The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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SA breaks Zim boycott
07/06/2005 07:23  - (SA)

Erika Gibson

Pretoria - Armscor has sold spare parts to the value of more than R1m to the
Zimbabwean government, which will enable the country's Alouette helicopters
to take to the air again despite European sanctions.

In addition, the South African government donated equipment to the value of
more than R3m for this purpose to Zimbabwe.

A Zimbabwean company - which was, according to information, established by
high-ranking members of the South African military community - will
apparently undertake the upgrading of the helicopters.

Under normal circumstances, the National Conventional Arms Control Committee
(NCACC) has to grant permission and issue a permit before military equipment
can be exported to another country, but in this instance the regulation was
waived as the NCACC regarded the transaction as a commercial and not a
military matter.

The NCACC informed Armscor that it was not necessary for the committee to
issue an export permit as the spare parts did not fall under the weapons
control act, said Armscor spokesperson Bertus Cilliers.

The spares were advertised on Armscor's website as obsolete equipment and
the Zimbabwean government made an offer to buy it, said Cilliers.

The spares were supplied to Zimbabwe in March this year.

The South African air force is in the process of phasing out its Alouette
fleet, which will be replaced by new Italian helicopters.

The sale of the spare parts cropped up last year after Zimbabwe had tried in
vain to obtain spare parts for its fleet of Alouette helicopters.

Several European countries have sanctions in place against Zimbabwe, which
means that the country faces many closed doors.

Zimbabwe is furthermore on the United Nations' blacklist of countries to
which no weapons may be sold.

Desperate for spares

Apparently an Israeli businessman initially acted as go-between for South
Africa and Zimbabwe.

He apparently gave Zimbabwe a quotation of $20m (about R120m) for the
spares, but the country decided it was too expensive and the transaction
fell through.

As a result, a Zimbabwean company with high-placed South Africans as
directors was established to continue negotiations for the parts.

Apparently a probe into this donation forms part of an investigation into
alleged financial malpractice in Armscor.

Helmoed-Römer Heitman, military expert, said a military export permit should
be issued whenever military helicopter spares were sold.

In the instance of a government-to-government donation, such as that of
naval patrol boats to Mozambique, no permit was required.

Heitman said Zimbabwe was desperate for spares after its helicopters worked
overtime in the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo a couple of
years ago.

Several of the helicopters had been written off in the DRC and only a few
were still serviceable due to a lack of proper maintenance.
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Institute for War and Peace Reporting

Driving Out the Rubbish

Government sells its massive demolition programme as regeneration, but many
believe it is designed to remove populations from "disloyal" urban

By Dzikamai Chidyausiku in Harare (Africa Reports No 36, 06-Jun-05)

Simon Phiri and his wife Tsitsi desperately battle to salvage a few
belongings from their shack before a bulldozer sent in by the Zimbabwean
government razes it to the ground.

With a bit of luck and the help of their four children, Simon, 39, and
Tsitsi, 32, manage to save the family's most essential items - a bed,
blankets and kitchen utensils - before the bulldozer crushes their home.

The shack, made from corrugated iron, cardboard and plastic, was where the
Phiri family have lived for the past 12 years. Simon built it in the densely
populated township of Mbare, just outside Harare, in 1993 and all his four
children have been raised there.

With Zimbabwe's new Chinese-made warplanes occasionally sweeping overhead,
President Robert Mugabe's police and demolition squads have turned Mbare
into a battleground, leaving houses and makeshift shelters flattened in
street after street.

Families carrying their remaining possessions on their heads or in carts -
wooden planks, sheets of tin, pots wrapped in blankets and plastic - are on
the march like refugees in some terrible war, after the mass demolition of
their homes in Mugabe's "Operation Murambatsvina", which translates as
"Operation Drive Out the Rubbish".

It is a scene of desolation and despair, and one that is being repeated all
across the country in an apparent bid to drive hundreds of thousands of
people from the towns back to rural areas. This new Mugabe strategy is being
compared by critics to that of Cambodia's Pol Pot, who in his "Return to
Year Zero" forced the inhabitants of cities into the countryside in the late

Miloon Kothari, the United Nations special representative on housing for the
poor, told reporters in Geneva that he feared Mugabe planned to drive
between two and three million Zimbabweans into the countryside in Operation
Murambatsvina, launched two weeks ago when police began sweeping street
traders from the pavements in Harare and the northern resort town of
Victoria Falls. The operation subsequently spread throughout the country.

"We have a very grave crisis on our hands," said Kothari.

An added concern is that the land is no longer able to feed the people who
live on it - let alone extra hungry mouths. A recent report by the Famine
Early Warning System Network, a UN agency, said most rural homes have run
out of food. It warned that around five million people could starve if the
government does not allow international donors to bring in aid.

President Mugabe, in a speech to the central committee of the ruling ZANU PF
party, explained the demolitions as a necessary part of urban regeneration,
"Our cities and towns had become havens for illicit and criminal practices
and activities which just could not be allowed to go on. From the mess
should emerge new businesses, new traders, new practices and a whole new and
salubrious urban environment. That is our vision."

Zimbabwean local government minister Ignatius Chombo used the same utopian
language, saying, "This is the dawn of a new era. To set up something nice,
you first have to remove the litter, and that is why the police are acting
in this way."

The independent Standard weekly newspaper hit back with an editorial saying,
"Chombo's explanation is nonsensical and an insult to the intelligence of
the people of this country. The government should not delight in the
suffering of people when it does not have a ready-made alternative for

As well as his home, Simon Phiri also lost the trading stall where he sold
secondhand clothes at Mbare's colourful Mupedzanhamo market, the biggest in
the country and recommended in the tourist guidebooks.

As clouds of tear gas mixed with smoke from burning shacks wafted about him,
he said, "They have destroyed my house and my small shop at the market. I
have nowhere to go. I was born and grew up in Mbare. This is the only home I

Phiri is only one of the countless thousands of Harare residents who have
been rendered unemployed and homeless after police and other state agencies
destroyed their homes and stalls as part of what President Mugabe describes
as a "clean up" campaign. In Harare alone, some 30,000 informal traders like
Simon have been driven out of business. The police say the aim is to rid the
capital of "criminals".

Victoria Muchenje, another Mbare resident whose shack was destroyed, said,
"We are suffering, we have nowhere to go. Our children are not going to
school, we are sleeping outside everywhere. If you walk, everywhere you see
people sleeping in the road."

