Friday, June 28, 2002
News from Mashonaland East in that there has been an unusual number of
domestic animals poisoned over the last week.
We are concerned that this could be a strategy to poison us out and could
spread to our water systems. However, it could just be 'scare tactics'.
be safe please store-drinking water in a secure lockable place and ensure staff
do the same.
Also from Mashonaland East... a report of a new 'roadblock'. Planks with
barbed wire across roads, so please be on the alert for any signs of soft earth
on dust roads.
The last two farmers to be shot - Cheryl Jones and Charles Anderson, were
shot over month end weekend. Charles Anderson lost his life and we still mourn
PLEASE PLEASE do not keep large amounts on money in your homes and use a
security company to transport and pay out your wages. Please do not make
yourself vulnerable, you life and that of your families is more important.
is better to take a town holiday and come and go unexpectedly rather than to be
a sitting duck.
On another note, if you have been served with a Section 8 Notice, please
visit your lawyer to confirm the Section 8 is legitimate as there are many that
Sent: Wednesday, May 29, 2002 10:32 AM
Subject: POLICE HARASSMENT AND WRONGFUL ARREST
I would just like to inform you of an incident that has happened in the
Harare South farming area. My husband was arrested last night because someone
who lives in our compound went to the Beatrice Police alleging that we had tried
to run her over in our pick-up. This story is a complete lie.
What actually happened was that we saw her sitting on the side of the road
with her 2 daughters and my husband pulled over on the side of the road and told
her to stop threatening our labour. She has subsequently told the police we
threatened to get rid of her family because they are Zanu PF supporters! Her
husband and her family have been causing trouble for a while now and we have
confiscated kachasu from them after closing all the bars down on our farm.
Their family continuously threatens our labour and he himself has claimed that
he is the owner of this farm and that all the workers will be working for him.
We have received a section 5 but not a section 8.
Donald was arrested last night at approximately 5pm. The Beatrice Police
arrived to take him away. Our lawyer arrived at the police station at
approximately 8pm but there was nobody available to discuss the matter with him,
so Donald was detained last night. Our lawyer went to the police station this
morning and statements etc. Were made. Our lawyer put in an application to
have him released until the remand hearing tomorrow, but the officer in charge
would not even see him to discuss it, so Donald remains in jail tonight.
No medical report has even been presented to the inspecting officer and he
informed me that the police are alleging that Donald resisted arrest and ran
away from the police, which is a total fabrication. He has co-operated fully.
As the lawyer points out, it is illegal for them to arrest my husband at this
stage. Any assistance or advice you could give us would be appreciated. We
would like as many people to find out about this as possible.
Thank you for your assistance.
AN UPDATE - 1600 hrs, 28th June 2002
from Carol Hobbs
Donald has been released on a bail of $10 000.00 and is now at home. The
Hobbs family found the Member in Charge at Beatrice Police to be hostile and
uncooperative and they feel he has been opposing the granting of bail.
is required to report to the Beatrice Police Station every Friday and a court
hearing date of 10 am on 9th July 2002 has been set.
Donald was put in a cell with 17 other men. He and two others were the
only two who had not been beaten by the Police. Upon his return home he
received a Section 8.
Mugabe warns defiant farmers
By Basildon Peta,
30 June 2002
President Robert Mugabe is threatening
"stern action" against Zimbabwe's
white farmers, who have vowed to defy his
"lawful orders" to stop farming
and vacate their properties to facilitate
resettlement of black peasants.
Mr Mugabe told a meeting of his Zanu-PF
party's central committee late on
Friday that he was also ready to clamp down
on the MDC, the main opposition
party, which is planning demonstrations
against his rule, and any civic
groups which sought to join in. "We shall not
brook such nonsense," he
warned. "The government and its appropriate arms are
ready to deal most
effectively with any planned mischief-makers.
the radical and reactionary group of racist commercial farmers wants to
... mischief-makers and law-breakers, then the same law-enforcing
will extend to them."
But while the President was threatening white
farmers producing food for his
country, a leading United Nations official was
warning that Zimbabwe's food
crisis was "very serious". Six million
Zimbabweans, almost half of the
southern African nation's 13 million people,
would face famine unless quick
and decisive action was taken.
situation is very serious, and unless there is massive effort to get in
[the food shortages] will have a very devastating effect," Kenzo
under-secretary general for humanitarian affairs, said after a
visit to assess Zimbabwe's food needs.
