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Mugabe reintroduces Bill to snoop on communications

Zim Online

Friday 11 May 2007

      By Thulani Munda

      HARARE - President Robert Mugabe's government this week re-introduced
in Parliament a controversial Bill seeking to empower the state to monitor
and intercept private communications between individual citizens or

      The Bill - which human rights groups and journalists say could be the
last nail in the coffin of the freedoms of expression and association in
Zimbabwe - was brought back after the Parliamentary Legal Committee (PLC) on
Tuesday issued a non-adverse report on the proposed new law, allowing debate
on it to begin in the government-dominated House of Assembly.

      The committee dominated by Mugabe's ruling ZANU PF party but chaired
by opposition Movement for Democratic Change party secretary general
Welshman Ncube scrutinises proposed legislation to ensure it complies with
the Constitution before it is tabled in Parliament.

      The Interception of Communications Bill seeks to establish a centre
for monitoring and intercepting both fixed and mobile telephone
communications as well as ordinary postal articles deemed detrimental to the
interests of the state.

      It was withdrawn last October after the PLC year said some of its
sections contravened the Constitution and because of an outcry by interest
groups who argued the Bill infringed on freedom of expression.

      The Zimbabwe chapter of the regional Media Institute of Southern
Africa (MISA) immediately condemned the revised Bill saying it was no
different from the one rejected last year.

      "It remains an undemocratic piece of legislation that targets
individuals or individual organisations," MISA-Zimbabwe director Rashwheat
Mkundu told ZimOnline.

      "Its an intrusion into people's privacy. Our major concern is that in
light of the present crackdown on perceived enemies of the government, this
law might be abused to target political opponents," he added.

      Nelson Chamisa, who is spokesman of the main wing of the MDC loyal to
Morgan Tsvangirai said if enacted, the new law would be "an additional tool
in the dictator's toolbox".

      He said: "With elections around the corner in 2008, the law would be
used terrorise and punish journalists, the opposition and other
pro-democracy forces."

      Information Minister and chief government spokesman Sikhanyiso Ndlovu
was not immediately available for comment on the matter.

      The Bill seeks to empower the Defence Forces Chief of Intelligence,
the Director General of the President's Department of National Security, the
Commissioner of the Zimbabwe Republic Police and Commissioner General of the
Zimbabwe Revenue Authority to apply for authority to intercept

      Authority to issue an interception warrant will be vested in the
Minister of Transport and Communications who will do so after satisfying
himself that there are reasonable grounds that a serious offence had been or
was being or would probably be committed or that there was threat to safety
or national security of the country.

      Telecommunication service providers will be required to install
hardware and software facilities and devices to enable interception of

      Service providers will be compensated by the state for helping monitor
or intercept communications, according to the proposed law.

      The Bill provides that any person aggrieved by a warrant empowering
relevant state agents to monitor or intercept their communications may
appeal to the Administrative Court, which may confirm, vary, set aside or
uphold the warrant.

      There is also a provision for the Attorney General to review the
Minister of Transport and Communications' exercise of power to issue
warrants under the Bill.

      If the Bill finally sails through Parliament, it will add on to a raft
of tough media laws that the government has used to suppress independent

      Zimbabwe already has some of the worst media laws in the world, with
journalists for example, being liable to two-year jail terms if they are
caught practising without a licence from the state's Media and Information

      At least four newspapers including the biggest daily, The Daily News
were shut down over the past four years for violating the country's tough
media laws. - ZimOnline

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Mozambique threatens to switch off Zimbabwe

Zim Online

Friday 11 May 2007

By Edith Kaseke

HARARE - Mozambique said yesterday it could be forced to eventually switch
off Zimbabwe for defaulting on electricity payments amounting to US$55
million for supplies although Maputo sympathised with President Robert
Mugabe's government which is gripped by a serious economic crisis.

Zimbabwe has battled to raise money for power imports from its neighbours
due to biting foreign currency shortages, which are part of a bigger
economic downturn that has pushed inflation to above 2 200 percent and
unemployment at more than 80 percent.

Mozambique's two power concerns Electricidade de Mozambique (EDM) and Cahora
Bassa supply more than 300 megawatts of electricity to Zimbabwe. Imports
from Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
meet 40 percent of Zimbabwe's electricity demand.

The statement by Mozambique came as ZESA Holdings tried to ease concerns
over its decision to divert most electricity to winter wheat production,
which would leave households facing massive power cuts.

"We understand Zimbabwe's situation as of now, but we want them to pay
because we should be using the money to fund other local projects, we want
to see the debt paid," Adelino Muchanga, spokesman for EDM said.

A Zimbabwe government notice published on Wednesday announced a new power
cut programme as the struggling ZESA battles to shift supplies to irrigate
the winter wheat crop in the face of increasing food shortages.

The southern African country is experiencing frequent power cuts due to the
declining capacity of its ageing power plants and serious shortages of
foreign exchange which have hit imports.

Zimbabwe requires US$2 billion for new equipment and to expand production at
the country's two main power plants and ease shortages that have also
affected industrial production and contributed to the economic crisis.

Critics blame the economic crisis on repression and wrong policies by Mugabe
such as his seizure of productive farms from whites for redistribution to
landless blacks.

Failure by the government to provide resources and skills training for black
villagers resettled on white farms saw agricultural production plummeting by
about 30 percent, causing food shortages and also crippling an economy built
on farming.