Wellington Murerwa, was also in tears, as he watched his home burn. "I have
lost the only source of income that I had after my vegetable stall was
destroyed," he said. "Since 1981 the only place I have known as a home with
my family was a backyard shack, and I cannot start all over again."

Shacks and other "illegal" structures in other Harare townships such as
Highfield and Glenview have been destroyed, ostensibly to "decongest the

As police in full riot gear moved in to torch shacks using petrol, many
residents tore down their own homes to salvage some of the building
materials. Many burned furniture they could not take with them.

As well as the mass destruction of housing, more than 23,000 people have
been arrested in the continuing campaign.

The assaults have left huge numbers homeless and without a source of income.
Whole families are now sleeping in the open as Zimbabwe's mid-winter night
temperatures dip to freezing point. Others are battling to find scarce
transport to take them to relatives' rural homes.

About half of the poor in cities like Harare, Bulawayo, Mutare and Gweru
live in shacks.

Most of them came to the cities because of the failure of education, health
services and agriculture in the rural areas, where AIDS deaths are also
wrecking traditional social support mechanisms.

In all, it is estimated that some 2.5 million people live - or did so until
late May - in makeshift urban accommodation without adequate sanitation or
clean water, the only kind of housing they could afford.

With no access to mainstream jobs, given the imploding economy and
unemployment at 80 per cent, such people have taken to the pavements and
alleys - cutting hair, mending shoes, weaving baskets and chairs and selling
fruit, vegetables and flowers in an attempt to earn a living.

The assault has been seemingly indiscriminate. In Victoria Falls, for
example, police burnt a six-mile long line of curio stalls that have
catering to tourists for as long as anyone can remember.

Even squatter camps set up by veterans of the war of liberation against the
former white government were destroyed in the police rampage, including two
named after war heroes Joshua Nkomo and Josiah Tongogara.

Many entirely legal properties have been destroyed in the mayhem.

Irish missionary Sister Patricia Walsh, of the Catholic church's Dominican
order, was lost for words when she saw that bulldozers had demolished a
clinic in the Harare suburb of Hatcliffe where for the past ten years she
and Zimbabwean-born nuns had run a crèche for 180 AIDS orphans and
distributed anti-retroviral drugs to about a hundred HIV-positive women.

"I wept. Sister Carina was with me - she wept," recalled Sister Patricia.
"The people tried to console us. They were all outside in the midst of their
broken houses, furniture and goods all over the place, children screaming,
sick people in agony."

The nun asked, "How does the government say that Peter, aged ten, and his
little brother, John, aged four [not their real names] are 'illegal'? We
provided them with a wooden hut when their mother was dying of AIDS. She has
since died, and these two little people had their little home destroyed in
the middle of the night. We get there - they are sitting crying in the
rubbish that was their home. What do we do with them?

"Anne, whose house was destroyed, delivered a baby a week ago. She is
critically ill and on the verge of death. What do we do with her? We give
her painkillers, we give her blankets, we give her food which she is unable
to eat. What is going to happen to the baby?"

Many believe Mugabe's plans have little to do with regeneration, but are
rather a social engineering project designed to force potentially restive
urban communities back into the countryside, where his government has more
levers of control.

According to Brian Raftopoulos, Professor of Development Studies at the
University of Zimbabwe, "It may well be that the ruling party [ZANU PF] is
looking to remove 'surplus' elements of the urban population ahead of the
next presidential election by drawing them into more controllable rural
political relations."

He concludes, "The long-term implications of this process do not bode well
for democratic politics."

Many Harare residents believe they are being penalised for electing members
of parliament from the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, MDC, in
the March election.

ZANU PF lost all but one seat in Harare province in the polls.

"I don't know the purpose for this madness. We think they are punishing us
because we did not vote for them," said Norman Mateko, whose small brick
house was razed in Hatcliffe, where middle- and working-class housing
overlaps. "First they chase us out of the Central Business District,
confiscate our goods and then destroy our stalls. Now they are coming for
our homes. It's not fair."

For the MDC's shadow justice minister, David Coltart, there is a deterrent
element to the government's policy, "The truth is that this campaign of
retribution has everything to do with Mugabe's and ZANU PF's fear that these
same people will rise in revolt against a regime that has been responsible
for the destruction of the lives, hopes and dreams of millions of

"It has everything to do with instilling fear in the hearts and minds of
these people before they rise up."

Some analysts believe Mugabe could be deliberately goading the population to
revolt - allowing him to declare a state of emergency and abolish what is
left of Zimbabwe's civil liberties and rights.

The draconian Land Tenure Act passed by the white-run former Rhodesian
government prohibited black citizens Zimbabweans from having permanent homes
in the major cities and towns. Forty years on, black Zimbabweans are being
forcibly removed from urban centres and ordered by police to go back to
poverty-stricken rural areas.

Memories of the brutal policies of the past white regime in neighbouring
South Africa are uppermost in the mind of Vincent Kahiya, editor of the
weekly Independent newspaper.

"I believe only the survivors of South Africa's apartheid-engineered forced
Bantu removals would be able to appreciate the scale and ferocity of this
operation," he said. "The police are going about the rapine with gusto,
destroying everything deemed illegal - never mind that the police carry no
papers from any recognised court of law.

"There can be no worse lawlessness than the callous operation going on in
Zimbabwe's urban areas."

An added bonus for Mugabe, say some analysts, is that a politicised
crackdown on "illegal" homes and traders offers a distraction from the
immense problems the country is really facing - a crippling fuel crisis,
shortages of maize, bread and other basic commodities, and a general
economic meltdown which has seen Zimbabwe's gross domestic product decline
for seven years in a row.

Most people now spend more time in fuel and food queues than at work, while
thousands of commuters have had to walk distances of ten or more miles
because of the various crises.

The MDC's Coltart is certain the demolition project will make life even

"What is particularly outrageous, sinister and callous about this pogrom is
that it has been done at the commencement of winter and at a time when
millions are already facing starvation and are affected by AIDS and have no
access to medication," he said. "The sudden removal of a source of income
and a warm bed will condemn many to death in coming weeks and months."

MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai has said that within just a few days, Zimbabwe
has turned into a massive internal refugee disaster, with more than a
million people displaced in Harare alone.

The crackdown is cranking up emotions against the Mugabe government. But the
resentment is unlikely to translate into political action because the MDC
appears hesitant about what to do next following the disputed parliamentary

Meanwhile, national police commissioner Augustine Chihuri is adamant that
the campaign against vendors and housing will continue.

