The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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A battle for the soul of Africa

A STRUGGLE FOR THE soul of Africa is to be waged over the coming week as the continent's leaders try to arrange a transition from the 39-year-old Organisation of African Unity (OAU) to a new and hopefully more effective African Union (AU). At stake is whose vision will prevail -- that of modernists like President Thabo Mbeki, Nigeria's Olusegun Obasanjo and the Presidents of Senegal and Algeria, or of neanderthals like Muammar Gadaffi, Robert Mugabe and Kenya's Daniel arap Moi.

The outcome is crucial to South Africa, because a better neighbourhood is essential if this country is to realise its full economic potential. It cannot become an island of prosperity in a sea of poverty and disorder. Our image in the eyes of those badly needed foreign investors is inextricably tied up with that of the continent in which we are located. People steer clear of bad neighbourhoods.

President Mbeki understands this, which is why he has worked so hard to try to give substance to his vision of an "African renaissance." Those who condemn him for spending so much time on the project miss the point.

A continental GEAR
So far Mbeki, Obasanjo, Senegal's Abdoulaye Wade and Algeria's Abdelaziz Bouteflika have made good progress. They managed to get the G-8 to sign on last week to their New Partnership for African Development (Nepad) plan, which is essentially an attempt to commit African countries -- at least those who sign on -- to a continental equivalent of South Africa's GEAR programme.

In other words a commitment to democracy, good governance, fiscal discipline and market-oriented policies, in return for more help from the developed countries, especially by giving better access to Africa's exports.

But the G-8 are sceptical of Africa's ability to deliver its side of such a bargain. Africa has a long record of failing to criticise, let alone discipline, the most delinquent of its leaders, from Idi Amin to Mobutu Sese Seko, and its reluctance to do so now in the face of Robert Mugabe's grotesque misrule in Zimbabwe  surely the only leader ever to have made farming a crime  has not inspired confidence that anything has changed. Which is why the G-8's pledges of help at Kananaskis last week were so disappointing. The G-8 want to wait and see before committing themselves further, and then they will do so individually and through established channels such as the World Trade Organisation, rather than by collective agreements with Nepad.

v A vital change
This is why the coming week's negotiations in Durban to set up the African Union are so important. Nepad has established an important political framework for ongoing negotiations with the G-8, but Nepad is going to be locked in to the AU. Who wins the battle to determine what kind of organisation the AU becomes is therefore vital to Nepad's prospects.

The key difference between the OAU and what the modernists want the AU to become is on the issue of how African states relate to one another. A fundamental principle of the OAU was that no African country could interfere in another's affairs, which is why the Mobutus and Idi Amins went uncensored.

By contrast, a Constitutive Act of the African Union adopted at an OAU summit two years ago envisages mechanisms that would enable the AU to intervene actively in wayward African countries to prevent genocide and crimes against humanity.

A rejection of coups
It provides, too, for sanctions against member countries which violate principles contained in the Constitutive Act, which include "respect for democratic principles, human rights, the rule of law and good governance" -- and, in particular, for unconstitutional changes of government.

In other words, the AU would refuse to recognise military regimes that gained power through coups.

The Constitutive Act envisages an African Parliament and, in effect, Africa's own version of the UN Security Council, to be called the Peace and Security Council, consisting of elected members from 15 countries who would have the power to advise, mediate and even intervene in a member country held to be a threat to the peace or violating human rights.

The opponents
Not surprisingly, not all African leaders are enamoured of this kind of scrutiny. The continent is still full of military dictators and other autocrats who don't like the idea at all. Only 15 of Africa's 54 countries have so far signed on to the Nepad partnership, which is a voluntary association, suggesting that a majority dislike the "peer review" provisions Nepad will have.

The likes of Mugabe and Gadaffi, who would obviously fall foul of any serious scrutiny of this kind, and who like to portray themselves as African radicals waging a struggle against neo-colonialism and the dominance of the West, are bound to campaign for the modification of the provisions and the inclusion of more strident anti-imperialist language. Already they are labelling Nepad an "elitist" project and suggesting that Mbeki and his fellow architects are lackeys of the imperialist West who are trying to impose the “Washington consensus” on the whole of Africa.

If they win, the reformist concept behind the AU idea will be dead in the water, and Nepad with it.

Mbeki’s early advantage
So far Mbeki, whose low-key diplomatic style is well suited to this kind of struggle, has done well. Gadaffi has been lobbying hard to have the summit in Libya, but Mbeki's visit to him last month secured it for Durban. It was an important achievement, for had it gone to Libya Gadaffi would have been the chairman, putting him in the driving seat to set the AU's direction in its all-important first year. As it is, Mbeki will fill that role.

Even so, it is going to be a tough battle. The OAU Foreign Ministers, who began meeting in Durban yesterday to prepare the ground for next week's summit, have to reach agreement on the dismantling of six protocols governing the OAU’s legal persona before that body can make way for the new one. It presents a tangle of technical undergrowth which the opponents of reform can use to snarl up the whole process if they wish to do so.

Finally, even if the transformation goes through in accordance with Mbeki and his allies' plans, it will remain to be seen to what extent the new commitments can be translated into action. A whole culture has to be changed, but at least this would be a start.
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Daily News - Leader Page

      State could be setting stage for firm takeovers

      7/2/02 7:37:08 AM (GMT +2)

      THE government could be setting the stage for a possible takeover of
companies in much the same way they have seized commercial farms.

      The charge of sabotage raised against the companies could merely be an
excuse being used in order to dispossess the companies' rightful owners,
because they are suspected of being sympathetic to the MDC. But it also
clearly incitement and a signal to the so-called war veterans to do to the
companies what they did to the farms.

      When commercial farmers showed their support for the opposition, they
were threatened with seizure of their farms. So far the government has taken
almost 95 percent of the total commercial farmland under the guise of
correcting historical imbalances. But today those farms have not been given
to the ordinary people. Instead, it is senior government and Zanu PF
officials who have allocated themselves prime land and are now evicting
villagers and so-called war veterans from these properties. Zanu PF has
become adept at creating the impression that it is embarking on programmes
in the name of the ordinary people when, in fact, it is taking care of the
interests of a few in its hierarchy.

      This time they are after companies, and one argument is to seek to
ensure all of them defend the status quo, however unjust it is because all
their fortunes become intertwined with those of Zanu PF. But it is hoped
that the war veterans have opened their eyes to this reality, for example,
that 10 000 of them were moved into Harare's Whitecliff residential scheme,
where they were used to vote for Zanu PF during the 9-11 March 2002
presidential, mayoral and municipal elections. After using them as canon
fodder, the government is seeking to move them out.

      That these people had invaded residential land instead of a commercial
farm and that this was being run by an indigenous person, counted for
nothing. What mattered most was that Zanu PF interests were being

      At the weekend President Mugabe threatened the takeover of companies
suspected of sabotaging the economy. But this is how the farmers' nightmare
began. The tragedy in this case is that it is the government alone that is
defining what constitutes sabotage.

      Yet when the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority effects power cuts
to industries, subsequently leading to reduced productivity, does this not
constitute sabotage of the highest order?

      When the Grain Marketing Board fails to maintain adequate stocks of
grain for the nation's consumption requirements, or delays in supplying
agricultural inputs to the government's brave new farmers, negatively
impacting on production, is this not sabotage? When the National Oil Company
of Zimbabwe's bungling affects the availability of petroleum products for
more than two years with grave consequences to the whole economy, is this
also not sabotage of the worst kind? When the Agricultural, Rural and
Development Authority fails to ensure maize and wheat production is adequate
for domestic consumption, does this not constitute a subversion of the
economy? When the National Railways of Zimbabwe fails to move sugar and
other raw materials for industry for weeks on end, subsequently creating
shortages, because it has to service government projects such as the
"Freedom Train", is this not sabotaging the economy? The thriving parallel
market in foreign currency has played havoc with the economy and this is one
area into which the government should have moved long ago and put a stop to.
It has not done so, which some people might call the worst dereliction of a
government's duty imaginable.

      In all other countries in the region, the crisis is nowhere near the
Zimbabwean mess. Why is the government unable to solve the problem

      The only possible explanation would be that it is in the interests of
Zanu PF and government officials to prolong the trade in foreign currency.
Instead of issuing threats, the government would do well to seek dialogue,
that is if it is genuinely interested in solving the myriad of problems
confronting this nation.
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Daily News

      Workers hold boss hostage

      7/2/02 12:59:48 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      About 85 workers at Alcatraz security firm in Marondera have been
holding their boss, Campdell MacMillan hostage for the past two days
demanding retrenchment packages which would cost Campdell, the firm, a total
of $16 million.

