The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The blood runs deep
The pain floods in
The love this land had for life
Seems dead
Wrenched from the bones
And torn from the Mothers grasp
Like an infant, stopped,
From any love to gain

This land of pain,
Wrecked hopes and dreams
Whirling dust devils,
Choking dust and scoured blood
Ghost’s of once fruitful lives
Scar empty, endless, windswept miles.
Death strides along paths
Earth is torn,
Thrown casually aside
Where broken bodies now reside

Hatred like a festering sore
Flung like grain
Scatted on the gentle winds
Nurtured with tears of rain
Takes root in souls
Hurt, from deep within

Will Life flow again?
Like gentle mountain streams
Will peace find its face?
Re-sowing grains on a gentler place
Will love ever blossom?
Unburdening those who have lost the taste
To live life in peace, not hate

Only time can heal
Never take it back
Nature will triumph -
We all know that
But as for humans
Only those who love -
Can answer that

Some do seek and
May the Gods give strength
To their lonely feet
To walk the paths that many fear
The courage to speak
For those who have no voice
And to stand tall
For those who have fallen

For in them hope lives
That from this land
Desecrated and despoiled
By mans evil hand
A new and better life shall appear
Death will still stalk as it always has
But tempered by the steel of life
Not the seeds of hatred it seethes off now

With hope renewed
The rebirth starts
And old gods walk again
So returning to peace
This once tortured place
This Country
This People
This Special Land

 © CL vn 11-6-03

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Business Day

Posted to the web on: 21 July 2005
Rebuild Zimbabwe from the bottom up
Norman Reynolds


WHEN a neighbouring government comes begging - having broken all the rules
of international membership and turned against its people - for the means to
keep its economy going and to feed its people, what does one do?

The first point is to distinguish between that government and the plight of
its people, almost all of whom are innocent victims of its demagoguery. This
means that help must be given, and fast. It also means that the terms of the
loans become the only lever available to help restore democracy and wealth.

Another consideration is that other countries to which Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe is appealing for funds will demand farmland, minerals and
future exports in payment; measures that help Mugabe to pawn the country
cheaply to stay in power.

We must forget about any first requirement for a government of "national
unity" in Zimbabwe. That is not on - not because the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change so distrusts the ruling Zanu (PF), as SA should after the
many broken promises to President Thabo Mbeki. But because that presumes
such a venture will lead to ordered elections. Zanu (PF) has not won the
past four elections and will not win any other. It therefore does not want a
national unity government.

Rather than seek conditions that the Mugabe government must promise to keep,
SA can set up a reformist programme that builds citizen competence and
ownership through economic rights programming. This would rebuild the
economy by creating local demand for locally produced goods. Later,
infrastructure projects will come into their own but, at first, in an
economy with little or no demand for goods and services, they cannot be used
or paid for.

The equivalent in Zimbabwe dollars of the delivered electricity, fuel, food
and so on that Zimbabwe needs, and that SA can provide and finance, should
be deposited into a trust in Zimbabwe. This should be run by acceptable
trustees from the region and Zimbabwe to form a partnership body between
government, citizens, civil society, the African Union and the international

The trust should then invite all Zimbabweans to organise locally, to
reconstruct communities, and to register so that they can receive two
"rights" - child and investment.

All children would receive child rights grants monthly, administered by all
adults under the ubuntu injunction, "all children are my children". These
monies would buy local produce to feed all children under 18 within a
differentiated market that rewards local production. Part of the payments to
community members would be "taxed" to pay for all school fees. This rewards
local organisation and production and circulates money locally three times
or so for public purposes before it becomes privately earned, when it
departs to central places.

The investment rights provide funds to adults in each community. These are
first used to invest, together with a large locally contributed labour
input, to build the community's productive base.

Together, these rights funds rapidly restore citizen participation and
ownership, and community security and responsibility by building working
local economies. Upon these, the national economy can be restored quickly.
Having a high local income multiplier, they will generate considerable
taxes - perhaps 70% of the outlay. SA can recoup its loans by sharing the
risk; it can agree to receive 25% of the extra tax above an agreed norm,
which it could return to the trust.

