The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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      China will 'protect Mugabe at UN'
      China will use its veto to stop the United Nations Security Council
from criticising Zimbabwe's slum clearance, President Robert Mugabe says.
      The UK and the US have asked the Security Council to discuss the
demolitions, after a UN report said 700,000 had been made homeless.

      Mr Mugabe is on a week-long visit to China, seeking help with
Zimbabwe's economic crisis and foreign loans.

      He has signed a trade deal with China, of which the contents remain

      UN Secretary General Kofi Annan had said he would visit Zimbabwe but
has now clarified that this would not happen until the demolitions end.


      Despite pleas for an end to Operation Murambatsvina [Drive Out
Rubbish], riot police continue to demolish illegally-built structures in the
capital, Harare.

      Mr Mugabe says the demolitions are intended to weed out criminals and
black-market traders he accuses of bringing down the economy.

      Asked about the moves to discuss the demolitions at the Security
Council, the state-owned Herald newspaper quotes Mr Mugabe as saying: "I
know, of course, China will never allow that nonsense to happen".

      Details of the trade deal signed by Mr Mugabe and Chinese President Hu
Jintao have not been made public but it is expected to involve loans in
exchange for trade and mineral concessions.

      Zimbabwe has adopted a "Look East" policy since increasing criticism
from the west for alleged human rights abuses and electoral fraud.

      Mr Mugabe has also asked South Africa for help repaying its debts to
avoid expulsion from the IMF.

      Prosecution urged

      Last week's UN report said the campaign violated international law and
Mr Annan himself called it a "catastrophic injustice" to Zimbabwe's poorest.

      The UN report was compiled by Mr Annan's special envoy, Anna
Tibaijuka, after a two-week fact-finding mission to Zimbabwe.

      The report found that programme had been carried out in "an
indiscriminate and unjustified manner, with indifference to human

      It said Zimbabwe's government was collectively responsible, and it
urged prosecution of those who "may have caused criminal negligence".

      But Zimbabwe said the allegations were "definitely false" and that the
report showed an "in-built bias".

      The Zimbabwean opposition says the evictions are meant to punish urban
residents, who mostly vote against the government.

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27 July 2005




MDC Kwekwe offices destroyed under the illegal “Operation Murambatsvina



In spite of the recommendation given by the United Nations Secretary General’s special envoy to Zimbabwe Mrs Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka that Operation Murambatsvina be halted because it has made hundreds of Zimbabweans homeless in clear violation of International law on habitation, the Mugabe regime is not relenting and is continuing with the demolitions.



The MDC Kwekwe offices which are located at 37- 4th street have this morning been razed to the ground by bulldozers under the watchful eye of more than 50 heavily armed policemen accompanied by Kwekwe council officials. The building was purchased five years ago by the party and was being used as the party offices for Midlands Province.



During the 2002 Presidential elections the building was set on five by state agents.



We have also received reports that at Porta farm 30km out of Harare and in all the country’s cities the operation to destroy the people’s homes is continuing.   



It is now clear that the Harare regime has no respect for the law and will ignore even the voice from international institution such as the United Nations. What more arrogance and disregard for human dignity can this regime be allowed to sink to be before the world decides to take action?




Paul Themba Nyathi

Secretary for Information and Publicity


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The Australian

Security Council briefing on Mugabe slum clearing

July 28, 2005
NEW YORK: Britain yesterday called a meeting of the 15-member UN Security
Council to hear a briefing by special envoy Anna Tibaijuka on her report
slamming Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe's controversial policy of
demolishing urban slums.

Council members exchanged views on the report, which said Harare's campaign
of razing shantytowns had left 700,000 Zimbabweans homeless and destitute
and affected a further 2.4million people, but there was no consensus on what
form today's meeting would take.

Diplomats said China, Algeria and Russia expressed reluctance to debate the

The moves came as Mr Mugabe said he was overjoyed at his red-carpet welcome
in China, where he is on a six-day visit and has been warmly greeted as "an
old friend" by President Hu Jintao.

In Beijing, Mr Mugabe met parliamentary chief Wu Bangguo, who voiced support
for Zimbabwe's land reform programs on a visit to Harare last year. During
talks, the two sides signed agreements covering economic and technical

"We have had excellent discussions, excellent in the sense that what were
still ideas formulated in a draft form in some cases have now become real
agreements," Mr Mugabe said.

The Zimbabwean leader is pursuing a "look East" policy designed to find new
allies less concerned about human rights, while China is eager to secure new
raw materials in Africa to fuel its economic boom.

At the UN, it is now up to council president Adamantios Vassilakis of Greece
to decide on the format of the meeting, due to take place today. Council
members were set to meet late last night to vote on the agenda.

The British move was strongly backed by American UN delegate Anne Patterson.

"This is an issue that's totally appropriate for the Security Council," she

"What is clear from this report is the humanitarian crisis, the
appropriateness of Security Council review, and frankly the massive
violations of human rights that have been undertaken by the (Zimbabwean)


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Embassy, Canada

Embassy, July 27th, 2005
By by Archbishop Pius Ncube, Dr. Roger Bate, and Richard Tren
Condemnation Within Zimbabwe
Part two of Embassy's three-part series on Zimbabwe by Archbishop Pius
Ncube, Dr. Roger Bate, and Richard Tren

Years of brutal repression of human rights and basic freedoms and a general
climate of fear means that many Zimbabweans have been afraid to speak out
and condemn Operation Murambatsvina.

Despite this, however, the Zimbabwe Catholic Bishops' Conference (ZCBC)
stated that "a grave crime has been committed against the poor and helpless
people[...] We warn the perpetrators, history will hold you accountable."
The Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights (ZADHR) has also
deplored in the "strongest possible terms" the ongoing operation that has
displaced thousands of families.

The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has issued numerous statements
condemning the action and calling for its immediate halt. According to Shari
Eppel, a human rights activist, "This is like Pol Pot, corralling people
into the countryside where they can be controlled and indoctrinated. We're
heading into the dark ages... we're going to see selective starvation.
Mugabe wants the people hungry and compliant." But, as The Independent (UK)
points out, "Mugabe shows no sign of following Pol Pot's personal example
and moving into a rural mud hut. He continues to live in majesty in Harare."

Even Zimbabwe's former Information Minister and spin-doctor, Jonathan Moyo,
strident defender of Mugabe and Zanu-PF until his sacking earlier this year,
said that Operation Murambatsvina constituted "an inhumane, barbaric
demolition of properties belonging to the weak and poor in our society."

Yet in spite of local opposition, the Operation has grown in strength and
viciousness. In some bizarre cases, the police are charging a demolition fee
to those unable to dismantle their own homes in time. It is also worth
noting that prior to the rigged elections in March it was reported that the
government had drafted 20,000 youth militia into the police force, thereby
doubling the number of policemen and women. Presumably these extra recruits
are assisting in the demolitions.

The Roots of Operation Murambatsvina

Initially, we felt that that the real motivation behind Operation
Murambatsvina was to punish those citizens that supported the MDC during the
March 2005 elections. However, the motivation may go deeper than this. The
failed land reform process has driven many former farm workers and rural
folk into towns where they are exposed to news and political opinions
counter to those of traditional leaders and political councils in rural
areas that have over the years been under the influence and favour of the
Mugabe regime.

The effect of moving hundreds of thousands of people into the countryside is
to make them utterly reliant on government-controlled food aid for survival.
Agricultural production has slumped as largely white-owned commercial farms
have been taken over or rendered inoperable since 2000. Emergency imports of
the staple, maize, amount to almost the entire annual requirement. Food
distribution is controlled by the government along political lines. In
addition, in rural areas people will be less able to communicate and
organize themselves against the government. Zimbabwe's deputy Minister of
Local Government, Public Works and Urban Development, Morris Sakabuya, has,
in a truly Orwellian moment, described Operation Murambatsvina as an attempt
to "resuscitate rural areas."

Jonathan Moyo considers that the Operation is linked to an internal ZANU-PF
power struggle as to who will succeed the 81-year-old Mugabe in 2008. The
appointment of Joyce Majuru as second of Vice-President in December 2004
worsened in-fighting in Zanu-PF, effectively pitting the Zezuru faction, a
powerful sub-group within the majority Shona tribe -- which comprises 70 per
cent of the population -- against the Karanga sub-group. Ms. Majuru is
married to Solomon Majuru, a former army commander and highly influential
Zanu-PF politician, without whose active support Mugabe would not have
achieved the leadership of Zanu-PF.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, who heads the Karanga faction, was long considered to be
Mugabe's favoured heir. His fall from grace was linked to a secret meeting
convened last year by Mr. Moyo to promote him for the post. The Karangas are
reportedly bitter about the ascendancy of Zezurus to top positions within
Zanu-PF and political observers believe the tensions could split Zanu-PF
into two camps, severely weakening them politically. If Mugabe intentionally
created tension between the two ethnic groups that form the Zanu-PF
backbone, he risks much since his capacity to manage and heal these tensions
in the future is open to question. The International Crisis Group (ICG)
reported on June 7, 2005 that powerful party figures were squaring up for
what could be a vicious fight for power.

