The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Thursday 21st March 2002



The brother of the Zimbabwean farmer brutally murdered by Robert Mugabe's
thugs has spoken of his "utter devastation".

The tragic footage of Terry Ford lying dead at his farm near Harare with his
loyal Jack Russell terrier Squeak at his side moved millions.

But for his brother Paul, who saw it from his home in Poole, it was a
heartbreaking image that he believes should never have been allowed to

"Words cannot describe how I felt when I saw the pictures on the news - I
was looking at my brother lying there," said Paul 41.

"I was absolutely gutted.† It is such a tragic waste of life.† He had
already lost both farms - why did they have to kill him when there was
nothing left?"

The father-of two is now calling for international pressure to be put on the
Zimbabwean president and all aid to be stopped.

"Over the years we have lost lots of people - when is it going to end?" said
Paul, who left the country in 1981 for South Africa.

"My brother is one of thousands that have been murdered.† How can this
happen in this society?"

Paul moved to Dorset with his wife Lynn and children six years ago.† He
plans to travel back to South Africa on Monday to console his father and
attend a memorial service for Terry.

In spite of his grief he has been comforted by messages of condolence from
people all over the world.

"My brother was incredibly popular over there and was well respected and
loved by everyone," he said.

For as long as he can remember Terry had owned two farms and was the
country's biggest producer of wool.

Two years ago Mugabe's mobs evicted him and his family from one of the

The traumatic incident saw his wife Trish suffer a stroke and in fear for
her and her children's lives they fled to safety in New Zealand without him.

Despite pleas by his family to leave troubled Zimbabwe Terry stood firm.†
His second farm was taken last year - leaving the farmer's livelihood in

"He had death threats against him but all he lived for was the farm and
farming," said Paul.† "He wouldn't leave because it was his country."

Terry died when he returned to the farm house he still owned.

"He always said the only way he would leave that farm was in a box," said
Paul.† "He loved the land and he died where he would have wanted to die, but
not under the right circumstances.
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Mugabe launches fresh round of farm seizures

By Basildon Peta Zimbabwe Correspondent

23 March 2002

The Government of Zimbabwe has said it will seize hundreds more white farms, despite rising international pressure on President Robert Mugabe after his controversial election victory.

The government has published a list of 388 farms, including ranches owned by South Africa's wealthy Oppenheimer family, for seizure.

Early yesterday hundreds of white farmers and black farm workers attended the funeral of a white farmer, Terry Ford, who was shot on Monday at his farm west of Harare. He was the 10th white farmer to have been killed since farm occupations by war veterans began two years ago.

The Government also announced plans yesterday for massive food imports. The country is facing starvation due to drought and the chaos which has followed the occupation of white-owned farms.

The Agriculture Minister, Joseph Made, said the government wanted to import 200,000 tons of corn. State radio reported that over the next 18 months 1.5 million tons of corn will need to be imported.

In its report on the elections, published yesterday, the Commonwealth observer group said paramilitary youth groups "were responsible for a systematic campaign of intimidation against known or suspected supporters of the main opposition party, the MDC [Movement for Democratic Change]."

About 1,200 polling agents of the MDC are on the run from Mr Mugabe's youth militias. The President is continuing with the military training of hundreds of his ruling party's young men at camps around his stronghold province of Mashonaland Central, according to Zimbabwe's only independent daily, the Daily News. The youths are then unleashed on villagers accused of having voted for the MDC.

A spokesman for the MDC, Percy Makombe, said most people who had registered to be MDC polling agents at the 4,500 polling stations around the country were no longer able to stay at home. "They are on the run and some of them are being accommodated at the homes of our party officials in Harare," Mr Makombe said.

The MDC has published a list of 76 homes of its followers and officials which have been burnt in reprisal attacks. Francis Lovemore of the Amani Trust, a human rights group, said: "There's an enormous amount of persecution of MDC supporters around Zimbabwe. Whole areas are on the run."

He said some of the victims of the reprisal attacks were being forced to perform homosexual acts at Zanu-PF bases as a form of torture. Others were being raped. The MDC has called on the ruling party to disband its militias.

In attempts to stop increasing violence, particularly in Mashonaland Central province, MDC officials in Bindura met Elliot Manyika, Mr Mugabe's minister in charge of the youth brigades. Mr Manyika reportedly promised to appeal to the Zanu-PF leadership in the province to stop the violence.

The country's main trade union conceded yesterday that a national strike called to protest against intimidation during the election had been a failure. The few businesses that had observed the strike reopened yesterday on what had been planned as the last day of a three-day mass action.