SA also needs such a local economic development model that builds competent
citizens and communities able to be partners to government.

?Reynolds is a development economist and chairman of
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From: Trudy Stevenson
Sent: Thursday, July 21, 2005 4:50 PM
Subject: legal action against Harare CC re Murambatsvina as discussed at Mt
Pleasant public meeting

Harare residents who are having difficulty accessing their building plans or
other documents at Harare City Council are requested to report this to Mr
Masunda on 300469 or to CHRA attention legal officer on 753454 giving your
name, stand number and the date and place where you tried to access which
documents - or whatever other difficulty you have had.  CHRA's e-mail is

Mr Masunda is also interested in hearing from those who are being made to
pay unreasonable charges for "regularisation", borehole/well registration

Please pass this information on to others - thank you.
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 Zimbabwe: Complex Emergency Situation Report #1


Zimbabwe continues to suffer from a combination of a collapsing economy, the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS, the residual effects of four years of drought, and detrimental Government of Zimbabwe (GOZ) policies that prevent economic and agricultural recovery. Zimbabwe is in its sixth consecutive year of economic decline and is unable to maintain the infrastructure necessary for agricultural production, water and sanitation services, power facilities, and fuel requirements. The economic crisis is, in part, the result of the government's land redistribution program that has destroyed Zimbabwe’s formerly productive agricultural sector.

Since May 18, 2005, the humanitarian situation has deteriorated in Zimbabwe’s urban and peri-urban areas with the launch of the GOZ’s Operation Murambatsvina, or Operation Restore Order. The operation is a massive campaign to demolish informal dwellings and businesses in the country’s major cities that has affected approximately 374,000 people, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

While preliminary results from the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) indicate that numbers of people in need of food assistance will peak in January 2006 at 2.9 million, others speculate that the numbers could actually reach much higher if assumptions made in the ZIMVAC assessment do not hold true. The poor 2004/2005 crop harvest, the GOZ’s Operation Restore Order, high levels of inflation and unemployment, declining access to basic services, and limited import capacity have aggravated the humanitarian situation and will likely increase the number of Zimbabweans in need of humanitarian assistance.

Total FY 2005 USAID/OFDA Assistance to Zimbabwe: $4,410,540

Total FY 2005 U.S. Government (USG) Humanitarian Assistance to Zimbabwe: $16,020,540


Operation Restore Order. Since May 18, the GOZ has destroyed thousands of low-income dwellings, as well as informal markets and stalls in major urban centers, including Harare, Bulawayo, Gweru, Mutare, Kariba, Chipinge, and Victoria Falls. The demolitions have resulted in massive evictions of urban households and the end of many informal businesses. The campaign is targeted at people deemed to be living in illegal housing or involved in illicit trade. According to the GOZ, the operation is necessary to destroy the illegal and expanding informal market for basic goods and foreign currency, eradicate illegal houses, and promote urban beautification. However, the campaign has affected the poorest and most vulnerable Zimbabweans and has been carried out before alternative shelters were available to those who have been made homeless and without adequate GOZ planning and capacity to provide humanitarian assistance to those affected in a manner consistent with internationally-accepted standards. In recent weeks, the campaign has expanded to include the destruction of homes and buildings in low-density and more affluent urban areas and in rural areas, focusing on newly resettled farmers in commercial farming areas. According to international media reports, despite a GOZ announcement that Operation Restore Order had been halted, house demolitions continue.

As of July 14, IOM reported that approximately 374,000 people have been affected by Operation Restore Order. According to international media reports, as of July 8, five people, including two children, have been killed in these demolitions. The U.N. reported that households displaced by the demolitions are moving in with relatives or friends, finding alternative housing in urban areas, or are being taken by the GOZ to transit camps such as Caledonia Farm in Harare and Sports Oval in Manicaland, or are traveling to rural areas. Others are sleeping in the open -- either in the location of their destroyed housing or in roads and parks -- exposed to the extreme cold of the winter. Residents in some neighborhoods have reportedly been forced to tear down their own homes and businesses before the police arrive to avoid paying a fine.