Archbishop Pius Ncube is the Catholic Archbishop of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe; Dr.
Roger Batem is a Resident Fellow at American Enterprise Institute,
Washington DC and Richard Tren is the Director of Africa Fighting Malaria,
Johannesburg, South Africa

They prepared this report for the Solidarity Peace Trust. NEXT WEEK: THE

Zimbabwe This Week

Kofi Annan To inspect Zimbabwe Slums

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan says he will visit Zimbabwe to inspect its
controversial slum demolition programme at the invitation of its leader.

Last week a UN report said the campaign violated international law and Mr
Annan himself called it a "catastrophic injustice" to Zimbabwe's poorest.

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has criticised the report.

"He did invite me to come," Mr. Annan told the BBC this week.

"I would want to go to see how we can resolve some of the issues raised in
the report. But I have not set a date yet."

South African Bail-out

The South African president, Thabo Mbeki, strongly suggested this week that
his government will give financial assistance to Zimbabwe.

"We engage them because we don't want Zimbabwe collapsing next door. South
Africa would inherit all the consequences of Zimbabwe collapsing," he told
the Guardian newspaper. Mr Mbeki said his finance minister and central bank
governor were negotiating with top Zimbabwean officials to find ways to help
the country pay for urgently needed imports of food, fuel and electricity.
Zimbabwe needs $1 billion to stave off economic implosion, say Harare

Mr. Mbeki confirmed that his officials were considering ways to pay off the
$300 million that the Mugabe government owes to the International Monetary
Fund (IMF).

Mugabe In China

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe began a six-day visit to China on July 24.

Chinese state media, Xinhua news agency, said Mugabe, whose government is
blamed by critics for a crippling economic crisis, would meet Chinese
President Hu Jintao, number two in the Communist hierarchy of Wu Bangguo and
Premier Wen Jiabao.

Xinhua said Mugabe left for China's northeastern province of Jilin on
Sunday, where he will visit the headquarters of First Automotive Works
Group, the country's top vehicle maker. He will meet Chinese leaders on his
return to Beijing on July 25, it said.

Mugabe was reportedly accompanied by his central bank head and senior
government ministers.

The visit comes days after Mugabe's spokesman said the government was
exploring alternative lines of credit with countries such as China and
Malaysia as it grapples with Zimbabwe's worst economic crisis in decades.

Not Cricket

New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark this week urged the New Zealand
cricket Black Caps to abandon their tour of Zimbabwe.

Some of the cricketers had already left, reported the New Zealand Herald, to
gather in South Africa ahead of next month's tour. The International Cricket
Council (ICC) has said that a government directive or sporting sanctions,
while not welcome, would allow a team to not tour and avoid stiff fines. The
declaration was made at a meeting in Auckland last year which discussed
Zimbabwe, and again this month.

ICC president Ehsan Mani has since stepped up the rhetoric against the
government, saying only legislation banning a tour would excuse the Black
Caps from their obligations.

To the People of Zimbabwe from South Africa

It is with a mixture of deep sadness and anger that I write this message of
solidarity to you at this time of your national pain and suffering. Anger at
the inhumanity and brutality of the police and security forces in destroying
the homes and livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of people across
Zimbabwe, and sadness at the indifference and lack of concern of a regime
that appears increasingly bent on willful violence and destruction. I am
also greatly saddened by the lack of a decisive response from our government
in South Africa and other SADC governments to these gross violations of
people's socio-economic and human rights, and to the low exposure given to
these atrocities in our national media (particularly the SABC).

We also pledge our ongoing prayer and solidarity with you in this struggle,
and our support in helping to mobilize resources for those affected by the
'tsunami' which has hit Zimbabwe. This tsunami is not as a result of a
convulsion of nature, but is a result of the convulsions of an evil and
despotic regime which no longer has the interests of its people at heart,
and therefore must be resisted by every freedom loving person in Zimbabwe.

­Bishop Rubin Phillip, Anglican Bishop of Natal

Bishop Phillip is the co-chairperson of The Solidarity Peace Trust, a
non-governmental organization, registered in South Africa. The Trustees of
the Solidarity Peace Trust are church leaders of Southern Africa, whose
stated aims are human rights, freedom and democracy in their region.
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      Mugabe says UN envoy was pressured over report
      Wed Jul 27, 2005 8:49 PM BST

By Stella Mapenzauswa

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe says a special U.N.
envoy told him she was under pressure to produce a damning report on the
demolition of illegal homes and businesses, the official Herald newspaper
reported on Wednesday.

But Anna Tibaijuka, the envoy sent by Secretary-General Kofi Annan to assess
the crackdown, said on Wednesday the report spoke for itself, while British
U.N. Ambassador Emyr Jones Parry denied any outside attempts to influence
her findings.

"My report is very clear," Tibaijuka, a Tanzanian, told reporters after
briefing the U.N. Security Council on it in New York. "It's an objective
report. The methodology used to write the report is all spelled out."

Tibaijuka "produced the report on her own authority for the
secretary-general, and there are no British fingerprints near it," said
Jones Parry. "There has been no pressure."

In her report, made public last Friday, Tibaijuka said the campaign had
destroyed the homes or jobs of at least 700,000 people and affected the
lives of 2.4 million others.

"She told me (while in Zimbabwe) that her hands were tied and that the
report was going to be negative," the Herald quoted Mugabe as saying during
a visit to China to garner support for his crisis-ridden southern African

"Comrade Mugabe said Mrs. Tibaijuka told him that certain people had been
planted in her assessment mission to ensure that the report was damning,"
the paper added.

Harare, estranged from the West mainly over a controversial land reform
program and charges it has rigged elections since 2000, dismissed her report
as biased and unfair.

Neighboring South Africa's ruling African National Congress -- a close ally
of Zimbabwe that is considering taking on a portion of Harare's $4.5 billion
(2.6 billion pound) foreign debt -- backed Tibaijuka's recommendations.

"The recommendations provide a basis for further engagement by stakeholders
in Zimbabwe and the international community to address some of the matters
raised in the report," the ANC said.

Tibaijuka briefed the 15-nation Security Council on her findings on
Wednesday over the objections of China, Russia and others after Britain
insisted on hearing her and forced a rare procedural vote on the council
agenda, which it won 9-5 with Brazil abstaining.

Algeria, Benin, China, Tanzania and Russia voted against Jones Parry's
request for the briefing, while the United States, France, Denmark, Romania,
Greece, Japan, Argentina and the Philippines supported him.

After her briefing, Zimbabwe's U.N. ambassador, Boniface Chidyausiku, told
the council the bulldozing campaign had been stopped and insisted its goal
had been "to provide decent accommodations for the people of Zimbabwe."

"The issue of cleaning shantytowns is not unique to Zimbabwe," he added.

But the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, which accuses Mugabe's
government of targeting its urban strongholds in the demolitions, said on
Wednesday its offices in the central city of Kwekwe were destroyed "under
the watchful eye of more than 50 heavily armed policemen."

"We have also received reports that at Porta Farm (squatter camp) 30 km (18
miles) out of Harare and in all the country's cities the operation to
destroy the people's homes is continuing. The Mugabe regime is not
relenting," a party statement said.

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Mugabe's sanity questioned as he claims UN envoy pressured to produce
negative report

      By Violet Gonda
      27 July 2005

      The 81year old Zimbabwean dictator has raised eyebrows again. The
Herald newspaper reports that Robert Mugabe claimed in China that the United
Nations special envoy, Mrs Anna Tibaijuka, said that she was under pressure
to produce a negative report on the clean-up operation. Mugabe sensationally
said Mrs Tibaijuka told him that certain people had been planted in her
assessment mission to ensure that the report was damning.

      Given Tibaijuka's background and credibility it is difficult to
believe she would actually tell lies to Zimbabweans and the international
community. Given Mugabe's track record, particularly in regards to the lies
he told about our food situation, critics say it is more likely that he is
the one who has lost the plot.

      Director of the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, Arnold Tsunga, said
Mugabe's utterances are very irresponsible. He said, "The report is factual
and mirrors what's happening in the country with precision."

      Outspoken political commentator Dr John Makumbe said Mugabe is now
senile because nobody in their right mind can accuse such an experienced and
outstanding envoy of being intimidated by any member state. Makumbe said:
"This is desperation on Mugabe's part as he is seeing ghosts behind every

      The state media said Mugabe had been speaking on diplomacy and
international relations after accepting a "professorship" conferred on him
by the China Foreign Affairs University. Dr Makumbe said if the 'award' is
true the Chinese are clearly lapping up to Mugabe because nowhere in the
world is a person honoured with a professorship, as it is not a degree.
Makumbe said: "Professor Robert Gabriel Mugabe is going to be a laughing
stock when he gets back home because internationally recognised honours are
bachelors, masters and doctorate."

      Observers say the Chinese, who are fast becoming a political and
economic powerhouse, are desperate to increase their influence in global
politics. Arnold Tsunga said: "The mistake they are making is that they are
growing outside the principle of human rights as shown by their support for
undemocratic regimes."

