The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Recovery prospects for Zimbabwe fade on forex woes
Tue Jul 19, 2005 3:05 PM GMT
By Lucia Mutikani

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe's long-awaited economic turnaround after six
years of recession is doomed to fail unless the government liberalises the
exchange rate and instils fiscal discipline, analysts said on Tuesday.

Official forecasts predict growth will resume this year, but the country is
still grappling with its worst economic crisis since independence from
Britain 25 years ago, marked by acute foreign currency, fuel and food

It also has one of the highest inflation rates in the world.

The central bank has put in place measures to revive the economy -- once the
breadbasket of the region -- but analysts see no prospects for success for
as long as the exchange rate stays on a crawling peg system and the
government overspends.

"A reversal will only take place if the exchange rate is liberalised so that
it is in line with the purchasing power parity," said Luxon Zembe, president
of the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce.

"Instilling fiscal discipline is also crucial," he said.

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe's administered currency auctions are only
meeting about 10 percent of the foreign exchange needs of local companies,
which are unable to import vital machinery.

On May 19, the bank devalued the local unit by 31 percent to 9,000/dollar,
and allowed it to slide further at the weekly auctions. It was quoted at
10,800/dollar at Monday's auction, bringing its depreciation since the
devaluation to 16.7 percent.

But black market rates are said to be double that price.

Analysts argue that the foreign currency crunch could be alleviated if the
government adopts a managed float system for the exchange rate.

"They have to bite the bullet and liberalise the exchange rate. There will
be an inflation shock, but it will just be once off," said one analyst who
wished to remain anonymous.

"Forex shortages are creating shortages which, together with fiscal
indiscipline, are fuelling inflation," he said.

Zimbabwe's annual inflation rate accelerated to 164.3 percent in June from
144.4 percent the previous month but is still lower than its record peak of
623 percent in January 2004.


The bank has forecast inflation averaging between 50 and 80 percent this
year, a target seen as too optimistic by most.

"We have inflation pressures coming through from money supply growth. We
also have the impact of the drought. We are likely to see inflation rising
over the next months," Zembe said. "Our inflation forecast for the year is
at around 200 percent, but that might be higher," he added.

Zimbabwe's money supply grew by 207.6 percent in the year to April after
surging by 210.4 percent in March.

Zembe said companies were operating at 30 percent capacity because of
shortages linked to the lack of foreign currency.

An estimated 600 firms had shut over the past three years, pushing the
unemployment rate to about 75 percent, he said.

The government is due to table a supplementary budget -- which analysts
estimate at 12 trillion Zimbabwe dollars to meet a huge food import bill as
well as fuel costs.

It is reportedly seeking to borrow money from neighbouring South Africa -- 
the continent's powerhouse -- to cover those requirements. South Africa
acknowledges talks on the issue may be taking place, but has given no
details so far.

Money will also be required to fund a 3 trillion Zimbabwe dollar housing
reconstruction exercise following the demolition of shanty towns that left
an estimated 300,000 people homeless.

"The supplementary budget will further worsen the situation. We must avoid
spending outside the budget. The government should try to re-allocate
resources. They must also try to ease out on price controls so as to allow
business viability," said Zembe.

He predicted that the economy would shrink by between 2 to 3 percent this
year, contrasting with the central bank's forecast of a growth rate of
between 2 and 2.5 percent.
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More fuel deregulation as shortages bite

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

HARARE, 19 Jul 2005 (IRIN) - Standing for hours by the roadside waiting for
a bus, or stranded in a queue outside a petrol station that snakes for
several blocks, Zimbabweans are increasingly used to a fuel crisis that has
defied the government's efforts to resolve.

The latest stab at the problem was an announcement last week further
deregulating procurement and distribution, and throwing the doors open to
private business to import and sell fuel at a gazetted price - an admission
that the forex-starved authorities have been unable to keep the pumps

"We have always encouraged this [the involvement of private fuel companies].
In fact, it will help augment the supplies that are being put onto the
market for the general public," the official Herald newspaper quoted
minister of energy and power development, Mike Nyambuya, as saying.

The new approach does, however, have its critics: Central Bank Governor
Gideon Gono called for fewer private companies importing fuel rather than
more, and accused some of them of misusing foreign currency allocations.

"Such abuses include diversion of fuel funds, where, for instance, the
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe had to battle for a full month with 15
fuel-importing companies which had failed to account for US $12.4 million
worth of foreign exchange allocated to them," Gono said in a monetary policy
statement in May.

In the first four months of 2005, the central bank allocated US $50.4
million to private oil companies given the responsibility of importing fuel
by means of a "Special Purpose Vehicle". Around 120 companies are licensed
to bring in fuel, but Gono wants that whittled down to 20.

Zimbabwe needs around US $750 million a year to cover its fuel bill but,
given the economy's steep decline, that figure could be far less, analysts
suggest. Previously the state-owned, corruption-tarnished National Oil
Company of Zimbabwe held the monopoly on procurement.

Petrol sells for Zim $10,000 per litre and Zim $9,600 for diesel at the
official price, and 10 times that rate on the parallel market.

Opposition Movement for Democratic Change legislator Murisi Zwizwai
predicted a boom in the parallel market if more companies were allowed to

"The black market is going to thrive as a result of the liberalisation of
fuel procurement. This defeats Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Governor Gideon
Gono's policies to reign in the black market," he said recently in

The impact of fuel shortages is felt throughout the economy. "Bread, for
example, is in short supply because some major bakeries depend on fuel for
production and distribution," said chief executive officer of the Zimbabwe
National Chamber of Commerce, Innocent Makwiramiti.

He insisted that there was an urgent need to open the market to private
companies, saying, "The government should move in fast and invite as many
procurers of fuel as possible. The advantage is that these companies have
the capacity to source foreign currency from different sources and, as we
are aware, the government cannot go it alone because it does not have
sufficient money to pay suppliers."

Makwiramiti suggested that the government play a monitoring role to ensure
the private sector did not overprice fuel, but warned against excessive
control, as this would discourage the industry.

Economic analyst John Robertson said while deregulation was welcome, it was
not enough to end shortages.

"Deregulation could help improve the situation, but the fact is that it
might take us a long while before the situation can normalise. It does not
make any sense to liberalise fuel procurement without addressing the problem
of how the government can improve the inflow of foreign currency," he noted.

Oil prices on the international market have been rising, making it even more
difficult for the government to pay for fuel. A barrel of oil now costs
around US $60, up from US $12 in 1999.

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'They won't steal my car - there's no fuel'    Basildon Peta
          July 19 2005 at 05:48PM

      Harare - Noel Mapuranga parked his car in a queue at a filling station
in Harare's dormitory town of Chitungwiza three weeks ago.

      Since then, he has failed to get the petrol he needs to drive his car
back home, five kilometres from the garage. The car remains abandoned in the
queue, alongside others.

      Mapuranga said on Monday that he did not bother about his vehicle's
safety in the queue "as I doubt that any car thief will get enough fuel to
fill and steal my car while I am away".

      His predicament echoes that of thousands of other motorists left
stranded by a four-year fuel shortage which peaked this month.

      Mapuranga and other motorists have either resorted to cycling to work
or walking to industrial areas, 25km from Chitungwiza.

