By Tererai Karimakwenda
11 December 2012
The disgraced former Bishop of Harare, Nolbert Kunonga, lost another legal
challenge on Monday, when the High Court refused to entertain his latest
application against the main Anglican Church (CPCA).
Kunonga was seeking to block the CPCA from taking back the properties he
seized after he left the church in 2007. This was a move to reverse last
month’s ruling by the Supreme Court, which confirmed Bishop Chad Gandiya as
the legitimate Bishop of Harare. The court also ordered Kunonga to return
all the properties he had taken.
But in a brief ruling Justice George Chiweshe said he had “no jurisdiction
to entertain” Kunonga’s latest application and no choice but to dismiss it
with costs. This was the second time the courts had ruled against the man
known as Mugabe’s Bishop, a reference to his public support of the ZANU PF
In his submissions Kunonga had also tried to politicise the case, accusing
the CPCA of calling for sanctions against Zimbabwe and failing to support
the country’s indigenisation laws.
Precious Shumba, spokesman for Bishop Gandiya, told SW Radio Africa that
this was an attempt by the disgraced Bishop to appeal to ZANU PF sympathies
and politicise a matter that should have been purely for the church.
Shumba said: “He attempted to invoke the so-called spirit of Zimbabwe to
politicise a purely church matter. Unfortunately his attempts were useless
and hopeless as they had no basis in law.
He added that Kunonga has been “forgiven but must physically pay for the
transgressions he committed against Anglicans”.
The ex-communicated Bishop now faces the prospect of paying for the CPCA’s
legal bills and also paying all the bills that accrued on the properties he
had taken. Shumba said: “We are going to continue documenting the magnitude
of loss we experienced as a church to ensure that we send a clear message to
those who try to deprive us of our right to worship that we have a God who
fights for us,” Shumba said
The CPCA says some of the buildings had become brothels and others were
being rented out to different churches and schools.
Shumba said Kunonga’s sidekick in Manicaland, Elson Jakazi, had filed his
own appeal against the Supreme Court decision that confirmed Gandiya as the
Bishop of Harare. Judgement was reserved in that case on Monday.
“They had attempted to go back into church buildings and rectories to
repossess properties, but did not have eviction orders. Neither had the
appeal been heard. So it has now been heard and we await judgement,” Shumba
The court judgements against Kunonga have been welcomed by the Anglicans,
but there is still general suspicion about the fact that the courts are
suddenly appearing to abide by the rule of law. Many are also wondering who
it is in ZANU PF that has suddenly got it in for the man the party has
supported for so long.
By Fungai Kwaramba, Staff Writer
Tuesday, 11 December 2012 11:54
HARARE - Prospects of a breakthrough in the constitution-making process
logjam hinge on today’s meeting between President Robert Mugabe’s Zanu PF
and the two MDC formations led by Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and
Industry and Commerce minister Welshman Ncube.
Mugabe, in agreement with Tsvangirai, has set up a special Cabinet committee
in order break the constitution impasse.
However, a meeting that was scheduled for yesterday, failed to take-off
after representatives from the Tsvangirai-led MDC excused themselves in
order to attend the funeral of Home Affairs Minister, Theresa Makone’s
Paul Mangwana, who is co-chairperson of the parliamentary constitutional
committee (Copac) said the meeting would be held today.
“The meeting was postponed because our colleagues from MDC had gone to
attend a funeral. Delays can happen if you have a coalition government,”
The committee has seven members, with Eric Matinenga, minister of
Constitutional and Parliamentary Affairs, as the convenor and chairperson.
It also comprises three Cabinet ministers, Patrick Chinamasa, the minister
of Justice and Legal Affairs, Priscilla Misihairambwi-Mushonga, minister of
Regional Integration and Cooperation, minister of Finance Tendai Biti and
the three Copac co-chairpersons Douglas Mwonzora, Edward Mkosi and Mangwana.
The committee was set up at the instigation of Mugabe after his party had
brought its own draft constitution that was castigated by coalition partners
who said the amended draft deviated from what people had said during the
At the Second All-Stakeholders Conference held in October, Mugabe declared
that the Principals — himself, Tsvangirai and Ncube — would have a final say
in the constitution-making process and true to his word, the process is now
in the hands of the executive.
The whole constitution-making process has been characterised by delays and
deadlocks since it began in 2009, and according to the Global Political
Agreement (GPA) the process is two years behind schedule.
Misihairambwi told the Daily News that the meeting had been postponed
because of the “tragedy” that had befallen the Makone family.
“We are going to meet tomorrow (today),” said Misihairambwi.
Mwonzora from the Tsvangirai-led MDC said they expect movement after the
“Yes the meeting was postponed because of the funeral but we hope that after
tomorrow’s meeting, there is going to be movement in the constitution-making
A new constitution is regarded by Sadc as the basic foundation for holding
free and fair elections which Mugabe is adamant would be held in March 2013.
By Tichaona Sibanda
11 December 2012
No fundamental differences have emerged so far in the COPAC verification
exercise to synchronise the draft constitution with views brought up during
the second All-Stakeholders conference.
A highly placed source told SW Radio Africa that a much leaner COPAC
management committee of seven people, appointed recently by the principals
to the GPA, met in Harare Tuesday and covered about 75 percent of the issues
in the new charter.
However, hurdles are expected to emerge as the team tackles the more
contentious issues, like devolution.
‘They haven’t finished yet but they’ve covered 75 percent of the work and
they will meet Thursday to complete the exercise. What came out of the
Tuesday meeting is that there were no fundamental differences that emerged,
they almost agreed on everything,’ the source added.
Meanwhile SADC regional leaders who met in Dar es Salaam for a two day
summit last week urged the political stakeholders to finalise the
constitutional process, including the referendum, before the holding of the
elections in 2013.
Dr Alex Magaisa, the head of the political unit in the Prime Minister’s
office, said one of the critical points emerging from the SADC resolution is
the fact that the next elections will only be held following the conduct of
the constitutional referendum.
‘The referendum is the opportunity for the people to decide whether or not
they want the new constitution. Therefore, the debate over whether or not
the principals have a role in the process is marginal and a distraction
because ultimately, the people will have the platform at the referendum to
accept or reject the new constitution,’ Magaisa wrote on his Facebook page.
He continued: ‘The constitutional process includes the referendum and the
expectation is that a referendum will be held as part of that process. The
GPA requires full implementation and no party should wilfully renege on its
Dr Phillan Zamchiya, the regional coordinator for the Crisis in Zimbabwe
Coalition, said the SADC resolution has put paid Robert Mugabe’s plans to
call for elections before a new constitution is adopted.
He said as members of the civil society organisations in Zimbabwe they view
the resolutions as ‘very progressive’ and that it has been made clear SADC
will not endorse an election without set out reforms, including a new
‘Unless they want to risk the wrath of SADC, ZANU PF, who are known to be
risk takers, might call for elections without these reforms but that would
be suicidal,’ Zamchiya said.
Tuesday, 11 December 2012 11:31
HARARE - A special summit of southern Africa’s regional body Sadc called on
President Jacob Zuma to immediately help resolve disagreements over a new
Zimbabwe constitution threatening to disrupt a roadmap to a fresh election.
Zuma — Sadc’s point man in the Zimbabwe dialogue — tabled a progress report
on the constitution reform process at the Tanzania summit last weekend.
Tanzania is the current chair of the Sadc Organ on Politics, Defence and
Security Cooperation, while South Africa and Namibia also make up the
Zuma tabled the report at the Sadc Troika summit two weeks after his
facilitators concluded a meeting with negotiators from the three parties in
the Zimbabwe coalition.
Lindiwe Zulu, Zuma’s international relations advisor, told the Daily News
yesterday that the two-day extraordinary Sadc summit — called to discuss the
DRC conflict, Zimbabwe crisis and Madagascar conflict — asked the South
African leader to help Zimbabwean principals conclude the
constitution-making process, hold a referendum and implement electoral
reforms before the next harmonised elections.
