The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

Back to Index

Back to the Top
Back to Index

UN website

Secretary-General appoints special envoy to review Zimbabwe's housing
20 June 2005 - United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan has appointed the
chief of the UN programme on sustainable housing, Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka,
to represent him in reviewing the humanitarian aspects of the Zimbabwean
Government's eviction of illegal dwellers and informal traders, Mr. Annan's
spokesman said today.

"President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe has agreed that the Special Envoy of
the Secretary-General should visit the country as soon as possible to study
the scope of the recent eviction of illegal dwellers, informal traders and
squatters, and the humanitarian impact it has had on the affected
population," Stephane Dujarric told journalists at the UN Headquarters'
daily briefing.

The Executive Director of the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT),
Mrs. Tibaijuka, will visit Zimbabwe shortly and will report on the
situation, he said.

Earlier this month, Miloon Kothari, who is the Commission on Human Rights'
Special Rapporteur on the right to adequate housing, reminded the Zimbabwean
authorities of their obligations under the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural rights, which the country ratified in 1991 and
which bars such evictions unless strict conditions are met.

One of the conditions is that "evictions should never result in rendering
individuals homeless or vulnerable to the violations of other human rights.
Governments must therefore ensure that adequate alternative housing or
resettlement is available for all those affected before executing an
eviction order," he said, asking the Zimbabwean Government for an urgent
reply to his appeal.
Back to the Top
Back to Index


Zimbabweans stranded as fuel shortage bites

Monday, June 20, 2005; Posted: 10:31 a.m. EDT (14:31 GMT)

 HARARE, Zimbabwe (Reuters) -- Thousands of Zimbabweans were stranded on
Monday in the country's worst transportation crisis in years after fuel
shortages halted cars, buses and trucks and police impounded unroadworthy
"We are now spending more time in transport queues than at work or with our
families. This is not much of a life," said a Harare resident, who
identified himself only as Solomon, as he waited for transport to the
outskirts of the capital.

The southern African country has suffered erratic fuel supplies for five
years, but transportation woes worsened after police removed hundreds of
buses last week in a clampdown on vehicles deemed unsafe.

Commuters in Harare milled around transport terminals on Monday, fighting
for places on the few buses still running.

Some people have already resorted to walking to and from work, up to a 15 km
(9 miles) roundtrip, to save on transportation costs which have more than
doubled over the past month alone and now eat up a third of the average
industrial worker's paycheck.

On Monday the official Herald newspaper said a survey showed most garages
had run out of petrol and diesel at the weekend, with some having last
received supplies over a week ago.

Reports say the situation is equally bad in other major cities including
Bulawayo and Gweru, where most commuters are walking or cycling to work.

Government and industry officials were not immediately reachable for

Zimbabweans also face acute shortages of food, unemployment of over 70
percent and one of the world's highest rates of inflation amid a crisis that
critics blame on economic mismanagement and political repression by Mugabe's

The government accuses local and foreign opponents of sabotaging Zimbabwe's
economy to punish it for seizing white-owned commercial farms for landless

The government has repeatedly said it is working to address the fuel crunch,
but has not spelt out exactly how.

Government officials blame the current squeeze partly on hoarding by some
industry players who re-sell at exorbitant prices on the black market.

With both petrol and diesel selling at a retail price of about Z$3,600
($0.36) a liter, far below levels in neighboring countries, authorities say
some dealers are illegally exporting fuel for resale at higher prices
outside Zimbabwe.

Last week Energy and Power Development Minister Michael Nyambuya told state
media the government would introduce a draft bill in parliament to regulate
the oil industry.

The crackdown on unsafe vehicles is part of a police blitz which has seen
thousands of illegal business and residential structures demolished.

Transport operators also say foreign currency shortages have hampered their
ability to import vehicle parts for repairs, taking even more cars off the
Back to the Top
Back to Index


Mugabe eyeing posh suburbs in blitz - reports
          June 20 2005 at 09:46AM

      Harare - Police in Zimbabwe say they are taking their controversial
clean-up campaign to the prosperous suburbs of the capital, where they will
target "illegal property developments" and houses that have been turned into
offices, the state-run Herald newspaper said on Monday.

      Police spokesperson Whisper Bondayi said: "We can not stand aside
while people run out of accommodation when houses are being turned into

      He confirmed that Operation Restore Order, which has made tens of
thousands of people homeless in Harare's poorest suburbs, will now move to
the better-off northern suburbs of the capital.

      President Robert Mugabe's government says the operation, which has
seen the demolition of shacks and market stalls, is an attempt to restore
"order" to cities.


      But the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) claims it
is a calculated attempt to punish its supporters, who live mainly in urban

      Police on Sunday bulldozed grocery shops, hair salons and
out-buildings in Harare's satellite town of Chitungwiza, the Herald

      Churches in Zimbabwe have condemned the police action which has left
many Zimbabweans without shelter in the coldest part of the year.

      The Zimbabwe Catholic Bishops Conference (ZCBC) said in a statement
Sunday that the action was "cruel" and "inhumane".

      Two office blocks were meanwhile reported closed by police in Harare's
central business district this weekend.

      Leslie Gwindi, a spokesperson for the city council, said the buildings
were "overcrowded, filthy and unhygienic," the Herald said. - Sapa-dpa
Back to the Top
Back to Index

20 June 2005

President Tsvangirai's message to the people of Zimbabwe on hardships
arising from a deepening fuel crisis.

For the past year the country has suffered from continuous shortages of
liquid fuels. This situation is now completely out of control and threatens
to paralyze the whole country. Workers are unable to get to and from work;
transporters are unable to move goods inside the country or exporters to
transport their exports to customers in the region.

Despite assurances from the Reserve Bank and the Minister responsible for
Energy, no relief is in sight and no solutions are apparently available to
the State. It is now quite clear those recent purchases of arms and aircraft
from various foreign suppliers has in fact drained the coffers of the
Reserve Bank so that no foreign exchange is available to essential supplies
such as fuel. It is also clear that over optimistic forecasts of likely
foreign exchange inflows in 2005 have exacerbated the situation.

Five years ago Zimbabwe was using five million litres of liquid fuels a
day - 70 percent of it diesel. Even if we assume that present consumption
has declined to three million litres a day, at present fuel prices in global
markets the cost at source will be close to US$1 million a day. The landed
cost of such fuel would be of the order of Z$13 000 per litre before
distribution costs.

