The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

Back to Index

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Presidential Election 2002 - Results
MASH WEST (12)              
Chegutu 16083 11493 363 28317 41% 49,676 57.0%
Chinhoyi 11432 8477 191 20244 42% 34,510 58.7%
Hurungwe East 19455 4635 537 25111 18% 38,001 66.1%
Hurungwe West           42,123 0.0%
Kariba 22240 9780 739 33428 29% 49,106 68.1%
Makonde 20421 2662 494 24010 11% 39,210 61.2%
Mhondoro 17681 10628 336 28992 37% 50,294 57.6%
Zvimba North           44,717 0.0%
Zvimba South 21509 4755 572 27270 17% 47,903 56.9%
MASH EAST (12)              
Chikomba 23450 7035 351 31495 22% 48,898 64.4%
Goromonzi 20158 9680 548 30911 31% 49,837 62.0%
Hwedza 21436 7282 476 29863 24% 49,314 60.6%
Marondera East 15719 11667 275 27956 42% 44,153 63.3%
Marondera West 16591 4891 391 22292 22% 36,318 61.4%
Mudzi 33838 4226 946 39967 11% 48,539 82.3%
Murehwa North 16616 5102 340 22592 23% 33,858 66.7%
Murehwa South 16913 5180 413 23175 22% 34,323 67.5%
Mutoko North 22357 3748 481 27082 14% 35,135 77.1%
Mutoko South 27339 2120 549 30385 7% 36,356 83.6%
Seke 14667 12551 443 28036 45% 46,009 60.9%
UMP 37341 3197 591 41710 8% 44,077 94.6%
TOTAL 266425 76679 5804 355464 22% 506817 70.1%
MASH CENTRAL (10)              
Bindura           50,215 0.0%
Guruve North 28517 2700 439 32188 8% 40,268 79.9%
Guruve South 20651 2646 244 23925 11% 39,065 61.2%
Mazowe East 18404 7683 431 27029 28% 47,280 57.2%
Mazowe West 16471 6219 419 23433 27% 44,355 52.8%
Mt Darwin North 29238 2144 652 32724 7% 36,061 90.7%
Mt Darwin South 29680 2205 578 33015 7% 39,143 84.3%
Muzarabani 25260 3463 417 29535 12% 38,853 76.0%
Rushinga 26669 2523 409 30056 8% 35,202 85.4%
Shamva 25863 4277 427 31065 14% 47,835 64.9%
MIDLANDS (19)              
Kadoma Central 9345 14446 181 24159 60% 45,126 53.5%
Kadoma East 18771 3123 324 22502 14% 41,970 53.6%
Kadoma West 21481 5656 462 27872 20% 38,878 71.7%
Kwekwe Central 9917 17061 141 27301 62% 37,455 72.9%
Gokwe Central 17777 9281 395 28062 33% 41,438 67.7%
Gokwe East 24773 7830 782 33893 23% 38,179 88.8%
Gokwe North 23663 7131 786 32331 22% 36,743 88.0%
Gokwe South 17398 5744 594 24465 23% 39,981 61.2%
Gokwe West 22044 6713 774 30408 22% 39,480 77.0%
Silobela 9191 15980 276 25808 62% 38,592 66.9%
Zhombe 15112 8887 353 24934 36% 48,007 51.9%
Chirumanzu 16791 6578 604 24640 27% 38,029 64.8%
Gweru 5570 13332 115 19141 70% 34,057 56.2%
Gweru Rural 9608 10401 411 20865 50% 33,887 61.6%
Mberengwa East 24672 3128 469 28755 11% 40,194 71.5%
Mberengwa West 21182 4395 496 26712 16% 37,869 70.5%
Mkoba 5448 16129 131 21785 74% 46,639 46.7%
Shurugwi 19724 7950 392 28602 28% 42,411 67.4%
Zvishavane 15910 10815 340 27477 39% 46,920 58.6%
TOTAL 308377 174580 8026 499712 35% 765855 65.2%
MAT SOUTH (8)              
Beitbridge 16448 6844 779 24809 28% 43,558 57.0%
Bulilimamangwe North 7647 11730 559 20842 56% 48,201 43.2%
Bulilimamangwe South 6625 11994 420 19532 61% 38,995 50.1%
Gwanda North 5867 12610 262 19085 66% 36,065 52.9%
Gwanda South 12070 6774 734 20043 34% 34,832 57.5%
Insiza 9089 10579 363 20538 52% 37,541 54.7%
Matobo 9740 12565 449 23437 54% 46,106 50.8%
Umzingwane 5883 11226 2213 19672 57% 33,717 58.3%
TOTAL 73369 84322 5779 167958 50% 319015 52.6%
MAT NORTH (7)              
Binga 5351 26886 1613 34868 77% 47,052 74.1%
Bubi Umguza 16425 11970 418 29340 41% 50,268 58.4%
Hwange East 4610 15950 127 21727 73% 40,968 53.0%
Hwange West 4712 14736 281 19703 75% 38,620 51.0%
Lupane 7778 14525 612 23862 61% 45,785 52.1%
Nkayi 11552 15616 395 28441 55% 50,329 56.5%
Tsholotsho 10838 10089 560 22256 45% 44,383 50.1%
TOTAL 61266 109772 4006 180197 61% 317405 56.8%
BULAWAYO (8)              
Bulawayo North East 3794 18669 117 22684 82% 43,502 52.1%
Bulawayo South 4666 18624 53 23449 79% 45,832 51.2%
Lobengula Magwegwe 2896 15364 57 18414 83% 44,350 41.5%
Makokoba 3027 13176 6 16330 81% 39,633 41.2%
Mpopoma 3137 14000 90 17314 81% 39,412 43.9%
Nkulumane 4917 18602 97 23720 78% 49,087 48.3%
Pelandaba 3376 15485 83 19076 81% 46,138 41.3%
Pumula Luveve 4015 17970 127 22256 81% 49,327 45.1%
TOTAL 29828 131890 630 163243 81% 357281 45.7%
HARARE (19)              
Budiriro 4082 20749 88 24984 83% 48,582 51.4%
Chitungwiza 6855 16901 154 24005 70% 48,525 49.5%
Dzivarasekwa 7385 18046 166 25816 70% 46,078 56.0%
Glen Norah           47,938 0.0%
Glen View 2709 16527 85 19357 85% 47,151 41.1%
Harare Central 4292 13880 74 18306 76% 36,808 49.7%
Harare East           36,808 0.0%
Harare North           46,852 0.0%
Harare South 6219 13646 106 20033 68% 35,027 57.2%
Hatfield 9502 15354 318 25289 61% 40,366 62.6%
Highfield           37,958 0.0%
Kambuzuma 3299 15469 78 18913 82% 34,687 54.5%
Kuwadzana 5047 18263 72 23440 78% 39,481 59.4%
Mabvuku           44,396 0.0%
Mbare East 5192 11353 236 16873 67% 35,065 48.1%
Mbare West 3342 14382 107 17894 80% 36,058 49.6%
Mufakose 7661 12101 237 20089 60% 37,372 53.8%
St Mary's           48,656 0.0%
Zengeza 5580 15846 118 21621 73% 47,251 45.8%
MANICALAND (14)              
Buhera North 16248 12897 419 30246 43% 46,031 65.7%
Buhera South           43,610 0.0%
Chimanimani 15859 12750 433 29640 43% 43,867 67.6%
Chipinge North 9198 12940 397 23152 56% 47,682 48.6%
Chipinge South 6954 18356 761 27404 67% 49,850 55.0%
Makoni East 10230 7850 350 18844 42% 34,186 55.1%
Makoni North 18362 4795 575 24298 20% 34,846 69.7%
Makoni West 13590 8511 412 23143 37% 40,695 56.9%
Mutare Central 5294 21296 124 26806 79% 47,786 56.1%
Mutare North 7580 17940 497 26234 68% 35,159 74.6%
Mutare South 9673 8742 358 19264 45% 34,214 56.3%
Mutare West 13788 7724 474 22805 34% 37,591 60.7%
Mutasa 10832 12923 503 24743 52% 35,721 69.3%
Nyanga 19418 12781 616 33696 38% 46,160 73.0%
MASVINGO (14)              
Bikita East 16171 6211 523 23711 26% 34,157 69.4%
Bikita West 16930 8742 518 27060 32% 38,932 69.5%
Chiredzi North           46,042 0.0%
Chiredzi South 19437 6389 680 27289 23% 45,740 59.7%
Chivi North 17683 5638 483 24404 23% 38,725 63.0%
Chivi South 17190 4987 374 23256 21% 40,529 57.4%
Gutu North 22524 8934 432 32537 27% 48,834 66.6%
Gutu South 17594 10845 508 29859 36% 48,100 62.1%
Masvingo Central 9757 15471 297 25960 60% 39,670 65.4%
Masvingo North           35,215 0.0%
Masvingo South 13317 5526 563 20270 27% 34,864 58.1%
Mwenezi 29019 3554 819 34176 10% 49,138 69.6%
Zaka East 21529 5941 504 28749 21% 45,341 63.4%
Zaka West           48,491 0.0%
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Dear Family and Friends,
78 year old President Mugabe, in power for 22 years has just won a fifth term in office and will rule us for another 6 years. President Mugabe will be 84 years old when his term expires. The final count was Mugabe: 1 685 212;
Tsvangirai: 1 258 401.
 There are so many questions and very few answers. Why has the army been put on high alert? How will the people of Zimbabwe react? How will the government restore law and order? Will the police now start arresting criminals who rape, beat, burn, torture and throw petrol bombs? Will the judiciary now start convicting murderers? What will happen to an inflation rate already over 110%? How will the government stop a massive exodus of skilled people? What will be done to bring down the 60% unemployment rate? What will the government do to stop run-away corruption? Where will the government get foreign currency from to buy medicines and petrol? What will election observers say about the process? Will African leaders again turn their backs? 
The most important question though is where is the food going to come from. How will Zanu PF, who have cut themselves off from the whole world, now find the food for 13 million people. There is no basic food to buy in the shops, there is almost no food in the ground and winter wheat must be planted within weeks. Will our government again stop famers from growing food? Will it really continue with its plan to seize every farm in the country and give the land to people who have neither the means nor the expertise to grow food on a large scale?
This election result has only benefitted President Mugabe, not his people and as hunger takes over we all know that it will be a very bitter victory. Thank you all for your hundreds of letters this week which I have been unable to reply to. I have not given up hope for my country and do not intend to leave but will have to reduce my correspondences from now on and look for employment in order to survive. Its been a long and extremely painful two years and with all my resources exhausted, a publisher who does not pay royalties and a farm seized by the government I - along with thousands of others - am not sure which way to go now.  Thank you all for your support and friendship, calls, cards, flowers and even food parcels. I continue to wear a very ragged yellow ribbon in support of all who are suffering. Love from cathy.
Back to the Top
Back to Index


