The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

Back to Index

FIRE gutted part of the five-star Elephant Hills Hotel in Victoria Falls on Tuesday causing extensive damage. The hotel has been closed temporarily while bookings are being transferred to The Kingdom and The Victoria Falls Hotel.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Mugabe faces key election test
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Mr Mugabe faces presidential elections next year
By Africa correspondent Rageh Omaar

Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF party of Robert Mugabe faces a by-election this weekend which analysts describe a key indicator of political opinion.

The by-election comes ahead of next year's presidential elections, and follows the death of a prominent member of President Mugabe's party in a car crash in April.

The run up to the vote in the town of Bindura, just 35 miles (56km) from the capital, Harare, has been marked by violence and tension.

Just last week as Morgan Tsvangirai, the leader of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) campaigned in the town, there were clashes between his supporters and Zanu-PF activists.

The MDC said its cars were stoned and shot at. Reports from Bindura say there is now a heavy police presence after more clashes on Thursday.

Electoral violence

The ruling party won the constituency in national elections last year by a narrow majority.

No Go Area sign on a  Zimbabwe farm
Land invasions have exacerbated Zimbabwe's economic problems

But widespread violence in the poll left at least 31 people dead in the country, most of them opposition supporters.

This by-election comes only eight months before President Mugabe faces presidential elections next April, and is taking place in the middle of a grave economic crisis.

The country has said it faces a shortage of foreign exchange, inflation and unemployment are very high and Zimbabwe will need to import at least 500,000 tonnes of grain to avert food shortages by the end of the year.

Bindura’s ‘most wanted’ leads Manyika campaign

Augustine Mukaro
A LEADING member of aspiring MP Elliot Manyika’s Bindura by- election campaign team is a wanted criminal in the Mashonaland Central town.

Jack Salim, wanted in connection with 14 cases of robbery and violence, is on the police most-wanted list. Salim is a key member of Manyika’s campaign team which has engaged in violent confrontations with the opposition Movement for Democratic Change across the length and breadth of the sprawling constituency.

In the reception area at Bindura police station his picture is on the chart of wanted people in the province.

Sources at the Bindura magistrates’ court have expressed surprise that the police have to date not arrested Salim despite coming into contact with him on a daily basis.

Police in Bindura confirmed that Salim was on their wanted list and was at one time arrested by a police officer called Paribendipo. He was apparently released on the instructions of senior Zanu PF officials.

Sources in the town said Salim was also a beneficiary of part of the $2 million splashed out by the government in the town, ostensibly to support self-help projects. All the beneficiaries are understood to be close to the ruling party.

The by-election, which is being held tomorrow and Sunday, pits Manyika of Zanu PF against Elliot Pfebve of the MDC. Pfebve lost to the late Border Gezi in last year’s parliamentary poll by a margin of less than 2 000 votes.

Money is being distributed under the guise of loans for self-help projects, in most cases in the absence of any project proposals from beneficiaries or subsequent accountability.

Last week the deputy minister of Youth, Gender and Employment Creation, Shuvai Mahofa, handed over $2 million to Manyika for disbursement.
The source said visits to homes of beneficiaries showed no signs of any projects taking off. He said the money was actually being used to intensify the terror campaign aimed at ensuring that Manyika won the by-election.

Pfebve has questioned why the money was only made available when elections were due.

“Zanu PF wants to deceive the electorate with cash to win votes but we have realised their dirty tricks and are educating the electorate on it,” he said.

“They are capable of doing anything to win an election. They have tried even to eliminate me through violent attacks and ambushes. But our message is clear; that people should go to vote in large numbers because that is the only way left for their voices to be heard.”

Last weekend opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai and Pfebve, together with other MDC officials in a 13-vehicle motorcade were ambushed by more than 100 Zanu PF youths led by Salim. The motorcade was attacked at Chiveso shopping centre on its way to Mupandira Business Centre where Tsvangirai was due to address a rally. Though the senior officials escaped unhurt, five people sustained serious injuries and most vehicles had windows shattered. One vehicle belonging to Dr Tichaona Mudzingwa, MDC’s secretary for health, was burnt.

“Of the five who were seriously injured, two might not recover because of the severity of the injuries sustained. But what is shocking is that though we are the victims we are now under arrest for allegedly causing the violence,” said Tapera Macheka, the MDC chairman for Bindura.

Those still detained at hospitals include Peter Mangurenje who lost an eye in the skirmish and is in a critical condition at Parirenyatwa Hospital.

Bindura magistrate Munamato Mutevedzi this week threw out the case of the 14 MDC supporters arrested on allegations of causing violence, citing lack of evidence.

The magistrate ruled that the accused were actually the victims whose properties were destroyed in the violence.

In his judgement Mutevedzi said: “What makes this case surprising is that
there are no complainants of the people who were assaulted.

“No single name of assaulted people has been referred to in the report, which makes it surprising who reported this case to the police. It therefore compounds the defendants’ claim that the accused were arrested when they came to report the case to the police,” Mutevedzi said.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Friday, 27 July, 2001, 17:07 GMT 18:07 UK
Controversy over new Zimbabwe judges

The Zimbabwean president, Robert Mugabe, has appointed three extra judges to the supreme court.

The justice minister, Patrick Chinamasa, said the new judges were needed to handle a growing number of cases, but the opposition Movement for Democratic Change said the move appeared to be aimed at filling the court with judges favourable to the governing ZANU-PF party.

Mr Chinamasa said the court was expecting an increase in the number of appeals, including some brought by white farmers who he said were aiming to frustrate the government's programme of land reforms.

The government has targetted thousands of white-owned farms for redistribution to the majority black population.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zimbabwe Suspends BBC Accreditation
Martin Rushmere
26 Jul 2001 16:22 UTC
Rushmere report - 297k download (RealAudio)  
Listen Now to Martin Rushmere's report (RealAudio)  

Zimbabwe's government has suspended the accreditation of British Broadcasting Corporation journalists working in the country. Information minister, Jonathan Moyo, accused the BBC of deliberate distortions.

In a letter to the BBC, Mr. Moyo said the broadcaster distorted comments President Robert Mugabe made in a speech to parliament about the nationalization of commercial farms. In particular, the minister said, Mr. Mugabe had been reported by the BBC as saying that quote "the forcible acquisition of farms" would continue.

In his speech to parliament on Tuesday, President Mugabe said what he called "land reform" would continue. Mr. Moyo said the president had mentioned nothing about forcible acquisition in his speech, and he added that "President Mugabe made it clear that land would be acquired in terms of the law."

An amendment to the constitution forced through parliament last year by Mr. Mugabe's party allows the government to seize land without compensation for resettlement of poor people. The government has said it will pay for improvements to the land. More than four-thousand farms have so far been listed for seizure by the government.

Responding to the ban by Mr. Moyo, the BBC expressed its disappointment with government move and said it stood behind its report.

Political analysts have strongly criticized the latest action against journalists, and predict that even tougher measures will be taken in the next few months. The head of the information division of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, Learnmore Jongwe, says the government wants to prevent impartial reporting of the presidential elections next year.

Local and foreign journalists have been coming under increasing pressure in the last 18 months. Three foreign journalists have been refused work permits this year, while in February a bomb destroyed the presses of the independent newspaper, the Daily News. Last year, an editor and a reporter of a Harare newspaper were tortured by the army after the paper published a story on a possible military coup.

And the pressure is likely to continue as new laws are being drawn up to monitor journalists. Press freedom organizations say they suspect that the laws will be used to limit objective reporting.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zambian farmers accuse Zimbabwe of dumping

USAKA: Zambian farmers on Thursday accused Zimbabwe of dumping agricultural products on their market, in violation of the rules governing the regional Free Trade Area (FTA) signed last year.

Zambian farmers at their annual congress here said Zimbabwe has been dumping wheat, dairy, oil seed and horticultural products on the Zambian market, contrary to the Common Market for Eastern and Southern AfricaFTA treaty.

"Trade with Zimbabwe has been the biggest problem," said Songowayo Zyambo, executive director of the Zambia National Farmers Union (ZNFU).

"Zimbabwe has a lot of economic problems, and because of their desperate efforts for foreign exchange, has been dumping a lot of products on Zambia," Zyambo told the farmers congress.

He said the ZNFU has formally filed a complaint against Zimbabwe at the COMESA secretariat on the damage that dumping was doing to Zambia.

Dumping is the selling of goods in another country at below the market prices in that country.

"COMESA sympathises with Zambia and has written to Zimbabwe over the issue. This is how far COMESA can go because (it keeps) on saying it's up to our government to act," Zyambo said, adding that the Zambian government has reacted too slowly on the matter.

Zyambo said the Zambian farmers will for the first time be part of the trade negotiating team with Zimbabwe next month, where they intend to raise the dumping problem and propose a bilateral treaty within the COMESA treaty.

"ZNFU has advised government to use the COMESA treaty to ban Zimbabwean imports causing injury to the Zambian products. Unfortunately, our government has been too slow and, in certain cases, misguided," Zyambo said.

Trade from within COMESA accounts for only 15 percent of Zambia's imports. Of that amount, 83 percent of the COMESA imports are from Zimbabwe, Zyambo said.

On October 31 last year in Lusaka, nine out of COMESA's 21 member countries -- Djibouti, Egypt, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe -- agreed to join the FTA and look towards a customs union, a single currency and common central bank by 2025.