Together with the likely cost of food imports this year - now expected to
exceed US$800 million, this puts Zimbabwe's total import requirements for
food and fuel at well over US$1,1 billion. This is what we are expected to
earn in the whole of 2005 from ordinary exports, leaving nothing for all
other essential imports.

It is clear that even if the additional sources from food aid and
remittances from abroad are included in the estimate of foreign exchange
resources that Zimbabwe has now reached the point where it can no longer
provide adequate resources for all essential imports - a position made very
much worse by the importation of over US$600 million in arms and aircraft.

The only way out of this situation is political. The Zanu PF led regime must
acknowledge its failure and start the process that will allow Zimbabwe to
eventually take its place in the community of nations and put the economy on
the road to recovery.

The Movement for Democratic Change stands ready to help in such an
initiative. We believe we have the key to a lasting solution through
principled engagement that focuses on our national interest. We can work
together on a range of options to enable Zimbabweans to have a new beginning
that assures the nation of adequate food, jobs and prosperity.

The so-called clean up campaign is a diversionary ruse to steer the people's
attention away from the grim reality on the ground. The country is now on
its knees and cannot withstand any further battering.

We are on record for counselling against the continued perpetuation of the
Zimbabwe crisis through flawed electoral processes and self-deceit. The
crisis requires sensitive political management, a patriotic analysis and
insightful leadership beyond political parties and individuals.

We have been thrust into a mess that requires all stakeholders in this
country to tackle, without bias, vengeance and political emotions. We must
think deeper at the implications of our actions. I still maintain the same
old message: I am still holding out that olive branch.

An opportunity for a rapid turnaround of our fortunes is still possible.
Zimbabwe requires a soft landing. May I call, once again, for a search for a
political solution before it is too late? There is no other way out of the

The harsh reality around us can never disappear unless we all put our heads
together. Thousands have been displaced internally and are without food and
support. Nearly everybody, except the ruling elite, is exposed to fuel and
power shortages and is being forced to live with hungry children and food
shortages, a runaway HIV/Aids pandemic, collapsing infrastructure,
unmanageable unemployment and a dying economy.

To the people of Zimbabwe, I am aware of what you have had to endure to
reach this stage. I recognize the significant strides you are making every
day, in spite of the personal challenges you deal with. Let us continue to
organize, debate the future and resist the tyranny. We are putting final
touches to a programme that seeks to end this clutter once and for all. I
shall be with you all the way.

A new beginning, a new Zimbabwe is the only possible source of comfort, food
and jobs.

Morgan Tsvangirai
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Online

Zimbabwe dry, fuel expected in two weeks
Tue 21 June 2005

      HARARE - Virtually every garage in Harare was by end of day yesterday
without fuel or selling its last stocks of diesel or petrol as an acute fuel
crisis gripping Zimbabwe for the last five years reached peaked.

      Even filling stations owned by the state's Central Mechanical
Department (CMED) that supply Cabinet ministers and government departments
with fuel were without the commodity yesterday.

      A senior Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) official, who cannot be named,
told ZimOnline yesterday that the crisis-sapped nation will get bulk
supplies of fuel only after two weeks because of "foreign currency

      "Because of foreign currency shortages facing the country, we are
expecting to receive bulk fuel at the earliest in about two weeks time,"
said the RBZ official.

      The central bank is tasked with raising scarce hard cash to pay
foreign suppliers of fuel, food, electricity and other basic survival
commodities in critical short supply since a foreign currency crisis that
began when the International Monetary Fund withdrew assistance to President
Robert Mugabe and his government six years ago.

      Both the chairman of the Petroleum Marketers Association of Zimbabwe,
Gordon Musariri, and Ministry of Energy permanent secretary Justin
Mupamhanga refused to comment on the fuel crisis or to say when the next
supplies were expected in the country.

      "I am not in a position to comment on the availability of fuel in the
country. I do not want to say anything about that talk (issue)," said
Musariri, whose association brings together private oil importing firms.

      Mupamhanga said: "I cannot say anything on that (fuel shortage or
availability), we made an announcement on Friday, and so I will not say
anything further than that."

      He was referring to last week's announcement by Energy Minister Mike
Nyambuya that the government would soon introduce new legislation to
regulate the petroleum industry. The statement did not say what the
government was doing to end the worsening fuel woes.

      The government often blames private oil companies of worsening the
fuel crisis by offloading fuel onto the black market. The companies deny the

      In a snap survey in the capital, ZimOnline reporters saw thousands of
commuters stranded at transport terminals as an ongoing police campaign to
seize all unroadworthy vehicles worsened the transport situation in the
country. By 6 pm, some workers, hopeless about ever getting transport, had
begun trekking back to the low-income suburbs in the west of the capital and
to the dormitory town of Chitungwiza about 23 km south-east of Harare.

      The situation was worse in Bulawayo and smaller cities such as Gweru,
Kwekwe, Mutare and Chinhoyi where workers and school children started
walking to work or school since last Monday.

      "I will get home at around 11 pm," a grim-faced Joseph Maromo said, as
he exited Harare city centre along Julius Nyerere Way that leads into the
highway to Chitungwiza.

      He added: "I will immediately retire to bed after supper and hopefully
I can get up to three or four hours of rest before waking up to start the
walk back to work - unless if something changes tonight and there is fuel by
tomorrow morning."

      As Maromo and other commuters, who use the public transport system,
began the long walk home some, motorists in Harare prepared to spend the
night in the queue waiting for fuel at the few garages where deliveries were

      At Royal Fuel in Letombo Park suburb in the east of the capital, the
queue was by 8 in the evening, about six kilometers long. And more desperate
drivers were still coming to join up the queue.

      An accountant with a supermarket chain in the capital, Robson
Gararimo, said he had asked his manager to excuse him if does not report to
work on time or never at all tomorrow because he was going to sleep in the
queue and remain there until he gets the precious liquid.

      "There is no choice," Gararimo said, adding, "my tank is empty, the
little fuel I have is enough to move only to the fuel pumps - not to hop
around from garage to garage or to drive back to work or home."

      At the CMED garage along Kwame Nkrumah Avenue, just across Mugabe's
offices, there was a long winding queue late last night of government
vehicles waiting to fill up.

      The fuel crisis vividly illustrates Zimbabwe's severe economic and
political crisis analysts blame on Mugabe's mismanagement of what was once
one of Africa's most vibrant economies and the ageing President's repressive
policies that have estranged Harare from the international community.

