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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Mugabe will only talk to opposition in parliament - paper
Tue Jul 12, 2005 10:35 AM GMT
HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe's government will limit
its interaction with the country's opposition to parliament, the official
Herald newspaper reported on Tuesday.

African leaders have tried to foster dialogue between Zimbabwe's two main
political groups in attempts to resolve a political and economic crisis that
has left Zimbabwe struggling with high inflation and unemployment, and
shortages of food, foreign currency and fuel.

The paper quoted sources as saying Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo
tried to persuade Mugabe at last week's African Union summit to meet
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

The MDC has disputed the victory of Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF party in
elections held in 2000, 2002 and on March 31 this year, alleging rigging
and -- in the case of the first two -- pre-poll violence against its

The ruling party denies the charges and dismisses the opposition party as a
puppet of former colonial power Britain.

"We went to an election, the MDC was rewarded what the voter thinks it
deserves -- namely 41 seats -- that earned it a place in parliament and
within which any contact envisaged with the ruling party will take place,"
the Herald quoted Mugabe's spokesman, George Charamba, as saying.

"We are convinced this is sufficient contact."

Charamba also said Zimbabwe would not seek readmission to the Commonwealth,
the group of largely former British colonies from which it was suspended in
2002 over the vote-rigging charges. The country withdrew the following year
when its suspension was extended.

"We have had a very bad and unfair experience with this effete club. It has
not given us justice, it has not given us any meaningful assistance, nor
does it promise any in future," Charamba told the Herald.

"For that reason, it is of no material value to Zimbabwe ... Zimbabwe left
the Commonwealth and did so for good."

Mugabe, in power since Zimbabwe attained independence in 1980, denies
critics' charges that his misrule has brought a once-thriving economic to
its knees.

The veteran leader accuses the British of leading a campaign to sabotage
Zimbabwe's wealth in retaliation for his government's forcible
redistribution of white-owned commercial farms among blacks he says were
dispossessed of the land during colonialism.

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----- Original Message -----
From: Trudy Stevenson
Sent: Wednesday, July 13, 2005 4:37 AM
Subject: Questions in Parliament re Murambatsvina - June 22, 28 & 29

Questions & Answers in Parliament re Operation Murambatsvina on Wednesday 22, Tuesday 28th (Ministerial Statement) and Wednesday 29 June.


22 JUNE 2005


MR GWETU: My question is directed to the Minister of Local Government.  I would like to know the Government’s policy as regards the welfare of the citizens of this country who have been displaced through the “Operation Murambatsvina.”

A lot of people – men, women and children are living in the open without food, water and no sanitation at all, so I would like to get it from the horse’s mouth.  Could the Minister spell out the modalities as to how the Government is going to deal with this situation?  It is an SOS situation, a very urgent situation.


THE  MINISTER OF JUSTICE, LEGAL AND PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS (MR CHINAMASA): Mr. Speaker, the welfare of the people is at the heart of the Government. – [MDC HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections] – the very basis of embarking on Operation Murambatsvina and Operation Restore Order is to advance and promote the broader welfare of the people.  The operations are not intended to injure the people.  The operations are intended to secure their long-term interests.  – [MDC HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections.]

Mr. Speaker, the people who are displaced are being relocated and sent back to where they come from.  Transport and the necessary logistics are being put in place to ensure that people go back to their original homes where the identification and the selection takes time – in the case of Harare, people have been temporarily resettled at the Caledonia Farm to allow for their identification and the needs for those people.  Their stay at Caledonia Farm is temporary and during their stay there, their welfare will be attended to in terms of health and social amenities. Those aspects are being attended to.

I want to say this at the heart of these operations is to promote and to advance the long term interests of Zimbabweans in towns and in the rural areas.  We are aware and we accept that the dislocation has affected the immediate interests of the people but Government has put into place the necessary logistics to address those immediate concerns such as health, transport and all those needs are being addressed.


MR. SIKHALA: Hon. Minister my constituency of St Mary’s – 95 percent of people I represent in this august House are aliens from Malawi, Zambia and other countries, they do not have any home wherever their origin is.  The majority of the people do not know what a rural home looks like.

What is the Government’s plan over these people who do not have any home anywhere except their small dwellings in St Mary’s which they have had for the past 25 years or more during the Ian Smith regime.


MR. CHINAMASA: You are aware that the last parliament, the Fifth Parliament, passed a law which basically facilitated people of Malawian, Mozambican and Zambian origin to gain citizenship in our country.  I hope that process is proceeding unimpeded.  I accept that there are people from your constituency and also from Mbare, maybe Kambuzuma and also in major towns, those will be relocated to our rural areas.  We have got farms which we can relocate them to, into A1 A2 where they can be accommodated, so we see no problem.  What is important is that you advise your constituents – when they get to Caledonia Farm  or wherever they are temporarily located, you advise them that they can go to A1 farms.  Government will put into place the necessary mechanisms to ensure that these people are settled on land.  They are our citizens, they are our responsibility and we will discharge that responsibility without any problem.


MR. COLTART: I am sure that the Hon. Minister is aware of the provisions of Article 7 of the Treaty of Rome which suggest that the forcible removal of people is crime against humanity.  It is this Government’s policy to breach Article 7 by forcibly removal of people from urban areas where they have lived their entire life to rural areas where they have no desire to go to. – [HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections]


MR. SPEAKER: Order, a question has been asked and I expect they will be a reply before we get any further questions.


MR. CHINAMASA: There is no intention on the pert of the Government to breach any laws, any conventions or treaties.  What basically faced us as Government and this was rampant throughout the country – people were building where they liked at will without regard to the local authorities, without regard to our by-laws and to the rights of others.  Now, we are saying that this is stopped.  We will not tolerate it now and into the future.  What we want is discipline and the observance of the rule of law.

I am aware that the opposition had been preaching to us about the rule of law and now we are telling them that there were people who build structure out of the rule of law without regard to housing standards and the necessary local authority permits and without regard to compliance to the by-laws – now we are ensuring that from now on they will be compliance with our laws and that is what we are enforcing.  In doing that, we are taking steps to ensure that the consequences of the dislocation will be minimized.

We are aware that there is damage, people are homeless and so forth.  The Ministry of local Government is now embarking on a massive housing project.  Already, as you are aware, we have started publishing names of persons who have been allocated specific stands.  Basically, we are ensuring that there is rule law which prevails in our local authorities and through out our country.


MISS STEVENSON: My question is directed to the Minister of Education.  What policy has Government put in place for the thousands of children who are now out of school as a result of this operation?


THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION SPORTS AND CULTURE (MR. CHIGWEDERE): These children apart from Caledonia Farm are not assembling at any one centre where we can create one school facilities for them.  Caledonia is a transit camp and we belief there will be no body there in two weeks time and therefore we cannot be expected to establish school facilities at a temporary camp which is not likely to last for not more than a month.

If children displaced from Harare to Marondera have homes in Wedza and their parents go to Wedza, we are going to recruit them into schools immediately.  If they move from Goromonzi, Tsholotsho or whatever, they will be admitted into schools immediately.  That is the position, we cannot be expected to create schools to temporary places such as Caledonia Farm but once a parent in this case is in Domboshawa, with his children, we will take care of these children.


MR. SPEAKER: I observe that it is a convention in this House that can only be three supplementary questions.  In any case, this is a matter that is covered by a motion which have been moved, so if you could hold back your fire until you get an opportunity to debate it.


MR. COLTART: I do wish to ask a question which regards the Urban Council Act and it touches on the same issue.


MR. SPEAKER: If it touches on the same issue, could I ask that we look at other matters, then you can raise that tomorrow when the matter comes up on motion.


MR. SIBINDI: My question is directed to the Minister of Environment and Tourism.  What is the Government policy on those people who have settled in some national parks?


THE MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND TOURISM (MR. NHEMA): I wish to thank Hon. Member for his question.  The policy of Government is that they will be removed from the protected areas and resettled elsewhere.


MR. MUKAHLERA: My question is directed to the Leader of the House.  Last week, two traders were given tickets one for seven million dollars (Z$7 million) and other for eleven million dollars (Z$11 million) respectively.  I would like to know whether the police are allowed to give such a fine or these should be handled by the court?  [HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections]


MR. SPEAKER: Order, that is a question which in my view would require the Minister to do some research, if you can please put it in writing.


