The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Independent  (UK)

Government seeks to save Zimbabwe sanctions with compromise over Franco-African summit
By Stephen Castle in Brussels
24 January 2003

The European Union's "smart sanctions" policy against Robert Mugabe and his
regime was in danger of dissolving yesterday after disagreements within the
EU and determined opposition from African nations.

Britain, which is leading the struggle to save the policy, will offer a
compromise at a meeting on Monday. It will press for the flawed regime to be
renewed, and in exchange it is prepared to allow Mr Mugabe to attend a
Franco-African summit in Paris next month.

It is also willing to allow ministers who are technically banned from
travelling to Europe to attend a bigger EU-Africa summit in Lisbon in
April - if Mr Mugabe can be persuaded to stay away.

When the sanctions were agreed last February, EU foreign ministers agreed to
a visa ban on the most senior members of the regime as well as a freeze on
their assets and a ban on the export of equipment that might be used for
internal repression. To an extent these have increased the isolation of the
regime. But the consensus concealed a divergence of views among the 15
member states with reservations among nations with long-standing interests
in Africa.

France's former foreign minister Hubert Védrine said most sanctions were
ineffective. But in the run-up to elections EU countries were willing to go
along with the British strategy because European election observers had been
prevented from doing their work and the EU had to react.

Providing no other EU country objects, France is within its rights to invite
Mr Mugabe to Paris for a formal summit. Zimbabweans can attend UN gatherings
and international meetings designed to conduct political dialogue or "to
promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law".

Crucially, Harare has been backed by its African neighbours, which have
expressed solidarity and threatened to boycott talks if the Zimbabwean
president was excluded.

French officials said Mr Mugabe had been invited with all other African
heads of state. Since many of them stood accused of human rights abuses of
one kind or another, to single out the Zimbabwean president for exclusion
would have been wrong


France and Africa: The story of a special relationship

By John Lichfield

The first Franco-African summit was a meeting between France and its former
colonies in 1973, but it has expanded to embrace all African countries.

At the last meeting in Paris in 1998, 49 countries and 35 heads of state
attended - including President Robert Mugabe.

The summits have been described as expensive talking shops. Critics say they
have done little for African problems or for France's standing in a
continent in which it claims a "special relationship".

French officials argued yesterday that the invitation to Mr Mugabe was part
of a blanket invitation to African leaders and that it would have been wrong
to single him out. Countries such as Libya and Sudan, have been excluded in
the past because of UN sanctions.
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Independent (UK)

New invitation raises spectre of Blair-Mugabe meeting
By Stephen castle, Andrew Grice and John Lichfield
24 January 2003

The Government was battling last night to head off the prospect of a
face-to-face confrontation between Tony Blair and Robert Mugabe, the
Zimbabwean President, amid a row over the EU's travel ban on Harare's
governing elite.

As France confirmed it was inviting Mr Mugabe to a Franco-African meeting in
Paris next month, British officials were trying to prevent him attending a
separate summit of EU and African heads of government in Lisbon on 5 April.

EU foreign ministers will discuss whether to invite Mr Mugabe to the April
event on Monday. The British government will propose a compromise under
which a senior Zimbabwean minister would represent the country instead.

Mr Blair is due to attend the summit but may stay away if Mr Mugabe attends,
or try to avoid a meeting. Glenys Kinnock, a Labour MEP, said: "It would
make mockery of sanctions if, at an EU-Africa summit designed to discuss ...
human rights, you have Mugabe swanning around and the EU picking up the

One EU diplomat said yesterday: "I think there is a very large majority who
don't want him [Mugabe] there."

But the EU is in a difficult position because other African nations have
threatened to boycott such meetings unless Harare is represented.

Britain is pressing for EU foreign ministers to renew "smart" sanctions
against Zimbabwe, which included a travel ban on Mr Mugabe and 78 government
figures. In return for French support, Britain will not veto France's plan
to grant Mr Mugabe a visa to attend next month's summit in Paris.

British and French officials would not confirm a deal but hinted there was
an "understanding" in place.

Michael Ancram, the shadow Foreign Secretary, said it was "deplorable" that
Mr Blair would not promise to block the Mugabe visit. "There are double
standards when the Government claims they would prefer the England cricket
team not to play in Zimbabwe yet won't ensure the EU travel ban is
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Who's the real villain?

For weeks we have been obsessing over whether our cricketers should play
World Cup fixtures in Zimbabwe. But if Tony Blair follows the US into an
unprovoked war on Iraq, says Pakistan's great all-rounder, cricketing
countries should think the unthinkable - a boycott of England

Imran Khan
Friday January 24, 2003
The Guardian

It has been interesting - and not a little amusing - to watch the
contortions and hand-wringing surrounding England's upcoming cricket World
Cup fixtures in Zimbabwe from afar. Would Tony Blair stop Nasser Hussain and
his men getting on the plane? Would the English cricket authorities put
profit or principle first? And once it seemed that Mr Mugabe had won the
round, how would the English team avoid the prospect of an embarrassing
public handshake with the reviled Zimbabwean leader? If these are the
questions that have preoccupied politicians, pundits and sports fans in
England, though, the Zimbabwe boycott affair has posed a rather different
one in the minds of many of us in this part of the world: how can it be that
England is obsessing over the morality of playing cricket in Zimbabwe at
precisely the same time that it - along with the United States - is leading
the world to the brink of a grossly unjust and potentially catastrophic war
against Iraq? Doesn't Mr Blair's acute sensitivity to the plight of the
Zimbabwean people look just a little ironic next to his apparent readiness
to vaporise thousands of Iraqis? A little rich, even?
For the truth is that, while many outside Europe and America would be
willing to argue the point over whether Mr Mugabe was a tyrant so brutal
that sportsmen should stay away from his country, you would be hard pressed
to find anyone who thinks that a war on Iraq makes any sense. George W Bush
and Tony Blair can say that Saddam Hussein poses a grave threat to the US
and its allies until they are blue in the face, but no one in the Muslim
world will ever believe it - in fact, everyone here is convinced that the
seemingly inevitable attack on Iraq is being orchestrated at the behest of
the powerful Israeli lobby and to secure the Iraqi oilfields. The technology
gap between the US and the Muslim states is growing at such a frightening
pace that the entire Muslim world put together cannot pose any threat to the
US. This impending war will be even more one-sided than the native Americans
fighting the US cavalry with bows and arrows.

There is little love lost for Saddam among Muslims; the vast majority would
love to see the back of this ruthless dictator. But here everyone remembers
that, not long ago, Saddam was the US's blue-eyed boy, and his weapons of
mass destruction were supplied by the western countries. However, there is
tremendous concern for the 22 million Iraqi people who have already gone
through terrible suffering. There is also anxiety that after this one-sided
war there will be a further polarisation between the west and Islam. Hatred
against America will increase, and most of us fear that there will be more
terrorist attacks against the US and its citizens.

On September 11 the entire Muslim world stood behind the US and extended it
full support in the war against terrorism. This support began to evaporate
when, just three weeks after 9/11, the unfettered bombing of Afghanistan
began. No Afghan was involved in the attacks, and yet more Afghan civilians
were killed by American bombs than all those killed in the Twin Towers.

And since the attack on Afghanistan, things have gone from bad to worse. On
CNN and the BBC, the world watched Taliban prisoners of war being summarily
executed. Many of them were Pakistanis: simple country folk who had not even
heard of al-Qaida. Other prisoners were whisked away to Guantanamo Bay in
chains. They neither had the rights that are accorded to PoWs under the
Geneva conventions, nor were they charged in any court of law. Britain was
not directly responsible for these abuses, you may say, but I did not hear
Mr Blair jumping up to condemn the treatment of men like animals in
Guantanamo, or the brutal treatment meted out to other Taliban prisoners by
the west's local allies.

The Pakistani government bent over backwards to cooperate with the US,
despite public anger at the shedding of innocent blood in Afghanistan. Yet
Pakistanis are being treated as the enemy. The FBI picks up Pakistani
citizens, who disappear for days on end without trace or charges, reducing
the sovereign law of Pakistan to mockery and ridicule. Dr Aamir Aziz, one of
our top orthopaedic surgeons and known for his philanthropic work,
disappeared one day. There was this bizarre, humiliating spectacle where his
mother was seen begging the Americans to return her son - all on Pakistan's
sovereign soil!

In the recent elections in Pakistan, the religious parties made dramatic
gains. In the country's 55-year history they had never managed to get more
than 10 seats in the National Assembly. This time they got 52. What is more,
their support is growing, as seen in the recent by-elections. This trend can
be observed in almost the entire Muslim world. An attack on Iraq is going to
exacerbate this hatred. And it is this hatred, tinged with a lethal feeling
of impotence and humiliation, that drives certain people to inflict as much
damage as possible on the strong, even if it means losing their lives in the

This US arrogance and insensitivity to the feelings of the Islamic world can
be traced back to the easy defeat of the Taliban. The hardliners surrounding
Bush declared it a great triumph, as if they had overwhelmed some great
superpower rather than a medieval militia. Overflowing with confidence, they
are now egging on the US - and its allies - to subjugate all its "enemies"
with or without the approval of the world community.