Mugabe, in power since Zimbabwe's 1980 independence from Britain, however
denies mismanaging the economy and blames his country's problems on Western
sanctions. - ZimOnline

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Scramble at UN to stop Zimbabwe running development organisation

Times Online
May 10, 2007

Richard Beeston, Diplomatic Editor
Britain and other Western nations are engaged in a rearguard action to block
Zimbabwe from heading an influential United Nations organisation responsible
for development.

Zimbabwe runs one of the world's most disastrous economies but Francis
Nheme, its Environment Minister, is expected tomorrow to become chairman of
the UN's Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), the international body
that monitors the environment and development.

"We do not find Zimbabwe the right country to head the CSD for the next
period," said Erik Solheim, the Norwegian International Development
Minister, who raised the alarm in New York.

Normally the chairmanship of the body rotates annually between the five
board members, who each represent one of the world's regions. The next
chairman should be the representative of an African country. But when the
African block on the 53-member organisation proposed Zimbabwe last month,
other nations reacted with disbelief and demanded a vote.

In spite of the protests the African members, the most numerous in the
organisation, have refused to back down and are expected to push through
their candidate.
"At present we do not have enough support to block Zimbabwe," said one
diplomat at the UN. "If it takes over the chairmanship it will have a
negative impact on the work of the commission."

Once one of Africa's best-performing economies, Zimbabwe is now one of the
worst on the continent and millions of Zimbabweans have fled the country to
escape poverty.

Last month inflation reached a record 2,200 per cent. Severe petrol
shortages have crippled transport. Yesterday the country's state power
utility issued a warning that electricity could be cut to homes for 20 hours
a day.

The country's agricultural sector was ruined by land confiscations ordered
by President Mugabe seven years ago. Once a net exporter of food, there are
now 1.8 million Zimbabweans receiving food aid.

A US State Department spokesman said that Zimbabwe's development has "been
going in one direction - and that's backwards".

Western officials are particularly frustrated with the behaviour of African
nations, who continue to support the Mugabe regime, even though it has
remained in power because of flawed elections and a campaign of intimidation
against the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Morgan
Tsvangirai, the MDC leader, was arrested and beaten with other opposition
figures in March. He said last month that 600 of his supporters had been
attacked by the authorities in the campaign of violence.

Pius Alick Ncube, the Archbishop of Bulawayo, blamed African nations,
particularly South Africa for propping up Mr Mugabe, who has been in power
since the country's independence in 1980.

"The international community has tried its best. The people letting us down
are the African nations. They will not come out and clearly condemn the
injustices that are in Zimbabwe," he said during a visit to Australia.

"It is a kind of club of African leaders trying to defend one another. They
will not listen to the West," he said.

In spite of the strong support for Mugabe on the continent there are signs
that some African leaders are growing increasingly worried about the 83-year
old Zimbabwean leader, who has vowed to stay on in power for another term.

John Kufuor, the President of Ghana and the current African Union chairman,
said that he was worried about the crisis in Zimbabwe.

"When the leader of the opposition gets beaten up, for good or ill,
naturally all concerned should be worried," he said.

South Africa is regarded as the country that could exert most influence on
Zimbabwe and President Mbeki was appointed as a mediator to resolve the
political crisis.

Critics complain that to date he has failed to use pressure on his neighbour
to end the economic crisis and the political violence.

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No blanket 20-hour outages planned, says Zimbabwe power utility

International Herald Tribune

The Associated PressPublished: May 10, 2007

HARARE, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe's state power utility on Thursday said that daily
electricity outages were likely to increase but dismissed reports of blanket
20-hour power cuts.

Power outages occur daily, affecting homes and industry, but confusion over
increased cuts arose over reports on an official announcement Tuesday that
priority for uninterrupted power supplies was being given to farmers using
electrically-driven irrigation on seasonal wheat crops.

The announcement from the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority said
household consumers were likely to experience more outages during a 20-hour
period from 9.00 p.m.(1900 GMT) to 5.00 p.m. (1500 GMT) the following day as
power was channeled to wheat farming districts.

The three hours of peak domestic use for evening cooking and other essential
household "chores" between 5.00 p.m. and 9.00 p.m. each day would then
receive priority, state radio said.

Edward Rugoyi, an official of the state power utility, said the agriculture
ministry and the energy ministry agreed to exempt wheat farms from scheduled
power outages known as "load shedding," the state Herald newspaper reported

Wheat for bread and bakery products, part of the nation's staple diet, is
grown in Zimbabwe's current winter season, when demand for domestic power is
also at its highest.
Rugoyi said if enough power supplies were available, there would not be
increased domestic outages.

But when there were power shortfalls no-one could be exempted from cuts, not
even prioritized wheat producers.

"Under emergency conditions ... ZESA will not be in a position to guarantee
supply to any customer at any given time," he said.

Along with power shortages in the worst economic crisis since independence
in 1980, Zimbabwe is suffering acute shortages of hard currency, gasoline,
food and most essential goods.

The nation imports 40 percent of its power from its neighbors. Shortages of
coal have shut down some generating facilities. The also reported shortages
of equipment and spare parts to keep its domestic services running.