“President Jacob Zuma tabled a progress report in line with the Maputo
resolution to the heads of state in relation to the constitution where there
has been progress or where there has been no progress,” Zulu said.
“With regards to the deadlock, they urged Zuma to assist the parties to
break the deadlock.
Heads of state urged Zuma to assist the Zimbabwe principals, and considered
the fact that the GPA ends somewhere, and encouraged parties to complete the
constitution and put it to referendum before election.
Zuma was urged to assist and ensure the GPA is implemented.” - Gift Phiri,
by Dumisani Sibanda & Khanyile Mlotshwa I NewsDay
MDC leader Welshman Ncube Monday rejected maneouvers by the MDC-T to forge
an election pact ahead of next year’s polls and took a swipe at Prime
Minister Morgan Tsvangirai for calling him a “village politician”.
MDC-T secretary-general Tendai Biti at the weekend said his party was eager
to see opposition parties forming an electoral pact to unseat President
Robert Mugabe and Zanu PF.
Biti told New Zimbabwe.com in England that Tsvangirai’s failure to win the
Presidency in the last elections was due to the failure to work with Ncube’s
But Ncube — who says he was disappointed by the collapse of talks to
re-unite the MDC formations on the eve of the 2008 polls — appeared to take
offence at Tsvangirai’s recent statements dismissing him as a village
“How can villagers unite with royalty? Tsvangirai said we are villagers a
few days back and he is royalty,” Ncube, who is also the Minister of
Industry and Trade, quipped when asked about Biti's call.
“We are MDC and we won’t have pacts. We stand alone because what we stand
for is different from what other parties stand for.”
Last Friday, Ncube told NewsDay that a “genetic predisposition for hatred of
a group of people” inspired Tsvangirai’s attacks against him.
The PM told his supporters in Lupane recently that Ncube was a regional
leader and he should rise above that if he entertained any hopes of being
President of this country.
“As a matter of fact, we are working throughout the country, every village,
every district,” Ncube said.
“He (Tsvangirai) is misinformed when he says we are only having meetings in
Matabeleland North. When we held our congress we said we would cover
everywhere, every river, as long as it is within our boundaries.
“Those who want can wallow in the self-delusion that this is not what we are
doing. Let’s wait for election day.”
He said the MDC was holding rallies in other parts of the country besides
“There are people who like to speak more about the individual than the
subject,” Ncube said.
“There are some people who have an inherent hatred for a particular group of
people. They cannot see that we are everywhere. When they look at Ncube they
don’t see a Zimbabwean, but a Matabele.”
He said some people did not believe a Ndebele should “aspire for national
“It is bigotry,” Ncube said.
He said other than “bigotry”, it was difficult to imagine why he was being
blocked from being one of the principals in the inclusive government.
The Southern African Development Community — which is one of the guarantors
of the Global Political Agreement which gave birth to the inclusive
government — recognises Ncube as a principal.
On Twitter, Ncube said although belittled, his party had a “genuine” chance
of winning next year’s harmonised elections beyond the Matabeleland region
that is viewed as its stronghold.
In a series of tweets in response to a question on his party’s chances,
Ncube said the MDC had grown nearly three times from the last election.
“We had 10% of the vote (in the last election),” he said. “All would agree
we have grown since then, perhaps doubled or tripled. The previous election
had the lowest voter turnout, and many didn’t even know basics like who MDC
or MDC-T was.
“All that considered, one can easily conclude our current support is between
30 and 35%, or even more. On the other hand, most people would agree both
Zanu PF and MDC-T have lost support.
“So they could be anywhere between 30 and 40%.
“Either way, there is only a few percentage points difference between MDC,
MDC-T and Zanu PF. So only a few percentage points will decide who wins or
is part of the runoff and things can still change before elections.
“We genuinely think we have a good shot at winning that election.”
Ncube added that inviting Deputy Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara to lead the
MDC was a mistake.
By Alex Bell
11 December 2012
The Masvingo council could face total collapse soon, after a number of
council assets, including garbage and fire trucks, were seized as part of a
legal battle with workers.
The asset seizures are part of a dispute over unpaid salaries, with the
council ordered to pay US$3.5 million to its workforce. The Zimbabwe Urban
Council Workers’ Union, on behalf of the workers, recently obtained an
arbitral award ordering the council to pay its workers. Removal of council
property started last Wednesday, as part of plans to auction the assets to
fund the court ordered payment.
The council is now without key items that have left it paralysed. This
includes water and sewerage equipment, already raising fears of an outbreak
of waterborne diseases like typhoid.
Other property attached in the case has included vehicles, office furniture
and computers, including those used by top council officials. This also
includes the Mayor’s Mercedes Benz sedan.
The assets seizure comes as the MDC-T Masvingo Urban district executive and
the Masvingo Town Council have ‘intensified’ efforts to weed out corruption
and maladministration within the city council.
Several meetings have been convened in a bid to identify corrupt elements
within the MDC-T-led council, while the party district executive has also
resolved to come up with a commission of inquiry to handle issues of
corruption within the city council.
Provincial spokesperson Harrison Mudzuri told SW Radio Africa that
corruption was a serious issue that the party “in no way supports.” He said
that any incidents of corruption will be dealt with swiftly, regardless of
By Alex Bell
11 December 2012
The South African Police Services (SAPS) is facing criticism for using tear
gas to control a restless group of travellers at the border with Zimbabwe,
amid warnings that the crackdown on cross border migration between the two
countries is intensifying.
SAPS members at the Beitbridge border fired tear gas last Friday morning
where queues of mainly Zimbabwean citizens had been waiting several hours
trying clear immigration control. It has been reported that some of the
travellers started jumping the queue, resulting in rising anger among the
already impatient crowd.
Police officer commanding Beitbridge district, Chief Superintendent Lawrence
Chinhengo, said this weekend that the incident was a great cause for
“This was a very unfortunate incident. We are not happy with the method our
counterparts used to control queues and have since communicated to them that
we need to have an urgent bilateral meeting to iron out the issue. There are
better ways to manage people rather than the tear smoke. It is of paramount
importance that we meet and find better ways to control crowds during this
festive season,” he said.
Police say they have had to step up border controls in Beitbridge because
around 40 percent of Zimbabweans deported from South Africa over the past
year eventually return. Recent statistics say that an estimated 43,000
Zimbabweans have been deported since last October.
Diana Zimbudzana from the Zimbabwe Exiles Forum said the tight controls at
the legal crossing at Beitbridge are a result of South Africa’s
“intolerance” with Zimbabweans, who continue to seek economic refuge across
the border. Zimbudzana said South Africa needs to rethink its immigration
policies and start putting their much-touted ‘spirit of Ubuntu’ into
“The number of border crossing are increasing because there’s a reason for
it. The situation back home is still causing people to leave. And there will
be an influx come the next elections. But South Africa is not doing all it
can to help Zimbabweans,” Zimbudzana said.
She said that the country is clamping down on immigration using ‘unofficial’
policies that make it difficult for foreign nationals to secure either
asylum or immigration papers. Part of this campaign has been the closure of
refugee reception offices across the country.
“But you can’t prove that this is official policy so there is almost nothing
you can do about it,” Zimbudzana said.
She added that, while the immigration controls at the border have
strengthened, there is no control of criminal activity at the borders. It is
understood that an estimated 10 foreign nationals, mainly Zimbabweans, are
raped every day while crossing the border. Criminal gangs also continue to
take advantage of the hundreds of border crossers risking the jump every
day, robbing and assaulting people.
Tuesday, 11 December 2012 12:27
HARARE - The Zimbabwe government should make concerted efforts to guarantee
a credible referendum and election to pave way for total reunion with the
European Union (EU) bloc, the top EU envoy said yesterday.
Aldo Dell’Ariccia, the head of EU Delegation, was speaking in a Human Rights
Day address commemorated under the theme ‘‘Inclusion and the right to
participate in public life’’.
