The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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      UN criticises Zimbabwe slum blitz
      A UN envoy visiting Zimbabwe has said that the authorities could have
taken steps to minimise the human impact of a controversial slum clearing
      Anna Tibaijuka told the BBC that while urban development was
important, the government should have followed better procedures to avoid
human misery.

      Her visit follows international anger over the demolitions, which have
left an estimated 275,000 people homeless.

      Officials say the moves are aimed at removing criminals and reviving

      Ms Tibaijuka said she would submit her report to the UN secretary
general, Kofi Annan.

      Her visit coincides with Amnesty International reports that three more
people have died during the clearances.

      On Thursday Ms Tibaijuka visited the Porta Farm site where two women -
one pregnant - and a boy were reportedly killed, but said she was unable to
confirm the report.

      Over breakfast with thousands of former residents of another site at
Caledonia Farm, she said something had to be done for the displaced people.

      "I think it was very clear that they all seem anxious to get their
lives improved," she said, quoted by AFP news agency.

      "When I asked them if they were happy, I got a resounding no. So
definitely there are challenges that we have to sort out," she said, quoted
by AFP news agency, after visiting the Caledonia Farm site.

      In a separate move, the World Food Programme (WFP) said Zimbabwe's
current food shortages made it one of the most worrying countries in the

      Dialogue call

      The demolition programme began a month ago. At least three other
children have been killed during the operation.

      Thousands of the displaced people are now living on the streets, while
others have gone back to rural areas, and some have moved into unaffected
parts of the cities.

      UN Security Council members criticised the demolitions.

      Britain's ambassador to the UN, Emyr Jones-Parry, said the government
was to blame for many of the problems facing Zimbabwe.

      Acting US ambassador Anne Patterson said America was deeply concerned
about the demolition scheme and urged the government to begin a dialogue
with the opposition.

      Meanwhile South African has hit back at accusations that it has been
silent about Zimbabwe's problems.

      "President Thabo Mbeki has been very clear on this - he went to
Zimbabwe twice, and in the presence of President Mugabe expressed his
displeasure about things that were going on in Zimbabwe," South African
presidential spokesman Bheki Khumalo told the BBC.

      "The notion that we have not spoken out is not true.

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U.N. envoy meets Zimbabwe homeless

Friday, July 1, 2005; Posted: 3:58 p.m. EDT (19:58 GMT)

 CALEDONIA FARM, Zimbabwe (Reuters) -- A U.N. envoy met some of the 300,000
Zimbabweans left homeless by the government's demolition of their shanty
homes, but had little to offer them on Friday other than bread and fruit
A crackdown on shanty towns the government says were a haven for illegal
trade and crime has resulted in several deaths from falling rubble and
accidents with vehicles involved in the operation, rights groups say.

Anna Tibaijuka, sent by U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, visited a camp at
Caledonia Farm, a former commercial farm 25 km (16 miles) southeast of
Harare, where 4,000 people have been moved after their homes were destroyed.

Tibaijuka, a Tanzanian, walked among makeshift tents made from plastic bags
as men, women and small children huddled around small fires, trying to keep
out the winter morning chill.

"The challenges are quite enormous so we have to work together to improve
the situation for everybody," said Tibaijuka, who met President Robert
Mugabe on Wednesday for what she said afterward had been constructive

But meeting the homeless on Friday, Tibaijuka had little immediate relief
except for bread and fruit juice her entourage brought the camp's residents
for breakfast.

"It is very clear they all seem to be anxious to get ... things improved ...
when I asked were they happy, I got a resounding 'No'. Definitely there are
challenges that we have to work out," Tibaijuka said.

A group of women sat away from where breakfast was on offer, saying they
wanted a place to stay rather than food handouts.

Ronia Nziramasanga wiped away tears as she told how her sister killed
herself after her home was demolished, leaving five children now in the care
of their aunt.

"A lot of people here are sick, some with HIV/AIDS. What is going to happen
to them once they are thrown in the rural areas where they can't access help
from aid groups?"

On Thursday, Amnesty International and Action Aid said at least three
people, including a pregnant woman and a child, had been killed when police
razed scores of houses at a squatter camp near Harare, which Tibaijuka
visited late Thursday.

Police could not be reached for comment on Friday.

Two children died in early June as their home was bulldozed.

Mugabe's ZANU-PF government, which extended its 25-year grip on power by
another five years in March elections the opposition said were rigged,
rejects criticism of the demolitions.

It says the exercise is meant to rid Zimbabwe of settlements which are hives
of illegal trade in scarce hard currency and food.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change says well over 1.5 million
people have been displaced and that the crackdown is meant to punish its
supporters in the urban strongholds where it kept most of its parliamentary

The United States and European nations raised Zimbabwe's housing demolitions
in the U.N. Security Council for the first time on Thursday, using a debate
on extreme hunger in southern Africa to get the issue on the agenda.
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UN envoy confirms reports of deaths

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 1 Jul 2005 (IRIN) - A spokesman for the special UN envoy
evaluating the impact of the controversial demolition of informal
settlements in Zimbabwe confirmed on Friday that they had received reports
of "two or three" deaths in areas where evictions had been carried out.

"But we are yet to establish whether the deaths were circumstantial or as a
direct result of the demolition", said Sharad Shankardass, spokesman for the
UN Secretary-General's special envoy, Anna Tibaijuka.

The human rights NGO, Amnesty International, said on Thursday it had
received information that at least three people, including a pregnant woman
and a four-year-old child, had died during a mass eviction of at least
10,000 people from Porta Farm, an informal settlement on the outskirts of
the capital, Harare, established by the government more than 10 years ago.

"Over the last 48 hours, Porta Farm - a settlement of at least 10,000
people - has been obliterated. People have watched their lives being
completely destroyed, and many are now being forcibly removed in trucks by
police. At the moment we are not sure where they are being taken," the
Director of Amnesty International's Africa Programme, Kolawole Olaniyan,
said in a statement on Thursday.

Speaking to IRIN from Zimbabwe, Shankardass said Tibaijuka had visited Porta
Farm after the demolitions and met with the affected people to get their
version of the events.

"She has also asked for a detailed report from the government and the MP
responsible for the area," he added.

Shankardass pointed out that Tibaijuka was in Zimbabwe to conduct an
"impartial evaluation - she is not here to endorse anybody's actions. At the
end of her trip she will make her own assessment, which she will then
present to the UN Secretary-General".

