime with little
David, the shepherd boy. Courageous African leaders do not beat their people
into submission. And good Christians do not speak up to endorse those
tactics in the name of God.

"You have to be able to identify the challenge of Zimbabwe," Mumba
declared. "You can never be the answer to Zimbabwe's challenges if you do
not identify the Goliath."

Indeed, his Bulawayo audience would have known perfectly well who the
Goliath was. It is only redundant nationalists like Mumba who can't see him.

Mumba needs to be reminded of Kofi Annan's words: "Africans must guard
against a pernicious, self-destructive form of racism that unites citizens
to rise up and expel tyrannical rulers who are white, but excuses tyrannical
rulers who are black."

Mabelreign Girls High School pupil Diana Kawendu appears to have been
taught the fine art of selective reporting in the course of her studies. She
was afforded a lifetime opportunity, we are told, to read out her
award-winning essay in the Sadc Schools Essay Competition to Sadc heads of
state in Lusaka. This is how she explained poverty in the region:

"Drought has also contributed to poverty in the Southern African
region. It has lowered water levels in dams powering hydro-electric stations
leading to an energy crisis that has translated into intermittent power cuts
and load-shedding in some countries."

So it has nothing to do with poor planning and incompetent

"There are some political reasons for poverty in the southern African
region," she continued. "The colonisation of Africa robbed the indigenous
people of their means of production - land - which was the cornerstone of
the African continent's economy."

Indeed it was. But its redistribution in Zimbabwe has been accompanied
by greed and lawlessness leading to a dramatic decline in production.
Zimbabweans, as a result, are poorer today than at Independence in 1980. And
we have difficulty agreeing with Diana that Zimbabwean troops sent to the
DRC in 1998 helped to address poverty in the region. We think their
deployment compounded Zimbabwe's economic crisis.

President Mbeki was reluctant to stay for the public reading we are
told, but President Mugabe caught him by the sleeve and held on so there was
no escape!

We congratulate Diana on her award and wish her well even though we
don't necessarily agree with all her conclusions. She seems a talented
writer. But her teachers at Mabelreign Girls High, or whoever her
supervisors were, get no marks for encouraging an uncritical approach to
essay-writing which panders to Sadc rulers by excusing them from any
responsibility for policy failures and poor management. What about the
Lesotho high dam project?

But then again, public relations is a much more rewarding career than

Finally, still on the subject of inspired letters to the editor, we
enjoyed the missive from P Togarepi of Harare who said that President Mugabe
was "the people's messenger".

Does that mean we can tell him where to go?

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Smoke signals, semaphore or pigeon post?

Zim Independent

by Eric Bloch

IT is indisputable that most of Zimbabwe's infrastructure is
deteriorating at a horrendously pace.

The ability of the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (Zesa) to
meet the country's energy needs is on a continuing decline.

Although inadequate availability of foreign currency and an
insufficient power supply from neighbouring countries are key considerations
and contributors to the intensifying non-availability, locally, of adequate
power to service national needs, of even greater impact is the accelerating
inability by Zesa's infrastructure to produce, consistently, the electricity
supplies needed for a continuing economy and for the wellbeing of the

In part, the endless "load shedding", is due to fast ageing generating
and distribution equipment and grids in a rapidly intensifying state of
ineffective operational ability.

The foreign exchange resources do not exist to obtain the spares and
replace equipment required, and the distressed state of Zesa's finances, as
a result of unrealistic governmental curbs on tariffs, precludes the
authority from importing most of its essential needs.

Its distressed circumstances are worsened by a continuing exodus of
many of its skilled personnel, who are as prone to join the pronounced
Zimbabwean "brain drain" as pertains to almost all sectors of the Zimbabwean

In like manner, the Zimbabwean infrastructure for servicing the
country's water needs is catastrophically poor.

Although it cannot be denied that adverse climatic conditions have
contributed to the widespread water scarcity, those conditions are far from
the principal causes of the water availability constraints.

Harare still has considerable water resources, and yet its residents
suffer very frequent interruptions of supply, sometimes for many days on

The same is true of many other cities and towns.

The overriding cause is the gross inability of the Zimbabwe National
Water Authority (Zinwa) to apply even a modicum of efficiency to the
provision of water to consumers.

Zinwa has contributed to the water supply problems in areas where
others are responsible for its distribution, by its failure to ensure
reliable supply to the distributing authorities.

In Bulawayo, by way of example, after more than a decade of repeated
assurances, a pipeline from the Mtshabezi Dam has yet to be completed, and
supplies from Nyamandlovu Acquifer are far below the possible because of
failure to maintain adequately the boreholes and pumps, notwithstanding that
the City of Bulawayo provided much of the required funding.

Zimbabwe's health services are imploding, with hospital equipment
becoming so aged that much of it should be scrapped, whilst potentially
useable equipment is inoperative due to the lack of spares, and
non-availability of sufficient technical maintenance skills.

The distressing near collapse of the health sector is also markedly
due to the immense numbers of doctors, nurses, radiographers, radiologists,
physiotherapists, and others who have joined the "brain drain", and due to
government's inability to provide sufficient of funding.

Transportation infrastructure is another facet of the national
operating framework that is becoming ever less operational.

All too often, railway accidents, because of defective signal
networks, and insufficient operational locomotives and rolling stock,
together with inadequate track maintenance, are key contributants to the
inadequacies of the rail systems.

