The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Business Day

      If shouting solved problems, then Zimbabwe would not be an issue

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ----

      International Affairs Editor Jonathan Katzenellenbogen spoke to
Mozambique's President Joaquim Chissano at the World Economic Forum's
African Summit in Durban

      Can the benefits of the Mozal aluminium and Pande gas projects trickle
down to the poor?

      Chissano: Although Mozal has directly created a small number of jobs,
we should also look at the subcontracting and multiplier effect this
creates. Mozal contributes 4% of gross domestic product and we expect that
with the doubling of the size it may contribute 7%. Projects like this bring
credibility to investments in Mozambique and that means confidence in the
country. Our development programme is based first of all on agriculture. We
are also trying to promote the private sector, including small enterprises.

      Are your antipoverty policies working?

      Chissano: About 70% of the population lives in poverty and we aim to
reduce this to 30% in 2010. The pillars of the programme are health,
education, water supply and sanitation, basic infrastructure, and rural
agricultural development, as well as issues related to good governance.

      Mozambique's constitution would permit you to stand for a third term.
Why have you decided not to do so?

      Chissano: Precisely because I have been in power since 1986 I thought
I could make this offer. I could run for another term, but I thought I could
now step down.

      What do you want to do when you retire?

      Chissano: I will not be in government, otherwise what would be the use
of retiring. I will continue to give my knowledge and my experience to
whoever is in power, but only when he requires it. I would like to have time
to look into myself.

      Why have there been food shortages?

      Chissano: The rain in our region has not been normal. This is not
something we could have foreseen. We know that we have 60 000 families who
are affected by the drought. We are in touch with the villages and our
institute for the prevention of disasters goes out to the provinces.

      Why have leaders in the region not criticised President Robert Mugabe?

      Chissano: We are trying to solve the problems and not just appear good
in the press.

      Are your efforts to solve the problem in Zimbabwe working?

      Chissano: We are continuing our work. A dialogue was started with the
opposition. Now there are problems with the dialogue, but it is not for us
to say this did not work and throw up our hands and start shouting. That
does not solve any problem, otherwise the problem would have been solved
because so many people have shouted. What is necessary is to continue to
work with these people. I don't want to spoil anything. I never heard anyone
speak about the work I did in the Comoros, no press has spoken about it. But
now you see the results. No one knows what I have done in Lesotho.

      Could you tell me about it now?

      Chissano: I will not because the success I have had in my dealings is
because I deal with the issues and not with propaganda.

      The New Partnership for Africa's Development is being criticised by
trade unions and other groups as a document of leaders, and some in civil
society say it reflects western views. Could this be its undoing?

      Chissano: These are wrong perceptions. Some heads of state had ideas
and took their own time to put these ideas on paper. Then the next phase was
letting other heads of state know about the idea. Nepad is a programme of
Africans who must mobilise their own resources, human and material, first of
all, and then other partners may come.

      SA business sometimes complains about your customs procedures being
too cumbersome. Does this burden relations?

      Chissano: We have been working with a UK agency to try and reform
customs. And reforms launched last year will further simplify procedures. So
all this is happening and setting up a business in Mozambique takes less
time than it did two years ago.

      We are speaking about a pipeline for gas and the Mozal project uses SA
electricity. The Kruger Park and our parks are coming together. We do not
say in the air that we have a common destiny, it is something we can touch
on the ground.

      Then why do South Africans and Mozambicans still need visas to visit
each other?

      Chissano: If you have a social order for centuries you cannot
artificially break it. You have to go step by step. These are things that
are being discussed.
      Jun 10 2002 12:00:00:000AM  Business Day 1st Edition

      10 June 2002

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Tories Angry Over Mugabe Sanctions
Monday June 10, 2002 6:42 AM

The Tories are urging Jack Straw to take urgent steps to ensure EU sanctions
against Robert Mugabe are effective.

They say the dictator has ignored a travel ban - by attending a food summit
in Rome

The Conservatives claim his attendance makes a "mockery" of the Foreign
Secretary's tough talking over the Zimbabwean president.

President Mugabe is at the UN aimed at drawing attention to world hunger and
raise billions of dollars.

The supposed travel ban in place was part of a number of sanctions imposed
by the EU to punish his anti-democratic handling of the Zimbabwean

His government's policy of land seizures has also been blamed for food
shortages in the country.

Shadow foreign secretary Michael Ancram said Mugabe's attendance meant the
sanctions were just "empty words".

He argued: "This is a travesty of the spirit of the targeted sanctions
imposed by the EU. It makes a mockery of all Jack Straw has said and all he
has told the House of Commons."

"He should urgently report to the House on how he intends to make sanctions
against Mugabe more than just empty words," he added.
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Daily News

      Properties seized as Zanu PF fails to pay

      6/10/02 9:49:01 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      SEVERAL Harare businesspersons lost vehicles worth millions of dollars
after failing to service debts incurred in providing campaign material to
Zanu PF.

      The businesspersons put up the vehicles as collateral for loans used
to acquire and produce campaign material for Zanu PF.

      The ruling party has failed to pay them about $400 million for the
service. The businesspersons borrowed from individuals and banks after
offering their houses and vehicles as collateral to access loans for the
production and supply of Zanu PF's campaign material ahead of the 9-11 March
presidential election.

      One of the businesspersons, who refused to be named, said he lost an
expensive car to an individual from whom he had borrowed money to buy the
material for Zanu PF.

      He said houses in Harare's low-density suburbs were facing the hammer
if the businesspersons did not pay their banks by the end of the month.

      "My partner's workers impounded his vehicles after he failed to pay
their salaries," he said.

      "Some of us now have overdrafts of up to $20 million. The process of
repossessing our houses has already begun. This is a serious case which Zanu
PF should not take as a joke.

      "What wrong have we done? This is unacceptable . . . they cannot just
use us as mops and then dump us."

      Another businessmen said: "My vehicle has been impounded by people I
owe money. I have been forced to close down my business. I provided 20 000
T-shirts, but I have not been paid for them.

      "We had a meeting with officials from the Department of Information on
Thursday, but this did not yield anything. Some people have overdrafts with
the banks and the interest is just too much."

      Dr Nathan Shamuyarira, Zanu PF's secretary for information and
publicity, said the businesspersons should take up the matter with the
Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare.

