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Zim Lied To Win Right To Host Tourism Conference

Harare, July 17, 2012 - The delegation which bid for Zimbabwe to host the
United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) in Spain exaggerated
pictorial evidence to persuade the judge to grant the country the right to
host the event a senior government official said.

Ministry of Tourism Permanent Secretary, Sylvester Maunganidze, said this
when he gave an update of the UNWTO preparations before the parliamentary
committee on natural resources on Monday.

"We were competing with big nations and wanted to win so we went with
pictorial evidence which was exaggerated and we won but now its reality and
we have to meet the standard presented," said Maunganidze.

Zimbabwe will co-host the event with Zambia next year in August.

He said a recent visit to Spain with the Minister of Tourism Walter Mzembi
revealed that the expected delegates were 1 000 more than the 3 000 they had
been working with since August last year when they won the bid to host the

"Most of the money promised is still on paper making it difficult to develop
Victoria Falls to levels we were aiming at. Until such funds are made
available I will be selling an imaginary Victoria Falls," Maungidze said.

He said he was embarrassed to have to lie that Air Zimbabwe was flying
internationally when it was not.

"I cannot go out of Zimbabwe and say we do not have an airline. I am forced
to lie or exaggerate something which I have been doing very well," said

He also said KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, which had shown interest in flying to
Zimbabwe, left the country three weeks ago citing very high landing fees by
the Civil Aviation Authority (CAAZ) the ministry of tourism has said.

The ministry of tourism permanent secretary Sylvester Maunganidze said had
CAAZ been charging "reasonable" rates KLM would be flying into Zimbabwe.

He said it did not make sense to charge fees that caused international
airlines to flee the country.

"KLM came here (Zimbabwe) three weeks ago and left because the landing fees
by CAAZ were very high," Maunganidze told a parliamentary committe on
Natural resources on Tuesday.

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Zim blames Zambia for UNWTO preps chaos

Written by Business Writer
Tuesday, 17 July 2012 10:39

HARARE - Governance issues in Zambia are affecting smooth preparation of the
20th session of the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO)
General Assembly which the country co-host next year with Zimbabwe, Tourism
secretary Sylvester Maunganidze said.

He told parliament’s Natural Resources Environment and Tourism portfolio
committee Zambia had changed tourism secretaries and ministers at least four
times since August last year, making planning between the two host nations

“It has not been easy to prepare to co-host, I just wanted you to know that
between August last year when we went to bid in Madrid and now I have worked
with four counterparts.

“Four permanent secretaries and four different ministers”, he said, adding
that Zambia has changed its tourism official every two months.

Right now, Maunganidze said, Zambia has no secretary for tourism and is
expected to appoint one on Wednesday.

This is despite the fact that the countries are supposed to meet monthly to
present progress reports and come up with a common vision ahead of the

Zimbabwe is supposed to visit Zambia this week for the routine joint
consultative meeting.

“We have not been able to do anything meaningful with our counterparts
because there have been changes every two months,” Maunganidze said.

“You should appreciate that if there are certain things that do not happen
it is because we have a Siamese twin who is handicapped across the river and
unfortunately we breathe the same oxygen,’ he added.

“I don’t want to say we had wished we were doing it on our own but at this
late hour I feel we would have done better.”

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No money for world tourism congress, officials

17/07/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter

SENIOR government officials have revealed the chaos characterising
preparations for the World Tourism Congress next year, admitting the
cash-strapped country was less than honest when winning the bid to host the
event and was now struggling to deliver on its promises.

Zimbabwe won the bid to jointly co-host the global event with Zambia at the
Victoria Falls resort in August next year but senior government officials
admitted to Parliament that the country had exaggerated its capacity to host
the event adding most projects had either been scaled back or abandoned due
to lack of funds.

"When we went to bid for the hosting of the event, we were competing with
big nations and wanted to win so we went with pictorial evidence which was
exaggerated. That worked and we won but now reality is creeping in and time
is no longer on our side. We have to meet the standards presented,"
Sylvester Maunganidze, the permanent secretary for tourism, told a
parliamentary committee on Natural resources and tourism Tuesday.

He said organisers were struggling to secure funding for key projects adding
a convention centre which government wanted to build ahead of the event had
been shelved due to lack of money.

"Most of the money promised is still on paper making it difficult to develop
Victoria Falls to the levels we were aiming at,” he said.

His counterpart at the ministry of transport, Munesushe Munodawa added: “We
are now looking at plan B which will be a semi-permanent solution.

“Cabinet had approved the construction of a permanent structure (the
convention centre) but looking at the time left and the situation on the
ground we believe it is no longer possible.

Instead a tent made up of Alminuim glass fabrication that can last between
15-20 years will be built. The structure will be put near the Chogum Park
North of Spray View Hotel.”
Maunganidze also said cooperation with co-hosts Zambia had been less than

"Between August last year and now I have worked with four different
permanent secretaries within the same ministry in Zambia as they keep
changing,” he said.

“As I speak now I do not have a permanent secretary across the river to
exchange notes with as a new one is expected to be appointed this week but
we are supposed to meet every month. If there are certain things that do not
happen it is because we have a Siamese twin who is handicapped.

Some 4 000 delegates are expected to attend the UNWTO General Assembly, an
event government officials have touted as signalling the turnaround of the
country’s tourism sector after a decade-long of decline.

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Fears that ZANU PF planning to dismiss new constitution

By Alex Bell
17 July 2012

There are fresh fears that plans are being laid by ZANU PF to dismiss the
proposed new constitution, in a move that will ensure there are no voting
rights for the Diaspora.

There is still no confirmation about when the draft charter will be
released, but ZANU PF has repeatedly shown resistance to the document
spearheaded by the COPAC team.

Robert Mugabe’s party has been advocating for the ‘Kariba Draft’
constitution, which was a negotiated document made well before COPAC was
tasked with setting the laws for a new, democratic Zimbabwe.

More than three years and an estimated US$75 million later, the COPAC draft
is believed to be ready for release with a referendum expected later this
year. But recent developments in Parliament have left some members of the
public questioning if this new charter will ever be allowed to be

Last week, the Human Rights Commission Bill was passed with a provision for
a blanket amnesty for perpetrators of human rights abuses before February
2009. The Electoral Amendment Bill was also put before Parliament and it is
in the process of being passed without the key amendments to allow for a
Diaspora vote.

SW Radio Africa has been told that these oversights were part of a ‘horse
trading’ agreement made by the principals in government, and debate by MPs
was not taken into consideration. The MDC-T has also admitted that
concessions needed to be made to ensure the two Bills were passed, as
another solid move towards fresh elections.

The party also dismissed concerns about the Human Rights ‘omission’ Bill and
the Electoral Bill, stating that, once the new constitution is in place,
amendments can be made to these Bills.

Dewa Mavhinga from the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition told SW Radio Africa
that “it is very concerning and worrying that the Electoral Bill appears to
have been fast tracked through Parliament. We have to wonder if perhaps
there is some trickery afoot.”

“This is where some explanation is needed from the MDC-T. Is this a case of
capitulation to entrench the ZANU PF position, or is there real intention to
make the necessary amendments?” Mavhinga asked.