Lovemore Matombo, on behalf of the unions, said that new security laws had hindered strike organisers and that threats by the authorities and bias in the state-dominated media had stopped workers joining the action.

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Chicago Tribune

Wiping out any competition
The inevitable lightness of dictatorship

By Rushworth M. Kidder. Rushworth M. Kidder is president of the Institute
for Global Ethics
Published March 22, 2002

As President Robert Mugabe reaped global opprobrium for rigging the recent
election in Zimbabwe, I found myself asking, "What went wrong?" Not with the
latest election--that's obvious. No, I mean what went wrong over the years
with Mugabe?

I first encountered him in 1979. I was part of the London press corps
covering the Lancaster House agreement that transformed Rhodesia, a British
colony, into the independent nation of Zimbabwe. Mugabe and his rival,
Joshua Nkomo, sought to succeed Ian Smith and his essentially white
Rhodesian Front government. Lord Peter Carrington, foreign secretary to
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, was in the chair. And all of us were

To many of my press colleagues, Mugabe seemed the perfect successor. They
impatiently dismissed complaints about his terrorist past and Marxist
credentials. Instead, they painted him as the thinking man's militant whose
list of scholarly degrees, meshed with his 10 years spent in jail without
trial, produced a seductive blend of martyr, philosopher and activist. I
found myself less taken with the man. This is not an "I-told-you-so" column:
I'm claiming no courageous insight here. As he was swept into power, I
simply reported on the process. And at first, he seemed the right choice.
But as the years went by, the downward spiral began. Now the results are
clear: a ruined economy, a cowed populace, a corrupt government and a
tyranny propped up by force and fraud. What went wrong? The answer is not in
Mugabe--just as it's not in Fidel Castro, Slobodan Milosevic, Saddam Hussein
or the rest of the world's tyrants.

It has to do with the inevitable lightness of dictatorship--the systemic
inability of a tyranny to achieve gravitas, to find its moral ballast, to
sustain success. To see why that's so, consider these
distinctions--admittedly broad-brush--between dictatorship and democracy.

- Dictatorship is all about persons--the "rule of men." Democracy seeks to
be about the "rule of law."

- Dictators view life through a right-versus-wrong moral lens--with
themselves inevitably right. Democracies agonize over right-versus-right
choices, where each side is well-meaning and the highest right must prevail.

- Since everything else is "wrong," dictators must win at all costs.
Democrats must be willing to lose--that's the essence of government by
majority consent.

- To be sure of winning, dictators create their own external threats and
artificial enemies, justifying extreme measures and focusing their populaces
on something other than their government's failings. Democracies try to
analyze real threats and weaknesses, knowing that only accurate knowledge
can produce effective countermeasures.

- Fearing change, dictatorships draw inward, silence the opposition, and
sink into paranoia. Embracing change, democracies are good at expanding
outward, engaging different voices.

Bottom line: Dictators prize loyalty above all else. And that, finally,
accounts for their inevitable emptiness. With a fixation on allegiance and a
dread of competition from underlings, dictators surround themselves with
second-rate colleagues. In choosing government officials, they relegate
competence, experience, and wisdom to secondary roles--not only at Cabinet
level, but right to the bottom of the political food chain. In such a
culture, the pool of candidates is sharply reduced, holding only those who
pass the loyalty litmus. The result is perfectly foreseeable: inept
government, incompetent policy, and a slide toward corruption among those
with no higher calling to office than to sustain the dictator and enrich

What went wrong with Mugabe? He failed to defend himself against the allure
of power. Painting himself into a corner of his choosing, he cannot now
escape: Like so many dictators, he must cling to power at all costs, fearing
that to lose would mean death at his enemies' hands. That's another contrast
to democracies: They usually transfer power peacefully, making loss
unpleasant but not fatal.

The issue here is not peculiar to Mugabe, nor to Africa, nor even to nation
states. Tyranny crops up everywhere--in families, schools, churches,
corporations, the professions. It's not hard to spot. It puts loyalty first.
It daily grows shallower, lighter, and less effective. And it ends,
tragically, in disarray. It's all about people, and people always end.

Democracy is all about ideas, which exist far beyond those who think them.

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Government to Resume Talks With IMF

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

March 22, 2002
Posted to the web March 22, 2002

Godfrey Marawanyika

THE government has asked for resumption of talks with the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) during the third-quarter of the year, Ministry of
Finance sources said this week.

The request the country in the past three years.

The resumption of talks follows a meeting held late last month between the
Bretton Wood institutions and senior Finance ministry officials, among them
Nicholas Ncube, the permanent secretary.