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AP Interview: Leading attorney says Zimbabwe gov't trying to weaken foes by attacking lawyers

Internationl Herald Tribune

The Associated PressPublished: May 10, 2007

NEW YORK: Zimbabwe's government is intimidating, arresting and beating
lawyers in an attempt to destroy the beleaguered political opposition's last
line of defense, one of the African nation's leading attorneys said

Arnold Tsunga, the executive director of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights,
said in an interview that years of rough treatment of lawyers by President
Robert Mugabe's security forces had escalated in recent weeks with the
arrests of four prominent attorneys. Lawyers who protested two of the
arrests by demonstrating outside the country's high court on Tuesday were
manhandled and struck with riot batons. Some were forced into a truck, taken
to a suburban field and beaten, witnesses have said.

"It's to send a very clear message that there is no lawyer in Zimbabwe who
is safe," Tsunga said.

He said the violence was a reaction to his group's success in slowing
Mugabe's persecution of the political opposition.

Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights has taken the cases of about 1,000
political defendants a year since 2003, he said. It has managed to win
acquittals in every case and the release of many defendants within two days,
a stark change from a time when political defendants were held incommunicado
indefinitely and abused with impunity in jail, he said.

"It gave the political activists a lot of hope that they are not alone in
the struggle for greater democracy of our country," he said. As a result, he
said, "there has been a deliberate effort to clamp down on members of the
legal profession ... The government is now showing desperation."
A spokesman for Zimbabwe's mission to the United Nations referred questions
to Ambassador Guwa Chidyausiku, who was not immediately available for

Tsunga, who also helps lead Zimbabwe's bar association, and heads a group of
350 reform-minded civil society groups, spoke in a Manhattan hotel room on
his way to Washington, where he was finishing his work for a 10-month human
rights fellowship at the University of Minnesota.

He left Zimbabwe for the United States last year with his wife and three
children after receiving what he described as credible reports that his name
was on a list of people targeted for death by a government hit squad.

Tsunga, 40, said that he would return to Zimbabwe next month despite
continuing fears for his life, because he felt obligated to help other
lawyers putting themselves at risk to aid Mugabe's opponents. Zimbabwe
Lawyers for Human Rights counts nearly 200 of the country's approximately
700 private lawyers as members.

"It would be highly irresponsible of me to abandon them," he said. "We have
to be part of the group that creates hope for our country."

He decried what he called the silence of Zimbabwe's neighboring countries,
particularly South Africa, whose President Thabo Mbeki has been appointed by
nations in the region as a facilitator charged with helping to resolve the

The South African government insists that its policy of quiet diplomacy is
more effective than Western-style criticism. A South African government
spokesman did not immediately return a phone call seeking a response to
Tsunga's comments.

Zimbabwe is suffering its worst economic crisis since independence in 1980,
with acute shortages of food, hard currency, gasoline, medicines and most
other basic goods. Official inflation is running at about 2,200 percent
annually, the highest in the world.

Mugabe, an 83-year-old former anti-colonial rebel, has acknowledged that
police used violent methods against other opposition supporters and killed
at least one activist. He has warned alleged perpetrators of unrest they
would be "bashed" again if violence continued.

Zimbabwe's ruling party has endorsed Mugabe as its candidate in next year's
presidential elections. Victory would allow him to stay in power until 2013,
when he would be close to 90.

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Downer plans to call off cricket tour

The Australian

Michael Davis and Jill Rowbotham
May 11, 2007
THE Australian cricket team's tour of Zimbabwe is unlikely to proceed after
the Howard Government revealed it was considering legal action to force its
There have been escalating calls for Australia to boycott the series, which
critics claim would legitimise President Robert Mugabe's barbaric

After meeting Cricket Australia officials in Melbourne last night, Foreign
Minister Alexander Downer warned the Government would take whatever action
was necessary to ensure the tour was scrapped.

Mr Downer said the Government was examining a range of legal options.

"If, legally, the Government can stop it, then clearly that's an option," he
said. "I don't think it's practical for the parliament to legislate to stop
it in a one-off situation like this but if there is (an) existing legal
basis, then that's an option for us that we would stop it ourselves."

Cricket Australia chief executive officer James Sutherland said that if the
Government intervened to stop the tour, the sports body would not have to
pay a $US2 million ($2.4 million) fine to Zimbabwean officials for pulling

Mr Sunderland said fines had previously been waived over the past decade
when India and Pakistan authorities had prevented the two countries playing
each other.

Mr Downer said he wanted to avoid Australia's World Cup-winning cricketers
being put in an embarrassing and difficult position if that could be

"We take the view that if the tour were to take place it would be a
propaganda victory for President Mugabe and his regime," he said.

"It would help them to be able to demonstrate international recognition for
modern Zimbabwe ... this is the world's greatest team so it would have a
high profile and we are very concerned it would be exploited for propaganda
purposes by a regime that is an evil regime, which abuses human rights and
is a regime that has simply trashed the Zimbabwean economy."

Catholic bishops joined the growing chorus, calling on Cricket Australia
yesterday to abandon the tour.

At the biannual meeting of the church's most senior body, the Australian
Catholic Bishops Conference, the bishops announced solidarity with
Zimbabwean Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube as they opposed "the cruel
treatment of vulnerable people".

"We support recent calls for the Australian cricket team to withdraw from
its upcoming tour of Zimbabwe and believe that this would be a significant
symbolic stance against the oppressive regime in that country," ACBC
president and Archbishop of Adelaide Philip Wilson said.

