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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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"The end of an era"

"Tomorrow, 31st July 2002, we pack up and move off our Y. farm. We bought this farm in 1984, after the Government took over all our land holdings in the Z. area. We did not inherit this land, we were not given it as a post war gift. We worked for it, X and I, we paid for it, and now it is being taken from us.
The sun will set on this farm tomorrow. Like every other day, but the difference will be that the productive and enterprising hand of the rightful owner will be severed. No commercial food crops will be grown there, no commercial beef herd will be raised there, no foreign currency earning gold leaf of tobacco will be grown and the timber plantations will not be managed and sustained. The tobacco curing facilities will lie silent. The house will be empty, the sheds swept and tidy. How long before looters come in and remove the roofing iron, door frames, window frames, baths basins toilets etc? The paddock fencing has already been removed. Eaten? Perhaps, because there is absolutely no evidence of it anywhere. No gardens fenced in or shanty town huts fenced off. Just gone.
Forty farm workers families will pack their meagre belongings and walk to the bus stop on the tar road.  There will be no farm transport to take them, because at this stage they have no final destination.  Yes, they have money. Not that there is much they can buy with it. There is a new law, so many new ones these days. Farmers are obliged to pay severence packages, relocations fees etc to all farm workers. No compensation is being paid for the land or improvements and this in spite of the fact that you want to continue farming and sustaining the national economy. Our country is facing the worst famine ever in history, let alone living memory, and the goose that can produce the golden egg is being sacrificed for the need to hold onto power.
In spite of this, we consider ourselves blessed. We are still in Zimbabwe, the land of our birth, we still have a place to farm, be it as it may much smaller than before. We have each other, and we are proud of the achievements we made when we had the chance. We have our wonderful memories, and knowledge that we started again once before, we can start again now. "It is not what you have lost, but what you have left that counts.""
ID's removed for protection
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From BBC News, 29 July

Eyewitness: search for food
By Grant Ferrett BBC correspondent, recently in Zimbabwe

A few hours after I arrived in Zimbabwe, I went through my first police roadblock. As I was there without official permission, I felt rather anxious. I need not have worried. The police were not looking for foreign journalists - they were looking for food. Anyone found carrying more than a single bag of maize - the staple diet in Zimbabwe - has their cargo confiscated. When I left Zimbabwe in February last year, a week before my colleague Joseph Winter was thrown out, the queues were for fuel. Now they are for food. The whole country is affected, including the capital, Harare. I went to what used to be my local supermarket to see if the reports of severe shortages were true. They were. There was no maize meal, no cooking oil, no sugar and no salt. Instead, in an effort to give an impression of normality, the shelves were stacked with toilet rolls and expensive breakfast cereals. When food does arrive, the shops no longer bother putting it on display because of the chaos it causes. The supplies are distributed from the back of the supermarket. The police are on hand to keep order and take their cut of the food ahead of the shoppers. With the shops largely empty of basics, many people turn either to the black market or state-run grain depots. Each have their problems. Prices on the black market are prohibitively expensive, while at the grain depots, you are asked to produce your ruling party membership card before be allowed to buy maize. I spoke to several people who said they bought a party card purely to get grain. This ploy does not work, though, if you are a known opposition supporter. These are routinely refused food and risk being beaten up.

In spite of all this, several of those I spoke to in Harare said that although they were reduced to eating a single meal a day, they were lucky compared with those in rural areas. So I went to a rural area to see for myself. It was not difficult to find people suffering from hunger on the road to Binga, in the remote north-west, on the banks of Lake Kariba. In fact, the very first family I spoke to said they had been without maize for months. How were they surviving? On a diet of leaves. "And what else?" I asked. "Leaves," they replied. "Just leaves." I am ashamed to admit I did not believe them. But sure enough, there on the fire was a pot of thick, bubbling leaves. here are food aid programmes designed to help such families. The problem is that they are being manipulated for political ends by President Mugabe's supporters. In Binga and neighbouring Hwange West, I heard complaint after complaint that ruling party militants who call themselves war veterans were interrupting relief supplies or blocking them altogether. The aim is to prevent opposition supporters from receiving food, starving the people into submission. With the next harvest six months away, many more Zimbabweans are likely to be turning to leaves, if they still have the energy to look.
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Business Report

Zimbabwe's finance minister throws tobacco farmers a lifeline
Basildon Peta
July 30 2002 at 09:43AM
Johannesburg - Zimbabwean finance minister Simba Makoni has devalued the
Zimbabwe dollar for the tobacco sector, throwing a major lifeline to
embattled tobacco farmers.

They will be paid Z$317 for every US dollar earned on the tobacco auction
floors, with immediate effect. The move comes after Makoni announced a new
exchange rate on imported luxury goods. Luxury goods such as passenger
vehicles, beverages and oil fats are now being charged import duty at an
exchange rate of Z$300 to the US dollar.

decision to resort to sector devaluation of the Zimbabwe dollar seems to
have been caused by President Robert Mugabe's categorical refusal to
consider a general devaluation.

Last week Mugabe made a veiled attack on his finance minister when he
branded people agitating for a devaluation as enemies of the state.
"Devaluation is dead," Mugabe declared.

Makoni has publicly supported calls by the industrial sector for a
devaluation. He seems to have angered Mugabe by openly describing the
current fixed exchange rate policy as being "thoroughly discredited".

Zimbabwe's currency is officially pegged at Z$55 to the US dollar, yet on
the black market each greenback fetches anything above Z$625. One rand
officially buys Z$8, yet it fetches more than Z$50 on the black market.

Farmers and industrialists complain that they have to buy foreign currency
at exorbitant prices on the black market for inputs. They must then sell
their products at a loss since the government has imposed price controls on
a wide range of goods. - Independent Foreign Service
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Daily News

      20 gold panners feared dead

      7/30/02 8:56:51 AM (GMT +2)

      From Precious Shumba in Mhondoro

      ABOUT 20 illegal gold panners are reported to have died last Tuesday
in the disused Village Mine, at Zimbo in Mhondoro when the mine-shaft
collapsed burying them alive.