      He said: "Which banks are those? You should talk to them and find out
why they did that. It is really a labour issue, just like when an employer
refuses to pay his/her employee, they should take up the matter with the

      The businesspersons said it was not the first time they had provided
services to Zanu PF.

      "In the past, Zanu PF used to pay on time, but as soon as Information
Minister Jonathan Moyo came into the picture, everything went berserk. "He
does not want to talk to us

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Daily News

      Soldiers re-invade MP Bennet's farm

      6/10/02 9:34:02 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Mutare

      ROY Bennet, the MP for Chimanimani, said yesterday soldiers and
policemen who had moved out of his Charleswood Estate earlier in the year
returned last week and chased away his workers, vowing to kill them if they

      But the opposition MDC MP said his workers refused to budge raising
fears of clashes between them and the uniformed forces.

      Under the guise of peace-keeping, the troops moved onto Bennet's
property in October last year after violent clashes erupted between war
veterans occupying parts of the estate and supporters of the opposition MDC.

      "To me, this is a fresh invasion of my property," Bennet said. "My
workers have been threatened with death and torture, but they are not
willing to give up their employment contracts with me.

      "My farm has not been designated because it does not fall under the
requirements for land acquisition.

      "I own only one farm which is fully utilised so I do not see what the
fuss is all about. It's political. The soldiers have now camped on what I
named Camp 3 on my estate. I have their names . . . the soldiers are from 3
Brigade and the policemen are from Manicaland."

      Mbonisi Gatsheni, the army spokesperson, suggested yesterday that the
army only moved in at the request of the police.

      He said: "Maybe there was an agreement between the army and police
officials there, but I am unaware of that."

      Police spokespersons in Mutare could not be reached for comment
yesterday. Last month, the government ordered so-called war veterans and
Zanu PF supporters occupying land not registered for resettlement to vacate
the properties with immediate effect.

      However, war veterans in the province have since defied the order.
Last month they invaded Grange Farm in Old Mutare and ordered the farm
manager and his family to leave.

      Lashing out at the uniformed forces, Bennet said: "I have the Export
Processing Zones (EPZ) status. The government has said all farms under the
EPZ status should be left alone, but here you are - soldiers and police are
defying that order. Who do they think they are?"
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Daily News

      Farmers' Development Trust gets land to expand training programme

      6/10/02 9:55:32 AM (GMT +2)

      Farming Editor

      THE government has made available 3 000 hectares of land for the
Farmers' Development Trust (FDT) to expand its training programme which
benefits thousands of farmers every year.

      Speaking during a graduation ceremony at FDT's Trelawney Training
Centre (TTC) last Friday, Mashonaland West Governor Peter Chanetsa said the
government was giving Nyamhanda Farm in Karoi, measuring about 1 500ha, to
FDT for use in its training projects.

      The government this month gave FDT another 1 500ha farm in Chief
Svosve's area. FDT trains more than 40 000 farmers annually at its five
training centres countrywide.

      It is the only major institution in the country which trains people to
become farmers. Government agricultural colleges in Zimbabwe train students
to become general agriculturalists.

      Last Friday, 30 students graduated at TTC and they received
certificates in agriculture, majoring in tobacco farming.

      FDT trains practising farmers as well as those aspiring to be farmers.
Speaking during the graduation ceremony, FDT director Lovegot Tendengu said
the trust was expanding its programmes and more students would be enrolled
at TTC in its next term.

      "We are hoping to enroll 60 people who already have land so that when
they graduate they will begin farming without delay."

      Tendengu said FDT would make sure that the 30 students have land to
begin working as they were now qualified farmers.

      Asked if the government would provide the 30 students with land,
Chanetsa said: "If they have applied , they will be given land. Everybody
has to follow the proper channels of applying.

      We will also only give land to those who are interested. Others may
decide to sell chemicals and we cannot give them land."

      Best overall student in this TTC group, David Kalieka, 26, said: "I
did not apply to have my own farm because I do not have the amount of money
which is required for one to be resettled under the commercial farm
resettlement scheme (Model A2)."

      Kalieka said if provided with a loan of about $600 000, he would
produce a two-hectare tobacco crop on his father's farm in Centenary.

      Another graduate, Mazvita Manyengwa, 23, said: "If I get land I will
farm but if I do not I will look for a job in the agro-industry. I applied
for land under the commercial farm resettlement scheme but have not received
a response."

      The government has been criticised for giving land either to
undeserving people or government officials while land-hungry people and
agricultural graduates are sidelined.

      Tendengu said: "The next lot of students will only be enrolled if they
have land and we have made sure that our graduates receive land.

      Some of our former students are part of the 24 000 families which have
been allocated land under the A2 model and we expect more FDT graduates to
be incorporated in the next lot to receive land under the scheme."
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Daily News

Leader Page

      Mugabe chief architect of current food shortage

      6/10/02 9:46:27 AM (GMT +2)

      PRESIDENT Mugabe's presence in Rome, Italy, is meant to cock a snook
at the European Union's "smart" sanctions, which ban Zimbabwe's political
leadership from travelling to Europe, for the violent crisis and crimes
against their own people over the past two years.

      Mugabe is in Rome to appeal to the international community for food
aid to save more than half the country's population from starvation.

      But for several other reasons, the visit is ironic. Zimbabwe received
adequate rainfall and would have been able to produce food to feed, at
least, its entire population. But Mugabe decreed his party supporters and
the ragtag army of so-called war veterans were free to roam, terrorise the
countryside and order all farming activities to be halted. Mugabe is,
therefore, not the right person to be making an appeal at the United Nations
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) summit because it is his refusal to
act on farm disruptions and seizures that are responsible for the food
crisis in the country.

      It is ironic that he should be in Rome pitching his appeal for food
aid at the international community because the government placed massive
orders for agricultural inputs meant for its new settlers, effectively
crowding out other growers whose contribution would have lessened Zimbabwe's
critical food position. By the time the inputs reached the newly resettled
villagers, and the other growers were able to access agricultural inputs, it
was too late.

      In other cases, when the inputs were available, there was no transport
or fuel to ferry the inputs.

      The drought is just but one of a myriad of causes, but not by any
means the sole cause of Zimbabwe's current food crisis.

      The government is the chief architect of the food shortage, but the
tragedy is that it is unwilling to see or acknowledge its authorship of the
crisis. Instead, it prefers to blame the weather and an alleged conspiracy
by commercial farmers, even though it has already listed 95 percent of the
commercial farmland for acquisition.