 DAILY PRINT REPORT FOR TUESDAY 12 MARCH, 2002 The Herald continued its speculative numbers game in its lead story predicting a massive presidential election victory for ZANU PF through rehashed, superficial, and inconclusive analysis based on the voter turnout and the country's traditional voting patterns.
The story argued- under the misleading headline, 'Counting Starts' 
- that Mr.  Mugabe would win the election because "the ruling party enjoys more than 90% support." in the rural areas where 
3.4 million voters out of the country's 5.6 million registered voters lived.
Equally speculative was the story 'MDC's wishful thinking goes into overdrive.' Although it challenged the MDC's claim that the numbers of voters in the rural and urban areas had been switched, it failed to provide a breakdown of those figures to support the claim that the rural areas hold the largest number of voters.  The story preoccupied itself with past electoral performances and - beyond the rhetoric - provided some useful comparative figures, mainly from the parliamentary election, to support its claim that the ascendant ZANU PF trend seen then was likely to be more pronounced now with the higher rural turnout. 
The Herald and The Chronicle provided different statistics on the number of people who voted in Matebeleland North.  While The Herald listed the figure as 157000, The Chronicle reported that "preliminary figures from the 396 polling stations in the province late yesterday indicated that 203 175 people had voted".  Later media reports suggest that The Chronicle was providing its readers with more up to date information.
The Daily News (12/3) surprisingly ignored such vital voting information, exposing its skewed news values.  Instead, it preferred to lead with an interview with ZANU PF founder member, Eddison Zvobgo, which suggests that it was first carried in The Scotsman newspaper.  The paper, which makes only one reference to the source of its story, reports Zvobgo as saying Mr.  Mugabe should own up to his mistakes and ".prepare for a dignified exit from power."
The story, which is reported as if Mr.  Mugabe had lost the poll, echoes the people's sentiments about Zimbabwe's current social, political, and economic crises.
Both the private and public press carried a flurry of incidents that marred the country's three days of polling.  Reportage remained polarised.
The Daily News reported ZANU PF attacks on MDC supporters and voters, while The Herald and Chronicle blamed all electoral disturbances on the MDC.
Manyika harasses voters at Chitungwiza polling stations and Abductions, arrests mar presidential poll, The Daily News, are chronicles of how government, ZANU PF and the police either assaulted or arrested perceived MDC supporters or their sympathisers.
In contrast, The Herald and Chronicle seemed more pre-occupied with peddling wild conspiracy theories involving MDC members and their "white sympathisers".  Even those who were allegedly caught trying to vote twice during polling in Harare and Chitungwiza were labelled as MDC.
South African whites were not spared either.  The Herald, citing unspecified reports, said "there have been reports of heavy movement of whites in vehicles with South African registration numbers" in the country "believed to be mercenaries" and bent on "causing disturbances during the announcement of election results".
Despite these alleged activities, the public Press seized on initial statements of observers to reinforce the impression that the election was free and fair: AU, SADC observers hail election process in Masvingo.
However, it ignored a report carried in The Daily News about the EU's preliminary sentiments that the election was not free and fair.
The private and public press reported the refusal by High Court Judge, Judge President Paddington Garwe, to extend voting in Harare and Chitungwiza for a second day "because the court had no jurisdiction to interfere in the administrative matters" of the Registrar-General's office.
This sounded uncomfortably similar to government attacks on the High Court ruling of March 10th by Justice Hlatshwayo extending voting in Harare and Chitungwiza, reported uncritically in The Herald.  The front-page story only looked at the inconvenience the order had caused government and not the electorate.  The story also carried at length the observations of Information Minister, Jonathan Moyo, including his attack on the High Court order first carried in the electronic media the previous day.  In reference to the ruling, The Herald quoted Moyo saying: "What happened yesterday (Sunday) was the court basically usurping the powers of the Registrar-General.  That is something that must not be tolerated."
He also attacked the judge's decision to protect the execution of the order from any appeal and said the ruling party would seek legal remedy through Parliament.
It was only in The Daily News article, Manyika harasses voters at Chitungwiza polling stations, which raised concerns that the belated opening of polling stations in Harare and Chitungwiza by the Registrar-General could jeopardise the fairness of the whole election.
Moreover, it quoted residents from these areas as saying they had failed to vote because of the delays.

DAILY ELECTRONIC REPORT FOR MONDAY, MARCH 11TH 2002 Voting Day 3 ZBC continued to seek comment from government on its response to the High Court ruling extending voting by one day.  Information Minister Jonathan Moyo was quoted in the morning and afternoon ZTV bulletins saying the High Court ruling was an "unnecessary order". 
He stated: ".The high court should not be allowed to direct that the Registrar General should do this or that, at this or that time.  Therefore we are in fact appealing against this judgment. 
What is worse about it is that the judge ruled that his order could not be suspended by noting an appeal.this has been a trend that has been taking in the high court recently.  And it is, has been a trend that is not in the interest of justice.Legally it is wrong, wrong, wrong anytime for judges to think that they will direct the Registrar-General.  It is wrong. 
"I think that we need to review our constitutional legal processes, institutional process and understand that they are bodies which should do certain things and they must be allowed to exercise those powers.It is wrong to have a court directing the registrar general what to do and when to do it.Don't expect us to praise the wrong way of doing the right thing.  No I don't expect us to do that."