Tibaijuka arrived in Harare on Sunday and later in the week met with
President Robert Mugabe, who allowed her to "go anywhere she wanted," he

On Thursday the UN envoy met with local and international NGOs providing
humanitarian aid.

Meanwhile Alpha Oumar Konare, Chairperson of the African Union Commission,
has designated Bahame Tom Nyanduga, a member of the African Commission on
Human and Peoples' Rights, Special Rapporteur Responsible for Refugees,
Asylum Seekers and Internally Displaced Persons in Africa, to carry out a
fact-finding mission in Zimbabwe that began on 30 June and will conclude on
4 July.

Nyanduga is expected to meet with the Zimbabwean authorities and relevant
human rights organisations and inspect areas where evictions and demolitions
have taken place.

The government started its crackdown on informal settlements and traders
over a month ago, arguing that the exercise was meant to rid urban centres
of criminal activities.

Human rights groups and the international community have condemned the
campaign, which has left over 320,000 people homeless.

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Mail and Guardian

      Zim's slums resemble battle scenes

      Fanuel Jongwe | Porta Farm, Zimbabwe

      01 July 2005 11:13

            Porta Farm, a well-known slum west of Zimbabwe's capital Harare,
resembled a village hit by an aerial attack as it was visited late on
Thursday by United Nations special envoy Anna Tibaijuka.

            At least three people have been killed here, the latest target
of a blitz against crime and squalor by Zimbabwean police, said witnesses
and Amnesty International.

            Mounds of brick rubble, plastic sheeting, broken asbestos and
iron roofing and smashed furniture were all that remained of the homes of 1
500 families at Porta Farm, whose residents were moved here from various
parts of the capital ahead of Queen Elizabeth II's visit in 1991.

            "We are dirt as far as the government is concerned," Samson
Banda told Tibaijuka as she walked around the settlement pervaded by a
mixture of anger, disillusionment and betrayal.

            "If you can, please ask our leaders what crime we have committed
to deserve such punishment," one young woman requested the United Nations

            "They brought us here saying they would build us houses. But we
have known nothing but torture and harassment for all the 16 years we have
been here," she said.

            Another woman asked the UN to "please help us or just bury us
alive if they can't help us."

            Women were preparing food on open fires among the debris while
some families were trying to piece together remnants of broken furniture
when the UN envoy visited the shanty town, once home to some 10 000 people.

            Witnesses said at least three people were killed when police
moved in with bulldozers to flatten the country's best known slum while a
woman gave birth in the open after her shack was razed.

            A woman identified as Jane Peter showed the UN envoy a
two-month-old baby who was abandoned by her mother in the ensuing melee.

            "This child has been crying since morning. We don't know where
the mother is," she said.

            "Maybe she has been taken away by the police." Many complained
that the police destroyed their furniture and were forcing them on to trucks
heading to a transit camp called Caledonia, set up by the government for
families displaced by the
            clean-up campaign.

            "Please help us because the police are just beating us up and
forcing us to Caledonia," said Wilson Phiri.

            "We see on television there is no food. This morning they took
away two children to force their mother to follow them to the camp."

            Tibaijuka told the residents: "I am sorry about this ...
situation but we are going to work together to find a permanent solution."

            The Zimbabwean government attempted to clear Porta Farm last
September using tear gas and excessive force during which at least 11 people
died, Amnesty International said in a statement reporting three new deaths.

            The UN estimates that 200 000 people have lost their homes since
police started the two-pronged "Operation Restore Order" and "Operation
Murambatsvina" six weeks ago, flattening backyard shops and stalls across
the southern African country.

            The opposition says the number of homeless is closer to
1,5-million, while tens of thousands had been arrested and charged for
various offences.

            UN Secretary General Kofi Annan last week sent Tibaijuka to
Zimbabwe to assess the humanitarian impact of the demolitions and the
clean-up campaign.

            She held talks with President Robert Mugabe on Wednesday and
visited areas affected.

            Mugabe said afterwards that the demolitions had been planned
well in advance, and the government was setting aside $333-million to build
new homes.-Sapa-AFP

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Mbare Report No. 13, 1 July 2005,


People are queuing for food, for registering their names to be taken to their rural homes, for blankets and plastic sheeting. People appear to exist only in large crowds, as numbers on identity cards. If you don’t join the right queue at the right time you are ignored. There is a danger to overlook the individual with her very particular problem and peculiar way of telling her story.

Mbuya (Grannie) Chibango is left alone in this world. All her family have died, except for one daughter. She has not washed for days since she sleeps on an open ground near her old demolished home, and she has no soap. Her clothes are dirty, her hair unkempt. She has not eaten ‘sadza’, the staple diet, for days. We have organized the food distribution in an orderly fashion, one neighbourhood group after the other, but she cannot wait that long. She must be attended to now.


Hundreds are queuing in front of the municipal offices to apply for stands which government has promised to the homeless. Just for applying they have to pay $ 120 000 dollars; once they are really allocated a stand $ 500 000. Will it ever happen? Will we ever see real houses being built? And where are people going to stay in the meantime?


This morning I went to the Missionaries of Charity of Mother Theresa who gather in the rejects of society, old people without any family to support them in their remaining days. Mbuya Chakoroma is among them. Originally she lived in a nice little house on Mushongandebvu Walk in Mbare. Then her husband died, and his family sold the house, leaving her homeless. She survived in a wooden shack in “Jo-burg lines”. When her eldest son died she had no money to bury him. The corpse stayed for two days in the shack until the local church intervened and buried him. Then her other son died as well leaving two children. Now they demolished the one room she had rented and left her hungry, penniless and cold on the street. The Sisters picked her up and gave her a home. They gather in what the powers that be (“cruel and inhuman” – Zim Bishops) scatter.

Some years ago the President said some beautiful words about Mother Theresa’s charity after he had attended a Memorial Mass for her. Has he completely forgotten?


The “Operation Restore Order” leaves only chaos, and the “Operation Clean-up” leaves only rubble and dirt, uncollected refuse and heaps of debris.

I hope the UN envoy Anna Tibaijuka sees all this.

What she cannot see because it has disappeared without a trace is the Koefman open air carpentry workshop on the corner Machingura Street/Harare Road, Mbare. For decades skilled carpenters were producing good quality furniture on this piece of open ground: wardrobes, cupboards, kitchen units, chairs, tables. And coffins. (Signs advertising “Coffins for Sale” were up at every street corner, and there was a ready market for them. AIDS made sure of that).