The same holds for governmentally-controlled road transport, and
especially so insofar as passenger movement is concerned.

There is never-ending talk of the acquisition of new buses and other
vehicles (primarily from the Far East), but little alleviation of transport
constraints is apparent.

Within the cities and towns the transportation ills are compounded by
innumerable non-operational traffic lights, exceptionally poor street
lighting, almost non-existent road markings, near total disappearance of
street signs, and myriads of pot-holes.

A similar litany of deficiencies can be ascribed to the majority of
the other parastatals that government persists with in order, allegedly, to
service the needs of the Zimbabwean people and their economy, but which in
practice are persisted with in order to maintain and enforce command economy
principles, whilst assuring those in favour of continuing executive

Those deficiencies pertain to the Grain Marketing Board, Agricultural
Research and Development Authority, Cold Storage Company, National Oil
Company of Zimbabwe and many others.

But most recently, the particularly intense, almost total, collapse of
infrastructure has been characteristic of Zimbabwe's telecommunications.

Making telephone calls is becoming an ever greater mission.

An endeavour to make intercity calls can necessitate anything up to 30
attempts until an audible connection can be achieved on Zimbabwe's land-line
telephone network.

On the mobile telephone networks, local, national, regional and
international calls invariably result in messages such as "network busy",
"the subscriber you have dialled is not reachable", and the like, thanks to
gross over-congestion of over-sold, inadequate networks.

Using the national landline service to telephone anyone in South
Africa is a gargantuan, virtually impossible, task, greater than Hercules'
cleaning of the Augean Stables!

Whether this is due to non-payment by the network of external debt, or
other causes, has not been disclosed, but the harsh fact is that it is
nearing the impossible to make land line calls to South Africa, whilst
making them by recourse to mobile telephones requires the perseverance of a

So much worse has the telephone service become that it now takes five
times as long to get a wrong number!

An economy cannot function without effective communication, and the
ever greater impairment of Zimbabwe's telephonic infrastructure is yet
another nail in the coffin of a grievously emaciated economy.

To survive, commerce and industry may be tempted to resort to smoke

However, with the countryside fast becoming denuded of firewood, as
people strive to counter the non-availability of electricity, that would be
a short-lived solution.

Others may contemplate relying upon semaphore signals, but unless the
recipients can read semaphore, that will be of no use, let alone the
constraints of long distance communication.

Yet others may consider relying upon pigeon post, but with the vast
scarcity of basic food stuffs, and widespread poverty the pigeons are more
likely to end up in the cooking pots than at their intended destinations.

Perhaps the solution is to revert to the days of runners with cleft

At least communications may eventually reach their destinations
whilst, at the same time, some inroads would be made into Zimbabwe's
gargantuan unemployment crisis.

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Sadc ill-equipped to deal with rogue states

Zim Independent

Editor's Memo

By Dumisani Muleya

THERE was a great deal of expectation -almost certainly misplaced -
before last week's Sadc meeting in Lusaka, Zambia, that the regional leaders
would finally gather enough diplomatic grit and moral fibre to tackle the
Zimbabwe crisis once and for all.

Sadc leaders could not, observers reasoned, just stand by and watch a
key country at the heart of the regional bloc self-destruct. The
consequences of that to the embattled Zimbabwean people and collateral
damage to the region would be too ghastly to contemplate.

The Zimbabwe situation is undermining the regional economy and has
triggered a wave of economic refugees into neighbouring states. It is also
discouraging investment into the region and donor aid, particularly to Sadc
itself which depends on it for its operations. This was the premise of the
argument and rationale of the expectations.

However, last week's Lusaka summit proved beyond reasonable doubt
those expectations were unfounded. Although the Sadc leaders put it to
President Robert Mugabe that the situation in his country is critical and
cannot be ignored anymore, they simply could not do anything because they
really can't.

Remarks by the Zambian ministers afterwards that perhaps Sadc leaders
must engage the likes of former presidents Nelson Mandela and Kenneth
Kaunda - Mugabe's peers - to talk to him over the issue clearly suggested
that their efforts at the summit failed.

Sadc has been weak from the start and is ill-equipped to deal with a
rogue member state like Zimbabwe. It was formed in 1980 as the Southern
African Development Coordinating Conference by Frontline States that wanted
to coordinate
the development strategy of the region and counter apartheid South
Africa's "Constellation of States" project as well as resist its economic
and military might.

Sadc is thus not a customs or political union with strong guiding
principles. It is a hotchpotch community of nations, democracies, tyrannies
and kingdoms, largely brought together by history and geography.

Sadc has failed to collectively deal with conflicts within the region
from the Mozambican civil war during the 1980s, the Angolan civil strife,
the Zambian crisis, Malawi under Kamuzu Banda, Lesotho coups, Swaziland
situation, the DRC war, conflict between Botswana and Namibia over the
Caprivi Strip, and now the Zimbabwe disaster.

Only individual states have been able to intervene effectively in
conflicts under the banner of Sadc. Zimbabwe intervened in Mozambique and in
1998 in the DRC, together with Angola and Namibia as Sadc. The three
countries have a mutual defence pact and fight from the same corner most of
the time as they did in Lusaka combating those against Mugabe.

