The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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From The Mail & Guardian (SA), 22 March

Zimbabwe's 70 alleged mercenaries and one truck

Harare - Zimbabwe government lawyers said on Monday prison authorities were
unable to ferry 70 alleged mercenaries, accused of plotting a coup in
Equatorial Guinea, from jail to a magistrate's court because the jail only
had one functioning truck. Mary Dube, for the Attorney General's office, was
explaining to High Court judge Tedius Karwi why the government wanted to
hold the first routine court appearance of the 70 men within Chikurubi
prison on Harare's outskirts - and about 15km from the Harare Magistrates'
Court. She added that army and paramilitary escort vehicles needed for an
escort to prevent the "highly trained commandos" from escaping were
unsuitable because they kept on breaking down. When questioned by the judge
what she meant by "commando", she was unable to explain. A decision on the
matter was expected later in the day. Also on Monday, the first allegations
of abuse of the 70 alleged mercenaries emerged as defence lawyer Jonathan
Samkange said that when they were arrested at Harare international airport
15 days ago, "they were assaulted, they were kicked and they were thrown out
of the plane" on to the airport tarmac.

The Zimbabwe government alleges 70 "terrorists" flew out of South Africa on
March 7, aiming for the oil-rich former Spanish colony on the West African
coast where they planned to overthrow President Teodoro Obiang Nguema
Mbasogo. However, the United States-registered aircraft was seized and the
men aboard were arrested when they stopped over in Harare where, the
government said, they had arranged to load a consignment of military
weaponry. Samkange said that after their arrest, members of the group was
also scattered around various police stations in north-east Zimbabwe.
Lawyers had not been able to properly consult with their clients in the 10
days since they have been granted access to the detainees as prison warders
were always present. Prison authorities promised on Monday to allow the
lawyers and their clients some privacy. While warders would still watch,
they would not be able to listen. More information about the alleged
assaults was expected after they had been consulted, he said.

South African defence advocate Francois Joubert told the judge that holding
a routine remand hearing inside the prison would be "like a court martial"
and would violate their constitutional rights to "having justice seen to be
done". Joubert said the "tremendous security" around Chikurubi, including
several roadblocks on the road to the complex, would make it "extremely
difficult" for relatives of the detainees and the media to be able to attend
the hearings. He said it had taken them three hours to get inside the prison
on Sunday. Their vehicle had been stopped at a roadblock. Permission to
continue was denied because it had a foreign registration number. Only after
"a long wait", were they able to continue to the main gate, he said.
Foreigners, including relatives of the men, would have to obtain special
approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before they were allowed in
the prison complex, he said. Authorities have brought six charges against
the 70, including accusations that they broke United Nations resolutions on
terrorism and plotted to murder the Guinean leader, to violating immigration
and firearms control laws. The government has said it wanted them to face
"the severest punishment, including capital punishment".
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Kansas City

      Posted on Tue, Mar. 23, 2004

      Diversity stars at Liberty restaurant


      When Martha Bond was growing up in Rhodesia, eating out meant fine
dining because there weren't any fast-food restaurants.

      And home-cooked meals meant meals made from scratch because packaged
foods weren't readily available, either. With the diverse ethnic groups in
her neighborhood, home-cooked meals also could mean a virtual world palate
of foods - Asian, Greek, Portuguese, and more.

      "There was such a huge variety," Bond said. "We'd learn from our
neighbors, their family recipes, and these would become our everyday foods."

      Bond wanted to use this background to open a pastry shop but then had
to leave the country in 1984 after the political unrest that changed it to
Zimbabwe. Her family could only take $1,000 out of the country to build a
new life in America.

      "But nowhere else could I start with $1,000 and work to buy a home,
pay for it, and travel, my big passion," she said.

      Now that hard work and savings have helped her realize her dream of a
bakery and even more, a restaurant.

      Bond and her sister Tina Diederiks have opened Martinali Cafe
International in Corbin Mill Place at 131 S. Water St., Liberty. Martinali
stands for Martha, Tina and third sister Ali Monger, who decided not to
become a partner but works as an employee instead. Martha's son Andrew Bond
handles the finances.

      Daily specials include one American dish and one international:
chicken enchiladas in cream sauce with sour cream and avocado topping,
moussaka, leg of lamb in port, seafood paella, stuffed boneless chicken
thighs, and Moroccan chicken casserole, along with desserts such as bread
pudding with almond glaze, triple-layer German chocolate cake, and chocolate
cream pie "with attitude" - a few drops of chocolate liqueur. The operation
is only open for lunch Mondays through Saturdays. Other offerings include
sandwiches, soups and salads.

      "We haven't done any advertising, just word-of-mouth; they're lined up
outside when we open, which just amazes me," she said. "I try to meet as
many of the people as I can. They want to see the owners and they are
interested in our background. And it makes me feel so good when they tell me
I'm such a good cook."

      Martinali's tea room serves teas, coffees, pastries, sausage rolls,
watercress and cucumber sandwiches, and homemade pies. Bond also hopes to
bring a nephew from South Africa to make his specialty bratwurst.
[boerewors, surely??!...]
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Zimbabwe: Proposed Electoral Act Amendments Questioned

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

March 23, 2004
Posted to the web March 23, 2004


Civil society in Zimbabwe on Monday condemned a move by the government to
amend the Electoral Act, saying the amendment would undermine next year's
parliamentary elections.

"The planned changes to the Electoral Act will result in the tightening of
the operations of the government-appointed Electoral Supervisory Commission
(ESC) and unless there are fundamental changes to the process of holding
elections, next year's elections would be easily declared not free and
fair," chairman of the Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN, Reginald
Matchaba-Hove, told IRIN.

The Electoral Amendment Bill, published in the Government Gazette last week,
proposes changes to several clauses, particularly pertaining to voter
registration, the voters' roll and postal ballots.

In a move perceived as an attempt to elbow NGOs out of voter education, the
Bill proposes that only the ESC be allowed to conduct voter education.

Funds for voter education would have to be sourced locally, and foreign
funds could only be donated to the ESC, which would then distribute them to
organisations authorised to conduct voter education.

The Bill, expected to be presented to parliament for debate, also says those
eligible for postal ballots would include members of the military away on
duty, diplomatic staff and staff away on electoral duty.

