By Everson Mushava, Staff Writer Sunday, 18 December 2011
HARARE - President Robert Mugabe and his Zanu PF are powerless
to call for elections and the former ruling party is now behaving like a
real opposition party by walking out of key debates in Parliament, the MDC
This comes after Zanu PF — a partner in the coalition
government — resolved at its Bulawayo congress last week that it wanted
elections next year since the unity government was stalling several of its
developmental goals drawn up in Mutare last year.
But this was
dismissed by the MDC whose secretary-general Tendai Biti read the party’s
resolutions at the end of the party’s national council meeting
The statement by the MDC further dimmed prospects of an
election early in 2012 and rubbished Mugabe’s claims that elections will be
held next year.
“…the implementation of outstanding issues in the GPA,
which among other issues include electoral, media and security sector
reforms, create a conducive environment for free and fair elections,” he
said in Harare yesterday, adding the MDC would also only participate in
Zimbabwean elections once a new constitution was in place.
Zimbabwe Finance minister’s call also comes as Sadc facilitator to the
Zimbabwe crisis, President Jacob Zuma has reiterated that there would be no
polls without fulfilment of key preconditions for any elections in the
Biti further stressed that an election date would only be
determined after the completion of an election roadmap, compliance to Sadc
electoral guidelines, the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (Zec) staffing and
adherence to a violence-free plebiscite.
“The MDC notes that any
election, which does not meet the above conditions will be a sham election
and the party will not have anything to do with that.
“As the MDC, we
want an election yesterday, not a bloodbath, and that is why we say there
must be reforms before any election can be held in Zimbabwe,” he
Biti said there was need for a new voters’ roll after the
constitution-making process and the drawing up of new constituency
boundaries, known as the delimitation process in Zimbabwe.
is behaving with an opposition mentality, which is why they marched out of
Parliament like what we used to do in 2000 when we were still the opposition
“Zanu PF has realised that it cannot push us to be part and parcel
of its agenda,” the MDC secretary-general said.
The MDC resolutions
will certainly put Tsvangirai’s party on a collision course with Mugabe’s
ex-majority party, which is desperate for early elections to restore the
The feisty lawyer also said Mugabe’s call for elections
without the consent of other global political agreement (GPA) partners was
mere political rhetoric.
The GPA is a Sadc-initiated political
settlement, which gave birth to the unity government between Zanu PF,
Tsvangirai’s mainstream MDC and the other faction led by Welshman
“According to the election roadmap, Mugabe does not have the power
to determine the election date without consulting the Prime Minister,” Biti
He also castigated the police and judiciary for their selective
application, and handling of the law against his party
“The party notes that between January and now over 402 people
have either been arrested, assaulted and severely harassed by Zanu PF and
its complicity criminal justice system,” Biti said.
“The party calls
upon police commissioner-general Augustine Chihuri and the Attorney General
to take immediate action, and apply the law evenly and equally,” he
Biti also criticised the Zanu PF-led indigenisation programme as a
political gimmick, mechanism for looting and expansion of the ex-majority
party’s patronage system as well as self-aggrandisement
“In any event, the indigenisation programme is based on a
narrow model of transferring shares to a few blacks, who can afford the
assets and that does not amount to genuine wealth creation, and
distribution,” he said.
“We are also aware of Zanu PF’s intentions of
raping and destroying the economy through the return of the Zimbabwe dollar.
The MDC restates that Zanu PF’s programme does not comply with its own laws
and is based on patronage and clientelism.”
Biti also made fresh
demands that income from the Chiadzwa diamond fields be accounted for
transparently to enable government to meet its capital and recurrent
expenditure needs, in particular civil sector pay and
His call comes amid heightening calls from civil sector
organisations that revenue from the Marange gems was benefiting Zanu PF
THE MDC-T has insisted that the country’s new constitution
must make provision for dual or multiple citizenships as well as guarantee
the right of non-resident Zimbabweans to participate in the country’s
Zimbabwe is currently drafting a new charter as
part of a raft of reforms expected to lead to new elections, possibly early
At a meeting of its national council in Harare on Saturday,
the MDC-T demanded provisions in the constitution “guaranteeing the right of
every Zimbabwean to participate in politics and the right of all Zimbabweans
in the Diaspora to vote.”
The estimated millions of Zimbabweans
living abroad cannot vote from their countries of residence after the
Supreme Court dismissed a petition by a group called the Diaspora Vote
Action Group in 2009.
Justice Minister, Patrick Chinamasa argued then
that the government was not deliberately refusing Diasporans the right to
"There is a travel ban against the Zanu-PF leadership from the
president down to the lowest Zanu-PF cadre to travel to the European Union,
the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand," he said.
would Zanu-PF be able to canvass support from Zimbabweans in the Diaspora
when its political leadership suffers from a travel ban in those
Meanwhile, the MDC-T also said new elections which
President Robert Mugabe said must be held early next year cannot be
conducted until all the reforms under the process mediated by the regional
SADC grouping have been implemented.
“Elections in Zimbabwe cannot
and will not be called for unilaterally by one person or one party and that
the election in Zimbabwe will not be date driven but process driven,” the
“The date of the next election will only be determined after
the fulfilment of all the conditions precedence defined in the roadmap
Among other things, the party said it wants media and
legislative reforms completed adding a new voter’s role should also be
“Any election which does not meet (these) conditions will be a
sham election and the party will not have anything to do with a sham
election,” the party’s national council said in its resolutions.
ZIMBABWE is set to benefit highly by signing a
trade agreement with the European Union, according to a new report by a
Geneva-based organisation, South Centre. The EU and African Caribbean and
Pacific Countries (ACP) are negotiating for reciprocal trade agreements,
Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in line with the rules of the world’s
body governing trade.
ACP countries used to enjoy unilateral trade
preferences under the Lome Convention. These preferences are in violation of
the World Trade Organisation rules which advocates reciprocal trade
In its latest report, South Centre said that Zimbabwe
would lose US$15,4 million in tariff revenue but gains US$39,2 million in
duties under the EU General Systems and Preferences (GSPs).
GSP, exporters from developing countries pay lower duties on some or all of
what they sell to the EU. This gives them vital access to EU markets
contributing to the growth of their economies.
According to the
South Centre, only six countries — Zimbabwe, Botswana, Mauritius, Namibia,
Seychelles and Swaziland — are the only non-Least Developed Countries that
would benefit from signing EPAs.