      Despite a highly critical report by the UN expert saying the
destruction of informal settlements and markets had left an estimated
700,000 homeless and affected the livelihoods of a further 2.4 million
people, China is reported to be blocking a briefing of the report in the UN
Security council.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Sent: Wednesday, July 27, 2005 5:09 PM
Subject: Property and building legislation

I attach selected legislation relevant to property and buildings.  Regrettably this is a vast subject, with many Acts, By-Laws, Statutory Instruments, Regulations etc.  A simplified guide is being worked on, but meanwhile you may find this selection useful.  I will also forward to you some model by-laws forwarded to me in a separate mail.
It is always wise to know your rights and duties, but unfortunately in Zimbabwe today, where the rule of law does not exist, I cannot guarantee that government, the police or the municipality will respect these laws or allow you your rights (eg of 28 days' notice, appeal to Administrative Court, etc) provided under these laws.  Lawyers acting for for the 1 million + victims already affected by Murambatsvina have not had much success in protecting their clients, preventing illegal entry to property, illegal destruction and siezure of property, illegal eviction and forced removal to transit camps, etc.  Perhaps the regime will become more circumspect, in view of the UN report - or perhaps they will simply run out of fuel, like the rest of us! 
Let the struggle continue!
Trudy Stevenson MP
Harare North Constituency



(NB this selection is not exhaustive, but gives good indicators of rights and duties)


CONSTITUTION :Declaration of Rights

Section 11 : Fundamental Rights and freedoms of the individual

Whereas every person in Zimbabwe is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right whatever his ace, tribe, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex, but subject to the respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest to each and all of the following, namely:

a)      life, liberty, security of the person  and the protection of the law;

b)       freedom of conscience, of expression and of assembly and association; and

c)      protection for the privacy of his home and other property and from the compulsory acquisition of property without compensation;





Section 199: Enforcement of conditions of title:

1)      Subject to this section, a council shall have a duty to do all things necessary to ensure that the conditions of the establishment of any township within the council area and the conditions of title to any land in the council area are properly observed and, without derogation from the generality of the foregoing may, for such purposes, inter alia:

a) without compensation, cause any building willfully erected in contravention of any such condition to be demolished ad recover from any person responsible for the contravention the expenses incurred by the council in connection with such demolition;

b) prohibit the use of any building or land which contravenes any such condition;

d)      execute any work which under any such condition it is the duty of any person to execute and recover from that person the expenses incurred by the council in executing such work.


2. Before taking any action in terms of subsection 1, the council shall serve notice on the owner and on the occupier of the building or land in respect of which the action is proposed to be taken, specifying the nature of the action proposed and the grounds upon which it proposes to take that action.


3. If-

a)      the notice in terms of subsection 2 relates to a condition which imposes-

i.        restrictions on the purposes for which the property may be used; or

ii.       any requirements to be complied with or to be observed in connection with the erection of any building on the property; or

iii.     any restriction or requirement to be observed, not referred to in subparagraphs I and ii , which is subject to control under an approved scheme, operative master plan or operative local plan as defined in the Regional, Town and Country Planning act (Ch 29:12) that relates to the area in which that property is situated;


b)      the person upon whom the notice has been served is aggrieved by the action proposed to be taken in terms of subsection 1:

he may, within twenty-eight days after the date of service of the notice, appeal to the Administrative Court and no action shall thereafter be taken by the council until the appeal has been determined by that Court or the appeal has been withdrawn or abandoned.


4. If on an appeal in terms of subsection 3 the Administrative Court-

a)      is satisfied that the council is entitled to take the proposed action on the grounds specified in the notice, it shall dismiss the appeal;

b)      is not satisfied that the council is entitled to take the proposed action on the grounds specified in the notice, it shall allow the appeal.

(* But NB Minister’s powers to override anything -

Section 313 Minister may give directions on matters of policy


Section 314 Minister may reverse, suspend, rescind resolutions, decisions etc. of councils






(ie development must have planning permission from the local planning authority)


Section 22 Meaning of Development

1)      Any reference in this Part to development, in relation to any land or building, means any of the following-

a)      the carrying out in, on, over or under the land of any building or mining operations, other than-

i)        the carrying out in any building which is not subject to a building preservation order of any internal works which do not materially affect the external appearance of that building;

ii) the carrying out by or on behalf of the authority responsible of any operations in connection with:

A.     the renewal, maintenance or improvement of any existing public utility service not within a scenic beauty area; or

B.     the installation or construction of any new public utility service which is shown on a general plan or is within a road or is within the area of an operative master plan or local plan or an approved scheme and accords with that plan or scheme;

iii) the carrying out of any building operations in connection with the use of any land or building thereon for agricultural purposes unless such operations-

A.     are to be carried out within two hundred metres of the center line of any main road or district road; or

B.     are to be carried out on any property which is less than one hundred hectares in extent; or

C.     are to be carried out in a scenic beauty area;

b)     the altering of the character of the use of any land or building, other than-

i)        where the existing use and the proposed use both fall within the same prescribed group of land or building uses;

ii) the use of any land or building thereon for agricultural purposes unless such use is to be established on any property which is less than one hundred hectares in extent.

c)      the deposit of refuse or wste materials on any land;

d)     the use on any land of any vehicle or similar object, whether fixed, movable or collapsible, as a building for residential or other purposes for a period exceeding six months or such longer period as the local planning authority may authorize;

e)      0the use of any building which is designed or has been approved for use as a dwelling by a single family as two or more separate dwellings;

f)       the display on any land or the external part of any building or any advertisement in a manner other than prescribed.

2)      For the purposes of subsection 1, any land or building shall be regarded as being used for agricultural purposes if it is used directly for any of the following-

a)      the production of any agricultural produce;

b)     the storing, curing, grading, packing or other handling or processing of any agricultural produce which is produced on the land concerned;

c)      any purpose ancillary or incidental to a use specified in paragraph a) or b) other than accommodation and facilities for persons employed directly on the land:

Provided that any land which is being used as a feed-lot shall not be regarded as being used for agricultural purposes;

Section 24 Control of development


Unless permitted in terms of a development order and subject ot this Act and any such development order, no person shall carry out any development, other than development which-

a)      was commenced before the appointed day and did no require any approval in terms of the repealed Act; or

b)      is carried out  in accordance with an approval issued under the repealed Act:

         Provided that, save in the case of an approval in terms of paragraph g of section seventy-six, any such approval shall cease on the termination of a period of four years from the appointed day if the terms of that approval have not been implemented before that date; or

c)      is carried out on a mining location…

d)      is carried out in accordance with the terms of a permit.


2)      Notwithstanding any operative regional plan, master plan or local plan or approved scheme, in relation to existing development, the following may, subject to subsections 1 and 3, be carried out-

a)      the substitution of a new building erected in place of an existing building which has been destroyed or demolished if-

i)        the new building is designed for the same purposes as the existing building ; and

ii)      the erection of the new building is commenced within eighteen months of the destruction or demolition of the existing building or such longer period as the local planning authority may allow; and

iii)     the total floor area of the new building ddoes not exceed by more than ten per centum the total floor area of the existing building immediately before its destruction or demolition;


b)     the enlargement, improvement or other alteration of any existing building or a new building or a new building referred to in paragraph a if the total floor area of such building, inclusive or any such enlargement, improvement or other alteration, does not at any time exceed by more than than per centum the total floor area of-

i)        the existing building when, or upon its completion after it first acquired the right to be termed existing development in terms of the definition thereof in section twenty-three; or

ii) the existing building immediately before its destruction or demolition prior to the erection of the new building , as the case may be; or


c)      in the case of any building referred to in paragraph a or b or any building which has not previously been used, the use of that building for any purpose for which itw as designed and for any other purpose which falls within the same group of prescribed building or land uses as the purpose for which that building was originally designed.


3)      A local planning authority may refuse a permit for the development referred to in subsection 2 or may permit it subject to such conditions as it may deem fit to impose, but the owner whose property is injuriously affected by such refusal or any conditions so imposed shall, if he makes a claim within six months of receiving notice of such decision, be entitled, notwithstanding section fifty-two to recover from the local planning authority compensation in terms of section fifty in respect of that injurious affection:

Provided that no compensation shall be payable if the application was for a permit to erect a new building in substitution for a building which-

a)      constitutes or constituted existing development referred to in paragraph a of subsection 1 of section twenty-three and

b)     is or was situated within two hundred metres of the centre line or a main road or district road; and

c)      in the opinion of the planning authority-

i)        is or was not of a permanent nature; and

ii) is or was undesirable because of its nature and siting; and

iii) would not have been permitted if at the time of its erection This Act had been in force and a permit for the erection thereof had been required


Section 26 Application for permit or preliminary planning permission


1) An application for a permit or preliminary planning permission shall be made to the local planning authority in such manner and shall contain such information as may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by the consent of –

a)                  the owner of the land;


Section 27 Regularisation of buildings, uses or operations

Where any development has been carried out in contravention of section twenty-four an application may be made in terms of section twenty-six in respect of that development and the local planning authority shall deal with that application in terms of that section but any permit granted thereunder shall take effect from the date on which the buildings were constructed, the operations were carried out or the use was instituted, as the case may be.





