The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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From the MDC, 10 March
Voting in the presidential election has been extended for a third day. The High Court has ordered that polling stations re-open between 7am and 7pm on Monday to cope with the backlog of those who were unable to vote on the weekend. This extension applies to the whole country.
VOLUNTEERS: Please could those who helped with administrative work on the weekend give another day's service on Monday.
EMPLOYERS: Please give time off for those of your employees who acted as polling agents on the weekend, who are needed for another day's service. Please give time off for those of your employees who were unable to vote on the weekend.
FOOD, FUEL AND VEHICLES: As on the weekend, there is an urgent need for food, fuel and vehicles for a third day's polling.
Please contact the telephone numbers below for further information, or contact those you worked with on Saturday and Sunday. Please tell as many people as possible about the extension of the balloting.
091 241 156; 091 241 157; 04 781 138; 04 781 139; and/or fax 04 781 381

From BBC News, 10 March

Zimbabwe vote 'extended'

Zimbabwe's High Court has ruled that the bitterly fought presidential election should continue for a third day, the opposition has said. Eric Matinenga, a lawyer for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), said the judge had ordered that an extension be granted "not only for Harare ... but the whole country until close of voting tomorrow." There has been no immediate reaction from the government, but state television said Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa would appeal to the Supreme Court to strike down the ruling.

As the time for the official end of voting passed on Sunday at 1900 local time, thousands of people were still waiting to cast their ballot. Mr Chinamasa had said those still queuing when polls closed would be allowed to vote, but that any further extension was unnecessary. Some 5.6 million people have been eligible to vote in the election, in which President Robert Mugabe faces a strong challenge to his 22-year rule from MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai. The election's registrar general, Tobaiwa Mudede, said that by midday on Sunday, 2.4 million people had cast their vote - less than 50% of those registered. After the MDC asked the High Court to extend voting into Monday, officials from the court flew over the busy areas to assess the scale of the queues. The opposition has alleged that the government has been deliberately slowing the pace of voting in its urban strongholds to boost the chances of Mr Mugabe being re-elected.

Casting his vote on Sunday, Mr Tsvangirai renewed his call for an extension of the vote. "What we would hate is a situation where some people would be turned away because they were not able to vote. That I think would be a tragedy for this country." Correspondents say last-minute changes to the election laws, changes to the voter register and a reduction in the number of polling stations in urban areas, have slowed the process dramatically. Thousands of urban voters spent long hours in queues on Saturday, and some spent the night outside, waiting for polling stations to re-open on Sunday morning. One station in Harare stayed open all night to cope with the large turnout. Dennis Musodzi, a teacher who had been waiting at a polling station in Harare's western Dzivarasekwa township since Saturday, said: "It is frustrating but if the idea is to discourage us from voting, that is not going to happen. "I am prepared to spend another day and night here, and I am not making secret what I am here for. I am waiting to vote for Tsvangirai because I am sick and tired of Mugabe."

International observers have expressed concern about the delays. Kare Vollan, head of Norway's election observers, said: "There have been queues of thousands of people waiting outside for many hours and with the speed that they started today it is not possible to process all those voters over two days." Despite long queues in Harare, reports suggest voting in other areas is not as brisk. In the second city of Bulawayo, many polling stations were almost deserted on Sunday after a busy first day of voting. And in Manicaland, queues to vote were said to be much shorter than on Saturday, with many polling stations reporting low turnouts by midday.

After casting his vote on Saturday, Mr Mugabe hit out at his critics - at home and abroad. "They are supporters of the opposition. It is not only prejudice, it is bias against the [ruling party], bias against President Mugabe, and bias in favour of the opposition." In the run-up to the election, the European Union and United States imposed sanctions on Mr Mugabe and his aides, citing political violence and manipulation of the election process. Within the region, the poll is seen as crucial for Zimbabwe's neighbours, as the country's economic crisis has hit trade - depriving South Africa of multi-million-dollar foreign investment - and created a new refugee problem. Mr Mugabe's opponents say misrule and controversial land grabs by his supporters are largely to blame for the economic crisis.

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Court extends Zimbabwe poll into third day

10 March, 2002 19:24 GMT

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HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe's high court has granted an opposition request
to hold a third day of voting in a crucial presidential election after long
delays obstructed voting, an opposition lawyer has said.

Eric Matinenga, a lawyer for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change,
told reporters that high court judge Ben Hlatshwayo "has ordered that an
extension be granted not only for Harare ... but the whole country until
close of voting tomorrow".

There was no immediate comment from the government side. Matinenga said the
government was expected to appeal but this would not prevent voting going
ahead on Monday.

The MDC, led by Morgan Tsvangirai, appealed to the court to extend voting
beyond the scheduled two days after huge queues built up at polling stations
in the opposition stronghold of Harare.

Tsvangirai charged that President Robert Mugabe was deliberately obstructing
the vote to disenfranchise opposition supporters.

Melbourne Age

Zimbabwe court orders third day of polling: opposition
HARARE, March 10 AFP|Published: Monday March 11, 5:48 AM

A Zimbabwe High Court ordered today that voting be extended for a third day
in landmark presidential elections, an opposition lawyer said.

He added that the government had vowed to appeal.

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Please distribute far and wide in Zim

Urgent message to all Zimbabwe Votors with Citizenship status pending -

If you were turned away at a polling station on the grounds that there was a supplementary list on which your name appeared , do not give up the voting process.

There is an answer due to urgent legal action taken last night.

Phone one of these numbers urgently

011 601 057

011 602 691

091 237 923
High Court rules that voting deadline should be extended for a day
March 10, 2002
MDC today brought an urgent application before the High Court to extend voting in HARARE PROVINCE for an extra day. Harare Province comprises the cities of Harare and Chitungwiza. Long, slow queues have been the order of the day over this election weekend in both Harare and Chitungwiza. The impossibly slow processing of voters in Harare, where there are Tripartite elections for President, Mayor and Councillors has been matched in Chitungwiza where there are Bipartite elections for President and Mayor. Figures by the end of the first day of voting for the country were as follows:
 Estimate of % voted by end Day 1
Harare (incl Chitungwiza)
 17 - 25
 35 - 50
 35 - 65
This afternoon representatives from MDC and Zanu PF joined the Minister of Justice, Patrick Chinamasa and Judge Dhlatswayo in helicopters which flew over both Harare and Chitungwiza to assess the number of voters still in queues across the cities. They touched down in Mabvuku, Tafara, Glen Norah, Glenview, Budiriro, Kuwadzana, Warren Park and Highlands in Harare and in constituencies in Chitungwiza.
Subsequently Judge Dhlatswayo tonight ruled that voting be extended COUNTRYWIDE by a day to include Monday March 11, 2002. Quite why the judge has ruled in favour of extending voting countrywide is unclear as the application was for Harare Province only and in the rest of the country voting has to all intents and purposes wound up.
The Zimbabwe Government has reacted to the judgement by giving notice to appeal and has shut down polling stations across both Chitungwiza and Harare forcing thousands of voters to leave without casting their votes before 7pm.
The response to the closing of polling stations tonight has been varied. In Glenview 7 police used tear gas to disperse voters. In parts of Warren Park voting continued after 7pm. In other areas voters dispersed peacefully once they had been advised that voting would continue on Monday morning.
The MDC urges voters to turn out once again in their thousands to cast their votes in these momentous elections across the country on Monday. Employers are asked to make sure that employees who have not yet had the opportunity to cast their votes are given time off to do so on Monday.

10 March, 2002
MDC Vehicles Burnt in Muzarabani
A group of Zanu (PF) youths burnt two vehicles belonging to the MDC outside Utete Primary School Polling Station in Muzarabani yesterday evening.
A team of 8 MDC polling officers, led by the party's election agent for Muzarabani District, Timothy Mukwengwe, arrived at Utete Primary School polling station at 3.00 pm and parked more than 100 meters from the station. Mukwengwe walked into the station. When he was leaving the station, a group of about 500 Zanu (PF) youths went to the parked vehicles and started attacking them with stones, but were restrained by the police, who took the keys for both vehicles, but did not disperse the Zanu (PF) youths. The police advised the MDC team to remain calm to avoid the wrath of the Zanu (PF) youths.
Meanwhile, Mukwengwe phoned officers at the MDC command base, who alerted Muzarabani, Centenary, Guruve and Chadereka police stations of the situation and believed the police would protect the MDC team.
The MDC team had not received any assistance from the police by 7.00pm when the youth resumed their attack on the vehicles. The MDC officials then fled in different directions, but Makwengwe, who told the story, hid in the nearby bushes and watched Zanu (PF) youths set the vehicles alight. He saw a police vehicle arrive at the scene two hours later. The police vehicle left and came back later with what Mukwengwe thinks was a coffin. He thinks he saw the police put a body into the coffin. Makwengwe has not seen any of the other members of the team, who included Edwin Dzambara, Arthur Gunzvenzve and Sha Mhiripiri.
The whereabouts of the other seven members are yet to the established.
More Polling Agents Assaulted
Five MDC polling agents were severely assaulted in Makonde by Zanu (PF) militia as they were being deployed to Chemundi Primary School Polling Station on Friday night.
The vehicle in which the five where travelling was stopped at a roadblock set by the Zanu (PF) militia between Chemundi Township and Chemundi School, where they were supposed to work as polling agents. They were assaulted through the night, and only released yesterday morning.
The following morning, Alexio Nyaruswa and another identified only as Charles, who were the polling agents for the polling station, were force-marched to the polling station to perform their duties despite the severe injuries they had sustained during the assault.
The other three: Wancelaus Nyamunokora, Joseph Kandi and Percy Mavaza, went to report to Chinhoyi Police on Saturday morning, but were arrested and detained until Sunday, when they proceeded to report the case at the MDC head office. They have been taken to the Avenues Clinic for treatment.
Polling stations closed before 7.00pm with large queues waiting to vote
Polling stations at Vainona, Hallingbury and Haig Park primary schools in Harare were closed for voting at 6.10pm today, with large queues of people waiting to vote at each station. This is despite the fact that polling stations are not supposed to close before 7.00pm.
Learnmore Jongwe
Secretary for Information and Publicity
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Violence, arrests reported in Zimbabwe election

HARARE, March 10 — The intimidation of voters trying to oust Zimbabwe
President Robert Mugabe continued on Sunday with human rights monitors and
the opposition reporting arrests and beatings across the country.

       The independent Zimbabwe Human Rights Forum said at least 58 people
had been arrested by Sunday, the second day of voting in the country's
presidential election, in actions apparently targeting opposition
       They included 11 white farmers detained while helping opposition
election monitors, two Britons and two Americans arrested on charges of
having illegal radio equipment and dozens of opposition election monitors.
       The forum said police and liberation-war veterans loyal to Mugabe had
attacked poll monitors in several areas.
       One of them was Joseph Dladla, who had his hands tied behind his back
before being beaten by ruling ZANU-PF party supporters with iron bars and
sticks, the forum said.
       South Africa's independent etv television news showed grim images of
Dladla and other victims of alleged ruling party attacks.
       Their backs were livid with whip marks and some had gashes on their
heads and arms.
       The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), whose leader
Morgan Tsvangirai has the best chance since independence in 1980 of
unseating Mugabe, listed attacks around the country.
       ''The attacks appear to be systematically implemented and are clearly
aimed at preventing MDC officials from observing the voting process in
certain areas, increasing the potential for ZANU officials to distort the
ballot,'' the party said in a statement.
       It said the homes of several MDC supporters were firebombed in
Mashonaland West in northern Zimbabwe, where police arrested several groups
of MDC supporters.
       In Harare, police looked on as ZANU-PF militia attacked people
waiting to vote in Mbare township, the MDC said.
       The party said MDC polling agents appointed to monitor voting
procedures were arrested and beaten in Umbanje in rural Manicaland in the
east of the country.
       ''The agents were severely beaten and had darts stabbed into their
feet,'' the MDC said in a summary of political violence.
       In other areas, MDC supporters had their identity cards destroyed to
prevent them voting and suffered attacks by gangs of ruling party
supporters, the party said.