Founded in 1994, COMESA now has a total population of 350 million people, with a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of some 153 billion dollars.

Its members not in the FTA: Angola, Burundi, the Comoros, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, the Seychelles, Swaziland and Uganda.
( AFP )
Back to the Top
Back to Index

British Govt Seeks Better Relations

UN Integrated Regional Information Network

July 27, 2001
Posted to the web July 27, 2001

New British High Commissioner to Zimbabwe, Brian Donnely, said on Thursday that his government wanted to re-establish the friendly relations the two countries enjoyed before the current controversy over the land issue, news reports said.

Donnely, who was presenting his credentials at State House in Harare, told reporters after a one-and-half-hour meeting with President Robert Mugabe that he conveyed to the Zimbabwean leader a message of friendship from British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Relations between the two countries have not been that cordial since 1997, when Blair spurned Mugabe's request for Britain to honour its independence promise to fund land reforms.

Following his re-election in May, Blair wrote a conciliatory letter to Mugabe, who had written to congratulate him, raising hopes that the two countries could be back on talking terms soon. "I am here to represent my country and give the position of Britain in line with what my prime minister has said in so far as working together to solve difficulties and differences between our countries," Donnely was quoted saying. He said, however, that working with Zimbabwe did not mean that Britain had changed its position on fundamental issues.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Ethics, Peace And Justice Body to Set Up Base

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

July 27, 2001
Posted to the web July 27, 2001

Busani Bafana

Zimbabwe has been chosen by the Association of Evangelicals in Africa
(AEA) to be the seat of its Ethics, Peace and Justice Commission, a body
mandated to lobby governments and civil organisations to promote justice
and respect for human rights in Africa.

AEA, an umbrella body of the National Evangelical Fellowships from 46
countries in Africa, formed the commi- ssion in response to the frequent
denial of justice to citizens as a result of regional and ethnic
conflicts and general human rights abuses on the continent.

The Bulawayo-based commission would also bring into focus issues of
intolerance and poor governance. According to Patson Netha, the
executive secretary of the commission, one of 10 under the AEA, the
body's first task was to establish correspondent desks within the 46
African countries where the AEA was represented. "There are different
problems linked to justice in different countries, and it will be the
role of this commission to promote it," Netha said.

"Some of these problems have to be dealt with region by region or even
country by country, that is why we would like to have desks dealing with
issues of ethics, justice and peace throughout the continent. It will
not be easy, but it is possible," he said. Netha said the establishment
of the commi- ssion, set to complement work covered by the Catholic
Commission for Justice and Peace and the Zimbabwe Council for Churches,
arose out of a need to monitor justice within the continent.

"From the ethics component of the commi- ssion, we feel that people need
to seriously look at issues of morality and ethical codes, for instance,
in tackling corruption," he said. But would the commission have teeth to
bring to light unresolved cases of injustice, corruption and violence?
"We believe that if all of us in Africa speak out against injustice, we
will make an impact," said Netha.

"The need to promote justice has always been there, but we have not all
been rising to that challenge. "We will endeavour to do our best in
Zimbabwe to ensure that justice prevails for all faiths and for those
who do not belong to any faith," he said.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Media Monitoring Project Zimbabwe
Media Update # 2001/28
Monday 16th July to Sunday 22nd July 2001


In describing the death of an Odzi settler as murder, the state print
media abandoned all the basic restrictions surrounding the
reporting of incidents involving criminal charges. The purpose of
these restrictions is founded upon the fundamental principle that
accused individuals are innocent until proven guilty in a court of
law. The conduct of the state media in this case has pre-empted
the court investigation and raises the question of whether the trial
of the white commercial farmer involved in the fatal accident may
have been compromised by such unprofessional coverage.
While The Herald (16/7) did not actually describe the accident as
murder in its initial report, the story did quote the Minister of
Information, Jonathan Moyo, as describing it as ".a callous,
premeditated, cold-blooded murder of the Ku Klux Klan type
of murders."
Relying on unnamed sources, the state media reported the incident
as a deliberate act of racism arising out of the government's land
reform programme and used this stance to cover the looting of
nearby farms by angry war veterans sympathetically.
The Daily News missed the initial story, and subsequent reports
confined themselves to events following the incident, as should
have been the case with the state-controlled media in coverage of
incidents involving a pending trial.
Notably, The Zimbabwe Mirror (20/7) ran a story quoting the
brothers of the dead man attacking the state-owned media for
politicizing the death of their brother.
But none of the media managed to provide a clear context to the
incident, and the state media's coverage of it reflects the biased
and politicized pattern of its coverage of violence in other parts of
the country, particularly in Bindura where a by-election is due this
The progress of the US Zimbabwe Democracy Bill was also a
subject of much debate during the week under review.

Odzi Settler's Death.
In addition to allowing Minister Moyo to describe the death of the
Odzi settler as murder, The Herald (16/6) also employed
accusatory language to describe the incident, saying: "A
commercial farmer in Odzi.allegedly ran over a resettled
farmer.dragged him for about 20 meters under his truck
before dumping the body in full view of other settlers."
The paper's heavily racist comment also clearly referred to the
incident as murder, likening it to racist murders that have taken
place in South Africa and the United States. And it noted that war
veterans had demonstrated remarkable restraint by not retaliating
"against the white commercial farmers," who, the paper
claimed, "seem bent on triggering another bloodbath that will
justify the imposition of sanctions."
In this way, the paper not only perpetuated the prejudice against
the white farmer involved in the killing before his trial, but also
managed to suggest that most white farmers were inciting violence.
The next day, the news columns of the paper simply described the
incident as murder when it reported that war veterans had taken
over the farm belonging to the commercial farmer allegedly
responsible for the death ".as tempers flared following the
murder of a peasant farmer allegedly by a white commercial
The Herald (19/7) compounded this error by muddling the story of
the man's remand with vague references to eye-witness reports
apparently not raised at the court hearing. It also referred to the
incident as murder in its headline, "Odzi murder slammed" of a
story about those condemning ".the brutal murder of a Mutare
Despite the fact that the same edition of the paper reported the
farmer as appearing in court facing a murder charge, the
accompanying story clearly sought comment from a number of
people on the basis that the farmer had already been found guilty.

ZBC's coverage of the settler's death was little better. While it did
not directly refer to murder, it used the incident to portray the
impression that it was the result of a racist attack and that white
farmers were generally violent and were harassing peaceful
peasants occupying their farmlands.
ZTV made no attempt to balance its initial coverage of the event the
previous evening or in its follow-up stories (16/7, 8pm) only quoting
settlers and war veterans. In one of its reports that night, it quoted
war veterans' acting chairman, Patrick Nyaruwata, as saying that
his organization had received reports that other white farmers had
been harassing settlers on designated farms.
".If the whites start fighting us, then we have to retaliate..." he
was quoted as saying, thus giving the impression that white
farmers were provoking settlers and war veterans. He was not
asked to provide examples or give viewers some idea of the scale
of the problem. Nor was independent opinion sought, or those of
the white farming community.
Similarly, the same report quoted the war veterans' secretary-
general, Andy Mhlanga saying, ".This is now the time to show
the white minority that we are very, very angry about their
action. We urge all war veterans countrywide to make sure
that people in designated farms leave with immediate effect."
ZTV did not subject this inflammatory statement to any scrutiny or
provide alternative opinion. Nor were the police consulted over the
legality of such a threat of summary eviction..
A similar impression was given by a report on ZTV's 6pm and 8pm
bulletins two days later (18/7), in which a settler was allegedly shot
by a Nyabire farm security guard. The story contained a startling
revelation from war veterans' spokesman, Andrew Ndlovu, saying
he had received a call from the President's Office informing him of
incidents on other farms. ZTV never asked him why the President's
Office should be contacting him about such incidents. Nor did it
ask the President's Office whether it thought the war veterans were
a form of law enforcement agency supplementing the activities of
the police.
The Daily News missed the original story and concentrated on the
reaction of the war veterans following the incident (17/7) and
reported the incident itself in the barest detail, presumably because
the paper was aware of the sub judice reporting restrictions that
exist in relation to events leading to criminal charges. The Herald
also focussed on the war veterans' reaction (17/7) and both papers
stated that the commercial farmer was due to appear in court
facing a charge of murder.
The Daily News (19/7) carried a report of the white farmer's remand
hearing under a somewhat misleading headline, "Police, Court
Deny Odzi Farmer Right to Lawyer", which referred to the fact that
the lawyer was advised not to attend for security reasons: "'I
stayed away on the advice of the police and court officials,'
Ndlovu said. 'They feared that my presence might ignite an
already tense situation,'" the paper reported the lawyer as saying.
 But the story also reported that the lawyer had attended the
hearing in the afternoon.
The next day (20/7) the same paper devoted a story and a front
page photo to the farmer's young black wife and in so doing
appeared to be using the fact to refute the state media allegations
that he is a racist.