Though Ariccia applauded parties to the Global Political Agreement for
working towards fulfilling the dictates of the pact, he however, said
unrestricted reengagement is only possible if Zimbabwe fulfills its
commitments and allow democracy to prevail.
“The steps taken since the formation of the Government of National Unity to
improve the freedom and prosperity of Zimbabwean people are encouraging. The
decision to suspend the EU appropriate measures in July this year
represented a major shift in the EU approach and we are keen to move further
towards normalised relations,” said Ariccia.
The EU bloc this year dropped dozens of individuals and companies from its
“In this regard, we look to the Government of National Unity to make every
effort to conclude the constitutional process, and to take the necessary
steps in the preparation for credible and peaceful elections,” he said.
Notable progress has been made towards the writing of a new constitution.
Ariccia called on government to prioritise trade and investment partnerships
to grow Zimbabwe’s economy.
“With the ratification of the interim economic partnership agreement in May
this year, Zimbabwean businesses enjoy tax and quota free trade with Europe,
and we are working to attract attention of more business in Europe,” he
EU high representative Catherine Ashton said this year’s theme blends well
with the prevalence of transitional governments worldwide. She commended
countries such as Tunisia, Libya, Sierra Leone and Egypt for organising
record breaking democratic elections.
Burma and Somalia were applauded for allowing crucial political reforms to
Ashton however, said her organisation was aware of renewed efforts by
governments to end the watchdog dog role of non-governmental organisations —
“especially those but not exclusively those that receive external funding.”
“Yet much needs to be done to support those who risk their lives in support
of the fundamental values they believe in and in the hope of a better future
for themselves and future generations. The EU is committed to supporting the
vital work of civil society,” she said.
The bloc has established the European Endowment Fund for Democracy as an
expression of commitment to support democracy. - Wendy Muperi
by Staff Reporter
CHIEFS council president Fortune Charumbira has drawn the ire of the MDC
after declaring that traditional chiefs and Zanu PF are “inseparable.”
Charumbira told the Zanu PF national conference in Gweru at the weekend that
traditional leaders will actively campaign for the party in the forthcoming
The Global Political Agreement (GPA) proscribes political involvement by
traditional leaders and demands that they not “engage in partisan political
activities at national level as well as in their communities.”
Yet, the chiefs’ council has never veiled its inclinations towards Zanu PF,
and at times expressed outright contempt for the MDC and other political
MDC-T spokesman Douglas Mwonzora condemned Charumbira’s statements calling
him a “sycophant.”
“Chief Charumbira is simply being sycophantic, and is trying to ingratiate
himself with Zanu PF,” said Mwonzora. “It’s a cheap publicity-seeking stunt.
He is a victim of Zanu PF paternalism. Chiefs are supposed to be impartial
and apolitical; there is no need to append them to a political party.”
He added: “The problem with making chiefs political is that an individual
political subject will not look at a chief as such, but will look at a chief
as a political opponent, either as Zanu PF, a representative of Mugabe or of
a system they may or may not like, so it is unfair, it is not right.”
Nhlanhla Dube, spokesman for the MDC wing of Welshman Ncube also dismissed
Charumbira as a desperate Zanu PF surrogate whose views are not
representative of all traditional leaders in the country.
“The comments are emanating from a Zanu PF functionary, they are not
comments that will emanate from all the other chiefs whom we know are
nonpolitical, whom we know want to subject Zimbabwe to fairness and
transparency, honesty and democratic system,” Dube said.
“What chief Charumbira has said is obvious of a man that could not succeed
in anything in life except in those spaces where he sings for his supper and
unfortunately his supper comes from Zanu PF. So he must cock-crow for his
supper at any given opportunity.
“It is a sad reality of how chiefs have been abused by those that seek to
speak on their behalf, but we know certainly that there are many more chiefs
that do not think in the same way as Charumbira.”
Zanu PF has managed over the years to buy the loyalty of some village heads
and chiefs with expensive handouts including luxury cars, monthly allowances
and free maize seed.
Zimbabwean churches in Matabeleland are expected to stage peaceful protests
in Bulawayo Thursday against increasing cases of corruption in the country
which was recently rated by Transparency International as the most corrupt
nation in the Southern African region.
The campaign was first launched in Harare last Saturday by various heads of
Christian denominations who want to end corruption among poor people
It was meant to coincide with the International Ant-Corruption Day that was
observed on December 9.
One of the organisers of the event, Reverend Useni Sibanda of the Zimbabwe
Christian Alliance, said the churches will be accompanied by the Zimbabwe
Participating church organisations include the Evangelical Fellowship of
Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Council of Churches, Zimbabwe Christian Alliance and
various apostolic faith denominations.
Reverend Sibanda said corruption has become an undesirable culture in
He said: “The church needs to shine its light on the world and put the
spotlight on corruption.”
In its 2012 Corruption Perception Index, the organisation said the country
scored 20 points out of 100, an indication that it has high cases of
The index is presented on a scale from zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (clean).
Zimbabwe was ranked 163 out of 176 assessed nations, making it the most
corrupt nation in the Southern African Development Community region.
According to Transparency International, Somalia and North Korea are the
world’s most corrupt countries while Denmark and Finland are seen as nations
with the least cases of corruption.
By Tichaona Sibanda
11 December 2012
The national deputy chairman of the MDC-T, Morgan Komichi, is hoping to
launch a campaign against political violence and intimidation, to ensure
next year’s elections are organized without destruction of life and
The deputy Transport Minister seeks to launch the campaign in Sanyati in the
Midlands province, in an effort to try to avoid violence flaring up between
rival political parties. He explained that his crusade will ensure the
district does not witness a repeat of the violence witnessed in the 2008
Komichi told SW Radio Africa on Tuesday that he would also ask the ZANU PF
MP for the constituency, Fungai Chaderopa, to demand violence-free campaigns
in the area. A resurgence of inter-party violence in Sanyati saw an MDC-T
activist lose her home last week when it was torched by suspected ZANU PF
A widow and mother of eight, Senzeni Hove of Village 33 in Madzivaenzou, is
lucky to be alive after the hut she was sleeping in was set ablaze. She
managed to escape and made a report at Kadoma central police station.
Komichi confirmed the incident and said he had been assured by the
member-in-charge that investigations had been launched in the attempted
murder case. But there are renewed concerns that tensions could spread to
other parts of Sanyati and the province, hence Komichi’s attempt to try and
encourage people to be peaceful.
Komichi is eyeing to unseat Chaderopa in next year’s elections. He will be
in the constituency to celebrate his recent appointment as a deputy minister
next week Thursday and Saturday and to preach the gospel of peace.
Chaderopa gained notoriety in her constituency in the run up to the 27th
June presidential run-off elections, through her heavily militarized
perpetration of political violence in the constituency.
Komichi said his initiative seeks to expose politicians who adopt any form
of violent campaign tactics leading to elections in 2013. He said although
the 2013 presidential and parliamentary elections are still months away, the
peaceful and violence-free elections should be the responsibility of all
‘We need to remind both from ZANU PF and MDC of the horrible effect of
violence, destruction of life and property. I will ask the local MP to take
some action or implement Mugabe’s call to desist from violent
‘All efforts must be created by the state, non-political and political
actors to clear the hurdles of any intended anarchy to mar the elections and
plunge the nation into chaos,’ he said.
The minister said building peace is a collective responsibility. He said he
will encourage citizens, civil society organizations, youth groups, the
media and stakeholders of Zimbabwe to work together to name and shame all
politicians who incite the public to violence, for their political interest.
A press statement from Rooftop Promotions:
Police in Gweru Monday banned three performances of the play The Coup which
is currently touring the country.
This is the second time that the law enforcement agents have banned the
play. Police in Bindura were the first to place a ban on the play stating
that it was “political”.
A request for clearance of the shows was sent on November 22 and when the
team arrived in Gweru on Monday afternoon to prepare for the performance
they were informed that the show was not cleared.