Now Koefman’s has been buried as well, a victim of state terrorism.

Where have all the carpenters gone? How will they survive? Making coffins in  their bedrooms, so the police will not see them, and selling them by night? Most likely.

Oskar Wermter SJ

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Government hides victims from envoy

      By Violet Gonda

      1st July 2005

      The UN's special envoy, Mrs Anna Tibaijuka, headed for Manicaland
Province Friday for an open meeting with the public and local authorities.
But the government is desperate to "sweep its dirt under the carpet," and it
was reported that scores of people who were evicted from their homes in
Sakubva Township in Mutare and had been moved to a holding camp called
Sports Oval, were evicted Friday morning.

      The Mayor of Mutare Mischeck Kagurabadza, who was preparing for Mrs
Tibaijuka's visit, confirmed that the people were evicted from the holding
camp. He said there is great concern for the families' plight as their
whereabouts are now not known.

      Over a thousand families were dumped at this holding camp since the
evictions started on May 28th. Mutare councillors said that people were
living under appalling conditions. The Red Cross had originally supplied
tents for the people but the police force took over the whole operation and
separated the families and distributed the tents into male and female
      Many people were also sleeping out in the cold as the tents were not
enough for everyone. Pishai Muchauraya, MDC Information Officer for
Manicaland province, said the latest evictions are a deliberate move by the
authorities, as they knew that the situation at the holding camp would have
serious consequences if the UN envoy had seen how people were living.

      The envoy also passed through Rusape township and met with local
authorities and members of the public before going to the eastern border
town. Observers say the visits by Mrs Tibaijuka are so far encouraging as
she is making herself available to all stakeholders, especially the victims.
Many feel that although the government is trying to do damage control the
envoy is not blinkered to what is going on. What remains to be seen is
whether she records all these atrocities in her report and what action the
United Nations will take. Meanwhile, it's reported that in the first
indication of a reaction from African leaders to Mugabe's campaign, the
African Commission, the administrative arm of the African Union, said that
it was sending Tom Nyanduga, its rapporteur on refugees, to Zimbabwe to

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Zanu PF official to resign over demolitions

      By Lance Guma
      01 July 2005

      Zanu PF Central Committee Member and former MP for Zvishavane, Pearson
Mbalekwa, is set to resign from the party in protest at the ongoing
operation 'Murambatsvina'. Sources in Zimbabwe say Mbalekwa, who is cousin
to Emmerson Mnangagwa, a bitter rival to Zimbabwe's current Vice President,
is presenting the resignation to Zanu PF on Friday. The Zimbabwe Independent
newspaper is reported to have already obtained a copy of the resignation

      The senior official, who is a former intelligence chief, is apparently
unhappy at the wanton destruction of homes belonging to the poor. He says
the idea is ill-conceived and has caused the suffering of many innocent
people. Mbalekwa added that he was also not happy with the general lack of
governance in the country. Luke Tamborinyoka, Deputy News Editor of the
banned Daily News, says the resignation is a sign of things to come.

      A grouping of Zanu PF politicians backing Mnangagwa's bid for the
presidency were watching silently, as the camp led by Vice President Joyce
Mujuru are openly supporting the police clampdown. The rift in Zanu PF is
set to widen as one camp seeks to undermine the other. Tamborinyoka predicts
the emergence of a third force from the ashes of a collapsed Zanu PF, led by
Emmerson Mnangagwa.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Porta farm deaths update

      By Violet Gonda
      1st July 2005

      There were varying reports of the number of people that died at Porta
Farm Thursday after security forces used brutal force to demolish the homes
of about 12 000 people.

      Detailed reports have now emerged of the deaths. Otto Saki, from
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights who went to Norton to help the victims'
families get burial orders, told SW Radio Africa that 3 people are confirmed
dead. Residents at the farm and human rights organisations on Thursday had
originally said four people died after a women, who was heavily pregnant,
collapsed when riot police forced people to board trucks to Caledonia Farm.

      The United Nations special envoy Anna Tibaijuka, executive director of
Habitat, the UN agency for the homeless, found herself in the midst of the
debris and tragic aftermath of the demolitions at Porta Farm Thursday.

      Its reported that the envoy was touched by the enormity of what
greeted her at the informal settlement that she was seen cradling a sickly
14-day-old baby in her arms. The Times newspaper reports Tibaijuka saying,
"This is a very sad situation," as a crowd, mostly of women, appealed to
her: "You are our saviour - we cannot stand this suffering any longer."

      Porta Farm falls under Manyame constituency, a seat that is held by
Patrick Zhuwawo, Robert Mugabe's nephew. Eyewitnesses told SW Radio Africa
that he tried to do damage control by going to the farm when he heard the
envoy was there. But the situation became tense, especially when residents
saw his entourage taking down people's names.

      It's reported that Tibaijuka has privately expressed severe criticism
of Mugabe's "Operation Murambatsvina" which is estimated to have made a
million people homeless in six weeks.
      Porta Farm has been an informal settlement since 1991, when
authorities dumped squatters there. Most of the residents had court orders
barring the government from evicting them. But police have ignored these

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Zim Online

African Union bows to pressure over Zimbabwe evictions
Sat 2 July 2005
  HARARE - The African Union (AU) is sending an envoy to assess President
Robert Mugabe's controversial urban clean-up drive, apparently bowing to
mounting pressure by the international community to intervene in Zimbabwe.

      AU chief spokesman Desmond Orjiako last week told journalists at the
union's head office in Ethiopia that the organisation was not going to
interfere with Mugabe's clean-up drive because it was an internal matter
outside its purview.

      But AU Commission Chairman, Alpha Konare, backtracked this week when
he announced that he was sending an envoy, Balame Tom Nyandanga, to Harare
to probe and assess the impact of Mugabe's demolition of shanty towns that
has left close to a million poor people living in the open without food or
clean water.


      Nyandanga, who is the AU Commission on Human and People's Rights
special rapporteur for refugees, asylum seekers and displaced people on the
continent, is visiting Zimbabwe a week after a United Nations envoy began
probing the mass evictions.