His concerns were also echoed by UK based commentator Wilbert Mukori who
said the whole manner in which the Bills were passed “doesn’t make any

“ZANU PF seems to be looking at these issues as if this is set in stone. It
is clear that ZANU PF is not expecting the constitution to ever be enacted,”
Mukori said.

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Two suspected killers of MDC-T official die within two days

By Lance Guma

17 July 2012

Two ZANU PF activists, suspected of killing MDC-T official Cephas Magura in
Mudzi two months ago, have died within two days of each other.

Eric Katiza, one of seven youths arrested over the murder, collapsed and
died while on remand, inside Mutoko Prison last week Tuesday. His uncle
Tangwe Chionerwa, also implicated in Magura’s death, later collapsed and
died at the funeral.

Kubvoruno Choga, the district spokesman for the MDC-T in Mudzi North, told
SW Radio Africa: “We really suspect that he (Katiza) died because of what we
call in Shona ‘ngozi’.” When Chionerwa died at Katiza’s funeral, the talk in
the community was that this was ‘ngozi’.

In Shona custom it’s believed ngozi is an avenging spirit, a spiritual
agent, and one of the most dreaded sources of misfortune and death. Writer
Tabona Shoko best describes it as, “the spirit of a person whose death came
as a result of foul play or who has been wronged and dies harbouring
feelings of being mistreated.”

Choga told us two ZANU PF MPs, Newton Kachepa (Mudzi North) and Acquilina
Katsande (Mudzi West), both attended Katiza’s funeral. To the MDC-T this
confirmed accusations that Magura’s killers took instructions from the MP’s.
SW Radio Africa last week posted video evidence of Kachepa inciting violence
in Mudzi.

In May Kachepa’s pick up truck and Katsande’s Mazda T3500 truck were used to
ferry a group of over 300 ZANU PF supporters who advanced on a gathering of
70 MDC-T supporters who were having a rally at Chimukoko Business Centre.
The skirmishes resulted in the death of MDC-T official Cephas Magura.

According to the testimony of a young boy herding cattle at the time, Magura
was hit with a stone by the ZANU PF gang, who continued to assault him as he
lay on the ground. He was then dragged to the roadside and left for dead.
Seven other MDC-T activists were injured and treated at the Avenues Clinic
in Harare.

While many in the community believe the deaths of the suspected killers are
related to Ngozi, Kachepa the MP said Katiza “was already sick from
elephantiasis and we suspect that is what he died from. We are worried that
he was incarcerated and they have been denied bail despite the fact that he
was sick.”

The other ZANU PF activists who were denied bail and remanded in custody to
the 27th July include David Chimukoko, Gratiano Kazingizi, Perkins Karikoga,
Biggie Office, Bob Raphael and Phillip Katsande.

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Anjin keen to invest in Zimbabwe’s aviation market

By Tichaona Sibanda
17 July 2012

Anjin Investments, a Chinese owned multi-million dollar company mining
diamonds at Marange, is interested in launching an airline to service the
country’s domestic, regional and international routes.

The independent NewsDay newspaper reported on Tuesday that the company has
already applied for a commercial airline licence from Civil Aviation
Authority of Zimbabwe (CAAZ).

Anjin is one of the four mining firms operating in the Marange diamond
fields, which has in recent times been criticised by Finance minister Tendai
Biti for not remitting money to state coffers. It is understood that members
of Robert Mugabe’s military junta also have significant shareholdings in

The firm’s application to operate a commercial airline was carried in a
Government Gazette published last Friday; a signal that all the groundwork
to launch the project has long been in the planning.

An aviation expert who works at national airline Air Zimbabwe, although
confessing ignorance of Anjin’s plans, said he does not see anyone objecting
or resisting the project.

There are rumours that Anjin Investments are being helped by top government
officials, who are silent directors in the company.

In March this year, the national flag carrier was disbanded, ending almost
32 years of continuous service. Transport, Communications and
Infrastructural Development Minister Nicholas Goche immediately announced a
‘rebranding’ of the airline’s company, which is now Air Zimbabwe Private

‘This has been a well executed plan. Anjin has applied for a licence, so
once they get it, they will lease all planes used by Air Zimbabwe and
recruit its staff as well to run their new company.

‘You can be assured most of Anjin’s workforce, including pilots and cabin
crew, will be hired from the disbanded company,’

In December the financially crippled Air Zimbabwe Holdings cancelled all its
flights to Johannesburg and London over fears that their planes would be
seized to cover outstanding debts owed for handling service charges.

It was forced to raise $1.2 million to pay off a debt owed to U.S. Company,
American General Supplies, for aircraft spares. The American firm had
impounded Air Zimbabwe’s Boeing 767-200 after it landed at London’s Gatwick
Airport and had threatened to auction the plane off, if the debt wasn’t paid

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Parliament Tears Into 'Corrupt' Home Affairs Department

16 July 2012

Irwin Chifera & Gibbs Dube | Washington

Zimbabwe parliament’s public accounts committee chairperson Weber Chinyadza
on Monday described the Ministry of Home Affairs as the worst run government
department saying its employees pilfer large sums of money and it does not
follow laid down treasury procedures.

Chinyadza made the remarks as Home Affairs permanent secretary Melusi
Matshiya and the ministry’s departmental heads appeared before the committee
to answer charges of misappropriating state funds and their failure to
follow treasury regulations as clearly spelt out by the auditor and
comptroller general in detailed reports in 2009 and 2010.

Matshiya admitted that funds were being misappropriated by workers in the
immigration department. He claimed that this anomaly has been resolved
following the firing of some of the employees.

“For example the entire immigration staff compliment in Kariba and a number
ion Victoria Falls were fired for misappropriating or stealing public
funds,” he said.

Matshiya admitted the ministry on a number of occasions used state funds
without following proper procedures because of the bureaucracy involved in
getting treasury approval.

Registrar-General Tobaiwa Mudede, whose department falls under the Home
Affairs Ministry, defended Matshiya saying he had also acted without
treasury approval on a number of occasions.

Zimbabwe is currently operating on a shoe-string budget due to lack of funds
and the drying up of revenues from the Marange diamond field.

Economic commentator Rejoice Ngwenya said most ministries and government
departments in Zimbabwe have limited accountability systems.

He believes that treasury and permanent secretaries should play a key role
in plugging financial loopholes draining state coffers.

Meanwhile, the Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency says the country's
consumer inflation dropped slightly to 3.97 percent in June from 4.02
percent in May.

At the same time, gold production went up 29 percent to 7.2 tonnes in the
first six months of this year, generating $377 million in revenue.

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Mugabe calls for removal of EU travel restrictions

By Staff Correspondent 7 hours 19 minutes ago

ETHIOPIA, Addis Ababa - The embattled Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has
called on the African Union (AU) to add its voice to calls for the removal
of travel restrictions impossed on him and his Zanu (PF) party loyalists by
the United States and the European Union.

Mugabe said this while addressing the 19th Session of the AU Summit in Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia this Monday.

Mugabe said while SADC has done its best in calling for the removal of the
sanctions, Europe and the United States have been relentless in keeping

He said the AU must be the first to provide solutions in all conflict
situations on the continent as solutions by outside organisations have not
been helpful.

Mugabe cited the example of UN Resolution 1973, which authorised NATO to
intervene in Libya, resulting in the killing of his ally Colonel Muammar
Gaddafi and a host of casualties in the North African country.