The Zimbabwe Democracy Bill
The Herald (16/7) reiterated ZBC's allegations in its bulletins the
previous evening that - according to eye-witnesses - the Odzi
farmer involved in the death of a settler had boasted that he had
wanted to kill 15 settlers to "celebrate" what he thought was the
passing of the Zimbabwe Democracy Bill by the US Senate.
It is impossible to tell if this was the state media exploiting the
weaknesses in The Zimbabwe Standard's original story (reported
here last week), but the claim certainly highlighted the inadequacy
of the early reports on the progress of the Bill.
Following up the Sunday story, The Daily News (16/7) reported the
comments of an International Crisis Group, but then compounded
the confusion initiated by The Standard by reporting that the
Democracy Bill had received ".approval by the US Congress."
Despite the fact that the daily also appeared to correct its mistake
by virtually repeating The Standard's explanation, it made matters
worse by stating that the stage was set for "the proposed law to
sail through the House of Representatives."
So, had it been approved? Unfortunately the private press was
unable to clarify the matter. That could only be obtained from the
state owned media. Responding to The Standard's inaccurate
headline of the day before, Zimpapers (16/7) and later, the state
broadcaster, quoted Zimbabwe's ambassador to the U.S., Simbi
Mubako, (Radio and TV 16/7, 8pm) and the visiting black American
politician, Andrew Young, (20/7, 6pm and 8pm) saying that the Bill
had not yet become law and explaining the Congressional
procedures the Bill needed to pass through before it did. (These
were: approval from the Senate's full foreign relations committee,
the Senate itself, the House of Representatives, a conference
between the House and the Senate, and finally to the American
President.) Mubako and Young both gave the impression that the
Bill was still a long way from becoming law, but the state-owned
media failed to ask either of them for some estimate of the time it
would take for the Bill to pass through all these legislative stages.
Coverage of the progress of the Bill in the private Press clearly
suffered from a lack of understanding of the American Congress's
legislative procedures and provided the Minister of Information
(Jonathan Moyo) with an opportunity to attack The Daily News and
The Standard. The Herald (18/7) reported him accusing the two
papers of ".spreading false and malicious news against
Zimbabwe with the hope of promoting chaos, social
breakdown and conflict."
However, the state Press also lacked any dispassionate analysis
of the Bill's likely effects or clarification of its passage through
The Herald (18/7) carried an excessively lengthy, one-sided
defence of the government's "good governance" record by Mubako
under the heading, Why Sanctions Are Not The Answer. The article
discredited itself in the second paragraph by claiming that the title
of the Democracy Bill was ".a misnomer because there was not
and has never been a crisis of democracy in Zimbabwe since
the advent of majority rule."
The Herald (21/7) carried a second attempt to peddle state
propaganda in another opinion piece headlined, US: Why Try to
Protect Past Injustices?, which completely ignored the present
injustices taking place in Zimbabwe.
In an effort to correct its errors of the previous week, The Standard
(22/7) quoted a US political consultant as saying that the Bill was
"on course" and that, in fact, the full Senate Foreign Relations
Committee had approved the Bill "unanimously", and not the sub-
committee, as the paper had reported originally. This seemed to
have moved the Bill further down the legislative pipeline, but the
story failed to enlighten its readers on this matter. The paper also
reported that the Bill could be approved by the US Senate in
September but didn't explain where it would go from there.
And while an inside opinion piece fulminated on why the
government should be so upset about the Bill if it was allowing
democracy to flourish in Zimbabwe, the unattributed article also
attacked Moyo, describing him as a "heartless mercenary" for
defending the indefensible. This article, under a 'national news'
logo, should have been clearly identified as an opinion piece. Nor
should it have reported that, "Elsewhere, in the current issue of
The Standard, a US Senator reiterates that the Bill was
approved by the committee."
Only Ed Stewart, described in The Standard's front-page story as a
"US political consultant", was reported to have said the Bill had
been passed, not a Senator.further compounding the confusion
already in the minds of the paper's readers.
The Standard also published the Bill in full without providing any
explanation of its content.

Political Violence and the Bindura By-Election
Political violence in the countdown to the Bindura by-election
continued to receive considerable coverage in the week under
review. But most was piecemeal and biased depending on which
media was reporting the incidents. While The Daily News continues
to provide horrifying evidence of what appears to be a concerted
campaign of violence against opposition MDC supporters around
the country (16/7 with a picture), and in Bindura (17/7), Zimpapers
continue to report attacks on ZANU PF supporters by MDC youths
(The Herald 18/7).
MMPZ notes with concern that while the state media continue to
obtain unhindered comment from the police, the private Press,
particularly The Daily News, appears to be having difficulty seeking
information from the ZRP. In two of its stories (17/7) the paper
reported that the police had refused to comment. One sought a
police response to the claim by the MDC's Bindura candidate that
the "application of the law by the police is selective because
MDC and Zanu PF members are treated differently."
And the other sought police comment about police protection for
traditional chiefs. In that story Assist. Comm. Wayne Bvudzijena
was quoted as saying: "You know I don't talk to The Daily
For what it's worth, the police should be reminded that they are a
public institution and are obliged to provide information relating to
issues of public concern. Such partisan treatment of the media
exposes the bias of the police force and compromises its
reputation to carry out its duties "without fear or favour".

As with the coverage of previous by-elections, media reporting
focused on political violence to the exclusion of the contesting
candidates' campaign policies. Reporting in all media of the
Bindura by-election was limited to events rather than critical
election issues, possibly because the politically volatile conditions
have overshadowed the candidates' campaign agendas.
There were piecemeal reports of what the candidates have to offer
in separate articles in the state owned press.  The Herald (19/7)'s
article headlined, "Battle of two Elliots on next week" missed the
opportunity to profile the candidates. The spokespersons for the
two parties were interviewed instead of the candidates. ZANU PF's
information secretary, Nathan Shamhuyarira, was quoted in the
article saying
    "Giving land to the landless people is a distinctive
    feature of our party's achievements" and, ".the
    revival of the youth brigades to instill discipline
    and political consciousness among the youths."
These were cited as some examples of the party's campaign
policies. The MDC's information and publicity officer, Learnmore
Jongwe was merely reported as expressing his hope for the party's
success in spite of ZANU PF's violence and intimidation
programme against the MDC.
It was only in The Sunday Mail (22/7) lead story, "Election fever
grips Bindura," that Jongwe gave a brief outline of the party's
policies for the constituency.

ZBC only reported (21/7, ZTV 6pm and 8pm) the Zimbabwe Council
of Churches statement denouncing violence and ignored the actual
incidents of political violence, especially in Bindura. All radio (22/7,
1pm) only made side reference to the violence in Bindura in a story
that was similar to that in The Sunday Mail, which accused MDC of
bussing hundreds of youths to Bindura to intimidate people. No
comment was sought from the MDC.
In any democracy the public broadcaster is obliged to provide the
electorate with balanced, fair and adequate information on the
candidates in any election and what they have to offer the
In the Bindura by-election, ZBC, as the public broadcaster, is
mandated to cover both the ZANU PF candidate, Elliot Manyika
and MDC's Elliot Pfebve. However, during the week under review,
the state broadcaster aired seven items on the ruling party's
Manyika (Radio 1/3 and 2/4 had two stories each, while ZTV
carried three) and ignored Pfebve altogether.
On July 21 (ZTV, Nhau/Indaba and 8pm) ZANU PF's Shuvai Mahofa
was shown presenting a $2m cheque to Manyika for projects in
Bindura. The footage also showed some women who were putting
on Manyika's campaign regalia. The reporter did not analyse the
vote-buying implications of such a donation, which was made
barely a week before the election.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

U N I T E D  N A T I O N S
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN)

ZIMBABWE: Skirmishes in Bindura ahead of by-elections

JOHANNESBURG, 27 July (IRIN) - The calm that had returned to the volatile
Bindura constituency was shattered on Thursday following skirmishes
between ZANU-PF and Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) youth, the
state-controlled ‘Herald’ reported.

According to the report, two truckloads of young MDC supporters attacked
the hall where ZANU-PF officials were expected to hold a meeting. Other
news reports, however, blamed ZANU-PF members for instigating the
violence. Police had to disperse people with teargas.

The political temperature in Bindura has been rising steadily as the MDC
and ZANU-PF campaigns gathered steam, the report said.  Elliot Manyika of
ZANU-PF and Elliot Pvebve of the MDC are contesting the position left
vacant by Border Gezi in April. There had been general peace and
tranquillity across the constituency following weekend clashes between the
two parties, but by Friday police were maintaining a heavy presence.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

ZIMBABWE-SA: Tsvangirai meets the ANC

JOHANNESBURG, 26 July (IRIN) - Leaders of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) were expected to meet South Africa’s ruling
African National Congress (ANC) in Pretoria on Thursday to discuss
Zimbabwe’s worsening political and economic crisis, the ‘Financial Gazette
’ reported.

The newspaper said MDC president Morgan Tsvangirai, his deputy Gibson
Sibanda and secretary-general Welshman Ncube left Harare on Wednesday for
South Africa at the invitation of the powerful Confederation of South
African Trade Unions (COSATU).

Tsvangirai was also expected to address COSATU’s executive committee.
COSATU is a member of the tripartite alliance that governs South Africa
along with the ANC and the Communist Party. The report said Tsvangirai
would brief the COSATU leadership on political developments and the labour
unrest in Zimbabwe. The trio, the newspaper added, were also scheduled to
hold talks with ANC deputy president Jacob Zuma, national chairman Patrick
Mosioua Lekota and secretary-general Kgalema Motlanthe.