Some urban residents note that there have been significant increases in housing rent as a result of Operation Restore Order. According to the U.N., the humanitarian needs of the displaced include food, potable water, sanitation, temporary shelter, health services, transportation, and relief commodities such as blankets and soap.

Urban livelihoods at risk. In addition to the assets confiscated or destroyed by the GOZ during Operation Restore Order, including housing used to support small business activities, approximately 30,000 vendors have lost their livelihoods as a result of the confiscation of goods and commercial assets, as well as the destruction of tens of thousands of street vendor stalls, informal markets, and vegetable gardens planted by the urban poor. In addition, the police have arrested some vendors, who have been fined for contravening laws on the sale of goods.

Although no recent official estimate of the size of Zimbabwe’s informal sector exists, a joint Consumer Council of Zimbabwe (CCZ) and USAID’s Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) survey in 2001 suggested that more than 50 percent of the urban population depended on the informal sector. With an unemployment rate of more than 70 percent and a greater reliance on the informal sector, the demolition campaign has exacerbated the already precarious situation of a large proportion of urban households whose livelihoods depended on a wide range of informal activities.

Food security in urban areas is also at risk due to the rising cost of living and shortages of basic food commodities. According to FEWS NET, high levels of inflation, the increase in staple food prices, and low incomes continue to erode the purchasing power of the majority of urban households. Shortages of basic commodities, such as maize meal, sugar, milk, and cooking oil, reemerged in April 2005 and led to hoarding and opportunistic resale at exorbitant prices on the parallel market, according to FEWS NET. In addition, critical shortages of fuel and rapidly escalating fuel costs are having devastating effects on transport availability and commuting costs.

U.N. conducts an assessment of Operation Restore Order. From June 26 to July 9, the U.N. Special Envoy to the Secretary General, Anna Tibaijuka, Executive Director of the U.N. Human Settlements Program (UN-HABITAT), traveled throughout Zimbabwe to assess the humanitarian impact of the ongoing operation and needs of the affected populations. Based on meetings with GOZ and local authority officials, affected communities, and representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and U.N. agencies, the Special Envoy is expected to provide an assessment of Operation Restore Order to the U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan during the week of July 18.

Food insecurity in rural areas continues to increase. Zimbabwe’s harvest during the 2004/2005 agricultural season was poor and below last year’s production. Preliminary ZIMVAC results estimate the 2004/2005 maize production at 600,000 metric tons (MT). According to FEWS NET, in the provinces of Midlands, Mashonaland, and Manicaland, some districts harvested a small amount of cereals; however, crop production in the rest of the country’s rural districts was poor. As a result of much higher maize grain prices in areas with negligible production, such as the southern districts of Masvingo, Manicaland, and Matabeleland provinces, households are heavily dependent on grain supplies from the state-controlled Grain Marketing Board (GMB). However, FEWS NET reported that GMB supplies are erratic and grossly inadequate due to low grain reserves and shortages of trucks and fuel to transport the available grain to deficit areas.

To meet this year’s crop production deficit, the GOZ announced plans to import 1.2 million MT of maize, which is to be sold by the GMB at subsidized prices. Given the high rate of inflation and chronic shortages of foreign currency, fuel, and power, doubts have been expressed to date over how the country’s economy can afford to import that amount of food.

Provision of international emergency food assistance. In June 2004, the GOZ informed donors that the country would no longer need international food assistance and requested that the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and other relief agencies halt large-scale food relief operations in Zimbabwe. In June 2005, the GOZ told donors and WFP that food assistance would be welcome, although the GOZ has not launched an official appeal for international assistance. However, the GOZ has not provided necessary detailed information about Zimbabwe’s food needs and has not removed bureaucratic obstacles to the provision of emergency food assistance. WFP and NGOs continue to face delays in the issuance of import licenses for food aid. In addition, the GOZ has not yet signed Memoranda of Understanding with WFP and NGOs allowing unfettered access to affected populations in order to conduct humanitarian activities and distribute food assistance to beneficiaries selected on the basis of need.


