The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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AI Index: AFR 46/012/2005 (Public)
News Service No: 150
1 June 2005

Zimbabwe: Thousands of forced evictions and arrests in violent crackdown

I arrived, I wept. They were all outside .of their broken houses...children
screaming, sick people in agony."
- Eyewitness account of the scene following one mass eviction in Zimbabwe

As United Nations Special Envoy James Morris visits Zimbabwe to discuss the
country's severe food shortages, Amnesty International called on the
Government of Zimbabwe to immediately halt mass forced evictions that have
left whole communities homeless and destroyed thousands of livelihoods.

Over the past two weeks the Government of Zimbabwe has orchestrated the
forced eviction of thousands of informal traders and families living in
informal settlements across the country as part of a crackdown called
"Operation Murambatsvina" - widely translated as "drive out the rubbish" but
being referred to by police as "operation restore order".

Evictions are being carried out without notice and without court orders in a
flagrant disregard for due process and the rule of law. During the forced
evictions police and other members of the security forces are using
excessive force -- burning homes, destroying property and beating

On the night of Thursday 26 May, more than 10,000 people were forcibly
driven from their homes in the informal settlement of Hatcliffe Extension in
northern Harare. Police reportedly destroyed these homes, leaving the
settlement's families destitute and sleeping in the open during Zimbabwe's
winter. Many of those evicted were actually placed at Hatcliffe Extension by
the government.

"We have had reports of heart-wrenching scenes of ordinary Zimbabweans who
have had their homes and livelihoods completely destroyed crying on the
street in utter disbelief," said Kolawole Olaniyan, Director of Amnesty
International's Africa Programme. "We have even had reports of police
forcing people to destroy their own homes."

"Amnesty International is appalled by this flagrant disregard for
internationally recognized human rights. Forced evictions -- without due
process, legal protection, redress and appropriate relocation measures, are
completely contrary to international human rights law."

Thousands of people - mainly informal traders - have been arrested during
the crackdown, on the grounds that their businesses are illegal. Their goods
have been destroyed or confiscated - although many are reported to have been
in possession of licences to operate. Human rights lawyers are now taking
court action on behalf of the traders, most of whom were forced to pay fines
to secure their release.

"The forced closure of informal businesses - the only livelihood option left
for many in Zimbabwe's shattered economy - has pushed thousands into an
increasingly vulnerable position -- a fact that is particularly disturbing
in light of the high levels of poverty and food shortages already present in

"The Government of Zimbabwe is acting in blatant violation of civil,
political, economic and social rights guaranteed under the African Charter
on Human and Peoples' Rights - and many more people are in danger of injury
and homelessness as the forced evictions continue," said Kolawole Olaniyan.

"We call on the government to immediately cease the forced evictions. Those
who have been forcibly evicted and had property destroyed should be granted
full legal protection and redress and should receive adequate compensation,"
said Kolawole Olaniyan. "As a matter of urgency the government must ensure
that all those evicted have access to shelter, food and safe water."

In September 2004 Amnesty International reported on the attempted forced
eviction of thousands of people from Porta Farm, an informal settlement on
the outskirts of Harare, during which police reportedly misused tear gas
against residents. The police were acting in defiance of a court order
prohibiting the eviction.

According to eye-witness testimonies the police fired tear gas directly into
the homes of the Porta Farm residents. At least 11 people died in the
following weeks. Amnesty International has repeatedly called for a full
investigation into the events and subsequent deaths at Porta Farm, but no
investigation is known to have been carried out.

Amnesty International is very concerned that Porta Farm may again be
targeted in the current "clean-up" operation.

For further information, please see

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Zimbabwe launches attack on its citizens
      By Michael Wines The New York Times

      THURSDAY, JUNE 2, 2005

      JOHANNESBURG Facing rising unrest over a collapsing economy,
Zimbabwe's authoritarian regime of President Robert Mugabe has apparently
adopted a scorched-earth policy toward potential foes, detaining thousands
of its citizens, torching homes and street kiosks and routing countless
Zimbabweans from makeshift homes in major cities.

      The scope of the operation, which began in mid-May, is unknown, in
part because a nationwide gasoline shortage has prevented observers from
monitoring its impact firsthand. But reports in the local press and from
witnesses indicate that police have detained or arrested at least 22,000
residents in big cities and evicted hundreds of thousands more from
shantytowns on the fringes of most cities.

      Zimbabwe's Movement for Democratic Change, an opposition party that
was crushed in March elections which Western observers said were rigged,
said at a news conference in Harare on Wednesday that policemen and soldiers
had routed from 1 million to 1.5 million people from their homes. Zimbabwe's
population is uncertain, but experts generally say the country has from 10
million to 11 million residents.

      Journalists and human-rights activists interviewed by telephone
Wednesday recounted scenes in which large numbers of people evicted from
urban homes were camped beside major highways, unable to return to the city
but equally powerless to reach rural relatives because of the gasoline
shortage. Some of them, one human-rights activist said, had been there for a
week or more.

      "I don't think anyone has any idea of the scale. It's big," said that
person, who refused to be identified because of the likelihood of government
retaliation. "As things have rolled out, it's clear that they probably will
clear every vendor and every unregulated selling site and, probably, every
shantytown in Zimbabwe. If you do that, you're talking about a quarter of
the population."

      Zimbabwe is alive with theories as to why the government has chosen to
target its urban poor and its street vendors in a crackdown.

      The government has said in state-run newspapers that the sweep, dubbed
"Operation Restore Order," is intended to rid Zimbabwe of its ragtag element
and to quell black market operators who, the government claims, are buying
up goods to create artificial shortages and drive up prices.

      Ordinary Zimbabweans speculate that the campaign is designed to clear
the retail sector for merchants from China, Zimbabwe's new and close ally,
or to punish urban residents who voted against the government in
parliamentary elections last March 31. The ruling ZANU-PF party was drubbed
in major cities, but officially won most of the vote in a nation that
remains primarily rural.

      Some political analysts say, however, that Mugabe's regime is making a
pre-emptive move against urban unrest over Zimbabwe's economic collapse,
which has left store shelves empty of basic foodstuffs and made gasoline all
but unobtainable.

      Zimbabwe's economic state, always parlous, has dramatically worsened
after the elections as a shortage of foreign exchange has prevented
businesses from buying imported components and kept imports of food well
below the nation's needs.

      Policemen and soldiers have been called out frequently in the last two
weeks to put down protests and near-riots by consumers waiting in queues and
by residents whose shanties were being demolished.

      In Harare this week, as many as 3,000 people in the city's desperately
poor southern suburbs rioted as bulldozers knocked down shanties that the
government insisted were illegal structures.

      "Overnight, Zimbabwe has been turned into a massive internal refugee
center with between one million and 1.5 million people displaced in Harare
alone," Tsvangirai said at a news conference. "Property worth millions of
dollars has gone up in flames. Families are out in the open without jobs,
without shelter."

      A journalist in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second-biggest city, said in a
telephone interview Wednesday that citizens there were seething over police
sweeps that had wiped out street vendors who supplied the poor with many of
their basic needs.

      "There's tension," he said. "The police are driving around with dogs
in their trucks. They're expecting the worst. They know that things can't go
on like this. Something is going to ignite in a fuel queue, or something
like that."

      Mugabe met Wednesday with the head of the UN World Food Program, James
Morris, to discuss emergency food relief for Zimbabwe's hungry poor. Mugabe
last year ordered most UN food deliveries to Zimbabwe halted, saying the
country was "choking" on its own grain, but now has admitted that the nation
will need 1.2 million tons of food to make up shortfalls in the next year.

      At a news conference Wednesday in Johannesburg, Morris said that
Mugabe had made "a strong commitment" to permit deliveries of humanitarian
food aid for as many as four million hungry Zimbabweans.

      Morris said that the government's campaign in shanties and informal
markets was not discussed, because the government crackdown was outside his
agency's mandate.

      Conviction for an American

      An American found filming the continuing crackdown on illegal
structures and businesses across Zimbabwe has been convicted of breaching
the country's immigration and censorship laws, Agence France-Presse reported
from Harare, quoting a state radio report on Wednesday.

      "Howard Smith Gillman who was facing charges of contravening
immigration and censorship acts, has been convicted," state radio said,
adding that he would be sentenced Thursday. Gillman was reportedly arrested
Monday for flouting the media law by operating as journalist without
accreditation. He was also charged under immigration laws as he had
overstayed his visa. The police also said that they had found pornographic
material at his house.

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Human rights body files for stay of forced eviction

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 1 Jun 2005 (IRIN) - A leading human rights organisation has
filed for a stay of the forced eviction of informal settlers in and around
the Zimbabwean capital, Harare.

"About 200,000 people have been affected in the demolition drive - and many
of them have papers to prove that they were legal occupants with lease
agreements," said Zimbabwe Human Rights Association (ZimRights) director
Munyaradzi Bidi.

ZimRights, along with its partner organisation, Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human
Rights, filed the application in the Harare High Court on Tuesday and it is
expected to be heard on Thursday.

The eviction campaign began two weeks ago in Harare and has officially been
billed as an operation "to rid the capital of illegal structures, businesses
and criminal activities", but Bidi said it has now moved outside the capital
and is affecting informal businesses in outlying rural areas.

"The operation was not properly planned. Thousands of people's livelihoods
and traditional markets, like the Mbare Musika, have been destroyed - which
is devastating when people are already facing economic hardships. No one was
given time to make alternative arrangements for accommodation," he told

Mbare is Harare's oldest township and the Mbare Musika market is a landmark;
it is also the largest outlet for indigenous craftwork and traditional
medicine in Zimbabwe. Another famous market, the Mupedzanhamo flea market,
which sells second-hand clothing in Mbare, has also been destroyed.

Many of the residents in Mbare were originally from Malawi and Mozambique.
"They had been brought into Harare as cheap labour during the colonial era,"
Bidi noted.

"A majority of the 200,000 have sought refuge in the open spaces in Harare
and on the farms lying on the periphery of the city. Children and women have
been exposed to ... [winter nights]" he said.

The operation has targeted at least six suburbs in Harare - Hatcliff
extension, Epworth, Dzivaresekwa, Glenorah, Glenview, Budriro and Mbare.
"Three cooperative settlements set up by war veterans outside Harare -
Retreat Farms, Nyadzonia and Tongagara Settlements - have also been
destroyed. The residents of these settlements had certificates from their
cooperatives to show they were legal tenants," said Bidi.

The official newspaper, The Herald, on Wednesday quoted the police as saying
that that the total number of arrests since the clampdown began had risen to
22,735 people.

"We have so far arrested a total of 22,735 people and recovered 33.5 kg of
gold from 47 illegal gold panners, and 26,000 litres of fuel. We are taking
people to Caledonia Farm [outside Harare], where we screen them and send
them to their respective rural homes. Please note - Caledonia is not a
holding place, it is a transit point for two or three days," said police
spokesman Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena.

Bidi claimed there were only about 40 families at Caledonia Farm.

Meanwhile, the Zimbabwe Tenants and Lodgers Association has claimed that
rentals in the city have shot up by almost 250 percent. "We cannot say yet
that the operation has affected the rentals - but they have been going up
for the past two and a half months," said Nelson Mandizvidza, chairperson
the association.

Rental for a room in Mbare was as high as Zim $400,000 (US $43), which "is
half the salary that a security guard earns," he pointed out.

Mandizvidza said his organisation had asked the government for a six-month
period to allow tenants to make alternative arrangements before the
demolition operation began. "We were not given enough time and we are
unhappy about that - but the government's doors are open and we are busy
negotiating with them."
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ZANU-PF approves senate, more constitutional changes promised

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 1 Jun 2005 (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF is pushing ahead
with its plans for constitutional reform, and has approved the creation of a
65-member senate, which will serve as an upper house of parliament.

ZANU-PF Secretary for Administration Didymus Mutasa told IRIN that the
party's Central Committee agreed on the creation of the new house last week,
and would submit the proposal to cabinet for approval before it was tabled
in parliament.

"The creation of the Senate will happen as President Mugabe indicated before
the [March 2005 legislative] elections. We now have a two-thirds
parliamentary majority, and we will use it to improve the governance of our
people - reviving the Senate is one way of doing it," said Mutasa.