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Sydney Daily Telegraph

Party faithful turn on Mugabe

ZIMBABWEAN President Robert Mugabe's power base appeared to be crumbling
around him last night as public anger mounted over the chaotic state of the
country's landmark election. Support from within his own party was draining
away and there were angry scenes outside polling stations for a second day
as ruling party servants launched deliberate stalling tactics aimed at
creating a go-slow in voting.
The opposition Movement for Democratic Change was last night seeking
clarification from the electoral commission as to whether the weekend ballot
would be extended for two days in order to clear a significant backlog of
voters, many of whom were made to stand in line for up to 11 hours to cast
their vote.

Citing hundreds of incidents of ballot-rigging, intimidation and
disenfranchisement, the MDC had legal papers drawn up ready to launch a
court challenge to government claims that the election had been free, fair
and conducted in accordance with the constitution.

But Legal Affairs Minister Patrick Chinamasa indicated it was unlikely an
extension would be granted. Instead, he claimed, extra polling stations were
being opened in busy urban areas such as Harare and officials from less busy
stations redeployed at places where demand was higher.

Anyone still in a queue at 7pm on Sunday night Zimbabwean time -- the
official closing time -- would still be allowed to cast a vote, he said.

Despite the obstacles placed in its way, the MDC was jubilant at the high
voter turnout, which in some constituencies reached levels 50 per cent above
those of the June 2000 parliamentary election.

"Voter intimidation has failed," shadow justice minister David Coltart said.
"Zanu-PF tried to deter people from exercising their democratic right, but
they have not achieved that aim. The voters have turned out in massive

Australian federal Liberal MP Julie Bishop, who is observing the election in
remote Matabeleland North province, said large gangs of intimidating youths
had been roaming the countryside.

"We've seen them in dozens of locations, sometimes the same group, but
different groups all over the countryside," she said. "They are one of the
more worrying features ... They are out here to make their presence felt."

Although boasting of a pending victory, it was clear that Mr Mugabe was
losing support as respected Zanu founding father Eddison Zvobgo broke ranks
to call for the formation of a government of national unity. Dr Zvobgo said
he hoped Mr Mugabe would accept a dignified exit from power in the likely
event of electoral defeat.

He spoke of Zimbabwe's controversial land-grab scheme as the "devil which
has spoiled everything", and referred to unconstitutional legislation that
Mr Mugabe attempted to drive through last month as having been "bristling
with arrows pointed at the heart of freedom".

It is understood Dr Zvobgo is far from alone in turning his back on Mr
Mugabe. A number of Zanu-PF figures have issued serious signals that they
have had enough.

Dr Zvobgo dismissed threats made last week by the Government's External
Affairs chief, Didymus Mutasa, that Zanu-PF would initiate a military coup
to keep Mr Mugabe in power if opposition candidate Morgan Tsvangirai won.

Hinting at deep rifts in the President's political and military circle, Dr
Zvobgo said the party's official position was that it would abide by the
result and would not tolerate attempts to subvert it.

"There are plenty of other sources who strengthen that view," he said. "We
are a democratic people here."

He acknowledged that there could yet be a coup attempt, but appeared
confident that few within the armed forces would actually join it.

"Even if such a thing happened and succeeded, it would not be permanent," he

Dr Zvobgo's tacit withdrawal of support is a devastating blow for Mr Mugabe.
A lawyer by profession, Dr Zvobgo is viewed on both sides of parliament as a
man of integrity. In 1963, he announced the formation of the Zanu party and
wrote the party's constitution.

He is a former member of the politburo and has served at ministerial level
in various government departments for more than 20 years. His constituency
of Masvingo South holds 600,000 registered voters, the third-highest
concentration in the country.

In an oblique reference to Mr Mugabe's habit of blaming others for
Zimbabwe's woes, Dr Zvobgo said: "I am not one who believes in blaming the
world for the plight in which we find ourselves. Sure, some factors were
beyond our control, but others were within our grasp and we either
mismanaged or we hesitated and lost an opportunity."

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Zimbabwe:Accused Of Attending Illegal Gathering
Sunday March 10, 2002 6:42 PM

Two British nationals and an American were arrested in eastern Zimbabwe
after being accused of attending an illegal gathering.

The American was one of about 100 people arrested in Runda and is expected
to appear in court, says Bruce Warton, a spokesman for the American embassy.

The two Britons had been arrested at the same gathering, and a lawyer is
trying to get access to them, says Sophia Honey, a spokeswoman for the
British High Commission.

The diplomats declined to disclose the names of the detainees or their

Presidential elections took place in Zimbabwe this weekend. The run-up to
the elections and polling have been marred by violence, mainly blamed on the
ruling party.

In January the government passed draconian security laws, making it illegal
to hold public gatherings without a permit - a move the opposition says is
aimed at making it difficult for them to campaign.


Two Britons arrested in Zimbabwe

10 March, 2002 15:54 GMT

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwean police have arrested two Britons and two
Americans for carrying illegal radio equipment, Home Affairs Minister John
Nkomo says.

Nkomo accused the four, detained on Friday, of seeking to disrupt the
weekend's election, in which President Robert Mugabe faces the strongest
challenge to his 22 years in power from opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

"Two Britons and two Americans were arrested in Ruda, Manicaland (eastern
Zimbabwe), after they were found in possession of radio communications
equipment," Nkomo said on state television. He said the equipment used
police frequencies.

"The men were armed with security equipment. They are working to cause
disturbances, to disrupt the elections," he said. The men were not named.

A U.S. embassy spokesman confirmed the arrest of one American who faces a
charge of attending an illegal gathering. He said he was not aware of a
second arrest.

A spokeswoman for the British High Commission confirmed the arrest of two
Britons, but gave no further details.

Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) launched a legal bid on
Sunday to have the two-day election extended, saying long voting delays were
a government tactic to prevent the defeat of Mugabe.

Mugabe has accused Tsvangirai of being a stooge of the former colonial
ruler, Britain, and Zimbabwe's white minority.

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Regional Reports

By Lewis Machipisa
10 March, Harare

Frustration over long queues and delays in voting greeted thousands of
voters in Harare again as polling stations reopened on the second day of
Zimbabwe's fiercely contested presidential elections.

For some, this is the second attempt at the polls in bid to cast their

Capital city
Includes dormitory town of Chitungwiza, 20 km south
All 19 MPs from MDC
Mugabe deeply unpopular because of economic decline
Harare and Chitungwiza mayoral polls also on 9-10 March
Registered voters in 2000: 800,000

''I came yesterday, but I never got anywhere near the gate. I am back again
and even if it takes me a week, I will wait to vote. My vote is my power to
express my anger,'' said a middle aged woman.

''We are tired. Enough is enough. The government does not care.''

Another woman I found at Avondale Primary School polling station in Harare
where opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai cast his vote this morning, said
for her, queuing was nothing new.

''We are used to queuing for sugar, mealie-meal, salt and everything. Even
if the queue is 100 km long, I will wait. We are angry and we want to change

"We give our money to the government but where is it going?'' she said,
adding that Friday should be declared a public holiday so that they can
celebrate victory.

''The opposition party is definitely winning. Our voting is a mere
formality,'' she added. ''We are determined, we saw Tsvangirai and our
spirits have been lifted.''

The wish of the people should be respected. We are tired of lies. The truth
must be now known to everybody

Harare voter
But what if the ruling party and government does not accept defeat as some
opposition supporters fear, I asked her.

''They have no choice but to respect the will of the people.

"The wish of the people should be respected. We are tired of lies. The truth
must be now known to everybody. They just have to accept it. They just have

''If they don't we are going to undress at State House,'' said one woman.

Another added: ''I will do that if it gets to that. I will undress to
protest. The will of the people should be respected.

''Why should I be scared? It's a free country. I am a Zimbabwean, born and
bred in Zimbabwe. I should be free to express my wishes. So why should I be

The opposition leader cast his vote on Sunday morning

Mr Mugabe on Saturday said he would accept the outcome of the election
because he would have won the election.

But the big question is: what if he loses?

Long queues resulted from an almost 50% reduction in the number of polling
stations in urban areas which are strongholds of the opposition.

Although authorities said the voting delays were being caused by a
surprisingly high turnout, the opposition claims it has been designed by the
government to frustrate urban voters who support the opposition.

''The intention, of course, is to ensure that you frustrate as many urban
voters as you can,'' said Mr Tsvangirai.

At some polling stations, where people began queuing in the middle of the
night, as few as 60 people an hour were able to vote.

Both parties are predicting victory.

Zimbabwe votes: Mashonaland

By John Dzingi
10 March - 1400 GMT, Mashonaland

The second day of voting has been peaceful and quiet in rural Mashonaland.

The sun burst through in the afternoon after a cloudy start, but voters have
failed to materialise.

Main towns: Chinhoyi; Kariba; Bindura; Marondera
31/34 MPs from Zanu-PF
Mugabe's strongest area, he was born in Zvimba, near Chinhoyi
Centre of tobacco industry - big export earner
Bindura has been one of the most violent areas
Ethnicity: Shona
Registered voters: 1,641,954

Most polling stations have been virtually empty, with polling officers

Even so, by midday today, an average of 1,000 voters had passed through each
of the polling stations since voting began on Saturday.

There have been some problems though.

In Hwedza, some 150km south-east of Harare, 25 people were turned away for
trying to vote twice.

A sizeable number of voters were unable to cast their ballots, as they were
not registered in the constituency they were voting in - and for many it was
too expensive for them to return to their own constituency - sometimes
hundreds of kilometres away.

In the urban areas the queues have been long - with the polling stations
likely to remain open until the small hours - well after the scheduled end
of voting.

Many people I spoke to were saying they wanted a change of government. There
was a real mood of optimism among many - even in this area which is a Mugabe

One 70 year-old man, Simon Kamhembere, told me: "I voted for the new one".
When I asked who that was, he just said Tsvangirai.

Party agents for both the main candidates have been present in all the
polling stations in Marondera, Hwedzo and Chivhu.

Zimbabwe votes: Midlands

By Zerubabel Mudzingwa
1600 9 March, Gweru

Voting is much slower in rural areas of the Midlands, than in urban centres.

Some polling stations I visited in rural Mberengwa and Shurugwi were empty
by 1400 local time (1200 GMT), with just 2-300 people having cast their

Main towns: Gweru, Kwekwe
Many heavy industries based here
11/16 MPs from Zanu-PF,
Ethnicity: Shona, Ndebele
Registered voters: 724,659

In sharp contrast, polling stations in urban Zvishavane, Gweru, Kwekwe and
Redcliff have long queues outside - some up to 2km.

