The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zimbabwe to conduct third population census
-------------------------------------------------------------------------- Xinhuanet 2002-07-08 14:33:11 HARARE, July 8 (Xinhuanet) -- Zimbabwe will conduct its third population census since independence from August 18 to 22 this year, according to the Herald on Monday.
As part of the preparation, the government officially opened a population census training workshop at Harare Polytechnic last week.
Participants at the workshop, which will run until July 17, were drawn from all the government departments.
Census information officer Ronica Gudo was quoted as saying that despite the socio-economic changes that the country went through, the government would train enough people to cover the whole country to ensure that everybody is counted.
The first and second censuses were conducted in 1982 and 1992 respectively. Unlike in the previous censuses, which received substantial donor assistance, the government will conduct the 2002census on its own.
The population census provides data on the demographic and related socio-economic characteristic of the population at national and sub-national levels.
It is also used for planning and implementing development programs such as housing, provision of water, and sanitation.
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The Scotsman

Harare treason witness in Diana fraud

Jacqui Goddard

A FORMER Israeli intelligence agent at the centre of treason accusations
against Zimbabwe's opposition leader is being investigated by British police
for allegedly attempting to sell false information about the death of Diana,
Princess of Wales, for 500,000.

Ari Ben-Menashe, whose hotly disputed "evidence" in the Zimbabwe case could
send the opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, to the gallows, is accused of
trying to convince Mohammed al-Fayed, owner of Harrods, into paying for
information three years ago.

He is said to have approached Mr Fayed in 1999 with claims he had evidence
the Israeli intelligence service, Mossad, had plotted to kill Diana. The
princess died in a Paris car crash in August 1997, along with Mr Fayed's son

"Subsequent investigations established that the Mossad conspiracy theory was
nonsense and the matter was reported to police," said Mr Fayed's spokesman,
Chester Stern.

News of the alleged deception, which Scotland Yard has confirmed is still
under investigation, casts fresh doubts over the reliability of Mr
Ben-Menashe's evidence in the case against Mr Tsvangirai. That case centres
on a grainy and dubiously edited video purporting to show Mr Tsvangirai
discussing a plot with Mr Ben-Menashe to assassinate President Robert

Mr Tsvangirai, whose popularity had threatened to unseat Mr Mugabe at
elections in March, denies the accusations. The opposition leader claims he
was set up by Mr Ben-Menashe, who has admitted to being a long-standing
friend of Mr Mugabe .

The shadow justice minister, David Coltart, said yesterday: "We are fast
building a strong picture of Ben-Menashe not exactly being a man of good

The Canadian government yesterday confirmed that an inquiry into if Mr
Tsvangirai might have a case to answer in Canada for hatching the alleged
murder conspiracy with Mr Ben-Menashe in Montreal has come to nothing. "The
investigation carried out by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police has been
closed because I understand that all investigative avenues were exhausted,"
said a foreign affairs spokeswoman, Marie-Christine Lilkoff.

It has also been claimed that Mr Ben-Menashe's Canadian-based consultancy
firm, Dickens & Madson, played a role in illegally trading weapons for
diamonds in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

A former Mossad operative, Mr Ben-Menashe was also accused of lying under
oath during the Iran-Contra affair in the United States and was dubbed a
"notorious and chronic liar" by the Jerusalem Post after selling false
stories about Israel's atomic weapons.
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Daily News

Makoni says fixed exchange rate policy undermining export sector

7/8/02 8:25:44 AM (GMT +2)

By Columbus Mavhunga

Dr Simba Makoni, the Minister of Finance and Economic Development, has
said the absence of "a rational, credible and predictable exchange rate" is
undermining the export sector.

Makoni said the government's fixed exchange rate is failing to
stimulate the export sector to generate the much-needed foreign currency.

In an interview with The Daily News on Friday, Makoni said: "I agree
that our fixed exchange rate is a major disincentive to the generation of
foreign currency."

The 21-month-old fixed exchange policy has resulted in an acute
shortage of foreign currency. The Zimbabwe dollar is pegged at $55 against
the United States dollar, but fetches up to $800 on the open market.

Exporters have complained that their businesses were no longer viable
as they were sourcing foreign currency for raw materials on the black market
while their remittance for the exports were pegged on the official rate.

"There is need for a rational, credible and predictable exchange rate.
Our failure to do that has undermined the export sector which generates
foreign currency," Makoni said.

