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Police raid MDC-T offices, officials flee

Saturday, 26 March 2011 19:51


POLICE chanting liberation war songs on Saturday raided MDC-T headquarters
at Harvest House in Harare beating up party activists from Mufakose that had
converged to hold their primary elections.
The police officers are alleged to have failed to gain access into the
building after alert MDC-T security officers sealed the entrance.

The raid comes as Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai yesterday met with South
African President Jacob Zuma over the current arbitrary arrest and
persecution of senior members of MDC-T and human rights defenders.

The motive of the raid is still unknown but it comes in the wake of the
re-arrest last week Friday of Energy and Power Development Minister Elton
Mangoma for alleged abuse of office charges.

Mangoma’s arrest comes amid reports that nine other MDC-T MPs that include
Deputy Prime Minister Thokozani Khupe, Home Affairs co-minister Theresa
Makone, dethroned Speaker of Parliament Lovemore Moyo, Glen View MP Paul
Madzore and Chipinge West MP Sibonile and Nyamudeza are among those also
targeted for arrest.

Party spokesperson Nelson Chamisa yesterday described the raid as a
sustained attack on the MDC-T party.

“We are extremely concerned by the attitude being exhibited to the MDC,”
said Chamisa. “We have become a target for harassment, demonisation and

Efforts to get a comment from the police were fruitless as police
spokesperson Wayne Bvudzijena’s mobile phone went unanswered.

Meanwhile, Tsvangirai’s spokesperson Luke Tamborinyoka yesterday confirmed
that the PM met with Zuma in South Africa to update him on the “dire
situation in Zimbabwe.”

“The PM met Zuma today (Saturday) to update him on the dire situation in the
country and the culture of impunity which has caused a serious threat to the
life and health of inclusive government.”

Tamborinyoka said Tsvangirai this week will take his case to Namibia,
Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania.

Zuma’s advisor for International Relations Lindiwe Zulu also confirmed that
the two leaders met yesterday.

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Makone falls from grace

Saturday, 26 March 2011 19:55


MDC-T Iron lady Theresa Makone (pictured right) has fallen out of grace with
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and there are attempts to sideline her
together with other members of the “Kitchen Cabinet” ahead of the party’s
watershed Congress next month, authoritative sources have said.

Theresa, together with her husband Ian, who is Tsvangirai’s Chief of Staff,
are said to have developed “incompatible personal differences” with the
Prime Minister in the past few months.
At one time, the couple were said to be too close to Tsvangirai for the
comfort of other party members, who accused them of making most of the
crucial decisions that affected the party.

As a result of the differences, said the sources, there is huge plot in the
party to replace Makone as the party’s women’s assembly chaiperson, with
long-serving party member and MP for Dzivarasekwa Evelyn Masaiti.

“Relations between Tsvangirai and the Makones have gone sour,” said one
source. “So there are some senior party members capitalising on it. They no
longer want them to hold senior positions in the party. All along there was
a feeling that they were imposed on the people because they have money.”

Masaiti yesterday could neither deny nor confirm that she was going to
contest Makone.
“I feel that if people want me to take up the position then I will take it,”
said Masaiti. “I will take whatever position people want me to lead.”

Apart from having personal difference with Tsvangirai, sources said, Makone
has lost support because of her infamous visit to the dungeons to see
Presidential Affairs Minister and Zanu PF politburo member Didymus Mutasa’s
son last year.

This is despite that there are so many other MDC-T activists that have been
arrested but she never visited them.

The other problem, said the sources, Makone is viewed as too elitist and
divorced from ordinary women in the party.

Makone and other members of the kitchen cabinet are said to be fighting
strongly against the planned coup ahead of the April congress, expected to
be attended by 5 000 people in Bulawayo.
Repeated efforts to get a comment from Makone were fruitless as she kept
hanging up her mobile phone.

Several other senior party members are also being challenged.

The Standard also understands that Tabitha Khumalo has expressed interests
in contesting Thokozani Khupe for the party’s vice-presidency.

For the second time Ian Makone will compete against Finance Minister Tendai
Biti for the post of secretary general while former trade unionist, Lucia
Matibenga will battle it out with Lovemore Moyo for the national

The party’s deputy organising secretary, Morgan Komichi, Minister of Water
Resources Development and Management, Samuel Sipepa Nkomo and one Gift
Mabhena are said to be eyeing the post of organising secretary, currently
held by former Energy Minister Elias Mudzuri.

But party spokesperson, Chamisa said no nominations have been done yet for
national posts as they are still busy with those for lower structures first.

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Zanu PF hopefuls jostling for seats in Masvingo

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:20


MASVINGO — Jockeying for seats in Zanu PF has reached fever pitch here, with
seasoned politicians facing stiff challenges from party activists who are
hoping that elections would be held sometime this year.
Among the bigwigs who face challenges are ailing party politburo member and
Higher and Tertiary Education minister Stan Mudenge, Copac co-chairperson
Paul Mangwana and Tourism minister Walter Mzembi.

Mudenge will face a challenge from Zanu PF returnee, retired Army Major
Kudzai Mbudzi.
Mbudzi, a former Mavambo senior official, has confirmed that he is
interested in challenging Mudenge in Masvingo North.

“I have come back to Zanu PF and this time I want to stand in Masvingo
North,” declared Mbudzi, a former Zanu PF provincial information secretary.

Mzembi, who is riding high after being crowned the Tourism African Minister
of the Year, may not have it easy in Masvingo South constituency.

An army colonel, Philip Toperesu, is eyeing  his constituency, sources in
Zanu PF said.

Toperesu could not be reached for a comment but a party official said it was
an open secret that he wanted to stand in the constituency if elections are
held. In a telephone interview, Mzembi said he would “not lose sleep over
someone dreaming to be a legislator.”

Mangwana, who is the MP for Chivi Central constituency, faces a challenge
from one Ephraim Gwanongodza, who also hails from the same constituency.

Sources said the challenger, a trade unionist, has the backing of a powerful
Zanu PF Chivi clique that is against Mangwana.

“Of all the senior guys, it is Mangwana who faces the greatest challenge,”
said another source. “Gwanongodza is a little known political quantity but
has the blessings of senior officials who also hail from Chivi.” Former
Masvingo Governer Josiah Hungwe is thought to be among these officials.

Gwanongodza was very confident that he would beat Mangwana in the party’s
primary elections when The Standard reached him for a comment.