The actual process of voting is very slow, as all voters are being asked to
show their identity cards and their names are checked off against the list
of registered voters.

In most of the urban polling stations I visited, an average of around 700
people had voted by 1400.

Some prospective voters were turned away because they did not have the
correct identity documents but they were not very many.

Despite the queues, the atmosphere was generally peaceful and calm, helped
the wet, cloudy weather.

However, MDC officials say that one of their polling agents in Gokwe was
kidnapped this morning by men driving a white land rover.

There were representatives of both main parties in every polling station I
visited but I did not see many observers.

By 1700, I had only encountered two international observers and not a single
representative of Zimbabwean non-governmental organisations who had
requested to be allowed to observe the vote.

However civil servants monitoring the poll were out in force.

Zimbabwe votes: Manicaland

By Patrick Mwale
10 March, Mutare

Heavily-armed government agents swooped on an election command centre of
Zimbabwe's main opposition here on Saturday, ostensibly searching for arms
of war, as the country's contentious presidential election dragged on.

The MDC said on Sunday that dozens of police and intelligence officers had
raided the centre at about 2000, and seized 10 two-way communications

Main towns: Mutare, Rusape
7/14 MPs from MDC, one from another small opposition party
Dominated by Eastern Highlands mountain range which forms border with
Chipinge has never voted for Zanu-PF.
Chipinge South MP Wilson Kumbula is running as an independent
Registered voters: 658 694

The premises in the city's middle-class suburb of Yeovil, houses the offices
of the MDC's shadow minister for defence, Giles Mutsekwa.

Party spokesperson Pishai Muchauraya said police had confiscated the
equipment used to communicate with polling agents, saying it was not

"They said they would only return them if we produced the licences, which we
will we do soon because we have them," he said.

Zimbabwean legislation prohibits ownership of such gadgets wihout a valid

Mr Muchauraya said the police believed the MDC was storing weapons at the
centre. "They searched the entire place, but found nothing, " he said.
"Instead they ended up confiscating the radios."

Their action, he said, was a political ploy to "demonise" the MDC.

The raid comes amid opposition claims that police were holding 67 MDC
polling agents in Manicaland, accused of an "illegal gathering" last week.

Police in Ruda, a rural centre, some 120km north-east of Mutare, have
confirmed they were holding some MDC activists.

An officer said they were being held for violating the Public Order and
Security Act, which prohibits congregations of a political nature without
police consent.

Government critics say the act was designed to crush any threat to Mr
Mugabe's 22-year reign.

The second day of voting has got off to a slow start, with many polling
stations reporting low turn-outs by midday.

Unlike on Saturday, queues have been much shorter.

Police spokesperson Francis Mubvuta said 10 people had been arrested in
Manicaland, for canvassing for votes, bribing pollsters and chanting slogans
near polling centres.

"We suspect they are opposition supporters because they were raising open
palms," he said.

The MDC uses the open palm as its party symbol, and a casual wave can be
misconstrued to reflect allegiance to the opposition group.

Voting so far in the province has almost entirely been peaceful, however.

Electoral officials in Mutare said they did not expect to extend voting
Sunday's 1900 closing deadline, unlike in other centres like Harare, where
presidential and mayoral elections are running concurrently.

Zimbabwe votes: Matabeleland

By Thabo Kunene
10 March, Bulawayo

Voting has entered its second day in Zimbabwe but surprisingly most polling
stations were deserted in the second largest city of Bulawayo.

It now looks like voters decided to turn out in large numbers on the first

On Saturday night polling stations had to close very late to clear all the
people who had stood in queues for more than 10 hours waiting to cast their

Main town: Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second city
21/23 MPs from MDC - only region where most rural areas voted for MDC
Victoria Falls in far north
Mugabe unpopular because of 1980s massacres
Zapu's Paul Siwela is running on federalist programme
Less developed than other regions
Droughts common
Ethnicity: Ndebele
Registered voters in 2000: one million

Most polling stations I visited in Bulawayo had very few people. Some had
about five people in the queue.

It is no longer clear whether the government or the electoral supervisory
commission will consider extending polling by one day since polling stations
in Bulawayo and other areas were not busy.

A polling officer in Bulawayo told me that many people had voted on

"We had to close polling stations late to accomodate all those who were in t
he queues," he said.

However hundreds of people could not vote as they were turned away at
polling stations. Most of them were whites who were classified as prohibited

They included the former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia, Sir Garfield
Todd and his daughter Judith.

Black people of Malawian, Zambian and Mozambican origin were also turned
away. But the same people voted in previous presidential elections.

In the rural areas such as Nyamandlovu north-west of Bulawayo, there were
allegations of ballot boxes disappearing and voting commencing without all
the polling agents from different parties being represented.

A member of the MDC in Nyamandlovu said on Saturday that voting began at
Muntu polling station without the MDC polling agent.

I was also told that a ballot box which had been sealed was opened this
morning - a violation of the electoral laws which state clearly that once a
ballot box has been sealed, it can not be re-opened.

We expect trouble here after the results are announced - White farmer,

Observers from the Commonwealth who have been working hard in Matabeleland
visiting polling stations in the rural areas said they would investigate the
reports of boxes which were allegedly opened after being sealed.

One observer team left for Seafield polling station about 78 km north of
Bulawayo where it was alleged war veterans were accompanying villagers to
polling stations threatening them with death if they voted for the
opposition candidate, Morgan Tsvangirai.

On Friday the same war veterans tried to erect a roadblock in the same area
but were dispersed by the police who told them that what they were doing was
against the law.

"We expect trouble here after the results are announced," said one white
farmer in Nyamandlovu after speaking to Commonwealth observers.

Sunday, 10 March, 2002, 17:18 GMT
Zimbabwe votes: Masvingo

By Energy Bara
10 March, Masvingo

On Day Two of the election there have still been long queues under the
baking sun in urban areas of Masvingo, but in rural constituencies the long
queues of Saturday have vanished.

"It is clear the ruling party wants to frustrate urban voters who
traditionally support the opposition." Thomas Mkuru

In the urban Masvingo central constituencies voting stopped for nearly two
hours as polling station ran out of ballot papers.

At Mucheke Hall polling station a mechanical problem with the fraud
detection device led to voting being stopped for almost an hour.

Thomas Mkuru told me he had been in a queue for an hour without it moving at

"It is clear the ruling party wants to frustrate urban voters who
traditionally support the opposition," he told me.

In rural Chivi north and Masvingo north constituencies all was quiet with
the presiding officer saying it was not a busy day.

In Masvingo province as a whole, 284,559 people had cast their votes by 1100
this morning.

The highest turnout was reported in Zaka east constituency - which had
witnessed a high level of political violence - and saw 30,000 votes by 1100.

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Sunday, 10 March, 2002, 17:02 GMT
In pictures: Zimbabwe vote, day two
Long queues have formed at polling stations in the Zimbabwean capital, Harare, on the second day of the country's presidential election.

Voters eating as they wait in the queue
Voters came prepared: Some decided to sleep outside polling stations overnight on Saturday

A voter argues with a Zimbabwe policeman
Tempers are starting to fray as voters become frustrated by the delays

Woman at Harare polling station asks why her name is not on voters roll
Some found that their names had been struck off the voters roll

A mother casts her ballot
The opposition has been pressing for an extension to allow everyone the chance to vote

Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai
Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai cast his vote on his 50th birthday

Woman waiting in line at polling station
The long wait is taking it toll

An old man holding his ID card at a polling station
But nonetheless people are determined to have their say

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Farm Invasions And Security Report

Sunday 10 March 2002

This report does not purport to cover all the incidents that are taking place in the commercial farming areas.  Communication problems and the fear of reprisals prevent farmers from reporting all that happens.  Farmers names, and in some cases farm names, are omitted to minimise the risk of reprisals.

An update from Raffingora/Banket 2 pm. This morning a lawyer was able to visit with Seddon Fox who was arrested last night and is being held in Chinhoyi. He was also able to visit Geoff Kirkman who is under police guard in hospital. He then proceeded to visit the ten men in Banket. Another two people Denise Peale and her son Grant were arrested this morning and are said to be being detained at Banket. This brings to 14 the number of persons arrested – all are due to appear in court tomorrow.

This morning there was searching from farmhouse to farmhouse of farmers on a list of resource people in the Election Support Network. A number of families of farmers on the list were evacuated when they realised that Police Support Unit were intent arresting everyone on the list – this is at least 25 of 50 families.


Five persons in the MDC Election Support Network were arrested and are detained in Ruda police station (Honde valley) in Manicaland. 2 of these are said to be foreign nationals – one United States and one British. Lawyers and Observers have visited. This followed an incident were a small meeting was disrupted by members of the Army who set upon the group assaulting quite a number, some of whom were detained and later released.


Mazoe - Yesterdays' voting in our area was by and large uneventful. In the Commercial farming area it was evident, despite the presence of many Squatter/war vets, that there was a desire by the voters to cast their Ballot. By all reports from Chiweshi Communal Area a similar situation pertained without hostility towards the opposition election officials.

We received four incident reports, two of which concerned the collaboration of the presiding officer and staff with war vets, allowing them to station themselves within the bounds of the polling station. In one case one war vet leader has remained inside the polling station all of yesterday and appeared to be in the building with the ballot box last night as well.

The other report of significance was a village headman who had obtained official and pre-marked (ZANU-PF) ballot papers who demanded the voter to return to him the "official official" ballot paper (blank) after posting the pre-marked paper, to continue the cycle. It was reported (still to be confirmed) that he was arrested by ZRP.

Trelawney and Darwendale area was generally pretty quiet throughout day one. The turnout is good, with a lot of people queuing for hours to cast their vote. The pace of voting, as with the rest of the country, was slow, but people were determined, and there was no voter apathy. Some youths were trying to go from farm to farm, trying to force voters to go to predetermined stations, and not to that of their choice, this was not widespread.


Member of Parliament Hon. I. Chombo visited the area – he is alleged to have threatened some members of the white community. Some farmers who were working were forced to stop, to allow the labour to go and vote, although the farmers concerned had already made the necessary arrangements for them to go at a later stage. Simply an intimidatory tactic.

Later in the day, and more toward Banket, the youth started threatening monitors and roving farmers. Isolated incidents of stone throwing occurred. One farmer monitoring a station in Maryland was threatened with death/violence if he was too close today-he continues to do his bit from a distance. I know of one roadblock by party members in the North Banket area, today. I believe that the majority of people voted yesterday.


In Hwedza, on Chakadenga farm primary school ZANU PF supporters arrived at approximately 6 pm and began to trash the polling booth and beat up workers. 225 workers were forced to go to the war vets base and to sing military songs and were told where to put their X.

One farm worker reported to the farm owner that the mob had told him that they were taking a farm guard to their torture chamber.  Police were notified but are still to respond.  The poling station has since been moved to Chop chop store a notorious war vet base in the area.

A farmer’s vehicle was hijacked and used to transport War veterans forcing people to go and vote.