28 June



MR. MUTSEKWA: According to the minister’s statement, it is now obvious that the Government has been watching the mushrooming of the so called illegal structures since 1980.  What then made the Government come up with un abrupt operation which did not give the affected notice of why they will be moved and where they will be moved to.  Secondly, the people who are involved in the removal of the illegal structures and the people from their original places – did they receive specialist training?  This is a mammoth exercise which involves the lives of people.  What kind of training did these people get?  Because what we have got is that the people who are responsible for this exercise has been drawn from various other sectors including the militias that have graduated from Border Gezi Training centers.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Mr. Speaker, I am actually surprised by the questioner.  The persons that are affected have been given ample notice by Government and by local authorities.  Some of the notices have been in writing form, meetings have been held in areas and every individual concerned knew and know that the structure they were putting up was illegal.  This can be proved by the fact that in other areas, all those who have put illegal structures are demolishing them by themselves.  It is incorrect to say that it was abrupt. It is also incorrect to say that the people were being displaced from their original places.  Those are not original places at all.  The teams involved are our local authorities plus our own law enforcement agencies.  As you know that our law enforcement agents are some of the best trained law enforcement agents in Africa and have done a professional job.  We commend them for the work they have done.


MR. MZILA NDLOVU: The Minister cited hoarding of goods and foreign currency as one of the major causes of Government initiating this exercise and he has also gone further to say that this exercise has made 90 percent progress.

My question to the Minister is whether he would say the commodities that are cited in particular, I am sure he has in mind commodities like cooking oil and fuel.  Whether he is prepared to go further and say that these very commodities are now 90 percent available in Zimbabwe because of the exercise?  If this does not translate to the availability of these commodities, we then can not go on to justify the exercise on the basis of accusing these people of having been responsible for the shortage of these commodities.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: I am actually getting surprised, I was reciting the litany of crimes – that hoarding was one of the crimes, general lawlessness, thuggery etc were some of the crimes that the police were looking for.  Furthermore, and the most important, the structures were all illegal – built without permits, built on street pavements are areas designated for other activities.

Secondly, people were beginning to sell their wares in front of licensed shops without appropriate hawker permits from the appropriate local authorities.  So, those are the things we are saying should be stopped – it has nothing to do with whether there is sugar or no sugar but has to be sold from licensed premises.  It is pure and simple.  I think the gentlemen on the other side should understand such simple law and order.

When we do not do it Mr. Speaker, they complain that we are a lawless Government and when we do it they complain that we are not instituting law and order.  So, what do you want us to do?  We better do that which is right, to institute law and order in this country – [MR. MZILA NDLOVU: I do not think my question have been answered, we are talking of availability of commodities…]


MR. SPEAKER: Order, order Hon. Mukahlera.


MR. MUKAHLERA: I understand that the minister has indicated that Murambatsvina is going to wind up.  Does it mean that those illegal structures that have not yet been demolished are no longer going to be destroyed or maybe the next Murambatsvina will touch on the illegal structures in the rural areas?  Can we expect something as drastic as this in future?


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: I said that the operation is winding up because most of the work has been done.  I cited 90 percent because 90 percent of the structures have been destroyed – the remaining 10 percent will be concluded.  I do not know whether there are any illegal structures in his home village because there is law and order presided by the chief sand headmen.  If you are building your house in an area that is reserved for grazing or fields, the Chief should order the demolition of that house.


MR. CHEBUNDO: My question to the Minister is by his own admission in the statement, that some of the challenges are to do with the people who are now stepping in the open.  Why is it Government seems to be selective on who should assist those who are suffering?  From the Minister’s list and what is reportedly said outside that the Government is selecting and not allowing certain NGO’s or international NGOs to assist those who are suffering.  Can the minister let us know whether there is that kind of approach and why it should be allowed?

My second question is that it is being reported that other Government ministers and Members of Parliament were not consulted when Government embarked on this programme including the Minister himself, why was it like that?


MR. SPEAKER: Order, your second question is called off, ministers have one Government and therefore have collective responsibilities.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Hon. Chebundo is mistaken; Government will welcome anybody who come to help.  Those that have come forward have been informed at the issues at hand and the helpers that he is talking about – the NGOs etc have been there since independence.

You do not wait to develop your country on borrowed assistance from NGOs, if they can come and assist – fine.  They are coming to assist – to complement Government and not to complete the Government, it is Government which should take the leadership.  The NGOs and church organizations that I mentioned are the organizations that have come forward and we have held a meetings with all of them to inform them of our plans.  If your church or NGO is willing to assist, it has to come and work within our structures because we can not create parallel structures in order to implement what we need to do.


MISS STEVENSON: This operation was not budgeted for the 2005 budget, I heard you mention a figure of Z$1 trillion that has been sourced so far.  I understand that you have announced that it will cost approximately Z$3 trillion to complete this exercise.  I would ask you to explain to this House where this money is coming from.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: This is a Government programme which is there to restore dignity to our people, by giving them permanent shelter instead of living in shacks.  This is a Government programme whose aim is to provide decent selling points to our people to any cost to Government because our people were selling from unlicensed and undesignated places – [MISS STEVENSON: Answer the question!] – When she was talking, I was quiet, I wanted to be quiet so that I can speak.


MR. SPEAKER: Order, Hon. Stevenson, you were heckling and shouting when he was responding, so I thought you had the answer.


MR. SIKHALA: Thank you Mr. Speaker, my question is directed to the Hon. Minister.  Hon. Minister, you threatened the local authority of Chitungwiza Municipality with a Commission after you quarreled with them over illegal structures that have been constructed by Mr. Chigumba on top of graves.  Why did you protect those illegal squalors who had constructed their houses on top of graves in Chitungwiza Unit L?


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Mr. Speaker, the issue that he is raising is unknown to me, maybe it should be addressed to the Resident Minister of Harare Metropolitan Province who superintends the activities which are taking place on the ground on a day to day basis.  So, I am unaware of Mr. Chigumba’s installations and I am unaware whether they have been destroyed or not.  If they are illegal, they will be destroyed.


MR. MGUNI: My question is simple and straightforward.  The Hon. Minister has talked of developments at Caledonia.  All of us have got eyes and maybe the Minister could take us the Members of Parliament to go and see what is happening in Caledonia.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Mr. Speaker, I did not understand his question and could he repeat his question.


MR. SPEAKER: He said when would you like us to go and see Caledonia Farm?


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Mr. Speaker, these guys have been taking British Member of Parliament there, they have been there before.


MR. MGUNI: May I simplify again because I did not get his answer.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Mr. Speaker, I said these guys have already been there so many times.  They are not restricted to go there.  The Hon. Members have been there with their visitors to show them around, they have been to so many places.  It is only today that they want to seek permission from us and I will direct the Hon. Members to see the Resident Minister, Mr. Karimanzira, who would be so glad to take them there.


MR. CHAMISA: Mr. Speaker, in the past we have had people whose names have been appeared in the newspapers but in actual fact, have not benefited from the programmes which Government have promised them.  Can the minister assure this House that indeed the names of the people who are appearing in the newspapers are the names of people who are really going to benefit from the programme and that it is not one of those political gimmicks?  Can the minister also assure those people who are going to benefit and are going to be resettled that they are not going to be unceremoniously displaced because political games had been played before and people’s money has been lost.  What does the minister say? 


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Thank you Mr. Speaker, I wish to thank the Hon. Member for such an important question.  The names that did appear in the newspapers are names which already had specific stand numbers assigned to them.  The individuals who appeared are those who were vetted at Caledonia Farm, who indicated their need for accommodation – either they were displaced during Murambatsvina or were on the housing waiting list.  It is exactly for such persons that the Government has created this programme.

The individuals have been invited to come to Remembrance Drive to pay Z$500 000 to indicate that they are interested in this programme.  Some are doing it and we expect more to be doing in the next few weeks.  I can assure the Hon. Member of Parliament that unless the individual wishes to withdraw, I do not see why they should not benefit from the stands that have been allocated to them.  The majority are members of various co-operatives and names who were taken from their co-operative registers.      


MR. MUSHORIWA: I wan to find out from the Minister whether he acknowledges that for the past 25 years the Government has actually failed to keep abreast with the migration of people from rural areas to urban centers and that the infrastructure at the urban set up was only meant for a few individuals.  The first question that I have for the Minister is that given the failure by the Government to come up with structures for the housing programme for the past 25 years, what gives us the leaf that the so called “Operation Garikai” is going to succeed, more so in view of the fact that the pay for your housing scheme – the flats in Dzivaresekwa and Chitungwiza are all lying idle and have  not yet been  completed and yet the Minister is already talking of coming up with a new programme when there are other programmes which are not yet completed.