“I am no pushover,” said Gwanongodza. “I am here to put up a spirited fight
in the race to represent Zanu PF.”

But Mangwana was equally confident.

“The door is open, everyone is allowed to campaign and stand, but I am ready
for the challenge,” he said. “I am always on the ground.”

In Masvingo Urban, a seat which the MDC-T has held on to, Zanu PF losing
candidate Joosbie Omar’s name has been touted for a potential contest with
TeleAccess boss, Daniel Shumba.

Shumba, who recently returned to Zanu PF, could not be reached for comment
but Omar expressed interest.

Jostling for posts heightened after Zanu PF political commissar Webster
Shamu said there should be no imposition of candidates.

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Police ‘forced’ to sign anti-sanctions petition?

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:20


BULAWAYO — Police authorities in Bulawayo last week allegedly directed
members of the state force to attend the launch of provincial anti-sanctions
programme and append their signatures to the petition calling for the
lifting of the embargo, The Standard has learnt.

However, Police spokesperson Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena denied
that officers were being coerced to sign the petition.

“The anti-sanctions program-me is a voluntary exercise,” said Bvudzijena.
“There is nothing like that (forced to sign).”

The launch was held at Stanley Square in Makokoba suburb and was attended by
over 1 000 people, mostly Zanu PF supporters and members of the security

Sources said prior to the launch of the programme, Officer Commanding
Bulawayo, Senior Assistant Commissioner Stephen Mutamba had allegedly sent a
directive to police camps in the city, urging officers and their spouses to
attend the function.

Officers who spoke to The Standard confirmed being forced to attend the
launch and sign the petition or risk censure.

“We were under order to attend the launch at Makokoba,” said one police
officer who requested anonymity. “It was not mentioned how those who do not
attend to append their signatures will be identified and censured.”

Another officer added: “Authorities at various police stations in the city
were moving around police residences at police stations to check on those
who did not sign the anti-sanctions petition and urging them to go and

The report of police officers being forced to sign the anti-sanctions
petition comes soon after villagers countrywide complained about being
coerced to do the same. Even journalists from the state media have appended
their signatures to the anti-sanction document mostly under duress.

President Robert Mugabe, who launched the anti-sanctions campaign in Harare
recently, said over two million signatures were required to push for the
lifting of the sanctions imposed by the West and the European Union.

Zanu PF said the petition would be submitted to the Southern African
Development Community which would be asked to take it to the African Union.
The continental body in turn is expected to speak with one voice on the
matter at the United Nations.

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Upfumi Kuvadiki targets telecoms firms, media

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:17


Controversial youth empowerment outfit, Upfumi Kuvadiki, says it wants a
stake in the telecommunications sector accusing leading players in the
industry of employing foregners and sub-contracting foreign firms.
The group’s executive last week told journalists that they would soon embark
on a programme to challenge various “flawed” deals, including those in the
telecommunications sector.

“We have realised that there are a lot of flaws in the telecommunications
sector whereby mobile service providers are engaging foreigners saying
Zimbabweans are incapable,” the group’s deputy finance secretary, Wesley
Bvekerwa, said.

He added, “Some are engaging Tanzanian companies to build base stations and
these companies come here and engage Zimbabweans to do the job. Some of our
members have been affected by this. We also have some companies who employ
foreigners in their top positions as if Zimbabweans were incapable.”

Mobile service providers Econet and NetOne have been putting up base
stations in various parts of the country.

Telecel Zimbabwe has Aimable Mpore from Rwanda as its chief executive.

However, all telecommunications companies in Zimbabwe are controlled by
locals, with minority foreign stakes.

The grouping said it would go to the courts and also approach Parliament on
these issues.
Alson Darikai, the group’s spokesperson said Upfumi Kuvadiki was going to
take some action soon.
“In the next few days, you will see us coming up with more challenges to
address all deals we feel should be revised,” he said.

“Among other sectors, we are looking at challenging flawed deals in the
media, retail, mining and telecommunications sector.”

After the telecommunications sector, the media would be among the next in
line. Bvekerwa said the local media industry was still dominated by South
African publications and they would push for reforms in media ownership.

“We want young Zimbabweans to start businesses in this sector,” said
Bvekerwa. “Why can’t we have a group of journalists forming a consortium and
starting a media house? If there are limiting factors which might be the
country’s laws, that should be changed and if it’s lack of resources; that
should be looked into and addressed. Government and banks should avail the
money because the products to be produced therein will be consumed by

Upfumi Kuvadiki, which is viewed as a Zanu PF project, surfaced early this
year when they wrangled with the City of Harare over the EasiPark deal.

The group said their legal team was exploring ways of staging a legal
challenge in the Easipark deal, vowing never to rest until it has been
terminated or revised.

They also said Chinese, Nigerian and other foreign investors coming into the
country in the name of the Look East policy should start businesses in the
manufacturing sector and move out of retail sector, which locals are capable
of running.

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Zapu threatens parallel exhumations

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:15


BULAWAYO — Zapu says it has resolved to conduct a parallel process of
exhuming the remains of its members who died before and after the country’s

War veterans, who are closely linked to Zanu PF, have been exhuming bodies
which they claim are of freedom fighters who died in the liberation

The programme has however courted controversy with Zapu accusing Zanu PF of
carrying the exhumations for political gain ahead of elections expected
later this year.

Zapu spokesperson Methuseli Moyo said Zanu PF wanted to distort the country’s
history by claiming that mass graves being exhumed in Mt Darwin contained
the remains of only Zanla ex-combatants killed during the liberation war.

“We are in the process of organising a parallel process of exhuming the
remains of our members to counter Zanu PF’s attempts to distort history,”
said Moyo, who could not divulge when the process would start.

Zapu, which is led by former Zanu PF politburo member Dumiso Dabengwa, has
always accused Zanu PF of trying to distort the history of the liberation
struggle and downgrading Zipra’s contribution to the war.

Zipra was the military wing of Zapu.

“Zapu believes the exhumations have been engineered by Zanu PF to stir
emotions among the people for its own political mileage as we go towards
elections,” said Moyo.

Former Zipra combatants last week took aim at Zanu PF for not consulting
them before exhuming remains at Monkey William Mine in Mt Darwin in
Mashonaland Central province.

They dismissed as lies that remains exhumed were of Zanu PF comrades killed
during the liberation struggle.

Moyo also said the party is “seriously considering organising the exhumation
of Gukurahundi victims for the world to see and appreciate what Gukurahundi
was all about.”