He refused to say why the government was not willing to devalue the
currency so that the export sector becomes competitive on the world market.

Makoni's remarks come amid reports that there is a plot to oust him
because his fiscal policy to shore up the tottering economy is not going
down well in the ruling Zanu PF party circles.

Makoni and Dr Leonard Tsumba, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor,
are said to be calling for a devaluation and the introduction of an official
exchange rate based on inflation differentials between Zimbabwe and its
trading partners.

This would bring out a commercial rate based on prevailing
macro-economic fundamentals.

Asked about the plot, Makoni said: "I only read about it in the Press
and I am not aware of it. But maybe as the person being planned to be ousted
I will be the last person to know."

Zanu PF is reportedly against devaluation as that would push up
inflation and further dent its waning popularity.

But economic commentators have been arguing that the dollar is
overvalued by more than 120 percent and there is an urgent need to devalue

Devaluation would see foreign currency starting to trickle into the
reserves, thereby stemming the thriving parallel market.

A myriad of exchange rates - for the gold support system, the tobacco
support programme, the fixed official exchange rate, as well as various
other unofficial rates - have a major distorting effect on the well-being of
the economy.

"Exporters, who are the major earners of foreign exchange, are not
averse to a single reasonable exchange rate system that recognises a fair
return on their exports," said the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries
president, Jacob Dube, last week.

"We believe that a solution to the present problem of the multiple
exchange rate valuation system should take into consideration the interests
of all foreign currency earners and not just some of them."
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Daily News

Police refuse to shed light on MDC activists'murder docket

7/8/02 8:50:34 AM (GMT +2)

By Pedzisai Ruhanya Chief Reporter

WAYNE Bvudzijena, the police spokesperson, on Thursday refused to say
why the police have not handed over to the Attorney General (AG)'s Office a
docket on Joseph Mwale of the CIO and Tom Kainos "Kitsiyatota" Zimunya, a
war veteran, the alleged murderers of two MDC activists in the June 2000
parliamentary election campaign.

Bvudzijena said: "Even if I was not on leave, I was not going to give
you a comment."

Bharat Patel, the deputy Attorney General, yesterday said he had told
the police he was still waiting for the docket more than two years after the
incident happened.

Patel said the director of public prosecutions in the AG's Office on
Wednesday wrote to the senior staff officer responsible for crime at the
Police General Headquarters asking him to send the docket his office.

Patel said: "I have checked with the director of public prosecutions
who advised me that he had written to the senior staff officer responsible
for crime to hand over the docket to the AG's Office."

In May, Patel said the AG's Office had written to ask the police for
the docket because they wanted to study it before taking action.

But more than a month has passed without police action.

Chiminya and Mabika were allegedly killed by Mwale and Zimunya in
April 2000 at Murambinda growth point in Buhera while campaigning for Morgan
Tsvangirai, the MDC president, in the run-up to the June 2000 parliamentary

In July last year, Andrew Chigovera, the AG, ordered the police to
investigate the murders after being instructed by the retired High Court
judge, Justice James Devittie.

Devittie made the order in May last year after Mwale and Zimunya were
named as the alleged killers in the on-going election petitions in the High
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Daily News

Gasela blames Made for food crisis

7/8/02 8:42:32 AM (GMT +2)

By Rhodah Mashavave

RENSON Gasela, the MDC shadow minister for agriculture has blamed the
government's chaotic land reform programme and its reluctance to listen to
advice from other sectors for the current food shortages in the country.

Last year, Gasela warned the government there would be a shortage of
maize but Joseph Made, the Minister of Land, Rural Resettlement and
Agriculture, then vehemently denied Gasela's assertions as false.

Made insisted the nation had enough food reserves to last until the
next harvest and there was no need for food imports.

But since November there has been an acute shortage of maize and wheat
stocks are almost depleted.

"Last year in April, I warned the government there would be a shortage
of maize but the government ignored the warning. Now the State has turned to
accusing the MDC of causing all these shortages," Gasela told a Press
conference on Friday.

He said the shortage of bread has been caused by the disastrous
fast-track land programme which prevented most farmers from planting wheat.

Gasela said: "Maize was only imported in January this year and the
government sold wheat as a maize substitute to the starved nation. The
shortage of maize meal increased the demand for bread and this resulted in a
higher depletion of the wheat stocks."

He said that the country only had less than 50 000 metric tonnes of
wheat, about a month's supply.

