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      A hungry man is an angry man - and crazy

      7/5/02 10:39:30 AM (GMT +2)

      I ONCE drove a car with a flat tyre for several kilometres. Admittedly
the road was rough, so I wouldn't have noticed a bit of extra bumping, but
when I did stop, the flat tyre had been destroyed.

      Why didn't I notice I was having a most unusually rough ride? Was I
drunk? No. But I was angry and that can be even worse.

      I had good reason to be angry. A poor old woman had asked me to drive
her disabled and orphaned grandson, whom she could no longer care for, to
stay with her brother. He was the one member of the family who had a
well-paid job and a big house.

      He refused to take the boy in. If the boy had been strong enough to
hit his uncle, I might have cheered him on, but he couldn't even stand on
his mis-shapen legs, let alone hit anyone.

      That was just as well; because we went away quietly, and eventually
another relative agreed to take the boy in. Some readers will agree that I
was right to be that angry after witnessing such injustice and cruelty.

      But I was not right to drive a car while angry. Anger can make us
worse drivers than drink ever does. We lose our judgment. We lose our

      Now I could write an appeal for the police to find a way of testing
drivers for adrenalin rather than alcohol in their blood, but I won't.

      Adrenalin is the stuff that flows in our blood, to gear us up for
action, when we are angry. The trouble is that the action is often
inappropriate, badly judged and badly aimed.

      A good boxer knows that, however big and strong his opponent is, if he
can make the man angry he is well on the way to beating him up, as long as
he himself keeps a cool head.

      We all might have heard the story of the man who had a bad day at
work, and came home angry and hit the wrong target - his wife. She went out
and also hit the wrong target - their child. The child kicked the dog. The
dog bit the cat and the cat jumped up onto the table and knocked the man's
dinner on to the floor.

      Soon everyone was even angrier and aiming their anger at the wrong
target. We all need to remember that story because we are moving into a
situation where we are all likely to be angrier than we ever get in normal

      People are hungry. More people will be hungry in the near future.
Experts say that half of us will be very hungry.

      That is bad in itself, but what makes it worse is that a hungry man or
woman is an angry man or woman (and an angry woman can be really

      Then if someone starts telling us stories, any kind of stories, about
who is to blame when we can't get bread or upfu (maize-meal), our anger
could weaken our judgement.

      In normal times, we would ask whether the stories were likely to be

      If we are hungry and, therefore, angry, we are more likely to accept
these stories. Our judgment is impaired by our anger and by all that
adrenalin rushing through our blood.

      Someone tells us that Nhingi (What's-his-name) is hoarding food,
waiting for a chance to put the price up.

      Because we are angry, we are looking for someone to hit, so we will be
much more ready to do something crazy like rushing out to burn down Nhingi's
store. That is not a very intelligent thing to do.

      Even if he is hoarding maize in his store, burning down the store will
only destroy the maize, and that leaves us all worse off.

      In Zimbabwe today, and especially if we heard the story about Nhingi
hoarding our precious food on the radio, that probably only means that
someone wants us to go and burn down his store. Maybe he doesn't carry the
right party card.

      That is bad enough. But if we get so angry that we also burn down the
store belonging to someone important in their party, then we will find
ourselves facing the wrath of the riot police.

      Do you remember the food riots a couple of years ago? Mobs from Mbare
rushed into town, burning and looting. They looted Indian-owned shops and no
one stopped them, but the police organised themselves in time to stop the
mobs from doing any damage in the central business district.

      Next time, the mobs (and they could include you and me) will be
hungrier than they were then and angrier than they were then.

      They might not be deterred by orders to disperse. Tear-gas might only
make them angrier. Then we would really all be in trouble.

      I'm not talking now about one big angry man facing another man who is
able to hit him once hard where it hurts.

      I'm talking about crowds of people armed with sticks and stones facing
the riot police armed with tear-gas, water cannons and guns.

      Anyone would have to be crazy to fight against that, but hungry, angry
people often are crazy.

      I leave you to imagine what follows. Times are hard and will get
harder. That means we need to understand why they are hard and act
cautiously to put things right.

      If we let ourselves get carried away by anger and someone starts
telling us who to hit, or provokes us to attack someone cool-headed and
better armed than us, then we might have very little understanding or

      But we will need them more than we ever needed them before. Let's not
be misled.
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Dear All,

The last three days have been very significant for Zimbabwe's farmers and in
fact for Zimbabweans as a whole.

Wednesday - Judge Chinengo granted the declaring without force of the
preliminary and compulsory acquisition notices on Erewhon Farm owned by Jean
Simon. The basis for this ruling was that the notices were not served on all
interested parties. Secondly the legislation requires the serving of a
Section 7 notice within 30 days, this was not complied with. Jean and her
300 odd workers have returned to full production!!!!!!!!  Some of you will
have participated in a survey I conducted and will be happy to know that
JUSTICE PREVAILED for Jean and her staff.

12:30 Thursday - Judge Paradza granted 'interim relief' to a Farmer allowing
that he continue farming whilst the Government answer as to the
constutionality of the amendments to the Land Acquisition Act. The
Government have 10 days to respond. Pls request details if you have not
already received the legal papers.  George Quinnell has returned to walk his
lands and tend his 130 hectares of wheat and 50 hectares of barley.

Thursday to Friday - Whilst Jean and George were returning to full
production 15 other farmers were visited by a group of Government Officials
and Police and asked to report to Chiredzi Police to be charged for FARMING.

As that unfolded in Chiredzi proceedings opened in a regional court where a
group of 10 Chinhoyi Farmers sat on the edges of their seats awaiting the
next move by  Public Prosecutor, Mr C Chimbari. He had already withdrawn
charges on 14 others, and justice was served as he indicated to Provincial
Magistrate, Mr C Mushipe that he was withdrawing charges against the
remaining 10 accused. They are Tony Barkley, Jim Steele, Hamish Barkley,
Scott Marillier, Robbie Moyes, Gert "Oom Gert" Pretorius, Tony Marillier,
Gert "Boet" Pretorius, Cornelius "Niels" van Heerden and Andries "Hennie"
Nel. You will all recall the events in August 2001 that lead to massive
trashing and looting in the Lomagundi farming area resulting in hundreds of
families being evacuated out of the area and the loss of billions of dollars
worth of property.

Just wanted to share these events with you and as always, I value your
emails, calls and comments as only if we communicate will be find solutions
to make our nation of Zimbabwe whole again.


Jenni Williams

P.S. Please forward this update to any an all Farmers that face the same
predicament of being charged for continuing to earn a living whilst FARMING
to FEED the nation!

News release
(On behalf of the Commercial Farmers Union)
FIFTEEN Sugar Cane Farmers from the Chiredzi farming area of Zimbabwe have
been told to report to the Chiredzi Police to be charged under the Land
Acquisition Act Chapter 20:10 Section 8 Sub (7) Sub Section 1 for
'interfering with the Resettlement Programme by the Acquiring Authority'.

Four of the fifteen have signed warned and cautioned statements and the
remainder are still to attend the Police Station to do so. The first four
are under arrest but were released on 'free bail'. The Farmers are then
expected to make statements as to their reasons for 'continuing to farm' and
will appear before a magistrate who it is believed will make a ruling. The
Farmers have been asked to provide proof that they had applied to continue
farming as part of their defense.

Background regarding the Amendments to the Land Acquisition Act: The Order
was radically changed by a special session of parliament that was convened
on 10th May at which amendments to the Land Acquisition Act (LAA) were
promulgated (Act 6 of 2002). The Orders, including all those served before
10 May, transfer ownership of the land to the State immediately, and
constitute a notice to stop farming after 45 days, and to vacate the
homestead within 90 days. To exceed either of these time limits was made a
criminal offence.
Ends 4th July 2002

Update 5th July 2002
Eleven of the fifteen have made warned and cautioned statements and it is
understood that the dockets are being held by CID.

