The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

Back to Index

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Under whose authority do these men act?

      5/10/02 9:27:43 AM (GMT +2)

      ANDREW Ndlovu, who happens to be the secretary for projects in the
Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans' Association, has declared he is
on a mission to "chase away white commercial farmers on the farms",
ostensibly on behalf of the government.

      Rebutting views to the contrary by Patrick Nyaruwata, his chairman in
the war veterans' association, Ndlovu said this week: "His statements are
not doing any good to the white commercial farmers. He is merely misleading
them because whether he likes it or not, we are going to beat them up and
chase them from the farms."

      He has already served more than 800 farmers with ultimatums to vacate
their land or risk being forcibly evicted. He is also inciting race hatred,
whose targets appear to be whites and Asians.

      This is not the first time that Ndlovu has threatened the people of
this country. In March 2000, he threatened war if Zanu PF lost the June 2000
parliamentary election. He claimed they had hidden arms of war in caches all
over the country and his members were ready to take up arms.

      Keeping, or the concealment of arms war, is a crime. Various other
      Zimbabweans have been arrested for allegedly being found in possession
of weapons, even if these later turned out to be licensed weapons. But
Ndlovu was not arrested. He has been emboldened by the government's benign
negligence, when it comes to those of its supporters who deliberately and
publicly flout the law.

      Ndlovu is not the Minister of Lands, Agriculture and Rural

      Neither is he a civil servant.

      Tragically no one in government or the law-enforcement agencies
appears to have noticed that this former dissident is going about
threatening law-abiding citizens of this country.

      The government's see-no-evil, hear-no-evil and speak-no-evil approach
to Ndlovu's threats suggests he has their blessing. He is one example of how
the government has encouraged lawlessness over the past 27 months.

      The government's ambivalent position to the extra-legal activities of
the so-called war veterans fuels lawlessness.

      Why has Ndlovu not been arrested for his statements, when Zimbabweans,
who belong to the opposition are being dragged before the courts allegedly
for making threats similar to those uttered by Ndlovu?

      The government does not need Ndlovu to run rampant through the
countryside threatening Zimbabweans and the livelihood of thousands of
workers. The government has adequate legal powers to seize all the land it
requires in Zimbabwe. So, on whose authority are Ndlovu and his colleagues
acting? Are they not subject to the laws of this country? If they are, why
has action not been taken against them?

      Ndlovu could be running from his shadows and could be trying to create
a smokescreen to help him wriggle out of his predicament, when he next
appears before the courts in 10 days' time.

      The plot could be to suggest to the justice system that as someone the
government allows free rein, along with its system of amnesties and pardons,
the courts will believe he is untouchable and let him walk out free. But in
any normal situation, the government would have told Ndlovu to concentrate
more on defending himself and clearing his name.

      There must be some conduct that applies to war veterans and the way
they behave or make utterances, purportedly on behalf of anyone.

      Since they were incorporated into the army, as a reserve force, they
ought to be governed by the same rules that apply to military personnel.

      If that does not happen, the government needs to realise that it is
sowing the seeds of anarchy. That could be part of its grand strategy, but
it is creating a serious legacy of the proportions Somalia woke up to after
the fall of Siad Barre.

      Only someone without the genuine interests of Zimbabwe could wish for
such tragedy to befall this country.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

      Two Suspected Poachers Shot Dead in Zimbabwe


      Xinhuanet 2002-05-10 14:42:48

     HARARE, May 10 (Xinhuanet) -- Two suspected poachers were shot
dead while anther was seriously injured during a contact with an
anti-poaching unit in Chirisa Safari area along the Zambezi Valleyat the
weekend, a local media reported on Friday.

     The injured poacher was captured and is detained at an unnamed
hospital after sustaining serious gunshot wounds, the newspaper Herald

     The contact between the poachers and a specialized unit of
gamescouts took place in Chirisa between Gokwe North and Binga districts.

     Although details were still sketchy, Secretary for Environment and
Tourism Lucas Tavaya Thursday confirmed that a crack by the anti-poaching
unit operating along the Zambezi Valley had killed two poachers.

     Tavaya said the unit was tracking down the suspected poachers that
escaped during the crackdown.

     The poachers were reportedly rounded up before they could kill any

      The report said that some poachers in the Zambezi Valley have in
the last two months killed more than eight elephants in Charara(Kariba) and
Chewore Safari areas.

     The contact with the poachers came immediately after the
government deployed a specialized unit of more than 200 soldiers, police and
National Parks and Wildlife Management Authority game scouts along the
Valley to effectively protect the country's wildlife sanctuaries from

     The crackdown is expected to help Zimbabwe in its fight to
maintain the elephant population on Appendix II at this year's Cites meeting
in Santiago, Chile.

     It is estimated that between 1996 and 2000, 209 elephants, 138
buffalo and 108 impala were poached among other game.

     The government would take decisive measures against increasing
levels of poaching of wildlife and habitat loss on farms adjacent to the
country's leading game conservancies threatening protected species such as
the black rhino countrywide. Enditem

Back to the Top
Back to Index

US confines Mugabe to UN premises

May 09 2002 at 09:17PM
Cape Times

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe, who is in New York to attend a UN conference on children, will be restricted to the premises of the world body because of sanctions imposed on him and his top officials over human rights abuses.

Diplomatic sources said Mugabe had been informed by the United States government that his movements would be restricted to the confines of the United Nations.

And Zimbabwe's opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said he was "shocked" that Mugabe was attending the UN conference on children at all.

"We are left wondering what message Mr Mugabe can possibly have for children worldwide, when his illegitimate government in Zimbabwe is a living example of how not to treat children," Tsvangirai said.