“Gukurahundi evidence is plenty and fresh,” said Moyo. “The fact that some
of the architects of the genocide are still with us makes the task easier
because they can give evidence and pin-point the mass graves we do not yet

“We are afraid that the Zanu PF-managed exhumations may be used to cover-up
evidence of the Gukurahundi atrocities.”

An estimated 20 000 people are said to have been killed during the
Gukurahundi disturbances in Matabeleland and Midlands provinces after
President Robert Mugabe sent a North Korean-trained Fifth Brigade to crack
down against dissent to his rule.

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MPs face probe over constituency funds

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:15


THE government has launched an investigation into how MPs used the
Constituency Development Fund (CDF) after it received reports that several
legislators had embezzled the money, The Standard has heard.

The MPs were each given US$50 000 last year to develop their constituencies
but initial indications are that many of them have since converted the money
to personal use.

Acting Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Constitutional and
Parliamentary Affairs, Virginia Mabiza confirmed that her ministry was
carrying out an audit into how MPs had used the funds.
Mabiza said the ministry had been inundated with phone calls from the public
complaining about how MPs were blowing away the money.

“We are carrying out an audit and MPs are warned to be cautious on how they
are using the money,” said Mabiza.

“We are sending our teams on fact-finding missions in their constituencies.”

Mabiza could not disclose how many MPs were alleged to have misused the
funds saying investigations were still in progress.

She however said there was a lot of public concern that the money was not
being used for its intended purposes.

Mabiza said among the many complaints raised were that the funds were not
only personalised but were politicised by the MPs. There was also a general
lack of transparency in their use.
The Acting Permanent Secretary said most MPs were failing to furnish them
with receipts of what they had used the money for.

There is a statutory requirement that MPs should submit returns, stating how
the funds were utilised.

MPs should follow what is stated in the CDF constitution and the accounting
officer’s manual or instructions already supplied to them by the Ministry of
Constitutional and Parliamentary Affairs.

Separate investigations by The Standard have revealed that some MPs (names
supplied) bought school furniture and stationery for not more than US$5 000
and donated them to schools in their areas before squandering the rest of
the money.

Other MPs are alleged to have bought a few bags of seed maize from the US$50
000 which they donated to their communities. Some MPs are required to
account for at least US$40 000.

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German national abducted, deported

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:13


A visiting German national, Yvonne Paperndorf, was on Friday evening
abducted by unidentified men while attending a meeting of human rights
defenders in Harare.

Her whereabouts were unknown until late yesterday when the German ambassador
to Zimbabwe Albrecht Conze received information that she had been deported.

Conze said Paperndorf had been bundled into an Ethiopian Airways flight at
midday yesterday by immigration officials.

“What is scandalous about this whole thing is that the embassy was not
informed and this is a violation of UN laws,” Conze said.

“My attempts to stay in the loop about what was happening were futile as
both the Foreign Affairs ministry and the immigration department kept us out
of the picture.

“Her hosts, Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) are the ones who told
us about her deportation after making their own independent search.

“I have since called the director for consular affairs registering my
protest over this and I will be following up on it on Monday.”

Paperndorf was attending a meeting organised by the ZLHR when she was picked
up by unidentified people.

The ZLHR said eyewitnesses had informed them that “when Paperndorf was
seized, she was advised that she was being taken away as she was working
without a work permit.

“Eye witnesses also indicated to ZLHR that the unidentified men were
travelling in two cars — one white Isuzu truck registration number GIMM-12
and a Toyota Yaris ABD 3719.”

ZLHR believed that the Isuzu vehicle belonged to Zimbabwe Immigration

The ZLHR said earlier, on her arrival in Harare on Thursday, she had been
“arbitrarily detained and interrogated” by officials believed to be from the
Immigration Department and the dreaded members of the Central Intelligence
Organisation that are housed at the Harare International Airport.

The interrogators, said ZLHR, had seized some information and documents
which were in her possession before releasing her.

Early this month, Conze was himself attacked by unknown assailants. He
escaped unhurt.
Police spokesperson Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvu-dzijena professed
ignorance of the abduction.

“I do not have details about that one at the moment,” he said. “Call me
after about an hour.”
Efforts to get him later were fruitless.

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Nkomo orders councils on water billing

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:12


MINISTER of Water Resources Development and Management, Samuel Sipepa Nkomo
has ordered all councils to have a separate water account to ensure that
revenue collected from water is ploughed back into improving water services.

Sipepa Nkomo said his ministry had taken this measure to ensure that revenue
collected by local authorities from water charges would not be used for
purposes other than maintenance and improvement of water and sewage

“I have given a directive to all councils that was also signed by Minister
Chombo for councils to have separate water accounts,” said Sipepa Nkomo.

“This will ensure that revenue collected from water is re-invested back in
the provision of clean water.”

He said the directive is effective beginning of March and the ministry will
be sending auditors to all councils to ensure compliance.

The minister, who was speaking at the commissioning of the Range Booster
pump station in Gweru, said most residents do not pay their water bills
because services had not improved.

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MDC-T activists in court over violence

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:09


MASVINGO — Thirteen MDC-T activists from Zaka district have been arraigned
before the courts facing charges of public violence and the murder of a Zanu
PF activist, Antony Masava, in the run-up to the bloody June 27 2008 runoff

Masava from Ward 21 in Zaka was found dead with his body badly bruised near
his homestead on June 13 2008.

The 13 appeared before Zaka resident magistrate Godfrey Gogo on Friday.

They were further remanded out of custody to March 29. Their lawyer Martin
Mureri of Matutu, Kwirira and Associates said his clients’ trial failed to
commence despite the fact that they had been coming to court since 2008.

Mureri said he had applied for refusal for further remand. “My clients have
been religiously attending court since 2008 but their trial is failing to
take off,” said Mureri.

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Zipra approaches Perence Shiri for help

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:07


IN an unexpected move, former Zipra combatants have approached a senior army
official, blamed for the Gukurahundi massacres, for assistance in the quest
to have their members appointed to senior government posts, security forces
and parastatals, The Standard has established.

The former combatants met the Commander of the Air Force of Zimbabwe, Air
Marshall Perence Shiri (pictured right) on February 16 and complained about
the serious marginalisation of their members despite the signing of the
Unity Accord in 1987.