The statements read..
We,...  (Farm name and registration number) having been informed that
inquiries are being made in connection with a case of contravening Section 8
(7) A. R. . W. Subsection (1) of the amendment to the Land Acquisition Act:
Chapter 20:10 "interferes with the Exercise of the Acquiring Authority" make
this statement of our own free will. While we have been informed that we are
not obliged to say anything in answer to these allegations, our failure at
this stage to mention any facts relevant to our defense to them may result
in a court drawing interference against us. Whatever we do say will be taken
down in writing and may be given in evidence in court. _______

While we understand the charge, we deny the charge totally. The Section 8
order was wrongly issued, as the Section 7 proceedings have not been
concluded. A Section 8 order is subject to the provisions of Section 7.
Signed and dated and stamped by ZRP.
5th July 2002
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News Release
(On behalf of the Commercial Farmers Union)

The Remaining 10 Farmers standing trial on a Public Violence charge were
today acquitted. The lawyer for the Farmers Jeremy Callow confirmed the
acquittal and said 'Justice has prevailed'!"


5th July 2002
For more information, please contact Jenni Williams
Mobile +263 11 213 885 or +263 91 300 456
Email or

Background Information:
Having heard the evidence of thirteen prosecution witnesses, the trial has
been remanded to 28 May 2002 when the prosecution intend to call further

On Tuesday 23 April 2002, the trial against the Chinhoyi Farmers & Ors on a
charge of public violence opened at the Magistrate's Court, Harare before
the Provincial Magistrate, Mr C Mushipe.

At the commencement of the trial, the Public Prosecutor, Mr C Chimbari,
withdrew the charge before plea against six of the accused - Ben de Jager,
William Steele, Norman Dolphin, Louis Fick, Konrad van der Merwe and Ivor
Taute.  The remaining 18 accused pleaded not guilty to the charge.

The State alleges that "on the 6th day of August 2001, the complainants who
are settled at Accused No 1's farm (Anthony Barkley) proceeded to the
farmhouse of Listonshiels farm.  They were about 30 in number and they
wanted to speak to Accused No 1 Anthony George Barkley in regard to the
problems they were facing on the farm.

On their arrival at Accused 1's farm, they found him present and they wanted
audience with him.  Instead of talking to the complainants Accused 1
instructed them to wait outside the house while he went inside the house.
He then promised them that he was contacting the District Administrator for
him to come and solve the matter they had come for.

While the complainants were waiting outside the farmhouse, they were
unexpectedly confronted by the 23 accused persons who were joined by Accused
1 who came out of his house immediately.  All the other accused persons
started assaulting the settlers using sticks, knobkerries, a piece of chain,
rubber baton stick, fists, booted feet, open hands and stones.

All the other accused persons were phoned by Accused No 1 to come to his
house where the complainants were gathered.

The assault resulted in the injuries of Onias Mukondorongwe, who broke his
arm, Ranina Phiri sustained bruises, Jona Jainda who was torn off his ear,
Darlington Chasara sustained bruises, Fainos Tumbugwe sustained a cut on the
head, Biggie Mateesanwa sustained bruises and Moses Mpofu sustained bruises.

A report was made at Chinhoyi Rural police and the police attended to the
scene.  At the scene eighteen sticks, one rubber baton stick were recovered.
An iron chain and a stone were also recovered from one of the vehicles
Toyota Hilux number 681-994X and can be produced before the court as

All the complainants who sustained injuries were sent to Chinhoyi Provincial
Hospital for examination and the medical reports can be produced before the
court as exhibits.

All the accused persons had no right to act in the manner they did."

In the Defence Outline submitted to the court by Mr J C Andersen SC,
assisted by Mr E T Matinenga, instructed by Stumbles & Rowe, it is

1. "The Accused deny the charge against them arising from the incident at
the farmhouse located on a hill at Listonshiels Farm on 6th August, 2001.

2.1 In brief, Accused 1 was confronted by settlers (and others all of whom
are referred to as settlers) with an assortment of weapons who demanded his
eviction and forced to take refuge in his house where he feared for his

2.2 Radio and telephone calls were made for help from other farmers and the
police.  The police were contacted but refused to provide help until much
later in consequence of which farmers and others proceeded to the farm to
assist Accused 1.

2.3 The settlers assaulted and refused entry to those who first arrived who
happened to be nearby and intended to act as negotiators to defuse the

2.4 When support arrived they forced their way to the house against
barricades raised by the settlers and assaults and, in particular, a barrage
of stones.  The settlers withdrew and Accused 1 was relieved whereafter
further sporadic incidents of assault and attack by stones took place which
were repelled.  The police eventually arrived.

2.5 The Accused involved did no more than was reasonably required for the
safety of Accused 1 and for their own self defence.

2.6 During the course of the confrontation injuries were suffered by both
sides few of which were serious.

2.7 In short, it was the settlers who acted unlawfully and were guilty of
public violence and not the Accused.

3.1 Accused 2 (Steele Snr) did not go to the scene at all.  He was at his
farm Laighmains until about 10:30 a.m. when he left with his wife in two
vehicles to collect fuel in Chinhoyi.  On the way to Chinhoyi he gave a lift
to a policeman known to him as Manyamba.  He sought to purchase fuel at D &
R Motors in Chinhoyi without success but managed to obtain it at the Mobil
Depot at about 11:50 a.m. after which he proceeded to Taute Engineering, the
Post Office, Home Industries and Dr Stilgoe's rooms as by then he had heard
that farmers had been injured at Listonshiels Farm and wished to check
whether his son had been involved.  He departed from Dr Stilgoe's rooms at
about 12:45 p.m. and returned to his farm.

3.2 Evidence in support of Accused 2's movements may be given by his wife
and various persons at the places he went to in Chinhoyi.

3.3 At about 6.00 p.m. Accused 2 was advised that his son had been arrested

proceeded to the police station to take blankets and warm clothes to him.
He also collected clothes and medicine for some of the other Accused.

3.4 At the police station he was falsely accused of assaulting the settlers
and arrested by the police who refused to have regard to his protestations
that he was not present.

4.1 Accused 3 (Barkley Jnr) was at Ardingly Farm, Karoi where he farmed on
the day of the incident.

4.2 Evidence to support Accused 3 may be given by his wife and others at the

4.3 The next day, 7th August, 2001 Accused 3 went to Chinhoyi Police Station
early in the morning to see his father, Accused 1.  It became apparent that
he would not be permitted to do so and he decided to leave the police
station to attend to business in Chinhoyi. He was stopped by persons who
alleged that he had been involved and should be locked up.  He was forced to
reverse his vehicle into the police station.  Despite protest from him and
others that he was not present the police would not have regard to his
protestations and he was arrested.

4.4 He witnessed three persons, Peter and Robert Flanagan and Lindsay Moyes
(wife of Accused 11) being abused and assaulted by persons in the presence
of the police who did nothing, but simply watch.

5.1 Accused 11 (Duncan Moyes) also attended the farmers meeting and remained
at it until it was over.  He went to Listonshiels Farm with Jan Botes.  When
they arrived police were present.  They left the scene and proceeded to the
police station at approximately 1600 hours at the request of the police to
make statements.  He was abused and wrongly arrested.