He also called for the peaceful resolution of conflicts in Mali, Sudan and
South Sudan, as well as the Sahrawi Republic.

President Mugabe congratulated the new AU Commission Chairperson, Dr
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma and thanked outgoing Chairperson Jean Ping for his
contribution to the organisation over the past four years.

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Tsvangirai axes ‘reckless’ officials

MOSES MATENGA 22 hours 28 minutes ago

More heads are likely to roll this week as the MDC-T plans to act on more
“foul-mouthed” officials that made statements deemed to be against party

Several senior party officials confirmed in interviews with NewsDay
yesterday that a crackdown was looming and that heads would roll.

The officials who spoke in confidence said the clampdown, which started last
week with deputy spokesperson Tabitha Khumalo being demoted for advocating
for the decriminalisation of commercial sex work, was now targeting three
legislators — Eddie Cross (Bulawayo South MP), Sithembile Mlotshwa (Matobo
Senator) and Morgan Femai (Chikomo Senator).

Cross also serves as the party’s policy coordinator.

Although MDC-T national spokesperson Douglas Mwonzora yesterday confirmed
the crackdown, he declined to name those likely to face the axe.

“I can confirm that we are looking at incidences where there are allegations
raised against officials emanating from what they are alleged to have said
or done,” said Mwonzora.

“The party stands for certain well-known values and these include integrity,
decency and respect of culture and religious beliefs of Zimbabwe. Our
officials are to abide, to follow and respect the values that have been
developed over the years. If they don’t, the party will take disciplinary
action,” he said.

“What we are doing is that we are looking at each case individually, like
the circumstances under which these utterances were made. For example, where
others were joking and there happened to have been a journalist, it’s
different when a policy pronouncement is made,” he said.

The impeccable sources told NewsDay yesterday that the party leadership was
not happy with recent utterances made by senior party officials, among them
Cross, Mlotshwa and Femai.

Cross, on his website, recently insinuated that Zimbabweans would deal with
Zanu PF hardliners and army generals once the MDC-T got into power.

“Under such circumstances the temptation to take the law into their own
hands would simply be too great for the people of this country who have
suffered at the hands of the Zanu PF hierarchy; it would be payback time. In
my view most of the leaders of Zanu PF would be well advised to leave the
country for their own safety,” wrote Cross in his article — “A warning to

His statements were viewed as implying that Tsvangirai would unleash
retributive action against Zanu PF sympathisers once elected into office.

Femai caused a stir recently when he allegedly said women should avoid
looking attractive as a way of curbing the spread of HIV and Aids.

He was quoted in the media as saying women should dress shabbily, sport bald
heads and lose weight to reduce their attractiveness.

The senator allegedly said this at a workshop for Parliamentarians in
Kadoma. He, however, later said he had been joking to lighten the atmosphere
in the seminar and that he had been surprised to find that published in

Mlotshwa, the MDC-T Senator for Matobo, also stirred a storm when she said
people should have sex once a month and that men should be injected with
drugs that reduce their libido.

She also called for prisoners to be given sex toys to satisfy their sexual
appetite. Khumalo made headlines when she called for the decriminalisation
of commercial sex work and promised to assist commercial sex workers form a
trade union.

“It is here to stay and we should bite the bullet. Pleasure engineering did
not begin in Bulawayo or Zimbabwe but in the Garden of Eden and one of those
pleasure engineers was Eve,” Khumalo was quoted as saying.

She has become the latest victim of the MDC-T purge after she was demoted
from her post of deputy spokesperson. She has not yet been reassigned. She
said she respected her “redeployment” but accused the media of
sensationalising her comments on prostitution.

“The party is restructuring according to the letter that I received. It’s
not about what I feel personally. I chose to be a member of the party and
obviously there are leaders, “she said.

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ZESA employees suspended over salary fight

By Alex Bell
17 July 2012

More than 130 employees at the national power supply authority ZESA, have
been suspended, after threatening to strike last week over the utility’s
failure to award pay rises.

The Zimbabwe Energy Workers’ Union (ZEWU) a week ago issued an ultimatum to
ZESA and other private players, to either meet their demands or face a
nationwide strike. The workers want the salary increase that was meant to be
awarded to them after a legal dispute in June.

ZEWU President Angeline Chitambo told journalists in Harare last week the
Union grouping had resolved to embark on the strike, accusing ZESA chief
executive Josh Chifamba of not honouring an arbitration order from last
month. The order promised a new salary structure would be awarded to the
energy sector on June 18th.

But instead of honouring the order, ZESA has suspended 132 employees without
pay or benefits. The Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ), which
voiced solidarity with the energy workers, said: “Such a primitive and
barbaric way of handling labour disputes, reminiscent of the colonial era,
must be condemned with the contempt it deserves. We want to reiterate that
these workers have a legitimate expectation which must be respected both as
citizens and workers,” the PTUZ said.

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Europe sending conflicting Zim sanctions messages

By Alex Bell
17 July 2012

European countries have this week been sending mixed messages on Zimbabwe’s
future, in terms of the restrictive ‘shopping sanctions’ still in place
against the Robert Mugabe regime.

A top level meeting of the European Union (EU) at the end of the month is
set to discuss the European bloc’s plans to re engage with Zimbabwe. But
there is confusion about whether or not this ‘reengagement’ will include a
decision to lift the sanctions to help encourage reform.

According to the Financial Times newspaper, the UK has floated a proposal to
ease EU sanctions on Zimbabwe in exchange for further democratic reforms.
This is reportedly being sold as a “strategic shift” in the EU’s stance
towards Zimbabwe. The newspaper reported on Monday that under the UK plan,
asset freezes and visa bans affecting dozens of Zimbabwean officials would
be suspended if a constitutional referendum proceeds peacefully.

This report came at the same time that an EU spokesman said the restrictive
sanctions would not be lifted any time soon. Michael Mann, spokesperson for
EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, said: “There is no question of
lifting sanctions against Mugabe or anyone involved in continued abuses of
human rights, incitement to violence, etc – that is simply not up for

These comments from Ashton’s office were in response to reports earlier this
month that the lifting of the measures was being discussed, ahead of the EU
Council meeting.

Political analyst Professor John Makumbe told SW Radio Africa on Tuesday
that a wholesale lifting of the measures was unlikely, but he said it is
possible that attempts to encourage reform will be made.

“I think the sanctions on some individuals may be suspended as a way of
waving a carrot. I don’t think it will work because the government is only
doing a piecemeal job of implementing reforms. But the EU will still want to
wave a carrot rather than crack the whip,” Makumbe said.

Meanwhile, a British MP on Tuesday argued in Parliament that the sanctions
need to be extended to include what he called a ‘mafia’ operating at the
Chiadzwa diamond fields. Peter Hain, a former Minister for Africa, used, as
evidence, a report by human rights group Global Witness, which said that
money is being siphoned from the diamond fields to finance a “parallel
government” in Zimbabwe.

Hain told SW Radio Africa on Monday that a “small corrupt mafia” in Chiadzwa
was lining their pockets with diamond profits, and laying the path for
another violent election in Zimbabwe.

“The evidence presented shows conclusively that the whole way the diamonds
are being mined to line the pockets of this mafia, suggest they have the
resources to ensure the elections may not be free or fair. We cannot allow
this to happen,” Hain said.