Tsvangirai was quoted saying that his meeting with the ANC leaders would
centre on the crisis in Zimbabwe and what the South African government
could do to avert a total collapse of its northern neighbour. He said it
was clear to the ANC that the importance of stability in Zimbabwe to South
Africa was beyond President Robert Mugabe or the MDC. “We will take the
opportunity to give them a frank assessment of the situation in Zimbabwe
and what role the ANC government can play in solving the crisis as an
influential regional power,” Tsvangirai told the ‘Financial Gazette’. He
said his party would discuss the land reform issue, the breakdown of law
and order and the decline of the political and economic situation in
Zimbabwe, among others.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

ZIMBABWE: Concerns about food shortages

JOHANNESBURG, 26 July (IRIN) - Bread shortages could be on the horizon in
Zimbabwe after the decision by some large milling companies to ration
flour supplies to bakers, the ‘Financial Gazette’ said on Thursday. The
newspaper quoted milling and baking industry sources saying that supplies
had been cut by between 15 and 40 percent because of shortages of locally
grown wheat and the high cost of importing supplies to meet the shortfall.

“Currently one miller (Blue Ribbon) is rationing flour,” National Bakers
Association chairman Mark Prior was quoted saying. “The largest miller
(National Foods) is currently considering rationing but has yet to
introduce rationing of flour.

The major reason for the introduction of rationing is the shortage of
wheat supplies in the country. Not all the millers are affected, but the
major mill has a shortage of stock.”

Industry executives said the government’s decision not to assist the
private sector with wheat imports, forcing millers to resort to the
parallel market, would force flour prices up in the next few months,
resulting in “astronomical” bread prices at a time when consumers could be
facing serious shortages. Bakers said bread shortages were inevitable if
flour rationing by large millers continued because smaller millers could
not meet the shortfall left by bigger companies.

“The smaller mills have just sufficient (stocks) to see them through to
the next harvest at current off-take levels. They cannot accommodate new
customers or increased off-take,” Prior said.

On Tuesday, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe denied that the country
would face food shortages, and said the country would import maize if
there was a shortfall. “We have done well in agriculture, except in regard
to one crop, maize,” he said.

Maize is the staple grain used to make a thick porridge which serves as
the main source of starch for Zimbabweans.

His ministers of finance and agriculture, as well as the government’s
agriculture monitoring system, have agreed with the warnings of a looming
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Sweeping Race Quotas For Zimbabwe Cricket

"Racist At Heart"

27 July 2001

SPORTS administrators in Zimbabwe have declared its cricket set-up
"racist at heart", and have introduced sweeping measures to fast-track
blacks into the sport.

Speaking at a press conference, Zimbabwe Cricket Union chairman Peter
Chingoka was quoted by the Daily News as saying that the sport was to
undergo a "rapid evolution."

With immediate effect, a minimum of four blacks are to be selected in
the 14-man squad, as opposed to the current three. The figure is also
set to rise to six in time for the World Cup in 2003 that takes place in
South African and Zimbabwe.

"The future of Zimbabwe cricket rests on this being implemented very,
very quickly," Chingoka said.

"We have to ensure we are able to feed the pipeline so that players in
the national squad have the desired level of performance for this

The ZCU also plans to make sure that black occupy up to half of the
positions in teams and administrative bodies. The captain or
vice-captain of the team that goes to the World Cup must also be black,
according to the new resolution.

The move applies to the selection panel as well, with blacks comprising
fifty percent of the panel with immediate effect.

Zimbabwean cricket has had an uneasy history since achieving Test status
a decade ago, as black Zimbabweans - who comprise 99 percent of the
country's population - chose football as their favourite sport.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Deputy Mayoral Post Up for Grabs

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

July 27, 2001
Posted to the web July 27, 2001

Loughty Dube

Jockeying for the Bulawayo deputy mayoral post, which becomes vacant at the end of this month, has intensified with four councillors vying for the post ahead of the executive mayoral election pencilled in for the beginning of September.

The four are incumbent deputy mayor David Ndlovu and Mike Batandi Mpofu from the ruling Zanu PF, while Charles Mpofu and Matson Hlalo are expected to contest on Movement for Democratic Change ti-cket. Council sources told the Zimbabwe Independent that intense lob- bying for the deputy mayor's post was in progress.

In the past councillors had discarded voting along party lines. "The lobbying for the deputy mayor's post is tense and there is serious back-biting amongst the aspiring contestants, but few have come out in the open on whether they are contesting or not," said a source. Last year the two MDC councillors were voted to chair two committees in a secret ballot. Zanu PF has 16 councillors at the town house, the MDC three, while three others are independents.

Mpofu told the Independent that he was conte- sting the deputy mayor- ship post and said he was optimistic of winning. "I am currently lobbying to improve my chances in the race, and I am hopeful that if councillors do not vote on party lines, then I will win," he said. Councillor Ndlovu also confirmed his candidacy while efforts to contact Hlalo and Mpofu this week were unsuccessful.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Moyo to Face Critics in Bulawayo

Zimbabwe Independent(Harare)

July 27, 2001
Posted to the web July 27, 2001

Loughty Dube

Information minister Jonathan Moyo is today expected to face further criticism when he leads a team of government officials to a national symposium in Bulawayo that will also feature opposition spokesmen and civil society representatives.

Last week Moyo faced a barrage of hostile remarks at a meeting of church leaders at the Victoria Falls. Government officials expected to attend the two-day symposium are Justice minister Patrick Chinamasa, governor of Matabeleland North, Obert Mpofu, and an entourage of as yet to be confirmed government officials.

Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) MPs Learnmore Jongwe and Tendai Biti, government critics Lovemore Madhuku, Professor Masipula Sithole and John Maku-mbe, and controversial clergyman Pius Ncube are also expected to address the gathering. The symposium has been organised by the Bulawayo Dialogue, a regional-based pressure gr- oup for good governance, under the title "The political and economic crisis in Zimbabwe. Any lessons for Africa and what is to be done?" The symposium is expected to offer debate on crucial topics affecting the country.

Last week in Victoria Falls, Moyo was dressed down by Zimbabwe Council of Churches leaders who accused him of abusing the state media. The criticism by the church leaders was in response to the minister's speech in which he attacked the private media and the British and American governments.

Bulawayo Dialogue programmes co-ordinator Jethro Mpofu told the Zimbabwe Independent that topics likely to be covered during the sympo- sium included the land issue, the abandoned con- stitutional reform process, inter-party conflict, the human rights issue, the country's economic decline, Zimbabwe's inter- national relations and electoral democracy.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

A Glimmer of Hope for Shareholders

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

July 27, 2001
Posted to the web July 27, 2001

THE industrial index closed at a new record high of 51 180,39 on Wed-nesday, propelled by the massive surge in Old Mute's share price from $448 last week to a phenomenal $625. With the London price being 155 pence, the implicit Zimbabwe dollar to US dollar exchange rate is 284:1, which is a 42% premium to the parallel rate of $200:US$1 as against the premium of between 20% and 25% that has been the norm in the past.

What this means is that there is a very real perception that the Zimbabwe dollar forex rate is expected to blow out "to alarming levels" as I commented on last week. On the other hand, I wonder what would happen to the share price if exchange controls were imposed. One hopes that the authorities are not even contemplating such an adverse move. There is no doubt that the enactment of the GMB to be the sole buyer of wheat and maize has serious implications for grain supplies in the ensuring future. The volatility prize for the week must surely go to Interfresh.

The shares traded at 200 cents last week and by Monday had reached 351 cents for a gain of 75% in three days. On Tuesday the shares traded down to 340 cents before closing at 260 cents the very next day, a drop of 26% in two days. Macmed, the suspend- ed health care and scientific supply provider, which was floated to the public in mid-August 1998, was suspended from the ZSE on October 11 2000 as its debt position became untenable. Whilst initial pre-listing forward deals were executed at 200 cents plus, except for a brief speculative flurry in mid-March 1999, Macmed's shares had consistently traded below their issue price of 150 cents.

Macmed's troubles we- re precipitated by the liquidation of its majority shareholder, Macmed South Africa amid allegations of trading irre- gularities and fraud. Its export performance was adversely affected given that its Ruwa factory was specifically established to export to the South African operation. Furthermore, capital expenditure financing commitments that had been made by Macmed South Africa were rendered obsolete, resulting in the Zimbabwean company having to secure expensive short-term borrowings. These borrow- ings stood at $129,6 million as at March 31 2001. The company has now circulated a document in terms of a "Deed of Compromise and Arrange- ment with Creditors and Members".

The proposal seeks to offer a solution to the company's debt problems and in so doing avoid a final liquidation order. The provisional liquidator in the proposed deed has reached agreement, subject to certain conditions, with Westminster Holdings Ltd (WHL), a company based in the Channel Islands which has health care interests in the UK. This will involve the purchase by WHL of the $129,6 million bank debt and subsequent restructuring thereof, and of certain land and buildings and book debts own- ed by Macmed. These transactions involve a debt-equity swap, with WHL offsetting the purchased debt against an issue of 450 million ordinary shares at a par value of 10c and 2,5 million 10c preference shares at $10, totalling $70 million.