5.2 Evidence may be given in support of Accused 11 by Jan Botes and others.

6.1 Accused 14 (Wallis) farms at Biri Farm and is also the manager of Biri
Combined Irrigation Scheme.

6.2 On the day of the incident Accused 14 went to the farmers meeting and
left at about 11:45 a.m. to go to Biri Dam where he had a meeting with
Graham Mullett of Redfern Mullett.  After the meeting, he went home for
lunch and then proceeded to Chinhoyi to obtain information of the incident
which he had heard of and assist if required.  He drove past the Chinhoyi
Police Station and saw that no farmers had arrived there.  He then proceeded
to Listonshiels Farm and gave a policeman a lift from Alaska Smelter to the
Y junction at Alaska Mine.  He does not know the name of the policeman
except that he was medic.  He met up with Jan Botes and accused 11 and
thereafter proceeded to the Chinhoyi Police Station where he was wrongly

6.3 Graham Mullett may give evidence together with other witnesses already
referred to, to support Accused 14's case.

7.1 Accused 1 (Barkley Snr) had previously been subjected to unlawful
conduct on the part of illegal settlers and told he would be forced off his
farm with threats against his life.

7.2 Prior to the day in question, Monday, 6th August 2001, Accused 1 had
received information to the effect that his farm might be targeted by
settlers on that day.

7.3 In the morning when Accused 1 was working in his workshop he was told
that settlers wished to speak to him.  He proceeded to where they had
congregated.  There were about 25 settlers carrying an assortment of weapons
who had come from a number of farms, including Listonshiels.  They told him
that he was to vacate the farm by 1500 hours failing which he would be
forcibly removed.

7.4 Accused 1 advised that the matter was one to be dealt with by the DA and
the police and that he would contact other persons to contact them.

7.5 He went to the farm house and put out a call asking for assistance and
for the DA and the police to be contacted.  He returned and told the
settlers that he had done so.  They became extremely aggressive and said
that the matter had nothing to do with the DA and the police and threatened
his life if he did not vacate the farm.  They began to surround him and he
retreated to the farm house followed by them.

7.6 Fearing for his safety he made further calls on his radio and cellphone
and said that he now needed help urgently.  Settlers who had moved to the
farm house in increasing numbers were threatening to gain access and Accused
1 left the radio and cellphone to secure the verandah door by holding it
shut as it was not secure.

7.7 Accused 1 was further threatened and sticks were poked through the wire
netting on the door at him.  The roof was struck with sticks and a hammer
and flower pots and a dog's kennel were broken.  There was a great deal of
noise and waving of weapons with threatening gestures and Chimurenga songs
were sung.  The number of settlers had increased to approximately 60.  Some
of the settlers had settled illegally on Accused 1's farm but most came from

7.8 The police were contacted by Mark Shaw as set out below, but refused to
give assistance.

7.9 The noise of a vehicle coming was heard and a number of the settlers
proceeded to meet it.  It was apparent from the noise that the arrival was
met with hostility and access denied.

7.10 Thereafter the noise of further vehicles was heard and help arrived at
the house despite the actions of the settlers to prevent it.

7.11 The settlers fell back and Accused 1 was able to open his door and
leave the house.  In the course of doing so a settler attempted to assault
him with a stick but Accused 1 hit him and he ran away.

7.12 Further incidents occurred and in due course the police arrived.

8. Accused 22 (Whitaker) was the first person to arrive at the farm.  He
found the road to the house barricaded and was confronted and assaulted by
hostile settlers who denied him access.

9. Accused 24 (Hennie Nel) arrived shortly thereafter and despite trying to
negotiate was also subjected to hostility and assault.

10. Accused 6 (Scott Marillier) then arrived but was warned to drive off
before he too was subjected to such treatment, which he did.

11. Accused 22 and 24 were able to retreat after Accused 24 had agreed to
participate in singing Chimurenga songs.

12. Accused 6, 22 and 24 waited for help some distance away on the road near
a dip.  They had radioed the need for urgent help having regard to the
treatment they had received and the fact that nothing had been heard from
Accused 1 for a long time for whom they feared the worst.  They also feared
for his wife who unbeknown to them was not there.

13. After sufficient support arrived 12 to 15 persons proceeded on foot
towards the homestead followed shortly by some vehicles which arrived after
they had set off.  They removed barricades which had been set up at a
culvert and a grid and proceeded to relieve Accused 1, and move the settlers
away from the house.  Various incidents occurred when they did so and
settlers attacked them at close quarters during which some persons were
injured and, in particular, Badenhorst who is not one of the Accused,
Accused 22 and two settlers.  Despite being moved away some settlers
returned to the surrounds and attacked the Accused mainly by throwing and
catapulting stones at them.  A further barricade was erected by the settlers
which in due course the police told them to remove.

14. In so far as is relevant each Accused will describe in detail the extent
of his involvement, if any.

15. Some of the persons who came to Accused 1's help had batons and sticks
and one had a short length of chain (which was not used).  Others picked up
sticks and fence posts.  There were large quantities of stones around which
had been gathered by the settlers and used in attacking the Accused.

16. The incident and concern of Accused 1 and the Accused who came to his
assistance  arose from the background of similar incidents in the area and
other parts of the country and the violence and intimidation resorted to, to
drive farmers from their land rather than by order of a competent Court.
Evidence may be given of such incidents and the contempt with which Court
orders, some granted by consent, based on the governments own laws, were
treated.  In the result, settlers obviously came to believe that they were
above the law and would be protected by the selective application of
it against farmers.  Farmers came to believe that generally they would not
be protected by the police who had instructions not to do so in such matters
as they were of a 'political' nature.

17. Evidence will be given of the security arrangements made by farmers  in
the area amongst themselves and the police for the assistance of any farmer
who required it.  A strategy was adopted to the effect that when an incident
occurred others not involved would proceed to the area and seek to defuse it
on behalf of the farmer involved.

18.1 Mark Shaw who operates a security business in Chinhoyi, was the
security co-ordinator and will say that he was at the farmers meeting when
he was advised of the distress call and left the meeting with others.

18.2 He immediately telephoned the Officer-in-Charge of Chinhoyi Rural
Police Station who dealt with such matters, Inspector Mudziwapasi, and
briefed him on the situation.

18.3 He asked for police attendance as a matter of urgency but the Inspector
seemed disinterested and eventually said that he had no transport.

18.4 Mr Shaw pointed out that transport could be obtained from another
police station or by the use of his, Mr Shaw's vehicles, but was advised
that a message would be sent to the Shackelton Police Post for a policeman
to proceed by bicycle to the scene.  Mr Shaw pointed out that Shackelton was
20 kms away, but the Inspector said that that was his decision and rang off.

18.5 Further attempts were made to obtain police assistance from more senior
police persons who were not available.  Superintendent Chipato who was
available was told of the Inspector's refusal to assist and that
neighbouring farmers were responding to assist Accused 1.  She promised to
get the Support Unit to attend, which it should have been able to do without
delay.  In the result it did not do so until the incident was over.

19. Despite the obvious knowledge of the police that he was not involved,
Mark Shaw was also arrested.

20.1 It is believed that the attack against Accused 1 was preconceived by
activists who took advantage of a cultural ceremony over the weekend in the
area to incite others to join them to unlawfully and forcibly evict Accused
1 from his own home and farm.

20.2 It is believed that the police must have been aware of what was planned
and must have been instructed not to intervene for the same reasons that
they have declined to do so in other cases which were deemed to be of a
'political' nature.  This would be consistent with he unbelievable refusal
of the Inspector to act and the late arrival of the Support Unit.  In
addition, several members of the police force had claimed to be entitled to
stands on Accused 1's farm.

21. Farmers have repeatedly been warned by their leaders against reaction to
provocation from settlers and it is grossly improbable that a group of
farmers and others would
have risked acting without justification as alleged by the State.

23. After their arrest the accused were treated in a disgraceful and
humiliating manner in contravention of their legal rights.  Political
activists unlawfully took over control from the police and politicised the
issue with blatantly false reports of the incident which led to wanton
assaults on whites and destruction and looting of property". Having heard
the evidence of thirteen prosecution witnesses, the trial has been remanded
to 28 May 2002 when the prosecution intend to call further witnesses.