South Africa and Botswana also invaded Lesotho under the name of Sadc
to restore order following an outbreak of turmoil after disputed elections
in 1998.

The DRC war created a major row between Mugabe and Mandela, who as
Sadc chair, refused to allow Sadc to get involved. Mugabe had used his
position as chair of the Sadc organ on politics, defence and security to

Prior to that, Mugabe and Mandela had clashed in 1997 at a Sadc
meeting in Luanda making it difficult for the group to act collectively on
the DRC and Lesotho.

According to former Botswana President Sir Ketumile Masire, whose
country chaired Sadc for 16 years, Sadc leaders were invited to witness the
signing of an agreement between President Eduardo Dos Santos and Jonas
Savimbi when it was thought Unita and the Angolan government had reached a
peace accord.

But Savimbi did not turn up, and Mugabe seized the opportunity, Masire
says in his autobiography Very Brave or Very Foolish, to hold a meeting of
the Sadc organ on politics, defence and security.

"Instead of reporting to a meeting chaired by Mandela, the chairman of
Sadc, Mugabe chaired it himself. Afterwards Mandela felt this was wrong; as
chairman of Sadc Mandela should have chaired any summit meeting to receive a
report and felt that Mugabe should be told this," Masire says.

"Mandela went to Zimbabwe to discuss the situation and he came back by
way of Botswana to tell me Mugabe felt he had done nothing wrong, and that,
in fact, he would do it again."

This led to a cold war between Mandela and Mugabe, culminating in a
showdown at the Sadc summit in Blantyre in 1997. Subsequently a fierce fight
for control of the Sadc organ ensued until Mugabe was removed as chair when
it was resolved that the chairmanship should rotate.

To dramatise Sadc failures, when Mandela was Sadc chair he tried with
Mugabe and Masire to secure political reforms in Swaziland and they failed
due to lack of cooperation by King Mswati.

Ironically, Sadc is now failing to secure reforms in Zimbabwe because
Mugabe is refusing to cooperate.

Prior to the Swaziland initiative, Mandela, Mugabe and Masire had
tried to deal with the Lesotho crisis after a coup in 1994 without much
success as the problem flared up in 1998, leading to South Africa and
Botswana's military intervention. This shows Sadc lacks capacity to deal
with internal situations.

Therefore, its failure last week in Lusaka to deal with Zimbabwe is
hardly surprising.

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Zim Independent Letters

  Misguided haughtiness

FOR a rocket scientist, Arthur Mutambara's wisdom leaves little to the

He shocked the nation when he inadvertently committed political
abortion by joining a party "faction" with no future, thus effectively
killing off his political career before it even began.

Leaders are there to unite the people, yet he chose to join a
"faction" split along tribal lines.

One wonders where he came from. Could he be a Zanu PF plant?

Indeed his incoherent utterances recently to the gallery mirror
similar incoherent utterances by Zanu PF leaders.

Mutambara's claim that he has been in opposition politics longer than
Morgan Tsvangirai holds no bearing for the agenda of reform through next
year's elections.

For someone who leads a party that failed to obtain 600 votes in the
Zaka by-election, his grandiosity is misguided.



Zesa must let go of monopoly
I AM a businessmen based in the UK and am writing to urge the
government of Zimbabwe to allow private companies to supply electricity to
individual customers in Zimbabwe.

Clearly the government has no capacity or the finances required to
meet the expenses of importing electricity.

I am looking at the possibility that following a de-regulation of Zesa's
monopoly of the supply of electricity, many companies can come onto the
scene and compete for customers. Families with children in the Diaspora will
be able to have their electricity paid for by their loved ones abroad.

Given that payments will be made outside Zimbabwe using major
currencies, supply will be reliable and consistent. This will benefit
households, business and attract investment as well as tourists.

Zesa should relinquish its monopoly to allow private investment into
the area of electricity supply given its inability to meet national
consumption needs.

An independent energy commission can be set up to monitor and enforce
compliance on standards.

Zesa can then focus on provision of electricity to public schools,
hospitals and industries that wish to continue using them.

There will also be need for a change in law to protect the customers
who use this scheme.

Courage Shumba,

United Kingdom.


      Shameful blunder

      I LEARNT yesterday with great shock that cellphone tariffs have
been increased with immediate effect from about $600 per minute to about $7
000 per minute.

      Are these prices those standing at June 18 or exactly the ones
they slashed a month ago? What made them slash prices only to take us back
to exactly those old ones?

      I think government must apologise to the entire nation that it
made a blunder and return all prices to where they were.

      Joshua Chisango Mutyavaviri,

      By email.


      We are watching

      HOW sad that such a beautiful country as Zimbabwe did not have
an inspirational leader like Nelson Mandela to welcome in its independence.

      Sadly the poor people of Zimbabwe are led by a man who does not
care whether they live or die.

       We want you to know that people all over the world are seeing
what is happening and that we pray that you have the courage to stop this
evil man.

      Alison Rowell,



      Please, go vote

      THE last two weeks have been a stark reminder to many desperate
Zimbabweans, who are either hungry, pauperised, ill, depressed, or losing
their minds that the Zanu PF regime is a losing liability come 2008.