Part of the balance of the acquired debt will be used to settle the purcha-se of land and buildings, which will be leased back to Macmed, and book debts, to the tune of $20 million and $18 million respectively. The rest will be converted into a long-term loan owed to WHL which, along with a restructuring fee of $5 million, will amount to $26,6 million. This loan will bear interest at a rate pegged to the prevailing CABS com-mercial mortgage bond rate. Remaining local creditors will be settled in full in 12 equal monthly instalments, but the out- standing amounts will be exclusive of interest accrued - the date of the interest freeze is not stated - and will not bear interest during the one-year period.

Foreign creditors will be converted at approximately $57:US$1 and will also be settled in the same manner as above. WHL will also undertake to assist Macmed both in the sourcing and, where required, as a lender of last resort, of working capital finance. Allied to that, management assistance would be provided to boost the recovery process. If the proposal is denied and Macmed is in fact wound up, the effect would be that secured creditors would receive 69% of their outstandings, where-as the preferred and con- current creditors would receive no payment. This is based on the realisation values of the company's assets as assumed by the provision- al liquidator, of $118,5 million.

Assuming the liquidation process could be wrapped up at a faster rate than the one-year debt repayment schedule proposed in the deed, the liquidation option may be preferable to the secured creditors, given the high inflation environment prevailing. Sha- reholders and the remaining creditors, however, will be big losers. It can thus be argued that the acceptance of the deed is the preferred route. Not only will the creditors be guaranteed payment in full, albeit over a 12-month period, they also stand to gain from future business generated by Macmed which, with a clean balance sheet and strong backer, will be able to focus on its core business.

From a social perspective, the continued existence of the company will benefit the shareholders who perhaps one day may recover their capital in nominal terms and the employees of the company, who will still have their livelihood. Management and WHL are bullish about a recovery as the health sector is critical to the country. If and when the economy does begin to recover, the funds that will be channelled to the health delivery sector by both the government and donors should result in increased business generation for Macmed and this should in turn impact positively on its profitability. Also, exports are already showing signs of recovery and at current levels are almost generating enough forex to cover import requirements. The Ruwa factory is operational once more as the company that took over the tender lost by Macmed SA on its liquidation has contracted Macmed to continue exporting to them.

The secured creditors seem to have agreed with the above sentiments and have already accepted the terms of the deed. The corporate reporting season commences in earnest next month. Most of the banking entities are expected to publish explosive earnings grow-th. What will be of inte- rest in analysing each bank's results will be the movement in net interest margins, other income and treasury commissions, the latter assisted by the substantial "turns" on forex trading and the provisioning levels for bad debts. Some of the corpora-tes may also surprise the market, given the parallel exchange rates and price inelasticity of many of their products.

Pointers to look out for will be as to whether depreciation charges are realistic in this hyper-inflationary environment, borrowing levels, net cash flow generation and the cost of labour. But to me, the outlook section will be the most important. If we think that the last six months period has been a horror story ala Alfred Hitch-cock, wait for it! We are going to have extreme nig-htmares over the next mo- nths which even Rambo may struggle to survive. Whilst exporters are at present in ecstasy, they may well have to take the big E to cope with the economic turbulence that is staring us in the face.

Therefore expect an exciting and highly volatile stock market trading period over the next month or so. In passing, what has happened to Econet, once the darling of the ZSE? Over the past year, the share price has underperformed the industrial index and this trend has intensified over the last month. Could it be that the company's success story has now become a bore? l Tony Fisher is the managing director of Tetrad Financial Services (Pvt) Ltd.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Prince Khumalo denies claims on land

Busani Bafana
PRINCE Zwidekalanga Khumalo, the great grandson of King Lobengula, has distanced himself from the current government-sponsored land redisstribution programme which he says is a political issue he cannot be associated with.

Khumalo (47), who traces his ancestry to King Mzilikazi who is credited with the founding of the Ndebele state, was reported by the state media as endorsing the fast-track land resettlement programme. But in an interview yesterday, Khumalo said any political links in his personal capacity would jeopardise his cultural responsibilities and dilute the work done in promoting culture and the envisaged restoration of the Ndebele monarchy.

He said politicking would further compromise any future dialogue planned with government when the time came for discussions on bringing back the monarchy in Matabeleland.

The Bulawayo-based government weekly, the Sunday News, carried a story last week claiming Khumalo supported the government on the land issue. Khumalo maintains the article was fabricated and portrayed him in a negative light.

“There is nothing that I said that gave a slant of support to the land reform programme as it is being carried out now,” said Khumalo.

“I remain mute about the current exercise. I stress that this is for politicians and not my business. I am apolitical and very cultural,” he and very cultural,” he said.

As a representative of the Khumalo clan on various committees working to promote culture and the history of the Ndebele people and their way of life, he said the issue of land was political because it was linked to the economy of the country. Because of his mandate of cultural revival he would be compromised if he got entangled in politics, he said.

“Due to the success of cultural programmes I have initiated in Matabeleland and the realisation of some opportunist quarters of the community, somebody somewhere is trying through such manipulative statements to use me to get a following in Matabeleland,” said Khumalo, who is currently working on the memorial programme for the 133th anniversary of King Mzilikazi’s death.

The commemorative events starting on September 14 will culminate in a public event on September 15. Khumalo is also involved in the preparation for the 75th anniversary of Highlanders Football Club to be held at Old Bulawayo, the site of Mzilikazi’s royal homestead just outside the city.

“I do not want to be used,” he said. “I remain a cultural person and I intend to hurt nobody that has a right to own property in Zimbabwe. I refuse to be associated with politics at this moment.”

Meanwhile, former Rhodesian prime minister Sir Garfield Todd is livid about reports that he supported the 1987 unity accord between President Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo. Todd, regretting the constant abuse of Nkomo’s name, said he could not be associated with the ruling party which had turned a blind eye to violence and lawlessness.

“No reasonable Zimbabwean could urge his fellow citizens to unite behind a party which uses violence and lawlessness to maintain its power,” said Todd in a statement this week.

“No reasonable person could want any continued association with a party which has undermined Zimbabwe’s constitution, harmed our judiciary, emasculated our police force, distorted all other organs of State, devastated our ravaged land, employed dreadful brutality against fellow humans black and white, young and old who are brave enough to stand against the current tides of terror,” he said.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zanu PF fights for turf

Dumisani Muleya
THE ruling Zanu PF is stepping up efforts to regain lost ground in its once-safe Manicaland strongholds ahead of next year’s crucial presidential election but it is bumping into a wall of resistance.

Sources yesterday told the Zimbabwe Independent that Zanu PF politburo heavyweights Ignatius Chombo, Oppah Muchinguri and Didy- mus Mutasa were leading the charge to dislodge the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in Manicaland.

Chombo, who is also Local Government minister, last week led a powerful delegation which included Muchinguri, also Manicaland provincial governor, to Chimani-mani communal lands to try and recapture the area which is currently under opposition control.

The Chimanimani seat was won by the MDC’s Roy Bennett after he beat Zanu PF’s Munacho Mutezo in last year’s general election. But Zanu PF had since been battling to reclaim the area which it saw as part of its “possessions”, a source said.

The ruling party recently listed Bennett’s farm to undermine the popular commercial far-mer and robust MP in the district as part of its wider strategy to reclaim the opposition-controlled constituency.
The targeting of farms perceived to be owned by opposition sympathisers was rife.

It is understood that the ruling party is anxious to retain support in the eastern districts before next year’s presidential poll to avoid defeat.

The MDC last year mopped up seven out of 14 constituencies in Manicaland province while Zanu PF got six seats and Zanu (Ndonga) one. It also vaporised Zanu PF support in rural Matabeleland and all urban areas.

Bennett yesterday co-nfirmed in an interview Zanu PF had been trying hard to push him out of his constituency by targeting his property.

“Government rece-ntly attached my farm and Zanu PF supporters immediately started pegging and sub-dividing it without following laid-down acquisition proce- dures,” Bennett said. “It’s part of their campaign to get back the area from the MDC.”

However, Bennett pointed out that people in the area were vehemently opposed to the seizure of his farm because he had a close working relationship with them. The MDC legislator has been assisting communities in his constituency in many ways well before he entered politics.

“Zanu PF does not want us to help the people,” said Bennett. “Before the election last year the Chimanimani Development Association which I chaired was helping people during the Cyclone Eline with food relief and other material things. But Zanu PF was opposed to that,” he said.

“They tried to stop the distribution of relief materials from the EU and other donors like Help of Germany but they failed.”

Bennett said Zanu PF and government officials were currently struggling to drive people onto his property in order to eject him from the farm.

“They have been trying to resettle people on my farm but the people are refusing,” he said. “Last week on Wednesday Chombo and Muchinguri brought four Police Support Unit personnel and two plain clothes policemen to resettle the people but as soon as they went away the people left again,” he said.

The MDC MP said Chombo’s group last Friday also held a meeting with the Chimanimani Rural District Council chief executive, the district administrator, councillors, and members in charge of different police stations in the area.

It is understood Zanu PF is now threatening to purge from the area’s local government structures all those who did not support its agenda.

Sources said the ruling party promised chiefs and headmen more money if they mobilised people on its behalf in Chimanimani. It was said the councillors were promised bicycles.

The Chombo delegation also visited Nedziwa Growth Point and addressed a poorly- attended meeting. Before the team left, sources said it distributed buckets of maize to people working at the local market place.

It is understood a Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) crew from Mutare was last week, at the time Chombo was traversing the district, also criss-crossing the area “giving lessons about the liberation struggle to students at several schools”.