He called for a massive food
relief effort to avert famine. He did not give
details of his talks with the
government, but sources said Mr Oshima had
asked Mr Mugabe to facilitate the
work of aid agencies who were threatening
to pull out of Zimbabwe because of
There are widespread accusations that food is
denied to people in rural
areas unless they can produce Zanu-PF membership
cards, and that aid is
steered away from areas which supported the MDC in
Asked whether he agreed with the view
of some aid groups and regional
analysts that Zimbabwe's food crisis was
largely manmade by Mugabe, Mr
Oshima said he was not there to discuss
politics. "Our responsibility is not
to engage in political talks, but to
make sure that the people in need are
assisted. We let others deal with the
Over to the AU.
Well, the much-vaunted G8 summit has come and gone. Five African leaders
were, for the first time, invited to attend in order to facilitate a whole days
discussion on the problems of Africa and the way forward. The African leaders
set the agenda themselves a welcome development in contrast to so many
previous meetings where the West had dreamed up an agenda and then invited us to
talk to it.
What did we get out of the meeting? Pretty much what we had expected to get
a pledge that the G8 leaders would continue to put up about US$6 billion a year
in official development aid and a small (US$1 billion) offer of new debt relief
for the heavily indebted countries that meet certain criteria. The G8 leaders
also said they would help with trade negotiations under the WTO and that they
would help with encouraging investors to finance projects and new enterprise in
We have not seen the version of Nepad that was presented to the G8 so we do
not know what was offered by the African leaders in the form of the standards
and rules of governance and human rights that they would pledge to uphold in
Africa. Nor do we have any details of the "peer review" process by which these
standards will be enforced. All we have at this stage is what they wanted us to
see and hear and that is pretty general. Much more detail must have been in the
G8 document or they would not have had the kind of detailed discussion that must
have taken place.
Whatever happened in reality, its a welcome development that the most
powerful leaders in the world take time to sit down with the key leaders in
Africa, to debate what to do about a continent in crisis. Just how deep a crisis
can be seen in the following statistics: - we have a total population on the
continent of just under 700 million, 30 million are infected with HIV/Aids and
200 million live on less than US$1 per day. We have 140 million young
illiterates and the percentage of young people going to school is falling
especially for girls. Incomes have fallen steadily for the past three decades
and in the past 10 years; average economic growth has been close to zero. The
entire continent commands less than 2 per cent of world trade and the formal
sector GDP of the continent, including all the leading states, is less than the
GDP of a small country in Europe. 150 million Africans live in countries at war
with themselves and at least half the population of the continent is suffering
from the side effects of conflict.
Yet we are one of the richest continents in terms of resources. We have also
had very favorable trade conditions for at least 30 years under Lome and other
international trade arrangements. In the past 30 years the west has poured into
Africa some US$600 billion in ODA (Official Development Assistance) and probably
three times that in soft loans and World Bank affiliated facilities. In many
African States, ODA represents the largest single element in national budgets.
The majority of African States are now approaching their first half-century as
independent, self governing countries. What has gone wrong? Will Nepad make a
I want to suggest that Nepad will make little or no difference if rogue
leaders like Mugabe are allowed by the AU summit in Durban scheduled for next
week to continue to get away with his outrageous behavior on all fronts. Lets
just look at the issues of corruption and bad macro economic policy what might
be called the economics of cronyism.
There are four main areas of corruption and cronyism in Zimbabwe and I am
sure this could be applied to many other states. These are: -
- The theft of public resources through state controlled agencies. If we take
the issue of the prices demanded on the sale of liquid fuels purchased through
state monopolies. The world market price of liquid fuels today is equal to about
US14 cents per litre. At the official exchange rates here that is Z$7.70 per
litre we pay 9 times that at the pump and no matter how you calculate the
costs, it means we pay a mysterious premium of over Z$30 per litre in Zimbabwe.
That is a cost to Zimbabweans of Z$38 thousand million a year Z$3 200 per
capita. This is equal to US$700 million per annum enough to import all the
food needed for the entire country.