The new wheat crop was expected to be ready for harvest in two months'
time and until then, Zimbabweans were likely to face a severe shortage of
bread and other confectioneries, he said.

Gasela said some parts of the country, including Harare were already
experiencing shortages of bread.

"The nation should realise what is happening. Made is lying to the
nation in an effort to continue safeguarding his ministerial position,"
Gasela said.

The government-sponsored haphazard land reform exercise has been
largely blamed for the country's food crisis.
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Daily News

Army captain missing

7/8/02 8:22:48 AM (GMT +2)

By Pedzisai Ruhanya Chief Reporter

Ernest Moyowangu Chuma, an army captain, has been missing for the past
three months after he reportedly escaped interrogation by the army's
counter-intelligence branch at Cranborne Barracks for allegedly supporting
the opposition MDC.

According to his lawyer, Nikita Madya, Chuma was also being questioned
for allegedly supplying certain documents to Major Peter Guhu and Major
Besenia Tshuma.

In February, the two majors took the army commander,
Lieutenant-General Constantine Chiwenga, to the High Court contesting their
alleged unlawful dismissal.

Both senior officers, like Chuma, were accused of supporting the MDC.

One of Chuma's relatives confirmed he was missing but refused to give
details, referring all questions to the army.

On 25 April, Madya wrote to Chiwenga notifying him of Chuma's

The letter read: "As you might be aware, Captain Chuma is away from
duty without official leave. He disappeared from the offices of the Army
Counter-Intelligence Branch at Cranborne Barracks on 12 March 2002."

Madya said prior to the incident, Chuma, 28, was recalled from Nyanga,
where he was attending a staff training course. He was based at KG VI army
headquarters in Harare.

"On 12 March 2002, he was interrogated from 8am until early in the
evening by the army personnel from the Counter-Intelligence Branch.

"We are advised that he was being accused of having supplied certain
documents to Guhu and Tshuma who are presently challenging their discharge
from the army," Madya said.

He said it was alleged that Chuma took the documents from the army
personnel division to enable Tshuma and Guhu to use them in their case,
which is pending in the High Court.

"We are also advised that he was accused of being a sympathiser of the
MDC and they repeatedly asked him for his membership cards.

"During the interrogation, he was repeatedly warned that his life was
in their hands and that no one could save him," the letter reads.

However, Chuma denied the charges, Madya wrote.

Madya said after several hours of interrogation, Chuma was told to go
and rest on a bed in a room which was next to the one where one Captain
Knowledge Ncube was also subjected to interrogation.

He said it was established that Ncube was undergoing the same kind of
interrogation for allegedly leaking army documents to Tshuma and Guhu.

"From his room Captain Chuma could hear the ongoing interrogation of
Ncube. Soon thereafter, Ncube was then subjected to beatings by members of
the army Counter-Intelligence Branch. He heard his cries as he was subjected
to severe beatings," Madya said.

Madya said he was advised that Chuma left the room in a trance "as he
is possessed with (sic) a medium spirit".

"When he woke up from the trance, he was at some traditional healer's
residence where he is currently receiving treatment."

Madya said that Chuma was affected by the torture of Ncube and feared
the same could happen to him, hence the lawyer's letter to Chiwenga to
ensure that he would not be subjected to a similar ordeal if he went back.

"He is willing to hand himself over to your offices without any
further delays as he believes that he has now recovered enough to resume his
duties. Are you prepared to give us these assurances for the sake of our
client?" Madya asked Chiwenga.

Madya said he only received Chiwenga's reply on 13 June, well after he
had lost contact with his client.

He said: "We have now lost contact with Chuma. We cannot locate him."

However, in his reply through Major-General Mike Nyambuya, Chiwenga
acknowledged that Chuma was absent from duty, but denied the allegations of

"I am not aware of the alleged torture. Neither do I approve of it.
Investigations will, however, be instituted into the allegation you raised,"
Nyambuya said.

He said whatever investigations would be conducted against Chuma, if
any, would be undertaken professionally, in accordance with the Defence Act
and relevant regulations.

Nyambuya said: "We appreciate your effort to try and re-establish
contact with the officer. As you correctly pointed out, he is absent from
duty without leave and it is neither in his interest nor that of the Army
that he remains absent."

He said in terms of military regulations he was required to recommend
cancellation of Chuma's commission should he remain absent for a period of
90 days.