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Judge draws thin white line against Mugabe

      July 05 2002 at 09:58AM

By Basildon Peta

A High Court judge has granted white farmers in Zimbabwe an interim
interdict barring President Robert Mugabe from seizing their land.

Judge Benjamin Paradza made his ruling on Thursday night after the
government charged four white farmers who defied a ban to stop working their
land under a new law smoothing the way for Mugabe's controversial white land

Although the court ruling was made in favour of one farmer, George Quinnel,
who filed the court application, it will affect at least 2 900 white farmers
who had been ordered to stop working and surrender their farms to Mugabe's

Judge Paradza said Agriculture Minister Joseph Made and Justice Minister
Patrick Chinamasa, who had been spearheading the campaign to evict farmers,
had ceased to be government ministers after the controversial March

Mugabe did not appoint a new cabinet under Zimbabwe's laws and all his
ministers should have re-taken the oath of office.

Judge Paradza also said amendments to land acquisitions laws empowering the
government to seize farms had been passed illegally. - Independent Foreign
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Daily News

Letter to the Editor

      City now a war zone

      7/5/02 10:31:47 AM (GMT +2)

      THE Anti Hijack Trust is being inundated with calls from irate
motorists who have their car windows smashed and personal items stolen.

      This crime appears to be happening anywhere in the city centre and in
the Industrial sites. The most common places being at Stop signs,
intersections controlled by traffic lights, with the worse place being the
Cripps Road/Remembrance Drive junction.

      We have also had reports of appalling driving practices in the city
centre. It appears that anything goes now: going through red lights, lane
hopping, parking wherever the fancy takes you, and pedestrians who are
obviously suffering from a death wish.

      The police have responded to our reports and have promised to step up
their patrols in the city.

      We urge motorists once again to put all personal items like handbags
and briefcases in the boot or somewhere out of sight, and not to fall for
any con tricks.

      It would not be exaggerating to say that town has become a war zone
for motorists and pedestrians alike. So beware and be safe.

      Mary van Heerden
      Anti Hijack Trust

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Daily News

      Sudden rise in flour sales as bread shortage bites

      7/5/02 10:38:03 AM (GMT +2)

      Farming Editor

      SUPERMARKET flour shelves began to clear in Harare yesterday as people
purchased the nearest alternative to bread, which has virtually disappeared
from food shops all over the capital.

      Zimbabwe, currently facing a shortage of most basic commodities such
as maize, sugar, salt and cooking oil, plunged into deeper crisis as bread
ran out in Harare.

      Urban dwellers have in the past seven months been using bread as an
alternative to maize-meal, which has been in short supply.

      With bread becoming another scarce commodity, hunger is expected to
reach unprecedented levels in Zimbabwe.

      Major supermarkets in Harare, had no bread at all early yesterday
morning. A queue formed inside one supermarket as people waited for bread
which was still in the ovens.

      An official at another well known supermarket in downtown Harare said
that they were still expecting deliveries.

      One fast food outlet in the city centre had bread on its shelves while
another in the same street had none.

      Bakers have attributed the bread shortage to the unavailability of
flour, salt and sugar, the major ingredients in bread making.

      Most shops in Harare ran out of salt two weeks ago. While the
government has accused salt importers of hoarding the commodity, National
Foods (Natfoods), one of the biggest importers of salt has accused the
government of dragging its feet over a promised increase in the controlled
price of salt.

      Natfoods managing director, Ian Kind, was yesterday, not available for
comment on the flour crisis in the country.

      Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, Dr Joseph Made, this week
accused Natfoods of hoarding flour.

      Natfoods produces about 50 percent of the country's flour. Food
experts warned early this year that flour stocks would run out at the
beginning of this month and that there was need to import more wheat before

      Made claimed this week the country had enough flour stocks and there
was no need to import.

      Food experts have accused Made of creating the food crisis following
his adamant denials that there would be no maize shortages.

      An official in the milling industry who declined to be named for fear
of victimisation said: "I do not understand what Made means when he says
milling companies are hoarding.

      He has inspectors deployed at every milling company. They see the
wheat and maize deliveries coming in and out and how do we hoard?

      "Salt and sugar shortages compounded by a week-long strike at Natfoods
two weeks ago might have resulted in the shortage of flour."
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Daily News

      Workers release boss who was held hostage

      7/5/02 10:11:35 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      The 85 security firm workers who took their employer, Campdell Collin
Macmillan, hostage last week have released him.

      Macmillan, the owner of Alcatraz Security Pvt Limited in Marondera,
was held at his company premises last Saturday by workers demanding a $16
million retrenchment package. They released him late on Tuesday, his lawyer
Lawrence Chibwe said on Wednesday.

      On Monday, the Wedsec Farmers' Security Association was granted a
court order for Macmillan's immediate release by Justice Lavender Makoni in
an urgent chamber application.

      They cited the Commissioner of Police, the officer-in-charge of
Marondera Urban, and a Chaparadza and 84 other workers as the first, second
and third respondents respectively.

      The police had not acted on the court order by Tuesday evening, saying
they did not have the manpower, according to Dzimbabwe Chimbga, Chibwe's

      Chibwe said on Wednesday: "I understand the workers released our
client of their own accord. We shall be holding a meeting with the workers
and the police in Marondera tomorrow (yesterday)."

      The workers, whose employment was terminated at the end of May because
the business was closing down, are demanding retrenchment packages totalling
$16 million.

      In the provisional court order, which will be confirmed as final if
the three respondents do not oppose it within 10 days from Monday, Justice
Makoni ordered the workers to release Macmillan and empower the deputy
sheriff to enlist the assistance of the police if the workers resisted. They
resisted the order on Monday and most of Tuesday.

      Makoni said: "The third respondent and others should forthwith release
Collin Macmillan from the unlawful detention and further desist from
harassing his person and maintain the peace until an agreement is reached on
the retrenchment through the Ministry of Labour."

      Makoni ordered a stop to interference with the business operations of
the Wedsec Farmers' Security Association and its employees.

      She empowered the deputy sheriff to recover three Mazda B2200 and two
Mazda B1800 vehicles belonging to the association.She ordered the Marondera
police to return any Wedsec Farmers' Security Association motor vehicles in
their custody.
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Daily News

      Bread shortage to worsen as wheat supplies dwindle

      7/5/02 10:08:57 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE shortage of bread, now covering most parts of the country, is
expected to get worse because of a wheat shortage, Armitage Chikwavira, the
chairman of the Zimbabwe Bakers' Association, said on Wednesday.

      Chikwavira said the situation was unlikely to improve soon because the
Grain Marketing Board had reduced its weekly wheat supplies to millers. He
said the GMB was now supplying 4 500 tonnes to millers instead of 7 500
tonnes, which meets the demand.

      "We are appealing to the GMB to increase its supply of wheat to at
least 6 000 tonnes so that the millers are able to supply us with enough
flour," said Chikwavira, "The country also needs to import 50 000 tonnes of

      Long queues were seen at most bread outlets in Harare on Wednesday.
Angry shoppers queuing at Lobels Bakery along Simon Mazorodze Road accused
the government of causing the shortage of all the basic commodities,
including maize-meal, sugar, cooking oil and salt.

      Owen Ndenga of Mbare, a tuckshop owner, said the government's
initiated land redistribution programme was to blame for the shortage of

      "I think there is too much politics interfering with farming in the
country," said Ndenga.

      "Most of the new farmers who were allocated land are not doing any
meaningful farming. These people are ruining the country. We can't have a
country without basic foodstuffs."

