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Global Politician

      Poisoning of Mugabe's Opponents in Zimbabwe
      Jan Lamprecht - 7/25/2005
      Two years ago, when I was involved with Zimbabwean opposition members
who had fled to South Africa, I had many interesting conversations with
them. I was introduced to many different people, some of whom were
particularly interesting. I was especially fascinated when I heard stories
of poisoning. One will find that Communist defectors from Russia, for
example, will talk of poisoning the opposition. Poisoning is something
totalitarians of the Far Left have quite a liking for. It is a way of
quietly getting rid of those causing trouble. Anyone who has lived in
Zimbabwe will tell you that from the earliest days of Robert Mugabe's rule,
there has been a lot of talk about him murdering people, even in his own
political party. But I would now like to mention things I heard directly
from Zimbabweans, some of whom were members of the MDC.

      1) I was told prior to the June 2003 Mass Action by the MDC that there
were soldiers in Mugabe's army who began fearing a mass uprising might
actually come about. I was told that some secretly approached people in the
MDC saying: "Please don't kill our families. If the uprising starts, we will
switch sides".

      2) I was told that Mugabe's Military Intelligence was constantly
monitoring the loyalty of soldiers. If they suspected soldiers were starting
to become disloyal, and were associating with the opposition, they would
then be killed. I was told that soldiers would disappear suddenly, without
warning. Apparently, the Military Intelligence had a procedure whereby they
would kidnap soldiers in their beds at night. These soldiers would never be
seen or heard from again. It was rumored that they were killed and their
bodies were buried in a graveyard on the outskirts of Harare.

      3) I was told that there was somebody in the MDC who was poisoned, and
that it was quite a well known that this person was poisoned. The man was
arrested and taken to a police station where he was beaten. Later he began
coughing blood and was taken to a private clinic in Harare. He was ill for
quite some time after the beating, and then died. Apparently, one of the
Doctors at the clinic told his wife that he had an unnatural substance in
his lungs, and the doctor was quite sure that the man had been poisoned.

      4) I was told that the doctors in the various private clinics around
Harare were fully aware that some of the patients in their care had been
poisoned. However, out of fear for their jobs, they did not discuss this.

      5) This is an ideal situation for investigative journalists to meet
secretly either with doctors inside Zimbabwe, or with those who had fled, to
see if they could get expert testimony about poisonings and then detail this
and submit it to various governments and humanitarian bodies around the

      6) One man told me that a friend of his was a mid-level officer in the
Zimbabwe army. According to the officer, several army officers had recently
been sent to Cuba for training in the art of poisoning. Apparently, the
Cubans have very efficient methods in killing people by injection.

      7) I was told that the Cubans had developed poisons which would make
you die "from natural causes". I was told that diarrhea was one of the
possible symptoms of poisoning.

      8) I was told that one method of killing people was to have them
arrested and taken to a police station. Once in the police station, this
person would be harassed and beaten. While he was distracted in this way, a
person trained in assassination by injection would come up behind him, and
would quickly inject him with a poison without the victim realizing it.
Later, this person would die. I refer back to point 3 above about the MDC
person who developed strange symptoms after he had been beaten by the
police - but which were not directly related to the beatings themselves.

      9) I was told about a camp not too far from Harare, where they
tortured people and sometimes murdered them. I think they said it was on the
way to Banket. Apparently the commander of this camp was known to people as
"Black Jesus".

      I often wonder how many people Mugabe has really killed in the last
five years, and whether there were many cases of poisoning which Mugabe's
people got away with?

      Jan Lamprecht was born and raised in Zimbabwe, then called Rhodesia,
during the "Bush War", which resulted in Robert Mugabe coming to power. He
was educated in Harare, the capital of the country, before leaving for South
Africa, where he spent some time in the Navy. He wrote a book called
"Government by Deception" about African politics related to Zimbabwe and the
effects Mugabe's policies may have on other countries.

      He publishes a popular, highly "politically-incorrect" web site

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Washington Post

Zimbabwe's Bustle, Business Evaporate With Fuel Shortage
Crisis Compounded By Slum-Clearing

By Craig Timberg
Washington Post Foreign Service
Monday, July 25, 2005; Page A15

HARARE, Zimbabwe -- This had long been a city in motion. Corners were
crammed with men offering fruit or cigarettes, restaurants were busy and
plentiful, shops were well-stocked. And only the foolhardy would dare cross
the traffic-clogged streets without the assistance of a green light.

But four months into a crushing fuel shortage, and more than two months
since the government began a campaign to clean up slums and informal
markets, the capital of about 1.4 million has slowed to a halt.

Empty cars are parked in gasoline lines that stretch for blocks. Even at
rush hour, pedestrians can stroll across major boulevards without a glance
in either direction. With tens of thousands of street vendors reportedly
arrested, the few that remain have turned shy. Grocery stores routinely run
out of cooking oil, sugar and soap. Shoppers must wait in line to buy a
single loaf of bread.