      Speaking from his office in a telephone interview on Saturday,
MacMillan said Marondera police had taken him into protective custody on
Friday afternoon but released him the following day.

      "I have been in my office since then and the entire workforce are
camped outside my office in Birmingham Road demanding this outrageous figure
of $16 million. I have told them I don't have that kind of money and that in
fact, I am closing down because the business is not viable. I have done all
the necessary paper work and spoken with the labour people but the workers
think that I have a lot of money," he said.

      MacMillan's lawyer, Lawrence Chibwe of Stumbles and Rowe confirmed the
sit-in by the workers.

ZIMBABWE NEWS- Colin Macmillan

In the middle of our farming town of Marondera, in plain view of thousands of passers by, a man has been held hostage for three days, surrounded by a large group of thugs belonging to the ruling party and is still there.
He has no food and is being held in his cold offices in the middle of winter.
The police visited the scene and left cheering and waving to their comrade friends .  No one can help as they would be first beaten up by the thugs and then arrested by the police for disturbing the peace.  While the members of G8 summit look for ways to pour money into Africa and believing the assurances they are being given to promises of good governance from the various countries, both the North and south are desparately trying to ignore the fact that there has been a coup in Zimbabwe supported by the whole sorry bunch of them.
As soon as the ruling Zanu pf realised that they would definetly lose they ensured that every war veteren in the police and army were given fast track promotion to senior district positions who in turn will not allow any of their junior force members to arrest anybody connected to the party without orders from the top.  They then ordered the civilian war vets to take part in the land invasions or risk losing their pensions which have to be authorised by the War Vet District committees before payment by the government.  The party is organised into marxist cells which means that control from the presidents office is absolute and very quick and party discipline is ruthless and not subject to to any sanction by the police.
Even murder of a party cadre for discipline, or perhaps a farmer or an opposition activist for intimidation purposes is excepted by the po;lice and allowed, indeed actively used by them to assist in the concept of absolute control from the politburo.
The politburo itself consists for the most part of members who have been appointed by the President and given cabinet posts without ever having had a vote cast for them.  It is the fact that Mugabe can appoint his own 30 members that saved him in the parliamentary election anyway.
In 30 days time myself and 3000 other farmers are going to be penniless and jobless along with 2 million farm workers and their families.
Plans are being made to bring in the desperately needed food which the system above will be allowed to distribute to their supporters and to hell with the rest ,and their control will finaly be absolute.  The system is also used to plunder the economy on every front in the name of indigenisation for the benifit of the same 10000 or so people that have access to the spoils and therefore encourage and shore up the lawlessness.
The most depressing view of the future is that this country will eventually become victim to the 20 second sound bite.All foreign reporters are either banned or will be if they dont sing the praises of these thugs, so when Colin Macmillan, the chap being held hostage, is beaten and maybe killed in full view of the public, all the world will hear is a very smartly dressed, well spoken and caring politician producing evidence of suicide, before BBC and CNN move on to a bus bomb in Israel.  What can I do for Colin ?  If I even make an attempt to feed him I could trigger of a worse situation for him and with the orwellian control of the media that the propaganda machine has , my visit will be presented as an attack by a large group of fascist whites who were seriously hurt / killed in self defence by the brave comrades who were merely waiting peacefully outside.  Courage under fire is what brings victory .
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Daily News

      Government must not frustrate democratic governance: Mudzuri

      7/2/02 12:45:36 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      The Mayor of Harare, Elias Mudzuri, says the government has an
obligation to be fair and just in its use of State power.

      Speaking at the launch of the well-attended Harare Clean-Up Campaign
on Saturday, he said State power should not "be used to frustrate the
popular will and mandate of the people, but to facilitate their function and

      He said the clean-up campaign had to be seen as a symbol of the
council's desire to clean up the city and the negative aspects of people
that do not bring them together.

      The campaign was designed to transform Harare from a decaying to a
decent city, he said. "We expect the central government to understand and
accept the fact that we have our own ideas and programmes on how to
effectively serve the people of this city and country," said Mudzuri, the
first mayor of Harare elected on an MDC ticket. He said the council expected
all democrats in government to totally submit themselves to the voice and
will of the people of Harare as declared in the last mayoral polls.

      Mudzuri said his council believed in the meaningful participation of
the citizens in city affairs and decision-making as this was a prerequisite
for the establishment of self-governance. "I am asking you to assume
ownership of the affairs of your city and be able to define and determine
your destiny in civic matters," the mayor, an engineer by profession, told
the gathering. The mayor said the council disapproved of violence and
criminal behaviour in the city as well as people who sold their goods

      After the launch of the campaign at Town House, hundreds of Harare
residents split into different groups and undertook various tasks as part of
the campaign. They swept the streets and cleaned public toilets.
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Daily News

      Commonwealth secretary-general Mckinnon critical of G8 plan for Africa

      7/2/02 2:08:41 PM (GMT +2)

      LONDON - Commonwealth Secretary-General Don McKinnon, whose 54-member
group includes 17 African nations, said at the weekend the G8 summit's
proposals to help Africa were inadequate and smacked of too little, too

      "The outcomes of the G8 summit at Kananaskis are disappointing for all
of us who are keen to support Africa's efforts to help itself and were
expecting more," McKinnon said of the rich nations' meeting in a Canadian
mountain resort.

      "The G8 countries have to move away from an attitude which
consistently delivers 'too little, too late' to a more generous-spirited
approach that provides Africa with a level playing field to enable it to
help itself."

      Leaders of the poverty-wracked continent had pressed for full backing
from the Group of Eight leading industrial nations for their ambitious New
Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) which pledges corruption-free
governments in return for aid and investment.

      But aid groups and analysts accused the Western nations of "hot air"
and a "no-action" plan which merely latched onto the cost-free aspects of
Nepad - conflict resolution, improving governance and promoting private

      At the same time the G8 spurned proposals to fund large-scale
infrastructure projects, side-stepped the issue of rich farm subsidies
freezing out African imports, and ignored Nepad's ambitious targets for debt
relief, the critics charged.

      "To justify Kananaskis's outcomes it must be seen as a first step in
what is expected to be a far more generous process," added McKinnon. His
Commonwealth group of mostly former British colonies includes almost one
third of the world's countries comprising 1,7 billion people.

      "There is still a long way to go and we must go the distance as the
New Partnership for Africa's Development has the potential to transform
Africa," McKinnon added in a statement issued by the Commonwealth
Secretariat's London office.

      Although acknowledging Commonwealth members Britain and Canada's
leadership on the Africa issue at the G8 summit, he said there was no
evidence of the same generosity as that of the Marshall Plan for rebuilding
Europe after World War Two. And he lashed out at Western agricultural
subsidies for their own farmers as "perverse".

      "There must be a firm and time-bound commitment to phase out the
massive agricultural subsidies in the industrial countries which bankrupt
vulnerable African farmers by artificially depressing world prices," he

      "To preach trade liberalisation while maintaining such perverse
subsidies is unsustainable."

      The G8's pledge of an additional US $6 billion (Z$330 billion) in aid
for Africa was, he said, just repackaging an earlier announcement -- "a drop
in the bucket for the G8, and inadequate when the United Nations had
estimated that Africa needed $25-$35 billion (Z$1 375 billion to Z$1 925
billion) to meet the Millennium Development Goals."

      The G8's promise of an additional $1 billion in debt relief for Third
World nations was similarly inadequate, McKinnon said.

      "Half the countries which have embarked upon the programme for Heavily
Indebted Poor Countries are still spending more on repayments to their
creditors than on public health." - Reuter

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Daily News

      Commonwealth despairs over Zimbabwe stalemate

      7/2/02 12:48:46 PM (GMT +2)

      LONDON - Commonwealth Secretary-General Don McKinnon has expressed
pessimism over prospects for change in Zimbabwe, which his group recently
suspended in protest at alleged flaws in President
      Mugabe's re-election.

      "It is sad that nothing is improving in that nation," McKinnon said
late last Saturday.

      "I am not at all hopeful that anything is going to change." McKinnon,
whose group of 54 mainly former British colonies suspended Zimbabwe for a
year in March, said Mugabe's ruling Zanu PF party was showing no sign of
easing its pressure on the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
Nor was there any let-up in the policy of seizing white-owned farms for
black resettlement, he said.

      "On the contrary, there is a determination now to go on and take all
the land."

      About 3 000 farmers, branded last week by Lands, Agriculture and Rural
Resettlement Minister Joseph Made as "unrepentant racists and fascists",
were given until midnight last Monday to stop working their farms and just
over a month to leave. McKinnon said international pressure was being
ignored. "All the things that any international organisation has done have
not had any impact," he said.