'What message can Mr Mugabe possibly have'
"It is Mugabe's disastrous policies that have displaced over 300 000 farm workers and their children."

Tsvangirai said "camps set up by Mugabe's party to torture opponents are full of youngsters below the age of 20, who are being trained to brutalise their fellow Zimbabweans".

Young people trained at the infamous Border Gezi National Youth Service Training Centre teamed up with militant war veterans to spearhead Mugabe's violent campaign for re-election in March.

Tsvangirai said there was also no medication in government hospitals for children who were "the victims of Mugabe's violence". - Independent Foreign Service

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      MDC agent found dead

      5/10/02 9:51:39 AM (GMT +2)
      From Pedzisai Ruhanya in Gokwe

      THE body of MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai's election agent in Gokwe in
the disputed March presidential poll, was found last Thursday in a stream
near Ganye Dam.

      Tipason Madhobha of Gokwe had been missing for three weeks.

      The police in Gokwe yesterday refused to comment on the death.

      "We cannot assist you with details of that," said a policeman at Gokwe
police station. "The officer-in-charge is not in the office."

      While the police declined to comment, a statement from the MDC's
information department said a police officer, who identified himself as
Sergeant Chikuni, "'confirmed that the remains of Madhobha had been found
and that arrangements for a post-mortem were underway".

      The MDC claimed that Madhobha was killed by Zanu PF supporters, while
his family, including his four-month pregnant wife, Dadirai,19, said the
death was mysterious and they expected the police to unravel the cause.

      Madhobha's uncle, Furere Makumucha, said his nephew, 25, went missing
on 10 April after he left his home with four neighbours to look for his five
cattle, still missing by Wednesday.

      Makumucha said their problems started in Ganye at Manokore village,
about 15km from his village of Kufazvinei.

      "I was told that when the five were in the area, they were warned by
an elderly man that the Zanu PF youths in Ganye did not tolerate any
strangers in the area and they risked their lives if the youths came across
them," Makumucha said.

      He said there were Zanu PF youths from their village operating in the
area where Madhobha was found dead.

      Makumucha said while in the area, the five, who included Tafara
Kufazvinei and Edmore Mutami, were called by some unidentified people at
which they fled in different directions. Madhobha went missing in the
resultant panic.

      Makumucha said on hearing that his nephew was missing, he reported the
matter at Sasame police base, where he was given full co-operation by the
police to look for Madhobha.

      "On 2 May, a young man from Manokore village came to my home and
informed me that Madhobha's body had been found in a shallow stream. The
police retrieved the body and took it to Gokwe Hospital," he said.

      Makumucha said he went to the hospital with the police last Friday and
positively identified his nephew's body, but the police said it would be
buried only after a post-mortem.

      "On Monday we sent one from the family to the police who told him that
the body would be ready for burial on Thursday. We are waiting for the
police to guide us. At the moment the family does not know who killed
Madhobha," Makumucha said.

      Dadirai, the wife of the deceased, said: "My husband was an MDC
polling agent during the presidential election. He was based at Sungwiza
Primary School. Before his death, he had not clashed with Zanu PF

      On Wednesday, about 20 people, mostly elderly women, were in mourning
at Madhobha's home as they awaited his burial.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Teachers assaulted in Buhera

      5/10/02 8:55:25 AM (GMT +2)
      From Our Correspondent in Mutare

      ABOUT 30 teachers in Buhera North and South constituencies were on
Tuesday assaulted and ejected from their workplaces by a group of suspected
war veterans who accused them of supporting the MDC.

      At Murambinda Secondary School, Buhera, teachers Teddy Mugwari,
      Usavi, Benjamin Mwandifura and Godfrey Marongwe, the deputy
headmaster, were ordered to leave the school premises with immediate effect
and not to return or face unspecified action.

      Pishai Muchauraya, the MDC spokesman in Manicaland, said on Wednesday:
"War veterans continue to persecute teachers in Buhera North and South,
accusing them of supporting the MDC. The situation is deteriorating."

      The other teachers are said to be from St John's and Hande secondary
schools in Buhera North and Muzokomba in Buhera South.

      The acting district education officer at Murambinda growth point,
identified only as Makwashi, said he was unaware of the situation.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Chinhoyi businessman brutally assaulted by suspected Zanu PF youths

      5/10/02 9:14:03 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporter

      LEO Chegura, 30, a Chinhoyi businessman was on Monday severely
assaulted by suspected Zanu PF supporters at his home because he supports
the MDC.

      Chegura was the MDC co-ordinator for Hurungwe West constituency during
the 2000 parliamentary election. He was replaced by Gift Sabadza for the
9-11 March presidential election after his term expired.

      He said the latest attack was the third since the June 2000
parliamentary election.

      He has made reports to the police on all occasions but no action has
been taken to date, he said.

      According to Chegura, 14 suspected Zanu PF supporters armed with iron
bars attacked him at his home.

      He said they first assaulted Melody Butawo, his wife's younger sister.
When they came, he locked himself inside his house. Chegura said the youths
broke one of the windows and used an iron bar to force the door open and
assaulted him.

      He said when he collapsed, the youths allegedly took $5 000 from him
and pulled him out of the house.

      He claimed his six-year-old daughter, Sharon Rose Chegura, reported
the matter at Chemagamba Police Station. He was taken to Chinhoyi provincial

      When he visited The Daily News office, Chegura had a swollen left eye,
bruised lower lip and swollen head.

      Dr Nyazika, who examined him and wrote his affidavit to the police
      Chegura had a swollen face and lower lip and was unable to fully open
his mouth. The injuries he sustained were inflicted with a blunt instrument.