Mr Downer conceded that Mr Mugabe could end up pocketing a $US2 million fine
if the tour was scrapped. The federal Government has offered to pay the fine
in return for Cricket Australia cancelling the tour.

He said he could not guarantee that the money, which would be paid under
International Cricket Council rules, would not end up with Mr Mugabe.

"I can't give that guarantee. It's $US2 million, (which) would go to the
Zimbabwe Cricket Union, and they would of course be able to do what they
wanted with the money," Mr Downer said.

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Roy Bennett: Fighting to deliver the message of Zimbabweans

African Path

May 10, 2007
02:46 PMThe National treasurer of Zimbabwe's main opposition party, Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC), Roy Bennett is setting up party structures in
South Africa for Zimbabweans in that country to participate in programme
that will see the opposition holding a congress here this year.

His efforts to

revive Zimbabwe opposition politics however appeared at a time when the
South African government is denying him refugee status despite the political
persecution that he has been facing in his home country since 2000 when he
decided to contest as a Member of Parliament for Chimanimani on opposition

Bennett fled from Zimbabwe in May last year seeking refugee here.

Roy told African Path: "I am still waiting for the department of Home
Affairs as my case is now before the Appeal Board. I strongly believe that
because the board is independent and there is still justice, law and order
in South Africa, the adjudicators will apply their mind to the irresistible
documented evidence around my persecution and danger under the hands of the
Mugabe regime."

"The evidence points clearly that I have been not been offered protection
that I am entitled as lawful citizen of Zimbabwe because there is no rule of
law or any form of justice in the country. It would be impossible for any
independent body to reject and refute the factual evidence." He said.

Roy however, believes that the denial was "unfortunate" and claims it could
have had a political insinuation for the South African government.

Roy applied for asylum, citing political harassment in Zimbabwe but the
application was typically turned down on the justification that his fears of
political persecution in Zimbabwe were "not well founded".

Confirming Roy's rejection department of Home Affairs spokesman Nkosana
Sibuyi said his department was not going to treat the application of senior
Zimbabwe opposition politician differently from other applicants.

A letter of rejection in position of Roy reads: "After a thorough assessment
of your claim and careful scrutiny of all the available information the
Refugee Status Determination Officer has come to a conclusion that your
testimony does not warrant the granting of refugee status. In consequence
thereof your claim has been rejected in terms of Section 24 (3) c. of the
Refugee Act of 1998 as manifestly unfounded," reads the document.

Roy once a successful commercial farmer in Zimbabwe pursued every legal
thoroughfare to protect his life and family members from state aggravation.
The High Court ordered no less than six court orders in his favour but the
government, the police, the army, the Central Intelligence Organisation and
war veterans ignored each order with impunity.

In South Africa Roy remarked that there is a need to strengthen the party
and he has started setting up structures and encouraging Zimbabweans to
stand up and get involved in the National question, which is to create a
democratic government for the people of Zimbabwe. "I am here not by choice,
but because the regime in Zimbabwe hounded me into exile. I am only
concentrating on politics and the situation back home, I have no time for
pleasure or anything else until I have finished delivering the message that
the people of Zimbabwe asked me to deliver.

I think for us to strengthen opposition politics here in SA we need to
structure the people and then hold a congress after which we can present a
formidable force to represent the MDC people in South Africa. Most people
here are not here through popular choice but through necessity as the
situation in Zimbabwe has nothing to offer in all their spheres of life.
Being structured and organized we will be able to stand in solidarity with
our comrades back home, and be ready to mobilize to support them in what
ever way is necessary".

As political persecution of opposition and pro-democracy leaders in Zimbabwe
continues Roy is accusing the South African government for not understand
the political harassment and socio-economic problems in its northern
neighbor that have forced more than half of the country's population into

President Thabo Mbeki and his government have to acknowledge that there is a
crisis in Zimbabwe.

"One wonders where the SA government stands in such a scenario. They should
condemn Zimbabwe's human rights travesty in Zimbabwe. The recent arrest of
civic society and political leaders is an indication of how bad things are
in Zimbabwe," Roy said.

The South African government recently ended its silence on President Robert
Mugabe's brutality as it urged Harare to respect the rule of law and the
rights of all Zimbabweans.

President Thabo Mbeki's government had come under heavy denigration for
maintaining what critics described as a very "curious silence" on Zimbabwe
after Movement for Democratic change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai and
scores of other party activists were arrested and brutally tortured by the
police and army.

His family that had been in Zimbabwe for more than a half-century, lost
almost everything in 2000, their 7,000-acre coffee farm, a US$125,000 coffee
harvest, their house and their belongings inside, vehicles and 900 head of

On October 28 2004, Roy by that time MP for Chimanimani was sentenced by the
Parliament of Zimbabwe to an effective one-year in prison with stiff labour.
His crime was to push over the Minister of Justice, Patrick Chinamasa, in
Parliament after Chinamasa had insulted and provoked Roy by calling his late
father and grandfather "white thieves and murderers".

The felony would have attracted a maximum US$15.00 about R105 fine had it
been tried in a normal Zimbabwean court. In all probability Roy would have
received a mere caution. Instead, Parliament used its own powers to get a
biased committee dominated by ZANU PF to examine the incident then in a
vote, which was divided down party political lines, Roy was sentenced to
unjust sentence of imprisonment.