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Photojournalist Arrested

Harare, July 17, 2012 - Photojournalist Aaron Ufumeli was on Tuesday
arrested while covering a demonstration organised to protest arbitrary
arrests of women after 9pm in some parts of the capital.

The peaceful protest was organised by the Women’s Movement at the popular
Africa Unity Square in Harare.

Ufumeli, who works for the privately owned NewsDay, was arrested around 9:30
am by an unidentified police officer while taking pictures of what appeared
to be a confrontation between a police officer and one of the demonstrators.

This follows incidents of arrests of women by the police, particularly in
Harare’s Central Business District.

Police confiscated Ufumeli’s camera for about twenty minutes, insisting that
the photographs that he had taken be deleted.

Ufumeli had to call Harare police spokesperson inspector James Sabau to come
and clarify the issue with the police. He was only released after Sabau
liaised with the arresting details. His camera was only returned to him
around 10 am after he had deleted the photographs in question at the police’s

No charges were preferred against him.

In a statement to the media, the Media Institute of Southern Africa-Zimbabwe
condemned the police’s actions as unwarranted heavy handedness against
journalists conducting their lawful professional duties.

“Such actions only serve to tarnish the image of Zimbabwe as an intolerant
police state and should thus be condemned in the strongest terms possible,”
read part of the MISA-Zimbabwe statement.

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Women Demonstrate against arrest

Hundreds of women from various walks of life today converged at Africa Unity
Square just opposite the parliament building protesting against continued
arrests and harassment of women in Zimbabwe on grounds of loitering,
soliciting and prostitution.
by Moses Chibaya

“This program is an action against arbitrary arrest of women that the police
is carrying out at the moment on the basis soliciting. They are interfering
with the freedom of movement of women. Many of the women here have been
arrested and harassed so we have decided to take action,” Tsitsi Dangarembga
who was the spokesperson said.

She added: “It depends on who arrest the women some police will say it is on
the basis of loitering. Loitering is not a crime or an offense in Zimbabwe
that law was repealed.”

But Harare provincial spokesperson James Sabau said they don’t just arrest
everyone, saying they arrest women with the regalia meant to lure clients.

“I would love these women to come on wearing the regalia that they will be
wearing when they are on the streets. It’s unfortunate when you see them it’s
very different on how they look during the night.

“We have arrested some men in brothels for soliciting. We have made some
raids using private vehicles where these women flock to the car wearing robs
and we arrest them.

“We are appealing to people to come and report if they have complaints. We
did send our police officers to arrest people loitering on the streets in
specific areas that are known for prostitution and not in beer halls,” Sabau

Dangarembga said they are going to hand a petition to the co-minister of
home affairs and the police.

“We have a petition which we are going to send to the police and also to the
co ministers of home affairs .We have outlined our grievances that women
were part of the liberation struggle and we have been working with the rest
of the nation to build this country and therefore we expect to be treated as
equal as full citizens of this country and also enjoy our citizens’ rights.”

Part of the petition reads as follows: “Concerned with the apparent
discrimination and stereotyping of Zimbabwean women by the State through the
targeting of only women during the arrests, as noted by the deliberate
naming of its operations only to target women such as: Operation ‘Chipo
chiroorwa’ (Chipo get married), Operation ‘Chengetedza hunhu’ (Maintain
Dignity), Operation ‘Dyira Bonus kumba’ (Take your bonus money home and

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Mujuru’s estate valued at $9 Billion

By Tichaona Sibanda
17 July 2012

Unconfirmed reports suggest the late General Solomon Mujuru left behind an
estate worth an estimated US$9 billion, sources said on Tuesday.

The sources, citing correspondence between lawyers representing the general’s
family and children, said it looks like there is going to be a big battle
for the estate. Complicating matters is the fact that many of the children
were born to women other than his wife Joice.

Earlier this year Vice President Joice Mujuru shocked guests at a memorial
service for her late husband by lifting the lid on his cheating love life,
describing him as a womanizer. She also promised to welcome children
fathered by the General out of wedlock, as long as DNA tests proved the

‘If there is anywhere where my husband reached, he left a mark in my house.
Any child who comes to claim that he belongs to the Mujuru family, he will
have to undergo DNA tests,’ the Vice-President said.

Since that announcement SW Radio Africa is reliably informed that the number
children claiming to have been sired by the whisky loving General has risen
to almost 50, from an initial 15.

Mujuru, one of Zimbabwe’s most decorated army generals, died in a fire at
his farm in Beatrice, about 100km south west of Harare. He was 62. The
business mogul was husband to the current Vice President Joice.

Before his death Mujuru was well known for his diverse business ventures,
which included mining, agriculture, transport, tourism and investment in the
construction industry.

A finance expert told us that for the executor to come out with such a huge
figure he would have looked at anything that had a value, such as money in
banks, houses and land, including farmland, businesses, or business assets.

‘There is lot of things that they also look at and that includes investments
such as stocks and shares, including family shares and personal belongings,’
the expert said.

But Luke Zunga, an economic analyst told us he believed that the figure will
be reduced considerably when the executor and lawyers settle Mujuru’s debts
and liabilities.

‘These can be outstanding mortgages, bank overdrafts and taxes paid out to
the treasury. But Mujuru is one of many top ZANU PF officials to have
amassed so much wealth over a long period of time.

‘These people have been in power for more than 30 years and can you imagine
the impunity, with which they corruptly amassed that wealth without any
hindrance from the police or anyone,’ Zunga said.

Although extremely rich and powerful, Mujuru remained modest and assuming
and always shied away from the limelight. He however displayed a ruthless
streak when building his substantial business empire.

In 2001 he targeted white commercial farmer Guy Watson-Smith and violently
removed him off his two farms in Beatrice. Ironically he died on one of
these farms.

Watson-Smith was made to leave the Alamein and Elim farms with only his
briefcase. Mujuru sold off all his property including lorries, tractors,
irrigation equipment and household furniture. The farmer and his family fled
to South Africa soon after their lawyers filed a High Court application
against Mujuru, who had taken assets worth an estimated US$2.5 million.
Watson-Smiths lawyers in the case were attacked and assaulted.

Another insight into Mujuru’s character was to come when he sued the now
defunct Horizon Magazine over a story he felt was defamatory. On realising
that the editor of the magazine, Andy Moyse, was white Mujuru is reported to
have told the court: “If I had known white people had defamed me, I would
have shot them.”

Before his wife became vice-president, she was known for blocking a bid to
set up Zimbabwe’s first mobile phone network in the early 1990s. As
Information Minister she blocked Econet long enough for Telecel to set up.
Telecel was part owned by her husband.

In April 2004 Mujuru controversially took over the River Ranch diamond mine,
with the help of Adel Abdul Rahman al Aujan, a millionaire Saudi real estate
developer. The previous owners Adele and Michael Farquhar were forced off
the property by police at gunpoint. Despite the courts passing judgement in
favour of the Farquhar’s, Mujuru continued to occupy and mine the area.

When the Mineral Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe refused to buy the
diamonds from this mine, Mujuru flexed his muscles in the ZANU PF Central
Committee and had the entire board replaced. Allegations have been made that
the mine is being used to launder some of the diamond plunder from contracts
in the Democratic Republic of Congo, secured by Mujuru and his allies. This
is because their production numbers don’t tally with revenue.