Harare's bustle is gone. Even those lucky enough to have jobs, in an economy
with 70 percent unemployment, have trouble getting to work because public
transport has become so scarce. It is not uncommon, workers said, for their
daily commute to take three or four hours each way, most of it spent waiting
in line for transportation. Many have resorted to walking, rising hours
before dawn and returning home well after sunset.

Zimbabwe's troubles have extended even to the skyscraper that is
headquarters for President Robert Mugabe's party, the Zimbabwe African
National Union-Patriotic Front. Once, its lighted sign confidently beamed
the letters ZANU-PF bright enough to be seen for miles.

Now, the broken beacon reads ZA U F.

"Our government is hopeless," said Arnold Mapfumo, 21, a welder waiting in a
line for gasoline in the suburb of Chitungwiza. "If we don't have petrol,
everything stops. Everything stops. What can we do?"

Mugabe's demolition campaign, called Operation Murambatsvina or "Drive Out
the Rubbish," has generated international outcry because of the brutal
destruction of slums, which the United Nations estimates has made more than
700,000 people homeless. Many are sleeping amid the rubble of their homes or
under plastic sheeting at government resettlement camps. A U.N. report last
week called for an end to the program, which the government said it had
temporarily halted.

But it is the fuel shortage that has crippled Zimbabwe, reaching across all
levels of society. Manufacturers can't get their goods to market. There are
reports of police commandeering just-delivered gasoline because their
official supplies have dried up, and of Air Zimbabwe having to ground
flights because of fuel shortages.

Major businesses have begun sending trucks across the borders into Botswana
and South Africa to buy fuel. Even senior members of Mugabe's ruling party
have difficulty filling their tanks, according to Pearson Mbalekwa, a former
lawmaker who resigned from the party this month to protest the government's
slum-clearance campaign.

So serious are the current problems that many party members are itching for
an alternative, even if that means ending the reign of Mugabe, 81, a former
hero in the struggle for independence. He has ruled the nation since the end
of British control in 1980, and for the past five years he has been
resorting to increasingly authoritarian measures, including cracking down on
political dissent, closing independent newspapers and seizing land owned by
white farmers.

"Maybe he has been there a little too long. Maybe he has gotten too
confident of what he is doing, and maybe he is no longer listening to the
wishes of the people. Because if he was, I don't think we'd be in this
mess," Mbalekwa, 53, said in an interview at his home in an elegant suburb.
"It's time for him to pack his bags and allow for a new leadership."

At the root of the shortages of fuel and other commodities is a lack of hard
currency. The Zimbabwean dollar, which a decade ago was worth 33 U.S. cents,
has plummeted. A single U.S. dollar can now be traded on the black market
for $20,000 in Zimbabwean currency, making payment to international
suppliers nearly impossible.

Because Zimbabwe's largest note is for $20,000, those who have money must
carry around bricks of it. A fast-food burger and fries cost more than
$100,000, a sit-down dinner for a family more than $1 million.

Making matters worse is the collapse of Zimbabwe's once powerful
agricultural industry, which in the 1980s and 1990s exported large amounts
of tobacco, fruits and vegetables, both to neighboring African countries and
to Europe.

Today Zimbabwe exports little but people. As many as 3 million residents -- 
about one-fourth of the estimated population of 12 million -- have left,
mostly heading to South Africa, where the economy is booming.

Mugabe has recently appealed to South Africa and China for $1 billion to
relieve shortages of fuel and other necessities, according to news reports,
but at the same time the International Monetary Fund is considering
expelling Zimbabwe for non-payment of debts. Major Western donors,
meanwhile, have sharply curtailed or halted most forms of aid other than
food donations.

For Zimbabweans with the means to own vehicles, obtaining fuel and
shepherding scarce supplies has become an all-consuming pursuit.
Black-market prices are up to 10 times higher than those set by government
price controls, and even those supplies are erratic.

Opinions vary about whom to blame, with many pointing to Mugabe but some
Zimbabweans accepting his argument that a coalition of Western nations -- 
led by the country's former colonial master, Britain -- are starving the
nation economically with sanctions. Such claims are made nearly every day on
radio, television and in daily newspapers -- all of which are owned and run
by the government.

"This is an economic war, as I see it, between the Zimbabweans and the
West," said Lawrence Gwashure, a 53-year-old taxi driver who has spent most
of the past three weeks in a gas line in Chitungwiza, hoping to use his
battered 1973 Datsun to earn a living.

But there is no disagreement on the severity of Zimbabwe's problems: people
here say life has never been harder.

Caleb Choto, 30, another cabbie, said he had spent the past month in a line
waiting for fuel. Each day, he leaves his wife and 7-year-old daughter to
walk more than two miles to the gas line in Chitungwiza. At the end of the
day, after eating nothing for nine hours straight, he walks home full of
worry that thieves will ravage his car in the night.