      "We, the Commonwealth, have done more than anyone, but I cannot say
that anything that we have done has had any effect on putting the government
on another course of action."

      The Commonwealth suspended Zimbabwe on 19 March after the group's
observers and the opposition reported dubious practices in Mugabe's
re-election. The decision was recommended by a Commonwealth task force in
charge of Zimbabwe policy: the so-called troika of Australian Prime Minister
John Howard, South African President Thabo Mbeki and Nigerian President
Olusegun Obasanjo.

      After the poll, reconciliation talks began between the two parties,
but Zanu PF later suspended the discussions until the country's courts rule
on an MDC challenge to the result.

      McKinnon said the Commonwealth "troika" was staying in touch with
Zimbabwe, but with little progress so far. "It is still in the hands of the
troika. They are continuing the dialogue among themselves, but at this stage
there is nothing on the horizon," he said.

      International pressure has eased in recent months as other issues have
replaced Zimbabwe on top of the international agenda. "You have got to allow
for the fact that the Middle East and India-Pakistan issues have taken over
the headlines that Zimbabwe was holding," McKinnon said.

      Despite its suspension of Zimbabwe for a year, the Commonwealth group
has urged humanitarian aid for thousands of Zimbabweans aid groups say are
facing starvation. The Commonwealth group includes 50 developing countries -
17 from Africa - among its 54 members.

      The group joins almost one third of the world's countries with 1,7
billion people. Nearly 13 million people in six southern African countries
are facing starvation later this year due to drought and flooding. - Reuter
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Washington Post

Repression Lasts Long After Zimbabwe Vote
Mugabe Continues Political Crackdown

By Jon Jeter
Washington Post Foreign Service
Wednesday, July 3, 2002; Page A16

Johannesburg - Almost four months after Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's disputed re-election to a fourth term, any hope that the 78-year-old former guerrilla leader would relax his crackdown against political opponents has all but evaporated. Since turning back the toughest political challenge of his career in a campaign marked by violence and allegations of fraud, Mugabe has put restrictions on white farmers at a time when nearly half of Zimbabwe's population faces starvation. He has also continued repression of dissidents and journalists and, most recently, threatened to nationalize one of the country's largest companies. "Things have not improved for Zimbabweans since the election," said an African diplomat based in Zimbabwe. "I'm afraid that things are only getting worse. This government knows it no longer has the popular support of its people, so it must govern with the only tool it has left: force."

The U.N. World Food Program estimates that nearly half of Zimbabwe's 11 million people urgently need international assistance to avert starvation as a result of famine. Donor nations blame the famine on bad weather and the government's policy of seizing the country's most productive farms, owned by whites, and handing them over to poor blacks. Relief agencies say that Mugabe's ruling party, Zanu PF, has used food donations from abroad to reward its supporters and punish members of the opposition MDC. Tawanda Hondora, chairman of Zimbabwe's Human Rights Forum, said the government has required peasants to show Zanu PF membership cards to receive food rations and has stopped organizations thought to be sympathetic to or aligned with the MDC from distributing food. On Saturday, however, Mugabe blamed the nation's food shortage on National Foods, a multinational subsidiary of Anglo American, a South African mining firm. In remarks published in a state-owned newspaper, Mugabe accused National Foods of hoarding such basic commodities as salt. "We will not allow Anglo American to become the principal saboteurs of our economy," he said. If National Foods does not "want to operate in partnership with the government and the people," Mugabe said, "the government would put the enterprise in the hands of the people." Last week, Mugabe's government ordered nearly 3,000 whites to stop farming as he prepared for their eviction next month. Branding them "unrepentant racists and fascists," Agriculture Minister Joseph Made has given them until Aug. 10 to vacate farmland to make way for blacks.

And even as his fellow African leaders court Western investment with an ambitious revitalization plan that promises good governance and democracy, Mugabe's party has continued to intimidate and prosecute independent journalists, opposition politicians and their supporters. Using a new press law passed only days before the March 9-11 election, Mugabe's party has arrested 11 journalists for writing stories critical of the government. An icon of Zimbabwe's fight for independence, Mugabe has portrayed Zanu PF's struggle against the MDC as a battle against a puppet of Britain, the country's former colonial ruler, and his land reform program as the last piece of unfinished business of the independence war. Western governments widely accuse Mugabe of rigging the March election, using youth gangs and militias led by war veterans to wage a campaign of torture and intimidation against MDC supporters, particularly Zimbabwe's wealthy elite of white farmers and their poor, black employees. Human rights organizations say that torture of dissidents has continued in the months since the election, and the U.S. and European governments have refused to recognize the election results or sanction travel of Mugabe and his top lieutenants. But Mugabe has not wavered. "It is sad that nothing is improving in that nation," said Don McKinnon, the secretary general of the Commonwealth, a coalition of 54 nations, many of them former British colonies, which suspended Zimbabwe for a year in March. "We have done more than anyone, but I cannot say that anything that we have done has had any effect on putting the government on another course of action," he told reporters in London last weekend.

The direction that Zimbabwe takes is critical to the success of an economic plan proposed by South African President Thabo Mbeki and other African heads of states. At a meeting of the world's eight leading industrialized countries last week, Mbeki persuaded the West to support - at least in principle - the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), in which African nations commit to good governance and democracy in exchange for increased investment and debt relief from wealthy nations. "Zimbabwe is clearly the West's test case for NEPAD," said an African diplomat in Zimbabwe, "and unfortunately for Africa, it does not appear that Mugabe gives a wink about what the West thinks."
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From ZWNEWS, 3 July

As food runs out, malevolence grows

By Michael Hartnack

It is hard to think of any disaster in human history quite comparable with Zimbabwe’s food crisis, where mild adverse natural factors combine with crass malevolence. At Binga, where self-styled ``war veterans" have forcibly closed a church relief project, the first 27 children were reported to have succumbed to malnutrition-related disease, despite Robert Mugabe's oft-repeated pledge "no one will die". On Monday June 22, Land Acquisition Act "Section 8" orders came into force against 2 900 commercial farmers, in terms of which they were supposed to stop all cropping and livestock management programmes. Last week, the regime came up with a new official term: "farmers of European origin", not "whites". They were "confined to their homesteads" from June 22 and must quit their properties entirely by August 5. The Commercial Farmers Union’s spokeswoman Jenni Williams asked: "Do the farmers tend 22 547 hectares of wheat or let it shrivel and die? Do they grade their tobacco, bringing it to the floors to earn US $330 million in foreign currency or does it sit in the tobacco barns? Do they leave unattended thousands of cattle, pigs and other farming animals?" Williams was addressing the same politicians who, in May 2001, spurned warnings to start importing maize (then obtainable at 25 percent of the current price) and boost the commercial maize crop for 2001-2002. Peasant farmers, reliant on ox-ploughing, were unable to exploit the good 2001 early rains.

This past week, peanut butter and salt have disappeared from the supermarket shelves along with maize meal, sugar and cooking oil. Wheat flour is being rationed, and bread shortages are imminent. Milk supplies are drying up, with grave implications for young children. In a few weeks, the majority of the population will be surviving on sweet potatoes and - if they can afford it - rice. We are eating the last of our pig and poultry production and slaughtering the national beef herd as fast as the abattoirs can handle it. The 2 000 farmers not yet given Section 8 eviction orders face the imminent prospect of them. Or they have gangs of carpet-bagger wannabes roaming the country, telling them to get out regardless of formalities. Or they cannot get feed for their livestock and dare not retain what they have grown for fear of accusations of hoarding and sabotage. A ruling Zanu PF functionary was hailed as a hero for "discovering" salt in warehouses belonging to National Foods, in which Anglo American has a 34 percent shareholding. Such is the mood of paranoia whipped up by the Mugabe regime and its media that few were surprised to hear the Minister of Agriculture, Joseph Made, declaring that farmers were "racist and fascist - wanting to continue white dominance" by approaching officials for permission to keep their stock and crops alive. "The confrontational approach by the commercial farmers was another conspiracy to wipe out the indigenous peoples of this country as they had tried in India, Australia and New Zealand," Made said.