      Inflation, which hit a record 622.8 percent in January 2004, is now
pegged at 144.4 percent and remains one of the highest such rates in the
world. An estimated four million Zimbabweans face starvation this year
unless international donors chip in with food aid.

      Erratic rains contributed to poor harvests but agriculture experts say
Mugabe's chaotic and violent seizure of productive white farms and
parcelling them out to landless blacks is largely to blame for the about 60
percent drop in food output.

      Mugabe denies mismanaging Zimbabwe's economy and blames the economic
crisis on sabotage by Western governments opposed to his land reforms. He
insists his government shall go it alone and revive the economy without
outside help. But he does not say exactly how he will achieve this. -

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Online

Zimbabwe turns against farm settlers
Tue 21 June 2005
  HARARE - Zimbabwe intelligence minister Didymus Mutasa last night told
ZimOnline the government was compiling lists of former white farms from
where "illegal settlers" will be evicted as the government widens its
controversial clean-up campaign beyond urban areas.
      Mutasa, who is in charge of land reform, said the police had already
evicted 50 families from Lowdale farm in Mazowe district adding that more
black families regardless of political affiliation will be thrown out of
farms in the coming days if they did not have documentation to prove they
were settled there by the government.

      "Yes, farms are our next target. Responsible government departments
are drawing up lists of people to be removed and the farms that we will
target. We are not looking at party affiliation. Even if they voted for ZANU
PF (ruling party), they will still be removed if they don't have the
necessary documentation supporting their stay," Mutasa said.

      All the black families on former white farms were either settled there
or openly encouraged by the government to occupy the farms. They will no
doubt see the planned removals as the ultimate betrayal by the government
that even provided them with free transport to white farms at the height of
land seizures five years ago.

      As Mutasa spoke, armed police pressed on with the clean-up campaign
condemned by the United Nations, United States, European Union, Zimbabwean
church and human rights groups as a gross violation of poor people's rights.

      In Harare, Mutare and Gweru cities, armed police raided business
offices quizzing occupants about the nature of their operations and whether
they were licensed to operate from the various premises.

      Several hundred small businesses in Harare's posh northern suburbs
were ordered to shut down because they were operating in residential areas
and police spokesman Whisper Bondayi told the Press that more such
businesses would be forcibly closed down in the week.

      "We cannot stand aside and look while people run out of accommodation
when houses are being turned into offices," said Bondayi.

      In Zimbabwe's third most populous city of Chitungwiza, residents
watched in horror as police used bulldozers to pull down toilets built
outside houses because they believed they were illegal structures.

      They only stopped after city council officials informed them that
toilets at houses in some sections of the sprawling city were built as
detachments outside the houses.

      But for many residents, the police realised their mistake too late as
raw sewage from pipes burst by bulldozers flowed into houses posing a
serious health hazard for the families.

      There were also unconfirmed reports in Chitungwiza last night that a
child left by its mother sleeping in one of the illegal makeshift homes in
Chitungwiza's St Mary's suburb was crushed to death when a bulldozer pulled
down the shack.

      At the weekend, police also extended the highly unpopular clean-up
campaign to rural areas demolishing "illegal structures" at rural business
centres in Headlands, 135 km east of Harare and Chivhu, 100 km south of the

      More than 22 000 people have been arrested mostly for selling goods
without licence while close to a million people have been left homeless in a
campaign the government says is meant to restore law and order to restore
the beauty of cities and towns. - ZimOnline

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Online

Former minister's trial chews Z$100.8 million
Tue 21 June 2005
  HARARE - The cash-strapped Zimbabwe government has so far blown about
Z$100.8 million in foreign currency during the trial of former finance
minister Chris Kuruneri who is facing charges of externalising huge amounts
of foreign currency outside the country.
      The government blew a whopping R19 800 (about Z$27 057 049) after it
paid R1 800 to each of the 11 witnesses who testified against the former

      Apart from the R1 800 paid as a flat rate for loss of income to each
of the 11 when they were in Harare, the state also footed the costs of
flying the witnesses from South Africa to Zimbabwe and paid for their hotel
bills while in the country.

      In Harare, the witnesses were accommodated at the five-star Holiday
Inn hotel at a cost of R642 per night. All in all, the government used about
R73 836 (about Z$100 898 195) to cater for the witnesses.

      Zimbabwe is going through a severe five-year economic crisis blamed on
President Robert Mugabe's policies which has seen the country fail to import
essentials such as electricity, fuel, medical drugs and food-stuffs due to
lack of foreign currency.

      While the government was pumping in critical foreign currency to prop
up the trial, Reserve Bank governor Gideon Gono all but exonerated Kuruneri
when he told the court that the former finance minister had helped avert a
"crisis which could have plunged the country into chaos".

      Kuruneri was arrested last year in April on allegations of siphoning
huge amounts of foreign currency outside the country where he allegedly
bought luxury properties. He is denying the charge.

      The former minister has already been convicted on a lesser charge of
violating Zimbabwe's citizenship law after he was found in possession of a
Canadian passport in contravention of the country's laws which outlaw dual
citizenship. - ZimOnline

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Online

MDC calls on New Zealand to boycott cricket tour
Tue 21 June 2005
  HARARE - Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
party has urged New Zealand's cricket team to boycott a tour of Zimbabwe
scheduled for August on moral grounds.
      MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube at the weekend urged the Black
Caps to stay away from Zimbabwe to protest President Robert Mugabe's
"clean-up" crackdown that has left over a million people in urban areas

      New Zealand are scheduled to play two Tests before getting involved in
a triangular one-day international series, also involving India, when they
visit Zimbabwe in August.

      Ncube, who described the clean-up campaign as a catastrophe, said
sportsmen should not simply ignore what was happening in the country.

      "The only way to show that they (New Zealand) do not support the chaos
and the wickedness that is going on in Zimbabwe is for them to stay away,"
Ncube said.

      The MDC secretary general hopes a snub of the tour by New Zealand
might put pressure on Mugabe, whose blotted human rights record has reduced
Zimbabwe into a pariah nation.

      "It is a moral choice. The grave suffering is managed by a group of
individuals who are running a criminal state to enrich themselves and to
continue to oppress others," he said.

      "They should make that moral choice that they will not do anything
which might be remotely conceived as supporting the regime."