Choto is ready, he said, for a better economy, a new government and enough
fuel to return to work.

"If it doesn't come today, I have to come back home and come tomorrow,"
Choto said. "I'm sick and tired of waiting."
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The Telegraph

Zimbabwe opposition turns on its own
By Peta Thornycroft in Harare
(Filed: 25/07/2005)

After devoting his life to opposing Zimbabwe's regime, Frank Chamunorwa was
beaten up on a street corner. Yet he was not attacked by thugs loyal to
President Robert Mugabe.

Instead, his assailants were drawn from his own party, the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change, which is paralysed by violent factional

"I have never been so dejected in my life because my own party perpetrated
atrocities on me," said Mr Chamunorwa, 55. "I was not only beaten but forced
to bend down, lie on the ground by youths, most of them younger than my
first-born child."

The gang of about six abducted him from his home in the capital, Harare,
last month. They deliberately humiliated Mr Chamunorwa, throwing him to the
ground, kicking and beating him.

He was close to tears as he described his experience. What makes him
especially bitter is that he helped found the MDC six years ago and was
almost murdered by thugs from the ruling Zanu-PF party.

The assault happened because Mr Chamunorwa was suspected of plotting against
Morgan Tsvangirai, the MDC leader. Senior party figures have accused
Welshman Ncube, the secretary general, of planning to oust his leader and
seize control of the party - a charge he has denied.

Mr Chamunorwa said there was no plot.

"Morgan has our mandate, more than half the population want him to rule but
his ineptitude and indecision may cost him and Zimbabwe dearly," he said.

If the 2002 presidential election had been free and fair, it is widely
assumed that Mr Tsvangirai would be Zimbabwe's president.

Discontent with Mr Tsvangirai's leadership is coming increasingly to the
surface as the MDC fails to make any headway against the regime.

When Mr Mugabe carried out his assault on the townships, bulldozing the
homes or livelihoods of 700,000 people, the opposition failed to offer any
coherent response. The MDC was paralysed by factional warfare and incapable
of opposing Mr Mugabe.

The assault on Mr Chamunorwa was only one of many. Other MDC thugs tried to
murder Peter Guhu, a party official, who was forced to flee to South Africa
after suffering serious injuries.

Another member, Diamond Karanda, 31, was beaten up inside the MDC's
headquarters in Harare on June 16. He was dragged into the boardroom and
assaulted so badly that he still cannot walk properly.

"I have many scars from Zanu-PF. They knocked out four teeth, but it is not
all right when I am beaten up in the MDC boardroom," he said.

Mr Tsvangirai responded by expelling 20 members. His allies point out that
Zanu-PF is responsible for the great bulk of Zimbabwe's political violence,
a fact confirmed by every human rights report.

But the violence within the MDC has dismayed its most senior figures.

An internal report obtained by The Daily Telegraph, written by David
Coltart, the MDC's legal secretary, said the party "appears to be intent on
tearing up everything we have worked so hard to build up over the last few,
very difficult years". He added that Mr Tsvangirai's expulsion of 20 junior
members was an inadequate response.

"I cannot believe that the youths involved in these despicable acts acted
independently. It is common cause that they were unemployed and it is
equally clear that they had access to substantial funding," said Mr Coltart.
"The instructions to act must have come from people within the party as no
one else would have the detailed knowledge the youths had access to.

"In expelling the youths and relatively low-ranking members of the security
team we have only dealt with the symptoms of the problem, not its root

Mr Coltart claimed that Mr Tsvangirai had conducted an "inadequate
investigation" into the violence and breached the MDC's rule book by failing
to establish a formal disciplinary committee.

"If we do not send out a clear and unequivocal message to Zimbabweans in
general and in particular to our own members and staff that violence will
not be tolerated, then we will simply reduce the standing of the MDC to that
of our opposition, Zanu-PF," said Mr Coltart.

Observers believe that infighting threatens the MDC's very survival as a
political force.

Brian Raftopoulos, a Harare commentator, said: "The MDC is paralysed and if
this is not dealt with, it will lead to its demise."
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The Herald

Inflation target achievable: Gono

By Jeffrey Gogo
RESERVE Bank of Zimbabwe Governor Dr Gideon Gono remains optimistic that the
80 percent annual inflation target by December is still achievable despite
rising inflationary pressures.

"The recent resurgence in inflationary pressures reflects a combination of a
variety of factors," the governor said last week. "The unfavourable trend
is, however, expected to reverse during the last quarter of the year. We
believe the year-end inflation targets are still attainable."

Zimbabwe's year-on-year inflation has been progressively declining from a
record 623 per- cent in January 2004 to 124 percent by March this year.