According to statistics, the share
of trade in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is 34,5% as
compared to only 13,5 % for the US and Japan and 14,3 % for
According to the African Union Commission and regional
economic communities position paper on EPAs, despite the continent’s
integration into the global economy, this has not been accompanied by any
significant inflow of investments into manufacturing to enhance
competitiveness and allow the continent to move up the value
“The challenge of sustainable economic growth and development
in Africa requires the diversification and fundamental restructuring of the
economy,” the paper said.
The paper said that the lessons to be
learnt from the global financial and economic crisis highlight the need for
increased regulation of the market, rather than policy reforms that put more
emphasis on the removal of regulation.
“Africa needs policy space
to diversify its economy, achieve competitiveness and attain sustainable
economic growth and development,” said the paper.
South Centre said the
benefit of signing EPAs is additional market access compared with the
trading arrangement that could be applied in the absence of
Over the past two to three decades, African countries have
undertaken far-reaching autonomous economic trade, financial and investment
liberalisation programmes within both the multilateral and regional
This has led to the continent becoming more dependent on the
global economy than the developed countries.
By Gift Phiri, Senior Writer Sunday, 18
December 2011 14:19
HARARE - Political parties and ordinary
Zimbabweans have roundly slammed a Zanu PF plan to revive the Zimbabwe
dollar saying the move was economically retrogressive and threatens the
nascent economic recovery.
The Zanu PF national people’s conference,
which ended in Bulawayo last Saturday made a key resolution to return the
worthless currency into circulation.
“To instruct government to work
out modalities for the reintroduction of domestic currency alongside the
multi-currency system in order to address the current liquidity crisis and
to enable our people to carry out their transactions,” one of the
Government ditched the Zimbabwe dollar in 2009 after
its value was wiped out by record-beating hyperinflation, adopting a basket
of multiple foreign currencies with the US dollar, the South African Rand
and the Botswana Pula as the widely used legal tender.
Morgan Tsvangirai’s party said Zanu PF’s plan, which has won the backing of
Reserve Bank governor Gideon Gono was retrogressive and
The Central Bank boss has also said he backs plans to
revive the dead currency and linking it to gold reserves held in the
“The form and manner as well as the resumption of the proposed
new Zimbabwe dollar or whatever it will be called will obviously take into
account our national reserves in terms of strategic and precious metals such
as gold reserves for back up,” Gono said.
The RBZ governor has
differed with Finance Minister Tendai Biti on the matter, with the latter
ruling out the return of the Zimbabwe dollar yesterday, saying the economy
must first achieve growth rates of at least 60 percent capacity
Nhlanhla Dube, the spokesman of Welshman Ncube’s smaller
MDC, said: “We all know what took the Zimbabwean dollar to its knees and
finally to extinction.
“We do not think at all that a national currency
should be used as a means of politicking and party political
“We understand firmly that an economy needs to be able to
support its currency.
“Our economy as it stands is unable to sustain
a revitalisation or reintroduction of the Zimbabwean dollar.
those that caused this demise of the Zimbabwean dollar to stop playing
around with the people, driving them to further poverty.
wants to go back to the era of the Zimbabwean dollar.”Methuseli Moyo, the
ZAPU spokesperson, it was premature to return the Zimbabwe dollar now saying
the economy was still fragile.
“We don’t want to create an exchange rate
challenge so early,” he said.
“We want the economy to recover fully.
Let’s go for an election so that we have political stability, a new
government, we stabilise our politics then we go get the Zim
“We suspect Zanu PF wants the Zim dollar so they can have money
in abundance for campaigning and for bribing political
“It’s difficult for them now with the US dollar because they
can’t manufacture it. With the Zim dollar we all know what they can do.” On
the other hand, Mavambo/Kusile/Dawn (MKD) party chairman Phillip Chipfunga
“The return of the Zim dollar will be great news because then you
would have ownership of our own currency but at the moment it’s a dream
because so many things have to be put in place first.”
“We are too
premature to go along those lines otherwise we will relapse into the
previous economic situation. It’s not advisable at the moment,” he said.
condemned gays in 1995, but many have stood up for their rights. Zimbabwe
GlobalPost CorrespondentDecember 18, 2011 09:01
HARARE, Zimbabwe —
“Pigs and dogs” he called them, and that was just the beginning of President
Robert Mugabe’s campaign of abuse of gays.
This year, 16 years after his
searing attack, his sentiments about gay people are back in the
As Zimbabweans draw up a new constitution, Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party
has decided to play its leader’s vitriolic views center stage.
last held forth on the topic of homosexuality at the Zimbabwe International
Book Fair in 1995. The event was an important diary item in the country’s
intellectual life and luminaries such as Nadine Gordimer and Wole Soyinka
were in attendance. The theme for the book fair in 1995 was "Freedom of
When a little-known activist group, Gays and Lesbians of
Zimbabwe (Galz), sought the right to attend the function there was strong
opposition from the government. As a result Gordimer and others crafted a
statement asserting the right of Galz to attend.
Mugabe delivered the
opening speech of the book fair and chose the occasion to denounce gay
rights in blistering terms. He made the now notorious remarks about gay
people being “worse than pigs and dogs” and, without even a nod in the
direction of Oscar Wilde’s trial, claimed that next they “would be doing it
in the street.”
Mugabe’s remarks represented a watershed for democracy
and human rights in Zimbabwe. While rights groups denounced his stance,
churches and traditionalists rallied around the president. Mugabe was able
to put together a handy coalition ahead of elections in 2000.
Mugabe's standing abroad plummeted. While he posed as the authentic voice of
African nationalism at home, new voices had emerged in the region to
challenge his narrow exclusivist discourse. Nelson Mandela, released from
prison in 1990, provided an example of constitutional governance in his
Rainbow Nation at variance with Mugabe’s state. Gay rights were given
specific recognition in South Africa’s new constitution.
Mugabe visited South Africa shortly after his "pigs and dogs" speech he was
denounced by demonstrators who temporarily prevented him leaving the
Johannesburg airport terminal. The South African media was unforgiving with
cartoons of Mugabe as Marie Antoinette telling the hungry masses, faces
pressed against her palace glass windows, to “go and bash gays.”
sub-text was lost in the hubbub. Mugabe was asserting his authority in
southern Africa, by slapping down the new boy. In 1998 Zimbabwe forces
entered the Congo in direct contravention of Mandela’s wishes.
the issues at play in the Book Fair speech, missed by many observers, was
Mugabe’s disgust at the idea of an independent woman, freed from what
Camille Paglia described as the slavery of the reproductive
“Look what happens when people act outside the guidance of the
ruling party,” appeared to be his message.
Now, once again, this
almost surreal debate has occupied the attention of Zimbabweans who mostly
would prefer a square meal.