The other question is that he has been talking of vetting, saying that they are vetting people at Caledonia Farm.  We want the Minister to tell us what he means by vetting when all those people are victims of the barbaric act by Government to remove people who are now homeless and are now at Caledonia Farm.  What vetting are you talking g about?  The last question is that in the past months or so, the very Minister who stands up in this House has been seen at various co-operatives, officially breaking grounds at those co-operatives when those people where building the houses.  Is the Minster saying that he is now a different minister or a born again Minister when he is actually the Minister who has been commissioning all those illegal structures.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMEMT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: Mr. Speaker, I will do my best to explain so that the Hon. Member may understand.  First and foremost, there is no single country in the world which has built houses for all its citizens – that is a fact.  Secondly, at independence, we inherited a situation whereby all the northern suburbs were white and the other suburbs near the industrial areas where for blacks.  The 250 000 whites who were in this country owned 350 000 homes nationwide.  The entirety of Zimbabwe owned fewer houses than the number of houses the whites owned.  When this Government came into power in 1980, houses have been built at such a rate that we have so many housing units built in the last 25 years far much more than houses built in the last hundred years by our colonial masters.  So, that fact ought to be known.  On vetting, it is important to vet who the beneficiary is.  It is critical that we vet.  You read in the paper today that a lot of illegal alies were also flooding our city centers and we have to vet who the beneficiary is.


MR. MZILA NDLOVU: Mr. Speaker, members of this side when debating were asked to resume their seats because they have nothing to say.  We will also ask the same to be done to the Minister because he has nothing to say.


MR. SPEAKER: He is answering questions, If the Hon. Member has nothing to say, I might ask him to leave the House.


THE MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: About vetting, it is a necessary exercise to carry out.  If the Hon. Members were complaining that the vetting is discriminating against certain community, then we would look at the issue.

Coming to Operation Garikai/hlalanikuhle, it is to make sure that as many to our people as possible have accommodation given to them by Government.  Government is going to build a core house, two rooms, a bath and a toilet.  Then the individual member will then move in and build at his or her own pace.  The reason we did that is simply because we do not want a member building his own house and at the time paying rent because they will have very little money left to built the house.  It is Government money  which is going to be used and people will be paying back slowly for about twenty to thirty years to pay back what Government is assisting them with.

The issue of co-operatives, issuing of a cooperative certificate is not a permit to build those are two different things.  The majority of cooperatives were given certificates to say that their articles of cooperation are in order by the relevant Ministry.  The moment you built without your plan being approved by local authority, you are wrong.  When we talk about ground breaking, the cooperatives that we went for ground breaking are the cooperatives which were in the correct.


MR. SPEAKER: I believe that this motion will remain in the Order Paper and hope that Hon. Members who wish to debate will therefore have a chance to do so.



Motion put and agreed to.





29 JUNE 2005



MR. MHASHU: My question is directed to the Minister of Education, Sports and Culture.  As a result of operation Murambatsvina accommodation has been demolished for some of our teachers, pupils and there are in the open and there are not going to school because they are guarding their belongings.  My question is, what is the Ministry’s policy in terms of addressing this problem?


THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION, SPORTS AND CULTURE (MR. CHIGWEDERE): I would like to thank the Hon. Member for asking that question.  We do not know of such a situation existing, that teachers are failing to go to school to teach because they are guarding their properties or that children are at home guarding the properties of their parents and therefore are not going to school.  What we know is that some families has been disrupted, teachers have done for a day or two without proper accommodation and  they spend a  day or two running around looking for alternative accommodation.

We are aware too that some children have been disrupted for a day or two whilst parents hunted for alternative accommodation.  We are not aware of children who spend more than a week out of school.  We are aware that children have been disrupted but they are back at their old schools.  Teachers are back at their old schools.

Maybe for the information of the Hon. Member, he would like to know how we check.  We check at two ends.  There is no child who lives school to be accommodated at another school without a transfer letter.  There is no child who leaves school and is admitted into another school without a transfer letter.  So by checking how many transfer letters have been issued, we know how many children left school.  By checking how many admissions have been made, we know these children who have been transferred have all been accommodated into some other schools.

The evidence before us is that parents are making temporary arrangements and if anything permanent is going to emerge, it will emerge by the end of the term or at the beginning of next term.  So at the beginning of next term we will know.  So, we are not aware of teachers who are not teaching because they are guarding their properties.  We are not aware of the existence of children who are not attending school because they are guarding the properties of their parents.


MR. MHASHU: I am pleased that the Minister has admitted tacitly that there is problem of displacement and so forth.  My question is, what are the measures being taken to rehabilitate the teachers, students and their mental trauma and psychological state?


MR. CHIGWEDERE: The psychological side should be directed to the Minister of Health because we do not cure.  We have a school Psychological Department and they are in the field but they do not cure.  They advise, counsel, then they refer to the Ministry of Health should it be necessary.  That is what we are doing.

As for alternative accommodation, that is not our responsibility.  I can refer the member to the Minister of Local Government, Mr. Chombo, who is responsible for providing alternative accommodation.


MR. CHIBAYA: My question is directed to the Leader of the House, as I can see the Minister of Home Affairs is not in this House.  I want to know whether it is a policy that the police officers when destroying the illegal structures, are allowed to take people’s assets?  I am saying this because in my constituency, the police officers were actually taking people’s assets when they were destroying the so called illegal structures.


THE MINISTER OF JUSTICE, LEGAL AND PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS (MR. CHINAMASA): I would ask that a specific question be put in writing and be addressed to the relevant Ministry.


MR. MUTSEKWA: My question is directed to the Minister of Defence, and I see he has just walked in now.  We understand the Zimbabwe Defence Forces are actively involved in the construction exercise after the destructions under operation Murambatsvina.  Why did your Ministry not recognize the expertise in the Defence Forces and construct accommodation for the troops as it is one area which is affecting moral severely?


THE MINISTER OF DEFENCE (DR. SEKERAMAYI): The Ministry of Defence is in the process of constructing accommodation so that all members of the Defence Forces have institutional housing.  That programme is on course and is progressing.


MR. GWETU: My question is directed to the Minister of Local Government.  With reference to the demolishing of the illegal structures, is there any policy provision for punitive measures?  The information I have from my members of my constituency is that certain police officers have alleged that if members of the public do not pull down their structures and by the time the police do so, they will be subjected to a fine of not less that half a million dollars.


MR. CHINAMASA: Again, I will ask the Hon. Member to put that question in writing so that he could get a specific response from the Minister – [Mr. Mutsekwa; Where are the ministers?] – The ministers are out pushing the reconstruction programme.  As a matter of fact, they are launching the Whitecliffe operation Garikai. 


MR. CHAMISA: My question is directed to the Leader of the House.  As a Member of Parliament concerned with the ubiquitous presence of police officers on the roads in our suburbs, at various market places, can you just clarify to this House whether this country has degenerated into a police state.


 THE MINISTER OF JUSTICE, LEGAL AND PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS (MR. CHINAMASA): The police have the responsibility to maintain law and order.  They have a responsibility to ensure that safety is maintained on our roads.  They are obviously involved in the current Operation Murambatsvina and Operation Restore order.  Where you find them, they are performing those duties which are their constitutional responsibilities.


MR. GABBUZA: I would like to raise an issue relating to the laws to the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs.  Policemen are confiscating goods if  they are perceived to be overpriced.  Which laws are they using to justify the confiscation of goods, as well as issuing of tickets for fines?


MR. CHINAMASA: It is a very important question which deserves a very detailed answer from the Minister of Industry and International Trade who is responsible for the control of prices and ensuring that tradesmen and businessmen charge the prices that are determined in terms of the Control of Goods Act.  I would ask the Hon. Member to put this question in writing to the responsible Minister.



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----- Original Message -----
From: Trudy Stevenson
Sent: Wednesday, July 13, 2005 4:51 AM
Subject: MDC Press: Zanu PF MPs vote against the intersts of the people

PS - the vote was 33 supporting the MDC motion ie condemning Murambatsvina (out of 41 possible)
and 54 against the motion ie ZanuPF (out of 104 possible) so our percentage vote was higher, in fact very respectable at around 75% compared to Zanu's just over 50% possible.
Absent were Hon Mukahlera, Mubhau, L Moyo, Dulini Ncube, Prof Welshman Ncube, Gabbuza, Sansole and one other.