      Nyazika said severe force was used, but there would be no permanent

      Chegura said on 7 March, two days before the presidential election,
suspected Zanu PF supporters led by Josphat Chikweshe, the Zanu PF chairman
for the Top Six in Chinhoyi, Saidi Elias, employed by the Chinhoyi
Municipality, Biceps Ndlovu, Hlupeko Mavata and Esau Mukwanzi, destroyed his
property worth $34 000.

      He was also assaulted on 4 February by the same group but the police
allegedly refused to deal with the suspects despite reporting the case,
      CR number 41/02/02, at Chinhoyi Police Station.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Sithole says bloodbath would have followed MDC victory

      5/10/02 9:16:42 AM (GMT +2)
      By Rena Chitombo

      MASIPULA Sithole, the Mass Public Opinion Institute director, said if
the MDC had won the disputed 9-11 March presidential election, President
Mugabe's supporters would have killed and bludgeoned more opposition

      "It was God's intervention that Zanu PF won the election or else more
people were going to die because of the violence that would have been
unleashed by the ruling party's supporters," the political analyst said.

      Sithole was speaking at a Centre for Peace Initiatives in Africa
(CPIA) consultation workshop held in Vumba recently.

      CPIA is a non-governmental organisation established last year to
promote peace, stability and security in Africa, through conflict
resolution, peace building and peace maintenance.

      The workshop analysed the presidential poll.

      "The core of the problems in the country is not land but bad
governance," Sithole said. "The government should consider seriously the New
Economic Partnership for Africa's Development which puts good governance in
exchange for economic aid and vast economic investments among others."

      The workshop's aim was to find ways of conducting elections according
to the norms and standards for elections in the Southern African Development
Community region.

      Abigail Mugugu, the Women and Land in Zimbabwe director, said the
presidential poll, characterised by violence resulting in many people being
killed, maimed or displaced, left many women unmarriageable.

      Mugugu said women continued to be tortured and gang-raped even today
in militia camps by youths young enough to be their children and strangers,
with the tacit approval of Zanu PF.

      She challenged the Ministry of Youth Development, Gender and
      Creation to dismantle the militia camps.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Farmers assaulted in police presence

      5/10/02 8:53:07 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporter

      Patrick and Sue Hyde of Pembi Falls Farm in Mvurwi were assaulted in
the presence of police officers and had their home looted and vandalised by
a group of 30 settlers led by war veterans, Masimba Muguti and Steven
Nyahora on Tuesday.

      A statement from the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU) says the attack
brings to 32 the number of farmers in Mashonaland Central evicted from their
homes by the war veterans and Zanu PF supporters recently.

      The 1 000-hectare farm, under a compulsory notice of acquisition, was
the home to three Hyde families, all engaged in diverse agricultural

      Patrick grows citrus fruit and roses while his brother Michael is into
tobacco farming.

      The Hydes employ 150 workers.

      The veterans visited the farm on 2 May and demanded to occupy Patrick'
s and his manager's houses. The family resisted the demands.

      The group returned on 6 May, were denied access to the houses but
climbed over the fence, forcing their way in.

      Four police officers arrived at the scene but watched as the Hydes
were taken to their front lawn where they were physically abused by the war

      A police officer at Mvurwi Police Station who refused to give his name
said yesterday he did not witness such an incident.

      The invaders proceeded to loot the farmhouse.

      There were no arrests, said the CFU statement.

      Patrick and Sue Hyde and their parents have now left the farm with
what they could salvage from the looting and trashing.

      Michael has been allowed to stay on to complete grading the tobacco

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      MDC MP acquitted

      5/10/02 9:18:22 AM (GMT +2)
      From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

      THOKOZANI Khupe, the MDC MP for Makokoba, was last Thursday acquitted
of uttering words likely to "engender feelings of hostility towards the

      Khuphe was detained last year for allegedly contravening the then Law
and Order Maintenance Act (Chapter 39), now replaced by the Public Order and
Security Act, after addressing a rally at Njube Hall.

      She was on $500 bail until last week on Thursday when she appeared
before Nzwisisai Vusango, who refused to prosecute Khupe because she said
the statement uttered did not amount to an offence.

      She was arrested after telling a presidential campaign rally that
after the car accident death of the then Minister of Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation, Border Gezi, "God asked the late minister
whether he had been responsible for the lawlessness that has gripped the

      Khupe said God was not satisfied with Gezi's explanation of the
situation, so he called Moven Mahachi, the late Defence Minister who died in
another accident, and asked him the same question.

      Still not satisfied with the answer, Khupe told the rally, God then
called the late war veterans' leader, Dr Chenjerai Hunzvi, and asked him
again why there was lawlessness in the country. Hunzvi died of an
undisclosed illness.

      She said Hunzvi in turn told God that it was the Police Commissioner,
Augustine Chihuri, who was failing to contain the situation. God, said
      Khupe, was promising to call Chihuri, who was reported to be unwell at
the time she addressed the rally.

      Josphat Tshuma, who represented Khupe, argued that the utterances had
actually been based on a cartoon published in The Financial Gazette. He said
the utterances were more of a criticism of Chihuri as the most senior police
officer, and not in his personal capacity.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Governor slams government

      5/10/02 9:20:06 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporter

      OPPAH Muchinguri, the Manicaland Governor, yesterday slammed the
government for sidelining women in its fast-track land reform programme.

      Muchinguri told delegates at a two-day workshop organised by Women and
Land in Zimbabwe a non-governmental organisation which agitates for the
equitable distribution of land: "Women till the land and work very hard on
it, but credibility is given to men."