Surprisingly what has sparked the latest
round was a statement by Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the
Movement for Democratic Change, that gays should have the same rights as
other minorities in the new Zimbabwean constitution currently being framed
by representatives of the three main parties.
“The right to freedom
from discrimination,” Tsvangirai said, “given our history of discrimination
and intolerance, must be broad to include the protection of personal
preferences, that is gays and lesbians should be protected by the
This was of course a gift to Mugabe and his
“You can keep your gay England,” they pronounced. “We will
keep our Zimbabwe.”
Related: Air Zimbabwe suspends flights to South
Bishop Trevor Manhanga, a disciple of the president, declared “the
practice of homosexuality is neither human nor right. To equate deviant
sexual behaviour with the rights of women and children, minorities and other
sectors of humanity who have struggled to be afforded certain inalienable
basic human rights is nothing short of diabolical.”
heated exchange has been British premier David Cameron’s statement that
Britain will not provide aid to states that criminalize gays. This has
enabled Tsvangirai’s political opponents to suggest he is doing Britain’s
bidding, a recurrent theme in Mugabe’s propaganda. Now US president Barack
Obama has also stated that gay rights will be an important factor in
determining US foreign aid.
Needless to say the debate is getting messy.
MDC members have threatened to name names of closeted gays in Mugabe's
Member of parliament Amos Chibaya, referring to the late general
and national hero, Solomon Mujuru, pointed out that: “There was no single
day Mujuru got lost and started talking about gays, yet in Zanu-PF we have
people who continuously preach anti-gay gospels yet they are champions in
No bets are being taken whether gay rights will find
their way into Zimbabwe's new constitution.
In the meantime
Zimbabweans have 80 percent unemployment to think about and putting food on
By Tendai Kamhungira, Court Writer Sunday, 18 December
HARARE - MDC Women’s Assembly chairwoman Theresa Makone
has survived censure and a potential suspension from the party after Prime
Minister Morgan Tsvangirai shielded her by saying the issues for which she
was accused of taking a role in were purely his personal
While expectations were high that the party’s national council
would discuss her role in Tsvangirai’s controversial marriage, which has led
to brand erosion, party bigwigs skirted the issue or debate yesterday, among
other hot topics.
Douglas Mwonzora, the MDC’s spokesperson, said:
“The party’s position is that these are personal issues or affairs and,
therefore, it is the president himself… who will resolve them.”
president made it clear in the executive meeting that he preferred to deal
with his private issues himself,” he added.
Some party officials had
expected Saturday’s meeting to tackle Makone’s role and conduct, if not
fate, ever since Tsvangirai’s botched “marriage” to Harare businesswoman
Locadia Karimatsenga Tembo surfaced.
The women’s league boss was also
accused of denigrating the MDC leader in an SW Radio Africa interview for
impregnating a woman out of wedlock, but Mwonzora also warned party members
to be wary of Zanu PF machinations and that no party members would be held
responsible for Tsvangirai’s private life.
“We know how Zanu PF is
trying to destabilise the MDC by targeting its leadership (in) a smear
“It is trying to sow seeds of division (and) there is clear
evidence of them interfering with the relationship and trying to convert
what had otherwise looked like an ordinary courtship into a sting
“It is Zanu PF, which is trying to wage a propaganda war,” he
Bulawayo, December 18,
2011---Zapu President Dumiso Dabengwa last Saturday said his party pulled
out of the 1987 unity accord with Zanu-PF because of the former ruling
partner’s (Zanu) tendencies of harassing and killing innocent people in
order to stay in power.
Addressing more than 10 000 Zapu supporters
during the party’s 50th anniversary celebrations at Babourfields in
Bulawayo, Dabengwa said his party does not have blood in its hands and will
never associate with those who want to rule the country by spilling
“There are killers who want to rule this country by spilling
blood. In 2008 during the presidential elections they embarked on an
operation “Long and Short sleeve” in some parts of the country, where people
we having their hands cut off. They were killing people in order to stay in
power like what they did during Gukurahundi”.
“That is when we
decided to pull out of the Unity Accord because we don’t want to be
associated with shedding blood,” said Dabengwa who is a former Home Affairs
Dabengwa said those former Zapu cadres who remained in Zanu-PF
should stop lying to Zimbabweans that late Vice President and Zapu leader
Joshua Nkomo told them to remain there.
“There are some people
who are still in Zanu-PF who are going around lying using Nkomo’s name. They
are lying that Nkomo told them to stay united with Zanu even when people are
being killed and Zapu members being neglected,” he said.
senior Zapu members who are still in Zanu-PF include Vice President John
Nkomo, Simon Khaya-Moyo, and Cain Mathema, Sikhanyiso Ndlovu, Deputy Senate
President Naison Ndlovu and others.
The former Home Affairs minister also
said in true Zapu spirit, the 50th jubilee celebrations demonstrate the
freedom espoused in the Zapu blood where all Zimbabweans and all people of
the world are cherishing and share the vision of freedom for all have come
together as one.
Delegates from former liberation movements in the SADC
region among them, the Africa National Congress (ANC), SWAPO, MPLA and
FRELIMO were present at the celebrations.
Chivi, December 18, 2011- An
early campaign for next year’s proposed presidential election has seen MDC
99 president and controversial politician Job ‘Wiwa’ Sikhala addressing five
people at a rally at Chibi Growth Point on Friday.
could not be disheartened by the number of people and went ahead with his
rally telling villagers that he was ready to unseat both Mugabe and
Tsvangirai in the next election. He accused Mugabe of having killed nearly 5
000 political activists since 2000.
From the rally at the Growth Point,
Sikhala spent the whole day in Chivi district visiting public places such as
Beer Halls and Bus Stations pleading with the people to support him in the
Sikhala said Zimbabwe must join the whole world in voting
for ‘young, energetic and visionary leadership’.
“Tsvangirai has also
shown that he is not educated by going to bed with Mugabe. I try to phone
him and some people who are now ministers in his party but they no longer
answer our calls now. They just behave like Zanu-PF. We are supposed to rise
and unseat this evil coalition between Mugabe and Tsvangirai,” Sikhala
From Chivi, Sikhala addressed about 30 people at Mucheke Hall
in Masvingo on Saturday afternoon where he also reiterated that he was
planning to look for any means possible to remove Mugabe from
He however, bemoaned that a few people who wanted to support him
in Harare were all cowards. He told that he was betrayed by his supporters
last week after trying to make anti-Mugabe demonstration.
shocked with the level of deceit within those that try to support me. We
were many when we started the anti-Mugabe demonstration in Harare last week
but while I was busy singing leading the march, I later turned around and
discovered that everyone had run away. I only remained with two people –
even the national chairman who is here upfront today betrayed the party last
week and ran away,” Sikhala said amid laughter from the floor.
addressing the people in Mucheke Hall, Sikhala set up his interim provincial
executive committee which comprises of six men.
