The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Police smash more homes in Harare
Michael Hartnack | Harare, Zimbabwe
05 July 2005 01:08

Armed paramilitary police swept through a Harare township, pulling down more
than 100 prefabricated wooden cabins -- including one in which screaming
children had taken refuge, witnesses and opposition activists said on

Monday's raid took place despite promises that police are winding down
Operation Murambatsvina, or Drive Out Trash, a so-called urban renewal drive
that has destroyed the homes and livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of

Police could not be reached for comment on Tuesday.

It was the latest in a series of raids against Hatcliffe township, where an
estimated 20 000 people have already been forced from their homes since
police started torching and bulldozing shantytowns, markets and other
structures deemed illegal on May 19.

A United Nations envoy is in Zimbabwe to assess the humanitarian impact of
the campaign, which aid workers and opposition leaders estimate has
displaced up to 1,5-million people at the height of the Southern African
winter. Police put the figure at about 120 000.

Since UN envoy Anna Tibaijuka's visit was announced, government officials
have repeatedly stated that the demolished homes will be replaced with a
Z$3-trillion (R2,2-billion) reconstruction effort.

On Monday morning, truckloads of paramilitary troops raided Hatcliffe,
smashing homes, chasing street vendors and seizing their wares, witnesses

"First they came after us sellers at the market area, where the council gave
us the green light to sell," said Brighton Chiwolo, a cigarette seller who
lost his job as a supermarket checkout clerk last year. "Then they went from
street to street, ordering people to demolish the cottages that were there."

"Some five or six kids that were there ran and locked themselves in a
cottage, and then the police went and demolished it with iron bars while the
kids -- aged nine, 10, 11 -- started screaming," he said.

The children escaped unharmed, but another resident was injured when a sheet
of roofing fell on his foot, Chiwolo said.

Officials have said previously they are targeting illegal structures, but
Hatcliffe residents said they are being forced from land and homes given to
them by the government itself ahead of elections in recent years.

Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai told journalists in South Africa on
Monday that the demolitions appear aimed at breaking up opposition
strongholds among the urban poor and diverting attention from the
government's economic failings.

The destruction comes at a time of economic crisis in Zimbabwe, where
inflation has topped 144%, unemployment is about 70% and an estimated four
million are in urgent need of food.

"I am going on playing hide and seek with the police. I still have to
sell -- I cannot find a job," Chiwolo said.

The Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights said in a statement on
Tuesday that the evictions have also disrupted HIV/Aids treatment programmes
and left the sick exposed to the elements. A number of people have
reportedly died of pneumonia since they were left to sleep in the open.

Tibaijuka, the Tanzanian head of UN Habitat, planned to visit Zimbabwe's
second city of Bulawayo on Tuesday, scene of sporadic violence during the

David Coltart, spokesperson for the main opposition Movement for Democratic
Change, estimated about 30 000 people have been left homeless in the
south-western city.

"There are relatively few on the streets here because churches have opened
their doors," he said. "Every church hall is jam-packed with internally
displaced people and families are doubled-up in homes."

Jenni Williams, a Bulawayo-based activists with Women of Zimbabwe Arise,
said her women's rights group hopes to tell Tibaijuka: "Zimbabweans are not

"Mugabe has been operating with such impunity, and he expects voluntary
organisations and the international community to clean up after him,"
Williams said. -- Sapa-AP

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Mugabe Government Has a Case to Answer

The Nation (Nairobi)

July 4, 2005
Posted to the web July 5, 2005

Chege Mbitiru / There And About

There is an organisation in Geneva that's rarely heard of. That's because it
makes little noise. That might change, if it keeps its word.

Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, or Cohre, has noble causes -
promotion and protection of housing rights for everyone, everywhere. It
plans to take President Robert Mugabe's government to the International
Criminal Court. Offence? "Operation Murabitsvina," a continental public
relations nightmare.

With the Shona language word translated, the phrase means "clear out the
rubbish." There's certainly rubbish in Zimbabwe. Human beings don't qualify
though. Tragically, they have.

In a statement last week Cohre condemned the operation. At least 200 African
and international human rights organisations, including Amnesty
International, signed in.

The statement said during the evictions homes are burned, property
destroyed. Many people are arbitrarily arrested, detained and fined. Many
are abducted and, or beaten, with impunity.

"We feel that the government has a huge case to answer. This is a calamity,"
Cohre's president Jean du Plessis was reported saying. "It may take a long
time, but we'll be pushing for it."

It's not just non-Africans who are furious. A Zimbabwean of repute, Catholic
Archbishop Pius Ncube, told a British news organisation the United Nations
"should arrest Mugabe, bring him to trial, insist on free and fair
elections." It's a long shot. If only the archbishop and Mr Mugabe would
genuflect together.

The operation has opened Mr Mugabe to unprecedented criticism. As usual, the
81-year-old president responded with his altar-boy-like piety: Wrong? Never!

On one occasion he chose a most appropriate forum to defend the operation: a
police graduation ceremony. He praised the police for making his clean up a
success. In any case, the operation would rid Zimbabwe havens of criminals
and black marketers.

The United Nations estimates 275,000 are now homeless. Zimbabwe must have
criminals and black marketers galore. In a most callous way, Mr Mugabe
expressed happiness a new breed of entrepreneurs would emerge. The world now
knows he's no longer a socialist.

In any case, Mr Mugabe argues, his government has committed some US$ 3
billion to fight crime and clean up cities. Probably the president has
agents melting gold in historical Zimbabwe. Besides there are campaign
promises to keep.

They include revitalising cities and towns and constructing 1.2 million
housing units and residential stands by 2008. Reorganising small and medium
businesses is also a promise. Only a moron can quarrel with that.

Mr Mugabe's critics say there's a more sinister motive. During parliamentary
elections early this year, voters in urban areas rejected Mr Mugabe's ruling
ZANU-PF party. They are being punished.

No! Says Mr Mugabe. Elections stood in the way of the operation. Otherwise,
critics would have claimed the government-emasculated opposition Movement
for Democratic Change, or MDC party. What's the problem now? The MDC won.

Mr Mugabe's former propaganda chief, Mr Jonathan Moyo, claims the president
is stingy with truth. The operation wasn't pre-planned. Revenge, probably?
Mr Moyo still has connections to know a few goings-on within ZANU-PF.

There are credible reports. It isn't only MDC strongholds that have been
affected. Gone, too, are structures belonging to infamous War Veterans. The
government used them to chase from land white farmers. So what? Political
groups become expendable.

Archbishop Ncube has added another twist. Mr Mugabe is headed the way of the
Cambodian dictator Pol Pot. On seizing power, Pol Pot ordered urban dwellers
into the countryside. Millions died from hunger and Pol Pot's butchery.
Vietnamese troops rescued the rest.

It's unlikely Mr Mugabe will go Pol Pot's way the whole hog. The president
regularly pays homage to Holy Mother of Jesus. Nonetheless, there'll be
unnecessary casualties.

Already the UN World Food programme estimates three millions Zimbabweans
need food aid. The country has to import 1.2 million metric tonnes of it.
There are other shortages, fuel included. Unemployment is normalcy. It isn't
time for urban renewal.

African leaders are mum. Presumably they are, like South Africa President
Thabo Mbeki, irritated by outsiders' call that they deal with the mess.
These leaders probably read support in European Commission president Jose
Barrosso's comment.

"We should not be giving lessons," he said in Johannesburg. "Let's be frank.
It is very delicate for a foreign group of countries to intervene if the
countries in the region do not take themselves the initiative." That might
have been contempt, put politely.

Mr Mugabe and comrade Excellencies have problems. Urban areas in Africa are
cesspools. Gestapo style clean up isn't an answer though. Humane, planned
rebuilding is.

Not so long ago in Lagos a few African leaders waved a peers review report
card. Regular cautioning against misdeeds isn't prohibited.

Currently Africa is enjoying unprecedented goodwill internationally. Some is
suspect. But there's something to be had. African leaders shouldn't,
therefore, shy away from telling their own: Dress up. There's a little party
going on.
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      'Callous' raids anger Mugabe ally
      A former director of Zimbabwe's secret police has told the BBC that he
left the ruling party over the "callous" destruction of people's homes.
      Former Zanu-PF MP Pearson Mbalekwa contradicted President Robert
Mugabe's assertions that the operation had been planned long in advance.

      "If there was a plan, we wouldn't have people sleeping under trees or
next to rivers," he said.

      The shanty town demolitions have left 200,000 people homeless, the UN

      Operation Murambatsvina [Drive Out Rubbish] has been condemned by
teachers, doctors, church groups, the UN and the opposition.

      At the weekend, Methodist bishops from Southern Africa warned of a
potential genocide.

      Mr Mugabe says the six-week operation is aimed at ridding urban areas
of criminals.


      Mr Mbalekwa, a former senior director of the Central Intelligence
Organisation (CIO), was a member of Zanu-PF's senior body, the central
committee, until resigning last Friday.

      He said that neither the central committee nor MPs were consulted
until the crackdown had already begun.

      "This thing was not planned, it was done haphazardly, thereby causing
a lot of suffering to people," he told the BBC's Network Africa programme.

      He said he had no idea why the operation was being carried out.

      "It puzzles me and it puzzles all sane people," he said.

      The opposition says its urban supporters are being punished for voting
against Zanu-PF in March elections.

      But many of the demolitions have also been of structures built by
Zanu-PF supporters on previously white-owned farms.

      UN special envoy, Anna Tibaijuka, has extended by a week her visit to
Zimbabwe to assess the impact of the government campaign against illegal
structures and informal traders.