      Their bodies have not been recovered.

      Rescue teams from the police, army and the nearby Makwiro Platinum
Mine in Selous were only able to rescue one panner on the fateful day. He
was identified only as Francis, who died on the way to Chegutu Hospital.

      Yesterday, relatives were making frantic efforts to get assistance to
retrieve the bodies from the pit.

      Peter Mandizadza of Msengezi said his son, Itayi, 26, was among the

      Mandizadza, 64, who was at the mine when The Daily News crew visited
the scene of the tragedy yesterday, said the police response was not

      "We only need the police or the army to help us to exhume Itayi's body
which has remained trapped underground since Tuesday last week," Mandizadza
said, "but they are not responding positively as is expected when many lives
are lost in an accident."

      Noah Mucheri, 27, an illegal gold panner who witnessed the shaft
collapse, said they were disappointed by the inaction of the police and the
army to retrieve the decomposing bodies of the panners.

      Mucheri, of Chegutu, said the police and some members of the army
visited the scene on Tuesday but only took notes.

      Forget Moyo, 26, another illegal gold panner at the scene, said the
police and an official from the Ministry of Mines and Energy identified as
Fidelis Manyange, had ordered the relatives not to try to retrieve the
bodies as they risked being entombed in the shaft.

      "What help will it be to wait?" Moyo said. "The police have done
nothing but several bodies are decomposing."

      Inspector Leonard Matuku, the officer-in-charge at Selous police
station confirmed the deaths of several people at the mine but could not say
how many and what action they have taken to retrieve the bodies extreme

      He said: "We are not involved. An Inspector Ndlovu in Kadoma from the
Ministry of Mines and Energy is responsible. Some people are still trapped
inside. Relatives have made reports to us."

      The Village Mine is reportedly owned by Morelife Mukandla of Kadoma
and John Sithole of Chegutu, trading as B and J Mining Syndicate.

      Both men could not be reached for comment.

      Moyo said the syndicate employed a private security company to guard
the mine but it failed to control the number of people entering the shaft.

      "The security guards let in more gold panners during the night," Moyo
said. "Some of them are inexperienced." He said. "When the mineshaft
collapsed, some were asleep and could not escape."

      Vutsa Nyarumbu, the safety and security manager at Makwiro platinum
mine, formerly Broken Hill Properties mine, said they received a call from
Selous police station but they only managed to rescue one person, identified
only as Francis.

      "When we arrived we found four other dead bodies near the entrance
which were trapped beneath boulders," Nyarumbu said. "One person was still
alive though and we tried to save his life, in vainordered the relatives not
to try to retrieve the bodies as they risked being entombed in the shaft.

      "What help will it be to wait?" Moyo said. "The police have done
absolutely nothing while several bodies are decomposing."

      Inspector Leonard Matuku, the officer-in-charge at Selous Police
Station, confirmed the deaths at the mine, but could not give the number and
or say whether any measures had been taken to retrieve the bodies.

      He said: "We are not involved. An Inspector Ndlovu in Kadoma from the
Ministry of Mines and Energy is responsible. Some people are still trapped
inside. Relatives have made reports to us."

      Village Mine is reportedly owned by Morelife Mkandla of Kadoma and
John Sithole of Chegutu, trading as B and J Mining Syndicate.

      Both men could not be reached for comment.

      Moyo said the syndicate employed a private security company to guard
the mine but still failed to control the number of people entering the

      "The security guards let in more gold panners during the night," Moyo
said, "some of them inexperienced.

      "When the mine-shaft collapsed, some were asleep and could not

      Vutsa Nyarumbu, the safety and security manager at Makwiro Platinum
Mine, formerly Broken Hill Properties Mine, said they received a call from
Selous Police Station but they only managed to rescue one person, identified
only as Francis.

      "When we arrived we found four other dead bodies near the entrance
which were trapped beneath boulders," Nyarumbu said. "One person was still
alive though and we tried to save his life, but in vain."

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Daily News

      Mutare business community denounces police-army raids

      7/30/02 9:05:15 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      MUTARE businessmen last week blasted law enforcement agents for
seizing goods worth millions of dollars from major wholesalers.

      The combined police-army operation in the city is aimed at stopping
hoarding of basic commodities.

      There has been a serious shortage of cooking oil, sugar, salt and
mealie-meal and bread.
      The wholesalers were accused of hoarding and selling the basic
commodities for resale to illegal traders at a profit, shunning the local

      This month, the uniformed officers on two occasions raided major
      including Bhadella Wholesalers, Mupfumi Investments, Olivine
Industries, Gulch Wholesalers, TM Supermarket in Dangamvura, and Wholesale

      A businessman who refused to be named said: "We held a meeting with
the police this week and we asked them whether they knew or believed what
they were doing. What is hoarding? Do they understand the concept of being a

      "They come to our premises and embarrass managers in front of their
juniors. We buy in bulk for resale. As soon as our products arrive we
account, store and sell.

      "But the police and soldiers come just after the products have been
off-loaded and seize them."

      Another businessman, who spoke on condition of anonymity fearing
reprisals and further raids, said the police were being overzealous.

      "There is a complete breakdown of the rule of law in his city,'' the
businessman said. "These people don't know what they are doing. How can they
raid our stock? Where are we supposed to store our commodities?

      "They jotted down our queries and said they would get back to us after
consulting their bosses," he said.

      The goods which were removed to the main police camp have since been
delivered back to the wholesalers.

      Philip Chiyangwa, the former president of the Affirmative Action Group
      Member of Parliament for Chegutu, applauded the raids and said they
should continue. "All businessmen hoarding basic commodities should be
arrested," he said.

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Daily News

      MP Sikhala sues Zimpapers for defamation

      7/30/02 9:06:06 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      JOB Sikhala, the MP for St Mary's, on Sunday said he had instructed
his lawyer, Simbarashe Muzenda of Muzenda and Maganga Associates, to sue
Zimbabwe Newspapers (1980) Limited, publishers of The Herald and The Sunday
Mail, for defamation.