He promised to launch a
star rally in Mucheke Stadium in January 2012.
TRACY MCVEIGH LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - Dec 18 2011
Conflict diamonds are to be used to fund a new campaign of
violence by President Robert Mugabe's regime against his political opponents
in Zimbabwe as elections loom.
Environmental experts are blaming the
"utter failure" of the Kimberley Process, set up in 2003 to monitor conflict
diamonds and stop them reaching mainstream outlets, for allowing Mugabe and
his allies to siphon off millions of dollars in profits from Zimbabwean
diamonds, which have now gone on sale.
There has been consistent
criticism of the Kimberley Process since the decision to lift a ban on the
sale of the gems from the newly discovered Marange fields in Zimbabwe,
despite evidence of human rights abuses and killings by Mugabe's soldiers.
Human Rights Watch claimed the decision "betrayed the trust" of miners,
consumers and retailers.
This weekend, Anjin Investment, a Chinese-led
venture in Zimbabwe in partnership with Mugabe's government, announced it
was now the world's biggest diamond producer, with a stockpile of
three-million carats to sell. The company, which thanked the Kimberley
Process (KP) for its backing, is funding a new military college in the
Reports from Zimbabwe suggest the feared Central Information
Organisation (CIO), Mugabe's secret police, is flush with cash, and has
bought hundreds of vehicles and weapons from China in recent months.
Salaries have been increased and thousands of new officers are being
trained, raising concerns that they will be used to intimidate voters in
next year's elections.
'It's now a myth' That is despite the official
reduction in the CIO's budgets after the finance minister, a member of the
Movement for Democratic Change, blocked extra funding in protest at its
political bias towards Mugabe's Zanu-PF party. Campaigners also suspect many
tens of millions of dollars from diamond production are bypassing official
channels into the pockets of corrupt politicians.
Mike Davis, of the
campaign group Global Witness, which walked out of the KP over its decision
on Zimbabwe, said no safeguards remain over the jewellery we buy. The "blood
diamond" has been allowed to flood back on to the world markets, he said,
and in the case of Zimbabwe, would undermine all economic sanctions against
"It takes money to pay for violence and human rights abuses and
the tap had been turned off for Mugabe and his allies," he said. "Now the
Kimberley Process has turned it back ... by allowing them to sell their
diamonds despite clear evidence of human rights abuses and killings. The
benefits from diamond sales in Zimbabwe are going directly to Mugabe and his
allies. The KP is now a fig leaf for the diamond industry."
strongest attack yet, Global Witness is calling for a new international body
to fill the void: "They have dithered around wringing their hands, and now
effectively have aided and abetted the return of the blood diamond. They
flunked it, dropped the ball and ordinary Zimbabweans will pay the price.
It's now a myth that there are any controls over diamonds."
of the profits from diamond mining being used to finance bloody conflicts in
the developing world came to prominence in 2000 with the UN-commissioned
Fowler Report. It showed that UN sanctions had failed to stop the Angolan
civil war being financed by a trade in diamonds that saw the company De
Beers openly buy $500-million worth of Angolan diamonds, legal and illegal,
in 1992 alone.
Obstructive behaviour Davis, who took part in a recent
Kimberley Process inspection team to Zimbabwe's new diamond fields, says
those days have returned, as diamonds from Côte d'Ivoire, Zimbabwe and
Venezuela all escape sanctions despite evidence of corrupt and abusive
practices involved in their production. The trip to Zimbabwe was marred by
constant interference and obstruction, yet the official report made no
mention of the obstructive behaviour of the Zimbabweans, he
Davis called on the Kimberley Process to "admit once and for all"
that it is simply an organisation by which governments and the industry
exchange information and has no practical connection with the battle for the
ethical production or sale of diamonds.
"It is effectively a forum in
which governments get together and swap ideas about how to better control
export and import of diamonds and how to collect tax most efficiently.
That's what the Kimberley Process does -- no more, no less," he
Diamonds remain an enormously profitable business for a select few,
and the trade is frequently linked to money-laundering and criminal gangs as
well as the wholesale resource-stripping of countries such as the Democratic
Republic of Congo and Angola. There are deep vested interests in keeping the
trade as murky as possible, says Davis.
For the ordinary consumer
anxious not to fund a blood-stained trade, it remains all but impossible to
properly source the origins of diamonds.
While one or two large firms
operate "closed supply lines" -- buying direct from a mine in Canada or
other more easily ethically monitored countries and tracing their production
all the way into their display cabinets -- this is not financially viable
for most jewellers.
Jeremy Hoye runs a chain of designer jewellery
stores. At its flagship store in Brighton, he says around one in 20
customers will ask about the origin of the diamond.
GOVERNMENT’S plans to continue exporting rough diamonds
without processing them locally is depriving thousands of Zimbabweans
employment opportunities, a local diamond education college has said.
Zimbabwe Diamond Education College (ZDEC) director, Steven Muchenje, said
the country is losing out in substantial revenue inflows and employment
creation opportunities by not investing in beneficiation of diamonds mined
in the country.
Currently, Zimbabwe is exporting rough diamonds and
Muchenje said this was prejudicing the country of 80% of the actual value of
its diamonds. Zimbabwe’s unemployment rate stands at well over
“Failure to invest in diamond research and manpower development
is the country’s major setback. Government needs to take the initiative to
invest in diamond education institutions as this will ultimately benefit the
country,” said Muchenje.
“For instance, 30 000 Belgians are
employed in the diamond industry yet that country doesn’t have a single
diamond mine. That country earns up to US$39 billion turnover per annum from
this industry while Zimbabwe is said to have potential to earn only US$2
billion from the same.”
The world’s main diamond processing and
dealing centres are located in Antwerp (Belgium), Mumbai (India), Tel Aviv
(Israel), New York (US), and lately Dubai for distribution in the Middle
Muchenje said that 50% of the world’s rough diamonds pass
through Antwerp (Belgium) while eight in 10 of the world diamonds are also
Muchenje’s call for beneficiation of diamonds comes at a
time government said it would open satellite offices in Belgium and UAE to
facilitate the sale of diamonds from Marange. Belgium and the UAE are among
the world’s biggest diamond buyers.