      A bicyle is a luxury few can afford with inflation reaching 200
percent this month.

      "Walking has become the main mode of transportation for Zimbabwe," he

      Zimbabwean authorities had been hoping tobacco auction floors, which
opened in April, would raise money to help import fuel.

      But tobacco growers said they didn't have the fuel to deliver the
tobacco to the auctions in the first place.

      The fuel crisis has had serious ripple effects on food supply as
manufacturers scale down operations or fail to deliver orders.

      Mapuranga said he could not find sugar, cooking oil and soap.

      Other basic foodstuffs like bread are being rationed whenever they are
available at shops, with each customer being restricted to one loaf
regardless of the size of his or her family. Most Zimbabwean families range
from four to as many as 12 individuals.

      The problem is particularly dire for the hundreds of thousands of
families yet to find accommodation after the destruction of their homes in
the government's "Operation Drive Out Trash".

      Some are held at the government's holding camp at Caledonia Farm,
where living conditions have been described by a group of South African
church leaders led by Anglican Archbishop for Cape Town Njonkonkulu Ndungane
as "indescribable" and "inhumane".

      The South African clergymen have come back to Zimbabwe a second time
to discuss - with local non- governmental organisations - how best they can
raise donations to alleviate the suffering of the poor.

      To those who remain in their homes, water and power cuts have become
the order of day.

      "No words can best describe the suffering here. You have to see
everything with your own eyes to believe," he said.

      If it's true that South Africa will help Zimbabwe with a substantial
aid package, then Mapuranga says that is "music to my ears".

      "I am sure the poor here will welcome any help from wherever to
relieve our suffering..."

      The South African cabinet is on Tuesday expected to consider throwing
a controversial lifeline loan to Zimbabwe, in exchange for political and
economic reforms.

      This follows "intensive interactions" by the South African government
with the Zimbabwe government.

      Zimbabwean Reserve Bank governor Gideon Gono met South African Reserve
Bank governor Tito Mboweni and Treasury officials on Friday.

      The South African government is refusing to confirm or deny that the
expected loan is conditional on political and economic reforms by President
Robert Mugabe's government. - Foreign Service.

      This article was originally published on page 4 of Cape Argus on July
19, 2005
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SA Takes Hard Line On Mugabe Bail-Out

Business Day (Johannesburg)

July 19, 2005
Posted to the web July 19, 2005

Karima Brown, Dumisani Muleya And Jonathan Katzenellenbogen

IN YET another sign of a perceptible change of attitude, government says it
will use its financial leverage over Zimbabwe to force President Robert
Mugabe to effect political and economic change in his country.

This would be in return for a bale-out of the cash-strapped Zimbabwean
economy, and comes a week after Mugabe asked SA for a $1bn loan to help his
country stave off expulsion from the International Monetary Fund for failing
to service its debt.

Government spokesman Joel Netshitenzhe said yesterday that while no loan
agreement had been reached yet, it "is quite possible that the discussions
covered possible assistance that Zimbabwe required".

Analysts said the delay in announcing the details was due to SA wanting to
"tie Zimbabwe to a set of stringent political and economic conditions".

SA has been pressing Mugabe to speak to the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) and to institute economic reforms. Mugabe's request
for a loan, which comes against the backdrop of a rapid economic meltdown in
Zimbabwe, allows SA to make tough demands.

Netshitenzhe said yesterday SA and Zimbabwe were still engaged in talks.

"Our government has been having intense discussions with the Zimbabweans on
how we can assist them in their programme of economic recovery, as well as
matters pertaining to the normalisation of the political situation in that

He said any loan agreement would have to be tabled before the cabinet and
confirmed by Parliament before it was granted.

News that SA is considering placing conditions on its aid to Zimbabwe is the
latest sign that it is moving up a gear in its diplomatic efforts in

Political analyst Aubrey Matshiqi said Deputy President Phumzile
Mlambo-Ngcuka's visit to Mugabe last week was to warn the Zimbabwean
president to "change course" if he wanted SA's continued support. Mbeki met
MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai for talks last month.

Warm comments from both Mugabe and the MDC about Mbeki's involvement
recently are a sign that the new thrust is beginning to bear fruit.

Matshiqi said SA's tough stance was intended to anticipate the strong
condemnation that Zimbabwe was expected to receive in an imminent United
Nations report on its notorious urban clean-up campaign, Operation Restore

In a move that analysts said could prove politically tricky for SA, Mugabe
is to visit China this weekend with a similar loan plea.

Political analyst Nic Borain said Mugabe could be trying to play SA off
against China.

Borain said: "SA would not want to lose its geostrategic influence in the
Southern African Development Community to China and this might be a push
factor for SA to exercise leverage."

He said the South African public would need to be convinced that SA, which
has always enjoyed leverage over Zimbabwe, would exercise it and not be as
flexible as it had been in the past.

Mugabe, banned from western countries in 2002, has now turned to Asia for
help, and particularly China.

Meanwhile, former Mozambican president Joaquim Chissano said yesterday that
Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, current chairman of the African Union,
had asked him to serve as the union's envoy to Zimbabwe and to "consult with
the leaders of Zimbabwe".
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Hefty cheque won't change Zimbabwe - analyst

July 19, 2005, 11:30

Analysts say it is wishful thinking to imagine South Africa will be able to
dictate terms to Zimbabwe over its internal politics. Earlier reports said
the so-called clean-up campaign in and around Harare had been stopped at the
request of the South African government.

This would reportedly be in exchange for a R6,5 billion loan. However Iraj
Abedian, the Pan African Investment and Research CEO, says to date the
government of Zimbabwe has shown total disregard for efforts by other
countries to end the crisis and it is highly unlikely that a loan would
bring about any real change.

He says he cannot imagine either the ruling Zanu-PF or the opposition MDC
amending their policies simply to secure financial favour.
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Mail and Guardian

Zimbabwe: Dreaming of freedom

Michael Hartnack | Harare, Zimbabwe

19 July 2005 02:28

The Zimbabwean government has again refused to license one of the country's only independent daily newspapers, which has been banned from publishing for more than two years, the state-owned Herald newspaper reported on Tuesday.

Samuel Sipep Nkoma, chief executive of the company that published the Daily News, said on Tuesday he had not yet received a copy of the decision by the government's Media and Information Council.

The Herald reported that council chairperson Tafataona Mahoso refused the newspaper's request on Monday because it employed unlicensed journalists and had attempted a court challenge of the country's media laws -- including provisions for two-year prison term for journalists working without accreditation -- without initially submitting to the registration process.

Andrew Moyse of the Zimbabwe Media Monitoring Project said the decision demonstrates the bias of the Media and Information Council.

"It goes to demonstrate the totally arbitrary nature in which the law itself comes down to a biased group of individuals doing the government's bidding, the absence of real democracy. The idea of freedom of expression simply doesn't exist in those people's minds," said Moyse.

In a recent column in the government-controlled Sunday Mail, Media and Information Council chairperson Mahoso described "neo-liberal journalists" as "moral parasites" and said white people were "not human".

The ruling Zanu-PF party maintains a monopoly over broadcasting and daily newspapers. Only three major independent weekly papers survive while three others have been shut down. Correspondents for some overseas media, including The Guardian newspaper, have been expelled.