The meeting was held at the Ministry of Finance offices.

Sources said the decision to delay the talks was because of an anticipated
cabinet reshuffle.

"It was agreed that a follow-up meeting be held either in August or
September because of the anticipated cabinet reshuffle," the sources said.

"Nothing firm was discussed and further meetings were deferred to the
third-quarter of the year because we anticipate some administrative changes
in the ministry."

President Mugabe is expected to announce a major cabinet reshuffle before
the end of this month following his controversial re-election in the March
9/11 presidential poll.

Since 1997 Zimbabwe is not receiving any form of aid from both the World
Bank and the IMF which has led to other donors suspending aid as well.

The non-resumption of aid has affected the country's balance-of-payments
position which is presently in a negative position. Both the current and
capital accounts are in arrears.

As of January 25, Zimbabwe's current account was nearly minus US$200 million
while the capital account stood at minus US$400 million. Zimbabwe's position
has been further worsened by the continued poor performance of the export
sector, which has been on the decline since 1999.

Foreign currency inflows continue to decline, from US$70 million during the
tobacco selling season to US$30 million monthly. The country has continued
to experience acute foreign currency shortages resulting from low exports
and parastatal debts. This outlook has been further compounded by a huge
foreign currency deficit accumulated since 1999.

Total foreign payment arrears are estimated to have closed the year at
around US$1,2 billion and clearing this deficit would require at least 12
months. The domestic debt is $226 billion while the foreign debt is over
US$700 million.

By September last year, Zimbabwe's debt to the IMF had shot up by a
staggering US$16,6 million, up from US$52,7 million in August. It currently
stands at almost US$70 million. The continued rise in the debt has been
caused by the failure to settle the debts in time, resulting in the arrears

Due to continued defaulting by Zimbabwe, the IMF has since April been
exploring possible avenues to suspend Zimbabwe's membership.

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S. Africans Must Learn from Zimbabwe's Mistakes: Mbeki

Xinhuanet 2002-03-23 04:20:58

†† JOHANNESBURG, March 22 (Xinhuanet) -- South African President
Thabo Mbeki on Friday urged his countrymen to learn from Zimbabwe'
s mistakes and avoid similar problems at home.
†† In an article published in the ANC (African National Congress)
Today, Mbeki said that Zimbabwe held important lessons for South
Africa, especially in building a non-racial society, as well as
issues of social transformation.
†† The fact that Zimbabwe had been independent for 22 years,
showed that these were not easy matters to deal with, he noted.
†† "As a country we must learn everything we can from the
experiences of our neighbor, so that we do not repeat mistakes
that have been made ... At the same time, we have to continue to
strive to ensure that the negative consequences of such mistakes
do not spill over to any of the countries of our region."
†† "Our approach to any adverse matter that might arise in
Zimbabwe must ensure that we do not encourage the emergence of
similar adverse responses in our countries," Mbeki said.
†† Zimbabweans, he said, had a common task to identify for
themselves what was in their national interests and the common
challenges that faced them, regardless of race, ethnicity and
†† They also had to build a truly non-racial society, as well as
ending any ethnic tensions that might exist, Mbeki said.
†† On Zimbabwe's suspension from the Commonwealth for a year,
Mbeki said the 54-member body was committed to supporting Zimbabwe
's process of reconciliation, facilitated by Nigeria and South
†† It had also agreed to urgently assist Zimbabwe to address the
current food shortages, help resolve the land question and support
its economic recovery.
†† "(These) lay the basis for Zimbabwe to extricate itself from
the political and economic crisis it confronts, with the support
of the Commonwealth and the rest of the world," Mbeki said.
†† South Africa was inextricably linked to Zimbabwe and had sought
to contribute everything it could to help Zimbabwean find
solutions to these problems, to avoid a further worsening of the
situation, he said..
†† It was South Africa's duty to work diligently to help realize
the goals set by the Commonwealth, he said.
†† "We will have to approach our collective task in an honest and
principled manner, without being driven by any desire to create a
situation of confrontation. Undoubtedly, the Commonwealth will
also adopt a similar posture."
†† He repeated that the future of Zimbabwe must and would be
decided by its people.
†† "To be productive, our interventions in this regard can only be
as friends who act to support democracy, peace, stability and
prosperity for all the people of that country," he said.† Enditem

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Mugabe Cabinet Might Derail Economic Package: Economists

BuaNews (Pretoria)

March 22, 2002
Posted to the web March 22, 2002

Trevor Gozhi

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe is reportedly working hard at assembling
a cabinet to back his policies but economists have warned that the move may
jeopardise the economic recovery package South Africa is preparing for that

'There is a good chance that Mr Mugabe can receive that package but we
expect him to change his policies. His suspension from the Commonwealth
marks the beginning of reduced foreign aid to Zimbabwe and he must learn
from that,' said Econometrix chief economist Azar Jammine.