The Kimberly Process
Certification Scheme defines rough diamonds as diamonds that are unworked or
simply sawn, cleaved or bruted. Zimbabwe has seven diamond mines operating,
namely Diamond Mining Corporation, Anjin, Marange Resources, Mbada Diamonds,
Rio Tinto, Sino Zim and Murowa, but Muchenje questioned how much the mines
are collectively contributing to the fiscus.
Lovemore Kurotwi also questioned why the country should push for the sale of
rough diamonds rather than processed gemstones adding that enhancing
education and knowledge about diamonds would be critical to the nation’s
“We simply need to create favourable policies for trade
in diamonds within Zimbabwe rather than establishing offices elsewhere,”
said Kurotwi, adding that Zimbabwe is contributing substantially to the
growth of those economies.
African countries reportedly produce
53% of diamonds for the world market while a few countries in Europe produce
the remainder. University of Zimbabwe lecturer Dr Dennis Shoko said that
there is an urgent need for government to open up the diamond fields for
exploration and research purposes in order to determine available reserves.
FROM illegal panning to current set up, where four companies are
mining, the Chiadzwa diamond fields have undergone a
The vast expanse of land, covering 120 hectares was
invaded by illegal panners during the diamond rush of 2006 in search of the
gems. Over 40 000 local and foreign panners invaded Chiadzwa to mine
Government responded by dispatching
security forces, who human rights organisations accuse of killing civilians
during the clean-up campaign to drive out the panners.
there is serious work at the fields, with companies having invested heavily
in technology to mine diamonds. All the companies are
Anjin said it had invested US$310 million so far; Marange
said it had the best in terms of human capital; Mbada is on an expansion
programme while Diamond Mining Corporation (DMC) is confident of getting
certification from the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme
Five companies — Marange Resources, Mbada, Anjin Investments,
DMC and Sino-Zim — hold concessions in the rich Chiadzwa fields. Marange
is wholly-owned by Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC); Mbada is
a joint venture between ZMDC and South African’s Grandwell
Anjin is a 50-50 joint venture between ZMDC and a
Chinese firm, Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Company.
a 50-50 joint venture between ZMDC and Dubai’s Pure Diam. Sino-Zim has been
taken over by ZMDC after the Chinese moved out saying its concessions had
little diamond deposits and it was untenable to continue mining the
Other than mining diamonds, producers are also working on
land rehabilitation and recycling water used in mining.
been the thrust on security that more than a third of the staff compliment
at the mines ensures that the diamonds are secure, a requirement under the
Marange Resources mines manager Munashe Shava said the company
“prides itself in human capital and has one of the best brains in the
industry”. Such is the high security at the fields that visitors were not
allowed to pick up anything including something they would have dropped
during the tour. “If your pen falls down ask one of the host security
guys to pick it up for you. If you see people bending, they do it in a
specific way,” Shava said.
During the tour of the Diamond Mining
Corporation, one journalist dropped his pen and alerted the security. The
security detail bent down in a particular fashion picked up the pen and
showed it towards one of the cameras on the mines.
Some of the
surveillance cameras are visible and planted on the walls and baobab trees.
Others are invisible. There are electric and alarmed security fences, flood
lights and close-circuit television, searches, routine and random — all
designed to stop the leakages of the diamonds and ward off illegal
Yet despite prevalence of the high-tech security, “daring”
panners are unfazed.
Anjin director Munyaradzi Machacha told
journalists that they apprehend an average of five illegal panners per
week. “This was an area which was a total disaster. It was donga watonga (it
was free for all),” he said.
The output at the four operating
mines ranges between 75 and 200 tonnes per hour through the dense medium
separation, a technology used to recover diamond indicator minerals from
The producers are working on expanding its
Diamonds have been identified as the new saviour for the
country’s economy in the absence of lines of credit needed to kick-start the
economy. This year, ZMDC remitted a dividend of US$140 million to the
Ministry of Mines and Mining Development, more than double last year’s
contribution. In the 2012 budget, revenue from diamonds is set to contribute
US$600 million to the fiscus.
quality on this audio is poor. You may need to increse your volume
We met this man on
a trip to the Eastern Highlands in October. He told us he came from Chiadzwa and
as we talked to him we realised he was deeply angry and depressed and fearful. I
asked him if he would be prepared to talk about his story. He was very excited
to talk and wrote down carefully what he wanted to say.
By Lloyd Mbiba, Staff Writer Sunday, 18 December 2011
HARARE - The Austrian embassy has closed its mission in
Zimbabwe citing economic reasons.
This emerged at a meeting between
European ambassadors and local journalists in Harare yesterday.
European Union Ambassador to Zimbabwe Aldo Dell Ariccia confirmed the
“The embassy is closing not because of politics. It is
due to financial constraints faced by the country and when the situation
returns to normal it will reopen,” he said.
Austrian information will have to visit or contact the Austrian embassy in
Meanwhile, the Danish embassy has officially reopened its
mission to Zimbabwe after it terminated the duty nine years
Danish Ambassador Ketil Karlsen said his country has resumed a more
critical role in its engagement with Zimbabwe and is one of the five
bilateral donors this year.
He said the country needs to take
pragmatic steps in order to pull itself out of the woods and said his
country is in Zimbabwe to assist.
“Zimbabwe has a huge potential waiting
to be released. The country must take decisive steps to ensure democratic
and economic reform and take a careful look at the current policies in order
to attract private sector investment.
“We are here to assist,” said
The embassy is currently implementing development assistance
amounting to $43 million.
Karlsen further said his country is
actively assisting the transition process in the country and the
implementation of the Global Political Agreement (GPA).
He added that
his country remains a committed partner in supporting good governance,
democracy and human rights.
The embassy closed its mission in 2002 at the
height of confrontations with the Zimbabwean government.
Danish ambassador Ole Moesby said during the closure the claims that Denmark
was working with the MDC to oust Zanu PF was unfounded as their operations
were transparent and democratic.
President Robert Mugabe had accused
Denmark and other European countries of funding the MDC to cause discontent
and revolt in the country.
HARARE - Robert Mugabe, has consoled the Muzavazi family,
following the death of former freedom fighter and principal security aid in
the President’s Department, Shadreck Muzavazi.
Wikileaks, the US cable leaks, Muzavazi was the top man behind Mugabe's
State spy agency and he travelled with him on every trip abroad.
night a security analyst whose name cannot be revealed identified Muzavazi
as the main man in the Zimbabwe State Intelligence and admited that the
organisation will never be the same without.
Mugabe has lost many of his
close aides in cabinet, government departments, army, airforce, police this
In April this year, Deputy Director General in the feared State
intelligence organisation, the CIO, Menard Livingstone Muzariri died and in
September, DeputyDirector (External) Nothando Thuthani, also died aged 57.