      Even better - and rather interesting - is the knowledge of its
dysfunctional supporters and leadership that the time has come to say
goodbye. And this time it promises to be real. Without water, electricity,
mealie-meal, transport or any other basic need for that matter, Zimbabweans
are starkly reminded why they need to go and vote next year. Not just that,
but more importantly that they know not only whom to vote for but moreso
whom not to vote for.

      C Rushwaya,


      Enough Tsvangirai

       PROFESSOR Arthur Mutambara's recent announcement that MDC unity
talks have collapsed did not come as a surprise considering Morgan
Tsvangirai's lack of commitment to unity.

      We have had enough of Tsvangirai since 1999 and we do not regret
the position taken by the Mutambara faction.

      As far as representation is concerned, we are on a 50/50 state
of affairs.

      Some of us never wanted Morgan Tsvangirai to lead the united MDC
because he was going to give us endless problems.

      We are ready for a bruising fight with both Tsvangirai and
Robert Mugabe.

      Anyone who is against the wishes of the people is an enemy. We
will stand with Mutambara in 2008.

      K Chihwayi,



      Selling souls to the devil
      I LISTENED to the speech made by Zimbabwe Union of Journalists
President Mathew Takaona at the graveside of the late ZBC bureau chief,
Moses Gumbo, and remained with more questions than answers.

      Takaona told mourners that Gumbo had once told him that the
money he earned at ZBC was not even enough to pay his rent so he made ends
meet by ferrying passengers in the company car. This reality is very sad.

      I was left wondering why the reporters at the state broadcaster
continue to sell their souls to the devil for peanuts. Surely it's time for
all those who help President Mugabe to peddle lies and insults against his
opponents to realise that the only winner in the game is Mugabe himself and
no one else.

      If workers at the state broadcaster earned a lot of money from
what they do then we would understand that it is politics of the stomach.

      I am sure that the situation is the same for people who work for
state newspapers.

      They are being used as pawns in a dangerous game. Today they
live to praise Mugabe whose days are surely numbered both as a president and
a human being. What will befall his bootlickers like Ruben Barwe and the
likes of Tarzeen Mandizvidza? These guys should remember that they have
tainted their names. All I can ask of the pawns at ZBC is that they free
themselves from the chains that bind them.

       Busani Moyo,

      Magwegwe, Bulawayo.

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Zimbabwe Opposition Faction Starts Assembling 2008 Election Slate


      By Ntungamili Nkomo
      24 August 2007

The Zimbabwean opposition faction led by Arthur Mutambara says it is taking
resumes from people who would like to run for office in next year's
watershed general election.

But faction officials said that for the time being they are only accepting
candidates for existing seats and not for the additional 80 constituencies
that could be established if parliament passes controversial constitutional
amendment legislation proposed by the ruling  ZANU-PF party and generally
seen as improving its election odds.

Faction Deputy Spokesman Abednico Bhebhe told reporter Ntungamili Nkomo of
VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe that final selection of candidates will begin
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JAG classifieds 23 August 2007

As a JAG member or JAG Associate member, please send any classified adverts
for publication in this newsletter to:

JAG Classifieds: - JAG Job Opportunities:

Rules for Advertising:

Send all adverts in word document as short as possible (no tables, spread
sheets, pictures, etc.) and quote your subscription receipt number or
membership number.
Notify the JAG Office when Advert is no longer needed, either by phone or
Adverts are published for 2 weeks only, for a longer period please notify
the JAG office, by resending via email the entire advert asking for the
advert to be re-inserted.

Please send your adverts by Tuesdays 11.00am (Adverts will not appear until
payment is received.). Cheques to be made out to JAGMA.


1.  For Sale Items
2.  Wanted Items
3.  Accommodation
4.  Recreation
5.  Specialist Services
6.  Pets Corner
7.  Social Gatherings



1.1  Generators & Inverters for Sale

The JAG office is now an official agent for GSC Generator Service (Pvt) Ltd
and receives a generous commission on sales of all Kipor generators and
equipment.  Generators are on view at the JAG office.  Please could all
those JAG subscribes who deal directly with GSC, rather that through the JAG
office, clearly stipulate that the commission if for JAG.

The one stop shop for ALL your Generator Requirements SALES:
We are the official suppliers, repairs and maintenance team of KIPOR
Equipment here in Zimbabwe.  We have in stock KIPOR Generators from 1 KVA to
55 KVA.  If we don't have what you want we will get it for you.  We also
sell Inverters (1500w), complete with batteries and rechargeable lamps.  Our
prices are very competitive, if not the lowest in town.

SERVICING & REPAIRS: We have a qualified team with many years of experience
in the Generator field.  We have been to Kipor, China for training.  We
carry out services and minor repairs on your premises.  We service and
repair most makes and models of Generators - both petrol and diesel.

INSTALLATIONS:  We have qualified electricians that carry out installations
in a professional way.

SPARES: As we are the official suppliers and maintainers of KIPOR Equipment,
we carry a full range of KIPOR spares.

Don't forget, advice is free, so give us a call and see us at: Bay 3,
Borgward Road, Msasa.  Sales: 884022, 480272 or
Service: 480272, 480154 or


1.2  For Sale

So Far and No further! Rhodesia's Bid for Independence during the Retreat
from Empire 1959-1965 by J.R.T. Wood

533 pages; quality trade paperback; pub. Trafford ISBN 1-4120-4952-0
Southern African edition, pub. 30 Degrees South : ISBN 0-9584890-2-5

This definitive account traces Rhodesia's attempt to secure independence
during the retreat from Empire after 1959. Based on unique research, it
reveals why Rhodesia defied the world from 1965.