Zanu PF MPs vote against the interests of the people.


Zanu PF MPs today rejected a motion moved by MDC MP for Dzivarasekwa Edwin Mushoriwa to stop the war against the people which it has dubbed Operation Murambatsvina. The motion called on the regime to immediately stop the destruction of people's homes and to provide help to the victims of the operation in the form of food and shelter. The motion also called on the government to comprehensively address the issue of national housing and provide basic amenities and decent living standards to the current victims of the operation.


The Zanu PF regime is not moved by the plight of the women and children who are sleeping in the open. The reality of the situation is that whole families are spending hungry and sleepless nights in their own country in a crisis caused by this regime which embarked on a programme that was not only unplanned but also unbudgeted for.


Those disgraceful men and women who raised their hands to vote against the suffering people did so against their consciences. They know the truth but are too afraid to speak out. As a result of their selfish vote the suffering of the people will continue. Mothers and children will continue to sleep in the open in the middle of this cold winter. School children will remain out of school. The people will continue to suffer in hunger and destitution.


We condemn the actions of this regime. As the regime continues to reject all peaceful means of resolving the crisis in Zimbabwe, it is leaving the people with limited options.


Paul T. Nyathi,

MDC Secretary for Information and Publi

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Zim Online

Church warns evictions may turn youths into "catalysts for conflict"
Tue 12 July 2005

      JOHANNESBURG - South African church leaders yesterday warned that the
demolition of thousands of homes by the Harare authorities may turn young
Zimbabweans into "catalysts for conflict".

      The church leaders are in Zimbabwe to assess a controversial
government "clean up" exercise that has thrown close to a million people
onto the streets.

      "Young people who could be agents for change may become catalysts for
conflict as they are exposed to the hopelessness of their parents," said the
report released today.

      The demolition of thousands of houses and backyard cottages has drawn
international outrage with the United States, Britain, human rights and
church groups condemning the exercise as an assault on the rights of the

      But the government says the clean up is necessary to spruce up the
images of cities and towns and smash the illegal foreign currency market
blamed for Zimbabwe's economic ills.

      "This deliberate destruction of the informal economy, which is meant
to cater for the economically vulnerable groups is unparalleled in modern
day Africa," said the report.

      The church leaders said they had witnessed a humanitarian crisis which
was last experienced in Zimbabwe during the country's liberation struggle in
the 1970s.

      The 12-member church delegation led by Anglican Archbishop Njongonkulu
Ndungane, arrived in Zimbabwe last weekend. They have already toured
Caledonia holding camp on the outskirts of Harare where they have described
the conditions there as "shocking."

      United Nations special envoy Anna Tibaijuka who was sent to assess the
demolitions by UN secretary general Koffi Annan left the country last
weekend after touring the country for two weeks. She is expected to present
her report to Annan soon. - ZimOnline

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Sunday Times SA

Transit camps breed suffering

Tuesday July 12, 2005 13:30 - (SA)

A group of church leaders has spoken of what they had witnessed at a transit
camp in Zimbabwe, saying the displaced people there were living under
inhuman conditions.

"There comes a time when human suffering is indescribable. What we have seen
is a small portion of the human suffering playing itself out in the lives of
hundreds of thousands of people who call the townships of Harare home," said
SA Council of Churches president Russel Botman.

Botman was reading from a report compiled by a delegation of church leaders
who visited the Caledonia transit camp, 30km south-east of Harare in the
Ruwa area.

They included Anglican Archbishop Njongonkulu Ndungane, Catholic cardinal
Wilfred Napier and Rhema pastor Ray McCauley. The only existing shelters in
the camp were plastic sheets supported by pieces of wood.

"Those displaced to Caledonia camp were told they would only be there for
five days. By the time the delegation visited the camp they had been there
for one month. The displaced are living under inhuman conditions. Scores of
children, young people, parents and grandparents have to eke out a measly
existence on rations supplied by foreign and local NGOs and churches," the
report said.

Street people and informal vendors of the main victims of the government's
"Clean up the trash" campaign. A considerable number were second generation
Zimbabweans whose parents and grandparents were from neighbouring countries.
Many teenage parents were seen nursing tiny babies.

Botman said there was a shortage of water in the camps and there was bound
to be a shortage of food because the next harvest of crops was due in eight

He said the SACC had three proposals. The first was to plan and execute a
national campaign of relief. The second was to organise a solidarity letter
campaign and the third to organise a prayer campaign focusing on the plight
of the displaced people.

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SACC calls for intervention in Zimbabwean crisis

July 12, 2005, 15:30

The humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe is "crying out for intervention". This
is according to Eddie Makoe, the South African Council of Churches (SACC)
deputy general-secretary. Makoe was also a member of the SACC delegation
that visited Zimbabwe over the weekend to witness the effects of the
governments clean-up campaign that have rendered thousands of Zimbabweans

Today, the delegation submitted a report to the SACC central committee,
detailing the humanitarian crisis in the country and proposing a course of
action. Makoe says they are compelled by their faith to immediately look at
generating massive relief support from "people of goodwill" in South Africa
and abroad.

The delegation is, however, aware of the complexity of the situation in
Zimbabwe and the possibility that food aid can be employed for political
purposes. It is thus important, he stresses, that the processes are
facilitated through the various church councils in Zimbabwe to ensure that
"such relief indeed reaches the people it is meant to serve".

Desperation in transit camp
The Church leaders toured a transit camp outside Harare called Caledonia
where thousands of people whose homes were demolished, are now living. Makoe
is clearly affected by the conditions in the camp, saying the delegation was
"shocked at the desperation".

He recalls how scores of women are trying to breastfeed their children.
However, malnutrition is making it impossible for these mothers to produce
milk that will sustain their children in the absence of an alternative food

Although it was not the objective of the mission to meet with politicians,
Makoe says they did request the South African embassy in Zimbabwe to arrange
a meeting with Robert Mugabe, the Zimbabwean president. This, however, did
not materialise.

Clean-up campaign
The Zimbabwean government insists that the Restore Order campaign is meant
to clean up shantytowns and illegal markets which, it says have become a
haven for criminal activities.

Makoe recognises it is difficult to anticipate how the Zimbabwean
authorities will respond to a relief effort. However, he says the plight of
the thousands of displaced Zimbabweans has become "a large cry to people of
goodwill and we cannot stand by idly any more."
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      Zimbabweans destroy own buildings amid crackdown
      Tue Jul 12, 2005 7:27 PM BST

      By Stella Mapenzauswa

      HARARE (Reuters) - Suburban residents in Zimbabwe's capital pulled
down their own outbuildings on Tuesday after police warned a two-month-old
crackdown on illegal structures would be extended to more affluent areas.

      President Robert Mugabe's government has drawn criticism at home and
abroad over the crackdown, which aid groups estimate has left an estimated
300,000 people homeless in poor townships.

      On Tuesday, residents in the capital Harare's once- prosperous suburbs
of Hatfield and Waterfalls knocked down cottages and home-based kiosks built
over the past few years.

      They had been erected as families sought to supplement meagre salaries
with extra income from rentals and selling convenience commodities.

      "We hear they (police) are coming so we thought it best to bring down
our tuck-shop to minimise the damage to the rest of the house," said a
middle-aged woman, as her teenaged son hammered at a little room attached to
the main house.

      Across the street, household furniture including beds, cupboards and
kitchen equipment lay next to rubble left from what used to be a cottage
next to a larger bungalow.

      There was no sign of bulldozers that went to work in Harare's poor
townships a few weeks ago to flatten structures the government said had been
put up without permission.

      Mugabe's government has said the operation was to clean up Zimbabwe's
cities and flush out crime and illegal trading in foreign currency and other
commodities in short supply.

      The government has denied accusations that the campaign, called
"Operation Restore Order", is targeted at opposition supporters who mostly
live in poor urban areas.

      A South African church group said on Monday victims of the township
demolitions were living under cruel and inhumane conditions at a transit
camp outside Harare and it urged its local counterparts to speak more
forcefully on the drive.

      A United Nations envoy who studied the demolitions over a two-week
period is expected to present her findings to Secretary-General Kofi Annan
in two weeks.