She was the highest ranking woman officer in the CIO.
security operative close to the Mugabe family, Deputy Commissioner General
in the Zimbabwe Republic Police, Barbara Mandizha also died this
Muzavazi, whose Chimurenga name was Rukato Tunhu Twacho, died on
Friday morning at Parirenyatwa Hospital at the age of 53 after a long battle
with kidney ailment.
Mugabe described the late Muzavazi as a
hardworking and courageous member of the President’s Department.
kidney ailment is also the disease that took my first wife, the late Sally
Mugabe, who came from Ghana. Muzavazi was a man who stood for the truth all
the time. He was dedicated to his duties and showed great loyalty to the
party," said President Mugabe.
President Mugabe also paid tribute to the
dedication by the country’s security forces in protecting the country’s
territorial integrity and said there is need to emulate the patriotism by
individuals such as Muzavazi.
The Director General in the President's
Department, Happyton Bonyongwe said Muzavazi was a dedicated cadre who
imparted knowledge to junior members of the department.
joined the department in 1998, I found him already there. He would advice me
on how to undertake some of the duties of the department. He was one of the
veterans and pioneers of the President's Department," Bonyongwe
Muzavazi joined the liberation struggle in 1976.
finishing his military training, Muzavazi was deployed to Gaza province
where he rose through the ranks to become a Detachment Commissar up to the
time of independence.
After independence, Muzavazi joined the army before
being deployed to the President’s Department where he worked up to the time
of his untimely death.
He is survived by five children and wife,
He will be buried this Sunday at his Ndezvevambire Farm in
The Central intelligence Organization (CIO) has admited that
its top priority for the past decade had been to prop-up President Robert
Mugabe in his political duel against Prime Minister Morgan
The revelation came days after Mugabe himself let the cat out
of the bag, when he told mourners gathered for the burial of CIO deputy
director general Menard Muzariri that he had used the country’s intelligence
services to spy on his political opponents.
An opinion article
published in the State media the Sunday Mail, attributed to State Security
Minister Sydney Sekeramayi, CIO Director-General, Happiton Bonyongwe, as
well as officers and employees of the Department, said Muzariri’s assessment
of the capabilities and vulnerabilities of adversaries was always
“This is what the very best intelligence does. Over the last 10
years, our focus was on deflecting multi-faceted regime change efforts aimed
at the nation,” the CIO said in the op-ed.
“It was a task that Cde
Muzariri excelled in, given that his brain was wired for detecting,
processing and countering such threats. Intelligence is often compared to
putting together a jigsaw puzzle without a picture to go by, and a lot of
pieces missing. Cde Muzariri did not just give us a piece or two — he gave
us the picture itself.” Mugabe said the intelligence provided information on
members of his Zanu PF party who were selling out, but it was all proved
wrong as most senior members of Zanu PF including Vice-President Joyce
Mujuru met with the US ambassadors without being noticed by the vastly over
rated spy agency; only to be revealed in the wikileaks cable
The president’s remarks came after two Zanu PF Members of
Parliament voted against their preferred party’s candidate, Simon Khaya
Moyo, for the Speaker of Parliament’s post, handing victory to the MDC-T’s
“Are all the members who are in Zanu PF really party
members?” Mugabe asked. “What do you do in the dark? Some run to our enemies
and divulge our secrets. Muzariri and company would tell us who was selling
out. The party’s intelligence does not come from books but intelligence
officers who talk to people and drink with them.”
And former State
Security Minister Nicholas Goche also revealed how the CIO engineered an
operation to thwart MDC street protests against President Robert Mugabe’s
government dubbed the “Final Push”.
Said Goche: "I worked with Cde
Muzariri under difficult conditions when I was still Minister of State
Security, especially after the year 2000 when there were machinations from
the British and their stooges to reverse the gains of our independence.
What will Zuma do? – Zimbabwe Vigil Diary: 17th December 2011
The Vigil staged a
demonstration outside the South African High Commission in London to urge
President Zuma to force Mugabe to honour the Global Political Agreement. Vigil
activists and MDC members made their way to South Africa House from the Vigil
outside the Zimbabwe Embassy and stood in silence with banners reading: ‘Zuma
reflected the Vigil’s disgust at the ANC’s offer to help Zanu PF in the next
elections. ANC Secretary-General Gwede Mantashe told the Zanu PF Conference in
Bulawayo: ‘We are willing to assist in coming up with election messages and
strategies that would deliver victory’.
Mr Mantashe didn’t
say what the messages would be but we doubt that they will include: ‘No
violence’, ‘No ballot rigging’ and ‘No arbitrary arrests’.
Mr Mantashe went on
to underline the ANC’s contempt for democracy: ‘The ANC wishes to affirm her
commitment to being a good and trustworthy neighbour to a fellow liberation
movement’ (whether the people want it or not!).
We were equally
puzzled by comments by Lindiwe Zulu during a visit to Harare. Ms Zulu,
spokesperson of the South African mediation team, made it clear that, as far as
South Africa was concerned, there could be no elections in Zimbabwe until the
outstanding issues between the parties have been resolved. We are puzzled
because after three years of unity government the GPA project is two years
behind schedule. At this rate of progress there will not be elections for
decades . . .
The Vigil does not
believe that the South Africans want this paralysis. What we want is tough
action by President Zuma to stop Zanu PF blocking progress.
was originally proposed by the MDC UK as part of an international MDC protest
outside South African diplomatic missions. They told us that, unfortunately,
this plan had to be postponed. We were nevertheless happy to welcome MDC members
who had not been told of the postponement.
·Further evidence of
the incompetence of the UK Border Agency came in a letter to a member of the
Vigil Management Team who requested access to the file on her held by the UKBA.
Here is part of the letter from the Agency’s Resource Management Group based in
the appropriately named Lunar House in Croydon: ‘Thank you for your
Subject Access Request concerning yourself. We have now completed the processing
of that request, but, unfortunately, we have been unable to locate all of the
UKBA records relating to yourself. We have searched across our IT databases,
identified the records in question and requested these records from our file
storage unit. We have further chased for these records on a number of occasions,
but with no success. We are therefore satisfied that we have made all reasonable
efforts within the statutory time limits of the Data Protection Act to locate
these records and that, regrettably, it is now simply not possible to supply
copies of records that we can’t locate.’ The letter goes on to say: ‘As we have
said above, supplying copies of the above-mentioned records is not possible
because the records are missing and should be shortly designated as lost by the
Agency. To continue to try and locate the records for the purposes of our
obligations under the Data Protection Act 1998 would, in our opinion, be
unreasonable and involve disproportionate effort as per Section 8 (2) (a) of
that Act.’ (For full text of the letter see: http://www.zimvigil.co.uk/vigil-news/campaign-news/353-letter-from-ukba-re-losing-information).