War vets at seven stations where hurling abuse at the election officials present. The leader of the group went so far as to smash a booth on the floor. All this was done in full view of the election observers.


The Chinhoyi and surrounding areas are generally quiet, and had low voter turnout possibly due to fears of reprisals and intimidation.

Lions Den - queues at polling station, spilling over into today (Sunday). All others little or no turnout today.  Doma - yesterday went well with a good code of conduct at all stations and today very quiet right through the district. Poor voter turnout. 

Karoi - there has been trouble at some Polling booths with interference of voters. Some areas still a bit hot.

Last night on Tavoy Farm, one MDC polling agent and two farm workers were beaten up badly and are in Karoi hospital.

This morning on Nyamambizi, group of youths are stopping voters from entering the polling station. There has been good response from observers in the area, but the police are unwilling to help.

Lions Den - Farmers Neil Saywood, David Saywood and Thomas High, along with businessmen Darren Goldhawk Anton Voorn were last night assisting the MDC to put up campaign posters and distribute leaflets in and around Karoi, Mashonaland West.

After returning from Chikangwe Township, Anton Voorn and Darren Goldhawk were racially abused by unidentified persons and an object was thrown at Voorn's vehicle. As a result they drove to the Zimbabwe Republic Police station to report the incident.

On arrival at the police station, Voorn and Goldhawk were confronted by ZANU PF supporters and war veterans. Voorn and Goldhawk were assaulted outside the front of the station. Voorn was attacked with fists and Goldhawk sustained cuts on the side of his neck inflicted with an empty bottle. Goldhawk's cellphone was stolen, whilst some of Voorn's property was also stolen. After some time armed Policemen defused the situation.

A call for assistance was sent out and some members of the community congregated at the police station including others who had been putting up posters. An unpleasant incident occurred at the charge office resulting in community members being racially abused in the presence of the Police.

The five men have been charged with Malicious Injury to Property for allegedly defacing a road sign approximately 35kms North of Karoi. They are also alleged to have ‘assaulted’ a man by spray-painting his head and body.  Warned and Cautioned statements have today been signed by the five accused in the presence of their Lawyers. They are all denying the Charges.

In addition, Neil Saywood has been charged with being in possession of two catapults in contravention of Section 14 of the Public Order and Security Act. The five men appeared in court on 8th March and were released on Z$ 50 000 bail and from Monday will report 3 times a week until they appear in court.

Banket/Raffingora - Friday afternoon two farmers drove monitors from Banket to Raffingora to monitor the polling booths. When at 6pm two farmers had not reported back from Chininga polling station, a group of farmers went down to look for them and found that Zanu PF members had abducted the two farmers, taken their keys and hand held radios away from them and were making them dance and sing. Two other farmers were ambushed and included with the first two.

In the meantime farmers had taken up strategic positions along the road down to Chininga and a small group went in to negotiate. During the evening Support Unit arrived with a blue saloon carrying Zanu PF officials. Police decided to arrest 11 of the farmers on unspecified charges. One of the farmers has since been moved ‘under custody’ to a Chinhoyi cottage clinic as he is recovering from Heart surgery. Yesterday a Lawyer was denied access but was told they are due to be charged for contravening the electoral act.

Saturday afternoon Police Support Unit arrested another farmer in the area and seized three farm radios and a computer. He is being held in Chinhoyi He was taken through to Chinhoyi with his computer and farm radios where he was detained in the cells over night. Although no formal charges were laid, the police were talking about laying a charge against him under the Electoral Act.

A list was taken from a farmer arrested at the Chininga polling station on Friday. The list was prepared with a view to providing the farming communities, with an organised plan in case of an emergency. It detailed a list of functions and duties of members. All of those arrested in the area were resource persons.

The list detailed: - Mobile medical centre; negotiation team in case of problems; support command centre; safe houses; food supply collection points and nominated farmers to move monitors to polling booths and ensure that they have food and support.  This is a normal procedure, which we always carry out during periods of national or district emergency. A number of families of farmers on the list were evacuated when they realised that Police Support Unit were intent arresting everyone on the list.

Some of our polling booths became very volatile yesterday and the farmer on Manga Farm was forced to evacuate when Kangachepi and a group of Zanu PF youth became aggressive at the farm.



MASVINGO – no report received

Gweru East: There were 8 voting stations to cater for this small area - voting quiet at 10.30 Saturday. Mandindindi School polling station is Hashu homestead. Farmer occupants of Guburie farm were woken at 2.00am Friday with flashing lights and hooting by the polling agents.  Farmer advised them to go find the school. At Sino Cement - voting slow to start - papers not there, no inkpad, very Few people voted, and the procedure was very slow, and at a standstill by 2.00pm.  Grainthorpe homestead - voting started slowly, very few people voting, by 3.oo pm all polling agents sitting on the verandah of the derelict Farmhouse. Guinea Fowl School:  Voting not started by 10.00 am due to lack of ink. It is understood that at Somabhula the story was the same - no ink, no papers, and voting only started at about 11.00.  People were determined to vote, good atmosphere. No known violence, all very quiet.

A farmer was assaulted by war veterans who hit him with a knobkerrie in the back.

Kwekwe – a group of 12 – 14 ZANU PF youths broke into the farmhouse on Dunlop Farm Friday night and set the house alight. The owner was away at the time. The house has been razed to the ground.

Shurugwi – there is a good turn out of voters in this area and Lalapanzi.


Beit Bridge is being reasonably well monitored for the first time.  A network is in place and all mobile and stationary polling stations have 3 opposition polling agents deployed, with back-up from the community at large. Voter turn out has been good, with much enthusiasm.


On Saturday Shashe Primary School, western Beit Bridge, had its MDC polling agents turned away from the polling station by the presiding officer for lack of accreditation.  They were unable to watch the sealing of the ballot boxes as a result. The agents were accredited at 9am by the MDC District Chairman, and voting continued unhindered thereafter.  The station was manned all day by two well known Zanu-PF War Veterans who watched voters come and go, and one of the policemen on duty was openly and vociferously a supporter of ZANU-PF.  The wife of the local ZANU-PF MP, Mrs Mohadi, arrived and drove right up to the door of the polling station, entered with four men, and left again about 5 minutes later.  The reason for her visit was not established.                                               Visit the CFU Website

Unless specifically stated that this message is a Commercial Farmers' Union communiqué, or that it is being issued or forwarded to you by the sender in an official CFU capacity, the opinions contained therein are private. Private messages also include those sent on behalf of any organisation not directly affiliated to the Union. The CFU does not accept any legal responsibility for private messages and opinions held by the sender and transmitted over its local area network to other CFU network users and/or to external addressees

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To:   All Area Co-ordinators:      Zimbabwe Presidential Elections – day 2 March 10 2002


Newsletter from Southern Support Centre


The following interesting reports have been received from right around the Southern part of the country, which is our area of responsibility:


Chiredzi :  Our man down there continues to do the most amazing work down there.  65 vehicles mobilised in a massive exercise.  Despite this, the authorities either participated actively in, or turned a blind eye to, harassment on a wide scale, which resulted in seven mobiles yesterday not being monitored at all.   The important thing in such scenarios is of course to accurately record every detail, to advise local monitors and try to get them to actively participate, and to resume monitoring as soon as possible.


Masvingo:  This is a very busy area with eleven constituencies.   At least one very obvious case of  rigging, where a mobile arrived very late, and the presiding officer said he had gone elsewhere to a re-settlement area but only obtained seven votes.  When asked to verify this by production of the ballot books, he refused.  Meanwhile, outside a policeman was overheard talking on his radio asking for additional books.  One imagines that the box must have been stuffed with fraudulent papers.  The monitors have been advised and invited to take up the issue directly with the presiding officer.   What did the police do when it was reported to them – they confiscated all our information.  What a joke.   This evening buses are deploying voters to two mobiles which are only four kms apart, but in different constituencies.


Zvishavane:  Late last night reports came in that 200 militia had been mobilised and were poised to ‘attack’  an MDC stronghold where SEKAI HOLLAND was.   We have no further information on this, but presume that no news is good news.


Beit Bridge:  One vehicle was missing overnight.  Generally things are OK but we have not had contact since this morning. 


Gwanda North and South:   Mobile 3 gave cause for concern because the polling agents seemed to have disappeared.   However when they were replaced today, it was found that we had two agents there all along, only they had not made themselves known.   The vehicle that was impounded yesterday for doing nothing wrong is still with the police and they will not release it.


Insiza:   We have had no reports back since early this morning, but all seems to be well. 


Umzingwane:   All is quiet and well organised here, although the authorities have refused to divulge plans of when they are moving the statics.  This makes planning very difficult.


Bubi / Umguza: Last night the Bulawayo reaction team received an urgent call for assistance 4 kms out of Bulawayo.  Ballot boxes had been moved to a police station that did not have a door, and there was a possibility of them being taken by a violent bunch of lawless thugs who had assembled.   Predictably the police did nothing, saying it was political.   Too true.  However it was later diffused with only minor injuries.   Once we have a new Government perhaps they could send a door to this station.   In Nyamandhlovu several stations have been attacked by war veterans resulting in their closure, and of course this means that the box has been unguarded for some time.  In all cases the monitors, lawyers, etc have been called in and the situation carefully recorded.  


Tsholotsho:   There has generally been a quiet day with a low turnout.


Nkayi:   Contact with this team has been very difficult.   Telephones are inefficient and mobiles do not work at all.   There have been several vehicle problems, mostly mechanical, but these have all been replaced.      Having initially been concerned about this area, there seem to have been no more problems than usual.  Voter turnout has been high, which is good news.  Despite intense intimidation this is ‘our area’. 


Lupane:  Flights over this area reveal empty villages with most people at the polling stations.   At one booth the polling agents have a tummy bug which has resulted in evacuation  – no pun intended.  Another booth was in the wrong constituency.  At yet another the keys could not be found so voting was delayed a couple of hours.


Binga:  A government vehicle, unescorted, was seen driving down the road with four or five ballot boxes on it.  No further information.   The polling officer in certain instances has been most obstructive.


Hwange East and West:  Numerous irregularites have been reported.   Bulbs in the UV lights have caused problems resulting in suspension of voting.   Polling agents have been frustrated in several instances, whilst ZANU PF and other thugs have been given illegal access to polling stations, sometimes when accredited agents of ours have been denied access.   There have been numerous cases of contaminated hands resulting possibly from ‘Super Cools’ which have been deliberately distributed to those in the queue.    Generally the scene has been one of harassment by War Veterans and ZANU PF including the police.  Entire sections of the voters roll were missing in some polling booths so voters were turned away.   Police and CIO are becoming more active by the hour, stopping, searching, questioning etc.   All a sign of their 11th hour desperation.  Young children have been beaten by the police for making a fire out of ZANU PF posters.   Electric cable lengths were off-loaded into a classroom and later Government officials arrived.


Plumtree (Bulilimangwe North and South):  A driver was arrested after his employer’s empty holster was found under the seat of the car.  The fuss made over this was ridiculous,  It is no offence to have a piece of leather under the seat of your car.  When the farmer went to the police station he was also temporarily detained.


Midlands South:  There are four constituencies here, and the organisation has been very good.  There have been no serious incidents.    Helicopters have flown over the polling stations, only to be greeted with a sea of open hands.   The feeling is strongly in favour of MDC.