Police shut the Daily News down two years ago, seizing computers and other equipment and detaining journalists, including Nkomo.

In 2001, the newspaper's presses were blown up in a military-style operation hours after a government minister called the daily "a threat to national security".

No one was ever arrested or prosecuted.

The Daily News and Daily News on Sunday kept publishing through contract printers until President Robert Mugabe passed the 2002
Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act, subjecting all newspapers and journalists to a stringent licensing system.

The newspaper failed in a 2003 Supreme Court challenge to the Act, which the paper called an infringement of constitutional rights to free speech. A lower court judge who ruled the newspaper was temporarily entitled to publish was forced to flee the country.

Meanwhile, in South Africa, the Democratic Alliance has asked Foreign Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma to clarify whether South Africa will provide a loan to

This follows reports that the government is considering lending $1-billion to its cash-strapped, crisis-stricken northern neighbour.

"I have today written to Foreign Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma asking her to clarify whether South Africa will provide a loan to Zimbabwe, and if so, what the conditions are for the granting of such a loan," said DA spokesperson on Africa Joe Seremane on Tuesday.

South Africans deserved to know whether or not their tax money would be financing the regime of President Robert Mugabe, he said.

"Most members of the international community, including the International Monetary Fund, are moving towards cutting economic ties with Zimbabwe.

"The South African government must therefore be mindful of the fact that the impression will be created that we are propping up an illegitimate regime in Zimbabwe, which has shown its own people no mercy," he said.

If any financial aid is granted, it should be used towards easing the suffering of ordinary Zimbabweans.

"Unless strict conditions are attached, there is every chance that the money will be used to enrich the Zanu-PF ruling elite, as well as to finance the Mugabe regime's relentless intimidation and oppression of the Zimbabwean people."

Seremane said he had asked Dlamini-Zuma, in his letter, to give an assurance that should the government decide to extend a loan to Zimbabwe, certain conditions would be attached.

These should include, among others:

that the money was used to purchase basic commodities such as
fuel and electricity, and clear evidence was provided as proof of purchase;

that an immediate and permanent end was put to "Operation Murambatsvina"; and,

that urgent steps were taken to address the plight of the millions of Zimbabweans left homeless by this operation.

Seremane also warned that any money loaned to Zimbabwe "will have to come from somewhere".

"It was not budgeted for, which implies that some projects here at home will have to forego their financing in order to finance the loan to Zimbabwe. I have also asked the foreign minister to explain how they will finance the Zimbabwe loan," he said. - Sapa-AP, Sapa
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MMPZ Statement on Denial of an Operating Licence to Associated Newspapers of
19 July 2005

The Media Monitoring Project Zimbabwe considers the refusal by the Media and
Information Commission (MIC) to grant Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe
(ANZ), publishers of The Daily News and The Daily News on Sunday, to be a
flagrant denial of justice. The grounds on which the MIC has denied ANZ an
operating licence are misdirected and contravene the Supreme Court's
decision directing the MIC to consider a fresh application for a licence
from the ANZ.
The ANZ submitted a fresh application for a licence to the Media and
Information Commission in March 2005 following a ruling of the Supreme
Court, which determined that "the issue of registration of the applicant
(ANZ) as a mass media provider is remitted to the commission de novo." Once
the application for a licence to operate had been submitted to the Media and
Information Commission by the ANZ, it was expected that the MIC would
consider the merits of the ANZ application against existing criteria for
granting licences to mass media service providers without prejudicing the
ANZ on the basis of past lack of compliance with the law.
However the MIC decided to deny ANZ a licence "having found that the
applicant contravened Sections 66, 72, 76 and 79 (6) of the Act (AIPPA)."
Its reasons for denying ANZ a licence were:
-          The Applicant published without a licence in 2003 (Section 66 and
-          Failure by the applicant to deposit copies of its newspaper with
the MIC (Section 76)
-          The applicant employed unaccredited journalists (Section 79(6))
The MIC's reasons for refusing to grant ANZ an operating licence go against
the determination of the Supreme Court that the ANZ's application was to be
dealt with de novo (as a fresh application). ANZ has not published a single
issue since its submission of an application for a licence in mid-March 2005
and consequently, for the purposes of considering this particular
application, has in no way violated Sections 66 and 72 of AIPPA. Whether or
not ANZ had previously published without a licence in 2003 is an immaterial
consideration in this matter.
ANZ has yet to publish and as such cannot be expected to have deposited
copies of its publications with the MIC and the National Archives as
prescribed by Section 76. The ANZ could not be expected to employ accredited
journalists as its employees could not be accredited before it had been
granted a licence.
MMPZ believes these reasons for denying ANZ a licence are misdirected and
lack a basis at law. ANZ's application for a licence should have been dealt
with against laid down criteria for considering applications for licences by
mass media service providers on a 'non-discretionary" basis.
The grounds upon which ANZ has been denied a licence are irrelevant in a
process that seems designed to unduly delay the applicant's exercise of
constitutionally guaranteed rights. Furthermore MMPZ considers the refusal
by the MIC to grant the ANZ a licence as an affront to freedom of expression
in Zimbabwe. MMPZ anticipates that the ANZ will be "accorded the same
protection accorded all citizens who are law-abiding" by the judiciary
following frustration of its attempts to "comply with the law."
MMPZ believes the ruling clearly demonstrates the undemocratic authority of
the MIC to circumvent the due process of the law and the deeply flawed
nature of the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA)
that provides the MIC with this authority. Since September 2003 the MIC has
forced four newspapers to close down - all for reasons that do not outweigh
Zimbabweans' constitutionally guaranteed rights to freedom of expression.
The excessively restrictive provisions of AIPPA allow the MIC to drastically
curtail the activities of media service providers and journalists for what
amount to petty administrative "offences" and are part of a system that is
designed to undermine democratic norms of press freedom and the free flow of

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SABC news

UN envoy to present findings on Zimbabwe

The UN envoy will present findings her findings on evictions in Zimbabwe

Anne Tibaijuka, the UN envoy to Zimbabwe

July 19, 2005, 06:15

A United Nations envoy who investigated Zimbabwe's demolition of shanty towns will present a report of her findings to Kofi Annan, the UN secretary-general, in the next few days. According to the Zimbabwean government, the demolitions are part of a clean up campaign to rid urban cities of crime and illegal trading.

Anna Tibaijuka, the UN envoy, is expected to brief reporters at the UN headquarters in New York, on her exhaustive fact-finding mission to Zimbabwe. The envoy says that the report is expected to be made public by Friday or Monday.

The United Nations estimates that 200 000 people have been left homeless in the nearly three-month campaign to demolish shacks and other unauthorised dwellings. The Movement for Democratic Change has denounced the blitz as a campaign of repression and says up to 1.5 million Zimbabweans have lost their homes.

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Asylum seekers

      By Tichaona Sibanda
      19 July 2005

      Five asylum seekers in Botswana are accusing the police in that
country for failing to provide them with adequate security against suspected
security agents from Zimbabwe.

      Themba Nkosi our Bulawayo correspondent was in Botswana on Saturday
and was briefed of the security concerns of the five asylum seekers.

      Suspected Central Intelligence Organisation agents have been
threatening the group with death since their escape to Botswana.