For an excerpt from the Africa 2002 guidebook, click here.
(Adobe Acrobat).

To buy the book, click here.

The South African government is preparing an economic recovery programme
that is expected to boost Zimbabwe economically, but the programme must be
linked to political stability.

Dr Azar said President Thabo Mbeki's economic recovery plan might face some
problems if President Mugabe continued with plans to form a 'crisis cabinet'
aimed at resisting growing international pressure and sanctions.

The 'crisis cabinet' is expected to include controversial Information
Minister Jonathan Moyo, Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa and Intelligence
chief Sydney Sekeramayi.

Stressing that President Mbeki had stood firm on Zimbabwe, Absa treasury
economist Chris Hart said his decision was a good one.

'The South African package can be used as a lever to make President Mugabe
toe the line ... he should decide to come to the negotiating table with the
opposition party,' he said.

Faced with a 67 percent unemployment rate and rocketing inflation of 117
percent, Zimbabwe's economy needs something more than a miracle to recover.

While some economists say South Africa's package of economic recovery will
be a blessing, others feel the suspension of Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth
should be seen as an incentive for Zimbabwean leaders to work together and
turn the country towards peace and economic recovery.

Malawian President Bakili Muluzi yesterday called on the Southern African
Development Community to help Zimbabwe rebuild its economy and attain
political stability and forget about a re-election, as the recent election
was 'water under the bridge.'
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Zim Independent

Pressure piles for poll re-run
Dumisani Muleya

GROWING international pressure for an election re-run is likely to further
isolate President Robert Mugabe after Zimbabwe's suspension from the
Commonwealth this week.

The calls have been backed by Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader
Morgan Tsvangirai who says the recent presidential poll was stolen by

Tsvangirai yesterday said his party was pressing for an election re-run in
line with growing international demands.

Tsvangirai, who was on Wednesday charged with high treason in connection
with an alleged assassination plot against Mugabe, said the MDC wants a
fresh election under independent local and international supervision.

"We are pushing for the restoration of democracy and legitimacy," Tsvangirai
told the Zimbabwe Independent. "That's what we are going for. There must be
a re-run."

Tsvangirai said his party's demand for a re-run was in line with established
Commonwealth protocols, which provide for the restoration of democracy
through free and fair elections.

Following Zimbabwe's suspension in London on Tuesday, those stipulations,
contained in the Millbrook programme, will assume greater urgency.

Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, who was part of the Commonwealth
troika that suspended Zimbabwe, yesterday defended the club's decision,
saying there had not been "adequate provisions" for a free and fair poll. He
told the BBC there would be another election "sometime".

Obasanjo telephoned Mugabe after the London meeting - also attended by South
African President Thabo Mbeki, Australian Prime Minister John Howard, and
Commonwealth secretary-general Don McKinnon - to inform him of the outcome.
He "erupted", according to Obasanjo.

"He (Mugabe) took it badly as one would expect, but I believe he will
understand," Obasanjo said. Sources said Mugabe was however mollified by the
prospect of an international package for emergency food aid.

Mugabe, with the support of his African allies, claimed victory after last
week's flawed poll while Tsvangirai, backed by the Sadc Parliamentary Forum,
the Commonwealth, the European Union and the United States, rejected the
election as "daylight robbery".

Tsvangirai's call for a re-run follows his rejection of South African-led
attempts to press the MDC into a government of national unity. Mbeki's
efforts to hold off Commonwealth measures against Harare rested on hopes for
a political accommodation in Zimbabwe.

That is unlikely to be forthcoming as the MDC, backed by the international
community, insists on a restoration of legitimacy through a free and fair

Yesterday Zapu, the Bulawayo-based opposition party, said the election
should be staged again under UN monitoring.

"The attempt by African leaders, surprisingly led by Mbeki and the ANC, to
redefine democracy to encompass floggings, executions and outright genocide
as essential elements in an African context is outrageous," it said.

"The lowering of democratic standards to accommodate, legitimise and protect
dictators should be resisted at all costs."

Professor Tom Lodge of Witwatersrand University said Mbeki's endorsement of
Zimbabwe's suspension after clear signals from his government that South
Africa considered the election acceptable had bruised him.

"He looks indecisive and weak," Lodge told Reuters. "He is a fence-sitter,
and a very uncomfortable fence it seems to be."