- The imposition of artificial rates of exchange for foreign currency sold to
the official banking system under duress. If we assume that the private sector
is being forced to sell US$1 billion a year to the Reserve Bank at 55 to 1 and
that the real exchange rate should be a conservative 200 to 1 (the parallel
market rate is 700 to 1), we get a informal tax on foreign exchange receipts of
Z$145 billion or US$2,6 billion a year at official exchange rates. This is equal
to Z$17 400 per capita in Zimbabwe. If that money was paid into the accounts of
the business organisations that actually created the wealth in the first place,
they would be highly profitable no problem with encouraging investment under
- The adoption of soft money policies through the formal banking system.
Current interest rates are about one third of the rate of inflation on state
borrowings alone this represents an informal tax on the private sector and
individuals with savings, of nearly Z$30 billion a year, or Z$2 500 per capita.
- The pursuit of bribes and special margins on all state controlled contracts
and services. If we assume that the State in Zimbabwe is spending at least Z$100
billion a year on goods and services, we can estimate that corrupt contracts
absorb at least 20 per cent of this sum. It is probably much more. But if we
assume Z$20 billion a year the cost to Zimbabweans is Z$1 700 a year.
The total of just these four items is Z$24 800 per capita as an annual cost
of bad governance at official exchange rates this is equal to US$450 per
capita slightly less than our official income per capita for the year. In US
dollar terms this represents a staggering US$5,4 billion per annum virtually
our current GDP. This means that if corruption and bad macro economic policy was
eliminated in Zimbabwe, we would double our GDP overnight without any external
assistance at all. The total cost of the MDC recovery programme is US$2,5
billion over three years half of what we ourselves steal from each other EVERY
Extrapolate these figures across the continent the sums are staggering and
this is a self-inflicted problem totally under our control and management. Then
look at the issue of investment what businessperson in his right mind would
invest in a continent where a man who steals billions of dollars in real assets
from private investors in the 21st century is treated as a liberation
hero by his colleagues. What company anywhere would invest in any sector if he
knew that with the stroke of a pen a political leader could take up to 80 per
cent of his revenue flow away from him overnight, and still expect him to
maintain employment and business activity? Now you know why the only real
investment taking place anywhere in the continent is in energy resources that
can be exported and the hard currencies kept under company control. (Even if you
have to pay the leadership of the country up to 30 per cent of gross revenues
into foreign bank accounts.)
No, Nepad will not make any difference unless it tackles these fundamental
problems that are at the heart of the African crisis. Its not about trade, or
aid, its about sound policies and honest government that is accountable to the
people through democratic structures. Will the AU deliver in Durban not if
Mugabe and his henchmen have anything to do with it and you can be sure he is
working flat out behind the scenes to ensure that Nepad fails at this hurdle.
The G8 was a pushover they want to do the right things, the real test is the
AU. What Africa needs is Chinja Maitiro change, fundamental change, in the way
we do things. We support Nepad as a means of achieving that goal, but will its
sponsors bite the bullet on the real issues?
Bulawayo, 29th June 2002
Mugabe threatens Anglo American in Zimbabwe
June 29 - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe threatened on Saturday
over a major local food company partly owned by London-based Anglo
Plc, which he blamed for the country's shortage of salt.
in the midst of its worst economic crisis since
independence from Britain in
1980, has seen supplies of salt for domestic
and industrial use dry up in
State media reported this week the government had raided
National Foods' warehouses across the country last week, finding about
tonnes of salt in storage.
''I want to say this to National
Foods, and this is an Anglo American
company of Nicky Oppenheimer. We want
them to come out in the open and tell
this nation why they have been hoarding
salt,'' Mugabe said in comments to
ruling party members broadcast on state
television on Saturday.
''Do they still want to operate in partnership
with our government?
With our people? If not, we will take over their
It is the latest confrontation between
Mugabe and Nicky Oppenheimer,
heir to the wealthy South African family that
built Anglo American into one
of Africa's biggest companies, and a major
player in Zimbabwe's economy.
Since the government launched its drive
to seize white-owned farms
for black resettlement two years ago, vast tracts
of land owned by the
Oppenheimer family have been listed for compulsory
Anglo American said two years ago that it had put a new
mining project and other new investments in Zimbabwe on hold until
and economic stability returned.
Mugabe won a disputed
presidential election in March that was
condemned as fraudulent by the
opposition and many Western governments.