      Two of the asylum seekers said they are living in constant fear of
being abducted by CIO agents. There is deep suspicion that Harare has
unleashed a number of agents into Botswana to trace and monitor the
activities of exiled MDC followers.

      Themba Nkosi said a number of Zimbabweans have allegedly been abducted
and tortured inside Botswana.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Demolitions 'aluta continua'

      By Lance Guma
      19 July 2005.

      Barely three days after announcing a temporary suspension of
demolitions in the cities, an office block in the Kopje area of Harare was
destroyed. According to Zimonline, the office complex at the corner of Speke
Avenue and Luck Street was mainly used by general dealers in spare parts,
coffins and wooden furniture. The government had earlier said it would give
residents and businesses 10 days in which to 'regularise their structures.
There was even talk they were easing down the operation to appease the South
African government from whom they are reported to be asking for a billion US
dollar rescue package.

      The police at the site are said to have told reporters they did not
take instructions from newspapers, an apparent reference to the Herald
article announcing the suspension of demolitions. They also said they had
strict orders to demolish the building which allegedly harboured foreigners
involved in shady deals. Armed police details used bulldozers to bring the
property down as helpless tenants watched in horror.
      Daily News Journalist Precious Shumba, says government is trying to
pull the wool over the eyes of the international community. Authorities
announced a suspension of the demolitions but are secretly continuing with
the operation. He says the same tactic was used when the UN envoy Anna
Tibaijuka visited Zimbabwe. Most rural buses were diverted to the urban
areas to ease the transport shortage and give a picture of normalcy to the
visiting envoy when the truth was that the country had a crippling transport

      Meanwhile in Bulawayo, residents who had been given sanctuary by
churches there following the destruction of their homes, have been moved to
a holding camp in Helensvale Farm, 20 km outside the city. The churches had
resisted the move until such time adequate amenities like tents, toilets and
clean water were available. It is reported they are now happy with the new
conditions at the farm but will remain in charge of the welfare of the
displaced residents in the meantime.

      Its being alleged in several reports that government is using armed
police details to seal off the holding camps in an attempt to block the flow
of information about the conditions there.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Mugabe's friends block Security Council discussion on Zimbabwe

      By Tererai Karimakwenda
      19 July 2005

      In a move that surprised no other countries on the United Nations
Security Council, nations that are friendly with Robert Mugabe again blocked
discussion of his human rights abuses during a public debate last week. The
state controlled Herald newspaper gloated on Monday, claiming Zimbabwe
continues to receive the support of the international community at United
Nations Security Council meetings. The Herald said it was Britain that
attempted to get Harare on the agenda, even though it was Canada that cited
the recent clean-up operation as an example of a crisis created by a
government's own policies against its people.

      In the debate, Canada's permanent representative to The United Nations
said "It is also important to acknowledge that humanitarian crises are not
solely the result of armed conflict. There are also those prompted by the
misguided and malevolent policies of governments towards their own
populations." In this regard, Zimbabwe's controversial cleanup operation was
an appropriate example, especially given that the UN had found it necessary
to send a special envoy into the country to investigate.

      But The Herald chose to ignore this important point, focusing instead
on how the usual suspects - India, China and Venezuela - rejected Canada's
position. Helmoed Romer Heit Man, the South Africa correspondent for Jane's
Defence Weekly said what happened last week is nothing new to the Security
Council. It goes back to the Korean conflict and how the Soviet Union used
its powers in that situation. Romer Heit Man said proposed changes by
secretary general Kofi Annan might limit the usual suspects from blocking
important issues, but they probably won't work as no country with veto
powers will be prepared to give them up.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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     Historic UK verdict shows torture is a crime without borders

      By Tichaona Sibanda
      19 July 2005

      An Afghan warlord, convicted on Monday in London of a campaign of
torture and hostage taking in his homeland, has been sentenced to 20 years

      Faryadi Zardad from South London was found guilty at a retrial on
Monday of pursuing a reign of fear at checkpoints in Afghanistan in the mid

      The warlord fled Afghanistan in 1998 on a fake passport and sought
asylum in the UK.

      This is also the first successful prosecution of its kind in the
world, which the Crown Prosecution Service described as an historic
conviction that clearly demonstrate that there was 'no hiding place' for
torturers and hostage takers.

      Faryabi Zardad's conviction will certainly send shivers down the spine
of Robert Mugabe's central intelligence organisation, which has over the
years tortured and murdered many innocent Zimbabweans.

      The CIO has also managed to infiltrate Zimbabweans in the Diaspora and
Zardad's conviction and 20-year jail sentence will worry many security
operatives in the country who are guilty of waging a savage campaign against
opposition MPs and supporters, civic leaders and anyone seen as opposing the
regime's rule.

      Torture victim and Human Rights Lawyer Gabriel Shumba is encouraging
Zimbabweans to take advantage of 'this precedent' and send affidavits to
human rights organisation that deal with litigation.

      Shumba said; 'We obviously welcome the incarceration of the Afghan
warlord, but this is the time for us to harass our torturers from Zimbabwe
and expose them to the world.'

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Today's "Herald" has a list of around 2, 578 people allocated stands in "Hatcliffe Housing Project" - and apart from about 100 stands to SIRDC, it is the very same people who were the original stand-holders at Hatcliffe Extension new stands!  Now they are going to be given back their stands!!  Or so we are led to believe - we'll believe it when we see it.
After having all their homes and building materials destroyed -and what will they use to re-build their shelters?  And how will they transport all their furniture and belongings and families back to Hatcliffe Extension?  And how will they all find out about this, when some have gone to Mozambique, Malawi, Beitbridge, etc - chased "back to their rural areas" by the police?  
And what about the 7 weeks of school that the children have already missed?  And the people on ARVs and other medication who have been without for 7 weeks already?  How many of those have died, or deteriorated drastically?  Who is going to find the orphans and tell them?
Will all the aid agencies, organisations and individuals who had invested in Hatcliffe Extension and its residents have the confidence and the wish to return, now that most of their projects and buildings have been destroyed?
It appears that the argument that the people of Hatcliffe Extension held valid lease agreements for their stands has held sway - and also that the area is in fact suitable for high density housing, despite Ignatius Chombo's amazing pronouncements in Parliament on 6 July that Hatcliffe Extension would be re-designed for Police Boarding School teachers' houses and the Open University!
As the people of Hatcliffe Extension absorb the full meaning of this latest development in their lives and decide how to react, we have to thank all those who spoke out and helped them in any way whatsoever - lawyers, churches, national and international NGOs and aid agencies, activists, individuals of whatever persuasion - THANK YOU!!  Please keep on speaking out.
NB  This is not the end of the saga of Hatcliffe Extension, or even the beginning of the end - just the end of the beginning, we hope - please stay in touch!  The struggle will definitely continue.
Trudy Stevenson MP
Harare North Constituency
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Zim Online

Clinton condemns Mugabe's demolition blitz
Tue 19 July 2005
  JOHANNESBURG - Former United States President Bill Clinton has strongly
condemned President Mugabe's campaign of demolitions which has left hundreds
of thousands homeless.