Iraq may well capitulate even quicker than the ragtag Taliban army did. But
what if there is another terrorist attack on US soil? Where and how will the
US look for terrorists among 1.3 billion people? Will it start by interning
the six million Muslims residing in the US? What happens to a country like
Pakistan, with 140 million people, if some fanatics from here conduct
terrorist attacks against the US? Will we all face collective punishment
like Afghanistan? This is the fear that is sweeping through the Muslim

Most of all, is it wise for the US and Britain to evoke such hatred against
themselves? Given that technology is advancing all the time and a few people
could inflict an unprecedented amount of devastation on a civilian
population through chemical, biological and even miniature nuclear weapons,
is it wise to take this aggressive course?

The recent experience of Kashmir, Palestine, Chechnya and Sri Lanka shows
that when human beings reach a stage where they prefer death to a life of
slavery and humiliation, then even the most powerful armies in the world
cannot win a clear victory. Most people in the Muslim world believe that
September 11 was entirely due to America's blind support for Israel. People
do not blow themselves up because they envy the freedoms of others or their
way of life. Rather, they want to emulate them. They blow themselves up only
when a volcano of hopelessness of ever getting those freedoms and rights for
themselves and their children explodes within them. And the best way to
defuse that volcano is not to occupy Iraq but to secure a just settlement of
the Palestinian issue.

Returning to the subject of England and cricket, most people in the Muslim
world are totally perplexed by Mr Blair's blind support for Bush. They
always believed that Britain, with its enormous experience of dealing with
empire and freedom struggles, would have a far more balanced and mature
foreign policy. What is the reason for this total subservience to
Washington's wishes, they wonder? Can it really be true, as Mr Blair claims,
that the only way of preventing an American attack is by holding Mr Bush's
hand up to the very brink of war? Let's hope that Mr Blair is right, for if
he and Mr Bush drag their countries into a bloody, immoral conflict, Britain
will have to take its share of responsibility for the consequences.

Although I refused to play in apartheid South Africa, I have never been a
great enthusiast for sporting boycotts - there are so many countries with
questionable records on human rights that the overzealous boycotter could
quickly find himself left with nowhere to play. But if and when this cynical
war begins - and especially if it inflicts large numbers of Iraqi civilian
casualties - other cricketing countries will have to ask themselves a tricky
question: should they play in England, a country quite prepared to visit far
more destruction on Iraq than Mr Mugabe has ever visited on his own land?
Perhaps it is time to entertain the unthinkable: a cricket boycott of the
home of cricket. Might that be one language Mr Blair would understand?
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The Australian

Stop Zimbabwe cricket matches: Crean

January 24, 2003
AUSTRALIAN cricketers should not go to strife-torn Zimbabwe for the World
Cup, federal Opposition Leader Simon Crean said.

The tournament, which begins on February 9, has been plagued by doubts over
plans to hold matches in both Zimbabwe and Kenya, where security fears
sharpened after suicide bombers killed 12 people in Mombasa in December.

"They should not be going there but that will not occur unless political
leadership is shown again in this country and that a strong case made by
(Prime Minister) John Howard," he said today in Melbourne.

"He seems to only want to listen and act strongly when (US President) George
Bush asks him to do it.

"He seems unprepared on any of these occasions to actually assert the strong
leadership himself."

Mr Crean said Mr Howard had been slow off the mark to address the issues
surrounding the World Cup, including the need to have matches shifted.

"The International Cricket Board should be pressured more effectively by
people like John Howard who has said that sanctions should be imposed
against Zimbabwe," he said.

"He should be bringing every political pressure he can. Australia is not
without weight in these issues and it's not just him, it's the authority he
has through CHOGM (Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting) as its current

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The Scotsman

Blair's secret deal over Mugabe


THE government was embroiled in a growing row over Zimbabwe last night, as
Tony Blair was accused of hypocrisy over a secret deal allowing the country'
s disgraced president, Robert Mugabe, to visit Paris.

In what was seen as an extraordinary display of double standards in the wake
of government opposition to English involvement in the cricket world cup in
Zimbabwe, Downing Street indicated it would turn a blind eye to France's
flouting of an EU travel ban on Mugabe.

The arrangement was seen as an attempt to mollify President Jacques Chirac
amid damaged British-French relations, and strong opposition in Paris to
military action in Iraq.

In a sign of Mr Blair's determination not to upset Mr Chirac, Downing Street
refused to endorse comments by two Cabinet Ministers - Peter Hain and Clare
Short - who called the French invitation "disgraceful".

In an inflammatory gesture, President Chirac has invited Mr Mugabe to a
summit on 19 February despite EU-wide sanctions banning the Zimbabwean
dictator and his inner circle from travelling to Europe.

Downing Street admitted yesterday there had been informal talks between
London and Paris over the Mugabe visit, fuelling speculation that Mr Blair
had struck a backroom deal with Mr Chirac.

The Prime Minister is thought to have agreed not to raise objections to the
one-off visit by Mr Mugabe on condition France agrees to an extension of the
EU sanctions, due to expire on 18 February. A decision on whether to roll
over the year-long ban for another 12 months will be made by European
foreign ministers in Brussels on Monday.

Speculation of a secret deal intensified when Downing Street refused to give
a formal response to the French request to waive the ban. Mr Blair's
official spokesman said the government needed more time to study the

The spokesman also admitted Britain had not raised objections on previous
occasions when individual EU states had applied for the sanctions to be
waived, including when the Italian government invited Mr Mugabe to the World
Food Summit in Rome last summer.

The diplomatic stand-off between London and Paris comes at an sensitive time
for Anglo-French relations.

As one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, France has
the power to veto a second resolution sanctioning military action against

But the Prime Minister will also be careful not to upset his French
counterpart ahead of the rearranged Anglo-French summit on 4 February.
President Chirac postponed the original meeting last December after the two
leaders had a stand-up row at the European heads of government summit in
Brussels over the European agriculture policy.

Michael Ancram, the shadow foreign secretary, said Mr Blair's refusal to
criticise France was "deplorable". He contrasted the resolute line taken by
Ms Short, the international development secretary, and Mr Hain, the Welsh
Secretary, with the obfuscation of No10.

Mr Hain said the Zimbabwean president "was not welcome" in Europe. The
government's views on Mugabe's "odious" regime were well-known, he added. Ms
Short said she found it "unimaginable" that the French could consider
inviting Mr Mugabe to Paris.

Downing Street said Ms Short had not given the official response of the

A spokesman said: "Nobody underestimates the importance of sanctions and we
do have to have a unanimous EU decision on sanctions. As to what our
decision will be on the French formal request, I'm afraid we do have to
consider it for a period."

The weak response contrasted with the government's firm line over the
England cricket team's involvement in the world cup in Zimbabwe.

Yet its stance, which left a final decision with the cricket authorities,
was widely criticised as a cowardly policy. Cricket's international
governing body, the ICC, will take a final decision today on whether it is
safe for teams to honour world cup commitments in Zimbabwe. Although there
was no official statement last night as the ICC president, Malcolm Speed,
and tournament director, Ali Bacher, arrived back in South Africa, the six
matches scheduled for Zimbabwe seem certain to go ahead.

The reaction of Zimbabwe Cricket Union [ZCU] officials in Harare suggested
the ICC will give the green light for the Zimbabwe part of the tournament,
mainly hosted by South Africa.

France defended its decision to invite Mugabe, with a foreign ministry
spokesman saying the provisions in the travel ban allowed for trips to
conduct a political dialogue aimed at promoting democracy, the rule of law
and human rights in Zimbabwe. "We are in accord with the spirit of this
common European position. We respect the appropriate European procedures and
it is in this context that we wanted to invite President Mugabe to take part
in the France-Africa summit," he said.
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The Guardian

World Cup keeps exit door open

Paul Kelso and Andrew Meldrum in Harare
Friday January 24, 2003

England's controversial World Cup match in Zimbabwe could be scrapped up to
five days before it is due to be played, the tournament director Ali Bacher
said yesterday.
Bacher said that, despite the England and Wales Cricket Board's pledge to
fulfil the fixture, there was still a possibility that the game could be
shifted to South Africa at short notice.

Speaking after a two-day visit to Zimbabwe, Bacher said: "It could be done
quite late. There are obviously practical problems with moving matches. It
could be done up until a week, five or six days before the event."

The International Cricket Council board will today hear the report of its
chief executive Malcolm Speed, who accompanied Bacher on the trip, as well
as receiving an update on the situation in Kenya, which is due to host two

Bacher and Speed met police, cricket administrators and embassy officials of
the nations scheduled to play in Zimbabwe but said they did not have time to
meet opposition leaders. Bacher, however, indicated that he was happy with
the security arrangements in Zimbabwe. "The commissioner of police believes
it is very impor tant that the games take place in the right environment,"
he said. "I was very heartened by their approach. They had a very
comprehensive plan."