Matobo/Kezi:   All is generally well in this constituency.  Our two co-ordinators are ensconced in the honeymoon suite of the Omadu Hotel.  Lovely.   Couldn’t have happened to two nicer guys.





There has generally been a higher level of turnout than expected.    This augurs well.   There has also been significant support for the MDC throughout.    Even to the North there are encouraging reports.   In Mashonaland East our agents were deployed successfully to every corner, including the ‘Taliban’ territories.   And the support for the MDC is apparent even in these places.





·        We are entering the final and most important stage.  As the election has progressed, ZANU PF has become more desperate by the hour, and will try anything.   We are certainly expecting more violence.   In Raffingora the MDC control centre has been raided by the police.  You really need to take every precaution.   If possible, move your location, periodically, if not today, then tomorrow. But at the very least take every single precaution in particular the backing up of all information and retention elsewhere.   This is not to be taken lightly.  Remember how desperate they are.


·        Please ensure that every single ballot box, both mobile and static, is escorted right to the counting halls.  Many of us, I am sure, will have to work right through the night.  


·        The High Court was petitioned today on the voting rights issue and on the extension of the polling days.  Judgement has been reserved.   As soon as we have news, we will let you know.


·        The returns from each polling station are very important.  Please collect these from every agent and get them back to us a.s.a.p.


·        All things considered, we are extremely happy so far.   Well done to all of you, congratulations and good luck.   Keep it going,   we’re almost there.   And for those few who get to bed tonight – sleep well.

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Zimbabwean Authorities Meet to React to Vote Extension Ruling

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Xinhuanet 2002-03-11 06:30:51

   HARARE, March 11 (Xinhuanet) --  A senior Zimbabwean government
official said early Monday that officials are still convening a
meeting to decide a reaction to the High Court ruling for the
extension of voting time.
   The official, who refused to be identified, told Xinhua in a
telephone interview that Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa,
National Election Directorate chairman Mariyawanda Nzuwa were at
the meeting that started late on Sunday.
   However, he declined to give further details.
   Earlier Sunday night,  the Harare Province High Court ruled
voting in a two-day weekend presidential poll would be extended by
another day due to a massive turnout throughout the country.
   Justice Ben Hlatshwayo of the high court made the ruling after
the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) made an urgent
application for the voting process to be extended by at least two
   The High Court said it arrived at the decision after judges
were taken on a helicopter inspection ride of the long queues at
polling stations in Harare.
   By Sunday afternoon, election officials said only 2.5 million
people out of 5.6 million registered voters had cast their ballots.
   In Harare, the figure was slightly above 200,000 people out of
more than 800,000 registered voters who had cast their ballots.
   Eric Matinenga, a lawyer for the MDC, said the judge had
ordered that an extension be granted "not only for Harare ... but
the whole country until close of voting tomorrow".
   There has been no immediate reaction from the government, but
state television said Justice Minister Chinamasa would appeal to
the Supreme Court to strike down the ruling.
   Chinamasa had said those still queuing when polls closed would
be allowed to vote, but that any further extension was unnecessary.
   The MDC, whose leader Morgan Tsvangirai is the chief opponent
of incumbent President Robert Mugabe in the election, had earlier
accused the government of trying to rig the poll by reducing the
number of polling stations in urban areas, especially the capital
Harare, where it draws much of its support, to prevent people from
   Casting his vote on Sunday, Tsvangirai renewed his call for an
extension of the vote.
   "What we would hate is a situation where some people would be
turned away because they were not able to vote. That, I think,
would be a tragedy for this country," the opposition leader said.
   Observers say last-minute changes to the election laws, changes
to the voter register and a reduction in the number of polling
stations in urban areas, have slowed the process dramatically.
   They say the Zimbabwean authorities are reluctant to extend the
voting time because the extension may be helpful for the MDC.
   Voting started on Saturday and was supposed to end on Sunday at
7 p.m. (1700 GMT), but long queues were still visible by that time.
   Mugabe, who is seeking another six-year term as president,
voiced confidence in the election outcome as he cast his vote at a
primary school in Highfield, a suburb of the capital.
   "I will accept it, more than accept it, because I will have won,"
he said.
   The 78-year-old veteran leader urged Zimbabweans to vote him
for another term so as to enable him to speed up the land reform
in their interests and to maintain the national independence for a
bright and prosperous future.
   In his counterattack, Tsvangirai, who celebrated his 50th
birthday on Sunday, challenged Mugabe by advocating change for
democracy and economic development among his supporters, who are
mostly urban workers, middle class and peasants.
   The opposition leader had focused his campaign activities on
the serious economic situation in the country, pledging that he
will implement economic stabilization and recovery plan to halt
the country from plunging into deeper recession.
   He told voters it was better to join one long queue now and
decide their future than to continue to queue for mealie meal -- a
staple food in Zimbabwe.  Enditem

   by Xiong Sihao, Zhang Dacheng

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Voters defy Mugabe thugs
The HeraldSun (AU):

PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe's power base appeared to be crumbling after Zimbabwe's estimated 5.6 million voters turned out in force for the weekend's presidential election.

They defied intimidation from thugs and attempts by officials to stall the voting process.

There were angry scenes outside polling stations for a second day yesterday as long lines of people waited to vote but were deliberately obstructed by officials.

The three-nation Commonwealth reporting team of Australia, Nigeria and South Africa is now waiting to see whether Mr Mugabe tries to retain his grip on power, despite a high turnout of supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.

Australian federal Liberal MP Julie Bishop, in remote Matabeleland North province as an election observer, said large gangs of intimidating youths had been roaming the countryside.

"We've seen them in dozens of locations, sometimes the same group, but different groups all over the countryside," she said. "They are one of the more worrying features ... they are out here to make their presence felt."

But MDC officials were jubilant yesterday, and said that "voter intimidation has failed". Opposition justice spokesman David Coltart said: "Zanu-PF tried to deter people from exercising their democratic right, but they have not achieved that aim. The voters have turned out in massive numbers."

There were calls yesterday for the election to be extended by two days to allow hundreds of thousands of frustrated voters to cast their ballots, but Legal Affairs Minister Patrick Chinamasa said it was unlikely such an extension would be granted.

Instead, he claimed, extra polling stations were being opened in busy urban areas such as the capital, Harare, and officials from less busy stations redeployed at places where demand was higher.

Anyone still standing in a queue at 7pm on Sunday -- the official closing time -- would be allowed to cast their vote, he said.

Mr Mugabe's tenuous hold on power was made clear when government MP Eddison Zvobgo broke ranks to call for Mr Mugabe's exit in the event of his defeat.

Dr Zvobgo said the unconstitutional legislation Mr Mugabe tried to implement last month -- legislation designed to prop up his Government's hold on the country's rule -- was "bristling with arrows pointed at the heart of freedom".

He conceded there could be a coup attempt to keep Mr Mugabe in power if MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai won.

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Business Report

UK targets Mugabe's so-called white Svengali
The London Sunday Times
March 10 2002 at 08:37PM
London - A millionaire businessman who manages a galaxy of sports stars is
being targeted by UK intelligence services to hunt the hidden assets of
Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe.

Security agencies believe John Bredenkamp, an alleged arms dealer, may know
where some of the president's fortune is hidden. Mugabe has secretly
channelled millions of pounds from the sale of African diamonds into
offshore bank accounts in the Bahamas and into Malaysia.

The European Union is attempting to trace the cash and freeze the financial
assets of Harare's political and military elite, in accordance with
sanctions introduced last month.

Bredenkamp is an entrepreneur with a colourful past who runs an empire of
offshore companies from a country house in Berkshire. He was named in
parliament last year as an arms supplier to African countries.

A former Rhodesian rugby captain, Bredenkamp owns a UK-based sports
management company Masters International, which promotes stars such as Mike
Catt, the England rugby international, Alan Donald, the South African
cricketer, Graeme Hick, the Zimbabwe-born England batsman, and Ieuan Evans,
the former rugby captain of Wales.

UK and US intelligence agencies have taken an interest in Bredenkamp for
years because his dealings in Zimbabwe have brought him into contact with
its ruling elite.

He is said to be particularly close to Emmerson Mnangagwa, the millionaire
minister tipped to be Mugabe's successor as leader of the ruling Zanu-PF
Party. Mnangagwa is chairman of the Harare-based holding company that
controls Zanu's finances.

The precise nature of Bredenkamp's relationship with Mugabe is shrouded in
mystery: some call him Mugabe's "white Svengali".

This weekend a spokesperson for Bredenkamp said the entrepreneur had not met
or spoken to Mugabe for 18 years and claimed the intelligence services might
be singling out Bredenkamp because of false rumours that he was "in the
pocket" of the Zimbabwean government.

"He is seen to be close to Mugabe and therefore it is likely he was involved
in arranging or fostering his wealth abroad. It is all hearsay," the
spokesperson said.

The UK's foreign office has long taken an interest in Bredenkamp. In an
answer to a parliamentary question two weeks ago, Ben Bradshaw, the foreign
office minister, said: "We are aware of past arms dealing activities by
Bredenkamp. If any person has any information about sanctions breaking, they
should inform the relevant UK authorities."

A Dutch national born in Zimbabwe, Bredenkamp was a key figure behind Ian
Smith, helping to supply arms to the beleaguered white minority regime in
its battle with guerrilla forces led by Mugabe.

More than 20 years later he has apparently swapped sides and is now seen as
one of the most influential white men in Zimbabwe.

Ever since he was a young man, Bredenkamp has been a go-getter. In 1994, a
Channel 4 documentary examined allegations that he was involved in a P80
million shipment of anti-personnel mines to Saddam Hussein. He has denied
the allegations.

Bredenkamp captained Rhodesia's national rugby team and married a former
Miss South Africa. He created one of the world's biggest tobacco companies,
which he sold for P70 million in the early 1990s. He owns a Gulfstream jet,
has a manor house in Berkshire and is a neighbour to Baroness Margaret
Thatcher in exclusive Chester Square in central London.

A rich list published last year placed him as the 48th richest person in the
UK, worth an estimated P550 million. He has spent heavily on tourism
projects in Mozambique, where he recently acquired a hotel and owns two
islands. His interests in properties, commodities and investment are
estimated to generate about P250 million a year.

Bredenkamp formed Masters International in 1994, initially to promote his
friend Nick Price, the Zimbabwean golfer. In 1996 he unsuccessfully bid to
take over Nottingham Forest Football Club.

Former business acquaintances say that for decades he was close to the UK
and US security services. But since the troubles in Zimbabwe that
relationship has changed.

Last year in the house of commons he was accused of arms dealing by Paul
Farrelly, a Labour MP, who said: "Bredenkamp appears to break no UK laws,
nor embargoes, nor restrictions - however formal or informal - by ostensibly
keeping all his African arms dealing activities offshore."
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From the voting people :

Here are a few observations I have received of a will of a people who are trying to say "Enough is enough" as a stubborn tyrant persists. It's worth reading these courageous truths......