      She said all the structures in the land reform programme were headed
by men who were favouring other men while depriving women who work very hard
in the fields.

      "There is need for women to network at provincial level so that they
can effectively fight for their right to have land," said Muchinguri.

      She said 86 percent of women live in the rural areas and provide 70
percent of the labour force but few have been given land.

      Abi Mugugu, national co-ordinator for Land and Women in Zimbabwe said:
"The Land Act in Zimbabwe should be gender-sensitive and take women on board
in order to create a vibrant agricultural sector in the country."

      Mugugu said women had been disadvantaged for a long time on issues of
control and access to land and the government had failed to address the

      "The government made a commitment that female-headed households would
be allocated a quota of 20 percent of all land acquired for resettlement and
the organisation would like to see this commitment fulfilled," said Mugugu.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Officer-in-charge of police in Chimanimani faces assault charge

      5/10/02 9:19:20 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporter

      NGONIDZASHE Chogugudza, the officer-in-charge of Chimanimani police
station allegedly struck a prominent businessman, Michael Shane Kidd, 44, on
the ear causing partial deafness.

      Last month, the policeman allegedly accused the businessman of
assisting the opposition MDC in investigating cases of political retribution
by the ruling party in that constituency.

      Tapuwanaishe Kujinga, a Mutare lawyer, said sometime in March, Kidd
donated a camera to MDC officials to take photos of their members' houses
torched by suspected Zanu PF supporters in Rusitu communal lands.

      "Chogugudza impounded a vehicle and the camera used by the MDC
officials investigating cases of retribution by alleged Zanu PF supporters."
Kujinga said. "Upon learning that the camera had been donated by Kidd, they
summoned him to the police station.
      At the police station Chogugudza spoke to Kidd in Shona and when Kidd
said he did not understand the language, the officer-in-charge hit him on
the right ear, damaging his ear-drum. It has since been confirmed that Kidd
has lost hearing in that ear."

      Last week, Kidd together with four MDC supporters, Talance Kudakwashe
Barara, Lawrence Mbiri, Chamunorwa Chamazhika and David Jakiti, appeared
before a Chipinge magistrate accused of petrol-bombing a house belonging to
a member of the Central Intelligence Organisation, Joseph Mwale.

      Mwale is implicated in a case in which two MDC activists, Talent
Mabika and Tapfuma Tichaona Chiminya, the driver of the MDC president,
      Tsvangirai, were murdered during the 2000 parliamentary election in

      Magistrate Hlekani Mwayera remanded the five in custody to this week
when she is expected to make a ruling on a bail application by Kujinga,
their lawyer.

      Prosecutor Obbie Mabahwana opposed bail saying Kidd had a pending case
in which Chogugudza alleged that he assaulted him.

      "In fact, Chogugudza assaulted Kidd, and then twisted the story to
make it look as if he was assaulted. I have since filed charges against
 him," said Kujinga.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Ministers snub EU function

      5/10/02 8:49:02 AM (GMT +2)
      By Sandra Nyaira Political Editor

      CABINET ministers and senior government officials yesterday snubbed a
Europe Day function in Harare and the national anthem was played in place of
the official response by the Foreign Affairs ministry.

      No senior government officials were present at the occasion marking
the founding of the European Union (EU), whose relations with Zimbabwe have
been frigid since the controversial presidential election last March.

      European Commission officials said they had invited the ministers of
Foreign Affairs, Finance and Economic Development, Health and Child Welfare
and Education, Sports and Culture.

      Usually, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, his deputy or a senior
ministry official responds to a speech and the toast given by a foreign
embassy hosting its national day.

      Yesterday, no-one was available from the government to respond and the
EU officials played the national anthem instead.

      Francesca Mosca, the head of the European Commission to Zimbabwe, said
the government ministers invited to the function had apparently "failed to
turn up".

      Mosca said she saw a foreign ministry official known to her only as Dr
      Faranisi, but he did not respond to her speech.

      In her speech, Mosca said Zimbabweans had to unite in the face of an
unfolding humanitarian crisis of hunger.

      She said this year had been a difficult year for Zimbabwe and for
EU-Zimbabwe relations.

      EU countries have refused to accept President Mugabe's disputed
victory in the March election and have imposed targeted sanctions on senior
government ministers.

      "But every friendship has its ups and downs and I hope that we will be
able to overcome the downs soon."

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      War veterans kidnap, assault MDC supporter

      5/10/02 8:50:30 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporter

      THOMAS Shambira, 30, a Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) supporter
in Highfield, Harare was on Monday kidnapped and beaten up, allegedly by
suspected war veterans for supporting the opposition party.

      Shambira was taken to the Masvingo/Harare highway where he was
attacked with sticks, chains and batons and lost two teeth in the process.

      "The group of Zanu PF supporters came at around 2a.m and demanded to
see me, saying they were policemen," Shambira said.

      He said one of them fired a shot but missed him. He showed The Daily
News a bullet lodged in one of the sofas in his house.

      "They refused to identify themselves and I was handcuffed and bundled
into a car," Shambira said.

      "For almost three hours I was interrogated by the men who told me that
they were going to kill me."

      He was asked to reveal everything he knew about the MDC.

      He managed to escape after the group had removed the handcuffs.

      "A white farmer in the Beatrice area helped me and took me to
hospital," said Shambira.

      He is recovering at a hospital in Harare whose name cannot be
disclosed for his safety.

      Shambira's sister, Winnie Kagoro said: "We reported the case to the
police at Machipisa but they have not responded, that is why the bullet is
still lodged in the sofa."