The 26 member Zanu PF Politburo met under Mugabe's chairmanship and threatened to "de-register" (ban) the Commercial Farmers Union, a move Zanu PF’s former Justice Minister Edison Zvobgo says would be a blatant violation of constitutional rights. Information Minister Jonathan Moyo claimed "some farmers have vacated farms leaving behind a trail of malicious destruction of property". The state media, meanwhile, played down the gift by Britain of a further £22 million relief. The regime claims it has resettled 354 000 people on former white-owned farms, but independent observers say fewer than 40 000 are squatting on ill-organised and as-yet unproductive holdings. Much land is lying derelict. Many of the "354 000" are urban people with mere pieces of paper, promising them plots at some future date. Up to 500 000 farm workers and their families have already been displaced, and another two million face eviction. A visiting UN mission, headed by Under-Secretary for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Kendo Oshima, stubbornly parried all questions on the political dimensions of the crisis. The mission had been specifically told by the Amani Trust of the use of relief food as a ruling party weapon, but he spoke blandly about "expanding their monitoring system" to stop the denial of food to children of suspected opposition supporters. In a masterpiece of understatement, Oshima said 6 million Zimbabweans "face a serious health challenge". People aren't being more-or-less deliberately starved: they are "seriously health challenged". Be ready for allegations the famine is due to broken promises of aid, as well as sabotage "of European origin".

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Zim famine will affect SA

Johannesburg - Zimbabwe has a 75% "food gap" - one of the highest in the
world, Democratic Alliance (DA) leader Tony Leon said upon his return from a
fact-finding mission on Tuesday.

The gap is defined as a shortfall between the provision of the minimum
nutrition required for the population and the food at hand.

"This famine will not contain itself within the borders of Zimbabwe," Leon
told reporters in Johannesburg.

He said a United Nations World Food Programme official told him the 75% food
gap was one of the highest recorded in world history.

The South African government needed to look ahead and put contingency plans
in place because the food shortages would soon start impacting on South

"People are moving out of the urban areas somewhere else because there is no
food there," Leon said.

"I think the impact on us is going to be immense ... If we continue with our
policy on the one hand and their policy on the other, we are facing big, big

Leon, DA land affairs spokesman Dan Maluleke, rural safety spokesperson
Andries Botha, and Nick Clelland-Stokes embarked on a two-day fact-finding
mission to Zimbabwe and met commercial and small farmers, South African
property owners, the UN and farmworkers.

They also visited farms occupied by so-called war veterans in Mazoe Valley
and in Bindura, north of Harare.

Leon said the South African government should protect South Africans who own
farms and businesses in the neighbouring country.

"South Africa should stand up for the commercial and property rights of its
own citizens."

Sixty-two percent of all commercial farms in Zimbabwe have been served with
Section 8 Land Act notices, making farming activity on those farms a
criminal offence on pain of imprisonment.

"There are 2 900 commercial farmers willing and ready to produce, but they
are told to seize farming. At the same time, the Zimbabwean government is
asking for international food aid. I really can't understand that," Maluleke

Leon said it was impossible for any importer of basic commodities to sell
their products.

"The government sets prices at a level completely unrelated to market
conditions but forces importers to bring their goods into Zimbabwe on a
parallel rate.

"In the case of salt, the cost of importing it has gone up as much as 100%
during the past two months while the controlled selling price has not

Clelland-Stokes said it was an eye-opener to "actually be there and see for
yourself" what was happening.

"There are orchards laden with fruit, but farmers will be criminally
prosecuted if they pick the fruit from the trees. It's an entire waste."
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Wednesday, 13 March, 2002, 14:19 GMT
Mugabe's challenge
Celebrating Zanu-PF supporters
Now Mugabe must tackle the economic meltdown
test hello test
By Joseph Winter
BBC News Online

President Robert Mugabe may have won the election but his victory celebrations will be short-lived.

His first priority will be to consolidate his hold on power in the face of opposition charges that the poll was rigged.

Robert Mugabe
President Robert Mugabe:
A former teacher, made his name as a fighter in Zimbabwe's war of independence
Resurrected the nationalist agenda of the 1970s - land redistribution and anti-colonialism
Critics accuse him of resorting to political violence to cling to power

  Full profile

Remembering recent examples from Yugoslavia and Ivory Coast, he will be worried that street protests might succeed where the elections failed, in unseating him.

Zimbabwean political analyst Masipula Sithole told me: "Dictators don't leave power after elections, they only leave under intense pressure."

But Mr Mugabe is trying to avoid being put under that kind of pressure.

Even before the results were announced, soldiers were deployed in potential flash-points across the country in case opposition supporters took to the streets.

In the past few years, the security forces have managed to crush a series of anti-government protests and Mr Mugabe will certainly not be afraid to give them orders to shoot at demonstrators and arrest opposition leaders.


Alternatively, he may try and work with the Movement for Democratic Change in order to end the bitter divisions which have held Zimbabwe back in recent years.

Such a move would come as a major surprise after Mr Mugabe repeatedly accused the MDC's Morgan Tsvangirai of being a traitor.

But after years of directing a guerrilla war, he did extend the hand of reconciliation to his erstwhile enemies who had established white minority rule in the then Rhodesia.

Mugabe: 1, 685,212; Tsvangirai: 1,258,401
Official turnout: 3,130,913 or 55.9%
High turnout in Zanu-PF's rural strongholds

  Q&A: What next?

In any case, Mr Sithole says the MDC would be unlikely to take such an olive branch - were it offered.

Assuming he does manage to ride out this initially bumpy period, his next big task will be to kick-start the economy.

With inflation running at around 120%, hundreds of thousands dependent on food aid and millions out of work, this will be a huge task.

Mr Sithole says that the newly re-elected president will try and use his regional allies, South Africa and Nigeria, to make overtures to the west on his behalf.

Again this would constitute an astonishing about-turn but Mr Sithole says Mr Mugabe would have no choice as "the country is bleeding".

A resumption of aid by the IMF would be the quickest way of getting badly needed foreign currency back into the country.

But this is unlikely to happen while Mr Mugabe is in power, especially with most western countries deeply suspicious about his election victory.


The European Union and the United States have already imposed "smart sanctions" on Mr Mugabe and his associates and are unlikely to change their views on his leadership.

Mr Mugabe has been trying to make alliances with alternative sources of cash, from Libya to Malaysia.

He will also try to retain the support of his southern African neighbours to counter Western attempts to isolate Zimbabwe.

Children queue for food aid in February 2002
Half-a-million Zimbabweans need food aid

Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi has supplied lots of oil but the reality is that only the West can supply the huge amounts of hard cash Zimbabwe needs.

Mr Mugabe ran his campaign on the slogan, "The economy is the land," arguing that giving plots of land to poor black farmers will raise their living standards and so boost the economy.

Mr Mugabe will undoubtedly continue with this programme and with a new, six-year term will now have the time to put this theory - rejected by mainstream economists - to the test.

Responding to suggestions that at 78 and after 22 years in charge, he should consider stepping down, the president has hinted that he will do so when he completed his land "revolution".

There has been speculation that he may finish this within a year or two and then resign, handing over to his chosen successor - tipped to be Emmerson Mnangagwa, speaker of parliament.

But the constitution at present states that this would require new elections after three months, plunging the country back into the political uncertainty of recent years.

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UN: AIDS will claim 70 million by 2022
July 2, 2002 Posted: 2003 GMT


UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) -- AIDS will kill 70 million people over the next
20 years unless rich nations step up their efforts to curb the disease, the
United Nations warned on Tuesday in a report showing the epidemic is still
in its early stages.

More than 40 million people worldwide have AIDS or are infected with HIV,
the virus that causes the disease, up from 34 million two years ago, and
infection rates are climbing, said the latest report from UNAIDS, the agency
that coordinates U.N. AIDS programs.

"We haven't reached the peak of the AIDS epidemic yet," Dr. Peter Piot, the
UNAIDS executive director, told Reuters in an interview, scotching experts'
hopes it would level off. "It's an unprecedented epidemic in human history."

AIDS threatens to wipe out a generation in Africa and destabilize the whole
continent, warns the report, released ahead of the 14th International
Conference on AIDS which opens next week in Barcelona.

"From a pure medical problem, AIDS has become an issue for economic and
social development and even for security," Piot warned, saying the disease
was eating away Africa's work force, holding back economic development and
aggravating famines.

"The world can't afford a whole continent to be destabilized because of
AIDS. It's going to have implications for all continents," Piot said.

Grim numbers
The latest UNAIDS report, updating its study of two years ago, makes grim

AIDS killed a record 3 million people last year -- 2.2 million in Africa
alone -- and HIV infected another 5 million worldwide. The disease, which
has killed 20 million since its discovery in 1981, has so far created 14
million orphans. Three million of the 40 million people now infected are
children under 15 years of age.

Although the disease has drifted from the public eye in developed countries
after awareness campaigns in the 1980s, the AIDS epidemic is wreaking havoc
in sub-Saharan Africa, where 28.5 million people have HIV or AIDS -- more
than 70 percent of those infected worldwide.

Nine percent of adults between the ages of 15 to 49 in sub-Saharan Africa
are now infected, the report said, up from 8.6 percent at the end of 1999.