      Mugabe is the patron of Zimbabwe Cricket and his State House is a
stone's throw away from the country's main cricket venue, the Harare Sports

      However, Ncube said the MDC will not specifically lobby New Zealand
because it believes the cricketers can easily find out just how harsh
Zimbabwe's regime is. "Everything they need to know is on television," he

      The MDC accuses Mugabe of unleashing the crackdown in urban areas to
punish its supporters for rejecting the ruling ZANU PF party in last March's
parliamentary election. Mugabe denies the charge and insists the "clean-up"
is necessary to restore the beauty and cleanliness of cities and towns.

      New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark and other politicians have
urged the country's cricketers to snub the Zimbabwe tour over Mugabe's human
rights record.

      New Zealand however risk heavy punishment from the International
Cricket Council if they boycott the tour. - ZimOnline

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Online

Crackdown women protesters granted bail
Tue 21 June 2005
  BULAWAYO - Thirty members of the Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA) protest
group who were arrested at the weekend for protesting against the crackdown
against shack dwellers and informal traders were released on bail yesterday.
      A member of the group told magistrate Kholwani Mangena that she was
tortured by the police after she refused to divulge the source of the
organisation's funding. The court promised to probe the allegation.

      The women were arrested last Saturday for demonstrating against a
government crackdown in urban areas which has seen over 22 000 arrested and
a million left homeless after their illegal shacks were razed to the ground
in a campaign the government says is necessary to restore the beauty of
towns and cities.

      But Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change party
insists that the government is carrying out the clean up campaign to punish
its supporters in urban areas for rejecting the ruling ZANU PF party in last
March's election.

      Under the government's harsh Public Order and Security Act (POSA), it
is an offence to demonstrate without first seeking clearance from the
police. - ZimOnline

Back to the Top
Back to Index

City's Transport Woes Worsen

The Herald (Harare)

June 20, 2005
Posted to the web June 20, 2005


THE transport crisis resulting from fuel shortages, worsened in Harare over
the weekend with some residents resorting to walking long distances to and
from work.

Surveys conducted by The Herald yesterday showed that most filling stations
did not have supplies of both petrol and diesel with some filling station
owners saying they last received supplies at the beginning of last week.

Long winding queues could be seen at several filling stations even though
there were no supplies.

The Ministry of Energy and Power Development said last week it had come up
with short and long-term measures aimed at ensuring adequate supply of fuel
and electricity in the country.

Energy and Power Development Minister Retired Lieutenant-General Michael
Nyambuya told journalists last Friday that in the short term the ministry
would present to Parliament the Petroleum Bill, which sought to regulate the
activities of the oil industry.

In addition, he said stringent measures would be enforced on companies
involved with the oil industry.

"This will entail companies being required to pay for annual renewal
licences, which renewals will be largely dependent on performance, which
will incorporate non-corrupt practices.

"Law enforcement agents have also been asked to redouble their efforts to
stop those purchasing fuel in this country for re-sale in neighbouring
countries," said Rtd Lt-Gen Nyambuya.

Commuter omnibus operators withdrew from their routes at the weekend as they
joined queues at the few service stations that had the scarce commodity.

"We have gone for almost two weeks without fuel and the situation is just
bad at the moment.

"We are wondering how the children would go to school this coming week,"
said a Harare motorist, Ms Taurai Mhurushomana.

On routes like City-Chitungwiza pick-up trucks had become one of the most
consistent mode of transport for desperate commuters.

Taking advantage of the fuel crisis the few commuter omnibus operators with
fuel plying routes like City-Budiriro, City-Epworth and City-Glen Norah were
splitting the routes.

To get to Budiriro, a commuter had to fork out at least $20 000, $5 000 from
town to Rothmans, another $5 000 from Rothmans to Machipisa and then another
$5 000 from there to Budiriro.

Ms Zvidzai Muzivi, who spoke to The Herald, expressed disappointment at the
behaviour of commuter omnibus operators who were dividing a single trip into
three and neglecting their original routes.

"It is better for the Government to withdraw these operators' permits as
they are not serving their purpose. Where are they getting the fuel for this
pick and drop jumble? They are criminals," she said.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Chinese to Build Chrome Plant

The Herald (Harare)

June 20, 2005
Posted to the web June 20, 2005


A CONSORTIUM of Chinese businesspeople is set to construct a
multi-billion-dollar high-carbon ferrochrome smelting plant in Selous, about
80km west of Harare.

The project, which has already received the blessings of the Export
Processing Zones Authority (EPZA), is expected to be complete by 2008,
according to sources.

The smelter will be opened in phases and is expected to create more that 500
jobs while generating the much-needed foreign currency.

EPZA chief executive Mr Walter Chidakwa confirmed the project, but declined
to give details citing confidentiality.

He said it was outside his power to disclose the company's operational plans
saying he would only comment when given permission to do so.

"We can only give figures to the Press on the number of projects which we
would have approved but it is outside our jurisdiction to disclose
information on the profiles of companies," said Mr Chidakwa in an interview
with Herald Business last week.

However, sources confirmed the company had already been granted a licence
and was registered with the Registrar of Companies.

And, most important of all, the company had secured substantial chrome ore
reserves in Mutorashanga and Shurugwi.

"Construction of basic infrastructure such as electricity and road networks
are already underway and the company is likely to become one of the biggest
ferrochrome processors in the country," said Mr Chidakwa.

"It is expected to create more than 500 jobs for the people of Chegutu,
Selous and Norton," he said.

As an incentive, the company would be granted a five-year tax holiday. It
would also be allowed to bring in outside technical expertise for the
construction of the furnaces.

The company is expected to enjoy the fruits of a resurgent growth in the
world stainless steel sector, which is expected to create a ferrochrome
supply imbalance.

In 2003, the industry registered a 10 percent growth, thanks mainly to the
strong recovery in the global ferrochrome prices from the slump of the
1990s, and the surge is likely to be sustained for the next four years.

Charge chrome, the most popular grade, was fetching between US$0,68 and
US$0,69 a pound on European markets and between US$0,72 and US$0,73 a pound
in the United States.

Zimbabwe's mining sector has remained lucrative, acting as a magnet for
multinational mining conglomerates into an industry were vast resources of
platinum and diamond have been discovered.

Zimbabwe has the largest undeveloped near surface platinum reserves in the
world of around 165 million ounces along the Great Dyke region-while Murowa
Diamond in the Midlands has a 14,5 million carat reserve which is equal to
South Africa's annual production.