Matchaba-Hove said the proposed amendments were similar to those sanctioned
into law by President Robert Mugabe just before the 2002 March presidential

Although the laws were later declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,
they enabled surviving members of the military, like Brigadier Douglas
Nyikayaramba, to be appointed chief elections officer, with members of the
army, the police and other civil servants conducting the elections.

"The planned electoral amendments are in clear violation of the Southern
Africa Development Community, (SADC) Parliamentary Forum on norms and
standards for holding elections, which states that no civil servants should
conduct elections," Matchaba-Hove said.

"Civic society has always called for the creation of an independent
electoral commission to run elections, while observers and monitors would be
drawn from civic groups. The independent commission would be responsible for
the entire electoral process, from registration right up to the counting
process," he added.

Lovemore Madhuku, chairman of the National Constitutional Commission, which
has been agitating for a new constitution, said there was nothing new about
the proposed amendments.

"We have had these laws before - they are just reproducing laws that we have
had before, and have been thrown away by the supreme court, because they
violated certain provisions of the constitution," Madhuku told IRIN.

The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change has threatened to boycott
next year's parliamentary elections, arguing that the playing field was not
level. They also alleged that if these elections were held in conditions
similar to those of the 2002 presidential poll, it would be easy to rig

The opposition, along with most Western observers, condemned the 2002
presidential election as flawed.
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New Zimbabwe
Clip of dozing Mugabe an 'indecent spectacle'

INDECENT SPECTACLE: A picture of President Mugabe taken at the G15 summit in Venezuela
INDECENT SPECTACLE: A picture of President Mugabe taken at the G15 summit in Venezuela

MUGABE bows head, eyes closed during summit

By Agencies

SIX African diplomats based in Venezuela have issued a bizarre protest after a satirical television show broadcast a clip of President Mugabe apparently dozing off during the G15 Summit at the end of February.

A letter of protest dated 11 March sent to the General Manager of independent commercial TV station Globovision accused the station of producing an “indecent spectacle” and a “parody concentrating around the figure of President Mugabe."

The letter which described Mugabe as a “respected head of state, over eighty years old and a well known fighter for independence and against racial discrimination” was signed by diplomats from South Africa, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt and Libya, among others.

“More than a discourteous treatment towards a high ranking foreign dignitary in an official visit to your country, we believe that your network has incurred in what in full display has been a deplorable and reiterated insult to human dignity,” read part of the letter.

“Simply speaking, your network's television viewers have been presented with a very grotesque and indecent spectacle, full of vulgar effects, despicable expressions and many ridicules and gestures full of racist content.

“By the way, this is a behaviour that leaves too much to be desired, about the democratic talent, the manners and the intellectual moral of the producers of this television program.”

Still pictures in possession of New taken at the meeting show the Zimbabwean leader with his eyes closed but it is not clear if indeed he was sleeping.

The television station which openly opposes Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, a close friend of President Mugabe, showed the Zimbabwean leader bowing his head, eyes closed, during a speech by one of the Presidents during the course of the Summit of the Group of the 15, held in Caracas at the end of February.

The clip featured humorous music and studio-generated snoring sounds in the background while the host of "Aló Ciudadano" (Hello Citizen), Leopoldo Castillo quipped that it reminded him of the movie “The Planet of the Apes”. One of the show’s guest, Humberto Calderon Berti, added that the Mugabe incident reminded him “of a little dog falling off a taxicab”.

Berti is a staunch opponent of President Chavez and a former president of the Venezuelan oil company PDVSA. He was head of OPEC for the greater part of the last four decades country for more than forty years, and which are now seeking to oust Chavez.

Globovision is currently engaged in a battle with the government over unpaid taxes and the illegal use of microwave broadcasting frequencies.

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Africa's Mugabe stance slammed
23/03/2004 20:30  - (SA)

Dar Es Salaam - German President Johannes Rau on Tuesday criticised African
countries for supporting Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe despite his poor
human rights record, describing the solidarity as "misconceived democracy."

"I understand that it is hard for some African leaders to criticise their
neighbours with whom they once fought alongside in the struggle against
colonialism, racism and oppression," Rau said in a speech delivered at
Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation (MNF) on "Charting Africa's Path into the 21st
Century - Reflections from a German Perspective."

"But those who, like President Mugabe, have nothing but contempt for
principles of democracy and rule of law, and who bring their countries
disaster and ruin, have in my view forfeited any claim to solidarity with
their neighbours," Rau said.

"Misconceived solidarity takes a terrible toll on millions, who find
themselves victims of new injustice that destroys their hope, their
livelihoods and even their lives," Rau added.

He said that Germany would continue supporting Africa to enable it live in
peace, prosperity and dignity.

"To help, where help is needed, is not only morally justified, but a
politically stable and economically prosperous Africa is also in our own
interest," he said.

Zimbabwe's High Commissioner (ambassador) to Tanzania, Chippo Zindonga, who
was among the guests in the hall, walked out in protest following Rau's

Rau arrived in Tanzania on Friday on a six-day state visit to the country,
leading an 80-member delegation that includes government officials,
businessmen and journalists.
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Zimbabwe Prohibits Use of Foreign Currency in Country
VOA News
23 Mar 2004, 18:28 UTC

Zimbabwe's central bank has declared it illegal for people to use foreign
currency to pay for goods and services within the country.
In a statement Tuesday, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe said the Zimbabwe
dollar is the only legal tender in the country.

It said it is concerned that some individuals and companies are charging
their local customers for goods in a foreign currency.

The bank says the practice has become endemic especially for those trading
with foreign embassies, international organizations, and non-government

Zimbabwe is facing a severe shortage of cash which has caused inflation
rates to soar. The crisis has led to a black market, where foreign currency,
especially the U.S. dollar, can sell for many times more than the official
exchange rate.

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Daily News
Zim police concocted 'fiction' in key political murder trial, says judge

THE the media spotlight on the high-profile treason trial of Zimbabwe's
opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, little attention has been paid to a
crucial case in Bulawayo featuring a murdered war veteran, six accused
opposition activists, high political intrigue and gross miscarriages of
Politics rather than the law have dominated the case of Cain Nkala, Bulawayo
chairman of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans' Association, a
paramilitary group at the frontline of President Robert Mugabe's violent
campaign against the opposition and chaotic land reform.