      By being in Rome, Mugabe is demonstrating the futility of the "smart"
sanctions against himself and his government, but he is also saying he can
create a crisis and leave the
      international community to assume responsibility for his actions.

      If the conspiracy theory is to be taken seriously, where were and what
was the contribution of the Zimbabwe Farmers' Union and the Indigenous
Commercial Farmers' Union, whose members make up the government's entourage
to Rome?

      That they can agree to be herded into the government's delegation,
without seeing the contradiction, or even realising they should be on their
farms supervising agricultural activities, demonstrates the paucity of their
commitment to food production.

      Now, more than ever, is the time they are needed to show their ability
in championing food production, not begging.

      But it is also ironic that the government should be in Rome, appealing
for food, when councillors from the ruling party in Bulawayo admit they have
been controlling the distribution of maize from the Grain Marketing Board
(GMB), effectively owning up to political patronage in the distribution of
grain to vulnerable groups.

      This is the same maize they wish to appeal for, from the world
community so that they can continue to deny those without Zanu PF membership

      It is not for reasons of transparency and accountability that the
government is allowing people with Zanu PF membership cards or its
councillors to buy maize direct from the GMB. What then is the role of
milling companies and the retail outlets?

      Zanu PF has seized upon this national crisis in order to further the
interests of its own members.

      If the FAO summit produces pledges food aid for starving Zimbabweans,
it must be on condition that non-governmental organisations - and not the
government - be involved in its distribution.

      Beyond the current crisis, the world community needs to consider seed
packs for the next agricultural seas, but again they must retain control of
their distribution.
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The Army Association Braai at Batteramsley Farm, Lymington, Hampshire,
is on Sunday June 23rd.

This is a great site for a Braai and the Farmer, Jeremy Powell (ex
Marandellas) will make you most welcome.

There are only 2 weeks to go and as yet Margaret and Charles Burtt have
only had over 70 Confirmed Attendees. At this late stage a phone call to
Margaret will suffice and she has ordered good weather for this great
outing. It is important that she knows how many are attending to place
the final order with the butcher for the Braai Packs.

Telephone Margaret (01590) 671562 NOW.

The Braai Pack will consist of the following pieces: boerewors, steak,
lamb chop and pork chop with sadza, followed by strawberries and cream,
great value for £10 a head.

Ian Robertson will be organising the shooting competition with targets
you dare not miss this time (some bear a strong resemblance to one
Robert Mugabe) and a trophy will be presented to the highest score of
the day.

Andy Hope will pipe in the Sadza whilst Harry will be busy with
MCCUBBIN'S MOBILE MILITARY MOB STORE selling various unit Polo Shirts
and Caps. The BOTTLE TOMBOLA and RAFFLE will give you a chance to help
boost the Association's Funds and Margaret has asked if you can bring a
bottle of any alcoholic drink for the Tombola (even a can of beer or two
would suffice).

The Braai is being held in a field on the farm and there is a marquee
available in case the weather takes a turn for the worse, so come on
everyone, please give Margaret a ring now to confirm your attendance.

This is a great site for a Braai and the Farm Owner Jeremy Powell
(ex Marandellas) will make you most welcome.

Forawded on behalf of Neil  on email

Alastair Honeybun
Rhodesians Worldwide

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Daily News
Fresh fuel crisis looms

      6/10/02 9:33:24 AM (GMT +2)

      By Columbus Mavhunga

      FUEL supplies to most filling stations in Harare have been dwindling
over the past week, raising fears of the resurgence of shortages of the
vital commodity.

      The country has been experiencing problems maintaining and stabilising
normal fuel supplies for the past three years due to acute foreign currency
shortages coupled with massive corruption at the National Oil Company of
Zimbabwe (Noczim), the country's sole fuel procurer.

      Zimbabwe imports 70 percent of its fuel from Libya, with the rest
coming from Kuwait.

      Edward Chindori-Chininga, the Minister of Mines and Energy, is
reportedly scheduled to visit Tripoli early next week to avert the looming

      "We didn't have to wait until the situation got out of hand. Hence the
minister is going there to iron out some problematic areas," said a senior
official in the Ministry of Mines and Energy, without elaborating.

      In December, Tripoli threatened to cut fuel supplies after the
government reportedly reneged on its undertaking to offer Libya stakes in
some local firms as reward for coming to Zimbabwe's aid at a time when the
country was experiencing its worst fuel shortages.

      Staff at filling stations said at the weekend they had been receiving
about three-quarters of their normal supplies for more than a week now.

      "We have not been given the reason, but that is the situation," said
one filling station attendant in Borrowdale.

      "It is mostly diesel which is a problem. On Wednesday we spent about
five hours without diesel."

      But Masimba Kambarami, the Oil Industry Association of Zimbabwe
chairman, dispelled fears of fresh fuel shortages.

      "This is my first time to hear about it," he said. "We have our weekly
updates and when we held the last one on Tuesday the situation was fairly

      Webster Muriritirwa, the Noczim chief executive officer, could not be
contacted for comment.
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Daily News

      ZBC workers facing retrenchment barred from premises

      6/10/02 9:35:04 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      WORKERS at the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) listed for
retrenchment at the end of this month, are being barred from entering the
State broadcaster's premises.

      ZBC is expected to retrench 435 workers as part of its efforts reduce
its workforce from 980, thereby cutting its monthly salary bill of about $77

      The affected workers who were issued letters last week informing them
the corporation would not be retaining their services from 30 June, are no
longer allowed to enter the corporation's territory.

      "We are being treated like criminals.

      "We are being barred from the premises even though we are supposed to
leave by the end of this month. The management is being overzealous," said
one of the affected workers.

      Sources within the ZBC said the issue of workers being denied entry
into the corporation's premises was forwarded to Dr Gideon Gono, the
corporation's board chairman.

      "It was news to the chairman. He was not amused by the ill-treatment,"
said the source.

      "This shows how some people at Pockets Hill are being overzealous.
They behave as if the ZBC belongs to them."

      Musavengana Nyasha, the ZBC National Workers' Union committee
chairman, refused to comment on the issue.

      "We are not allowed to speak to the Press," said Nyasha, who was also
affected by the retrenchment exercise. "I suggest you talk to the chairman
or management."

      Gono yesterday confirmed receiving the complaint.