      The AU envoy was expected in Harare on Thursday and was expected to
finish his mission by Monday next week, according to a statement released
from Konare's Addis Ababa office. But ZimOnline was yesterday unable to
establish whether Nyandanga had arrived in the country.

      According to Konare, his envoy will meet "Zimbabwe authorities and
relevant human rights organisations." He shall also visit Harare's Mbare
low-income suburb where the giant Mupedzanhamo and Siyaso informal market
and industry sites were razed to the ground by police bulldozers.

      Nyandanga will travel to Chitungwiza city, south-east of Harare where
two people were crushed to death in their houses by police bulldozers. He
will also visit the destroyed Hatcliffe squatter camp north of Harare and
the crowded Caledonia holding camp, east of the capital where 4 000 people
are living in the open after being dumped there by the police.

      The European Union, United States and international human rights
groups had strongly criticised the AU for refusing to act saying the African
body could not keep silent in the face of wanton human rights abuses by

      British Premier Tony Blair, who is pushing for more aid and debt
relief for Africa by richer nations, also said inaction by Africa's leaders
against Mugabe's rights violations could scupper his efforts to win more aid
for the continent. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Harare residents blame Mugabe for housing mess
Sat 2 July 2005

      HARARE - Harare residents have told United Nations envoy Anna
Tibaijuka that the informal trading sector and shanty towns the government
was now destroying were a direct consequence of President Robert Mugabe's
mismanagement of Zimbabwe.

      Mugabe's controversial farm seizures only helped worsen the situation
as displaced farm workers flocked into urban centres to survive on vending
while living in backyard cottages that Mugabe has ordered police to
demolish, the Combined Harare Residents Association (CHRA) said in its
submission to Tibaijuka.

      "The informal sector in Zimbabwe is a direct consequence of government
policies and its economic mismanagement. It (informal sector) has always
been a feature of Zimbabwean society and fulfils a vital role in supporting
the marginalised poor," CHRA said.

      The residents' group added that the informal sector had expanded in
the nineties as factories closed after the government's failed economic
reforms and that the sector ballooned in the last five years as former
workers on white farms flocked into cities and towns after their employers
were evicted by the government.

      Tibaijuka is in Zimbabwe to probe and assess the impact of the
government's clean-up campaign that has seen close to a million people
thrown into the streets without food or water after their homes and informal
industries were demolished by armed police and soldiers.

      Mugabe says the clean-up exercise is necessary to smash crime and to
restore the beauty of Zimbabwe's cities. But the international community has
roundly condemned the five-week operation that also saw more than 46 000
informal traders arrested as a gross violation of poor people's rights.

      The African Union (AU) that had initially rejected calls to intervene
apparently had a change of heart with AU Commission boss, Alpha Konare,
announcing this week that he was sending an envoy to Harare to probe the
clean-up operation.

      Zimbabwe is grappling its worst economic crisis since independence 25
years ago and the United States and Britain on Thursday told the UN Security
Council that the mass evictions of poor urban families were only helping
worsen the situation in a country already threatened with mass starvation.

      About four million Zimbabweans or a quarter of the country's 12
million people require urgent food aid or they will starve. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

ZANU PF ready to talk to MDC
Sat 2 July 2005

      HARARE - President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU PF party says it is
ready to resume stalled negotiations with the main opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) party to find a solution to Zimbabwe's political and
economic crisis.

      ZANU PF spokesman Nathan Shamuyarira told ZimOnline yesterday that the
party was prepared for unconditional talks with the opposition brokered by
South African President Thabo Mbeki. He said: "ZANU PF has never closed
doors for genuine dialogue with the opposition or anyone for that matter."

      Shamuyarira's comments come amid revelations by South African media
this week that Mbeki was ready to resume his mediation efforts in Zimbabwe
with a preparatory meeting between him and MDC President Morgan Tsvangirai
lined for this weekend in Pretoria.

      Pretoria's peace-making efforts in Zimbabwe appeared to have collapsed
after the MDC two months ago said it was pulling out accusing South Africa
of taking sides after it endorsed ZANU PF's victory in last March's disputed
general election.

      But the spokesman for the Zimbabwean opposition party Paul Themba
Nyathi confirmed Tsvangirai and secretary general Welshman Ncube were
scheduled to meet Mbeki this weekend. He said his party shall issue a
statement after the meeting.

      Analysts say only a negotiated and democratic settlement between
Zimbabwe's two most powerful political parties could pave way for a solution
to the country's worsening economic and political crisis.

      Fuel, food, electricity, essential medical drugs and hard cash are all
in critical short supply in Zimbabwe now in its sixth year of economic

      The European Union, United States and key international donor and
development agencies have ruled out assistance to Zimbabwe until Harare
restores democracy, the rule of law and upholds human rights. -ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Doctors' strike ends
Sat 2 July 2005

      HARARE - The strike by junior and middle-ranking doctors in Zimbabwe
over the country-wide fuel crisis ended yesterday after the government gave
in to their demands.

      The doctors who were complaining that they were spending too much of
their time in fuel queues rather than attending to patients in hospitals,
downed their tools on Tuesday to press the government to provide them with
fuel to travel to work.

      But yesterday, the doctors were back in the wards after a meeting
between the 700-member Hospital Doctors Association (HAD) and Health
Ministry officials late on Thursday.

      The president of the association, Takawira Chinyoka, confirmed meeting
the government officials.

      "The meeting was very successful as the government assured us that we
would be allocated fuel from Noczim (National Oil Company of Zimbabwe).
Doctors from Parirenyatwa will get 5 000 litres. We are still concerned
though about the allocation for doctors at Harare Central and Mpilo in
Bulawayo. The officials said the issue of doctors at other hospitals will be
resolved next week," said Chinyoka.

      Contacted for comment, David Gora, the chief executive of
Parirenyatwa, who chaired the Thursday meeting said: "We have solved all the
sticky areas and the situation is back to normal at the hospitals which had
been affected."

      Zimbabwe is in the grip of an acute fuel shortage because there is no
hard cash to pay foreign suppliers.

      Zimbabwe's health delivery system is in crisis due to years of
under-funding and mismanagement while the majority of the country's trained
medical personnel have left the country to seek better paying jobs abroad. -

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Zim Online

UN Security Council debates Zimbabwe evictions
Fri 1 July 2005

      JOHANNESBURG - The United States and European nations yesterday took
advantage of a debate on hunger in southern Africa to raise Zimbabwe
President Robert Mugabe's controversial urban clean-up drive in the United
Nations Security Council.