The state claims that Nkala was slain by Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) activists - including Member of Parliament Fletcher Dulini-Ncube - in
November 2001 in retaliation for the disappearance the previous year of one
of their polling agents. The MDC says he was killed by the ruling Zanu PF
party, as he was about to implicate its local leaders in the agent's death.

Earlier this month - in a victory for the accused men - the trial judge
ruled key aspects of the police's case to be "works of fiction".

The exhumation of Nkala's body from a shallow grave on 13 November 2001 was
captured live by state television and broadcast repeatedly under the title
"Fighting Terrorism". It prompted the mass arrest of MDC activists ahead of
the March 2002 election, and the burning of MDC offices.

The six accused men are: Dulini-Ncube; MDC director of security Sonny
Masera; Army Zulu; Remember Moyo; Kethani Sibanda; and Sazini Mpofu. They
deny the charge, claiming that they are being politically persecuted and
that some were tortured by police to write false confessions.

The activists have been treated very badly, held for years in dreadful
prison conditions. Court orders obtained at various stages for the release
of the accused, including one from Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku, have
been ignored by the police and prisons.

Prison authorities have refused two of them medical treatment - Dulini-Ncube
for diabetes (he lost an eye as a result); and Remember Moyo, who became ill
with hepatitis recently. One of his lawyers, Raymond Moyo, said last month
his client was seriously ill, losing weight, having difficulty eating and in
great pain. All efforts to secure treatment have been thwarted:

"It is unbelievable that the prison authorities can afford to watch him
suffer like that".

The state's evidence hinges significantly on the testimony of Sibanda and
Mpofu, two MDC accused who were paraded on television "discovering" Nkala's
body. They admitted his murder in statements that they retracted days later,
saying they had been made under torture. In the video footage, Sibanda's
shirt is torn and appears blood-spattered.

Earlier this month High Court Judge Sandra Mungwira ruled that confessions
by three of the accused could not be admitted as evidence as they were made
under duress. She also forbade the submission of the video. In a "trial
within a trial" Justice Mungwira found police accounts to be fraught with
inconsistencies and state witnesses to have:

"...conducted themselves in a shameless fashion and displayed utter contempt
for the due administration of justice to the extent that they were prepared
to indulge in what can only be described as works of fiction, as is
especially illustrated by the state of (the) investigations diary".

It was a victory for the defence team, hinting at possible acquittal of the
"Bulawayo six" when the year-long trial finally reaches a conclusion.

The Nkala saga began nearly four years ago, a week before the June 2000
general elections. Patrick Nabanyama was abducted by war veterans, including
Nkala, on 19 June and never seen again. He was a polling agent for David
Coltart, a human rights lawyer, MP and MDC shadow justice spokesman.

Nabanyama's disappearance occurred in the context of the violent oppression
by Zanu PF of a new but growing opposition, which went on to win nearly half
of the popular vote in the 2000 general election, which the international
and regional community slated as unfair and unfree. The routine
intimidation, abduction, torture and murder of mainly MDC supporters
continues today.

The MDC had a good idea of who abducted Nabanyama, and Coltart pushed hard
for the police to prosecute. Several war veterans were arrested, Nkala among
them, and charged with kidnapping. Not long afterwards, says Coltart:

"We started receiving information that Nkala was fed up with being
prosecuted when he had in fact handed Patrick over to senior Zanu PF guys.
He wanted to spill the beans".

The veterans' kidnapping trial was repeatedly remanded during 2001 and on 5
November Nkala was also abducted from his home. An intensive investigation
was launched by the police.

A few days later the government declared Nkala's disappearance to be an MDC
plot backed by a white MP - Coltart, who Mugabe later branded a "terrorist"
at Nkala's funeral in Heroes Acre in Harare on 18 November. But he was out
of the country at the time and so in the clear.

Ten MDC activists were arrested on 11 November and that evening, Zimbabwe's
vice president appeared on television again accusing Coltart of being behind
Nkala's abdudction. The next day Coltart's campaign manager, Simon Spooner,
was arrested and held in solitary confinement for five weeks.

On 13 November - within hours of the arrest of MDC staffer Kethani Sibanda -
the police, Sibanda and fellow suspect Mpofu, a pathologist and ZTV
television crew set off for a farm near Solusi University outside Bulawayo,
Zimbabwe's second city and a hotbed of opposition support.

Sibanda claims that he was tortured and paid to "point out" Nkala's grave
and to confess: police say his statement was voluntary. The defence argues
that police already knew where the corpse lay - they notified the
pathologist to travel to Bulawayo before obtaining Sibanda's "confession".

Nkala's widow, Sikhumbuzo Mguni, was unable to identify the MDC activists as
among the eight men she says drove up to their home after Nkala returned at
8pm on 5 November, called him out into the street and abducted him. She was
kept under tight security, unable to talk to the media.

On 15 November, a private aircraft in which Coltart was traveling from
Harare to Bulawayo was ordered back under threat of being shot down by the
Air Force. He and the pilot were detained for some time by armed police and
intelligence agents before being allowed to proceed. Soon afterwards Coltart
and his family fled their home after threats that it would be attacked.

According to news reports, the next day Zanu PF militia marched to the MDC's
Bulawayo offices and burnt them down. The mob was escorted by police, and
prevented the fire brigade from fighting the blaze. MDC supporters
retaliated, clashing with police and setting fire to a building belonging to
a Zanu PF official. In the townships, houses were stoned and burned as Zanu
PF supporters launched reprisals against suspected MDC supporters.

At this early stage there were already reports suggesting that Nkala could
have been killed by his colleagues. The Standard, a respected independent
weekly newspaper, reported members of the Nkala family saying they believed
the murderers were Zanu PF stalwarts threatened by the war veteran leader.
Other relatives said he was killed by fellow war veterans.

One said Nkala had been preparing to flee to Britain because he believed his
life was in danger for opposing the use of violence during Zanu PF
campaigns. Another said Nkala called out the names of his abductors, who
were known to be local war veterans. Another said that other veterans who
were anti-violence had also been targeted for attack by hard-line fellow

In May 2002 the trial of war veterans involved in Nabanyama's disappearance
got underway. But they were charged with murder, not kidnapping. They
admitting helping to kidnap the polling agent but said they handed him over
to the late Nkala: in the absence of Nkala and contradicting evidence, all
were acquitted.