Sources said the former Zipra combatants want Shiri, who they view as “more
accommodative” than anyone else in the Zanu PF monolith, to present their
case to President Robert Mugabe and other security commanders.

Ironically, Shiri is one of the commanders that led a military campaign that
resulted in the death of over 20 000 people, including Zipra members in
Matabeleland and Midlands provinces in the 1980s.
In a letter dated March 11 2011 addressed to Shiri, the former Zipra
commanders protested against their exclusion from mining diamonds in
Chiadzwa and appointments to commissions.

The letter was a “reminder” to a secret meeting held on February 16 2011,
between Shiri and the Zipra commanders.

“In spite of the Unity Accord, promotions in the security forces and its
leadership has largely remained in favour of former Zanla (Zimbabwe African
National Liberation Army),” said the letter.
“Most former combatants are destitute, unemployed without accommodation and
have become a mockery to society.”

Zipra was the military wing of the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (Zapu)
now being led by Dumiso Dabengwa, a former Zanu PF Politburo member.

The two-page letter was signed by the chairman of Zipra’s finance and
projects committee Frederick Charles Mutanda and chairman of the high
command management committee Retired Brigadier General Collin Moyo.

It was also copied to the Commander of the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA), the
director of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) and the Commissioner
of Prisons.

Mutanda, at first refused to comment, demanding to know the source of the
story and the person who had given the letter to The Standard.

He later said: “We believe and accept that our political leadership sat down
and agreed on this Unity Accord, although fraught with problems as it is,
our desire is that all former Zanla commanders be open with us on whether
they would want to work with us or not, because now we feel that they want
us in the background so they can run the country on their own.”

Mutanda refused to comment on why they approached Shiri, who is one of the
commanders blamed for the Gukurahundi atrocities.

But sources said the former Zipra commanders approached Shiri because he is
one of the few commanders who have expressed remorse over the Gukurahundi

“Apart from that he is approachable,” said one source, “Shiri listens when
you talk and proffers solutions unlike the other influential commanders.”

Efforts to get a comment from Shiri and Zapu leader Dumiso Dabengwa were
unsuccessful last week.

Ex-Zipra fighters also want properties seized from them by government in
1982 returned. They said they have been virtually shut out of Chiadzwa
diamond mining activities. The allocation of mining concessions remain a
closely guarded secret, they pointed out.

In the same letter, the former Zipra combatants said most of their members
were being harassed at their farms by civilians who never participated in
the liberation struggle using State and Zanu PF apparatus.

In some instances, they claimed, Zipra High Command members were being
harassed by junior former Zanla cadres.

“We are also requesting that former high ranking Zipra officers be deployed
in the national land task force to represent our interests,” they said.

The former Zipra cadres also want properties taken by government between
1982 and 1987 during the political disturbances handed back.

In 1980, Zipra combatants contributed money towards the purchase of various
businesses and properties as a way of empowering themselves. These were
taken by government during the height of political disturbances in that


Ex-Zipra fighters also want properties seized from them by government in
1982 returned. They said they had been virtually shut out of Chiadzwa
diamond mining activities. The allocation of mining concessions remains a
closely guarded secret, they pointed out.

In the same letter, the former Zipra combatants said most of their members
were being harassed at their farms by civilians who never participated in
the liberation struggle using State and Zanu PF apparatus.

In some instances, they claimed, Zipra High Command members were being
harassed by junior former Zanla cadres.

“We are also requesting that former high-ranking Zipra officers be deployed
in the national land task force to represent our interests,” they said.

In 1980, Zipra combatants contributed money towards the purchase of various
businesses and properties as a way of empowering themselves. These were
taken by government during the height of political disturbances in that

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Ministry moves to address diabetes information deficit

Saturday, 26 March 2011 19:38


Many people in the country are dying of diabetes annually because they lack
proper information about the disease, a senior official in the Ministry of
Health and Child Welfare has said.

Deputy Director of Non-Communicable Disease in the Ministry of Health and
Child Welfare Clemenciana Bakasa said the number of people dying from
non-communicable diseases, which included diabetes, surpassed those
succumbing to HIV and Aids.

“Many people are dying from non-communicable diseases including diabetes
more than those who are dying of Aids, there is need for more information
dissemination about the disease,” she said.

As a result, she said, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare and the
Zimbabwe Diabetes Association had embarked on a training programme for
nurses in a bid to create awareness about the disease.

“We aim to strengthen management of diabetes through equipping service
providers after the realisation that information on diabetes was not well
known compared to that of other disease,” said Bakasa.

She added, “diabetes can be well managed. There is no reason why people
should die of the disease. Through taking medication and the recommended
diet, one can live a very normal life.”
Zimbabwe Diabetes Association chairman Ngoni Chigwana said the training
programme had covered most parts of the country.

“So far, we have trained 30 nurses from each province, which include
Bulawayo, Masvingo, Chiredzi, Kwekwe, Gweru and Mutare,” he said.

“We are left with Mashonaland Central, East, West and Matebeleland South and
North and we hope by end of year we would have covered all the districts.”

A survey on people with diabetes carried in 2006 reported that 10% of the
country’s population is diabetic.

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Chinese doctors carry out operations to restore sight

Saturday, 26 March 2011 19:37


For four years, Cephas Makahamadze’s vision was so blurred that he was
forced to quit his job as a driver.

But the 59-year-old man leapt with joy last week after his sight was
restored by a team of Chinese doctors, who are currently in the country
offering free cataracts operations to disadvantaged members of the

Makahamadze, who hails from Honde Valley in Manicaland province, is one of
the people who had their sight restored after a successful eye operation at
Chitungwiza General Hospital last week.
“My life is now back to normal, I can feed my family again and see my
beautiful wife.”

The operation has become the bond that cements Makahamadze’s relationship
with the Chinese.
“I used to hate these Chinese people because of their unreliable products
but from today onwards they are now my friends because they have restored my
sight,” he said.

Makahamadze’s previous efforts to have his sight restored failed because he
could not raise the money that hospitals were demanding.

Another beneficiary, Enock Mutanga of Bulawayo said he had had problems with
one of his eyes for the past four years.

The 55-year-old said his right eye lost sight in 2008 but he could not have
the problem rectified due to lack of funds.

“When I heard of the free treatment programme, I decided to try my luck.
Fortunately it worked out for me because I am now able to see with both my
eyes,” Mutanga said.

Chitungwiza General Hospital ophthalmologist, Dr Boniface Macheke, said the
free eye operation programme was a continuation of the one which was carried
out last year in November, which saw 317 patients being operated on.