SW Radio Africa also revealed how Mujuru’s daughter, Nyasha del Campo, tried
to set up a deal on behalf of her parents involving illegal gold from the
DRC. She and her husband Pedro live in the Spanish capital Madrid and set up
two companies there, allegedly with the help and financial support of the
parents. The deal involved shipping about US$35 million worth of gold
nuggets per month to Switzerland.

Firstar, a company with offices in Europe, said Mujuru’s daughter offered to
sell them the gold from the DRC. The company said it withdrew from the deal
when it realized who Nyasha was. The company also claimed that Vice
President Joice Mujuru then phoned their Chief Executive in Europe,
demanding that the decision be reversed.

The retired general once declared he didn’t fight the liberation war to end
up a poor man.

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Pressure Group Wants World To Deny Mugabe Arms

Johannesburg, July 17, 2012 - The 21st Movement Free Zimbabwe Global Protest
will this Saturday target countries that are arming the Mugabe regime, which
has a record of violence during elections and is on an international arms

A statement by the Co-ordinator, Den Moyo, said the 2008 harmonised election
in Zimbabwe was a blood bath due to the arms of war used by the regime
against innocent civilians.

"As we work towards the next Zimbabwean elections in 2013 there is need for
a peaceful environment to prevail so that Zimbabwean can vote without fear
of the army, the CIO and the police, the known perpetrators of violence in
the 2008 election," he noted in the statement.

"The efforts being made by some known countries to further arm the Mugabe
regime is a worrying development that should not be allowed to prevail."

"The 21st Movement is an international movement of Zimbabweans from all
walks of life who are dedicated to lobbying the international community to
take note of the deceitful regime in Harare, which claims to be implementing
a roadmap to peace, yet elements in the government are preparing for war.
This month's protest aims to stop the arms proliferation to the strife-torn

"The 21st Movement is demanding that: the United Nations adopts the
international arms embargo on Zimbabwe that has already been subscribed to
by the EU and the US; that Russia and China show that they do not support
dictators violating human rights, by not selling arms to Zimbabwe; and that
Brazil stops selling to the regime teargas, which is the most direct weapon
used against human rights and political activists."

Recent media reports indicated that the Mugabe regime had agreed to mortgage
the nation’s platinum deposits to the Russians in exchange of helicopter
gunships. The helicopters will be unserviceable in a few years while
Russians will continue exploiting our platinum for years to come.

On the 21st of July petitions under the theme “United Nations – No Weapons
of War to Zimbabwe” will be delivered to the UN Secretary General Ban Ki
Moon targeting the UN Arms Trade Treaty Conference taking place in New York,
and to all UN Offices worldwide while demonstrations will be held at Russian
Embassies the world over.

The UN Headquarters demonstrators in New York will gather at 405 East 42nd
Street NY near the UN Headquarters. In London the demonstrators will meet
at the Zimbabwean Embassy, 429 The Strand which is the usual venue of the
Vigil Protest.

David Kadzutu, the MDC UK South West District organising secretary, said,
after a briefing at the Vigil the demonstrators would go to the Russian
Embassy where they will present their petition. “We should not be shy to do
what we know is good for our country,” he said.

"On record there are three countries currently known to trade weapons of war
with Zimbabwe, namely, China (Firearms, ammunition, rocket launchers,
grenades), Russia (Military Helicopters) and Brazil (Teargas canisters).
These weapons are being purchased to wage a war against the country's
citizens as we move towards the next general elections expected in 2013,"
noted the statement.

"We believe stolen revenue from diamonds and other minerals is used to
purchase these unnecessary weapons at a time when Zimbabwe has huge national
debts to the World Bank, IMF, and the ADB, and a crumbling economy. The
Health Services, Education, Water and Sanitation sectors are in shambles
leading to outbreaks of chronic diseases such as cholera and typhoid."

Russia and China have been at the forefront of propping up the dictatorial
Mugabe regime and protecting it from scrutiny by the UN Security Council,
just as they have blocked resolutions to condemn the violence that the Assad
Regime is perpetrating on its own people in Syria."

"In August the 21st Movement will target Mozambican Embassies to deliver a
message to President Armando Guebuza, who will assume the SADC Chairmanship
that month, that he must not reverse gains on Zimbabwe attained at the SADC
Luanda Summit in Angola. In September Mugabe is expected to visit New York
for the UN General Assembly; the world must be reminded of his tyrannical
rule. We are keeping up the pressure and we know that the dictator is
feeling it, whether he acknowledges or not."

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U.S. Ambassador-Designate to Zimbabwe Says to Push Democratic Agenda

16 July 2012

Tatenda Gumbo | Washington

The U.S. Ambassador-designate to Zimbabwe, Bruce Wharton, says if confirmed
by Congress, he will work to enable Zimbabwe become a just, prosperous and
democratic state that meets the needs of its people, contributes to
development in the region, and plays an important role in world affairs.

Addressing the U.S. Senate committee on foreign relations last week, Wharton
said he remained optimistic about Zimbabwe’s future, adding his country
stands ready to “alter the current restrictions on our relationship with
Zimbabwe and to forge stronger economic and political ties.”

Wharton, who's not new to Zimbabwe after serving as the U.S. Public Affairs
Officer in Harare from 1999 to 2003, will replace outgoing Ambassador
Charles Ray, if confirmed.

The full implementation of the Global Political Agreement that saw the
formation of the unity government, he said, progress on the Southern African
Development Community’s road map toward elections, and well-managed and
credible elections would trigger the U.S. "to open a much more dynamic
relationship" with what he says is one of Africa's most important countries.

Wharton said America’s policy on Zimbabwe was not about regime change,
adding the U.S. only supports principles, not parties or people.

"However, when the right to self-determination is denied, as it has been in
Zimbabwe through restrictions on citizen rights, through political violence,
and fraudulent and mismanaged elections, the United States cannot stand idly
by," he said.

"We have taken principled steps to demonstrate our concern about the actions
of those responsible for, and those who profit from, miscarriages of the
promise Zimbabwe offered at independence.

"We will always stand up for the rights of Zimbabweans to speak, write,
read, meet, organize, and fully participate in their nation’s political

"We will not always agree with the government of Zimbabwe, but we will
always attempt to maintain a respectful and open dialogue."

Wharton, currently deputy assistant secretary in the State Department bureau
of African Affairs, said America remained open and willing to work with the
government to support free and fair elections.

Commenting, democracy manager Joy Mabenge of the Institute for a Democratic
Alternative for Zimbabwe said Wharton is coming back to Zimbabwe at a
crucial time where things could get better or get worse as the country heads
to possible polls next year.

"The politics that the Ambassador is going to come into is fundamentally
different from the politics Ambassador Charles Ray and Christopher Dell were
in," said Mabenge. "The politics when everyone else is expecting Zimbabwe to
at least get through a transition that might take the country to a
sustainable democracy."

"His politics will have to do with engagement on the issues of
re-engagement, but his uphill task is to deal with issues that are likely to
happen within the transitional politics."

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Mudede threatens to annul marriages

16/07/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter

HUNDREDS of newly-wed couples could have their unions nullified over fears
the ceremonies were conducted by fake marriage officers, Registrar General
Tobaiwa Mudede warned on Monday.