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The Star, Malaysia

July 5, 2005
Mugabe denies hundreds of thousands uprooted

SIRTE, Libya (Reuters) - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe denied on
Tuesday that his crackdown on illegal shantytowns had made hundreds of
thousands of people homeless.
"There is no demolition campaign. It's a clean-up operation and that's what
all countries do," he said in brief remarks to reporters at an African Union
(AU) summit in Libya.

Western countries have been highly critical of Zimbabwe's "Operation Restore
Order" -- a six-week police blitz which is estimated to have made 300,000
people homeless.

But Mugabe's government says the clean-up campaign is aimed at rooting out
black market trading and other criminal activity in poor urban areas.

Asked by a journalist about reports that "hundreds of thousands" of people
had been made homeless by the campaign, he replied: "Where are they? We
don't know about those. It's just nonsense."

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has said that Africa must
stand with the rest of the world in condemning the crackdown,

AU officials last week rejected calls from non-governmental organisations to
intervene in Zimbabwe, saying the crackdown was an internal affair.

Zimbabwe has not been on the agenda of the half-yearly gathering of heads of
state and government of the 53-member AU.

British Prime Minister Tony Blair has called for the United Nations Security
Council to debate the housing crackdown and what it says are wider human
rights abuses after a visiting top U.N. official reports back.

A special representative of U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived in
Harare on Sunday to assess the situation.

Copyright © 2005 Reuters
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UN News Centre

UN envoy on housing evictions continues tour of Zimbabwe

5 July 2005 - The United Nations Special Envoy looking into humanitarian
aspects of the evictions of thousands of poor Zimbabweans from illegal
housing and businesses today extended her visit to the southern African
country by almost a week until Friday and was setting out for the southern
African country's second city.

On her way to Bulawayo by road, Special Envoy Anna Tibaijuka, who is also
the Executive Director of the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT),
was scheduled to stop in Midlands Province. She also planned to visit the
western Victoria Falls district, her agency said.

Ms. Tibaijuka, who arrived on 26 June for about a week, has been reviewing
the government's arrangements for the displaced, its provision of
alternative housing and basic needs during the southern African winter, as
well as the response of UN agencies in the country, it said.

Last week, the Special Envoy met with Zimbabwe's Ministerial Task Force
coordinating Operation Murambatsvina (Operation Restore Order) and was
present at the official launch at Whitecliff Farm of the new GariKai housing
reconstruction programme. She was shown many resettlement sites the
government and local authorities had prepared for new homes and markets.

She talked with local authority officials and the affected communities in
Headlands and Rusape, as well as in Mutare. She also held talks with
Manicaland Province Governor Tinaye Chigudu and talked to displaced families
camped in a local sports ground.

Mrs. Tibaijuka has been hearing reports from ordinary citizens and
representatives of faith-based organizations and non-governmental
organizations (NGOs). In the capital, Harare, she met with international and
local NGOs and women's groups as she visited sites where people has been
evicted, such as Mbare, Hatcliffe Extension and Porta Farm.

Ten United Nations Special Rapporteurs on several human freedoms and rights
issued a 24 June statement expressing concern about the "recent mass forced
evictions in Zimbabwe and related human rights violations" and raising
questions about the negative effects on supplies of water and food,
education and health care, including HIV/AIDS treatment.
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Defiant informal traders battle to survive

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

HARARE, 5 Jul 2005 (IRIN) - Zimbabwean informal traders affected by the
government's controversial clean-up operation have come up with ways - often
novel - to keep their businesses alive and out of the watchful eye of the

From locating business operations at their homes to displaying wares as
"samples" on the street, defiant traders were fighting to survive because
they had no alternative source of income, said analysts.

Humanitarian agencies noted the ongoing operation had so far left at least
320,000 people homeless and many thousands without livelihoods. The
government has argued that the operation, which began over a month ago, was
meant to rid urban centres of criminal activities, including illegal foreign
currency dealing.

"Most of the informal traders have known no other way of fending for
themselves and their families, and it is not surprising to see them
establishing themselves again in areas that they have been chased away
from," the chief executive officer of the Zimbabwe National Chamber of
Commerce (ZNCC), Innocent Makwiramiti, told IRIN.

"The government destroyed the informal sector at a time the country is
suffering from its worst unemployment levels. Naturally, the victims of the
operation would always find ways of continuing with their businesses, even
though that might be illegal," he commented.

Jane Ngwerume, 30, a single mother of three, used to sell wooden curios and
traditional herbs in the populous suburb of Mbare before the market was
destroyed last month. She now runs her business from home.

"Even if the police arrest me a hundred times, I cannot watch while my
children starve. When the authorities demolished our market, my parents
removed a tenant who was living in their house and I moved in.

"I consider myself lucky because at least I have somewhere to operate from.
The police have not yet discovered that is what I am doing, because my
clients could just as well pass for visitors. I keep the room where my wares
are stocked locked, just in case someone tips off the authorities," said

But, unlike the busy Mbare market, her home-based business draws few

Ngwerume's neighbour, Eunice Sithole, who is 24 and single, now also
operates from home after her hair salon was destroyed. She said the police
had confiscated her equipment but she used her savings to buy a new hair
dryer and chemicals, and her clients followed her.

"But business is no longer as good as it used be, since the space is too
small and my equipment is gone. My situation has been made worse by the fact
that my landlord has said he wants an 'operating fee', in addition to me
having to pay part of the water and electricity bills.

"What consoles me is that I can make enough money to buy food, and the
police are not coming after me - at least for now," commented Sithole.

Former 'tuckshop' owners in many of the densely populated suburbs in the
southwest and northeast of the capital, Harare, have also resorted to moving
their shops to their homes; other defiant former business owners are running
their operations in open spaces.

Jaison Makaya of Glen View, about 20 km southwest of Harare, said that to
avoid being arrested, he displayed "sample" goods, which he monitored from a

"I hide my goods in the bush, from where I go and retrieve them when a
customer approaches me. Initially people thought I was mad, but they are now
used to my new way of doing business. In any case, they are forced to buy
from me because the nearest shops are far away and usually do not have what
I can provide," said Makaya.

His daring wife, Betty, sells vegetables outside a shopping centre about a
kilometre away.

In the city centre, sweet and cigarette vendors hide their goods in drainage
pipes and, like Makaya, display "samples" in the form of empty cigarette

While they sell small items during the day, the vendors take advantage of
the cover of night to sell other goods like vegetables and clothes to
commuters waiting in long queues to go home after work.

ZNCC chief Makwiramiti said the government should have given the informal
traders sufficient time to legalise their businesses to ensure that their
sources of income were not disrupted.

The police recently announced that they had vetted around 7,000 vendors, who
would soon be allocated stands at approved locations, but according to
Makwiramiti the figure represents a small fraction of the number of people
who were affected by the operation.

Traders applying for a stand are required to show proof of legal residence,
national identity cards and receipts to prove their wares have been procured
legally. The monthly rental for a stand will be about US $60.

Hairdresser Sithole was critical of the eligibility requirements. "The
government is not catering for people like me - it seems to be concerned
more about people who are selling goods, rather than those delivering
services, such as hair dressers - judging by the fact that they want you to
produce receipts of the things that you will be selling.

"In addition, how will I be able to produce proof of the so-called legal
residence when I am just a tenant who is not approved by the municipality?"
she asked.

Economist John Robertson said more illegal informal traders would re-emerge
because of the rising cost of living.

"The economic situation is dire, and the cost of living is bound to shoot up
and, naturally, many more people who were into the informal trade will go
back because they are desperate to earn a living," he explained.

The current rate of inflation is 144.4 percent.

Makwiramiti said the illegal informal sector had been thriving because of
the poor performance of the economy. "The challenge was not that these
people were operating illegally. It is important to look at why the informal
sector had blossomed to that extent, and the obvious answer is the crisis
that the economy is going through," he remarked.

Since 2000, when the government's controversial fast-track land reform
programme started, many manufacturing industries, which had sourced their
raw materials from the agricultural sector, folded because production
dropped after commercial farms were seized.

The persistent shortage of foreign currency that followed the withdrawal of
financial support by the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and
foreign investors had also impacted on industrial production, which largely
depended on imported raw materials.

Unemployment in Zimbabwe is currently estimated at 70 percent.

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Sunday Times, SA

Farmers still face harassment

Tuesday July 05, 2005 09:02 - (SA)

HARARE - Zimbabwe's remaining white commercial farmers face continued
harassment, abuse and loss of equipment, even though the government claims
that land seizures are over, their union said.

"Government has on many occasions indicated that the land reform programme
has been completed but despite assurances from the relevant authorities,
forced evictions, seizures and threats continue," said Doug Taylor-Freeme,
president of the Commercial Farmers Union (CFU).

Of the 400 farmers remaining out of the 4,500 white farmers in Zimbabwe
before land reforms were launched five years ago, at least five are driven
off their land every week, said Taylor-Freeme.

"An average of five farmers per week are subjected to forced evictions," the
CFU head said. He said the latest victim was a farmer from the eastern
Middle Sabi farming region who was "attacked and severely beaten by six
individuals" on Sunday.

The farmers' union "strongly objects to the constant lawlessness that
prevails in the districts," said Taylor-Freeme.

"This is unacceptable," he said calling on law-enforcement agencies to bring
an end to "this senseless violence, threats and intimidation."

Taylor-Freeme pleaded with authorities to put a stop to the violence to
stabilise the agricultural sector and improve production in Zimbabwe, which
is suffering from food shortages.

"The past agricultural season has been difficult with basic commodities in
short supply. There is need to show respect for each other's lives and
property so as to allow the agricultural sector to play its role within the
economy," he said.

Zimbabwe embarked on its land redistribution programme in February 2000,
seizing prime farmland owned by some 4,500 white farmers and handing it over
to the landless black majority.

The government's land reforms have been partly blamed for compromising food
production in what was once the southern African region's breadbasket.