No wonder foreign mining firms are falling over each other to invest in
Zimbabwe's mining industry, which has huge potential for growth and capacity
to generate billions in foreign currency.

Mining experts have also classified Zimbabwe among the top six African
countries where mining investments are considered safe and secure.
Back to the Top
Back to Index


MDC plans resistance against govt's clean-up drive

June 20, 2005, 18:45

Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) says they
are planning to resist government's "Operation Restore Order". The country's
authorities have launched a fresh clean-up campaign aimed at restoring order
in Harare.

Last month the Zanu(PF)-led government started demolishing shacks and
informal market stalls in an attempt to restore order in the capital.

The MDC believes the campaign is aimed at purging Harare of poor people and
trying to make them disappear. Speaking in Johannesburg today, Paul Thembi
Nyati, the MDC secretary of information, said hundreds of thousands of
people have been left homeless as a result of the campaign and the Southern
African Developing Community (SADC) and the continent can no longer pay lip

Talks of broader alliance
Nyati says the party is in talks with a broader alliance to resist what it
calls a "tyranny." He says while they would appreciate any form of
assistance and mediation from the international community, the MDC would not
be interested in South Africa playing any kind of mediation role since the
country is biased towards the Zanu(PF) government.

Bella Matambanadzo, a programme manager of the Open Society Initiative for
Southern Africa, meanwhile alleges that youth militias have been incoporated
in Zimbabwe's police to carry out what she calls "acts of brutality.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Mail and Guardian

      Zim's demolition blitz traumatises residents

      Matebello Motloung | Johannesburg, South Africa

      20 June 2005 04:50

            Twenty-five years after the struggle against white minority
rule, Zimbabweans are experiencing fresh trauma at the hands of the present
government, said Paul Nyathi, spokesperson for the country's Movement for
Democratic Change
            (MDC), on Monday.

            Nyathi was addressing a meeting of the Zimbabwe Solidarity Forum
in Johannesburg, organised by the Centre for the Study of Violence and

            "Wherever we go, people ask what is wrong with the people of
Zimbabwe? Why do they take such tyranny? Why are they so docile?" said

            "Then I have to go back to our history where Zimbabwean people
invested 100 years in the struggle. Twenty-five [years] later, there's
trauma in the minds of the people of Zimbabwe. They still can't understand
how a government they voted into power could behave in such a matter."

            Nyathi was referring to the Zimbabwean government's demolition
of informal settlements.

            These "clean-up" operations were launched last month in both
rural and urban areas.

            A 12-minute documentary shown at the meeting depicted homes in
Bulawayo, Hatcliff Extension and other settlements being demolished and
families being left to seek shelter under trees and in dense bushes.

            "Initially police did destroy people's houses but now they tell
them to do it for themselves," said Bella Matambanadzo, a Zimbabwean
political activist.

            She said the police, some of them suspected to be youths from
militia groups, had instilled so much fear that residents often opted to
destroy their homes themselves.

            The video compiled by the Solidarity Peace Trust also featured a
young mother guarding her meagre belongings in the bushes nursing her
three-week old infant.

            Small businesses such as cellphone and tuck shops have been
destroyed, depriving residents of access to food and other services.

            "It's bad. It [the removals] has affected my mind, everything.
I'm like a non-starter now," commented one man in the footage taken in

            An estimated one-million people have been left homeless since
the launch of the clean-up operations, which include Operation
Marumbatsivila which literally means "to refuse the things that are dirty,"
Matambanadzo said.

            She said women have born the brunt of the campaign.

            The MDC was also heavily criticised by delegates for their
absence during confrontations between residents and the police, and for
their lack of a comprehensive strategy in dealing with the Zimbabwean

            Nyathi responded to the accusations -- saying the MDC was
working with the broader opposition alliance. However, going into details
posed security risks.

            He urged South Africans to put pressure on their government to
take a firmer stance on Zimbabwe, saying it was the region's common humanity
that was being attacked. -Sapa

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Sunday Times, SA

Squatters forced to destroy homes

Monday June 20, 2005 14:07 - (SA)

Zimbabwean police have told citizens living in informal settlements to
demolish their own homes, a conference in Johannesburg has been told.

"Initially police did destroy people's houses but now they tell them to do
it for themselves. The fuel crisis in Zimbabwe is also forcing people to
carry furniture on their backs," said Bella Matambanadzo, a Zimbabwean
political activist.

She was speaking at a meeting of Zimbabwean and South African political
activists and academics arranged by the Centre for the Study of Violence and
Reconciliation in Braamfontein, Johannesburg, to discuss the Zimbabwean

Matambanadzo said the launch of the government-sponsored operations has
exposed communities to a new type of police force. "We suspect that the
youth from former militia groups have been absorbed into the police force
and this is why they can do what they do," she told delegates, referring to
a 12-minute video shown during the meeting.

It shows Zimbabweans destroying their houses and saving what they can before
fleeing into the bush for shelter. An estimated one million Zimbabweans had
been left homeless since the Zimbabwean government launched its three
operations, among them Operation Marumbatsivila which literally means "to
refuse the things that are dirty," said Matambanadzo.

Among those most affected have been women and children who have been left
with no shelter, no food or any source of income.

Back to the Top
Back to Index


Zim to get tractors from Iran
20/06/2005 20:26  - (SA)

Harare - The Zimbabwe government is to start receiving 400 tractors a month
from Iran following a deal signed between the two countries, state radio
reported on Monday.

The radio said the tractors would be assembled in Harare in order to provide
work for Zimbabweans.

"We are going to be having about 400 tractors-plus (arriving) every month
starting from September," the Ambassador to Iran, Stephen Chiketa said.

He said the machines would be assembled at a factory in Harare "to make sure
we also give jobs to people at home".

Zimbabwe launched a controversial land reform programme five years ago that
has seen the forced takeover of thousands of the country's white-owned
commercial farms for redistribution to new black farmers.

The programme has been undermined by lack of capital and equipment,
including tractors.

Last month the Zimbabwe government, shunned by many Western countries,
announced it would soon receive hundreds of tractors from Belarus.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

San Francisco Chronicle

Zimbabwe's unraveling

Monday, June 20, 2005

A CATASTROPHE is unfolding in Zimbabwe. And a single person is responsible
for causing it: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe.

At one time, Mugabe was hailed as a hero who liberated his country from
white-minority rule. But he has turned into a vicious dictator who is ruling
by fear and manipulating his country's electoral system in order to hold on
to power.