In Zimbabwe, one-third of adults are infected, up from one-quarter two years
ago. Botswana, the worst-hit country, now has a staggering 39 percent of
adults infected with HIV or AIDS, up from 36 percent two years ago. Because
of AIDS, life expectancy in Botswana has dropped below 40 for the first time
since 1950.

The disease is also spreading quickly in East Asia and Eastern Europe, where
the total of infected people has roughly doubled.

Rich must pay
The report called for more money from rich countries to combat the epidemic.

The world must spend $7 billion to $10 billion a year by 2005 to tackle
AIDS, under targets set last year at the U.N. General Assembly Special
Session on HIV/AIDS in New York.

"It's not asking for the moon," said Piot. "By any standards that are used
for breaches in security, that's peanuts."

Global AIDS funding is now spearheaded by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS,
Tuberculosis and Malaria, which was inspired by U.N. Secretary-General Kofi
Annan and launched in January with the help of the United Nations, the World
Bank and others.

AIDS spending in poor countries is set to reach $3 billion this year, the
report said, well above the $165 million spent in 1998, but far short of the
U.N. targets.

"The international community has not given what it should have," Piot said.
"They have considered it a marginal problem."

Rich countries must do more to get drugs to AIDS victims in Africa, Piot

"It's still an enormous scandal," Piot said, pointing out that just 4
percent of infected people in developing countries have access to the latest
antiretroviral drugs, as opposed to about half in North America.

In rich countries, where 500,000 are receiving antiretroviral drugs, 25,000
people died of AIDS last year. In Africa, where only 30,000 are receiving
these drugs, 2.2 million died of AIDS.

Although the price of antiretroviral AIDS drugs dropped recently to about $1
a day, Piot said, the cost of treatment had to fall even more to save lives
in Africa.

Doctors will be discussing the latest in anti-AIDS medicine at next week's
international conference in Barcelona.
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Daily News

      Rising forex rates peel off Zimbabwe's economic mask

      7/2/02 7:54:27 AM (GMT +2)

      The British pound now fetches more than Z$1 200 at the so-called
parallel market, 15 times the official rate.

      Depending on the amount, any Zimbabwean can negotiate up to 20 times
the official rate at a bureau de change, a registered financial institution.
With a mere £1 000, a Zimbabwean student in London is a millionaire at home!

      At the rate at which the dollar is crashing, the same student could be
a multi-millionaire with the same £1 000 by December. The print-run of the
dollar has seen a phenomenal growth in the past two years. It seems the
government no longer cares about a reasonable exchange rate necessary to
ensure external competitiveness and restore order.

      Investment is impossible in an insane society where exposure to
negative, populist economics dominates policy at the expense of sound
business planning and forecasting. Viability can never be guaranteed and the
risks of policy reversals and fluctuations are real.

      When Zimbabwe began its accelerated economic slide into chaos two
years ago, the currency business steadily entrenched itself, fuelling
inflation, pushing property prices way upwards and mocked the government's
controls on the money market. The State turned a blind eye to this
development. Instead, the government hatched the phrase "parallel market" to
avoid the shame of openly declaring its support for a currency black market.

      The reason is clear. Zimbabwe is stone broke and prospects for a
turn-around, under this regime, are zero.

      The black market has kept us going, enabling our hard-pressed
commerce, industry and agriculture to source essential imports for the
manufacturing sector.

      Without that market, nearly all our businesses could have closed down.
The currency trickle became the mask or deceptive membrane that maintained a
flicker of what is today known as Zimbabwe.

      Those forced to deal with the senseless official rate have constantly
cried foul, sounding an early warning note.

      The current rates reflect the reality of our poverty. Any measures to
tamper with them are mere wish lists and will fail. Every black Zimbabwean
can have a piece of land, but for as long as President
      Mugabe remains hamstrung by a suspect election victory, the Zimbabwean
dollar will continue to lose its colour. The value of a currency is
generally determined by faith and creditworthiness, not ideology or claims
to sovereignty. Raiding foreign currency accounts or forcing the closure of
bureaux de change will open up new ways of circumventing unrealistic and
unworkable official solutions.

      Tobacco farmers and gold miners were given preferential treatment
after they threatened to stop production.

      But the entire economy depends on some form of import content. For the
past 30 months, the black market provided the answers, giving the government
a chance, if not breathing space, to resist change. That market is now about
to give in to pressure. The State was unconcerned about the brain drain and
the rising numbers of young professionals seeking economic security in
foreign lands. The exiles, in sympathy with their desperate kith and kin at
home, repatriated whatever surpluses saved under near slavery working
conditions. These savings were gobbled up by bureaux de change owners,
mostly senior Zanu PF politicians, employing nationals of a certain ethnic
group or well-connected relatives as fronts.

      The owners are so powerful that neither the Reserve Bank nor the
government's security services have come anywhere near them for scrutiny.
Civil servants, including security personnel, and reporters accompanying
Mugabe on his numerous presidential trips are now known for the extreme
frugality while on tour. The idea is to come back home and scoop a
reasonable supply of Zimbabwean dollars. The private sector cannot be
expected to respect price controls after buying raw materials with currency
obtained on such a speculative and volatile market.

      Businesses are now being forced to pierce the veil, unmask Zimbabwe
and tell the real story.

      The present position with salt is a case in point. The people must
brace themselves for more chaos.

      Mugabe and his government are haunted by the disputed March
presidential result.

      Government economists are skating around the issue of Mugabe as a key
factor to our disappearing fortunes.

      They have allowed the State to banish thousands to the bush in the
name of land resettlement. The main economic activities in the newly seized
areas today are the manufacture of animal snares, tree- cutting and looting.

      In the rural areas, public works programmes are being abandoned as
villagers go for months without pay or food.

      No matter what we say about the manner in which we attempt to
criminalise poverty by pointing fingers to historical injustices arising
from colonialism and the behaviour of the British, the fact remains that we
risk turning the whole country into a wasteland where millions beg and take
on menial work in foreign countries.

      The spectre of shortages is set to be with us for a long, long time
because of our refusal to conduct a reality check on our status and lives.
These shortages have already reached embarrassing levels, with salt now only
available on the black market.

      Whatever the arguments between the government, importers and
suppliers, the fact remains that the consumer is failing to access salt on
the supermarket shelf.

      Salt and matches - of all essentials - were the last items we ever
thought could be unavailable. Senior citizens confess that they never heard
of, or experienced, a salt shortage through several generations. The poor
are known to resort to salt, as a relish, when the going gets tough.

      At US$65 (Z$3 575 at the official rate, Z$52 000 on the black market)
a tonne, salt is a cheap, basic item that graces every home. What's next?

      As poverty levels rise daily, families are splitting up. The family,
as a unit, is under so much pressure to a level that affects people's
participation in national affairs. Many spend hours searching for survival
techniques, often in ways that compromise their dignity, esteem and

      Any country that boasts of a vibrant informal sector, hedged by
fast-growing funeral services industry, can never claim social stability.
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Farm Invasions And Security Report
Tuesday 2 July 2002


This report does not purport to cover all the incidents that are taking place in the commercial farming areas.  Communication problems and the fear of reprisals prevent farmers from reporting all that happens.  Farmers names, and in some cases farm names, are omitted to minimise the risk of reprisals.


·        In Raffingora, There is a volatile situation on a farm, which was allocated to Mr. Machirore of the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board.  He threatens to remove the owner from his homestead.  He already has a State farm close by.

·       In Mvurwi, at Forrester J, about 30 or 40 settlers arrived on 26.06.02. They said they required accommodation and would be moving in within the next fortnight.  They wished to move on in peace and live in harmony!

·       Macheke/Virginia - One farmer had a work stoppage.  The owner’s son asked for a letter from DA, which they did not receive.  "War vets" told non-working occupants of the compound to leave. 

·       Kadoma - Farmers continue to be prevented by police from moving irrigation equipment. 

·      Chiredzi - Reports of citrus being stolen by settlers and farm machinery from cane farms.  Ongoing poaching and snaring within this area.

·      Mwenezi – the Limburgia Ranch owner is experiencing continued problems with settlers and massive cattle theft.  Detailed report in the Sitrep.



Nothing to report except that the weather is awful. It is overcast and Chipinge is having a wet and cold day.