White farmers owned some 70% of the most fertile land in Zimbabwe before the
reforms were implemented.

Fewer than a dozen white farmers lost their lives at the start of the farm
invasions in 2000.

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Sunday Times, SA

'Quiet diplomacy' helps Mugabe

Tuesday July 05, 2005 09:57 - (SA)

South Africa's diplomacy had extended a lifeline to Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe, opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said today.

"As long as there is some quiet sanitising of the Zanu-PF regime, then there
is a lifeline," Tsvangirai told a group of business leaders in Johannesburg.

He said South Africa should not regard his Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) party as looking to it for help.

"We would rather see South Africa exercise its responsibility. The problem
is not with South Africa, it is in Zimbabwe."

South Africa had to be part of the solution, he said.

Robert Mugabe's regime was "Pol Pot in slow motion", he said, referring to
the Cambodian dictator.

The Zimbabwe government's recent "Operation Restore Order", which saw the
demolition of houses and businesses, was part of Mugabe's attack on
constituencies that no longer supported him, Tsvangirai said.

Zimbabwe, as Africa's "one bad egg", would creative a negative impression
internationally of the whole region.

The MDC leader said a decision on whether his party would contest the 2008
elections would depend on what constitutional changes were put in place
between now and then.


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Globe and Mail, Canada

We must confront Zimbabwe's dictator now


Tuesday, July 5, 2005

Group of Eight leaders assembling this week in Scotland for their summit,
ostensibly focused on Africa, would do well to review a June 30 appeal from
the Brussels-based International Crisis Group calling on African and
international leaders to act immediately to protect the people of Zimbabwe.

The March parliamentary election, though less visibly violent than in
previous years, was marked by blatant gerrymandering and widespread voter
intimidation, with announced vote counts in many constituencies grossly
exceeding the total number of registered voters. In recent weeks, under
Operation Drive Out Rubbish, more than 300,000 "informal urban settlers"
have been forcibly ejected from their homes. In the past five years, the
government-sanctioned takeover of large commercial farms has displaced not
only their white and black owners but more than 1.2 million workers and
their families. Unemployment exceeds 70 per cent, foreign-exchange earnings
from agriculture, mining and tourism exports have collapsed, and inflation
is more than 125 per cent.

The contrast between newly independent Zimbabwe of 1980 and today should be
a wake-up call underlining the failure of Western countries, including
Canada, to devise and implement human-rights and development policies
consistent with their rhetoric.

At Zimbabwe's independence celebrations 25 years ago, Canada's delegation
was assured of the government's intention to seek reconciliation with all
factions in the country. In response, Ottawa generously supported Zimbabwe's
development needs, particularly in education. But, by 1982, Robert Mugabe
began to revise his concept of democracy and equate the state treasury with
party funds. This replacement of a government of reconciliation with a
one-party state, along with Mr. Mugabe's developing paranoia, had serious
implications for a third of the populace that was neither of his party nor
of his Shona tribe.

Mr. Mugabe felt threatened by both white-ruled South Africa and those who
had supported his rival, Joshua Nkomo. The armed suppression of minorities
in Mr. Nkomo's tribal Matebeleland began in early 1983. In the guise of
protecting the country from dissidents, 20,000 Ndebele people were killed
over the next two years under a campaign led by the North Korean-trained
Fifth Brigade. Evidence of this brutality, initially provided by Canadian
teachers and reported to Ottawa by Canada's diplomats, was confirmed by
other sources.
Canada and other like-minded nations, by refusing to address these early
atrocities, missed an important opportunity to mitigate the human-rights
violations. Had Mr. Mugabe been faced with the threat of international
ostracism and the curtailment of substantial aid, it is unlikely that his
ego or need for assistance would have allowed him to pursue his political
objectives in this manner.

But what happened instead? Despite knowledge of these events, he was invited
to Washington to meet the president, with a parallel invitation to Canada in
September of 1983. Here, he was wined and dined from Saskatchewan to Nova
Scotia, met ministers, premiers and yes, the prime minister, without a word
being said about these atrocities.

Missed opportunities often result in justice denied. Canada, along with
other members of the international community, has failed to respond promptly
to African crises in Ethiopia, Rwanda and Sudan when catastrophic abuses of
basic human rights have occurred. At the Kananaskis summit in 2002, Canada
took credit for orchestrating G8 support for the New Partnership for
Africa's Development (NEPAD), containing strong commitments by African
governments to promote human rights and good governance within the rule of

Subsequently, Prime Minister Paul Martin, citing Article 24 of the United
Nations Charter for maintenance of international peace and security,
emphasized that, when basic human security is threatened by governments that
are unable or unwilling to halt internal oppression, national sovereignty
yields to the international community's responsibility to protect people
from authoritarian abuse of state power.

Canada has the legal capacity, under the Crimes Against Humanity and War
Crimes Act, to indict Mr. Mugabe and his political, military and police
associates. A proposal to do just that has been submitted to Justice Canada.
If a government initiative to proceed is not forthcoming, as seems likely, a
private prosecution could be initiated.

At Gleneagles, the G8 leaders will reiterate their commitment to assist
African leaders in strengthening governance, addressing corruption, and
promoting the rule of law, human security and sustainable development
through NEPAD. But the willingness to contribute generously to the globally
shared Millennium Development Goals of poverty eradication, education,
gender equality, child survival, maternal health, reduced HIV/AIDS, and
environmental sustainability is linked to the leaders' combined willingness
to address the issues of Zimbabwe and other countries similarly affected.
Without progress on these issues, another opportunity to work together on
issues vital to humanity at large will once again have been missed and
justice will continue to be denied.

Robert McLaren was Canada's first high commissioner to Zimbabwe, from 1980
to 1984. Art Wright was high commissioner to Zimbabwe from 1993 to 1996.
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The Mercury

      Live 8 was baffling and offensive
      July 5, 2005

      Africans feel humiliated by the image of their wondrous continent as
lost and in need of white prophets, writes Yasmin Alibhai-Brown

      What kind of person would scorn and mock a day like Saturday, when
millions sacrificed shopping and sex and gathered on a balmy day to belt out
their support for the poorest in Africa?

      A handful of good men made this event happen. Some among the new
generation of attending citizens were (perhaps) radicalised into questioning
this grotesquely misshapen world, where countless (in truth, uncounted)
children die of starvation and preventable diseases while foolish
fashionistas throw away seasonal handbags that cost a small fortune.

      More importantly, the media jumped on board and did Africa. Thousands
of images of small, shiny, black-skinned children with accusing eyes flooded
our newspapers and overpowered the conscience of each of us. But what was it
for? I still don't get it.

      I am trying to understand as the litter and scraps of the day float
around and those who were there convey what it was like and what it all
meant. I confess I cried when Miss Dynamite sang Redemption Song, a
beautiful rendition of a never-ending search for black salvation. But the
rest of the day was giddily confused and confusing.

      They care so much about Africa, yet they couldn't share the limelight
and day with Africans as brothers in arms. Instead, African musicians had to
be grateful for a small and wrenched concession - far away in Cornwall, in
the ghetto, they played and learned to stay in their place. Oh, but they did
allow UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan to come on.

      Wasn't that enough?

      He wandered on to the stage looking bewildered, took the microphone
and thanked Sir Bob Geldof et al on "behalf of the poor". For this duly
humble message Annan got subdued applause.

      Michael Goldfarb, an American radio journalist who works from London,
tells me he was moved that so many young people he interviewed were there
not for the music but the cause. He is a reliable witness, so I take his
words seriously.


      They wore many-coloured charity rubber bracelets and endorsed
T-shirts; they clicked their fingers as instructed, to mark yet another
needless death of a wretched child in Mali, or Zimbabwe or Congo - bourgeois
politics which stayed within the comfort zone, but at least they were

      With Live Aid and Red Nose Day I knew what was expected and why.
Geldof and others wanted our money for an undertaking that was as clear as
clean water. The detractors who accused Geldof of "mugging" them in their
own living rooms were sad misanthropes.

      Due to that day, my mum has had a magazine photograph of Geldof on her
wall, next to her carpet picture of Mecca. She donated a large proportion of
her small supplementary pension. Yes, some of the cash raised was co-opted
by the dictator Haile Mengistu, responsible for a reign of terror in
Ethiopia. But lives were saved by Live Aid, indisputably.

      Birhan Woldu, an emaciated Ethiopian child, was shown on TV. We rushed
to give more money. On Saturday she stood on stage, a beautiful young woman
who so nearly got buried in the famines all those years ago. But to see her
being led on and off by Madonna took away the respect Woldu was entitled to.
An African woman with such a story was not enough. A fake blonde celeb had
to flank her to make her more attractive to the audience.

      Then Madonna, a landowner who resents blameless ramblers walking
through her estate, calls for a "revolution". Can you blame me for feeling

      We haven't even got to the really stinking hypocrisy. Is it true that
the Geldof girls were flown in by helicopter, so that they could be there to
remember the poor and dying? That even on such a day, VIPs couldn't bear to
mix with the common folk because that (presumably) would be, like, a tad too

      That there had to be a VIP area where champagne bubbled for paying
corporate clients? Geldof is very rough and tough when he objects to G8
summits which are bloated with luxuries. His acolytes might have timorously
suggested to him that there is something even more unseemly about Live 8
performers in Philadelphia getting goodie bags worth $7 000 (R47 000) each.

      Next question from this sceptic. Why were artists not allowed to slag
off Blair or Bush or Brown? (Or to mention Iraq?) These leaders tacitly
support the exploitation of resources by Western companies in Africa, unfair
trade barriers too, and the immoral arms exports.


      They infantalise Africans and cannot see them as equals. But please
don't dare to mention these small matters, commanded St Bob. Thanks to these
unspeakable tongue-tying orders, Blair was not called to account for the
viciously cruel deportations of African refugees back into the hellish
countries they fled.