      Sikhala alleges that his lawyer also has instructions to sue
Munyaradzi Huni, the writer of the story entitled: "Terror goes one gear up,
from shoelaces to knives," in which he described the MDC legislator as a
"troublesome child".

      The story in question was published in the The Sunday Mail this week.

      Part of the story, described by Sikhala as "ominous and highly
defamatory", reads: "In the meantime, the MDC will call Mr Sikhala its
'troublesome child' but if the party's leadership continues to cheer the
'child' in him, then another tragic incident is waiting to happen."

      Sikhala said the article was not only disturbing but was also very
misleading and had caused so much trauma to his family, particularly as it
sought to prophecy that the MP was going to do something tragic.

      Sikhala said: "I have an obligation to protect myself and my family
from the reckless and misguided reporting displayed by The Sunday Mail.

      "The relentless attack on my personal integrity must be brought to an

      "Accordingly I have now instructed my lawyers to take legal action
against Zimpapers and its employees for tarnishing my image."

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Daily News

      Headmaster flees as hysteria grips school

      7/30/02 9:01:43 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE headmaster of St Mark's Secondary School in Mhondoro has fled the
school following accusations by parents that he possesses goblins which have
sexually harassed female students and teachers.

      Last Wednesday, the school was closed over the allegations which have
sent shock-waves throughout the rural community.

      Angry parents were on Tuesday collecting their children from the
school, demanding to see the headmaster, who was understood to have fled the

      Reporters arriving at the school heard female students and teachers
complain of sexual harassment and of being beaten up by "invisible objects".

      Most students had by late Wednesday afternoon left the school while
the remaining few could be seen milling around, waiting for their parents to
come and take them home. Teachers said those affected by the activities of
the alleged goblins would behave in a strange manner, characterised by

      "I witnessed one incident when a student went into a trance," said a
teacher who refused to be named for fear of victimisation.

      "He was demanding meat, threatening that after finishing with the
students, the spirits would attack the teachers next. We are living in fear

      The incidents have disrupted the mid-year examinations which were in
progress at the school. Schools are due to close for holidays on 1 August.

      The school's deputy headmaster was evasive about the alleged evil
spirits at the school and referred all questions to the regional offices of
the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture in Chegutu.

      "As far as we are concerned, things are normal here. We will still
carry on with lessons with the remaining students and life goes on," he

      The deputy headmaster would not allow his name to be published because
of Public Services regulations.

      Ignatius Angara, the District Education Officer for Mhondoro,
confirmed the incidents had been reported to their offices.

      "We have heard that the children are praying about it, but I can't
really say much.

      We are still investigating," said Angara. Reverend Rinashe of the
Anglican Church, which runs the school, said there was no need for all the

      He said: "Everything is now back to normal and I understand lessons
have resumed." But some of the teachers said it was highly unlikely that
lessons would continue as schools were about to close soon anyway.

      The mysterious incidents started about six weeks ago when students
complained of
      being harassed by "mysterious beings" during the night, believed to be
      known in Shona as zvikwambo, mubobobo or as tokoloshe in Zulu.

      "About 30 students have been victims of the attacks and we can't bear
spending another night at this haunted place," said a student.

      "A friend of mine was bitten on the arm after she wrestled with a
ghost which wanted to sleep with her," she said.

      A number of female teachers are reportedly contemplating leaving the

      The teachers put some of their allegations in writing for the benefit
of reporters. They allege they are being sexually abused by mysterious
entities at night.

      "Sometimes we get up in the morning to find the bedding mysteriously
wet and we suspect foul play," says the statement.

      One teacher said at the height of the incidents, many students joined
the school's Scripture Union (SU) group where they held regular prayer
meetings in the hope the evil spirits would be exorcised.

      The headmaster was allegedly annoyed with this development. He is said
to have acted against the SU.

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Daily News

      No television cameras, no show, says Msipa

      7/30/02 8:59:28 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Gweru

      Cephas Msipa, the Midlands governor, apparently taking a cue from a
former Cabinet minister obsessed with television cameras, on Saturday asked
for the official opening of the Midlands Agricultural Show to be delayed -
until the cameras were in place.

      Msipa asked the Minister of Environment and Tourism, Francis Nhema, to
delay the opening until the ZBC-TV news crew arrived - which they did, but
40 minutes later.

      Nhema, the Zanu PF MP for Shurugwi, was the guest of honour.

      The visibly worried Msipa ordered the show organisers to play music to
pacify the restive crowd of 25 000 while he made frantic telephone calls to
establish the whereabouts of the State-controlled broadcaster's news crew.

      The ZBC-TV crew arrived 40 minutes later with the chief executive
officer, Munyaradzi Hwengwere, Abigail Mvududu, the head of radio services,
and 3FM boss Joseph Nhara in tow.

      "This obsession with the ZBC cameras must be stopped," said a delegate
at the VIP stand.

      A former Cabinet minister, Enos Chikowore, earned himself the dubious
distinction of being the Zanu PF government's minister most obsessed with
television. He acquired an unmatched reputation for holding up functions
until they could be captured on TV.

      The Midlands show, held against a backdrop of a severe drought, harsh
economic environment and political turmoil, was marred by the absence of
cattle exhibits. The organisers attributed this to an outbreak of
foot-and-mouth disease and the shortage of stockfeeds.

      The problems were compounded by the government's controversial land
reform programme in which about 2 900 white commercial farmers were thrown
out of their properties.

      Nhema said this year's theme, Save Our Environment, could not have
come at a more appropriate time.

      "We do not want to leave behind a legacy of plunder of our natural
resources and destruction of our environment where our children will look at
us with scorn," said Nhema. "My ministry has developed an integrated
conservation plan for the fast-track resettlement programme to minimise
damage to the environment during the exercise."
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Daily News

      Mugabe off to Malaysia

      7/30/02 8:58:38 AM (GMT +2)

      Political Editor

      Barely ten days after returning from a visit to Cuba, President Mugabe
is off again, this time to Malaysia, for six days.