Bacher added that, despite having agreed to go ahead with the Zimbabwe leg
of the tournament last December, the board could yet decide to hold another
vote when it meets today by conference call. "If one of the board members,
be that England or Australia or anyone, wants to test the board's previous
decision, that is certainly open to them."

Speed said that concerns remained about security but added that he was
reassured by discussions with the Zimbabwe police and the Zimbabwe Cricket
Union. "There are a number of concerns about safety and security in this
country that we are well aware of," he said. "But we have taken them on
board and that will form part of the report to the board tomorrow."

Speed said it was possible that the board may want more time to consider
whether to move the matches to South Africa: "We may not necessarily take a
decision at [the] meeting. We may even delay it further."

Zimbabwean opponents of the World Cup matches in Harare and Bulawayo have
claimed that dozens of opposition supporters have been arrested, and some
tortured, in a police crackdown ahead of the matches. After threats to dig
up the pitch at the Harare Sports Club, the ground is being patrolled by
armed police.

Zimbabwe's draconian laws have been used to ban public demonstrations in the
past year but Bacher said he was given assurances that protests would be
tolerated during the matches. "Provided the process is proper, they will
permit peaceful protest demonstrations," he said. "We are very keen that the
police presence both inside and outside the ground should be low profile."

Opponents are keen to prevent the tournament becoming a propaganda coup for
President Robert Mugabe when nearly two-thirds of the population is
threatened with famine and human rights are routinely abused, a concern
shared by the ECB.

David Graveney, the chairman of selectors, and Richard Bevan of the
Professional Cricketers' Association met Foreign Office officials yesterday
to discuss protocol and security issues. An ECB spokesman said it was
determined to avoid giving Mugabe a propaganda platform when the sides meet
on February 13. A source with knowledge of the discussions between English
cricket and the ICC said that there was growing support for moving all the
matches to South Africa.

"Some voices within the ICC would like to move the fixtures back into South
Africa and I think they are considering pulling the games out of Zimbabwe.
You could compensate the board out of the $550m [£340m] that the ICC is
receiving for commercial rights. I'm sure the board will discuss it.

"But seven out of 10 board members have to agree to the change and, unless
common sense prevails, the Asian-African power bloc is likely to prevent
that happening."
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Glasgow Herald

      It is done: history made by land law
      Centuries-old system ends

      HISTORIC legislation reforming land ownership and access to the
countryside was agreed by the Scottish Parliament yesterday with the words
tha e criochnaicte - it is done.

      MSPs approved the Land Reform (Scotland) Bill, giving rural
communities the power to buy the land they live on and others the right to
access, ending centuries of the landlord system.

      They cheered, clapped, and banged their desks as the vote in favour of
the bill was declared by Sir David Steel, the presiding officer, with 101
for with just the 19 votes of the Tory group against, after the longest
debate in the parliament's history.

      In a confident declaration about political change in modern Scotland,
Alasdair Morrison, MSP for the Western Isles, told the parliament: "Tha
latha an uachdarain seachad" - the landowners' day is over. "Tha e
criochnaicte," he added - it is done.

      The bill was condemned by the Conservatives, who said it was similar
to the land reform policies pursued by Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe. Bill
Aitken, the Glasgow Tory MSP, said it was "one of the darkest days of the
Scottish Parliament", adding: "This bill has nothing to do with land reform
and everything to do with the other parties in this parliament being
obsessed by replaying the class wars of 200 years ago.

      "This type of legislation has no place in modern Scotland. It will
have a dreadful effect not only on those living in rural areas, but on city
dwellers whose hard-earned tax will be used to pay for this Mugabe-style
land grab."

      Ross Finnie, the rural development minister, dismissed the Tory attack
and said the bill would hugely benefit people in rural communities and
across the country. "This represents a substantive piece of legislation, a
very reforming piece of legislation, a progressive piece of legislation, and
I commend it to the house."

      Roseanna Cunningham, the SNP deputy leader, said: "Freedom to roam on
the land of Scotland is a right long asserted and dearly held by the
Scottish people and I am glad we have taken steps to assert that right." She
said she hoped the new law would mark "the beginning of a significant change
in the pattern of land ownership in Scotland".

      The legislation gives members of the public a statutory right to
responsible access to the countryside for recreation and passage.

      It also gives rural communities first refusal when the land where they
live and work is put up for sale. The most controversial part of the
legislation gives those in crofting communities the power to buy the land
where they live and work without it first being put on the market.

      The Conservatives tabled a host of amendments, with Mr Aitken
insisting it was "a land grab of which Robert Mugabe would be proud." George
Lyon, LibDem MSP for Argyll and Bute, said: "We seek to empower the many
ordinary people who live and work in Scotland: you seek to support the many
absentee landlords who see land as a tax shelter and an investment vehicle."

      Golf courses with rights of way will also be subject to the new law
but places such as the Old Course at St Andrews will be allowed to fence off
areas before major tournaments.

      John Markland, chairman of Scottish Natural Heritage, predicted it
would lead to an improved relationship between ramblers and landowners.

      However, there will be a search for a landowner willing to mount a
legal challenge under the European Convention on Human Rights. Robert
Balfour, of the Scottish Land-owners Federation, said landlords were most
concerned about the possible compulsory acquisition of salmon fishing,
mineral rights, and adjacent agricultural land by crofting communities.
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Introduce Formal Fuel Rationing of Fuel

The Herald (Harare)

January 24, 2003
Posted to the web January 24, 2003


For most motorists, fuel queues have become part of their lives. Every week,
motorists find a service station and queue for hours on end.

If they queue during working hours, their employers suffer. If they queue at
night or weekends, their families suffer.

With the present foreign currency shortages, it appears that it is not going
to be possible in the near future for Zimbabwe to import enough petrol and
diesel to satisfy demand.

Yet the fact that most companies and individuals are coping suggests that
motorists are getting just enough fuel to keep going. In effect, the
knowledge that one will have to queue for several hours acts as a spur
towards avoiding unnecessary motoring.

Most of those in queues would like to see this rough and ready system of
rationing changed to a more formal system. In fact, the idea of formal
rationing almost always comes up in those long conversations that pass the
time while waiting for the tanker to arrive.

Unfortunately, there is little pressure from decision makers in either the
private or public sector for rationing. Top civil servants and business
executives are rarely, if ever, seen in queues. Both groups tend to drive
vehicles provided by their employer using their employer's fuel.

It is the ordinary motorist who suffers.

Suggestions have been made that significant increases in the price of fuel
would also diminish demand. This might be true to an extent, but since many
motorists queuing are only looking for half a tank to a tank a week, and
have cut car use down to the barest minimum, we do not think demand would
ease by much.

Of course, fuel must be priced so that procurement and distribution costs
are covered, with a fair profit for Noczim, oil companies and service

But the critical problem is a shortage of foreign currency, not local

We believe that serious consideration should now be given to a rationing
scheme. It must be simple, fair, easy to administer, impervious to
corruption and favouritism, and must include some sort of provision for
commuter omnibuses and taxis.

Such a scheme is possible. Some very good ideas have been generated by
inventive motorists in the queues. Basically, most motorists would want to
see everyone entitled to coupons for a fixed number of litres a week, such
coupons to be issued on production of the registration book, which would be

Another scheme would be for motorists to be registered with garages, so that
every service station would know how much fuel had to be delivered each week
and every driver would have his "day" for collection.

It might need a combination of both to make the scheme work efficiently
without corruption.

Buses and taxis would have assigned service stations. These would be able to
draw more fuel, with tanks sealed and locked and the keys kept at the
station. This would avoid the unscrupulous siphoning or draining of fuel for

There are many other ideas.

The Minister of Energy and Power Development should now, in any case, form a
small committee to discuss and plan a rationing scheme. This committee
should include representatives from the oil industry, organised business,
the Zimbabwe Farmers Union, the transport sector, the Consumer Council of
Zimbabwe and the Automobile Association. A police fraud squad officer would
be a useful member to help minimise fraud.

Even if supplies will increase soon, it would be a good idea to have the
scheme ready for the next serious shortage so that life can continue as near
normal as possible. The terrible pre-Christmas shortage came when schools
and most industries were closed.

But if the present supply position is to be long-term, then most motorists
would welcome a fair and simple rationing scheme. Almost anything would be
better than queuing for hours.
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Mbeki under fire for 'cheering Mugabe on'

      January 24 2003 at 05:29AM

      By Basildon Peta

Harare - Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe's opposition leader, took his
frustration with President Mbeki to diplomats in Harare on Thursday night,
telling them that Mbeki was denying the existence of the tragic
circumstances in Zimbabwe and was cheering President Robert Mugabe in the
name of "a dubious African brotherhood".

In a blistering attack, Tsvangirai said perhaps Mbeki and his Nigerian
counterpart Olusegun Obasanjo wanted Mugabe's policies to produce mass
graves which they could then regard as an adequate and sufficient definition
of the existence of a crisis in Zimbabwe.

"If this is an expression of the so-called African solutions to African
problems, or an early manifestation of the so-called Nepad peer review
mechanism, then Africa is fated to remain a beleaguered and crisis-ridden
continent for a very long time."