Hi again
I have just come back from by 'driving' job - dropping MDC polling agents
at 5.30am for the change over for the mornings polling, and taking back the
people who slept the night with the polling boxes.  Both stations that I am
working for only registered 1300 voters yesterday - this is out of the 40
000 that are supposed to have been processed - and one of them continued
voting till 1am in the morning!!!.  People have been sleeping outside the
stations and are looking pretty ragged this morning - they say there are
CIO agents  in the queues.
Today is Tsvangirai's 50th birthday - what will it bring?
The skies are grey again this morning - change in weather, change in

I have enclosed the following report from one of my friends who was working
at the central control centre - gives a picture of the frustrations that
are being experienced.
love to you

"So I think I must have slept 5 hours last night, and then I go into my 8
hour phone answering shift for the Human Rights Forum's rapid response
which I am really glad I did, and which also really frustrated me. To be
right there for all the people calling in with reports of the
irregularities, violence...

..the many many who told us that in 10 hours only a couple of 100 people
had been able to cast their vote at their station - with 1000s queuing
stations in Harare are averaging around 20 voters per hour - each
constituency has 40 000 people, and for many of those there are only a
couple of polling stations. The math will never add up with the speed (or
lack of same) they are working with.

..Getting reports of riot police coming in, and unprovoked attacking queues
of people in high density suburbs - not being able to get hold of the
international monitors, or the news room, at least not quickly enough to
someone out there, quickly quickly - go see what's going on!

..Many calls of people having been struck off the voters roll, or people
being told after having queued for hours and hours that they have been
queuing in the wrong constituency, although this is where they registered
and voted last time. Clever ploys.

Most of the day I have felt that he has done it - he has stolen our chance
of justice. The full number of people aren't going to vote. The question is
will they take it easily or will they demand their rights? We wait and see
what tomorrow brings. Elections may be extended one or two days, some
polling stations are staying open until their queues are finished tonight,
but many people started leaving going home around 8 when they thought it
over (stations closed, and then reopened)."

Parting gestures:

Zanu PF militia have begun attacking rural polling stations as the ballot
boxes close.
A last desperate attempt to 'fix' the boxes before they go for counting?
Gokwe polling station was attacked last night by ZanuPF militia.
Polling agents and voters alike were assaulted.
A MDC polling agent in Hurungwe was killed others fled.
Polling stations in Kariba and Zvimba are now without MDC polling agents at
counting time.
News of others is coming in.

Voting in Harare continues at snails pace
but thousands wait in queues miles long
determined to bring change.

The clouds have cleared and the sun shines from a brilliant sky
I have spent the last hour in the garden spraying water
on the wilting vegetable garden filled with new beds of aubergines and
The birds flit in and out of the rainbow fringe of the spray
and the warm fragrance of thyme and origano and mint fill the air.

So much peace in so much chaos

I woke this morning with the feeling something is lifting
Its still with me..............

Well they know they have lost the ballot
but they are not going to give up.
Local observers are being arrested all over the country
White drivers in the rural areas have been told not to move out of the
centres as they will be arrested
there is a rumour that the warvets went into Chininguisa and BURNT 6 BALLOT
The 22 thousand votes that people stood all day and night to post
- they knew they were MDC

its tense!!!!!

Dear friends,

An account of my day at the polls.

On Saturday 10th March, at 6.50am, I set out for
Vainona Primary School which is 5 minutes away from my
house, to go and cast my vote.

On arrival I was way around the block (in the queue)
from the entrance gate, but consoled myself that I
would be done by approx 9.30am. Little did I know that
I, "King Richard" (who would not even queue up for
petrol/sugar/mealie meal/rice etc) was in for a long
haul. To cut a long story short, we patiently snaked
our way around the school perimeter fence and on
reaching the school gate, at approx 10am, which in my
humble opinion is about 150 - 200 metres from the hall
were the polling booths were, I triumphantly cast my
vote at 5.20pm (7hrs later!!! total waiting time 10
hours). A note to make is that what was a single file
at the back, became 2-3deep at the front, as family
and friends called cronies at home to 'pull in' on
nearing the front, and the police/monitors not trying
to keep a single file system.

It is important to note that Zimbabweans of all
colours were in the queue, waiting patiently, with
chairs, eats & cooler boxes with various beverages
(some of a mildly intoxicating nature as well)
camouflaged albeit, making the best of a very
frustrating wait. In my opinion and of those around
me, leaving was not an option.

It is also fair to note that I personally saw no
harassment/intimidation/violence or dodgy activities
going on, but experienced a tiresome 10 hour wait,
with alot of other people. The wisdom to have the
Harare mayoral & council elections at the same time,
slowed the process down somewhat, but in this age of
computers, to still have this manual process boggles
the mind. THE PROCESS IS VERY SLOW. Note: for the 2000
parliamentary elections, Harare had 260 odd polling
stations but for this one there are 167.

Friends I send you this note to share with you my own
experience, which definitely differs from that of
voters in; Mbare, Budiriro, Luveve, Entumbane
Highfields etc. We await the outcome and whatever it
is, we pray for sanity to prevail and for us as a
people and a nation to move forward for our own sake
but mainly that all our children can have a future in
this great land, (and hopefully for all y'all to COME


By Samson Mulugeta

Harare, Zimbabwe - Thousands of frustrated Zimbabweans stood for up to 10 hours in long lines at polling stations yesterday, waiting to vote in an election that could end President Robert Mugabe's 22-year reign - or could shove this nation into civil upheaval.

In urban areas, where Mugabe's opponent has strong support, the government had sharply cut the number of polling stations. In such anti-Mugabe strongholds, officials appeared to slow down the voting process, keeping vote tallies low.

Some voting lines in Harare extended for up to a mile. Frustrated people shoved, shouted, begged, and in one case broke down a fence to a polling station, in determination to cast their votes. Police held crowds at bay, and beat or tear-gassed those who stepped out of line.

"I'm going to stick it out," said Moses Mlambo, 29, an accountant who joined the line at 11 a.m. at Queen Elizabeth Girl's High School. He had not voted by 10 p.m., three hours after the official closing time. "I would rather suffer for one more day rather than suffer for another six years under this government," he said.

Independent election observers warned of a danger of violence by people denied a chance to vote. "The current polling exercise has become a crisis that can quickly explode unless it is better managed and polling days are extended," said Reginald Matchaba-Hove, chairman of the Zimbabwe Election Support Network.

National election registrar Mariyawanda Nzuwah told a news conference that polling hours would be extended yesterday and today until everyone in line had voted.

The number of polling stations in the cities was cut Tuesday by an electoral law that Mugabe installed by decree after the Supreme Court had ruled it unconstitutional. The decree cut the numbers of polling places by half in many urban areas, and by more than a third in others, election observers said. The law aimed directly to cut the vote for Mugabe's opponent, Morgan Tsvangirai of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), said political analysts.

At Dombo Tombo, a low-income neighborhood 50 miles outside Harare, a massive queue formed outside the polling station at a public library. Hawkers peddled fruit to the crowd. Exhausted mothers flopped on the ground, cradling sleeping babies in the midday sun. Those near the front had staked their place by showing up at 2 a.m.

But officials processed the voters slowly. By 4 p.m., nine hours after the polls opened, only 950 of 20,000 registered voters had cast ballots, said polling agents representing the two major candidates.

"The intention, of course, is that you frustrate as many voters as you can. Mugabe is trying to move the goal posts to disenfranchise people, these people he thinks will vote against him," Tsvangirai said. He demanded that the government extend the voting beyond its scheduled completion today.

In contrast to the cities, voting moved briskly in rural areas where Mugabe's party, the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU-PF) has traditionally been strong. In Marondera, a rural area, several farm workers said in interviews that ZANU-PF members had beaten them and threatened more harm if they did not vote for Mugabe.

A worker named Elias said ZANU-PF toughs had rounded up 150 black farmers and held them through a rain-soaked night at their "militia camp," keeping them awake with party slogans and doctrinal lectures. In the morning, the workers were marched to a polling station and made to vote as the militia men watched, he said.

About 9 a.m., a dishevelled and bleary eyed Peace Savngweme headed home after voting in Marondera. He had spent the night in the bush out of fear of the ZANU-PF militia.

Asked whom he voted for, he couldn't bring himself to speak, but silently mouthed "change," the slogan of the opposition MDC party.

'I don't care if they beat me. I'm going to vote for change'
author/source: Observer (UK)
published: Sun 10-Mar-2002

Andrew Meldrum watches as millions defy brutal attacks to vote. The poll could spell the end for Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe's embattled leader
Across thousands of miles, the people of Zimbabwe emerged from their homes before dawn yesterday and lit small cooking fires in the African darkness.

Then they set off, from mud huts in rural areas and shanty towns in the cities, determined to meet their date with destiny. After months of harassment, violence and murder by the regime they backed against white rule more than two decades ago, the people formed huge queues around the polling stations set up, supposedly, to let them decide whether Robert Gabriel Mugabe - former teacher, guerrilla fighter and Zimbabwe's President - should be allowed to continue in power. It had been a long and painful journey to the polls. And even the simple act of placing a vote in a ballot box proved dangerous in Mugabe's Zimbabwe. The people have been terrorised for weeks by youths paid from the coffers of the ruling elite, and the army and riot police swelled their ranks yesterday amid fears that the prospect of defeat would provoke an outpouring of bloodshed.

In Harare, the capital, the pace of voting was so slow that many believed bureaucratic obstacles were being put in their way to prevent them ousting Mugabe. Riot police fired tear gas and bludgeoned voters with clubs after disturbances caused by the slow pace of voting. Mugabe had left nothing to chance. In the hours before voting began, a wave of violence swept the country. Polling agents from the MDC opposition were beaten by thugs loyal to Mugabe's regime. The militia of the ruling party had established bases near polling stations throughout the rural areas and some cities to intimidate people into voting for Mugabe. In the Hwedza area, 80 kilometres east of the capital, the militia dismantled a polling station at Lustleigh School and moved it on to their base. They then abducted 150 farmworkers and beat them in a 're-education session' through the night. One farmworker ran from the militia camp and slept in the bush. 'I went back to that camp this morning in order to vote,' he said. 'I voted for the MDC.'

MDC polling agents were attacked, abducted, fired upon and beaten in the provinces of Manicaland, Matabeleland North, Midlands and Mashonaland West, East and Central. Commonwealth observers reported 'disturbing' violence against the opposition. J J Kundembe was attacked by a group of 20 militants from the ruling Zanu PF party. 'I was staring death in the face,' said Kundembe, nursing head wounds. 'I had nowhere to run. With intimidation people will never vote for this government again. It was all pre-arranged. I am going back in the morning. I want to change the system.' In another incident, a group of 12 white farmers travelling to vote were seized by Mugabe's militia, beaten and forced to sing songs in praise of the President. When the police arrived, they arrested the farmers for causing a disturbance. They were still being held in cells last night.

In case the violence was not enough to scare people from voting, hundreds of polling stations were closed, creating a huge backlog of queues and prompting the Opposition to call for an extension to voting, which officially closes tonight. A cumbersome voting process, established only last week, was allowing only a handful of people to cast their ballots each hour. Presiding officers at Harare polling stations revealed that only 50-80 people are voting each hour while thousands wait outside in increasingly restive queues. Driving through Highfield township, I saw two schools that had been polling stations in the June 2000 parliamentary elections but were now closed. Finally I saw a throng of people and found the Kwayedza school polling station. More than 4,000 people were queuing in the baking midday sun. 'I have been waiting here since 4 am and I want to vote, but this line is not moving,' said Barnabas Mutandwa. 'I am not leaving here until I vote.'