      And, again, should we not ask whether this blockbuster was meant to
attack the rich G8 leaders for the state of Africa, or to flatter them into
acting now? The answer is sadly that he has gone for flattery rather than
rage. How else do you explain the loving photographs of Bob and Tone, and
Bob and Gordon?

      Finally, how did Africans feel about the projection of their continent
by Live 8?

      Every Ugandan, Kenyan, Ethiopian, Sudanese, South African, Zimbabwean,
Nigerian, Egyptian, Rwandan, Ghanaian, Cameroonian, Tanzanian, Sierra
Leonean, and Congolese African I know found Live 8 baffling or offensive or

      They admit that bad governance, historic betrayals and trade handicaps
have left their continent trailing behind in the global marketplace. They
know they cannot turn this round without Western participation. But they
feel humiliated by the image of their wondrous continent as lost and in need
of white prophets.

      The solution, they say, lies with Africans themselves. And with
outsiders who love and understand the unbreakable spirit of Africa. The
irony is that when you read Geldof's new book on what he calls the "luminous
continent", you can feel his deep love. But always there, too, is the
terrible virtue and saviour's certainty, which reveals awareness without

      I am reminded of a line in The Man Died by Wole Soyinka: "History is
too full of failed Prometheans bathing their wounded spirits in the tragic
stream." It may be a warning to Sir Bob. - The Independent, London.

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Business Day

Posted to the web on: 05 July 2005
Tsvangirai warns SA companies in Zimbabwe
Jonathan Katzenellenbogen

International Affairs Editor

ZIMBABWEAN opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai yesterday warned South
African companies negotiating business deals with President Robert Mugabe's
government that a "post-Zanu (PF) government" would not necessarily honour

Addressing the media after weekend talks with President Thabo Mbeki,
Tsvangirai said foreign companies - mostly South African - were guilty of
propping up the Mugabe government.

His sentiments were triggered by Zimbabwean media reports that Mugabe's
government was structuring a deal that would see Chinese investors and
Zimplats set up a $100m refinery in Zimbabwe. Zimplats is a subsidiary of
SA-based Implats.

The platinum miner currently ships semiprocessed ore to its South African

Last December Mugabe said the country needed its own platinum refinery to
curb leakages of the mineral while in transit to SA.

Many more Zimbabwean companies have roots in SA, and Tsvangirai's threats
could affect their investment prospects there.

"Mugabe can no longer afford, and must not be assisted to continue funding,
his autocratic rule," Tsvangirai said.

Zimbabwe, which is in the sixth year of its recession, has the world's
second-biggest platinum reserves.

"It is disconcerting that under such flagrant violations of the rule of law
South African companies such as Impala Platinum and Anglo Platinum are still
negotiating deals . when the country is imploding," Tsvangirai said.

He urged businessmen to "tread cautiously."

"I am just highlighting situations where they may compromise their future
business interests," he said.

Tsvangirai said a bilateral investment accord being negotiated between SA
and Zimbabwe "will make it increasingly difficult for a post-Zanu (PF)
government to ensure that deals negotiated in a nontransparent manner are in
the national interest".

Anglo Platinum refused to comment. David Brown, chief financial officer at
Impala Platinum, denied its agreements were not transparent. Impala had set
conditions for an expansion project in Zimbabwe, he said. These included
security of tenure, local ownership requirements and the signing of
investment protection agreements.

While Tsvangirai was critical of foreign companies' involvement in Zimbabwe,
he was surprisingly warm about his host, Mbeki.

After labelling him a "partial broker" in the Zimbabwean crisis, Tsvangirai
said Mbeki was beginning to appreciate the urgency of the situation.

His comments were also intended to put pressure on Mbeki ahead of the
African Union summit in Sirte, Libya, and the G-8 summit in Gleneagles,
Scotland, on Thursday.

"Zimbabwe is an albatross to all African leadership and (their) credibility
at the G-8," he said.

"I think it is very important that Zimbabwe must not become a diversionary
issue at the G-8. It must just be called to order," he said. - with Reuters
and Bloomberg
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Business Day

Ministers back Mugabe in clean-up campaign
Linda Ensor


Political Correspondent

CAPE TOWN - While some developed countries and the United Nations (UN) have
either condemned or expressed concern about Zimbabwe's controversial
slum-clearance programme, a number of African housing ministers yesterday
sympathised with President Robert Mugabe's government action.

The ministers, attending an international housing seminar in Cape Town, said
it was necessary to reverse the tide of urban migration, which had created
sprawling, unsustainable slums around major cities in Africa.

It is estimated that there are about 1-billion slum dwellers in the world.
Reducing this number is one of the aims of the UN's Millennium Development

About 43% of the urban populations of developing countries live in slums.

About 300000 people are believed to have been displaced as a result of the
Zimbabwean government's action.

Kenyan Housing Minister Amos Kimunya said he sympathised with the actions of
the Zimbabwean government in demolishing shacks and removing illegal slum
dwellers in its Operation Restore Order.

"However painful, evictions are necessary," Kimunya said.

In Kenya's experience, slum dwellers would move only when they saw a
government bulldozer, the minister said.

Kimunya said Kenya had adopted a different approach in trying to reverse the
urbanisation trend, and was investing in his country's rural areas.

Kimunya's "bulldozer" comment drew an angry response from the audience at
the seminar, which was organised by the housing department for developing
countries in Africa to share their experiences and housing policies with
their counterparts in Brazil and India.

Bulldozers, one speaker said, brought back images of SA's apartheid

UN Habitat's Eduardo Moreno also objected strongly, and said communities
should be consulted and should agree on housing programmes.

There should also be forward-looking action plans to deal with urbanisation
in a just way.

Zambian Housing and Public Works Minister Sylvia Masebo also highlighted the
problems caused by migration from the rural areas to cities that did not
have adequate housing and infrastructure to sustain them.

Zambia had a backlog of 1,2-million houses. The rights of slum dwellers had
to be balanced with those settled in decent homes who were faced with
declining property values, she said.

Zimbabwean Local Government, Public Works and Urban Development Deputy
Minister Morris Sakabuya emphasised that rural to urban migration had
reached "alarming" levels in Zimbabwe. The government aimed to provide
250000 housing units a year and to clear the urban housing backlog by 2008.

The programme aimed to decongest urban areas, ridding them of illegal
activities and "all sorts of social decadence" and to resuscitate rural
areas, he said.

Where there were no jobs in urban areas people should return to work the
land, Sakabuya said.

Kimunya said it was impossible to leave people in appalling slum conditions.
"I think we owe it to our people to give them better conditions in life, to
give them better housing and to remove them to rural areas."

People were moving into cities under the illusion of finding a job and
better life and were taking all the available space, he said.
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Sokwanele - Enough is Enough - Zimbabwe

The Forex Market:
A layman's guide to how it works, and why it does what it does
Sokwanele Report : 5 July 2005

An informal trader's  market at Mbare destroyed by the police as part of 'Operation Drive Out Trash'.Like any other commodity - sugar, soap, mealie meal - the price of forex will go up and down, driven by the forces of supply and demand, provided there are no restrictions placed on that market. People who want US Dollars or Rand will pay what they have to pay to get it; if the currency is scarce, the price will go up, if it is plentiful, the price will go down or at least stabilize. This is a simplified way of explaining why the rates for forex move up and down.

Just as price controls on sugar, say, drive the sale of sugar underground or to the informal sector, so price controls on forex have driven it to the streets - the parallel market and the black market. The regime, in the guise of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ), has put price controls on forex, saying that 1 US Dollar will only cost Z$9 200, or whatever. People can't buy enough forex through the official channels to satisfy their needs, so they resort to buying from those who will sell, at whatever price they demand. This is how the parallel and black markets have occurred.

The distinction between the parallel and the black markets is drawn along several related lines: how much is being sold, who is buying and who is selling, and where the transaction is taking place. So the parallel market usually deals in large sums - many millions of dollars; it is often between businessmen and companies and, in the past, had bankers as its middlemen; and it takes place in offices and sometimes homes. Black market transactions happen on the streets, in the flea markets, and in back-rooms; sometimes for small sums of money like 20 US Dollars; and the deals often take place between individuals.

In an effort to curb the trade in forex, the RBZ cracked down at the beginning of 2004, threatening bankers, businessmen and others. Many fled in order to preserve their freedom. This crackdown was totally inequitable as probably 90% (a very conservative estimate) or more of all businesses and businessmen were trading on the parallel market out of necessity; this was the only way to keep their businesses going and their staff employed.

Subsequent to this, the auction system was introduced. In theory, this was to function as any auction: those bringing money into the country would sell it to the RBZ (they got the bad end of the stick, as the proceeds they would get were always going to be controlled!) and those wanting to buy would bid for it, and the highest bidder would win.

In practice, not so! The political manipulation and scheming became evident as the months went on, when the rate stuck at Z$5 200 for months. Those with forex to sell soon saw what was happening and, after their initial compliance - which was probably determined by fear of the consequences - they soon decided to channel their money where they could get better returns, namely the parallel market. Another point to note is that there was never enough money being sold at the auctions, so people resorted to other outlets where they could buy the forex they needed.

Look at it from an exporter's point of view: he needs to manufacture goods and has to buy many of his raw materials from outside the country, so he needs forex to pay his suppliers. If he applies to the auction and is lucky enough to get some, that's great! If he doesn't get any, or doesn't get enough, he has to go to the parallel market and pay, say Z$15 000 for every US Dollar he buys. So he manufactures his goods and then sells them overseas. When he gets paid, he brings his money in through the official channels - the banks. Acting on behalf of government, they allow him to keep a portion of his proceeds in forex (so long as he uses it within a stipulated timeframe), but the rest he must sell to the RBZ for their rate, say Z$9 200. It doesn't take a rocket scientist, as they say, to work out that he is losing money!