The reason given was the Police Internal Security Intelligence officer
Marengere wanted to first view the recording of the play before he can issue
Marengere wanted to perform the duty of the Censorship Board which goes
through the content of any artistic work before they issue a certificate.
The duty of the police is to maintain peace and order during public
performances and not to censor artists.
The play was supposed to be performed at Lounge Bar on Monday at 5:30pm
followed by another performance at Fairhill Farm on Tuesday at 1 pm and the
last show at the Midlands Hotel at 5:30pm.
On Sunday the play was successfully performed at Amakhosi Cultural Square
without any incidence. Over 70 people watched the play in Bulawayo.
“We are deeply worried by the continued suppression of artistic freedom and
expression by the police who in this case are not the authority over any
artistic work. The very same police force operating under the same
Zimbabwean laws allowed the play to go on in Bulawayo.
It is high time that artists in this country unite and speak in unison
against this unwarranted interference by the police. We will continue
lobbying the Police General Headquarters to issue a generic clearance letter
that covers all the provinces in the country,” said Daves Guzha
This entry was posted on December 11th, 2012 at 11:53 am by Bev Clark
Think Africa Press has obtained a series of videos, which appear to show various forms of political intimidation by members of the ruling ZANU-PF party in Zimbabwe.
In the first video, taken in January 2012 in Budiriro, Harare, a ZANU-PF official tells the villagers gathered that: “With ZANU-PF meetings, whether you want to or not, as long as you stay around here you have to attend”. The speaker goes on to suggest that if someone does not attend, they ought to leave the area.
The second video exposes Newton Kachepa, MP for Mudzi North, discussing violence against people who belong to the opposition party Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). “You say ZANU-PF kills? It doesn’t kill. If you provoke it, it destroys”, he tells a group of ZANU-PF supporters. We also see a man claim that Kachepa boasted about killing opponents and threatened that he could be next. Later, the film shows 300 ZANU-PF members confronting an MDC rally of 70 people in which one MDC supporter was killed and seven more severely injured.
The final video shows more political intimidation at a ZANU-PF gathering in which supporters are warned: “If they [MDC] come here and you, as a ZANU-PF member, participate – I promise, I will beat you…If you participate, we will get hold of you”.
By Ndakaziva Majaka, Staff Writer
Tuesday, 11 December 2012 12:30
HARARE - President Robert Mugabe’s threats that he was going to crackdown on
corruption is cheap talk aimed at currying favour with the electorate ahead
of elections next year, analysts said yesterday.
The bombast delivered at the 13th national people’s conference to deal with
corrupt ministers and cops was a desperate appeal for much-needed votes,
they said, adding Mugabe should have mentioned what exactly he was going to.
Pedzisayi Ruhanya, director for Zimbabwe Democracy Institute, said Zanu PF
depends on corruption for survival, thus getting rid of corruption is not
practical as it will wipe the party from existence.
“Zanu PF as an institution is corrupt starting with Mugabe himself. When it
comes to elections, he pretends to be transparent when he is not. If he was
serious, he could have resolved his Cabinet long back,” he said. He also
cautioned the public not to be too optimistic as they could be in for a rude
“What he said was simply cheap talk and anyone who takes him seriously is
bound to be disappointed,” the analyst said. “If Mugabe really means it, he
should execute that now, what he said was a matter of vote buying so that
commuters and commuter omnibus operators get lured with his speech. In fact
that was a corrupt speech,” he added.
Another analyst Alexander Rusero also blasted Mugabe’s utterances as a poor
vote buying scheme.
“There are two approaches we can take on this issue, the first one is that
we are looking at an 89-year-old leader who is desperate to get power ahead
of the much talked about election,” said Rusero.
“With the magnitude of corruption in the country, what the leader said was
simply much ado about nothing, the country is bankrupt but some Zanu PF
individuals are rich, some of them are even the richest in the region
despite Zimbabwe being one of the poorest countries in the region,” the
He said the backbone of Mugabe’s power is corruption, and as such he has
resorted to cheap talk for survival. “Corruption makes him survive
politically. That speech was mere cheap talk to a Zanu PF audience and the
generality of Zimbabwe, there are many corruption scandals that were never
dealt with, for example the Noczim, GMB, and Air Zimbabwe,” he said.
He said it was possible, however, for Mugabe to fire the top police brass
because they contributed almost 75 percent to soiling of Zanu PF’s status.
“The police no longer command authority as they used to do before. Senior
police officers can be fired because they are just an extension of power and
once they are fired they can be replaced looking at the levels of
unemployment in Zimbabwe,” Rusero said.
Tuesday, 11 December 2012
The MDC is appalled by the blatant yellow journalism and gross
misinformation in the Herald of today (11/12/12) that the MDC National
Executive met in Bindura at the weekend purportedly to clear internal
problems over the role of principals in the Constitution making process.
For the record, no such meeting by the Executive took place in Bindura since
the President was out of the country on a visit to Kenya on official
Secondly there has never been any internal problem regarding the issue
alluded to in the Herald to warrant an Executive meeting.
The MDC implores the Zanu PF mouthpiece, the Herald and its journalists, to
verify their stories first before publishing. The unprofessional conduct as
exuded by the Herald is certainly not consistent with ethics guiding the
conduct of journalists and is therefore unacceptable.
The good thing about the people of Zimbabwe is that they will never be
swayed by Zanu PF or their propaganda mouthpieces into believing their lies.
Zimbabweans have soared way above petty politicking and have diverted their
attention to the real issues of pushing for a new constitution to be
The Last Mile: Towards Real Transformation!!!
The media industry and policy makers in the United Kingdom (UK) are
currently engaged in a very serious debate concerning press regulation. This
follows the publication of the Leveson Enquiry on Culture Practice and
Ethics of the Press report at the end of November this year. As it turns
out, the report recommends, among other things, a shift from self to
independent regulation of the press underpinned by statutory obligations.
It is a recommendation that has the support of a good number of politicians
in that country’s Parliament as well as that of the majority of the victims
of News of the World newspaper’s phone hacking scandal. The significance of
the Leveson report will inevitably be felt beyond the borders of the UK,
given the fact that a lot of governments in the world have the undemocratic
tendency of continually seeking ways of restricting free media in one way or
the other. And for some of these governments, where better to look than the
UK, a progenitor of Parliamentary democracy.
The same report will also be the subject of debate among media owners,
editors, journalists unions and associations but not for the same reasons as
those of governments. This is because many in the media, including UK based
editors, may find the major recommendation of a statutory underpinning to
independent regulation more retrogressive than progressive. And this could
be because of the generally predatory instincts of the states where and when
it comes to stymieing access to information and compromising investigative
journalism. Many in the media would feel that like the proverbial camel
outside the tent, once the state gets its head into the media tent, it will
eventually come to repressively occupy the space of media freedom.
In the world of media academics (legal and social sciences) all of this
makes for interesting new academic ‘fodder’ around the complex issue of
regulating freedom of expression particularly so with the expansion of the
internet and the decreasing distinction between electronic and print media.
This now somewhat global debate on media regulation will also come to affect
Zimbabwe but, again, not necessarily for the same reasons cited above. The
fact that Zimbabwe has dual regulation of the media (both state and
voluntary) means the debate may become couched in the language of protecting
‘turfs’ and seeking to justify the progressive existence of one system over
the other. It would however be instructive for the example of the Leveson
enquiry not to be taken at face value nor out of context given the
repressive media circumstances obtaining in Zimbabwe.
Where the Zimbabwean media industry and its associated stakeholders must
initially draw the lesson from the press regulation debate in the UK, it
must do so on the basis of understanding the freedom of expression, media
freedom and access to information culture that informs that same country.
The issue in the UK is not necessarily what was written or published by the
media but how information was obtained illegally and without due attention
to the right of individuals to privacy. It was not about the media insulting
the Queen or that country’s Prime Minister, and where the police laid
charges against the editor of the News of the World, it had limited little
with intending to either close down that paper by force or harass them for a
story that undermined the ‘state security services’.