      Machipisa police refused to comment.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      They thrive on hypocrisy and double standards

      5/10/02 8:51:22 AM (GMT +2)

      The editor in question arrived a few minutes later and, seeing his way
blocked, got out and ordered the luckless driver to remove the car.

      As the driver tried to calmly explain what had happened, the impatient
editor rained blows on him causing the hapless driver to flee.

      Left still blocked out, the editor, to the utter amusement of
bystanders, fulminated: "Our jobs are on the line. If Zanu PF loses the
election we are all likely to lose our jobs."

      Ironically, before his appointment by Moyo, the said editor is
reportedly one of the many people at The Chronicle who went on an all-night
celebration when the MDC won 57 seats in the landmark June 2000
parliamentary election.

      Said one staffer about the man's ecstatic reaction to the MDC's strong
      "He took a cassette from one of the junior staffers which has the song
      Tshisa Mpama which he was playing in his car after the MDC had
recorded victory in several constituencies.

      "To him as to most MDC supporters, the song represents how hot the MDC
is because mpama means 'open palm' and tshisa means 'hot'."

      Which means, that all those pretences notwithstanding, the hearts and
true sympathies of Moyo's men in Bulawayo are still firmly in the MDC.

      Of course, like Moyo's own boss has steadfastly refused to countenance
his new lieutenant's questionable motives in making a complete about-turn in
his view of Zanu PF, Moyo will probably never want to face the reality that
those whom he thinks are his strongest supporters in his suspiciously
insincere propaganda war may actually be only doing it for money.

      He will not accept that there are hypocrites and mercenaries among his
charges at both ZBC and Zimpapers.

      Of course The Mole knows whom they take after. No big deal.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Mugabe's presence at children's summit rapped

      5/10/02 8:52:07 AM (GMT +2)
      Chief Reporter

      MORGAN Tsvangirai, the MDC president, said yesterday he was shocked by
      President Mugabe's presence in New York for the United Nations General
      Assembly Special Session for Children Conference.

      Tsvangirai said: "We are left wondering what message Mugabe can
possibly have for the children worldwide when his illegitimate government in
Zimbabwe is a living example of how not to treat children.

      "The party he leads has set up militia bases countrywide where people
with a different opinion to Zanu PF's are abducted and tortured. Most of the
people in these camps are youngsters below the age of 20 who are being
trained to brutalise their fellow Zimbabweans."

      Tsvangirai said it was Mugabe's disastrous policies that have
displaced 300 000 farm workers and their children while stress and fear were
widespread in schools as Zanu PF supporters sometimes beat up teachers and
parents in front of school children.

      He said: "In most cases there is no medication for children who are
the victims of Zanu PF's violence in government hospitals. While private
hospitals have medication, they charge fees which are not affordable."

      Tsvangirai said the country, which was once the bread basket of the
region, was now a basket case.

      He said that some Zimbabweans were now eating roots while children
were malnourished.

      "We therefore find it absurd that a leader who has demonstrated such
callousness against his children can attend a children's conference. This
hypocrisy on the part of the Zimbabwean leadership has been going on for too
long and must be exposed for what it is," Tsvangirai said.

      He said that those who believed in human rights, and indeed children's
rights had a duty to say "no" to Mugabe's violence. He must be told in no
uncertain terms to disband Zanu PF militia camps and stop the violence in

      The MDC has not accepted Mugabe's re-election, calling it "the biggest
electoral fraud in history".

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      African rulers' loyalty is to each other than to citizens

      5/10/02 9:29:06 AM (GMT +2)
      By Marko Phiri

      RABID nationalists from all over the Africa have argued about the
evils of colonisation and the continuing meddling in the affairs of the
continent and its people by the West, saying this has brought about the
people's suffering.

      Thus our President has said the whites should keep their noses out of
our business.

      John Robertson, an economic analyst, invited the wrath of many when he
pointed to the "gains" brought to the continent by colonialists. But as
      Africans attempt to debunk those myths and unravel the true nature of
the white man's contribution in the existence of the black lot here, they
have not used the language and methods that are any better than the white
man who came to settle among them centuries ago.

      Not only has the language been coarse, but many of the "subjects" have
complained of bad governance, deprivation of constitutional liberties and
gnawing hunger which saw even in the 1980s some hungry blacks yearning for
the white years when primary school children got milk for free. Today milk
is one of the scarce basic commodities in Zimbabwe.

      Thus it may be genuinely asked: if at all we are in a position to
claim superior moral justification, be it in "our" attempts to take back
"our" land or affirmative action, where blacks are favoured in job
appointments over whites, why create more paupers than ever in the history
of the country?

      Obviously there have been no qualms about the business of inverse
racism here which has sought to present that evil "ism" as being acceptable
because the wrath comes from the mouth of a black man this time around.

      But along the way we also come to realise that while the 21st Century
preoccupation in African politics and international relations is to quickly
jump to the side of the fellow black nation accused of some misdemeanour,
what is fundamentally ignored is that the same evils that the black powers
are roundly condemned of committing present themselves on the same footing
with those of the white folks to whom the new war is being waged against!

      But fellow black presidents are, meanwhile, not interested in all
that, so they put their weight behind one of their own.

      As Africa attempts to build links between its member countries, it is,
thus, fair to ask: where then the white man will fit in within that
renaissance mosaic? But what is renaissance when it does not mean being born
anew, when it does not mean the extinction of bad governance and pursuing
economic policies aimed at bettering the mendicant existence of the

      Now we talk about the New Economic Partnership for Africa's
Development (NEPAD), and we wonder yet how the South Africans who dreamt it
up will reconcile its ideals with flawed economic policies of its northward
neighbour which have seen millions of Zimbabweans finding homes on the
streets of South Africa.