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Zim Independent

Soldiers' pay slashed
Loughty Dube

THE Zimbabwe National Army's controversial 100% salary increases awarded to
soldiers just before the presidential election looked distinctly short-term
when the soldiers this week discovered that their March salaries had been
cut back to pre-election levels.

Soldiers who spoke to the Zimbabwe Independent said salaries of war veterans
and known Zanu PF activists were not affected by the adjustments.

The army last month awarded salary increments to infantry soldiers in line
with a new salary regime called the Military Salary Concept that sought to
reward general duty soldiers ahead of specialists.

Members from specialised units such as doctors and engineers were excluded
from the 100% windfall. Soldiers who spoke on condition of anonymity said
their salaries for this month were cut by more than half.

"The move to award us salary increments before the election was a political
ploy to ensure that we campaign for Zanu PF. We now realise that we were
used," said an irate infantry soldier.

Zimbabwe Defence Forces spokesman, Colonel Mbonisi Gatsheni, dismissed the
claims that the salaries had been reduced.

"Nobody had their salaries increased in the first place," Gatsheni said.

"What actually happened is that there was a rationalisation of military
salaries that enabled all army personnel in the same rank to fall within the
same salary scale but with different allowances."

He said he was not aware of any soldiers who had salaries reduced.

The soldiers however said the net salary for a private in the army fell from
$28 000 last month to $15 000 this month, the pre-election level.

The soldiers are not the only ones duped into campaigning for Zanu PF in the
presidential election, it seems. Thousands of youths who unleashed a reign
of terror were still to be paid more than $18 000 they were each promised
for campaigning for Zanu PF.
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Zim Independent

MDC exposes more Zanu PF electoral fraud
Blessing Zulu

THE Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has released fresh evidence of
election irregularities by the ruling Zanu PF party in the hotly-disputed
presidential poll.

The evidence implicates top Zanu PF officials and members of the Zimbabwe
Republic Police who are accused of intimidating voters and swinging the
voting in favour of their candidate.

Shuvai Mahofa, the deputy Minister of Youth, Gender and Employment Creation,
is at the centre of the scandal. It is said she abducted an MDC polling
agent at Nerupiri polling station in Gutu, Masvingo province.

"A female polling agent was abducted by Shuvai Mahofa on Saturday March 9
and forced to sleep at Mahofa's homestead. She only returned to the polling
station the next day," said the report.

Joseph Macheka, Zanu PF's unsuccessful mayoral candidate in Chitungwiza, has
also been cited as having broken electoral regulations.

"Macheka brought in 15 people who were found by the fraud detecting devices
to have already voted," said the report. "Initially they were not allowed to
vote, but Macheka pushed his weight and they ultimately voted," it said.

The report said ballot books were not accounted for. Registrar-General
Tobaiwa Mudede refused to disclose the number of ballot papers that had been

In Mutare North at the Chief Hall, ballot books 401-500 and 501 to 600 went
missing. In Shurugwi 600 ballot papers were also missing.

The report said in Hurungwe the polling stations were not at designated

"The mobile polling station officers were sometimes operating like ice-cream
vendors. In Hurungwe, for example, the mobile

box was not at Dixie Farm and on Sunday it did not appear at Goodhope Farm.
We are still wondering where it had gone to," the report said.

"In Mazoe West the mobile polling station moved to Tonga Town- ship and the
MDC polling agent was chased away," said the re-


The report also said ballot boxes were not properly sealed at Rusike and
Chibvute primary schools in Goromonzi.

At Ceaser Mine in Mazowe West, there were no seals on the ballot boxes and
the MDC agent was also chased away. At Chisape School in Hurungwe East the
MDC seal was not permitted on the box.

The police were accused of harassing MDC election co-ordinators in Shamva
and allowing Zanu PF militia to harass and kidnap MDC polling agents thus
delaying or frustrating their deployment.

At Chikuku Primary School in Guruve North further police involvement was

"A policeman arrived in a Defender vehicle and ordered both the Zanu PF and
MDC polling agents to leave the room. The two were only called back after
three hours by the presiding officer. All the polling officials, including
the presiding officers are known Zanu PF activists. Police refused to give
their force numbers to the MDC agent," the report said.

As a result of the intimidation, 43% of the rural polling stations were not
manned by MDC polling agents, the report said.

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Zim Independent

Mugabe to appoint 'crisis cabinet'
Dumisani Muleya

DESPITE vigorous South African efforts to secure political accommodation in
Zimbabwe, President Robert Mugabe appears intent upon a hardline cabinet
committed to his scorched-earth policies.