It is also important to tread carefully with the recommendations of the
Leveson enquiry when comparing it with what obtains in Zimbabwe because our
statutory media regulation laws point to the criminalisation of the media in
and of itself. Where the British laws that led to the criminal charging of
journalists are not targeting the contents of a news story but the method in
which information was acquired, Zimbabwe’s lawsseek to criminally address
the content of the story and arrest the editor and journalist who wrote the
same. And this is inclusive of the criminalisation of our libel laws where
journalists are arrested upon someone filing a police report about a story
he/she deems slanderous to their person.
Further still, in Zimbabwe we must learn to address issues relating to the
media and its regulation within a framework that understands the fundamental
importance of freedom of expression, access to information and media freedom
if we are to build a democratic society. This means that the best lesson we
must take from the Leveson enquiry in the UK is not so much a self righteous
(if you support state regulation and criminalisation of the media) or self
immolation (if you support self regulation of the media). It should be that
where we seek to review media regulation in Zimbabwe we must have a
de-politicisied debate that skirts the mistakes of the past and the
progressive undertakings of the Zimbabwean media such as the Voluntary Media
Council of Zimbabwe (VMCZ).
And we must acknowledge that the past and current relationship between the
state and the media in Zimbabwe has been a completely undemocratic one.
Especially where the state has been playing the role of the repressive
persecutor of the media and accentuating a culture of impunity against
journalists. Where one recalls the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act and how it has been retained even by the inclusive government,
one can only realise that our own debate around media freedom and or its
regulation remains stymied by the over-politicisation of freedom of
expression and media freedom related issues by our government. Even moreso
considering the fact that policy makers still insist on bureaucratizing
freedom of expression by retaining a constitutional media commission and a
myriad of other media related statutory bodies that treat the same right
To conclude, it is important to understand the context within which the
Leveson Report in the UK is being debated. Especially where we seek to
compare it with our own statutory and voluntary regulatory system here in
Zimbabwe. We must strive as far as is possible to ensure the ushering in of
a democratic culture around freedom of expression and media freedom before
we start trying to emulate or take lessons from Leveson. This would begin by
repealing AIPPA and the many other laws that impinge on media freedom and
freedom of expression. Where we seek to review media laws we must not be
prisoners of opportunism and political expediency. Instead we must do so on
the basis of the democratic principle and understanding the freedom of
expression and media freedom are the cornerstone of any serious democracy.
*Takura Zhangazha writes here in his capacity as Executive Director of the
Voluntary Media Council of Zimbabwe (VMCZ)
Programme Officer -Advocacy and Complaints
Voluntary Media Council of Zimbabwe
We publish here the full resolutions of the just-ended Zanu-PF 13th Annual
National People’s Conference
The Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front held its 13th Annual
National People’s Conference in Gweru, Midlands Province at the Gweru
Convention and Exhibition Centre from 5th-9th December 2012.
The conference was officially opened by the President and First Secretary,
Cde R. G. Mugabe. Each District sent one delegate drawn from the Main Wing
or Women’s League or Youth League. The rest of the delegates were drawn the
provincial leadership upwards as well as the Zanu-PF Johannesburg District
in South Africa.
The conference received solidarity messages from ANC (South Africa),
represented by Cde Jeff Radebe, member of the National Executive Council,
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Tanzania) was represented by its Secretary for External
Relations, Dr Rose Asha Migiro, Frelimo (Mozambique) was represented by Cde
Sergio Quantinho, member of the Central Committee. Politburo Member, Cde
Theodore Quarter represented MPLA (Angola) while Swapo party (Namibia) was
represented by Central Committee member, Cde Hilma Nican as well as from
local affiliate organisations.
1. Party mobilisation
Whereas the people’s revolutionary party is committed to safeguarding,
defending, promoting, widening and deepening the ideals and values of
Zimbabwe’s heroic liberation struggle for the benefit of all Zimbabweans
today and in posterity;
Impelled by the imperatives of Zimbabwe’s current “Chimurenga Moment” to
indigenise the national economy, empower the indigenous population and its
communities, develop and grow the economy to generate new wealth and income
and to create employment opportunities especially for the youth who make up
the majority of the economically active community;
Noting that the GPA and the Inclusive Governme-nt, legally and
constitutionally, ought to have come to their end after the expiry of the
two years reckoned from the inception of the Inclusive Government ;
Determined to defend Zimbabwe’s national sovereignty to ensure peace and the
holding of free and fair elections in 2013;
Resolutely opposed to the use of any form of political violence for
electoral or any other purpose whether physical or otherwise and whether
instigated or perpetrated by elements internally and externally inspired.
Driven and guided by the imperatives of national unity, national cohesion
and the wellbeing of all Zimbabweans;
Committed to the promotion of regional and international solidarity among
Aware of the geopolitical intrigues, plots, manoeuvrings and regime-change
agendas of imperialist and neo-colonial forces to resolve their crippling
economic crises by seeking to recolonise developing countries to exploit
their natural resources under the guise of economic market reforms,
democracy, good governance and human rights;
Congratulating the party’s Midlands Province, the Midlands Development
Association, consulting architects and engineers and their cooperating
partners for the construction of the magnificent Gweru Convention and
Alarmed by the unrelenting covert machinations by Western imperialist forces
and their proxies;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) To confirm the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, as
elected at the last congress to be the party’s Presidential candidate in the
harmonised elections to be held in 2013.
(b) To direct all structures of the party to earnestly and immediately
prepare for a resounding victory in the forthcoming elections by adopting a
“Bhora Mugedhi”/ “Ibhola Egedhini” posture.
(c) That the guidelines for the selection of party candidates for the
conduct of primary elections must provide for free and fair primary
elections in the spirit of the founding principles of Zanu-PF and to
prohibit the imposition of candidates .
(d) Exhorts every member of the party to be guided, instructed and bound by
the vision, direction, ideals, values and the imperative for unity paying
due regard to the enduring principle that we are our own liberators under
the banner; “Iwe neni tinebasa”/“Wena lami silom’sebenzi”.
(e) To urge the party to revive and develop a cadreship policy that nurtures
a broad human resource base for deployment by the party and to introduce
structured compulsory ideological programmes.
(f) To call upon the party to develop innovative, robust and relevant
mobilisation strategies to attract and maintain the support of women,
youths, people with disabilities including encouraging organisations and
associations for the young, professional and other special interest groups
to affiliate with it.
(g) To urge the party to continue working towards the realisation of 50-50
gender representation in all decision-making institutions.
(h) To urge the party to make provisions for the adequate funding of all its
programmes, including the impending primary elections and harmonised
(i) To discourage the use of money for personal political benefit.
(j) To urge the party to utilise local talent and resources to identify
projects for income generation and employment creation for the benefit of
the party and the community.
(k) Instructs the party to ensure that Government enforces the
de-registration of errant NGOs deviating from their mandate.
2. National economy indegenising & empowerment.
Whereas the fountain and foundation of sustainable economic development for
the benefit of all Zimbabweans is the ownership of and control over the
country’s God given natural resources by the indigenous population;
Commending Zimbabweans for their revolutionary resilience, vigilance and
total commitment which are now showing tangible evidence of irreversible
success in all the 14 key sectors of the economy which are the target of the
party’s indigenisation and economic empowerment thrust, most notably in the
areas of agriculture mining and tourism sectors;
Encouraged that at long last justice has prevailed following the clearance
and endorsement of the unfettered sale of Zimbabwe’s diamonds by the
Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) notwithstanding the
continuation of the illegal and evil economic sanctions imposed against
Zimbabwe by the UK, US, EU and the White Commonwealth countries to the
detriment of the wellbeing of ordinary Zimbabweans;
Satisfied that through the historic Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment
programmes, at least seven Community Share Ownership Trusts, namely,
Chegutu-Mhondoro-Ngezi-Chivero-Zvimba in Mashonaland West, Marange-Zimunya
in Manicaland, Zvishavane and Tongogara-Shurugwi in the Mildlands, Gwanda in
Matabeleland South, Bindura in Mashonaland Central and Hwange in
Matabeleland North have been launched and 148 Employee Share Ownership
Trusts have been established;
Noting that according to the United Nations Zimbabwe is among the top five
countries with the highest sun intensity in the world, acknowledging the use
and importance of solar energy;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) That all the sectors of the economy must fully comply with the
(b) That all investment related laws that are in conflict with the
Indigenisation Act are amended to align with the Indigenisation Act.