Each of Zimbabwe's 10 provinces will provide five elected senators, while
eight traditional leaders will be elected from the Chief's Council. The two
metropolitan governors for Harare and Bulawayo would also have seats, and
Mugabe would appoint "five more members from special interest groups, like
farmers and other key sectors of the economy", said Mutasa.

Mugabe was quoted by national television last week as saying that creating
an upper parliamentary chamber was only one of the sweeping changes his
party intended to make in the post-election period. Other parts of the
constitution lined up for tackling included legislation relating to land
acquisition and resettlement.

"Through the overwhelming mandate we got from the people, we must now
proceed to purposefully effect constitutional changes to allow for the
better management of national affairs," Mugabe was quoted as saying.

He said land-related amendments would include the abolition of private
ownership rights, to pave the way for nationalisation. Mugabe noted that
"ceaseless litigation" from former white farmers against the compulsory
acquisition of their properties had slowed the government's land
redistribution programme, which began in 2000.

"We need finality to the land reform programme. At the moment we are having
none of it because of farmer court appeals. This amounts to legal delaying
tactics, if the farmers are still appealing to the courts," Mugabe said.

The government's land reform programme targeted the colonial legacy of land
ownership, in which a small group of largely white commercial farmers owned
vast tracts of the country's most fertile land, but was accompanied by
violence and intimidation.

Political analysts said ZANU-PF was keen to change the Land Acquisition Act
because several farmers who had challenged the expropriation of their farms
had won their cases in the Administrative Court. Over 5,000 land acquisition
cases dating back to 2000 were still waiting to be heard.

Commenting on the reintroduction of the Senate, South African-based
political analyst Daniel Molokela said President Mugabe was fulfilling a
pre-election promise to his party.

"The Senate was abandoned in the early 1980s because it was burdensome and
protracted. In trying to paper over the rifts that threatened the party
before the March elections, Mugabe promised that the Senate would be
re-created to accommodate party members who lost the internal primary
elections. He is doing just that," said Molokela.

Economic analyst and opposition member of parliament Eddie Cross said the
country could not afford the perks and salaries of additional legislators.

The National Constitutional Assembly, a lobby group, has also repeatedly
slammed plans for the Senate. It has called on Zimbabweans to support calls
for drafting a new constitution, arguing that the current document hands far
too much power to the president.

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From ZWNEWS, 1 June

SW broadcasts end

SW Radio Africa on Tuesday ended its short wave broadcasts into Zimbabwe.
"It is with much regret that we announce that Tuesday 31st May 2005 is our
last short wave evening broadcast," the station said. "The jamming of our
transmission signal by the Zimbabwe government has required that we
broadcast on multiple frequencies. This has been very successful and our
listeners have been able to clearly receive us. But it is financially
unsustainable, adding a huge amount to our normal running costs." The
station will still be transmitting on medium wave on 1197 kHz between 5am
and 7am Zimbabwe time every morning, and 24 hours on its website
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We listened to the final short-wave broadcast from SW Radio last night with deep sadness, tears, and an overwhelming sense of loss.  I sent the following tribute to the station yesterday, and it was read out shortly after station opening:
"In May 2003, through the appropriate internet facility, I took the liberty of placing the names of several people who have contributed outstandingly positively to the crisis in Zimbabwe on a digital video disk, which is on board a N.A.S.A. spacecraft that was launched in January this year.  One of the names is that of Geraldine Jackson, station manager of SW Radio Africa.
This spacecraft, known as "Deep Impact", is travelling to the periodic comet known as Tempel 1, arriving in just over a month's time on July 4th.  The spacecraft consists of a flyby probe and carries an impactor probe that will separate from the main spacecraft and impact the comet at 37000 kilometres per hour, thereby blowing a huge crater into the comet and allowing humanity its first view of what the interior of a comet consists of.  This event will take place 133 million kilometers from Earth.  The DVD will be part of the impactor probe.  Comets are thought to have been the main source of water for our planet early in its history, and possibly the main source of the molecules that together make up the constituents of life itself.   As a further result of the impact, the comet may brighten significantly, becoming clearly visible to the unaided eye, something that this particular comet never normally does.
Gerrys' name travelling on this spacecraft is therefore a dedication to all of you at SW Radio Africa, for the tremendous time, dedication and care that you have displayed in bringing to all Zimbabweans an independent voice and making the world aware of our terrible crisis.  SW Radio Africa has indeed made a "Deep Impact" on the nation and it's people, and we don't know what we are going to do without you in the evenings.  On the evening of July 4th however, I urge all Zimbabweans to lift their eyes to the sky.  If they see the comet high in the western sky, remember the "Dream Team" of SW Radio Africa, Zimbabwe's Independent Voice
I hope we, all Zimbabweans, will one day be able to lift our eyes to the night sky with pride in a new-found freedom in our country, and gaze upon the cosmos that is our origin in peace and tranquillity."
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1 June 2005

I spent five hours visiting the various sites previously occupied by thousands of poor families at Hatcliffe Extension, Tongogara (Whitecliff) and Mbare residential areas in Harare. I also visited the former work stations of informal furniture manufacturers in Glen View and Budiriro suburbs.
The picture is shocking. Hatcliffe, Tongogara and parts of Mbare have been smashed into a huge heap of debris. Pieces of timber, scraps and junk, normally recycled by the poor for use and for resale, are strewn all over the place. 
A trail of destruction evident in these areas resembles a site in a war zone. Property worth millions of dollars has gone up in flames. Families are out in the open -- without jobs, without income, without shelter, without support.  Overnight, Zimbabwe has a massive internal refugee population in its urban areas.
The so-called clean up of the city has affected an estimated one and half million people in Harare alone. These people settled in these areas with the tacit approval of Zanu PF and its structures as part of a broad plan to neutralize the MDC's urban support. Today, they are all refugees in their own country. They face an urgent need for food aid and other forms of basic support.
I must state that we are not against a clean and sustainable environment in our towns and cities. We are not against the restoration of order in our residential and business centres. 
What is disconcerting is a situation in which a regime deliberately allows for a breakdown of the rule of law, only to turn against its people and to punish them for breaking the law. 
The regime is challenging our political and cultural norms and values in a manner that is devoid of any meaning and structure to the people's lives. The regime produced the mess in our midst today. We need a disciplined way to attend to the issues at hand.
During the past five years, Zanu PF and the government encouraged haphazard settlements in urban and peri-urban areas and in the commercial farms. There is abundant evidence to this effect following the breakdown of law and order.
Zimbabweans will recall the way peri-urban farms, which traditionally supplied our towns and cities with fresh horticultural produce, were overrun by marauding Zanu PF supporters and Zanu PF politicians just before the June 2000 election.
Zanu PF party activists disrupted production at these farms, often with impunity. Thousands of urban dwellers lost millions of dollars to Zanu PF structures which swindled desperate lodgers and the homeless of their life-time savings under the guise of offering them housing stands. The practice was allowed to continue and several so-called housing co-operatives, which ironically run under the names of some of Zimbabwe's fallen heroes, defied known town planning guidelines and by-laws and parcelled out plots to the homeless.
Politically, it is common cause that the MDC is in control of Zimbabwe's urban areas. The people rejected Zanu PF. In a desperate attempt to woo the support of the people, Zanu PF thought it was sensible to break into the MDC base by encouraging lawlessness among the homeless.
The March 31 election was turning point in these futile efforts. Apart from Harare South, which the MDC lost to this electoral chicanery because of the presence of the so-called co-operatives in the constituency, Zanu PF realized that it was not making any inroads into our urban base. 
The key question lies in the provision of food and jobs. The regime has no plan to provide for the basic sustenance of the people.
Hatliffe Extension and Porta Farm holding camps came into existence just before the Commonwealth summit in 1991. The camp occupants were drawn from Mbare Musika and Churu Farm. 
 No attempt was made to either improve the settlements or to put up decent, alternative accommodation for these people during the past 14 years. 
When these people joined the MDC and rejected Zanu PF that was the last straw that broke the camel's back.
The attacks on the urban population is part of a broad strategy to destabilise specific constituencies and to distort the voting patterns of Zimbabweans in favour of Zanu PF. 
It is common cause that before the 2000 parliamentary election, Mugabe and Zanu PF targeted farm workers, demolished their homesteads and destabilised them as a voting block.
Ladies and gentlemen, we are aware of the onslaught on the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) during the past year. 
The government even barred the ZCTU leaders from representing Zimbabwean workers at this year's International Labour Organisation conference in Geneva. They are handpicking individuals sympathetic to their cause to represent Zimbabwean workers at this international conference.
The ZCTU has, since 2004, been organising the workers in the informal sector. It was such a natural development because most of the flea market workers and vendors in the various towns and cities lost their jobs in the past five years due to Zimbabwe's economic meltdown. So these attacks are meant to stop Zimbabweans from organising themselves - thus interfering with our fundamental rights as a people.
Against this background, Robert Mugabe and Zanu PF have now taken a retributive path. Mugabe and Zanu PF have intensified their war against the people. 
The regime, instead of addressing the plight of Zimbabweans, has run out of options. The most pressing needs of the people today are food and jobs. Unemployment, poverty and hunger drove our people onto to the streets. 
The attacks on the flea markets and informal businesses, the seizure of the people's paltry possessions and the assault on the available shelter are all intended to punish urban Zimbabweans for rejecting a political party that has failed us as a nation.
The destruction of people's sources of income and their homes has hit thousands of families in a devastating way. Thousands are destitute. Their children no longer go to school. They have lost their entire possessions. May I appeal to the international community to support the displaced persons and to exert pressure on the Mugabe regime to stop this project?
During my visits, I heard harrowing tales of state harassment and state brutality. The people can not understand what has befallen them. They desperately need help.
The regime must desist forthwith from inflicting further damage and suffering onto the people. We have had enough. Our urban areas are potential centres for serious instability because of the regime's actions. Tempers are high. The people feel insecure, exposed and threatened. We must put in place an urgent mechanism to protect the vulnerable, the weak and the poor. 
As a nation in a serious crisis, we must strive to reduce the levels of social distress. Our society is so overwhelmed by anguish, from a severe shortage of food and jobs. We have reached the upper limits of tolerance against an insensitive regime that does not have answers to our national plight. The only option available to us is to organize the people to resist, through legitimate and democratic means, the assault on their basic civil and political liberties. The people's choices require a sustained people power defence mechanism to survive the loss of incomes, a harsh winter and the physical attacks on their families.
Our nation is falling apart. The bonds that used to hold us together are cracking. The gulf between those with a vision to see a new beginning and those keen to maintain the status quo is widening every day. 
We must avoid pushing the people to a position where the only fall back position requires the adoption of extreme measures to restore direction, protection and order. We must maintain civility and reason.
Twenty-five years after independence, and for a multiplicity of reasons, Zimbabwe has experienced a shocking collapse in the people's standard of living.  Reasons for that are legion and well known, especially among the urban poor. There is really no excuse for that, for that to have happened.
Further, we have witnessed a marked decline in the capacity of the regime to govern, and in the process failing to retain the loyalty and respect of the population - hence the current retributive path against the people.
The only way Mugabe and Zanu PF can be stopped from going ahead with this project is through a combination of local and international pressure. The people, across the political divide, must organize themselves against this form of tyranny and outright callousness.
I call upon all of you to visit these areas and see for yourselves the scale of the disaster in our hands.
I thank you.
Morgan Tsvangirai
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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.


Prelude text


Letter 1:

Lowveld News 26th May 2005
Gerry Whitehead

In the last three days the venders and illegal traders have been severely
harassed by the police in Chiredzi, people are very bitter here and wonder
why the MDC , NCA and the ZCTU have not called for people to demonstrate in
mass. Millions should go on the streets now!!!

I have just spoken to Brian Caywood who is virtually under siege on his
Ranch in the Mwenesi district, the situation is not life threatening yet,
but could get worse as the war vets and settlers are waiting for more back
up. They the war vets are at this time busy rounding up the cattle with the
intention of moving them to an unknown destination.

There is a strong rumour that farmers who are still on their farms have
been Classed as illigal squaters, and have been included in the Zimbabwe
Governments "clean up of illegal squatters exercise'.

One thing about the situation now is that there are not to many fools left
who believe that they can coexist or deal with the evil that has raised its
head in Zimbabwe, we have all certainly learnt some serious lessons.