      Mugabe, together with 71 of his top Zanu PF and government officials,
who has been barred from travelling to Europe under the EU's targeted
sanctions imposed just before the controversial March presidential
elections, is expected to meet his Malaysian counterpart and government

      Mahathir Mohamad, Mugabe's long-time ally, has announced his
intentions to leave office unlike his counterpart, who chose to remain at
the helm after going through a controversial election.

      It was not immediately clear what Mugabe's itinerary would be but in
Cuba he concentrated on visiting technological centres and scientific
centres dealing with the HIV/Aids scourge.
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Daily News

      Zanu PF breaks MDC's stranglehold in towns

      7/30/02 8:57:43 AM (GMT +2)

      From Luke Tamborinyoka in Kadoma

      THE MDC's dominance in urban areas was broken yesterday when Zanu PF's
Fani Phiri won the Kadoma mayoral election by a narrow margin of 672 votes.

      Phiri polled 6 886 votes against 6 214 polled by Editor Matamisa, the
first female to be fielded as a mayoral candidate by the MDC.

      The elections were marred by clashes between party supporters.

      A total of 13 161 people cast their votes in the two-day polls and 61
votes were spoilt in the municipal election for which 38 739 had registered
to vote.

      The MDC has won in previous mayoral elections in Harare, Bulawayo,
Chitungwiza Masvingo and Chegutu.

      Zanu PF's victory was preceded by an influx into Kadoma of members of
the notorious youth brigade, senior Zanu PF officials and the party's
supporters, most of whom were still booked at Westview Lodge, Kadoma Hotel
and Conference Centre, and Specks Hotel yesterday.

      Matamisa, a former head teacher who resigned from her post on 30 June
this year, immediately dismissed the result as a fraud.

      "I will contest the result as this is definitely not a reflection of
the will of the people. There was massive bussing of people from outside the
municipal boundaries and I will certainly mount a legal challenge because of
this and other irregularities,'' Matamisa said.

      She had to be escorted through a back entrance at the counting centre
as Zanu PF supporters threatened to beat her up.

      Phiri becomes the first Zanu PF candidate to win in mayoral elections
since the MDC was formed in September 1999.

      "The poll was both fair and tight,'' Phiri said before he was
immediately whisked away by jubilant Zanu PF supporters.

      An hour before the results were officially announced, Zanu PF
supporters erupted into song and dance outside the counting centre at
Jameson High School.

      A convoy of cars led by Philip Chiyangwa, the Zanu PF chairman for
Mashonaland West province and MP for Chinhoyi, drove around the town before
he addressed an impromptu rally.

      Under the draconian Public Order and Security Act, prior notice must
be given to the police before any political gathering.

      It was not clear whether Chiyangwa and his colleagues had sought
permission from the police before convening the political rally.

      Other Zanu PF heavyweights in the convoy included former minister Enos
Chikowore and Paul Mangwana, the Deputy Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs.Matamisa alleged that Zanu PF had bussed in people
from as far away as Sanyati, Chegutu, Damvuri and Nyamatani resettlement
areas outside Kadoma town.

      Before counting started, the riot police had dispersed MDC supporters
outside the counting centre after their Zanu PF counterparts attacked them.

      The police said they were dispersing them for their own safety.
Several MDC supporters were injured in the attack, including 22-year-old
Edison Muzira.


Zanu-PF wins urban seat

Harare - President Robert Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF party was declared the
winner on Monday night of a controversial mayoral election in a northern
town in a rare urban victory over the opposition Movement for Democratic

State radio said Zanu-PF candidate Fani Phiri got 6 886 votes against 6 214
for the MDC's Edita Matamisa in the textile manufacturing town of Kadoma
about 100km west of Harare.

The MDC immediately dismissed the result as a result of rigging. "There is
no longer any chance of holding free and fair elections," said MDC
secretary-general Welshman Ncube. "We reject the results as legitimate."

The run-up to voting in what was regarded as a safe opposition seat was
characterised by violent intimidation of the MDC by Zanu-PF elections,
arbitrary arrests of MDC officials and the bussing of hundreds of voters to

"This must be unique in the history of voting that one of the parties (the
MDC) was not allowed to hold a single campaign meeting," said Ncube.

Counting of results was carried out by local ruling party councillors, and
MDC agents were prevented from examining bundles of ballot papers they
suspected contained MDC votes.

During the two days of voting, independent election monitors said, bands of
feared ruling party youth militias in party T-shirts sang war songs and
brandished axes and cudgels within 100m of polling stations.


Reg Matchaba-Hove, chairperson of the Zimbabwe Electoral Support Network
which carries out independent monitoring of elections, said that the results
were "incongruent with the results of previous elections".

In parliamentary elections in 2000, Kadoma was easily won by the MDC
candidate, and in presidential elections in March this year, Mugabe received
far less votes in Kadoma than did his opponent, MDC presidential candidate
Morgan Tsvangirai.

Mugabe was declared the winner of the presidential elections by 15% but the
result has been widely dismissed as the result of intimidation and rigging.

Mugabe's traditional support lies in rural areas in a central chunk of the
country running north-south, but he has been defeated in all but one of the
previous parliamentary, presidential and council ballots and in by-elections
since June 2000.

Mugabe launched a massive campaign of repression of his opponents in
February 2000, immediately after he was beaten by pro-democracy supporters
in a referendum over a new national constitution.
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Daily News

      Chitungwiza councillors allocate themselves stands

      7/30/02 8:36:27 AM (GMT +2)

      By Sam Munyavi

      Chitungwiza councillors last Wednesday allocated themselves commercial
stands as "exit packages" ahead of several eligible applicants.

      Misheck Shoko, the executive mayor, said yesterday he had failed to
stop the allocations, conducted by the executive committee.

      All the members of the committee, except Shoko, who is a member of the
opposition MDC party, are ruling Zanu PF party members.

      The committee consists of the mayor, his deputy and the five chairmen
of the council's committees.

      Shoko said he had asked Ignatius Chombo, the Minister of Local
Government, Public Works and National Housing, whether the councillors were
entitled to the so-called "exit packages".

      Shoko said Chombo replied to his letter with only four words: "They
should apply also."