He said, "I warn any miscreants who may wish to show their discontent
against the current clean-up operations to stop the daydream forthwith, as
the Zimbabwe Republic Police has adequate resources to ensure that peace and
tranquillity prevails."

Meanwhile, the policy is played out on the lives of some of the most
vulnerable members of society.

"How can the little ones of the world be brutalised in this way?" asked
Sister Patricia. "Their only crime is that they are poor, they are helpless
and they happen to live in the wrong part of town, and in a country that
does not have oil and is not very important to the West.

"We stand in shock and cry with the people, but we also have to try to keep
them alive. When will sanity prevail? Where is the outside world?"

Dzikamai Chidyausiku is the pseudonym used by a journalist in Zimbabwe.
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Combined Harare Residents Association
Press Statement
6 June 2005

CHRA calls for a Stay Away on 9 & 10 June 2005

In the face of the continuing brutal and repressive attacks upon
citizens of  Zimbabwe by the illegitimate and unaccountable rogue regime,
CHRA has resolved  to engage in various activities to challenge the actions
of the fascist clique that has occupied our State.

CHRA therefore calls for a two day stay away to protest the destruction of
property and the arrests of thousands of citizens as the regime attempts to
destroy urban life for all but an elite of zanu-pf supporters. We call on
all residents to remain at home and in their neighbourhoods on Thursday and
Friday and subsequently to boycott all shops and businesses that refuse to
join the stayaway.

CHRA is joined in this call by our civil society partners and we are
unanimous in our opposition to the illegitimate regime. We demand an
immediate end to the madness of the so-called Operation Murambatsvina and
compensation for the destruction of people's homes and possessions. When the
rule of law returns to Zimbabwe, CHRA will spearhead legal claims against
those behind the campaign including members of the zanu-pf police and army.
All citizens who have suffered from these attacks are encouraged to lodge
details of their losses (and who perpetrated the destruction) with Zimbabwe
Lawyers for Human Rights and CHRA for future compensation which will be
sourced from the ill-gotten gains of the thieves and thugs who are currently
ruining our country, not from the ratepayers and residents of Harare.

CHRA is also engaged in a legal challenge to the continuing imposition of a
Commission in Harare headed by the sell-out Makwavarara and her fellow
zanu-pf flunkeys. However even if we are successful in dislodging the
dictatorship at Town House and restoring a democratically-elected Council,
the regime will continue to subvert our democratic rights by issuing
directives and undermining the actions of any legitimate council. Only an
end to the crisis of national governance will allow a resolution of the
local governance crisis. We are under no illusions that the subverted
judicial process can deliver justice and we engage in such action solely to
demonstrate the contempt that the mugabe regime has for its own laws.

CHRA remains committed to non-violent methods in our fight against this evil
as we are convinced that the mugabe regime, with its track record and its
'degrees in violence", wants to provoke citizens into violent reactions that
will then allow the regime to be even more brutal and murderous than their
customary behaviour.  However we would point out that there is increasing
pressure from the people of Zimbabwe to confront the regime with violence
and if a downward spiral into chaos is to be averted then the sane and
rational members of zanu-pf must prevail over the thugs who currently
dominate the party. We call upon such citizens to reject the actions of
their party which can only have dire consequences for all Zimbabweans.


For further information, contact:
Combined Harare Residents Association
Mike Davies
tel: 498792
mobile: 263 4 [0]91 249 430
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Opposition demos to go ahead in Zimbabwe    Basildon Peta
          June 07 2005 at 07:14AM

      The Zimbabwean government has vowed to deal ruthlessly with a planned
mass action called for Thursday and Friday by an alliance of the main
opposition and civic groups to protest against the arrests of more than 22
000 informal traders and the demolition of informal settlements that have
left many homeless.

      This would be the first mass action in Zimbabwe in more than two years
after the passage of draconian security laws which outlawed all strike
action, unless sanctioned by the police.

      The government has declared the planned mass action illegal, but the
organisers say they will press ahead with it because repression in Zimbabwe
"has reached intolerable levels".

      "We are protesting against the senselessness of this regime in terms
of the mass suffering it continues to cause to the people of this country,"
said an alliance spokesperson.

      The alliance includes the Movement for Democratic Change, the National
Constitutional Assembly, the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions, the Crisis
Coalition of Zimbabwe and several other groups.

      This article was originally published on page 3 of The Mercury on June
07, 2005
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From: Renate Hechenberger []
Sent: 03 June, 2005 10:52 AM

From Hep Monatzeder, Mayor of the City of Munich, addressed to Cde David
Karimanzira, the provincial Governor
Harare Metropolitan Province.

To: Cde David Isheminyoro Godi Karimanzira

Dear Sir,

on behalf of the citizens of Munich, twin city of Harare, I wish to express
our deep concern for the people of Harare at this moment.

I have heard that police and army units have been engaged in demolishing not
only the stalls of street traders, licensed as well as unlicensed, but also
legally as well as illegally built homes in several districts of Harare.
According to my information, thousands of people have been made homeless and
many more have lost their means of supporting themselves and their families.
I wish to protest most strongly against these measures in the interest of
the citizens of our twin city, who had already enough to put up with because
of the economic situation.

As a long-serving Mayor of a state capital with a population of over a
million I am fully aware that the maintenance of security and order as well
as the compliance with legal regulations are of importance to the
administration of a big city.

However, my experience has also shown me that a municipality can only be
successful in the long run if the measures taken by the administration are
always preceded by a careful weighing up of the interests and well being of
all citizens.

I am sure that you take the responsibility assigned to you on behalf of the
citizens of Harare just as seriously as I do. I would therefore ask you in
the interest of Munich's twin city to do your utmost to prevent further
demolition measures as long as the people concerned are not offered
alternative accommodation, to provide food and shelter for those who have
already been made homeless and as soon as possible, to designate places
where traders can pursue their efforts to provide for
themselves and their families.