At 7.09pm the Election Directorate was on television announcing that they had instructed the closure of voting in Harare and Chitungwiza at 7pm stating that they were abiding by the court ruling.  There was no clarity as to whether the queues had disappeared when the directorate ordered the closure, or whether those who were already queuing were allowed to vote.
It was only during SW Radio Africa's Newsreeel, that the public was told that some polling stations in Harare had about 1000 people queuing to vote and that in Glen View the police fired tear gas to disperse voters.

The Election Directorate ordered ballot boxes to be taken to counting centres despite the fact that there was a pending case filed by the MDC seeking a further extension of the voting by another day.
ZBC (ZTV & 3FM, 8pm) reported that voting restarted late in Harare and Chitungwiza as polling officers were awaiting instructions from the Election Directorate.  In its response in the same bulletin the directorate gave the excuse that voting was delayed because they had to locate polling officers and deal with other logistical problems.  However, footage of ZTV reports showed that polling officers manned some polling stations.  No comment was sought from the MDC or the Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC) on the delays voting.
SW Radio Africa reported that while the government had said it would extend voting in Harare and Chitungwiza, some of the polling stations such as Mount Pleasant and Alexandra Park were closed. 
Contrary to Nzuwa's earlier claims on ZTV that all those who wanted to vote had been given the opportunity to do so, the station quoted an unidentified caller who complained that he did not vote because queues were too long.  The station went further to quote a spokesman of the Commonwealth Observer team who confirmed that polling stations in Harare had remained closed in the morning despite the High Court ruling.  However, the spokesman refused to comment on allegations of election irregularities.
SW Radio Africa also reported the arrest of four US diplomats in Chinhoyi and quoted US embassy spokesman Bruce Wharton as saying the embassy would take official action. 
ZBC ignored the report and instead chose to report the arrest of white people in Nyanga who were accused of violating the Broadcasting Services Act and were allegedly found in possession of three radios and other "broadcasting" equipment.  One of those arrested was quoted saying that they worked for a timber company and that the three radios, which were licensed, were used for communication purposes especially in cases of fire.  The state broadcaster linked the arrests to an earlier, unrelated incident in which other white people had been detained for allegedly holding an illegal gathering in the Honde Valley.  The intention was to present a picture that the white community was involved in clandestine activities.

There was confusion following the High Court order instructing the extension of voting nationwide.  Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa was quoted on ZTV stating that the government would extend voting in Harare and Chitungwiza and not throughout the country. 
However, there seemed to have been a lack of communication between his office and presiding officers around the country because 3FM (8pm) reported that in Mashonaland West some people began voting on the third day following the ruling before they were later ordered to stop.  How the election directorate, which claimed to have had problems locating polling officers in Harare, managed to get officers for Mashonaland West remains a mystery.
The station did not state whether the votes would be included for counting.  No comment was sought from the election directorate on the issue.
ESC Chairman Sobusa Gula Ndebele was invited to ZTV's election studio at Mukwati building to comment on the election.  The interviewer, Obriel Mpofu, attempted to get Ndebele to endorse the electoral process, but Ndebele responded cautiously.  For example, when asked to comment on whether the election was free and fair Ndebele stated that he would wait for his commission's report and other observers' reports before making any judgment. 
Radio Zimbabwe (8pm) went on to legitimize the electoral process when it reported that "most foreign election observer reports say the election was conducted fairly and in peace".  The Nigerian and Japanese observer teams were quoted.  African National Congress observer, Joyce Gali, was quoted as having said the process was transparent and that they had learnt some lessons they would implement back home.

SW Radio Africa on the other hand, continued to highlight irregularities in the whole voting process.  It reported that in Chimanimani ZANU PF militia set up roadblocks and were harassing people in the area.  Other stories included a report that MDC officials escorting ballot boxes to counting centers had been arrested and that ZANU PF militia were harassing white people suspected to be MDC supporters.  The station also reported that at one polling station at Shamu, 40km from Mutare, the militia closed the station at 2pm, March 10th.  The station also reported that in Mutasa 137 MDC polling agents were arrested and voting in the area proceeded without them.  SW Radio Africa reported irregularities and intimidation of voters in Banket, Marondera, Harare, and Ruwa.  The reports relied mainly on MDC officials.
There were also attempts by ZBC (ZTV & 3FM, 8pm) to present the High Court ruling as having caused problems in Harare and Chitungwiza after alleged MDC supporters were arrested for trying to vote twice.  ZTV quoted a police spokesman stating that those arrested would be charged with violating the electoral law.  Viewers were shown some of the accused persons. 
SW Radio Africa quoted ZESN Deputy Spokesperson Tawanda Hondora saying that he spoke to four relatives of those who were arrested and they claimed that those arrested for trying to vote twice did not even go through the voting process but were "shepherded into a polling station by the police" and were then arrested.  No comment was sought from the police.
Radio 3FM and ZTV reported the arrest of MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube as the last item in their 8pm bulletins.  Both reports created the impression that Ncube was fleeing the country into Botswana when he was arrested.  No comment was sought from the MDC.  The story was headline news in SW Radio Africa's Newsreel.  MDC's David Coltart was quoted commenting on the arrest.  The report also stated that the police searched the residence of MDC official Tendai Biti whose whereabouts were unknown.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

British calls grow for action over 'flawed' Zimbabwe election

The Government is facing demands to take action against Zimbabwe after Robert Mugabe claimed victory in the African state's presidential elections.

Politicians across the political spectrum lined up to call on ministers to reject the results of the ballot after foreign observers said the poll was "flawed" at every stage.

Shadow foreign secretary Michael Ancram said the election had been "stolen" by Mr Mugabe and called on Britain to take steps to ensure that the result was rejected by international community.

"The murder, torture and intimidation which have been in evidence for the last few months have all clearly been designed to rig this election," he said.

"The British Government should begin immediately to build a coalition with the objective of seeing democracy restored in Zimbabwe and Mugabe's evil and corrupt regime removed."

The chairman of the Commons Foreign Affairs committee, Labour MP Donald Anderson, said the conduct of the election had clearly been "intimidatory" and the result rejected by independent foreign monitors.

"The focus is now on the international community, the EU, the Commonwealth, the States, to see, having listened to the observers, what action we take in the case of further sanctions." he said.

Conservative former foreign secretary Lord Carrington, who chaired the Lancaster House talks which ushered in majority rule more than 20 years ago, said that it was now up to the Commonwealth to act.

"If the general feeling and evidence is that this election was unfair, then the Commonwealth really ceases to have much meaning if they're going to go on having those members, a President and a Government that does that sort of thing," he said.

In Zimbabwe, the army was on high alert after the opposition Movement for Democratic Change rejected the election result.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Observers say election should be 'legitimate'

South African observers say the Zimbabwe election should be considered legitimate.

The government declared President Robert Mugabe the winner of the most bitter presidential election in Zimbabwe's history.

The 50-strong delegation acknowledged there was violence during the campaign, some voters were turned away and new election laws "threaten the integrity of the electoral process."

But Sam Motsuenyane, head of the mission team, called most of the problems "administrative oversights."

South Africa has consistently sought to deflect criticism of President Mugabe's government and helped block Commonwealth sanctions.

President Mugabe defeated former trade union leader Morgan Tsvangirai, who presented the first real electoral challenge to the president since he led Zimbabwe to independence 22 years ago.

According to preliminary results, Mugabe has won about 54 percent of the vote, while Tsvangirai has 40 percent. There were 1,685,212 votes for Mugabe and 1,258,401 for Tsvangirai. Election officials said 3,130,913 people voted out of 5,647,812 registered.