On October 29, 2004, U.S. Ambassador Christopher William Dell redeclared a disaster in Zimbabwe due to the ongoing complex emergency and significant humanitarian needs. To date in FY 2005, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $16 million in emergency humanitarian assistance in response to the complex emergency crisis in Zimbabwe.

To date in FY 2005, USAID/OFDA has contributed more than $4.4 million to support Zimbabwe’s humanitarian needs in the sectors of food security, agriculture, water and sanitation, and nutrition. As part of this assistance, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $1.8 million to help displaced Zimbabweans by providing relief commodities and services in Zimbabwe. To address water and sanitation needs, USAID/OFDA is contributing more than $1 million to rehabilitate rural water points in Masvingo Province and to provide emergency water and sanitation services in Matabeleland South Province. In addition, USAID/OFDA is providing $500,000 to assist food insecure households in growing and efficiently producing vegetables in household nutrition gardens for their own consumption and to earn additional income in the provinces of Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, and Matabeleland North. USAID/OFDA is also contributing more than $500,000 to implement a livelihood recovery program focused on improving food security as well as water and sanitation facilitates for highly vulnerable households in Manicaland Province. USAID/OFDA is providing more than $420,000 to enhance food security and restore degraded land through a livestock credit program in Matabeleland North Province.

To date in FY 2005, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) has provided 19,350 MT of P.L. 480 Title II emergency food assistance, valued at more than $11.6 million. In FY 2004, USAID/FFP provided a total of 113,521 MT of P.L. 480 Title II emergency food assistance, valued at more than $68.1 million. USAID/FFP programs are implemented in Zimbabwe through WFP and the Consortium for Southern Africa Food Security Emergency (C-SAFE), an emergency food assistance program comprised of CARE, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), and World Vision International.

Implementing Partner
Assistance to displaced Zimbabweans
Water and sanitation
Masvingo and Matabeleland South
Food Security/Agriculture, Water and sanitation
Food Security/Agriculture, Nutrition
Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, and Matabeleland North
Food Security/Agriculture
Matabeleland North
6,850 MT of P.L. 480 Title II Emergency Food Assistance
12,500 MT of P.L. 480 Title II Emergency Food Assistance

Notes: (1) USAID/OFDA funding represents committed and/or obligated amount as of July 20, 2005.

(2) In addition to FY 2005 contributions, FY 2004 carryover stocks of approximately 50,000 MT are available for distribution in Zimbabwe in FY 2005

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UN report on Zimbabwe removals to be made public

July 21, 2005, 06:15

A report from a United Nation's fact-finding mission on Zimbabwe's
demolition of shantytowns has been turned over to the Harare government and
it is to be made public tomorrow or Monday.

Anna Tibaijuka, the UN envoy who led the UN mission in Zimbabwe, will
release the document during a press conference in New York. On Tuesday, the
UN gave the Zimbabwean government 48 hours to review an advance copy of the

The UN estimates that around 200 000 people have been left homeless in the
campaign, which lasted almost three months. Zimbabwe has defended its urban
renewal campaign saying it is aimed at getting rid of crime and grime in and
around major city centres.

Meanwhile, the South African Council of Churches (SACC) has launched an
initiative to help homeless Zimbabweans who have been left destitute during
their country's clean-up operation. The "Operation Hope for Zimbabwe" was
launched in consultation with Zimbabwean churches. The campaign will provide
immediate relief in the form of blankets, food, water and medicine, to all
Zimbabweans affected by the government's campaign involving the demolition
of informal housing. The SACC has invited all South Africans to contribute
to the campaign.

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London SE1 Community website

Kate Hoey opens Zimbabwe's In Praise of Women exhibition at Oxo Tower
20 July 2005 LeighHatts

 "Livelihoods, homes and reason for living are being destroyed on the whim
of a dictator" said Kate Hoey MP at the opening of a Zimbabwe sculpture
exhibition on Oxo Tower Wharf.

The Lambeth North MP and Chair of the All Party Group for Zimbabwe, who has
made two secret trips to Zimbabwe, warned that the country was in an even
worse state than a year ago with thousands of farmworkers displaced.