Soon I was surrounded by 30 young township toughs, mothers with babies on their backs and a toothless old woman. They all wanted to tell me how long they had waited in the queue, why they wanted to vote - and why they wanted to vote against Robert Mugabe. 'We are hungry. We cannot get food,' said the mother. 'We cannot get jobs,' said a youth. 'My son has been beaten,' said the old woman. 'They must keep these polls open 24 hours a day until we all have voted,' shouted a pretty young woman, forcing her way closer to me. 'We want our right to vote!' Others cheered her and shouted in approval. Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the MDC (Movement for Democratic Change), who has been widely tipped to emerge as the country's new leader if the vote was free and fair, urged the people of Zimbabwe not to give up without voting. 'I know you are tired,' he said shortly before voting. 'I know you are scared and I know you are hungry. But have courage people of Zimbabwe, the darkest hour is always before the dawn.'

Anger was building last night in the slow-moving queues, and many believe the frustration in Harare could provoke an outbreak of spontaneous anti-government violence and a swiftly brutal government response. 'This is just what the government wants,' said an international observer. 'They want frustrated voters to become angry and riot. Then they can move in with the riot police and disperse them, and the voting is over.' At another Harare polling station yesterday the people watched sullenly and silently as Mugabe was whisked inside by armed guards to place his vote. 'I will accept the result,' said Mugabe, 78. 'I will most certainly accept the result, because I will have won.' The President then drove off in his armoured black Mercedes in a convoy of more than 20 vehicles, including two trucks of army men bristling with guns.

Those in the queue remained behind, still waiting to vote. 'Tell the observers to come here and see us,' said a young man, pulling me aside. 'Tell them to see how they are trying to discourage us from voting.' Tawanda Mavuta, a middle-aged women, had been subsisting on two cobs of maize a day. 'The Zanu PF militia have come to my house four times in the past two weeks. They write down my name and my ID numbers and they ask me lots of questions. They say I must vote for Mugabe. They say if I vote for Tsvangirai they will know it and come back and beat me, maybe kill me. I don't care. I am fed up with this. I am going to vote for change.'

Since the European Union pulled its observer mission out of Zimbabwe two weeks ago, there are very few international observers here. The Commonwealth, with 51 observers, is the most serious mission. One Commonwealth observer was ashen-faced yesterday after travelling through the Midlands province where state-sponsored violence had been widespread. 'I saw opposition supporters whose bodies were flayed and men who were castrated,' he said. 'It was unimaginably horrific. I had trouble sleeping last night.' The millions of Zimbabweans queuing to vote last night appeared willing to queue for as long as it takes to ensure they have their say in the future of a country that was once one of the most prosperous in Africa. They do not want much: just to vote and to have their votes counted fairly. Last night there was still no sign that Mugabe agreed with the wishes of his people.

Oh what a day!    We started in the queue to vote at 9 a.m.  It was really hot and the queue was over 2 kms long - and not in single file either!   Some people had arrived at 2.a.m. and the slowness of it all - you wouldn't credit it! 
B. became rather unwell as the morning drew on, so I took him home and had to return to start over again.  No shade, no means to get to a toilet without vacating your position and having to land up at the end of the queue again.  So I stuck it out until 6 p.m. but got very little closer.  Eventually, I had to get some water as I was feeling light headed and dizzy, so headed off and was stopped by some police officers who wanted to know if 'I had given up'.  One of the woman constables pointed to my somewhat protruding stomach and told them it was obvious I was pregnant (at my age??? If that's so, some doctor is going to be well and truly sued!) and offered to help me to the front of the queue and get me straight in to vote.  I didn't argue on that one - not after all those hours and with only 10 minutes to before the polls closed for the night, I made it inside - ONLY TO FIND OUT THEY HAD CHANGED OUR POLLING POSITION TO GREYSTONE PARK AREA!   My God I was so frustrated, but kept my face straight and determined to get to Greystone park the next day.  The pregnancy at over 60 years of age, still tickles me pink and it's great to have a laugh.
We had many laughs today actually.  Thousands and thousands of folk all jumbled together in the intense heat, talking away to each other ten to the dozen and all with hope on their faces and a prayer in their hearts.  ZANU and MDC together and both looking for 'change'.   Almost a festive air in spite of the threat that marred some of the polling areas. There was hardly any sign of our MDC polling managers, as many had been very seriously beaten by ZANU during the night and early morning, with some of them being abducted, but it didn't stop the people who came like giant tidal waves from everywhere to every spot in search of where to vote. That in itself is the biggest indication of determination we have ever seen.  Just to see them was enough to make us feel that whoever wins on Monday, nothing will happen thereafter.  There are just too many of us to dare it.  That's the answer to our many prayers both here and from yourselves.  
So, it's back to another polling booth some miles away, to try again.  It may be a ploy to stop us voting, but it can't stop what we are yearning for and going out to find it - freedom and peace and some sanity once again in our beautiful land.  It was just wonderful watching how people shared their drink and their food, to keep us standing and waiting for our turn.  Black and white and coloured - of all creeds and political affiliation, uniting together in a massive tide of humanity, encouraging each other to just keep on waiting and trying, regardless of whether they had a vote or not.  It was a show of utter solidarity between all races and it was a miracle in itself.  Yes, there were armoured tanks and rockets on display in the city, but nobody paid the slightest attention to them, but carried on - a solid stream of patient humanity - to do their duty.   We know there has been a lot of rigging and there are ballot boxes already stuffed with votes for Mugabe and hidden away.  No MDC to count in safety and doubtless the results will show a victory for Mugabe if he has calculated well and done his intimidation to the hilt - but the fact remains, the atmosphere was electric and the vision of the biggest turn out in political history of this country by the people - many of whom travelled by foot for many miles to reach their polling booths.  Many more camped in the rain overnight.  Thousands were turned away, only to come back and join the queues again, patiently, stoically determined to show solidarity with the many others.  Exhausting, exhilarating and exciting.   I wouldn't have missed it for the world.  Yet how I dreaded it when I woke up this morning after seeing the ghastly news of continued cruelty torture and brutality. 
There's a long way to go, but I think we have covered the first vital journey towards a hopeful start to a new future.  If we lose, then Tsvangirai will be endangered, but I think the Government knows that would be an extremely unwise move.  Let's keep on praying.

Dear Zimbo on foreign soil,

I am sending you this email as I know you would have loved to be with us in
the queue's today. Please read the email and send it on to people who voted
and to those who wished they were home to vote. This way those who voted can
sample the mood in the queue and the innovative way people had of discussing
issues without really doing so!

I went home to Bulawayo to vote and began to queue at Henry Low School. I
chatted with an old friend in the queue - he said he had been deep into Mat
North the day before and had spoken with a man who attended a ZANU PF rally.
The man had told him that he was very happy to have received a cap and that
he would now vote ZANU PF. My friend was incensed by this vote buying and
determined to vote for change!

That queue hardly moved so we left it to go to Coghlan School. A lady behind
me was telling her friend that she had saved up to get a dish and DSTV for
the month so that she would be able to 'know what was going on in Zimbabwe'.

A colored man chatted with me about his father who is 82 and a real handful.
He is forgetful and as single-minded as a child, and only worries about his
own comfort. I wondered where this was leading .... How can I go and put my
X next to vote in a 78 year man and expect that he will rule me justly for
the next 6 years!!

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Voting is in full swing for the people of Zimbabwe!
The statement below was issued by Mudede, Registrar General of Elections on Saturday 9 March. 
Given the high turnout and slow process, especially in the urban centres, point number 7 is of particular interest.  Any one who arrives at the polling station before 7pm will be able to vote.  Therefore, don't be discouraged by long queues-everyone will have a chance!
The Registrar General of Elections Mr Tobiwa Mudede has issued the following press statement:
1. Journalists:
Presidng Officers should in accordance with the law allow accredited journalists into the polling stations.
The accredited journalists are not allowed to take photographs of voters casting their vote inside the polling booth.
The accredited journalists who want  to enter polling stations are not allowed to use their cell phones within the polling station.
Journalists are also not allowed to ask people whom they wish to vote for, or whom they will have voted for, because this compromises the secrecy of those peoples' vote.
Persons or companies who have set up their own communication systems against the laws of Zimbabwe run the risk of being arrested by the Police for breaching the laws of Zimbabwe.
2. Persons who have lost citizenship and are disqualified from voting:
Persons who have lost citizenship and are disqualified from voting are advised not to create problems at the polling stations by trying to vote.
I am also warning those who are using abusive language against Electoral Officials to desist from such conduct because the Police have been instructed to remove anyone found hurling insults against Electoral Officers within a polling station or within the hundred metre radius.
3. Accreditation:
I am informed that there are some unaccredited persons masquerading as either election agents, polling agents, local, regional or international observers.  These unaccredited persons should not be permitted to enter polling stations and are strongly advised against pushing their way into thep olling station, because they run the risk of being arrested by the police.
4. Supplementary Voters' Roll:
Persons who registered to vote either before or on 3rd March 2002 should be allowed to vote on the production of a voter registration slip and the necessary documents required for identification.
5. Campaign Apparel:
I wish to reiterate that wearing campaign apparel within the polling station or within the 100 metre radius of the polling station is an offence in tersm of the Electoral Laws.
6. Setting up of Desks outside Polling Station Any person who sets up a table or desk within or outside the 100m radius, for the purpose of asking voters questions on whom they voted for, or for whom they are going to vote will be arrested by the Police.
7. Closing of Polling Stations:
The Registrar General further advises that voters already in the queue by 1900 hours will be allowed to vote and polling stations will not close until they are cleared.  No new voters should be allowed to join the queue at 1900 hours.  Meanwhile steps are being taken to increase man power and the number of polling booths especially in Harare and Chitungwiza.


9TH March 2002
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Focus-Zimbabwe's Tsvangirai at door of presidency

10 March, 2002 19:47 GMT

HARARE (Reuters) - Morgan Tsvangirai, who turned 50 today, is a skilled
orator and fiery trade unionist who poses the first serious challenge to
President Robert Mugabe's 22-year grip on power.

Tsvangirai, leader of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), is
considered by his supporters and some Western governments as Zimbabwe's only
immediate hope to end a spiral of economic decline coupled with escalating

But analysts say he is woolly on policy and lacks the experience to haul
Zimbabwe out of its deep recession and rebuild what was once a showcase
African economy.

The outcome of the election -- which has been marred by political killings,
intimidation and chaotic voting delays in opposition strongholds -- is
impossible to predict.

Western critics, including former colonial ruler Britain and the United
States, say the deck is stacked in Mugabe's favour.


Tsvangirai's working class background could scarcely be more different to
his rival's academic track record.

While Mugabe led the dominant military force of the Zimbabwe African
National Union (ZANU) in the long war against white rule, Tsvangirai worked
in a rural mine to support his family.

While Mugabe boasts a string of university degrees, Tsvangirai, now a father
of six, is self-taught beyond a basic high school education.

Tsvangirai, the son of a bricklayer, cut his political teeth in the labour
movement while working as a foreman at the Trojan Nickel Mine in rural
Bindura for 10 years.