"We hereby declare Robert Gabrielle Mugabe has received the majority of votes cast," Tobaiwa Mudede, the registrar-general of the state electoral directorate said. The victory gives Mugabe a fifth, six-year term. The results still have to be certified to be official.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change have rejected the results.

"It is the biggest electoral fraud I have ever witnessed in my life," Mr Tsvangirai told a press conference. The election "does not reflect the true will of the people of Zimbabwe and is consequently illegitimate in the eyes of the people."

Back to the Top
Back to Index

I would  have liked  to be the first to CONGRATULATE : “ President of the Democratic Republic Of Zimbabwe

Mr Morgan Tsvangirai “ BUT SAD….. We all have to face the fact… but look around you, what do you see ?

I was last in Zimbabwe I January 2002, people is starving…. There is no jobs course leak of US / £ currency,

Kids is no longer going to school course they can’t pay the fees… how can anybody believe that the vote for Mugabe

Is true…. It is with out doubt FIGGELT.  I have seen things going the wrong way, I stayed I Zimbabwe from  1995 to

2001, I am married to a black Zimbabwean ad therefore I also have 3 lovely mixet kids, YES… I am white, or my skin is


If anybody think that things in Zimbabwe is bad.. just wait… it is only the beginning. How will MUGABE feed his people

With out currency to buy maize from outside….. in some years to go there will only be bicycles in Zimbabwe, cause of the leek of fuel, no currency no fuel, and the worst is that kids will not be educated and that way Zimbabwe will only go longer down the hill, the country  cant stand another 6 years, I don’t want to see Zimbabwe as another Ethiopia, or so. But face it, it was easy for MUGABE to win at the countryside… what he did was to create at situation with no food in the country ahead of the election, then “ who will not accept Z$ 1.000,- to go and vote for ZANU” course you will have to feed your family, IF I was at poor Zimbabwean with out ways to feed my family, I would also accept the 1.000 Z$. I would have liked to go back to Zimbabwe after the election, but now I will have to wait another 6 years ???? some of you will say: THAT is fine with us, we don’t need the white man here, but remember that I am married to your sister, my kids I carrying your blood…. The only different between us is, that Europe don’t have as mouths sunshine as Zimbabwe???

Zimbabwe… I feel with you, I pray for you….. tell me what to do and I will tray by all means.

Chris . Denmark

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Independent (UK)

Mugabe spent two years plotting victory at polls
By Basildon Peta Zimbabwe Correspondent
14 March 2002
For Robert Mugabe, the outcome of the weekend's presidential election was
never going to be left to the whim of the electorate.

As he cast his own ballot in Harare last Saturday the 78-year-old was in
sprightly form. "I will accept the result, I will most certainly accept the
result, because I will have won," he predicted. This was an exercise in
democracy in which nothing had been left to chance.

More than two years earlier President Mugabe had thundered at a rally of his
ruling Zanu-PF party in Mashonaland West Province: "I will never, never,
ever allow Morgan Tsvangirai [leader of the Movement for Democratic Change]
and his British puppets to take over this country. Never, ever."

Professor Masipula Sithole, a respected political science professor,
remembers having dismissed this statement as ordinary electioneering. But
what followed was serious business for Mr Mugabe in terms of achieving his

The Zimbabwe leader had just lost a referendum on his authoritarian draft
constitution and, sensing defeat in a parliamentary election due in June,
unleashed his militant supporters to begin a campaign of violent seizures of
white farms and attacks on any perceived political opponents.

In their wake, President Mugabe's supporters left widows and widowers,
orphans, displaced farmers, farm workers and peasants. Mr Sithole said:
"This is election fraud most foul. Every nation that respects democracy must
not recognise Mugabe's government. He had rigged the election over a
two-year period. He knew the results, in fact he had set the results before
balloting and so he knew he would win."

Between the start of the illegal land seizures in February 2000 and the
parliamentary elections in June the same year, 36 opposition supporters were
killed by President Mugabe's self-styled war veterans. Hundreds had been
injured and an estimated 20,000 farm workers chased away from their jobs on
occupied farms, while a similar figure of opposition supporters were
displaced from their homes.

The human rights lawyer Brian Kagoro wrote after the June elections: "Some
opposition supporters like Tsvangirai's driver, Tawanda Chiminya, were
cremated alive as a way of proving Mugabe's brutality."

Zimbabwe's independent weekly newspaper, the Financial Gazette, exposed a
plan to manipulate 500,000 votes on the electoral roll. Some people would be
transferred from urban areas into plots of land on farms seized from whites
without compensation. Land seizures were stepped up and more violence
followed. Ten white farmers were killed and thousands of black farm workers

The Supreme Court twice ruled that President Mugabe's land invasions were
illegal and ordered the police commissioner to evict the settlers. But all
the court orders were ignored. Instead what followed were recriminations
against key institutions of democracy: the media and the judiciary.

Zimbabwe's respected chief justice Anthony Gubbay was fired in March 2001
and several other judges were forced to quit. President Mugabe appointed a
personal friend, Godfrey Chidyausiku, to take charge of the judiciary and
expanded the Supreme Court from five to eight judges. He then appointed
three other loyalist judges.

The printing press of the Daily News, Zimbabwe's only independent daily, was
destroyed in a bombing by suspected government agents and by mid-2001 dozens
of journalists were arrested and charged with defaming Mr Mugabe. Foreign
journalists were expelled and various news organisations banned from
reporting from Zimbabwe.

The President never relented; 114 of his opponents were killed between July
2000 and last weekend's election. Some people, such as the MDC election
agent Patrick Nabanyana, are still missing. Their relatives and friends have
lost hope they will be found.

The Zimbabwe Republic Police has done little or nothing and as the crisis
worsened, President Olusegen Obasanjo of Nigeria tried to broker a deal to
end the chaos. At a meeting of Commonwealth foreign ministers in Abuja in
September 2001, President Mugabe undertook to end the violence in exchange
for international support for his land reforms.

After Abuja, he increased the number of land invasions and displaced more
than 50,000 farm workers. More deaths, violence and arrests of white farmers
followed. He also deployed the army to seize the equipment of a radio
station. Because of the monopoly on broadcasting, the voice of opposition
was switched off.

The war veterans began to seize private firms and thousands of people fled
the country. The President announced a poll date and passed the Public Order
and Security Act, empowering the police to ban opposition rallies (82 were

The General Laws Amendment Act banned private voter education and
disenfranchised a million Zimbabweans living abroad and gave the Minister of
Justice power to set regulations for the conduct of the elections. The
Supreme Court outlawed the act but President Mugabe issued a decree
restoring it, thereby hammering the final nail in the coffin of a free and
fair election in Zimbabwe.

Polling stations in opposition strongholds in urban areas were shut. More
than half of the 800,000 registered voters in the capital, Harare, failed to
vote. Voters were tear-gassed away from polling stations and Mr Mugabe
ordered polling closed at 7pm Monday.

Mr Sithold said: "Tell me anywhere in the world where a president who ruins
his economy to 117 per cent inflation, 60 per cent joblessness, mass
starvation and empty grocery shelves can ever win an election."

Campaign to retain power

* Sent "war veterans" to occupy land owned by white farmers and whipped up
the land issue to ensure backing of landless black peasants

* Wagedtwo-year terror campaign against critics

* Successfully lobbied Commonwealth African nations to block sanctions

* Passed draconian legislation to restrict the independent media and prevent
foreign media reporting freely from Zimbabwe

* Passed sweeping public order legislation to prevent opposition rallies and
criminalise criticism of the president

* Used state media to demonise the opposition and Britain, the former
colonial power

* Expelled EU observers at start of campaign

* Used new electoral regulations to ensure ruling party control over
polling: number of polling stations halved in urban areas where opposition
support was strongest

Back to the Top
Back to Index

ABC Australia

US and Britain consider Zimbabwe sanctions

United Nations secretary general Kofi Annan is appealing for calm in
Zimbabwe after the controversial presidential election, but says he does not
think the United Nations plans any punitive measures.