(c) That De Beers be investigated for illegal mining operations carried out
by the company in Marange under the guise of exploration. The investigation
to establish the quantity of the diamond bearing soil scooped out of the
Marange area and transported to South Africa as well as determining the
actual value of the diamonds thus illegally smuggled out of the country.
(d) To urge the party to spearhead the decriminalisation of mining
operations undertaken by the gold panners (“makorokoza”) and implores
Government to give them mining licences so that they operate lawfully.
(e) To urge the party to spearhead the adoption of currencies of the BRICS
countries and other emerging economies as legal tender in Zimbabwe alongside
the US Dollar.
(f) That the party should intensify and apply the community based cattle
herd rebuilding intervention programme and the Zanu-PF cattle breeding
project in all provinces.
(g) That Government should prohibit the externalisation of the peoples’ bank
(h) That the artisanal and small scale miners be incorporated into
mainstream mining through support such as provision of equipment and
training in modern mining. This will create massive employment.
(i) That the party takes a leading role in the establishment of an
Agricultural Commodity Exchange that should provide a vibrant market to
drive the agriculture sector.
(j) To urge the party to push for legislation for banks to lend to key
sectors of the economy at affordable rates and to offer substantive real
rates of return on deposits so as to mobilise and encourage savings.
(k) To call upon Government to set a Zimbabwe’s Minerals Exchange as a
vehicle to ensure that there is no external listing of Zimbabwe’s mineral
(l) To instruct Government to work out modalities for the re-introduction of
domestic currency alongside the multi-currency system in order to address
the current liquidity crisis and to enable our people to carry out their
(m) That all export receipts should be banked in Zimbabwe with national
local financial institutions.
(n) Encourages Foreign Direct Investment to compliment domestic investment
and calls upon Government to ensure that foreign investors do not fund their
investments through local borrowings.
(o) Applauds the party for intensifying the indigenisation and empowerment
programmes as the basis of creating a new breed of employers who are
conscious of the national interest to create wealth and provide more
(p) Recognising that the shortage of power is the single biggest inhibiting
factor to economic growth and cognisant of our abundant coal reserves, coal
bed methane deposits and Zimbabwe’s strategic position within the Southern
African Power Pool and the growing demand for energy in the region, calls
upon the party to spearhead the development of a power generation industry
by promoting favourable investment opportunities in solar, ethanol, hydro,
biogas and wind energy sectors.
(q) To call upon the party to urge Government to promote nationwide
utilisation of solar energy and to develop solar energy capacity.
(r) To condemn the MDC formations for promoting neo- liberal, anti- people
financial policies that have stunted agricultural production, starved funds
to key economic enablers like water and sanitation, energy and the social
services sectors and denied liquidity to the national economy.
3. Social services
l Appalled by the rampant corruption in urban councils that are under the
control of the MDC formations across the country and which have resulted in
abominable service delivery, particularly in areas such as education,
health, water, power and urban roads that have led to periodic outbreaks of
cholera, typhoid and all manner of water borne diseases.
Noting the acute food deficit across the country, especially in rural areas;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) To call for the unconditional lifting of the illegal sanctions to
facilitate the restoration and access to sound social services
(b) To exhort the party to restore full service delivery after the
(c) Urges the party to ensure that Government through the responsible
ministry and Government departments to attend to the construction and
rehabilitation of roads in both rural and urban areas.
(d) To direct the party to urgently take remedial measures to redress the
rapid decline in the quality of the education system alongside the
deterioration of national sport and recreational facilities.
4. Regional and international relations
Encouraged by the growing spirit of regional solidarity within Sadc
demonstrated by the continuous engagement and interaction through the forum
of secretaries general of liberation movements in the region whose regular
meetings have created new networking opportunities between and among the
liberation movements and their countries;
Alarmed by the escalating instability in the eastern part of the Democratic
Republic of Congo and its geopolitical implications that threaten to
destabilise the wider Great Lakes and Southern African regions;
Concerned about the involvement of external players in the Eastern part of
the Democratic Republic of Congo and their wanton disregard of the
sovereignty of the DRC in violation of international law;
Disturbed by the continued abuse of multilateral institutions by NATO
countries in pursuit of their neo-liberal unilateralism and foreign policy
interests in search of elusive solutions to their crippling financial crises
as exemplified by the Eurozone crisis that threatens to collapse the EU;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) To express gratitude for the messages of solidarity conveyed to the
conference and the unanimous condemnation of the illegal economic sanctions
imposed on Zimbabwe.
(b) To congratulate the Palestinian State for becoming an observer member
state of the United Nations.
(c) To call upon the United Nations to expedite the process of granting self
determination to the Saharawi people.
(d) To congratulate Dr Nkosazana Dhlamini -Zuma on her election as AU
(e) To congratulate Xi Jingin upon his election as Secretary General of the
Chinese Communist Party.
(f) To note the re-election of president Barack Obama and call upon him to
repeal ZIDERA and unconditionally lift the illegal sanctions against
6. Media, science and technology
Noting the strategic importance of Information Communication Technologies
(ICTs) and the comparative advantage of connectivity in political
mobilisation and as critical tools for advancing the development of a
knowledge based economy;
Concerned about the widespread abuse of the social media by regime-change
seeking countries for purposes of negative propaganda to fan disunity,
hatred and engender instability;
Dismayed by the continuing violation of international law which has
undermined the GPA through the sponsorship of pirate radio stations by the
British, American and Dutch governments that respectively sponsor SW Africa,
Studio Seven and VOP;
Encouraged by the party’s new thrust to apply ICTs in its internal
management systems demonstrated by the introduction of its Electronic Card;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) Condemns the American, British and Dutch governments, for violating
international law and undermining the GPA guaranteed by Sadc and the AU,
through sponsorship of pirate radio stations in aid of their political
proxies with intention to effect illegal regime change.
(b) Condemns EU, America and white Commonwealth countries for supplying ICT
gadgets, such as cellphone, decoders, radios to communities to create
conditions for the broadcast and spread of falsehoods to distort so as to
undermine confidence in the electoral process and trigger Arab-style civil
6. Women’s Affairs
Recognising the crucial role that women played during the liberation
struggle and continue to do so and paying special tribute to past heroines,
like Mbuya Nehanda;
Cognisant of the leading role that the party continues to play in
championing the cause of women towards the realisation of gender equality in
all socio-economic and political spheres;
Grateful for the role women play in sustaining livelihoods of families under
the harsh and illegal economic sanctions imposed on our country by
Concerned by the ever increasing cases of gender based violence perpetrated
against women ;
Acknowledging that women continue to be under represented in positions of
decisions making institutions;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) That the party should spearhead and take the leading role in ensuring
greater representation of women in all decision making institutions so as to
attain the 50/50 ratio set by Sadc and AU in its protocols.
(b) That the party calls on all its members to be involved in the campaign
against gender based violence and commits to advocate for the deterrent
punishments of perpetrators.
(c) Calls upon the party to implement deliberate policies to empower the
rural women so as to reduce their chores.
(d) To adopt more systematic, sustainable, continuous education and training
policies for women to facilitate their skills development and empowerment.
(e) To urge the party to encourage young women, professional women and women
in special interest groups to integrate and affiliate with the party.