Sources said the ZBC “taught” the students about the “history of the liberation war and where they were coming from”.

Meanwhile, sources said Mutasa, MP for Makoni North, was on Monday in Chimanimani district pushing the Zanu PF agenda to recoup lost support. Mutasa was said to have been in the company of Mutezo, Jane Knight, a Mai Machiwana and three state security operatives.

“They visited Rusitu Mission and Hode School where they wanted to see a teacher by the name of Hudenge. The teacher was hauled before a kangaroo court and warned that he would be fired if he supported the MDC,” a source said.

“They also summoned to their meeting another teacher called Chitambo from the same school,” said the source. “He was forced to denounce the MDC.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

ZFTU vows to intensify raids

Forward Maisokwadzo
THE Zimbabwe Federation of Trade Unions (ZFTU) has vowed to intensify its raids on private businesses despite President Robert Mugabe’s call on Tuesday for an end to company invasions, it has been learnt. The raids have led to many company closures.

Joseph Chinotimba, ZFTU vice president, yesterday said his union — widely seen as a tool of the ruling party — would proceed with the company raids in its efforts to resolve labour disputes.

“We are an authentic and registered union with more 500 000 members,” said Chinotimba.

“Many people are inviting us to solve their problems and both workers and employers are happy with what we are doing. Workers are getting their money which is what we want as a union,” said Chinotimba.

In his first statement on the company raids, President Mugabe on Tuesday said workers should desist from any actions which would result in the unnecessary closure of companies.

Asked about President Mugabe’s stance on company invasions, Chinotimba said: “My thinking was that President Mugabe was referring to that unregistered Zanu PF union and others which want to steal workers’ money, not ZFTU,” he said. He did not elaborate on the unregistered union.

“ZFTU officials will go wherever we are called and tomorrow (Friday) we will be at Glendale Spinners. We are also waiting for the doctors and nurses to call us,” he said.

Chinotimba said on Wednesday he visited Jetmaster (Pvt) Ltd where “I talked to the workers without fighting anybody”.

He said all industry was looking for their assistance, which made it difficult for President Mugabe to stop his union from representing the people.

“There is nothing which can stop us. Varikuwanda varikuda rubatsiro kwatiri kupinda ZCTU (There are many who are coming to us for help than those going to the ZCTU),” claimed Chinotimba, in a telephone interview from Bindura where he was campaigning for the ruling party’s Elliot Manyika who is contesting the Bindura by-election over the weekend.

Back to the Top
Back to Index


THE Department of Information in the President’s Office which is well-known for its dislike of “night appointments” on Monday this week made its own night appointment of a so-called “committee of experts” to look into the level of professionalism in the media industry.

They are supposed to make recommendations on this very vague brief next month.

There are no prizes for guessing the recommendations of a committee headed by a medieval media mandarin who recently spent a whole programme on ZBC trying to convince Learnmore Jongwe to read a 1976 letter written by some American in order to understand US foreign policy.

There is very little in this committee to describe its members as experts on ethics in the media or indeed anything else. The inclinations of the likes of Tafataona Mahoso, Vimbai Chivaura and Rino Zhuwarara are well-known. How can they competently sit on such a committee and talk about ethics when they have been silent while journalists fell victim to state-sponsored violence?

What has most probably earned Chivaura this appointment on the committee is his appearance on the ZBC cultural programme hosted by Claude Mararike discussing Shona totems and history. Media ethics should come as a completely different dish for him.

Mahoso is a Zanu PF apologist who knows little or nothing about the essentials of modern journalism judging by his long-winded and unreadable contributions to the state media.

Zhuwarara is head of the media department at the University of Zimbabwe but, like his colleagues in the department, he has not taken any discernible interest in what happens to the media. The whole committee is intensely partisan and lacks credibility even before it has set about fulfilling its tall mandate.

The guys from the university have been a major let-down for us here in the media, including those in the state-owned media. They have steadfastly failed to rise to the occasion when issues of critical national concern have called for informed discourse from those tasked with media teaching at the highest institution of learning.

They were nowhere to be found during the crucial national referendum last year. They have said nothing about torture or assaults on journalists. We have not heard them comment on state ownership of the broadcast media or propaganda transmitted nightly by the ruling party masquerading as news.

What then is their said expertise based on? What exactly does Moyo define as an expert? Are these the people who are going to define for us Moyo’s promised statute on freedom of information and protection of privacy?

Let’s wait and see. But our fear is that this is another waste of public money just like the Chidyausiku constitutional commission.

Police spokesman, assistant commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena is becoming increasingly difficult to believe. He told the Herald on Tuesday all the 14 youths arrested for allegedly causing violence in Bindura belonged to the MDC. That sounds too much like propaganda.

How can all the arrested be MDC supporters when we are told the clashes involved groups of two opposing parties? Are we to believe the MDC youths were fighting among themselves, and therefore that this had nothing to with political rivalry in the constituency?

It is no secret that Bvudzijena has declared in the past that he will not comment when asked to do so by journalists from the privately-owned press. Can such a policeman still be trusted to speak with impartiality about what is happening in the country? We doubt it.

According to a Daily News report, the MDC convoy that was attacked by Zanu PF youths last weekend had just passed through a police roadblock where they had been subjected to rigorous search for weapons etc.

But all of a sudden the Herald tells us “police discovered several firearms and pieces of ammunition from the 14 suspects”.

Are we being told something here about the diligence and effectiveness of police roadblocks, or is this one of the many “invented” stories the professor is always accusing the independent press of publishing?

While the Daily News photographer managed to get a picture of the Zanu PF mob picking up stones and logs and clad in T-shirts emblazoned with Zanu PF candidate Elliot Manyika’s image, the ZBC and the Herald literally turned their lenses the other way. Theirs was to tell the party story as best they could.

Still in Bindura, Zanu PF last week distributed $2 million for development projects. We don’t know where the money might have come from. Our only curiosity is why such development money should come immediately prior to the election. If this is not classified as vote-buying then nothing will be.

We know when Border Gezi died in a car crash on his way to Masvingo he was reportedly carrying similar largesse for Zanu PF supporters just before the mayoral election. Although the money ultimately made it to the destination, apparently it did not sway people’s decision. But that does not stop it being part of a huge corruption scandal to buy people’s votes.

Muckraker understands Information minister Jonathan Moyo is spending almost every week in Matabeleland these days. His journeys take him far into the rural areas of Nkayi and Plumtree. In Plumtree he is reportedly trying to fast-track a university in the form of Chibero teachers’ college.
That should come in handy for those who have fast-tracked themselves onto the land. But doesn’t proper planning dictate that the university should have come before resettlement? This might just be another case of too little too late for the people of rural Matabeleland.

Professor Moyo’s child prodigy, Munyaradzi Hwengwere, was this week giving us a bit of his CV to the Sunday Mail. He said MDC spokesman Learnmore Jongwe had no right to criticise him about his lack of media experience because he was more qualified academically. He did his postgrad while Jongwe was still struggling with his first degree. But he had even more secrets coming.

Hwengwere said he was more than qualified to head the ZBC’s newly-created Newsnet department because he had observed South Africa’s transition from apartheid to majority rule in 1994. He got all the necessary experience while at the University of Natal in Durban where he was a student that year.

Muckraker feels that our readers are letting Moyo off the hook too easily. Most of them will say they no longer watch Newshour because of Moyo and his comrade-in-arms, Joseph Brown, aka Chinotimba.

Chinotimba, yes. But not Jonathan Moyo. It looks like shunning TV would be a victory for him. That is precisely his mission. To frustrate everybody who has a brain away from the screen so that he can spread his pernicious propaganda with maximum effect because there will be no one to counter it.

The best thing is to fight back, eye-ball to eye-ball until we see who blinks first. Frustrating intellectuals out of public life has been a tactic of all corrupt and despotic regimes over the ages. The next thing everyone will be telling us is there is no need to vote because all politicians are immoral and preach lies.

As Frederick Chiluba of Zambia was wont to say before he became president: “Never trust a politician.”

Supa Mandiwanzira appears extraordinarily anxious not to allow any guests on his Talking Business programme to allege that the bombing of the Daily News premises was the work of government.

That is of course what everybody thinks. But Mandiwanzira is right to point out that there is no factual basis for such an allegation and it should therefore not be repeated as fact on his programme.

What should be said on his programme is that firstly the blast occurred 48 hours after a an explicit threat to the newspaper by the Minister of Information Jonathan Moyo and late war veterans leader Chenjerai Hunzvi, and secondly, that police have made no progress whatsoever in six months of investigations.

So why has Bvudzijena, who is so forthcoming on every other topic, not been asked why the police have been unable to produce any suspects or make any arrests?

Mandiwanzira presumably regards himself as a journalist. Journalists should be curious. Is he not just a little curious as to why no progress has been made, why nobody has even been interviewed by the police, let alone charged? Is this not a matter for legitimate public concern that should be aired on programmes claiming to inform the public?

And why has no progress been made in investigations into last year’s bomb attack on the same newspaper where a South African photo-journalist was arrested because he happened to be at the scene sooner than others?

Would it not be true to suggest that police and intelligence inactivity has given rise to talk of a cover-up and to legitimate speculation as to who planted the bombs? We need to ask: who could do it and then prevent any investigation of the crime?

The public want answers. Mandiwazira should help provide them instead of stonewalling on behalf of the Ministry of Information.