Mugabe accused National Foods
of hoarding salt in a bid to fuel
disaffection against his
''They want people on the streets against our government.
of behaviour is this? What kind of mischief is this?,'' Mugabe
Company officials were not available to comment, but state media
week quoted a National Foods manager as saying it had suspended salt
until the government lifted price controls.
continued his attacks on white farmers who are resisting
land reform programme.
A 45-day countdown for up to 3,000 white
farmers to leave their land
began last Tuesday, but many farmers have vowed
to stay put. Two white
farmers have also launched a lawsuit to block the
''I believe that it is also necessary
to caution those white farmers
who are still bent on disrupting our land
reforms. That confrontation with
the government will not yield any benefits
to them,'' Mugabe said.
''If anything it will make us angrier than we
have been before. We
will cut off their tails. We will bring them down to
size,'' he said.
Torture and the International Criminal Court with a Focus on
held on Wednesday 26th June 2002 at The Law Society in London
Images can be seen at : http://www.zimbabwe-human-rights-ngo-forum.freeservers.com/
On Wednesday 26th June 2002, the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum marked
the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture with a meeting on
"Torture and the International Criminal Court with a Focus on Zimbabwe". Chaired
by Michael Birnbaum QC Bar Human Rights Committee. Speakers included Patson
Muzuwa a torture victim, Tony Reeler from Amani Trust, Albert Muzarurwa from
Legal Resources Foundation in Zimbabwe, Lucy Winskell from International Human
Rights Committee, Michael Ellman from Federation Internationale des Ligues des
Droits de l'Homme and Steven Powles Bar Human Rights
The evening event was chaired by Michael Birnbaum QC Bar Human Rights
Committee, Bar Council of England and Wales.
Patson Muzuwa, a motor mechanic and multiple torture victim spoke about
his personal experience in Zimbabwe, his escape to Britain and his successful
political assylum application.
Tony Reeler from Amani Trust spoke about the extent of torture in
Zimbabwe and rehabilitation work. On 25th June 2002, Tony had been presented
with the Eclipse 2002 prize by Kofi Annan in America.
A continent's future
The New York Times The New York Times
Thursday, June 27, 2002
Africa has enjoyed too few of
globalization's benefits and suffered too many
of its costs. The continent's
future should get the attention it deserves at
the summit meeting this week
of Group of Eight democracies in Canada. On the
table Thursday will be an
African proposal for a new economic bargain that
should push President George
W. Bush, the leaders of seven other
industrialized nations and the presidents
of South Africa, Nigeria, Senegal
and possibly Algeria beyond the usual
platitudes about cooperation.
The proposal, known as the New Partnership
for Africa's Development,
resembles Bush's plan for directing increased
American foreign aid to
countries following enlightened policies. African
nations would commit to
fair elections, respect for human rights, better
education and health care,
and financial accountability. Western countries
would deliver more aid,
freer trade and increased private investment.
Mechanisms still to be spelled
out would review performance on both sides. To
be credible, the reviewers
must be fully independent of government. African
leaders in particular have
too readily excused each other's shortcomings in
the name of African
Africa's record of political and
economic achievement has been mixed in
recent years. Multiparty elections
have increased dramatically, but not all
of them have been free and fair.
Earlier this year, Zimbabwe's president,
Robert Mugabe, used fraud and
violence to rig his re-election. In contrast,
Mozambique, Botswana, Senegal
and Ghana, among others, have held admirably
honest elections. Several
countries, including Ghana, Uganda and Mozambique,
have followed market-based
economic policies with generally successful
results. Elsewhere, in places
like Nigeria and Angola, pervasive corruption
has cheated ordinary citizens
and discouraged needed investment.
Two spokesmen for the proposed new
economic partnership with the West,
President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and
President Olusegun Obasanjo of
Nigeria, have damaged their credibility by
failing to press effectively for
new elections in Zimbabwe. Mbeki also
sabotaged health care in his country
by opposing, until very recently, the
use of drugs that block transmission
from mothers to children of the virus
that causes AIDS, while Obasanjo has
failed to curb corruption and has
tolerated serious human rights abuses by
Nigeria's armed forces.
G-8 leaders need to raise these issues with their African guests,
Bush seems to be the only one inclined to do so. They should also
to direct ample resources to Africa's decently governed
G8's plan 'window-dressing'
Lagos - Nigerian business
leaders and analysts on Friday dismissed the G8
summit's action plan for
Africa as window-dressing that fails to address the
Weary of grand sounding policy initiatives, many Nigerians had
expectations from the conference, but even these were disappointed by
meagre commitments won by their leaders.