(f) Urges the party to develop and institute a mechanism for the utilisation
of Community Share Ownership Trust and the Sovereign Wealth Fund facilitate
7. Youth Affairs
Recognising that the youth constitute the majority of the population;
Acknowledging that the youth are a significant national resource and play a
pivotal role in the national economy;
Noting that unemployment is a major concern and challenge negatively
affecting the wellbeing of the youth;
Cognisant that the youth represent the future leadership of the country in
all spheres of society;
lApplauding the adoption of a new Youth National Policy to be launched soon;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) To reaffirm past resolutions that called for the acceleration of
provision of land to youths and call for concrete steps for their full
(b) To call for a deliberate policy advocating for a quota system in all
leadership positions in both parliamentary and council seats for the youth.
(c) To call for the appointment and deployment to strategic positions in
Government, Diplomatic Services, Parastatals and state enterprises.
(d) To call for speedy disbursement of youth empowerment funds to districts
and wards by the responsible Government Ministry to facilitate the much
needed development capital to the jobless youths.
(e) To condemn the harassment and arrests of youth in small scale mining
deemed to be illegal panners.
8. Religion, culture and liberations war gherirage
Whereas the vagaries of cultural imperialism and Westernisation continue to
threaten Zimbabwe’s heritage, values and traditions;
Noting that the primacy of Zimbabwe’s cultural heritage is the moral basis
of indigenisation and economic empowerment;
Celebrating Zimbabwe as an African country, multi-cultural; multi-religious,
multi-lingual and modern, whose strength lies in the unity of its people;
Respectful of the institution and role of traditional leadership and aware
of its historic function as the first line of defence in the struggle
against colonialism, cultural imperialism and Westernisation;
Now therefore, Conference resolves;
(a) That the party takes a leading role in identifying historic places and
locations where major battles took place during the First and Second
Chimurenga and to build shrines and museums at those places to commemorate
and immortalise heroic sacrifices.
(b) To urge the party to review and broaden the educational curriculum in
primary and secondary schools to include the teaching of the history of the
(c) That the party should institute research programmes to design ways and
means of protecting and enhancing the African cultural heritage.
(d) That the party should promote the design and implementation of the
teaching of a curriculum from Kindergatten to tertiary education to promote
core values that underpin the African way of life.
(e) That the party should promote cultural dialogue with religions of all
(f) That the party should establish cultural centres from district to
national level for cultural education and the holding of arts workshops.
9. Constitution-making process
Whereas on September 15, 2008 the party signed the Global Political
Agreement (GPA) with the two MDC formations whose main objectives included
the making of a new constitution based on the views of the people and
subject to a referendum within 18 months of the start of the process;
And whereas a Select Committee (Copac) was set up in April 2009 under
Article VI of the GPA to spearhead the Constitution Making Process and
produce a draft constitution within 18 months after which there would be a
referendum on the draft to be immediately followed by the holding of
Now therefore, Conference;
(a) Deplores the delaying tactics employed by the MDC formations which have
caused a constitution-making process that was supposed to take 18 months to
last but has so far taken 44 months and is still going on with no certainty
as to when it would be concluded.
(b) Is outraged that the draft constitution produced by Copac on July 18,
2012 deviated in serious material respects from the views of the people
expressed during the Copac outreach exercise and which are contained in the
National Statistical Report.
(c) Reiterates that any draft constitution emanating from the Copac
constitution making process must adhere to and conform with the views of the
people expressed during the Copac outreach exercise and repeated at the
Second All Stakeholders’ Conference.
(d) Calls upon the party to resist all attempts and machinations by some
international forces and their local proxies to smuggle nefarious values and
practices onto the proposed new constitution.
(e) Implores the GPA parties to conclude the constitution making process
before Christmas this year, failing which the Head of State and Government
and Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Forces should in terms of the law
issue the relevant Proclamation dissolving Parliament and fixing a date for
the holding of the harmonised elections under the current Constitution.
1. The Extraordinary Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the
Southern African Development Community (SADC) was held in Dar es Salaam,
United Republic of Tanzania from 7 - 8 December 2012.
2. Summit was attended by the following Heads of State and Government and or
DRC: H.E. President Joseph Kabila Kabange
Lesotho: Rt. Hon. Prime Minister Thomas Motsoahae Thabane
Mozambique: H.E. President Armando Emilio Guebuza
Namibia: H.E. President Hifikepunye Pohamba
South Africa: H.E. President Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma
United Republic: H.E. President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of Tanzania
Angola: H.E. Manuel Domingos Vicente - Vice President
Malawi: Rt. Hon. Khumbo Kachali, Vice President
Seychelles: H.E. Danny Faure, Vice President
Zambia: Hon. Dr. Guy Scotts, Vice President
Swaziland: Rt. Hon. Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini, Prime Minister
Botswana: Hon. Phandu Skelemani, Minister for Foreign Affairs
Zimbabwe: Hon. Simbarashe S. Mumbengengwi, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Mauritius: H.E. Mohammed Ismael Dossa, High Commissioner to South Africa
3. Summit was chaired by H.E. Armando Emilio Guebuza, President of the
Republic of Mozambique and the Chairperson of SADC.
4. Summit was also attended by His Excellency Yoweri Museveni, the President
of Uganda and the Chairperson of the International Conference on the Great
Lakes Region (ICGLR); and His Excellency Joaquim Alberto Chissano, former
President of the Republic of Mozambique, and SADC Mediator on the political
conflict in Madagascar.
5. Also in attendance was the Executive Secretary of SADC, Dr. Tomaz Augusto
Salomao and Executive Secretary of the ICGLR, Professor Alphonce Luaba.
6. Summit considered the political and security situation in the region, in
particular the latest developments in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the
Republic of Madagascar and the Republic of Zimbabwe.
7. On Democratic Republic of Congo, Summit:
(i) reaffirmed the indivisibility and respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of the Democratic Republic of Congo;
(ii) expressed deep concern regarding the deteriorating security and
humanitarian situation in eastern DRC due to the prevailing situation;
(iii) strongly condemned the M23 and all its attacks on the civilian
population, United Nations Peacekeepers and humanitarian actors, as well as
its abuses of human rights, including summary executions, sexual and gender
(iv) affirmed that SADC, as a block will deploy the SADC Standby Force in
the Eastern DRC under the auspices of the Neutral International Force
(v) welcomed the decision of the ICGLR to mandate the United Republic of
Tanzania to appoint a Force Commander for the NIF to be deployed in the
(vi) mandated the SADC Interstate Politics and Diplomacy Committee (ISPDC)
and the SADC Secretariat to work together with the ICGLR to engage the
African Union Peace and the United Nations Security Council for support to
the deployment and sustenance;
(vi) urged UN to change MONUSCO mandate to the United Nations Chapter VII;
(vii) commended the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of South
Africa for pledging one battalion and logistics support for the NIF
(viii) commended the DRC for contributing funds for the deployment of the
8. On Madagascar:
8.1 Summit commended:
(i) His Excellency Joachim Chissano, former President of the Republic of
Mozambique and the SADC Mediator on the political conflict in Madagascar for
his efforts towards restoring the constitutional normalcy in the country;
(ii) His Excellency Jacob Zuma, President of the Republic of South Africa
and the Outgoing Chairperson of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security
Cooperation for his contribution in resolving the crisis in the country;
(iii) His Excellency James Michel, President of the Republic of Seychelles
for his contribution in assisting the Malagasy towards finding a lasting
solution to the political situation in their country.
8.2 Summit endorsed the report of the SADC Mediator and:
(i) urged the Malagasy political stakeholders to fully implement the
Madagascar Roadmap in the letter and spirit;
(ii) urged that the dates of 8 May 2013 for Presidential Elections and 25
July 2013 for Parliamentary Elections be respected by all parties concerned;
(iii) Summit took note of, and undertook to give serious consideration to
the request to SADC to contribute 10 million U$ to the Malagasy elections of
2013. In this regard, the Summit urged SADC Member States to make timely
voluntary contributions. Summit also directed the Secretariat to mobilise
financial and logistical support from the international community.
8.3 Summit reiterated its decision that former President Mr. Marc
Ravalomanana should return to Madagascar unconditionally.