But both the United States and Britain have warned stronger sanctions are
under consideration after the Zimbabwean authorities declared President
Robert Mugabe the winner with 56.2 per cent of the vote.

The Opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) won 41.9 per cent of the
vote but its leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, rejected the results, claiming the
election had been "massively rigged" amid widespread reports of violence,
intimidation, harassment, ballot fiddling and outright cheating.

Mr Tsvangirai has made the comments at a media briefing attended by hundreds
of journalists, diplomats and observers in Harare.

Mr Tsvangirai described the poll as the biggest election fraud he has ever


US Secretary of State Colin Powell said, in a statement read by department
spokesman Richard Boucher: "Mr Mugabe can claim victory but not democratic

Britain's Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, warned President Mugabe that if it
is confirmed he stole the election, it will have enormous implications for
the nature of Britain's relationship with Zimbabwe.

He says Britain will now consult with its European Union partners, the
United States, and the Commonwealth.

Mr Boucher also says the United States will "consult closely with other
governments to develop appropriate responses to this major setback to
democracy in Zimbabwe".

He added: "Among the responses that we are considering, there is a possible
broadening of sanctions against those responsible for undermining democracy
in Zimbabwe."

Western countries and independent observers have condemned the election,
saying tens of thousands of people in the opposition stronghold of Harare
were unable to vote.

Conflicting reports

Mr Annan told a news conference that he was receiving "conflicting reports"
from observers about the fairness of the three-day poll, which ended Monday.

"Some observers have said it was not free and fair, others have indicated
that it was free and fair; I need to get a much more definitive assessment,"
he said.

"President Mugabe has been declared the winner. I'm not sure that the
Security Council or the UN is going to take any punitive action at this
stage but I'll leave the member states to decide what they want to do," he

There are no United Nations sanctions in place against Zimbabwe.

Mr Annan says he is "anxious about the situation" in Zimbabwe and noted that
"the people showed amazing commitment and patience in the way they turned
out and tried to vote".

He appealed to all Zimbabweans "to remain calm and show respect for each
other's rights and the democratic procees and disavow all acts of violence
and retribution".


The head of the European Union's observer mission who was expelled from
Zimbabwe, Pierre Schori of Sweden, says he does not consider the election
free and fair and described it as a "violation" of Zimbabweans' rights.

"If we had remained in the country with our observers we would have come to
the same conclusion as the Norwegian group (of observers)," he said.

"I have read their report and I must say this election cannot be considered
free and fair," Mr Schori told Swedish news agency TT.

"Rather, it is a violation of the people of Zimbabwe," he said.

President Mugabe in February banned six EU countries from witnessing the
polls - Sweden, Britain, Denmark, Finland, Germany and the Netherlands -
accusing them of sponsoring Mr Tsvangirai's MDC.

Mr Schori, who headed the EU observer mission but was expelled on grounds
that he was violating a tourist visa, said the consequences of the election
would depend largely on the reactions of neighbouring countries.

"They naturally have both the biggest responsibility and the biggest cause
for concern that a chaotic situation may arise, both regarding refugee flows
and the effects on their currencies as well as the world's view of Africa,"
he said.


Compared to the remainder of international reaction, Zimbabwe's neighbours
were markedly more upbeat.

An observer team from the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) has described
the ballot as "transparent, credible, free and fair" in general.

Its head, Gertrude Mongella, says the assessment was made "on the basis of
observations made during the voting, verification and counting process on
the ground, and objective realities".

The South African Government's observer mission says the result "should be
considered legitimate", while stopping short of calling it free and fair.

Within the 14-nation Southern African Development Community (SADC), a team
from its independent Parliamentary Forum says the ballot "did not conform
with (its) norms and standard".

However, a team from the SADC's Council of Ministers considered it a "true
reflection" of the people's will.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Catholic News

   Bishop calls on international community to keep pressure on Mugabe

The international community must continue to press the newly re-elected
government to respect human rights and stop corruption, according to
Archbishop Alick Ncube.

According to results released yesterday, President Robert Mugabe won the
9-10 March elections with 52% of the votes. Independent observers denounce
numerous irregularities and the Opposition, led by Morgan Tsvangirai,
accuses the government of reducing the number of polling stations in towns
where opposition candidates were strongest, to make sure many voters did not
get to the booths before they closed. The US, UK and New Zealand have
accused Mugabe of electoral fraud.

Since January this year at least 33 people have been killed in violence
connected with the political battle between Mugabe and Tsvangirai.

Archbishop Ncube said: "There have been many irregularities, violence
against voters some of whom were prevented from casting their vote.
Representatives of the ruling Party were seen at many polling stations. The
international community must listen to the few foreign observers allowed to
monitor the election."

The Archbishop stressed that Zimbabweans "want democracy". He said: "In
Harare alone 80,000 people voted. The spirit of democracy is strong. 80 per
cent of Zimbabweans is literate, they recognise government propaganda when
they see it."

This why, the Archbishop says "the international community cannot abandon
us. It must continue to pressure the Zimbabwe government to respect human
rights and spend the country’s resources for the good of the people.

Back to the Top
Back to Index


Powell Assails Election In Zimbabwe

Wednesday March 13, 2002 7:30 PM

WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of State Colin Powell said Wednesday the
presidential election in Zimbabwe was marked by ``numerous, profound
irregularities'' that thwarted the will of the people.

He raised the possibility the United States may impose sanctions beyond the
travel sanctions that were announced last month.

Powell's statement was read by spokesman Richard Boucher after the Zimbabwe
government announced that President Robert Mugabe had won re-election in
weekend balloting.

``Mugabe can claim victory but not democratic legitimacy,'' Powell said,
alleging the Mugabe administration had subverted democratic principles and
processes for more than two years.

He accused the government of ``blatant disregard for the rule of law and of
serious human rights abuses.''

Boucher said the administration is considering blocking of assets of
individual Zimbabweans and banning commercial export licenses of defense
articles and services.

Back to the Top
Back to Index


Election a 'violation' of Zimbabweans' rights: Schori

STOCKHOLM, March 13 (AFP) - The head of the European Union observer mission
that was expelled from Zimbabwe, Pierre Schori of Sweden, said on Wednesday
he did not consider the election free and fair and described it as a
"violation" of Zimbabweans' rights.
"If we had remained in the country with our observers we would have come to
the same conclusion as the Norwegian group (of observers). I have read their
report and I must say this election cannot be considered free and fair,"
Schori told Swedish news agency TT.

"Rather, it is a violation of the people of Zimbabwe," he said.

The official vote count Wednesday showed President Robert Mugabe had won
re-election in a victory immediately rejected by his challenger Morgan
Tsvangirai, who claimed the Zimbabwean people had been "cheated".

Mugabe in February banned six EU countries from witnessing the polls --
Sweden, Britain, Denmark, Finland, Germany and the Netherlands -- accused of
sponsoring Tsvangirai's opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

Schori, who headed the EU observer mission, said the consequences of the
election would depend largely on the reactions of neighbouring countries.

"They naturally have both the biggest responsibility and the biggest cause
for concern that a chaotic situation may arise, both regarding refugee flows
and the effects on their currencies as well as the world's view of Africa,"
he said.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Wednesday, 13 March, 2002, 18:23 GMT
Election aftermath in pictures
Following the controversial election results in Zimbabwe, supporters of Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF party poured out onto the streets to celebrate.

But Mr Mugabe's opponents, especially supporters of the main opposition party led by Morgan Tvangirai, questioned the legitimacy of the result.

Zanu-PF supporters
Supporters of Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF party celebrate his election win

Zanu-PF supporters
A mock coffin is draped in an American flag in a gesture of defiance against threatened US sanctions

celebrations next to a riot police tank
But amongst the celebrations, the high police presence is a reminder of the tense atmosphere

riot police
Riot police anticipated retaliation from supporters of the defeated Movement for Democratic Change

A police officer covers his face
Skirmishes between Zanu-PF and MDC supporters led to tear gas being thrown

Morgan Tvangirai
A disappointed Morgan Tsvangirai denounced the elections as rigged

A critical vote


Election diary



The Age, Melbourne

OAU calls Zimbabwe vote 'free and fair'
HARARE, March 13 AFP|Published: Thursday March 14, 3:55 AM

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) backed Zimbabwean President Robert
Mugabe's re-election today, with its observer team describing the poll as
"transparent, credible, free and fair".