Nyambuya said for as long as Chuma remains absent without leave, he
was committing a crime and it was the army's submission that the higher
obligation of a lawyer in Madya's position in such circumstances, was
towards bringing an end to the commission of crime.

In the late 1980s, Captain Nleya of the army went missing and was
later found dead.
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The Scotsman

Gaddafi grabs solo spotlight at summit for unity

Fred Bridgland in Durban

MUAMMAR AL-GADDAFI made sure he was the main attraction yesterday as
African leaders assembled for one of the most significant gatherings in the
continent's modern history.

The Libyan strongman flew in with three giant Antonov transport
planes, out of which rolled 60 armour-plated limousines that then headed off
to parade through the South African port of Durban. Local officials clipped
the maverick dictator's wings, however, banning his cars, worth millions of
pounds, from the city's streets.

Mr Gaddafi's huge security team clashed verbally on the tarmac with
their South African counterparts, who confiscated the Libyans' weapons and
said that, although the cars could not be impounded because of diplomatic
protocol, only one could leave the airport.

A South African spokesman said individual security arrangements by
visiting heads of state were unnecessary. South Africa would handle security
and no delegation would be permitted to take weapons beyond the airport.

Mr Gaddafi plans to drive with 59 of his cars the thousands of miles
from Durban to Tripoli. The 60th, an armoured Mercedes stretched limousine,
is a gift to South Africa's president, Thabo Mbeki.

The Libyan grandstanding was an effort to steal the thunder of the
South African president, Thabo Mbeki, who will preside over three days of
talks, starting in Durban today, at which more than 50 African heads of
state will bury the Organisation of African Union (OAU), which for nearly 40
years has been the continent's main pan-African forum.

It will be officially replaced this week by African Union (AU), a body
modelled on the European Union.

Mr Gaddafi is resentful of Mr Mbeki's campaign to become the first
chairman of the AU, and for it to have a permanent base in South Africa.
Instead, Mr Gaddafi wants the chairmanship for himself and for the HQ to be
in his capital, Tripoli. He has already allegedly bribed several heads of
state to vote for him, including Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe, who faces a
massive campaign of protests against him in Durban.

Demonstrators will include human rights activists, homosexual and
lesbian militants, farmers supporting Zimbabwe's white commercial farmers
who are facing a brutal crackdown, and members of the country's opposition.

If Mr Gaddafi wins, it will be a disastrous and probably fatal start
for the AU, the objectives of which include the promotion of democracy and
economic transparency and the exclusion of leaders who came to power by

Zambia's president, Luke Mwanawasa, said he would urge fellow heads of
state to vote for Mr Gaddafi as AU leader and Tripoli as the organisation's
HQ. "Libya is one of the richest countries in Africa," he said. "Libya must
be encouraged to play a very pivotal role in the AU's work."

Mr Mwanawasa was recently given nearly 2 million by Mr Gaddafi to
catch up with Zambia's debts to the OAU. At least ten other countries are
known to have received similar payments from Libya.

Around the Mbeki-Gaddafi struggle, a number, perhaps a majority, of
Africa's leaders will attempt to make sure the AU is launched as a potent
force for the late-realised values of a new Africa - peace, democracy, human
rights, good governance and escape from poverty. Cynics say the AU will be a
paper tiger. The metaphor may be apt because, on paper at least, the AU will
be a ferocious beast.

The OAU prided itself mainly on decolonising Africa, but said nothing
about democracy, human rights and other individual freedoms. Instead it
placed heavy emphasis on absolute national sovereignty and non-interference
in the affairs of member states. In effect, this meant: 'Leave me to run my
own country and I will do the same for you.'

For most of its history, the OAU's leaders closed ranks to keep
democracy and human rights at bay. It is why Uganda's president, Yoweri
Museveni, also in Durban, once called it "a trade union of dictators, whom
you were supposed to accept because they hid under the cloak of

When the talking begins, the leaders will attempt to establish at
least 17 pan-African institutions, including an African Union parliament, a
court of justice, an economic community, a bank, a stand-by military force
and a security council.

"This transformation to new ideals will be far from smooth," said
Francis Kornegay, head of the Centre for Africa' s International Relations
at Witwatersrand University. "Our continent's history tells us it will be a
protracted struggle. A whole culture has to be changed, but at least this
will be a start."
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Mugabe arrives in SA for summit

Durban - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe arrived in South Africa on
Sunday for a summit to launch the African Union, witnesses said.