Tsvangirai said that Mbeki's and Obasanjo's offer to mediate after the
disputed presidential election last March "was nothing but a cynical and
cruel act of deception".

      'Africa is fated to remain a beleaguered continent for a very long
"The real strategy was to give Zimbabweans a false sense of hope and thereby
buy time for Mugabe to make good his bloody electoral fraud and consolidate
his dictatorship," Tsvangirai stated.

He said Mbeki and Obasanjo had now come out openly in support of the Mugabe
dictatorship against the people and forces of democracy in Zimbabwe.

"The forthcoming Commonwealth troika meeting in South Africa is now a cruel
gimmick and serious opinion in the international community must totally
ignore the incoherent rants that will emanate from it."

Tsvangirai said Nigerian Foreign Minister Sule Lamido and his South African
counterpart Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma were in Zimbabwe this week, but had not
even bothered to consult the opposition. Mbeki and Obasanjo continued to
misread the situation in Zimbabwe, he said.

"The Zimbabwe crisis has never been and is not a racial issue between black
and white," said Tsvangirai.

      'Nigerian and South African memories are very short and defective'
"The people being starved to death are not white; the majority of those
killed by the regime's killing machine are not white, those who languish in
jail as I speak to you and are subjected to incessant torture and sub-human
conditions are not white; those in the rural areas who are daily subjected
to brutal treatment are not white.

"It is despicable and cheap for anyone to reduce such a tragedy to an issue
of race for the sake of a fake African brotherhood and political

Tsvangirai lamented the fact that Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma even refused to
accept that the murder, torture, political violence, rape and other
brutalities associated with the Mugabe regime constituted a crisis that
continuously beckoned for international attention.

"For a people who have just come out of the shackles of some of the most
brutal dictatorial regimes in African history and benefited from the active
intervention of the international community, Nigerian and South African
memories are very short and defective."

Obasanjo and Mbeki would bear a heavy responsibility "for the results of the
catastrophic path they are charting for Zimbabwe", he said. - Independent
Foreign Service
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Tobacco growers forecast poor crop for Zimbabwe
January 24 2003 at 08:10AM

Harare - Zimbabwe's tobacco earnings fell to $434 million last year from
$594 million in 2001 and might slip further this year, the state-controlled
Herald newspaper said yesterday, citing the Zimbabwe Tobacco Association

The size of the crop, the nation's top foreign exchange earner,
fell to 143 million kilograms from 165 million kilograms, the growers'
association said.

The ZTA forecast that drought might cut this year's harvest, the Herald
reported. Crops harvested to date had been "poor and droughty", the Herald
quoted the ZTA as saying.

Justice for Agriculture, a group of white farmers, said the crop might fall
below 50 million kilograms this year because of the seizure of white-owned
commercial farms for redistribution to black Zimbabweans.

The Tobacco Development Trust, which sponsors small-scale tobacco growers,
has forecast the crop will rise to 200 million kilograms. - Bloomberg

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Mail and Guardian

UK moves to limit damage over invitation to Mugabe

      24 January 2003 07:59

Tony Blair will work to prevent Robert Mugabe attending the EU-Africa summit
in Portugal this spring after coming under fire for acquiescing in a
controversial visit by the Zimbawean leader to Paris next month.

In a clear attempt to limit the damage from the French invitation, which
highlights inconsistencies in EU sanctions, the prime minister is to
pressure European partners and African countries to ensure that Mugabe does
not attend the Lisbon meeting in April.

"So much of this is to do with the political personality of Robert Mugabe
that it is unthinkable for some EU leaders to sit with him," one senior
diplomat said.

A French foreign ministry representative confirmed the invitation to the
Zimbabwean president and insisted it had been issued "in complete accordance
with the relevant rules".

Britain believes that in a difficult situation, the key is the rollover of
the so-called "smart sanctions" imposed on Mugabe and his ministers by the
EU last year. The sanctions are on the table for next Monday's foreign
ministers' meeting in Brussels.

Under EU rules unanimity is required so France could block the decision. By
reluctantly accepting France's decision to host the Zimbabwean leader,
Britain hopes Paris will back the attempt to exclude him from the EU-wide
Lisbon summit in April.

A French foreign ministry representative said the sanctions agreement that
banned Mugabe and more than 70 other members of his regime from travelling
to any European Union country made provision for an EU visa to be issued in
a number of "exceptional situations".

Those included any trip "for the purposes of conducting a political dialogue
aimed at promoting democracy, the rule of law and human rights in Zimbabwe",
the representative said, quoting from the document.

He added that France had consulted "extensively" with its EU partners --
including Britain -- before issuing the invitation.

Clare Short, the international development secretary, renewed her attack on
President Jacques Chirac, telling MPs that Mugabe's policies had made a
containable drought into a disastrous regional famine and claiming the
French had no understanding of southern Africa.

"They think it's Britain and [President Mugabe] in conflict over white
farmers. They're not attending to the reality of the suffering of the
people," she said.

"Like the cricket, it's not sending the right message. It's just the thought
of 7 -- or 8 million people starving -- and the government not cooperating
with the international strategy to bring in aid."

In Harare, European diplomats said France was not the only EU country
opposed to sanctions.

Portugal, Greece and Italy would all prefer to engage Mugabe rather than
isolate him. They believe the sanctions make the Mugabe government more
entrenched and have made EU relations with other African countries more

But the Zimabwean opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, lambasted France and
Portugal for their stance on Mugabe: "We are dismayed by the emerging
discordant voices coming from certain quarters within the EU," he said.

Brian Raftopoulos, of Zimbabwe Crisis Coalition, supported the French
approach. "By letting him go to these summits, they are opening a couple of
doors to respectability, but there is a quid pro quo and they want some
movement from Mugabe." - Guardian Unlimited © Guardian Newspapers Limited
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Zimbabwe hopes for ICC backing
ICC chief executive Malcolm Speed
Speed had a series of meetings

The Zimbabwe Cricket Union are confident of being given the go-ahead to stage six World Cup matches as scheduled.

International Cricket Council chief executive Malcolm Speed and Dr Ali Bacher, the head of the World Cup organising committee, have been visiting Zimbabwe to reassess the security situation.

Speed will report back to the ICC board in London on Friday morning when a final decision will be taken.

But ZCU chief Vince Hogg said he was happy with the way various meetings had gone.

I was very heartened by their desire it should go offwithout any problems
Ali Bacher

"We met with four high commissioners - Pakistan, India, Australia and the United Kingdom - and the commisioner of police and we're very happy with the plan that was presented," he commented.

England, Australia, India, Pakistan, Namibia and the Netherlands are all due to play in Zimbabwe - three of the games taking place in Harare, and three in Bulawayo.

The British and Australian governments have been lobbying for a boycott of Zimbabwe in protest at the policies of the Mugabe regime.

But both national Boards have confirmed that they will fulfil the fixtures, providing security is guaranteed.

Speed declined to comment on the likely prospects of the games going ahead, but described his visit as "very productive".

He said: "We had a lot of meetings and a lot of frank and honest answers from a lot of people with whom we met.

"I will provide the board with an update tomorrow and we'llsee what response there is from the board.

"We've said all along that there will be continual monitoring of all of the World Cup venues right through until when the matches are played. This is an interim visit to provide an update - that's why we're here and that's what we've done."

Speed confirmed that Zimbabwe had repeated assurances that all international journalists accredited for the tournament would be allowed to enter the country to report on matches.

Earlier this week, a number of media organisations were refused visas to travel with a World Food Programme delegation to look food shortages in the country.

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 Amnesty officials criticise SA's stance on Zimbabwe
            January 24, 2003, 20:30

            Amnesty International has criticised the South African
government's quiet diplomacy stance towards Zimbabwe. Amnesty officials have
just returned from a week long fact finding mission to Zimbabwe.

            Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, its leader, and its alleged human
rights abuses have been making headlines almost every other day. Today,
Amnesty International (AI), briefed the South African media on its latest
findings. It says the Zanu-PF government is increasingly clamping down on
political opponents.

            Amnesty International says it's disappointed with South Africa's
attitude towards its northern neighbour. With millions of Zimbabweans facing
famine, the human rights group confirmed that the Mugabe government is using
food aid as a political tool. Sharmala Naidoo, of the AI, said: "Food is
being distributed along political lines."

            This was denied by July Moyo, Zimbabwe's Social Welfare
minister, following talks earlier today between James Morris, the UN special
envoy, and President Mugabe on the food shortages in the country.
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Zimbabwe cricket matches will go ahead
Updated 24 January 2003, 17.19
England in action against Australia
The six World Cup cricket games in Zimbabwe are to take place as planned.

The International Cricket Council has decided it's safe enough for England's cricketers to go there.

There were fears it was too dangerous to go.

The country's President Mugabe has been criticised for his policy of taking land owned by white farmers, and for using violence against people who disagree with him.

Safe enough

Zimbabwe's President Mugabe
But the ICC have visited Zimbabwe and said security arrangements are good enough so that the players will be safe.