“This Bright Journey camp programme is a follow-up programme which is
targeting at operating 500 patients as the resources are only allowing that
number,” he said.

The programme, which is being funded by Anjin, a construction and mining
company, comprises four Chinese doctors and three nurses.

Macheke said more that 50% of the patients who were operated on their eyes
were elderly.

He added that people who are diabetic were more prone to developing
cataracts in their lives.

“One in every six patients who had the operation last week was diabetic
which means that the disease must be monitored,” he said.

Other people develop eye problems due to the nature of their jobs or
chemicals they come into contact with in their daily routines.

Government hospitals do not have enough Chaco machines, equipment which is
used to operate cataracts, while private clinics charge exorbitant prices.

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Agriculture pillars critical to agric recovery

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:46

Dennis Zaranyika

Farmers’ unions
FARMERS are the backbone of all agricultural systems, without farmers there
would be no food and inadequate raw materials. Farmers are facing the
following challenges:

Inadequate funding, especially long-term loans and capital funds.
Low viability due to low producer prices.
Inadequate farm equipment and irrigation infrastructure.
All our farmers’ unions should work 24/7 to mobilise farmers and lobby for
their various requirements including conducive policies on agriculture.

Availability of suitable land is vital for agriculture and the whole farming
community is urged to ensure that the land is used wisely following all
principles of land conservation so that we become highly productive.
Security of tenure should also be looked at critically so that farmers can
invest adequately on their farms.

Seed houses and other input suppliers
There are 10 seed companies in Zimbabwe and hard work has been put into
breeding adaptable varieties with high yields, disease and drought
tolerances. The seed industry managed to produce more than adequate maize
seed (+40 000 tonnes).  Seed Co alone produced 22 000 tonnes in 2010 and
there is no need for seed imports into Zimbabwe.  This will save a lot of
foreign currency that can be used for other priorities.
Seed is now readily available in almost all shops, hardwares and other
agro-dealers. Seed alone carries 20% of the potential yield, the rest is
determined by the crop management. Fertilisers supply the essential crop
nutrients for crop growth and good yields. Fertiliser and crop chemicals
availability has improved quite significantly, most outlets have stocks of
fertiliser and crop chemicals.

Finance institutions
Banks have agribusiness units that fund farmers and financing agriculture
has been a challenge due to collateral issues.  However, banks have been
bold and funded our farmers despite the loan security issues. Suitable
long-term loans that cover the crop growth cycles are required and we urge
banks to provide farmers with the required working capital as well as
capital funding requirements (tractors, implements, centre pivots etc).

Government and extension services
Government has consistently kept agriculture moving forward, even under the
hyper-inflation conditions.  This was done through inputs and infrastructure
support (seed, fertiliser, tractors and implements). The agriculture sector
requests government to continue supporting farmers in order to build their
capacity. Agritex plays a pivotal role in the provision of much needed
agronomic and other extension support. Agritex also co-ordinates all pillars
of agriculture to achieve food security. Other farmer organisations should
work with Agritex and the government to execute projects that benefit the
farming community and the whole economy.

Agro-dealers provide the vital link between input suppliers and the farming
community. Inputs and other farm requirements are available in the farming
areas (at the door step) through the agro-dealers.
Most agro-dealers stock seed, fertilisers, crop chemicals and farm
implements. Farmers should buy their requirements from nearest agro-dealers
to reduce on transport and other buying costs. There are a number of
initiatives being implemented by NGOs and donors to strengthen agro-dealers
through the voucher system.  Lets all support these noble initiatives that
will improve farm inputs.

The rainfall pattern for this country can be a big challenge to the
agriculture sector.  This is particularly so in years of drought and poor
distribution of the rainfall. Farmers are encouraged to invest in irrigation
systems to mitigate the effects of drought and the impact of climate change.
Weather forecasts and their interpretations are key for proper planning of
agricultural activities. Agritex and other extension staff should assist
farmers to interpret the weather forecasts and plan accordingly.

Availability of suitable markets provides a pull factor for growers to
produce more and more. All stakeholders must pay competitive prices for the
produce from our farmers. Farmers’ unions and others must link all farmers
with the markets as this is paramount for continued production. There is
need to explore foreign markets for surpluses as the seed sector is at the
verge of having surplus seed for exports.

All farmers’ unions should continue mobilising farmers for organised
production and lobby for conducive policies on agriculture.
Security of tenure should be quickly addressed so that farmers can invest
adequately on their farms.
Seed production, fertiliser and crop chemicals availability should be
accessible to farmers timely.
Suitable long-term loans should be extended to farmers.

— Dennis Zaranyika is the managing director of Seed Co Zimbabwe.

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Cabinet approves bills on parastatals’ reform

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:35

BULAWAYO — Cabinet has approved two bills that provide the legal framework
for the implementation of reforms and restructuring in troubled parastatals.

State Enterprises and Parastatals minister Gorden Moyo told The Standard
that the State Enterprises and Parastatals Management Bill and the State
Enterprises Restructuring Agency Bill were approved by a cabinet meeting in
the capital on Tuesday.

Moyo will now work with the Attorney General’s Office to prepare draft bills
for consideration by the cabinet committee on legislation. — By Nqobani

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AU warns against nationalisation

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:34


The African Union Commission (AUC) and the Economic Commission for Africa
(EAC) have warned against the nationalisation of strategic companies at a
time when Zimbabwe is threatening to seize foreign-owned firms.

President Robert Mugabe said his government would take over Western
companies whose governments maintain a travel embargo and an asset freeze on
his family and inner circle.
The veteran ruler is also pushing an indigenisation policy that seeks to
force multinationals to cede their majority shareholding to locals.

Companies that have been singled out for hostile takeovers include South
African- owned Zimplats and Swiss food giant Nestle, which refused to buy
Mugabe’s milk in 2009.

Emmanuel Nnadozie, the director of the economic development and Nepad
division in the ECA and AUC director for economic affairs Rene Kouassi told
journalists that previous attempts at nationalisation in Africa had been a
monumental failure.

The two spoke on Thursday as experts kick-started preparations for the 4th
joint annual meetings of the ECA and AU conference of ministers of Finance,
Planning and Economic Development that opens here tomorrow.

Organised under the theme: “Governing development: The role of the State,”
the conference will discuss ways of strengthening African governments’ role
in economic development.