      "Such things are being done behind the board's back. Management was
doing that without our mandate," Gono said.

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Daily News

      ZFTU official seeks State help to attend ILO meeting

      6/10/02 9:41:39 AM (GMT +2)

      By Sam Munyavi

      Ephraim Tsvaringe, the Zimbabwe Federation of Trade Unions (ZFTU)
secretary-general, was on Wednesday still frantically trying to get foreign
currency to travel to Geneva, Switzerland, for the International Labour
Organisation (ILO) conference which opened yesterday.

      But Tsvaringe denied he had problems raising the foreign currency and
refused to say why he was still in Harare.

      He said: "There were other problems which I cannot discuss with you. I
shall be leaving tonight on Air Zimbabwe."

      Earlier, however, a woman who answered his cellphone at the ZFTU
offices, said he had gone to the Ministry of Public Service, Labour and
Social Welfare to seek assistance with raising the foreign currency.

      This year, for the first time, the government invited both the
Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) and ZFTU to the ILO conference.

      ZFTU is pro-Zanu PF, the ruling party.

      Both Tsvaringe and Lovemore Matombo, the ZCTU president, who is
already in Geneva with the government delegation, were allocated Z$391 000
each to buy foreign currency.
      Asked for comment, Wellington Chibhebhe, the ZCTU secretary-general,
said last week:

      "We have heard that they failed to go to Geneva because of foreign
currency problems, but that is none of our business.

      "But we say to the ZFTU, welcome aboard. Perhaps they will now realise
that we are being objective and not subjective when we say that the
government has messed up the economy."

      Traditionally, the Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social
Welfare, which pays for the delegates, only invited the ZCTU and the
Employers' Confederation of Zimbabwe, as the officially recognised labour
and employers' bodies, to the ILO conference.

      The government, which accuses the ZCTU of supporting the opposition
MDC, invited the ZFTU on an equal footing with the ZCTU.

      But the ILO, which only recognises the ZCTU as the legitimate labour
representative body, would not allow the ZFTU to attend as another labour
representative organisation.

      The ILO constitution stipulates that member countries' delegations to
the conference must include two representatives from the government and one
each from the employers' and labour organisations.

      Two delegates are, however, allowed to attend the conference as
advisers for each item on the agenda.

      Chibhebhe said: "The government met us on 27 May and clarified that
the ZCTU is the workers' representative body and that the ZFTU would come in
as our advisers."

      Chibhebhe said the ZCTU had accepted the arrangement as the government
was paying for all the delegates and could, therefore, choose who to include
in its delegation.

      But he said: "In terms of advising us, this just doesn't work. We are
not on talking terms with them and they are always demonising us.

      "The government knows we cannot work together."

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Daily News

      Chanetsa says unproductive settlers will be thrown out

      6/10/02 9:56:46 AM (GMT +2)

      Farming Editor

      MASHONALAND West province governor, Peter Chanetsa warned last Friday
that newly resettled farmers not utilising their land will be ejected from
the farms to make way for other people.

      Chanetsa told farming industry officials attending the graduation
ceremony at the Farmers' Development Trust Trelawney Training Centre that
newly resettled farmers would be given a July 30 deadline to prove to the
government they were productive.

      Thirty students graduated and received certificates in agriculture
(specialising in tobacco farming).

      This is the first time that a government official has denounced
farmers who are fully utilising their farms.

      It is also the first time government officials have admitted that the
land reform programme has been chaotic.

      The chaotic fast-track resettlement programme was spearheaded by war
veterans who persecuted critics and non-Zanu PF supporters.

      The government's land reform programme has been characterised by
chaos, with thousands of landless people and so-called war veterans
occupying more farms during the run-up to the 9-11 March presidential

      The land invasions were also characterised by violence. Some top
government officials have been accused of grabbing land which has remained

      A large number of commercial farms were not tilled in the past season.
Zimbabwe is this year facing serious food shortages because of the
disturbances caused by farm occupations and the drought in the past season.

      Many farmers who were resettled in the past two years failed to plant
because they had no money to purchase inputs.

      While thousands of families have been resettled under the villagised
model (Model AI) and the commercial farm resettlement scheme (Model A2),
many farmers have said the government has not provided them with
infrastructure support services such as roads, schools, clean water and

      Many newly resettled farmers therefore abandoned their plots. Not all
newly resettled farmers have however benefited from the government's $15
billion Input Credit Scheme and the $7 billion winter wheat project.

      Chanetsa said: "Settlers who have been given land risk being evicted
from the farms. If settlers do not work on their pieces of land they will be
forced to leave the land from 30 July this year.

      We want people who take farming as a serious business." Zimbabwe
Farmers' Union, vice-president Wilfanoes Mashingaidze who also attended the
graduation ceremony echoed Chanetsa's sentiments: "We no longer want
jambanja (violence) on commercial farms.

      We must focus on productivity to rebuild our economy. War veterans now
have land and everybody must work together for us to meet the target of 250
million kg of tobacco next year."

      Zimbabwe is this year expected to harvest a total flue-cured tobacco
crop of about 170 million kg. The bulk of this crop is produced by
large-scale commercial farmers.

      In a move which appeared to be an abandonment of war veterans and
people who championed the Zanu PF Third Chimurenga by invading farms, the
government last month ordered provincial land committees to remove illegal
occupants from farms to facilitate orderly resettlement and allow commercial
farmers to engage in wheat production without disturbances from resettled

      Most newly resettled farmers do not have the resources and the
know-how to grow wheat.

      Zanu PF used the Third Chimurenga as its campaign tool. Chanetsa said:
"The distribution of land under AI has generally come to a finality except
for minor relocation and translocation of people who had settled themselves
on land meant for A2."

      The government intends to wind up its land reform programme by August
this year.

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Monday, 10 June, 2002, 20:24 GMT 21:24 UK
Zimbabwe declares disaster after crash
Crash site
Little remains at the scene of the crash
The Government of Zimbabwe has declared a state of national disaster after a road accident in which 37 people were burnt to death near the central town of Masvingo.

This means that the relatives of the victims, mostly trainee teachers, will receive financial assistance from the state.

People were screaming for help, some trying to get out.

The students died when the bus they were travelling on collided head-on with a truck carrying maize, eyewitnesses said.

According to varying sources, between 10 and 35 people survived the accident and are being treated in Masvingo's hospital.