      And there has always been a correlation between the huge influx of
immigrants and the high incidence of crime.

      The South African experience has been no exception. Thus, we ponder
the success of the African Renaissance and NEPAD amid all those
socio-economic challenges.

      It will be agreed that black-on-black discrimination, which is
manifested in the unfair distribution of wealth and divides between rich and
poor, is profoundly morally corrupt than any other. And this always pits the
ruling elite against the man on the street.

      The extremes between poverty and wealth would not be acceptable
anywhere in the world. Perhaps in India's caste system it would, but then we
are talking about universal or collective sentiments as guided by the
dictates of the conscience. Yet the irony remains that it is the black man
this time who sit at the top of the hill and yet more are ill!

      One thing about all this African solidarity despite all pointers
demanding a collective uproar, is that the African leaders think their bread
is buttered, and see themselves as wily foxes. As soon as the doors close,
the same leaders line up with plates in hand for foreign aid!

      This explains why the continent has failed dismally to formulate home
grown solutions for its many social, economic and political problems.

      The same African governments will employ those tactics themselves when
they come to hold their own elections. Small wonder then that the
Organisation of African Unity (OAU) since its inception stood by when
atrocities were committed against civilian populations. The only
co-operation we have seen thus far has been toward the perpetuation of the
people's suffering despite their deafening cry for help.

      The OAU now the African Union (AU) left all the issues of good
governance to regional blocs such as the Southern African Development
      Community and the Economic Community for West Africa, but these have
not lifted a finger in the face of gross human rights abuses by member

      The AU will seek, among other things, to create an economic bloc
moulded along the lines of the European Union (EU). We are aware of Turkey's
interest in joining that elite club because the economic gains are
tremendous. But before admission, Turkey has to fulfil economic
pre-conditions and prove it is a legitimate democracy with a good human
rights record.

      It is on this score that the European countries and the United States
will not find common ground with the Africans on the issue of the fairness
of an election. If the AU is to be taken seriously, the EU prerequisites
have to be juxtaposed with those of the AU to see if the African governments
meet the bill.

      Thus, we cannot seriously expect African observers in any election
held in this continent to come out of it saying there should be a rerun
because the field unfairly favours the ruling parties, or the ruling parties
make it impossible for the opposition to access some constituencies, or
sanction the beating-up of opposition party supporters not only by its own
activists, but also by the armed forces.

      Of course, they would be expected to recommend a rerun by virtue of
their "trusted" sense of right and wrong, but their loyalty to each other
would not permit it. One is reminded of the Sicilian Mafia in that regard:
Whistle blowers only look good in caskets! It may be true that salvation for
this continent does not lie in the West.

      It lies in African countries being brave enough to whip each other
into line

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Independent

No more Cambridge exams
Blessing Zulu
CAMBRIDGE International Examinations Board has cut its ties with Zimbabwe in
a move that is likely to hit hard children of ministers, indigenisation
advocates and the affluent who have their children at private schools, the
Zimbabwe Independent has established.

This follows moves by the Ministry of Education to localise exams.

In a letter to all private schools, Cambridge said it was no longer going to
offer its examinations in the country.

"It is with much regret that as things stand in Zimbabwe, I have to inform
you that CIE has reluctantly decided not to offer examinations in Zimbabwe
with effect from the November 2002 session," says the April 28 letter.

"This decision was not an easy one but it is the result of the latest
instruction from the Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture to the private
schools informing them that they may not enter for foreign examinations."

Cambridge also said that it would end its commitment to the Zimbabwe Schools
Examinations Council (Zimsec) which it was assisting in the setting and
marking of examination scripts.

"Our commitment to assist Zimsec will also end with the June 2002
examinations," said the letter.

Schools were officially given to the end of last year as the cut-off point
for ending external examinations. Some private schools however continued to
offer Cambridge certificates.

Heritage School, for instance, in Borrowdale which is modelled on a British
school, is favoured by government ministers and Zanu PF-affiliated
empowerment advocates as affording the best education for their children.

The board chairman for Chisipite Senior School, Alistar Wright, said they
had received the letter from Cambridge and convened a meeting with parents
to map the way forward.

"We agreed to engage with all stakeholders and hopefully reach a consensus
on this issue," Wright said.

"We are concerned by the short notice from Cambridge and obviously this is
going to impact negatively on children who were already preparing for their

Private schools affected include Falcon College in Esigodini, Hillcrest in
Mutare, Christian Brothers College in Bulawayo, Kyle College in Masvingo,
Lomagundi in Chinhoyi, Peterhouse and Watershed in Marondera, Bulawayo
Convent and Harare schools Gateway, St George's College, Convent, St John's
College, Eaglesvale, Chisipite and Heritage.

The continued leaking of examination papers from Zimsec is a cause for
concern and has impacted negatively on the credibility of the local
examinations board. Contacted for comment on the exam leaks, Zimsec director
Dr Isaiah Sibanda said he was not ready to comment.

"I cannot tell you about our plans to curb this practice as it may act in
favour of those who are cheating," he said.