In recent weeks, Mugabe has come up with an insane plan to squash any
opposition to his authoritarian rule. He's launched Operation
Murambatsvina --

which means Drive Out the Trash -- to destroy homes and businesses of the
country's urban poor. Officially, Mugabe says he is simply trying to put an
end to criminal enterprises and trading in black-market currency in shack
settlements. As of last week, Zimbabwean police said they had razed 20,000
shacks and arrested 32,435 people.

Those numbers drastically understate the extent of the tragedy. Zimbabwe
Doctors for Human Rights says up to a million people have been displaced,
many dumped in rural areas without shelter or food.

South African President Thabo Mbeki shares some of the culpability for the
disaster in Zimbabwe, which is situated on South Africa's northern border.
Since Mbeki succeeded Nelson Mandela as president of South Africa six years
ago, Mbeki has refused to confront Mugabe directly and put pressure on
Zimbabwe to embrace a fully democratic course.

Mbeki will attend the G8 meeting in Gleneagles, Scotland, next month. Others
in attendance should put aside political niceties and tell Mbeki without
equivocation that he needs to take much more direct action to help resolve
this out-of-control political and humanitarian crisis.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

MDC challenges election

Clemence Manyukwe
issue date :2005-Jun-21

THE MDC has once again dragged President Robert Mugabe to the High Court
seeking an order to declare that the March 31 2005 parliamentary elections
failed to adhere to the Sadc Principles and Guidelines governing democratic

Zanu PF won 78 against the MDC's 41 seats, with one constituency being
snatched by an independent; the axed junior information minister Jonathan
Moyo, who has since launched vitriolic attacks on his former paymaster for
reportedly attempting to stand in his way to claim the Tsholotsho
President Mugabe is cited as the first respondent in High Court case number
HC 1291/05, while the others are the Delimitation Commission, the Electoral
Supervisory Commission (ESC), the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) and
Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa.
The party is also asking the court to find that provisions of the Public
Order and Security Act (Posa), the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act (Aippa) and the Broadcasting Services Act were in breach of the
regional election guidelines.
Posa  replaced the Law and Order Maintenance Act used during the colonial
era to suppress the black majority, while Aippa was passed in 2002 to govern
the operations of journalists in Zimbabwe at a time the government perceived
journalists as reporting irresponsibly.
Zimbabwe's main opposition political party further claims that some
provisions of the Electoral and the Zec Acts are in violation of Sadc
It is also seeking an order from the High Court to reverse boundaries drawn
by the Delimitation Commission before the elections, which saw among other
constituencies, Mbare West and East, amalgamated. The MDC is also seeking an
order to declare that the elections body did not perform its duties as
prescribed by the Act governing it during the election period.
In his founding affidavit, MDC  leader and former trade unionist Morgan
Tsvangirai, echoed earlier statements he made in 2000 and 2002 that the
electoral playing field tilted heavily in favour of the status quo.
Turn to Page 1

"I respectfully submit that the legislation which has been passed by
government and the violent manner in which the opposition is treated by the
security forces and Zanu PF means that the position in Zimbabwe is a long
way from adhering to the above principles," said Tsvangirai.
The MDC president said the 2005 Delimitation Commission led by Justice
George Chiweshe, now chairperson of ZEC, had no basis to set constituency
boundaries in the manner it did.
The delimitation saw Harare, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South provinces
losing a constituency each, while Mashonaland West andEast and Manicaland
gained one each.
Tsvangirai said: "The Delimitation Commission has seen it fit to reduce the
number of seats in Harare. It had no proper reason to do that. I attach a
table from the national census conducted in August 2002. This shows that
Harare in particular has expanded by a population growth of more than three
times than of any other province. In the period 1992 to 2002, Harare's
population grew by some 424 670 compared to Manicaland's growth of just 29
On access to the State media, Tsvangirai said his party did not have
adequate access due to "high advertising costs".
He argued in court papers that Zanu PF had more access than his party
because of its " massive financial resources".
However, in opposing papers, Chiweshe said ZEC should not have been cited at
all and that the application should be dismissed.
Chiweshe added that some of the things the MDC was questioning in connection
with the work of the elections body were not subject to the direction or
control of anyone, including the courts.
The High Court judge accused the MDC of making bald and unsubstantiated
He added that some of the allegations raised illustrated the MDC's "folly".
The other respondents have not yet filed opposing papers, but Chinamasa is
on record saying the Sadc guidelines were not legally binding.
In opposing papers in a Supreme Court case in which Zimbabweans in the
Diaspora were seeking the highest court on the land to order the government
to allow postal voting, the justice minister said:  "They are not a
protocol. They are not enforceable or amenable to enforcement.
"The Sadc Guidelines and Principles are a political document pegging out for
the region, a roadmap which we must all follow towards a perfect democratic
Southern African leaders, during a summit held in Mauritius in August last
year, adopted the Sadc guidelines.
The guidelines are in line with the organisation's treaty, which commits
member states to "promote common political values, systems and other shared
values which are transmitted through institutions which are democratic,
legitimate and effective".
Some of the principles require impartiality of electoral institutions, full
participation of citizens in the political process, political tolerance,
freedom of association and equal opportunity for all political parties to
access the State media.
MDC lawyer Bryant Elliot of Coghlan, Welsh and Guest yesterday said a date
was yet to be set for the hearing.
Asked why the matter was not taken to the Electoral Court, Elliot replied
that it only heard petitions and not the nature of the application in
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Fuel blues hit commuters