      But unnamed diplomats quoted by Reuters news agency said most council
members opposed debating Mugabe's clean-up campaign saying it was an
internal matter and not an international peace and security issue. The
African Union last week also refused to censure Harare saying the mass
evictions were an internal matter outside its purview.

      More than 46 000 informal traders have been arrested in the last five
weeks for selling goods without licence and between 300 000 and a million
poor people have been cast onto the streets after their shanty homes in and
around cities were demolished in a campaign Mugabe says is necessary to bust
crime and restore the beauty of Zimbabwe's cities and towns.

      A UN special envoy is currently in Zimbabwe assessing the impact of
the mass evictions and how the world body could intervene and help thousands
of children and their families living in the open without food or clean

      Urging the council to review Mugabe's evictions, British ambassador to
the UN, Emyr Jones Parry said: "Up to 300 000 people have been made homeless
and thousands of children are forced to abandon school is important to
realise that this crisis has been caused by the action of the Zimbabwean
government. It is man-made and not a natural phenomenon."

      Acting US UN representative Anne Patterson said Washington was ready
to offer Zimbabwe large-scale food assistance but was "strongly opposed" to
Harare's actions and policies that were worsening the hunger crisis in the
southern African nation.

      Denmark and Greece were also critical of Zimbabwe while France voiced
concern only about the food situation.

      But Tuvako Nathaniel Manogi, Tanzania's deputy UN ambassador,
criticised the UN for doing little to help hunger-stricken parts of the
world pointing out that food aid to the poorest nations was declining at a
time the number of hungry people in those countries was on the rise.

      Manogi mentioned his own country which he said had repeatedly pleaded
for food aid without much success although it was hosting a huge population
of refugees. "The archives of this organisation are full of good intentions.
We are all better at talking than acting," he said.

      UN World Food Programme director James Morris, who met Mugabe in
Harare last month to discuss food aid, told the council that hunger and
HIV/AIDS had combined to create a greater humanitarian crisis in southern
Africa than crises in Darfur, Afghanistan or North Korea.

      More than eight million people in southern Africa and half of them in
Zimbabwe alone required urgent food aid, according to Morris. At the
beginning of the year, the number of hungry people in the region stood at
3.5 million.

      Morris also said he had made it clear to Mugabe, in the past accused
of withholding food to opposition supporters, that the WFP and its
distribution partners would not accept interference by Harare and will
distribute food to all hungry people. - ZimOnline

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"They will not stop until they are stopped"

Judith Todd
Cape Town Press Club
Thursday, June 30 2005.

1.     I am glad of the greatly increased and increasingly thoughtful coverage of Zimbabwe in South Africa over the past fortnight because this means we can today move straight into trying to address some of the concerns of Deputy Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad who says that the South African Government is not ignoring events in Zimbabwe, but is at a loss as to what to do.

"We are trying to find a solution, but the problem is that we have done everything we possibly can.  We can't work out what else is expected of us." - Sunday Times, June 26 2005.

2.    Background.

Firstly, it would be helpful to clear up some confusion which persists regarding the background of the Zanu (PF), Robert Mugabe regime. Just last December, for example, the ANC expressed its unequivocal support for Zanu
(PF) through former deputy secretary-general Henry Makgothi at Zanu (PF)'s fourth congress when he said, reading from a prepared statement: "Our national executive of the ANC and the people of South Africa are confident that Zanu (PF), as a party of revolution, will continue to play a leading role to assert the political and economic independence of Zimbabwe.  As the ANC we take pride in the bilateral relations that we have forged over the years of the struggle .The ANC wishes to reiterate our firm support for the people of Zimbabwe under the leadership of Zanu (PF)."

What was being blinked at here was the fact that the bilateral relations forged during those years of struggle had been between the ANC and ZAPU, under the leadership of Joshua Nkomo, while ZANU, under the leadership of Robert Mugabe had stood with PAC, not ANC, lonely and rejected on the outskirts of the OAU.  Some also have missed the significance of the progression of events since 1980 in Zimbabwe which went, very briefly, as follows:

a.     1980 elections where Zanu (PF) kept large numbers of their fighters out of the Assembly Points in order to ensure victory through intimidation before people even got to the polls for Zimbabwe's first ever elections.

b.      From those elections onwards the emasculation of Zapu's military wing, ZIPRA, under the Minister of  Defence R. G. Mugabe which went hand in hand with;

c.      The crushing of ZAPU.  This repression escalated significantly from the beginning of 1982 with treason charges being brought against the two top commanders of ZIPRA, Lookout Masuku and Dumiso Dabengwa and other top military men and Zapu politicians.  The same tactics were used later against Morgan Tsvangirai and MDC.

d.        The deployment of the North Korean trained Fifth Brigade into sections of Matabeleland and the Midlands where, apart from a general campaign of terror, they were furnished with lists of people in  Zapu structures to kill. As Robert Mugabe said at the passing out parade of the Gukuruhundi Brigade December 1982, "The knowledge you have acquired will make you work with the people, plough and reconstruct.  These are the aims you should keep in yourself".   Plough and reconstruct.

e.         The 1985 elections which, although won by Zanu (PF), did not give Mugabe a sufficient number of seats to change the constitution as he wished.  To punish those who voted against him he broadcast in Shona urging his followers to go and rip the weeds from their gardens and stump their fields which some of them did, burning houses and businesses of perceived opponents and leaving over 2000 homeless in Matabeleland, Midlands and Harare, and leaving scores dead.  To punish the whites he sacked Denis Norman as Minister of Agriculture.

f.         The culmination of all these events meant that by late 1987 the spine of ZAPU had been broken and "unity" achieved. Mugabe was declared Executive President.  ANC's old friend ZAPU was effectively dead and those survivors of Zapu who remained or were forced to remain in the hierarchy of Zanu (PF) were routed by the new opposition party MDC in the 2000 elections.  SK Moyo, Zimbabwe's Ambassador now to South Africa was one of these, humiliatingly defeated in his home constituency of Bulalima Mangwe on the borders of Botswana.  To punish those whom he thought had supported the MDC Mugabe destroyed commercial agriculture and thus the economy of Zimbabwe.