To establish housing courts and confer upon them certain powers and functions, to provide for the repair, demolition or closure of buildings of an unsatisfactory standard; to provide for the abatement of overcrowding of dwellings; to institute a procedure whereby clearance warrants may be granted to local authorities  for the acquisition and clearance of areas in which buildings of an unsatisfactory standard are prevalent; and to provide for matters incidental to or connected with the foregoing.


(Editor’s note – relevant sections in this Act have not yet been typed, we hope to get all relevant sections from all Acts and By-Laws soon)


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Zim Online

100 Zimbabwean firms collapse in last 12 months
Thu 28 July 2005

      HARARE - About a 100 Zimbabwean firms collapsed in the past 12 months
alone due to the country's worsening economic and foreign currency crisis,
the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC) said on Wednesday.

      ZNCC president Luxon Zembe said all in all about 600 firms had closed
shop over the last three years because of an economic crisis that was
described by the World Bank this week as unprecedented in a country not at

      "We have around six hundred companies that have closed in the last
three years and about a hundred of these in the past year alone," said
Zembe, whose ZNCC is one of the two biggest representative bodies for
industry and commerce in Zimbabwe.

      The company closures have worsened unemployment in a country where
over 70 percent of employable labour is jobless. The demolition of the
informal economy when the government bulldozed informal industries and
trading kiosks in a controversial urban clean-up exercise only helped
exacerbate the situation in a country where the majority now live on less
than US$1 a day.

      Critics blame Zimbabwe's economic crisis on repression and wrong
policies by President Robert Mugabe such as his chaotic and often violent
seizure of productive farms from whites since 2000, which severely knocked
down output in agriculture, the economy's backbone.

      Mugabe denies ruining Zimbabwe blaming the country's economic troubles
on sabotage by Western opponents of his land reforms. Mugabe, under Western
sanctions, has vowed to steer his sinking country eastwards in a bid to tap
help from long-time Asian allies like China to revive the economy and avert
total collapse.

      The Zimbabwean leader, who visited China this week, signed a key
financial and diplomatic support deal with the Communist state that could
see Beijing channel vital economic aid to Harare as well as defending Mugabe
and his government at the United Nations and other international fora
against charges of violating human rights.

      The World Bank's director for Zimbabwe Hartwig Schafer was this week
quoted as saying it would require major economic restructuring, similar to
that seen in former Soviet nations, to pluck the southern African nation
from its current abyss.

      The economic and social crisis has ignited a major brain drain as
hundreds of thousands have fled for better paying jobs in neighbouring
countries and Europe, a situation that has hurt the health, education and
financial sectors the most.

      White commercial farmers who were a key component of the economy have
been forced to scatter to neighbouring countries and as far afield as
Nigeria, New Zealand and Australia after their land was seized in a land
reform programme Mugabe says was necessary to correct an unjust land tenure
system where whites owned more land than the black majority.

      A 2004 survey by the World Bank published early this year showed that
the government's fast-track land reforms had redistributed 80 percent of
farmland and improved racial distribution of agricultural property but had
increased poverty.

      The report said the land reforms coincided with a deepening political
and economic crisis which saw Gross Domestic Product (GDP) shrink by more
than 20 percent since 2000, while agriculture registered a cumulative
decline of 26 percent over the same period.

      Thirty percent of farm workers were displaced by the land seizures
leaving them destitute and living as squatters in or near urban areas. Many
are homeless now after the government razed down squatter settlements under
its urban clean-up campaign.

      The report said 70 percent of Zimbabwe's 11.6 million people were
living below the poverty line as per capita gross domestic product had
plummeted 30 percent since 1999, a figure supported by the IMF.

      The decline in agriculture has hit the key manufacturing sector where
Zembe said firms were operation at around 30 percent with the situation
worsened by shortages of foreign currency, fuel and electricity.

      Zimbabwe's arrears to the World Bank have now reached $353 million
while those to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) stand at US$306

      Worried at the impact of a failed state in the region, World Bank
President Paul Wolfowitz last month asked South Africa to bail out Zimbabwe
by extending financial assistance to help the country pay arrears to the IMF
and stave off expulsion. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Annan sets tough conditions for Zimbabwe visit
Thur 28 July 2005

      JOHANNESBURG - The United Nations (UN) says secretary general Kofi
Annan will only visit Zimbabwe after the government stops its controversial
eviction campaign, guarantees access to those in need and resumes political
dialogue with the opposition.

      At a press briefing in New York yesterday, Annan's spokesman Stéphane
Dujarric said while the UN secretary general had agreed in principle to
visit Zimbabwe, a number of factors needed to be in place before the visit.

      "Regardless of the date of an eventual visit by the Secretary-General,
it's clear that a number of things need to happen," Dujarric said.

      "One of them is that the evictions must cease and that humanitarian
access, humanitarian aid must be provided to the people in need.

      "There would need to be a start of a political process, such as a
political dialogue between the government and other stakeholders in
Zimbabwe," he said.

      The UN last week issued a damning report on the evictions by the
Zimbabwe government saying close to 700 000 people had been rendered
homeless in the controversial campaign. A further 2.4 million people had
also been affected by the campaign.

      But the Harare authorities quickly dismissed the report alleging bias
on the part of the UN envoy who they said was under tremendous pressure from
former colonial power Britain to issue a negative report.

      Mugabe earlier this week invited Annan to "come and see for himself"
the clean-up operation. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Ex-finance minister finally granted bail
Thur 28 July 2005

      HARARE - A Zimbabwe court has granted bail to the country's former
finance minister Chris Kuruneri, who is on trial for allegedly siphoning
scarce foreign currency to South Africa to buy expensive properties and
luxury vehicles.

      The bail application was granted at the ninth attempt after judges and
magistrates rejected several attempts before by Kuruneri to secure freedom
pending the outcome of his High Court trial.

      One of the former minister's lawyers, Bruce Mujeyi, told ZimOnline
last night that there were several conditions attached to Kuruneri's Z$50
million bail. He refused to disclose the conditions.

      "He was given the bail with a number of conditional ties. We are now
running around to get his release," Mujeyi said.

      Kuruneri, 54, is the highest ranking official to be arrested by the
police in a government crackdown on corruption that saw several leading bank
and company executives arrested but which critics said was selective, only
targeting those perceived not to be toeing the government line.

      The former minister was arrested in April last year after reports by
South African media that he had bought up-market properties in the country's
world famous Cape Town city.

      Kuruneri is being tried for externalising US$1 million, 100 000
British pounds and 300 000 South African rands.

      But Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor Gideon Gono, who testified as a
state witness, told the court that the foreign currency were free funds
earned by Kuruneri elsewhere which he had used to bail out the country on
condition it was repaid to an account outside Zimbabwe. - ZimOnline

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Zim's debt to ADB balloons to US$300m

Shame Makoshori
issue date :2005-Jul-28

AS Zimbabwe battles to clear the US$295 million owed to the International
Monetary Fund (IMF), another US$300 million is now overdue at the African
Development Bank (ADB).
The continental financial institution is reported to have shown increasing
concern over the non-settlement of the debt, The Business Mirror has
This US$300 million translates to about Z$5.2 trillion using the recently
introduced $17 500 to the US$ benchmark and is now militating against
further disbursement of funds for national development projects until talks
for settlements are finalised.
ADB economist, Stephen Owusu was recently in Zimbabwe where he indicated
that the debt had reached alarming levels but said he would explore avenues
of normalising relations and cooperation to avoid sliding Zimbabwe into
problems similar to those with the IMF where the Bretton Woods institution
has threatened to expel the country.
However, the central bank governor, Gideon Gono last Thursday revealed that
Zimbabwe had increased its quarterly payments on the arrears from US$1
million to US$9 million.Owusu is said to have met government and other
stakeholders such as the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) as part
of the consultative process that was aimed at collecting social and economic
information and to touch base with the private sector, find out its problems
and how they were coping.
"Due to the shortage of foreign currency that has significantly contributed
to the economic downturn, Zimbabwe has persistently failed to honour its
debt repayment obligations to the ADB and as a result the ADB no longer had
any economic development programmes running in Zimbabwe.
"The economist said the ADB was in the process of trying to find a solution
to resume operations in Zimbabwe and assist the country to implement some
economic programmes and policies for the benefit of Zimbabwe," the CZI said
in its June issue of the Industrial Agenda, adding the financial institution
was impressed by current efforts to settle the debt.
The ADB was, however concerned by the sudden turn of events in Zimbabwe's
economy where last year's improvements in capacity utilisation in industries
had suddenly started sliding, with inflation, identified by the central bank
as the country's public enemy number one, pursuing an upward trend in the
past three months.
A premier international capacity building institution owned 70 percent by
African countries and 30 percent by non African economies, the ADB has in
the past played a critical capacity building role in government institutions
and in infrastructural development across Africa.
Most of the countries are, however, facing challenges in settling their
debts due to sweeping poverty induced by wars and recurrent droughts.
The bank has however said in order to curtail the debt burden, 26 countries
would receive 100 percent assistance in the form of grants instead of loans.
There is also a possibility of an initial allocation of at least US$155
million Special Drawing Right to post conflict countries in areas where the
need arises. The ADB was recently in the news in Zimbabwe when former
Finance and Economic Development Minister, Simba Makoni vied for its
presidency in May but lost out.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Chiefs demand more say in land issues