From ZWNEWS, 10 May

Cambridge bows to Mugabe and withdraws examinations

In a stunning example of sanctions hitting those they are supposed to help, Britain’s Cambridge examining board has belatedly decided to bow to a 2-year-old decree by President Robert Mugabe’s regime and bar pupils in Zimbabwe from taking the internationally recognised examinations. The turnabout by Cambridge International Examinations means that some 9,000 pupils of all races at Zimbabwe’s independent schools are faced with having to find money and resources to write their November examinations in neighbouring African countries, or hastily convert to a local examination of dubious value. The Cambridge board, which has set examinations for schoolchildren in Zimbabwe for generations, made no immediate comment on why it is heeding the ban just two months after Mugabe held on to power in a violent election widely regarded as rigged. All but a handful of African countries refuse to recognise the election, and Mugabe is banned from the United States and many European countries, including Britain. Asked to comment yesterday, a spokesman at the Cambridge board told ZWNEWS that Chief Executive Pen Murray would make a statement "in due course, but we can’t say exactly when.’’ No reply had been received by today.

Despite the decree about foreign examinations in 2000, most independent schools in Zimbabwe continued to offer Cambridge examinations. The schools argued that it was their constitutional right to offer the examinations they considered best for their students. Pupils wrote the Cambridge IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education), AS and A level examinations last year. This year’s students are in the last phase of the two-year syllabus for examinations due to be written in November. Schools received the decision in a letter dated April 29 saying the Cambridge examining board "has reluctantly decided not to offer examinations in Zimbabwe with effect from the November 2002 session." "This decision was not an easy one but it is the result of the latest instruction from the Ministry of Education Sport and Culture to the Private Schools informing them that they may not enter for foreign examinations."

Most high-ups in the ruling Zanu PF party, including Mugabe, send their children to private schools – and many have already had their children safely graduate with Cambridge school-leaving examinations and move on to foreign universities. The examination ban was imposed by Education Minister Aeneas Chigwedere - who has a child at university in Canada – as part of what the Mugabe regime says is a drive to eradicate all "colonial’’ and "Western’’ influence. The decision by the Cambridge board is likely to prompt a fresh exodus of black and the few remaining white professionals in the country. For pupils due to write examinations in November, the immediate impact is a logistical nightmare. The exams cover an eight-week period and the Zimbabwe pupils would have to find money and accommodation to write their exams in Cambridge-approved centres in South Africa, Bostwana, Zambia, Malawi or Kenya, or come to Britain. "We are feeling shattered and betrayed that it should be Cambridge, a British institution, that has pulled the plug on us,’’ said one teacher, who asked not to be identified. "And Mugabe will have achieved his Marxist ideal – to eliminate the middle classes and educated." An A-level student, also too nervous to be identified said, "We are to be denied this internationally recognised and valuable school-leaving qualification – and by the very world that claims to have our interests at heart."

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      Police arrest invaders for looting on farms

      5/9/02 12:14:30 PM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporters

      MARONDERA police have arrested scores of people for looting property
and crops on commercial farms south of the town in an operation that started
on Friday last week.

      The exact number could not be established yesterday but sources said
at least 40 people had been arrested at the start of the operation.

      The police blitz followed several complaints by the farmers over the
looting of their property by settlers and so-called war veterans in the rich
farming area.

      The property included tractors, a lorry, motorcycles, cattle and
domestic appliances.

      Unconfirmed reports said some of the ring leaders were freed after war
veterans demanded their release.

      Charles Manhiri, the area public prosecutor for Mashonaland East,
yesterday confirmed that some of the cases were brought to the Marondera
Magistrates' Court on Monday and Tuesday but he could not disclose the

      The police in Marondera refused to comment and referred questions to
Senior Assistant Commissioner Mary Masango, the officer commanding
Mashonaland East Province.

      She could not be reached as she was said to be out of town.

      At Igava Farm on Tuesday this week, workers said so-called war
veterans and resettled people from the neighbouring Svosve communal land
engaged in a pitched battle over looted farm equipment, household goods and

      One said: "They have been fighting to share the property, especially
the farm equipment. The police have arrested them since Friday last week."

      Police officers and two soldiers were at the farm in the afternoon,
monitoring the situation.

      The farmers' club at Igava has been closed down and is now occupied by
men claiming to be war veterans, most of them too young to have taken part
in the liberation war, which ended in 1979.

      One of the youths said: "We chased away the whites and the club is now
occupied by the war veterans."

      According to the Commercial Farmers' Union, at least 90 farmers were
evicted from their farms in Mashonaland East province since the 9-11 March
presidential election.

      The province is the worst hit in the country.

      On Tuesday, a source in Marondera said a man claiming to be a war
veteran allegedly extorted $100 000 from a farmer, Angus Campbell, of Uitkyk
Farm along Igava Road south of the town, claiming it was compensation for a
paprika crop destroyed by his cattle.

      Campbell, who could not be reached for comment yesterday, is said to
have paid the man but the police intervened and returned his money.

      The man threatened Campbell several times in front of the police,
forcing Campbell to withdraw the charges against him.

      The source alleged that an army colonel had taken over the farmhouse
at Bruce Farm in the same area.

      The colonel reportedly shared an unspecified number of the farmer's
motorcycles among fellow war veterans. He and a colleague allegedly stole a
tractor plough, which was later recovered at his colleague's home in Hwedza.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News

      By Sandra Nyaira Political Editor

      5/9/02 12:18:53 PM (GMT +2)
      Bill passed

      THE Land Acquisition Amendment Bill, which gives the government powers
to speed up its controversial land reforms, was passed in Parliament
yesterday amid strong protest from the opposition MDC parliamentarians.

      The Bill seeks to regularise the Presidential Powers (Temporary
Measures) Act invoked to enable the government to proceed with its land
reform programme. The temporary measures expire today.

      Patrick Chinamasa, the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary
Affairs, who steered the Bill through Parliament, immediately adjourned the
House to 6 August when President Mugabe would have officially opened the
next parliamentary session.

      Chimanimani MP, Roy Bennet, was thrown out of the House for being out
of order.