He landed at Durban Airport and was whisked away amid tight security. He
joined some 20 other heads of state in the Indian Ocean city ahead of a
summit starting on Monday to wind down the Organisation of African Unity and
launch the African Union.

President Thabo Mbeki and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo - mandated by
the Commonwealth to mediate in Zimbabwe's political crisis - were due to
hold talks with the Zimbabwean leader on the situation in his country.

Earlier on Sunday, African leaders agreed by consensus on a peer review
mechanism, under which leaders such as Mugabe could be held to account for
economic and political governance in their countries.

Mugabe retained the presidency after controversial elections described as
daylight robbery by opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai. International
observer groups, including the Commonwealth, said the polls were deeply
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AIDS epidemic ravages survival chances of worst-hit countries

The world's biggest AIDS conference was getting under way in Spain amid
evidence that some African states are being so ravaged by the disease that
they face an uphill battle to survive.

Around 15,000 doctors, researchers and activists from around the world
gathered in Barcelona, holding council on a war that is now entering its
third decade and has seen many defeats and few victories.

New research by the US Census Bureau, released just before the opening
ceremonies, showed that seven countries in sub-Saharan countries now have
life expectancies of less than 40 years of age.

In Botswana, where 38.8 per cent of the adult population has the human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV), life expectancy is only 39 years, compared
with 72 years if it were not for AIDS.

"The AIDS pandemic is dramatically changing the demographic makeup of
African countries," said Karen Stanecki, the author of the report.

"Unfortunately, many African countries are only beginning to see the impact
of these high levels of HIV prevalence."

The study found that five countries - Botswana, Mozambique, Lesotho,
Swaziland and South Africa - will experience negative population growth by
2010, meaning that more people will die than babies are born.

Population growth in Zimbabwe and Namibia will be close to zero, it warned.

The head of the UN's specialised AIDS agency said that AIDS-ravaged
countries faced the risk of turmoil, given the stress to their economy and
social fabric.

"If one-third of your adult population, including the professionals, die
within a decade or so, that means an implosion of society. When you have
millions of orphans growing up in an environment without families, you have
what I would call desocialised youth," UNAIDS executive director Peter Piot

"You are definitely going into very unstable states, where people are

UNAIDS last week estimated that in just over 20 years, 20 million people
have died of AIDS and the disease could reap three times that harvest in the
next two decades unless a major rescue effort is launched in poor countries.

Forty million people have HIV, 70 per cent of them in sub-Saharan Africa,
but the former Soviet Union and parts of Asia, particularly China, are also
big risk areas, it said.

The Barcelona conference is expected to throw up fresh data about the quest
for an AIDS vaccine and new treatments that will control the virus, but not
eliminate it from the body.

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Zimpapers suspended from Harare exchange
According to the Business Day, the Zimbabwean state-run newspaper chain has been suspended from the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange. This occurred as a result of the company contravening regulations and going against some of the provisions of the Companies Act. The company failed to publish financial results for the year ended December 2001 and it also failed to hold an annual general meeting. The stock exchange was left with no option but to suspend the company
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MDC lobbies AU leaders to 'save' Zimbabwe

July 07 2002 at 08:43PM

By Sipho Khumalo

Famine-stricken Zimbabwe is set to be in the spotlight during the launch of the African Union in Durban as the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), on Tuesday launches a high-profile "Save Zimbabwe" campaign.

Aimed at highlighting the plight of Zimbabweans, the campaign will see opposition leaders lobbying heads of state who are gathered in Durban for the African Union summit to put pressure on Zimbabwe to end human rights violations.

MDC chairperson Isaac Matongo said although they were not in South Africa to campaign for the exclusion of Zimbabwe like the delegates from Swaziland and Madagascar, they believed the AU should target Zimbabwe when enforcing its peer review mechanisms.

He said Zimbabwe should be pressured to reconsider conducting elections because the March 2002 elections were "defrauded".

"There are still no go areas where the opposition is refused the right to campaign or open structures. Farm workers are being displaced and rendered landless and farming has been criminalised while a population of about six million is starving," said Matongo.

MDC secretary for International Affairs, Sekai Holland, said the MDC was pinning its hopes on the Commonwealth initiatives led by Australian Prime Minister John Howard, President Thabo Mbeki and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo.

The Save Zimbabwe campaign will be launched to the media on Tuesday.

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