However, mounting negative economic fundamentals have forced the rate to
creep up to 164 percent last month. Subsequent to this the RBZ was forced to
make a second revision of its inflation projections for 2005 (this time in
the negative) in the face of rising inflationary pressures in May.

Initially, the Reserve Bank had predicted annual inflation figures would
come down to between 50 percent and 60 percent by close of 2005.

However, buoyed by the successes achieved in remedying other pressing
economic issues, the central bank earlier this year revised its projections
to between 20 percent and 35 percent.

Dr Gono said there was a greater need now for all economic agents to have
unity of purpose in fighting inflation, which he has dubbed Zimbabwe's
number one enemy.

"As we elevate our bitter fight against the inflation scourge, it is
imperative that labour, Government, business and civil society earnestly
recommit to a progressive social contract which anchors a balanced incomes
and pricing framework as part of measures to stabilise the macro-economic
environment," he said.

While Zimbabwe's inflation has been trekking southwards since February 2004,
unwarranted prices hikes, shortages of foreign currency and current food
shortages have exerted a lot of pressure on the country's inflation levels.

Dr Gono cited price increases in power, fuel, telecommunication, school
fees, rent and rates, unacceptably high levels of monetary expansion,
cost-push effects of wages and salary pressures, imported raw materials as
some of the factors militating against the RBZ's anti-inflation drive.

The key to reining in CPI inflation lies in prudent exchange rate management
and putting a lid on speculative demand, analysts say.

There has been inevitable pressure on inflation, particularly from foreign
currency costs, due to the widening gap between the fair exchange rate and
auction rate. However, this gap should become narrower after Thursday's
devaluation. The US$ now changes hands at Z$17 500.

Monetary control has also remained below desired levels with expansionary
policies still arising from the need to fund the country's agricultural

This is despite new targets set by the central bank to slow down the rate of
money supply growth to levels in line with inflation expectations.

Some economists have urged the monetary authorities to adopt stricter
policies to guard against further increases in inflation.

"Faced with an international investment and financial community that is
reluctant to do business with us for political reasons, the monetary
authorities should use the interest rate and fiscal discipline as their main
demand-side policy," said a Harare commentator.

"Concessional finance facilities and incentives on the supply-side should
also be engaged while efforts to market Zimbabwe as a safe investment
destination and re-engage the international community should continue to be
pursued," he added.
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SA to Act On UN Report, Include MDC in Engagements On Zimbabwe

BuaNews (Tshwane)

July 24, 2005
Posted to the web July 24, 2005

Shaun Benton

President Thabo Mbeki says South Africa will be acting on the
recommendations of a United Nations special envoy report on Zimbabwe's
"clean up campaign".

Head of UN Habitat Anna Tibaijuka released the report last week, condemning
"Operation Restore Order", that has left thousands of Zimbabweans homeless.

The approach of the UN, which argues for increasing its involvement in
Zimbabwe, is correct, President Mbeki said.

The UN did not merely condemn the situation there, President Mbeki said, but
had opted to engage Zimbabweans to help them deal with the situation they
face, including a growing number of human rights abuses.

President Mbeki said South Africa was to also increasingly engage the
Zimbabwe opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change, in assisting
its northern neighbour with its problems.

The President said he had met several times with MDC leader Morgan
Tsvangirai, who had asked the South African government to engage with the
issues that are confronting Zimbabwe, whose economy is near to collapse.

President Mbeki said he had agreed to work with the MDC in dealing with
Zimbabwe's problems, saying it was important to work with the "leadership"
of Zimbabwe to produce an outcome that addressed the concerns of "all

Without having made a final decision on extending a loan to Zimbabwe to
enable it to meet its financial obligations to the International Monetary
Fund (IMF), President Mbeki said a solution might be that South Africa
offers to settle a portion of Zimbabwe's debt to the IMF.

President Mbeki told the media in a post-cabinet Lekgotla briefing at the
Union Buildings with a video link-up to Cape Town that it would be
preferable for the IMF to continue to work with the crisis-stricken

"It would be counter-productive to have Zimbabwe's membership of the IMF
terminated because of these arrears," the President said, while not
mentioning any exact figures.

Zimbabwe has requested a loan facility to help it to address a litany of
economic problems.

"We don't want Zimbabwe collapsing here next door," President Mbeki said.
"South Africa would inherit all of the consequences."

He also outlined some of South Africa's commitments regarding the rest of
the continent.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mr Mbeki said there was a "continuing
challenge" to the country's stability from the rebel Rwandan nationals
grouped in the eastern part of the DRC largely under the banner of the
Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda (FDLR).

The FDLR have also been blamed for involvement in the 1994 Rwanda genocide.

President Mbeki said South Africa was considering military intervention to
put an end to these armed groups "roaming around" in the troubled eastern

He said South Africa was looking at constituting an "African force" that
would work with MONUC, which is the UN force there, and the DRC to put an
end to the violence arising from the continued existence of the FDLR.