But few blamed the G8
leaders themselves, demanding instead that Africa's
own politicians work
harder to pull the continent out of the grip of
Their scepticism is a blow for Nigeria's President Olusegun
travelled to the G8 meeting in Kananaskis, Canada to win
Western support for
the New Partnership for African Development (Nepad), the
home-grown development framework.
"It's a big name, yet
another name for another initiative. I don't really
see what has been
achieved," said John Adeleke, a leading lawyer at the
World Trade Centre
"The way it presently stands I don't think the African leaders
apart from a lot of publicity, and perhaps for some of them,
they wanted anyway."
principle of Nepad was to set up a structure for foreign investment
exchange for an African commitment to democratic government and
For Adeleke, the international community has been
holding back on criticism
of African leaders and seized on Nepad to boost the
idea of "peer review":
African leaders policing themselves.
review is good middle ground. It absolves the foreign community from
to be the criticiser of what's happening and it places the
African leaders," he said.
But he added that peer review had failed its
first major test when African
leaders backed down from pressuring Zimbabwe's
President Robert Mugabe over
unfair elections, fearing they would set too
high a standard for themselves
"That's a perfect example of
what you'll end up with on peer review," he
"I think the African
leaders were looking for money, they didn't get it.
What there are, are basic
commitments on education and health, but the rest
really is being left to
Aside from debt relief, private investment and development aid,
leaders hoped that their Nepad promises might win them a hearing on
issue of farm subsidies and free trade.
Africans are furious that
the billions of dollars in subsidies poured by the
United States and the
European Union into their farms are cutting African
exporters out of
But the G8 did not budge on the issue.
huge failure - it takes us nowhere," complained Boma Anga, managing
of Goldchains International, a Lagos-based agricultural
For western governments to preach free
trade at the World Trade Organisation
negotiations while continuing to
featherbed their own farmers, is sheer
hypocrisy, he said.
African agribusiness sector is saddened by this, and we've lost
faith in the
so-called global economy," he said.
The best solution now, he argued, was
for African leaders to work together
to forge a larger and more unified
trading bloc with more clout to speak up
for their industries.
all, Nigerians are disappointed that a G8 summit that was trailed as
moment when African problems would become the focus of world attention
instead largely dominated by the Middle East crisis and by Russia coming
from the cold.
"First of all (US President George) Bush came with a very
tight agenda. It
kind of hijacked the summit," said Abdul Oroh, head of
Nigeria's main human
rights group and a parliamentary candidate.
focus was on the Middle East. They did not allow African problems to
clearly heard. African has become like a footnote in the process" he
"I am not optimistic about open markets. We should develop
trade, particularly with South Africa." - Sapa-AFP
Zimbabwe Faces Economic Challenges: Mugabe
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe said Friday in Harare that his
needs to focus on the economic challenges facing it and anyone who
this effort does not have the country's interests at heart.
President Robert Mugabe said Friday in Harare that his
country needs to focus
on the economic challenges facing it and anyone who
undermines this effort
does not have the country's interests at heart.
Mugabe, who is also
the leader of the ruling Zimbabwe African National
(ZANU-PF), said the party was committed to ensuring
that the people were
cushioned against economic hardships facing the country
and was determined
that basic commodities should remain affordable.
He was speaking at
the opening of the 50th session of the party's
central committee meeting at
ZANU- PF headquarters in Harare.
"Our concern today should be
moving towards fulfilling the pledges we
made to the people during the
election campaigns, those pledges that have a
bearing on their daily
livelihood," said Mugabe.
He noted that a number of challenges
remained ranged against the
party, the most obvious of which was the
relentless imperialist attempt to
reverse the gains in the two decades of
Mugabe said, with the presidential election over,
focus must shift to
accelerating and completing land redistribution so that
farmers are better
prepared for the coming rainy season.
is need also to engender confidence in the new farmers so that
we are able to
dispel the mistaken belief that a number of our people have
that, only the
white man is a good farmer," Mugabe said.
Land reform was the most
viable way to economically empower people but
should be complemented by the
indigene of the economy.
Indigene covers a wider array of sectors
and more people would be
their own masters rather than be perpetual lowly