From Netsai Kembo in Mutare
issue date :2005-Jul-28

THE president of the Chiefs' Council, has implored government to include
more traditional leaders in district, provincial and national land
allocation committees.
Presenting chiefs' grievances to the Minister of State responsible for
Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement, Flora Buka, at their national annual
conference here last week, Charumbira said government should respect chiefs
as "custodians of the soil" by increasing their numbers in all land
allocation committees.
He said the current scenario where only a few individuals were incorporated
into these land committees was unacceptable as it deprived chiefs of their
traditional rights.
According to Charumbira, the present system allowed for only two chiefs in
each district and provincial land committee and just the chiefs' president
in the national committee.
"We call upon the inclusion in the district land committees of all chiefs in
that particular district as they have knowledge of all issues affecting
their respective areas of jurisdiction," said Charumbira.
"All the five chiefs in the Provincial Chiefs' Council should also be
automatic members of the provincial land committees while the chiefs
president and his deputy become national land committee members."
The former local government deputy minister also expressed disappointment
over what he termed the usurping of chiefs' powers and responsibilities by
officials in the land ministry who issued offer letters to successful land
applicants without consulting respective chiefs.
He said chiefs were now mere stooges in their areas of birth and
Supporting their leader, Chief Neluswi Shana of Hwange said: "That even
makes us wonder if land still belongs to chiefs.
We are seeing strangers in our areas and each time we ask why they are
there, they tell us that they have nothing to do with us as government
resettled them. Some of them even call us names."
However, Buka promised to look into the chiefs' grievances.
"Government is doing everything possible to bring sanity into the land
allocation system and we assure you that all your grievances will be
addressed," she said.
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      Tiny Jewish community perseveres
      despite Zimbabwe's economic woes
      By Moira Schneider
      July 27, 2005

      CAPE TOWN, July 27 (JTA) - Hylton Solomon, a Zimbabwean Jewish leader,
says that he has never felt threatened by the turbulent goings-on in the
country, though he did admit to feeling "a little bit uneasy" during the
government's recent Operation Restore Order, which saw hundreds of thousands
of street vendors and others being driven out of urban areas and rendered
homeless in midwinter.
      "It was like Kristallnacht. You can't describe it in any other way,"
says Solomon, the president of the Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation.

      Zimbabwe's mostly elderly Jewish community has dwindled through
emigration to around 300 individuals from a high of 7,500 in the early
1970s. Despite its much diminished size and the rapidly deteriorating
political and economic situation in the country, Jewish life, though
curtailed, carries on.

      Despite Solomon's wariness, he says he hasn't yet reached his "trigger
point." "Maybe I'm an idiot for staying here. In Germany, all the pessimists
survived and all the optimists died," he adds.

      But his three children are all studying in South Africa.

      "And I don't have to tell you what that costs. This is where I earn my
bread," he says.

      Solomon also refuses to criticize the country, taking a swipe at those
who do. "This place has been good to us, and I get upset when people leave
here and live in mansions in Clifton or Fresnaye and condemn this place.
Whatever they've got there came from here," he says angrily, referring to
affluent areas of neighboring South Africa.

      "Maybe things did turn sour. But this country's been fantastic to Jews
over the years. Apart from the fact that the shul burnt down and we're not
quite sure what happened there," Solomon says, in reference to the fire that
destroyed the Bulawayo synagogue on Yom Kippur Eve in 2003, "the cemetery's
never been desecrated. There's never been any anti-Semitism and swastikas
painted on walls."

      Despite food shortages, he says they don't skimp on anything for the
35 residents of Savyon Lodge, the only Jewish home for the aged in the
country, situated in Bulawayo. Because there are so few people who earn a
salary sufficient to enable them to contribute to its upkeep, Solomon says
the community tries to solicit donations, including from former Zimbabweans.

      Daily synagogue services, as well as Jewish lessons, are held in the
city, and the Jewish holidays are celebrated "even though we sometimes
battle for a minyan," he says.

      Shelley Lasker, a teacher at Bulawayo's Carmel School, a Jewish day
school, agrees that the Jewish community does not "in any way" feel
physically threatened but says that with the rapidly devaluing currency,
economic security is a problem.

      "When a country is in a state of economic collapse and people's
pensions have been directly affected by the situation here, then, yes, they
do feel insecure. People who thought that they'd provided well for their old
age find that that is no longer the case."

      Though a mere five of the school's 200 children are Jewish, they still
celebrate Shabbat every Friday. "We light candles and have kitke when we can
get it," she said, using the term used in southern Africa for challah.

      One result of the emigration that has taken place from Zimbabwe over
the years is that the Jewish community is older.

      "One of the saddest things is that these old people are not part of a
greater community anymore by virtue of the fact that there isn't a greater
community," says Lasker.

      "They don't have access to children. They rarely see their families
because their children and grandchildren have left the country. So it's very
lonely for them. Of course Jewish life is affected. You try and have a Yom
Ha'atzmaut celebration," she said, referring to the holiday that
commemorates Israeli Independence Day, "and you've got to try and pole-vault
them into the bus when they can barely walk, never mind do the hora."

      Lasker describes the country's only rabbi, Rabbi Nathan Asmoucha of
the Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation, as an "incredible man."

      "He's come to a tiny community of mainly old people - I think his most
active role has been in holding funerals - yet he remains positive, loving
and giving."

      Solomon adds that the rabbi has made an appeal to the community to
assist those displaced by Operation Restore Order, saying that they cannot
as Jews just stand by. "So we are going to raise some money, buy some
blankets and distribute them."

      The country's two synagogues - Ashkenazi and Sephardi - in the capital
city, Harare, have combined forces for Shabbat and holiday services in order
to ensure a minyan. While the oil crisis affects synagogue attendance,
Sternberg says the main problem is that "there are fewer and fewer left to

      A shochet, or ritual slaughterer, comes to Zimbabwe from South Africa
twice a year, but with so few animals available - a result of the disruption
of farm production caused by government-sponsored farm invasions - that
there is rationing of red meat.

      Sternberg expresses gratitude for the tangible, as well as moral,
support that Zimbabwe's Jews receive from the African Jewish Congress, an
initiative of the South African Jewish Board of Deputies, which sees to the
needs of the small and far-flung Jewish communities of sub-Saharan Africa.
He said that Rabbi Moshe Silberhaft, the spiritual leader of the AJC,
arranges for someone to officiate on the High Holy Days, in addition to
providing special prayer books.

      "They also send up the South African Jewish Report on Friday,"
Sternberg said, referring to the newspaper. "Without them, we would really
be stuck," he says.

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Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,

As you are all aware, the United Nations report of the fact finding mission
to Zimbabwe to assess the scope and impact of Operation Murambatsvina by the
UN special envoy on human settlements issues in Zimbabwe Mrs Anna Kajamulo
Tibaijuka is now out.

May I take this opportunity to thank the UN secretary general for the swift
action he took when the world became aware of the serious catastrophe
Zimbabwe faced since the 18th of May when the regime descended on the poor
in Zimbabwe?

Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, the latest development on the
Zimbabwean political scene is symptomatic of the on-going political impasse
and the crisis of legitimacy arising from a flawed electoral process and a
disputed electoral outcome.

Unless Zimbabweans, with the help of the international community, deal with
the current crisis decisively, we shall remain sucked in the irrationality
of a rogue regime desperate to claim legitimacy through force and coercion
at the expense of the people.

The UN report supports our long-held position and observations on the
situation in Zimbabwe, in particular:

* The rogue behaviour of the Mugabe regime on the fundamental question of
human rights.
* It highlights the impunity enjoyed by the regime after the Gukurahundi
massacres in eighties;
* The impunity the regime enjoys in the manner in which it conducts national
elections, in orchestrating political violence and applying repressive
legislation to the people of Zimbabwe;
* We have often raised our concern over discrimination in food distribution
and on the restrictions imposed on the movement of people and on press
freedom. The regime has ignored our calls.
* In short, the report vindicates our assertion that Zimbabwe has become a
criminal state.
* The report confirms our own assessment and fear that close to 2,4 million
people were affected in the violence and destruction that took place without
adequate notice or warning.
* We agree with the United Nations that those responsible must be brought to
account for their actions.
* Our fear though is that Zimbabwe, in its present state, lacks the capacity
to reign in the perpetrators, especially when the main culprit is Robert
Mugabe himself.
* On various occasions, Mugabe sought to justify the attacks on the people
and openly supported the perpetrators of this crime against our people.

The way forward.

* We believe the report brought to the international attention the
seriousness of the Zimbabwean crisis.
* We are a poor nation. We require support to provide shelter to our people.
Millions are homeless and destitute.
* The efforts of the United Nations to assist us in addressing this
humanitarian and political emergency must be supported by all.
* We need international support to break the current political impasse; to
rebuild homes, to feed our nation and to provide meaningful work for our
people. We need support to bring about a new Zimbabwe and a new beginning.
* We believe significant progress can be registered in the search for a
lasting solution if, arising from the report and supported by an earlier
investigation by the African Commission on Human and People's Rights, the
United Nations sends to Harare a rapporteur from the UN Human Rights
Commission to undertake a comprehensive investigation into the situation in
our country.
* The report presents a challenge to Zimbabweans to organize action and a
public expression of support to the UN. We support the UN process out of the
realization that the international community can only complement our local
efforts to resist the tyranny.
* Without principled dialogue between the main political players, the regime
shall find it impossible to claim popular legitimacy and to restore our
nation's position in the family of civilized nations.