      Urging people to speak out against the demolition blitz, Clinton said
in South Africa today: "When President Robert Mugabe ploughs up
neighbourhoods that coincidentally voted against him, he should be

      Clinton's remarks at the Nelson Mandela Foundation came in the wake of
United Nations secretary general Kofi Annan's condemnation of the
demolitions blitz yesterday.

      "I understand non-interference and solidarity with someone who spoke
out against the evils of apartheid. But you can only take that so far,"
added Clinton, who hosted Mugabe for a state visit to the US in 1994.

      The incumbent Bush administration has since slapped Mugabe and most of
his senior officials with travel sanctions.

      The Bush administration has also strongly condemned the demolition
blitz with President George Bush branding Mugabe "a terrible example".

      "If you want credibility you have to fight for basic freedoms. You
can't have credibility if no-one speaks out against ploughing up
neighbourhoods," Clinton said.

      "Democracy is more than just majority rule. It is also about minority
rights and minority participation. I entertained Robert Mugabe at the White
House and tried my best to impress this on him.

      "If you want to build a modern and credible continent you have to
speak out against the sort of thing Mugabe is doing," he added.

      Clinton is in South Africa as part of a six nation African tour to
visit projects sponsored by his Foundation.

      Annan said yesterday he was "increasingly concerned" by the
humanitarian impact of President Mugabe's demolition blitz.

      He spoke as his special envoy, Anna Tibaijuka, headed to New York with
a report on her two-week visit to Zimbabwe to assess the impact of
"Operation Murambatsvina".

      Deputy UN spokeswoman Marie Okabe said Annan would receive Tibaijuka's
report in the coming days and study it
      before determining the UN's next steps on the issue.

      Tibaijuka is widely expected to deliver a damning report against the

      "The secretary-general is increasingly concerned by the human rights
and humanitarian impact of the recent demolitions of what the government of
Zimbabwe has called illegal settlements," Okabe said.

      Between 300 000 and 1.5 million people have been made homeless by the
demolition blitz, according to varying estimates.

      Before the G8 summit in Scotland, Annan also expressed frustration at
the failure of African leaders to act against Mugabe. -ZimOnline

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Zimbabwe solidarity gathering

4 August 2005

A 'gathering' is being held in support of Zimbabwean detainees on the day the High Court will be hearing applications from Zimbabwean asylum seekers against their proposed deportations.

  • High Court, The Strand, London WC2
  • Tuesday 4 August 2005, from 9.30am
For further details contact the United Network of Detained Zimbabweans in the UK (UNDZ): c/o Committee to Defend Asylum Seekers, BCM Box 4289, London WC1X 3XX. By phone on: 07904 132 448, 07865 072 926 or 07910 974 647. Or email:
Events listing is provided for information only. Inclusion in this listing should not be taken to imply that the Institute of Race Relations supports an event or is involved in organising it.
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Training intensified to ease nurse shortage

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 19 Jul 2005 (IRIN) - The Zimbabwean government has stepped up
efforts to train more primary healthcare workers amid growing concern over
deteriorating healthcare delivery in rural areas.

According to the official Herald newspaper, rural hospitals and health
centres urgently needed 3,337 nurses.

A government probe showed that 40 percent of rural healthcare centres were
serviced by untrained nurses, while rural district council clinics had a
shortage of 1,278 nurses.

Health officials have embarked on an ambitious training programme that
expects to have at least one trained nurse stationed at all rural health
centres by January 2007, after more than 6,000 graduate from training
schools throughout the country.

At least 200 of the 270 inaugural graduates of the primary care nurse
programme have already been posted to rural health centres, hospitals and
mission hospitals.

Health and Child Welfare Minister David Parirenyatwa told IRIN on Tuesday
that training more primary healthcare nurses would boost health delivery
services and that, despite the use of primary health care workers instead of
registered nurses in rural areas, national standards of medical care would
not be compromised.

"The [health] ministry will do everything to support the training programme,
in view of current staff shortages. It is our wish to have every rural
health centre staffed by at least one qualified nurse and auxiliary
assistants by the end of the year." Parirenyatwa said.

Zimbabwe admitted earlier this year that the country was still losing
trained medical personnel to neighbouring and overseas job markets, which
offered better opportunities and conditions of service. The government had
turned to recruiting doctors and medical specialists from Cuba and Egypt to
alleviate shortages.

However, despite the establishment of several commissions and boards to
spearhead the revival of the health sector over the past two years, the
shortage of human and financial resources has stalled these efforts.

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      South African Churchmen Back in Zimbabwe
      By Tendai Maphosa
      19 July 2005

A group of South Africa clerics is in Zimbabwe to meet with their Zimbabwean
counterparts. They will discuss their proposed relief campaign for those who
lost homes and livelihoods in the country's controversial clean-up exercise.
This is a follow-up visit to last week's fact finding mission by some of the

After expressing dismay at the conditions under which the Zimbabwean
displaced are living, the South African Council of Churches delegation
announced they would launch a relief campaign.

The delegation met with South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, who agreed to
support the a humanitarian effort. The clerics decided to send another
delegation to Zimbabwe to assess the level of need. The Methodist presiding
Bishop of Southern Africa, Ivan Abrahams, says the aim of the Southern
Africa Coordinating Council campaign is to support the local churches and
local and international organizations in the work they are already doing.

"There is (are) limited resources here. And, providing plastic shelters and
the limited food supply, we were saying perhaps that does not go far enough
and, again, we are going to take our cue from those people working on the
ground," he said.

As noble as the churchmen's mission of mercy seems, not every one in
Zimbabwe welcomes it. Days after their first visit, the
government-controlled daily newspaper, the "Herald",- quoting what it called
impeccable government sources as saying the clerics visit was bankrolled by
British intelligence services. The paper says the visit was what it called
part of the large campaign by Zimbabwe's detractors, pushing for a
regime-change agenda in the country. The Herald says the clerics left
Zimbabwe disappointed, after failing to secure a meeting with President
Robert Mugabe.

Bishop Abrahams shrugged off the allegations, saying each of the delegate's
fares and expenses were paid by their respective denominations. He added
that the SACC had communicated with Mr. Mugabe's office in writing and by
phone and were surprised to hear President Mbeki telling them that Mr.
Mugabe's office said it had not received any communication from the South
Africa Council of Churches.

The bishop says, although Mr. Mbeki was very keen to have the churchmen meet
with Mr. Mugabe, the meeting might not take place. "If there is a perception
that local churches and local NGOs (nongovernmental organizations) don't
have access to the president, why should a group from outside come and
create that kind of access?," he said.

Earlier this month, an African Union envoy on a fact-finding mission in
Zimbabwe left the country empty-handed after the government said the
continental body had not followed protocol when they dispatched him to
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Address Nurses' Conditions of Service

The Herald (Harare)

July 19, 2005
Posted to the web July 19, 2005


The continual recruiting of Zimbabwean nurses by outsiders has created a
serious shortage of nurses in rural hospitals and clinics, where there are
now 3 337 vacancies.

The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare has taken up the challenge and has
boosted training, although this means the poor Zimbabwean taxpayer is paying
a huge bill to train staff for this country, many of our neighbours and a
large number of English-speaking countries around the world.

Given that Zimbabweans simply must have access to decent health care, and at
a minimum, this means someone qualified within 5km, the ministry had no
option but to increase the number of nurses it is training.