"On the basis of observations made during the voting, verification and
counting process on the ground and objective realities, the OAU observer
team wishes to state that in general the elections were transparent,
credible, free and fair," the team's leader Gertrude Mongella said.

The team declined to speculate on "hidden agendas" in the campaign.


African observers say Zimbabwe poll fair, legitimate

HARARE, March 13 — African observers endorsed President Robert Mugabe's
disputed election victory in Zimbabwe on Wednesday, calling the poll
''legitimate'' and ''free and fair.''
       Observers from South Africa, Nigeria and Namibia gave a more
favourable view of the March 9-11 poll than did the opposition, Western
governments and other observers who condemned it.

       ''It is our considered view that the election was free and fair and
reflects the wishes of the people of Zimbabwe,'' Namibia's observer team
said in a statement, adding the poll was ''water tight, without room for
       South Africa, criticised for its soft approach to the crisis in
Zimbabwe which has dented investor confidence in the region, called the
election ''legitimate.''
       Nigerian observers said they had seen nothing that threatened the
integrity of the poll.
       Registrar-General Tobaiwa Mudede declared Mugabe the winner after
results were in from all 120 constituencies. Mugabe won his fifth term as
leader after taking 1,685,212 votes against 1,258,401 for challenger Morgan
       The opposition leader said his Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
would not accept the result, which he called ''illegitimate.''
       Tsvangirai has accused Mugabe of systematically stealing the election
by using intimidation, special laws and dirty tricks. The government has
called the election exemplary.
       Norwegian and local observers said tens of thousands of people,
mostly in the opposition stronghold of Harare, had been prevented from

       At a news conference, South African mission leader Sam Motsuenyane
blamed the chaotic voting delays on ''administrative oversights,'' drawing
laughter from some of the journalists and diplomats in the crowd.
       There were audible gasps when Motsuenyane declared the election
''legitimate'' -- followed by heated exchanges between the observers and
       The South African team said the campaign was marred by incidents of
violence and intimidation, but it said the voting days were relatively
       Asked if he would describe the elections as being free and fair,
Motsuenyane said: ''We have steered clear from the words free and fair. We
cannot openly declare it free and fair.
       ''But the people of Zimbabwe have expressed their will and wish
through the ballot box,'' he added.
       Regional powerhouse South Africa has been widely criticised for
failing to condemn Mugabe's actions publicly and for refusing to use its
commercial might to influence Harare.
       South African President Thabo Mbeki declined to comment on the poll,
but said his country was obliged to ''assist Zimbabwe irrespective of the
outcome of the elections.''
       The 50-member South African mission, drawn from different sectors of
society, was one of the largest in Zimbabwe after the European Union
withdrew its monitors in February in a dispute with Harare over the team's
       The 16-member Nigerian team said it had ''recorded no incidence that
was sufficient to threaten the integrity and outcome of the election, in
areas monitored by the team.''
       Nigeria, Australia and South Africa were mandated by the Commonwealth
to produce a report on the poll after a 54-nation group of former British
colonies failed to agree earlier this month on a response to the crisis in
       The Commonwealth will decide whether to recognise the vote or take
action ranging from ''collective disapproval to suspension.''

Wednesday, 13 March, 2002, 17:53 GMT
Economists fear worst for Zimbabwe
President Robert Mugabe's victory in Zimbabwe's presidential elections has "astonished" many economic analysts, who now fear the country is on the verge of disaster.

They expected that the result will weaken further the country's battered economy, warning of a serious knock-on effect for the entire region. Others, though, hope that the clear-cut outcome claimed by the government will provide the stability needed to do business.

One of the threats Mugabe made during the election campaign was that companies suspected of, what he called, economic sabotage would be nationalised and lose their property, and he referred to mines in particular

Professor Tony Hawkins
Harare University
"I'm astonished, the result flew in the face of what the pollsters were saying," Professor Tony Hawkins of Harare University told the BBC's World Business Report.

"It's hard to see major multinationals coming here and it would not be surprising to see some of them restructuring their operations and thinking about Botswana or South Africa as the place to be," he said, but admitted there was no evidence of this happening yet.

Julius Makoni, chairman of NMB Bank in Harare, is more sanguine.

"Thank God it's over and now we can move forward," Mr Makoni told World Business Report.

"None of our clients was willing to make decisions and in that kind of situation it is hard to do business at all."

President Mugabe was officially declared winner with well over 50% of vote, which will extend his 22-year rule for six more years.

Economic situation

Zimbabwe is currently suffering its worst-ever economic crisis, with unemployment at a record 60%, inflation at an all time high of 112% and interest rates of 70%.

Hundreds of businesses have closed, foreign investment has dried up, Western governments have frozen aid and over 3 million people are in danger of going hungry.


"It's a great leap backwards because President Mugabe has set out clear manifesto; a return to a command economy, a subsistence economy, dominated by state enterprises and small scale agricultural enterprises," said Professor Hawkins.

"One of the threats Mugabe made during the election campaign was that companies suspected of, what he called, economic sabotage would be nationalised and lose their property, and he referred to mines in particular."

Eddie Cross, a free-market economist and shadow finance minister for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, also expects the financial crisis to deepen.

He predicted Western nations would declare the elections not to be free and fair, and up sanctions.

"There is going to be increased isolation of the government. I think what you are going to see is enhanced flight of capital and people," Mr Cross said.

Contagion fears

Instability in Zimbabwe has heightened fears for the region.

"It's disappointing not just from a Zimbabwean point, but for the whole southern African region," said Professor Hawkins.

Zimbabwe only accounts for 3% of the economic output of the regional trading block of 14 nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), while neighbouring South Africa accounts for 72%.

South African observers on Wednesday called the election legitimate.

But the South African currency, the rand, fell 2.8% from 11.53 to the US dollar on Tuesday to 11.88 as the election result was made known, before recovering in afternoon trade.

The rand has lost more than a third of its value since the beginning of the year, partially because of the instability in Zimbabwe.

ZIMBABWE: Labour protest expected over election result

JOHANNESBURG, 13 March (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's labour movement is likely to call for a mass stay away in protest over alleged government rigging of the country's watershed weekend presidential election, senior union officials told IRIN on Wednesday.

The powerful Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) is to hold a general council meeting on Thursday to decide its response to the official poll result which gave President Robert Mugabe an overwhelming election victory. General-secretary Wellington Chibebe said the verdict would "most likely be mass action".

"We have received numerous calls from workers calling for action," he told IRIN. Protest would serve "to show the government that we do not recognise the electoral process".

Amid reports on Wednesday of a heavy security presence on city streets, Chibebe said he would "initially want people to stay at home knowing the likely reaction from the government" to any sign of public protest. "We are concerned, but not afraid of the reaction" from the authorities, he added.

Chibebe said apart from a crackdown, the government could deregister the ZCTU in favour of the state-supported Zimbabwe Federation of Trade Unions, which emerged last year in support of company invasions by so-called war veterans.

The ZCTU has been a thorn in the government's side throughout much of the 1990s. In response to falling standards of living, the labour movement found an independent political voice under the leadership of Morgan Tsvangirai and led opposition to the government's management of the economy. The ZCTU provided the organisational backbone for Zimbabwe's first serious opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), formed just two years ago.

Brian Kagoro of the Crisis in Zimbabwe Committee, a civil society umbrella group, said that the ruling ZANU-PF party was "spoiling for a fight", and he was in "no doubt" that the security forces would use "deadly force" to put down political dissent.

Kagoro said Zimbabwe was entering a critical period in which the government and opposition would be "testing each other's resolve" and protest would have to be "staggered" to maintain its momentum.