3.          Deception.

By the skilful deployment as top diplomats of people formerly identified with ZAPU and/or Joshua Nkomo like SK Moyo to South Africa, Kotsho Dube to Nigeria, Report Phelekezela Mphoko to Botswana Zanu (PF) have managed to
prolong the fiction of being old allies from the struggle for liberation. In fact today's Zanu (PF) is nothing more than a criminal mafia which has hijacked Zimbabwe.  Many of its servants from the old Zapu are used and kept in place today by a mixture of bribery, blackmail and terror, forever having to look over their shoulders to see who is listening.

That brief background serves only to illustrate that what is happening today is nothing new.  It is simply an intensified operation to get rid of the last vestiges of perceived opponents now described by the head of police Augustine Chihuri as a crawling mass of maggots.  No one must allow themselves to be deluded about what is going on in Zimbabwe.  Just as Gukuruhundi was designed to kill, so is Operation Murambatsvina.  If, in bitter winter, you deprive people and their children of shelter and thus also their food and clothing and warmth; if you deprive them of their tools of trade and their means of survival you do this for one reason only; you intend them to die.  As a report published in the UK Independent last week stated: "Aids, starvation and depopulation of the cities is sending tens of thousands to a silent death in the rural areas" where, jobless and homeless, they are waiting to die.  Daniel Howden was reporting from Brunapeg Hospital on the border of Botswana from where help could still be made available to the dying people he writes about, if the will was there to provide it.  It was the Independent who published the chilling statistic that already the death rate is outstripping the birth rate by 4000 per week.

 I remind you once more of the words of Didymus Mutasa now Minister of State for National Security, Lands, Lands Reform and Resettlement in the office of the President. In August 2002 he said "We would be better off with only six
million people, with our own people who support the liberation struggle.  We don't want all these extra people."
They have been planning Operation Murambatsvina for a long time.  As Mugabe was reported just this morning on South African radio it has been a campaign planned well in advance and has been "a long cherished desire".

 4.    Possible action

a.    Recognise the fact that while those who continue to oppose the regime from within Zimbabwe need all possible support they cannot be expected to drive change internally because of:

        i)      the destruction of the rule of law, the judiciary, the press and the economy

        ii)     the brutalisation of the population including both the victims and the perpetrators

        iii)    the consequences of attrition.  It is estimated that 70% of the 18-65 age group now live outside the country

        iv)    they have no means of protecting themselves

b.     There should be no more solidarity of any kind with Zanu (PF) and no more political cover - e.g. blocking efforts by the UN Human Rights Commission to send a fact finding team and blocking efforts to get these issues raised in the UN General Assembly and waiting for reports from whomever.  The meetings of the G8, the African Union and the United Nations in the next weeks should be used as launching pads for very serious action to be taken against this genocidal regime including gathering  evidence of crimes against humanity within Zimbabwe since 1980.  I do not use the word genocidal lightly.  Even before the unleashing of Operation Murambatsvina it was estimated that 4 million  Zimbabweans were in grave danger of starvation.  If our population now stands at about 10 million the deaths of 4 million plus people will bring the statistics down to the figure given publicly by Didymus Mutasa as desirable - 6 million.

c.     Even now some form of loosening up of Zanu (PF) structures could be started with complicit people like Chihuri perhaps through his contacts in Interpol, or, on different levels, Ambassadors and High Commissioners being offered leniency in return for their assistance in providing information and resistance of all kinds to the regime.  A lot of those complicit now will want the chance to run for cover.   Stop all arms sales; all sales of spare parts; all bank loans; everything that can extend the life of the regime. The longer the life of the regime is extended the more people will die.  The regime will not stop with what we know so far of Operation Murambatsvina. THEY WILL NOT STOP UNTIL THEY ARE  STOPPED.

d.    Appoint a very strong Ambassador to Zimbabwe and a full time Presidential envoy to liaise with all groups in clearing the way to a conference on a new constitution which should probably be convened  in South Africa. In order to compel all involved to move towards a constitutional conference all pressure possible should be brought to bear on members and servants of the regime, like the denial of visas either to or through South Africa or SADEC countries until they are compliant. Total sanctions should be imposed and, if necessary, Dennis Brutus should be called back from the USA to talk to South Africans like Gerald Majolo, Cricket South Africa chief executive about sport and politics.

        Support should be made available to all civil society organisations in South Africa who are trying to assist counterparts and others in Zimbabwe and to Cosatu and the SACP and the councils of churches with their efforts
regarding Zimbabwe.

e.     Enunciate the fact clearly and loudly that the people of Zimbabwe, Nepad, the Commonwealth and the African Union are more important than Robert Mugabe and Zanu (PF).  Mugabe has only a little time left on earth but the
people of Zimbabwe and their history will continue for ever.  They will want to know about silent diplomacy and how they were affected.   When Mugabe has gone and the era of silent diplomacy has come to an end what will South Africa have to say to the people of Zimbabwe?

f.      Inventory of the destruction of Zimbabwe and a corresponding assessment of people able to come home for the reconstruction.

g.    Instead of the electric fence being switched on along the Botswana border, start immediately providing vast help to the affected and dying people over the Zimbabwe border.  If I remember rightly South Africa flew water to victims of the Asian Tsunami.  Hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans just over your borders need food, water, medicine, clothing, shelter.  They are within the reach of  helicopters from South Africa, Botswana and Mozambique.

"In a tiny scene, captured by a hidden tv camera filming the political cleansing Robert Mugabe has visited on Zimbabweans, one shot expressed a moment of great poignancy.  A man reached out and stroked the arm of his daughter as she walked away from him and he gazed down, eyes shaded, at the ground.  It was the gesture of a second, hopeless, it seemed, because he could do nothing more to protect or soothe her than this touch, a gesture which only told her he was still a living being, and reassured him that she was too". - John Lloyd, Father's Day, The Scotsman, reprinted in NETGO News June 19 2005
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Clean-up victims plead with UN envoy