It is doing more than just boost the training numbers. For the short-term it
is looking for retired nurses who are still fit and want to work to re-enter
active service. And it is training a new group of primary care nurses.

This new group of nurses should not be seen as a decline in standards. It
should be seen as re-emphasising the thrust on primary health care, and
especially preventative medicine.

At the child health level, for example, simply vaccinating all babies and
small children, monitoring progress and teaching mothers how to look after
their infants better not only provides huge benefits to the babies, but also
to those who pay for the health system.

Simply put, if babies do not fall sick they do not need expensive hospital
beds, doctors and nurses. In practical terms, halving the number of children
who fall ill through cheap preventative medicine, means that these expensive
facilities can be available when needed for the much smaller number who need
them, even in a developing country.

But, alongside boosting the output of nursing graduates and re-stressing
primary care, we also have to look at the conditions of service of our
nurses so that the leakage is reduced.

Professionals who work in the rural areas, and nurses are professionals,
they should have decent housing and most of the amenities their colleagues
in the big cities have. And if this means upgrading our rural clinics then
we must do so.

The shortage of nurses, after all, does not hit all Zimbabweans equally.
Private hospitals and doctors' surgeries in the big cities do not have
vacancies. Their pay scales, conditions of service and location ensure that
they have no problem in hiring staff.

Even the public sector in the major urban areas is not seriously hit, at
least at the nursing level. Most municipalities fill vacancies rapidly,
obviously by attracting staff from rural areas who want to move into the
cities. So it is the rural areas which bear the brunt. The more remote, the
worse off they are.

This is why, in tandem with the laudable increase in numbers being trained,
we also need to look at what can be done to make rural work more attractive.

Good housing is one way, but serious consideration should also be given to
some sort of "hardship" allowance, which will have to come out of central
government coffers since most rural areas will not have the money.

In time the problem will be reversed. In most developed countries, where
rural areas and small towns are highly developed, it is usually easy to
attract the more experienced professionals who want to leave the rat race
and raise their children in a more secure environment. Inner cities have the
most vacancies and have to recruit foreigners, like Zimbabweans.

But until that time comes, Zimbabwe must cope, and must come up with the
multiple strategy of training more health staff and thinking of ways to make
them want to go where they are most needed.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Defiant Porta Farm squatters return

Takunda Maodza
issue date :2005-Jul-19

Donor organisations reportedly providing shelter , food
DEFIANT Porta Farm squatters, whose homes were razed during the clean-up
exercise, have traced their way back to the illegal settlement and are
erecting new structures, albeit with the assistance of donor organisations.
The squatters, who were relocated to Caledonia Farm when Operation
Murambatsvina/Restore Order descended on them, ran away from the transit
camp and returned to Porta Farm last week.
When The Daily Mirror news crew visited the 15-year-old settlement on the
outskirts of Harare yesterday, the residents were busy erecting new
structures, including tents, in  defiance of government efforts to relocate
them to habitable areas.
People were busy at the farm pitching up tents, reportedly provided by the
Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace (CCJP), while basic necessities
like food, were provided by the United States Agency for International
Development (USaid) and Islamic organisations.
Chairperson for Porta Farm squatters Felistus Chinyuku told this newspaper
that most of the people transferred to Caledonia Farm had since returned to
the settlement.
"Nearly everyone who was forcibly evicted from this compound and taken to
Caledonia Farm has returned and life is going on as usual," Chinyuku said.
"The compound has more than 1 200 people now as those that had been
allocated pieces of land in nearby farms have returned after they were
ordered out of the said farms."
Chinyuku went on: "Four tents were provided to us by the CCJP and we are
expecting more because they promised to give us 12 tents. The USaid provides
50kg of mealie-meal per family and four litres of cooking oil per household.
Islamic organisations are also helping us."
She said most of the people had run away from Caledonia Farm because of the
scarcity of food and poor accommodation despite the government periodically
off loading foodstuffs to those affected by the operation.
She added: "We have received a lot of support from donors and other well
wishers. They also provide us two blankets per family."
Canned foods, labelled USaid, were all over the place when The Daily Mirror
visited the area.
Efforts to get comment from CCJP and USaid officials proved fruitless last
A woman who "escaped" from Caledonia Farm a few days ago to join her husband
vowed never to return to the transit camp, citing serious shortages of basic
"I spent a week at Caledonia Farm and I will never go back to that camp. We
were sleeping in the open in this chilly weather and we were not provided
with food or other basic necessities.
"I lied to police officers at the camp that I was going to buy food and ran
away leaving behind my children and property," the woman said.
 She said she did not have money to move her children from Caledonia Farm,
adding sneaking away with her whole family would have proved difficult.
"We were subject to abuse there. The police would on a daily basis order us
to go back to our original roots saying Caledonia Farm was only a transit
camp," the woman added. Yesterday police spokesperson, Assistant
Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena declined to comment on the return of the
residents at Porta Farm.
He said: "I will not comment on the matter."
Efforts to get a comment from the minister of local government, Ignatious
Chombo were in vain last night as his mobile phone went unanswered, while
Harare City Council's spokesperson Leslie Gwindi said the council would
consult relevant authorities on the matter.
"Council will consult the relevant ministry on the way forward," Gwindi
The war between squatters at Porta Farm and the local authorities dates back
to 1991 when the Harare municipality tried to destroy the squatter
The municipality's efforts hit a brick wall when High Court Judge Wilson
Sandura stopped the eviction in a landmark ruling (case number 3177/71).
He ruled that the residents were entitled "to inhabit their dwellings until
they are relocated to suitable permanent homes."
When the clean-up exercise hit the settlement last month, the residents
filed contempt of court charges against Chombo, Minister of Home Affairs
Kembo Mohadi and Police Commissioner Augustine Chihuri.
They argued the trio had breached Sandura's ruling and "prayed" for their
imprisonment for contempt of court, but Judge Justice Tedius Karwi dismissed
the application with costs last week.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Chebundo gives food to Kwekwe clean-up victims

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-19

AT least 200 families who were displaced by the clean-up operation in Kwekwe
last week received various foodstuffs and over 360 blankets sourced by the
city's MDC Member of Parliament, Blessing Chebundo .
Chebundo sourced the items from the business community of Kwekwe and they
were distributed through different religious groups.
Speaking at the handover of some of the donations to 136 families at Amaveni
Pentecostal Church, Chebundo said he had been moved by the plight of the
people, especially young children and the elderly who were now sleeping in
the open.
"For the past week, I was so much touched by what I saw after going round
the constituency to assess the effects of the unfortunate operation by the
government. I saw many families who were either living or sleeping in the
open, where their former dwellings used to be, or had their household
belongings in the back yards of their friends' or relatives' houses,"
Chebundo said. The Kwekwe legislator also distributed food and blankets to
93 displaced families in the high-density suburb of Mbizo.
He took a swipe at the manner in which, the clean-up operation had been
"It is unbelievable that the government has decided to embark on such a move
without giving people enough warning and time to find alternatives. In my
view, there is absolutely no amount of reasoning that can justify a
programme that 'kills first' in order to bring good living standards. Our
government has erred, and this is the reality," Chebundo added.
The government has, however, embarked on a $3 trillion reconstruction
programme that will see the resettlement of people affected by the clean-up
campaign and those who had been on the housing waiting lists of various
urban councils being housed..
More than 5 000 houses are expected to be built under the first phase of
Operation Garikai, by the end of next month.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Producers evade gazetted prices