"Ultimately the matter will have to be negotiated," he told IRIN. "We are at a watershed, nobody knows what will happen, I don't think there are any easy answers."
Mugabe was announced the official winner on Wednesday of the 9-11 March election, which local monitors and some western observers described as deeply flawed by ZANU-PF intimidation and voting irregularities. The result gave the 78-year-old Mugabe, in power since independence in 1980, a further six-year term, and drew his supporters out on the streets of Harare.

Mugabe's opponent, MDC leader Tsvangirai, immediately denounced the poll as "the biggest election fraud I have witnessed in my life".

However, the South African and Nigerian observer missions described the election as broadly legitimate. Both countries, along with Australia, are on a Commonwealth panel charged with assessing the election and recommending action on possible expulsion from the 54-member organisation.

The Zimbabwean government has also insisted that the election represented the will of the people. But critics have pointed to the arrests and intimidation of MDC polling agents and local election monitors, the disenfranchisement of urban voters, and a suspiciously high turnout in rural areas as evidence of poll fraud. 


Tel: +27 11 880-4633
Fax: +27 11 447-5472

Daily News

Ncube pays $500 000 bail

3/13/02 10:33:13 AM (GMT +2)

Court Reporter

WELSHMAN Ncube, one of the three MDC officials linked to an alleged plot to
assassinate President Mugabe, was remanded on $500 000 bail to 30 March,
when he appeared in court yesterday facing a charge of high treason.

Ncube, 39, the party’s secretary-general and the MP for Bulawayo North-East,
was arrested at a roadblock in Plumtree on Monday afternoon.

His lawyer, Innocent Chagonda, dismissed reports in the government media
that was Ncube fleeing the country as “a political gimmick to discredit my
client’s integrity”.

Chagonda said Ncube was taking his family to South Africa through Botswana
for a holiday and intended to return in time for his two children to go back
to school.

Harare provincial magistrate Dominic Muzawazi ordered the legislator to
surrender his passport “or any other travel documents” to the clerk of
court, report every Wednesday to Rhodesville Police Station in Harare or to
Bulawayo Central Police Station.

Muzawazi dismissed one of the conditions proposed by the Attorney-General
(AG)’s office that Ncube pay $250 000 in addition to the bail, to guarantee
that he would not abscond.

The AG’s office had imposed a condition that Ncube be barred from travelling
beyond the 40-km radius of the Harare main post office, but Stephen Musona,
a law officer at the AG’s office, agreed after consultations with Chagonda
to withdraw the travel restrictions on Ncube.

Chagonda said on 6 March the police gave Ncube papers clearing him to travel
with his car to Botswana en route to South Africa.

The Economist

Mugabe's robbery

Mar 13th 2002
From The Economist Global Agenda

As expected Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe's president, has declared himself
re-elected after a vote marred by intimidation and fraud. If he manages to
hang on to power, despite a chorus of international criticism, it will be a
disaster for Zimbabwe, and a heavy blow to the rest of Africa as well

IN THE end, the strangest fact about Zimbabwe’s presidential election last
weekend was not that Robert Mugabe stole it, but that he went to such
extraordinary lengths to do so. On Wednesday March 13th, after years of
bullying and intimidation of political opponents and outright fraud, Mr
Mugabe was declared the winner with more than the 50% needed for victory.
The result was immediately condemned by the United States, Britain,
Australia and scores of other countries, although there was an ominous
silence from African countries, who were the only ones left with election
monitors in the country.

How much simpler it would have been to cancel it and declare himself
president for life. A coup of that kind would have had repercussions, but
they would not have been so different from those that will follow from the
drawn-out electoral sham through which the ageing autocrat has dragged his
wretched country. The world must now decide how to respond to this coup by
ballot-box, and in particular how to register its disapproval without
inflicting unnecessary suffering on the innocent majority of Zimbabweans who
have just been robbed of their democratic choice.

President Mugabe's declaration of victory for his party, the Zanu-PF, over
Morgan Tsvangirai's opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change is
no surprise. Mr Mugabe's tactics of intimidation of voters and opposition
members contributes to Zimabwe's poor human-rights record—see World Audit
and Human Rights Watch.

That they have indeed been robbed should not be in doubt. The plot has
involved seizing land from white farmers, intimidating supporters of the
opposition party, charging its leaders with high treason, harassing the
press, arresting dissenters, expelling election monitors, detaining
diplomats, ignoring court rulings, disfranchising citizens, obstructing
voters and spreading violence throughout the land. And all that was before
the start of a “count” that would have been a credit to Enron’s auditors.

A smash-and-grab of this kind was bound to leave deep wounds on the body
politic. Although the outbreaks of violence in the immediate aftermath of
the election have not been as widespread as feared, the possibility of civil
unrest, if not civil war, remains high. Mr Mugabe’s ruling ZANU-PF party is
intensely unpopular in urban areas, especially among unemployed
school-leavers. It is also especially loathed in Matabeleland, where it is
associated with the government troops who killed 10,000-20,000 people in the
early 1980s in a vengeful campaign designed to drive home to the local
Ndebele people that Mr Mugabe’s Shona-dominated party was now in charge.
Against this backdrop, it scarcely matters that a central part of Mr Mugabe’
s strategy for hanging on to power has been to turn black against white:
unhappy whites will not turn violent, they will simply leave.

Their departure can only further damage the economy, which has suffered
enough. Inflation is in triple figures (117% in January), the economy has
shrunk drastically and every industry—manufacturing, mining, tourism and
agriculture—is in trouble. The chaos and uncertainty on the farms,
compounded by drought, are so great that Zimbabwe, once an exporter of
grain, is now suffering serious shortages, notably of maize, the staple
food. Perhaps nothing has done more than this to undermine Mr Mugabe’s
popularity, at least in rural areas where his support, based on his
reputation as a liberation fighter, is strongest.

What should the world do about all this? If Morgan Tsvangirai, the leader of
the opposition, had won the election, it might have had some misgivings: Mr
Tsvangirai, after all, is inexperienced in government and his Movement for
Democratic Change is an uncertain coalition united mainly by dislike of Mr
Mugabe. Moreover, ZANU-PF would still have been in power in parliament.
Still, western governments, the World Bank and the IMF would have been eager
to help get Zimbabwe back on its feet. To do so now would look like a reward
for Mr Mugabe that he ill deserves. But even if that were not so, or that it
was judged a price worth paying to help decent Zimbabweans, it is now far
from clear how it could be done.

The difficulty is that Mr Mugabe has shown that he values his own power, and
that of his henchmen, far above competent management of the economy—never
mind democracy or the rule of law. Had this been otherwise, it should have
been possible for western donors, led by Britain, to lend financial support
to an orderly land-reform programme, something that is still urgently
needed. Mr Mugabe, however, is less interested in sensible land tenure than
in rewarding cronies, which is why the land he seizes from white farmers so
often goes not to peasant families but to people like the registrar-general,
who has helped make such a mockery of the election, and the chief justice,
who presides over a compromised judiciary. Similarly, while Zimbabweans in
general are poorer than they have been for five decades, Mr Mugabe keeps his
soldiers sweet by giving them pay rises (and allowing the generals to
plunder Congo, where Zimbabwe has 10,000 troops). In his quest for booty and
control, the president has almost completely elided the difference between
party and state, stuffing Zimbabwe’s institutions with his friends and using
them for his own interests. To lend money—or, worse, to give it—to a
government led by such a man would be little short of criminal.

Humanitarian aid, however, is a different matter. Outsiders should no more
turn their backs on hungry Zimbabweans than on hungry North Koreans. Nor
should rich countries forget that Zimbabwe has one of the world’s highest
rates of infection for AIDS: probably 25% of the population has it or the
virus that causes it. Whatever can be done to alleviate both hunger and
sickness is worth doing, though every effort should be made to deliver the
help through independent agencies, not those of the state.