Yours sincerely,

Hep Monatzeder
Mayor of the City of Munich
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The Times

Leading article
June 07, 2005

            Trashing the cities
            Mugabe's razing of shanty towns must be condemned by African

            Fresh from bulldozing houses, torching trading stalls and
turning 200,000 people on to the streets, Robert Mugabe's police are now
threatening to deal "ruthlessly" with anyone who takes part in a general
strike called to protest against the Government's demolition campaign. The
threat is all too credible: the former inhabitants of Harare's shanties have
already been labelled "economic saboteurs" and "miscreants", denounced as
black market traders and suspected of voting overwhelmingly for the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change in the recent elections. Beatings
and arrests are the likely price of attempts to protest against the
            The cynicism and paranoia of Zimbabwe's rulers is breathtaking.
Mendacious spokesmen maintain that the systematic demolition of thousands of
structures, including brick-built houses for which the owners had permits
and formal lease agreements, is an attempt to "clean up" the country's
cities and crack down on black market trading. But "Operation Murambatsivna"
(Drive out trash) is as Orwellian as its name. No attempt was made to
resettle the slum-dwellers. No warning was given before their homes were
wrecked, possessions burnt and livelihoods ruined. Nothing was done for the
nursing mothers, the babies, the sick and the elderly kept back by armed
paramilitaries and left on the street, cowed and bemused.

            Little wonder that the United Nations condemned Zimbabwe's
actions or that the country's braver religious leaders said they were
shocked by the havoc. It is a greater wonder that the demolitions have, so
far, evinced no word of protest or condemnation from South Africa, the
African Union or from any of Zimbabwe's neighbours. For misplaced African
solidarity with a fellow "liberationist" regime hurts all Africa,
particularly when the developed world is again attempting another bail-out
of a continent with too many crises. Despite attempts at censorship, films
of the bulldozers at work fill the screens of Europe and America - the very
countries now being asked to provide more aid to Africa. The response is an
understandable cynicism from many voters.

            Aid agencies already report a fall in donations and funds for
Africa - partly because of the tsunami, and partly because of a perception
that aid will be stolen, embezzled, misused or simply disappear in a maze of
bureaucratic incompetence. The fall is also because of a view that Africans,
particularly African men, must take more personal responsibility, whether it
be to curb the spread of Aids or to ensure that obligations to their
families are met.

            Africa does still need assistance. Much of the south is
suffering drought and crops have failed. The outlook in Zimbabwe is
especially grim. But there will be little support for relief by the World
Food Programme for a disaster that is largely man-made. And there will be
little enthusiasm in Washington to support Tony Blair's call for more money
for Africa unless the continent gives clear proof of good governance. That
must include a halt to the atrocities in Zimbabwe.

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The Telegraph

Africa must learn the boring stuff
By Mark Steyn
(Filed: 07/06/2005)

'DJ Attacks Live 8 Line-Up As 'Too White'," ran the headline in the
Independent on Sunday. No good turn goes unpunished, and the trouble with
all the good turns lined up for the Rock Against Bush mega-bash is that
they're overwhelmingly of the Caucasian persuasion.

That's the crux of the "row" that "broke out" over the weekend between Bob
Geldof, Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, and Andy
Kershaw, Jockey of the Discs at the British Broadcasting Corporation.

"If we are going to change the West's perception of Africa, events like this
are the perfect opportunity to do something for Africa's self-esteem," said
Kershaw. "But the choice of artists for the Live 8 concerts will simply
reinforce the global perception of Africa's inferiority." And when Midge Ure
gives you an inferiority complex you know you've got a self-esteem problem.

In this epic clash between St Bob and DJ Andy, one recalls Henry Kissinger's
observation on the Iran/Iraq war: it's a shame they both can't lose. I've
always had a certain regard for Bob Geldof, and it's disappointing to see
him lending his name to a feeble bit of poseur politics chiefly aimed at
certain Western leaders who are entirely blameless for Africa's current woes
and severely constrained in their ability to do anything to alleviate them.
So I reckon Live 8 is a dud, with or without Midge Ure, Pat Boone and Val

On the other hand, I've always quite liked those radio shows where Andy
Kershaw takes a tape recorder to Niger or Mali and comes back with the
latest groovy sounds. But come on, man, what a lame-o complaint.

Given that you and Bob and "Make Poverty History" and all the rest are as
one in your indestructible conviction that Africa's such a hopeless case it
needs to be put on an ever-more lavish drip feed of Western "aid", it's
surely a bit late in the day to begin raising self-esteem issues. I'd have
low self-esteem if I'd been taken on by Western do-gooders as a permanent
poster child for the world's irredeemable losers.

Bob and Andy agree that paternalism and condescension are the only ways to
deal with Africa, they're just quibbling over the particular form of
condescension. After all, Kershaw's remedy for avoiding the "reinforcement"
of "global perceptions" about Africa would surely reinforce the oldest
stereotype of all - that say what you like about these darkies, but they've
got the most marvellous sense of rhythm.

The point is we all know Africa can produce wild, vibrant, exciting jungle
rhythms. What's unclear is whether it can produce anything boring, humdrum
and routine. Accountancy firms, for example. I mentioned in The Spectator a
few weeks ago the extraordinary number of US tax returns that are now
prepared by accountants in India.

Small hospitals in America have their patients' CAT scans analysed overnight
by radiologists in India. These and a thousand other niche businesses were
not facilitated by government leaders meeting at international summits. That
said, government leaders did not actively obstruct their creation and
growth, as governments do all over the Dark Continent.

It's hardly news that Western pop stars are so deeply concerned about Africa
that they're willing to climb into wacky gear and caterwaul geriatric rock
hits in a stadium for a couple of hours every decade. But would they be
prepared to outsource the book-keeping for their music publishing to a guy
in Ouagadougou or Niamey?

That's tougher than another spasm of feelgood agitprop aimed at that brave
band of guilt-ridden Western liberals who got such a frisson out of wasting
their money on the tsunami appeal they're itching to waste a ton more. (One
quarter of all the tsunami aid sent to Sri Lanka has been sitting on the
dock at Colombo since January, unclaimed and/or unprocessed. Maybe St Bob
could do Sitting on the Dock of the Bay for his next charity single.)

As long as Western progressives are divided into those who wish to keep
Africa in a backward subsistence agriculture economy and those who wish to
keep Africa in a backward subsistence agriculture economy but if the rude
fieldhands break into something catchy enough when Andy Kershaw's passing
they'll be in with a shot as the warm-up to Bananarama at the next all-star
charity gala, the do-gooders will have no useful contribution to make to
Africa's future.