And South Africa was assisting the DRC with the registration of voters for
an upcoming referendum there and an election scheduled for next year, as
well as helping the country to further integrate the different armed forces
that make up its army.

He said South Africa was also looking at a "heightened engagement" in Sudan,
particularly with regard to assistance in post-conflict reconstruction.

In Côte d'Ivoire - also known as Ivory Coast - President Mbeki said South
Africa was deploying more people into the country, including members of the
military and police, as well as officials who would work in the office of
the prime minister.

South Africa is acting not only as a mediator in the conflict there but is
assisting also with the implementation of the peace process as a member of
the troika that includes the Prime Minister of the Ivory Coast's government
of national unity and a representative of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

Following the outcome of the G8 meeting in Scotland earlier this month,
President Mbeki said more support needed to be given to Nepad structures to
address questions arising from the meeting, such as "How does Africa use the
additional resources that are going to be made available?" from the doubling
of development aid assistance over the next five years.

Practical programmes are needed to access and use these promised resources,
President Mbeki said.

He added that several countries in Africa also needed assistance to become
eligible for the status rendered under the Highly-Indebted Poor Countries
initiative (HIPC), which would qualify them for debt cancellation already
given to 14 HIPC African countries.
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Christian Science Monitor
Africans turn up heat on Mugabe

Zimbabwe's leader is in China this week seeking loans because South Africa
is attaching strings to aid.

By Abraham McLaughlin

 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA  After standing by their man for years, a
growing number of Africans are pushing Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe to
change his ways.

The shift in attitude, if it lasts, could mark a new period in Zimbabwe's
ongoing crisis - one that tilts the situation toward resolution, thus
removing a big blot on Africa's global reputation and helping free
Zimbabweans from authoritarianism, soaring inflation, increasing poverty,
and hunger.

" Zimbabwe has asked regional powerhouse South Africa for a loan of up to $1
billion for fuel, food, and other scarce essentials, and to help prevent it
from losing backing from international lenders. South Africa is reportedly
considering the loan, but with significant conditions that would require
Zimbabwe to embark on economic and political reforms. The tougher response
is seen as a small but significant shift away from South Africa's "quiet
diplomacy" approach to its northern neighbor.
" A new United Nations report, written by an African, blasts Mr. Mugabe's
Operation Restore Order, which Mugabe says was designed to clean up urban
areas but opposition parties say was simply strong-arm politics. The UN
calls the recent demolition of thousands of homes and shops a "disastrous
venture" that has left 700,000 homeless.

" Prominent voices are speaking out. Nobel Peace Prize winner Wangari
Maathai of Kenya said last week of Mugabe: "This is only about power - and
using what issues you think will keep yourself in power."

Such developments signal a shift in Africans' view of Mugabe, says Chris
Maroleng of the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, South Africa. No
more is there a continental debate over "the nature of the crisis" - about
whether Mugabe is a hero who freed his nation from white colonial rule or
the prime example of bad governance in Africa. Rather, he says, "We are
beginning to actually address the crisis itself - to figure out a way
forward." That, he adds, "is the most heartening thing about the period
we're in."

The African view of the issue is crucial, observers say. Africans - not
outside powers - are most likely to be the ones who defuse the Zimbabwe

Mr. Mbeki is one of the issue's biggest players. In recent years, his
back-room diplomacy has apparently done little to move the octogenarian
Mugabe to reverse course. But the loan is a new opportunity to influence the
man who has led Zimbabwe since independence in 1980 and who, in 2000,
initiated mass seizure of white farms, which began the economic decline of
what had been the breadbasket of Southern Africa. Zimbabwe now risks being
expelled from the International Monetary Fund because of its delinquency on
nearly $300 million in loans.

Now Mbeki can use the loan "as a lever to force Mugabe to engage in
negotiations" with the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, says Mr.

One reason Mbeki may want to attach conditions: Zimbabwe's precipitous
decline is impeding Mbeki's efforts to clean up Africa's image through
things like the New Partnership for Africa's Development and its focus on
good governance. South Africa's conditions may be why Mugabe was expected to
ask Chinese President Hu Jintao for a similarly large loan on his current
trip to Beijing.

The UN report, released last week, was authored by Anna Tibaijuka, the head
of the world body's Habitat agency, who is from Tanzania. The fact that it
comes from an African - and was endorsed by Secretary-General Kofi Annan,
who is from Ghana - may give it added weight on the continent.

Without naming names, the report says Zimbabwean officials broke
international law in carrying out the operation. It urges prosecution of the
"architects of the operation," which "caused large sections of [the]
population serious suffering" and virtually "wiped out" the country's
informal economy, which accounted for 40 percent of the nation's economic

Zimbabwe's foreign minister, Simbarashe Mumbengegwi, retorted that it's
"definitely false" that the government broke laws, further complaining about
the report's "vastly judgmental language, which clearly demonstrates its
inbuilt bias against the operation."