The students were returning from a sports tournament in Harare when their bus was hit by a lorry carrying bags of maize at around midnight local time (2200 GMT Sunday).

The accident occurred 240km south of Harare.

Burning shoes

An eyewitness told the BBC's Lewis Machipisa in Zimbabwe that he had heard a loud bang when the truck veered to the side and bags of maize fell on the bus, catching fire in the process.

"You could barely recognise that this was a bus," says our reporter, who visited the scene of the accident.

Ten hours after the crash, the shoes of some of the students were still burning.

On the evidence of what little remains of the vehicles involved in the crash, our correspondent says that it is surprising that there are any survivors.

"People were screaming for help, some trying to get out," said a road construction worker who saw the accident.

He said he and his colleagues managed to save a few people, but a dozen others were burnt beyond recognition while they stood helplessly.

It is not yet clear how many people survived the crash.


"We are still trying to get details on how many passengers were actually on the bus because we understand that more students jumped on the bus than those who were registered to go on the trip," a police spokesman said.

Carcass of one of the vehicles involved in the crash
Zimbabwe has a bad road record

The Zimbabwean Government has expressed shock and the Vice President, Joseph Msika - acting on behalf of President Robert Mugabe while he is attending the UN food summit in Italy - has declared the accident a national disaster.

Our correspondent says people are now angry at the government for not widening the road on which the accident happened.

There have been many accidents on this narrow road linking Zimbabwe and South Africa, and motorists have been advised not to use it at night because of its narrowness.

The governor of Masvingo, Josiah Hungwe, told the Zimbabwean state media that the bus crash was one of the most horrific traffic accidents in the country's history.

Zimbabwe has a bad road safety record.

Last year, two government ministers were killed in traffic accidents within a month.

Many accidents are caused by drink-driving and speeding.


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Mugabe defends land policy, asks for more aid


ROME, June 10 - Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe deflected accusations that
his policies were exacerbating Zimbabwe's food crisis Monday and instead
touted what he said were his successes in alleviating hunger.

       Mugabe spoke to the U.N. World Food Summit here, skirting a European
Union travel ban. EU and U.N. officials said the ban couldn't prevent him
from attending an international meeting.
       Mugabe defended his government's program of confiscating white-owned
farms, saying it was a ''firm launching pad'' to fight poverty and hunger.
       ''My Government has responded to the people's cry for land,'' he
       ''Contrary to widely disseminated misrepresentations by our
detractors, there is now a brighter future for our farming community across
color, gender and ethnic divides,'' he added.
       The program was kicked off in 2000 and aims to confiscate 95 percent
of land owned by the nation's 4,000 white farmers - mostly the descendants
of British and South African settlers - for redistribution to landless
       The land seizures, coupled with ruling party militants' occupation of
white-owned farms, has driven hundreds of white farmers and tens of
thousands of their black workers off the land.
       Critics say the chaotic implementation of the government program and
the occupations has disrupted agriculture production.
       Zimbabwe's opposition has also accused the government of withholding
food aid from its supporters even as the country is experiencing a major
food crisis.
       On Monday, the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change said it
was ''shocked and dismayed at the sheer hypocrisy of Mugabe's attendance at
the U.N. World Food Summit in Rome.''
       ''The Mugabe who talks about the need for international aid to help
tackle the food crisis is the same Mugabe who is blatantly denying food to
hundreds of thousands of people suspected of voting for the MDC in the
recent presidential elections,'' it said in a statement.
       EU spokesman Gunnar Wiegand also criticized Mugabe's presence here,
even though he acknowledged Italy couldn't block him from attending.
       ''It is distasteful to see the president of Zimbabwe giving the
impression he is really caring about the poverty and the provision of food
of his people'' when his policies showed otherwise, Wiegand said.
       The EU imposed economic and diplomatic sanctions against Mugabe's
government after a dispute with election monitors in February.
       It cut off 128 million euros (dlrs 110 million) in development aid,
banned all travel to the EU for Mugabe and 20 of his cabinet ministers and
froze their assets in Europe.
       There is a separate EU ban on bilateral ministerial meetings with
Mugabe and the other banned officials. The Italians said they were upholding
       Nearly one fourth of Zimbabwe's 12.5 million people are facing hunger
according to an estimate by the U.S.-funded Famine Early Warning System
       The World Food Program estimates half the population will need food
aid to avert starvation this year.
       Five other southern African countries are also at risk of starvation
because of drought, floods, government mismanagement and economic
instability, WFP says.

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 Manchester online

      Mugabe Games fear

      MPS fear the Commonwealth Games might have an unwelcome visitor -
Zimbabwe's President Mugabe.
      Foreign Secretary Jack Straw has said Mr Mugabe will not be able to
visit the Games next month because of a Europe-wide travel ban in the wake
of accusations of political violence and tainted elections.

      But today Mr Straw was under pressure from Tory MPs to explain why
Mugabe is attending a UN food summit in Rome.

      They called on Mr Straw to take urgent steps to ensure that EU
sanctions against Mugabe are effective and that he cannot be beat the travel
ban to attend summits in Italy or come to the Commonwealth Games in

      There have been demands from Tory MP Nicholas Winterton (Macclesfield)
and Labour Euro-MP Arlene McCarthy for Zimbabwean athletes to be banned from
the Games.

      But Mr Straw, who said that was a matter for the Commonwealth Games
Federation not the government, said they did not want to punish innocent
sports people.

      Zimbabwe has been suspended from the Commonwealth for 12 months, but
although this is humiliating for the country, it is largely symbolic.

      Tory MPs believe Mugabe's attendance at the UN summit in Rome makes a
mockery of the Foreign Secretary's tough talking, just as it threatens to
overshadow the meeting.

      Mugabe's attendance at the summit is ironic, because his government's
policy of land seizures has been blamed for food shortages in his own

      Shadow foreign secretary Michael Ancram said Mugabe's attendance in
Rome meant sanctions were just "empty words.''

      "This is a travesty of the spirit of the targeted sanctions imposed by
the EU," said Mr Ancram.

      Mike Hooper, chief executive of the Commonwealth Games Federation,
said: "As I understand it the travel ban imposed by Britain and other
countries in the EU still applies. He has travelled to Italy specifically
for a UN event.

      "Zimbabwean athletes, however, will be travelling to Manchester for
the Games as there is no ban on them."

