The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Friday, June 28, 2002
7:23 PM
News from Mashonaland East in that there has been an unusual number of domestic animals poisoned over the last week.
We are concerned that this could be a strategy to poison us out and could spread to our water systems.  However, it could just be 'scare tactics'.
To be safe please store-drinking water in a secure lockable place and ensure staff do the same.
Also from Mashonaland East...  a report of a new 'roadblock'.  Planks with barbed wire across roads, so please be on the alert for any signs of soft earth on dust roads.
The last two farmers to be shot - Cheryl Jones and Charles Anderson, were shot over month end weekend.  Charles Anderson lost his life and we still mourn him.
PLEASE PLEASE do not keep large amounts on money in your homes and use a security company to transport and pay out your wages.  Please do not make yourself vulnerable, you life and that of your families is more important.
It is better to take a town holiday and come and go unexpectedly rather than to be a sitting duck.
On another note, if you have been served with a Section 8 Notice, please visit your lawyer to confirm the Section 8 is legitimate as there are many that are bogus.
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Sent: Wednesday, May 29, 2002 10:32 AM
I would just like to inform you of an incident that has happened in the Harare South farming area.  My husband was arrested last night because someone who lives in our compound went to the Beatrice Police alleging that we had tried to run her over in our pick-up.  This story is a complete lie.
What actually happened was that we saw her sitting on the side of the road with her 2 daughters and my husband pulled over on the side of the road and told her to stop threatening our labour.  She has subsequently told the police we threatened to get rid of her family because they are Zanu PF supporters!  Her husband and her family have been causing trouble for a while now and we have confiscated kachasu from them after closing all the bars down on our farm.  Their family continuously threatens our labour and he himself has claimed that he is the owner of this farm and that all the workers will be working for him.  We have received a section 5 but not a section 8.
Donald was arrested last night at approximately 5pm.  The Beatrice Police arrived to take him away.  Our lawyer arrived at the police station at approximately 8pm but there was nobody available to discuss the matter with him, so Donald was detained last night.  Our lawyer went to the police station this morning and statements etc.  Were made.  Our lawyer put in an application to have him released until the remand hearing tomorrow, but the officer in charge would not even see him to discuss it, so Donald remains in jail tonight.
No medical report has even been presented to the inspecting officer and he informed me that the police are alleging that Donald resisted arrest and ran away from the police, which is a total fabrication.  He has co-operated fully.  As the lawyer points out, it is illegal for them to arrest my husband at this stage.  Any assistance or advice you could give us would be appreciated.  We would like as many people to find out about this as possible. 
Thank you for your assistance. 
Carol Hobbs,
Nhuku Farm,
Harare South
AN UPDATE - 1600 hrs, 28th June 2002
from Carol Hobbs
Donald has been released on a bail of $10 000.00 and is now at home.  The Hobbs family found the Member in Charge at Beatrice Police to be hostile and uncooperative and they feel he has been opposing the granting of bail.
Donald is required to report to the Beatrice Police Station every Friday and a court hearing date of 10 am on 9th July 2002 has been set. 
Donald was put in a cell with 17 other men.  He and two others were the only two who had not been beaten by the Police.  Upon his return home he received a Section 8.
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Independent (UK)

Mugabe warns defiant farmers
By Basildon Peta, Zimbabwe Correspondent
30 June 2002
President Robert Mugabe is threatening "stern action" against Zimbabwe's
white farmers, who have vowed to defy his "lawful orders" to stop farming
and vacate their properties to facilitate resettlement of black peasants.

Mr Mugabe told a meeting of his Zanu-PF party's central committee late on
Friday that he was also ready to clamp down on the MDC, the main opposition
party, which is planning demonstrations against his rule, and any civic
groups which sought to join in. "We shall not brook such nonsense," he
warned. "The government and its appropriate arms are ready to deal most
effectively with any planned mischief-makers.

"If the radical and reactionary group of racist commercial farmers wants to
join ... mischief-makers and law-breakers, then the same law-enforcing
measures will extend to them."

But while the President was threatening white farmers producing food for his
country, a leading United Nations official was warning that Zimbabwe's food
crisis was "very serious". Six million Zimbabweans, almost half of the
southern African nation's 13 million people, would face famine unless quick
and decisive action was taken.