Responding to a question on the raging nationalisation debate in Zimbabwe,
Nnadozie said although African countries had varied development challenges,
grabbing already thriving companies would be retrogressive.

“This conference is definitely not about nationalisation but strengthening
the role of the State in the development agenda,” he said.

“I will remind everyone that the history of nationalisation in Africa has
not been a very good one.”
He said instead of taking over already thriving enterprises, governments
must be looking at ways of stimulating growth such as stimulus packages and
soft loans for small to medium-scale enterprises.

Zimbabwe wants to nationalise multinational companies a few years after
grabbing white-owned commercial farms on the pretext that it was correcting
a colonial land imbalance.

The majority of the farms, which were parcelled out to Mugabe’s cronies, are
lying idle and the country has fallen from being a net exporter of food a
decade ago to rely on donors to feed its population.

In Addis Ababa, the ministers, academics and senior officials from regional
and international organisations that include the United Nations system and
the World Bank will discuss health financing.

The green economy and leveraging opportunities for accelerated economic

The organisers say the need for a rethink on the role of the state in Africa’s
development had been necessitated by the realisation that the modest
economic growth being recorded had not translated into poverty reduction and
higher employment.

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Boka Tobacco auction Floors Open

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:32

The tobacco-selling season, which has been experiencing hurdles, has kicked
off on a better note following the resurgence of the Boka Tobacco Auction

The reopening is set to increase buyers’ competition which would translate
into favourable prices to farmers.

By Friday, a number of farmers, most of whom are A1 and communal farmers,
had already besieged the floors in anticipation of better service and prices
for their crop as Tobacco Sales Floor (TSF) had been the only option.

Statistics by the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board (Timb) show that by
day 26 of the selling season, up to 433 073 kg of tobacco worth US$1 279 688
had been sold at the TSF.

Most bales were selling at an average price of US$2,95 with the highest
price being offered at US$4,55.

Chinese contractor TIAN ZE on the same day had sold 68 216 kgs worth of
tobacco valued at US$ 235 055 at an average price of US$3,45.

Farmers’ payments were being processed at the Boka Floors and there was
little activity in terms of spending that is usually characteristic of the
new tobacco farmers.

Despite the decentralisation of bookings and registration procedures, a
number of farmers have opted to travel to Harare, where they anticipate
maximum returns on their crop.

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Meeting immediate need vs conservation

Saturday, 26 March 2011 19:41

By chipo masara

IN today’s world where people are generally willing to do just about
anything for riches, most would go to the most outrageous lengths to
This has inevitably led to the world now seeing the worst cases of
environmental degradation as man makes maximum use of resources without much
thought about environmental implications.
Economists have for years attempted to convince the public that the end
justifies the means as they fast destroy the little we have left of the

This is especially so in the developing world where the natural environment
is being devastated in attempts to find short-term economic gains, with
Zimbabwe most certainly not an exception.
There is a clear conflict between resource utilisation and economic

Last week, we discussed how the mining industry in Zimbabwe, in spite of
undoubtedly being an industry capable of seeing the country economically
getting back on its feet, is currently causing unprecedented harm to the

Unfortunately, it is far from being the only culprit.

The agricultural sector has done its share of harm, mostly owing to the fact
that the majority of the “new farmers” who were allocated farms under the
land reform programme evidently have very little, if any, clue on
conservative methods of farming.

Because they have had little or no education on safe farming practices, the
farmers tend to take very little responsibility for the long-term health of
the land they cultivate, something that has resulted in great land
degradation, making it less and less productive by the day.

Under the guise of clearing the land to expand their agricultural
activities, the “new” farmers have wiped the country of the trees that once
nicely enveloped the farming areas.

Besides using the wood from the cut trees to supplement the erratic power
supplies, some of the small-scale farmers have taken to selling them as
firewood on the highways along their farming areas.

The manufacturing industry is also doing little to preserve the environment
and studies show Harare to have been rated the worst city in the world.

The variables that were used in the rating included, among many others, the
following: cleanliness, destruction of water bodies and river encroachment
by the land grabbers, population and the lack of sufficient open space to be
used as parks and children’s playgrounds.

Isn’t it about time that more and indeed all players in the country’s
industry take up the challenge to integrate social and environmental
concerns in all their business activities?

Although the primary objective of any business venture is to make profits,
it is necessary that we look at our operations holistically and ask
ourselves whether the total value of our enterprises can ever equate with
the environment’s value to all of us.

When South Asia was devastated by a Tsunami in 2004, anecdotal evidence
showed that the mangrove forests that had once existed, but had long
depleted, would have protected the region.

The destruction of the forests that had been converted into farms, urban and
resort areas was seen to have massively contributed to human losses in the
natural disaster, worth billions of dollars and lives.

Is it not just unfortunate how human activity is generally driven with
economies in mind without the slightest concern for the environment and the
devastating results thereafter?

Increasing production without consideration for the environment and the
capacity of the natural resources would inevitably lead to worsened
environmental deterioration and reduced production in future.

There is need to put the future generations into consideration and think
about the type of environment we would want them to inherit.

It would be in the best interest of the economy to protect the environment
that is operated in because the two (economy and environment) are closely
interrelated and inseperable. Government should seriously consider providing
incentives for environmentally-friendly planning so that benefits can be
long-term and sustainable.

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SundayComment: Unearth truth on human remains

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:28

The ongoing exhumations of hundreds of human remains from Monkey William
Mine in Bembera village, Mt Darwin, continue to raise more questions than

These questions are not only of a moral character but also interrogate the
veracity of claims by a new and shadowy group calling itself the Fallen
Heroes Trust. The group insists the remains are those of liberation war
fighters and innocent women and children caught in crossfire in Zimbabwe’s
brutal 1970s bush war.

Journalists who visited the site recently questioned whether the remains,
some of which are still intact and dripping in body fluids, are indeed from
that era, more than 30 years ago. Morally, observers ask if it is right to
exhume the bodies in the haphazard and unscientific manner in which the
process is being carried out.

The exhumers are not trained archaeologists and are not working under the
supervision of a pathologist as should be the case. Also, they are using n’angas
to identify the remains, this at a time when another n’anga story — the
diesel saga which turned out to be the greatest hoax of all time — is still
fresh in the minds of all Zimbabweans.