Gerry Whitehead


I enclose an extract from a letter which one of my Chiredzi farmers sent to
me, which an explanation as to why we have no sugar on our shelves - apart
from the total devastation of the stolen crops by A2 settlers!

A serious investigation will reveal some big names in this gang of looters.

Good luck and happy hunting.

"It is expected that the combined production of sugar by both mills will be
down by 25% in 2005, when compared to 2002. It could fall further next
year. This figure roughly represents the quantity annually exported, which
is sold for a higher price than local sugar, hence boosting the overall
price of sugar. This reduction is due to the disruption to the industry
caused by the resettlement of A2's, who, incidentally, are buying sugar in
15 Tonne quantities ("for their own use") at wholesale price from the Mill,
and trucking it to Mutare in 30T loads. Zimbabwe sugar attracts a good
black market price in Mozambique, and 30T will net ZD$ 200 million. The
A2's are new players to the game"

Gerry Whitehead

Letter no 2

Zimbabwean Produce

Heather Gulliver

Hi all at Jag.

Are you still monitoring the bar codes of Zimbabwean produce? If so I
bought some runner beans at Cheltenham Waitrose with a sell by date of May
10.The bar code number is 5 000169 052884. There hasn't been anything from
Zim at Sainsburys( Gloucester and Cheltenham) and Waitrose( Cheltenham) for
quite awhile. I therefore assumed they weren't buying from Zimbabwe. If I
bought goods from a stolen farm I will be cross and check more carefully
next time. You all seem to be doing a magnificent job in the face of mind
boggling difficulties. Best wishes

Heather Gulliver


Letter No 3

Dear Sir

I would dearly love to be a barman in Jo'Burg.  Is Trevor Midlane offering
to pay for my travel expenses and accomodation while I am in that counry?
And will he look after my children while I am at work? He has solutions to
all my other problems, so why not this one?

Barman Bertie


All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.
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Vesting of Land,taking of materials and exercise of rights over Land


NOTICE is hereby given ,in terms of paragraph (111) of Subsection (1) of
section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter 20.10) that the President
has acquired compulsorily the land described in the Schedule for
resettlement purposes. D.N.E.MUTASA Minister of State for National Security
Lands Land Reform and Resettlement in the Presidents Office.