8.4 Summit reemphasized that the two candidates, Mr Marc Ravalomanana and
Mr. Andry Rajoelina, should be persuaded not to stand in the forthcoming
general elections as a way forward towards resolving this crisis.
8.5 Summit reiterated its position that the Amnesty Law be implemented in
order to create conducive conditions for the return of the political exiles
including Mr. Ravalomanana.
8.6 Summit urged the political stakeholders to develop legislation before
the May 2013 elections that would guarantee the privileges of the former
Heads of State.
8.7 Summit urged the Transitional Government to repeal the legislations
intended to exclude its citizens from participating in the coming elections.
9. On Zimbabwe
9.1 Summit commended the efforts of HE Jacob Zuma, President of the Republic
of South Africa and the SADC Facilitator of the Zimbabwe Political Dialogue
towards full implementation of Global Political Agreement (GPA).
9.2 Summit urged the political stakeholders in Zimbabwe to fully implement
9.3 Summit also urged the political stakeholders to finalise the
constitutional process including referendum before the holding of the
elections in 2013.
10. Summit congratulated the Government and the people of the United
Republic of Tanzania for marking the 51st Independence Anniversary of their
11. Summit expressed gratitude to the government and the people of the
United Republic of Tanzania for the warm hospitality provided during the
OVERVIEW OF EVENTS REVEALED BY DATA
A. A BRIEF CHRONOLOGY
In February 1983, the northernmost areas of Matabeleland South felt the effects of the first 5 Brigade onslaught, which primarily affected Matabeleland North. Civilians using the main Bulawayo-Plumtree road were particularly vulnerable, with several recorded instances of people being taken from buses at road blocks, and never being seen again.
The 5 Brigade was first reported further south in Matabeleland South in July 1983, where they were reported at Brunapeg Mission, in Bulilimamangwe. By late 1983, there were several major 5 Brigade incidents on record, including some deaths, beatings and the burning of 24 homesteads in Mbembeswana in Matobo.
However, it was in February 1984 that the 5 Brigade launched a systematic campaign of mass beatings and mass detentions in Matabeleland South, lasting several months. These tailed off after May 1984, after which the 5 Brigade was withdrawn for retraining. Sporadic reports of violations by both the army and dissidents continued throughout the ensuing years, until the Amnesty in 1988.
Apart from abuses at the hands of 5 Brigade, there was a far higher incidence of CIO as perpetrator than in Matabeleland North, mainly because of their involvement at Bhalagwe Camp and Sun Yet Sen. In addition, there were several reports of “Grey’s Scouts”, or a mounted unit, abusing people while on follow-up operations. There were no complaints filed against mounted ZNA units in Tsholotsho.
B.THE FOOD EMBARGO
The Food Embargo was a major factor in events in Matabeleland South in 1984. Throughout the early months of 1984, residents of Matabeleland South were suffering from starvation caused in the first place, by three consecutive years of drought and in the second place, by government restrictions preventing all movement of food into and around the region. Drought relief was stopped and stores were closed. Almost no people were allowed into and out of the region to buy food, and private food supplies were destroyed.
The psychological impact of the food embargo was profound. While the village by village summary which follows does not make continuous reference to the food embargo, many of those interviewed mentioned its effects. All events which occurred, did so against the background of a seriously weakened and demoralised populace, who were having to watch their children cry and beg for food which their parents were unable to provide on a daily basis.
State officials, largely in the form of the 5 Brigade, also actively punished those villagers who shared food with starving neighbours. The speeches of 5 Brigade commanders at rallies repeatedly stated the desire of the government to starve all the Ndebele to death, as punishment for their being dissidents.
In the cruellest speeches, people in the region were told they would be starved until they ate each other, including their own wives and children. (One such speech is included in this report in full: see Part Three, I, page).
Those interviewed recount how they struggled to stay alive during the embargo, by eating the roots and fruits of wild plants. However, in some areas the 5 Brigade tried to prevent even this, and punished people for eating wild marula fruit. Even water was severely rationed. People also talk of risking their lives and breaking the curfew to share food with neighbours after dark, and their disbelief at seeing bags of maize ripped open and destroyed wherever 5 Brigade found them – on buses or in homes.
CCJP archives reveal grave concern at the food situation, which missions in Matabeleland South monitored on a continuous basis. Their requests to be allowed to administer food in rationed amounts to their parishioners and employees were denied by the authorities, although St Joseph’s Mission was allowed to feed 300 under-fives on a daily basis. Other feeding schemes which had been operating collapsed as mealie meal stocks ran out.
CCJP also kept track of which stores were open, and on which days. From March onwards, the total ban on stores was slightly modified. 3 stores in Matobo were opened for only 2 days a week, at Bidi, Kezi, and Maphisa (Antelope). This meant that people near St Joseph’s Mission were 60 km away from the nearest store, too far to walk in a day under curfew conditions. Others were even further away.
People were banned from the use of any form of transport under the curfew. This not only affected access to operating stores, but also access to clinics. All the hospitals and clinics in Matabeleland South reported falling attendances, and a concern at the fact that sick people were unable to walk the often extensive distances to reach help, and could die as a result. In addition, those being beaten by 5 Brigade were expressly forbidden to seek medical help, even if they were within the vicinity of a clinic.
There is mention that even operating stores were not allowed to sell mealie meal. On some occasions the stores were opened purely for propaganda purposes. There is a reference in mission correspondence to Col Simpson of the Paratroopers opening a store for 3 hours to coincide with a tour by the local press on 10 March 1984. On 21 March, 84 people gathered at Bidi Store and waited all day only to be told that no mealie meal was to be sold. This was the pattern at other stores too, where people gathered, having walked 30 km or more, and would wait for hours only to be told they could not buy anything.
Stores were not allowed to restock any products during the curfews, and those which occasionally opened soon had no food of any kind to sell. The army took control of the regional National Foods depot to ensure mealie meal was not distributed to stores. Anyone wishing to buy food in Bulawayo to send to relatives in curfew zones, needed a permit from the police or army, and these were rarely granted.There are also in interviews many accounts of people being brutally tortured when found waiting at shopping centres, the accusation being that they were trying to break the food curfew.
School-teachers were among the few who were allowed food, as the government expressly intended the schools to remain open, but the teachers were severely restricted in terms of how much they could request, to prevent them from feeding others in the region. Mechanisms of how teachers received food depended on the orders of local army commanders: some were allowed transport into Bulawayo to buy for themselves, others were only allowed to place a food order with the army who then purchased on their behalf.
This placed teachers in an awkward position with others starving in their areas: while teachers may have had some food, their pupils had none. CCJP records indicate a request for supplementary feeding through the schools being denied, and reports falling school attendance as pupils become faint with hunger, and as others flee the area hoping to find a place in schools in Bulawayo.
At some mission schools, pupils would be given a drink of `mawehu’ (Mahewu), made from a local grain by mission staff during lessons, but staff comment that this was not enough to sustain their growing bodies. Pupils also had to face being picked up and beaten up by the army – mission staff were very aware this was happening, but were powerless to protect the schoolchildren.
In addition to preventing food from coming into the area, 5 Brigade also broke down fences around fields to allow cattle to graze whatever few hardy crops might have survived the drought, thus ensuring that starvation was absolute. Catholic Mission staff in affected areas expressed increasing alarm and by the end of March 1984 they began to fear for the lives of the sick, the elderly and the very young. As people became more desperate, there were even those who wished to be detained, in the hope that in custody they might at least receive food.
In fact, those in custody were kept in appalling conditions and received little food. Hunger and the problem of getting food to those nearing starvation became a dominant theme in CCJP correspondence during the curfew months. The food embargo alone was thus a significant and effective strategy which proved to 400000 ordinary people in Matabeleland South the power of the State to cause extreme hardship.
Taken from a report on the 1980’s disturbances in Matabeleland and the Midlands. Compiled by the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe, March 1997.