Mirror Correspondent
issue date :2005-Jul-19

MOST basic commodity producers are reportedly evading the recently imposed
price controls by producing expensive substitutes, the Consumer Council of
Zimbabwe (CCZ) has said in a statement.
 "Many producers are increasingly evading controlled products by making sure
they supply the market with expensive substitutes, which probably gives them
a better return," read the statement.
  The trend is more conspicuous in the production of bread   where producers
are making expensive bread, rolls and fancy cakes as an alternative to
standard bread.
  Most supermarket bakeries in the city are producing "whole wheat" bread
whose price is double that of a standard loaf which cost $ 4 500.
  The consumer watchdog partly attributed the current basic commodity
shortages bedeviling the country to producers who are not happy with the
gazetted prices.
  "Producers are not happy with the prices of goods they are charging
particularly those making controlled products", the CCZ said.
   This situation has forced many retailers to overcharge most basic goods
beyond the gazetted price.
    The recommended price of a 750ml of cooking oil, for example is $ 16 000
but consumers are buying the product at $ 30 000.
    At the same time when the CCZ is calling on retailers to stick to the
gazetted prices, the organisation has maintained that regular price reviews
are inevitable if industry is to realise a good return on their investment.
   "The issue of pricing particularly that of controlled products needs to
be regularly revisited if industry is to realise a good return on their
investment", they said.
   Meanwhile, most manufacturers of basic goods have attributed the
shortages to the unavailability of foreign currency that has seen the
majority of them operating below capacity.    The country is reeling from
acute foreign currency shortages that are threatening to bring down the
industrial base of the economy to its knees.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Harare Hospital employees evicted

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-19

ELEVEN employees of Harare Central Hospital and their families who were
squatting behind the health centre's premises for over a year were recently
evicted under the on going clean-up.
The employees were ejected a fortnight ago.
When The Daily Mirror visited the hospital after the destruction of the
camp, remnants of cardboard boxes and plastics, which were used to erect
shacks, and broken furniture could be seen all over the place.
Initially the employees used to stay at compound at the hospital, which was
demolished in February 2004 to pave way for the construction of a new
The employees included nurse aides, mortuary attendants and other staffers.
The demolition of the compound did not go down well with the workers, who
then erected shacks as temporary accommodation.
The new settlement had no ablution facilities and was not fit for human
Christopher Tapfumaneyi, the hospital's medical superintendent, could not be
reached for comment at the time of going to press yesterday.
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New Zimbabwe


      Our appointment with our destiny

      Last updated: 07/20/2005 03:25:54
      "You and your generation must begin to formulate and express your
views on all and every issue. My generation is on its way out, whether we
like it or not. We have done our part, at times not as well as we might have
liked to".

      (Ndabaningi Sithole to his younger brother Masipula in 1977 from the
book, 'Struggles Within a Struggle')

      In the past few weeks, I have taken sometime to engage myself in a
serious and profound discourse on the critical issue of generational
politics. This rather thoughtful and deep soul searching experience has been
somehow occasioned by some recent events in my life. In particular, it has
been my strategic involvement in the process of setting up the first ever
national coalition of Zimbabwean civic society organizations based abroad.

      As history would have it, on 4th June 2005, the organizations based in
South Africa launched the Zimbabwe CSO Forum that consists of at least
twenty different organizations based in the country. And as fate would have
it, I was also elected to lead the process as its interim Chairperson.

      As many who know me would already know, I am that kind of person who
normally does not seek a position just for the sake of it. I do not think I
am a power monger even though I say it myself. Throughout my public
leadership career that has spanned over the past decade, I have always
regarded taking a position as a decision of responsibility and not some mere

      I have always believed that assuming a position of leadership should
of necessity be derived from a very thoughtful process. One should not
accept a post if they do not have a strong conviction about it. But even
more, one has to have a sense of visionary strength to take the organization
forward. People do not necessarily follow an individual unless if they are
convinced such a person has a sense of direction and purpose.

      That then of course brings me to one of my favorite pet subjects. I
mean that of developing a sense of purpose and destiny. There is also
concomitant with that, the need to identify with the needs of my own

      I do believe in the concept of generational politics. Generally
speaking, the leadership process is somewhat structured in a generational
level system. To be more specific when it comes to Africa, I believe we are
now at the third generation level and slowly moving towards the fourth level
of generational leaders.

      The first generation of African leaders consists of Kwame Nkrumah,
Haile Sellassie, Leopold Senghor, Jomo Kenyatta, Julius Nyerere, Samora
Machel, Kamuzu Banda, Kenneth Kaunda, Seretse Khama, Joshua Nkomo to mention
but a few. That last of such leaders includes the likes of Nelson Mandela,
Sam Nujoma and our very own Robert Mugabe, among others. These are the
so-called nation founders or fathers. (Please forgive me for my rather
patriarchal classification)

      The second generation of leaders include the likes of Ketumile Masire,
Daniel Arap Moi, Joachim Chissano, Yoweri Museveni, Jerry Rawlings, Fredrick
Chiluba, Ali Hassan Mwinyi to mention but a few.

      Then the third and current group of leaders includes the likes of
Festus Mogae, Thabo Mbeki, Olusegun Obasanjo, Benjamin Mkapa, John Kuffor,
Paul Kagame, among others. This is the group that also houses the likes of
Joyce Mujuru, Emmerson Mnangagwa, Simba Makoni and Morgan Tsvangirai, to
mention but a few. It is also the same group that has unfortunately allowed
Mugabe to overstay in power.

      Finally, I also believe that Zimbabwe has now reached the level where
we need to start talking about a new breed of leaders. This is the fourth
generation kind of leadership. It is the generation that grew up in the
post-independence era. It is the generation that emerged into public light
in the late eighties and nineties.

      This is the group that should be preparing to take the nation forward
into the future. To this group belong such famous former student leaders
like Welshman Ncube, Tendai Biti, Trevor Ncube, Brian Kagoro, Arthur
Mutambara, Tawanda Mutasa, among others.

      But what I want to say clearly and in no uncertain terms is that each
and every one of us needs to realize that they have their own generational
challenges and responsibilities. Whether we like it not, we are born to
write our own piece of history and bequeath the next generation with a
specific legacy. It is thus guaranteed to any one of us that history and
posterity await to judge us in terms of our generations contribution.

      Indeed as Ndabaningi Sithole succinctly put it, his own generation's
task was to fight for the independence of our country. This was their duty
and can never be repeated by any other generations.

      The duty of the subsequent generations was to consolidate the gains of
our 1980 independence in terms of opening up life opportunities to all
irregardless of any form of discrimination.

      Each and every one of the readers of this article should thus realize
that there is need to stop blaming the older generations for their failures.
Time is not on our side. We need to focus ourselves on our own challenges.

      The question now is how to move forward the national project
irregardless of the shortcomings of the previous generations. History and
posterity will only judge us by what we did not do and not what we felt the
other generations should have done for us.