1 120/95 Sabi River Ranch P/L Bikita Lot 9 of Devuli Ranch 18 790,0000 ha
2 5782/95 Mukazi River Ranch P/L Bikita Lot 1 of Angus Ranch 11 452,2507
3 5855/74 Humani Estate P/L Bikita Lot 2 of Humani Ranch 174,7010 ha
4 5563/94 Mokore Ranch P/L Bikita Ouse 7 447,4244 ha
5 5251/92 H J Vorster P/L Bikita Lot 4 of Devuli Ranch 23 143,0000 ha
6 4336/94 Dunmow Enterprises P/L Bikita Bedford Block 12 209,6648 ha
7 11181/97 M'Shlabata P/L Bikita Lot 1 of Chigwete 442,3045 ha
8 119/95 Chanurwe Ranch Properties P/L Bikita Lot 7 of Devuli Ranch 12
877,9110 ha
9 10511/02 Lowveld Marketing Services P/L Bikita Lot 8 of Devuli Ranch 12
970,0000 ha
10 11049/89 Midwest Ranches P/L Bikita Senuko 1 12 621,9977 ha
11 2282/83 Feeds And Pharmaceuticals P/L Bikita Senuko 3 12 170,9889 ha
12 762/87 Bateleurs Peak Farm Holdings P/L Bikita Masapas Ranch 15 430,1727
13 1884/93 Pioneer Capital Partners P/L Bikita Lot 2 of Devuli Ranch 13
117,2437 ha
14 5911/91 Vundu Ranching Company P/L Bikita Lot 3 of Devuli Ranch 11
369,2488 ha
15 3318/96 Rovambira P/L Bikita Lot 6 of Devuli Ranch 9 972,4108 ha
16 5865/74 Feeds And Pharmaceuticals P/L Bikita Senuko 2 11 949,1177 ha
17 5706/92 Wenhope P/L Bikita Lot 2 of Angus Ranch 16 590,5000 ha
18 7753/98 Jinda Ramambo Enterprises P/L Bikita Lot 5 of Devuli Ranch 9
711,4294 ha
19 1814/61 Thomas Mattheus Lambert Charter Mooi Leegte 4072,5353 acres
20 1098/65 Ernest Ronald Saul Charter Ngesi 6372,1717 acres
21 5174/81 Christiaan Jacobus Albertus Kirstein Charter Wilderness 404,2675
22 5174/81 Christiaan Jacobus Albertus Kirstein Charter Wilderness
Extension of Honey Spruit 388,5634 ha
23 5376/85 Colron Farming P/L Charter Witten-dale 1 584,9567 ha
24 1198/87 Natalian Viviers & Jane Mary Viviers Charter The Remainder of
Wonderklip 642,4028 ha
25 5072/98 Versailles P/L Charter Versailles of Nyamazaan 723,7577 ha
26 469/85 Peter Johannes Cornelius De Klerk Charter Remainder of Hazeldene
1 379,4908 ha
27 1461/98 Planwace Investments P/L Charter Jackalsdraai 1 284,8156 ha
28 3209/75 Jacobus Johannes Erasmus Charter Klipheuval 771,4374 ha
29 273/98 Grasscroft Enterprises P/L Charter Long Hope of Wildebeestlaagte
1 713,0361 ha
30 5376/85 Colron Farming P/L Charter Southfield 1284,7899 ha
31 4268/82 Campbells Holdings P/L Charter Tevrede of Rockydale 160,2547 ha
32 701/61 Izak J Roux Chipinga Torwood of Geluk 644,5413 ha
33 2645/90 H De Foiard Brown P/L Chipinga Strepie of Hofstede 164,6548 ha
34 1483/73 La Lucie P/L Chipinga Lot 7 of Newcastle 192,9829 ha
35 4672/88 Thomas Webster Herselman Chipinga Oribi Ridge of Grass Flats
163,3981 ha
36 3699/59 Coffee Estates P/L Chipinga Subdivision C of Chipinga 250,0860
37 1346/89 Glengarry Estate P.L Chipinga Glengarry Estate 813,5786 ha
38 8453/02 Blowland Farming P.L Chipinga Lot 2 of Liliesvlei of De Rust of
Avontuur Extension 125,6011 ha
39 1487/73 Chiredzi Investments P/L Chipinga Lot 11 of Newcastle 202,3866
40 1481/80 Nicholas Folliott Douglas Powell Chipinga Subdivision B of
Morgenson of Avontuur 170,2654 ha
41 1620/77 Joseph Charles Baxter Gatooma Remainder of Subdivision A of
Kanyemba Estate 421,2105 ha
42 1620/77 Joseph Charles Baxter Gatooma Subdivision B of Subdivision A of
Kanyamba Estae 200,5115 ha
43 8807/99 Amreco Properties P/L Goromonzi Remaining Extent of Koppies of t
he Twentydales Estate 1 002,4605 ha
44 281/61 Friern Estate P/L Goromonzi Mandalay of Nil Desperandum of the
Twentydales Estate 2 150,2306 acres
45 4005/78 Delport Brothers P.L Goromonzi S/D J and M of the Twentydales
Estate 133,2485 ha
46 4645/79 Christoffel Johannes Greyling Goromonzi S/D of Sellair 104,6832
47 5262/59 Patrick Noel Wingfield Goromonzi Lot 1 of Belvedore 919,6135 ha
48 6567/56 Trustees of the Estate of the Lte Harold Basil Christian
Goromonzi Subdivision A of Mount Shannon of the Meadows 334,3620 morgen
49 2046/80 Michael Seton Major Cullinan Goromonzi Xanadu Estate 1734,1987
50 8093/94 Williamson Properties P/L Goromonzi Inversnaid of Melfort Estate
1 113,3152 ha
51 3333/85 Dodman Brothers P/L Goromonzi Liwonde Estate 1 916,9877 ha
52 4856/99 Hunterscraig Investments P/L Goromonzi S/D A of Sellair 104,4370
53 4966/68 Meadows Farm P/L Goromonzi Lot 1 of Mashonganyika 699,9904 acres
54 6032/70 Chipunza Farm P/L Goromonzi Remaining Extent of Lot 2 of Bally
Vaughan 291,1405 ha
55 4440/93 Paddock Farm P/L Goromonzi The Paddock of Melfort Estate
404,8476 ha
56 7441/00 Fonrel Investment P/L Goromonzi Remainder of Mamanora of
Mashonganyika 123,1014 ha
57 1537/66 Ivordale Farm P/L Goromonzi Ivordale 1 202,5416 ha
58 3661/59 George Weyman Taylor Hartley Subdivision B Portion of
Crocna-ragh 475,7152 ha
59 5409/56 Roelof Jacobus Geyser Hartley Remaining Extent of Bedford
375,2861 ha
60 2062/59 Wilfred James Rundle Dean Hartley Lot 2 of Orchidvale 259,1053
61 10087/01 Bounchcap Investments Hartley Lot 1 of Wantage 42,8259 ha
62 3929/92 T Caine P/L Hartley Edinburgh of Nyatsime Ranch 1 470,6515 ha
63 5097/59 Metalfields P/L Inyanga Brondesbury Park of Rodel 907,7805 ha
64 4152/77 Usk Farm P/L Inyanga Lot 23 of Britannia 51,0796 ha
65 7833/98 Coolridge Estate P/L Inyanga Lot 24 of Britannia 408,7413 ha
66 7712/97 Mudzoro Farm P/L Inyanga Lot 1 of Mudzoro 124,8528 ha
67 1659/70 Robert Dunley Owen Inyanga Lot 14 of Britannia 85,9824 acres
68 5128/74 Dagbreek Estates P/L Makoni Dagbreek 486,5422 ha
69 1468/84 Lesbury Estates P/L Makoni Lesbury 2 032,455 morgen
70 6737/81 Michael John Langley Makoni Windsorton 566,9093 ha
71 3495/88 Freezing Point Estates P/L Makoni Sunrise 1 112,2906 ha
72 7070/98 Polnat Investments Makoni Moodiesville 1 328,00 ha
73 1060/86 Sherwood Farm P/L Makoni Fernicarry 850,5224 ha
74 918/92 Monte Cristo Farm P/L Mangwendi Monte Cristo of Ballinard 2
704,0275 ha
75 123/65 Hercules Salomon Nel Marandellas Nyeri 3 059,9260 acres
76 1986/97 Carnol Farming P/L Marandellas Kanzargwe of Soft 664,0771 ha
77 7656/99 Varus Investments P/L Marandellas The Remaining Extent of Soft
593,2800 ha
78 4548/94 J H Erasmus Investments P/L Marandellas S/D A of Welcome Home
856,5180 ha
79 2323/86 Credock Enterprises P/L Marandellas The Remainder of Alexandra
932,6362 ha
80 6639/72 Carswell Farm P/L Marandellas Remainder of Carswell of
Killiemore 1 311,3748 ha
81 2111/84 Claire Kit Wiggle Marandellas The Remainder of Coquetdale of
Rudmans 119,4115 ha
82 3769/82 Raymond Dank Ponter Marandellas Mbima of Igudu 428,0473 ha
83 872/98 S & B Cloete P/L Marandellas Bow 1 240,2810 ha
84 90/93 Daskop Farm P/L Marandellas Lot 1 of Lot KD Carruthersville
607,3791 ha
85 8368/71 Devon Estate P/L Marandellas Devon Estate 1 750,3929 ha
86 489/96 Ian Burgoyne Marandellas Dudley Estate A 298,2722 ha
87 Feb-95 PTA Farming Number Twenty Eight P/L Marandellas Lot 21 of Wenimbi
Estate 1 724,0731 ha
88 2783/93 Malibar Farm P/L Marandellas Malabar Estate 284,6738 ha
89 116/96 G H Westhoff & Son P/L Marandellas Meandu of Longlands 509,5034
90 7755/89 Chipesa Farm P/L Marandellas Rusinga of Gresham 698,1822 ha
91 158/83 Nurenzi Farm P/L Marandellas S/D M of Carruthersville 1 027,6764
92 1154/58 Iamba Farms P/L Marandellas Remainder of Iamba 1 035,2713 morgen
93 6012/84 Somerset Farm P/L Marandellas Somerset Estate 973,6153 ha
94 11527/2000 Steven Raymond Pratt Marandellas Remaining Extent of
Subdivision A of Wenimbi 171,2566 ha
95 9116/97 Scorror Estate P/L Marandellas Remaining Extent of S/D C of
Eirene 777,7016 ha
96 870/62 Rigidita Estates P/L Marandellas Lot 1 of S/D C of
Carruthersville 1 520,0022 acres
97 6659/72 Showers P/L Marandellas Remainder of Showers 581,3602 ha
98 240/84 Kenneth Mckelvey Marandellas Theydon Estate 327,9939 ha
99 2145/66 Welton Enterprises P/L Marandellas Welton 2 974,8000 acres
100 2323/86 Cradock Enterprises P/L Marandellas The Remainder of Alexandra
932,6362 ha
101 227/40 Johannes Paulos Smit Marandellas Lendy Estate 1 377,07 ha
102 9434/90 Makarara Farm P/L Marandellas Makarara of Lot HG of
Carruthersville 520,2468 ha
103 99/87 Claydon Farm P/L Marandellas R/E of Mtemwa 1 218,1236 ha
104 8155/88 Paul Peach Bekker Marandellas S/D A of Showers 776,8290 ha
105 6665/83 Cradock Enterprises P/L Marandellas S/D C of Solitude of
Alexandra 45,7621 ha
106 9115/97 Gorejena Farm P/L Marandellas Tambala of S/D A of
Carruthersville 54,8174 ha
107 3619/47 Glenisia Tobacco Estate P/L Marandellas Twyford 1 898,319
108 7331/99 Kegworth Enterprises P/L Marandellas The Remaining Extent of
Anwa 917,2168 ha
109 594/83 Rolan Marsden Marandellas Remaining Extent of Milford of
Springvale 120,5955 ha
110 4489/95 G.T.N. Farm Holdings P/L Marandellas Lot 18 of Wenimbi Estate
527,3470 ha
111 2784/93 Waverley Farms P/L Marandellas Farm 4 of Wenimbi Estate
398,8907 ha
112 1404/92 Welcome Home Farm P/L Marandellas Remaining Extent of Welcome
Home 1 011,6164 ha
113 5362/82 Pembry Farm P/L Marandellas Rocklands 1 387,3023 ha
114 5452/91 Casta Farms P/L Marandellas Remainder of S/D B of Alexandra
404,5923 ha
115 5595/92 Peter Joseph Moor Marandellas Mimosa Estate 302,8713 ha
116 924/99 Nine Jacaranda P/L Marandellas Remainder of Mukute 488,2342 ha
117 2092/99 Tambaguta P/L Marandellas Waltondale 1636 ha
118 2710/50 Denzil Ernest Rhodes Stockill Marandellas Norfolk 1 469,239
119 9380/99 Cudjoe Properties P/L Marandellas The Remaining Extent of
Rastenburg 856,1972 ha
120 1950/73 B & D Dairy Farm P/L Marandellas R/E of Logan Lee 814,8313 ha
121 1492/77 Gresham Farms P/L Marandellas Tawoomba of Eirene 597,6383 ha
122 7827/71 Ponderosa Estate P/L Marandellas The Remaining Extent of Vrede
401,3760 ha
123 84/87 Petrus Gerhardus Botha Marandellas S/D D of Welgetroos 214,1295
124 1950/73 B & D Dairy Farm P/L Marandellas R/E of Logan Lee 814,8313 ha
125 3718/75 Chibara P/L Mazoe Granite 3718,75ha
126 4045/86 Perkins P/L Melsetter R/E of Schaap Plaats 152,1323 ha
127 9073/95 Elangeni Farm P/L Melsetter Tank Neil Portion of Moodies Nek
Portion of Hendriksdal 452,7723 ha
128 2692/95 Bennet Brothers Farming Enterprises P/L Melsetter Vooruitzicht
2 784,5859 ha
129 4618/90 John Barlow Melsetter Redstar of Mutazarara of Albany 53,5749
130 5517/84 Saurel Holdings P/L Melsetter Remainder of Umzila 859,8619 ha
131 6499/85 Philip Lawrence Mackie Mrewa Eureka 837,8130 ha
132 8150/94 Landsley Farm P/L Mrewa Remainder of Leylands 235,8480 ha
133 8156/96 Huncote Enterprises P/L Mrewa Timorim of Macsoso 601,6098 ha
134 6536/80 Howard Philip Arnold Mrewa Remainder of Lot 1 of Whispering
Hope 1 181,8687 ha
135 1535/93 Mayendoro Farm P/L Mrewa Mayendero 872,8509 ha
136 6954/94 Landsley Farm P/L Mrewa Lot 1 of Leylands 809,3726 ha
137 8347/89 Springlea P/L Mrewa Springs 1 206,8339 ha
138 6968/87 Waterloo Farms P/L Mrewa Waterloo Estate 982,1419 ha
139 3024/82 Mount Belingwe Farm P/L Mrewa Muckleneuk Estate 146,2084 ha
140 6964/99 Denik P/L Mrewa Airlie 1 051,8824 ha
141 6617/96 Gilsland Enterprises P/L Mrewa Chikowatsine 1 057,8782 ha
142 924/84 Frederick Kendall Nicholson Mrewa Hazeldene 896,7744 ha
143 884/90 Pigeonswood Farm P/L Mrewa The Remainder of Devauden 996,7071 ha
144 884/90 Pigeonswood Farm P/L Mrewa Chabwino 774,8084 ha
145 4406/67 Mleme Estates P/L Ndanga Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 5
539,8793 acres
146 341/66 Kwa Ingwe Farm P/L Ndanga Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 6
516,6012 acres
147 5931/00 Ngwane Ranch Properties P/L Ndanga The Remainder of Ruware
Ranch 16 242,1289 ha
148 2642/94 The Trustees of The Malilangwe Conservation Trust Ndanga The
Remainder of Lone Star Ranch 26 114,4301 ha
149 2642/94 The Trustees of The Malilangwe Conservation Trust Ndanga The
Remainder of Lone Star Watershed Extension 638,5551 ha
150 4398/76 Jatala Estate P/L Ndanga Lot 1 of Faversham 3 673,6398 ha
151 5029/92 N&B Holdings P/L Ndanga Glendevon A of Glendevon Estate 1
830,5447 ha
152 1673/72 De La Rey Beyers Fourie Geldenhuys Nuanetsi Lot 9 of Lot 1 of
Lot 12 of Nuanetsi Ranche A 6 074,1161 ha
153 1673/72 De La Rey Beyers Fourie Geldenhuys Nuanetsi Lot 7 of Lot 1 of
Lot 12 of Nuantesi Ranche A 7 543,2179 ha
154 10971/98 Quartack Investments P/L Nuanetsi Lot 2 of Lot 1 of Lot 12 of
Nuanetsi Ranche A 6 070,5136 ha
155 6797/73 B.J.B. Ranch P/L Nuanetsi B.J.B. Estate 9 139,4981 ha
156 1144/76 Ardno Farm P/L Salisbury Ardno A 1 326,7425 ha
157 509/78 Auks Nest Farm P/L Salisbury Auk's Nest 637,2494 ha
158 8351/96 Hussite Investments P/L Salisbury Remainder of Brakveld
558,6078 ha
159 2882/73 Peter Douglas Dorward & Alastair Ian Dorward Salisbury Bolton
835,1051 ha
160 1012/56 Valerie Pape Laing Salisbury Caledonia 2309,2179 ha
161 6451/89 Irvines Day Old Chicks P/L Salisbury The Remaining Extent of
Carnock 904,3399 ha
162 3556/02 Maranbay Ventures P/L Salisbury Remainder of Charleston
400,0976 ha
163 1462/77 John Peacey Danckwerts Salisbury Remainder of Chedgelow of
Arlington Estate 572,9724 ha
164 9626/90 Inyondo P/L Salisbury Remainder of Inyondo 921,1993 ha
165 5675/83 D Corson & Son P/L Salisbury Sligo 1 357,5811 ha
166 7791/88 Eyam P/L Salisbury S/D A of Eyam 881,0570 ha
167 11259/99 Fullite Investments P/L Salisbury Stilton 704,0578 ha
168 2963/93 B.A.M.P.H. Salisbury R/E of S/D 'A' of Faraway of Mayfair
24,9418 ha
169 2125/75 Red Dane Dairy P/L Salisbury Suum Cuique 'A' 1 858,3412 ha
170 7589/90 Tchinungu Farm P/L Salisbury S/D A of Tchinungu 710,0077 ha
171 5296/81 Red Dane Dairy P/L Salisbury Aldington 799,6781 ha
172 2012/96 J.F. Du Rand P/L Salisbury Vrede of Tweespruit of Mtsike
321,8833 ha
173 4321/86 J. H. Butler Farms P/L Salisbury Remainder of Draycott of
Arlington Estate 1 165,3978 ha
174 3667/95 Farland Investments P/L Salisbury Gabaza 665,5145 ha
175 5234/83 Archibald Peter McMaster Salisbury Geluk of Elim 404,7816 ha
176 6592/88 John Milton Fick Salisbury Glorvina Extension 442,8198 ha
177 2867/83 Johannes Frederick Fick Salisbury Glorvina 474,9021 ha
178 767/80 York Farms P/L Salisbury Guildford 620,9927 ha
179 597/93 Gwalia Properties P/L Salisbury Gwalia 1 322,4639 ha
180 5290/01 Brickend Trading P/L Salisbury Kellet 1 320,7508 ha
181 5511/94 Wouter Theron Salisbury Lot 1 of Fresnaye 310,0135 ha
182 909/00 Mvunda Investments P/L Salisbury Lot 1 of Groot Schuur 303,9138
183 1519/84 Gideon Stephanus Theron Salisbury Lot 1 of Zanka 472,3933 ha
184 4973/85 Daniel Johannes Ferreira Salisbury Lot 1A Portugal 654,8118 ha
185 5600/69 John Milton Fick Salisbury Manderley of Vrede 1 137,5547 acres
186 1818/93 Mashonda Farm P/L Salisbury Mashonda 799,1313 ha
187 4308/73 Mayfield Farm P/L Salisbury Mayfield 741,9859 ha
188 2882/73 Peter D Dorward & A Ian Dorward Salisbury Bolton 835,1051 ha
189 5505/79 Scottsbank Farm P/L Salisbury Moreless 746,0272 ha
190 342/57 Brechin Estates P/L Salisbury Brechin A 2 981,0617 morgen
191 1570/81 Peter Samuel Warren Kileff & Hazel Ellen Kileff Salisbury Farm
Chesham 1 339,5642 ha
192 7874/94 R G P Johnson P/L Salisbury Chester 614,9799 ha
193 1190/86 George Kileff & Sons P/L Salisbury R/E of Eyerston of Arlington
Estate 1 086,9361 ha
194 5505/79 Scottsbank Farm P/L Salisbury Moreless 746,0272 ha
195 123/83 Elizabeth Seanan Salisbury Ndibiriri A of Lisheen Estate
102,7838 ha
196 614/97 Nhuku Farm P/L Salisbury R/E of the Farm Nhuku 424,3976 ha
197 5965/94 F J Nel P/L Salisbury Orangia 1 755,8620 ha
198 4577/76 Kenneth Michael Mumford Salisbury Remainder of Plumstead Estate
336,2802 ha
199 1856/64 Johanna Maria Van Der Merwe Salisbury R/E of Portugal 1
000,0799 acres
200 1811/78 Erens Hendrik Nieuwoudt Salisbury Quarries 811,4838 ha
201 5511/94 Wouter Theron Salisbury R/E of Fresnaye 469,4179 ha
202 5675/83 D Corson & Son P/L Salisbury Sligo 1 357,5811 ha
203 7791/88 Eyam P/L Salisbury S/D A of Eyam 881,0570 ha
204 140/86 Coenrad Johannes Victor Fick & Johannes Frederick Fick Salisbury
Victory 1 085,9542 ha
205 2529/96 Atlanta Farm P/L Salisbury Atlanta of The Meadows 546,5099 ha
206 8092/94 J Williamson Properties P/L Salisbury Remainder of Banana Grove
1 233,2532 ha
207 5481/99 Shepherd Hall Farm P/L Salisbury Chakoma Estate 1 275,9283 ha
208 76/68 Susman & Newfield P/L Salisbury Marden of Swiswa 1 526,2891 acres
209 2831/81 P J E Williams P/L Salisbury Matsirirano of Hillside 494,5350
210 3534/59 Steve Delport P/L Salisbury R/E of S/D A portion of the
Twentydales Estate 9900608 acres
211 9107/99 Beeflos Enterprises P/L Salisbury R/E of Welgetroos 459,0601 ha
212 4602/70 Wemel Farm P/L Salisbury Wemel 2 860,8912 acres
213 4312/93 Dorisdale Farming P/L Salisbury Thursfield 41,1338 ha
214 5438/74 Goromonzi Estate P/L Salisbury R/E of Goromonzi Estate of
Lowonde 1 073,0769 ha
215 5290/2000 Kerry Hope Heyns Umtali Tregenna 42,5159 ha
216 12891 Border Timbers Ltd Umtali Sheba 1 280,4833 ha
217 2435/77 David Charles Walker Umtali Imbeza Valley Lot 2 73,6605 ha
218 4940/71 Nyamheni P/L Umtali R/E of Cloudlands Estate 407,2163 ha
219 5126/86 Border Timbers Ltd Umtali Nyaronga Manor 222,8975 ha
220 809/77 Bezuidenhout Brothers P/L Umtali Remainder of Lot 1 of Warnham
of Cairndhu 220,1343 ha
221 4151/58 Border Timbers Ltd Umtali Epson 874,06 ha
222 2987/84 Cidimu P/L Umtali Cidimu Estate 79,7518 ha
223 8586/91 C P Bezuidenhout P/L Umtali Welverdiend Estte 533,0075 ha
224 424/63 Mapor Estates P/L Umtali Lot 3 of Mapenbi Estate 3 077,3022
225 1797/60 Strathyre Estate P/LA Urungwe R/E of Strathyre 1 612,7732 acres
226 545/89 Hester Helen Botha Wedza Cloutsham 1 308,5982 ha
227 6159/80 David Charles Hamilton Wedza Emma 434,6900 ha
228 6489/81 Jan Andries Smith Wedza Espy 1 468,9613 ha
229 4346/88 Hursley Park P/L Wedza Bally David Estate 1 108,4086 ha
230 6191/93 N C Tapson Properties P/L Wedza Lower Dean 1 882,9958 ha