The Nkala trial began in February 2003. The "trial within a trial" was held
to determine whether police had forced three of the accused - Sibanda, Moyo
and Mpofu - to make confessions and "lead" police to Nkala's body. In their
evidence police denied exerting undue influence.

In her judgment on 2 March this year Justice Mungwira said the evidence of
state witnesses lacked coherence, and she labeled some liars and others
unreliable. She also found that fears expressed by the defence, although at
times exaggerated, were reasonable:

"The failure by the police to conduct any investigations which might have
corroborated, or alternatively proved unreliable the facts of the complaint,
it is argued, is suspicious and indicative of a failure to carry out simple
standard police procedure, and point(s) to the probability that it was
deliberate and designed to ensure that no evidence came to light that might
exonerate the accused."

This column is provided by the International Bar Association - an
organisation that represents the Law Societies and Bar Associations around
the world, and works to uphold the rule of law. For further information,
visit the website

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DA shows Zim concern
23/03/2004 18:19  - (SA)

Cape Town - The Democratic Alliance is deeply concerned by Zimbabwe's ruling
Zanu-PF party's latest attempt to manipulate the outcome of the next
parliamentary election in Zimbabwe, DA national chairperson Joe Seremane
said on Tuesday.

"Concerns arise from recent moves by Zanu-PF to amend the Electoral Act,
giving the Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC) extensive powers with
regard to the funding and provision of voter education," he said in a

Non-government organisations (NGOs) and other interested parties involved in
voter education in Zimbabwe had reacted with outrage, arguing that proposed
amendments to the Act were calculated to reinforce Zanu-PF's "iron grip on

The proposed amendments included that no person could embark on voter
education unless he or she was a Zimbabwean citizen and that people involved
in voter education should do so in accordance with a programme of
instructions issued by the ESC. Any person or organisation found guilty of
not complying with these instructions would be liable for a fine or

Foreign funding can only be distributed by the ESC, and all direct foreign
funding to NGOs are banned. Postal ballots are limited to Zanu-PF
functionaries such as diplomatic staff and military personnel.

Seremane said the proposed amendments gave Zanu-PF the power to control the
form and content of voter education, a "terrifying prospect given the ruling
party's history of using state resources and state-sponsored violence to
quash any possible resistance to its rule.

"The DA calls on the South African government to take proactive measures to
ensure that Zanu-PF knows that making nonsense of the principle of free and
fair elections and the protocols of the African Union, Pan-African
parliament and the Southern African Development Community, will not be

The South African public would view any defence of Zanu-PF's tactics by
South Africa as tacit support, or at the least extreme political naivety.

South Africa deserved a government that would do everything in its power to
protect democracy in its most important regional neighbour, Seremane said.
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Cops swarm Zim hearing
23/03/2004 20:31  - (SA)

Kodzevu Sithole

Harare - A heavy presence of military, intelligence, plainclothes policemen
and prison officers characterised the first public appearance of the 70
mercenaries for their hearing at Chikurubi Maximum Security Prison on

Despite the hearing being held behind the imposing walls of Zimbabwe's most
fortified prison complex - which houses the hardcore criminals of society -
security was beefed up, with military tankers sprinkled around the interior
perimeter walls of the complex.

Armed guards on horseback rode around the perimeter fence. Hoards of prison
officers, some armed, manned the three checkpoints into the prison complex,
where one had to register and provide personal details.

At the third and final checkpoint, a notice stuck on the wall advised prison
officials that there would be no shopping on Tuesday, as all officers were
to report for duty.

Press and the mercenaries' legal team had to endure body and weapons
detection searches before registering for entry. South African Ambassador to
Zimbabwe, Jeremiah Ndou, dismissed the prison officers determination to
search him, saying he carried no weapons.

"You better trust me on that one. I carry no weapons and I will not be
searched," Ndou said.

A workshop was converted into a courtroom for the hearing.

Presiding magistrate Mishrode Guvamombe hardly took 30 minutes to record the
charges being filed against the 70 mercenaries, who were remanded in custody
to April 13, 2004.

The men, some in sandals, slippers or barefoot, were in leg irons. Their
handcuffs were removed just before the magistrate entered the courtroom.

More than 100 prison officers were in attendance in the courtroom, with
members of the Central Intelligence Organisation, officials from the
Zimbabwe Republic Police's Law and Order section and ordinary police offers
also in attendance.

Representing the state, chief law officer Mary Zimba-Dube read out the
charges: Simon Francis Mann and 69 others for contravening the Firearms Act
through a conspiracy to purchase and possess firearms without a firearms
certificate and conspiracy to purchase and possess ammunition without a
firearms certificate.

Jaap Niel Steyl and 66 others for contravening the Aviation (Air Aviation)
regulations by making a false statement or declaration to an official of the
Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe.

Simon Mann and 69 others for contravening the Public Order and Security Act
by conspiring and attempting to possess dangerous weapons (two counts) and
contravening the Immigration Act.

Jonathan Samkange, one of the lawyers representing the 70, said the charges
against his clients carried a maximum fine of Z$200 000.

"Where the legislature has prescribed a fine and then a prison sentence as
an option, it is obligatory for the court to first sentence one to the fine,
and that will be the case in this incident," Samkange said.
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My Telus

      Tuesday, Mar 23, 2004

70 suspected mercenaries ordered held in Zimbabwe after first court

      CHIKURUBI PRISON, Zimbabwe (AP) - A magistrate on Tuesday ordered 70
men accused of plotting a coup in Equatorial Guinea to remain in custody at
their initial appearance in a makeshift court set up in prison.
      Dressed in green shorts and shirts, the men, some of them manacled and
shackled, sat on benches as Magistrate Mishrod Guvamombe presided from
behind a table at the front of the room in the maximum-security Chikurubi

      The suspects, who include South Africans, Namibians, Angolans,
Congolese, a Zimbabwean and a British national, were arrested when their
aging Boeing 727 landed at Harare International Airport on March 7. Most are
former members of South Africa's apartheid-era military forces.

      Authorities allege that Spanish-based rebel leader Severo Moto offered
them $1.8 million US and oil rights to overthrow the government in
Equatorial Guinea, a former Spanish colony. Another 14 suspected mercenaries
have been detained in that west African country.

      The men say they were on their way to security jobs at mining
operations in eastern Congo.