She condemned the use of secret agents to prevent a true picture of the
country from being freely reported.

"We need to be positively critical of South Africa" said Kate Hoey who
described seeing government helicopters supplied with spare parts from South
Africa flying over devasted areas of cleared housing.

Before opening the In Praise of Women III exhibition, Kate Hoey noted that
the sculpture park on road from Harare airport has been destroyed. The work
on show at the Oxo Tower she described "as good and creative".

Over 55 artists, the majority being Zimbabwean women, are represented in the
display of stone sculptures which are for sale. The work is being toured by
the not for profit African Millennium Foundation.

a.. In Praise of Women is at on Oxo Tower Wharf until Bank
Holiday Monday 29 August; 11am-6pm; admission free.
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The Star

      SA's golden opportunity
      July 21, 2005

      By the Editor

      The R6-billion loan Zimbabwe is seeking from South Africa should be
seen as a gilt-edged opportunity and not a burden by the South African
government. In the spirit of President Thabo Mbeki's "quiet diplomacy", it
is unlikely that the conditions attached to the loan would be proclaimed in
a public statement. It is unlikely even that a formal agreement which
dictates to the Zimbabwean government how they should run their country
would be considered.

      Part of the problem of Zimbabwe is that near-absolute power is
invested in President Robert Mugabe, without whom there will be no
negotiated solution to their crisis. And as any regional leader will tell
you, Mugabe will not be told what to do. Whenever anybody has thought about
turning the screws on the rogue leader, he has responded with insolence and

      Expect a watered-down agreement which will speak of the R6-billion
being part of South Africa's economic assistance programme to a beleaguered
neighbour. Part of this package should and hopefully will include some
expert advice and planning to set the former breadbasket of southern Africa
on a road to economic recovery.

      Reports from Harare indicate that "Operation Murambatsvina", which has
seen the destruction of thousands of shacks on the periphery of the capital
and left more than 200 000 people homeless, has come to an abrupt halt. For
the time being at least, Harare is sending the right signals. Unfortunately
this has not been the case for press freedom with the Daily News, once
Zimbabwe largest selling newspaper, again denied a licence to publish.

      Should South Africa grant this substantial loan to Zimbabwe, it will
constitute a short-term solution to the Zimbabwe problem. For a few months
there will be some fuel, some food on supermarket shelves and some money for
civil servants. But with an economy in freefall and an experiment gone
horribly wrong, Pretoria should see this as its best opportunity to help
save Zimbabwe, bring about real change and place our northern neighbour on a
path to political and economic rehabilitation.

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Cape Times

      Aid people but ...
      July 21, 2005

      It was with considerable disbelief that I read of our Finance Minister
Trevor Manuel and cabinet officials entertaining thoughts of baling out that
despot across our northern border.

      President Robert Mugabe has singlehandedly destroyed a once vibrant
rich country.

      Now with a total lack of fuel, power, and with his people starving, he
comes cap in hand to his South African neighbours, having just contracted
the Chinese to supply him with $100 million worth of fighter planes.

      We must assist the Zimbabwean people on condition that:

      .. The fighter plane contract is cancelled immediately.

      .. An amiable alliance is struck with the government's opposition.

      .. No further farms are removed from their rightful owners .

      .. No money is transferred into Zimbabwe - food, fuel and power is
supplied by companies and government utilities from South Africa.

      Should any of these conditions not be met, the South African taxpayer
should not be made to underwrite Mugabe's abject failure in running his
      Sandy Veitch

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What is this mumbo jumbo of talks about talks? Is there any need for talks
in Zimbabwe and if so who should talk and to whom and about what?

There is no doubt that any stand-off in politics will always assume two
dimensions, one of the use of force, which I shall call the Bush theorem and
dialogue or simply the  Annan theorem. But before parties can talk, there
must be a reason to talk and not only that but that demands are clearly
outlined for the negotiating team. The logic of negotiation dictates that
the person with most fire power gets the lion's share because he/she is
negotiating from a point of advantage. The weaker party will settle for the
political left-overs, caught between demise and duress. Is it possible to
enter a political settlement where both parties are at win-win situation?
That being rare in fully fledged democratic societies, makes it even a sad
reading for a politically fragile country like Zimbabwe. For the success of
the talks about talks, one party must be prepared to surrender its identity
and go through a political metamorphosis for the sack of national survival.
Will this be ZANU (PF) or MDC?