Prior to Roy's sentencing in parliament Heather urged him to leave the
country to South Africa to circumvent detention but he refused, saying he
wants to fight for democracy in Zimbabweans.

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Electricity rationing causing massive deforestation in urban areas

By Tichaona Sibanda
10 May 2007

The country is losing an area of green belt equal to two football fields a
day in the wake of massive electricity shortages, Newsreel learned on

Since the beginning of the year the country's urban areas have experienced
rampant deforestation as a result of persistent power cuts by the Zimbabwe
Electricity Supply Authority.

Harare resident and environmentalist Brian Ndlovu said the unavailability of
paraffin has also seen a rise in deforestation in areas adjacent to urban
centres as people resort to firewood for cooking. Deforestation is the
permanent destruction of indigenous forests and woodlands.

'The government last year laid down laws that helped curb the wanton cutting
down of tress but I believe they have been forced to look the other way
because firewood is the only fuel left for millions of Zimbabweans to use
for cooking,' Ndlovu said.

Ndlovu added; 'I remember quite well Environment and Tourism Minister
Francis Nhema launching an awareness campaign last year to educate people
about the dangers of deforestation, including its impact on the climate. But
what can he do now. There's no electricity and there's no paraffin and this
would have a negative impact on the country's environment.'

The country's economic woes have also resulted in the over-exploitation of
forests by humans and this has continued unabated in the last six years.
Increased urbanisation is also responsible for the deforestation.
Indiscriminate felling of trees for converting forestlands into agricultural
fields and for building houses in undesignated areas have all contributed to
the loss of this exhaustible natural resource.

The government on Wednesday introduced strict electricity rationing to cope
with the ongoing power crisis caused by the inefficiencies of the regime.

SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news

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A wilful descent into poverty

The Times
May 11, 2007

Jan Raath
It took a while to explain to Pikai, a thin man who sells oranges near my
home, what the UN Commission for Sustainable Development is meant to do.
Then I told him that President Mugabe's Government was a serious contender
for its chairmanship. "Then there is no hope for us," he said and walked
back to his small pyramid of oranges.

Two years ago police destroyed his council-approved house. He cannot afford
to send his eight-year-old son to school. The only work he can do is selling
oranges on the street and last week he was arrested for "illegal vending".
He spent the night in jail. Police told him that the presence of vendors on
the street was "tarnishing the image of the country in foreign countries".

Zimbabwe is on or near the bottom of every international indicator of human
endeavour. The 40 per cent crash in GDP in the past nine years is the worst
in the world for a country not at war. Per capita GDP is down to what it was
in 1953. The average age of adult mortality is 36 years.

This descent from being sub-Saharan Africa's second-most-developed nation
was not the blind, feckless slide into poverty and tyranny that came with
the end of colonial rule nearly everywhere else in Africa.

It began in earnest 20 years after independence and was wilful and
sustained. Mr Mugabe saw the writing on the wall: his people had had enough
of him. His response was to send out wave after wave of destruction,
starting with the agriculture industry. "Ian Smith [the former Rhodesian
Prime Minister] says I destroyed his beautiful country," Mr Mugabe said a
few years ago. Then he added: "Good."

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370 Zimbabweans arrested in Jo'burg crackdown

Zim Online

Friday 11 May 2007

By Ntando Ncube

JOHANNESBURG - At least 370 Zimbabweans were on Wednesday arrested in
Johannesburg, South Africa during a police crackdown on crime and illegal
immigrants in the city.

In an early morning raid, the police stormed a building in central
Johannesburg that they said was a sanctuary for "illegal immigrants and
criminals terrorising the city."

"This combined raid by the police and the departments of safety and
security, justice and home affairs came following reports that the building
was highly over crowded and accommodating illegal immigrants.

"The building was a haven for illegal immigrants, thieves and criminals
terrorising the inner-city. About 370 illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe and
11 notorious criminals were arrested during the raids," said police
spokesperson Captain Neli Qwaba.

The illegal immigrants, who were mostly Zimbabwean, were taken to Lindela
detention centre outside Johannesburg for deportation to their countries.

Gabriel Shumba, the executive director of the Zimbabwe Exiles Forum (ZEF)
that deals with Zimbabwean refugee issues, told ZimOnline on Thursday that
his organisation was already assisting some individuals who were
 "unlawfully" arrested in the crackdown.

"We have since asked the Department of Home Affairs to verify the documents
of those who were arrested since some of them hold valid visa and asylum

"The organization (ZEF) is putting extra effort to see that all the people
with valid or expired asylum papers are not deported," said Shumba.

South Africa said it deported 51 000 illegal Zimbabwean immigrants between
January and June last year.

There are hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans living illegally in South
Africa after fleeing hunger and political persecution in their country. -

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Time is Running Out

Human Rights Watch (Washington, DC)

10 May 2007
Posted to the web 10 May 2007

Tiseke Kasambala and Nobuntu Mbelle

Alec Muchadehama and Andrew Makoni regularly visit Harare's filthy police
cells in their work of defending the victims of Zimbabwe's repressive
government. But last Friday the roles were reversed when these two human
rights lawyers ended up prisoners themselves.

Muchadehama and Makoni were arrested as they were leaving the Harare high
court, where they were carrying out their routine duties.

The police did not tell Muchadehama and Makoni they were being arrested.
They were detained without charge at various police stations for three days.