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Daily News

Leader Page

      So-called national service is simply unacceptable

      7/5/02 10:38:30 AM (GMT +2)

      FOLLOWING its crushing defeat in the February 2000 referendum in which
it had hoped to get the people to rubber-stamp a draft constitution from
which most of the people's input had been arrogantly expunged by its spin
doctors, the government realised with surprising panic that it could no
longer rely on what it had erroneously believed to be popular support to get
its way in whatever it wanted.

      As a result, from then on it has found it increasingly necessary to
resort to the use of decrees and other dictatorial measures to get people to
do its bidding whenever it realises that if it consults them they are likely
to reject its plans.

      It should, of course, be acknowledged that the tragedy was set in
motion early into independence when, because of the relative prosperity of
the economy at that time, everybody felt well-off.

      This was particularly true of the working class in urban centres who
thought they had successfully discharged their national duty of removing
white minority rule and replaced it with a black government led by a
charismatic revolutionary who seemed consumed by only one passion: to
safeguard the welfare of all Zimbabweans.

      The thought that it was just possible he might one day become more
dreaded than anything ever seen during the colonial era never crossed people
's minds.

      It was out of that euphoria and false sense of eternal well-being and
security that the urban voter apathy was born, especially among the working
class males, leading to Zanu PF scoring victories at every election.

      It can, of course, be argued, and quite correctly too, that those wins
were by default because before the referendum, hardly a third of the
registered voters bothered to cast their ballot at any of the subsequent
elections following the historic 1980 independence election.

      And the people who returned Zanu PF to power in all those polls were
largely unsophisticated urban women and rural people.

      That damning fact was either simply ignored or blissfully lost on Zanu
PF, most of whose leaders have never been notable for their superior

      Those easy wins were seen as indicative of popular national support
and, by extension of that self-deceptive logic, that it could virtually do
as it pleased.

      It was tragic because when the actual truth - that the ruling party
was not as popular as it thought - finally dawned on the party, courtesy of
the 2000 referendum results, the government panicked.
      It quickly embarked on a path of ruling through a series of decrees
and the use of brute force to subdue a population which had clearly awakened
to Zanu PF's wickedness in its bid to cling to power for as long as

      The unleashing of the so-called war veterans greatly beefed up by paid
thugs and never-do-wells on an unsuspecting populace to plunder, maim,
torture, rape and kill with impunity marked the beginning of the use of
decrees and brute force by the ruling party to maintain itself in power at
any cost.

      All the Presidential decrees and the anti-democracy pieces of
legislation railroaded through Parliament, such as the repugnant Public
Order and Security Act and that bane of all professional journalists, the
Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act, are all part of that
evil agenda to sidestep the people's resistance.

      It is common knowledge that most of the provisions in those decrees
and Acts are patently ultra vires certain key sections of the Constitution,
but that precisely is why they could not be subjected to a popular vote.
Even the recent obsession with trivia such us changing school names is all
part of the plan.

      But the government clearly went too far this week when it decreed that
its so-called national youth service will be made compulsory from next year.

      All Zimbabweans know what that means from what we have seen the Border
Gezi "graduates" doing. And what they do is nothing but evil. No sane
parents can allow their children to be party to that. That programme is
simply unacceptable.
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Daily News

      169 die of cholera in Manicaland

      7/5/02 10:25:26 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      Out of the 2 220 cholera cases reported in Manicaland between January
and June this year, 169 died of the disease.

      Robert Mudyiradima, the provincial medical officer for health, said
Mutare district was the worst affected, recording 80 deaths followed by
Buhera with 33 and Chipinge with 27.

      But Mudyiradima said the outbreak was now under control and attributed
the success to an intensified outreach programme by his department.

      "The last case we heard of was early last month," he said. "The
community responded well to our cholera awareness programmes and the police
played a pivotal role in ensuring vendors were stopped from preparing food
to sell on the streets."

      He said in Mutare district, 80 people died and of those 71 died at
home, and the remainder at various clinics.

      Mudyiradima attributed the high number of deaths in Mutare to
contaminated water supplies and food such as fish imported from neighbouring

      In Buhera, he said, 33 people died of cholera and of those 29 at home
the others while under treatment.

      In Chipinge, where the first cholera cases were reported, 27 people
died, 19 at home and eight at medical institutions.

      Meanwhile, the immunisation programme got off to a slow start in
Mutare on Monday as most children were not in school because of the chilly

      "It's too early to talk about that now," Mudyiradima said: "I don't
have the statistics at hand, but I understand we started off a bit slow due
to the cold weather."

      He said his department was vaccinating children between six months and
six years against measles and giving them Vitamin A.
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Daily News

      Chinamasa remains free despite warrant of arrest

      7/5/02 10:03:58 AM (GMT +2)

      By Lloyd Mudiwa

      IT HAS been business as usual for Patrick Chinamasa, the Minister of
Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs, who has remained a free man since
his return to the country on Monday night, although the High Court last
month issued a warrant for his arrest.

      Justice Fergus Blackie issued a warrant for Chinamasa's arrest on 24
June for his failure to appear in court to answer a charge of contempt of
court stemming from his criticism of a six-month jail term imposed by his
colleague, Justice Mahomed Adam, on three Americans convicted for illegal
arms possession in 1999.

      Chinamasa was out of the country attending an Africa Carribean
Pacific-European Union meeting in Angola.

      The minister was then the Attorney-General (AG) in 1999. Chinamasa,
who was in a jovial mood, said: "I have not been arrested. I am not in jail.
Do you think I would be talking to you on my cellphone if I was in jail? Do
they allow cellphones in jail?"

      He was due to comment on the decision to issue a warrant for his
arrest on yesterday.

      A day after Blackie issued the warrant, Andrew Chigovera, the AG, said
Blackie had erred.

      He should have issued a default judgment against the minister instead
of a warrant for his arrest, Chigovera said.

      Chigovera said the contempt of court proceedings against Chinamasa
were of a civil rather than criminal nature.

      In an article published in the government mouthpiece, The Herald, of
15 September 1999, Chinamasa was quoted as having said the sentence passed
on the Americans "induced a sense of shock and outrage in the minds of all
right-thinking people".

      He said the AG's Office had been bemused by the meaninglessness of the
      "The nation should know and be told that the leniency of the sentences
constitutes a betrayal of all civilised and acceptable notions of justice
and Zimbabwe's sovereign interests," Chinamasa was quoted as saying.

      In October 1999, the matter was referred to the Supreme Court after
Chinamasa's lawyer, Sternford Moyo, raised some constitutional issues, which
among others, included the minister's right to protection by the law.

      The Supreme Court, however, ruled against the minister and ordered the
lower court to proceed hearing the case The Supreme Court had ruled that
Chinamasa's statements were intended or likely to bring Adam into disrepute,
"as reflecting upon his capacity as a judge and to shake public confidence
in the manner in which justice had been administered by the High Court".

      The court, however, said Chinamasa should be given protection afforded
by the provisions of Section 20 of the Constitution to a person facing a
charge of contempt of court, regarded as a criminal offence.

      George Charamba, the Permanent Secretary in the Department of
Information and Publicity, is to stand trial in the High Court before judge
Ben Hlatshwayo on 15 July for a similar offence after his criticism of a
ruling by Justice Moses Chinhengo ordering police to stop interfering in the
Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Union's affairs.
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Daily News

      Lawyers attack Chinamasa

      7/5/02 10:41:22 AM (GMT +2)

      By Lloyd Mudiwa

      PATRICK Chinamasa, the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary
Affairs, has no jurisdiction to order an investigation into the conduct of
High Court judge, Justice Fergus Blackie, following the warrant of arrest
the judge issued against the minister, legal experts said yesterday.

      The lawyers said Andrew Chigovera, the Attorney General (AG), had
erred by publicly criticising Blackie's decision to issue the warrant and
might have also been in contempt of the court.