      Prosecutor Mary Dube said a three-member advance team led by Simon
Mann, a former member of Britain's elite Special Air Service regiment, had
tried to buy weapons from the state arms manufacturer.

      She said they handed over a $90,000 advance on Feb. 8 toward $180,000
worth of machine guns, anti-tank weapons and ammunition.

      When the plane with its 64 passengers and three-member flight crew
landed, it refuelled and taxied over to a nearby military airfield to
collect the weapons, she said. It was then impounded by Zimbabwe

      Five charges were read out to the suspects Tuesday, including
conspiring to carry out a coup with weapons purchased in Zimbabwe.

      They were also accused of violating Zimbabwe's immigration, firearms
and security laws. If convicted, they could face life in prison.

      Allegations they conspired to murder Equatorial Guinea's President
Teodoro Obiang Ngeuma and his bodyguards were dropped at the last minute,
along with subversion and terrorism charges.

      The men were not asked to enter a plea before they were ordered held
until their next appearance April 13.

      A handful of relatives at the hearing waved and smiled at the accused,
but they weren't allowed to get close enough to touch them as they were
hustled out of the room.

      Security was tight for the hearing, even though it took place inside
the prison, with its nine-metre-high walls topped with razor wire. Police
mounted on horseback guarded the gates with automatic rifles, and the some
200 spectators were carefully searched.

      Defence lawyer Jonathan Samkange said his clients had been
"professionally handled" since being handed over to police March 10, but he
complained about their treatment by soldiers who initially detained them. He
said some of the men were assaulted and thrown off the aircraft and denied
food and water.

      Defence lawyers had asked Harare's High Court to order authorities to
try the men in open court, but the request was turned down Monday. Prison
authorities argued the men were a flight risk and said there was only one
truck to drive them about 25 kilometres to Magistrate's Court.

      © The Canadian Press, 2004
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Press Release

SAMP wishes to announce the publication of its latest Migration Policy
Series Paper (No. 29) entitled "The New Brain Drain from Zimbabwe."
paper can be ordered from:

Southern African Migration Project
Southern African Research Centre
152 Albert Street
Queen's University
Kingston ON K7L 3N6 Canada


fax: +613 533-2171

or downloaded for free at:


All signs point to the existence of a renewed exodus of skilled Zimbabweans
from the country.  Although the precise dimensions and impacts of the
Zimbabwean brain drain have yet to be determined,  the education and health
sectors appear to be the hardest hit although professionals in other sectors
have also been leaving in large numbers.

SAMP recently undertook a representative survey of skilled Zimbabweans
living in Zimbabwe to determine their level of dissatisfaction with living
and working conditions in their home country and to assess the future
emigration potential of skilled people who still remain.  The respondents
were interviewed to obtain information on personal and household economic
circumstances; attitudes towards current and future economic, social and
political circumstances;  likelihood of emigration in the future; and
attitudes towards measures designed to keep them in the country.

The first significant finding is that 57% of the sampled population have
given a great deal of thought to emigrating from Zimbabwe (with another 29%
having given the matter some thought).  Only 13% have given it no
consideration.  A comparison with South Africa is germane since that country
is widely believed to be undergoing a crippling brain drain.  In South
Africa, only 31% of the skilled population have given a great deal of
thought to emigrating, with 31% having not thought about it at all.

In terms of gender breakdown, more women than men have given a great deal of
thought to emigrating (62% versus 54%), which is the opposite of the South
African scenario.  In age terms, it is Zimbabweans in the 25-35 age group
who have given most thought to emigrating.  Nevertheless, levels of
dissatisfaction are so high that the majority in each age group have given
at least some thought to leaving. Thinking about leaving and actually doing
so are not the same thing. The survey sought to establish the extent to
which skilled Zimbabweans have made a mental commitment to leaving within a
certain time frame.   Over a quarter (27%) said it was likely or very likely
that they would leave in six months.  Fifty five percent were committed to
emigrating within the next two years.  And 67% said they were committed to
emigrating within the next five years.

The firmest indication of migration potential is whether a person has acted
on their desires by applying for emigration documentation.  The survey found
that nearly 20% of the resident skilled population had either applied for or
were in the process of applying for a work permit in another country.

These are sobering statistics, unmatched in any other country in the region
in which SAMP has done similar research on the brain drain.  They suggest
that the pool of future emigrants in Zimbabwe remains massive.

Another question concerns the permanence of emigration.  Are people so
disillusioned that they wish to leave forever or would they return if
conditions improved for them at home?  The survey found that only 25% wished
to leave temporarily (for less than 2 years).  As many as 43% said they
would leave for more than 5 years.

Why are so many skilled people planning to leave?   The survey sought to
obtain the opinions of skilled Zimbabweans themselves, to statistically
measure levels and forms of dissatisfaction and disillusionment and relate
these to high emigration potential.

The survey discovered extremely high levels of dissatisfaction with the cost
of living, taxation, availability of goods, and salaries.  But the
dissatisfaction goes deeper than economic circumstances to include housing,
medical services, education and a viable future for children.   Asked about
the future, there was deep pessimism amongst skilled Zimbabweans, with the
vast majority convinced that their personal economic circumstances would
only get worse.  They were also convinced that social and public services
would decline further.

The respondents were also asked about their perceptions of political
conditions in the country.  Here, too, there was considerable negativity and
pessimism.  Ratings of government performance were extremely low.

Various measures have been mooted in Zimbabwe with a view to keeping skilled
people in the country, including compulsory national service and bonding.  A
coercive approach to the brain drain has not worked particularly well
elsewhere.  The survey showed that such measures would only add to the
burden of discontent and for around 70% of respondents would make absolutely
no difference to their emigration intentions.

Zimbabwe faces an immense challenge in stemming the exodus to other
countries within Africa and oversees.  The basic conclusion of this study is
that coercive measures will not work and that the best way to curb the high
rates of skilled labour migration lies in addressing the economic
fundamentals of the country which will ultimately improve living standards.
Regrettably, skilled Zimbabweans seem very pessimistic that this will happen
in the foreseeable future.
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Sent: Tuesday, March 23, 2004 9:05 PM
Subject: MDC PRESS: Mayor Mudzuri Walks Out of Bogus Hearing




23 March 2004
Mudzuri Walks Out of Bogus Hearing


Suspended Executive Mayor of Harare, Engineer Elias Mudzuri, was today summoned to appear before a committee that was constituted by Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Dr. Ignatius Chombo to inquire into the allegations of misconduct against him. However, the committee refused to provide a copy of the report upon which the allegations of misconduct arose. Chombo has previously ignored a request for the same report by Engineer Mudzuri.