"The situation is very serious, and unless there is massive effort to get in
aid, [the food shortages] will have a very devastating effect," Kenzo
Oshima, UN under-secretary general for humanitarian affairs, said after a
three-day visit to assess Zimbabwe's food needs.

He called for a massive food relief effort to avert famine. He did not give
details of his talks with the government, but sources said Mr Oshima had
asked Mr Mugabe to facilitate the work of aid agencies who were threatening
to pull out of Zimbabwe because of operational constraints.

There are widespread accusations that food is denied to people in rural
areas unless they can produce Zanu-PF membership cards, and that aid is
steered away from areas which supported the MDC in March's presidential

Asked whether he agreed with the view of some aid groups and regional
analysts that Zimbabwe's food crisis was largely manmade by Mugabe, Mr
Oshima said he was not there to discuss politics. "Our responsibility is not
to engage in political talks, but to make sure that the people in need are
assisted. We let others deal with the political problems."
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Over to the AU.

Well, the much-vaunted G8 summit has come and gone. Five African leaders were, for the first time, invited to attend in order to facilitate a whole day’s discussion on the problems of Africa and the way forward. The African leaders set the agenda themselves – a welcome development in contrast to so many previous meetings where the West had dreamed up an agenda and then invited us to talk to it.

What did we get out of the meeting? Pretty much what we had expected to get – a pledge that the G8 leaders would continue to put up about US$6 billion a year in official development aid and a small (US$1 billion) offer of new debt relief for the heavily indebted countries that meet certain criteria. The G8 leaders also said they would help with trade negotiations under the WTO and that they would help with encouraging investors to finance projects and new enterprise in Africa.

We have not seen the version of Nepad that was presented to the G8 so we do not know what was offered by the African leaders in the form of the standards and rules of governance and human rights that they would pledge to uphold in Africa. Nor do we have any details of the "peer review" process by which these standards will be enforced. All we have at this stage is what they wanted us to see and hear and that is pretty general. Much more detail must have been in the G8 document or they would not have had the kind of detailed discussion that must have taken place.

Whatever happened in reality, it’s a welcome development that the most powerful leaders in the world take time to sit down with the key leaders in Africa, to debate what to do about a continent in crisis. Just how deep a crisis can be seen in the following statistics: - we have a total population on the continent of just under 700 million, 30 million are infected with HIV/Aids and 200 million live on less than US$1 per day. We have 140 million young illiterates and the percentage of young people going to school is falling – especially for girls. Incomes have fallen steadily for the past three decades and in the past 10 years; average economic growth has been close to zero. The entire continent commands less than 2 per cent of world trade and the formal sector GDP of the continent, including all the leading states, is less than the GDP of a small country in Europe. 150 million Africans live in countries at war with themselves and at least half the population of the continent is suffering from the side effects of conflict.

Yet we are one of the richest continents in terms of resources. We have also had very favorable trade conditions for at least 30 years under Lome and other international trade arrangements. In the past 30 years the west has poured into Africa some US$600 billion in ODA (Official Development Assistance) and probably three times that in soft loans and World Bank affiliated facilities. In many African States, ODA represents the largest single element in national budgets. The majority of African States are now approaching their first half-century as independent, self governing countries. What has gone wrong? Will Nepad make a difference?

I want to suggest that Nepad will make little or no difference if rogue leaders like Mugabe are allowed by the AU summit in Durban scheduled for next week to continue to get away with his outrageous behavior on all fronts. Let’s just look at the issues of corruption and bad macro economic policy – what might be called the economics of cronyism.

There are four main areas of corruption and cronyism in Zimbabwe and I am sure this could be applied to many other states. These are: -