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jun-21

AS the country continues to suffer from the effects of a critical fuel
shortage, thousands of commuters were yesterday stranded in the morning and
evening, waiting for long hours for transport to and from work.
Commuters resorted to using lorries and private cars for transportation,
while omnibus drivers were forced to spend most of their time in fuel
The transport blues resulted in steep rises in fares, with commuters from
Mabvuku and Ruwa paying $10 000 for a trip instead of the gazetted $2 000.
Commuters from Warren Park were paying $5 000 instead of $2 000.
"We are paying fares of anything between $10 000 and $20 000 to travel from
Mabvuku into the city centre and back again. On a day, one now needs $40 000
to remain on the safe side," one commuter said.
The tight surveillance of the private commuter omnibuses by traffic police
in some areas of Harare yesterday also worsened the transport situation,
amid unconfirmed reports that the on-going clean-up would also phase out the
16-seater kombis. However, the omnibus drivers yesterday dismissed the
reports as mere speculation.
"We have heard those reports but we do not believe it is true because
commuter omnibuses are still being registered by the traffic authorities.
"The route permit licences that are being registered have a duration of six
months which makes us sure that there is no phase out," said a commuter
Another commuter omnibus driver at the central bus terminus in Harare - one
of the few terminuses where the revitalised Zupco is yet to completely take
over - said they had heard the rumour but had not yet received any official
communication from the relevant authorities.
Statistics provided by the central bank indicate that fuel companies consume
US$8 million weekly, which translates into nearly a third of the US$22
million that is available for bidding on the auction floors weekly.
On a monthly basis, fuel companies require at least US$32 million to import
an estimated 70 million litres to meet Zimbabwe's fuel requirements.
In the first quarter of this year, the central bank disbursed a total of
US$111 million at an average of about US$28 million per month for fuel
The central bank said US$50.4 million or 45.3 percent of the first quarter
disbursement was allocated to private oil companies through a special
purpose vehicle charged with the responsibility of importing fuel while
Noczim was directly allocated US$55.1 million or 49.6 percent.
The central bank, through the auction system, is responsible for allocating
foreign currency to fuel companies and government fuel procurer that
National Oil Company  of Zimbabwe (Noczim).
The country's continued fuel shortages have had a negative impact on the
transport situation in the country, with the result that most commuter
omnibus drivers have began charging discretionary fares, with areas such as
Budiriro and Mabvuku being the hardest hit.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Zesn seeks new poll accreditation

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jun-21

THE Zimbabwe Election Support Network (Zesn) has called for the
decentralisation of accreditation of election observers to provinces and
subsequently constituencies to enable observers to plan and prepare
The call comes hot on the heels of failure by the civic organisation to send
50 observers they had initially planned to dispatch to observe a by-election
in Mudzi East owing to a belated invitation from the responsible
Through a statement describing as free and fair the just-ended Mudzi East
by-election won by Zanu PF's Christopher Musa against MDC's Bvunzayi Gozi,
the civic grouping said: "The Zesn deployed 11 observers to observe the
election. Zesn had submitted 50 names to the Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs. However, by the time the Minister sent his invitation
it was no longer possible to contact all the observers to come to Harare for
accreditation. As a result Zesn had three mobile teams that managed to cover
almost 70 percent of the polling stations," the statement read in part.
"Zesn proposes that the accreditation of observers be decentralised to
constituency or provincial levels. We further propose that the invitation to
observe elections be done on time to enable local observers to plan and
prepare adequately."
Zesn also reiterated its call for one independent electoral body that runs
and manages elections unlike the current situation where there are at least
four bodies that deal with electoral matters.
These are the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC), Electoral Supervisory
Commission (ESC), Registrar General's Office and the Delimitation
On the Mudzi -by election, the coalition of civic bodies said it was
conducted in a peaceful environment.
"Zesn commends the peaceful and tranquil environment that prevailed during
the conduct of the by-election. Zesn did not witness incidents of violence
or overt intimidation on the polling day itself. Campaign posters of both
candidates were pasted next to each other throughout this vast rural
"The setting up of 90 polling stations which, included 56 tents by the
Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) also helped to reduce congestion at all
polling stations. Zesn observed that voters did not have to travel unusually
long distances to exercise their right to vote," Zesn added.
The by-election was necessitated by the appointment of Ray Kaukonde to the
post of governor for Mashonaland East.
Kaukonde, also the province's chairperson, won the seat in the March 31
The appointment automatically made him an MP and had to relinquish the Mudzi
East seat and pave way for a by-election. Zesn, a grouping of various
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) that deals with election issues,
promotion of democracy and free and fair elections, also commend election
officials who handled the polls.
Musa polled 15 811 votes while Gozi received 2 382. There were 450 spoilt
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Gasela election petition hearing starts today

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jun-21

THE hearing of the first MDC electoral petition in which Renson Gasela is
challenging the victory of Zanu PF's Gweru Rural legislator Josphat Madubeko
is expected to kick-off today at the Bulawayo Electoral Court
Gasela's lawyer, Nicholas Mathonsi said he had spoken to the opposition
party about the need to go ahead with the petition despite a pending
constitutional application in which the MDC is querying the manner in which
Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku appointed the five Electoral Court judges.
"I told David Coltart that it was necessary to continue with this petition
as the courts have to hear the matters within six months. This was brought
about by the confusion surrounding the suspension of the petitions," said
Coltart is the MDC's secretary for legal affairs. But whether the petition
will go ahead before the Supreme Court's decision on the MDC's appeal
remains to be seen.
In the petition, Gasela said Madubeko was not eligible to contest the March
parliamentary elections, because as a headman he was in violation of the
country's laws, which do not permit traditional leaders to contest in
general elections while they are still in office.
Gasela, a former GMB general manager and the MDC's shadow minister for
agriculture, also said voting in the rural constituency was fraught with
irregularities and added that the general environment
was not conducive for a free and fair poll.
However, in response to the allegations Madubeko hit out at Gasela saying
the former MP was desperate to go back into Parliament as evidenced by
another court case before the elections that sought to bar him from
The ruling party's legislator said it was not true that when the nomination
court sat he had not relinquished his post as Headman Sadza.
 He said the poll was free and fair and attributed Gasela's defeat to his
alleged unpopularity with the electorate.
Coltart could not be reached for comment yesterday.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Seizure of ZCTU documents lawful: Attorney General's Office