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Monday, 10 June, 2002, 11:51 GMT 12:51 UK
Mugabe sanctions 'must be stepped up'
President Mugabe in Rome
Mugabe is in Rome for a UN conference
Sanctions against Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe and his regime must be stepped up, Labour MEP Glenys Kinnock has told the European Union.

As Mr Mugabe attended a United Nations conference in Italy, despite an EU visa ban, Mrs Kinnock called on European nations to increase the pressure for change in his country.

She said: "Mugabe is using these UN meetings to parade himself in Europe in defiance of our ban, while the people in his country suffer because of his policies."

Mrs Kinnock said the EU must "keep up the pressure" and extend the impact of its sanctions, while continuing to deliver aid to the needy in Zimbabwe.

"We must not confuse our campaign against Mugabe with the need to maintain humanitarian assistance," she warned.

'Sheer hypocrisy'

Accusing the Zimbabwean president of "cocking a snook" at the EU, Mrs Kinnock said Mr Mugabe had travelled to Europe by exploiting the fact that delegates to UN meetings are not subject to visa restrictions.

Policies of Mugabe have helped to make the threat of widespread starvation a reality

Glenys Kinnock
She said the rules could not be changed, but added: "We can display our refusal to accept his regime and what it is doing in Zimbabwe by extending visa restrictions beyond the current 20 members of his government, to include other ministers and their family members."

She also questioned his role at the UN conference.

"It is sheer hypocrisy for members of the Zimbabwean political regime to be in the EU discussing international efforts to ease poverty and hunger when the actions and policies of Mugabe have helped to make the threat of widespread starvation a reality for many people in Zimbabwe."

'No shopping'

Responding to claims that Mrs Mugabe had been given permission to visit Spain, Mrs Kinnock said such trips should be banned.

She also called for Mr Mugabe and his entourage to be deported from Italy as soon as the conference ended.

"There must be no shopping time or tourism," Mrs Kinnock said.

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AFRICA: Nepad should not be judged by Zimbabwe, SA

      ©  ANC

      President Thabo Mbeki

JOHANNESBURG, 10 Jun 2002 (IRIN) - Regional powerhouse South Africa, which
will chair the new African Union (AU), believes perceptions of a lack of
firm action over Zimbabwe should not jeopardise Nepad (New Partnership for
Africa's Development).

In March President Robert Mugabe was re-elected in a poll that most
observers, including the European Union (EU) and the Commonwealth, said was
fundamentally flawed. The Zimbabwean poll was marred by political violence
and allegations of rigging.

South African President Thabo Mbeki, one of Nepad's architects, is also its
most visible champion. South Africa is to assume the chairmanship of the AU,
successor to the Organisation of African Unity, at a conference that begins
in Durban on 28 June.

However, a recent EU Parliamentary resolution called into doubt support for
Nepad at the upcoming G8 summit and seemingly questioned Mbeki's commitment
to democracy and good governance.

Points 10 and 11 of the resolution said the EU: "Calls on President Mbeki to
show wholehearted and consistent support for the principles of democracy,
human rights and the rule of law, and accordingly to demonstrate the quality
of leadership that befits the powerful and crucial regional position of
South Africa;

"Calls on African leaders, particularly in the SADC [Southern African
Development Community] region, not to resume normal diplomatic relations
with the Mugabe regime and thereby jeopardise the 'New Programme for African
Development' (NEPAD) and the prospects for the launch of an 'African
renaissance' by the G8 summit in Canada this July."

Replying to questions from IRIN, the South African government has now said:
"President Mbeki has not compromised his support for the principles of
democracy, human rights and the rule of law as far as Zimbabwe is concerned.
He has on numerous occasions expressed his concerns about these issues in
Zimbabwe, both publicly and through the diplomatic channels. South Africa
has been constantly engaged in trying to assist Zimbabwe to adhere to these
principles, and still continues to do so.

"It should be noted that President Mbeki, as one of the members of the
Commonwealth Chairpersons' Committee, was involved in the decision to
suspend Zimbabwe from the Councils of the Commonwealth for a period of one
year. This action bears further testimony to the fact that President Mbeki
is consistent in adherence to democratic values."

South Africa was part of the SADC Ministerial Committee on Developments in
Zimbabwe, which "consistently raises issues regarding democratic principles
with the Zimbabwean government, with a view to resolving them".

Mbeki and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo both sent envoys to mediate
talks between Mugabe's Zanu-PF and his opponent, Morgan Tsvangirai's
Movement for Democratic Change. The talks were abandoned but a South African
newspaper, Business Day, reported on Friday that the talks could resume. The
two parties had agreed to name five-member task teams to participate in new
negotiations, the newspaper reported.

South Africa believed that "quiet diplomacy and political persuasion is
still the preferred option".

"South Africa does not support the view that the isolation of Zimbabwe by
its regional and continental neighbours will be helpful in resolving that
country's problems. Even the Commonwealth, which suspended Zimbabwe for a
year, in its Marlborough Statement urged countries to actively assist
Zimbabwe to stabilise the situation there, and came out in full support of
the SA-Nigeria presidential envoy initiative," said a statement from the
Department of Foreign Affairs.

As to whether Zimbabwe would jeopardise Nepad, the government said: "South
Africa does not subscribe to the argument that the perceived lack of
firmness with regard to Zimbabwe should jeopardise Nepad or the 'launch of
the African Renaissance' at the G8 in Canada in July.

"At this time it is premature, if not unfair, to judge the success or
failure of Nepad on the manner in which the Zimbabwe situation is being

Zimbabwe's worsening political and economic situation has been exacerbated
by widespread food shortages. The UN's World Food Programme (WFP) and the
Food and Agricultural Organisation have pinpointed drought and the
government's controversial land reform programme as the main culprit.

Some six million people are said to be in need of food aid.

South Africa donated R500,000 (US $51,186) to the WFP in March to be used to
procure food aid for distribution in Zimbabwe.

"South Africa is facilitating and fast tracking the transport of food aid to
Zimbabwe through its territory and border posts," the government said.
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Mugabe's presence 'distasteful'

ROME, Italy -- Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's visit to a United Nations summit in Rome has been described as "distasteful" by a European Union (EU) official.

The 15-nation EU imposed a visa ban on Mugabe and 19 of his close associates in February after Zimbabwe expelled the head of an EU team of election observers.