Raffingora - The 12 farmers arrested and held at Banket during the elections in March 2002 had their case heard again in Chinhoyi Magistrates Court on 27.06.02.  The Public Prosecutor tried to have the case remanded once more, however the lawyer persuaded the Magistrate the accused were being severely prejudiced by continual remands.  The Magistrate decided the farmers must be summoned to Court by the Police through the lawyer if the State wanted to continue with the case.  The Lawyer managed to get the bail and passport money released into his safe custody, and if everything goes according to plan radios, weapons, files etc., which were taken at the time of the arrests, should be released later on this week.  Farmers are very relieved and appreciate all the help received by the surrounding communities.  A2 Settlers are still pouring into the District on their “feeding frenzy”, but most farmers are managing to keep the peace.  There are two farmers still unable to return to their farms during the last two months, but the DA is investigating and has visited the District to negotiate with the Police to allow farmers to return to their homesteads.  There are two farms where settlers have forcibly taken up residence in manager’s houses whilst they oversee their planted crops.  There is a volatile situation on a farm, which was allocated to Mr. Machirore of the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board.  He threatens to remove the owner from his homestead.  He already has a State farm close by. Only three farms have managed to plant wheat, but several farms have a situation where the farmer has grown a portion of wheat for himself but a larger portion for the settlers.  On one farm settlers have grown wheat, but the farmer is not on farm.  The hectares are hugely reduced in comparison to normal years.  Theft still continues as in other Districts at an alarming rate: in particular irrigation equipment, electric motors and slaughtering of cattle.  There has been a slight improvement in Police reaction with Tredar’s help.  Some items have been recovered.  Labour forces are very unsettled, but all recently attended meeting held by Zanu PF, reassuring them settlers would not evict them.  Farmers are making every plan to try and stay on the land. Some have fumigated and sown tobacco seedbeds.  Plenty have individually met with the PA and DA Chinhoyi and Mr. Murambedzi, with nothing concrete so far. 

Mvurwi – the owner is off Umsengesi Farm and still negotiating termination benefits.  He is standing fast on the provisions of the Statutory Instrument but the workers are demanding more.  At Forrester J, about 30 or 40 settlers arrived on 26.06.02. They said they required accommodation and would be moving in within the next fortnight.  They wished to move on in peace and live in harmony!


Beatrice - A large amount of settlers moved on to one farm.  The same farm had two cattle stolen.  Another farmer saw a blue Mazda arrive and later heard four shots fired but could not find anything slaughtered.

Macheke/Virginia - One farmer had a work stoppage.  The owner’s son asked for a letter from DA, which they did not receive.  "War vets" told non-working occupants of the compound to leave.  Another farmer’s labour refused to load tobacco until they were paid their "packages".  This farmer was due to leave at the end of June.  The labour surrounded the house but the situation was resolved when the farmer moved off.  One farmer has ARDA ploughing around his house. Youths are being trained for Neighbourhood watch.

Wedza - One farmer had a work stoppage.  Police arrived and the situation was resolved, but the "war vets” want another meeting with the owner on 03.07.02.  One farm received a Section 7 Notice.


There is much concern in the province and these mostly centre on the economy, the Land Acquisition Act and its effect on farmers and their labour.  Several concerns expressed are also to do with the movement of farm assets.  There has been a case of cattle chased off a farm in Doma


Norton - On Grasmere we failed to report that the contents of the house were completely looted a couple of weeks ago. 

Selous - On Hillview the settlers told the owner he must plough 2 hectares for each of the 65 families resident on the property, otherwise he would be evicted.  The owner is prepared to plough, but the settlers are not prepared to pay him anything for the service.  As this is the owner’s only farm and he has no other source of income he is not able to accept these terms.  On Claremont a bakkie was stolen and has not been recovered. 

Kadoma - Farmers continue to be prevented by police from moving irrigation equipment. 

General - The D.A. Chegutu, in a written communication to the regional office, stated  "a farmer should not blame anyone if they are arrested for violating the requirements of Section 8 Orders".  So far no farmer has been arrested for continuing production. 

Masvingo East and Central – nothing to report.

Criminal Activity within Masvingo - Mr. Keith Harvey (81 years of age) was checking the fences at the Masvingo Shagashe Game Park (He is a member of the Wild Life Society) when three men approached him. They pulled him out of his car and asked him for the immobiliser for his car. He told them he had left it at home. He was harassed, then assaulted, shoved on to the ground and searched all over including his socks. They eventually left him, whereupon he got into the car and rode home. On reaching his homestead gate within the Masvingo residential area, the same three youths approached the car again as the gardener was unlocking the gate.  They pulled him out of the car, again assaulted him and stole his Mazda 323. This incident has been reported to the Police and the car has not yet been recovered.

Mateke Hills – at Battlefields Ranch another two Kudu have been removed (dead) from snares.

Chiredzi - Reports of citrus being stolen by settlers and farm machinery from cane farms.  Ongoing poaching and snaring within this area.

Save Conservancy - Poaching and snaring continue.

Mwenezi – the Limburgia Ranch owner is experiencing continued problems with settlers. Settlers are releasing his cattle from pens at night and subsequently driven and scattered. Many cattle remain unaccounted. Approximately 5000 ha of grazing was burnt out on this property. This constitutes approximately 90% of paddocks the owner is allowed to use. At the bottom half of the property occupied by settlers, there is no grazing available. Of the 104 head of cattle stolen last week, the owner has recovered 73. He reports five dairy cattle are still missing. A submersible pump was burnt out due to someone tampering with the power point, which resulted in a drop of phase. The owner reports settlers have started to move into the staff living quarters. Cattle losses on this property are as follows: Between March 2000 to March 2002 a total amount of 166 head. These were all killed, hacked, snared, pushed on to the main road and railway line.  Between April 2002 to date a total amount of 686 of which 177 head have been reported stolen in the last week. (Week ending 30.06.02).  Of the owner’s entire herd, only 80 head of cattle are left.  There is an urgent call going out to everybody to be on the lookout for stolen cattle on the surrounding properties. The owner’s old brand was E Lazy two bar (two on an animal’s back); the new brand being HTV. There is approximately 800 to 1000 head of communal cattle on the property at any given time excluding goats, sheep, donkeys and even pigs.  . At Lochinvar Ranch 15 cattle were stolen and two slaughtered. The total stolen from this property is now 140 head.  Poaching in the Mwenezi area remains rampant.  Marcon Ranch reports one cow and one giraffe snared. The Quagga Pan owner has lost one Giraffe and two horses in the same snareline.  On Sweetwaters Ranch in one snareline the owner found 3 dead Eland and 5 broken snares.  Battlefields Ranch reports another Kudu snared. (Removed dead from snare).

General / Mwenezi - Reports are coming in of owners beginning to lose cattle and sheep due to poverty on properties. Examples are La Pache, Umbono and Quagga Pan A ranches. Although there is not sufficient grazing available the deaths have occurred as a result of overstocking of communal cattle. Poaching and grazing issues are very serious.

Gutu / Chatsworth – three rifles were retrieved by Police from settlers. Police arrested those settlers concerned. Stolen goods (200kg wire and gates) have also been recovered from settlers’ huts.  Stocktheft is rampant and stealing of wire is critical. At Nuwejaar Farm another 6 beef cattle were reported stolen from the property. On 30.06.02, the owner’s son-in-law was taking dogs for a walk and one was caught in snare. Whilst retrieving the dog, he found many other snares. He also walked into approximately twelve poachers. The owner reported to the Police who reacted and found another animal killed in the snare. At the homes of one of the alleged poachers (who was not present at the time) five skins of animals were found and plenty of wire.

General / Gutu / Chatsworth - Continued theft of wire. Poaching and snaring continues on a daily basis.


General - Theft continues to escalate from petty theft to serious theft of equipment and crops. Kill and carry stocktheft is widespread. Poaching and woodcutting are increasing. Gold panning activities are on the increase and the panners' camps are providing a haven for all kinds of criminals and lawbreakers. Section 8 Orders are still being served sporadically.

No report received.                    Visit the CFU Website


Unless specifically stated that this message is a Commercial Farmers' Union communiqué, or that it is being issued or forwarded to you by the sender in an official CFU capacity, the opinions contained therein are private. Private messages also include those sent on behalf of any organisation not directly affiliated to the Union. The CFU does not accept any legal responsibility for private messages and opinions held by the sender and transmitted over its local area network to other CFU network users and/or to external addressees.
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Mugabe's onslaught on farmers is lunacy: Leon

      July 02 2002 at 08:28PM

By Makhudu Sefara

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's "campaign of terror" against farmers
can be described in one word - lunacy.

This is the view of Democratic Alliance leader Tony Leon, who jetted into
Johannesburg on Tuesday after a two-day fact-finding mission in Zimbabwe.

He said the abuse of farmers was in violation of the principles of the
African Union, which is expected to be launched next week.