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jun-21

THE seizure of documents belonging to the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Union
(ZCTU) last month was lawful, the Attorney General's office has said.
Responding to ZCTU lawsuit in the High Court, the AG's office said Section
49 of the Criminal and Procedures Evidence Act (Chapter 9:07) empowered the
police to conduct the search and the seizure of documents at the labour body's
This surfaced after the ZCTU dragged to court the Minister of Home Affairs,
Kembo Mohadi, police commissioner Augustine Chihuri and the officer in
charge of the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) (case number HC2401)
seeking an order to declare the search warrant used in the raid, null and
 "The origin of seizure warrants is embedded in Section 49 of the Criminal
Procedures and Evidence Act.whence the State "may in accordance with this
part seize any article-which is concerned in or is on reasonable grounds
believed to be concerned in, the commission or suspected commission of an
offence, whether within Zimbabwe or elsewhere," law officer Gwatidzo said.
He added the State may also seize any article on reasonable grounds believed
may afford evidence of the commission of an offence or that is intended to
be used or is on reasonable grounds believed to be intended to be used in
the commission of an offence.
Gwatidzo branded the application sought by the ZCTU as mischievous and
devoid of merit.
"In short the application is mischievous and devoid of merit if in
challenging a warrant, it does not deal with the provisions of Sections 49
and 50 (1) (a) of the Criminal Procedures and Evidence Act chapter 9:07," he
This section deals  with basis on which a warrant can be issued
"particularly from information on oath that there reasonable grounds that
there is in the applicant's custody articles fitting the description in
Section 49-that which on reasonable grounds are believed to be concerned
in the commission or suspected commission of an offence anywhere."
In his opposing affidavit Nyasha Sereki, an assistant police inspector
stationed at CID Serious Fraud Squad, concurred with Gwatidzo that the
search warrant was valid  "as it clearly spells what we were supposed to
look for and seize."
"Files and other documents, which were seized from applicant's premises,
will be returned after the analysis exercise underway is complete. The
Respondent (Police) has no intention whatsoever to hold on to the files for
an indefinite period," Sereki said.
The police officer dismissed allegations by the ZCTU that it was failing to
conduct its day-to-day business due to the absence of cheques that were
seized by the State as misleading because the cheques were returned to the
"If the applicant's lawyer had fears that information on diskettes might be
manipulated she should have availed herself to view them on the day they
were taken by the police.
"Instead she refused and indicated that she would approach the courts for
recourse. Therefore her worries that the information on the diskettes might
be manipulated lacks merit and should be dismissed," Sereki added.
High Court Judge Chinembiri Bhunu this week reserved his judgment on the
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Corruption hampering efficient advancement of the country : Final Part

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jun-21

Lack of proper corporate governance , misrepresentation of co- existence and
project funds, money laundering, abuse of foreign currency guidelines and
illegal repatriation of or externalisation of foreign currency, abuse of
religious office by church ministers, sexual harassment, hoarding of basic
commodities, abuse of borrowed funds, bribery, smuggling of illegal items,
use of company assets for private gain, poor service delivery, embezzlement
of funds and extortion are some of the things that were cited as thwarting
the government's and President Mugabe's efforts for a "clean society" served
by "clean institutions." Among some resolutions agreed, the nation's law
enforcement agents were held responsible and said the non-selective
application of the law on corruption offenders was not as tight as it is
assumed to be.
Others say the police should deal ruthlessly and impose stiffer penalties to
those caught on the wrong side of the law.
But a visiting Nigerian pastor in Zimbabwe whom I had the opportunity to
interview on how best Africa can end the rapid spread of corruption said
prosecution of the offenders would not even reduce the fraction of it. "
People should be educated to live a guiltless life from their grassroots
levels. Of cause they may punish them, even  skill development for the law
enforcement agents will  work and last long. Instead let us first strive to
teach our African people to learn and follow the Bible teachings on pure
living and socialisation," he said.
Professor Mararike said accountability in leadership was required if we are
to stop corruption. "In this regard, every citizen is expected by society to
account for his or her actions in all situations and circumstances. For
example, leaders at all levels of society are expected to follow and adhere
to the laid down rules and procedures. They are also expected to uphold
certain personal principles which guide their actions," said Professor
He further stated that corruption was rampant because people in Zimbabwe don't
have the sense of property ownership which, he said goes together  with
accountability and responsibility.
" In connection to the Shona custom that governs property ownership,
property or items usually belonged to someone-an individual, a family, a
clan, a tribe, a community, ancestral spirits, or the gods. Every member in
the home belonged to someone. This sense of property ownership usually helps
to enhance personal accountability and responsibility."
The indigenous African people didn't consider the government property as
their responsibility to care and look after as much as they would care for
their own property. Indeed, the failure of both the Zimbabwean leadership
and the average citizen to successfully deal with the problems of human
factor decay and underdevelopment will continue to deny the country both the
ability and the opportunity to develop Zimbabwe and its people.
Unfortunately, however if Zimbabwe continues to fail to develop the human
factor (that is the moulding of the real human being with integrity and
uprightness) then it will not make it in this tough 21st Century era.
In the final analysis, the corrupt behaviour of both leadership and citizens
will lead to continuing social, economic and political problems. It is now
time for every Zimbabwean and African to learn and practice both
accountability and responsibility. By so doing, people will learn to
discharge their duties with significant honesty and integrity.
To illustrate the authentic picture of corruption that once dominated the
nation, let me refer to the statistics and the thorough research that was
done by Professor Mararike between 1988-1989. It was the scandal of the
1988-1989 distribution of motor vehicles, which later prompted President
Mugabe to appoint the commission of inquiry on January 3, 1989.
From 1980 through the early 1990's the production of motor vehicles in
Zimbabwe was low. It was estimated in 1989 that Zimbabwe needed between 20
000 and 25 000 new motor vehicles per annum. Because of a shortfall that had
grown since the late 1970's, the country had a backlog in the supply of new
motor vehicles estimated at 100 000 and the demand for new motor vehicles at
that time in Zimbabwe exceeded the supply. As a direct consequence of the
supply and demand imbalance, certain undesirable trading practices developed
within the motor vehicle distribution network on a wide scale.
One such practice was conditional selling which allowed car dealers to
require customers to trade -in their own cars at artificially low prices in
order to buy new motor vehicles from the dealers. Another corrupt trading
practice was selling of new motor vehicles by car dealers through second or
third parties at  a price far in access of the controlled .
A third undesirable  practice was  the abandonment of waiting lists for new
motor vehicles. This was done to enable the car dealer to manipulate the
selling of motor vehicles to preferred customers ,usually at prices far in
excess of the controlled prices.
Indeed these practices were forms of systematic corruption .According to
evidence submitted to the Sandura Commission a number of Cabinet Ministers,
Members  of Parliament ,senior civil servants and prominent  businesspersons
were involved in the undesirable motor vehicle trading practices.
During the investigations and thereafter, a number of Cabinet Ministers and
senior civil servants lost their jobs. One senior Cabinet Minister was said
to have committed suicide. He had been directly implicated in the illegal
procurement of vehicles.
Talking of the current situation, many prominent politicians and bankers
were dragged before the courts allegedly accused of externalisation of
foreign currency.
Approximating what Professor Mararike emphasized at the workshop, " Kuti
unzi munhu unhu."
Back to the Top
Back to Index