      Twenty-one of the 23 councillors were elected on a Zanu PF ticket and
are apparently fearful that they will lose their seats in polls due in
August next year. In the 2000 parliamentary election the MDC took all three
constituencies in Chitungwiza by wide margins.

      Last year the councillors approved a lavish exit package, running into
millions of dollars, for Zanu PF's Joseph Macheka, the departing mayor who
lost to Shoko in the mayoral election last March.

      Macheka, among other benefits, took away his official Mercedes Benz
vehicle and an industrial stand.

      Shoko said: "I pointed out to the councillors that they should let the
residents know they were awarding themselves the stands. I said everything
must be done in a transparent manner."

      He said the committee even wanted to allocate a stand to Elias
Chingoka, the councillor who died on 1 July.

      Shoko said: "I stood my ground. Where a councillor did not meet the
requirements I stood my ground, but I was outvoted. They actually allocated
a stand to me, but I turned it down. I had not even applied."

      Shoko said only one councillor, Lovemore Murape, had not been given a
stand because he had not met the absolute minimum requirements.

      The council initially required applicants to provide financial proof
that they would be able to erect buildings of a certain minimum value, but
this was later revised by the councillors to accommodate themselves.

      One applicant provided proof of capital of $20 million and a bank
guarantee. However, the stand, for a shop in Seke Unit G, was awarded to
Councillor Stephen Chidzere, who provided proof of capital of only $641 000.

      Chidzere took the stand ahead of the 15 other applicants, only two of
whom had lower capital than himself.

      Lawson Thekiso had proof of capital of about $2 million. He applied
for a stand on which to build a cocktail bar in Seke Unit M and was given it
ahead of eight other applicants, one of them with proof of capital of about
$17,5 million.

      Frederick Mabamba, the deputy mayor, obtained a stand for a cinema
complex in Unit G after providing proof of capital of $1,5 million while a
company with $8,7 million failed to make it.

      Generally, other councillors with lesser amounts were allocated the
stands in question.They included Lazarus Mhurushomana, who produced a
guarantee letter for $1 million and proof of savings of $377 028, and was
given a stand for a hotel in Unit G .

      Shoko warned yesterday that the council would repossess the stands if
the councillors failed to develop them.

      He said he was aware of talk that some of the councillors intended to
sell the stands. Shoko said: "It is alleged this is the position but I have
no evidence. As soon as I get evidence I will act firmly. You are not
allowed to sell a stand if you have not developed it."
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Britain stealing Harare nurses, claims Mugabe
By Peta Thornycroft in Harare
(Filed: 30/07/2002)

Robert Mugabe has accused Britain of "stealing" doctors and nurses from
Zimbabwe after hundreds of medical personnel went on strike for pay rises to
make up for triple-digit inflation.

Most government hospitals were paralysed yesterday, with hundreds of
state-employed doctors staying away from work and describing their salaries
as "pitiful".

At a nurses' conference at the weekend, Mr Mugabe said: "We have created the
environment that allows that upliftment of nurses. That's why even Britain
comes in the dead of night to steal our people. They are recruiting
pharmacists, doctors and nurses."

Dr Howard Mutsando, 26, chairman of the Hospital Doctors' Association, said:
"No one is stealing us. We don't want to leave home. We are forced to leave
Zimbabwe to earn enough money to live. Many of us try to go to Britain
because our studies were based on British standards."

He said the strike had been called because a pay rise promised four months
ago had not materialised. "Nothing will happen if we don't take drastic
action. We are worried about our patients and want to return to work.

"You have to be really committed to work in a Zimbabwe government hospital
because basic materials are missing, like gloves and nasal tubes."

He began working for the state in January last year and said that of 87
graduates from his year at least 25 had already left for Britain or South
Africa. "Another 10 are leaving in September and the rest of us are forced
to make plans, although that is not what we want."

Junior doctors earn 53,000 Zimbabwe dollars a month, which at the official
exchange rate is £595. At black market rates it equates to £53 a month.

Dr Mutsando estimated that there were about 750 state-employed doctors in
Zimbabwe, about half the minimum needed according to recent Health Ministry

The state says about 170 Cuban doctors have been recruited to fill vacancies
left by Zimbabweans. The public health service is collapsing fast and in
rural areas many clinics have no medicines.

. Mr Mugabe, his wife, Grace, and a large retinue of officials left for
Malaysia yesterday on what the state press said was an official visit.

The president has returned from previous trips to Kuala Lumpur claiming to
have secured trade agreements, particularly for Zimbabwean agricultural
exports. None can be fulfilled as Zimbabwean farming has been devastated by
land seizures.
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ATTN SUBSCRIBERS: Please note the correction to the item moved yesterday. The original story incorrectly said that Shuvai Mahofa, the deputy minister of youth development, had applied for a Swedish visa.

JOHANNESBURG, 29 Jul 2002 (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's Minister of Home Affairs John Nkomo has dismissed the impact of expanded European Union (EU) sanctions on the country's ruling elite, despite four government officials being denied entry to Europe at the weekend.

Nkomo told IRIN on Monday that a decision by Sweden not to grant visas to three ZANU-PF officials to attend a women's conference "only strengthened the government's resolve in following through with the land redistribution policy".

"The EU is only a part of a broader world. There are still many countries who have no problem in dealing with us. By broadening their list means that what we are doing is effective or else they wouldn't have bothered," he said.

The three women, Edna Madzongwe, the deputy speaker of parliament, Olivia Muchena, the minister of state in Vice-President Joseph Msiki's office and Flora Bhuka, the minister of state in Vice-President Simon Muzenda's office, were supposed to visit the Scandinavian country to attend a women's conference.

An official from the Swedish embassy in Harare confirmed that the country had refused to grant the three permission to visit Sweden.

"The decision is as a result of the extended EU list. We have gone ahead and implemented what was decided in Brussels," charge d'affairs, Abdi Foum, told IRIN.

In a separate incident, the deputy secretary for the disabled and disadvantaged, Joshua Malinga, was detained at Gatwick International Airport in London. Malinga was sent back to Zimbabwe on the first available flight.