Official sources said South African President Thabo Mbeki's proposals faced
a brickwall because Mugabe was contemplating a "crisis cabinet" to resist
growing international pressure and sanctions after a controversially won

The sources said Finance minister Simba Makoni and Industry and
International Trade minister Herbert Murerwa - admired by the South Africans
and Washington financiers - were facing the chop.

It is thought Mugabe will cling to his old guard in an anticipated reshuffle
and throw out ministers amenable to economic reform.

"The 'ultras' will prevail over the reformers given the fevered state of the
president's mind," a high-level official source said.

It is generally accepted in government that the two vice- presidents - Simon
Muzenda and Joseph Msika - will be retired. Muzenda's health is on the wane
and Msika (79) is advanced in years.

Makoni had difficulties before the election with Mugabe's cabinet in trying
to implement economic reform measures that were not in sync with Zanu PF's
populist politics.

Although Mugabe announced during war veterans' leader Chenjerai Hunzvi's
burial last June that economic reforms had been discarded, Makoni insisted
in his budget speech in November the programme was still on.

After the budget, Mugabe's lieutenants launched anonymous hostile attacks
against Makoni in the official media of the sort Nkosana Moyo experienced
when he resigned. But Makoni has remained looking West for recovery whilst
Mugabe and his die-hards face East.

Yet Mugabe is also under pressure to appoint performers. At his inauguration
on Sunday he threatened to purge incompetent officials.

"Mugabe will reshuffle or remove ministers like Joseph Made (Agriculture)
and Shuvai Mahofa (deputy minister of Youth Development, Gender and
Employment Creation)," the official source said. "This will be an attempt to
appear committed to delivery but it will still be a 'crisis cabinet' of

Although Made has religiously implemented Mugabe's disastrous land policies,
he has proved incompetent. He takes the blame for current maize shortages
and the resultant food crisis.

Mahofa is said to be going because of concern about political fallout
following the death of a war veteran on a farm occupied by her. Ruling-party
sources said Vice-President Simon Muzenda last week tasked Masvingo
provincial governor Josiah Hungwe to investigate the issue which has
reportedly infuriated Mugabe.

Sources said Mugabe's combative adherents such as Jonathan Moyo, Patrick
Chinamasa, Elliot Manyika, Sydney Sekeramayi and Nicholas Goche are set to
form the core of the coming team. Parliament speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa,
long tipped as the heir to the throne, is a candidate for one of the
vice-presidential posts, taking over the nominated parliamentary seat left
vacant when former Industry and International Trade minister Nkosana Moyo
jumped ship. John Nkomo is also lined up for promotion.

A reactionary cabinet would undermine a rescue package the South African
government is preparing. South African Trade and Industry minister Alec
Erwin last week said Pretoria was waiting in the wings with a recovery plan
linked to political stability.

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Zim Independent

Zanu PF militias harass civil servants
Abeauty Mangezi

ZANU PF militias which hounded teachers from their schools in the rural
areas in the run-up to the presidential election have opened a new front of
violence against civil servants believed to have voted for Movement for
Democratic Change candidate Morgan Tsvangirai.

Hundreds of teachers and nurses, mainly in Mashonaland East and Central
provinces who tried to return to their posts after the poll, have fallen
victim to roving militia gangs who have been instructed by local Zanu PF
heavyweights to weed out suspected opposition supporters.

An official with the Zimbabwe Nurses Association said they were still
compiling names of their members caught up in the pre- and post-election

Zimbabwe Teachers Association (Zimta) chief executive, Peter Mabande, said
this week it was a pity that the situation was taking too long to normalise
despite the fact the presidential election was over. He said teachers who
were terrorised during the campaign period were finding it difficult to
return to their work places as Zanu PF youths were baying for their blood.

"It was our hope that things would normalise as soon as the presidential
election was over, but it seems nothing is likely to change as our members
are being harassed daily," said Mabande.

"The situation has now reached a crisis level and as a representative body
we believe that all teachers should feel free to go back to their normal
work places without fear of intimidation, torture or harassment."

He said teachers who were victims of violence before the presidential
election remained targets up to now.

Mabande said that in Chipinge, Masvingo, Mashonaland Central and some parts
of the Midlands, there were reports of attacks which saw hundreds of
teachers running for their lives.