The British Government doesn't want them to go but the first match will be played on 13 February.

But if things get dangerous, the matches will move to South Africa.

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Transparency International

Fiddling while Zimbabwe burns
Index for Free Expression 24 Jan 2003

Zimbabwe's information minister Jonathan Moyo reacted furiously when a South
African newspaper reported the details of his somewhat eventful holiday at
one of the country's resort hotels. Geoff Nyarota, the award-winning former
editor of Zimbabwe's Daily News takes his nemesis to task.

Twice last week Zimbabwe's controversial Minister of Information, Jonathan
Moyo, sent shock waves through South Africa and his own country.

On 14 January, a story about the minister's profligacy at a time when
millions of his compatriots queue daily to purchase unavailable basic
commodities made the front page of South Africa's Sunday Times. In a
development equally shocking, Moyo hit back at his perceived detractors.

In a statement published in the daily press the following Tuesday, he
attacked not only the Sunday Times, but also the South African government.
He even attacked the people of South Africa, calling them filthy, reckless
and uncouth.

And the Sunday Times, whose "crime" was to publish a factual story about his
self-indulgence, stood for debauchery, Moyo alleged.

"If these people," he fulminated in obvious reference to President Thabo
Mbeki, "believe they can lead an African renaissance, then God help them."

As for his own shortcomings and unrestrained behaviour during his two-week
sojourn in Johannesburg, Moyo offered not a single word of explanation or

This is the man who, apart from the president of Zimbabwe himself, has
contributed so much to the dire straits, the ignominy and the isolation in
which the once-proud and prosperous nation now wallows.

Hopefully, embedded in Moyo's shameful and belligerent utterances, was a
lesson for South African Labour Minister Membathisi Mdladlana.

In the wake of a brief visit to Zimbabwe and an even more fleeting encounter
with carefully selected and obviously terrified white farmers, Mdladlana
returned to South Africa to declare Zimbabwe's violent, lawless and
haphazard land redistribution programme a tremendous success.

There is, in the eyes of the ordinary Zimbabwean, an irksome tendency among
SA government officials, Mbeki included, to gloss over Zimbabwe's political
and economic issues - the full significance of which they might not totally
comprehend - or to glorify acts of poor governance, including gross abuse of
the basic human rights of the long-suffering citizens of Zimbabwe.

But far from piling abuse on innocent South Africans and their
not-so-innocent government, in terms of its handling of Zimbabwe's political
and economic crisis, Moyo should be required to explain where, in foreign
currency-strapped Harare, he accessed sufficient money to load three large
vehicles and a trailer with luxury goods.

Meanwhile, Beit Bridge customs officials should produce the declaration
forms, if any, filled in by Moyo and his family on re-entry into Zimbabwe.

If both the explanation and declaration are deemed unsatisfactory, President
Robert Mugabe will have little option but to ask his wayward minister to
resign - after, of course, he has tendered appropriate apologies to the
people of South Africa.

Otherwise there is a danger that his utterances might trigger a new wave of
xenophobia against Zimbabweans in South Africa, their favourite destination
as they flee from the ruin caused by a government of which Moyo is the
unrepentant chief spin doctor.

Copyright © 2003 Index on Censorship
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 Bacher says Zimbabwe contingency plan in place

January 24, 2003, 11:30

Cricket officials have a contingency plan in place should games be moved
from Zimbabwe at short notice, Ali Bacher, the World Cup Executive Director,
said today.

Bacher and Malcolm Speed, the International Cricket Council (ICC) chief
executive, visited Harare on Wednesday to assess security. Bacher said the
games would go ahead as scheduled but said a contingency plan was in place
if games had to be moved.

"When you are organising an event of this stature and the worst case
scenario arises you have got to have a back up plan and we do have one,"
Bacher said.

England and Australia have both resisted calls from their governments to
boycott matches in Zimbabwe where President Robert Mugabe faces criticism
over policies which opponents say have led to economic crisis and political

Bacher and Speed left the back door open to move matches if the security
situation worsened and players and spectators were endangered. "It would be
very easy to shift games at the 11th hour," Bacher said. "But I don't
believe it will happen."

None of South Africa's 11 unions, whose stadiums are being used to host the
matches, has been informed of a contingency plan. "I have not spoken to any
of the unions, these plans are in our back pocket," Bacher said.

"The unions have the capacity to host additional matches, It's as simple as
that. There is no problem with that. But I reiterate that is highly
unlikely." - Reuters
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Sunday Times (SA)

UN envoy meets Mugabe over famine

HARARE - A United Nations special envoy for humanitarian needs in Southern
Africa on Friday held talks with Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe over a
famine threatening some eight million people.

James Morris, who is on the second leg of a five-nation tour, said Mugabe
had expressed gratitude at the response of the UN in combating a famine that
has left nearly two-thirds of the population at risk of starvation.

"We had a good conversation and he is very grateful for the work of the
United Nations and all of our agencies," Morris said.

Six countries in Southern Africa are facing famine due to a drought, but
Zimbabwe is the worst-hit with an estimated eight million of its 11.6
million people at risk.

Foreign aid agencies say the famine has been exacerbated by disruptions to
agriculture on white-owned commercial farms acquired by the government for
resettlement of new black farmers under a controversial  land reform

Morris said discussions with Mugabe focused on the capacity of the country
to produce enough food, its ability to import cereals, the impact of
HIV-Aids on the hunger crisis and the response of the humanitarian donor

"The donors have been incredibly generous," said Morris, adding that the UN
had succeeded in persuading donors to provide not only food, but water,
medicine and agricultural inputs.

"Those are inputs we need to work very hard (on) to cause the donor
community to be thoughtful about ... because food is only a piece of it," he

He said that with as many as 800,000 Aids orphans in the country, the
Zimbabwe government could be overwhelmed in provision of services.

Morris is on a second assessment mission to the region. The UN last assessed
humanitarian needs in August and September 2002 and concluded in a
preliminary report earlier this month that more than 15 million were at risk
of starvation in Southern Africa.

Morris has been to Lesotho, and is due to proceed to Malawi, Zambia and
South Africa.

Zimbabwe's Labour and Social Welfare Minister July Moyo said enough food had
been acquired for the country but its importation had been delayed by
logistical hitches.

He denied widespread accusations that food was being distributed on party
political lines, as the opposition here has consistently claimed the ruling
Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) party is doing.

"Our food distribution system is well tested. There is no chance you can
discriminate against somebody on the basis of politics," Moyo said.

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Amnesty Urges Govt to Cease Crackdown On Activists

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

January 24, 2003
Posted to the web January 24, 2003


Amnesty International on Friday said the level of fear among human rights
activists in Zimbabwe has never been greater. The rights group called on the
authorities to immediately cease the crackdown on activists perceived to be
opponents on President Robert Mugabe's government.

Amnesty said a recent fact-finding mission to the country revealed that
activists who exposed human rights violations had themselves become at risk
of arrest and torture.

"We have visited Zimbabwe regularly in the last two years, but the level of
fear among human rights activists has never been greater. Those who defend
an independent judiciary or the right to peacefully express opinions also
become themselves the victims of intimidation or unfair legal process. The
authorities must enable human rights activists and opposition
parliamentarians to work without fear of harassment, arrest or torture," the
organisation said in a statement.

The rights group said the recent wave of arrests of opponents of the
government appeared to be part of a strategy by the government "to undermine
and stifle public protest while the world's attention is focused on the
country during the cricket World Cup".

The statement noted that in the past week several members of the main
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) were arrested and held for
several days without being charged.

On 11 January Elias Mudzuri, the mayor of Harare and a member of the MDC was
arrested together with 21 councillors and municipal workers for allegedly
addressing a political meeting without clearance from the relevant
authorities. They were released on 13 January without charge.

Amani Trust, a human rights organisation which works with victims of
political violence, received threats to fire-bomb its offices, Amnesty said.

"The international community must not remain silent and allow the Zimbabwean
government to continue violating provisions of the United Nations Convention
against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
Punishment, to which it is a state party," Amnesty said.

Amnesty called on the government to open the country to independent scrutiny
by issuing standing invitations to the UN Special Rapporteurs on torture and
on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and

"Those responsible for human rights violations must be brought to justice,"
the organisation concluded.
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Obscene to Play Cricket in House of Hunger

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

January 24, 2003
Posted to the web January 24, 2003

Paul Taylor

IN 1985, when his love affair with England was at its peak, Robert Mugabe
said: "Cricket? It civilises people and creates good gentlemen. I want
everyone to play cricket in Zimbabwe. I want ours to be a nation of

If cricket is responsible for shaping his "nation of gentlemen" it should be
banned forthwith. But it may not be entirely to blame. Zanu PF members'
understanding of all sporting codes is a bit unsophisticated. In 2000
feuding "war veterans" on Rainham Farm near Dzivarasekwa used the erstwhile
owner's golf clubs to beat the living daylights out of each other.

I am not sure if this is governed by the rules of the Royal and Ancient Golf
Club of St Andrews. If a Green Bomber should approach you, my sporting
advice is that, irrespective of whether he is wielding a cricket bat, golf
club, croquet mallet, tennis racket or polo stick, or any other hard or
heavy instrument, you should just run away as fast as you can.