Amid concerns over human rights, foreign ministers of the 15-nation EU last week voted to add 52 new names to a list of 20 leading ZANU-PF and government officials slapped with sanctions just before the controversial March presidential election.

Under the amended list, the 72 officials were banned from travelling in the EU, and assets held in Europe were frozen.

Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) legal affairs secretary, David Coltart, welcomed the use of "smart sanctions".

"The MDC is wholly supportive of these travel bans as it is a crucial way of asserting leverage over the regime without hurting innocent people. All of those targeted have willingly supported the regime and violence. None of them have spoken out. Malinga, although disabled himself, has not spoken out about how through political violence hundreds of people have been maimed," he said.

Meanwhile, ZANU-PF and the MDC clashed over the weekend in the town of Kadoma, west of Harare, in the first mayoral election since President Robert Mugabe's controversial re-election. The MDC alleged that ZANU-PF militants had attacked their supporters in the lead-up to the local poll.

"ZANU-PF acts as if the MDC is an illegal organisation in the country. During the campaign a number of MDC district officials were harassed by the police for reasons unknown," MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube told IRIN.

"Young men and women wearing MDC t-shirts have been beaten up on the streets and in beer halls. It has become impossible to express ones political affiliation. We are constantly under fire from ZANU-PF militia and even from the very police that is supposed to protect its citizens," he said.

A low voter turn-out was reported in the Kadoma poll.

See the full list of those "blacklisted" by the EU.

Tel: +27 11 880-4633
Fax: +27 11 447-5472

[This Item is Delivered to the "Africa-English" Service of the UN's IRIN
humanitarian information unit, but may not necessarily reflect the views
of the United Nations. For further information, free subscriptions, or
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ArabNews (Saudi Arabia)

Arab News Editorial 30 July 2002

Some 70 years ago, Stalin used famine as a weapon to eliminate Russia's
richer peasants whom he saw as a potential threat. Tens of millions died as
a result. Zimbabwe's President Mugabe has learned from the Russian tyrant.
There, the authorities are using a famine to starve those who support the
opposition. Food aid is being blocked in places that voted against President
Mugabe during the March elections.

There are few countries in the world facing such a mountain of calamities as
Zimbabwe. More than a third of Zimbabweans are HIV-positive. The ruling
ZANU-PF party relies increasingly on brute force to maintain itself in
power. It gerrymandered the springtime election and the main leaders of the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change have now been arrested on patently
trumped-up charges. A coercive and ill-thought out land redistribution
program has exacerbated food shortages and that of foreign exchange
earnings. The government continues its cripplingly expensive foreign
military adventure in Congo. And now drought has compounded the problem.
Half the population is threatened with famine. Zimbabwe faces not so much
famine as potential extinction. It is in need of serious help.

Yet the help that is on offer, in the form of food aid, is being used by the
regime to reinforce itself. There are reports that, in famine areas, people
are being refused permission to buy food unless they can produce a ruling
party membership card. Now, from aid agencies, come stories of children
dying of malnutrition-related illnesses. There is every reason to fear that
situation will worsen. The reduction in food stockpiles, the continuing
decrease in rural productivity, small holders' inability through poverty to
purchase seed, and the inability of the once-thriving private sector to
import food put ever more power into the hands of a government already
willing to use its role as food distributor to attack its enemies and favor
its friends.

Far away in Europe and the US, governments are now of a mind that the only
way of improving the lot of ordinary Zimbabweans is through Mugabe's
removal. Their disgust with him has finally started to produce sanctions.
Closer to home, countries like South Africa, fearful that unless there is
political change there will be violence, want to work with Mugabe. President
Thabo Mbeki has suggested that his Zimbabwean counterpart share power with
the opposition. But neither approach is working. It is ordinary people who
pay the price of sanctions which, ironically, thus become a means of
strengthening the regime; it uses them to oppress those it fears while
rewarding its friends. Meanwhile, South Africa's suggestion is simply

If ever a regime needed changing, it is Zimbabwe's. It is rotten from top to
bottom. Its use of food as a weapon against its own people is repulsive. But
Western stick and South African tolerance clearly are not going to work.
Inside the country, Mugabe still holds the trump cards. A little Western
carrot balanced by some South African stick might be more productive. As
regional superpower, Pretoria has the means to make Zimbabwe sit up and
listen. So far the will is not there. Perhaps the arrival of starving
refugees on its border will make it look at the situation differently. That
may not take long.
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Hi J ,
Sorry that I have taken so long in coming back to you, but I have been very busy with exposing the Maize food corruption in the Chiredzi North & South constituencies. How the hell can anybody think that The ZANU PF would not corrupt the food program. The only way to stop this curruption is to stop sending food for a while. The world food program is only feeding the bad guys anyway.
Poaching is very bad all over, it seems that some police are saying that the ranchers must not arrest people as they are hungry, and also the ranchers have had section 8's and should not be there anyway.
This came from a high up cop in Chikombedzi.
In the last month and a half I have lost: 1 Sable, leaving me 8 out of 70. 1 Tsessebe, 6 wildebeest, 3 Zebra and 2 Eland. There may be more that we do not know about. I have 7 game guards out most of the time, some ranchers are not antipoaching  at all now,because of finance.
There is no doubt that if this continues much longer there will be no wild life left on privately owned game ranchers at all.
It seems that there is nothing that we can do to stop this distruction, the rest of the world does not seem to be seriously interested in our problems.
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Peoples daily - China

      Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Tuesday, July 30, 2002
      Conservation Plan for New Farmers Launched in Zimbabwe
      Zimbabwean Ministry of Environment and Tourism Monday launched an
integrated conservation plan for farmers resettled under the fast track land
resettlement program.
      Zimbabwean Ministry of Environment and Tourism Monday launched an
integrated conservation plan for farmers resettled under the fast track land
resettlement program.

      Department of Natural Resources director Mutsa Chasi said the plan
would involve the setting up of sub-committees in the resettlement and rural

      "As a department we can only assist new farmers but the actual act of
conserving their natural resources in the resettlement areas will depend on
their own initiative," Chasi said.