Sceptics allege that the exhumations may be a cover-up for crimes committed
in the first decade of the new millennium when the then ruling Zanu PF party
is known to have committed gross crimes, such as the murder of political

Indeed many people disappeared during that time. Other critics say that the
bodies may date back to the early 1980s Gukurahundi genocide when 20 000
people are said to have been massacred by the North Korean-trained 5

Many of these criticisms may be dismis-sed as counter-revolutionary hogwash
by those gaining political capital from the exercise. Indeed, Zanu PF is
whipping up people’s emotions ahead of an election it dearly wishes to force
through this year.

But even if indeed the remains are from the liberation war, the truth has
got to be known about what really happened during that period — and to whom.
Now that controversy is raging, the exhumations must stop forthwith and a
commission of inquiry set to investigate the truth.

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Realities dictators refuse to face

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:27

The greatest paradox about most politicians is that they lack common sense;
their lives become dominated and obsessed with ambition to the extent that
they live in delusions, and they often close their eyes to painful realities
and act in optimism even against greatest odds.

This emanates from the fact that politicians find it impossible to admit
their mistakes publicly and hence want to portray an infallible image
despite all challenges. Their lack of common sense is illustrated vividly by
their inability to learn from history. History books are full of countless
examples of leaders who failed to learn from the past. Hitler failed to
learn about the Russian winter from Napoleon and he met the same fate, as a
result he lost World War II.

Closer to home, Ian Smith failed to learn from Hitler that no government can
last for a thousand years, when he said there shall be no majority rule in
Rhodesia a thousand years. It only took about 15 years to have majority rule
when liberation fighters waged war against his forces.

The revolutionary winds blowing in the Arab world should have sent clear
messages to the leaders of all these countries. The governments of these
countries had all overstayed, with Tunisian president having been in power
for almost 24 years, in Egypt Mubarak had been 30 years in power while
Gaddafi had been in power for 42 years.

These leaders have insatiable appetite for power. If one remains in power
for two decades, who the hell do they think they are? Do they think their
countries are private properties? Do they think no one else has the right to
govern except them? The lessons learnt from these revolutions is that
dictators do not go over night, they fight for their space; it took a solid
18 days to depose Muburak.

Consistency and commitment is needed to achieve results, Mubarak initially
offered to go by September and the people wanted him to leave immediately,
and amazingly Mubarak said he wanted to remain in power to defend national
interests; this is cynical to say the least. What national interest do
dictators have to defend except enrich themselves at the expense of everyone
else? Those who genuinely want to defend national sovereignty should show
this by listening to the voices of the masses. Any leader who thinks they
know what is better for their country, regardless of the concerns of the
people is a counter-revolutionary.

When public demonstrations started in Libya what everyone expected to see
was Gaddafi packing his bags and heading somewhere to enjoy the looted
billions, but Gaddafi responded by pronouncing a death decree to the
demonstrators. Gaddafi said that he was going to cleanse Libya from house to
house; he instructed his people to attack and kill the “rats”. The bombing
of civilians awakened resistance, as to the Moslem world, dying in a just
cause is considered martyrdom and a great achievement. The revolutionaries
soon started defending themselves.

The results, we all know thousands of lives have been lost. The United
Nations Security Council once again came under the spotlight; its readiness
to handle the crisis is far from satisfactory. Once again the Russians and
Chinese proved that they think the UN Security Council seats mean only
defending national and selfish ambitions. To them the death of Libyans is
nothing as long as it is a setback to western domination. The belated
resolution to impose a no-fly zone over Libya should have come as great
relief to the revolutionaries in Libya as Gaddafi had pronounced that no
mercy would be shown to rebels in Benghazi.

For those who want to ask, whether it is wrong for any government to defend
its self from rebels, the answer is simple: I don’t remember Gaddafi being
elected by the people in that country. The people of Libya, as in most
countries in Africa, do not hold legitimate elections to install and remove
governments. Hence, the argument that Gaddaffi was defending a legitimate
government is not valid to some extent.

Another argument is that the West is pursuing selfish interests in Libya.
This is true to some extent, the West indeed never intervenes in poor
countries like Somalia with no oil to loot. But in either case, Gaddafi was
looting billions of dollars from oil revenues and the oil was not benefiting
all Libyans. Maybe, the critical question should be why the West is not
intervening in other undemocratic countries like Saudi Arabia and Bahrain.

It is shocking to hear the level of criticism that is targeted against the
US and its allies from African states and the Arab League. The argument that
the US had invaded a sovereign country should be dismissed with the contempt
it deserves. Does it mean any government has the right to kill its subjects
without interference?

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SundayView: Time for AU, UN to intervene in Zimbabwe crisis

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:25

It has been all too easy for regional institutions like the African Union
(AU) to ignore all the indicators of imminent crises in various countries
but swiftly condemn any intervention from other quarters. Events in Libya
are a case in point, the AU now leads a chorus of criticism of the UN
Security Council’s intervention when it could have taken proactive steps
early on to prevent Libya’s plunge into the abyss.

It is highly commendable that the international community, through UN
Resolution 1973, has finally invoked the responsibility to protect principle
and intervened to stop a dictator’s bloodbath in Libya. The regret is that
such intervention is coming so late after considerable loss of life and that
the AU is not leading the initiative. Libya’s dictator Colonel Muammar
Gaddafi, and his allies, if he has any left, cannot invoke the principle of
sovereignty as an excuse to massacre civilians.

State sovereignty does not give a state the right to perpetrate human rights
violations with impunity.

Rwanda’s president, Paul Kagame, himself acutely aware of their own history
of the 1994 genocide in which — in the absence of international
intervention — a government-backed militia killed over a million people in
just 100 days, has come out strongly supporting the urgent need for the
international community to stop Gaddafi.  The AU must support the principle
of intervention in the interests of protecting civilians from violence and
harm, especially by their own governments.

Dictators the world over must know that the days of committing human rights
violations against their people with impunity are numbered. State
sovereignty is not about absolute power but is all about obligations to
protect citizens and ensure their basic rights and security. It is the
sacred duty of any state to protect all its citizens. But in the case of
Libya, and also Zimbabwe, state institutions have been transformed into
instruments of terror.

In Zimbabwe detainees tell stories of horrific torture while in police
detention and of partisan sections of the security forces being used to do
the bidding of a regime bent of retaining political power at any cost.
Despite repeatedly presenting credible evidence to Sadc and the AU that all
indications on that ground are the Zimbabwe’s political crisis continues to
fester and that if not checked will take the country to the brink of
collapse, the regional bodies are not taking concrete steps to check
Zimbabwe’s forward march to doom.