Thank You

M. Tsvangirai


26 July 2005

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SA church group sends supplies to Harare
          July 27 2005 at 04:36PM

      Johannesburg - A container of relief supplies will be sent to Zimbabwe
next week as part of the South African Council of Churches' "Operation Hope
for Zimbabwe", the SACC said on Wednesday.

      The campaign would provide immediate relief in the form of blankets,
food, water and medicine to those affected by Operation Murambatsvina
("Drive Out Trash").

      The operation - announced last week after the second pastoral visit to
Zimbabwe returned from Harare - was particularly aimed at the most
vulnerable sectors of society such as those living in transit camps, the
elderly and women with children.

      According to SACC general secretary Molefe Tsele, Operation Hope for
Zimbabwe was being managed and coordinated by South African churches,
working together with Zimbabwean churches, international humanitarian
organisations and the affected communities within Zimbabwe.

       The government of Zimbabwe was not directly involved.

      Following a damning report by the United Nations, condemning Operation
Murambatsvina, the African National Congress on Wednesday said it supported
the recommendation that the UN should work with the government of Zimbabwe
to mobilise immediate assistance from the international community to provide
humanitarian assistance, and for conditions to be created for sustainable
relief and reconstruction.

      African National Congress spokesperson Smuts Ngonyama said the ANC
"appreciates and supports" the efforts of the South African Council of
Churches (SACC) to provide humanitarian assistance to Zimbabwe.

      "The ANC urges South Africans to support the work of the SACC to
mobilise relief for Zimbabweans affected by Operation Murambatsvina," he

      The SACC said discussions were under way to explore appropriate ways
for the South African government to assist the operation.

      The campaign would further explore ways of providing shelter for those
made homeless by Operation Murambatsvina and would work with other
international agencies, such as the World Food Programme, Unicef and
UN-Habitat, to promote long-term development in Zimbabwe.

      More details about the contents of the relief shipment and the
progress of the ecumenical initiative would be announced at a press
conference on Monday at which member denominations will announce their
pledges to the campaign. - Sapa

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      Britain forces hearing on Zimbabwe slum demolition
      Wed Jul 27, 2005 6:55 PM BST

By Evelyn Leopold

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Britain forced the U.N. Security Council on
Wednesday to hear a closed-door briefing by the author of a critical U.N.
report on Zimbabwe's slum demolitions despite protests from China, Russia
and others.

After Britain's U.N. Ambassador Emyr Jones Parry insisted the issue be
discussed by the 15-member body, several members objected. He then asked for
a vote and received support from the nine nations, the required number on
procedural matters.

Five other nations, Algeria, Benin, China, Tanzania and Russia, voted "no"
and Brazil abstained, diplomats reported.

The council usually decides these issues by consensus but Britain, the
United States and others decided they would invoke a rarely used rule to get
council members to hear the issue.

Anna Tibaijuka, the head of U.N.-Habitat, was sent to Zimbabwe by U.N.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan to survey the demolition campaign. To the
dismay of Zimbabwe and its supporters, she wrote last Friday that the
bulldozing of urban slums was "carried out in an indiscriminate and
unjustified manner, with indifference to human suffering" and had left some
700,000 without homes or livelihood or both.

Jones Parry said the Zimbabwe crisis was important enough for the council to
discuss but several nations argued that this was interference in the
internal affairs of a sovereign nation and that Zimbabwe was not on the
council's agenda.

In a vote during council consultations, diplomats reported that Britain was
supported by the United States, France, Denmark, Romania, Greece, Japan,
Argentina and Philippines.

"It was absolutely right in our view that the council should hear Dr.
Tibaijuka," Jones Parry told reporters.

He said the priority now was for the Zimbabwean government to end its
bulldozing of shantytowns and for the international community to rally
around the affected individuals and rush in humanitarian aid.

The government has defended the crackdown, dubbed "Operation Restore Order,"
saying it was meant to root out black market trade in foreign currency and
other scarce commodities.

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, visiting Beijing, said Tibaijuka had
told him she was under pressure to write a negative report, said the
official Herald newspaper in the Zimbabwean capital of Harare.

But Jones Parry told reporters, "There has been no pressure. Events speak
for themselves. The facts actually substantiate her report."

"She has produced the report on her own authority for the secretary-general,
and there are no British fingerprints near it. The conspiracy theory does
not apply," he said.

U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric said that "Anna Tibaijuka's report is clear
and speaks for itself about the situation on the ground and the humanitarian

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      SAF Opposition Campaigns Against Possible Bailout For Zimbabwe
      By Joe De Capua
      27 July 2005

South Africa's main opposition party, Democratic Alliance, has started a
letter writing campaign against a possible one-billion dollar loan for
Zimbabwe. The party says the e-mail letters, criticizing the proposal, can
be downloaded from the party's website and mailed to President Mbeki.

Tony Leon is chairman of the Democratic Alliance. From Johannesburg, he
spoke to English to Africa reporter Joe De Capua about opposition to a loan
for Zimbabwe. Mr. Leon says, "The objections of the opposition in South
Africa are three-fold. Number one, an unconditional loan to (Zimbabwe
President) Robert Mugabe will be misused and abused, I think, for the
further oppression of his citizens as we've witnessed recently. Secondly, if
indeed there are any conditions attached you can rest assured subject to the
previous track record of Robert Mugabe that the conditions will be honored
only in the breech and in effect will be dishonored. And we will end up in a
situation where six and a half billion rand of South African taxpayers'
money will in fact be misused by the government of Zimbabwe for the purpose
of propping itself up in power. And the third objection is that the loan in
question, which is over a billion dollars, would amount to something like
500 times the budgeted amount that South Africa gives for humanitarian
relief as a total of its current national budget, which shows you how
extraordinary this amount is and how unprecedented granting such a loan
would be."

The DA leader says conditions must be attached to any loan to Zimbabwe that
call for democratic reforms. He says a road map to reform in Zimbabwe is
needed, which contains "calibrated steps agreed to by the African Union."
Mr. Leon says those conditions must lead to "the stepping down of Mugabe.the
restoration of democracy and the holding of fresh elections."

The Democrat Alliance has been sharply critical of President Mbeki's "quiet
diplomacy" toward Zimbabwe.
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     International Red Cross Launches $1.9 Million Appeal For Zimbabwe

      Copyright © 2005, Dow Jones Newswires

      GENEVA (AP)--The international Red Cross asked Tuesday for CHF2.48
million to provide emergency relief to victims of Zimbabwe's devastating
government-led cleanup of urban slums.

      The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
said the money is needed to provide tents, blankets, soap, mosquito nets,
water purifying tablets, condoms and planting kits to 15,000 people made
homeless by the operation.

      Some 700,000 lost their homes or jobs, and a further 2.4 million
people have been affected by the countrywide campaign, which began with
little warning on May 19, according to a U.N. report released last week.

      "This operation has had a big impact on the livelihoods of thousands
of people, with a disproportionate impact on the most vulnerable: the
elderly, the chronically ill, people living with HIV and AIDS, orphans and
other vulnerable children," Edmore Shamu, head of the Zimbabwe Red Cross,
said in a statement.

      "We will continue fulfilling our mandate to help the most vulnerable
members of our society," Shamu said.

      The IFRC said the money also would help to build 120 permanent,
two-roomed homes for orphans.

      Zimbabwe's government argues the demolition campaign is necessary to
reduce crime and restore order in overcrowded slums and illegal markets.

      (END) Dow Jones Newswires

      07-26-05 1224ET

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      Zimbabwe's Opposition Wracked by Violence, Internal Disputes
      By Peta Thornycroft
      27 July 2005

Zimbabwe's opposition, the Movement for Democratic Change, is going through
grave internal struggle after several violent episodes within its ranks.
Violence by MDC youths against founding members of the party has focused on
persistent rumors of a power struggle to oust the party president Morgan

For months, Zimbabwe' state-controlled media have speculated about a power
struggle within the opposition Movement for Democratic Change. Now, some
unnamed party leaders are accused of telling young MDC members that party
Secretary-General Welshman Ncube wants to replace party-leader Morgan

Mr. Ncube and many other party leaders have scoffed at the speculation of a
plot to oust Mr. Tsvangerai. Some analysts say that as a member of the
minority Ndebele tribe it is unlikely that Mr. Ncube would find favor with
the majority in the party.

But some young members appear to believe there is a struggle and have been
beating up some of those they suspect of being involved in the plot.

One of those beaten last month was founding MDC member Frank Chamunorwa,
who, like Mr. Tsvangirai, is a member of the majority Shona tribe. He joined
President Robert Mugabe's liberation army during the anti-colonial struggle
30 years ago, but 18 years ago became disillusioned and left the ruling
party.  He says the assault left him very bitter.