Although coming to a negotiating table is a sign of political maturity and
relevance, neither MDC nor ZANU (PF) have any reason to negotiate. ZANU (PF)
claim to have worn more than 2/3 majority in the March 2005 parliamentary
elections, and they are right because we have accepted it both in theory and
in practice, stolen or not stolen its time to shut-up. MDC claim the
elections were rigged of course they were and will always be for as long as
ZANU (PF) is in power. Are we negotiating for a rerun of the elections if so
then we risk being in the political oblivion for being not squaring up for
the political grade. Are we suggesting that we get a quarter system of the
cabinet posts if so why? Under whose presidency? We are negotiating at the
time we have fewer parliamentary seats than the first aborted talks, at a
time that Mugabe can change the constitution using his 2/3 majority in
parliament and worse still against a successful operation murambatsvina to
which no body raised a finger.

The only reason why ZANU (PF) will want to negotiate is not much for the
power which they have but for the economic reason. Mugabe intends to use MDC
to prop up a butted image internationally. Get the IMF and World Bank to
resume its financial rescue packages. Oh! By the way, Grace also misses
shopping in London, New York and Paris, this can only come about if MDC
baptise the marooned ZANU (PF) into a born again child. I do not think ZANU
(PF) needs any rescue financial package when they are busy destroying the
production line turning the country into a nation of food aid recipients.

The demands for negotiations should be narrowed to 3 specifics, that Mugabe
must go, that a new constitution must be enacted and pass through a
referendum, and finally there must be the restoration of the rule of law.
There will be a transitional process to which all stack holders must be
involved, the NCA, the Churches, Civic organizations and political parties.
Unfortunately the process will have a ZANU (PF) moderate as the head of
state if ever there are any moderates in ZANU (PF). Of course ZANU (PF)
would not want to be seen to have lost everything in the process. Whether it
is acceptable to have a ZANU (PF) head under a close scrutiny by a
transition committee bound by a new constitutional frame work is debatable.

We must also learn from the previous talks, the Lancaster Conference of
1979, the ZAPU-ZANU talks of the 1988. What if Mugabe decides to merger with
MDC? Although of political mirage, it will work out in favour of MDC. Those
on the table must ensure that the new party be called MDC. The party symbol
must change from a clenched fist to an open palm. The Head quarters of the
new party must be moved to Mbare to give it a face lift that it needs most.
The retiring age for the president must be 65 years. Party president must
not exceed two terms whether for party or national position. Let us make
sure that it's Mugabe who demands talks not MDC.

Elliot Pfebve

Lecturer & political analyst
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NZ wants China to link Zimbabwe aid to rights

July 21, 2005, 06:30

New Zealand, leading a push to isolate Zimbabwe on the sporting field, said
today it wants China to ensure that any aid it gives to the troubled African
nation does not directly benefit Robert Mugabe, the Zimbabwean president.

Mugabe is due to arrive in Beijing on Saturday as Zimbabwe, isolated from
the West over policy differences including its land seizures, explores
alternative lines of credit with countries like China and Malaysia under
Mugabe's "Look East" policy.

A foreign ministry spokesperson said New Zealand and Chinese officials would
meet in Beijing before Mugabe's visit and that Chinese aid for Zimbabwe
would be discussed.

"We are aware that Mugabe will be in Beijing soon and we are also aware that
the Chinese do provide some support for the Zimbabwe government and have
some development projects in Zimbabwe," the spokesperson said. "We'll be
making the point to them that we think it's important that assistances to
Zimbabwe be channeled in such a way that it goes directly to projects ...
and can't be subverted by Mugabe for his own uses," he said.

New Zealand is leading an international move to ban Zimbabwe from world
cricket over concerns about human rights abuses by Mugabe, which it says
have left a third of a million people people homeless.