This arbitrary detention was in defiance of two high court orders that
directed the police to allow the men access to their lawyers and ordering
that they be immediately released because their detention had been unlawful.

Finally, on Monday, the police released the lawyers-but charged them with
obstructing the course of justice.

The arrests of the lawyers comes as no surprise to those who have followed
the Zimbabwean government's seven-year campaign of repression.

The government's targets include human rights defenders, activists and
others who criticise the government-and the lawyers who represent them.

The police routinely arrest and detain political opponents and government
critics, and then abuse them in custody. They often do so in blatant
defiance of high court orders requiring that the police follow due process.

Muchadehama and Makoni are among the courageous lawyers who have defended
hundreds of human-rights activists. They are representing 13 members of the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in Harare who have been
accused of orchestrating a series of petrol-bomb attacks around the country.

They are working to secure the release of the MDC members, whom they allege
the police have tortured.

When Human Rights Watch interviewed Muchadehama in September he was aware of
the dangers he faced.

"We are sometimes verbally abused, insulted or threatened when we go to the
cells. The police believe that human rights advocates want to topple a
democratically elected government. Anything linked to human rights is
construed as an attempt to change the government and can get you in
trouble," Muchadehama said.

In March, as President Robert Mugabe's government unleashed a violent
crackdown on activists and opposition members, leaders of the Southern
African Development Community (SADC) held an emergency session in Dar es
Salaam, Tanzania, to discuss the crisis.

President Thabo Mbeki was mandated to mediate in talks between the MDC and
Zanu-PF. Mbeki has spoken to the leaders of both the MDC factions and to
Zanu-PF officials about the talks.

With millions of Zimbabweans seeking refuge in South Africa, Mbeki urgently
needs to find a durable solution to the crisis. But time is running out,
with mediation talks still at a "pre-dialogue" stage and no end in sight to
human rights abuses.

The arrests of Muchadehama and Makoni have shown that recent efforts to find
a solution to the crisis have not deterred the Mugabe government from
circumventing the rule of law. It continues to clamp down on dissent and
tries to prevent human rights defenders from holding the government to its
human rights obligations.

The long-term success of Mbeki's mediation talks rests on a number of
elements. Both sides must come to the table in good faith. There must also
be focused attention on the human rights violations. These two elements
require an active commitment from both sides in Zimbabwe, as well as
objective monitoring, with strong involvement, by the SADC.

All the SADC leaders must be forthright about the pressing need to end human
rights violations. The SADC should deploy an independent mission to Zimbabwe
to investigate allegations of human rights abuses.

Zimbabwe is scheduled to hold presidential and parliamentary elections in
March. Mbeki's mediation efforts should take place within a specific
time-frame to allow for pre-election conditions that will facilitate a level
playing field in the run-up to the elections.

South Africa has committed itself to promoting human rights and democracy in
the region. The crisis is a test of Pretoria's willingness to press Zimbabwe
to uphold basic rights and freedoms.

Mbeki should show his mettle and determination by pushing for a meaningful
agenda that includes respect for human rights and the rule of law as
prerequisites for a peaceful and democratic Zimbabwe.

Tiseke Kasambala and Nobuntu Mbelle are in the Africa Division of Human
Rights Watch

Previously published in the Sowetan

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Harare Withholds Request For Food Aid Pending UN Assessment


      By Jonga Kandemiiri
      10 May 2007

Although Zimbabwe's government and other observers are forecasting a
significant shortfall in the harvest this year, Harare said it will not ask
for food assistance from the United Nations until the assessment under way
by two UN agencies is completed.

The online news agency Zimonline, Thursday quoted Agriculture Minister
Rugare Gumbo saying Harare will wait until experts from the World Food
Program and the Food and Agriculture Organization have finished their
assessment, now in progress. The assessment is expected to be completed by
mid May.

Zimbabwe is expected to harvest 850 000 tonnes of maize, leaving a deficit
of about 1.2 million tonnes to be imported. Earlier this year, the
government declared 2007 a drought year and acknowledged that agricultural
inputs were in short supply.

Studio 7 could not reach Gumbo for comment as he was said to be visiting his

Opposition agriculture expert Renson Gasela of the Arthur Mutambara Movement
for Democratic Change faction, told reporter Jonga Kandemiiri of VOA's
Studio 7 for Zimbabwe that by the time the assessment is done it could be
too late for Zimbabwe to formally ask for aid.

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Prisoners Routinely Dying From Starvation, Illness

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

10 May 2007
Posted to the web 10 May 2007


Two former inmates have described to IRIN the horrendous conditions
prevailing in Zimbabwe's prison system, where prisoners routinely die from
illness and starvation, and are urging human rights organisations to make an
independent assessment of the country's jails.

Zimbabwe has roughly 35,000 people incarcerated in 42 jails, but this is
well over their intended capacity of about 17,000 inmates.

The country is in the in the midst of an economic meltdown, in which the
plight of prisoners seems all but forgotten: inflation is running at 2,200
percent, unemployment is above 80 percent and shortages of electricity, fuel
and food are commonplace.

Moreover, as a consequence of drought and the disruptions to agriculture
caused by President Robert Mugabe's fast-track land reform programme, which
redistributed white-owned farmland to landless blacks, the staple food,
maize, is also in short supply.