According to the World Bank's Doing Business report, in Canada it takes two
days to incorporate a company; in Mozambique, it takes 153 days. And
Mozambique's company law has been unchanged since 1888. In the midst of the
unending demands that Bush do this, Blair do that, do more, do it now, would
it be unreasonable to suggest that, after 117 years, the government of
Mozambique might also be obligated to do something about its regulatory

Meanwhile, next door in Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe's government is being given
hundreds of thousands of tons of emergency supplies from the UN's World Food
Programme. At the press conference, James Morris, head of the WFP, was at
pains to emphasise that the famine was all due to drought and Aids, and
certainly nothing to do with Mr Mugabe's stewardship of the economy. Some of
us remember that during the 2002 G8 summit, also devoted to Africa,
Zimbabwe's government ordered commercial farmers to cease all operations.

But still neither the UN nor his fellow African leaders will hear a word
against Mr Mugabe. Listening to Mr Morris, the old monster must have laughed
so hard his Chinese-made rubber penis fell off. (A popular Harare rumour,
which I mention only in the hopes that old 1970s supergroups will organise a
"Codpieces for Africa" fundraiser. It's outrageous that dictators should
have to make do with these cheapjack Chinese models.)

The issue in Africa in every one of its crises - from economic liberty to
Aids - is government. Until the do-gooders get serious about that, their
efforts will remain a silly distraction. But, if you want some black music
to cheer up the silly distraction, I recommend the lyrics of Andy Razaf,
nephew of Queen Ranavalona III of Madagascar. If they ever clean up their
kleptocratic act, Ain't Misbehavin' would make a great group anthem for
Africa's heads of state. Until then, more than a few of their hapless
peoples must wonder, "What Did I Do to be so Black and Blue?"
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Daily News, Botswana

FMD fence to be completed August end
07 June, 2005

FRANCISTOWN The erection of a cordon fence along the Botswana/Zimbabwe
border is expected to be completed by the end of August.

This was announced by Francistowns head of Animal Health and Production
Lethogile Modise during a guided tour of the cordon fence by the Minister of
Agriculture, Johnnie Swartz, Assistant Minister of Works and Transport,
Frank Ramsden and government officials.

The fence, which is 2.5m high and stretches from the Tuli circle in Bobirwa
to Zibanani settlement near Maitengwe village in the Tutume sub-district, is
meant to control animal movement, thus guarding against possible
transmission of diseases such as foot and mouth.

Dr Modise said that in the physical construction of the fence, 400km of the
expected 500km have already been covered while the electrification part of
the project has covered only 160km.

Only 100km of the construction of the fence is remaining and we are hopeful
that by the end of August it will be completed, he said.

Even though the slow electrification of the fence seems to be a major
setback, it was also revealed that theft and vandalism have contributed to
the delay.

The perpetrators are said to be pulling out the erected poles and cutting
the fence to facilitate easy access by both Batswana and Zimbabwean

On the cases of vandalism to the fence, Modise said the security forces are
helpful in patrolling the fence, adding that various committees have also
been set up to help with patrols.

There are also foot patrols along the border but the distance between
pickets might give room for illegal crossings into the two countries as well
as cases of vandalism, Modise said.

Minister Swartz said that the objective of their tour was to check on the
progress, adding that they had noticed that the electrification of the fence
was taking long.

We will have to sit down and find out how the electrification can be speeded
up, Swartz said.

For his part, assistant minister Ramsden said that it was still
disappointing to find that there were certain people who are of the view
that the fence is meant to control movement of human beings, adding that in
the long run both countries will benefit from this project.

People from the two countries must cooperate for the fence to be a success
because in the end the fence will work for the good of both countries.

He, however, cautioned against vandalism, as it would eat deeper into
government coffers as more funds would have to be found to buy other
materials as well as maintenance costs.

The project is a joint venture between the Ministry of Agriculture and the
Department of Building and Electrical Services (DEBS) of the Ministry of
Works and Transport.

Ministry of Agriculture is involved in the physical construction of the
fence while DBES has sub-contracted a private company to electrify the
fence. BOPA
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      SA takes up Zim property fight
      Jun 07 2005 09:53:49:760AM

      Cape Town - South Africa's embassy in Harare is working on "an ongoing
basis" to resolve some of the issues related to the confiscation of property
in Zimbabwe, Foreign Affairs Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma said on Monday.
      Replying to Democratic Alliance MP Roy Jankielsohn, Dlamini-Zuma said
the embassy was not aware of any cases of false arrests of South African
nationals, but it was working "on an ongoing basis to resolve some of the
issues related to the confiscation of property".

      It would "continue to provide consular and other services to South
African citizens in Zimbabwe".

      With regard to incidents of violence and intimidation, the minister
said that the South African embassy had dealt with these matters "in the
prescribed manner".

      She did not provide a breakdown of these complaints.

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      Zimbabwean president scoffs at rumors of his death 2005-06-07 15:44:04

          HARARE, June 7 (Xinhuanet) -- Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
on Monday scoffed at rumors spread in Harare that he died last week after a
heart failure, local newspaper Herald reported on Tuesday.

          Senior government officials who attended a briefing with the
president and Vice Presidents Joseph Msika and Joyce Mujuru at Zimbabwe
House on Monday was quoted as saying that Mugabe laughed off the rumors.

          "I told the president that he is reportedly dead last week as
aresult of heart failure. He laughed and said 'when did I die and where?'"
said Secretary for Information and Publicity George Charamba .

          Charamba said Mujuru told the president that she had also heard
that he died and phoned his residence only to be told that Mugabe and First
Lady Grace Mugabe had gone to church.

          Charamba said he received two calls on Monday from the South
African media chasing the rumor of the president's supposed ill health.

          "I had a briefing with the president. He is as fit as a teenager.
He is in the best of health and is at work. Those doubting can check on
Thursday when he addresses parliament," he said.

          There are rumors in Harare that President Mugabe died last week of
heart failure, and the rumors were being spread through short messages on
cellphones. Enditem

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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to,with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.


Prelude text


Letter 1:

Dear Jag,

Today I write from a devastated Bulawayo. When I said that after the
election there would be greater repression I could not possibly have
imagined what is happening in Zimbabwe now, first in Harare starting nearly
two weeks ago, and now coming to us.  The police started yesterday evening
and continued today with the result that all the fruit and vegetable stalls
on Fith Ave, all the stalls of every sort in Lobengula Street mall, the
whole of Entumbane informal market, the furniture and mattress makers in
Makokoba and all the food and clothing sellers and service -providers at
Renkini are history.  The "World Bank" is an otherworldly scene of twisted
iron bars and metal frames of what were once market stalls.  There are
piles of rubble everywhere lying in chaos and the police are trying to
shovel it away.