Mugabe, 78, arrived in Rome on Saturday on a flight via London, sidestepping the EU exclusion order because he is attending a summit organised by the United Nations.

He is expected to be in Rome for the full four days of the U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organisation summit from Monday. (Full story)

EU Commission spokesman Gunnar Wiegand told reporters in Brussels on Monday: "Obviously it is distasteful to see the president of Zimbabwe giving the impression as if he was really caring about his citizens and about the fight against poverty and in particular the provision of food for his people, because there are so many policies that go against this.

"However, it is clear that the Italian government is acting here in full compliance with existing EU rules."

Zimbabwe is suffering a severe food shortage with more than six million people facing the threat of starvation, according to the U.N.'s World Food Programme.

Mugabe blames drought for the crisis. "The most important aspect (of the summit) should be on how we can get the developing world, that is the world where hunger is, to marshal resources so production of food stuffs can go up," he told Reuters.

But the head of the United States Agency for Development (USAID) described Mugabe as a tyrant directly responsible for massive food shortages that threaten millions of Zimbabweans with starvation.

"I am uncomfortable when any head of state that is tyrannical and predatory comes to a conference like this, and he (Mugabe) fits that category," Andrew Natsios told Reuters. "He is causing the crisis in Zimbabwe."

Glenys Kinnock, a member of the European Parliament, urged EU governments to step up sanctions against Mugabe.

She told the Press Association: "He is clearly cocking a snook at the EU and there is nothing we can do about that because U.N. meetings and other international treaty obligations override EU sanctions.

"But we can display our refusal to accept his regime and what it is doing in Zimbabwe by extending visa restrictions beyond the current 20 members of his government, to include other ministers and their family members."

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Daily News

      Lawyer dismisses evidence against Chinhoyi farmers

      6/10/02 9:37:58 AM (GMT +2)

      Court Reporter

      A defence lawyer in the public violence trial of 10 Chinhoyi
commercial farmers on Friday described the evidence led against the farmers
as full of discrepancies.

      The farmers are being accused of attacking war veterans and Zanu PF
supporters in Chinhoyi last year.

      Advocate Eric Matinenga, who is one of the defence attorneys, said the
evidence against the farmers was so fraught with inconsistencies that it
would be "dangerous" for the court to convict the accused.

      Matinenga said: "The essential elements making the offence of public
violence are missing.

      "On the quality of the evidence, no reasonable court can convict. The
evidence before you is manifestly unreliable."

      Matinenga made the submission before Chinhoyi magistrate Celestine
Mushipe at the close of the State's case.

      The 10 are part of the 24 farmers who were facing public violence
charges. The other 14 were absolved of the charges during the trial after
the State failed to provide evidence linking them to the offence.

      Matinenga said the Zanu PF supporters who illegally settled on some of
the accused's properties had deliberately doctored their evidence. For
instance, he said, one of the witnesses implicated a farmer who was out of
the country at the time of the alleged offence.

      Prosecutor Clemence Chimbari said on 10 August last year war veterans
and Zanu PF supporters who had settled themselves on Listonshields Farm
organised a meeting with farmer, Antony George Barkley, to discuss water
problems on the farm.

      Barkley allegedly told the settlers to wait for him outside his house
while he called the district administrator. He, however, allegedly summoned
other farmers and attacked the settlers.

      The farmers said they went to rescue Barkley after the settlers
descended on his home and gave him an ultimatum to leave.

      For at least two hours the group, including settlers from neighbouring
farms who had attended a Zanu PF meeting at Listonshields, allegedly
threatened Barkley with violence.

      Barkley said he called his colleagues after the police ignored his
call for assistance saying there was no transport to travel to the farm.
Judgment will be passed on 1 July