  1. The theft of public resources through state controlled agencies. If we take the issue of the prices demanded on the sale of liquid fuels purchased through state monopolies. The world market price of liquid fuels today is equal to about US14 cents per litre. At the official exchange rates here that is Z$7.70 per litre – we pay 9 times that at the pump and no matter how you calculate the costs, it means we pay a mysterious premium of over Z$30 per litre in Zimbabwe. That is a cost to Zimbabweans of Z$38 thousand million a year – Z$3 200 per capita. This is equal to US$700 million per annum – enough to import all the food needed for the entire country.
  2. The imposition of artificial rates of exchange for foreign currency sold to the official banking system under duress. If we assume that the private sector is being forced to sell US$1 billion a year to the Reserve Bank at 55 to 1 and that the real exchange rate should be a conservative 200 to 1 (the parallel market rate is 700 to 1), we get a informal tax on foreign exchange receipts of Z$145 billion or US$2,6 billion a year at official exchange rates. This is equal to Z$17 400 per capita in Zimbabwe. If that money was paid into the accounts of the business organisations that actually created the wealth in the first place, they would be highly profitable – no problem with encouraging investment under those circumstances!
  3. The adoption of soft money policies through the formal banking system. Current interest rates are about one third of the rate of inflation – on state borrowings alone this represents an informal tax on the private sector and individuals with savings, of nearly Z$30 billion a year, or Z$2 500 per capita.
  4. The pursuit of bribes and special margins on all state controlled contracts and services. If we assume that the State in Zimbabwe is spending at least Z$100 billion a year on goods and services, we can estimate that corrupt contracts absorb at least 20 per cent of this sum. It is probably much more. But if we assume Z$20 billion a year the cost to Zimbabweans is Z$1 700 a year.

The total of just these four items is Z$24 800 per capita as an annual cost of bad governance – at official exchange rates this is equal to US$450 per capita – slightly less than our official income per capita for the year. In US dollar terms this represents a staggering US$5,4 billion per annum – virtually our current GDP. This means that if corruption and bad macro economic policy was eliminated in Zimbabwe, we would double our GDP overnight – without any external assistance at all. The total cost of the MDC recovery programme is US$2,5 billion over three years – half of what we ourselves steal from each other EVERY YEAR.

Extrapolate these figures across the continent – the sums are staggering and this is a self-inflicted problem totally under our control and management. Then look at the issue of investment – what businessperson in his right mind would invest in a continent where a man who steals billions of dollars in real assets from private investors in the 21st century is treated as a liberation hero by his colleagues. What company anywhere would invest in any sector if he knew that with the stroke of a pen a political leader could take up to 80 per cent of his revenue flow away from him overnight, and still expect him to maintain employment and business activity? Now you know why the only real investment taking place anywhere in the continent is in energy resources that can be exported and the hard currencies kept under company control. (Even if you have to pay the leadership of the country up to 30 per cent of gross revenues into foreign bank accounts.)

No, Nepad will not make any difference unless it tackles these fundamental problems that are at the heart of the African crisis. It’s not about trade, or aid, it’s about sound policies and honest government that is accountable to the people through democratic structures. Will the AU deliver in Durban – not if Mugabe and his henchmen have anything to do with it and you can be sure he is working flat out behind the scenes to ensure that Nepad fails at this hurdle. The G8 was a pushover – they want to do the right things, the real test is the AU. What Africa needs is Chinja Maitiro – change, fundamental change, in the way we do things. We support Nepad as a means of achieving that goal, but will its sponsors bite the bullet on the real issues?

Eddie Cross

Bulawayo, 29th June 2002

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Mugabe threatens Anglo American in Zimbabwe

HARARE, June 29 - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe threatened on Saturday
to take over a major local food company partly owned by London-based Anglo
American Plc, which he blamed for the country's shortage of salt.

       Zimbabwe, in the midst of its worst economic crisis since
independence from Britain in 1980, has seen supplies of salt for domestic
and industrial use dry up in recent weeks.
       State media reported this week the government had raided some
National Foods' warehouses across the country last week, finding about 200
tonnes of salt in storage.
       ''I want to say this to National Foods, and this is an Anglo American
company of Nicky Oppenheimer. We want them to come out in the open and tell
this nation why they have been hoarding salt,'' Mugabe said in comments to
ruling party members broadcast on state television on Saturday.
       ''Do they still want to operate in partnership with our government?
With our people? If not, we will take over their enterprises,'' Mugabe
       It is the latest confrontation between Mugabe and Nicky Oppenheimer,
heir to the wealthy South African family that built Anglo American into one
of Africa's biggest companies, and a major player in Zimbabwe's economy.
       Since the government launched its drive to seize white-owned farms
for black resettlement two years ago, vast tracts of land owned by the
Oppenheimer family have been listed for compulsory acquisition.
       Anglo American said two years ago that it had put a new platinum
mining project and other new investments in Zimbabwe on hold until political
and economic stability returned.
       Mugabe won a disputed presidential election in March that was
condemned as fraudulent by the opposition and many Western governments.
       Mugabe accused National Foods of hoarding salt in a bid to fuel
disaffection against his government.
       ''They want people on the streets against our government. What kind
of behaviour is this? What kind of mischief is this?,'' Mugabe said.
       Company officials were not available to comment, but state media last
week quoted a National Foods manager as saying it had suspended salt imports
until the government lifted price controls.
       Mugabe also continued his attacks on white farmers who are resisting
his government's land reform programme.
       A 45-day countdown for up to 3,000 white farmers to leave their land
began last Tuesday, but many farmers have vowed to stay put. Two white
farmers have also launched a lawsuit to block the government's eviction
       ''I believe that it is also necessary to caution those white farmers
who are still bent on disrupting our land reforms. That confrontation with
the government will not yield any benefits to them,'' Mugabe said.
       ''If anything it will make us angrier than we have been before. We
will cut off their tails. We will bring them down to size,'' he said.