It is also worth noting that someone must have been benefiting from this auction system. Suspicion falls squarely on the shoulders of the "chefs" - they got their money cheaply from the auction, and either sold it on at a huge profit on the parallel market (which they are otherwise castigating as "unpatriotic" !), or they used it to purchase large quantities of luxury goods like big-screen televisions which they could sell on at an enormous profit to themselves.

What about Homelink? This was another scheme of the regime to get its hands on the forex it so desperately needs to keep the country running (and to line a few pockets, it would seem). Many Zimbabweans receive small amounts of money from their relatives working outside the country. They bring it in through Homelink (so expensively advertised at taxpayers' expense), and get the auction rate, or the closely linked diaspora rate - a fraction of its real value. But at least this enables the regime to buy fuel, pay for the electricity it buys from Mozambique and South Africa, pay its embassy staff overseas and, if there is any left over, service some of its debt. On the other hand if these recipients bring their money in and change it at the flea markets, or the so-called World Bank (the white-robed women!), the regime sees none of it, but they get more Zimbabwe Dollars and are able to buy more mealie-meal and other food with the proceeds.

This is why the RBZ's efforts to stamp out the parallel market just haven't worked. People want to get what they are due; they want to make their money go that bit further, to pay school fees, to feed their families…..

And now, enter the recent Operation Clean-Up or Operation Restore Order! Who and what is this devious regime targeting ? Answer - the small traders and the flea markets. Suddenly there are fewer places to buy and sell this valuable commodity, and the forex rate (for the US Dollar) on the parallel market drops from around Z$25 000 right down to somewhere between Z$ 10,000 and Z$ 20,000 - at least for a short period.

What of the future? Time will tell, but the fact is that the regime must have forex for all its own import requirements, so we can expect the crackdown to continue. Long-term, the solution lies with freeing up the market and removing all forms of price controls (on bread, mealie meal, and fuel as well as forex). When this happens the rate will quickly find its equilibrium and, as the economy stabilizes, so the rate will also stabilize. But there is clearly no political will to open up the markets, and the old Marxist way of thinking continues to direct our rulers, despite all the evidence which points to the ineffectiveness of these methods.

What is really needed of course is new leadership - leaders who have a genuine desire to serve the people, to rectify the economic mismanagement of the past, and to embrace wholeheartedly the free-market economy - subject to minimal controls to protect the weakest and most vulnerable. Let us hope and pray that change will come before the economy has been damaged beyond repair.

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Institute for War and Peace Reporting

Zimbabwe: Clearance Victims Left in Limbo

Migrants whose homes have been destroyed by security forces say they have
nowhere to go.

By Dzikamayi Chidyausiku in Harare (Africa Reports No 38, 05-Jul-05)

Zimbabwe's controversial urban clean-up has hit thousands of people of
Malawian and Zambian origin who migrated into Zimbabwe during the colonial
era to work in mines and on farms.

These people, whose homes in squatter camps and shacks in cities and towns
were destroyed by the government in Operation Murambatsvina [Shona for
"Drive Out the Rubbish"], are sleeping in the open. President Robert Mugabe
insists that they must go back to their rural homes, but the victims of the
clearances say they no longer have places to return to in their countries of

Most came to Zimbabwe more than 50 years ago to find work. Their fellow
victims include people who migrated more recently from Mozambique as
refugees from the civil war in the 1970s and 1980s between the Frelimo and
Renamo movements.

They are among the countless thousands of migrants whose shack homes have
been destroyed in Operation Murambatsvina, launched by Mugabe and his ruling
ZANU PF party in May. Their dire plight is particularly apparent at Porta
Farm, a squatter camp 20 kilometres outside Harare, which was demolished by
police and army officers in the first week of July. More than half of the
15000 people who were in Porta Camp are from Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Nearly all of had lived at Porta for at least ten years.

"They must just go back to wherever they came from," said National Police
Commissioner Augustine Chihuri. "We must clean the country of the crawling
mass of maggots bent on destroying the economy."

One victim is 80-year-old Ganizani Banda who came to Zimbabwe as a
sixteen-year-old boy to work in the mines. " The government says we must go
back to the rural area, but I don't have one," he told IWPR. "I left Malawi
in 1941 and I have never gone back. I have not been in touch with my
relatives there." Banda said he used to work at a mine in Kadoma, 176 km
southwest of Harare, before being laid off in 1985. Banda subsequently
worked on a white-owned commercial farm at Chegutu, near Kadoma, until
Mugabe's land invasion campaign, beginning in 2000, drove hundreds of
thousands of black farm workers and their families out of their homes and

When his farmer employer had his farm confiscated, Banda moved to Porta
Farm. "My whole working life was spent in Zimbabwe's mines and on Zimbabwe's
farms," said Banda as he looked at the wreckage of his home. "My wife
[72-year-old Molly] and I don't have homes we can go back to in Malawi."

The irony of the destruction of Porta Farm is that it was Mugabe's
government that established the squatter camp 14 years ago to tidy up Harare
ahead of Queen Elizabeth's visit to Zimbabwe for the 1991 Commonwealth Heads
of Government Meeting (Chogm).

Although Porta Camp was initially made up of people moved from Mbare,
Zimbabwe's oldest poor black ghetto, the numbers have swelled over the years
as workers displaced from some 4000 white commercial farms flocked there
from 2000 onwards. Retrenched and retired miners have also made their homes

Another Porta resident, Given Sinosi, 34, said his father came from Malawi
in 1953 at the beginning of the short-lived Central African Federation, in
which Britain tried to unite its colonies of Nyasaland, Northern Rhodesia
and Southern Rhodesia [now Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe], and had spent his
entire working life on a farm. Sinosi, born in Zimbabwe, worked on the same
farm as his father as a general hand before moving to Porta in 2001 when the
property was invaded.

"We don't have any home we know other than this camp (Porta). How do they
want me to go to Malawi now? I know no one there," said Sinosi. "Telling us
to go back where we came from means they are merely telling us that we are
no longer wanted in Zimbabwe because we are from Malawi." Sinosi, his wife
and their seven-year-old daughter, who have been sleeping on sheets of
cardboard in the open since their house was destroyed, said he had not
benefited from Mugabe's land reform programme because he, despite having
been born in Zimbabwe, is classed as an alien.

The government has in the past accused the farm workers of working with
white farmers to sabotage land reform. However, black Zimbabwean peasants
initially used as shock troops to invade the farms with promises of land
have themselves been driven off by police and soldiers to make way for
government ministers, top civil servants, police and army officers and
judges who have been allocated the choicest confiscated land and buildings.

Many Porta Farm residents see the government action as an ethnic cleansing
campaign. They say officials are fully aware that they do not have rural
homes to go back to.

The operation at Porta has claimed at least four lives since the beginning
of July, according to The Independent, a weekly newspaper. Five-year-old
Fanandi Mayere died under the wheels of a government truck. "The
caterpillars [government bulldozers] were demolishing our house and my son
ran onto the road," said his father, Trynos Mayere. "A truck ran him over,
and he died on the spot. His brains were splattered on the ground. We had to
pick up his brains. Because I am his father, I had to get sand to cover the

Anna Kajumalo Tibaijuka, the special envoy of United Nations secretary
general Kofi Annan, in the country to assess the impact of the clean-up
campaign, arrived at Porta Farm as police and army officers were demolishing
houses. Mounds of brick rubble, plastic sheeting, broken asbestos, iron
roofing and smashed furniture were all that remained of the homes of the
people. Many residents wept when they saw the envoy.

"We are dirt as far as the government is concerned," Samson Banda told
Tibaijuka as she walked around the settlement talking to people who felt a
mixture of anger, disillusionment and betrayal. "If you can, please ask our
leaders what crime we have committed to deserve such punishment," one young
woman asked the UN envoy. "They brought us here saying they would build us
houses. But we have known nothing but torture and harassment for all the 16
years we have been here." Another woman pleaded with Tibaijuka to ask the UN
for help, adding, "If they can't help us, just bury us alive."

An old woman, burning the remains of her furniture to keep warm in the short
but harsh southern African winter, pleaded with some of the UN officials to
talk to government to spare them. "I am upset by what I have seen here, but
please remain calm," Tibaijuka told the homeless residents. "We are going to
work together, just be patient. The secretary general is much concerned,
that is why he sent me here. We are definitely going to do something about
the issue, but we cannot solve the problem at once."

The situation at Porta, which looks as though it has been destroyed in an
aerial bombing raid, mirrors what is happening throughout the country. Most
aliens are second generation immigrants holding Zimbabwean citizenship by
virtue of their birth. They had worked on mines and farms and in factories
until the economy began collapsing in 1998, followed by the farm invasions
which accelerated economic disintegration.

Mike Zhuwawo, 54, originally from Mozambique, said he crossed into Zimbabwe
at the peak of the civil war in the 1980s and settled at Porta in 1993. He
said he could not see how he could now begin a new life in Mozambique.
"Zimbabwe has become my home. I don't think it's a crime that we are living
in shacks. It's poverty," he said. "Where do I start if I go back?"

Sitembile Samaneka, 29, born in Zimbabwe of Malawian parents, came to Porta
Farm at the age of 15. Widowed three years ago, she looks after her own five
children and her dead brother's deaf and dumb son. "I would rather they
killed me here as they once threatened earlier," she lamented. "Where do I
take all my children? I have never been to Malawi and they insist I should
go where I originally came from."