Late this morning they attacked the sellers along Lobengula street, dumping
their wares into police trucks and burning the stalls.  Smoke was wafting
everywhere. The mayor went to try to explain to the vendors that the city
council had nothing to do with it and was not even told, but some threw
stones at him.  They cannot resist the police so try to stone the one
person who is trying to help them.  Other women beseiged the council
offices.  Later the mayor met with representatives of the vendors. This
afternoon a convoy of six huge police trucks was seen coming from Entumbane
loaded with remnants of stalls.  I haven't heard anything about Sekusile
market or Emganwini, but doubtless they have also been destroyed.  With the
exception of Emganwini and probably Sekusile, all these are legally
designated stalls for vendors, for which they get licenses from the City
Council and pay monthly fees.

There are no words to describe what this means to hundreds of thousands of
people who eke out a living selling on the streets, trying to get by when
the formal economy has collapsed.  If ever any government has behaved like
this, not to a selected, ostracized or demonised group of its population,
but to the entire country, even their own supporters, I don't know where or
when it existed.  They have not just openly stolen peoples' goods, but
their entire livelihoods.  Do they expect them to go to rural areas where
everyone knows there is no food?  Could Didymus Mutasa have really meant it
when he said that we only need six million Zimbabweans, not twelve?

In Bulawayo at least we have few informal settlements where people lived,
but there are some, and doubtless we will hear about them soon.  Late this
afternoon the streets of the business centre were eerily empty as most cars
do not have fuel.  Many people have simply parked their cars and try to
walk.  Every petrol station has a long queue snaking around the block,
leading to a sign on the forecourt saying "No Fuel".  It appears that there
is none.  Anywhere

Our brains are evidently not equipped to absorb or give meaning to the
destruction that has been perpetrated.  We are not, as far as we know, at
war, but that is what appears to be happening.  Our government is making
war on the nation.  We cannot attempt to explain it, and everyone is in a
state of shock.  We cannot "adjust" any more to our fate, but as a people
we are paralysed by fear and desperation.  There will be prayer meetings of
the faithful, all night vigils, but when the Amen is said, nothing will
have changed. Hopelessness in the face of unspeakable evil and violence is
our future.




I refer to Sheleigh Barton's letter and others

There has been some heavy sarcasm from people regarding my earlier letter
to fold up and leave. I decided to do this after the presidential elections
of 2002 as I refused to live under zanu pf, and it was very difficult. We
arrived in UK with two suitcases and a 2 year old child. 1) 1st job as a
security guard, terrible wages. 2) 2nd job as a cleaner,slightly better
wages, but cleaning toilets,sweeping etc. 3) Self employed window
cleaner, better money but extremely hard work especially during the long
winter. Often scraping ice from my ladder to start work.

Schooling is only free as of age 5, and our child had to attend nursery
school otherwise left behind in alphabet etc. My wife worked as a
bookkeeper and her wages literally paid the nursery school fees. Hard times
living in a shoe box house and just surviving, HOWEVER we knew that not one
penny we earned was going towards taxes, rates etc and the zanu pf

White Zimbabweans are a pampered,spoilt bunch. Over here in the UK it is
common to see old people (70 to 75 yrs) working as shelf packers in
supermarkets, cleaners in huge office blocks lugging rubbish outside,
labourers and other hard menial jobs. A lot of those left in Zimbabwe
cannot picture themselves doing this and would rather hang onto their
little bubbles and "do what it takes to survive".

Sheleigh Barton says it is hard to gain entry into another country, however
she does mention pleading asylum and if that is what it takes to get into a
country then DO IT!. Staying in Zim and paying taxes and continually
"making a plan" inevitably goes towards benefiting some zanu pf fat cat at
the end of the line.

Zanu pf have declared war on white people, whites should reciprocate and do
what we can to bring zanu pf down. Sitting in zim on fat asses saying there
is no other option does not wash with me.

Trevor Midlane
I read in zw news today that Tom Beattie will keep his farm because he is a
zanu pf supporter. Well done Tom at least you don`t have to come and clean
toilets in cold UK.......******** ! !

Tracey Midlane


Dear Family and Friends,
For the last five years the Zimbabwe government have insisted that there
has not been a breakdown of law and order in the country. As the critics
talked of anarchy, a partisan police force and widespread lawlessness, the
government repeatedly disputed the claims saying they were all lies,
damned racist, colonialist lies.  It is ironic that now, as Zimbabwe's
horizons are obscured by the smoke from a thousand fires, the police and
government say they are simply "restoring order" to Zimbabwe. Hello, did I
miss something here?

All everyone can think about and talk about is the massive destruction,
the smoke that fills our skies and the multitudes of people who have been
affected.  There continue to be TV pictures of bulldozers knocking down
brick houses. There are heart breaking, eye witness reports of families
sitting in the filth, dust and rubble of what used to be their homes.
All week there have been people desperately trying to save what they can
of their lives. People carrying planks, boards, sheets of tin, bundles of
plastic - the things that were their homes. Everywhere people are
desperately looking for somewhere to sleep, somewhere out of the cold to
shelter, somewhere to store their belongings. The police tell them to go
back where they came from, to go back to the rural areas. It is ironic
that these are the same rural areas that the government said were so
overcrowded five years ago that the congestion was used to explain the
seizure of 95% of the country's commercial farms.

I remember writing a letter like this about two years ago when I described
newly evicted commercial farmers driving around in lorries filled with
their furniture, desperately looking for somewhere to stay. Then it was
self employed white commercial farmers whose lives, homes and jobs were
being destroyed, now it is self employed black family traders.

First they came for the farmers
Then they came for the judges
Then they came for the opposition
Then they came for the media
Then they came for the traders
Next ???
So few are left. Until next week, with love, cathy. Copyright cathy buckle
4th June 2005
My books on the Zimbabwean crisis, "African Tears" and "Beyond Tears" are
available from: ; ; ; in Australia and New Zealand:; Africa:

Cathy Buckle



Some strong response is required to the 'note' written by Kingstone Dutiro.
He is obviously one of those racist zealots who has also been brainwashed
into thinking that all farms were 'stolen'.  Why doesn't he blame his
ancestors for agreeing to allow other persons to settle on land.
His name has been recorded along with others.