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Zim Online

Mugabe orders Parliament to open ahead of schedule
Thur 2 June 2005
  HARARE - President Robert Mugabe has ordered Zimbabwe's Parliament to open
two weeks ahead of schedule so the House could quickly amend the country's
constitution to create a new Senate.

      Parliament was set to resume business on June 28 but will now do so on
the ninth of this month according to proclamation signed by Mugabe

      State radio which announced the proclamation did not say what prompted
Mugabe, who has powers to summon Parliament to sit at any time he deems
necessary, to bring forward the opening of the House.

      But sources told ZimOnline he wants the Senate urgently in place to
rectify an anomaly he created when he appointed Sithembiso Nyoni as Small
Enterprises Minister when she does not hold a parliamentary seat.

      Under Zimbabwe's Constitution, all members of Cabinet must be Members
of Parliament (MPs) who either won election to the House or were appointed
MPs by Mugabe under a constitutional provision allowing him to nominate 12
unelected individuals to the legislature.

      People appointed ministers without being MPs can legally hold on to
their government job for a maximum three months only. Nyoni was appointed in
April after Mugabe and his ruling ZANU PF party's victory in the disputed
March 31 election.

      Opening Parliament next week will allow for time for the Bill setting
up the Senate to be debated and enacted well before the end of July by which
time Nyoni must either be an MP or should cease to be a government minister.

      ZANU PF, which enjoys a two thirds majority to pass constitutional
amendments, can easily railroad the Senate Bill through the House.

      The ruling party wants to set up a 65-member Senate which Mugabe said
before the March election would be an opportunity for ZANU PF members who
would have lost in the ballot to still have a chance to get into Parliament.

      The re-introduction of the Senate, abolished in 1990, will expand the
already bloated state bureaucracy to 215 legislators for a population of
only 12.5 million people.

      Zimbabwe's official opposition Movement for Democratic Change party
and civic groups have in the past called on Mugabe and ZANU PF not to use
their absolute majority in Parliament to unilaterally re-write the country's
constitution, instead calling for an all stakeholder-driven constitutional
reform exercise. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

UN envoy says Zimbabwe's food aid needs still unclear
Thur 2 June 2005
  HARARE - United Nations envoy James Tim Morris, who met President Mugabe
yesterday over the food crisis in the country says the extent of Zimbabwe's
food aid needs remains unclear.

      Speaking to journalists in Harare yesterday, Morris said: "President
Mugabe accepts and welcomes food aid from the United Nations but it's not
immediately clear how much is needed because we are meeting with relevant
(government) ministers to work through the numbers. We will be able to
establish the fuller details as we go along."

      Last year, the Harare authorities barred a team of international
experts who had come to assess the country's food aid needs. Mugabe said the
trip was unnecessary as Harare had produced enough food to feed itself.

      Earlier this year, international food aid agencies said about four
million people, a quarter of the country's population, were in need of food
aid or they would starve.

      But Morris said the UN body needed to discuss with the relevant
ministries in Zimbabwe to come up with correct statistics on the country's
food needs.

      Last year, Mugabe rejected food aid from the WFP saying the country
had harvested enough to feed itself. But days before a crucial election last
March, Mugabe admitted that the country was facing a severe food crisis.

      Zimbabwe is in the grip of a severe economic crisis blamed on Mugabe's
policy of seizing land from the minority whites for redistribution to
landless blacks. The land reforms disrupted the key agriculture sector
resulting in Zimbabweans depending on food handouts from the international
community for survival. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Reserve Bank boss authorised transfer of funds, court told
Thur 2 June 2005
  HARARE - Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor, Gideon Gono, personally
authorised the transfer of US$500 000 belonging to former finance minister
Chris Kuruneri to a South African account, the High Court was told

      A State witness in the trial, Oliver Sigauke told the court that Gono,
who was then the chief executive officer of Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe,
gave the go ahead to deposit the money into the bank's Suspense Account
before it was subsequently transferred to South Africa.

      Asked if this was a normal transaction by Kuruneri's defence lawyer
Jonathan Samkange, Sigauke said this was not but he complied with the
instruction since it was coming from the chief executive officer.

      "In a normal transaction, yes we would require to know the exact use
of the funds. This was not a normal transaction since it came from Dr Gono's
office. If it was normal it would have gone through normal banking halls,"
he said.

      "I was happy with the arrangement since everything had been finalised
at Dr Gono's level and this only came to me for mere finalisation."

      Yesterday, Samkange applied to the court to be granted access to the
bank's Suspense and Ledger Accounts on foreign currency inflows and outflows
for 2002-2004.

      High Court Judge Susan Mavangira is still to make a ruling on the
application. But she warned the State that if Samkange finds more people
with transactions of over US$100 000, then the State might be forced to
withdraw the charge.

      Kuruneri was arrested in April last year for allegedly externalising
huge amounts of foreign currency in breach of the country's tight foreign
exchange laws.

      The former finance minister has already been convicted of the lesser
charge of possessing a Canadian passport in violation of the country's
Citizenship Act which bars dual citizenship. - ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Calls to suspend Zimbabwe from Test cricket mount
Thur 2 June 2005
  HARARE - Former Australian cricket captain Richie Benaud, has called for
the suspension of Zimbabwe from Test cricket until the national team
improves its performance.

      In an article in the News of the World British newspaper yesterday,
Benaud said Zimbabwe and Bangladesh, which have suffered humiliating defeats
in the past year, must be dropped from Test cricket until their performance

      He was speaking in England after watching Bangladesh's innings and
261-run defeat in the Test against England at Lord's.

      "After witnessing this two-and-a-bit day farce at Lord's, I am
convinced our game's governing body - the International Cricket Council
(ICC) - must make a firm and swift decision. They must remove Bangladesh and
Zimbabwe from full-time international cricket until their ability and
infrastructure warrant their re-inclusion."

      He added: "Both teams need to be put on hold for the good of cricket.
They are simply not good enough to be pitched against proper Test match

      Zimbabwe cricket was plunged into chaos over differences in selection
policy last year. But the majority of the senior white cricket players who
had snubbed national duty in sympathy with dismissed captain Heath Streak,
are back in the fold after patching up their differences with Zimbabwe
Cricket authorities. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Mugabe in embarrassing climb down on food aid
Wed 1 June 2005

      HARARE - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe today accepted United
Nations food aid in an embarrassing climb down after declaring only two
months ago that his cash-strapped government had enough resources to avert
looming starvation in the country.

      UN envoy on humanitarian needs, James Tim Morris who flew into Harare
earlier in the morning for talks with Mugabe over food, told journalists UN
aid officials would now be meeting government officials to establish the
exact numbers of people needing food relief and quantities required.

      Morris said: "President Mugabe accepts and welcomes food aid from the
United Nations but it's not immediately clear how much is needed because we
are meeting with relevant (government) ministers to work through the
numbers. We will be able to establish the fuller details as we go along."

      Mugabe, who in August last year told donor groups not to choke
Zimbabwe with their food, made the usual face saving demand that food aid
must not come with political strings attached, according to Morris.

      In an interview with South Africa's state television soon after his
ruling ZANU PF party's victory in a disputed election last March, Mugabe
declared that his government would not go around with a begging bowl for
food because it had the resources to ensure all Zimbabweans were fed.

      PRESIDENT Mugabe . . . accepted UN food aid

      Up to five million Zimbabweans are said to be facing starvation unless
about 1.2 million tonnes of food costing about US$420 million are urgently
made available.

      Zimbabwe, which once exported food to neighbours, harvested only about
600 000 tonnes of maize last season compared to 1.8 million tonnes of the
staple grain required to see the country through to the next harvest
beginning around March 2006.

      Mugabe blames bad whether for the failing food production but critics
say his chaotic and often violent seizure of land from white farmers for
redistribution to landless black peasants is responsible for the about 60
percent fall in food production. - ZimOnline
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Mbare residents burn own property

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jun-02

SCORES of desperate Mbare residents affected by the current police and
Harare municipality blitz code named Operation Restore Order and
Murambatsvina, set their properties ablaze yesterday because they cannot
afford ferrying them to their rural homes.
Police and the City of Harare intensified the clean-up operation in the
sprawling suburb moving from door-to-door ordering the destruction of all
illegal structures.
Some residents were seen burning their beds, wardrobes and other personal
paraphernalia when this newspaper visited Mbare at around 9am. Scores of
families that had destroyed their houses ahead of the operation on Tuesday
are sleeping in the open.
 "I put these things on sale yesterday but no one is willing to buy them. I
do not have money with me to carry my property to my rural home yet I cannot
just leave them in the open for people to take them for free," said one of
the displaced people.
 A group of children, oblivious of what had befallen them could be seen
playing about in the rubble.
Other people who were uprooted from their dwellings authorities said were
illegal, have already sold their goods, mostly electrical gadgets at give
away prices leaving city life in a huff.
At the country's biggest and busiest long distance bus terminus - Mbare -
the situation was worse. Dejected families said they have spent days there
waiting for transport to their rural homes.
"With the current shortage of fuel it appears almost impossible to state
when exactly one might board a bus to his rural home," said one of the
victims who only identified himself as Taka.
The plight of residents affected by the operation has been worsened by the
prevailing critical fuel shortage countrywide. The few buses at the terminus
had their carrier racks loaded with households.
The scenario along Willowvale Road told a sad story - loaded push carts were
dotted all over - headed for Glen View or Highfield an exodus of people from
Mbare tracking back to their parents' homes. On the other hand, the police
have vowed to continue with the operation despite pleas to halt it by some
sections of the community.
Yesterday, MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai called upon the government to stop
the operation and appealed to the international community to assist people
displaced by the blitzkrieg.
"May I appeal to the international community to support the displaced
persons and to exert pressure on the Mugabe regime to stop this project...
Our urban areas are potential centres for serious instability. The people
feel insecure, exposed and threatened. We must put in place an urgent
mechanism to protect the vulnerable, the weak and the poor," he told a news
conference at Harvest House, the MDC headquarters in Harare.
Police spokesperson Oliver Mandipaka yesterday said police where monitoring
the situation carefully to ensure that none of the displaced people returned
while over 18 000 people had been arrested for various offences nation-wide.
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      Bush and Mbeki Discuss Sudan, Zimbabwe
      By Scott Stearns
      White House
      01 June 2005

President Bush says he is continuing to support African efforts to end
violence and hunger in Southern Sudan. VOA White House Correspondent Scott
Stearns reports, Mr. Bush and South African President Thabo Mbeki also
discussed the need for political and economic reforms in Zimbabwe.