Representing Volume One of three volumes, Two and Three are in preparation
and will take us to Tiger and thence to 1980;

To purchase:

Zimbabwean buyers contact Trish Broderick:

RSA buyers: WWW. 30 or Exclusives Books

Overseas buyers see:
and a link to Trafford Publishing


1.3 For Sale

Road motorcycle for sale. YAMAHA - Model YZF 600cc - Thundercat - in
immaculate condition.

Highest cash offer secures.  For further details contact Dave on 011 600 770

or 091 22 55 653 or email


1.4 For Sale (Ad inserted 31/07/07)

1996 Toyota Land-cruiser for sale.  Very good condition with plenty extras.
Tel:  498001, 0912 437845 or email


1.5 For Sale (Ad inserted 31/07/07)


ZNSPCA HQ 156 Enterprise RD. Tel 497574/ 497885





113cm x 139 cm - $3 600 000

90 cm x136cm - $3 000 000

70 cm x 61.5cm - $900 000

59,5cm x 62 cm - $700 000




PRINTERS TRAY - $ 500 000


FIRE WOOD - $150 000 PER BAG


1.6 For Sale (Ad inserted 31/07/07)

10 kg LPG cylinders (empty): ea- 20

2 kg LPG cylinders - need attention ea- 10

Army (ex) steel frame stretchers: 20

Bar (small): 25

Book case (teak) 2 shelf small: 20

Camping stools and chairs: 6 - 10

Coffee table 30

Dart board with darts 15

Fans  various from fixed  to oscillating: 30 - 40

Garden hose on hose roller 15

Rucksacks (Hiking) (empty!): 20 - 40

Pentium 1 computer and screen  30

Soda streams and CO2 cylinders - 10 and 15

Spring-Master 4 serving bowl Hostess Food Warmer: 50

Steel garden swing chair (1950 era): 60

Steel garden round table and four chairs and securing chain: 55

Steel  chaisse longez: 20

Well used golf set with various clubs and woods and about 2 doz golf balls:

Figures represent US$ also payable at the current equivalent.

Email: for more details or Phone 301646 or 011 201 231
for viewing


1.7 For Sale (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Nissan CWA 45. 15 tonne Lorry with 10 Tonne trailer. 176000 kilmetres.
Immaculate condition. Phone 747777 mornings or 011606595


1.8 Items for Sale (Ad inserted 7/08/07)


Following units ex stock:

Generators - 5 Kva Silenced, 15 Kva Silenced, , 40 Kva Silenced, John Deere
60 Kva Open Frame, John Deere 100 Kva open frame.

Inverters - 1500 Watt complete with 1 x 100 Amp Hr battery and charger in

5000 Watt complete with 4 x 100 Amp Hr Batteries and charger in cabinet

Large Range of Generators available from 5 - 2200 Kva ex import (some in
Bond South Africa)


1.9         POWER CUTS (Ad inserted 23/08/2007)

Can't cook your food?  Problem solved.

Get yourself a wood stove or three legged cast iron pot.




We now have imported Harrow discs (24", 26" and 28") available :


Single Row forage harvesters available ex stock


Tractor Mounted 12 Metre / 600 Litre tank Boom sprayers and Canon sprayers
in stock.


Imported Offset disc harrows suitable for 80 Hp Tractors currently on order
and will be available August / September, 2007.

Please phone:- Radium Africa - Tel + 263 4 335848 / 307740

Sean Bell: + 263 11 600389, Keith Lowe + 263 11 800859



1.9 For Sale (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Rare book for sale/Rhodesiana, Welensky's 4000 days, The life and death of
the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, by sir Roy Welensky, personally
signed by Sir Roy, with dust jacket.US$50.00 equivalent. Email -


1.10 For Sale (Ad inserted 7/08/07)



PHONE JUSTIN 011402896

PHONE 011402896


1.11 For Sale (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Buy the Wiztech 223 Super Satellite Receiver and receive satellite TV FREE
by using your existing dish! This is a one-of payment - NO SUBS to pay. No
hidden costs. SABC 1,2, 3, Botswana, e-TV, SA News International, CNBC,
Press TV, Trade and Travel, several religious channels, Radio stations like
RSG, Radio Pretoria, SAFM, 5 FM, 2000 Fm etc. Contact Joe Esterhuizen on
Harare 339378 (anytime) or 0912 338414 or e-mail


1.12 For Sale (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Scrap-booking papers for sale, various themes - holidays, baby christenings,
birthdays, weddings etc. sold as sets as well as single pages sold.  Lots of
designs, colours  including tartans, florals, etc.  Also frames, borders,
tags, word/thought bubbles used for scrap-booking.  Please sms or call Carol
on 091 2 264160 to arrange to see.