It is infuriating that many people at home and abroad have wasted so much
time recently to debate whether international teams should participate in
World Cup cricket matches in Zimbabwe next month.

Of course they should not. It is obscene to suggest elaborate international
fixtures should be played in our House of Hunger by a pack of pipsqueaks in
white flannel when millions live in the shadow of state-sponsored terrorism,
afflicted by chronic food insecurity.

This issue must not distract our civil society and the international
community from taking action to stem the greatest humanitarian crisis in
southern African history. As well as the ongoing attempt to accelerate food
aid, we will also shortly see the extension by the United States of targeted
sanctions against Zanu PF.

In addition there is intensifying behind-the-scenes impetus towards the
establishment of a UN criminal tribunal for Zimbabwe, on the model of those
for Rwanda and the Balkans, to bring to trial the warlords who use every
form of systematised violence, including rape, murder and the exploitation
of mass hunger, to impose their will.

The World Cup will not save Zanu PF's bacon. But it remains a profound
embarrassment to our civil society and, above all, to our sportsplayers.

The Zimbabwe Cricket Union should have put an end to the nonsense months
ago. Peter Chingoka, have you no shame? How can you boast about the millions
your union has spent to improve playing facilities when you know perfectly
well how the masses struggle to survive?

Why should the world accept its moral duty to send food aid to Zimbabwe when
a pack of crass and vulgar homegrown buffoons are wasting millions on games
rather than bread? And don't tell us that politics should be kept out of
sport. Are you not aware that a court in the United States ruled just last
December that Robert Mugabe, the patron of your union, should pay millions
in compensation to some of the victims of his party's orgy of violence in
his capacity as secretary-general of Zanu PF?

For heaven's sake, let him resign before he is dismissed for bringing the
game into disrepute. And you and the Esats, who sycophantically chose to
move for Mugabe's continued patronage of the ZCU last July, should resign

As for the players, it is suggested that if they raise a word of protest not
only their sporting careers but even their continued residence in Zimbabwe
could be in jeopardy. In other words, they face precisely the same pressures
and threats as the rest of civil society. Do they think they are special? Do
they have the right to try to create an illusion of normalcy?

What glory can there be in playing international cricket on blood-soaked
pitches? It seems some cricketers are selfish cry-babies incapable of
thinking beyond their personal profiles. Henry Olonga sings a beautiful song
about Zimbabwe. Isn't it time for fine sentiments to be translated into
principled action?

Shouldn't the team captain be the first to refuse to play? Heath Streak said
"the security is absolutely fine" for visitors to Zimbabwe. The family of
the young Australian murdered at the Victoria Falls will have their own
feelings about that. Heath complains his wife has been receiving "vicious
e-mails" from opponents of the tournament. In truth she should not be
attacked for his reckless statements. Let us leave such spiteful behaviour
to Zanu PF.

But let him understand his entry into politically charged territory will
attract comment.

Heath's father, a Matabeleland farmer, has said he supports his son's
stance. Farmers in Matabeleland are a tough bunch and they have always been
mad about sport. Martin Olds was one of the toughest and an avid fan of
diverse disciplines and codes, from cricket and rugby to Shukokai karate, in
which he was a senior black belt and sensei.

A true sportsman, he had not the slightest streak of naivety or selfishness.
That's why he won the Bronze Cross of Valour, our country's highest award
for civilian gallantry, which tragically brought him to Mugabe's personal
attention. If only Olds had not been so brave. It took 150 gunmen to kill
him. Zanu PF does not send its opponents only "vicious e-mails".

What a shame Martin and his mother Gloria will not see our country play
sport again. According to the schedule as it presently stands, Zimbabwe will
be playing its match against Pakistan on March 4, the anniversary of her
murder. Though an elderly lady, she had a lioness's heart and it took two
gunmen to kill her. A great mother gave our country a great son. If there
were more mothers like her, Mugabe would perhaps have fewer "wives" today.

But should the worst come to pass and these unlucky matches go ahead, it
should be clear to you supposedly "national" players that you will be
representing your own interests, not your country. When you walk out onto
the pitch, look into the stands. You will see spies, war veterans and
murderers, new moguls who are growing fat on a dying economy the way maggots
grow fat on septic wounds and ruthless politicians basking in the pretence
that all is well in Zimbabwe. You will not see their victims.

You will not see Talent Mabika and Tichaona Chiminya (burned to death) or
Alan Dunn (bludgeoned to death); you will not see Fainos Zhou, who died
after days of agonising torture; you will not see so many female victims,
like the wife and mother who was gang-raped in front of her husband, while
one man sat on her head and others pinioned her arms and legs.

How can you think you will be bringing honour to Zimbabwe? Do not play.
Forget this wrongheaded, decadent and debased project. If Mugabe wants
cricket let him and his politburo learn to abide by its rules.

Paul Taylor is a freelance writer on civic issues.
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JAG Job Opportunities Listings - Updated 23 January 2003
(ad inserted 22nd Jan 03) Managing Amnesty International's human rights work
in Africa Send reply to:


Amnesty International is seeking a Program Director and two Deputy Program
Directors to manage the Africa Program of its International Secretariat,
responsible for research and campaigning on human rights issues in Africa.
The Africa Program has around 50 staff based in London, Kampala, Dakar,
Paris and Pretoria.

Amnesty International is a worldwide organization campaigning on human
rights issues.  The International Secretariat is the movement's centre for
international research, campaign action and policy making. It employs over
400 staff, a majority of whom are based in the Secretariat's London office
although around half of the Africa Program's staff are now based outside
London.  Recently the International Secretariat has been reorganized and the
management system restructured to strengthen leadership, delivery and
accountability of all staff.

Each of these positions requires an experienced manager with a proven track
record in motivation of staff and in the provision of the direction, support
and systems to enable them to perform to their full potential. You should
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Fluent written and spoken English and French are essential for all three
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Salary scale 388 - 674
Program Director Africa Ref no ? AFR/03/1
As Program Director you will be responsible for directing and overseeing
provision of political and strategic advice on human rights challenges in
Africa; representing the work of the organization to key target audiences;
leading the development of regional and country strategies and effectively
managing the staff and resources of your program.

Your vision, leadership and dedication must be complemented by personal
confidence and professional expertise.  You will be recognized as a leader
in your field; bringing commitment and energy to match the weight of your
responsibilities; and offering demonstrated capacity to motivate and empower
others.  You must be able to work collaboratively, making decisions swiftly,
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Salary scale 836 - 812
2 Deputy Program Directors Africa Ref no - AFR/03/2

One Deputy Program Director post will be responsible for managing the teams
working on Eastern and Central Africa and will be based in Kampala from
April 2004 following an initial period in London. The other Deputy Program
Director post will be responsible for managing the team working on West
Africa (and for the first year also the team working on Southern Africa) and
is currently based in London.

As a deputy program director, you will bring many of the qualities expected
of program directors.  In particular, you will offer experience in team
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and demonstrated success in the creation of effective and supportive work

Under the authority of the Africa Program Director, and as a member of the
program's management team, you will also be responsible for development and
implementation of specific country strategies, provision of political advice
on the human rights concerns in the sub- region, and will share
responsibility for the management of the program's staff and resources.

Closing date - 7 February 2003

Interview date
 From 10 March - 21 March 2003

For further information and to apply online please visit our website at: or write to Human Resources Program, Amnesty
International, International Secretariat, 1 Easton Street, London WC1X ODW



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(Transport Manager Applications)
P O Box ST 130


Qualified Panel-beater Journeyman

A leading private security contractor is seeking the services of a qualified
Panel-beater/Journeyman to run their panel-beating workshop. Extensive
knowledge in the application of 2K paints, accurate estimation of damage,
administration, man-management and general workshop floor practices would be
a distinct advantage. Applications, including a current resume must be
forwarded for the attention of
The Regional Manager
P O Box ST 130

************************************************* 7. ZIMBABWE
(ad inserted 8th Jan 03)
Trelawney Farm manager required for mixed farming operation - 30 ha tobacco,
50 ha maize, & 85 head beef breeding herd, to start immediately. Owner
resident on the property, no "invader" problems at this stage, stable labour
force. Favourable remuneration package offered, plus usual farm perks, and a
negotiable share profit percentage.
Contact The Advertiser, on 069 - 8223,
for more information, or the JAG office.

Opportunity for Business Investment in Transport Industry with Colbro
Transport: There exists an opportunity of investing in transport by
purchasing sections of 10 to 20 complete rigs along with a franchise to run
for Procon RSA, on all routes run by Colbro.

Advantages being you walk into 100% organised fleet, drivers, maintenance,
fuel, tyres, contracts etc.
Any interest: Please contact Bob Collett on 091
200 519

Transport Controller Vacancy exists with Colbro Transport for less qualified
energetic transport controller to handle daily operations and drivers,
certain "out of town" travelling needed.