 President Bush says America is continuing to provide logistical support for
African Union troops trying to keep the peace in Southern Sudan. Mr. Bush
says he is working with NATO to help position those peacekeepers so relief
supplies can reach hundreds of thousands of refugees in Darfur.

Following talks in the Oval Office, South African President Mbeki says that
is just the sort of help African leaders want.

"Certainly from the African perspective, we would not say that we want
deployment of U.S. troops in Darfur. We don't. On the continent, we've got
the people to do this, military, police, and other so long as we get this
logistical support," Mr. Mbeki said.

President Bush says the South African leader gave him a briefing on regional
efforts to help end the political crisis in Zimbabwe, where Washington says
April legislative elections were neither free nor fair.

"Obviously, we are concerned about a leadership that does not adhere to
democratic principles, and obviously concerned about a country that was able
to, for example, feed itself and now has to import food as an example of the
consequence of not adhering to democratic principles," he said.

President Mbeki says he told Mr. Bush that African leaders are working with
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and opposition leaders to encourage them
to look at changing the constitution and the legislature to create the
political basis for a stable, democratic system.

"What is really critically important is to see in what ways we can support
the opposition party and the ruling party in Zimbabwe to overcome their
problems," he said. "And clearly one of the critically important things to
do is to make sure that you have the political arrangements that address
matters of the rule of law."

President Mbeki urged President Bush and other world leaders to address
African development issues at next month's G-8 summit of leading industrial
nations in Scotland, saying the meeting could deliver a very strong,
positive message about moving Africa away from poverty, underdevelopment and

President Bush says he is working with European leaders to encourage
democratic principles, rule of law and respect for human rights in Africa,
but remains opposed to a European plan to boost development aid through
aviation taxes or bond guarantees.

Asked about the international finance elements of British Prime Minister
Tony Blair's Commission for Africa report, Mr. Bush told President Mbeki
that the funding does not fit Washington's budgetary process.

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Don't focus only on Zimbabwe: WEF

June 01, 2005, 18:30

Leading industrial countries should look at the positive examples elsewhere
in Africa and not concentrate solely on the crisis in Zimbabwe, a British
delegate to the World Economic Forum said today. "Undoubtedly the situation
in Zimbabwe is a serious one. What I would say to our interlocutors globally
on these issues, is that they should look elsewhere in the continent for the
positive signs that I believe counterbalance the negative," said Paul
Boateng, UK high commissioner designate to South Africa.

Boateng was responding to a question at a media briefing at the World
Economic Forum's Africa summit meeting in Cape Town on how the Zimbabwe
question could influence aid to Africa. He said all too often, when
considering Africa, people accentuated the negative rather than giving the
proper and due acknowledgement of the positive.

Boateng said "determination and vigour" was needed to promote good
governance, accountability and transparency. At the same time Africa needed
to be given credit for the steps it had taken. "If you look throughout the
continent there have been successful elections held where before they were a
succession of military juntas."

Boateng said there was an expectation that the G8 and the political
leadership of Africa would respond to the challenge of improving the lives
of the continent's poor as espoused in the Commission for Africa report.
Without taking real, practical steps to meet these challenges, it was
unlikely that the Millennium Development Goals would be met in sub-Saharan
Africa. "The one target on halving poverty will not be met until 2147.
That's 130 years too late. That is the scale of the challenge."

Boateng said the G8 meeting at Gleneagles in Scotland in less than a month,
would see a reflection of a process which had already seen Canada announcing
a doubling of aid to Africa, Japan taking similar steps, and the European
Union announcing new aid targets.

The question of trade reform was also vitally important and could not be
underestimated. It would be discussed at the G8 meeting. "If developed
countries immediately extended quota and duty free access to all low-income
countries, annual incomes in sub-Saharan countries could increase in the
short term by up to US5 billion dollars a year. "Sub-Saharan cotton exports
could increase by 75% if the US and EU removed support to their cotton
farmers," said Boateng. - Sapa
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Zimbabwe arrests 22 000 people in shantytown blitz

June 01, 2005, 13:00

Zimbabwe police have arrested more than 22 000 people as a fierce blitz on
illegal stores and shantytowns gathered pace, sending homeless people
fleeing for the countryside, the state Herald newspaper said today. "We have
so far arrested a total of 22 735 people and recovered 33.5 kilogrammes of
gold from 47 illegal gold panners and 26,000 litres of fuel," Wayne
Bvudzijena, assistant police commissioner, told the newspaper. Bvudzijena
was not immediately reachable for comment.

The leader of Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC), which draws the bulk of its support in urban areas, described the
campaign as a political vendetta and repeated calls for people to mobilise
resistance. "Property worth millions of dollars has gone up in flames.
Families are out in the open -- without jobs, without income, without
shelter without support," Morgan Tsvangirai MDC president, told a news
conference. "Overnight, Zimbabwe has a massive internal refugee population
in its urban areas."

Government says the campaign is meant to stamp out black market trading and
other crime in slums around Harare and other cities. Police have used
sledgehammers and bulldozers to demolish thousands of illegal shacks and
torched others, leaving residents scrambling to secure their possessions
before their homes and businesses are destroyed.

Many of those displaced by the crackdown are seeking to return to their
family homes in the countryside, although a desperate fuel shortage caused
by Zimbabwe's deepening economic crisis has made transport difficult.
Zimbabwe has seen its economy contract by some 30% over the past five years
and is reeling from shortages of foreign exchange, fuel and other key
commodities amid sharp drops in international investment and tourism.

Critics say the crisis has been caused in large part by Robert Mugabe's
controversial policy of seizing white-owned farms to give to landless
blacks -- a move they say all but destroyed the key commercial agricultural
sector. Mugabe, 81 and in power since independence from Britain in 1980,
lays the blame for the crisis on domestic and foreign opponents of his land
reform programme, who he says are bent on sabotaging the country.

No place to go
The crackdown marks the first major police campaign since Mugabe's ruing
ZANU-PF party won a big victory in March parliamentary elections, which the
MDC and western governments said were rigged. Government officials, who
insist ZANU-PF won fairly, have described the blitz as an effort to stamp
out black market trading which has boomed over the last five years
particularly in poor urban neighbourhoods.

Tsvangirai said the urban clean-up was specifically aimed at MDC supporters
with an eye to eliminating all opposition. "The attacks on the urban
population is part of a broad strategy to destabilise specific
constituencies and to distort the voting patterns of Zimbabweans in favour
of ZANU-PF," he said.

The government denies any political motive for the crackdown and says it is
being broadly welcomed by Zimbabweans who want to see order restored in
cities. Bvudzijena said many of those made homeless in the crackdown were
being taken to a farm outside of Harare where they were being processed
before being sent back to rural areas.

The Herald said the crackdown had caused a huge jump in rents around Harare,
with landlords in some affected townships more than doubling monthly charges
as desperate people search for accommodation. "The exercise came as a relief
to us because now we can charge whatever rentals we want, taking advantage
of the high demand," the newspaper quoted one landlord in the township of
Highfield as saying. - Reuters
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Zim needs 1.2m tons of food
01/06/2005 20:34  - (SA)

Johannesburg - Zimbabwe needs to import 1.2 million tons of food to support
its population, the head of the World Food Programme (WFP) James Morris said
on Wednesday.

"Some three to four million people will need help in the next year.

"It will peak this December through January to March," Morris told reporters
at Johannesburg International Airport.

Morris said President Robert Mugabe had made a "strong commitment in support
of non-governmental organisations" to distribute food aid.

Discussing the forced removals of informal businesses and houses in Zimbabwe
was not the purpose of this trip, Morris said.

He said he wished the world was perfect but it was the job of the WFP to see
that the world did not starve.

Morris was on a tour of the Southern African region.

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American convicted in Zim
01/06/2005 20:43  - (SA)

Harare - An American man was convicted on Wednesday of violating Zimbabwe's
censorship and immigration laws after he was arrested while filming police
demolishing shacks during a crackdown, state radio said.

The man, identified by the radio as Howard Smith Gilman, 68, was the only
foreigner among nearly 23 000 people arrested in a continuing crackdown on
street vendors and people living in shacks in informal settlements around
the country.

The US embassy said diplomats were investigating the radio report, but could
not comment because of US privacy laws.

The broadcast said Gilman, who was arrested on Friday while filming the
destruction of 9 000 shacks and kiosks in a Mutare township, would be
sentenced on Thursday.

The report made no mention of earlier charges against Gilman of violating
the country' strict media laws that make it an offence to practice
journalism without a license.

The Immigration Act violation carries a maximum one year penalty and the
Censorship and Entertainment Control Act offence three years.

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Sort Out the Mess At Airzim

The Herald (Harare)

May 31, 2005
Posted to the web June 1, 2005


LAST December, we implored national airline Air Zimbabwe to act as a
commercial airline and to be efficient in its turnaround programme so that
it gets back on a sound financial base.

Yet six months down the line, and with a new chief executive in place and
two new aircraft acquired from China, the national carrier is still
grappling with many problems which have been attributed to poor management
that have resulted in costly delays of flights and the introduction of new
routes without proper market research.

Yesterday, the Secretary for Transport and Communications, Mr Karikoga
Kaseke, blasted the national airline saying the problems at Air Zimbabwe
stem from inept management and poor planning.

We cannot agree more with the permanent secretary.

For how else can one describe Press reports that Air Zimbabwe two weeks ago
took off for Dubai with 49 passengers on board instead of 120 and that on
its return flight, it only had one passenger on board?

The situation is compounded by the deafening silence by the airline over the
whole issue.

Surely there was need for careful planning and a feasibility study of the
route before embarking on such a trip.

We feel Air Zimbabwe should venture into strategic partnerships or alliances
with other airlines plying the same routes to avoid a recurrence of such
costly trips.

The national carrier should also learn from other airlines in the region
such as South African Airways, Kenya Airlines and Ethiopian Airlines which
once experienced almost the same cashflow and routing problems but are now
breaking even in the competitive sector.

While Air Zimbabwe could take advantage of the Government's Look East policy
by opening up routes to Asian nations, this should not be done at the
expense of normal business practices.

The airline should not hide under the Look East policy for its failure to do
market research on some routes.

Government has played its part and continues to do so to ensure the success
of the airline's turnaround strategy, and expects more positive results from
Air Zimbabwe.

We have said it before and we will continue saying it: Air Zimbabwe has all
that it takes to come out of the woods and become one of Africa's most
successful carriers.

But it can only join the ranks of top performers if it sorts out its
management and planning problems and gets out of the intensive care unit.

We call upon chief executive Dr Tendai Mahachi to grasp the nettle, take
charge of the turnaround programme and bring Air Zimbabwe back to

The days of flight delays and empty flights are over in a highly competitive

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Poachers Threaten Fishing Sector

The Herald (Harare)

May 31, 2005
Posted to the web June 1, 2005


ZIMBABWE'S fishing industry is under threat of collapse from foreign
poachers who are illegally buying fish from unscrupulous rig attendants and
an influx of cheap kapenta fish from neighbouring Mozambique.

Local companies are said to be losing millions of dollars every month as 75
percent of their fish produce is being sold through illegal channels.

Although the National Parks and Wildlife Authority had been notified, it is
still to take action, which the industry players have described as
tantamount to neglecting the sector which has a vast potential of creating

Industry captains say Government should intervene as a matter of urgency if
local companies are to survive.

Delayed corrective action could result in heavy losses, which they said
could push out several companies out of business.

"We have been facing these problems over a long period but the Government
has done nothing to protect us," lamented one official with Meldon Fishing

"It is important for the relevant authorities to recognise the importance of
the sector since we are providing employment to thousands of school-leavers
and generating foreign currency from exports."