      The Commonwealth, European Union, Britain, the United States and
rights groups have all condemned the demolitions, in which at least five
people have been killed and many more deprived of both their homes and

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From: Admin
Sent: Tuesday, July 12, 2005 11:46 AM
Subject: [] News, Resources, Jobs and Opportunities from - July 12, 2005 has been updated. Our database has over 4000 articles of homegrown Zimbabwean information.
If you have friends who would like to subscribe to our regular email newsletters, please get them to email us at

The spirit of democracy cannot be established in the midst of terrorism, whether governmental or popular. Mohandas K Gandhi

We have the following videos available:
All three videos have been produced by the Solidarity Peace Trust. The videos are free.

Please telephone on 776008 and speak to Dennis to find out availability as well as when and where you can collect these resources (fuel permitting!). 
We ask you to organise screenings and discussions within your organisation and to share them with colleagues and friends.

SAPES Seminar Series
Date: Thursday 14th July 2005
Time: 16:30 (sharp!)
Venue: SAPES, 4 Deary Avenue, Belgravia, Harare

Topic: Operation Restore Order/Murambatsvina

Presenter: Dr Jameson Kurasha, Chairman of the Department of Religious Studies Classic and Philosophy at the University of Zimbabwe. Dr Kurasha
is an active scientific investigator of the affairs of Harare Municipality, working with the recently appointed Commission for Harare Municipality.

For more information please email Joyce Kazembe:

Hot Property
COOL STEEL, the Children's Performing Arts Workshop (CHIPAWO) steel band - now available for performances. The first and only steel band in Zimbabwe. A new sound. 
A different sound. Ideal for your corporate functions, launches, celebrations, any special event where you want something completely different. 
Please contact Chipo on 04-309730 or 091-968685 for bookings and more information.

Stupid Black Men (SBM*)
The SBM in my life come in two broad categories. SBM Archetype #1 includes presidents and general ruling party power mongers. SBM Archetype #2 includes the many and varied general male harasser found on the streets of Harare. These include motorists, vendors, cyclists, pedestrians, sidewalk lurkers, various shopkeepers and some selected waiters. Read more from Amanda Atwood or email us for a copy of this submission by emailing

The Zimbabwean Crisis and the Challenges for the Left
For some on the African left this resurgent nationalism represents a necessary defensive stance in the face of the New Imperialism, an abrasive face towards the global 
bully. Unfortunately much of the anger of this embattled nationalism is channelled against the citizens of our states, and the nationalism that presents itself as the nation's 
shield is often the suffocating embrace of murderous regimes. We need to find new collective discourses that build on a broad participation, and a deep commitment to 
critical discussion and debate. African intellectuals have intermittently engaged in an examination of the theoretical presumptions of their politics, as part of the challenge 
of confronting the obstacles of post-colonial development. For Zimbabwean intellectuals this is clearly a good time to engage in such a debate. It is hoped that this
contribution will develop such a debate. Brian Raftopoulos, Associate Professor, Institute of Development Studies, University of Zimbabwe: Public Lecture delivered at 
the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, sponsored by the Forum Lecture Series and Centre for Civil Society, 23rd June 2005
Click here to read the paper or email for a copy. 

Dangerous pity
The millions donated to Ethiopia in 1985 thanks to Live Aid were supposed to go towards relieving a natural disaster. In reality, donors became participants in a civil war. 
Many lives were saved, but even more may have been lost in Live Aid's unwitting support of a Stalinist-style resettlement project … With the exception of Médecins Sans 
Frontières (MSF), what neither the relief world in general, nor the UN, nor Geldof and his Live Aid team have ever come to terms with is that the Mengistu regime—finally 
ousted in 1991—also committed mass murder in the resettlement programme in which Live Aid monies were used and in which
NGOs that benefited from Live Aid funding were active. The Dergue was in control, and it did with the UN and the NGOs what the Nazis did with the International Committee 
of the Red Cross: it made them unwilling collaborators. Read this interesting article by David Rieff who asks whether it’s better to do something rather than give in to 
despair or cynicism and do nothing? If you cannot access the internet and would like a copy of this document email us at

Cruel To Be Kind
The best way for aid groups to help Zimbabwe is to halt donations until after Mugabe's gone. Many despots who have wreaked havoc across Africa over the past few 
decades have sought to control who receives aid. Donations have repeatedly been stolen and used to support armed conflict in Somalia, Sudan, Rwanda, and the 
Democratic Republic of Congo. Using international donations as a political weapon to retain power is a blatant abuse of donors' resources. While no one wants to see 
hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans starve, in this situation, it may be more ethical for NGOs to withhold aid if they know it is being used to further the goals of the 
ruling regime. Allowing food and shelter to be distributed selectively only prolongs the tyranny under which all Zimbabweans live. Read more from Bill Corcoran

To The Diplomatic Community, Donor Countries, All Civil Society Groups And All Stakeholders In The Agricultural Sector In Zimbabwe
The local office of New York based World Bank gave Justice for Agriculture a copy of Agriculture Growth And Land Reform In Zimbabwe: Assessment And Recovery 
Options, (World Bank Report No 3199 ZW).  The World Bank requested that we study this document and return to them our verbal and written response.
Read the JAG review of the World Bank Report No 3199 ZW
Visit the JAG Zimbabwe fact sheet

Nobel Peace Prize Winner Addresses African Diaspora
'One of the worst outcomes of injustices is poverty,' says Wangari Maathai, 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Winner. 'It robs human beings of their dignity.' In one of those 
curiously poignant moments of history, Professor   Maathai spoke at the Africa Diaspora and Development Day in London on 2 July 2005 where thousands of Africans met 
to discuss their own future, while across the other side of London in Hyde Park, a largely white, apolitical road show known as Live8 was busy telling Africans what they 
really needed. 'When people are poor and when they are reduced to beggars, they feel weak, humiliated, disrespected and undignified,' said Maathai. ' They hide alone in 
corners and dare not raise their voices. They are therefore, neither heard nor seen. They do not organize but often suffer in isolation and in desperation. Yet all human 
beings deserve respect and dignity. Indeed it should be unacceptable to push other human beings to such levels of indignity. Even before any other rights, perhaps it may 
be time to campaign for all human beings to have the right to a life of dignity: a life devoid of poverty in the midst of plenty because such poverty demonstrates gross 
inequalities. As long as millions of people live in poverty and indignity, humanity should feel diminished. A time such as this gives all of us, and especially those in 
leadership, the opportunity to reduce poverty. There is a lot of poverty in Africa. This is largely due to economic injustices, which must be addressed not only by the rich 
industrialized countries but also by leaders in Africa.'

Opportunities . . .

World Youth Development and ICT (WYDI 2005) Conference (Aug 11-12 2005)
This conference is being organised with a theme of "Young People Creating Global Culture". The conference aims to bring together more than 250 young professionals, 
community leaders, non-governmental organisation (NGO) leaders, university students, information and communication technology (ICT) professionals, among others. 
Write for more details and application form.

Jobs . . .

Project Officer (Advocacy, Information And Training)
Department: Child Rights
Deadline for applications is 15th July 2005
A suitable candidate is being sought to fill in the above vacancy that has occurred in the Child Rights Department. This position is most suited to a highly motivated person 
with a passion for human rights generally and children’s rights in particular. The person will be expected to work with children from both rural and urban communities and 
will be expected to be a good communicator. 
Email Human Rights Trust of Southern Africa for more information on this vacancy. 

Training and Information Officer and Agriculture and Nutrition Officer
The deadline for applications is 20th July 2005.
Zimbabwe Women’s Bureau is inviting applications for these posts. 
Please write to the Director at for more information.

Training Coordinator
The deadline for the application is the 18th of July
The Centre is a non-governmental organization that provides a holistic approach to the national management of HIV/AIDS, to both the infected and affected, to enable them 
to live positively with HIV/AIDS. This is done through counselling and support, nutritional guidance, information gathering and dissemination, home based care, advocacy 
and lobbying, and training. The Centre’s is currently looking at filling the recently fallen vacant position for a Training Coordinator. Individuals interested and have the 
necessary qualifications to fill this post are requested to submit their applications. 
Please email Deputy Director or the Organizational Development Advisor for a job description 

Programme Development and Coordination Manager: Malawi
The deadline is 22nd July 2005
The Story Workshop Educational Trust is Malawi’s leading edutainment media NGO which seeks to be a catalyst for development through a unique approach using 
entertainment linking Malawian oral traditions to influence positive change. Through a mix of advocacy, edutainment (radio soaps), and social mobilisation Story Workshop 
seeks to promote human rights and good governance, gender equity, improved family health and nutrition, food security, sustainable agriculture and natural resource 
management, and the prevention and mitigation of HIV/AIDS. Story Workshop is seeking to recruit a to join a small team of professionals that leads the management 
and development of Story Workshop. 
Please email and for more information. 