Farirai Machivenyika
issue date :2005-Jul-02

FAMILIES at Caledonia Farm - a transit camp for victims of the clean-up
operation - yesterday pleaded with the UN special envoy currently visiting
Zimbabwe, Anna Kajumalo Tibaijuka, for assistance, including food, blankets
and other basic necessities.
Tibaijuka has been in the country since Sunday assessing the impact of the
clean-up campaign and how the world body could assist the victims.
The camp is a temporary sanctuary for families whose illegal structures were
demolished in the operation.
At least 4 000 people are accommodated at the site which lacks basic
sanitary facilities and clean drinking water, among other basic needs.
The uprooted people yesterday complained of a lack of ablution facilities
and clean water to lead decent lives for the time being.
"There is no water and other sanitary facilities. We are exposed to the cold
weather currently prevailing and we fear that we will soon catch diseases.
There is no proper security for our belongings and some of us have lost
household goods," lamented Diamone Alexio whose illegal dwelling was
demolished at Tongogora Park on Whitecliff Farm.
"I just hope her visit will enable the UN to provide us with assistance
because we are suffering here," he added.
Tibaijuka has said the UN would work with the Zimbabwean government to
assist Murambatsvina victims.
Alexio said he had been at Caledonia camp for the past three weeks and hoped
to get decent accommodation since he had registered to be allocated a stand
under Operation Garikai launched by Vice-President Joseph Msika on Tuesday.
Political commentators, who preferred to remain unnamed, say operation
Garikai was launched as mitigation against the effects of operation
Murambatsvina/Restore Order.
They also contend that there was no planning whatsoever, including alerting
their targets, before the responsible ministry embarked on the exercise.
A 54-year-old divorcee, Gaudencia Mhuruyengwe, who was staying at Chimoio
Housing Co-operative, said she was struggling to get enough food, as she
could not engage in any income-generating ventures.
She welcomed Tibaijuka's visit and hoped their plight would be addressed
The victims were yesterday treated to tea and bread - food the affected
alleged had become a luxury - ahead of Tibaijuka's visit to Caledonia
transit camp.
Another resident, Washington Samakande echoed the same sentiments, saying
conditions at Caledonia camp were not conducive for human habitation,
especially families with young children.
"I have two young children and they are sleeping in the open. The tents are
inadequate and most of us are sleeping in the open. My eldest child was
doing Grade Two in Kuwadzana and has not been going to school ever since the
operation started. There are no clinics and other basic requirements. I just
hope she (Tibaijuka) will take our concerns to the UN for assistance,"
Samakande said.
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) including CARE; Unicef and Christian
Care, have started donating various goods such as blankets, buckets and
The clean-up has been criticized in certain sectors as unplanned and
insensitive with analysts noting the high levels of human suffering caused
by the blitz.
Sources have alleged that authorities only launched Operation Garikai
following local and international condemnation of the exercise. The
government has, however, assured the nation that proper planning would be
adhered to ensure decent and affordable accommodation for the masses.
The UN delegation went to Mutare yesterday as part of the on-going
assessment of the impact of the operation.
Besides touring areas sheltering Murambatsvina victims, the UN team has also
met President Robert Mugabe, commissioners running the affairs of Harare and
the ministerial task force on reconstruction.
Meanwhile, the government has since set aside $3 trillion for a housing
development scheme with over 9 000 people being allocated residential stands
at Whitecliff Farm.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Chombo, Chihuri, Mohadi sued

Takunda Maodza
issue date :2005-Jul-02

DISPLACED Porta Farm residents have dragged cabinet ministers Ignatius
Chombo and Kembo Mohadi, the police commissioner and acting Harare mayor to
the High Court for contempt of court, just four days after the no-nonsense
Operation Murambatsvina hit the squalid settlement on the outskirts of
The applicants are suing Chombo in his capacity as the Minister of Local
Government, Public Works and Urban Development, Mohadi (Home Affairs),
Augustine Chihuri (police commissioner) and Sekesai Makwavarara, the
chairperson of the committee running the affairs of the capital, for
deliberately ignoring court orders.
They are cited as first, second, third and fourth respondents in an urgent
court application, case number HC3225/05, dated June 30, 2005.
The superior court had barred the residents' eviction until an alternative
place offering basic public amenities had been found.
In a High Court provisional order, case number HC3177/91, Judge Wilson
Sandura ruled: "The applicants are entitled to inhabit their dwellings until
they are relocated to suitable permanent homes. That the respondent is
interdicted from demolishing the applicants' dwellings or evicting (them)."
At the time, the respondent was the Harare Municipality.
In his founding affidavit, Porta Farm residents chairperson Felistus
Chinyuku, noted that they have been in court several times seeking
protection against eviction by the respondents and those acting through
Chinyuku said they obtained a provisional order barring the City of Harare
from evicting them. The matter was still pending and the order valid, he
Reads Chinyuku's affidavit in part: "In case number HC10671/04, we obtained
an order barring the first respondent (Chombo) from evicting us. The order
is still operative. In case number HC11041/04, the city of Harare applied to
have us evicted from Porta Farm. That application was dismissed with costs.
"In an attempt to fulfil court orders 'A' and 'B' (Judges Wilson Sandura and
Susan Mavangira's provisional orders), the first respondent advised the
court in an answering affidavit filed in case number HC10671/04 that they
had complied with the court orders and that we should move to our new
places. No one was able to show us any piece of land referred to in the
answering affidavit in question."
Chinyuku explained that while residents awaited the first and fourth
respondents to honour the court orders, Operation Murambatsvina was
Chinyuku said the blitzkrieg struck Porta on June 27, 2005 when the police
press and liaison section advised them to vacate the farm by 4pm the next
Despite applicants being armed with High Court orders barring their
evictions, three bulldozers pounced on Porta Farm, exposing the abandoned
poor families to the cold winter.
"At about 11:30hrs on the 28 of June 2005, the persons who had come drove
bulldozers towards our dwellings. We confronted them with annexures A, B and
D (the court orders stopping the eviction). All of them refused to accept
the annexures," Chinyuku added.
"They said they were illiterate, that they were not in a classroom to be
given papers to read and in any event they were not going to obey any court
orders as they were acting on orders from above. I submit that the
respondents and those that were acting through them and on their behalf were
clearly in contempt of court," he added.
Applicants are seeking an order declaring respondents to be in contempt of
court and pray that "each respondent is sentenced to 30 days imprisonment
with labour. Each respondent is sentenced to a further 30 days with labour
wholly suspended on conditions they purge their contempt".
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Bulawayo losing millions in water charges