Zimbabwe reformed its marriage procedures in March by issuing new
certificates which are computerised and harder to counterfeit.

The move was part of measures aimed at curbing multiple marriages, marriages
of convenience and immigration fraud. Foreigners are now required to produce
proof from their home countries that they are not married.
Before the reforms, the country had 1,966 marriage officers – mainly
magistrates and church ministers.

But Mudede says they have only issued 1,253 new marriage registers since
March after failing to account for some 716 marriage officers.

“The figures speak for themselves. It means the difference might have been
pseudo marriage officers,” Mudede told a news conference in Harare.

“We still challenge them to come forward if they are pure (marriage)
officers to be free from this blemish. As for now, no one has come out in
the open and the marriages they solemnised in the past will be cancelled.”
Mudede said they were “working hard to reduce fraud which involves marriage
officers and those being solemnised.”

Meanwhile, Mudede announced they were banning mass weddings which are common
in churches.

“This is treacherous because one should not issue many marriage certificates
at the same time. Many reverends were just doing it for monetary benefits
and this should stop,” he said.

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Equipment donated in Mat-South

Books, wheelchairs and medical supplies donated by American-based
humanitarian organization – Compassionate Justice Intl, have finally been
distributed to various beneficiaries in the southern parts of Zimbabwe.
by Mxolisi Ncube

These were contained in a third container to be sent to underprivileged
people in the country by the organisation founded by celebrated Kansas-based
writer and humanitarian, Bob Scott.

“The container arrived in Zimbabwe in the middle of June and the
distribution began a few days later,” said Scott, who is also the CJI’s

“We donated the books and medical supplies to Hope for Mtshabezi. They in
turn donated supplies to Mtshabezi Hospital, the village of Mbezingwe and
two other groups; Days for Girls, which teaches young girls about women's
issues and Chris and Norma Ferguson, who work with 11 schools in the Matopo
Hills area.”

An official from one of the organisations paid tribute to the author, who
rose to world prominence with his touching book, “Saving Zimbabwe; Life,
Death & Hope in Africa”, which has received rave reviews worldwide.

The donated supplies included 16 000 books and more than 500 boxes of
medical supplies, wheel chairs and walkers, which were meant for the benefit
of charitable institutions and nearby schools that are struggling to
break-even, following more than a decade of an economic meltdown in the

This was the first time the organization sent a container to Matabeleland,
after the first two went to Harare, but the organization has donated several
other basics to the people in Matabeleland before.

“I will always feel the importance of supporting Zimbabwean organisations
already working in the country. I look for people who have been personally
sacrificing their time and resources trying to make a difference. The HfM
team is most all health professionals leaving here in the US, but who - out
of their own pockets, return home to Zimbabwe and try and help out. I want
to strengthen their hands by giving them something that can make a huge
difference,” Scott has said previously.

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South Africa Reports 281 Rhinos Killed This Year

Associated Press

JOHANNESBURG July 17, 2012 (AP)

South Africa says 281 of the country's endangered rhinoceros have been
killed by poachers in the first six months of the year.

The Environment Department said Tuesday that the huge Kruger National Park
adjacent to neighbors Mozambique and Zimbabwe was the worst hit, losing 164

The figures in the midyear review indicate that poaching is still on the
rise in South Africa, where 448 rhinos were killed last year, up from 333 in

The department said 176 people have been arrested since January, 153 of them
alleged poachers, with the others being couriers, buyers or exporters.

South Africa is home to some 20,000 rhinos, more than any other country.

Demand for powdered rhino horn has soared in Asia where it is used in
traditional medicines and is believed to relieve cancer symptoms.

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Zim mining has ‘huge potential'

July 17 2012 at 04:45pm

The Zimbabwean mining sector has huge potential to grow, speakers agreed at
an Africa mining congress in Sandton on Tuesday.

They said the mining sector could help Zimbabwe overcome its economic
problems and commended that country for seeking a legislative framework to
suit economic growth.

Sheila Galloway, executive director at Utho Strategic Investments, said much
of Zimbabwe's minerals were untapped.

“You have a land mass that is 60 percent rich with different minerals. Most
of these are untapped,” she said.

Prince Mupazviriho, permanent secretary of the ministry of mines in
Zimbabwe, echoed Galloway's views, adding that the much-feared
indigenisation policy was not a problem.

“Indigenisation is not nationalisation. It is not forced on an investor,” he

Mupazviriho said foreign investors were expected to find a local partner who
would then own 51 percent of the investment, with the rest belonging to the

The Mail & Guardian reported in March that the controversial law
(indigenisation) orders foreign-owned companies, such as mines, banks, and
retailers, to submit plans on how they would give up a majority share to

The government had, however, not explained how the process would be

Ted Blom, chairman of the congress, said minerals did not belong to the
government but to the country and its people.

“The government is merely a coach for intervening for a period of time,”
said Blom.

The congress identified some obstacles facing the mining industry in

“Energy still remains a major problem. There is no doubt about it,” said

The Zimbabwean government only started introducing programmes to address
energy supply in the past two years.

Galloway said her company was providing technical expertise in the
introduction of independent power producers in Zimbabwe.

The congress ends on Wednesday. - Sapa

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‘Zim minerals untapped’

July 17 2012 at 02:00pm

Zimbabwe's minerals are among the most untapped in the world, investment
adviser Sheila Galloway said on Tuesday.

“You have a land mass that is 60 percent rich with different minerals. You
have at least 60 different varieties of minerals. Most of these are
untapped,” she told an Africa mining congress in Sandton, Johannesburg.

Exploration taking place in Zimbabwe was merely “scratching the surface”.

Galloway, executive director of Utho Strategic Investments, said Zimbabwe
had a legislative framework that made it easy for investors to come into the
mining sector.

But problems with energy supply remained an obstacle.

“Energy still remains a major problem. There is no doubt about it,” she

“It has only been in the last two years that government has really started
pushing the programmes to address this issue.”

Galloway said, in the past government waited for investors to come to the
fold and this delayed power generation projects.

These were being addressed through the introduction of independent power

- Utho Strategic Investments is a corporate and project advisory business
specialising in infrastructure already functional in Zimbabwe. - Sapa

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ZESN Commends Supreme Court Ruling On By Elections


Harare- 17 July 2012- The Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN) welcomes the decision by the Supreme Court directing the President to set the election date for by-elections in three vacant House of Assembly constituencies in Matabeleland. ZESN commends the Supreme Court for reaffirming the right of individuals to participate in government. The Supreme Court has expressly showed that people are entitled to choose representatives and to be represented. ZESN further congratulates the three former legislators who instituted this court action.

The posts became vacant after three MDC legislators Abednico Bhebhe, (Nkayi South) Njabulo Mguni (Bulilima East) and Norman Mpofu (Lupane East), were expelled from the party and subsequently relieved of their parliamentary positions in 2009.

However it is sad to note that this decision has taken so long as it comes close to the end of the life of the current Parliament in June 2013. In addition, if these by elections are to be held, the parliamentarians will serve for less than 12 months making this decision a hollow consolation to the people considering the time that they have spent without representatives. ZESN also expresses similar concerns over the remaining 27 constituencies where by-elections are also due.