Leon said it was ironic that on the eve of the launch of the AU, viewed as
Africa's commitment to clean democratic rule with stated respect for human
rights, Mugabe was continuing his calamitous campaign against farmers.

He described the onslaught on farmers as "an inspired form of lunacy",
adding that the looming famine in Zimbabwe would make earlier famines in
Somalia and Ethiopia look like a sideshow.

President Thabo Mbeki was not saved from Leon's salvos. He said there was
enough evidence of failure of quiet diplomacy.

It was about time Mbeki stood up for the rights of South Africans in
Zimbabwe, he said.
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Business Report

Catastrophe looms in Zimbabwe
Noelani King and Carmen Spilsbury
July 03 2002 at 11:26AM
Below please find comments from our Political Consultant Gary van Staden on
the latest developments regarding our northern neighbour Zimbabwe.

The United Nations has warned that the looming "catastrophe" in Zimbabwe
could not be exaggerated and that basic food shortfalls of 600 000 metric
tons - over and over what aid agencies, the UN and South Africa could
provide - implied that by early next year Zimbabwe and the SADC region faced
an unprecedented crisis.

Apart from death and disease in the mainly rural areas of Zimbabwe that will
claim tens of thousands of lives the food shortages and total collapse of
the Zimbabwe economy will add to the estimated 400 000 young Zimbabweans
leaving the country each year to seek work and further education in other
countries - many of them in South Africa. Unofficial South African estimates
are that close to two million Zimbabweans have fled across the border to
South Africa in the past six years. The pressure this massive migration will
exert on South Africa will begin to have a significant impact on
infrastructure, social services, unemployment and crime and there is little
or nothing South Africa can do to stem the tide across its porous borders.

With effect from this month the Zimbabwe government has opened its border
with South Africa for 24 hours a day - a decision South Africa has
snubbed by keeping its own border post hours the way they were. While
apparently encouraging its citizens to cross into South Africa - albeit if
only to stock up on food and other essentials - the now seemingly deranged
ZANU-PF government will introduce new laws forcing young Zimbabweans into
national service for a period of six months.

The new legislation would compel all the country's students to undergo six
months training in ruling party militias from next year. Education Minister
Samuel Mumbengegwi said that "national service" would become compulsory "to
impart patriotism and national consciousness in Zimbabwean youths."

There is little doubt in the minds of observers, opposition groupings and
international agencies that the youth militia will be used to prop up the
Robert Mugabe regime as it becomes increasingly unpopular. But there are
problems - not least of which is that the Zimbabwe government may not have
the cash or other resources to keep their youth organs happy with widespread
reports that conditions in the camps that do already exist were less than
ideal. This youth militia was the front line intimidation weapon used by
Mugabe during the recent parliamentary elections and there are real fears
that Mugabe is creating another para-military organisation to keep order at
home while his regular army continues to do duty in the Democratic republic
of Congo (DRC).

None of this is good news for South Africa and while President Thabo Mbeki
bought some time on the Zimbabwe issue at the G-8 Summit last week by
suggesting that the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) should
be judged on the basis of the actions of those countries who had subscribed
to NEPAD's frameworks and not the actions of those who has clearly not
subscribed. Mbeki would have suggested that some time was needed to bring
nations such as Zimbabwe to the table but that in the meanwhile the rest of
NEPAD should not be punished.

But the president would not have won a great deal of time and in addition
the implosion of Zimbabwe presents real and immediate threats to stability
in South Africa. Our social services, police, infrastructure and poverty
relief programmes let alone job creation programmes simply cannot take much
more of an added burden. The growing pressure is likely to promote
xenophobia, suspicion and mistrust and while South Africa does have human
rights obligations its own citizens deserve to be served first - they have
waited too long for social and economic development to be pushed to the back
of the line once again. South Africa is not solving its Zimbabwe problem by
ignoring it - it is merely growing larger by the day.

Noelani King Conradie, Group Economist at PSG Investment Bank
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Financial Times

      Mugabe foes accused of creating food crisis
      By Tony Hawkins in Harare
      Published: July 3 2002 19:42 | Last Updated: July 3 2002 19:42

      Zimbabwean police on Wednesday accused opponents of Robert Mugabe's
government of creating artificial food shortages in a campaign of economic

      With bread joining a growing list of basic foods that are scarce -
including the staple, mealie meal, cooking oil, sugar and salt - the police
said they had recovered hoarded or illegally traded basic foods worth Z$37m
($670,000, £438,000).

      "It is believed the underlying cause is economic sabotage maliciously
intended to discredit the lawfully elected government," said the police.

      The police accused the opposition Movement for Democratic Change of
seeking to gain political mileage by orchestrating artificial shortages.

      But as the police were claiming that the food shortage was artificial,
bakers held a meeting in Harare and called on the government to import
50,000 tonnes of wheat to avert shortages.

      An opposition spokesman, Eddie Cross, estimated that the country
needed to import 1.5m tonnes of maize, 280,000 tonnes of wheat and 60,000
tonnes of vegetable oil in the next year, at a cost of $500m.

      His estimate was described as "conservative" by aid officials working
to alleviate the food shortage.

      At the weekend, Mr Mugabe accused the country's largest milling group,
National Foods, of hoarding salt, warning that the government would take
over "rogue" firms that were guilty of sabotaging the economy.

      But the company, which is 34 per cent owned by Anglo American of South
Africa, denied the charge, saying that because of heavy losses it was
incurring on imported salt, which is subject to government price controls,
it had halted sales pending a government price review.

      National Foods has since been instructed to sell the salt at the
control price set last October, which it says will result in losses around
$420 000.

      The dispute over food supplies coincides with mounting criticism by
the state media of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe. In an editorial on
Wednesday, the state-owned Herald newspaper said there was "absolutely no
confidence in the central bank's ability to safeguard the value of the local

      This criticism follows the recent collapse of the Zimbabwe dollar in
the parallel or unofficial market where, at one stage, it fell to Z$750
against the US dollar, compared with the official rate of Z$55 to the

      In the past few days the currency has strengthened to about Z$600
against the US dollar, but banks say this correction is no more than
temporary and reflects nervousness in banks and foreign exchange bureaux
over the possibility of government action.

      A prominent government backbench member of parliament has called for
the dismissal of the governor of the central bank, Leonard Tsumba, and the
finance minister, Simba Makoni.

      As well as tightening exchange controls and clamping down on the
parallel market, government hardliners are demanding that the central bank
cut interest rates, which are already massively negative - some 80
percentage points below inflation of 122.5 per cent recorded in May.

Wednesday, 3 July, 2002, 14:49 GMT 15:49 UK
Zimbabwe opposition accused of sabotage
MDC activists in a police station in April
Anti-government demonstrations have been repressed
Police in Zimbabwe have accused the opposition of deliberately causing massive food shortages in a campaign of "economic sabotage" aimed at creating anarchy in the country.

The police have seized food worth 37m Zimbabwe dollars (US$46,000) from black market traders who they say work for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

It is believed the underlying cause is economic sabotage maliciously intended to discredit the lawfully elected government of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe police
The MDC has denied the allegations, saying the government was trying to find a scapegoat for its economic "mismanagement" and "disastrous" agricultural policies.

The police statement comes as Zimbabwe is suffering a severe food crisis due to a combination of the controversial land redistribution programme and the drought currently affecting Southern Africa.


But the police blame the food shortages on an alleged plot by the opposition.

Sugar, salt, cooking oil and maize meal were seized at a time when all are in short supply in Zimbabwe's shops.

"It is believed the underlying cause is economic sabotage, maliciously intended to discredit the lawfully elected government of Zimbabwe," says a police statement in the state-run Herald newspaper.

"The artificial shortages, in the minds of detractors, would ferment or agitate the masses to engage in looting and defiance of the law," the police say.

President Robert Mugabe
Mugabe says his land reform programme will enhance food security

In turn, they say, that "would lead to an ungovernable state of anarchy, which would pave the way for the overthrow of the government".

The police say they have erected roadblocks across the country "to cut off supply routes " in order to prevent the alleged illegal export of staples.

They have also asked for more search prerogatives, and have suggested the government take control of food production and distribution to ensure "patriotic Zimbabweans" occupy key positions in strategic firms.

Last week, Mr Mugabe warned that his government could take over National Foods, a subsidiary of Anglo-American, after he accused it of creating the shortage of salt.


With the prices of some basic foods controlled by the government, some exporters are smuggling their produce abroad, where they can sell it for hard currency.

In Zimbabwe, US$1 can raise Z$800 on the black market, compared to an official exchange rate of Z$55:US$1.

The MDC, the strongest challenge to Mr Mugabe's regime since he came to power after independence 22 years ago, has rejected the accusations made by the police.