John, a recently released inmate who declined to be identified, told IRIN
that there were often food shortages. "In the morning, prisoners drink a
very watery broth made from maizemeal, water and salt; in the afternoon they
are fed plain green vegetables with 'sadza' [maizemeal porridge], which is
repeated in the evenings."

He said there were times when they had to make do with a single meal per
day, and the food was often so badly prepared that some inmates had stopped

In the capital, Harare, a medical orderly employed by the health department
and working in prison services, told IRIN that more than one hundred inmates
had died of pellagra at Harare Central and Chikurubi Maximum prisons since
the beginning of the year.

Pellagra is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B3 and trypophan, an essential
amino acid found in meat, poultry, fish and eggs, all foodstuffs that are no
longer available in the canteens of the Zimbabwe Prison Services, or to
employees of the Zimbabwe Republic Police and the Zimbabwe National Army.
The security forces are now served sadza and brown beans, because the
government has insufficient funds to provide other foodstuffs.

The symptoms of pellagra include high sensitivity to sunlight, aggression,
insomnia, weakness and mental confusion, followed by dementia and,
eventually, death.

"There is a disaster waiting to happen, if it is not already happening -
every day, dead bodies are recovered, especially at Chikurubi Maximum
Prison, where as many as 10 deaths can be recorded in one day. Health
conditions are also terrible, as the Zimbabwe Prison Services has no money
to treat the inmates," the medical orderly, who asked to remain anonymous,
told IRIN.

Tendai, another former inmate of Chikurubi prison, told IRIN that the prison
authorities were also no longer able to provide them with toiletries. "If
your relatives do not bring you some soap then you will go on and develop
skin diseases. In addition, the government is no longer able to provide
inmates with prison garb, leaving many to depend on relatives to supply them
with clothes, or be forced to go naked."

In the past three months there was no clean drinking water available at
Chikurubi, Tendai said, because the Zimbabwe National Water Authority, a
parastatal company, did not have the necessary capacity to supply water to
the high-security complex. Water bowsers had been brought to the prisons,
but the water quality was inadequate for drinking.

A recent visit by a delegation of parliamentarians to Chikurubi found that
toilets had not been flushed for weeks because there was no running water,
and pages torn from Bibles were being used as toilet paper. The unsanitary
conditions have made diarrhoea and skin diseases a permanent feature of
prison life.

In response to the rapidly deteriorating conditions in the prison system,
justice minister Patrick Chinamasa said the government was working on
formulating an open prison system, in which offenders would serve part of
their jail terms at their homes to help decongest the prisons.

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations ]

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Innocent shoppers assaulted by police during NCA demo

By Violet Gonda
10 May 2007

Innocent shoppers and bystanders were at the receiving end of the wrath of
the Zimbabwe police on Thursday afternoon. A group of activists from the
National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) staged a surprise demonstration at
Africa Unity Square in Harare at around 4pm catching the police by surprise.
Our correspondent Simon Muchemwa said the group of about 50 banner wielding
youths managed to evade the police for about 20 minutes before there were
running battles with the authorities. Muchemwa said scores of unsuspecting
people were caught in the crossfire and beaten as the demonstrators tried to
disappear into the crowds.

Muchemwa said: "The beatings started in Unity Square, proceeded to Second
Street and all the way to First Street leaving a trail of injuries among
people who had not taken part in the demonstrations."

The NCA has been calling for a new and people driven constitution as
Zimbabwe continues to deteriorate economically and politically with no end
in sight. African leaders in Southern Africa appointed South African
President, Thabo Mbeki as mediator in the Zimbabwean crisis but the NCA
says: "Outside a facilitation of an inclusive objective national process of
building sustainable democratic systems, negotiations or mediation efforts
serve nothing but buy time for those strangling the nation and its people."

Critics have also castigated Mbeki as the mediator, for failing to speak out
against the gross rights violations of the Mugabe regime. NCA Chairman Dr
Lovemore Madhuku said: "Peace and an end to state terrorism are moral
pre-conditions for a mutual dialogue. No mutual mediation can be said to
take place when campaigners of freedom continue to endure punitive detention
and prosecution."

Meanwhile The Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights (ZADHR)
issued a statement on Thursday condemning the use of torture and other cruel
treatment against Zimbabweans.

About 32 political detainees have been in remand prison for the last 43 days
on allegations of possessing arms of war and carrying out petrol bomb
attacks. Some of the political prisoners are said to be in critical
condition but are still being denied medical treatment. The ZADHR said: "It
is also of great concern that the condition of those affected has become
difficult to monitor because of the practice of beating people and then
holding them in detention without access to independent medical attention.
There are at least 8 such persons currently held in remand prison."
The human rights doctors also condemned the assault of 4 senior lawyers by
the police on Tuesday. ZADHR confirmed that the lawyers, including Law
Society President Beatrice Mtetwa, sustained severe bruising consistent with
beatings by baton sticks.

SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news

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Police crush students protest, arrest 53

10th May 2007 16:18 GMT

By Ian Nhuka

BULAWAYO -  Riot police, armed with teargas canisters, baton sticks and AK47
rifles violently broke up a students protest at the National University of
Science and Technology ( NUST)  and arrested 53 students.

The students were protesting against exorbitant fees being charged at
tertiary institutions, the endless strikes by lecturers and their mass
exodus from higher institutions of learning due to poor salaries, and "the
unbridled attack on human rights defenders in Zimbabwe.