We were pleased this week to read the lucid remarks of Dr Mandivamba Rukuni on the land issue. It will be recalled that he headed a commission of inquiry into the land problem some years ago and that its recommendations are gathering dust on the shelves of State House.

Speaking to the Chartered Institute of Secretaries, Rukuni said Zimbabwe should break out of the political time-warp in which it was caught.

“The biggest problem facing the people of Zimbabwe today is that we are locked in time and space and that we are dealing with the political and economic realities of the past. Zimbabwe should look beyond the conflicts of the past. We are operating way behind schedule,” Rukuni said.

Calling for political and economic realignment, he said economic realignment should be about treating land as an economic resource. He pointed out that Bill Gates did not need one square inch of land to become the world’s richest man.

“In Africa, particularly Zimbabwe, the difficulty is compounded by the notion of land nationalism,” Rukuni said. “Nationalism is a political philosophy of the last century. It is already more than 150 years old. Thirty or 40 years ago people were prepared to kill in order to call themselves Zimbabwean, but my children will not have to — they are living in the information age.”

He warned that if Zimbabwe suffered a drought this year it would be forced, like Ethiopia, to beg for maize from the international community for the first time in its history.

But those who govern us don’t seem to care. President Mugabe told guests at a lunch to mark the opening of the new session of parliament this week that if there were food shortages this year, Zimbabwe would simply import what was needed. He didn’t say where the foreign currency to pay for the imports will come from.

Meanwhile, ministers who oppose his economically suicidal policies — and there are a good number of them — will be alarmed by his depiction of Nkosana Moyo as a coward with no spine.

Moyo was brought into government precisely to give it an aura of respectability. He departed in despair having got his family out of the country first. Now Muga- be is looking for other “cowards” in his entourage.

The growing sense of panic in the ranks of the ruling class may explain the number of ministers whose families now live abroad. A significant number of Zanu PF luminaries have children at universities in Britain and the United States, or sons and daughters who are working overseas. In some cases wives have been dispatched to join them.

As the crisis at homes deepens Mugabe’s minions are feathering their nests abroad. Is it this knowledge that led to the president’s latest outburst?

As for his contention that the economy would never collapse, we had on the same day Simba Makoni’s statement that it already nearly has.

“I would have to be foolish to deny what is evident to everybody in broad daylight, even in the darkness of night — our economy is in crisis.”

Poverty was entrenching itself at a rate that was alarming he said.

So who are we to believe? A delusional president attempting to mislead the public as to the facts? Or the man he has entrusted with the management of the economy?

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Virus unleashed on Daily News

7/26/01 9:36:39 AM (GMT +2)

By Thomas Deve

A DEADLY computer virus has run amok in Zimbabwe, hitting possibly hundreds of unsuspecting e-mail subscribers.

One of the worst hit companies is The Daily News.
The newspaper’s main e-mail address was yesterday bombarded with hundreds of messages carrying a computer virus that steals documents from a user’s files or even destroys documents resident in a computer hard drive.
Investigations yesterday revealed that many other Zimbabwean e-mail users, whose documents are currently in circulation, are not aware of this development.
The mail intercepted at The Daily News shows that subscribers whose mail and private details were being literally stolen and circulated, were mainly from banks, insurance companies, Internet Service Providers (ISPs), universities and the media.
Some of the documents stolen included minutes of meetings at First Bank and Econet, as well as the confidential memos of members of staff at The Financial Gazette.
Messages from Cottco and various subscribers at Nicoz in Bulawayo have been hit, while a Chapman Golf Club document whose subject is“Checklist PGA” has been circulated by the virus.
Many messages from academics and universities were similarly forwarded to e-mail addresses.
All the documents carry a random file name with doc., bat, ink or pif
appended to them.
The body text of the e-mail attachments carries a simple message such as, “Hi! How are you? I send this file in order to have your advice. See you later. Thanks” or “Please let me have your comments.”
Zimbabwe Online (ZOL), an ISP whose servers are equipped with anti-virus software, has warned that the virus could devastate the country’s networked computer systems.
“Over the past few hours, we have been intercepting this virus at the rate of seven per minute,” said David Behr of ZOL.
“If the virus gets into your computer, it will send copies of itself to
everyone on your e-mail address book and it also attaches some of your
documents and sends those to the recipients, potentially circulating your company information to a wide audience,” he warned.
Meanwhile, Jacob Jackson of Reliant Computers has warned people to read any virus warning message. He urged them to delete any message whose content approximates what The Daily News has intercepted.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

TONIGHT - Oliver Mtukudzi in concert at the Shepherd's Bush Empire, London. 8:00 pm to 10 :00 pm. £15 in advance, £17.50 at the door.
 In this issue : From ZWNEWS - Yesterday many subscribers experienced substantial delays in receiving their copies of ZWNEWS, and some did not receive at all.  This was not our fault. Widespread delays occurred throughout Zimbabwe's email network yesterday.
From BBC News, 26 July

Zimbabwe acts against BBC

The Zimbabwe Government has suspended all accreditation of BBC correspondents in the country, accusing the corporation of "distortions and misrepresentation". Information Minister Jonathan Moyo said he objected to a television report by Africa correspondent Rageh Omaar about a speech by President Mugabe earlier this week. The BBC says it stands by the report. In a letter sent to the BBC, Mr Moyo said the report was at variance with what President Mugabe had said about the land issue, and was distorted to "give a false impression that there is no rule of law in Zimbabwe". The letter said: "Your reporter clearly used the words that the president 'vowed to continue with the forcible acquisition' (of land), yet these words were nowhere in the president's speech." It went on: "There is a world of difference between 'forcible acquisition' and 'lawful acquisition'". Mr Moyo said his ministry "has suspended all accreditation of BBC correspondents in Zimbabwe pending agreement, if at all possible, on ethical and professional code of conduct."

A BBC spokesman said: "We are disappointed with the decision. We will certainly be discussing the situation with the Zimbabwean Government to try to resolve it as soon as possible. Rageh Omaar's report had also carried a frank interview with the country's finance minister, Simba Makoni, in which he gave a gloomy assessment of the Zimbabwean economy. He admitted in the report that there were major economic problems, that tourism had virtually collapsed and that manufacturing was suffering lots of closures". In February this year another BBC correspondent Joseph Winter and a South African journalist were expelled by the Zimbabwean authorities. No officially reason was given but Joseph Winter fled with his family in the middle of the night. Just last month the correspondent for the Daily Telegraph had to leave after the government refused to renew his work permit. The government is accused of cracking down on the media ahead of presidential elections next year.

From The Financial Gazette, 26 July

Mugabe’s scared cronies lie low

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe’s embattled government is talking tough in the face of rising international pressure, but political analysts said its senior members are showing signs of worry over their future. Many are taking seriously threats of sanctions against Harare and want to lie low to distance themselves from Mugabe’s controversial record, they said. In private, government officials are praying for a way to avert ruinous sanctions from the West, the analysts added. Zimbabwe is in deep political and economic crisis after a violent campaign last year by self-styled independence war veterans to seize land and crush the opposition. It is grappling with a fuel shortfall, a hard currency crisis and looming food shortages which threaten to spark street protests. In a report published at the weekend, a Brussels-based think-tank said Mugabe and his ruling ZANU PF party elite should face targeted personal sanctions if he did not allow free and fair presidential elections early next year.

The International Crisis Group said the United Nations, the United States, the European Union and other key global players should coordinate policy towards Zimbabwe to prevent it from collapse. It called for a strategy similar to one adopted by the West towards Yugoslavia, which would include imposing travel restrictions and freezing assets held overseas by Mugabe, his family and senior aides. "There is a sense of panic when you talk to some of these people," said Emmanuel Magade, a political commentator and law lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe. "It’s dawning on some of them that the world mood has changed and things could get pretty tough," Magade said. The US Senate Sub-committee on African Affairs last week approved the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Act proposing sanctions against Zimbabwe, Mugabe, his political associates and their families, and passed it to the House of Representatives. Information Minister Jonathan Moyo has said attempts to impose sanctions against Harare have already failed. But reflecting the government’s worries this week, he said sanctions were supported by those "actively and openly advocating the use of dirty tricks" against Zimbabwe.

Solomon Nkiwane, a political science professor at the University of Zimbabwe, said many Zimbabwean officials were worried about targeted sanctions because their wealth is abroad, where their families also live. "For all their rhetoric, some of these people will be so vulnerable," he said. "The best way for some of them is to negotiate, but some are also worried that abandoning their current strategy could lead to loss of power." Over the years many top Zimbabwe officials have sought help in sending their children to schools in Europe, America and Canada and some have homes there, Western diplomats said. "The stance that the international community is taking is producing some noticeable movement from the Zimbabwean side," one European diplomat said. "But we don’t know whether it will produce the results that the international community is looking for, for the benefit of all Zimbabweans," the diplomat said.