MDC spokesman Learnmore Jongwe said the government appeared to be paving the way for a state of emergency, which would give the "increasingly authoritarian" Mr Mugabe even greater powers.

Mr Mugabe's regime has recently tightened the laws relating to public order, the media and land reform.

MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai
The leader of the MDC has warned of mass protests

Farmers, economists and foreign donors say that the land redistribution programme will worsen the country's food crisis.

Up to six million Zimbabweans may need food aid this year, according to aid agencies.

But Mr Mugabe says that giving land to poor black families will increase their living standards and enhance food security.

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ZIMBABWE: Govt urged to control production, distribution of basic goods

JOHANNESBURG, 3 July (IRIN) - The Zimbabwean police have blamed opposition-led "economic sabotage" for shortages of basic commodities, the official Herald newspaper reported on Wednesday.

The newspaper quoted a police report as saying that basic foodstuffs worth Zim $37 million (US $670,000 at the official rate) were recovered in a crackdown on hoarding, black market trading and illegal exports last month.

Sugar, cooking oil, maize meal and salt have all been in short supply in official retail outlets where they are price controlled, but readily available on the black market where they are sold at exorbitant prices, the Herald said.

According to the police report, the shortages began to worsen after the March presidential election, and "it is believed that the underlying cause is economic sabotage maliciously intended to discredit the lawfully elected government of Zimbabwe".

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), the report said, was hoping to gain political mileage "by orchestrating artificial shortages".

The Herald said the police had recommended that the government make concerted efforts to control the "production and distribution systems" of all basic commodities. They also urged the government to "ensure key positions in parastatals and board memberships were offered to patriotic Zimbabweans who have the nation at heart".


Tel: +27 11 880-4633
Fax: +27 11 447-5472

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ZIMBABWE: Grain stocks at critical levels - government

JOHANNESBURG, 3 July (IRIN) - Levels of Zimbabwe's current grain stocks are critical, the government said on Wednesday, echoing recent warnings that the country was headed for famine if help didn't arrive soon.

Secretary for Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare, Lancester Museka told IRIN: "The current situation is one of hand to mouth."

On Monday the World Food Programme (WFP) launched a US $507 million appeal to alleviate severe food shortages in Southern Africa. Shocking regional assessments have shown that of the estimated 12.8 million people in need in Southern Africa, 5.6 million people are in Zimbabwe. That is half the country's population. President Robert Mugabe has already declared a disaster.

A recent Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) report said that: "Only two of the 57 districts of Zimbabwe are estimated to have less than 10,000 people requiring food aid." All but 13 of the remaining districts had more than 50,000 people desperately in need of food aid, and the worst affected districts were concentrated in the eastern and western parts of the country with more than 100,000 people in dire need.

Faced with a foreign currency crisis, being out of favour with the International Monetary Fund for not making repayments, and growing international hostility towards the current government, Zimbabwe is battling to cope.

However, with its limited resources the Zimbabwe government is trying to provide some form of assistance.

Museka explained that under a drought relief programme, the government was providing cash to 7.8 million people which enabled them to buy food from the Grain Marketing Board (GMB), which has a monopoly on grain. The first part of this strategy was to distribute Zim $500 (US $9 at the fixed rate or about US $1 at the parallel market rate) cash grants to the destitute, elderly, chronically ill and the disabled. The second part was to pay able-bodied people that amount for a maximum of five days' work per month on public works projects.

The projects include repairing soil erosion or broken bridges and a maximum of three people per household are allowed to participate in these programmes. The government could also give one person permission to do the work of another two people in the household, provided it did not exceed the 15 days' work allocated to that household. That way they can increase their earnings to Zim $1,500 per month.

All the names of beneficiaries are recorded in registers at each payment point and payments are carried out by the Rural District Councils each month. In the public works programme, paying teams go to each payment point.

Though there are no food distribution outlets in the programme, the GMB, under the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, has grain selling points throughout the country for people to buy stocks.

"In some communities, villagers have pooled their resources to purchase and deliver maize grain to their villages," Museka said.

However, there have been concerns recently that the government might not have the foreign exchange to keep the GMB stocked and the government's price controls and GMB monopoly would discourage foreign imports.

"What's very worrying now is that not only are poor people suffering because they couldn't afford to buy food anyway, but you have another sector of the population who still could afford to buy food but there's nothing available so that just exacerbates and compounds the complexity," said Judith Lewis, WFP Regional Director.

When asked if Zim $500 was adequate, Museka told IRIN: "When you put it together it's billions. We're giving to 7.8 million people and when you compute it, it comes to a big amount. On a 50 kg bag of food the family can pull through."

It costs about Zim $1,000 to buy one bag of grain.

Museka said it was hoped that funds raised from Monday's appeal would help. The WFP said cereal import requirements for this coming year are 1.8 million mt, not far from the government estimate of 1.6 million mt.

However, experts said the drought was not the only factor in Zimbabwe's crisis. They have cited Zimbabwe's land reform policy, under which almost 3,000 white commercial farmers have been ordered to stop farming, as a disruption to commercial production.


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ZIMBABWE: Food crisis forcing people from homes

JOHANNESBURG, 3 July (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's food security crisis, brought on by drought and a controversial plan to redistribute commercial farms to landless citizens, has forced people to leave their homes in search of food, UN sources said.

The creation of internally displaced persons (IDPs) due to the food crisis is cause for concern as there are no accurate figures on the number of IDPs in need of aid, said the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in Harare.

The UN's World Food Programme and Food and Agricultural Organisation estimate that about six million Zimbabweans require food aid.

In order to enable aid agencies to better prepare themselves to mitigate the complex humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe, the UN is set to begin an independent assessment of the number and situation of food security-related IDPs in the country.

The UNDP said: "Issues around the food security crisis in the country have raised the concern of population movements and IDPs. The matter, however, has become highly politicised on all sides and it is very difficult to get precise figures on [IDPs]."

The issue was raised with the government by UN Under Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Kenzo Oshima, during his recent mission to Zimbabwe. It was now being pursued by UNDP Resident Coordinator Victor Angelo.

"An assessment will be carried out, and a database established, of IDPs in the near future through the Resident Coordinator's Relief and Recovery Unit," the UNDP said.

While there was concern that the food crisis in Zimbabwe could cause refugees to flee to Zimbabwe's neighbours - South Africa, Botswana and Mozambique - there had as yet been no reports of this, said the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in Pretoria.

UNHCR Assistant Representative Abel Mbilinyi told IRIN that "if there were any large movements we would certainly know". He said Zimbabweans continued to cross regularly into South Africa but that this was not out of the ordinary.

"For the time being we have not been alerted [about refugees fleeing Zimbabwe] either by Home Affairs [in South Africa], or our other offices [in the region], but we are watching what is happening," Mbilinyi said.
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Kadoma Mayor Elections - Appeal
Hi Everybody,
I have been fairly silent over the last couple of months in the political field.
The disastrous state of the economy is causing all of us a lot of distress.
The next big political fight that we have is the Mayoral elections which will be taking place in the next few months.
The MDC candidate is a person that many of you who have had dealings with Casmic or J.K. Structures should know.
Daniel Mugombe is a Fitter & Turner by trade and has been employed by me for over 14 years.
He is one of the most reliable and honest people that I know.
He is exceptionally hard working, intelligent and most of all humble.
A tradesman's wages are enough to get by these days but only just enough.
He has been at the forefront of the MDC political movement in Kadoma from the very start.
He declared his willingness to stand as Mayor to the party a few months ago and was approved by the party last month.
Almost a week to the day after declaring his candidacy publicly his house was petrol bombed.
There were two petrol bombs thrown through his bedroom window at about 2am on Tuesday the 25th June whilst he was asleep.
Luckily he was not injured and some of his property was saved.
Everything in his bedroom was destroyed, including beds, wardrobes, blankets, & bedding, all his personal clothes and property.
My appeal is Two pronged.
First of all I would like the community to rally round and donate any excess sheets, clothing, and furniture that would be suitable .
This would make ZANU-PF aware that we as a community stand squarely behind our candidate.
I would like to repair the damage caused by the fire and get him back into his home.
Secondly I would ask the community to rally around and get behind him with support of money and anything else appropriate to enable the party to fight and win the forthcoming mayoral election.
Please get hold of myself or Charlie with anything you can spare and money donations can be given in the usual manner.
I cannot emphasise the importance of keeping the pressure on this regime and every little victory we are able to gain will ultimately lead us towards a return to sanity in our country.
John Kinnaird.
e mail :
Telephone (263)(9) 251542
Facsimile (263)(9) 255315
Mobile (263) 11 601 057
26 Pauling Road
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