·Thanks to Jonathan
Kariwoh who took on responsibility for the Vigil during the protest outside
South Africa House.
·The Vigil will be
held as usual next week although it is Christmas Eve. We will also be outside
the Embassy on New Year’s Eve. (Things might close down for a month at home but
we don’t . . . despite the freezing weather.)
For latest Vigil pictures check: http://www.flickr.com/photos/zimbabwevigil/.
Please note: Vigil photos can only be downloaded from our Flickr website – they
cannot be downloaded from the slideshow on the front page of the Zimvigil
RECORD: 72 signed the
EVENTS AND NOTICES:
·The Restoration of
Human Rights in Zimbabwe (ROHR) is the Vigil’s
partner organisation based in Zimbabwe. ROHR grew out of the need for the Vigil
to have an organisation on the ground in Zimbabwe which reflected the Vigil’s
mission statement in a practical way. ROHR in the UK actively fundraises through
membership subscriptions, events, sales etc to support the activities of ROHR in
Zimbabwe. Please note that the official website of ROHR Zimbabwe is http://www.rohrzimbabwe.org/. Any other
website claiming to be the official website of ROHR in no way represents the
views and opinions of ROHR.
News. The Vigil
management team wishes to make it clear that the Zimbabwe Vigil is not
responsible for Zimbabwe Broadcasting Network News (ZBN News). We are happy that
they attend our activities and provide television coverage but we have no
control over them. All enquiries about ZBN News should be addressed to ZBN News.
31st December from 2 – 5 pm. Venue: Cathedral Gardens, Manchester City Centre
(subject to change to Piccadilly Gardens). Contact; Delina Tafadzwa
Mutyambizi 07775313637, Chamunorwa Chihota 07799446404, Panyika Karimanzira
07551062161, Artwell Pfende 07886839353.
Darkness’, Judith Todd’s acclaimed account of the rise of Mugabe. To receive a copy
by post in the UK please email confirmation of your order and postal address to
email@example.com and send a cheque for £10 payable to “Budiriro Trust” to
Emily Chadburn, 15 Burners Close, Burgess Hill, West Sussex RH15 0QA. All
proceeds go to the Budiriro Trust which provides bursaries to needy A Level
students in Zimbabwe.
The Vigil, outside
the Zimbabwe Embassy, 429 Strand, London, takes place every Saturday from 14.00
to 18.00 to protest against gross violations of human rights in Zimbabwe. The
Vigil which started in October 2002 will continue until
internationally-monitored, free and fair elections are held in Zimbabwe.
Vincent Musewe says the ANC SG has
rubbished the suffering of Zimbabweans
Open letter to Comrade
Dear Comrade Secretary General
the ANC campaigned to be elected as the new government of South Africa, it
promised not only to uphold the constitution of South Africa but to protect
the rights of its people and put into place economic and social
transformation that would hopefully result in a better quality of life for
all it's the majority of its citizens.
majority of South Africans gave you the privilege to implement your stated
vision and to manage the affairs of the state of this country, only on that
promise. On that day, the ANC ceased to be a liberation political party and
became a government with a mandate to manage this country and its
institutions and promote and represent democracy and freedom in all its
dealings for all its peoples.
On that day the responsibility of
the ANC ceased to be only to its party members but became a responsibility
to all including those Africans that may be affected by its dispositions on
issues and challenges not limited by its borders but by its influence on the
future of Africa.
It is with much embarrassment that I write to
you to remonstrate at your recent attempt to separate the ANC's foreign
policy and the responsibilities of the government of the Republic of South
Africa towards Zimbabweans in general.
inconceivable that as a representative of the leading party in government
you seek to separate your views, positions and objectives and those of the
government of the Republic of South Africa. In my opinion, it would be
similar to you dissociating your party's stated economic policy with that of
government and yet it is on that very ticket that you enthusiastically and
successfully campaigned on why you should govern.
overtly support ZANU(PF) and boldly state that it is the only political
formation that can represent the interests of Zimbabweans and even dispatch
your apparatus to strategize support and assist ZANU(PF) so that it may stay
in power, you rubbish the lives of 20,000 Zimbabweans slaughtered for
political gain in Matabeleland.
You rubbish the lives and
livelihoods of an estimated 700,000 families who lost their homes simply
because ZANU(PF) decreed that it shall be so. My comrade, you rubbish the
opinions, aspirations and hopes of in excess of 3 million Zimbabweans who
have chosen to leave the comfort of their motherland and seek a livelihood
elsewhere because of ZANU(PF) has failed to represent their interests and
hopes for a better future. Suffice it here to remind you that these 3
million count more than the membership of your political party that seeks to
see ZANU(PF) retain its advantageous and injurious political
Comrade, in your statement, you have carelessly
rubbished those that died during our liberation struggle and our struggle
heroes who fought and died to liberate all Zimbabweans from tyranny
regardless of which political party they may support and who the tyrant may
Under the skirt of support for other liberation movements, a
policy your party chooses to continually dissociate from human rights issues
the rights of Africans in general, you hide and claim that the support of
ZANU(PF) by your party provides no conflict or paradox between the South
Africa Presidency and its responsibilities towards ushering freedom in
Zimbabwe. If the truth be said, this is a highly irresponsible and
insensitive disposition that I encourage you to
You see, my dear comrade, despite what you may wish,
it is trite to attempt to separate the South African government's policies
from that of the ANC for surely that would make you irrelevant as a party.
It would mean to most of us that, as soon as the ANC dissociates its
policies and dispositions from that of the responsibilities of the
government it is by insinuation, reneging on its responsibilities to those
that voted it into power.