New Zealand was also raising its concerns over Mugabe's regime to members of
the UN Security Council, the official said.

The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have withheld fresh
support for Zimbabwe since 1999, aggravating an economic crisis shown in
chronic shortages of foreign currency and fuel, unemployment of more than
70% and one of the world's highest rates of inflation.

The European Union and the United States have also slapped travel sanctions
on Zimbabwe's ruling elite, but Mugabe says these have effectively
translated into economic sanctions affecting the country as a whole. -

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The Herald

ZNCC temporarily closes Chimoio office

By Colleta Ngwenya
THE Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC) has temporarily closed its
Mozambique link office in Chimoio citing low business, an official said this

A product of twinning arrangements between the cities of Mutare and Chimoio,
the Chimoio link office is the only ZNCC one of its kind outside Zimbabwe's

The office was opened in 2003 specifically to facilitate trade between the
two Southern African countries.

ZNCC chief executive Mr lnnocent Makwiramiti told Herald Business that the
volume of business was not sufficient to warrant its continued opening. He
emphasised that the closure was only a temporary measure to give them time
to implement new strategies before considering their next move. The office
is expected to re-open before the end of the year.

"We have temporarily closed the Chimoio link office but by the end of year
business will be back to normal," said Mr Makwiramiti.

"Right now, we are working on modalities on how best we can restrategise
operations to boost operations in Mozambique."

The office was set up to assist ZNCC members with the registration of their
companies in Zimbabwe's eastern neighbour, translation services, market
research and organising and facilitating the participation of Zimbabwe and
Mozambique businesspeople at trade fairs and road shows in both countries.

Apart from the above services, the office also offered legal services and
joint venture facilitation.

Meanwhile, ZNCC said it is carrying out a survey on goods that are in demand
in Mozambique so that the local business people can seize the opportunity to
supply such goods and even services.

Until recently, Zimbabwean traders were taking advantage of the long, porous
Eastern Highlands border to smuggle basic commodities into Mozambique where
they fetched higher prices.
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Stuff, New Zealand

Black Caps in 'grave danger' in Zimbabwe
19 July 2005

New Zealand's tough stance against human rights abuses in Zimbabwe has
exposed the Black Caps to "grave danger" if they undertake their
controversial cricket tour, a leading human rights campaigner says.

Judith Todd, the daughter of New Zealand-born former prime minister of
Rhodesia Sir Garfield Todd, said nobody could guarantee the cricketers'
safety and the main danger was President Robert Mugabe himself.

Most Kiwis assumed the team would be at risk only if the hundreds of
thousands of people left homeless in a bulldozing campaign revolted.

But Mr Mugabe was "irrational", "consumed with hatred" and backed into a
corner, Ms Todd said. New Zealand efforts to get the world community to act
against him could make the Black Caps a target.

New laws imposing 20-year prison terms for criticising the Mugabe regime it
impossible for the Black Caps to wear black armbands in protest, as some
activists had suggested.

"I am in grave fear for the safety of the cricketers . . . No one in
Zimbabwe is safe from President Robert Mugabe.

"If his clinging on to power is challenged, he will do anything to destroy
what is opposing him. And if he feels completely frustrated, he will hit out
at, for example, citizens of a country whose foreign minister has actually
said New Zealand will be pursuing the possibility with the United Nations of
bringing Robert Mugabe to account for crimes against humanity."

New Zealand officials at the United Nations are lobbying security council
members to act against Mr Mugabe, who is accused of bulldozing 65,000 homes
occupied by people who opposed him in the April election.

Human rights groups estimate at least 320,000 have been left homeless,
including pregnant women and orphans.
A New Zealand Cricket spokesman said extensive efforts had been made to
ensure team safety and the security situation was being monitored daily.
Players are yet to discuss if they will engage in any protests on tour.

Green co-leader Rod Donald has been pressing the Government to adopt a bill
making it illegal for any recognised sporting body to organise tours to
Zimbabwe but has met point-blank refusals.