ZESN therefore hopes that in future such decisions will be arrived at early, at least within six months after the institution of court action. We reiterate our call to the State to uphold, protect and guarantee people’s right to political participation enshrined in the Constitution and many Human Rights Instruments that Zimbabwe is party to. End//


Zimbabwe Election Support Network

Chairperson: Mr Tinoziva Bere (0772671004)

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Zimbabwe's economy: A new perspective

Vince Musewe
17 July 2012

Vince Musewe says it is in the 'second economy' that the action is taking

The Zimbabwe economy: new perspectives

The fascinating development over the last five years or so has been the
emergence of a static and retrogressive first economy accompanied,
surprisingly, by a somewhat resilient second economy

I must disappoint my judicious readers, who may be waiting for me to deal
with the topic, "Moving Zimbabwe Forwards Despite the Politics" in this
episode as I promised. However, it came to my mind that, in order for some
to fully welcome my thoughts on the subject matter, it would be prudent for
me to first deal with the structure of the Zimbabwean economy first, which
has changed somewhat over the last few years. I shall then keep my promise
in my next instalment, where I intend to share my thoughts on how we can
move our country forwards, despite the distressingly slow grinding wheels of

I want to suggest here that post colonial Zimbabwe essentially inherited
three distinct economies:

A first economy, which is predominantly urban, driven mainly by financial
institutions, and fuelled by commercial agriculture and mining. It is within
this economy that the country's economic policy is manufactured and
implemented. It also within this economy that your politicians, bankers,
opportunists, and prophets of indigenization reside.

A second economy, which provides labour to the first economy, and consumes
its products and services. It is within this economy that the majority of
Zimbabweans reside.

And lastly, a rural subsistence economy that is, to a large extent,
dependent for survival on regular incomes from those within the second

The land repossession and the monetary policies between 2000 and 2008
effectively decimated this structure. This has resulted in the shrinking of
the first economy due to decreasing agricultural output, an unstable
currency, and lack of access to operational and expansion capital. This has
been followed by diminishing employment and consumption levels in the second
economy, and the marginalisation of the rural or third economy.

The fascinating development over the last five years or so has been the
emergence of a static and retrogressive first economy, accompanied,
surprisingly, by a somewhat resilient second economy that is no longer
totally dependent on employment from this now less significant first
economy. Added to this, are the Diaspora remittances that have, to a
considerable extent, increased disposable incomes within the second economy.
The third, or rural economy has remained stagnant, but somehow self
sufficient, mainly because it has been boosted by small holder farmers, no
longer depend on second economy income remittances.

Over the last few years, Zimbabwe's second economy has emerged as vibrant
and creative in the face of a shrinking job market. It is there that
formerly employed individuals have created their own small entities that
service the day to day basic consumption needs of the people, with little
interaction the first economy. In it are the technicians and craftsmen that
used to provide labour to the first economy. Also found in it today are
landlords, lodgers, traders, money changers, home industry housewives,
chicken growers, airtime vendors, petty opportunists, peddlers of all sorts,
drunkards and so on.

This second economy has become central in the lives of a very large portion
of the economically active population. It is highly liquid and hugely
profitable for retailers who have noticed that the cheese has moved. I would
wager that in excess of 80% of the population resides in this economy, but I
stand to be corrected by the imminent population census.

Now given the above structural and behavioural economic shifts, I strongly
believe that it is within the second economy where future economic growth
lies. It is within this second economy that considerable potential exists,
and I expect our investment and economic planning strategies ,our budgeting
processes, indigenization policies, and monetary policies to be informed by,
and affirm these developments, so that we can create an economy that
benefits ordinary Zimbabweans and improves the distribution of wealth.

This second economy is really where the action is, and I would expect our
local companies to have strategies and desires to effectively access this
sector. Some already have, but I sense some complacency by most local
companies informed by old habits and sheer ignorance to understand that
indeed the cheese has moved.

These developments present significant opportunities for those who those who
understand emerging trends.

My estimation on how we can move the economy forward despite the politics
are informed by these trends and I shall then deal with how this can be done
in my next article.

Vince Musewe is an independent economist currently in Harare. You may
contact him on

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Why Zimbabwe needs to maintain a multi-form land tenure system

July 17th, 2012

Rural farm workers

By Mandivamba Rukuni, a discussion paper in the Zimbabwe Land Series


An important recommendation of the Commission of Inquiry into Land Tenure Systems in Zimbabwe (1994) that I chaired was that Zimbabwe should maintain a multi-form tenure regime. The commission recommended that each tenure instrument be made more secure by explicitly identifying the land rights and ensuring greater continuity of those rights by the holder. Moreover, legal and institutional provisions and capacities can enforce such rights for all land, including land held under customary tenure. In this article I will make recommendations on how to strengthen the multi-form tenure system and discuss how this can be applied to improving land investment and values again in Zimbabwe. Those interested in exploring the principles, theory and practice in securing land rights for sustainable development should read my other article. [1]

Under what conditions is agricultural land bankable?

Banks and financing institutions look at two main things in financing a farming business: viability/profitability and collateral security. Viability or profitability is the first necessary condition for any financing. Farmers with a track record at a bank can continue to get financing without much separate or additional collateral security. If a farmer is making money and his/her business dealings are open to the bank, the bank will increase their trust of the farmer and their business over time. Just having a title does not necessarily lead to financing, particularly for new and inexperienced farmers with no track record of farming profitably. Banking is ultimately about trust. This point is crucial to remember in the debate on tenure in Zimbabwe (and Africa generally), as this debate has become quite ideological. In most of industrializing Asia, agricultural growth was maintained at a high level based on small farms with no collateral security because the business environment and economic policies were favourable.

Banks in Zimbabwe are also looking forward to the resolution of disputed land, as discussed in my last article. Government urgently needs to review and update the land administration systems, so that the government and local government systems, the judiciary and the finance sector all have access to one registry and administrative system that is sufficiently accurate, reliable and decentralized to provincial and districts centres, where transactions can be completed and disputes resolved amicably. Tenure security is ultimately about capacity to protect and enforce land rights.

The needs and challenges in reforming tenure

Following the Fast Track land reform program, Government is now seeking to improve tenure security for the farmers and allow farmers to use their land holdings as collateral security to raise finance for development and farming operations. The current 99-Year Lease is still inadequate for banking purposes. On the other hand, the Government is sceptical about giving freehold title for the fear that white farmers buying land again may reverse the gains of land reform. So the question is “How does policy arrive at a secure tenure that is bankable whilst at the same time maintaining the gains of land reform?” Bankability and sustainable development issues also apply to all other land tenure instruments in Zimbabwe besides the 99-Year Lease.

A quick look at the current tenure instruments

The following are the current tenure instruments in Zimbabwe:

  • Traditional usufruct on State Land for Communal Areas
  • Freehold Title for some Large Scale Commercial and some Small Scale Commercial farms
  • Short-term Leases for some Small Scale Commercial farms, and some Large Scale farms
  • 99 -Year leases for a few so far of the A2 resettlement
  • Offer letters for most A2 resettlement who still hope to qualify for a 99-Year Lease
  • Permits for Model A Old Resettlement and for A1 Fast Track resettlement

The Constitution and the future consolidated land law(s) will have to be clearer for every category of land as to what rights the land occupier will have. Land tenure security can generally be defined as the certainty of continuous use. To secure tenure, land rights for each category of land occupier have to be clear and enforceable. Each tenure regime should enjoy the same 4 categories of rights. What differ are specifics of each of the 4 categories of rights and how that is administered and enforced.