      The director said the sub-committees' duties would include encouraging
the new farmers to look beyond growing ordinary crops and look at other
income generating projects like the tourism and campfire programs, which
were environmentally friendly.

      She said the sub-committees would ensure that farmers who were into
tobacco and cotton production strictly adhered to laid down procedures
especially with regards to destruction of stalks after harvesting.

      "The clearing of land under the fast track program will definitely
require the cutting down of trees but our emphasis is on the new farmers
clearing only the areas they want to put under production," she said.
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4 more ministers denied visas

Harare - Four women ministers of Zimbabwe President Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF
party have been barred from travelling to Sweden in accordance with the
European Union (EU) sanctions against senior officials of Mugabe's
government, Swedish embassy officials confirmed on Monday.

The four ministers were involved in the second case of travel sanctions
invoked against Zimbabwean politicians since last Friday.

Wheelchair-bound Joshua Malinga, secretary for the disabled on Zanu-PF's
executive committee, became the first victim of the enlarged list when he
was stopped at London's Gatwick airport on the way to a conference in New
York for the disabled, and sent back home on the next aircraft.

The latest to be banned are Edna Madzongwe, deputy speaker of parliament,
Shuvai Mahofa, deputy minister of youth, gender and employment creation,
Olivia Muchena, minister of state in the office of one of the country's two
vice-presidents, and Flora Bhuka, minister of state for the second

The four women had applied for visas to attend a programme in Sweden to
introduce African women politicians to Swedish democracy.

However, they were part of the EU's list of Mugabe officials banned from
entering or holding assets in the EU and the Swedish government was bound by
this list, Swedish Embassy secretary Abdi Foum said. The list was expanded
last week from 20 to 72.

He declined to give further details, but the independent Daily News quoted
embassy official Irina Schoulvin as saying: "The issue is quite
straightforward. They do not qualify to visit any EU country under the
extended list of people barred from travelling to European countries.

"The whole idea is just to send a message that the politics currently
prevailing in Zimbabwe is bad and that if you are part of the politics, you
are set to be affected."

The visit had been organised by Sweden's Women in Parliament Support Unit
and the Olaf Palme Centre, named after the former prime minister
assassinated in the 80s. - Sapa-DPA
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Peoples Daily

Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Tuesday, July 30, 2002

Zimbabwe, S. Africa Mozambique Pull Down Park Borders

Zimbabwe, South Africa and Mozambique have pulled down their national park
borders to create the world's largest animal kingdom straddling the three
countries,according to the Herald Tuesday.
Zimbabwe, South Africa and Mozambique have pulled down their national park
borders to create the world's largest animal kingdom straddling the three
countries,according to the Herald Tuesday.

The new Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park comprises Zimbabwe's Gonarezhou
National Park, South Africa's Kruger National Park and Mozambique's Gaza
National Park.

Zimbabwean Minister of Environment and Tourism Francis Nhema said visitors
to the park were no longer required to hold visas when they travel to Kruger
National Park, Gaza National Park and Gonarezhou National Park in the

"The creation of the Great Transfrontier Park project was set to create
massive employment activities and would keep Zimbabwe's tourism product more
attractive," he said.

Nhema said there were no full-scale operations within the 90,000 square
kilometers park because of the poor road network.

Ministers of tourism from the three countries met in Maputo, Mozambique,
last week to discuss the progress made on the establishment of an
international treaty that would regulate all matters concerning the
Transfrontier Park.

"What is left now is for the three of us to establish a joint management
board to carry over the daily activities of the big park. The board will
come up with a management plan," he said.

"We also discussed the strategy for the three parks as it relates to tourism
marketing of the countries and how surrounding communities will benefit
through the project," he added.

The Zimbabwean minister stressed that branding of Great LimpopoPark would
help in tourism development and this could increase tourist arrivals.

The development would add value to the three countries' economies and other
regional states, as this would create a vibrant and sustainable tourism

South Africa dismantled the dreaded electric fence that separated Kruger
from Mozambique at the end of last year and translocated part of its 1,000
elephants into Gaza National Park of Mozambique at a cost of 20 million
Zimbabwean dollars (about 363,636 US dollars).

The bulk of elephants would be translocated over the next three years.
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Zimbabwe opposition rejects mayoral poll defeat

HARARE, July 30 - Zimbabwe's main opposition on Tuesday rejected as
fraudulent the victory by President Robert Mugabe's ruling party in a
mayoral election held at the weekend.

       In results announced on Monday for the ballot in the central town of
Kadoma, Fanie Phiri of Mugabe's ZANU-PF party polled 6,886 votes against
6,214 for the Movement for Democratic Change's Editor Matamisa.
       The narrow win came after the ruling party lost five similar polls in
the capital Harare and other major cities to the MDC over the past year.
       ''We reject the results of the Kadoma mayoral elections as a complete
fraud,'' MDC Secretary-General Welshmen Ncube said in a statement on
       ''In the same manner that ZANU-PF has repeatedly stolen the people's
victory in past elections, the ZANU-PF machinery was involved in
constructing a warped victory against a genuine expression by the people of
Kadoma,'' Ncube added.
       He said electoral officials denied opposition agents access to
polling stations and barred the MDC candidate from verifying the ballot
papers during counting.
       ZANU-PF Information Secretary Nathan Shamuyarira rejected the MDC
       ''That is what they always say. The MDC stance is that if they lose
any election, it was fraud, if they win it was free and fair. It has no
relevance to the fact of the matter,'' Shamuyarira told Reuters.
       MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai was declared the loser in presidential
elections last March but he retained support in major urban areas where
Zimbabweans are grappling with economic hardships largely blamed on
government mismanagement.
       Tsvangirai is challenging Mugabe's presidential poll victory in the
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Daily News

Farmers Reject New Maize Prices

The Daily News (Harare)

July 30, 2002
Posted to the web July 30, 2002

Farmers have rejected the new maize and wheat producer prices announced by
the govt last is week saying farmer viability will not be achieved.

Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement Minister, Dr Joseph Made,
increased the producer prices of maize from $15 000 a tonne to $28 000 and
of wheat from $25 000 to $40 000 a tonne. His reasons for reviewing the
prices was to cushion farmers against high input costs.