He said the illegal dealings in fish had become lucrative, as the fishermen
sold the kapenta in foreign currency, which eventually found its way to the
parallel market.

"They (poachers) usually bring foreign currency (United States dollars,
Botswana pula or South African rands) and our fishermen can be drawn into
spending the whole day catching fish for them," said another operator based
in Kariba.

Several fishermen have been arrested in Zambia after directing their rigs to
sell kapenta on the northern shores.

At the same time hundreds of Zambian traders have established homes in
fishing camps after illegally crossing into Zimbabwe.

Major crossing points along the lake include Chalala, Sengwa and Bumi Hills,
among others. However, the vastness of the 200km-long lake has given the
authorities a headache as they work around the clock to curb the illegal

The fishing industry came out of murky waters in 2002, following a major
downturn between 2000 and 2001 due to fuel shortages and illegal fish
imports mostly from the giant Cahora Basa Dam in Mozambique.

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Environmental News Service

Food Crisis in Zimbabwe Threatens Millions of Lives

By Marceline Ndoro

BUHERA, Zimbabwe, June 1, 2005 (ENS) - Signs of despair and looming starvation are evident almost everywhere in Zimbabwe’s countryside, which is suffering from the government’s destruction of commercial agriculture and a third successive year of drought.

Normally at this time, as the short southern winter begins, people would be completing the harvest of maize, the staple food, and be preparing to deliver their produce to the sole legal grain buyer, the government’s Grain Marketing Board.

However, driving down the dusty roads of Buhera, Chivhu and Chihota - some 100 miles south of the capital Harare - the grim sight is of formerly rich commercial farms overgrown by weeds, dotted by occasional peasant plots of maize that have wilted for lack of rain, fertilizer, machinery and fuel to till the soil properly.


Undernourished child stands in the midst of a ruined grain field that will yield no food. (Photo courtesy FAO)
Millions of people will be lucky to harvest more than a few cobs.

Normally, at times of past shortages, people turned to international food aid for survival.

Mbuya [Grandma] Matizamusha of Buhera district says her only hope lies with food aid, and she hopes distribution will start soon.

Dressed in what could easily be mistaken for rags, leaning against an unused cart for support and looking at the withered maize on her tiny plot, Matizamusha opened her dry lips, but at first nothing came out. She paused, looked up and shook her head in resignation.

Tears swelled in her eyes as she pointed her bony fingers at something else that in the past would have been her salvation.

She was pointing at seven graves. Her children had all died of AIDS-related illnesses.

“Who do I turn to now?” she asked. “All my children are lying there in their graves. “Those are the only people who would have helped me. At my age, where do I go? I think I am going to die from hunger. Please tell President [Robert] Mugabe to help us. We don’t have anything to eat. We are suffering.”

But before the March parliamentary election, Mugabe said - despite all the evidence to the contrary - that the country possessed abundant food reserves and did not need international help. Zimbabweans would “choke” on any food that was “foisted” upon them, he claimed.

Mugabe’s ZANU PF government had promised a record grain harvest of 2.4 million metric tons. The result is expected to be scarcely 600,000 tons, a shortfall of some 1.2 million tons from what is needed to provide minimal food requirements for the next 12 months.


Map of Africa with Zimbabwe shown in gold. (Map courtesy USAID)
With the general economy in freefall, there are no foreign exchange reserves to buy food. Mugabe recently had to pay debts to the South African electricity giant Eskom in gold bars to prevent the cutting of power supplies.

At least US$800 million would be needed to buy 1.2 million tons of grain. Apart from not having the money to buy the grain, Zimbabwe does not have the logistical capacity to transport it.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimates that half of the remaining population of 11 million people - another 3.5 million have fled the country or emigrated - face starvation unless Mugabe permits massive aid by the same international food agencies he banned before the parliamentary election.

Matizamusha said she hoped any distribution of food aid would not be selective. She said that in the past the amount you received depended on how well you got along with traditional chiefs and headmen paid by the ZANU PF government. Her situation is made worse by the fact that she has to care for several grandchildren orphaned by AIDS with the help of her daughter-in-law, Tsungi.

More than 3,300 Zimbabweans are killed by AIDS-related illnesses each week, leaving countless thousands of elderly people looking after their orphaned grandchildren.

Tendai Biti, secretary for economic affairs for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, said, “The situation is really bad. There is no food. The fact that government said it needed to import 1.2 million tons, which is around three-fifths of the annual requirements, says a lot about the situation on the ground. It is a serious acknowledgement of failure."

“However, I believe that the government is understating the total imports required," Biti said. "All in all, I don’t believe that we will produce more than 200,000 tons of maize. This means that we need to import at least 1.8 million tons. One doesn’t have to be rocket scientist to see what is in the fields. If you drive around you will not find a single decent crop.”

Staple cereals are increasingly unavailable in rural areas, and what little maize does appear soars in price, limiting the ability of households to buy enough to satisfy their needs.

The cost of living in urban areas has also increased sharply since the March 31 election, and the majority of households struggle to meet their basic expenditure requirements.

Government officials maintain that only around 1.5 million people are in need of food assistance, a figure they claim is based on a government crop assessment undertaken between December and January.

A second crop assessment is still to be concluded and the delay is compounding an already critical situation. The government says the second assessment will determine whether the country will appeal for international food assistance.

Biti described the lack of money to buy essential food as a true measure of the destruction Mugabe has wrought on the country. “We are now using the gold reserves to pay off our recurrent expenditure,” he said. “When you start exposing your gold reserves, it’s like a starving mother selling her kitchen. It is a crisis that we are in.”


In 2002, hungry Zimbabweans lined up for a World Food Programme distribution. Conditions have worsened since then, and the WFP is not distributing food in Zimbabwe at this time. (Photo by Brenda Barton courtesy WFP)
UNICEF has been urging the government to accept food aid before the situation gets out of hand.

Many believe Mugabe is preparing to swallow his pride and appeal to friendly countries and the United Nations for food assistance to avert widespread starvation. Some reports say the government has already compiled a consolidated appeal that will be presented to the United Nations Development Programme.

But the government has said it will not accept any aid that comes with conditions attached to it. The most likely precondition would be that the UN World Food Programme and designated international aid organizations would be free to give food to everyone in need, regardless of political affiliation.

Mugabe’s request for aid may come dangerously late.

The longer the government takes to give correct figures and make an appeal for aid, the longer it will take for the international donors to respond. The appeal has to come soon because it will take several months before donors process the necessary funds. If Mugabe were to make his appeal now, it might take up to three months before food aid starts flowing into the country.

The World Food Programme has already planned its food distribution in southern Africa for 2005, after being assured by the president that Zimbabwe would not need help.

{Published in cooperation with the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR). Marceline Ndoro is the pseudonym of an IWPR reporter in Buhera.}

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UN official met Mugabe, says he welcomes food aid
Wed Jun 1, 2005 07:31 AM ET

By Stella Mapenzauswa
HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe said on Wednesday he
welcomed food aid from the United Nations but it was not yet clear how much
the southern African country would ask for, a senior U.N. official said.

Mugabe has accused aid agencies in the past of working to further a
political agenda under the guise of food distribution, leading to a dramatic
cutback in U.N. World Food Programme (WFP) help for the country.

WFP director James Morris -- who is also U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan's
Special Envoy to Southern Africa -- told journalists he would meet
government ministers later in the day to get more details of Zimbabwe's food

"We will meet with ministers later in the afternoon to get a little more
specific but the president said that he welcomed food assistance and food
assistance that comes with a humanitarian commitment," Morris said after
meeting Mugabe.

"And that's the way we have worked forever here and we have worked well
together and we will work through the numbers as we go forward," he said.

Last year, Mugabe's government said Zimbabwe would produce 2.4 million
tonnes of maize in 2005 and would not require emergency food aid for the
first time in three years, but a severe drought has slashed output, with
industry officials saying only 500,000 tonnes of the staple maize crop will
be harvested.

Officials say the country will likely now need some 1.2 million tonnes of
imported maize, but many aid workers say they doubt the government has the
foreign exchange to afford it.

"I know that he (Mugabe) is focused on trying to import food and we will try
to do our best from a humanitarian perspective," Morris said on Wednesday.

Aid workers say Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Lesotho and Swaziland
will need at least 2 million tonnes of food in total -- mostly maize bought
from the continent's top producer South Africa, which has had good rains.

Last week Morris said he believed Mugabe's government would probably approve
a major new U.N. food aid program for Zimbabwe, where aid agencies say
around 4 million people, or a third of the population, will likely need
emergency food help.

On Wednesday WFP officials said Morris would hold a news conference in
neighboring South Africa later in the day before heading for Brussels.

Mugabe's critics blame Zimbabwe's food shortages largely on disruptions to
the key agriculture sector linked to his controversial drive to forcibly
redistribute white-owned commercial farms among landless blacks.

But the government points solely to drought and accuses opponents of the
land reforms of sabotaging the southern African country's economy, leading
to record inflation and unemployment as well as erratic foreign currency and
fuel supplies.

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The Telegraph


Africa's alternative to Zimbabwe model

Sir- Your comments on Thabo Mbeki (Leader, May 31 - see below) are welcome
among the ex-Zimbabweans living here in South Africa. Mbeki and the ANC are
doing what Mugabe did with Zanu-PF in Zimbabwe. There seems to be an
inability among African politicians to distinguish between the rights and
obligations of a government and those of the ruling party.

A cry went up around the world over the murders of a dozen or so white
Zimbabwean farmers during the farm invasions there, but hardly a murmur has
been raised concerning the murders of more than 1,000 white South African
farmers since this government came to power. The ANC claims they are no more
than unfortunate crimes. The government's failure to do anything about the
situation makes it political.

It is time to put real pressure on this country before it reaches the depths
of despair to which Zimbabwe has sunk.

Joe Rous, Wynberg, South Africa
Africa needs democracy
(Filed: 31/05/2005)

After years of saying it would never happen, Bob Geldof has relented: a
second Live Aid will take place in July, 20 years after the first. Many of
the original stars will perform, minus their mullet haircuts and plus a few
wrinkles; there is even a rumour that the original line-up of Pink Floyd
will make an appearance. This event is calling itself Live 8 because it will
incorporate a march from London to Edinburgh, coinciding with the G8 summit
at Gleneagles. The organisers are hoping that a million people will surround
the city. That sounds optimistic, but it would be an impressive sight.

The event is linked to a campaign sponsored by Gordon Brown, Make Poverty
History, that has much to commend it. As a rule of thumb, anything opposed
by Thabo Mbeki of South Africa is worth supporting, and the president has
now declared that Britain's efforts to help Africa are founded on the
"age-old white stereotype that we as Africans are sexually depraved".

It is fatuous comments like this that remind us of one of the real causes of
economic failure. Since 1980, world poverty - defined as an income of less
than a dollar a day - has halved; in sub-Saharan Africa it has virtually
doubled, thanks, in large part, to the lamentable quality of its leaders.
The British Government is under no illusions about this: it has officially
acknowledged that, while the West has a moral responsibility to do what it
can, the root of Africa's problem is bad governance.

Whether all the marchers to Edinburgh will have grasped this point is
another question. Too many Third World campaigners - including those who
have spent time in Africa and should know better - echo the mantra of Peter
Simple's Dr Heinz Kiosk: "We are all guilty." The truth is that the statute
of limitations on colonialist guilt has run out. Indeed, since Africans in
general understandably tend to resent direct criticism from the affluent
West, the time for the apportioning of any sort of guilt is over. Instead,
the world needs to ask how Africans can help themselves.

The fundamental answer does not involve a specific model of development,
though it is blindingly obvious to anyone who has studied the Far East that
Africa needs access to free markets. It can be encapsulated in a word:
democracy. The most successful African countries, such as Botswana and
Ghana, are those that elect their own governments. That, above all, should
be the message of Live 8.

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'Back Anti-Graft Drive'

The Herald (Harare)

May 30, 2005
Posted to the web May 31, 2005


THE public has been urged to fully support Government's efforts and expose
all corrupt elements in the society through an inter-ministerial commission
on anti-corruption, a senior Government official has said.

Ombudsman Mrs Beatrice Chanetsa yesterday said that Zimbabwe was currently
considered to be among the most corrupt countries in the world.