Resources . . . 

Inclusive Security, Sustainable Peace: A Toolkit for Advocacy and Action
This is a resource for women peace builders and practitioners to effectively promote peace and security. Inclusive Security: Women Waging Peace and International Alert 
collaborated to produce the Toolkit, which outlines the components of peace building from conflict prevention to post-conflict reconstruction, highlights the role that women 
play in each phase, and is directed to women peace builders and the policy community. 
If you would like a hard copy, please email

The Kubatana Trust of Zimbabwe and
The NGO Network Alliance Project
PO Box GD 376
Tel: +263-4-776008/746448
Fax: +263-4-746418

Visit Zimbabwe's civic and human rights web site
incorporating an online directory for the non-profit sector

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      Asylum seeker continues to fight
      Supporters of a Zimbabwean asylum seeker are celebrating her arrival
back on Teesside following her release from a detention centre in Berkshire.
      Edneth Gotora fled Zimbabwe after her husband and daughter were

      She settled in Stockton, but her asylum application was turned down,
and she was removed to a detention centre.

      On Monday, she was released and returned to her home in Stockton, from
where her supporters say she will continue her fight to remain in the UK.

      Mrs Gotora claimed that her family was killed by supporters of the
regime of president Robert Mugabe, and she was raped while in a
rehabilitation camp.

      However, she was refused asylum on the grounds that it was her
husband, rather than she, who was a critic of the regime and that her life
would not be at risk should she return.

      'Hope and pray'

      Campaigners on Teesside gathered a 17,000-name petition calling for a
reversal of the decision.

      The Reverend Colin Offord has been campaigning on her behalf. He said
that the feeling on her return was one of relief, rather than joy.

      He said: "Edneth has been amongst those Zimbabweans in detention who
had been on hunger strike for a while, so we've been worried about her well

      "But she's looking OK, clearly the emotion of the day saw her through
as well.

      "She's seeing a new solicitor today. The thing that remains
outstanding is a judicial review of her case.

      "The Home Office has committed itself to reviewing every individual
case, so we hope that the formal judicial review process that started before
that, and the current commitment, will allow people to look afresh at her

      "We hope and pray she will be granted the decision to stay."

      The Home Office said it would not comment on individual cases.

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Corrupt MDC members has been dealt with: Official

July 12, 2005, 08:45

Roy Bennet, a senior official for Zimbabwe's Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC), says corrupt forces within the country's main opposition party have
been exposed and dealt with. Bennet, a former member of parliament, recently
lashed out at the MDC saying the party was being "hijacked by corrupt

Bennet is now in London, after spending the better part of the year in jail.
Speaking in a live radio interview, he re-iterated that divisive factions do
exist within the MDC. "I do not want to name any names, but members of the
party were taking decisions that caused sectionalism. They were after
personal gain instead of helping the people."

"They have been exposed and I think it is a good thing. It has only
strengthened the party," Bennet said.

He denied reports that the MDC was losing grassroots support, saying that
this perception was caused by the ruling Zanu-PF party who he says stole
this year's election through "rigging and the maladministration".

"The MDC is stronger than ever."
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Back this protest against deportations to Zimbabwe

Demonstrating outside the Dungavel refugee detention centre during the G8 protests<span class='black'> (Pic: Ray Smith)</span>

Demonstrating outside the Dungavel refugee detention centre during the G8 protests (Pic: Ray Smith)

Zimbabweans protesting at the British government’s decision to deport refugees have called a major protest for Thursday 4 August.

This is the day when a judge will decide whether or not it is legal for the government to continue its policy of returning Zimbabwean asylum seekers to Robert Mugabe’s regime.

Noble Sibanda is coordinator for the United Network of Detained Zimbabweans in the UK (UNDZ). He told Socialist Worker, “We urge everyone who supports this cause, and the cause of all those who are unjustly denied asylum, to join us on this day.

“Our hunger strikes were suspended this week because detainees felt they had made their point and we should now throw the focus on to the 4 August decision. There were 60 people on hunger strike at the start of this week, including one person who had taken no food for 38 days.

“Their action showed how desperate the situation has become. People are being returned to terrible danger, even though the government admits that the Mugabe regime is carrying out atrocities.

“The home office has treated Zimbabwean asylum seekers in a very poor manner. In around 50 cases we have been told that key evidence has been ‘lost’ from the files.

“We believe that the majority of British people want deportations to Zimbabwe halted. Now that feeling has to be turned into pressure on the government.”

Edward Kambarami, who fled Zimbabwe after being persecuted as a supporter of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, said, “I was held for three weeks in Harmondsworth detention centre and was shocked at the number of people from Africa and Jamaica held there.

“There was one Zimba­bwean who had been held there for eight months and still had no legal representation.”

The British government says it has no evidence of ill treatment of refugees deported to Zimbabwe. But Edward had his own account of a 30 year old man who was sent back to the country earlier this year. “He was arrested at the airport, beaten, and then taken to hospital — but is not receiving any treatment,” he says. “This could be fatal.”

UNDZ is calling on trade unions, community groups and individuals to back their campaign. Among the ideas for campaigning are intensifying pressure on MPs and “twinning” detainees with groups who will keep in contact with them and support their campaign.

© Copyright Socialist Worker (unless otherwise stated). You may republish if you include an active link to the original and leave this notice in place.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Presidential election ballots tampered with

Clemence Manyukwe
issue date :2005-Jul-13

POLICE are investigating a possible break-in at the High Court in Harare,
where some ballot papers for the 2002 Presidential election from different
constituencies were allegedly mixed together.
So far, it has not been established exactly how many ballot boxes were
tampered with, and from which constituencies they were.
Police spokesperson Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena yesterday
confirmed that the police were investigating the case.
"We have a report to that effect, and we are investigating. We are aware
that there was a breach in the security system at the High Court," said
He would not give more details.
The alleged break-in has thrown into disarray MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai's
challenge of President Robert Mugabe's victory.
Highly placed judicial sources yesterday said "some people" broke into the
courtroom where the ballot boxes are being kept and opened some of them.
The Daily Mirror could not establish exactly when the incident happened.
Sources said some of the ballot papers were torn apart.
The police have since written to the Master of the High Court, Charles
Nyatanga, informing him that a docket had been opened regarding the
sabotaging of the elections materials.
The police requested Nyatanga to co-operate with investigating officers, the
sources added.
Nyatanga could not commit himself to commenting on the issue, saying it was
"This is a sensitive issue for politicians. So try to contact lawyers
(involved in the petition). But how on earth can such a thing happen here at
the High Court? Anyway, I will check. If there is anything I will issue a
statement tomorrow," said Nyatanga yesterday.
Revelations about the tampering of the voting materials come at a time when
the inspection and verification of the materials that was supposed to have
kicked off on Monday had been put on hold.
MDC lawyers, led by Advocate Adrian de Bourbon, yesterday left the court in
a huff after they discovered that some ballot boxes, which should have been
brought to the court during the first week of June, were only brought in
On Monday, the inspection failed to take off because ballot boxes for
Rushinga constituency were not made available.
The MDC has been arguing that the ballot papers provide proof that the
presidential poll was rigged.
According to the MDC request, which was granted, inspection and verification
should have started with the Rushinga ballots.