"That is the worst thing, in fact I have told so many people, I am proud to
have scars because of previous episodes of beatings from ZANU-PF. I have
never been so bitter and so dejected by the latest incident when my own very
party perpetrated atrocities on me, not only the question of being beaten,
but the way I was forced to bend down, to lie down on the ground by youths
who, in fact, most of them younger than my own first born," he said. "That
was very very bitter and disheartening, and I am very, very bitter about

The attackers have been expelled from the party, but, Mr. Chamunorwa says
the leaders who gave the orders should be investigated.

University of Zimbabwe political scientist John Makumbe said ZANU-PF's
violent political methods have tainted all Zimbabweans, including the MDC.

Mr. Chamunorwa says internal disputes are negatively impacting Mr.
Tsvangerai's ability to lead a coherent response to the government's recent
campaign of forced removals.

"If Morgan does not rule this country it is because of a problem of his own
making," he said. "He has this mandate from the party, the mandate from all
the structures, he has the mandate from more than half the population of
this country. His ineptitude, his indecisiveness may cost him dearly, and
therefore he himself will be his own nemesis."

At the latest MDC executive meeting the party's legal secretary, David
Coltart, said in a statement that the recent violence compromised the
party's credibility, which he said has always been based on morality and

He called on Mr. Tsvangirai to investigate the leaders who controlled the
unemployed youths involved in the incidents he said threatened the party's
domestic and international reputation. Mr. Tsvangirai himself declined to
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Catholic News Service

South African aid to Zimbabwe gets 'no' vote from Cardinal Napier

By Bronwen Dachs
Catholic News Service

CAPE TOWN, South Africa (CNS) -- South Africa would be "most reckless" to
send aid to Zimbabwe, which is "in absolute chaos," said the president of
the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference.

"Giving money to (Zimbabwe President Robert) Mugabe can be compared to
giving money to an alcoholic beggar who tells you he has given up drink and
will spend the money on food," Cardinal Wilfrid F. Napier of Durban said in
a mid-July telephone interview from Durban.

The cardinal had returned from a two-day trip to Zimbabwe as part of a
delegation with the ecumenical South African Council of Churches.

Mugabe is reportedly seeking a loan from South Africa to pay for
electricity, fuel and food to offset chronic shortages.

South Africa is in talks with the Zimbabwean government and may end up
aiding its neighbor financially, South African President Thabo Mbeki told
reporters July 24.

Cardinal Napier said Zimbabweans would be better served through donations to
churches and humanitarian aid agencies because Mugabe probably would
squander the funding.

"Mugabe has never respected conditions attached to money lent to his
government before, so there is no reason to think that he would do so this
time," the cardinal said.

An ongoing campaign of government-ordered shantytown demolitions has left
hundreds of thousands homeless. The campaign, Operation Drive Out Trash, has
been condemned by the United Nations, numerous countries and church leaders.

"Mugabe wants to destroy all semblance of opposition and aims to achieve
this by bringing people to their knees with himself as the only person who
can help them," the cardinal said.

Zimbabwe's government said the demolitions were carried out to eliminate
illegal settlements that had contributed to a rise in crime in Zimbabwe's
deteriorating cities. The demolitions, which began in May, have left 700,000
Zimbabweans without homes or jobs, according to a mid-July U.N. report.

The South African Council of Churches said in its report that the
"deliberate destruction of the informal economy, which is meant to cater to
economically vulnerable groups, is unparalleled in modern-day Africa."

Near Harare, Zimbabwe's capital, the council delegation visited a refugee
camp where some 5,000 people were living in "inhuman conditions."

"These people are removed from opportunities to earn a living and driven to
the periphery of society," it said.

"A shocking sight greeted the delegation" when it entered Mbare township, 25
miles southeast of Harare, the report said. "Almost every yard was filled
with rubble from the demolition of structures."

At a Catholic church in the township, the delegation saw long lines of
people waiting to collect monthly food rations, the report said.

Cardinal Napier told Catholic News Service that Mbare "was so full of rubble
it looked like it had been bombed."

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Police raid 'resistance centre'

      By Lance Guma
      27July 2005

      Police forced their way into the premises of Zimrights in Harare on
Tuesday and Thursday last week, without a search warrant, and harassed staff
working late at night. The premises dubbed the 'resistance centre' are home
to Zimrights, the Zimbabwe National Association of Students Unions and the
International Socialist Organisation. Plain clothes policemen threatened
security guards outside before gaining access to the premises at midnight.
They said they wanted to know why staff were working in the middle of the
night. In a bizarre revelation the police informed staff they had been
assigned to work round the clock at the Zimrights premises and would
actually be changing shifts with other officers. Briggs Bomba who works for
ISO says the police told him they were going to 'work' with him through the
night and provide 'protection' for him. They also wanted to know if NCA
Chairman Lovemore Madhuku had visited the offices. Bomba says they held him
a virtual prisoner and all he could do was send three text messages to
collegues explaining his situation. The police only left 5 hours later in
the morning.

      Bomba believes the police are trying to intimidate activists in the
country by pulling stunts like this. In April this year, officers claiming
to be from the Ministry of Social Welfare demanded to inspect Zimrights'
books of account and audit its activities.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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SADC peace force to operate from August

July 27, 2005, 16:30

The Southern African Development Community's (SADC) standby peacekeeping
force will be operational as of the beginning of August. The SADC Brigade
will form part of the envisaged African Union Standby Force (AUSF) which
will be tasked with quelling potential military and civilian conflicts on
the continent. Regional government military advisers have hailed the move as
a positive step in the quest to safeguard the region against political

The force will consist of troops volunteered by member states that will
include police and some civilian military experts. Once in operation the
SADC brigade will be administered from Botswana's capital Gaborone - the
regional body's traditional headquarters. Mosioua Lekota, the defence
minister and chairperson of SADC's Interstate defence and security council,
says progress has already been made in assembling units of the brigade.

All member states of the SADC organ have gathered in Sandton, for a three
day meeting of the regional body's Organ on Politics, Defence and Security
Co-operation. In discussion is the regional political and economic
situation, and the meeting is expected to review and assess the status of
peacekeeping and conflict resolution in the region.

Zimbabwe is represented by Sydney Sekeremayi, its defence minister, at this
gathering and recently was criticized for it's spending on foreign-made
military aircrafts and hardware. In April the Harare administration took
delivery of six Chinese made Karakorum jet fighters at an estimated cost of
between $10 and 20 million a move which drew global criticism. Sekeremayi
has described the criticism in this regard as baseless.
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ANC 'missing point' about Zim
27/07/2005 16:37  - (SA)

Cape Town - The Democratic Alliance has accused the African National
Congress of "missing the point" about United Nations special envoy Anna
Tibaijuka's report on the effects of the Zimbabwe government's controversial
"clean up" operation.

DA spokesperson on Africa Joe Seremane said the ANC was correct in promoting
support for international and South African Council of Churches (SACC)
efforts to provide humanitarian aid to Zimbabwe in the wake of Operation
Murambatsvina ("Drive Out Trash").

"However, the ANC has wilfully ignored the strident criticism of UN special
envoy Anna Tibaijuka about the cruel and indiscriminate nature of Operation

"Tibaijuka described the operation as a 'disastrous venture', which has
'violated international law and created a grave humanitarian crisis'.

"The actions are described in her report as 'indiscriminate, unjustified and
conducted with indifference to human suffering'," said Seremane.

Zimbabwe government held responsible

According to Tibaijuka's damning report, at least 700 000 Zimbabweans have
been left homeless and destitute, and a further 2.4 million affected.

The report holds Zimbabwe's government collectively responsible and calls
for an immediate end to the operation and the prosecution of those
responsible .

ANC spokesperson Smuts Ngonyama said on Wednesday the party had "noted" the
findings and recommendations contained in Tibaijuka's report.

"The recommendations provide a basis for further engagement by stakeholders
in Zimbabwe and the international community to address some of the matters
raised in the report," he said.

In particular, the ANC supported the recommendation that the UN should work
with the government of Zimbabwe to mobilise immediate aid from the
international community to provide humanitarian assistance, and for
conditions to be created for sustainable relief and reconstruction.

"The report correctly identifies the need for all stakeholders in Zimbabwe
to work together, with the assistance of regional and continental organs, to
address these and other challenges facing the country," said Ngonyama.

In a statement later on Wednesday, Seremane said most glaring of all was the
fact that the ANC had ignored one of the key recommendations of the report,
namely that the Zimbabwean government should halt all demolitions

'ANC should take strong stance'

Seremane said: "If the ANC was serious about helping Zimbabwe, then it would
have the courage to condemn in the strongest possible terms the indefensible
actions of the Mugabe government.

"It is of no use to the people of Zimbabwe for the ANC to stand quietly by
while the destruction continues unabated and then to offer empty gestures of
support after the fact.

"Instead of only showing support for an organisation like the SACC it is
time for the ANC to also take a strong political stance against the
(President Robert) Mugabe government."