1.13 For Sale (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

1 x MF265S tractor - front to back rebuild.  $3 billion

1 x Ursus 3512 tractor - front to back rebuild.  $3 billion

1 x Renault ME160 7 tonne truck - immaculate condition, new tyres, imported
batteries etc. + 1 x 5 tonne drop side trailer - immaculate conditon, new
tyres etc. - $10 billion

Telephone Marondera 079-21421, 0912 256 661, e-mail


1.14 FOR SALE (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

Marondera - Ideal industrial premises suitable for transport, storage,
procurement etc.  Very attractive property in very good condition, and in
good location.  To include borehole, very good security, access to railway
siding etc.  Property size 6,051m2.  Outside covered workshop 700m2, inside
workshop 128m2, 10 offices, storage rooms, 5 x 20ft containers, 3 bed-roomed
cottage + more.  Asking price in the region of $50 billion.   Contact
details 079-21421, 0912 256 661, e-mail


1.15 THE WEAVERY.(The African Craft Market) (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

Going Overseas or down South? Why not take hand woven gifts for your friends
or family?  These super articles which are light, easy to pack, take or
and fully washable. Some of our articles are to be discontinued; so don't
miss out! Contact Anne on 332851 or 011212424.Or email

Discount of 20% on all articles.

Crocheted oven gloves--$810,000.
Cotton oven gloves--$765,000.
Small woven bags--$665,000.
Large woven bags--$810,000.
Crocheted bags--$945,000.

Single Duvet cushions(open into a duvet)--$4,080,000.
Double Duvet cushions--$4,720,000.

Queen bedcovers--$6,070,000.

Single bedcovers--$3,550,000.

3 piece toilet set--$1,610,000.

Toilet roll holder--$550,000.
Bath mat--$1,140,000.(small rug).

Cushion covers--$810,000.

Table runner--$473,000.
Set(4)Bordered table mats + serviettes--$1,610,000.
Set(6)Bordered table mats + serviettes--$2,420,000.
Set(4) crocheted table mats only--$1,280,000.
Set(6)fringed table mats + serviettes--$2,420,000.
The table mat range is to be discontinued once present stocks are sold.

Small(approx.105x52cms) plain cotton rug--$1,140,000.
Medium(approx.120x65cms) plain cotton rug--$1,610,000
Large(approx.150x75cms) plain cotton rug--$2,420,000.
Ex.Large(approx.230x130cms) plain cotton rug--$5,210,000.
Small patterned cotton rug--$1,610,000.
Small rag rug--$1,140,000.
Medium rag rug--$1,610,000.
Medium patterned cotton rug--$2,420,000.
Large patterned cotton rug--$3,230,000
Ex.Large patterned cotton rug--$6,390,000.
Small patterned mohair rug--$3,180,000.
Medium patterned mohair rug--$4,010,000
Large patterned mohair rug--$5,210,000.
Ex. Large patterned mohair rug--$8,810,000.

Lots of other articles. PLEASE be aware that prices may change without
notice and orders take some time as they have to be woven and sent from
Gweru to Harare.


1.16 FOR SALE (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

Are you leaving Zimbabwe and wanting an investment to take with you? For
sale (Valuation certificate by Sharon Caithness(Graduate Gemologist. USA)

Solid silver tray (2.836 gms), Solid silver coffee set - coffee pot,sugar
bowl and milk jug (1.307gms)


Silver-English Hallmark-Sheffield(1950). Oval. Handles and Edges
patterned.(Acanthus leaf). Mass 2.836 gms. Z$ 1,363,000,000.00.


3 piece coffee set,beaded rims, acanthus leaf swan's neck spout, scrolling
acanthus leaf handles and circular pedestal foot, comprising coffee pot,
ivory cover finial and handle heatproof liners, wt. 797.00 gms(Z$
509,000,000.00), 2 handled sugar basin wt.315 gms(Z$ 202,000,000.00), Helmet
cream jug wt. 195 gms(Z$127,000,000.00). Overall total mass 1.307 gms.
Birmingham c. 1905, Maker W.D., In original, oak presentation case, hinged
brass side handles, with key, fitted lined interior of rich cobalt

Total value, by Sharon Caithness  Z$2,201,000.000.00 (two billion, two
hundred and one million dollars). NO "chancers".email


1.17 For Sale (Ad inserted 15/08/07)


Cougar 16' Hull on trailer with Mercury redline 125 motor, electric start,
ride glide steering system, two built in fuel tanks, one carry tank.

Various '94 Peugeot 405 body parts

Windscreen - cracked

Rear window (with heater lines)



4 Doors (one bit of a dent)

3 glasses for the doors

Door panels



Rear tail lights

Back seats

Rims x3

Front & rear suspension

Boat motors:

Mercury Blue line 40hp motor, running but needs minor attn, complete with
controls, plus many spares.

Car for Sale

Datsun 180U 1800 Automatic in good running condition

Motorbike for Sale

Suzuki Bandit 400

Contact Tyron on 091 2 317 961 or 772156 for further information



2.1 Wanted

By way of loan or donation to the JAG Trust.  The Trust is Capacity Building
a New Project which necessitates the furnishing of an office with desks,
chairs, cupboards and shelving. Any surplus office furniture or trimmings
will be welcomed.  Phone 799410.


2.2 Wanted

Sheila Macdonald (Sally in Rhodesia) - If you have any of Sheila Macdonald's
books for sale, please let JAG know the details including condition etc with
your name, telephone number and price wanted.

Telephone JAG - 04 - 799410


2.3 Shotgun Wanted

Good quality, Baretta or Browning, 20 bore over/under shotgun.  In excellent
condition.  Please contact the JAG office on 799410.