Zimbabwe Farmers' Union economist, Jabulani Gwaringa said the new wheat and
maize prices were "too low" and would affect the small-scale farming sector
more than they would the commercial farming industry, which has the
advantage of producing higher yields.

Gwaringa said: "The government is killing the industry which it claims to be
promoting. Farmers will only be able to go back to the field if a producer
price of between $45 000 and $50 000 a tonne is offered."

He said using current input costs for maize production, a farmer needs about
$37 000 for fertiliser, seed and tillage, excluding the costs of labour and
chemicals to farm one hectare (ha). "With the small-scale farmer low yields
of 0,5 tonnes a hectare, a farmer then makes losses in maize production,"
Gwaringa said. In this case a farmer produces 0,5 tonnes of maize a ha and
is paid about $14 000 while production costs were more than $37 000.

Indigenous Commercial Farmers' Union acting director, John Mautsa said:
"From my previous meetings with the farmers, they were expecting higher
prices. The farmers said maize producer prices ranging from $35 000 to $40
000 a tonne would make farmers viable. Wheat farmers were expecting a
producer price of $60 000 a tonne."

Commercial Farmers' Union vice-president responsible for commodities, Doug
Taylor-Freeme said: "Both prices are unrealistic in a hyper inflation
environment we are operating in."

Zimbabwe farmers are being paid lower prices than what other farmers in the
Southern Africa region are receiving. "Our government is prepared to pay
farmers outside Zimbabwe an import parity of $100 000 a tonne for maize
while we only receive $28 000 a tonne. We are concerned as the new prices do
not give incentives for local farmers to produce more."

On wheat, Taylor-Freeme said while fertiliser prices had been increased and
electricity charges had gone up by 40 percent, the new producer price would
not cover these expenses. "We expected prices of between $65 000 and $75 000
a tonne for wheat, which are the price ranges for the barley, an
uncontrolled product and this would have been realistic prices."

ZIMBABWE: Irrigation schemes would allow year round farming, FAO

JOHANNESBURG, 30 July (IRIN) - Irrigation schemes would substantially increase agricultural production in drought stricken Zimbabwe, but projects that were meant to have started years ago remain dormant due to a lack of funds.

About six million people face hunger in Zimbabwe mainly due to drought and the government's fast-track land resettlement programme that has disrupted commercial farming, according to a report by the UN's World Food Programme (WFP) and Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO).

Zimbabwe is the worst affected country in a region where about 14 million people are in need of food aid to stave off hunger.

An official in the Department of Irrigation told IRIN on Tuesday that a newspaper article which outlined the government's plan to establish 36 irrigation schemes, could not be confirmed as some of the projects listed in the article had so far been hamstrung by budgetary constraints.

The Herald reported that the irrigation schemes would allow for farming on 7,956 hectares of dry land in communal and resettlement areas. The state-controlled newspaper said that the schemes would cost Zim $3.8 billion (US $69 million).

"The new irrigation schemes are going to utilise water from already existing dams and this new project is to ensure that the communal farmers who have for long not been utilising their quota do so under these new irrigation schemes," Director of Water in the Ministry of Rural Resources and Water Development, Vavarirai Choga, was quoted as saying.

However, the Department of Irrigation official, who asked not to be named, said: "We're not sure what the official government position is. We've had people sitting in offices because they don't have money to put programmes in place, we are waiting for instructions from our superiors that money is available so that we can begin programmes.

"We don't know which programmes have money or not. So from an operational point of view there's been no instruction to say where the money's coming from [for the irrigation schemes]. Most of those projects listed in The Herald, some of them have even been around for more than five or six years, the feasibility reports are done etcetera. But due to budgetary constraints we have been unable to implement those projects."

Lee Tirivamwe, national irrigation engineer for FAO in Zimbabwe, told IRIN the agency had not been approached for assistance with regard to establishing the irrigation schemes reported in The Herald.

Tirivamwe said there were many benefits to irrigation agriculture. "You get increased yields and afford employment opportunities to the rural people. Once they go into irrigation they can farm practically throughout the year [not just during certain seasons]," he said.

Although there was no confirmation from government that the schemes would go ahead, Tirivamwe said there existed sufficient bodies of water for the reported number of schemes.

"I'm sure there is enough water, there are a few dams not being fully utilised. For example, Diri dam, in the northeast of the country, and also Osborne dam, in the eastern parts of the country," he said. But Tirivamwe cautioned against taking at face value figures that had appeared in the press, as these could be "unrealistic".

For rural farmers to benefit immediately from such irrigation schemes, they would have to be government funded. "Otherwise it would take years for a farmer to recoup the costs," Tirivamwe said.

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Zimbabwe journalists challenge Mugabe media laws

HARARE, July 30 - An association of independent Zimbabwean journalists has
filed a court challenge questioning the constitutional validity of tough
media laws which critics say curb press freedom.
       The Independent Journalists Association of Zimbabwe (IJAZ) filed its
papers with the country's highest court on Monday, IJAZ President Abel
Mutsakani said in a statement on Tuesday.
       ''We want the Supreme Court to declare as unconstitutional
sections...which if read together require that journalists be registered by
the government's media commission in order for them to carry out their
work,'' he said.
       Mutsakani said this was the first of many challenges of the new media
laws that his association was planning.
       Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe brought the new laws into force
soon after his controversial re-election, saying they were necessary to
restore ethics in the profession.
       The Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act punishes
''abuse of journalistic privilege'' such as publishing falsehoods with fines
and up to two years in prison.
       The new laws ban foreigners from working in the country as
correspondents for foreign media.
       The measures face several legal challenges, including one from the
Foreign Correspondents Association of Zimbabwe which is also contesting the
constitutionality of parts of the new laws.
       A U.S. citizen and correspondent for Britain's Guardian newspaper,
Andrew Meldrum, was acquitted this month of charges he faced under the act
for reproducing a false story although he is challenging his deportation
order from Zimbabwe.
Eleven other journalists have been charged under the act.

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