She was addressing participants at a one-day anti-corruption stakeholder's
workshop in Harare aimed at coming up with a contextualised meaning of
corruption in various sectors of the society at the weekend.

"In 1999, Zimbabwe was ranked the 42nd most corrupt country, followed by
Paraguay. In 2003, however, Zimbabwe was number 21 out of 90 most corrupt
countries after having scored 2,3 points out of 10. This was without doubt
our country's sad story.

"When analysts make such conclusions about our country, Government gets the
blame. It should be understood that Government represents us all, the good
and not so good people of Zimbabwe who, through their actions, render
Government's organs to fail in the delivery of services to the people," she

Mrs Chanetsa reiterated the need for the commission to inform the public
about its progress and accomplishments.

"Hence public information programmes, whereby statements by the commission
concerning completed investigations should be a common feature of the
commission's work. In addition, cases that have been referred to courts for
prosecution must be fairly covered by the media and make the commission's
work newsworthy," she said.

The ombudsman added that the commission should seriously consider any case
brought before it and no case should be declined because of the suspect's
social and economic position in society.

By doing so, the commission's staff and the public would be further
encouraged and motivated in their respective roles.

The Minister for State Enterprises, Anti-corruption and Anti-monopolies, Cde
Paul Mangwana, also said the country was facing its greatest challenges of
fighting, curbing, and eradicating corruption, which he said had reached
unprecedented levels.

"It is my submission that my ministry has made corruption a high risk
undertaking and it is against this background that there has to be some
cleansing in all sectors of society for the betterment of our country," he
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Where Can Mugabe Go From Here?

by: Phineas Filabusi

Robert Gabriel Mugabe has shown true creative genius in his total
destruction of Zimbabwe.  Just when we are convinced there is no possible
way to drive the country to ruin faster, he amazes us with a completely new
twist that leaves us flabbergasted and amazed.

He has taken elements of fascist totalitarianism, North Korean political
idolotry and African kleptocracy to create a new form of political rule I
call Consumptive Cannibalism.  This form of rule involves literally eating
oneself up from the inside - rapidly stripping away the muscle flesh and
bone of a country for the purpose of maintaining power by feeding the
country's essential vitality to those who keep him in power.  As a form of
governance it ends when the resources of the country have been literally
stripped to the bone and the empty husk collapses in upon itself.

It began slowly in the 80's with the slow withdrawal of Capital and the
flight of equity from the country.  When Mugabe ran out of free money from
the IMF and the currency began to collapse he began writing checks with
government debt to pay off the war veterans and the army to keep the people
and the MDC in line.  When he nearly lost an election in 2000 he went into
full gear and began tearing at the essential muscle and organs of the
country.  The land grab was the worst example of this, coupled with an
increasingly repressive environment, everyone has been watching the pressure
build waiting for the top to fly off.  Mugabe's genius is in his ability to
screw the lid down tighter and still rend more flesh to feed his ravenous

Where does Mugabe go from here?  Sitting on the pressure cooker surrounded
by his hungry demonlings, what does he have left to give?  The long
suffering and cowed population are unlikely to rise up against Mugabe while
he maintains a North Korean vice-like grip on individual freedom and
expression.  The MDC is nothing more than a weak voice which is begging for
a reason to be irrelevant.  Rather the final collapse will come from within.
  Sooner or later one or another element of his horde will become
discontented with the scraps he is able to feed them.  The rebellion may
come from the Green Bombers, the Army, the War Vets or begin within the
halls of ZanuPF itself.  Once the hyenas sense blood they will fall upon him
and he will meet a quick and ignominous end.  If he is fortunate he will be
able to escape to somebody else's third world African cess pit there to eke
out the remainder of his days in blood-money luxury.

Unfortunately what will be left behind will not be a bright new seed from
which Zimbabwe will grow and flourish.  It is the nature of such a regime
which focuses all attention and power on one man to leave behind a vacuum of
chaos in its wake.  Without a strong deified leader to keep them in check,
Mugabe's minions will set upon themselves, squabbling for the leavings of a
dead economy and political control over a desolate country.

Mugabe understands this and that is why he desperately clings to power.  He
knows the end is near but he is trapped and unable to formulate a way out.

The old fox still has many tricks up his sleeve to prolong the inevitable.
Following the North Korean recipe for a happy society he still has yet to
set up labor camps, create an exclusion zone around Harare to keep out the
rabble while they starve. He could nationalize all the personal property
including houses and businesses in the city, force anyone thought to be an
MDC supporter out into the wilderness, publicly execute the MDC leaders and
abolish the party.   The alternative - Mugabe out of power is no more
endearing.  Running battles between the army, the green bombers and the war
vets while elements of ZanuPF take sides will ensure the country looks more
like the DRC than a real country.  Putting the MDC in power would be like
putting a lamb forward to lead the wolves.  There is no conceivable outcome
where the MDC comes out on top.  At this point the only option that does not
look worse for the people five years from now is some kind of outside
intervention to restore democracy to the country.  The likelihood that South
Africa or a coalition of African States moving in to take over is so slim as
to be dismissed out of hand.  Perhaps Mugabe will be touched by the hand of
God and in a last ditch attempt to save his eternal soul he turns into a
champion of democracy, justice and fairness.  I won't be holding my breath.
Perhaps we should hope that Mugabe is secretly harboring Osama Bin-Laden so
the U.S. would have an opportunity to set things straight.

Really - when you think about it - 2005 could be remembered as the good old
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      Wednesday, June 1, 2005

Sole Survivor?

Zimbabwe: It just seemed like things couldn't get any worse under the rule
of Robert Mugabe. They could, they did and they will - as long as he retains

When we last visited "The Shame Of Africa" last summer, we noted that Mugabe
had taken the nation to a new low in his quest for absolute power. This he
defines as "when a man is starving and you are the only one able to give him

The description is apt, since a large part of the population was - and still
is - going hungry.

At the same time, of course, Zimbabwe's economy has collapsed, unemployment
hovers near 70%, poverty is everywhere and the value of the nation's
currency has melted away.

Today, food riots, gas lines and government repression are common as
Zimbabwe is ever closer to ruin. Welcome to Mugabe's Marxist meltdown.

The trouble - a term that doesn't do the situation justice - began when
Mugabe seized private farms and turned them over to squatters and political
cronies who had neither the incentives nor the skills to keep them running
at prior levels.

The country has since gone from breadbasket to basket case: Much of it is
dependent on international food relief. The New York Times reports that
Zimbabwe needs roughly 1.6 million tons of grain a year.

Yet Mugabe resists the aid. Better to control a country through starvation
than to feed the hungry who might become political opponents once they have
enough to eat.

Mugabe's farm seizures set off a domino effect that first spilled into
farm-related sectors of the economy but now is felt across a broad front.

Mugabe's answer to the damage he did was to force the dispossessed poor to
the capital of Harare, where they voted against him in March, to destroy
their shacks. If six miles of burning shacks wasn't enough of a message,
some were beaten by police.

This, after Mugabe terrorized "black-market" traders by razing their stalls,
trashing their wares and arresting thousands. An official demonized the
traders for being "greedy" and "cheap." But how else could they act in the
face of such economic failure?

Like the slaughters in Darfur and Rwanda, much of the world treats Zimbabwe
like a reality show starring Mugabe as host: compelling TV, but be careful
of emotional attachment.

This show must end. The West must force out Mugabe before the tragic
conditions he has created make it totally unwatchable.
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Business Day

Optimism brewing in Africa
Graham Mackay


THE Africa World Economic Forum starts today amid high hopes for the
continent. This year is being hailed as a significant one for Africa with
the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) and the Commission for
Africa having succeeded in making Africa a central item on the Group of
Eight (G-8) agenda.

It is easy to be cynical about the prospect of another conference addressing
Africa's challenges. But such cynicism is misplaced for several reasons.

First, the forum has a tangible purpose: to deliver a clear set of messages
and actions to the G-8 summit next month, where Africa will be a key issue
on the agenda. Discussion will focus and build on the recommendations for
economic growth contained in the Commission for Africa report.

En route it will cover topics such as Africa's capacity to absorb increased
aid, unfair trade tariffs, bribery and corruption, negative perceptions of
Africa, the effect of HIV/AIDS, the role of the private sector, and progress
towards achieving the millennium development goals.

Importantly, the forum - and the commission before it - are not trying to
redefine problems already well understood. Rather, they are trying to build
momentum behind promising initiatives from the African Union and Nepad.

Second, this year presents a rare focus of international attention on the
challenges of Africa. This is a valuable opportunity and we must grasp it.
The ambitious G-8 agenda for Africa, led by the UK, could become a defining
moment in African development which deserves wholehearted support from
African and international businesses.

Finally, the facts do not justify the fashionable, yet glib, Afropessimism
that is prevalent. Much is made of the perceived high risks of doing
business on the continent - of unfavourable investment climates, corrupt
governments, gloomy trading conditions, huge debts, aid-dependent countries
and so on.

This is a part of the African reality. But only a part. For if I look at
SABMiller, then the reality is that we have become a thriving global company
from an African base. As our recent annual results have shown, the continent
has provided us with real and tangible business opportunities. Not only did
our South African business deliver exceptional results, but so did our
portfolio of other African businesses, spread throughout 29 countries. We
have consistently delivered profit growth in Africa. Even in our worst years
we have made 5% earnings growth in Africa and we are now looking at an
average growth rate of 17%.

Increasing economic stability in Africa is playing an important role in our
success. Of course, at any one time in a portfolio of this size there will
be disappointments. Zimbabwe is the obvious, painful example. Yet it would
be wrong not to notice that 24 African countries are growing at more than 5%
of gross domestic product. Incomes are rising and investment in
infrastructure improving.

This is driving demand and making it viable and economically attractive for
us to turn our attention to untapped markets in the rural areas of countries
such as Tanzania and Mozambique, which continue to stabilise economically
and politically. Our Angolan business is benefiting from increasing
stability and rising consumer incomes, while Zambia has been helped by a
good harvest and improved fortunes in mining.

These economic trends augur well for business. It is important that in Cape
Town this week, and Gleneagles next month, it is made clear to governments
how they can help foster these developments and work with the private sector
to create the enabling environment for business, investment and growth.

We all agree that Africa needs a stronger investment climate and that we
have got to get the fundamentals of a working market economy in place.
Governments must ensure they create a business environment that sustains the
growth of small businesses, creates employment and generates international
and domestic investment.

Admittedly, many countries start off a low base and have far to travel.
Given Africa's history, it would be surprising were it otherwise. But recent
trends are positive and it is critical that the focus on Africa this year
helps to nurture these.

What of the private sector, though? What can we do to help foster Africa's
economic development in a way that is good for the citizens, and our
businesses too? Part of the answer is in helping people get a better
understanding of Africa. Africa no more needs mindless Afro-optimism than
its pessimistic counterpart. But it does deserve Afrorealism, and businesses
such as my own, which are succeeding in Africa - and there are many others -
owe it to the world to publicise these successes.

However, we also need to think carefully about how to adapt our products and
our businesses to the African environment, and how to build constructive
relationships with governments that are often our business partners.

Many African customers live in rural areas and survive on less than $1 a
day. This means we have to focus on making our products affordable and
accessible. We also need to develop our products and services in a way that
they support the growth of small enterprises and create economic
opportunities for the poor. We need to take a hard look at our supply chains
and recognise that our sourcing policies make a real difference.

We have adopted this approach in Uganda with the introduction of a
low-excise sorghum-based clear beer called Eagle. The challenge was to
develop a clear beer more affordable to local consumers. We needed to make
the product sorghum-based, rather than barley-based. The Ugandan government
helped out by giving excise exemption because of the locally grown sorghum

The upshot? A clear beer that has become our top-selling Ugandan brand, with
a remarkable 20% market share. On the way, it has created jobs for about
3500 farmers in Uganda who are under contract to grow sorghum.

This is just one small example, in one African country, but I believe it
goes to the heart of how the private sector can make real and substantial
contributions to growth in Africa. Many multinational companies have similar
initiatives and strategies. The collective challenge for us is to work
together to scale up these initiatives and boost their effect.

The outlook for Africa is more encouraging now than it has been for some
time. It is incumbent on business and governments to ensure that we
capitalise on the opportunities provided this year to further embed the
progress already under way.

Mackay is CE of SABMiller and a co-chair of the 2005 Africa World Economic
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