Sadc and the AU’s failure to act timely to anticipate and prevent conflict
in Zimbabwe exposes the entire southern Africa region to conflict.

Compared to the other four regions of Africa, southern Africa had done
relatively well in terms of conflict management, but a failure to deal
decisively with Zimbabwe would  undo much of that progress.  Regional bodies
and the wider international community should not wait for rivers of blood on
the streets for them to act.

Zimbabwe presents a perfect opportunity for the AU to demonstrate its
commitment to the respect for human rights and for the UN Security Council
to show that even where there is no oil, gross human rights abuses are
enough to trigger international intervention.

The international community must intervene impartially in all situations of
gross human rights abuses in exercising their obligation and responsibility
to protect civilians regardless of economic or other interests.

The AU and the UN should seize the opportunity to set a country firmly on
the path to democratisation, restoration of rule of law and sustainable

Zimbabweans still have faith in the power of elections to bring about
peaceful change, but are fully aware of the many obstacles to holding
democratic elections. Significant obstacles that the AU and the UN should
tackle include an infrastructure of violence comprising sections of the
partisan security forces and youth militia who enjoy longstanding impunity
for human rights abuses.  The AU and the UN must insist on nothing less than
a complete separation of Zimbabwe’s military from political and civilian

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From the Editor's Desk: Museveni must face new world outlook

Saturday, 26 March 2011 20:24

Two African presidents declared their opinions on the intervention of
Western cou-ntries in the Libyan affray. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni
came out with guns blazing accusing the West of double standards and saying
that the countries that have imposed a no-flying zone over Libya were after
its oil.

“I am totally allergic to foreign, political and military involvement in
sovereign countries, especially African countries,” Museveni wrote in a
statement published in the state-owned New Vision daily. The statement was
reproduced verbatim in local daily The Herald last week.

“The Western countries always use double standards. In Libya, they are very
eager to impose a no-fly zone. In Bahrain and other areas where there are
pro-Western regimes, they turn a blind eye to the very same conditions or
even worse conditions.”

He referred to the rebels and the civilians being protected by the Western
forces as “Quislings” which means sell-outs.

On the other hand Rwandan President Paul Kagame came out in support of the
Western intervention.

He wrote: “My country is still haunted by memories of the international
community looking away.  No country knows better than my own the costs of
the international community failing to intervene to prevent a state killing
its own people. In the course of 100 days in 1994, a million Rwandans were
killed by government-backed ‘genocidaires’ and the world did nothing to stop

“So it is encouraging that members of the international community appear to
have learnt the lessons of that failure. Through UN Resolution 1973 we are
seeing a committed intervention to halt the crisis that was unfolding in

Museveni’s statement was a defence mechanism. He is in a Freudian state of
reality anxiety.

According to Freud (Anna, not her more famous father Sigmund), reality
anxiety is fear of real-world events. Museveni has in the past few months
seen dictators of his ilk in North Africa and the Middle East fall to people
power. The uprisings in these countries can be easily replicated in his

The reasons why this is possible are there for all to see. Museveni has
ruled Uganda since 1986 when his guerrillas shot their way into Kampala.
Since then he has ruled with an iron hand suppressing dissent and killing
thousands of his own people in various regions of the country. He has
repeatedly proclaimed himself winner of periodic elections.

He has used all methods in the book to retain power, including intimidation
and the elimination of opponents. Last month he was declared landslide
winner of a national election. Ugandans are obviously tired of this and want
change. The opposition has often protested against election results.

The United Nations Security Council-backed intervention in Libya has opened
a new chapter in international relations. The international community is now
saying it cannot “look away” as it did in Rwanda in 1994 resulting in the
massacre of a million people. This has got Museveni worried.

Museveni is a warmonger. The world should remember his close relationship
with former US President George W Bush. The grip-and-grin pictures of him
with Bush in the White House on June 10 2003 and another on at Entebbe
Airport in Uganda almost a year to the day later must still haunt those he
would like to call “Quislings”.

According to New York-based Black Star News (BSN) report, during the Bush
era Uganda was converted into a virtual large aircraft carrier from which
all types of military and “humanitarian” missions were launched into central
and eastern Africa. In addition to Entebbe air base, which is now one of the
best equipped and supplied on the African continent, several other military
installations exist in Uganda that house Special Forces units and other US
Army personnel.

Museveni believes in violence as a legitimate means to bring about
“revolutionary” political change and in using the army as an important
pillar of political power, says BSN.

The report says both before and since becoming president the themes of
violence and military action have played central roles in his speeches and
writings. His people have been degraded to a peasant society and have lost
the dignity that was the envy of the continent. He is the “lap dog” of
America and nothing is going to change except Ugandans will become poorer
and have their hopes blocked by the continuing self-serving praise of his
presidency by a few powerful people in that country.

With Bush’s departure, the world has taken a new outlook. The new outlook
was perhaps defined and ushered in by US President Barrack Obama in a speech
on June 5 2009 at Cairo University in Egypt where he called for a new
beginning in America’s relationship with the Muslim world. His speech had
universal undertones. He pledged his commitment to governments that reflect
the will of the people.

He said: “Each nation gives life to this principle (the will of the people)
in its own way, grounded in the traditions of its own people. America does
not presume to know what is best for everyone, just as we would not presume
to pick the outcome of a peaceful election.

But I do have an unyielding belief that all people yearn for certain things:
the ability to speak your mind and have a say in how you are governed;
confidence in the rule of law and the equal administration of justice;
government that is transparent and doesn’t steal from the people; the
freedom to live as you choose. These are not just American ideas; they are
human rights. And that is why we will support them everywhere.”

In his statement Museveni is overly aware that the honeymoon is over so he
is rationalising his anxiety. The statement sounds rational and is presented
in a logical manner but it avoids the true reasons for his behaviour. Look
at how he attributes achievement to his own qualities and skills while he
blames failure on other people and outside forces.

Museveni may succeed in preventing his anxiety and protecting his
self-esteem and self-concept but the truth will confront him sooner rather
than later.

Kagame’s last words are salutary: “The uprising in Libya has already sent a
message to leaders in Africa and beyond. It is that if we lose touch with
our people, if we do not serve them as they deserve and address their needs,
there will be consequences. Their grievances will accumulate — and no matter
how much time passes, they can turn against you.”

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