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From The Mail & Guardian (SA), 27 July

Mugabe lauds 'brotherly friend' China

Beijing - Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe on Wednesday said he was
overjoyed at his red carpet welcome by China, as other countries pressed for
a United Nations Security Council meeting on his slum demolition drive.
Mugabe is on a six-day visit to China and has been warmly greeted as "an old
friend" by President Hu Jintao. At the same time, Britain was urging a
Security Council meeting on his slum demolition campaign as United Nations
chief Kofi Annan ruled out a visit there until Harare ended its evictions
and allowed humanitarian aid in. Council members said Harare's campaign of
razing townships has left 700 000 Zimbabweans homeless and destitute and
affected a further 2,4-million, but there was no consensus on holding formal
consultations. Diplomats said that China, one of the few countries to
publicly back his drive to demolish illegal housing in his homeland, was one
of the countries who expressed reluctance to have a formal debate on the
issue. In Beijing, Mugabe on Wednesday met parliamentary chief Wu Bangguo,
who voiced support for Zimbabwe's land reform programmes on a visit to
Harare last year. Wu said on Wednesday his visit and talks with Mugabe last
November had left him with "a deep impression", and he embraced the
frail-looking Zimbabwe leader. "May I begin by also expressing my gratitude
and appreciation for the very warm welcome that we have had as a team since
our arrival and for the excellent facilities laid at our disposal," Mugabe
told Wu. During talks, the two sides have signed agreements covering
economic and technical cooperation, including the supply of computer
equipment. A memorandum of understanding was also penned between China's
Ministry of Justice and Zimbabwe's Ministry of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs, although no details were given. "We have had
excellent discussions, excellent in the sense that what were still ideas
formulated in a draft form in some cases have now become real agreements
...," said Mugabe. "We have appended our signatures to them and we are very
very happy that we have done this to cement our relations with a great
friend, historical friend, brotherly friend, and that is the People's
Republic of China." Observers have said Mugabe's main purpose in visiting
Beijing was to plead for oil and loans to aid his state's failing economy,
although no details have been released on any agreements. He is aiming to
fulfill his "Look East" policy of fostering better relations with Asian
nations following sanctions and isolation from other parts of the world.
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Comment from The Mail & Guradian (SA), 27 July

Everything but quiet diplomacy

Tawanda Mutasah

Five years into the crisis, it is evident that Pretoria and Africa's
position on Zimbabwe cannot be called quiet diplomacy. And so the question
should not be what African leaders should be doing about Zimbabwe, but what
the effect is of what Pretoria and other African powers are already doing in
relation to Zimbabwe? For example, at the United Nations Human Rights
Commission session from March 17 to April 27 2003 in Geneva, Switzerland,
South Africa voted to block discussion of a resolution from the European
Union expressing concern about the human rights violations in Zimbabwe. Just
as it participated in the blocking of a similar resolution in 2002, South
Africa in that year voted for a non-action approach in accordance with the
much-abused Article 2 of Rule 65 of the UN Economic and Social Council
procedures, under which the human rights commission operates as one of the
functional commissions of council. In the 2003 deliberations, South Africa
felt convinced enough to actually vote for blocking discussion on Zimbabwe.

Confronted with the question, in February 2003, of whether to lift the
Commonwealth sanctions imposed on Zimbabwe in 2002, Mbeki argued strongly
that the situation in Zimbabwe was improving, and that therefore it was time
to lift sanctions. In December 2002, a meeting of the parliamentary assembly
of the African Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries with the EU under the
Cotonou framework practically collapsed in Brussels when South Africa led
other ACP countries in seeking to ensure the participation in the meeting of
Paul Mangwana, a Zimbabwean politician on the EU sanctions list. In
mid-2003, the South African minister of health threatened to walk out of a
meeting of health ministers in Geneva if her counterpart from Zimbabwe was
not allowed to participate. There has been a clear demonstration of
solidarity with Mugabe amid the human rights, governance and economic crisis
in his country, sufficient to make Mugabe confident enough to say recently
that Harare and Pretoria are in solidarity.

South African foreign affairs official Welile Hlapo seemed to have found a
convenient way in 2001 to deflect attention from human rights issues when he
insinuated that the opposition Movement for Democratic Change was allegedly
"the recipient of funds from the United Kingdom's Westminster Foundation",
as reported in the Daily News of November 6 2001. Against the background of
electoral fraud, intimidation, murder and press gagging, it is the South
African official delegation that certified as "legitimate" the 2002
presidential election that many other international observers found to be
unacceptable. When, three years later, a chance could have been seized to
bring the country back to political legitimacy, it was some African
delegations, including the one led by the South African Labour Minister
Membathisi Mdladlana, that found the deeply flawed elections in March to
have reflected the will of the Zimbabweans. Some African leaders, and
Pretoria in particular, have simply not been able to call Mugabe's human
rights abuses by their name.

When South African politicians have spoken about the situation in Zimbabwe,
they have done so with water in their mouths. Over the past five years there
have been key opportunities to speak clearly about human rights abuses in
Zimbabwe, for example, Mbeki's answers to questions in the National Assembly
(March 26 2003); then deputy president Jacob Zuma's answers in the National
Assembly (September 11 2002), among others. Harare has often promised Mbeki
that a solution was on its way. An understanding of the way Mugabe operates
would show that there is no reason to take such assurances seriously.
Recently the Zimbabwean minister of local government said his government
does not need help to implement the so-called Operation Restore Order. But
the government has now asked South Africa for a $1-billion loan.

Pretoria needs to make the deals with Harare transparent, not only because
these debts are borne by Zimbabweans, but because it enables Zimbabweans to
demand accountability for how these resources are used. If there is any
"synchronisation", as Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said last
week, needed, it is between what Pretoria is doing on the one hand and, on
the other, the efforts in relation to Zimbabwe of leaders such as Zwelinzima
Vavi, Molefe Tsele, Jody Kollapen, Van Zyl Slabbert, Archbishop Njongokulu
Ndungane, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Jeremy Cronin, Hassan Loggart, Elinor
Sisulu, Mazibuko Jara, Sheila Meintjes, Venitia Govender and the
organisations they all work with. There is no doubt that there are many in
the South African government who harbour some level of private discomfort
about Mugabe. In his book, Thabo Mbeki and the Battle for the Soul of the
ANC, William Mervin Gumede writes of his interview with Deputy Minister of
Foreign Affairs Aziz Pahad on September 23 2003, disclosing how a frustrated
Mbeki had at some point sighed: "Why can't he [Mugabe] just leave, resign?"
Mugabe needs to know that, far from having a fan club in Pretoria, he is
only being tolerated for a specific short time, to enforce specific reforms.

Pretoria must not hesitate to read to the Zanu PF leadership that ultimate
threat - that if it does not turn the corner within a set time, then it
risks being "discouraged" from using South Africa as a haven, from keeping
its children in South African schools as it destroys the Zimbabwean
schooling system, from buying its victuals in South Africa as Zimbabweans
starve. In May 2003 Finance Minister Trevor Manuel dramatised the discourse
that there is no alternative to so-called "quiet diplomacy" when he charged:
"They say quiet diplomacy has failed. Should we act like Ariel Sharon?
Should we just go in there; kick butt? If there are alternative solutions,
let's hear what they are." I have presented a few. Zimbabwean people, not
its government, have many more.

Tawanda Mutasah was the founding convenor and moderator of Zimbabwe's
National Constitutional Assembly, a civic coalition campaigning for reform
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Transfrontier Park will open in August
          July 27 2005 at 11:51AM

      Plans to open the world's largest wildlife reserve, the Greater
Limpopo Transfrontier Park, next month were on track, Kruger National Park
spokesperson Raymond Travers said on Tuesday.

      But Travers said a date for the opening, which will be attended by the
presidents of South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, has not been decided

      "We're not sure of the date but the opening of the park will
definitely go ahead in August," Travers said.

      The Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park will become the biggest
wildlife reserve in the world. It will accommodate 147 different kinds of
mammals, 505 bird species and 116 types of reptiles.

      The mega-park links South Africa's Kruger National Park with
Mozambique's Limpopo and Zimbabwe's Gonarezhou National Park. The park is
made up of 58 percent South African, 24 percent Mozambican and 18 percent
Zimbabwean territory.

      "This is a long-term project that will have great tourism
opportunities in the future," said Travers.

      He said opportunities would come in the form of packages between the
three countries.

      "Tourists will have a chance to participate in activities across the
countries," he said.

      Currently, international tourists travel to Cape Town, the Kruger
National Park and Johannesburg before returning home.

      Travers said tourists would now opt for the "bush to beach"
experience, which involves visiting the Kruger National Park and then
travelling to Mozambican beaches.

      The Kruger National Park has finished constructing the Giriyondo
border post between the South African and Mozambican part of the
transfrontier park. Travers said the border post would control movements
between the parks.

      "A tourist will only need a passport when travelling through the
Giriyondo post into Mozambique," he said.

      Fences between the parks will be brought down even though there will
be a border post. The removal of fences would, said Travers, allow animals
to roam freely.

      He warned that visitors who don't use the border post would be
considered illegal immigrants when they cross to the Mozambican or
Zimbabwean side. The three countries would continue running the parks

      "Profits from Kruger will continue going through to South African
National Parks and the same will apply in the Mozambican and Zimbabwean
parks," he said. - African Eye News Service

      This article was originally published on page 4 of Pretoria News on
July 27, 2005
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