Vacancy exists for couple in Kariba - lady to run books with other
management responsibilities at Kariba Marina.  Gent to manage and maintain
boats, big and small as well as other management duties.

A possibility for couple to run a procurement business in Harare for Kariba
and surrounding areas - preferably a farmer who has a 7 ton truck to enter
into a partnership. Any interested party to contact:
Bob Collett - 091 200 519
Bernice Wilde - 091 314 353 or 757295.

*************************************************11. HARARE:
My name is Rick Summers and I am the Chairman of the Harare SPCA.  We are
try to find a suitable person to fill the post of General Manager which has
been vacant for some time and to date have not been able to find the right
person. This is a permanent position.  It is a very challenging position but
also most rewarding.  It is not for the faint hearted and is not an 8 to 5,
5 days a week job. This is a busy position, the core of which is the
promotion of Animal Welfare in the Harare/Chitungwiza area for a radius of
50 kms.

The job principally involves:
1.  responding to reports about animal neglect, abuse and cruelty.
2.  supervising Animal Welfare Inspectors, Veterinary Surgeons and
kennel-hands caring for the animals in SPCA custody
3.  controlling the Society's finances and assets
4.  promoting the work of the SPCA to the public, both local and
5.  co-ordinating the contributions of the stakeholders many of whom are
subscribing members of the Harare Society

These are very broad parameters. The person:
1.  likes animals, abhors cruelty
2 has a basic grasp of legal issues pertaining to animal welfare(advantage).
3.  well versed in managing labour
4.  is tactful and level headed. There are times when you will be dealing
with very emotional people and disturbing situations. If you feel you have
what it takes then please: e-mail me on phone 04
487637 mobile 091 232 223 for further information.  If you need more
information re the position please do not hesitate to contact me.


(ad inserted 22nd Jan 03) telephone: 00380-44-491-5133

We are an American company in the agriculture business in Ukraine for 6
years. Unlimited quality land, excellent weather, wonderful people!!!

Currently we are farming 4,000 HA and servicing over 13,000.We are looking
to expand farming to over 15,000 HA. with quality partners/farmers. If
anyone is interested in the real last agriculture frontier, please contact
Regards, Roman Fedorowycz


(ad inserted 7th Jan 03)

Subject: List of Caring Jobs in England. Hi there, thought that you might be
interested in the following address's as you have a "Jobs" section now? The
address's are for those people who are looking for Caring work, which are
well paid, "live-in" jobs. If anyone would like some information, I can try
and help them, as I worked three months this year, in England, caring for
peole with the Consultus Agency? So, here is a list of Agencys which I
have:- Consultus, 17, London Road, Tonbridge, KENT
TN103AB Telephone: 00 44 1732 355231
(Sorry, no telephone number at the moment!)

Quality Carers Ltd. e-mail:- Telephone:- 00 44
2076 330796

Patricia White Care Agency, Speer House,
40-44 The Parade, SURREY KT 10 ONU Telephone:- 00 44 1372 461100 Fax:-
00 44 1372 461155

All good wishes for 2003! Louise MacIlwaine. Tel:- 023 896 950



Attractive proposition for a Zimbabwean farmer to lease with the long term
possibility of buying the farm.  The farm is in Southern Ireland
approximately 100kms from the capital city. The location of the farm is very
scenic, peaceful and quiet and approx 3 kms from the nearest town. Any
interested parties looking at relocating pls contact 011 406 750 or for further


(ad inserted 7th Jan 03)
On an estate, 20 kilometres from the triving little town Arusha, with view
onto Kilimanjaro, we do seek an all round FARM MANAGER.

The estate is an old sisal plantation and requires development. This year we
will start building 40 ha of greenhouses for export roses. We also do
develop a vegetable export section and a centre pivot for arable crops. In
future the largest part of the estate (1,200 ha already fenced) will be game
farm, containing holiday houses, horse trials and a polo field.

The person applying for the job has to be a proved farm manager with
excessive experience in: horticulture: export vegetables; growing, packing
and exporting, record keeping as per supermarket requirements, (main crops
mangetout peas, fine beans, sugar snaps, baby corn, passion fruit etc.)
arable farming: centre pivot; maize, soya, wheat and paprika growing,
knowledge of mechanics is a must, willing to assist during building of
greenhouses, building holiday houses, developing polo field, have an 'open
mind' capable to start afresh in a different country, A young couple,
preferably polo minded, with interest and/or experience in game farming, is
kindly invited to apply for this job.

Please do sent your motivated application letter, with CV and a list of
references to the following email address:

The successful applicant will be employed by the largest rose growers in the
country and they will look after you well.

In Arusha we find basic medical facilities, main hospitals in Nairobi at 4
hrs drive, Shoprite supermarket, and a high standard international school
available in town.


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email headed "JAG Job Listing" to

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are not vetted prior to addition to the list, other than for legibility

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JAG Open Letter Forum No 19 and Sitrep - 23 January 2003

17 members of the local farming community were taken to court today by the
state, and their cases were overturned. The men (Robin and Duncan Greaves,
Gary Godfrey, Mike and Craig Wood, Wally and John Herbst, Alan Lewis,
Charles Sterling, Craig Anderson, Chris Jarrett, Dave Olds, Brian and Mike
Querl, Marko Maertens, Ted Kirby, and Peter Schubert) were charged with
interfering with the land resettlement programme under Section 8 of the
Land Act. However, most of the farmers had been reissued with new 7-day
section 8 orders, and the Magistrate ruled that the section 8 charge under
which they were held was invalid, and the case unconstitutional. The men
were released, and their bail money refunded.

Letter 1: J.L.Robinson
The President, and Vice President (Commodities) Commercial Farmers Union,
Marlborough, Harare.

Dear Mr. Cloete and Mr. Taylor-Freeme, I suppose there is no reason for
any surprise for any rational thinking farmer to read the Herald today,
and see that you have pledged to back the land reform, which has destroyed
Commercial Agriculture and caused starvation in Zimbabwe. And now you have
pledged to release $30 billion worth of equipment.

Naturally, your farms and equipment will be at the front of yet another
que in Zimbabwe - so that you can lead our Union and farmers by example.At
the same time you can enjoy "the moment you have been waiting for" and
remain "upbeat."

I have a different suggestion to make to you both - make this "the moment"
that so many displaced farmers that you have let down "have been waiting
for." I humbly suggest that YOU BOTH RESIGN WITH IMMEDIATE EFFECT.

Yours sincerely, J.L. Robinson.


To submit a letter for the Open Letter Forum, please send an email headed
"JAG Open Letter Forum" to Letters may be
vetted for legibility.

All letters displayed on the forum are the opinions and views of the
submitters, and do not necessarily represent the official viewpoint of
Justice for Agriculture.

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JAG Accomodation Listings - Updated 23 January 2003

House & cottage for rent acres about 40 km from town. HOUSE: two bedrooms,
study, large lounge, dining room, kitchen, pantry, etc, swimming pool, one
bathroom, one shower & guest toilet.
COTTAGE: two bedrooms with bathrooms, lounge, dining room, kitchen, etc.
LOW rent, phone 011 405525

Keith Taylor has a 3 bedroomed, 2 bathroom cottage in Mtepatepa available
for free rent.
Phone 091 202 616/011 202 616.


Secure house to let in Avondale (just below the ridge).  Available lst
February 2003.  Three bedrooms, one bathroom with shower, separate toilet,
large lounge, dining room, fitted kitchen, closed in verandah, covered
outdoor living area.  One acre with beautiful garden, walled and gated.
75 000 p.m.
Contact Shirley for more details at

Accommodation for rent or for sale.
3 bedroom, 1 1/2 bathroom garden flat in Avonlea available immediately. Good
security and telephone connected.  Phone 303564 or 011 409 796

Attractive 4 bedroomed, 2 bathroomed home with pool, electric gate and
satellite dish, available February.
Please contact
Regards Christine Baseotto

For sale: Bedsit in Dandaro Retirement Village, Harare. Bedroom/kitchenette
& separate bathroom.
Available immediately.
Price Zim $17 million.
Phone 04 497076 or 870703

We have a neat modest home on an acre-and-a-half in Northwood for a
reasonable rental commencing February 2003.  If anyone may be interested
please could they telephone 870014 (or cell 011-700220).
With thanks. Colin & Brenda Read


Mr Mike Elcombe has a 2-bedroomed cottage to rent available immediately.
22km out on the Bulawayo Road.  Ph: 091 301 934.

Mr Elcombe is also looking for someone to manage or share crop a 30ha potato
crop and look after cattle and fish farm.  Ph: 091 301 934.