In the past year Mugabe has taken a hard line but analysts said lately he seems to be giving way to diplomacy. Only last month he said Harare was ready for talks with Britain on land reform but would not succumb to threats of economic sanctions. Former colonial power Britain has been a fierce critic of Zimbabwe’s controversial drive to seize white-owned farms for redistribution to landless blacks. Mugabe has accused London of trying to mobilise sanctions against his government. But he has accepted proposed talks with a Commonwealth ministerial team to try and break the deadlock over land. Mugabe has been counting on African support on the issue, but fellow African leaders watered down a resolution critical of Britain at a regional summit in Zambia earlier this month. Many political analysts believe Mugabe’s Zanu PF would have lost last June’s parliamentary elections to the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change had its supporters not resorted to violence. At least 31 people were killed before the polls, which were fought on the state of the recession-hit economy. Many say riots are possible over food shortages due to erratic rains and lost production caused by the farm invasions.

From The Daily News, 26 July

Court declines to remand MDC members in custody

Bindura magistrate Munamato Mutevedzi on Tuesday threw out the State’s request for the remand in custody of seven members of the MDC when they appeared before him facing charges of public violence. Tichoana Mudzingwa, 59, the MDC secretary for health, Biggie Chigonero, 42, the party’s vice-chairman for Mashonaland Central Province, Henry Chimbiri, 35, Leonard Chisvo, 30, Nicholas Gatsi, 34, Sarah Alfai, 51, and Cecilia Goteka, 50, were arrested on Sunday following an attack by Zanu PF supporters on MDC president Morgan Tsvangirai’s convoy in the Bindura constituency. A by-election pitting Elliot Manyika of Zanu PF and Elliot Pfebve of the MDC is due on Saturday and Sunday. The seat fell vacant when the incumbent, Border Gezi, died in a road accident in April.

Emmanuel Muchenga, for the State, alleged that the seven were in a convoy going to Nyava growth point where Tsvangirai was to address a rally. He alleged that the seven were in a Datsun Pulsar vehicle driven by Mudzingwa and a commuter bus driven by Chigonero. He further alleged that the vehicles had stopped at a Zanu PF base, Chemakunguwo, at Chiveso village and attacked the occupants. The Datsun, valued at $175 000, was totally destroyed. Ruling on an application by the seven’s lawyer, Innocent Chagonda of Atherstone and Cook, for the court to refuse to put them on initial remand, Mutevedzi cited previous court rulings that the prosecution had to produce sufficient evidence that an offence had been committed.

Chagonda said the seven were arrested when they went to report the attacks by Zanu PF supporters to the police. Mutevedzi said the State had done a "shoddy job" and should not have made the request for remand. He said the seven had not acted in concert. Mutevedzi said: "An offence of public violence can only be committed acting in concert. If each acts on his or her own it does not constitute public violence. Most surprising is that there are no complainants, not even a single name. It becomes surprising who reported." He said the destroyed Datsun belonged to Mudzingwa and none of the seven, particularly Mudzingwa, had committed any offence. Mutevedzi said: "In fact, it is ironic that the property owner was brought to court as the accused."

From The Financial Gazette, 26 July

CIO targets diplomats

The Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) has bought state-of-the-art spying equipment as it steps up a campaign of surveillance and bugging of Harare-based Western embassies and international aid agencies it suspects of mobilising financial resources for the opposition, it was established yesterday. Top intelligence officials said yesterday the equipment, believed to be either from Russia or Israel, had been bought after Parliament approved the amended Political Parties Finance Act earlier this year. The Act, hurriedly drawn up by the government in May to prevent foreign funding of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), bans any Zimbabwean party from receiving financial donations from anyone abroad.

The sources said the equipment, whose purchase price was not given, allowed the CIO to increase markedly its surveillance of aid agencies and embassies which the government believes are channelling funding to the MDC. These aid agencies and embassies are likely to be expelled from Zimbabwe once the spy agency has evidence that they are breaking the law. As a result of the CIO’s increased surveillance work, fixed telephone lines at virtually all the suspected aid agencies and embassies have been bugged, the sources disclosed. The CIO is even establishing and recording the identities and frequencies of movements of people who visit these aid agencies and embassies, in addition to opening mail directed to these organisations, they said.

According to an official document shown to the Financial Gazette this week, top on the list of the aid agencies being targeted by the CIO are Germany’s humanitarian foundations Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) and Friedrich Naumann Foundation. "The FES is top on our list because we have good pointers that it is funding MDC programmes in violation of the law," one intelligence official said. The German organisation’s representative in Zimbabwe, Felix Schmidt, was yesterday reported to be on leave abroad but FES has previously denied charges it funded the MDC. Also listed on the document are the Dutch non-governmental organisation Hivos, Canada’s International Development Agency, Sweden’s International Development Agency and the Danish aid organisation DANIDA. Another Danish aid agency, MSO, and a Norwegian aid organisation known as Norad are also under the CIO microscope.

Virtually all Western embassies in Zimbabwe but particularly the United States, the British, Swedish and the German embassies had also been put under strict surveillance, the sources said. The movement of diplomats from these missions was also being monitored as part of efforts to prove who they associated with. Some of the homes of representatives of these aid agencies and embassies and their private land lines had been put under strict surveillance to enable the CIO to assess their contacts in Zimbabwe. Security details also monitored movements of people in and out of their private residences. Another security official said: "The government will not hesitate to act on those aid agencies which break the law. Whether one disagrees with a law or not, the fact is that the law was passed by a democratically elected Parliament and this means that it ought to be respected whether one agrees with it or not. Imagine what would happen to me if I entered the United States or Britain and broke any of their laws which I disagreed with?"

Representatives of some of the aid agencies on the CIO hit list who were interviewed yesterday said they were aware that they had been put under strict surveillance. "We know we are under closer scrutiny. It’s a general thing happening to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and we know that most of our meetings are being monitored," said one Western diplomat who refused to have his name and aid agency named. Another diplomat said he suspected that people working on behalf of state security officials had recently even tried to drop a sophisticated small item in his office which would enable them to listen to all discussions he had with visitors. Virtually all the aid agencies listed have nonetheless been on record in the past emphasising that they do not fund political parties but development projects in Zimbabwe.

It was not possible this week to ascertain the exact nature and workings of the imported CIO equipment, its cost and the exact countries from where it had been purchased because the sources declined to disclose these details. The Financial Gazette however understands that it could have been bought from Russia and Israel. Home Affairs Minister John Nkomo told the Financial Gazette’s political editor Sydney Masamvu three weeks ago that the government was aware that several NGOs were involved in subversive activities under the guise of voter and anti-AIDS education and would soon move to curtail their alleged activities. "We are aware of a number of international NGOs that are involved in subversive activities," he said. "We have been monitoring them and we will be moving to ban them and expel them from the country shortly," Nkomo said. He did not name the targeted NGOs, but said: "There is a need for dry-cleaning in that sector. We, as a government, will not allow any form of diplomatic intervention to frustrate this exercise." Efforts to get comment from the minister in charge of the CIO, Nicholas Goche, have failed since Monday. Goche’s mobile phone number 011 201 923 has been persistently switched off. CIO director-general Elisha Muzonzini could also not be contacted because his secretaries refused to transfer this reporter’s telephone calls to him saying they are not allowed to do so.

From The Financial Gazette, 26 July

Millers Ration Flour, Bread Shortage Looms

Serious bread shortages could be on the horizon in Zimbabwe following the decision by some large milling companies to ration flour supplies to bakers, the Financial Gazette learnt yesterday. Milling and baking industry sources said supplies had been cut by between 15 and 40 percent because of shortages of locally grown wheat and the high cost of importing supplies to meet the shortfall and avert food shortages. Escalating wheat costs prompted millers to raise flour prices by about 30 percent on Monday, which will result in a 15 to 20 percent bread price hike, possibly next week.

"Currently one miller (Blue Ribbon) is rationing flour," National Bakers Association chairman Mark Prior said. "The largest miller (National Foods) is currently considering rationing but has yet to introduce rationing of flour. The major reason for the introduction of rationing is the shortage of wheat supplies in the country. Not all the millers are affected, but the major mill has a shortage of stock."

There was no immediate comment from Ian Kind, managing director of National Foods, which has about 50 percent of the local market. Although Prior yesterday said rationing was imminent at the company, industry sources said National Foods had in fact begun rationing on Monday. George Chinsen, managing director of Blue Ribbon Foods, confirmed that his firm had begun rationing flour and had not been taking on any new customers in the past three months. "The difficulty that we all have is that the season's wheat crop is only coming in October and we are running out of local wheat supplies," he said. "This has been compounded by the fact that we can't get foreign currency to import wheat and we are getting foreign currency at over $200 to the US dollar on the parallel market."

Industry executives said the government's decision not to assist the private sector with wheat imports, forcing millers to resort to the parallel market, would continually force flour prices up in the next few months, resulting in "astronomical" bread prices at a time when consumers could be facing serious shortages. Bakers said bread shortages were inevitable if flour rationing by large millers continued because smaller millers could not meet the shortfall left by bigger companies.

"The smaller mills have just sufficient (stocks) to see them through to the next harvest at current off-take levels. They cannot accommodate new customers or increased off-take," Prior said. Bread shortages and high prices could trigger social unrest similar to food riots that hit Zimbabwe three years ago when food prices skyrocketed. "That (possibility of unrest) is extremely likely because what is happening now is much more serious than what we had a couple of years ago," said economic consultant John Robertson. "Then we had the money to import. You can buy your way out of a situation if you have the money, but when you have run out of money you have no options. The government, assisted by Dr Made (Agricultural Minister), were persuaded not to take seriously the suggestion that there would be food shortages and now they are seeing the result of that."

Back to the Top
Back to Index