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Torture and the International Criminal Court with a Focus on Zimbabwe
held on Wednesday 26th June 2002 at The Law Society in London
Images can be seen at :
On Wednesday 26th June 2002, the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum marked the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture with a meeting on "Torture and the International Criminal Court with a Focus on Zimbabwe". Chaired by Michael Birnbaum QC Bar Human Rights Committee. Speakers included Patson Muzuwa a torture victim, Tony Reeler from Amani Trust, Albert Muzarurwa from Legal Resources Foundation in Zimbabwe, Lucy Winskell from International Human Rights Committee, Michael Ellman from Federation Internationale des Ligues des Droits de l'Homme and Steven Powles Bar Human Rights Committee
The evening event was chaired by Michael Birnbaum QC Bar Human Rights Committee, Bar Council of England and Wales.
Patson Muzuwa, a motor mechanic and multiple torture victim spoke about his personal experience in Zimbabwe, his escape to Britain and his successful political assylum application.
Tony Reeler from Amani Trust spoke about the extent of torture in Zimbabwe and rehabilitation work. On 25th June 2002, Tony had been presented with the Eclipse 2002 prize by Kofi Annan in America.
photography/webpage created by: perkins_multimedia
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A continent's future
         The New York Times The New York Times  Thursday, June 27, 2002

Africa has enjoyed too few of globalization's benefits and suffered too many
of its costs. The continent's future should get the attention it deserves at
the summit meeting this week of Group of Eight democracies in Canada. On the
table Thursday will be an African proposal for a new economic bargain that
should push President George W. Bush, the leaders of seven other
industrialized nations and the presidents of South Africa, Nigeria, Senegal
and possibly Algeria beyond the usual platitudes about cooperation.
The proposal, known as the New Partnership for Africa's Development,
resembles Bush's plan for directing increased American foreign aid to
countries following enlightened policies. African nations would commit to
fair elections, respect for human rights, better education and health care,
and financial accountability. Western countries would deliver more aid,
freer trade and increased private investment. Mechanisms still to be spelled
out would review performance on both sides. To be credible, the reviewers
must be fully independent of government. African leaders in particular have
too readily excused each other's shortcomings in the name of African
Africa's record of political and economic achievement has been mixed in
recent years. Multiparty elections have increased dramatically, but not all
of them have been free and fair. Earlier this year, Zimbabwe's president,
Robert Mugabe, used fraud and violence to rig his re-election. In contrast,
Mozambique, Botswana, Senegal and Ghana, among others, have held admirably
honest elections. Several countries, including Ghana, Uganda and Mozambique,
have followed market-based economic policies with generally successful
results. Elsewhere, in places like Nigeria and Angola, pervasive corruption
has cheated ordinary citizens and discouraged needed investment.
Two spokesmen for the proposed new economic partnership with the West,
President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and President Olusegun Obasanjo of
Nigeria, have damaged their credibility by failing to press effectively for
new elections in Zimbabwe. Mbeki also sabotaged health care in his country
by opposing, until very recently, the use of drugs that block transmission
from mothers to children of the virus that causes AIDS, while Obasanjo has
failed to curb corruption and has tolerated serious human rights abuses by
Nigeria's armed forces.
The G-8 leaders need to raise these issues with their African guests,
although Bush seems to be the only one inclined to do so. They should also
be prepared to direct ample resources to Africa's decently governed
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G8's plan 'window-dressing'

Lagos - Nigerian business leaders and analysts on Friday dismissed the G8
summit's action plan for Africa as window-dressing that fails to address the
continent's problems.