Brian Hayes


Thought For The Day

I kept quiet when they murdered 20 000 people in Matabeleland. I am not an

I kept quiet when they tried to kill Morgan Tsvangirai in 1987. I am not a
trade unionist.

I kept quiet when they called homosexuals worse than pigs and dogs. I am
not homosexual.

I kept quiet when they beat the students. I am not a student.

I kept quite when they chased homeless people off the streets. I am not

I kept quiet when they killed farmer workers. I am not a farm worker.

I kept quiet when they chased away the commercial farmers. I am not a

I kept quiet when they chased away the teachers. I am not a teacher.

I kept quiet when they murdered Tichaona Chiminya, Talent Mabika and
hundreds of MDC supporters. I am not an activist

I kept quiet when they tortured Ray Choto and Mark Chavunduka. I am not a

I kept quiet when they tortured Job Sikhala and other MDC members of
parliament. I am not a politician.

I kept quiet when they arrested and beat the women of WOZA. I am not a

I kept quiet when they chased away thousands of vendors. I am not a vendor.

I kept quiet

I am ashamed that I kept quiet

I am nothing.
I have no voice.
Who will speak for me?



Letter No 5:

Dear JAG,

NOBODY has security of tenure in Zimbabwe

- not the old white farmer who had lived on his farm for 45 years and
who helped his neighbours to drill boreholes in the arid BeitBridge area
when he was warned that he would be jailed again this week for ignoring his
S8 order
- not the young farmer who has a letter from the Director of Veterinary
affairs protecting his brahman herd from seizure as it is the last genetic
pool of Pedigree Brahman cattle available in Masvingo Province
- not the A2 settler in Trelawney who voted for the opposition and so he
has been told to move off the farm that the Ministry of Lands, Resettlement
have given him a letter to occupy
- not the "war veterans" and assistants who helped the government to
Jambanja the farmers from their land and so were given plots in New Town
who were chased out of their homes yesterday and sit on the sidewalks of
their well designed shanty town waiting for a truck to come and move them
to a farm far away for "re-resettlement" now that their services are no
longer required by the Minister of Local Government
- not the vendors who plied their trade on every street corner as they
desperately scratched a living after losing their jobs in the formal sector
as factories closed
- not the rural folk who drifted to town to look for food and employment
as their crops failed and they faced starvation
- not the A1 settlers whose seed and fertiliser arrived in January, too
late to plant and so they have a failed crop which made them move to town
to find food and a job
- not the teacher who was chased away from his school for a perception
that he was an opposition member and so moved to a santy in town to find
- not the wealthy chef who took over a farm and now finds the bank wants
their money back
- not the politician who said interesting things about rocket scientists
who was given 14 days to leave his official residence when he fell out of


There is a cold winter coming and if the new government nationalises all
land, that means that even the fat cats in their beautiful homes will have
no security of tenure. But don't forget that the Land Acquisition Act
already states that all land that has been used for agricultural purposes
during the past 50 years can be taken for acquisition by the government.
This means that most of the new suburbs around Harare and Bulawayo which
have been set out within the last 50 years can be taken by government under
the Land Acquisition Act.

Remember too that the current government want to nationalise all land this
parliamentary cession and, before you call me a prophet of doom, think
about the urban folk who have been forcibly removed from their homes over
the past two weeks. Think about the pieces of paper that they held,
thinking it gave them security of tenure, think about the vendors who had
licenses, the farmers who had title deeds and the government who don't care
a damn.

I wonder if even the president has security of tenure?

Jean Simon

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.

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Third World: A Real Solution to Poverty


                                             Bush - Say no to the British Aid Initiative!         



           Peter J. Spencer                                                                                                      June 6 2005


First Essential:


                   Land Reform

                   Human Resources Development


This will Impact Positively On:





                   Economic Sustainability


                  Aid reduction - eventually unnecessary


Aid – Globally Misunderstood: 


Aid provision is in essence compelling and yet very misleading in that it leads one (especially the populace of the 1st world) to believe one is helping. Therefore the tendency is to increase the amount of $ - Aid believing this will increase the help one is delivering. This is politically correct nonsense.


NGO Organizations, Academics and politically correct sympathises fundamentally have little to offer in effective third and forth world policy conceptualisation determination and implementation.


In fact since Dec 14 1960 when the 947th plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 1514 (xv) was passed the 1st world has injected billions of dollars. The result generally speaking is today the 2005 third world is from a social indicator point of view worse off then in 1960. This UN initiative was only the first major debacle of which many others followed – still regrettably this pattern is pathetically continuing.


Only the USA appears to question many of the UN policies and initiatives - much to the concern of the rest of the global community. The Bush Administration’s intension to appoint an unpopular individual to the UN may have determined purpose and the outcome may well prove timely. The individual will have to be made of pure refined hardened steel to with stand the backlash and rage unleashed at the mere mention of reform.


Further more, not only on the social indicators front but from the point of view of infrastructure, environment, health, employment, trade, and the public sector - in fact any area across the spectrum of requirements needed to uplift humanity’s wellbeing hence improve quality of life in the 3rd World to a level where it is even tolerable - that being at the most basic level acceptable to all in the 1st world - in all these, most fundamental areas of human need, we have abysmally failed in all our initiatives.


This human condition in the 3rd world is not only unacceptable it is intolerable and sadly to those who really understand - totally unnecessary. Regrettably Aid has become one of the worlds largest industries and in this regard many in the 3rd world itself are the largest beneficiaries – not the impoverished, not the starving, not the sick and homeless. 


Some of these countries - new Nations when they received this enforced independence from colonial countries only had 3 or 4 university graduates. Unfortunately modern civilisation does not operate in ether.


Civilisation requires institutions, human recourse, infrastructure, investment, negotiable land title, and an acceptable appreciation of common law. Global diplomacy continues to patronise many of these 3rd World leaders knowing full well all the basic civilised rules are being blatantly broken.


An example of this is Zimbabwe’s Mugabe who claims he does things his way and the world is wrong. Governments of most African States agree with him. With this behaviour acknowledged as acceptable by his contemporaries and neighbour States what hope do the 3rd world people have? Especially when from a Global perspective no one of any influence or authority will challenge this nonsense.


Civilisation apparently sadly lacks persons in decision-making positions who appreciate this fact. We deny those in the 3rd world the very fundamentals we in the 1st world as a civilised society could not do with out.


With out these basics it does not matter now much money is provided in aid it will have no positive impact.