Foreign Affairs Minister Phil Goff says outlawing the tour would be a step
too far, but Mr Donald kept up the pressure yesterday by issuing legal
advice showing the move would not breach the Bill of Rights.

The opinion, by Russell McVeagh partner James Palmer and solicitor Andrew
Butler, says travel bans are "legitimate" to bring pressure on repressive
regimes and the "minimally intrusive" bill is consistent with the Bill of

Meanwhile, Ms Todd, who was stripped of her Zimbabwean citizenship in 2001
for opposing Mr Mugabe, showed a smuggled video of the bulldozing campaign.

Images include a woman breastfeeding a child on piles of rubble and families
huddling beneath makeshift shelters in "processing" camps where many of the
homeless have been sent.

The video - filmed by Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum - shows the
clearances, which began on May 22 in Harare but have spread across the
country. Shots show bulldozers smashing through solid concrete walls in what
Mr Mugabe has claimed were rickety shantytowns.
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New Zimbabwe

New political party seen contesting Zimbabwe election

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 07/21/2005 07:38:20
WIDENING rifts within the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
and growing public disillusionment with Zanu PF are propelling the emergence
of a new opposition party in Zimbabwe.

A media campaign is already underway by the proponents of the "third force"
or "third way" project which is also backed by former information minister
Jonathan Moyo, MP.

The 'third way' option has also been endorsed by two prominent journalists,
Geoffrey Nyarota and Trevor Ncube, who say the MDC has failed to mobilise
around Zanu PF's unpopularity.

The MDC has lost two parliamentary elections and a presidential poll with
Tsvangirai at the helm. In recent weeks, the party has been riven by
divisions over what course of action to follow, with a growing feeling that
Tsvangirai has lost the spirit to fight.

Writing in the Zimbabwe Independent last week, Moyo provided the clearest
indication yet that planning for the new party was at an advanced stage.
Moyo believes there are senior figures within both the MDC and Zanu PF who
are ready to jump ship and join the cross-party movement.

"Mugabe is now a leader of a shelf party that exists only in name, even with
those seemingly high numbers in parliament because, in real terms, the
hearts and minds of the bulk of its members have ideologically emigrated to
a new all-inclusive third way beyond current party boundaries," Moyo wrote.

The shaping up of the new party was boosted by the resignation of Zanu PF
central committee member and former MP Pearson Mbalekwa two weeks ago. It is
thought that more senior Zanu PF officials will follow Mbalekwa as the
presidential elections set for 2008 draw closer.

Sources close to Moyo, a former university lecturer and leading African
academic, said he had no interest in leading the new party, preferring
instead to be a strategist.

"Moyo's view is that when the party is finally set-up, a popular candidate
should be elected, whatever their background. He believes that if that
candidate is backed by all opposition groups, Zanu PF can be voted out of
office. He has no interest in leading this new party," said the source.

Nyarota, also writing in the Zimbabwe Independent, said: "The forces
campaigning against Mugabe's dictatorship lack cohesion and unity of
purpose. The MDC has ceased to be a homogenous organisation. The proposed
third force would seek to overcome this deep-seated fear of Zanu PF."

Nyarota, The Daily News' founding editor, said Moyo's "credentials and
qualities would contribute to national development if properly utilised or

And Ncube added: "As currently constituted and led, both Zanu PF and the MDC
don't have what it takes to extricate Zimbabwe from its present quagmire.
The possibility of a third way is something worth contemplating."

Popular political commentator and New columnist, Chido
Makunike, has also added his voice, saying the MDC had failed to gain
capital from Mugabe's unpopularity.

"Despite the MDC's many and increasing weaknesses," wrote Makunike, "Mugabe
has inadvertently laid the foundation for the inevitable eventual emergence
of a stronger, broad-based new opposition to him."

Mugabe has been in power for a quarter of a century, his rule built around a
fearsome dominance of his party and ruthless suppression of opponents. His
popularity is however, at an all time low against the backdrop of a failing
economy and unpopular policies foisted on the population.

Tsvangirai, on the other hand, rose to the leadership of the MDC on the back
of paralysing nationwide job boycotts while he was secretary general of the
main labour movement in Zimbabwe.

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