2.4 Wanted (Ad inserted 31/07/07)

ZNSPCA :  We are looking to purchase two second hand 165 / 13 inch rims for
our horse box and one of our pickups.  Currently we have no spare for these
vehicles.  We are also looking for tools for our vehicles - pliers, spanners
and screwdrivers - so please if you are clearing your workshops we are keen
to buy your junk off you.  Any donation of the above equipment will be
greatly appreciated.

Head Office:  04 - 497885 / 497574


Is also looking for donations of

Buiding Materials:

Pit and River Sand, Bricks

Second hand Window Frames, French door

Wooden doors

Door handles/Locking Mech.

Fluorescent light fittings tubes and bulbs

ZNSPCA is always looking for 2nd hand Dog collars, leads, kennels and

ZNSPCA HQ156 Enterprise Rd or Tel: 497574/497885


2.5 Wanted (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Barwick School is in urgent need of a changeover switch for a 60KVA
generator (approx 100 amps).  Please phone 0912 262566 or


2.6 Wanted (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

We are looking for deep freezers and cold room units.

Please contact David and Janet Cunningham 09 251555/ 234879/232136 or

You can also contact   Khosi Bhebhe - 09 251555/234879/232136 -


2.7 Wanted (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Am looking for a wheelchair for a child who was born with severe curvature
of the spine and who now cannot walk. Any suggestions as to who to approach
or offers please.

Julia Burdett 744207, 0912236641,


2.8 Wanted PAPRIKA GROWERS (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

We are looking for Paprika Growers / Farmers for the 2007/2008 season. We
are an end user - we are not agents and we do not want agents.

Please contact or visit our website for
further information.


GYPSUM - Any quantity please contact:  Roger Blair  062-2489 email




3.1 House-sitter Wanted (Ad inserted 31/07/07)

I am looking for a house-sitter for mid August till mid October on my little
farm in Bromley  There is no farming to be done, the settlers have seen to
that, just 6 pets (4 dogs and 2 cats) to love and look after.   I have a
home and garden (the house is over 100 years old), good security with two
night watchmen, and a very good house servant.  We are 50 kms from Harare.
No money exchanges

Please contact Jennifer at 073 3399 or 011 423614 - or sms, or E mail


3.2 FOR SALE (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Blue skies and warm seas

Situated in the village of PENNINGTON in Kwa Zulu Natal Mid South
Coast,close to the sea ,surrounded by up market homes and simplexes , three
golf courses in the town area ,an ideal investment for the future with real
possibilities for a simplex development.The two beautiful acres are side by
side with two road fronts together are 100 x 80 meters...,secluded open
natural forest park land. ,almost level , 5 minutes from the beach and the
very smart brand new  Village Mall shopping centre.  Price on request.

Please look up our website to see all or
properties for sale in the village of PENNINGTON.Our mission statement is
"Making homes more affordable" by reducing our commission tariffs.


3.3 PROPERTIES FOR SALE (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

GLEN LORNE - A Country Home in Town

Lovely hilltop property on 6 1/2 acres with views and beautiful garden with
msasa trees and abundant bird life.

3 bed-roomed home with wooden strip floors, 2 1/2 bathrooms, kitchen, dining
room area, big lounge with fireplace, bar, covered veranda.

Charming cottage with 2 bedrooms, 1 1/2 bathrooms, open plan lounge and
kitchen. Modern fittings. Single lock-up garage attached. Independent to
main house - own ZESA and Water meters.

GOOD BOREHOLE plumbed in to both houses

Double garage / Swimming pool / Staff quarters for 4 / 2 x Mushroom Houses /
Chickens runs / Electric fenced all round / Woodrow Art Studio


Thinking of downsizing to a nice quiet area?

Situated on a quiet close this is a very appealing 3 bed-roomed home with
pretty garden, slightly elevated looking out over lovely msasas on 2 acres.

2 bathrooms, lounge with wooden doors opening onto covered veranda, dining
room, fitted kitchen. Alarmed / Swimming pool / 5000 litre storage tank /
walled with electric fence and gate. Small Guest Cottage

Very charming with Oregon pine features

Contact Helen Stephens: 011406428 or Kennan Properties:  334994, 302721




4.1 Need a break

Getaway and enjoy peace and fresh air at GUINEA FOWLS REST
Only 80kms from Harare, Self-catering guest-house
Sleeps 10 people, Bird-watching, Canoeing, Fishing, DSTV

REGRET: No day visitors.  No boats or dogs allowed.
Contact Dave: 011 600 770 or Annette 011 600 769
or 091 22 55 653 or email


4.2 Savuli Safari (Ad inserted 31/07/07)

Self catering chalets in the heart of the Save Valley Conservancy. Game
watching, fishing, horse riding, canoeing, walking trails and 4x4 hire. Camp
fully kitted including cook and fridges. Just bring your food,  drinks and
relax.    Best value for money. U12 are 1/2  price

Contact John : or Phone 091 2631 556


4.3 GACHE GACHE LODGE - KARIBA (Across the lake.) (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Still some available dates for August hols. Prices reduced to 18 June!

Contact: Fatima - or phone 301889.

Open for provisional bookings for December holidays too.