Engineer Mudzuri felt that the hearing could not proceed without him having had access to a copy of the report raising the allegations of misconduct against him, as he would not be in a position to assist the committee without knowing the allegations that are being levelled against him. The committee decided to continue with the hearing in the absence of Engineer Mudzuri.


It is puzzling why both Chombo and the committee would deny Engineer Mudzuri a copy of the report which contains the allegations levelled against him.  We are, therefore left with no choice but to conclude that the suspension of Engineer Mudzuri is a political ploy by the failed Zanu PF regime to discredit the MDC and its officials and run the affairs of the City of Harare through the back door.


Within a short space of time after his election, Engineer Mudzuri embarked on a clean-up campaign to bring back Harare’s Sunshine City status, much to the applause of the residents of Harare. All major roads were repaired and council was in the process of putting in place systems that would ensure efficient delivery of service.


All the gains made during the term of office of Engineer Mudzuri have been eroded and the city has relapsed into a state of decay as large volumes of waste go uncollected, potholes have resurfaced, residents continue to experience incessant water cuts, while street lighting has not been repaired as a result of Chombo’s interference which is aided by Sekesai Makwavarara.


Chombo should be reminded that the residents of Harare cannot be taken for a ride, and should be warned against his continued tempering with the people’s democratic choice by fabricating charges against a legitimately elected leader.


We would want to warn all elements of oppression that one day the will of the people will prevail, and that some citizens will be called upon to account for their actions.



Paul Themba Nyathi

Secretary for Information and Publicity

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Comment from The Cape Times, 23 March

Llandudno residents' small sacrifice is the Zimbabwe nation's gain

By John Scott

All those Llandudno residents upset at the idea of Robert Mugabe's finance minister setting up mansion in their suburb, or even Mugabe moving in himself, should realise theirs is a small sacrifice to make for the greater benefit of Zimbabwe. The more Mugabe and his cabinet can be encouraged to settle in the Cape, the better the chances of Zimbabwe recovering from the last few years of dictatorship. Let them all live here, and try to rule in exile. Zimbabwe's people will be eternally grateful to us for helping them regain their own freedom, and we'll hardly notice the politicians who have caused them so much grief. They'll probably use their new luxury quarters to entertain our country's leaders, in gratitude for their being so quietly diplomatic. Christopher Kuruneri, newly appointed by Mugabe to spearhead Zimbabwe's economic recovery, has begun by spending an estimated R30 million on the palatial seaside home at Llandudno. The idea is to show the world how much foreign capital Zimbabwe really has, so long as nobody brings it into the country. All those top businessmen charged with exporting currency from Zimbabwe made the mistake of importing it first. Kuruneri demonstrated the correct procedure. You acquire the money in another country, and invest it straight into South Africa, thereby avoiding the tiresome business of involving Zimbabwe at all. So we score as well. It's a win-win situation.

I spoke to a senior Zimbabwean government official about the Llandudno mansion. "I'm particularly interested to know why it's got eight bathrooms," I said. "Eight seems a bit excessive." "Not at all," said the man I shall call Max. "You cannot have too many bathrooms when you keep having to wash your hands to prove they are clean." "And the R1.5m-stereo system?" I asked. "It's chiefly to drown out the sound of protest and other unwanted noises, seeing that we can't beat up people here who offend us," Max explained. "Then why settle in the Cape, where you have to put up with democracy and the rule of law?" I persisted. "Surely it will cramp your government's style?" "We like the peace here," said Max. "We won't have the masses demanding land that we have already reallocated to ministers, generals and other VIPs. There's lots of petrol available, there aren't starving millions who blame us for the collapse of agriculture, and with permanent South African residence we'll be able to travel again. "In fact it would be perfect if only the newspapers didn't report what we are up to. At home we would just close them down, but here will try to persuade your government to act against the media on our behalf." "How will you do that?" "A bit of quiet diplomacy. How do you think we set this all up in the first place?"

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The Herald

Parliament resumes

Herald Reporter
PARLIAMENT resumes sitting today after a short break and is expected to
deliberate on a number of issues and motions of national importance.

The House is expected to take note of the first report of the Portfolio
Committee on Health and Child Welfare as well as the first report of the
Portfolio Committee on Youth Development, Gender and Employment Creation on
the national youth service training centres.

Members of Parliament are also expected to debate President Mugabe's opening
address at the official opening of the Fourth Session of the Fifth
Parliament of Zimbabwe mid-last year that touched on a number of issues
affecting the country.

Before adjourning last month, Parliament passed the Land Acquisition
Amendment Bill, which is now law. The Bill sought to remove some bottlenecks
in relation to the acquisition of land for resettlement.

It generated heated debate in the House with ruling Zanu-PF MPs supporting
it while opposition MDC legislators were against it. Parliament also
ratified the African Union Peace and Security Council , which has been set
up to end conflicts that ravage the continent.

In addition to the AU Peace and Security Council, the Pan-African Parliament
was inaugurated last week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Five Zimbabwean MPs, together with 180 others from 36 fellow African
countries, were sworn in to sit in the continental parliament last week.

The five legislators are Zanu-PF chief whip Cde Joram Gumbo, Mt Darwin South
MP Cde Saviour Kasukuwere (Zanu-PF), Chivi South MP Cde Charles Majange
(Zanu-PF), Gwanda North MP Mr Paul Themba Nyathi (MDC) and Mufakose MP Ms
Paurina Mpariwa (MDC).
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The Herald

Fuel queues resurface in Harare

Herald Reporter
FUEL queues have resurfaced in Harare as a result of the failure by some
companies to get foreign currency on the foreign currency auction floor, the
Petroleum Marketers' Association of Zimbabwe spokesperson, Mr Masimba
Kambarami, said yesterday.

He said some of the fuel importing companies have had their bids turned down
at the auction floor, thereby leaving them without the means to import fuel.

"The majority of bids by fuel suppliers to get foreign currency from the
auction have been turned down and those that are selling fuel are some of
the companies that got foreign currency.