In the tribal society the result is quite often that Aid funds corrupt the Political and Public Service ruling elite of the Nation. Too often from a tribal viewpoint aid is nothing more then wealth available for clan distribution.   


Most of the UN agencies staff authorised to administer the aid delivery implementation are so culturally impacted by the entire tribal entrenched methodology and personally are so benefiting from the status quo en masse they can not affectively address the real aid delivery issues. In fact many are so disproportionately benefiting they do not want to change the system  - they perpetuate it.


Perpetuating the Problem - Thanks to The British


For Britain to recommend a solution by way of debt reduction and aid fund increase is quite simply - nonsense.


This misguided approach to Aid delivery flies directly in the face of the historic facts.


This approach will lead to the next 40 years being as the last 40 years - equally ineffective in its ability to address the entrenched global poverty dilemma.


This in fact means not only that millions will continue to die but also the side affect which is failure in the delivery of all public services in particular in – infrastructure, health, education, environmental damage etc.


It must also be appreciated the NGO solution is not a solution more so - often an impediment to reform. What is misunderstood by those who promote the NGO programs is that so often their disjointed emotive driven approach to most of the issues in the 3rd world is not contributing to any permanent or sustainable remedy.  It is quite frankly no more then a band-aid.


This is also the case regarding most private funding initiatives. If the failed State has no effective Government and public sector there can be no long-term effective solutions until that resource the Government and public sector, is effectively and permanently established. Any attempt at Aid delivery while this dysfunctional State remains, is futile, in fact this quite common practice is even beyond basic commonsense.


NGO involvement does not address the root course of the problem- year after year they have to deal with and refinance the same problem. Having an NGO organization attend a humanitarian issue on its own initiative often props up corrupt regimes as they then justify shirking their responsibilities.


One of the main reasons for this misinterpretation of how to deal with the problem is because we rely more and more on academics, theory and emotions for foreign policy initiatives – NGO’s compound all of these and they appease those in positions of National responsibility.


The level this has been reduced to intellectually one can more appreciate when one notes Bob Geldof once again takes the initiative on foreign policy fund raising – just like the last attempt 25 years ago the problem after his meddling will still be here. It is no different then having a lawn mower manufacturer build and fly space ships.


The same goes for the Microsoft owner and his millions of dollars directed at the aids sickness impact in the African continent. Some how it makes people feel good to throw their money at the 3rd world problem deeply and sincerely believing they in the long term make a difference. Sadly man has believed this for 40 years, ever since the Congo.   


Third worlds leaders are not going to object to the British approach as they the 3rd world leaders will be the direct beneficiaries. 




The 1st world can address the issues in an affective way that will deliver the essentials to these desperate and failed States. It however requires an entire new and very brave approach. The approach is humane and effective.


The approach will be applauded by the populace and yet called neo colonial by the leaders and sections of the media who still see – contrary to recently published material [i] that the 3rd World suffering is as a result of these States being unreasonably exploited by long gone colonial powers. The approach being recommended does not involve foreign military presence on these failed State shores nor does it involve enforced political subservience.


The program is called “Global Village Governance Stabilisation  Initiative  - GVGSI.


The alternate approach referred as GVGSI involves a Global determination to deal with issues that are recognised as acceptable best practice in Governance and Public Sector Reform. This approach would not have been possible during the cold war era as the cold war’s ideological rivalry was a main factor perpetuating the 3rd World problem.


This new approach, GVGSI is locked into accurate Globally acceptable transparent methods to monitor the social indicators and Governance and tying aid delivery to ensuring those indicators are rising at an acceptable rate.



Under the initiative GVGSI the Aid in dollar value would be reduced annually over the 25 years and by that time Aid would be greatly reduced and eventually be no longer required - as The 3rd World Nations would no longer be failed States.


The current British initiative promotes concepts that have been continually and systematically proven to be ineffective – with the resulting in ongoing loss of life and human suffering so appalling as to having not been seen historically.


The current situation in the 3rd World is even more disturbing when one considers the UN and Aid donor Countries through their AID Policies - actively perpetuate it. The UN and these donor Countries provide billions of dollars each year yet refuse to effectively confront these failed States or their own foreign policy advisers and staff about the repeated and ongoing failures.


The fact that this incompetence is now 40 years old - which translates into a terrible injustice proves it    is apparently tolerated by the Global Community – it has become an accepted but sad part of the world’s cultural norm.


This policy failure is mainly due to the fact the current policy initiative has been conceptualised predominately from a foreign position, not determined on the ground –nor knowledge or experienced based and driven by emotion – this emotion generated as a response to the Media sensationalising the appalling poverty and suffering, predominately in Africa with the overall response being further inflamed by political correct sentiments.


Also ever since decolonisation - which was effected with out any study, research or consideration in regards to the impact in the peoples of these States, there has been a reluctance to revisit the subject by all including the Humanities Institutes around the Globe. Colonisation although acknowledged as a part of Global history was so demonised the issues associated with decolonisation could not be comprehensively and openly addressed.


In the new States, following decolonisation, activities that could be identified with any colonial attachment, were dumped and removed often unnecessarily and irrationally. Proven effective systems and practices were thrown out and any none indigenous initiative was seen as unacceptable. In many cases nepotism and tribal loyalties became the normal principle for policy and management principles.


With regard to this new 2005 British Plan, President George Bush has publicly opposed the British initiatives and the press has presented reasons for this stand. The Presidents stand in opposing the initiative itself is once again proof that he is prepared to make a stand on issues different to the popular opinion. In this regard he the President’s stand for whatever reason is correct.


The British sponsored initiative in spite of all it’s sincerity and concern for the suffering of the 3rd World if adopted will put reform in the 3rd world into a tail spin. In turn this will not only result in ongoing enormous human suffering but very seriously impact on the first worlds ability to comprehensively address a range of environmental and social issues so essential to the survival of the globe as we know it - as a large number of these problems are in the 3rd World.


If all the 3rd World human issues are not addressed and addressed effectively NOW we will lose the opportunity to deal with it at all - before it spirals out of control impacting comprehensively in a far more serious way on the Globe as a whole. The problem will no longer be contained in the 3rd World.      



Peter Spencer



Shannons Flat

2630 NSW AUSTRALIA -  Ph   61 2 64 545 141   Fax  61 2 63 545122



[i] The Oxford History of the British Empire - Wm Roger Louis, Editor in Chief - Oxford Univ Press 1998-99,

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