"At Checheche primary and secondary schools and St Peter's school in
Chipinge, reports reaching us say several teachers were ejected from the
schools as a wave of political unrest engulfed the district last Friday," he
said. "At the moment we are not in a position to say exactly how many
schools have been affected due to lack of communication with those in the
remote parts of the country."
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Zimbabwe seeks to stave off starvation

March 22, 2002 Posted: 5:53 PM EST (2253 GMT)

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) -- Zimbabwe announced plans Friday to import huge amounts of food to stave off starvation caused by drought and the agricultural chaos following the occupation of white-owned farms by ruling party militants.

Agriculture Minister Joseph Made said the government was seeking 200,000 tons of corn from Kenya, Brazil and Argentina. Over the next 18 months, the country will need to import 1.5 million tons of the staple food, state radio reported.

The fertile, southern African nation was once considered the breadbasket of the region.

Now Zimbabweans wait in long food lines to get bags of increasingly rare corn meal. In November, the government ordered 200,000 tons of corn valued at $25 million from neighboring South Africa.

The main labor federation, meanwhile, conceded the failure of its national strike to protest state-backed intimidation surrounding this month's disputed presidential elections.

The few businesses that had observed the strike reopened Friday, which was to have been the last day of the three-day protest, said Lovemore Matombo, head of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions.

He said new security laws hindered strike organizers and "heavy-handed" threats by the authorities and bias in the dominant state media stopped workers joining the action.

"We did not do a great job. We admit that. This particular battle might not have been won, but it is a lesson for the future," Matombo said.

Country marred by violence

At a meeting next month, leaders of the federation will consider possible further action to protest political violence that has left at least 150 people -- most of them opposition supporters -- dead since 2000.

Early Friday, hundreds of white farmers and black farm workers attended the funeral of Terry Ford, 51, who was shot in the head in an execution-style killing Monday at his farm west of the capital, Harare.

"It is a time of loss and great tragedy. It is not a time to give up and throw our hands in the air," Pastor Peter McKenzie said as he officiated the funeral.

Ford was the tenth white farmer killed since the often-violent farm occupations began two years ago. Ruling party militants, with tacit government backing, have demanded the farms be redistributed to landless blacks.

Mark Ford, 28, told the mourners that his father "just wanted somewhere to live and farm."

"He lived by what he believed, he died by what he believed," he said. Squatters occupied the farm in 2000, forcing him to take on teaching work at a nearby Christian school.

Noami Raaff, Ford's fiancee, held the couple's Jack Russell terrier, Squeak, in her arms. The dog had huddled by Ford's body for several hours after his murder.

Occupations, floods, drought impact supply

The farm occupations, along with floods and droughts, have decimated the country's harvest as its agriculture-based economy collapsed.

Last year, Zimbabwe produced 1.54 million tons of corn, down from 2.1 million tons in 2000.

Harvests of tobacco, the main cash crop, also are expected to be down this year, by as much as 30 percent.

Foreign loans, aid and investment have dried up. Mining has been plagued by shortages of equipment and fuel and tourism, the third-largest hard currency earner, has fallen by 80 percent.

Emergency food distribution by the World Food Program to 500,000 people facing starvation resumed Thursday in south and western Zimbabwe, U.N. officials said.

The distribution was halted a week before the March 9-11 presidential elections so as not to "coincide with political concerns," the WFP said.

Official election results showed President Robert Mugabe winning 56 percent of the vote to 42 percent for opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, who claimed the election was tainted and has called for a new vote.

Copyright 2002 The Associated Press . All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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No shaking off poll watchdogs

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Harare's curb on monitoring of election just a short-term victory over
global trends
PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe's stolen triumph in last week's general election
just stresses the contemporary necessity for rulers to have their electoral
legitimacy endorsed by electoral monitors and observers.

During the Cold War, when the west propped up brutal dictators prepared to
side with them against the Soviet Union, electoral legitimacy was regarded
as a luxury. But after the fall of the Berlin Wall, electoral monitoring in
new and fragile democracies rapidly became a fixture of the international

"Good governance" became the accompaniment of structural adjustment policies
imposed on errant or indebted third world countries, and with it came the
idea of "free and fair" elections as the foundation of democratisation.

With this background, it is scarcely surprising many rulers in Africa have
chosen to interpret electoral monitoring as an expression of western
imperialism, and an intrusion on national sovereignty. This has been the
position of the Mugabe government.

This perspective also argues there is no justification for westerners to
observe and make judgments on African elections, when African monitoring
groups are not extended the same privilege when elections are held in the
west. Indeed, when you recall the goings-on concerning counting of the
presidential race in Florida at the last US election, it is hard not to have
a sneaking sympathy with Africanist sentiment that the US can hardly speak
about flawed elections in Africa with any degree of moral authority.