In 1988, he became full-time secretary general of the Zimbabwe Congress of
Trade Unions, leading the federation from an alliance with Mugabe's ZANU-PF
to aggressive independence.

He was jailed by Mugabe's government for six weeks in 1989 on charges of
spying for South Africa and the MDC claims he has survived three
state-sponsored assassination attempts.

In December 1997, Tsvangirai delivered his first serious challenge and
Mugabe's first significant political defeat.

He led a series of strikes against tax increases and twice forced Mugabe to
withdraw announced hikes. He also made Mugabe abandon a planned special tax
to fund grants to veterans of the liberation war against Britain.

Taking much of the labour movement with him, Tsvangirai helped to found the
MDC in 1999.

In February 2000, the movement showed its strength by engineering Mugabe's
first poll defeat -- the rejection in a national referendum of proposed
constitutional changes that would further have entrenched his presidential

In June of that year, despite killings and police intimidation, the MDC
stunned the ruling party by winning 57 of the 120 seats at stake in a
parliamentary election.


Now Tsvangirai is going for the big prize, but while he captivates the
public with powerful speeches, political analysts say he is weak on policy
and detail.

During a tour of European capitals after the MDC was born, Tsvangirai failed
to impress. His judgment has also been questioned in the wake of last
month's videotape controversy.

Tsvangirai stands accused of treason after a secretly recorded video
purported to show him discussing Mugabe's assassination with security
consultants in Canada.

The Montreal firm, headed by a man who says he is a former Israeli security
agent, was working for the Mugabe government.

Tsvangirai has complained that the murky video was "contrived" to manipulate
comments taken out of context.

"People say I was naive," Tsvangirai told the Guardian newspaper last week.
"But I've got another 30,000 votes in my cap as a result of this

If Tsvangirai overcomes the intimidation and special laws aimed at crippling
his campaign, he may use presidential powers to appoint legislators to take
control of parliament.

A 100-day programme to halt the country's plunge into deeper recession
should kick in almost immediately.

The programme includes commitments to most of the macro-economic mantras of
the globalising world -- debt reduction, tight controls on state spending,
liberalised foreign exchange controls and free market disciplines.

It commits the party to restore the rule of law, continue land reform in a
non-partisan way, create jobs and expand infrastructure -- but the details
are sketchy.

Tsvangirai has promised that if he wins he will allow Mugabe a dignified

If he loses, he can expect Mugabe to press on with his prosecution for
treason, which carries the death penalty.

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Melbourne Age

Ian Smith, 83, votes against Mugabe
HARARE, March 10 AFP|Published: Monday March 11, 3:28 AM

Ian Smith, the last white leader of Rhodesia, voted today to remove his
Zimbabwean successor from power, saying President Robert Mugabe had "made a
mess of the country".

Smith, now 83, said he cast his ballot for opposition candidate Morgan
Tsvangirai, who poses the toughest challenge Mugabe has faced at the ballot
box since his guerrilla forces ushered him into the leadership of the new
Zimbabwe in 1980.

"People are fed up with Mugabe," Smith said. "He's made a mess of the

Voting at a school in Alexandra Park, an affluent section of Harare where he
has lived since 1980, Smith said a Tsvangirai presidency "is what the
majority of Zimbabweans want".

Smith, who was prime minister of Rhodesia when it was a British colony,
unilaterally declared independence from Britain in 1965.

The ensuing liberation war against white minority rule in the country, from
1972 to 1979, claimed at least 27,000 lives.

Under pressure from Britain, Smith stepped aside and Zimbabwe was born in
1980 under the leadership of liberation war hero Mugabe.

In a reconciliation gesture, Mugabe allowed Smith to stay on in the country.

The former prime minister has been a constant critic of Mugabe and his

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Sunday, 10 March, 2002, 07:55 GMT
Charles 'blasts Commonwealth'

There has been political violence in Zimbabwe

The Prince of Wales has said the Commonwealth deserves "contempt" if it does
not stand up for liberal democracy and human rights, it has been reported.
According to the Sunday Times, the prince said the organisation was
"drinking in the last chance saloon".

He said the election and how Zimbabwe was treated by the Commonwealth was
"the biggest test since it had been created".

But the organisation was "failing the test and this was causing long-term
damage to its credibility".

Charles: Commonwealth "failing its biggest test"

The prince spoke after Commonwealth leaders agreed not to take punitive
action against Zimbabwe in the run-up to this weekend's presidential poll,
despite widespread reports of violence, intimidation and vote-rigging.

He was also reportedly appalled by the treatment meted out to UK Prime
Minister Tony Blair - who had called for immediate action - at their

He described anti-white comments by Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe and
other leaders as "distressing".

He said failing to act over Zimbabwe will raise the question of what the
Commonwealth is for, and said "dictators shuffling round the place is pretty

Commonwealth Day

The prince's comments come on the eve of Commonwealth Day, an annual
celebration of the organisation of 50 or so mainly former British colonies.

Thabo Mbeki: One of those against punitive action

The day will be celebrated by the prince and the Queen, at events at
Westminster Abbey and Buckingham Palace.

Charles could succeed the Queen as head of the Commonwealth, although some
of the organisation's leaders have reportedly said in the past that it is
not necessarily a hereditary post.

The prince's comments echo similar comments from Mr Blair on Commonwealth
"fudging" and "credibility".

He told the House of Commons last week that it must act on Zimbabwe's "clear
violations" of the core Commonwealth values of good government, tolerance
and racial harmony.

"The credibility of the Commonwealth itself is at stake. The procedures laid
down... are clear and action must follow, up to and including suspension,"
he added.

Instead of suspending Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth at the summit in
Australia, leaders opted for urging President Mugabe to end the political

They also set up a three-member committee to decide possible action, based
on the findings of the group's election observers deployed in the country.

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Zimbabwe votes:
Leading candidates: President Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai

Polling stations open 0700 - 1900 (0500 - 1700 GMT) Saturday and Sunday

5.6 million registered to vote

4,548 polling stations within 120 constituencies

One station in Harare stayed open all night to cope with the large turnout.

Dennis Musodzi, a teacher who had been waiting at a polling station in
Harare's western Dzivarasekwa township since Saturday, said: "It is
frustrating but if the idea is to discourage us from voting, that is not
going to happen.

"I am prepared to spend another day and night here, and I am not making
secret what I am here for. I am waiting to vote for Tsvangirai because I am
sick and tired of Mugabe."

International observers have expressed concern about the delays.

Kare Vollan, head of Norway's election observers, said: "There have been
queues of thousands of people waiting outside for many hours and with the
speed that they started today it is not possible to process all those voters
over two days."

Tsvangirai said he could not "prejudge" the vote's outcome

Despite long queues in Harare, reports suggest voting in other areas is not
as brisk.

In the second city of Bulawayo, many polling stations were almost deserted
on Sunday after a busy first day of voting.

And in Manicaland, queues to vote are said to be much shorter than on
Saturday, with many polling stations reporting low turnouts by midday.


After casting his vote on Saturday, Mr Mugabe hit out at his critics - at
home and abroad.

"They are supporters of the opposition. It is not only prejudice, it is bias
against the [ruling party], bias against President Mugabe, and bias in
favour of the opposition."

In the run-up to the election, the European Union and United States imposed
sanctions on Mr Mugabe and his aides, citing political violence and
manipulation of the election process.

Within the region, the poll is seen as crucial for Zimbabwe's neighbours, as
the country's economic crisis has hit trade - depriving South Africa of
multi-million-dollar foreign investment - and created a new refugee problem.

Mr Mugabe's opponents say misrule and controversial land grabs by his
supporters are largely to blame for the economic crisis.


Sunday, 10 March, 2002, 07:55 GMT
Charles 'blasts Commonwealth'

There has been political violence in Zimbabwe

The Prince of Wales has said the Commonwealth deserves "contempt" if it does
not stand up for liberal democracy and human rights, it has been reported.
According to the Sunday Times, the prince said the organisation was
"drinking in the last chance saloon".

He said the election and how Zimbabwe was treated by the Commonwealth was
"the biggest test since it had been created".

But the organisation was "failing the test and this was causing long-term
damage to its credibility".

Sunday, 10 March, 2002, 17:10 GMT
Mugabe 'playing last card'
Zimbabweans walk past posters of Morgan Tsvangirai and Robert Mugabe
Voters have formed huge queues at polling stations
One of Zimbabwe's leading newspapers, The Standard, predicts that President Robert Mugabe's controversial campaign tactics will backfire on him and he will lose the election.

"Staring defeat in the eye, Mugabe has decided to play his last card, that of resorting to fiction in an attempt to demonise the MDC's Morgan Tsvangirai," it said.

The Standard, which reflects opposition opinion, said the public was not convinced by President Mugabe's focus on the "remote issue" of UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, whom he accuses of practising colonialism.

Street vendor in Harare holds up local paper with headline
The elections have been relatively peaceful so far

Mr Mugabe has also accused Mr Tsvangirai - his chief rival - of plotting a coup.

The paper noted that other candidates were attacking Mr Tsvangirai, leader of the Movement for Democratic Change, as if he were the incumbent president.

But a political analyst quoted by The Standard played down the impact of such tactics and said "even their wives are likely to vote for Tsvangirai."

The public, said The Standard, would vote according to who seemed most likely to solve the food shortage and return Zimbabwe to the rule of law and order.

High urban turnout

The Standard reported a high turnout in urban areas on Saturday. It predicted that this would outweigh the 400,000 votes the ruling Zanu-PF had added through the supplementary voters roll, and that Mr Tsvangirai would still win.

A ruling party ZANU-PF supporter holds an election poster
Mugabe is facing his strongest challenge since independence

Mr Tsvangirai himself told The Standard that he would win with 60% of the vote. "The old man is running scared. Time is running out for him," he said.

He scorned Mr Mugabe's whirlwind tour of election rallies, saying it was futile to try to drum up support so late in the campaign. He also said the MDC would bridge the rural-urban divide.

According to The Standard, the government ordered election observers to stay 100 metres away from polling stations, in order to "reduce overcrowding".

Border tension

The paper also said that Zimbabweans returning from South Africa to vote had been turned back at the Beitbridge border crossing and told to fix their residence status.

The chief immigration officer at Beitbridge, David Chitsaka, denied the report, saying that the South African press was creating such stories to discredit the Zimbabwean immigration authorities.

Government-controlled ZBC 3FM radio said Registrar-General Tobaiwa Mudede had warned people who renounced Zimbabwean citizenship "not to create problems at polling stations by attempting to vote".

Home Affairs Minister John Nkomo praised voters for their responsible behaviour, according to the radio.

"Zimbabweans have demonstrated to the international community that they are capable of organising their own elections in a peaceful manner," he said.

BBC Monitoring, based in Caversham in southern England, selects and translates information from radio, television, press, news agencies and the Internet from 150 countries in more than 70 languages.

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--> Urgent message to all Zimbabwe Votors with Citizenship status pending -

If you were turned away at a polling station on the grounds that there was a supplementary list on which your name appeared , do not give up the voting process.

There is an answer due to urgent legal action taken last night.

Phone one of these numbers urgently

011 601 057

011 602 691

091 237 923
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