      Our current national duty is to consolidate the gains of that freedom
and to ensure that democratic project does not collapse. That duty also
includes the need to fight and ensure that the political losses that the
country has had over the last decade or so are totally reversed. But even
more critical, our duty is to develop the country's socio-economic potential
to its full maximum. We have no excuse. Not even Mugabe is a valid excuse.
In fact he had his own Ian Smiths to deal with and he persevered until final

      This comrades, is our appointment with our destiny.

      Daniel Molokele is a human rights lawyer based in Johannesburg. He has
been elected as the Interim Chairperson of the Zimbabwe CSO Forum (South
African chapter) National Committee. His column appears here every Monday

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New Zimbabwe

Murder in the name of Marxism

By Macdonald Chimbizi
Last updated: 07/20/2005 03:34:03
KARL Marx, founder of communism, progenitor of socialism and a hater of the
capitalist bourgeois classes, has been repeatedly touted as the greatest
philosopher of all time. Fine and dandy!

But how can it be that a man whose name despots have used to justify
grotesque levels of barbarism is hailed as a hero of the civilised world?
Perhaps it boils down to a matter of interpretation. The greatest
philosopher greater than any others -- and Marx's influence has indeed, been
colossal as it was utterly disastrous.

Marx himself wrote: "Philosophers have only been interpreted the world in
various ways, the point however is to change it."

That he certainly did. Francis Wheen notes in his biography: "Within 100
years of his death, half the world's population was ruled by governments
that professed Marxism as their guiding faith."

His ideas justified the slaughter of more people than any other philosophy
since time being. His creed of 'equality and freedom' became a fanatical
religion that ruled half the world and enslaved hundreds of millions.

Under his name oppression, torture, starvation and genocide became the
routine practises of brutal governments all over the world.

Without Marx, there would be no Cold War. No Iron Curtain. No Gulag!

His influence on world affairs has been bigger than that of any other
philosopher. But 'greatness' surely means approval. How can we approve of a
man whose belief spawned so many monsters, President Robert Mugabe included?

Marx's followers and apologists might accuse me of missing the point and
being simplistic arguing he alone cannot be held responsible for those who
misinterpreted his creed, those who justify their own ends.

The monsters and dictators wilfully distracted great tracts of his
philosophy, selecting bits such as victory of the proletariat that would
resonate with their people. Marx, they rightly claim, would have turned in
his grave.

This might be true but does it absolve Marx from the horrors that have been
committed in his name?

While his followers massacred millions, Marx personally would never hurt a
fly and lived the poverty-stricken bourgeois existence of an intellectual in
Victorian Soho.

Some rulers excuse their behaviour at every turn by citing their belief in
Marxism. They are happy to kill millions of their own people pursuing an
ideal Marxist society, his classless Utopian paradise.

In 1975, Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge created their Marxist Year Zero in
Cambodia, two million were killed.

In 1974, Mengistu Haile Marian and his Marxist Dergue overthrew Emperor
Haile Selassie in Ethiopia murdering millions more.

Perhaps the most glaring abuses have occurred in Africa where Marxist
dictatorships from colonel Gaddafi's Libya to Robert Mugabe have kept our
continent in the middle age.

Mugabe, widely feted by the Liberal left when he became the first Prime
Minister of Zimbabwe on a Marxist ticket, has in over two decades in power
systematically ruined the country and turned it into a poverty-stricken
police state.

His campaigns of terror bear all the marks of a shameless Marxist struggle
against whole groups of totally innocent people where the result is
starvation, murder and tragedy.

To all those old liberal supporters of Mugabe in the West who say Mugabe has
gone mad. I reply: not mad but Marxist!

Macdonald Chimbizi, is a Zimbabwean journalist based in the United Kingdom.
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Application Seeking to Declare Police Cells Inhuman Dismissed

The Herald (Harare)

July 19, 2005
Posted to the web July 19, 2005

Fidelis Munyoro

THE Supreme Court yesterday dismissed a constitutional application seeking
it to declare as inhuman and degrading, living conditions in police cells

However, the court condemned cells at two police stations - Highlands and
Matapi in Harare - as "inhuman and degrading" and ordered police to
immediately upgrade them in conformity with set international standards.

But the court reiterated that the situation at the condemned police stations
could not be used as a reflection of what exists at all cells throughout the

Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions secretary-general Mr Wellington Chibebe,
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) and Ms Nancy Kachingwe, who was
arrested and detained at Highlands and Matapi police stations in June last
year, applied for an order declaring all police cells inhuman and degrading.

ZLHR said conditions in police cells were inhuman and degrading citing
Highlands and Matapi police stations as examples of cells that breached the
constitutional rights of Zimbabweans.

But in his judgment yesterday, Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku said
although cells throughout the country could be inhuman or degrading, it
would be unfair to use Highlands and Matapi police stations as a yardstick
to measure the rest.

"Accordingly, I cannot grant the relief sought in the draft order . . . ,"
Justice Chidyausiku said before giving an order to have facilities at the
two cited police cells upgraded.

According to Principle Six (6) of the United Nations Body of Principles, no
person under any detention or imprisonment shall be subjected to torture or
to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

It further provides that no circumstances whatsoever may be invoked as a
justification for torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading or

International norms were important in providing the court with useful
guidelines for the determination of the case.

Said Justice Chidyausiku: "I have no doubt, in my mind, that the holding
cell that the court inspected at Highlands Police Station in which Ms
Kachingwe was detained overnight, does not comply with elementary norms of
human decency, let alone, comply with internationally accepted minimum

During the hearing, the Chief Justice was accompanied to Highlands Police
Station by Justices Wilson Sandura, Misheck Cheda, Luke Malaba and Elizabeth
Gwaunza --- to see for themselves the alleged deplorable conditions.

The court found that Ms Kachingwe and Mr Chibebe were detained under
conditions that constituted inhuman and degrading treatment in violation of
the constitution.

The judges deplored, in particular, the failure by the police to screen the
rest of the cells to enable inmates to relieve themselves in private.

The court ruled that the failure by the police to provide standard
facilities constituted inhuman and degrading treatment that is prohibited by
the supreme law of the country.

"The evidence clearly established that Mr Chibebe was subjected to similar
treatment," he said.

The court declared that the condition of detention at Highlands and Matapi
as inhuman and degrading and ordered the police to take immediate measures
to correct the situation.

"The respondents are directed to take immediate measures to ensure that the
holding cells at Highlands and Matapi have toilets that are screened off
from the lining area, with flushing mechanisms from within the cells,
washing basins and toilet papers," he said, with his fellow judges

The Minister of Home Affairs, Cde Kembo Mohadi, and Police Commissioner
Augustine Chihuri were cited as respondents in the constitutional case.

Mr Chibebe and his two co-applicants had in their case wanted the cells to
be upgraded to conform to international standards.

Although the State had conceded that they were poor, it was argued that the
matter was outside the Constitution and that Zimbabwe could not afford to
upgrade the cells.

The State also argued that the rights sought by three were socio-economic
and the application was tainted in pre-suppositions that were unattainable.

Advocate Eric Matinenga instructed by Mrs Serah Moyo of Honey and
Blanckenberg represented the applicants, while Mr Collen Mudhara, formerly
with the Attorney-General's Office, appeared for the respondents.
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