      Lovemore Madhuku, a constitutional law expert, said in terms of
Section 87 of the Constitution, the power to probe the conduct of a judicial
officer lay with the Chief Justice and not the government or a minister.

      "Only the Chief Justice can initiate an investigation," he said.
"Chinamasa does not even have powers to suggest, let alone to initiate or
recommend, one."

      He was reacting to Chinamasa's attack on Blackie on Wednesday. The
government-controlled Herald newspaper yesterday quoted Chinamasa as
attacking Blackie for issuing the warrant for his arrest.

      This came after the minister failed to appear in court to answer a
contempt of court charge stemming from his criticism of a six-month jail
term imposed on three Americans convicted of illegal arms possession in

      The minister said the judge's conduct constituted "gross abuse of
judicial office" and that he would advise Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku
to set up a tribunal to investigate Blackie's conduct in the matter.

      Chinamasa said according to Section 76 of the Constitution the powers
of prosecution were vested in the AG.

      Chigovera earlier criticised Blackie's decision, saying he should have
issued a default judgment against Chinamasa instead of a warrant for his
arrest, because the contempt of court proceedings were of a civil, and not a
criminal, nature.

      Madhuku said: "It is unconstitutional for even Chinamasa to raise the
issue with Chidyausiku, because the idea is to maintain an independent
judiciary. It is a very serious infringement of the Constitution."

      He said if Chinamasa was correct in so doing, then judges would be
investigated every day, because politicians always conclude that judicial
officers are wrong when they give unfavourable judgments.

      Section 87 (2) of the Constitution reads: "If, in the case of a judge
of the Supreme or High Court other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice
advises the President that the question of removal from office of the judge
concerned ought to be investigated, the President shall appoint a tribunal
to inquire into the matter."

      Madhuku, the chairman of the National Constitutional Assembly, said
Chinamasa and Chigovera might have been in contempt for saying they believed
Blackie was wrong in issuing the warrant of arrest against the minister.

      "Chinamasa is the accused person and cannot be judge as well," Madhuku
said. "Whether issuing a warrant of arrest is correct or not could have been
argued in court, but for Chinamasa and Chigovera to say with certainty that
Blackie was wrong is contempt.

      "Chigovera, as a lawyer, should have raised his objections in court
rather than to lecture the nation on the law."

      Yvonne Mahlunge, a former chairperson of the Zimbabwe Women Lawyers'
Association, said Chinamasa was obviously an interested party and should
have delegated the matter to his deputy.

      She said Chinamasa's assertion that the powers of prosecution were
vested in Chigovera was wrong because there was also room for individuals to
institute private prosecutions.

      The Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights said the court had powers to
summon a person considered to be in contempt. When someone is personally
served with a subpoena to appear in court and he defaults, then the judge
can issue him with a warrant of arrest, the lawyers said.

      They said a court can institute prosecution if it believes someone is
in contempt. A judge can summon the person to explain, they said.

      Madhuku said the Supreme Court dismissed the argument that powers of
prosecution were vested with the AG in Chinamasa's own contempt case.

      The minister's case was referred to the Supreme Court in October 1999
after his lawyer Sternford Moyo, raised constitutional issues, which among
others, included the right of protection by the law. Chinamasa was then AG.

      The Supreme Court, however, ruled against him, ordering the High Court
to proceed with the case.

      Madhuku said: "I can only conclude Chinamasa is being dishonest and
wants to mislead the nation because he knows ordinary people do not read
court judgments and understand the law."

      Chidyausiku should make his position clear because Chinamasa's
comments raised suspicions that he meets regularly with ministers,
particularly after the judge publicly said he supports Zanu PF, he said.

      Learnmore Jongwe, the MDC's spokesman who is also a lawyer, said it
was inappropriate for an interested party to seek to institute proceedings
in terms of the constitution for a tribunal to be set up.

      Jongwe said if Chinamasa was aggrieved by the judge's actions, he
should have engaged somebody else in the government to take up the issue.

      "It is inappropriate at this juncture for someone to go public on an
issue concerning a judge," he said. "That is the only reason why these
contempt proceedings are being done in the first place."

      Jongwe said this was another classic example of the disdain being
shown by the government for the judiciary.
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Zim Independent

Lomagundi farmer gets reprieve

THE High Court yesterday granted an interim relief order to the owner of
Nyalugwe Farm in Lomagundi district to continue working on his property
until a final ruling has been made on his application which sought to
nullify government's eviction order.

Justice Benjamin Paradza suspended the acquisition order served on Nyalugwe
Farm's owner by government on May 8.

"The acquisition order issued by the first respondent (Agriculture minister
Joseph Made) on May 8 2002 in respect of Nyalugwe Farm shall not preclude
the applicant (farmer) from occupying, holding or using the land including
all improvements thereon or from undertaking all farming operations,"
Justice Paradza ruled. "The reprieve will remain in force until the final
determination of the case."

The eviction order was made in terms of Section 8 of the Land Acquisition
Act. It demanded the farmer should stop operations after 45 days from the
date it was served and vacate the property within 90 days of service.

However, on May 10 the farmer responded asking Made for permission to
continue working. The minister did not reply forcing the farmer to apply for
a court reprieve.

By June 20, when the ultimatum was supposed to expire, no Section 7
application for confir-mation of the acquisition of Nya-lugwe Farm had been
served uponthe farmer as required by law.

The farmer subsequently sought in his application that the Section 8 order
served on him should be declared invalid because government had failed to
confirm the acquisition notice with the Administrative Court. Government
last month served eviction orders on about 3 000 farmers and effectively
banned production on their properties last week when the removal notices

Lawyers yesterday said the interim relief granted to the Nyalugwe farmer is
for all intents and purposes a test case which sets a precedent for other
farmers to challenge their eviction. In a similar case, the High Court
earlier this week also temporarily suspended a government acquisition order
for Erewhon Farm in Lomagundi. Justice Moses Chinhengo set aside by consent
the acquisition order for Erewhon.

Meanwhile, the Commercial Farmers Union has reported that 15 farmers in the
Chiredzi area have been charged with violating Section 8 of the Land
Acquisition Act by continuing with farming activities. - Staff Writers.
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Zim Independent

War veterans refuse to act
Blessing Zulu/Augustine Mukaro
A RIFT has developed between government and war veterans over what action to
take against farmers challenging Section 8 eviction orders in court.

The farmers are continuing with their normal activities amid declarations by
war veterans that they will not be used to evict the farmers.

War veterans have washed their hands of the dispute between the government
and the Commercial Farmers Union (CFU).

The usually militant war veterans secretary for projects, Andrew Ndlovu,
said the government had opted "for the rule of law" and should brace itself
for the consequences.

"When we invaded the farms they sent the police to arrest me and my hands
are tied at the moment," said Ndlovu.

He attacked the government for ruthlessly brutalising fellow blacks when
they evicted them from the farms. "They went about beating up black farm
workers and destroying their property and now we want to see whether they
are going to violently drive off the whites."

Ndlovu was sceptical about the success of the land reform programme without
the involvement of the war veterans.

"These white farmers were former Rhodesian forces and as war veterans we
know how to deal with them," he said. "The government will not succeed
without our assistance and that is when they will realise the importance of
us in this struggle. I assure you they will not succeed and that is when we
will move in."

War Veterans Association secretary-general Endy Mhlanga said his members
would not be directly involved in the eviction of farmers. "Those farmers
refusing to go having been served with Section 8 should thank the president
for being lenient," said Mhlanga.

"If war veterans had their way they would clear all of them within two
hours. At the moment we can only assist the police by identifying the
culprits since we are on the ground."

Vernon Nicolle of the Nicolle family, one of the major producers of wheat,
said it was business as usual though there had been problems with one of the
settlers on their farm.

"We are carrying on with our farming activities as we cannot allow the
nation to starve," said Nicolle.