      Bennet was responding to remarks by Chinamasa that the MDC was
"inhabited by the avenging spirit of Rhodes and you need to exorcise it" and
that the whites in the country were "waging their battles using black
generals and black troops" to fight land reform.

      Bennet, who made his contribution in Shona, said the "black generals"
being used by the whites were in actual fact senior Zanu PF officials who
were in business partnerships with whites like John Bredenkamp.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Daily News - Leader Page

      Peasantry's spontaneous nature works against democracy

      5/9/02 11:43:53 AM (GMT +2)
      By Takura Zhangazha

      IN 1975 the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Rhodesia
published a dossier that it called The Man in the Middle, Torture,
Resettlement and Eviction and Civil War in Rhodesia. This report was the
first of its kind in the then Rhodesia and was condemned in typical fashion
by the Rhodesian government at that time.

      The significance of this little book is not so much the controversy
that it kicked up at that time, but in the manner in which it outlined the
political suffering of the peasantry at the hands of the government of the

      More significantly, the stories told in that booklet allow us to
compare the treatment meted out on rural folk then and now in independent
Zimbabwe. This will allow us to see whether the peasantry are still a class
that is intimidated by political shows of power or are able to harbour
political ideas that transcend the threat of the use of physical force
against them.

      Before independence, it is a fair point that the rural people had a
vision of removing the shackles of colonial exploitation. Indeed, the
political experience that contemporary Zimbabweans now call the First
Chimurenga is clear testimony to this. The vision though unattained in the
1896 wars, fuelled the Second Chimurenga. But as the originators of the
vision of a free Zimbabwe, the peasantry did not have a significant role in
remoulding the vision to suit the decolonisation process. The main movers of
the form and content of the vision became the missionary educated young
intellectuals and teachers whose attitude was of reverence to the heroes of
the First Chimurenga.

      The peasant values of spirit mediums and elders playing leading roles
in the struggle were sidelined to the periphery.
      What became more important were Maoist mobilisation processes that
clearly had more to do with a centralised and somewhat scientific socialist
organisation. The peasants in this regard no longer had a specific leading
role as was the case then, but remained amenable to the vision of a free
Zimbabwe because of their historical significance in the First Chimurenga as
well as in the manner in which the liberation movements applauded their role
in the First Chimurenga.

      As such, the peasantry acquired a historically infallible role and
even the Rhodesian government realised this. In this case, the Ian Smith
government countered any association that the peasants might have with the
new type of guerrilla fighter, a thing which the guerrilla movement also
deliberately opposed by dishing out its own propaganda in favour of the war.
Whilst the peasantry clearly supported the latter, the unfortunate event was
that the propaganda war became more vicious on either side with deaths
occurring for as little a reason as having been seen to be sympathetic with
either side.
      And this is where the trauma of the peasant as an independent
political vision forming class begins.

      The liberation movement began to use the previously glorified
historical role of the peasantry as exactly that: a istorical role that
could not be challenged or changed with the deliberate participation of the
peasant. As such, the peasantry assumed a stagnant class status. There were
to be remembered for their role in the First Chimurenga, become vehicles of
      second and to ultimately serve a reserve force for the most blunt
forms of nationalism in what has now come to be called the Third Chimurenga.

      In contemporary Zimbabwe the stagnancy of the rural population has
remained intact to a larger extent. The ideas that still remain priorities
for the peasantry remain the same as was in the years before independence.
Issues such as land redistribution and raw race-based nationalism are still
a component of the rural political landscape. Moreover, the acceptance of
the violent nature of the ruling party indicates that there has been very
little change to the political culture of the Second Chimurenga that was
characterised by forcing people to toe the line of the revolution or else
face involuntary exile or death.

      The ruling party has found this strategy as a necessary tool of its
survival in power and would be comfortable with such a state of affairs
where the rural areas are inaccessible to different political persuasions.

      For the opposition movements, however, there is the mind-boggling
question: how can the political culture surrounding the peasantry be
changed? The initial assumption had been that there was a silent
consciousness in the rural people. The reasoning was that the violence and
intimidation being unleashed by the ruling party was not enough to undermine
the confidence of the rural people in the secrecy of the ballot and,
therefore, whilst people attended rallies, they would
      secretly vote opposition. This B3silent campaignB2 strategy was not
coherent on the part of the opposition. And where there was no silent
campaign but obvious confrontation in the form of rallies and open
campaigns, the opposition did not have staying power for obvious reasons
like the bias of State security agents.

      Therefore, it is likely that the rural populations of Zimbabwe are
currently not central to the struggle for emocratisation in Zimbabwe. They
are poorly organised, immobile and still too steeped in a liberation wartime
that prevents them from becoming an independently conscious class in

      Their significance on the political stage only arises in the numbers
that they can bring to a national election, but not a concerted campaign for
political democratisation in Zimbabwe.

      In the currently unlikely event that the urban populace will take on
the sitting government by protesting in the streets for prolonged periods of
time, the peasant will still accept it with ease. The peasant will serve as
back-up to a besieged government and thus will allow for the clear division
of the nation into a worker-versus-peasant scenario. The peasant will not be
averse to being subjected to the tactics of the liberation struggle by the
ruling party and, therefore, will accentuate the latter's stubborn hold on
power. The spontaneous nature of the peasantry that Franz Fanon ably
outlines will work against democracy in Zimbabwe because theirs has ceased
to be a revolutionary role.

      This essentially means that the rural populace can only be shifted
from their current position through a deliberate show of power and control
within villages. Only if the opposition manages to prove a greater show of
physical power than the ruling party will the peasantry join their ranks in

Back to the Top
Back to Index