"Another reason is that filling stations are charging different pump prices
and obviously motorists buy from those filling stations that sell the fuel
at a cheaper pump price," Mr Kambarami said.

He said the queues at some filling stations would disappear as soon as more
fuel importers get foreign currency.

Mr Kambarami said his association was looking at establishing a "Special
Purpose Vehicle Company" that would access foreign currency on behalf of all
the other fuel importing companies.

"Currently each fuel company gets its foreign currency directly from the
auction and some are failing to get the required foreign currency to import

"The Special Purpose Vehicle Company will aggregate the requirement of
foreign currency for all the fuel-importing companies and place orders for
the different companies each week or every month," Mr Kambarami said.

He said plans to implement the Special Purpose Vehicle Company were at an
advanced stage and it is hoped that the company would get preferential
treatment at the auction floors.

He said there were different pump prices at the filling stations because of
the variables in landing costs.

"Those companies that import via the pipeline would sell their fuel at a
cheaper price than those who import through the road vehicles. However with
the new system fuel would be obtained in bulk and at a cheaper price," Mr
Kambarami said.

Bids are turned down for a variety of reasons at the auction floors, one of
them being that a bidder may offer a price lower than the accepted levels.

The introduction of the foreign currency auction system at the beginning of
the year was envisaged to benefit the critical fuel importation sector.

A survey by The Herald revealed that there were few filling stations selling
petrol at between $2 750 and $3 000 a litre.

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The Herald

Residents in demo against power cuts

KUWADZANA residents on Sunday staged a demonstration against power cuts that
have been affecting the suburb for the past month.

Scores of angry residents impounded a Zimbabwe Electrical Supply Authority
vehicle in a stand-off with technicians who had come to repair a

The rowdy crowd vowed not to let the technicians leave the area with their
vehicle until they had restored supplies.

Ms Cynthia Ndlovu said: "I have gone for many days without ironing my
clothes. I work for a very reputable company."

A Zesa official said power cuts experienced in Kuwadzana this month were due
to oil that vandals drained from a transformer at one of the sub-stations in
Tynwald South.

"We replaced the transformer and last night a technical fault, which
resulted in the power cut occurred in that transformer," said the official.

"A technical team is working flat out to rectify the fault."

"We have been experiencing black-outs on a daily basis. The situation is now
unbearable considering the huge amounts we are paying for electricity every
month," said an irate Mr Charles Chimuka.

Mr Aleck Bonzo said: "We are paying $40 000 but we are not getting adequate
service for our hard-earned money. They must take into consideration that we
bought paraffin for $15 000 per family for the past week."

Zesa appealed to residents to work with its theft squad to curb vandalism of
its equipment.

"We keep getting reports of vandalism of Zesa equipment especially
transformers," said Mr Chimuka.

"We think the company should act by tightening up its security in areas
where these transformers are situated." - New Ziana.
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The Herald

Chinamasa on regime change

Herald Reporter
POWERFUL countries that design regime changes for Zimbabwe like what was
recently done in Haiti and was to happen in Equatorial Guinea, will do so at
their peril as they will face certain defeat, a Cabinet Minister has said.

The Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs, Cde Patrick
Chinamasa, was speaking at the 60th Session of the United Nations Commission
on Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland last week.

Cde Chinamasa said Zimbabwe would vigorously reject the use of human rights
as a tool for overthrowing its Government so that Western countries could
rebuild the country as they wished.

"We recall and say these things in order to expose the hypocrisy and double
standards that characterise the attitude of the British and their Western
allies over issues of human rights," said Cde Chinamasa.

He said such countries proclaimed themselves paragons of virtue, champions
and practitioners of human rights and yet they were the worst violators
against people of colour.

Said Cde Chinamasa: "They say they are democrats and that their mission is
to promote democratic principles.

"And yet in the dead of the night they allow their intelligence services to
sponsor, finance, instigate and inspire political assassinations and bloody
mercenary coups against democratically elected governments especially on the
African continent in order to effect regime change."

Cde Chinamasa said the story of Zimbabwe was that of land, but the land
question had disappeared from the Western countries' discourse unless if it
highlighted the plight of the former white land owners and to blame food
shortages and the economic difficulties in the country on the land
redistribution programme.

"The Western world is all too ready to tell all those who care to listen
about Zimbabwe's economic problems, without disclosing the fact that the
once vibrant economy has been destroyed by the illegal economic sanctions
imposed by Britain, the United States and their Western allies," he said.

When the country embarked on a land reform programme to compulsorily acquire
back its land from the white minority for redistribution to the landless
blacks, the same forces that opposed Zimbabweans during the liberation
struggle were confronting the country today.

The minister said in Zimbabwe, there were self-proclaimed human rights
organisations and defenders who were all inspired and sponsored by the
British and Western governments whose major thrust was to demonise the
Government of Zimbabwe, defy the law and pursue a programme of regime

Cde Chinamasa said Zimbabwe remains committed to the goal of full enjoyment
of human rights by all its people without regard to their station in life.

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Business Day

Zimbabwe could ban graffiti


A POPULAR outlet of political expression in Zimbabwe, graffiti, may be
banned this week.

Proposed amendments to the Electoral Act, which include giving the state
control over voter education, were contained in a bill published last week
and due to be debated in parliament, the Zimbabwean state-run daily Herald
newspaper has reported.

According to the Herald, the bill also seeks to make writing political
graffiti in public places an offence punishable by a fine or imprisonment of
up to five years.

Zimbabwe's city walls are full of graffiti, much of it in support of the
opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Graffiti is also
a social voice, used to register complaints about poverty and injustice.

It has been one of the last means of political expression for Zimbabweans,
as access to more formal forums, such as a free press and the legal
distribution of political leaflets, is denied.

The proposed amendments to the Electoral Act, which include giving the state
control over voter education, were contained in a bill published last week
and due to be debated in parliament, the Herald reported.

The announcement comes at a time when the MDC has threatened to boycott next
year's polls unless certain conditions, including an independent electoral
commission, are met.

The proposed amendments include the banning of foreign donations for voter
education unless they are made through the state-appointed electoral
supervisory commission.

The opposition has demanded more than a dozen conditions be met before it is
willing to participate in next year's elections, including that the poll be
held in accordance with standards set for the region, and the repeal of
strict press and security laws.