"We have only had problems with Flight-Lieutenant Jumbi, one of the settlers
who has been raiding us for our irrigation water," he said.

Zimbabwe Joint Resettlement Initiative chief sponsor, John Bredenkamp's
Thetford Farm in the Mazoe Valley, also on Section 8 notice, has not stopped
its farming activities.

Workers at the farm confirmed activities had not changed but said there was
no new investment taking place.

"We are still producing market gardening products like onions, tomatoes,
cabbages and other fresh produce," a manager said. "The farm is currently
listed and that has deterred Bredenkamp from pouring more money into the
farm until the land reform programme has been completed," he said.

CFU spokeswoman Jennie Williams said farmers had not stopped operations and
nothing was likely to change. "Nothing has changed because farmers have an
obligation to feed the nation," Williams said.

"There is no enforcement at the moment and farmers have to continue farming
as usual."
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Zim Independent

Ministers told to quit
Stanley James
GOVERNMENT officials and ministers whose economic proposals continue to be
ignored because of President Robert Mugabe's populist strategies should quit
rather than tarnish their image for the sake of a regime that has destroyed
a once-vibrant economy, the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions
secretary-general Wellington Chibhebhe has said.

Chibhebhe said the ZCTU was sympathetic to government officials currently
being lambasted because their economic recommendations did not tie-in with
the ruling party's. Zanu PF has shunned market-oriented proposals aimed at
reviving the economy and spurned advice from international agencies such as
the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

The ZCTU's stance comes as criticism by Zanu PF hawks intensifies against
Finance and Economic Planning minister Simba Makoni, his counterpart at
Industry and International Trade Herbert Murerwa, and Reserve Bank of
Zimbabwe governor Leonard Tsumba for their alleged failure to halt
Zimbabwe's decline.

"The criticised government ministers and officials have their visionary
policies on how to rescue the economy, but their initiatives are being
undermined by Zanu PF's intervention leading to the current economic
crisis," said Chibhebhe.

"Zimbabwe's economic crisis is a result of Mugabe's skewed macro-economic
policies that have created food shortages at retail outlets."

He said government had failed to stem the shrinkage in the productive
sectors but had the gall to introduce programmes such as the National Youth
Service which generated no revenue to the exchequer but instead drained it.

Chibhebhe said Zanu PF's continued interference in economic policies would
result in the country's economic competitiveness declining to unacceptable
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Zim Independent

Judge raps govt over forex
Vincent Kahiya
HIGH Court judge Justice George Smith has taken a swipe at the government
for failing to implement measures that might bring sanity to the foreign
exchange crisis in the country.

In a judgement delivered last month in a business dispute between plaintiff
Echodelta Ltd and defendant Kerr & Downey Safaris (Pvt) Ltd, Justice Smith
said the official rate of exchange currently pegged at $55:US$1 was "removed
from reality".

"It is not disputed that the official rates of exchange for foreign
currencies are far removed from reality," said Justice Smith. "Insistence on
complying with the artificial rates of exchange has resulted in the growth
of the parallel market.

"The Reserve Bank has introduced special measures to deal with the situation
in the gold mining sector. Had it not done that all the gold mines in the
country would have closed down."

He said the central bank was again forced to introduce special measures to
deal with the situation in the tobacco growing industry.

"One wonders how many other sectors will have to face collapse, or actually
collapse before measures are taken to restore sanity in the forex market,"
the judge said.

In the case, Virgin Islands-registered Echodelta filed a suit against Kerr &
Downey Safaris demanding a sum of US$90 385, an amount the defendant was not
disputing. The sum was for services Kerr & Downey provided Echodelta in
respect of the tourist complex on the island of Margaruque off the coast of
Mozambique, which it held the concession to develop.

Kerr & Downey paid the sum in Zimbabwe dollars at the official exchange
rate, prompting Echodelta to file papers demanding to be paid at the
parallel rate. Echodelta, represented by senior advocate Adrian de Bourbon,
had argued that if it were to accept the payment in local currency at the
official exchange rate it would not be able to buy any foreign currency
through a reputable bank because of the shortages of the commodity.

De Bourbon said at the (then) parallel rate of $300 to US$1, Echodelta would
only be able to acquire a mere US$18 300 instead of the US$90 385 it was
owed. However, Justice Smith ruled that the defendant should pay the
outstanding monies converted at the official exchange rate in accordance
with the Exchange Control Regulations.
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Zimbabwe charges 12th journalist in media crackdown

HARARE, July 5 - Another Zimbabwean journalist has been charged with
publishing a false story, the 12th journalist to be charged since President
Robert Mugabe introduced tough new media laws in March.
       Chris Gande, a reporter with the privately-owned Daily News, was
charged on Thursday over a story alleging that the family of the late
vice-president Joshua Nkomo had not been invited to a memorial gala last
weekend, police said on Friday.
       Nkomo's widow Johanna has said she was invited and attended the music
and cultural gala which was staged in Zimbabwe's eastern border city of
Mutare last Saturday.
       But the Daily News insists that she was only invited, and rushed
there by helicopter, in response to its story on June 28.
       An international media rights group this week joined others in urging
Mugabe's government to stop harassing the private media, saying it was
threatening the future of independent journalism in the southern African
       In a statement, Article 19 said on Monday the government must drop
charges against journalists arrested in the last four months for reporting
''falsehoods'' or for defamation.
       The London-based organisation also called on the government to repeal
new laws requiring media houses and journalists to register with a
state-appointed media commission, stipulating heavy fines and two-year jail
terms for ''unethical journalism.''
       Zimbabwe's government argues that its new laws are not designed to
suppress press freedom but to instil ''ethical behaviour'' in a sector it
says is being used by its Western enemies to wage a hate and propaganda
campaign against Mugabe.
       Twelve journalists have been arrested on charges of ''publishing
falsehoods'' since March 15 when Mugabe brought the controversial Access to
Information and Protection of Privacy Act came into force.
       They include Andrew Meldrum, the Zimbabwe correspondent for Britain's
Guardian newspaper, who went on trial last month, accused of publishing a
false story alleging that Mugabe's supporters beheaded a woman while her two
children watched.
       The government says that story was part of a Western-backed campaign
to damage Mugabe's image since his re-election in March and to advance the
interests of the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
       MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai has said he was robbed of victory by
Mugabe, 78, in the March 9-11 presidential elections that were condemned as
seriously flawed by many Western nations, including former colonial power
       Mugabe, in power since the former Rhodesia gained independence from
Britain, charges that Western powers want to oust him over his seizures of
white-owned farms

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Zim Independent

Made under fire for misleading nation
Dumisani Muleya
OPPOSITION Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) secretary for Agriculture
Renson Gasela has slammed Agriculture minister Joseph Made for continuing to
mislead the country about the current maize and wheat shortages.

Gasela, who is a former Grain Marketing Board general manager, yesterday
said the minister's misrepresentations had reached alarming levels. "The
problem is that if you start off with a lie and you want to maintain
respectability, you must protect that lie perpetually," Gasela said. "His
short history (in government) shows us we can't trust him or his figures

Despite serious bread shortages, Made this week claimed Zimbabwe has
adequate wheat stocks to last up to the next harvest. But Gasela said this
was not true. "As of today, the stocks of wheat in the country must be less
than 50 000 tonnes, just over a month's supply," he said. "Honourable Made
has the audacity to say there is enough wheat to last until harvest in
August. This is simply not true."

Gasela said a harvest of 150 000 tonnes of winter wheat would only last
until December. He said the winter maize harvest would be negligible. Made
earlier this year insisted Zimbabwe had enough maize to last until next
year. In January he actually predicted a bumper harvest despite a looming
drought. Gasela said the minister has always been in denial.