While criticism of Mugabe may be growing among Africans, it's still
relatively tame. In dealing with such issues, there's an inherent caution
that emanates from the African cultural imperative to maintain dignity and
unity among all members of a community - somewhat similar to the Asian
desire to "save face."

"The one bad thing [Mbeki] could do is to close the doors" to dialogue and
cooperation with Mugabe, Ms. Maathai said at a meeting with foreign
reporters last week, in a statement that jibes with the African ethos.

There's no doubt Mugabe is still seen as a revolutionary hero who ejected a
brutal white colonial regime. Unlike most African leaders, he has also
aggressively tackled the race-charged issue of land reform and continued
white dominance over his economy.

But he may have gone too far. Besides the troubles caused by Operation
Restore Order, unemployment now hovers at about 70 percent. Inflation hit
164 percent in June, one of the highest rates in the world. The UN says 4
million of the country's 12 million people are verging on starvation. Fuel
is so scarce that few cars reportedly ply the streets of Harare, the
normally bustling capital. Even Air Zimbabwe, the national airline, recently
had to cancel many flights because of lack of fuel.

" Wire services were used in this report.

Key points from UN report

" Zimbabwe must immediately halt any further demolitions of homes and
informal businesses.

" The government must develop humanitarian efforts for the poor that
provides security for "income-generating activities in a regulated and
enabling environment."

" It must hold those accountable who carried out the destruction.

" It must pay compensation to those whose property was unlawfully destroyed.

" The International community should immediately mobilize with
reconstruction efforts to help avert further suffering.

Source: United Nations
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Business Day

Posted to the web on: 25 July 2005
'Economic chaos in Zimbabwe not in SA's interests'
Vukani Mde and Karima Brown


PRESIDENT Thabo Mbeki says SA is willing to throw its troubled neighbour
Zimbabwe a lifeline, but urged the international community to play a more
active role in resolving Zimbabwe's problems.

Mbeki's stance appeared to be a direct challenge to calls for SA to take a
tougher line against Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe.

It is also indicative of a growing confidence in government that Zimbabwe's
economic meltdown has created an opportunity for SA to use its leverage to
secure a settlement there.

This follows a dramatic week for Mugabe. The International Monetary Fund
(IMF) last week called in the country's $900m debt, prompting fears that
Zimbabwe is on the verge of being expelled as a member of the international
lending institution.

Mugabe's government has appealed to SA for a $1bn bale-out.

Anna Tubaijuka, the United Nations (UN) envoy dispatched to Zimbabwe to
assess its government's controversial forced removals campaign, also
released a damning report last Friday.

Despite the tough stances of the IMF and UN, Mbeki said it would not further
the cause of change in Zimbabwe to have the country isolated. "SA's view -
shared by members of the executive of the IMF - is that it would be
counterproductive for (Zimbabwe's) membership to be severed.

"This creates bigger problems. So it becomes important to address the issue
of the arrears."

SA would also argue for a greater UN role in finding a solution to Zimbabwe's
political and economic impasse, he said.

This was the first time that Mbeki spoke publicly about Mugabe's loan plea
since it was made last week.

He said "intense" talks could see SA taking some financial responsibility
for Zimbabwe's IMF debt. "We don't want Zimbabwe collapsing next door. SA
would inherit all the consequences of that collapse."

But Mbeki gave indications that SA would impose strict conditions on any

He said Zimbabwe's problems extended beyond the IMF debt, and also included
its monetary management.

He pointedly referred to the role played by the country's reserve bank in
funding parts of forced removals campaign. "This is beyond the normal
function of a reserve bank," he said.

Mbeki said any bale-out would be conditional on Zimbabwe committing to a
stable monetary system. Zimbabwe's dual currency market would have to be
reviewed, he said.

Mbeki also reiterated that a solution would only follow after dialogue
between Mugabe and the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.

He said he would soon meet the South African Council of Churches to discuss
Tubaijuka's report.

Meanwhile, Zimbabwe is committed to retaining its membership of the IMF,
which it regards as an "invaluable financial partner," and is continuing
negotiations with the lender, Zimbabwean central bank governor Gideon Gono
was cited by the Harare-based Sunday Mail newspaper as saying yesterday.
With Jonathan Katzenellenbogen
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Business Day

Posted to the web on: 25 July 2005
The Thick End of the Wedge
Peter Bruce


AS I write, I hear that Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe is flying to
China to ask it to help bale out his dying economy. He leaves behind a
similar request to SA which, it appears, might succeed. But for China, as
for Pretoria, presentation of Mugabe's begging bowl marks a defining moment
in its presence in Africa, and as a policy maker for the wider world.