4.4 Self Catering Holiday Cottages S.A (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Figtree Self catering Holiday cottages almost on the beach in the quiet
village of Pennington four cottages which may sleep comfortably 20 persons.
Minimum of R300 per night and R60 per person per night.Kindly book in
advance so as not to be disappointed. Contact Cindy or Willy on 27833002394
or Email : We really look forward to hearing from you


4.5 NATUREWAYS SAFARIS (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

Urges you to take a step back in time to the untouched, unchanged wilderness
of MANA POOLS. Away from the rush and stress of the modern cities to an
exclusive paradise where you can be at one with nature and interact with a
variety of interesting neighbours such as elephant, hippo, waterbuck to name
just a few.

Partake in a luxury Odyssey safari (and spend your days walking, canoeing or
on safari drives) or climb into your canoe and set off on an exciting
semi-participatory Explorer canoe safari down the mighty Zambezi River. We
look forward to welcoming you to our magic world!

Email :, Phone: 333 414 / 339 001, Fax:   333414 /
Skype: natureways_reservations2 or


Luxury Cruise Ship on Lake Kariba

Christmas special 2007 - individual cabins on offer:

Deluxe Cabin:  US$  195.00 per person per day

Executive Cabin  US $ 190.00 per person per day

Double Cabins   US $ 155.00 per person per day

Twin Cabins   US $ 140.00 per person per day

Triple Cabins  US $140.00 per person per day

Cruise dates   22 December to 26th December 2007

Departure times Marineland Harbour  10.30am

Cruise departure dependent on minimum of 24 passengers

Book now to avoid disappointment -  bring the whole family.




5.1 Vehicle Repairs

Vehicle repairs carried out personally by qualified mechanic with 30 years
experience. Very reasonable rates.

Phone Johnny Rodrigues:  011 603213 or 011 404797, email:


5.2 SpeedWorx - WYNN'S

Intelligent Car Service has arrived!

Why pay ridiculous prices and be without your car for days.

Our services are done while you wait & cost a fraction of the normal repair.

At SpeedWorx we will:

Service your car

Increase your engine's performance and improve your fuel economy

Completely flush your engine oil to prolong your engine life

Restore your Power steering performance and stop it leaking

Restore your Automatic Transmission performance and stop it leaking

Completely flush your brake system and make you safe

Stop your car overheating and reduce the risk of leaks

Remove bad odours from the interior of your car and keep it fresh

Services done at your home or office.

Contact: Bryan 011 612 650 or Russell 011 410 525.



Filming & Editing of Weddings & Special Events. DVD Production, Broadcast
Quality.  DVD & VHS transfers. Call Greer on 744075 / 0912 353 047

Greer Wynn - Focused Video Productions:  0912 353 047 / 744075


5.4 HUNTING TROPHY EXPORTS (Ad inserted 31/07/07)


·          Fast and efficient dipping and shipping

·          Professional administration and storage of trophies

·          Taxidermy in the USA

·          Convenient drop-off

Contact me, Joe Wells on Tel/fax (263) 04 490677, Cell: (263) 0912 239305






ROB and SUE - PHONE (04) 852658 - CELL - 011 601 885 / 023 924 896



5.6 Highly recommended painter/tiler/brickworker (As inserted 23/08/2007)


Newton Samukuite.  2 Wakefield Road, Avondale.  Cell 011 523624.

References available from Mary Dunphy,,  tel/fax 308318
cell 091 2 401664




6.1 Looking for a Home (Ad inserted 31/07/07)

Jack Russell male, tan/white 'PERCY' needs kind and loving home. 5 years,
owner left. Has been spoilt and adored. Tel Michelle on 884294 or 011602903
or e-mail


6.2 Looking for a Home (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Please would some kind person give a home to 'Jessica'. She is a 4 year old
brindle English Bull Terrier bitch. Loves cats but is terrified of other
dogs so doesn't get on with them. If you are wanting an only dog Jessica is
for you, she has a lovely temperament and just wants love in return. Tel
Michelle on 884294 011602903 or e-mail


6.3 Lost (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

Our little dog Molly, a miniature Jack Russel brown and white in colour has
gone missing in the Dawnhill area of Greendale between Greendale Avenue and
Coronation Avenue could even be Rhodesville Avenue.

$1 million reward is offered for her safe return to Delia and Philip Brown
23 Moulsham Road Dawnhill Greendale Please phone or text 0912 201686 or 0912
235579 Thank you!


6.4 Looking for a Home (Ad inserted 15/08/07)

Lovely cat -bout three years old, fat and fluffy, looking for a home.  She
is very loving, but doesn't like big dogs.  Or let's say she isn't used to
them.  Her name is Ginger.  Please urgently looking for a home for her!!!
Contact Sandy on 091 2 908262 for further information.




7.1 Country Juke Box (Ad inserted 7/08/07)

Come and party with Country Juke Box. Bring the family. Children allowed.
Reasonable bar prices, club menu and a great atmosphere. A wide selection of
dance music from the 60's to 90's, Country, Tiekkie Draai, Rock and Roll
etc. For details contact Joe Esterhuizen on 339378 or 0912 338414 or e-mail


JAG Hotlines: +263 (011) 610 073, +263 (04) 799 410.  If you are in trouble
or need advice, please don't hesitate to contact us - we're here to help!

To advertise (JAG Members): Please email classifieds to:
with subject "Classifieds".

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