Court officials, however, said the boxes were at the court, but they were
only failing to locate them, as there were piles of them.
The High Court in May found Registrar-General Tobaiwa Mudede in contempt of
court for failure to surrender ballot boxes for all the constituencies, in
defiance of seven court orders.
It slapped him with a two-month wholly suspended jail term on condition that
all the voting materials were brought in within 10 days. The court also
fined him $5 million.
MDC secretary for legal affairs David Coltart yesterday said Mudede was in
contempt of court for failure to bring the Rushinga ballot boxes in time.
He said, however, that he had not heard that some of the boxes had been
tampered with.
"The inspection did not take off yesterday because seven ballot boxes for
Rushinga were brought in yesterday, which means that Mudede is still in
contempt of court," said Coltart.
Coltart is also the MDC's Bulawayo South legislator.
The head of the Civil Division in the Attorney-General's Office, Loyce
Matanda-Moyo, whose office is representing Mudede, also said she had not
been informed about the tampering of the ballot papers.
Terrence Hussein, of Hussein Ranchhod and company, representing President
Mugabe, could not be reached for comment.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

SA deputy president meets Mugabe, Mujuru

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-13

SOUTH African Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka yesterday delivered a
special message to President Mugabe from President Thabo Mbeki.
She was welcomed at Harare International Airport by Vice-President Joice
Mujuru, with whom she held talks before she met President Mugabe at State
Soon after meeting the President, she told journalists that  South Africa
believed that a coordinated approach was needed to help Zimbabwe overcome
its economic and political challenges.
"We believe there has always been a coordinated approach to help Zimbabwe
overcome its problems. We wanted to get a global view of issues affecting
Zimbabwe and ways we can assist."
She said she had also discussed several issues with Mujuru.
"I had a longer discussion with the Vice-President (Mujuru) on various
issues since this is my first formal engagement. We discussed various issues
and shared our experiences," Mlambo-Ngcuka said.
On whether she believed that she and Mujuru were the most powerful women in
Sadc, Mlambo-Ngcuka said: "I don't know if you can say we are powerful
women. We are just humble mothers, sisters and wives saving our people."
Mlambo-Ngcuka was appointed deputy president by Mbeki, replacing Jacob Zuma
who was fired after being implicated in a corruption scandal, which resulted
in his financial adviser Shabir Shaik, being jailed for 15 years.
Mlambo-Ngcuka's appointment added a new dimension to the succession debate
in the region's economic giant.
She became the second woman to hold the vice-presidency in the region after
the appointment of Mujuru to the same position last year.
Mlambo-Ngcuka returned to South Africa last night.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Buhera council ordered not to demolish old homestead

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-13

HIGH Court judge Charles Hungwe last week barred Buhera Rural District
Council and the police from demolishing a 49-year-old homestead belonging to
Harare lawyer, Advocate Eric Matinenga.
The destruction was to be done under the on-going clean-up, which
authorities say targets illegal structures.
Matinenga filed his urgent chamber application on June 28 citing the local
authority and the officer-in-charge of  Murambinda police as first and
second respondents.
The homestead, located within an irrigation scheme, falls under Chief
Nyashanu in Buhera and was built in 1956. It comprises a thatched kitchen,
gazebo and a brick storeroom. Granting a provisional order sought by
Matinenga, the judge said: "That the 1st and 2nd respondents and their
employees, officers or nominees or anybody acting on their behalf or
furthering their cause are ordered to stop demolishing or in any way
interfering with any structure, including the cattle kraal, at applicant's
rural homestead."
Hungwe also ordered the two respondents to pay the cost of the application.
In his urgent application, Matinenga said: "Officers of 1st and 2nd
respondents approached applicant's sister at his communal home yesterday,
27th June 2005, at about 3pm and demanded that certain structures at the
homestead be demolished. The same officers approached my sister this morning
(June 28) and threatened to use bulldozers to demolish the structures."
Matinenga also said the homestead was established with the blessing of local
traditional leaders. In the founding affidavit, Matinenga said 23 families
at the scheme could face the same fate.
"There are about 23 families in the irrigation scheme. They were settled in
the same manner I described above. Though I do not represent all the
families in the irrigation scheme I am advised and verily believe that they
are about or suffering the same harm which, I describe hereunder," the
He also said the police threatened to arrest his sister if she did not pull
down the structures as well as pay $2,5 million for the bulldozers.
Matinenga claimed that a Mr Gambe, provincial administrator for Manicaland,
and Patson Mbiriri, permanent secretary in the Ministry of Local Government,
Public Works and Urban Development, professed ignorance of plans to uproot
the irrigation scheme.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Tax experts blast Zimra

Business Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-13

TAX consultants have attacked the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (Zimra) for
allegedly over-reaching itself with misinterpretations of the law and undue
heavy handedness in its nationwide audit of value added tax (VAT) compliance
by the corporate world.
A Harare company, Human Resources (Private) Limited, said the revenue
collection body was issuing several assessments for many millions and even
billions of dollars combined with 100 percent penalties.
"This is occurring at a time when businesses are already under tremendous
pressures due to foreign exchange and fuel shortages, a disturbing brain
drain from important managerial and technical positions, and related
depression in the business sector."
In this light, Human Resources said it would hold a VAT defence workshop on
August 4 at a local hotel, which will be intended to help firms to comply
accurately with the requirements of the VAT regulations and also to defend
themselves from penalties and other impositions, which might extend beyond
the ambit of the regulations.
"Top officials from Zimra have accepted our invitation to present their case
at this event as Zimra feels that, although the business sector was given
plenty of warning about the arrival of VAT regulations very little was done
by many accountancy and finance professionals to prepare their organisations
for the new system," said Human Resources.
VAT was introduced in January 2004 and there were many complaints over its
implementation by some sectors of the economy.
Among the key economic sectors that voiced their concerns were the
agricultural and motor industry sectors.
VAT is a consumption tax that is levied at each stage of production based on
the value added to the product.
The new tax regime turned out to be the second largest source of revenue for
Zimra in the first six months of 2004, contributing about 28 percent of
total revenue.
However, some sections in the agriculture sector complained that while VAT
was generally contributing to the improvement of the economic environment,
the exemption of agriculture from the system was causing sleepless nights
for players in the sector.
For instance, quoted industrial and agricultural inputs company, Zimplow,
last year said the agriculture sector had been adversely affected by the new
fiscal policy regime.
The company said agricultural equipment manufacturers, though rightly
exempted from paying VAT, were disadvantaged because the arrangement
prevented the manufacturers from claiming back VAT charged on raw materials.
"The net effect is that VAT becomes an input cost. Worse still, VAT input
costs on exports cannot be claimed back, making exports more costly and
therefore less viable," Zimplow said.
Zimplow said agricultural equipment was specifically excluded from import
duty but imported raw materials used to manufacture agricultural equipment
are not excluded.
Players in the country's motor industry also felt that they were getting a
raw deal from the new tax system.
The country's motor traders said they were dissatisfied with the application
of VAT on used cars, which they said was hurting business.
Companies that sell used vehicles in the country are required by law to pay
the tax on the cars when they go under the hammer.
The motor traders argue that it was unreasonable for the taxman to take his
dues every time a used car was sold since second hand cars depreciated in
VAT on the other hand, they argued, worked on the principle that it was
applied on a product that appreciated at every stage in the production
process, and not vice versa.
The Motor Traders' Association of Zimbabwe (MTAZ) last year said it hoped
the responsible authorities would rectify in time.
However, Zimra makes it clear that the tax is applied because it is a
consumption tax.
Zimra maintains that whenever there is a new consumer of a product/service,
which is taxable, consideration should be given to charging VAT. The tax
becomes chargeable whenever the product/service changes hands for a price.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Victoria Falls loses position as top forex earner