  • Use rights: rights to grow crops, trees, make permanent improvement, harvest trees and fruits, and so on.
  • Transfer rights: rights to sell, give, mortgage, lease, rent or bequeath
  • Exclusion rights: rights to exclude others from using or transferring
  • Enforcement rights: refer to the legal, judicial, institutional and administrative provisions to guarantee use, transfer, and exclusion rights and to resolve disputes.

How can all these tenure instruments be made more secure?

Here are my recommendations in strengthening further the current instruments:

Traditional usufruct on State Land for Communal Areas:

Communal Lands should cease to be State Land and the State should recognise in the constitution and law, the validity of customary rights as follows:

  • Constitutional provisions: The national Constitution should recognise traditional and customary land rights unconditionally. Whosoever enjoys such rights can legally claim them even if they do not hold a formal title, permit, lease, or any piece of paper in order to own and defend those rights. This is because the traditional systems know how to recognise customary rights and adjudicate.
  • Modernise don’t Westernise customary tenure: Customary tenure recognises the same basket of rights and is as secure as any Western title system if its integrity is restored and strengthened. While land registration may be desirable in the long run, this should be carried out in a series of well-considered phases so as to avoid prejudicing those holding customary rights to land. In essence this is process of registering the customary rights, not changing the rules of ownership.
  • Strengthen capacity of communities to administer and adjudicate: Before any system of registration can be affected, it is important to reform the laws and the local administration systems so that they have the capacity to engage and strengthen customary land rights systems. This capacity has to be built all the way down to the community level where traditional systems will continue to play a central role in administering the system. Community level land boards and administrative structures are essential for adjudication and dispute resolution as well as updating the land registers.
  • Voluntary before systematic registration: Once land administration capacity is evident at community level and well integrated and part of the modernized traditional system, then voluntary registration of land can begin. Land registration is costly for government, the community and the land occupier, and it is important for Zimbabwe to avoid systematic land titling, as the costs may outstrip the benefits. Voluntary registration to start with will eventually pave the way for comprehensive systematic titling using the evolutionary principle. GPS and satellite imagery technology has reduced the cost and speed of titling. The social and community processes, however, need time and have to be based on principles of mutual respect, mutual accountability, and mutual benefit between government, traditional communities, and customary land-rights holders in question.
  • Family Trusts and Foundations: In the medium to long run it should be possible to offer a Deed of Grant to the Family Trust or jointly held by spouses for arable and residential land. Inheritance should be with the surviving spouse and then surviving children who can anoint an heir or form a family trust or company.
  • Common property land: For grazing land and other common land the Deed of Grant should be made in the name of a Community Trust or Foundation who will look after the natural resources and pass appropriate by-laws with the power to exclude other communities.
  • Traditional Councils: The Traditional Councils from village to District level should be incorporated into the National Judicial system, including powers to constitute with other local stakeholder representatives, as a Land Board or Local Administrative Court assisted by Government officials from Lands, Justice and Agriculture Ministries.
  • Tradability: Arable and residential land should be tradable legally only between dwellers of communal lands.
  • No consolidation of land holdings should be allowed legally until Zimbabwe has reached a minimum of 50% urban population ratio and until the national unemployment figures are sustainably within single digit percentage range.
  • Foreigners: No sales of customary land to foreigners should be allowed.

Freehold Title for some Large Scale Commercial and Small Scale Commercial farms:

This tenure tool should be maintained. No sales to foreigners should be allowed. Foreigners should be allowed short to medium term rental leases on land with title deeds.

Short-term Leases on Small Scale Commercial farms:

Any leases older than 10 years should be converted to a Deed of Grant without further delay. The Deed should be granted in the name of both spouses. Where the original leaseholders are deceased, then the Deed should be granted in consultation with all surviving children so that either the grant goes to the heir-apparent child and his or her spouse. Alternatively, the surviving family establishes a Family Trust or Company with appointed Trustees or Directors making decisions. This group of farms all started in the colonial period when black ‘master farmers’ where allocated small-scale farms on a short term lease that they could convert to a title (deed of grant). Although all of them had the right to convert to title, most did not.

99-year leases for some of the A2 resettlement:

The 99-Year Lease should be strengthened as follows:

  • Compensate previous owner: Quittance will strengthen the 99-Year Lease by avoiding legal contestation. Since government has to compensate for ‘improvements only’, the lease holder should assist government by contributing at least a portion of the value of improvements acquired, as well as through annual rentals, even if initially these are nominal;
  • Include a 10-year sunset clause for land development: The leaseholder should in a maximum of 10 years fulfil State requirements in land improvements (fence, homestead, water, etc.) to be considered a serious landowner and farmer.
    • If the land holder fails to fulfil this condition in 10 years then the State should repossess the land and offers fair compensation for any improvements;
    • If the leaseholder wishes to exit before the 10 years then she/he can either sell the lease to the State for the value of improvements or sell it to another qualified A2 beneficiary.
    • Simplify the 99-Year Lease so that collateral rights and State rights have equal recourse at law in foreclosure.
    • Sale of 99-Year leases: Sales should be legal and allowed only between buyers and sellers in the same category of land reform.
    • No consolidation of holdings should be permitted until Zimbabwe is a fully industrial nation.

Offer letters for A2 resettlement:

Holders of these should be given the following options:

  • Apply for a 99-Year lease by going through the process discussed above;
  • Sell the Offer Letter either to another willing purchaser who qualifies as above;
  • Sell Offer Letter back to the State for a nominal fee and land to be reallocated on a stricter basis for qualifying.

Permits for Model A Old Resettlement and A1:

Should be revised as follows:

  • Deed of Grant for arable and residential land should be given in favour of joint ownership by spouses or a family trust. Inheritance should be with the surviving spouse and then surviving children who can anoint an heir or form a family trust or company.
  • For grazing land and other common land the Deed of Grant should be made in the name of a Community Trust or Foundation who will look after the natural resources and pass appropriate by-laws with the power to exclude other communities encroaching on their common property.
  • The system of land administration needs strengthening on similar lines to what I have outlined for Communal Lands so as to pave the way for voluntary and systematic titling and land registration. This can happen sooner for resettlement areas.

If we look at the process of commercialising land, then all resettlement land should be first and communal land last.

Need for residential land for rural citizens as part of a “Zimbabwean dream”

All Zimbabweans deserve to live in a country where there is abundant and affordable food, and that each family has a home. My recommendation is that the Government shifts its policy from emphasising expensive urban housing to encouraging smaller rural settlements. Every Zimbabwe boy and girl at attaining the age of majority should qualify for a land grant from the local community in areas designated as “rural residential areas”. The size can vary from 0.1 to 0.4 of a hectare or so. She or he can apply to any local land board with automatic title. This is also a way of dealing with the gender balance in land, affording young Zimbabweans to own their own piece of land for housing before they get married. Botswana has applied this policy successfully.

[1]Rukuni M. 1999. Land tenure, governance, and prospects for sustainable development in Africa. Policy Brief #6. Natural Resources policy Consultative Group for Africa. Washington DC. Natural Resources Institute.

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