Weary of grand sounding policy initiatives, many Nigerians had low
expectations from the conference, but even these were disappointed by the
meagre commitments won by their leaders.

But few blamed the G8 leaders themselves, demanding instead that Africa's
own politicians work harder to pull the continent out of the grip of
poverty, under-development and disease.

Their scepticism is a blow for Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo, who
travelled to the G8 meeting in Kananaskis, Canada to win Western support for
the New Partnership for African Development (Nepad), the continent's
home-grown development framework.

"It's a big name, yet another name for another initiative. I don't really
see what has been achieved," said John Adeleke, a leading lawyer at the
World Trade Centre Nigeria.

"The way it presently stands I don't think the African leaders achieved much
apart from a lot of publicity, and perhaps for some of them, that's what
they wanted anyway."

'Peer review'

The core principle of Nepad was to set up a structure for foreign investment
in exchange for an African commitment to democratic government and
transparent business practices.

For Adeleke, the international community has been holding back on criticism
of African leaders and seized on Nepad to boost the idea of "peer review":
African leaders policing themselves.

"Peer review is good middle ground. It absolves the foreign community from
having to be the criticiser of what's happening and it places the
responsibility on African leaders," he said.

But he added that peer review had failed its first major test when African
leaders backed down from pressuring Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe over
unfair elections, fearing they would set too high a standard for themselves
to follow.

"That's a perfect example of what you'll end up with on peer review," he

"I think the African leaders were looking for money, they didn't get it.
What there are, are basic commitments on education and health, but the rest
really is being left to Africa."

Aside from debt relief, private investment and development aid, African
leaders hoped that their Nepad promises might win them a hearing on the
issue of farm subsidies and free trade.

Africans are furious that the billions of dollars in subsidies poured by the
United States and the European Union into their farms are cutting African
exporters out of lucrative markets.

But the G8 did not budge on the issue.

"It's a huge failure - it takes us nowhere," complained Boma Anga, managing
director of Goldchains International, a Lagos-based agricultural export


For western governments to preach free trade at the World Trade Organisation
negotiations while continuing to featherbed their own farmers, is sheer
hypocrisy, he said.

"The entire African agribusiness sector is saddened by this, and we've lost
faith in the so-called global economy," he said.

The best solution now, he argued, was for African leaders to work together
to forge a larger and more unified trading bloc with more clout to speak up
for their industries.

Most of all, Nigerians are disappointed that a G8 summit that was trailed as
the moment when African problems would become the focus of world attention
was instead largely dominated by the Middle East crisis and by Russia coming
in from the cold.

"First of all (US President George) Bush came with a very tight agenda. It
kind of hijacked the summit," said Abdul Oroh, head of Nigeria's main human
rights group and a parliamentary candidate.

"The focus was on the Middle East. They did not allow African problems to be
clearly heard. African has become like a footnote in the process" he said.

"I am not optimistic about open markets. We should develop inter-African
trade, particularly with South Africa." - Sapa-AFP
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Peoples daily

      Zimbabwe Faces Economic Challenges: Mugabe
      Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe said Friday in Harare that his
country needs to focus on the economic challenges facing it and anyone who
undermines this effort does not have the country's interests at heart.
      Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe said Friday in Harare that his
country needs to focus on the economic challenges facing it and anyone who
undermines this effort does not have the country's interests at heart.

      Mugabe, who is also the leader of the ruling Zimbabwe African National
Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), said the party was committed to ensuring
that the people were cushioned against economic hardships facing the country
and was determined that basic commodities should remain affordable.

      He was speaking at the opening of the 50th session of the party's
central committee meeting at ZANU- PF headquarters in Harare.

      "Our concern today should be moving towards fulfilling the pledges we
made to the people during the election campaigns, those pledges that have a
bearing on their daily livelihood," said Mugabe.

      He noted that a number of challenges remained ranged against the
party, the most obvious of which was the relentless imperialist attempt to
reverse the gains in the two decades of independence.

      Mugabe said, with the presidential election over, focus must shift to
accelerating and completing land redistribution so that farmers are better
prepared for the coming rainy season.

      "There is need also to engender confidence in the new farmers so that
we are able to dispel the mistaken belief that a number of our people have
that, only the white man is a good farmer," Mugabe said.

      Land reform was the most viable way to economically empower people but
should be complemented by the indigene of the economy.

      Indigene covers a wider array of sectors and more people would be
their own masters rather than be perpetual lowly paid workers.
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