Nkululeko Sibanda
issue date :2005-Jul-13

IMPROPER business conduct has hit the country's premier resort town of
Victoria Falls, with the town being the least foreign currency contributor
to the central bank, Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Governor Gideon Gono said at
the weekend.
Addressing delegates to a Monetary Policy Review breakfast meeting, Gono
said there was a worrying trend in the way tour operators and officials in
the town were conducting business, adding there was urgent need to clean-up
the sector.
Gono said while Victoria Falls was expected to be the country's foreign
currency cash cow, the resort town was instead the country's hard currency
cry baby.
"Victoria Falls and the Matabeleland North province is known for its
beautiful and scenic tourist attractions.  It is an area that is expected to
be the major foreign currency earner," Gono said.
"But the situation that is prevailing here is pointing to the contrary.
Statistics that I have here show that while you are the major tourist
attraction, you only contributed US$2 million in foreign currency last year,
and this is a disturbing issue.  You are the same people who complain that
there is no fuel yet you hold back the foreign currency that is supposed to
be used in the procurement of the fuel."
He added that only Hwange Colliery Company was serious in remitting foreign
currency to the central bank, while tour operators and other players in the
hospitality sector resorted to establishing what he termed "mini-reserve
banks of Zimbabwe."
Gono said he had assigned four senior personnel at the RBZ to be based in
Victoria Falls to deal with all foreign currency remission defaulters.
"These four will be visiting each one of you shortly so that we can deal
with and arrest the problem of foreign currency returns to the central bank.
I have to assure you that they are on serious business and all those that
are used to defaulting will not escape this time around," Gono said.
The central bank governor also lashed out at the Zimbabwe Tourism Authority
(ZTA) for failing to play an effective role in the marketing of Victoria
Gono said the slow pace of marketing the resort town had forced enterprising
South Africans to market Victoria Falls as a place in their country.
"Where are you ZTA? South Africans are saying to the whole world, come to
South Africa to see the Victoria Falls.  You are here and letting them
(South Africans) pretend as if this place is in South Africa. This is just
like sleeping behind a wheel while the car is moving and that is dangerous,"
he added.
But Shingi Munyeza, the chief executive of Zimsun Leisure Group, countered
Gono saying ZTA needed to be capitalised if it was to embark on serious
tourism marketing.
Gono promptly promised to make available $5 billion to ZTA.
Part of the money, Gono said, would be used in the registration of tour
operators and service providers.
"We will soon release $5 billion to ZTA and this is the money that we want
to capitalise the authority so that it is able to keep track of what you do
and whether your practices conform with the requirements of the law," Gono
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Female trade unionists assaulted in Zimbabwe

      By Lance Guma
      12 July 2005

      Government attempts to remove the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Union
leadership erupted into a violent attack on two top female union members.
Thabitha Khumalo and Phoebe Vhareta, members of the Women's Advisory Council
were assaulted during a meeting at the Quality International Hotel in
Harare. Twenty hired thugs led by Kumbirai Kudenga burst into the room and
demanded Khumalo and Vhareta leave the meeting. The assaults were then
carried out.

      Khumalo had to be taken to the Avenues Clinic for treatment while
Vhareta sustained minor injuries. Although the ZCTU previously secured a
court order barring interference with its activities, the order cited only
two individuals, Nicholas Mazarura and Langton Mugeji, the ring leaders. So
to get around the court order the two are alleged to have recruited the
services of Kudenga and a few hired thugs to do the dirty work for them.

      ZCTU spokesman, Mlamleli Sibanda says government has failed to
mobilise workers against their union and hence is resorting to violence.

      Sibanda says outside the unions congress government has no chance of
effecting a leadership change and their efforts will prove in vain. The
state controlled Herald newspaper has also launched an aggressive campaign
to discredit the ZCTU for allegedly abandoning the workers and meddling in

      Relations between government and the ZCTU soured when the labour body
successfully lobbied the Congress of South African Trade Unions to picket
the border in protests at human rights abuses in Zimbabwe. This has
precipitated the current onslaught on the ZCTU leadership.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Protest over treatment of Zimbabwe refugees by SA government

      By Tichaona Sibanda
      12 July 2005

      The Southern African Women's Institute for Migration Affairs is to
lodge a very strong protest with the South African government over the
shocking treatment of Zimbabwean refugees at the notorious Lindela holding

      Scores of Zimbabweans have died and many more have fallen ill at the
camp, described by Joyce Dube, a director of SAWIMA, as a 'death trap'

      Two Zimbabweans died last week shortly before they were due to be
deported back to Zimbabwe. A further 1000 were deported despite protesting
heavily against the move.

      Joyce Dube deplored the conditions at the camp, saying very few people
come out of Lindela healthy. She said; 'It's notorious for its treatment of
refugees facing repatriation. We've heard of the beatings and I can
certainly confirm that many Zimbabweans have died in that camp.'

      Joyce Dube's organisation is asking former refugees to come forward
with any information or evidence they may use to build up a case against the
authorities at the camp. Dube asked; 'How can you have just one doctor, who
is not even present most of the time, to run a clinic for over 5000 people
with help from one nurse? This is atrocious, murderous and madness.'

      She also blamed African leaders for the situation most Zimbabweans
find themselves in, especially leaders in Southern Africa. Thousands of
Zimbabweans, she said, are running away from Mugabe's tyranny and yet not
even one African leader is concerned about the welfare of those fleeing
persecution by the regime.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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From The Cape Times (SA), 12 July

Obasanjo turns to Chissano, Nujoma to help in Zimbabwe

By Basildon Peta

African Union chairman and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo is trying to
rope in two former presidents, Mozambique's Joaquim Chissano and Namibia's
Sam Nujoma, to mediate in the Zimbabwe crisis and persuade arch foes Robert
Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai to come to the negotiating table. Diplomatic
sources said in view of President Thabo Mbeki's numerous failed attempts to
find a solution to the long-running crisis in Zimbabwe, the Nigerian leader
was now turning to the two former presidents, close allies of Mugabe, to
perhaps make a difference. Obasanjo and Mbeki have visited Mugabe on several
occasions, but their interventions failed to bring any dividends. Obasanjo
was the first to throw in the towel after he was repeatedly frustrated by
Mugabe's lack of co-operation. But Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
leader Morgan Tsvangirai visited the Nigerian leader just before Obasanjo's
departure to the AU summit in Libya and G8 summit in Scotland and implored
him to stay involved in attempts to find a solution to the Zimbabwe crisis.
Authoritative diplomatic sources said Obasanjo would now turn to Nujoma and
Chissano, whom he considered closer to Mugabe than himself. "My
understanding is that the president (Obasanjo) has already spoken to Nujoma
and Chissano ... I don't have full information on the outcome but I don't
see any problems in getting their involvement either," said one Nigerian
diplomat, who preferred anonymity.

It is understood Obasanjo wants Chissano and Nujoma to broker and chair
meetings between Tsvangirai and Mugabe in Harare, Lagos or South Africa.
While the MDC has said it is ready for negotiations, Mugabe has repeatedly
snubbed talks. Efforts to get comment from Mugabe's spokesman George
Charamba failed yesterday. Tsvangirai said yesterday the MDC was ready for
talks, "brokered by whomever". Last week he reconfirmed his party stood for
a negotiated settlement and not a violent one. Obasanjo met Mugabe on the
sidelines of the African Union summit in Libya last week. Reports said the
Nigerian leader told British parliamentarians last week the Zimbabwean
leader was initially ambivalent and reluctant to commit to talks with
Tsvangirai but he had eventually persuaded him to accept the wisdom of such
talks. While the MDC is "a bit" comfortable with Chissano, a senior official
said Nujoma's role would be "difficult" as he used to be Mugabe's staunchest
supporter and his neutrality was "questionable". Before his retirement,
Nujoma risked his country's ties with Britain and America by publicly taking
on the leaders of these two countries in defence of Mugabe. He was
particularly scathing about Blair whom he branded a "colonialist".

From SW Radio Africa, 11 July

Two Zim refugees die in South Africa detention centre

Two Zimbabweans refugees died in a South African detention centre last week
whilst awaiting deportation to Zimbabwe, reporters have revealed. One was a
pregnant woman who died of complications after allegedly failing to get
proper medical attention. The other was a man who had been ill for just a
few days. The clinic at Lindela, the holding camp for refugees facing
repatriation, is said to be badly equipped to handle serious cases.
Correspondent Don Mafingenyi said over a 1000 refugees were forcibly
deported from Lindela by the South African authorities last week, in spite
of protestations. Mafingenyi was part of the large group that was deported.
He said he was wrongfully arrested in Johannesburg on a visit there from
Botswana and described the experience as 'shocking'. He said Zimbabwean
refugees, detained as various centres in South Africa, are treated like
criminals. Speaking to us from Gaborone on Monday after making his way
through Zimbabwe, Mafingenyi saw first hand the dehumanising conditions
detainees are made to live in. Faced with often crowded conditions and
little contact with the outside world, he said the mental well-being of
detainees deteriorates very quickly. Still suffering from a bad cough he
contracted during his three week ordeal in detention, Mafingenyi told us how
spending even one night in a detention centre can be a harrowing and
frustrating experience for refugees. 'You are subjected to beatings by the
immigration officers. Fifteen people are forced to share a cell meant for 3
people. During the night all you hear are screams of people being tortured.
It's just horrific. In life I never thought I would experience such a
thing.' He called upon the United Nations to probe cases of abuse and
torture inside South African detention centres. The UN convention against
torture Article 14 prohibits sovereign states from any form of physical
abuse against refugees detained in their countries.
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