For a world power to bale out a leader behaving as badly as Mugabe would be
a travesty. Beijing doesn't need anything Zimbabwe has to offer, and it
would gain far more in the longer term in this region if it turned him
down - whatever the request. They will know by now that Mugabe is a liar. He
may ask for humanitarian assistance, but the money won't help suffering
humans in Zimbabwe.

SA, too, knows he is a liar, but seems to be preparing to lend him the $1bn
he has asked for anyway. There may or may not be good reasons for that -
including merely trying to protect earlier loans - but no reasonable person
would lend Zimbabwe money now without attaching severe conditions to any

Zimbabwe isn't in trouble because of the weather or low commodity prices. It
is in trouble because its economy has been run into the ground by absurd and
destructive policies dictated by Mugabe and designed to keep himself in
power at the expense of anything else.

You can't get away with that forever and time, surely, is up for this man.
Any loans and conditions now should be done in a co-ordinated way between
the lenders. And first on the conditions list has to be political reform
starting with a speeded-up programme for Mugabe's departure from office and

For the moment, though, President Thabo Mbeki seems to be trying to correct
political misbehaviour by insisting only on reforms in economic management
in Harare - trying to make it mechanically or institutionally more difficult
for Mugabe to distort the economy to his personal benefit. This may have an
effect, but if you respond to Mugabe's tyranny and the clear condemnation of
his recent removals programme by the United Nations envoy by ignoring the
sheer amount of poison and greed at the top, you are going to be quickly
disappointed. You cannot reason with insanity.

No amount of money, nor any number of economic conditions, can save Zimbabwe
while Mugabe is in office.
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Lend money only if Mugabe quits: FF+

July 25, 2005, 06:00

South Africa should only lend money to Zimbabwe on condition that Robert
Mugabe, the Zimbabwean president, steps down, says Pieter Mulder, the
Freedom Front Plus (FF+) leader.

"Financial help from South Africa would then be justified in that it would
go towards rebuilding Zimbabwe," Mulder said in a statement.

Earlier in the day, President Thabo Mbeki said South Africa had to consider
providing financial assistance to cash-strapped Zimbabwe or face the
consequences of its neighbour's economic ruin.

Stressing the importance of Zimbabweans solving their own political and
economic problems, he added: "But we engage them because we don't want
Zimbabwe collapsing next door. South Africa would inherit all the
consequences of Zimbabwe collapsing."

Joe Seremane, a Democratic Alliance spokesperson, said the party welcomed
the fact that the government had not yet agreed to extend a loan to
Zimbabwe. - Sapa
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Cape Times

      Visions for Zim future
      July 25, 2005

      Your pages are filled with advice on and criticism of Zimbabwe
President Robert Mugabe and Zanu-PF, and indeed President Thabo Mbeki.

      Much of this is justified but there is a paucity of information on how
to correct the situation.

      Firstly, what can resurrect Zimbabwe? Zimbabwe has enormous natural
mineral wealth and has an ability to feed much of Southern Africa and export
crop products.

      Secondly, it has enormous expertise which can resurrect all the crop
products and, via our mining houses, the extraction of minerals for export.

      Thirdly, it would still enjoy considerable goodwill in South Africa,
whose corporations would invest and install parallel operations if
conditions were appropriate.

      Fourthly, First World corporations, recognising the potential, would
invest in fixed capital for their subsidiary operations.
      Fifthly, and most important, the capital needed would be put up by the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) if conditions were back to normal.

      Zimbabwe is like an ailing business company. It will either go
bankrupt or will be refinanced and new management installed. A brand name,
once fallen on bad times, can seldom be resurrected. In this respect, Mbeki
has the power now to bring about new management, namely a new government.

      Much as Mbeki may dislike the idea, a resurrection can only be
achieved with the help of First World economies.

      Accordingly, the legacy of the Zanu-PF is too antagonistic. The MDC
should be given a chance to prove its worth, expanded by democratic elements
from Zanu-PF.

      MDC is supported by many in South Africa, including trade unions, the
SA Council of Churches, as well as other countries that wish to see a
re-emergence of the Zimbabwean economy.

      Mbeki, assisted by the Western economies, must instruct Mugabe to
leave Zimbabwe. An election should be overseen by First World and South
African officials.

      Once the new government is installed, a plan drawn up by government,
business and mining stakeholders should be presented. This would include a
financial plan, projected production and mining targets, expected revenues
and taxation targets.

      Only under these circumstances will Zimbabwe be offered debt
forgiveness and aid.
      BPM Fletcher

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The Telegraph

Rise and fall of the MDC
By David Blair
(Filed: 25/07/2005)

Founded in 1999, the Movement for Democratic Change swiftly became the most
significant opposition party in Zimbabwe's history.

Morgan Tsvangirai, 53, the head of a trade union, was chosen as founding
leader. In June 2000, it defied murderous intimidation to win 57 of 120
contested parliamentary seats.