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Mugabe evades EU travel ban to attend food summit in Rome Harare/London/Rome - President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe was in Rome last night, exploiting a loophole in the travel ban on his regime to make his first trip to Europe since sanctions were imposed. Flaunting his freedom to attend official United Nations functions, Mr Mugabe flew via London and landed at Ciampino military airport in Rome at dawn on Saturday to take part in a world food summit, Italian sources said. The British Government said it was "not aware" that Mr Mugabe had transited through Britain, but could not rule out the possibility. A Foreign Office spokesman said last night: "There is no doubt that the presence in Europe of this individual is extremely distasteful. But of course we accept that our European Union partners are bound by their treaty obligations." Mr Mugabe's trip is the second time he has side-stepped the travel ban imposed by the EU and America in February in response to the violence and fraud surrounding the Zimbabwean presidential election campaign. Also, the assets of Mr Mugabe and his entourage were frozen. Last month the president got around the "smart sanctions" by attending the United Nations General Assembly in New York, exploiting an agreement that obliges America to permit access to the UN headquarters for any head of state not banned by the UN itself. On the way home, his delegation passed through Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris. Zimbabwean ministers said the trip was proof of the sanctions' ineffectiveness and boasted that Mr Mugabe had "25 green lights to travel anywhere he wishes". British officials insist that the travel ban "has had an impact". Whitehall sources said Mr Mugabe and his lieutenants have been refused visas to enter Europe three times in the past six weeks. Augustine Chihuri, Zimbabwe's police commissioner, was refused permission to enter Spain after a trip to Lyons, France, for an Interpol meeting. Germany declined to give a visa to Stan Mudenge, the foreign minister, and Mr Mugabe was refused permission to enter France when he refuelled in Paris and he had to stay on the transit side of the airport. Unlike the American ban, the EU sanctions do not apply to the families of government members and Mr Mugabe's wife, Grace, has been given a visa by Spain, diplomatic sources in Harare said. She is expected to take advantage of the trip to buy clothes. Italian sources said Mr Mugabe was accompanied to Rome by Mr Mudenge and the agriculture minister, Joseph Made, one of the architects of the policy of expropriating millions of acres of white-owned property. Although Mr Mugabe's stay in Rome is limited to the summit, and mainly restricted to the confines of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation in Rome, which is organising the gathering, the trip has caused some embarrassment even before the summit formally begins today. "It is the big scandal of the summit," an FAO source yesterday. "We have been inundated by complaints by people from around the world who are furious." The FAO called the summit to put the world back on target to halve the number of hungry people - 800 million - by 2015, as agreed six years ago. Zimbabwe, where a poor economy, drought and the seizure of white-owned farms have left more than five million people needing food aid, is one of six countries where the FAO said the food crisis was acute. By next year the number is expected to rise to six million. Yesterday 118 commercial farmers waited in vain for government permission to plant wheat. From Reuters, 9 June UN hunger meeting opens, minus most top leaders Rome - Most of the world's top leaders will skip the opening of the United Nations conference on hunger on Monday, undermining hopes that the meeting will resuscitate efforts to dramatically reduce world hunger. While dozens of leaders from developing countries have flocked to Rome, including Zimbabwe's shunned president, Robert Mugabe, only the heads of two wealthy Western countries - Italy and Spain - are expected to attend. Jacques Diouf, the director general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, said bitterly before the four-day meeting that this was "a good indication of the political priority that is given to the tragedy of hunger." Many affluent countries grouped in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development will be represented by their agriculture ministers, who are expected to resist United Nations demands to pump more cash into the war on hunger. The Rome summit meeting follows a 1996 event at which delegates vowed to cut the number of hungry people from 840 million to no more than 400 million by 2015. But in the past six years, the number has only dropped to 815 million. In order to hit the 1996 goal, the FAO is seeking an additional $24 billion a year in agricultural and rural investment. At present, overseas development assistance from wealthier countries totals some $68 billion, of which only $11 billion is earmarked for agriculture. The conference is also likely to revive heated debate over the development of genetically modified crops, which is being pushed by the United States but is opposed by non-governmental organizations meeting on the sidelines in Rome. United States and European Union officials will also come under pressure over the substantial subsidies paid out to their farmers, which the FAO says depress world commodity prices at the expense of third world producers. The absence this week of top world leaders means that Mr. Mugabe, who has managed to sidestep an European Union travel ban to attend the conference, might steal the limelight. Western governments say Mr. Mugabe is partly responsible for food shortages affecting millions of people in Zimbabwe following the invasion of productive, white-owned farms over the past two years by militants loyal to the president. The European Union has banned Mr. Mugabe from travelling in its countries because of his treatment of political opponents, but is obliged to make an exception for the food conference because it is under the auspices of the United Nations.
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From ZWNEWS, 10 June
The desert of the mind
A doctrinaire Marxist runs anti-press laws; voices of Zimbabwe poets go unheard; and a cricketer-song writer catches the mood of national heartbreak. A long dark night seems about to descend on journalistic, artistic and literary expression in Zimbabwe.
At a church concert in Harare on June 1, dread-locked fast bowler Henry Olonga delivered a hat trick of songs in his fine tenor voice. At the pleading of the audience, he concluded with the new unofficial national anthem: "Our Zimbabwe." The words and tune, written by Olonga and two white friends, may have their fair share of clichés. But in the current explosively emotional atmosphere they have caught the country's imagination. The family of murdered commercial farmer Terry Ford requested a recording be played at his funeral, women in the congregation weeping openly. For this is a country where a long, dark night seems about to descend on all forms of artistic and literary expression - as on the recording of current events themselves.
Information Minister Jonathan Moyo recently named his long-awaited Media and Information Commission which has power to ban anyone "writing for the mass media." Those attempting to defy its state-draft code of practice face up to two years in prison under the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act, passed by Parliament in January. The commission chairman is a 60-year-old Marxist, Tafataona Mahoso, whose stated belief is that history needs a total rewrite to show civilisation was from its birth always uniquely black, with whites as barbarians against whom all blacks must continue to fight - putting loyalty to race and community before everything else. As well as Mahoso, a lecturer in international affairs and sociology at the Harare Polytechnic, the panel includes a retired employee of the Information Ministry and two former journalists for government mouthpieces. One has been allocated a farm. Expounding his views in the government-controlled Sunday Mail, Mahoso also described champions of human rights as "rehabilitated architects of South African apartheid and Rhodesian fascism," and, turning to international affairs, announced that "the Global Village actually means Global Pillage" Thus speaks the man who heads a commission which says its job is to enable Zimbabweans "to achieve effective ownership and control of mass media services."
Robert Mugabe’s first deed after claiming victory in disputed presidential elections in March was to sign into law the draconian press Act. Since then there have been 16 arrests of journalists for "breach of ethics by broadcasting a false report.’’ And the disinformation campaign by Mugabe and his lieutenants against critics has continued remorselessly with gross fabrications, say human rights lawyers. Under the new Act, journalists who hold valid press cards may practise until December 31 - unless they do something to annoy Mahoso's commission. Thereafter Mahoso and Moyo have sweeping powers to refuse them the right to continue. Moyo has final say on what academic qualifications may be recognised. And Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku, another Mugabe supporter, has refused to hear, as a matter of urgency, a plea that the Act violates constitutional rights of free expression. A case brought by threatened journalists may not, now, be heard before 2004.
Meanwhile, Olonga, icon of Zimbabwe’s once-triumphant, racially mixed national cricket team, has caught the mood of heartbreak.   "Though born in pain and segregation . .. now we stand to build our nation," go the words of "Our Zimbabwe." The tune is reminiscent of "Shenandoah" and Shirley Bassey's onetime hit, "What now, my love, now that it's over?" That is a particularly pertinent question for 13 million Zimbabweans, with the productive economy in ruins. Competing in the charts is a song produced with a Z$ 300 000 state grant, "The only good Blair is a toilet" - a play on the names of the British prime minister and of a standard design of lavatory in Zimbabwe’s rural areas.
Popular musicians Oliver Mutukudzi and Thomas Mapfumo have based themselves abroad after accusations recent songs imply disrespect for Mugabe. No foreign films have been shot since avant-garde director Christoffe Schlingensieff fired an incompetent local-hire continuity girl who had a brother in the security police. Falsely accused of pornography, Schlingensieff hid his rushes at the German embassy, then took the next flight home. "Flame", a glorification of the 1972-80 bush war made for African regional audiences, roused threats of violence from ex-guerillas despite the toning-down of sequences suggesting girl recruits sometimes faced sexual abuse. The voices of novelist Charles Mungoshi and of poets Chenjerai Hove and Bonus Zimunya are currently unheard. World-celebrated Shona sculpture has run out of soapstone and inspiration, say critics, with too-frequent recurrence of themes such as "mermaids" and "owls". And Olonga sings, "Though I may go to distant borders." For the thousands of Zimbabweans, black and white, who have left or who are now forced to contemplate emigration,   "What now, my love?" may seem more in tune.
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