Despite the huge humanitarian crisis, which has exacerbated food shortages
and an HIV/AIDS epidemic that has infected one in four of the adult
population, the government has remained adamant that it intends ridding the
cities of "criminal elements" who it accuses of destroying the economy as a
part of an anti-Zimbabwe plot by British premier Tony Blair, Mugabe's
favourite hate figure.

However, Mugabe is also angered with the people of Zimbabwe's cities and
towns for having voted against ZANU PF in parliamentary elections last
March. Although the party won an election widely believed to have been
rigged, urban constituencies voted so overwhelmingly for the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change, MDC, that it was impossible to falsify the

Mugabe accused the aliens of being major supporters of the MDC. He said they
were unpatriotic because they refused to share ZANU PF's vision: because
they had not been part of the liberation struggle against white rule, and
had instead "contaminated" locals. Deputy Industry Minister Fineas Chihota
told parliament last month that most town dwellers were not Zimbabweans. He
added that ninety per cent of MDC MPs "are not indigenous and the
constituencies they talked about in towns and cities have no identity and
recognition" - an apparent reference to Zimbabwean citizens whose ancestors
originated in neighbouring Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.

The overall effect of Operation Drive Out the Rubbish on the people's lives
has been calamitous. As many as a million people, in a population of 11.5
million, have been rendered homeless while human rights organisations
estimate that about 300,000 children have dropped out of school as a result
of the assaults on their homes.

Dzikamayi Chidyausiku is the pseudonym of an IWPR contributor in Zimbabwe
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      Doctors: Zimbabwe Crackdown Could Lead to Disease Outbreaks
      By Tendai Maphosa
      05 July 2005

The Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights says there is danger of
disease outbreaks as a result of the ongoing government crackdown on
informal traders and unapproved residential structures.  The doctors say it
may also lead to a worsening of Zimbabwe's already grim HIV situation.

The Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights said the crackdown
could trigger the spread of infectious disease due to the lack of proper
sanitation or water supply for hundreds of thousands of people who are now

The warning is part of an appeal to the Zimbabwe and South African Medical
Associations and other regional medical associations to use whatever means
and influence they have to force the Zimbabwe government to stop the

This is the doctors' second statement condemning the ongoing clean-up
operation launched on May 19.  They warn the police crackdown will result in
a worsening of the HIV epidemic as community structures are fractured and
dispersed.  Because of a disruption of treatment programs, the statement
warns of the inevitable emergence of widespread drug-resistant HIV.

With one in every four Zimbabweans HIV positive, the country has one of the
highest rates of infection in the world.

The doctors dismissed a government statement that the exercise, called
Operation Restore Order, is part of plan to provide housing for its people.
They said the statement is completely devoid of credibility as there was no
public announcement or record of such a plan before the operation got under

Defending the operation, President Robert Mugabe recently said the operation
was necessary "to weed out hideouts of crime and grime, filthy stalls."

Meanwhile, the demolitions continue despite government statements the
exercise is over.  In Hatcliffe, a suburb near Harare where thousands have
already been made homeless, eyewitnesses say police returned Monday to
demolish structures from which residents carried out informal businesses.

The latest demolitions are happening as the government has announced a $320
million construction program to build houses and business premises for some
of the displaced.

The forced evictions have been widely condemned at home and abroad as gross
human-rights violations.  According to the United Nations the operation has
made about 200,000 poor Zimbabweans homeless.

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African Union Summit Skirts Zimbabwe Question
      05 July 2005

African Union leaders meeting in summit in Libya concluded their
deliberations Tuesday with a call for the United Nations to create two
permanent African seats on the Security Council - but made no formal
reference to the crisis in Zimbabwe despite intense pressure from Western
countries to take it up.

Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi opened the summit Monday with a warning to
fellow AU members against "begging" rich countries for assistance. President
Mugabe denounced Great Britain as the instigator of international criticism
of his policies.

From Harare, the state-controlled Herald newspaper said Mr. Mugabe had
"marathon bilateral talks" with U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan and South
African President Thabo Mbeki, during which, the Herald reported, Mr. Annan
"requested Zimbabwe's support for his proposed U.N. reforms."

The Herald said it was agreed among the three leaders that human rights
interventions should be conducted through the U.N. and not by individual
countries - this an apparent reference to Britain and the United States,
which have condemned Harare for leaving hundreds of thousands of its
citizens homeless.

For insight into why the African Union summit did not formally take up the
Zimbabwe crisis, reporter Patience Rusere of VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe
turned to Patrick Smith, editor of the London-based newsletter Africa

Government officials in Harare, meanwhile, continued to ignore an African
Union envoy sent to assess the humanitarian impact of Zimbabwe's
controversial slum clearance program. The special rapporteur, Bahame Tom
Nyanduga, reached Harare Thursday but as of late Tuesday had still not been
accredited by officials who said his sudden arrival breached protocol.

Mr. Nyanduga, a member of the AU Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights,
was handed a brief by AU Chairman Alpha Oumar Konare, a former Malian
president, to look into alleged human rights violations during Operation
Murambatsvina, or "Drive Out Rubbish," which has left thousands of poor
Zimbabweans homeless.

Zimbabwean human rights advocates criticized the government's treatment of
Mr. Nyanduga. Lovemore Madhuku, chairman of the National Constitutional
Assembly and a central figure in the newly organized Broad Alliance opposing
Mr. Mugabe, said the envoy had the legal right to enter Zimbabwe without
prior authorization.

Senior opposition party official Welshman Ncube said that the AU could
dispatch an envoy on short notice in an emergency such as that which existed
in Zimbabwe.

Reporter Blessing Zulu of VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe asked program
coordinator Irene Petras of the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Righters what the
African Union charter says about the dispatch of envoys such as Mr.
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Zimbabwe needs food aid, says MDC leader
          July 05 2005 at 12:21PM

      The number of people "thrown out on the streets" in Zimbabwe is
between one and one and a half million, Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of
Zimbabwe's main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC),
has said.

      Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's action to "clean up" informal
settlements during the last few weeks was callous, heartless and had had an
horrendous humanitarian impact, he said.

      "This action is consistent with Mugabe's strategy of destroying voters
that threaten his regime and is a diversion tactic from the country's
economic crisis."

      Tsvangirai was speaking to the media after his biography, Face Of
Courage, written by Sarah Huddleston, was launched in Johannesburg on

      The book was described as an accurate account of the situation in
Zimbabwe by advocate George Bizos, who was Tsvangirai's lawyer during his
treason trial in 2003.

      Tsvangirai had also held talks with President Thabo Mbeki earlier to
discuss the Zimbabwe crisis. "He (Mbeki) expressed concern, but said he
would wait for the UN report."

      He said the international community should ignore Mugabe's comments
and send food aid to Zimbabwe, to feed the displaced community. He added
that what was needed was for Zanu-PF and the MDC to hold constructive talks.

      Meanwhile, a senior member of Zanu-PF has resigned in protest at the
campaign which has left hundreds of thousands homeless.

      Pearson Mbalekwa, a senior member of the Zanu-PF central committee,
the main decision-making body of the party, told Zimbabwe's Standard
newspaper that he had resigned on Friday.

      He said his resignation was in protest at the "inhumane and callous
manner" in which the so-called "clean-up" operation was conducted.

      "I am a man of principle and could not be seen to be part of the whole
exercise which has caused untold suffering to people whom we claim to
represent," Mbalekwa said. - Sapa, Foreign Service.

          a.. This article was originally published on page 2 of Cape Argus
on July 05, 2005

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Human Rights group petitions UN envoy

      By Tererai Karimakwenda
      05 July 2005

      The Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum reports that they submitted a
petition to the United Nations envoy Anna Tibaijuka at the start of her
mission to Zimbabwe. The submission detailed the so-called cleanup operation
that Tibaijuka was investigating and an explanation of why the government is
forcing the population to move to the rural areas.

      Farai Madzimbamuto, a spokeman for the forum, said the government has
destabilised urban areas because they were the opposition's strongholds. By
forcing the population to move to the rural areas, they hope to be able to
control them more effectively and have cut them off from transportation in
case of any mass action.

      Madzimbamuto said this plan will backfire though. He believes the
rural areas have no infrastructure to support this urban migration and there
will not be enough food there. As for a response from the UN envoy, The
Forum hopes the report she makes to the United Nations will paint the truth
about the government's operations and put pressure for change.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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      Zimbabwean sent back to homeland
      An asylum seeker whose deportation back to Zimbabwe was put on hold
overnight for a review is being sent back to his troubled homeland, an MP
has said.
      Absolom Mashamba, who was being held at Campsfield House, near Oxford,
has been taken to Heathrow, Oxford West and Abingdon MP Dr Evan Harris said.

      Mr Mashamba said he feared for his life under Robert Mugabe's regime.

      A Home Office spokeswoman told the BBC News website she would not
comment on an individual case.

      Dr Harris, whose constituency includes the Campsfield House detention
centre, called for the deportation to be stopped so further legal
representations could be made.

      Mr Mashamba, who has been on hunger strike, said he feared being
killed because his sister was part of the opposition to Mr Mugabe's

      His removal from the UK comes after a two-year blanket ban on all
deportations to Zimbabwe was lifted last November.

      During the first three months of this year 95 Zimbabweans were sent

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British Airways boycott over deportation flights

      By Lance Guma
      05 July 2005

      There is pressure on British Airways to stop carrying failed
Zimbabwean asylum seekers who face deportation from the UK. The United
Network of Detained Zimbabweans is planning to hold pickets at all BA's
offices in the UK everyday at 12:30pm. On Monday they held a picket at
Piccadilly in London and another one in Manchester. The group, led by
activist Nobel Sibanda, is reported to have roped in the support of British
Labour Party MP, Kate Hoey who visited Zimbabwe a few weeks back.