From PamenusTuso
issue date :2005-Jul-02

BULAWAYO is losing millions of dollars in water charges monthly through
illegal reconnections amid claims that some municipal employees are behind
the scam.
According to latest council minutes, the Bulawayo City Council (BCC) warned
that if left unchecked, the rampant practice was likely to worsen the city's
financial woes.
"Some residents especially those in the high-density suburbs have resorted
to reconnect water supplies on their own as soon as council officials leave
the premises after disconnecting water supplies," reads the minutes in part.
"In some cases housing assistants are allegedly accepting bribes to
reconnect the water supplies after working hours. Some council police
officers, whose duty amongst others, is to enforce council by-laws, are also
said to be accepting kick-backs to reconnect cut water supplies."
The reports are certainly no good news for law-abiding residents who have
reportedly threatened to stop paying their water charges next month until
the council takes appropriate action.
Town Clerk Moffat Ndlovu said it was criminal to reconnect cut water
"Any person or resident seen illegally reconnecting water supplies will be
arrested. Apart from that, the surcharges will also be doubled," said
He also warned residents to stop tampering with water reading meters once
for all.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Zim, China relationship should be internationally recognised - President

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-02

RELATIONS between China and Zimbabwe should now be developed further so that
the relationship is internationally recognised, President Robert Mugabe has
The President said this on Thursday when a visiting delegation from the
Chinese Ministry of Justice paid a courtesy call on him at Zimbabwe House.
"Relations between the two countries date back to the days of our liberation
struggle and now that they are very firm, it is necessary that we develop
them much more so that we can stand together not only bilaterally, but also
internationally," President Mugabe said.
Duan Zhengkun, head of delegation and China's Deputy Minister of Justice,
said the visit was an opportunity to exchange views on common interests.
"The two countries have had exchanges and cooperation in many areas,
including economic and trade issues, and that can be supported by
cooperation in legal areas," Zhengkun said.
"We are delighted to be received by the President. We hope for further
The delegation arrived in the country on Wednesday and met Zimbabwe's Chief
Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku, who briefed them on the local judiciary system.
He said although political relations between Zimbabwe and China were very
strong, relations between the two judiciary systems were weak.
The delegation also paid a courtesy call on Attorney General, Sobusa
Topics of discussion included cooperation in the area of intellectual
property rights.
Gula Ndebele said China had an advanced intellectual property and strong
anti-corruption laws that could be helpful to Zimbabwe.
The delegation, which leaves the country on Sunday after visiting one of the
country's prime resort areas, the Victoria Falls, also met Justice, Legal
and Parliamentary Affairs Minister, Patrick Chinamasa on Thursday.

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Channel4 News

Bulldozing on

Published: 1 Jul 2005
By: Lindsey Hilsum

Mugabes bulldozers kill at least three - including a child - amid a new
assault on the dwellings of fifty thousand Zimbabweans.

A community demolished - a life destroyed. When the Zimbabwe authorities
sent the bulldozers into Porta Farm south of Harare yesterday, they
devastated more than buildings.

"The caterpillars were demolishing the house and my son ran onto the road. A
truck ran him over, and he died on the spot. His brains were splattered on
the ground. We had to pick up his brains. Because I am his father, I had to
get sand to cover the blood." - Trynos Mayere, father.

Fanandi was five years old. The family say now they've been made homeless
and destitute, they don't even know where to bury him or hold a funeral.

"I blame the government, because if they were not demolishing our houses
then my son would not have died." - Eunice Manyere, mother

The destruction was relentless and spared nothing and no-one who happened to
be in the way. One family sit with the body of their mother in their ruins -
she was too sick to run when the bulldozers came. Her daughter watched,

"She was lying in the room. Then they came yesterday. They hit the wall, and
the wall fell on her head. She was sick. She can't run away."

A pregnant woman was allegedly beaten by police. An eyewitness said, "A
woman died. She was getting into a car when they started beating her. She
was pregnant. She fell over and died. Are they saying poor people must die?
They might as well just shoot us all."

Porta Farm had been a thriving community since 1992. Ironically, President
Mugabe's government brought them here so they wouldn't clutter up the
capital during the Queen's visit for the Commonwealth Conference.

After dark, the UN Secretary General's envoy Anna Tibaijuka arrived, fresh
from a meeting with government ministers. She's said to be deeply concerned
that the demolitions are continuing even during her visit.

"Why is it that these people are always torturing us? Fifteen years of
facing horror. This is very unbearable." -

They handed her a baby whose mother had fled. Clearly upset she gave the
baby back and asked that she be fed. The woman holding the baby gave the
telling reply:

"I am not the mother and there's nothing to give her."

She was overwhelmed. Ms Tibaijuka was on Tony Blair's Africa Commission. In
Zimbabwe, she's witnessing suffering caused not by terms of trade, debt or
lack of aid but by a government wreaking destruction on its own people.
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Mail and Guardian

      Zim accepts aid

      Irin News Service

      01 July 2005 09:59

            The Zimbabwean government has agreed to allow aid groups to
offer humanitarian assistance to people who have been displaced in its
controversial urban clean-up drive.

            Local Government Minister Ignatius Chombo announced that the
government would allow donors to provide assistance, mainly in the capital,
Harare, and Zimbabwe's second city, Bulawayo.

            However, Chombo stressed that the NGOs would have to adhere to
certain regulations. "Anyone with genuine intent and concern is allowed to
assist, but there are rules to be followed. Already we are working together
with organisations, such as the Red Cross, who have done a good job in
converting Caledonia Farm into a transit camp."

            Two farms - Caledonia on the outskirts of Harare and Hellensvale
near Bulawayo -- have been converted into holding camps for those whose
homes have been destroyed.

            NGOs confirmed reaching an agreement with the government to
provide food, blankets, medicines and sanitation facilities in the camps.

            James Elder, of the United Nations children's fund, Unicef, said
the agency was particularly concerned about the plight of children who have
been unable to attend school. "There is a lot of work we are doing
throughout the country that includes disbursing blankets, putting up
sanitary facilities, [providing] sleeping tents and [addressing the needs]
of children."

            Unicef has appealed for more than $2,7-million to expand health
care, deliver non-food items, provide HIV/Aids prevention and care, and
place social workers in key areas as it steps up support to evicted

            "Many children are now without shelter during winter, others
have been separated from their parents and caregivers, schooling has been
disrupted, access to water is difficult, and respiratory infections and
diarrhoeal diseases are a real threat," said Dr Festo Kavishe, Unicef's
representative in Zimbabwe.

            According to the police, families would only be accommodated in
the holding camps for a month while they either searched for proper
accommodation in the townships or returned to their rural homes.

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