Scores of supporters were murdered and thousands assaulted, tortured, raped
or abducted. Mr Tsvangirai stood for the presidency against Mr Mugabe in
2002. Despite violence and ballot rigging, he took 42 per cent of the vote,
though Mr Mugabe won with 56 per cent.

Election observers said the contest was neither free nor fair but Mr
Tsvangirai called no demonstrations after Mr Mugabe was declared the winner.

Infighting began when Mr Tsvangirai lost 16 seats in March's parliamentary

Since then, the infighting has rocked the opposition.

Mr Tsvangirai has failed to oppose the demolition of townships and his
critics say he has become weak, indecisive and paranoid about being ousted
by other MDC figures.
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      New Zealand leave for controversial Zimbabwe tour
      Mon Jul 25, 2005 3:25 AM BST

By Greg Stutchbury

WELLINGTON, July 25 (Reuters) - New Zealand's cricket team left for a
controversial tour of Zimbabwe on Monday, amid political pressure on the New
Zealand government to consider legislation to cancel the tour.

The Black Caps' tour of the southern-African country has come under intense
political scrutiny, with New Zealand's government leading an international
push to have Zimbabwe banned from the tour schedule due to concerns over
human rights abuses under President Robert Mugabe.

However, the government has said it would not introduce urgent legislation
proposed by the New Zealand Green Party to prevent national sports teams
touring countries that violate human rights.

New Zealand Cricket (NZC) chief executive Martin Snedden told reporters the
country had to honour its obligations under the International Cricket
Council's (ICC) touring programme.

The ICC said the only reason the tour could be cancelled would be because of
security or if the New Zealand government passed legislation preventing the
team from going.

NZC would be hit by a minimum ICC fine of $2 million if they cancelled the
tour for any other reason.

Snedden said NZC was monitoring the security situation in Zimbabwe. "We have
a pretty careful safety protocol we go through on every tour overseas,"
Snedden told Radio New Zealand. "We have security people on the ground in

"They have been there for a while and we are getting information back there
is nothing at the moment to indicate that the tour should not proceed from a
safety situation."


Rod Donald the co-leader of the Greens, who proposed the legislation seeking
to halt the tour, urged the government again on Monday to reconsider its

"The Government is refusing to pass legislation to stop the Black Caps' tour
of Zimbabwe, saying that it is unwilling to undermine New Zealand Cricket's
right to be free from government interference," Greens co-leader Rod Donald
said in a statement.

"It has already been quite willing to interfere in New Zealand Cricket's
business by preventing Zimbabwe's tour to New Zealand in December.

"Why is it that our cricketers' right to play in Zimbabwe is inalienable yet
their right to play cricket with the Zimbabwe team in New Zealand is not?,"
Donald who proposed the legislation said.

The New Zealand government has already said it would not grant visas to the
Zimbabwe team for their December tour.

Several members of the squad, including captain Stephen Fleming, are playing
cricket in Britain and will join the team in Namibia for a pre-tour training

New Zealand Cricket Players Association chief executive Heath Mills had said
previously the team would discuss possible protest action against Mugabe's
regime, though Radio New Zealand said Snedden urged them not to do so while
in Zimbabwe.

The tour includes two test matches and a triangular one-day tournament with

The first test in Harare begins on August 7.

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'So Far and No Further!' Rhodesia's Bid for Independence during the Retreat from Empire 1959-1965

At last, after proof copies being lost in the post between here and Canada, I have the new book published.  

It is the product of 20 years of research using the papers of Ian Smith, the British papers in the Public Record Office, numerous private collections, newspapers, Hansards etc. It complements my “Welensky Papers: A History of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland”. It called “So far and no further!”, it covers the history of UDI from 1959 (when Whitehead sought Dominion Status) to 11 November 1965.
There is a full description on my website –
and a link to Trafford Publishing

I have concluded an agreement with Chris Cocks for the publication by his firm, Down South, of a southern African version which should be on sale in a couple of months.

The Trafford reference giving the price etc is below

Aye Yours


Richard Wood
(t) +27 31 564 7504

Here is the full reference card for this book...

If you'd rather place an order by talking to one of our cheerful order desk clerks, please call 1-888-232-4444 (USA and Canada only) or 250-383-6864.
From Europe, ring our UK order desk clerk at local rate number 0845 230 9601 (UK only) or 44 (0)1270 251 396.

'So Far and No Further!' Rhodesia's Bid for Independence during the Retreat from Empire 1959-1965  

by J.R.T. Wood

533 pages; quality trade paperback (softcover); catalogue #04-2760; ISBN 1-4120-4952-0; US$38.95, C$50.00, EUR32.00, £22.00

This definitive account traces Rhodesia's attempt to secure independence during the retreat from Empire after 1959. Based on unique research, it reveals why Rhodesia defied the world from 1965.

A cataloguing record for this book is available from the Library and Archives Canada at

Richard Wood
(t) +27 31 564 7504
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