      Sibanda said most protesters were in Gleneagles Scotland for the G8
summit and once they came back, the crowds will grow from the few who took
part on Monday. The group feels British Airways is playing a leading role in
the deportation of failed asylum seekers to Zimbabwe when other airlines
have refused to be dragged into that kind of public relations nightmare.
Hundreds of asylum seekers from the country are on a hunger strike in
several detention centres in protest at their pending deportations.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Tsvangirai biography launched in South Africa

      By Tichaona Sibanda
      4 July 2005

      MDC President Morgan Tsvangirai is a committed leader who will never
give up his desire to free Zimbabwe from tyranny, his biographer Sarah
Hudleston said on Tuesday.

      Author Sarah Hudleston said it was a wonderful and exciting experience
to be able to chronicle the life of Morgan Tsvangirai in 'these early years
of his political life'. She was speaking from Johannesburg where on Monday
the MDC leader attended the launch of his biography called 'Face of Courage.
      Hudleston, who travelled extensively in Zimbabwe researching the 160
page book, described Morgan Tsvangirai as a loving family man who never lost
touch with his roots.

      She said despite the dangers associated with opposing Robert Mugabe,
the MDC leader is determined to fight to the end to get rid of Robert
Mugabe's government.

      'During the four years I've worked with Tsvangirai, he has never
doubted or shown any signs of giving up. He jokes a lot as well, reminding
me occasionally that Robert Mugabe doesn't think Tsvangirai is good looking
enough to be the President of Zimbabwe,' said Hudleston.

      Also in attendance at the book launch was prominent South African
human rights lawyer George Bizos, who remarked that Zimbabwe's 'clean-up
operation' seriously compromised the rule of the law.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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MDC recommends expulsion of Zimbabwe from the UNHCHR to envoy

      By Violet Gonda
      5 July 2005

      The UN envoy Anna Tibaijuka continues with her consultation meetings.
She met a delegation of senior MDC officials Monday night who recommended
the expulsion of Zimbabwe from the UN Human Rights Commission, for gross
human rights violations. The MDC officials who met the envoy were Paurina
Mupariwa and MPs Thoko Khupe, Gift Chimanikire and Trudy Stevenson.

      The MDC presented the mission with a detailed document on the
country's undemocratic environment including the stolen presidential and
parliamentary elections, farm invasions and the controversial clean-up
exercise that has seen hundreds of thousands of people displaced.

      MP for Harare North, Trudy Stevenson told us that the envoy seemed
really interested with what the opposition party had to say, in particular
the facts and figures on how many people have been affected.

      Stevenson said the envoy also noticed a huge discrepancy with the
figures of the number of people that have been displaced. For example, at
least 40% of the population of 20,000 in Hatcliffe extension - in Harare
North constituency - were evicted. It was believed that the majority of
these people were taken to Caledonian farm. But the UN envoy told the MDC
members that she had only seen about 4000 people at Caledonian Farm.

      This is one of the major issues that human rights groups in Zimbabwe
are worried about. The whereabouts of thousands of people that were evicted
from urban townships.

      The MDC meeting with the fact-finding mission which lasted for almost
2 hours ended with the opposition making several recommendations to take to
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. The main one being the expulsion of
Zimbabwe from the UN Human Rights Commission (UNHCHR) for gross human rights

      Tuesday saw the UN envoy heading to Bulawayo where its estimated that
more than 30 000 people have been left homeless. Many of the affected have
sought refuge in churches.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Comment from The Financial Mail (SA), 1 July

Mugabe untouchable

From Tony Hawkins

Appeal for security council action unlikely to succeed

Harare - Spare a thought for Anna Tabaijuka, Tanzanian economist and UN
secretary-general Kofi Annan's special envoy to Zimbabwe. She has the task
of writing a report on the impact of President Robert Mugabe's Operation
Murambatsvina (Drive Out Trash). Whatever her report says, she will be in
trouble. On Monday, British prime minister Tony Blair, describing the
situation in Zimbabwe as "a disgrace", said he hoped her report would be the
basis of referring the matter to the UN security council. In other words he,
along with some UN top brass, is hoping for a sufficiently damning
assessment to force at least some African leaders to abandon their support
for Zimbabwe's government. For his part, in announcing a Z$3 trillion
(US$320m) urban regeneration programme, Mugabe hopes he has stolen the
initiative in the clean-up controversy by promising that the 250 000-300 000
people who lost their homes and, in many instances, their livelihoods, will
in fact be better off. Last weekend, he promised a "positive and corrective
campaign" to provide "more decent accommodation and business shells and
stalls". The government says it will provide 1,2m new homes and residential
plots by 2008. Except for "a few negative people", he says, the operation
has been "well-received by the majority of our people".

With hundreds of African and international and human rights organisations
putting forward a very different picture last week - describing the campaign
as one of "gross and widespread human rights violations and appalling human
misery" - Tabaijuka will find it impossible to produce a report that both
sides will accept as objective. That she is in Zimbabwe at all is a measure
of the pressure on Annan from the West to "do something" about Zimbabwe. But
because the African Union believes the clean-up campaign is a purely
internal matter that has nothing to do with the UN, or for that matter with
the New Partnership for Africa's Development, Annan has little leverage.
Even were Tabaijuka to produce a damning report, which is unlikely, the
probability is that the operation will soon fade from the headlines and
public consciousness. Nor is Zimbabwe likely to feature as more than a
footnote at next week's G8 summit at Gleneagles in Scotland. British foreign
secretary Jack Straw and EU Commission president Manuel Barroso have already
been warned off by Pretoria, while for all his Downing Street bluster on
Zimbabwe this week, Blair has put his personal reputation on the line to
secure a deal of 100% debt cancellation and the doubling of aid to Africa's
poorest countries. Neither he nor President Thabo Mbeki can allow events in
Zimbabwe to derail their grand design for Africa.

Though all this might suggest yet another victory for Mugabe, it overlooks
his Achilles heel - the economy. No-one knows just how much the "clean-up"
is costing. Mugabe has put a value of Z$3 trillion over three years on his
reconstruction programme, but the longer-term cost of unemployment, reduced
spending power, and an estimated 300 000 pupils no longer attending school
has not been assessed. There is no official estimate of the size of the
informal sector in Zimbabwe, but a 2002 World Bank study suggested informal
activity made up 59% of GDP - the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. Some
economists believe that, at most, the informal economy is no more than half
that, putting a value - at current exchange rates - of around US$1,8bn on
informal activity. Yet even on the most conservative estimate the campaign
could cost 7% of GDP, compared with the 5% government promises to spend on
reconstruction - in a year in which the IMF team that visited Zimbabwe this
month believes GDP could fall by as much as 7%. The surge in government
spending and borrowing comes at a time when government's domestic debt has
quadrupled in six months and when - in one day last week - the central bank
tried to float Z$2,3 trillion in treasury bills, equivalent to almost 4% of
GDP, at interest rates of 140%-156%. Inflation, at 144%, is forecast to
accelerate, while the economy slows in the aftermath of the drought and
Murambatsvina. Even if Mugabe manages to salvage a political victory from
Tabaijuka's visit, his economic problems are steadily worsening.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

AU envoy fails to assess clean-up

Clemence Manyukwe
issue date :2005-Jul-06

VISITING African Union (AU) envoy Tom Bahare Nyanduga is stranded in Harare
after failing to get government sanction to assess the ongoing clean-up.
Nyanduga, a member of the African Commission on Human Rights and Special
Rapporteur responsible for Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Internally Displaced
People, arrived in the country last Thursday for a special assignment from
the AU Commission chairperson, Alpha Oumar Konare.
However, since setting foot in the country last Thursday, he has failed to
get audience with government officials and has decided to extend his stay
until he manages to fulfil his mandate.
The AU - fresh from resisting Western pressure to put Zimbabwe's human
rights record in the spotlight over Operation Restore Order/Murambatsvina -
later decided to dispatch the envoy to Harare.
However, the State media reported at the weekend that the visit had not been
communicated on time to the government, and this had raised concern in
government circles.
Konare, whose office runs the daily administration of the AU, is the former
President of Mali.
His emissary's brief was to carry out assessments on the clean-up operation
between June 30 and July 4.
Although Nyanduga should have wound up his duties on Monday, he confirmed to
The Daily Mirror yesterday that he had neither made any assessments nor met
relevant government officials as had been envisaged.
He declined to give reasons for failing to meet the authorities or make an
appraisal as recommended.
The AU said in a recent press statement: "During his mission, Commissioner
Nyanduga is expected to meet with the Zimbabwean authorities and relevant
human rights organisations and to visit cities as well as villages where
people whose shelters were demolished have moved to, in order to asses the
prevailing situation."
Nyanduga said: "I have not made any assessments or met the government. I was
supposed to go back today (yesterday), but since I have not carried out my
mission, I am still around.  I hope I will be able to carry out the
"I will definitely say something when the right time comes at a press
He referred further questions to the government.
Since Sunday, Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Pavelyn Musaka has
been saying she is preparing an appropriate response to Nyanduga's visit.
But yesterday, Musaka said: "Not yet."
Deputy information minister Bright Matonga also said an official
communication would be released "soon".
Unconfirmed reports at the weekend said the Zimbabwe government was irked by
the AU's alleged "backstabbing" as it only informed Harare about Nyanduga's
visit when he was already airborne.
Nyanduga's extension of his stay comes at a time when the UN secretary
general Koffi Annan's envoy Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka - initially scheduled to
leave for Ethiopia on Sunday - announced she had extended her visit to
The government has defended the operation, saying it was necessary to rid
the country of crime, among other evils, while the main opposition MDC
argued that rendering masses homeless was tantamount to trampling on their
human rights.
This week, Australia and New Zealand issued a joint statement calling for
the tightening of sanctions against Harare for allegedly failing to uphold
human rights and democratic ethos.
But the government has dismissed the two states' assertions as baseless, and
that the motive is to effect regime change in Zimbabwe.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Embassy gives $62m to assist clean-up victims