A spokesman for the MDC, William Bango, says the proposed electoral laws fly
in the face of the opposition's demands that the laws be reformed.

Instead, they are set to become even more biased in favour of the ruling
party, the MDC says.

Mar 23 2004 07:31:15:000AM Sarah Hudleston and Sapa-AFP Business Day 1st
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Business Day

Suspicion over Zimbabwe arms sale to mercenaries'


Harare Correspondent

HARARE State-owned Zimbabwe Defence Industries (ZDI) has been under pressure
to clarify its role in a murky arms deal that involved the sale of a large
consignment of weapons to the alleged mercenaries held in Harare.

Although officials in Harare claim ZDI sold the weapons as part of a trap to
net the suspected mercenaries, potentially embarrassing questions are being
asked over the state arms manufacturer's role in their capture.

It is suspected that ZDI was ready to sell weapons to the suspects but
backtracked after the suspects' plane had been intercepted by Zimbabwean
officials after a tip-off from SA.

ZDI insiders say that the firm had been involved in a number of direct arms
sales and brokerage on behalf of third parties.

While there has been no public admission that ZDI sold the weapons to trap
the alleged mercenaries, the firm's involvement in the Sri Lankan arms
disappearance case in 1997 has fuelled suspicion that this latest episode
could be another deal gone wrong. A ship carrying a ZDI consignment of 32398
mortar bombs disappeared in 1997, allegedly on its way to Sri Lanka with
arms for that country's army under a US6m government-togovernment deal.

However, investigations into the fate of the ship, Stillius Limasol, which
was supposed to be carrying the military hardware, revealed that there was
no ship registered by that name.

Claims that the rebel Tamil Tigers intercepted the weapons failed to stick.

Officials in Colombo accused senior officers in the Sri Lankan army and ZDI
of arranging the disappearance to defraud the Sri Lankan government. ZDI
denied the charge.

Burundi's FDD rebels were in Zimbabwe a few years ago looking for arms,
ammunition and defence uniforms.

ZDI sold the suspected mercenaries a consignment of 61 AK47 assault rifles
and 45000 rounds of ammunition, 10 Browning pistols and 500 x 9mm rounds of
ammunition, and 20 PKM light machine guns plus 30000 rounds of ammunition.
It also sold 100 RPG-7 antitank weapons, two 60mm mortar tubes, 80 60mm
mortar bombs, 1500 grenades and 20 flares.

Meanwhile, it was confirmed yesterday that the 67 suspects and three plane
crew members held in Harare would appear in court today.

Defence lawyer Jonathan Samkange said his clients would appear in court at
Chikurubi maximum security prison, where they are detained, at 9 am.

High court Judge Tadias Karwi ruled yesterday that the trial should be held
in prison but in open court.

The suspects have been in detention since their arrest in Harare on March 7
allegedly on their way to Equatorial Guinea to oust President Teodoro Obiang
Nguema Mbasogo and install rebel leader Severo Moto.

Six charges have been laid against them: conspiring to possess weapons of
war, conspiring to murder Obiang, possession of weaponry, violating
Zimbabwe's immigration laws, and attempting to overthrow a foreign

Mar 23 2004 07:31:15:000AM Dumisani Muleya Business Day 1st Edition

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--> Government to Recommend Acceptable Water Charges

The Herald (Harare)

March 22, 2004
Posted to the web March 22, 2004


GOVERNMENT is today expected to make a ruling on water charges to be levied
on residents of Harare, Chitungwiza, Norton, Ruwa and Epworth following
complaints by residents of the towns over huge water bills running into
hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Cde
Ignatius Chombo, confirmed to The Herald yesterday that the Cabinet
committee on infrastructure, water and energy would meet today to recommend
acceptable charges.

He said the meeting would comprise representatives from all the affected
satellite towns and the Zimbabwe National Water Authority.

Harare residents pay far less than those of the smaller towns, an issue that
has raised the ire of the residents in those areas, who argue that they were
being made to subsidise Harare residents.

Harare currently sells water to the four towns at $3 952 per cubic metre.
The towns charge an extra 25 percent handling fee.

Harare's wholesale charges would be increased to $7 904 in April, $15 000 in
July and $31 316 in October.

Cde Chombo last week directed Harare Governor Cde Witness Mangwende to find
a solution to the water charges variance.

Last month some residents in Chitungwiza received shocking water bills, with
amounts ranging from $300 000 to $800 000 bill.

The residents said the charges were unrealistic and resolved not to pay the

Meanwhile, inept council officials have been blamed for the high cost of
water treatment as it emerged that the officials, who were responsible for
the construction of Firle 5 sewage treatment works, approved a defective
sewage plant to be commissioned.

At least $2 billion is now needed to rehabilitate the plant.

Sources in council said officials responsible for the construction of Firle
5, a plant that has been condemned because of massive defects, allowed the
commissioning of the plant before ascertaining whether it was up to

"Some of the defects are resulting in the pollution of our water sources,
hence the high budget for water treatment chemicals," said the source.

In 1998 the water budget was $400 million but it has shot up to $815 billion
in the 2004 estimates.

The sources said sewage digesters at the plant have never functioned from
the date the plant was commissioned.

The sources allege that some of the equipment to monitor oxygen levels were
never installed although they were allegedly purchased.

Accusations are that the effluent pumps that were installed on the plant
only functioned for two years yet their minimum life span should be 10 to 15

The pumps were not designed for sewage treatment but for water reticulation

The sources said the responsible engineers should have checked whether the
job was done to specifications. The checks were supposed to be done before
the plant was commissioned.

Firle 5 is supposed to receive 72 megalitres of raw sewage and should
dispose 65 megalitres into the water bodies as treated sewage.

But because the plant is defective the 65 megalitres disposed into the river
system does not comply with the Zimbabwe Water Authority's discharge

The sources said the reporting structure in the water management system was
allegedly changed to suit the plant supervisors.

Instead of the chief chemist reporting to the engineer, it was altered with
superintendents now reporting to engineers.

"In the whole world the treatment process of water and sewage is supposed to
be controlled by an engineer whose qualification is normally in chemical
engineering or a chemist." a source said.

An engineer with Harare City Council said if the situation was allowed to
continue it could result in water shortages. Town Clerk Mr Nomutsa Chideya
said council had a plan to rehabilitate the plant and was currently sourcing
money to do the job.

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