I would dare you, comrade, to try and
campaign during the next elections on the understanding that as the ANC your
policies that you use to gain votes with will not necessarily be those that
you represent once you are in government and that your views as the ANC must
never be associated with those of the government. That is what you are
saying to us when it comes to Zimbabwe and yet we should not think the same
when it comes to other pressing issues faced by this
Comrade you cannot and must not forget your
responsibilities as a party in the promotion of democracy and freedom in
Zimbabwe and on that issue you can only stand by that which is right for
ordinary Zimbabweans and not enthusiastically and without shame support a
party that has demonstrated its disregard for the hopes and aspirations of
In my mind there is no difference between
Julius Malema supporting Mugabe and his minions while rubbishing the
opposition party as your party president (and the current president of the
Republic of South Africa) attempts to mediate and you stating that you will,
as a political formation, continue to support and do all you can to prop up
a dictatorship whose demise is inevitable as has been the case in North
Africa. Surely my comrade you could face a disciplinary hearing for
Comrade, I have no doubt at all that the ANC needs to look
to the future of this region and not its past relationships with those that
have ceased to represent the interest of those they govern. It is time
comrade for you to educate and empower yourselves to be relevant in that
future and your relevance will be based on what economic freedoms you
achieve for your people and not what you achieved through the armed struggle
for that, although necessary and laudable, is now a historical
Africans are looking for a new leadership that sheds the
hangover of past victories and looks to building a new Africa based on
respect of human dignity and freedom for them to pursue their ambitions
without hindrance from those that may have liberated them. Our country has
suffered because the past is always used as justification for current
injustices perpetrated by our so called liberators. Our liberators have
become our oppressors and I doubt that this is a mentality you wish to
propagate especially given the current state of affairs within this country
and your party in particular.
As an African I am dissatisfied at
your disposition towards Zimbabwe and your insinuation that we must separate
that which you say from the intentions of a government represented by those
that comprise your party membership and are therefore bound by the party's
principles, values and policy objectives. You cadres, whom you have deployed
within state institutions and strategic sectors of this economy, must surely
be in conflict as they attempt to represent and manage the interests of all
South Africans while getting direction from their party that denies
congruence between government and party policy?
as we break for the holidays I propose that you afford yourself an
opportunity to reflect on your views and disposition towards ZANU(PF) and
Zimbabwe. I urge you to hasten the renewal of your mind if indeed; the ANC
is to remain relevant and true to its values that I
With much respect I beg you my comrade, to let these
truths force themselves into your judicious mind and pray that those that
have placed you in your current position as the secretary general of the ANC
and leading party in the government of the Republic of South Africa
exonerate and afford you the opportunity to rethink and accelerate your
edification on this matter
May peace be with you and let freedom
Vincent Musewe is a Zimbabwean economist based in South
Africa and you may contact him on firstname.lastname@example.org
Solidarity Peace Trust The Spell of Indecision in Zimbabwean Politics
By Brian Raftopoulos
Viewing the broad spectrum of the political landscape in Zimbabwe at the end
of 2011, one is left with the distinct impression that all the political forces
are caught under a spell of indecision. The dilemmas of leadership renewal,
electoral strategy and a broad vision for the future are all inducing a sense of
hesitancy, that in the case of Zanu PF, manifests itself in renewed aggression
and political hubris. Moreover if the Wikileaks reports have any validity this
sense of uncertainty is not new, as all parties have, over the last
decade,sought out the father confessor of the American Embassy to vent their
fears and schizophrenic party psyches, none more so than the outwardly macho
To start with Zanu PF, it is clear that the decision at the recent Bulawayo
conference of the party to nominate Mugabe once again as the presidential
candidate for the next election tells us a great deal about a party that is
simply unable, at this stage, to visualise a regenerative strategy outside of
its octogenarian leader. The lack of trust in an open
discussion over the succession issue, is based on a party that fears its own
internal contradictions and history as much as it does the judgement of an open
and fair plebiscite. Zanu PF is also a party that assumes that the Zimbabwean
state is its private property and therefore finds it difficult to understand any
other means to secure its ill- gotten gains except through the continued
stranglehold over the military- security apparatus. For all these reasons and
more Mugabe and his party remain the major obstacle to political progress in
Zimbabwe. Yet Mugabe and his party are not about to disappear and their future,
even if it may not be a long one for the President, must be a part of any longer
term settlement in the country.
Tsvangirai’s MDC have their own set of doubts. A popularly elected party that
was denied the fruits of victory, the party has had to confront the challenges
of learning statecraft in an inclusive government with a ruthless, violent and
wily ‘partner’. This challenge has had to be undertaken with a party apparatus
that requires a huge amount of organisational strengthening and capacity
building, and which has had its fair share of problems with internal
accountability and intra-party violence. The recent personal problems of Morgan
Tsvangirai have added to the leadership struggles that have also emerged in the
The smaller MDC formation led by Welshman Ncube faces an even greater sense
of uncertainty about its future, as a result of an ongoing legal battle over the
leadership, continued defection of its membership, and the knowledge that its
current survival depends on its capacity to manoeuvre between the two major
parties. Added to this is the constant vilification that this formation and its
leader have had to face from all sides in Zimbabwe.
For their part the regional and international players in Zimbabwean politics
confront their own uncertainties. After the more critical position taken on the
Mugabe regime in Livingstone in March this year, SADC followed this up with
resolutions in Sandton and Luanda that endorsed this position, even if in less
critical language. However there has been a lull in the SA mediation in the last
quarter of 2011 with President Zuma, confronted with his own set of problems in
the ANC, slow to take up some key outstanding issues in the GPA. Foremost
amongst these challenges is the problem of the role of the security sector in
the next election. This is an issue that the negotiators have been unable to
resolve and have therefore determined that the matter can only be taken up by
Zuma and the Principals in Zimbabwe. Zuma’s hesitation around this issue echoes
Mbeki’s unwillingness to deal with it in the discussions leading to the GPA, but
it remains the central problem in the political equation.
SADC’s work has been made more difficult by its differences with the EU and
the US over the continued sanctions policy of these countries, and the often
mixed messages that have been sent out on this issue by the MDCs and the civic
movement. For their part it appears that the EU, in particular, are aware of the
limited and even counter-productive effects of the sanctions policy, but are
more concerned about saving face with their own domestic constituencies, than
with the problematic effects of this policy on the politics of the Inclusive
Government. Moreover the global politics of human rights has too often been
associated with a politics of regime change, making it difficult for human
rights defenders in Zimbabwe to articulate this discourse in the face of
It is clear therefore that if there is indecision in Zimbabwean politics it
is based on the growing complexity of the problem and the increasing need for a
more assertive mediation process. In the current politics of Southern Africa
this mediation can only be led effectively by SADC, with all its weaknesses,
with both the EU and the US finding ways to strengthen rather than undermine
this process. The central objective of the SADC mediation leading to the GPA was
to establish the conditions for a free and fair election. That objective remains
to be fulfilled and it is the processes leading to the next election, more than
the timing of it, that are the most important factors to keep in focus.
For further information, please contact Selvan Chetty - Deputy
Director, Solidarity Peace Trust
Tel: +27 (39) 682 5869 Fax: +27 (39) 682
Suite 4 3rd Floor MB Centre 49 Aiken Street Port Shepstone
4240 Kwazulu-Natal South Coast
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