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-06

THE Canadian Embassy yesterday donated $62 million towards the Zimbabwe
National Pastors Conference (ZNPC) programme to assist victims of the
on-going clean-up operation that has seen thousands of families being
displaced after illegal structures were demolished.
Canadian Ambassador to Zimbabwe John Schram said they had chosen churches to
distribute the money since they were close to the people on the ground.
Schram added that the Canadian government was willing to provide more
assistance to the affected people.
"We have chosen the churches because they deal with the people and know
their people. It would be easier and quicker for the affected to get
assistance through the churches," he said.
Programme Associate for the ZNPC, Reverend Nicholas Mukaronda, said the
money would be used to assist the homeless in Bulawayo.
"The money would be used to help those in Bulawayo because there is no
organised camp like Caledonia here in Harare where people can get assistance
and most churches have been converted into centres for the displaced
 people," he said.
Mukaronda added the money would be used to buy food, blankets and medicines
and also said the conference had tasked Christian Care to lead in the
distribution of donations received so far from different well-wishers.
ZNPC is a network for pastors from various denominations and has been
seeking aid for people displaced by the clean-up operation.
Chairman of the ZNPC, Ray Motsi, and Ecumenical Support Services
Coordinator, Jonah Gotova, were also present during the hand-over ceremony.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

MDC to inspect, verify ballot papers

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-06

THE MDC is on Monday expected to begin inspecting and verifying ballot
papers and election material used in the 2002 presidential poll in the
petition in which its leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, is challenging President
Robert Mugabe's victory.
MDC lawyer Bryant Elliot, of Coghlan, Guest and Welsh, confirmed the latest
development to The Daily Mirror in Harare yesterday, saying the main
opposition was ready for the exercise.
"The date for verifying and inspecting the material has been set for June
11, which is next Monday," said Elliot.
He said MDC representatives would open and enumerate all counted and
rejected ballot papers together with counterfoils and voters' rolls used in
all polling stations during the presidential poll.
President Mugabe beat Tsvangirai by over 400 000 votes in the hotly
contested elections whose outcome the African Union (AU), Sadc and the
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) have endorsed, while the MDC, Britain and the US
have rubbished the results, saying the playing field was not even.
Registrar General, Tobaiwa Mudede surrendered the voting materials to the
High Court in May - just days before the same court found him guilty of
contempt after defying seven court orders to that effect.
The first order was issued in September 2002.
In the same judgment compelling the RG to give up the said material, Justice
Yunus Omerjee said the inspection would be done during office hours and in
the presence of personnel from Mudede's office.
Omerjee's order said in part that Tsvangirai and his representatives should
be allowed to: "examine the seals on the packets referred to in paragraph
(1) above and make a record of any seal which appears to them to have been
tampered with."
The judge then slapped Mudede with a wholly suspended two-month jail term,
plus a $5 million fine.
The MDC is adamant that the inspection of the material would expose to the
world that the presidential election was indeed flawed.  Because of the
rigging allegations, the MDC has stubbornly refused to recognise President
Mugabe's administration, while their efforts to push for a re-run have since
hit a brick wall.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Allocated stands in Headlands lying idle

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-06

HUNDREDS of stands allocated in Headlands, Manicaland Province, two years
ago have been idle, putting a jolt to government's goal of providing
affordable accommodation to citizens, Makoni North legislator and cabinet
minister Didymus Mutasa, has said.
In an interview, Mutasa said of at least 1 000 stands issued so far, only a
few individuals had constructed and completed their homes.
"Up to now, most people have not yet constructed houses. However, some
managed to finish constructing their houses," said Mutasa, who is also the
Minister of State for National Security.
"The construction of these houses started in 2003 when stands were given to
people interested in constructing houses in Headlands."
He added that housing cooperatives and the government were separate entities
conducting business differently.
Mutasa, the ruling Zanu PF secretary for administration in the Politburo,
dismissed charges that the government had barred stand owners from
constructing their houses.
Mutasa said most of the stand owners had not built anything.
On whether any assistance was coming from the government or civic groups,
the elder politician said visiting UN secretary general's special envoy on
human rights, Anna Kajumalo Tibaijuka, promised to assist the needy with
tents while construction proceeded.
"Tibaijuka promised to supply tents to the people as temporary accommodation
while they construct their houses," Mutasa said.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Chiyangwa barred from evicting former workers

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-06

THE High Court on Monday granted Phillip Chiyangwa's former farm workers a
temporary relief by stopping their eviction from the businessman's Old
Citrus Farm in Chinhoyi.
The default judgment made by Justice Ben Hlatshwayo suspends last month's
judgment by Justice Tedious Karwi authorising the ejectment of the 36
Reads part of Justice Hlatshwayo's order: "Pending the finalisation of this
matter the writ of ejectment be and is hereby suspended and ejectment of the
applicants and or those claiming through them be and is hereby stayed."
In the matter, the General Agriculture and Plantation Workers' Union
(Gapwuz) and the farm workers were the first and second applicants, while
Chiyangwa and the Chinhoyi deputy sheriff were the first and second
respondents respectively.
In her founding affidavit, Getrude Hambira, the general secretary of GAPWUZ,
said in 2002 Chiyangwa had told Try Denison and 35 others that their
employment contracts would not be terminated and by seeking to eject them
after a labour dispute he was in breach of contract.
She added that it was surprising that a default judgment had been entered
against the farm workers after the matter was set down unopposed.
Prior to that, she argued, the workers had entered a notice to defend.
Hambira added:  "(The workers were) advised by second respondent that the
first respondent had obtained default judgment on June 15, 2005. Upon
perusal of the record, we found out that the appearance to defend does not
form part of the record. This matter was set down as an unopposed matter. I
don't understand why this is so when an appearance to defend was filed on
May 11, 2005.
"I can only suspect fraud. They were thus not in wilful default. I also aver
that this judgment was obtained by error or fraud on the part of the first
Mwonzora and Associates, legal practitioners, represented the farm workers.
Ziumbe and Mtambanengwe represented Chiyangwa in the first case.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

72 tusks recovered at city home

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jul-06

THE police in Harare yesterday discovered 72 unprocessed tusks at Number 69
Coronation Avenue, Greendale, and arrested two Chinese nationals following a
tip off from the public.
Police national spokesperson Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena said
the names of the two suspects were being withheld as investigations were in
"We have since arrested two suspects, but we cannot disclose their
identities since investigations are still underway. We still have to verify
the case in terms of theft, illegal exporting and poaching allegations," he
Bvudzijena said they suspected the duo connived with Zimbabweans.
The two suspects also operated a clothing company at the house.
The police suspect that the tusks could have either been stolen from one of
the national parks in the country or secured from poachers.
Of the tusks discovered, 59 tusks were already packed in wooden containers,
while 13 others were in separate rooms of the house.
Bvudzijena also said the tusks, whose weight range from 2 to13 kg, could
have been meant for export.
Four tankers allegedly belonging to Matson Leasing Company and two trucks
were also found at the house. The tankers have a maximum carrying capacity
of 30 tonnes each.
Bvudzijena said the police had solicited the assistance of the National
Parks and Wildlife Management and the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (Zimra) in
carrying out investigations.
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      zimbabwe: IMF in grave warning over economy, demolitions

      The IMF, which has warned Zimbabwe it faces expulsion from the lending
organization, highlighted a five-week government campaign to demolish
shantytowns as exacerbating the country's profound troubles.
      It said an IMF team, during a June 13-25 visit to the country, had
found much of concern despite "cordial meetings" with Finance Minister
Herbert Murerwa and the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) leadership.
      The IMF stressed that given the scale of problems facing Mugabe's
isolated regime, Zimbabwe needs "decisive action" to lower its fiscal
deficit, tighten monetary policy and set up a market-based currency system.
      "A rebuilding of relations with the international community is a
critical part of the effort to reverse the economic decline," the mission
said in a statement on its return from Harare. It added: "We hope the
authorities will work more closely with us to formulate and implement such a
policy package, which would help stabilize the economy and improve the
welfare of the Zimbabwean people."
      Mugabe's government has earned pariah status in the West, accused of
rigging elections and of plunging parts of its population into starvation by
confiscating productive land from white farmers in order to give it to
African farmers.
      The result has been a sharp fall in agricultural production,
particularly in maize (corn), of which Zimbabwe was until recently a major
      The IMF closed its offices in Zimbabwe late last year as relations
worsened with the Mugabe government, which blames American, British and
European Union sanctions for its economic plight.
      Zimbabwe has fallen behind in IMF repayments on more than 300 million
dollars in debt since 2001. The IMF in February gave the government six
months to meet its obligations or face expulsion.
      The government is now being investigated by a United Nations envoy
after demolishing homes and razing market stalls in what it calls a bid to
rid the country of squalor and crime.
      The UN says at least 200,000 people have lost their homes in the
campaign, but the Zimbabwe opposition maintains that 1.5 million people have
been affected.
      Critics say the aim of the campaign is to punish urban voters who
supported the opposition in March elections won by Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF
party and to drive Zimbabweans back to the countryside.
      Mugabe has defended the operation and won apparent support from the
53-state African Union, which has refrained from criticizing the campaign,
describing it as an internal matter.
      But the IMF was in no doubt that the operation, dubbed in part
"Restore Order", was worsening Zimbabwe's dire economic situation.
      Economic output is expected to decline "sharply" this year, the IMF
team said, warning of intensifying difficulties in agriculture caused by
drought and foreign exchange shortages.
      It said that on present policies, Zimbabwe's budget deficit will jump
this year, "partly due to the cost of higher food imports, interest payments
and higher pension costs".

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