African rulers who object to international involvement in electoral
monitoring as an intrusion on their sovereignty are right. Yet the fact is
absolute sovereignty has always been a myth. The world is increasingly
interdependent and all governments are increasingly hedged around by
external constraints.

In particular, human rights are becoming increasingly internationally
regulated, and the right of citizens to elect their rulers in elections that
are "free and fair" is seen as a basic attribute of political freedom.

The major justification for electoral monitoring in Africa is quite simply
that so many governments have exhausted their popular legitimacy and trust.
This is, of course, exactly why such governments try to either exclude or
heavily constrain monitoring groups.

It is also why opposition groups, such as Morgan Tsvangirai's Movement for
Democratic Change in Zimbabwe are so desperate to have elections monitored.
In any case, monitoring is widely welcomed by ordinary citizens, who
recognise the protection of rights it can bring.

Many criticisms are made of electoral monitoring groups, often as much for
technical as political reasons. Yet the techniques and organisational
capacity of major electoral monitoring organisations have become
increasingly sophisticated. The major snags occur when different monitoring
groups arrive at different judgments.

This brings us back to the Zimbabwe election. When Sam Motsuenyane announced
to the world the SA observer group accepted the election was not free and
fair, but the result was legitimate, he was laughed to scorn.

Likewise, similar statements by Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo on
behalf of the Organisation of African Unity have been interpreted as
signalling African rulers' dismal reluctance to criticise their own.

By contrast, the report released by three human rights groups demonstrated
in detail how the election had failed to meet nearly all the criteria of the
norms and standards of elections in the Southern African Development
Community. It is in this context that post-election comments by other SA
observer mission members that they reject Motsuenyane's view the election
was legitimate are to be welcomed.

Mugabe and Zanu (PF) seem destined to stay in power. His success in making
various African governments including apparently that of SA fall in behind
him on the grounds that repudiation of his victory is a neo-colonial plot,
may give him a short-term breathing space.

Yet it is the voices of the observer groups which have delivered reasoned
and detailed repudiations of his victory which will be listened to in the
long term. In particular, they have pointed the way in which the likes of
SA's President Thabo Mbeki must go if he is to rescue Nepad, the blueprint
for the revival of Africa.

Like the government of apartheid SA, Mugabe's regime is the legally
constituted authority yet at the same time devoid of moral and popular

Southall is democracy and governance executive director at the Human
Sciences Research Council.

Mar 22 2002 12:00:00:000AM Roger Southall Business Day 1st Edition
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Zimbabwe Remains in Commonwealth Games
Zimbabwe will be at the Commonwealth Games in July 2002 to be held in Manchester "The suspension that has occurred is only from the Councils of the Commonwealth, not from the Commonwealth itself. Zimbabwe remains a member of the Commonwealth and as a Commonwealth nation they are invited to participate"
Mr. Mike Hooper - Chief Executive, Commonwealth Games Federation
Zimbabwe will be allowed to compete in the July 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester despite calls for the country to be banned.

Zimbabwe was suspended from the Commonwealth because there had not been adequate provisions in the country's presidential elections to allow everyone to express their will New Zealand wants the ban to be extended to the Commonwealth Games, which are being held in Manchester in July after announcing that it will be imposing trade and travel sanctions on Zimbabwe.

The Chief Executive of the Commonwealth Games Federation, Mr. Mike Hooper has however stated unreservedly that this will not happen.
Mr. Mike Hooper said, "The suspension that has occurred is only from the Councils of the Commonwealth, not from the Commonwealth itself. Zimbabwe remains a member of the Commonwealth and as a Commonwealth nation they are invited to participate".

New Zealand Foreign Minister Mr. Phil Goff said his country wants the removal of Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth Games and stated that they will be seeking the support of other Commonwealth Member States.

Australian Prime Minister John Howard has already cast doubt over his country's cricket tour of Zimbabwe next month.

Preparations for the Commonwealth Games are well underway. An evaluation team inspecting preparations for the Games praised Manchester's progress to date although there are still concerns over the athletesí village.

One member of the evaluation team and Chief Executive of the Australian Commonwealth Games Association, Mr. Perry Crosswhite said, "I have been heartened by this visit as far as the village is concerned, I must say they're not there yet and I'll be frank about that. This village is difficult and everyone knows that. It's a small campus in a small area, which seems to have about 3,000 students normally and they are going to put 4,800 in there. Let's not be totally rosy about it and this is what it is".

Should all the 1,700 athletes who have said they are coming turn up there would be problems. It is however expected that between 300 and 400 of these athletes will not attend.

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