"It is common cause that Made denied there was going to be a maize
shortage," he said. "Fortunately, only those in Zanu PF believe him."

Gasela said if government had taken his advice seriously, massive starvation
could have been averted. "Last year in April, we warned that there was going
to be a shortage of maize in the country," he said. "We also warned that the
disastrous fast-track programme would prevent farmers from planting wheat.
But the Mugabe regime refused to listen."

Gasela said government only started importing maize in January after
starvation had set in. Even then the imports were inadequate because maize
was coming in at the rate of 6 000 tonnes a week when national demand was 5
000 tonnes a day which created a huge deficit, he said.

To make up for the shortfall, Gasela said, government started selling wheat
as a maize substitute.

"More than 100 000 tonnes of wheat were sold in this manner," he said.

Gasela said the MDC also warned it was cheaper to import maize and preserve
wheat stocks for flour because the country faced wheat shortages.

Made insists bread shortages were caused by hoarding of flour.

"This is the usual thing of undermining government and trying to create a
situation of despondency among our people," Made said. "We know the main

However, Gasela said wheat shortages were to blame.

"While this may be obvious to most of us with average intelligence, it is
not obvious to the regime. Why is Made allocating or rationing wheat if it
is enough? An allocation is an admission of shortage," Gasela said. Police
have accused the MDC of causing massive food shortages saying it was
"economic sabotage" designed to stir anarchy. Gasela, however, dismissed the
accusation as baseless.

"What the police are saying is a lie," he said. "The police are now Zanu PF
functionaries and are just echoing their master's voice," he said. "There is
no MDC involvement in food shortages". MDC spokesman Learnmore Jongwe said
the police's "grotesque" claims "bordered on sheer madness"
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Zim Independent - Editor's Memo

A German lesson

IT is always instructive to see how other media operate, especially in
countries where freedom of the press is well-established.

The Konrad Adenauer Foundation last week took members of the newly-formed
Zimbabwe National Editors Forum on a tour of Hamburg and Berlin to see how
the German media functions and to exchange views with leading German editors
and policy-makers. Most were surprisingly well-informed about developments
in Zimbabwe and expressed their disbelief that a once-successful economy
could be sabotaged by its own rulers at such enormous cost to the people
they rule and the region as a whole.

The European Union, of which Germany is a leading member, has been in
dialogue with both Sadc and the ACP countries over the Zimbabwe crisis. The
politicians we spoke to admitted the slow pace of these negotiations but
pointed out that the ball was firmly in the Sadc court and, strengthened by
Nepad commitments, the EU would be pressing African partners for results in
terms of the region's own engagement with the rogue regime in Harare.

Significantly, one of President Mugabe's longstanding supporters in the
ruling SPD, Hans Buttner, expressed the same revulsion over human rights and
electoral abuses as his CDU counterpart, Andreas Schockenhoff, at our
meeting in the Reichstag.

Schockenhoff is the CDU's deputy spokesman on foreign affairs.

Klaus-Jurgen Hedrich, chair-man of the CDU/CSU parliamentary working group
on economic cooperation and development and a former secretary of state in
the Helmut Kohl administration, made it clear that Germany would not be
offering any new money for development aid until the rule of law was
restored in Zimbabwe. The message from Anton Pfeiffer, also a key CDU
policymaker, was much the same.

Highlights of the visit, apart of course from traditional German
hospitality, were a visit to Bild-Zeitung, Europe's biggest newspaper in
terms of circulation, where we witnessed a press conference with Defence
minister Rudolph Scharping and the editor selecting pictures for the next
day's edition.

Bild, as its name suggests, is a pictorial paper which appeals to the
definitely unserious end of the market, so there are literally hundreds of
colour pix illustrating racy stories about personalities in the news.

Scharping was given a gentle ride as the guest of Bild, which is rather
indulgent of them seeing he was last year accused of using Luftwaffe
aircraft to ferry him from a Spanish resort to cabinet meetings. To compound
matters he and his then-mistress cavorted for a leading magazine during
their holiday. The Luftwaffe at the time needed its transport planes in
Bosnia. The story evaporated with the events of September 11 in the US and
Scharping's career survived.

In Berlin we heard a keynote address by Edmund Stoiber, the CDU's candidate
in the autumn parliamentary election. Speaking in the city's historic French
cathedral, he attacked falling educational standards in German states other
than his own - he is premier of Bavaria - and told his audience of Germany's
need to promote elites in science and other pursuits, a call that was
unsurprisingly well-received by his well-heeled admirers.

Germany is undergoing considerable angst at the moment over matters other
than the World Cup loss. It feels it has failed to tackle distortions in the
welfare state or manage immigration properly. Seven million Turks live and
work in Germany, having made their contribution to the Wirtshaftswunder
(economic miracle) of the 1960s and 70s. But the country now urgently needs
IT specialists and is importing them from India and the Far East, much to
the consternation of the CDU.

We toured the notorious Sachsenhausen Nazi concentration camp north of
Berlin and saw the East German secret police - or Stasi - headquarters where
our guide was held in solitary confinement for 10 months in 1953 before
being sentenced to seven years imprisonment as an "enemy of the state".

The German Democratic Republic with a population of 13 million had 90 000
Stasi operatives, compared to 20 000 Gestapo personnel in Hitler's
80-million-strong Reich. We also saw the vast stacks of Stasi files on
German citizens and others. Members of the public can access their files. We
gather a former Zimbabwean cabinet minister was among those taking
application forms last year. In the 1980s Zanu PF regarded the GDR as a
sister state and many Zimbabweans were trained there in a variety of skills!

Something that particularlyimpressed us was the Bundespressekonferenz Centre
(see pic below) which is run by the German media and provides a platform to
German politicians and others who are only too happy to appear on a regular
basis to be interrogated by journalists.

We found a current running through the media and society in Germany: that
Nazi and Communist dictatorships in the 20th century had proved the need to
underpin democratic institutions with civic awareness. People will only
defend their constitutional rights when they know what they are. That is a
lesson for us all.
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Zim Independent

Sack Chigwedere - union
Blessing Zulu
THE Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ) has called for the
immediate dismissal of Aeneas Chigwedere, the controversial Minister of
Education, Sport and Culture for what they allege to be gross incompetence.

PTUZ last month wrote a letter to President Robert Mugabe expressing their
dissatisfaction with the minister.

"The tenure of office of the current Minister of Education, Sport and
Culture, Mr Aeneas Chigwedere has been characterised by nothing else but
blunders, chaos and confusion which if left unchecked has the effect of
destroying the Zimbabwean education system," said the letter signed by PTUZ
secretary-general, Raymond Majongwe.

The teachers' body called on the president to minimise changes in the
ministry to avoid confusion.

"We are asking you Mr President, after firing Mr Chigwedere, to minimise
changes of ministers in the Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture for
this is causing chaos in the ministry."

Majongwe said since Independence the ministry had had many changes of
ministers and each minister tried to bring his/her own changes. He gave as
examples the ministries of Health and Defence which he said were "stable"
because of the continuity of sitting ministers.

The letter also cited as blunders Chigwedere's many half-thought-out
measures, among them a single national uniform for schools, an eight-hour
working day and the attempt to ban dreadlocks in schools. They said the
backtracking by the minister demonstrated that he had not consulted widely
before making the announcements.

Majongwe said teachers were considering embarking on a strike if the
government failed to review their wages. "As far as PTUZ is concerned, if
the government does not address the issue of an adequate cost-of-living
adjustment, the stage is set for a mother of all industrial actions in
Zimbabwe," said Majongwe at a press conference earlier this week.

"Teachers are aware of this and they are just waiting for a signal from
their leadership."

The call for an adjustment in teachers' salaries follows hikes for the
health and uniformed forces which in January received 155% and 165%
adjustments respectively, while teachers were awarded only 55%.
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