To submit accomodation listings or for further details on a given listing,
send an email headed "JAG Accomodation Listing" to

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request, and are not vetted prior to addition to the list, other than for

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From The Daily Telegraph (UK), 24 January

Zimbabwe foot and mouth hits neighbours

By Christopher Munnion in Johannesburg

The political and economic chaos in Zimbabwe was blamed yesterday for an
alarming spread of foot and mouth among cattle in neighbouring countries
that is putting southern Africa's meat industry at risk. Angry farmers in
Botswana, South Africa, Mozambique and Zambia say that assurances given by
the Zimbabwean authorities that outbreaks of the highly-contagious disease
were under control were "dangerously misleading". They said that the
outbreak, first detected in herds in the east of the country last July, was
in danger of running out of control throughout the region because the
Zimbabwe government did not have the foreign exchange needed to pay for
vaccine. They also argued that the Harare government could not control the
cross-border movement of cattle by small farmers to raise money to feed
their families in a country where eight million people are facing
starvation. "The situation is out of control," said Gerhard Schutte of the
South African Red Meat Producers' Organisation. "The devastation that can be
created in South Africa is much larger than the problem Zimbabwe has in
trying to find the foreign exchange necessary to pay for vaccine." Botswana,
which shares an 800-mile unfenced border with Matabeleland in eastern
Zimbabwe, is suffering widespread outbreaks of the disease and hundreds of
head of cattle have had to be destroyed. Stuart Hargreaves, principal
veterinary officer in Zimbabwe's agriculture department, said there was no
confirmation that the outbreak of foot and mouth in Botswana originated in
Zimbabwe. But he admitted that there was smuggling of cattle across the
border by farmers seeking to take advantage of the favourable exchange rate
of the Botswana pula, the strongest currency in the region. Cattle farmers
in Zimbabwe's other neighbours have reported signs of the disease among
small, informal farming communities close to the border.

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From The Star (SA), 23 January

Moyo defends Mugabe's shopping spree

By Basildon Peta

Zimbabwe - President Robert Mugabe's spin-doctor, Information Minister
Jonathan Moyo, has re-launched his tirade against South African journalists.
This time he is accusing them of engaging in "garbage journalism" after
local newspapers exposed Mugabe's spending spree in Singapore. The exposé
was actually made by Dr Greg Mills of the South African Institute of
International Affairs, who was on the same flight with Mugabe and saw 15
trolleys laden with his shopping. Mills raised the matter in an analysis of
conditions in Zimbabwe written for the Independent Foreign Service. But Moyo
said it was public knowledge that Mugabe was on holiday and "only juvenile
delinquency will imagine him away on holiday without luggage". Moyo said
anyone who thought Mugabe "should travel without luggage or should not buy
anything is a sascam (Zimbabwean slang for a demented person) and belongs in
a mental asylum". He wondered how Mills, whom he described as a racist, had
managed to photograph Mugabe's luggage in a security zone.

"The attempt to do a sensational story out of the president's luggage was
reprehensible and objectionable in the extreme, particularly because it was
a racist story provided by Greg Mills of the South Africa Institute of
International Affairs, who was well known for supporting apartheid," Moyo's
department said in a statement published in the state-owned Herald
newspaper. "We are seeing a new and worrying development where racist
elements in the apartheid press and other liberal circles are working with
British intelligence operatives to ridicule and character-assassinate
African leaders in general and President Mugabe in particular," the
statement added. Mills hit back at Moyo's department on Wednesday, saying
his allegations were "as contemptible as they are fallacious, and further
evidence of the Zimbabwe government's desperation". Mills noted that the
spin-doctor notably did not try to deny Mugabe's ownership of the
considerable volume of luggage and shopping. "Neither I nor the South
African Institute of International Affairs were supporters of apartheid.
"The institute was founded in 1934. It did not, in opposition to apartheid,
accept any funding from the government until 1993," Mills added. Moyo has
been facing legal action for allegedly defrauding several foundations,
including the American Ford Foundation and Wits University.
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From The Times (UK), 24 January

Hosts pick up tab for luxury jaunts

By Daniel McGrory

The French Government knows from costly experience that whoever invites
Robert Mugabe is expected to pick up the tab, and the Zimbabwean leader
certainly does not travel cheaply. Mr Mugabe is so short of funds nowadays
his hosts are not only expected to pay for his airline fare and sumptuous
hotel accommodation but also the cost of his entourage. This invariably
includes his young wife, Grace, some of their children, handpicked cabinet
ministers and bodyguards. Mr Mugabe has only just returned home from a
lavish Christmas holiday in Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia, largely paid
for by his hosts. The President claimed that he combined his vacation with
"bilateral talks", hence this trip could be described as official, though
there is little to show in Zimbabwe for his brief negotiations. On the
flight back to South Africa, passengers were delayed while Mr Mugabe, the
First Lady, children and other camp followers took up ten seats in business
class which were set aside for him. Travellers on the flight watched as 15
trolleys, piled high with packages and shopping bags, labelled - State
House, Harare - were also loaded on board. The cost of the ten airline seats
was estimated at £20,000. In recent years Mr Mugabe and his family have
enjoyed the largesse of the Malaysian Government which has become a popular
destination now that so many other countries have banned him. His hotel
bills are said to run into five figures as he demands the most luxurious
accommodation on the grounds of "personal security". He says the bodyguards
are necessary after the gay rights campaigner, Peter Tatchell, attempted a
citizen's arrest on the Zimbabwean leader as he left the Hilton Hotel in
Brussels in 2001. Opposition leaders have criticised the amount of time the
Zimbabwean leader and his wife spend abroad nowadays rather than dealing
with the worsening economic crisis at home. One MDC leader said: "He never
seems to turn down any invitation to get out of his own country." Apart from
his jaunts to the Far East last year, Mr Mugabe was also to be found at
business, security and environmental summits in Africa - all paid for by his

The bankrupt state-owned airline, Air Zimbabwe, can no longer afford to
shuttle around Mr Mugabe and his entourage. Until now, loans from Libya's
leader, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, have helped keep the airline in business,
though now it cannot pay its fuel bills. Recently the South African
Government has provided international flights. British officials are likely
to block any attempt for Mr Mugabe and his family to change planes at
Heathrow as he has done in the past. In the past he has ordered paying
passengers off Air Zimbabwe flights and told the crew to change their
original destination. On his last official visit to Paris, in March 2001,
President Mugabe was given the red carpet treatment by his host, President
Chirac, who was invited to inspect an honour guard of 75 plume-helmeted
soldiers of the Garde Républicaine at the Elysée Palace and accommodated at
one of the city's most expensive hotels. The liability of inviting Mr Mugabe
is that he can overstay his welcome, as the Spanish authorities discovered
to their cost. In December 2001 he took a 20-strong party to Spain, where he
was ostensibly receiving medical treatment. Air Zimbabwe, which is crippled
by an £18 million debt, had to divert two flights to collect Mr Mugabe and
then return a week later for the rest of the retinue who had extended their
holiday. In June 2002 he was in Rome at a five-star hotel with two ministers
and a sizeable staff for a UN summit on hunger. The previous month he had
taken a dozen ministers to New York for another UN summit and was given VIP
treatment as he changed planes in Paris.
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Zimbabwe police torture claim
"There is a complete breakdown of rule of law. The custodians of justice are now much more involved in perpetrating violence" - Amnesty International researcher Sharmala Naidoo
Zimbabwe police torture claim
16.03PM GMT, 24 Jan 2003

Zimbabwe's police are increasingly involved in torturing President Robert Mugabe's political opponents as his government increases efforts to crush dissent, according to Amnesty International.

"There is a complete breakdown of rule of law. The custodians of justice are now much more involved in perpetrating violence," Amnesty researcher Sharmala Naidoo told a Johannesburg news conference after a week-long fact-finding trip to the country.

Mr Naidoo said opposition politicians, human rights activists, and trade union and teachers' groups had all reported much more involvement by police officers in punishing dissent.

In the past unofficial youth militias and war veterans groups have been blamed for political attacks.

Human rights groups say that hundreds of people have been killed in political violence in Zimbabwe in the last two years, and that the situation appears to be getting worse.

Mr Naidoo cited several recent alleged cases of harassment and torture in Zimbabwe, including the January 15 arrest of opposition legislator Job Sikhala and four other men.

Mr Sikhala, a member of parliament for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), said last week that he was tortured by police after being arrested for allegedly possessing "subversive documents." Mr Naidoo said the Amnesty team had seen evidence to back up his claim.

"Clearly there was evidence of torture while in police custody," Mr Naidoo said. "They were beaten, and there was also evidence of electric shock torture."

Police have denied previous charges that they were involved in partisan activities. They have not yet officially responded to Mr Sikhala's torture allegations.

International criticism of Mr Mugabe has sharpened since his victory in March 2002 elections which were branded as fraudulent by the MDC and several Western governments.

Food shortages, blamed in part on Mr Mugabe's policy of seizing white-owned farms for distribution to landless blacks, have left more than half the country's 14 million people faced with starvation. Political activists say arrests and intimidation have increased as the government grapples with a serious economic crisis.

Mr Mugabe rejects criticism that government policies have plunged the country into its worst turmoil since independence from Britain in 1980.

Zimbabwe's political strife has sparked security fears surrounding next month's cricket World Cup, several matches of which are scheduled to be held in the country. Amnesty said the allegations of police torture heightened those concerns.

"These are the very same police who are going to be charged with protecting the (cricket) fans," said Samkelo Mokhine, Amnesty's media officer for southern Africa.

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