What of more direct pressure? The clubs to which Zimbabwe belongs, such as
the Commonwealth, should move to suspend it at once, if they have any
pretensions to making respect for democracy one of their criteria for
membership. Strangely, such censure might perturb Mr Mugabe, whose contempt
for democracy coexists with a puzzling desire for respectability. But the
only pressure that might produce results would be from within Africa, and of
that there has been dispiritingly little evidence up to now. Africans may
prefer to engage in private diplomacy. But unless they can point to some
persuasive results, they had better speak up in condemnation. Otherwise the
world will assume that they think elections are only held to be stolen, in
Africa at least

Daily News

Hundreds languish in police cells

3/13/02 10:29:52 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

Hundreds of people arrested in Harare’s high-density suburbs on Sunday for
allegedly trying to vote twice were still languishing in police cells at
Harare Central and Glen Norah Police Stations yesterday.

Most were reportedly taken while waiting in queues to vote, as police
descended on them from about 5pm to 7pm when polling stations closed.

Hundreds of relatives and friends waited anxiously at the Harare Central
Police Station all day yesterday to hear the fate of their relatives but the
police were keeping silent, except for one occasion in the afternoon when
they told the crowd to wait outside as they were about to release the

A man who declined to give his name said: “We lined up outside in two rows
facing each other to give our relatives a heroes’ welcome, but the next
thing we heard from the police was that we should leave the food we had
brought at the counter in the charge office and it would be passed on to

“We don’t know when that will be or if they will get the food. It would have
been better if they had let us give it them personally.”

Relatives waiting at both the Harare and Glen Norah Police Stations had
earlier said the prisoners, including a 70-year-old man from Mabvuku, held
at Harare Central, had been denied food since Sunday.

At Glen Norah yesterday, more than 30 relatives complained bitterly about
the treatment that their relatives were receiving from the police.

Queen Gombo said her brother-in-law, Gordon George, and several others were
arrested in a queue at Zuvarabuda Primary School at about 5pm. Gombo said:
“The police refused to let us give them food last night and told us to come
back at 8am, but when we did they told us feeding time was at 6am.”

George Munemo said: “My brothers, Timothy and Francis, were accused of
trying to vote twice but the police refused to check the voters’ roll to see
if their names had been crossed out to indicate that they had already

Sheila Chishanga of Glen View, who called from a cellphone, said: “We slept
in the open. No one has come to address us on the charges that we are
facing. Election observers have not been allowed to come and see or talk to
us. But, they been taking pictures from afar.”

Wednesday, 13 March, 2002, 14:19 GMT
Mugabe's challenge
Police officer monitors queue of voters
Many opposition voters are angry with the police
test hello test
By Joseph Winter
BBC News Online

President Robert Mugabe may have won the election but his victory celebrations will be short-lived.

His first priority will be to consolidate his hold on power in the face of opposition charges that the poll was rigged.

Final result
1,685,212 votes
Tsvangirai: 1,258,401 votes
Remembering recent examples from Yugoslavia and Ivory Coast, he will be worried that street protests might succeed where the elections failed, in unseating him.

Even before the results were announced, soldiers were deployed in potential flash-points across the country in case opposition supporters took to the streets.

In the past few years, the security forces have managed to crush a series of anti-government protests and Mr Mugabe will certainly not be afraid to give them orders to shoot at demonstrators and arrest opposition leaders.


Alternatively, he may try and work with the Movement for Democratic Change in order to end the bitter divisions which have held Zimbabwe back in recent years.

Robert Mugabe
President Robert Mugabe:
  • A former teacher, made his name as a fighter in Zimbabwe's war of independence
  • Resurrected the nationalist agenda of the 1970s - land redistribution and anti-colonialism
  • Critics accuse him of resorting to political violence to cling to power

      Full profile

  • Such a move would come as a major surprise after Mr Mugabe repeatedly accused the MDC's Morgan Tsvangirai of being a traitor.

    But after years of directing a guerrilla war, he did extend the hand of reconciliation to his erstwhile enemies who had established white minority rule in the then Rhodesia.

    In any case, political analyst Professor Masipula Sithole told me: "The MDC would refuse to take part in a government of national unity."

    Assuming he does manage to ride out this initially bumpy period, his next big task will be to kick-start the economy.

    Thankless task

    With inflation running at around 120%, hundreds of thousands dependent on food aid and millions out of work, this will be a huge task.

    Mr Sithole says that the newly re-elected president will try and use his regional allies, South Africa and Nigeria, to make overtures to the west on his behalf.

    Again this would constitute an astonishing about-turn but Mr Sithole says Mr Mugabe would have no choice as "the country is bleeding".

    A resumption of aid by the IMF would be the quickest way of getting badly needed foreign currency back into the country.

    But this is unlikely to happen while Mr Mugabe is in power, especially with most western countries deeply suspicious about his election victory.

    Hard cash

    The European Union and the United States have already imposed "smart sanctions" on Mr Mugabe and his associates and are unlikely to change their views on his leadership.

    Mr Mugabe has been trying to make alliances with alternative sources of cash, from Libya to Malaysia.

    Children queue for food aid in February 2002
    Half-a-million Zimbabweans need food aid

    He will also try to retain the support of his southern African neighbours to counter Western attempts to isolate Zimbabwe.

    Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi has supplied lots of oil but the reality is that only the West can supply the huge amounts of hard cash Zimbabwe needs.

    Mr Mugabe ran his campaign on the slogan, "The economy is the land," arguing that giving plots of land to poor black farmers will raise their living standards and so boost the economy.


    Mr Mugabe will undoubtedly continue with this programme and with a new, six-year term will now have the time to put this theory - rejected by mainstream economists - to the test.

    Responding to suggestions that at 78 and after 22 years in charge, he should consider stepping down, the president has hinted that he will do so when he completed his land "revolution".

    There has been speculation that he may finish this within a year or two and then resign, handing over to his chosen successor - tipped to be Emmerson Mnangagwa, speaker of parliament.

    But the constitution at present states that this would require new elections after three months, plunging the country back into the political uncertainty of recent years.

    Sydney Morning Herald

    Fearing the worst, whites get ready to run

    Harare: Like thousands of others, Diana Mitchell has packed what she calls a
    "gap bag". Containing her most precious possessions, it stands in her
    Highlands home, ready if she and her husband, Brian, have to leave Zimbabwe
    in a hurry.

    Mrs Mitchell, 70, a historian and veteran civil rights activist, does not
    fit the mould of most white Africans. She was among the handful who opposed
    Ian Smith's Rhodesian regime and she welcomed Zimbabwe's birth, with Robert
    Mugabe's ZANU-PF party at the helm, in 1980. But, like thousands of others,
    she has laid plans to leave her homeland at a moment's notice.

    Mrs Mitchell has been bitterly disillusioned by Mr Mugabe's rule and expects
    the official terror campaign and electoral chicanery to deliver another
    victory for him. Then she fears a backlash against the white community.

    "I don't trust them not to make an example of white people, which will be a
    total confirmation of their racism and that they have squandered all the
    ideals they fought for," she said.

    "It's the ZANU-PF leadership which has made the name of Zimbabwe stink in
    the nostrils. Those excuses about colonialism won't work. It's all about a
    hunger for power among those who have made an investment in this evil

    In Harare's northern suburbs, inhabited by most of the 50,000 remaining
    white Zimbabweans, destitute people, the casualties of economic collapse
    under Mr Mugabe's rule, are systematically stripping the capital of
    everything that can possibly be sold. Street signs have been torn down and
    hammered into coffin handles - greatly in demand due to an AIDS epidemic -
    or petrol funnels, made necessary by fuel shortages.

    Many traffic lights have stopped working because their coloured bulbs have
    been prised out and sold to discotheques. Hardly any street lights now
    function because the bulbs have been stolen.

    Unlike the whites, most black Zimbabweans will not have a chance to leave
    the country and for them life is grim. Supermarket shelves are empty of
    bread, milk, sugar, cooking oil and maize meal, the staple food.

    More than 75per cent of the black population live in absolute poverty.