A statement from Zinasu, the students' representative body, said the
arrested were currently being detained at the Bulawayo Central Police
station. Their lawyers are fighting for their release.

Among the arrested are the university's Student Representative Council
President Clever Bere, and Themba Tapenduka, an SRC member.

NUST's SRC vice president, Mehluli Dube said: "The scene reminds me of the
one which resulted in the death of Batanai Hadzidzi. We are afraid that
Bere, who was on the run together with me a few weeks ago might be brutally

The students say Hadzidzi, who was a student at the University of Zimbabwe
(UZ), was murdered by members of the police force during a peaceful
demonstration at the UZ in 2002.

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Serious water crisis forces militia camp to close down

10th May 2007 15:52 GMT

By Ian Nhuka

BULAWAYO - An unlikely crisis has hampered President Robert Mugabe's
much-hated national youth training scheme in Matabeleland North province - a
serious water shortage at the now defunct Kamativi Tin Mine.

A few years ago, the government set up one of its eight militia training
centres at the former mine, using abandoned infrastructure at the outpost
which is situated some 300km west of here.

This was part of a government strategy to "inculcate a sense patriotism"
among youths, according to Mugabe.

But the critical shortage of water at the centre has forced the government
to halt the training programme, fearing an outbreak of water-borne diseases.

Ananius Banda, the chief executive officer of Hwange Rural District Council
confirmed that the youth training centre is unlikely to resume operations
until a more reliable water supply is found.

"Since we do not have enough water at the former mine, training at national
youth service centre has been suspended.  The situation is very sad but it
is not only the training scheme that has been affected, but also former
Kamativi employees who are still staying at the defunct mine.  They do not
have running water, so they scrounge around for it in nearby villages and a
local dam," said Banda.

In addition to the water crisis' impact on militia training in the province,
added Banda, a sports academy that was earmarked for the former mine has
also been put on hold.

He added that although his local authority was this year provided with about
$700 million by the government to revive Kamativi's water system, the money
was inadequate to do so.

The Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation, a parastatal, used to run the
mine, before viability problems forced its closure in 1994.

Desperate to create pliant youths, the government introduced the national
youth service training scheme at eight centres countrywide in 2002.

The first centre in Mashonaland Central province was named after Border
Gezi, the late Minister Youth and Employment Creation, who vigorously
campaigned, for the introduction of the scheme.

Others were set up at in the country's eight rural provinces including
Mushagashe in Masvingo and Guyu in Matabeleland South provinces.

But the militias who graduate from the centres are hated countrywide as they
are blamed for mounting violent campaigns against the opposition and
perceived government and ruling party critics.

The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), whose supporters have been
terrorised by the militias, has since called for the disbanding of the

Soon after the setting up of the Kamativi militia centre, four years ago,
the recruitees made headlines after they mounted a violent campaign to evict
MDC supporters who were occupying about 500 houses at the former mine.

The main targets were MDC legislators for Hwange West and East, as well as
Binga, Jealous Sansole, Peter Nyoni and Joel Gabuza respectively. Sansole
said then:
"We are being chased away and I believe with us it is because we are MDC.
Property is being thrown out by the youth brigades. The situation is bad."

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Commonwealth lawyers condemn brutal assault of Zimbabwe colleagues

10th May 2007 15:43 GMT

By a Correspondent

HARARE - The Commonwealth Lawyers' Association (CLA), the Solicitors'
International Human Rights Group (SIHRG) and the Bar Human Rights Committee
(BHRC) have expressed extreme concern about reports of the violent break up,
assault and subsequent dispersal of lawyers participating in Tuesday's
protest at the High Court by the Zimbabwe police.

In a statement, the lawyer's organisations called on the Zimbabwe Government
to respect the role of lawyers, as detailed in the United Nations Basic
Principles on the Role of Lawyers (adopted in 1990) and the United Nations
Declaration on Human Rights Defenders (adopted in 1998), and to ensure that
lawyers are able to access their clients without any hindrance and freely
discharge their duties in the interest of effective administration of

The CLA, SIHRG and BHRC, they said, would continue to actively support the
legal profession in Zimbabwe in their efforts to uphold the rule of law.

The CLA is a pan-Commonwealth professional association of lawyers and exists
to maintain and promote the rule of law throughout the Commonwealth.

The lawyers argued that notification of the march and protest was given in
accordance with the terms of Section 24 of the Public Order and Security

The march was sparked by the recent arrest of lawyers Alec Muchadehama and
Andrew Makoni and was against the ongoing harassment of legal practitioners
in the course of their duties.

The lawyers, who were beaten up badly by the riot police, intended to give a
petition to the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs and the
Commissioner of Police, expressing their disgust at the continuing
intimidation, harassment and arrests of lawyers.

"The CLA, SIHRG and BHRC note in particular that a number of lawyers were
forced into a truck, assaulted and later dumped several kilometres away,"
read the combined statement.

The SIHRG promotes awareness of international human rights within the legal
profession and mobilises solicitors into effective action in support of
those rights.

The BHRC is the international human rights arm of the General Council of the
Bar of England and Wales.

It is an independent body primarily concerned with the protection of the
rights of advocates and judges around the world.

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MDC Calls for AU Intervention to Stop Violence

New Zimbabwe (London)

10 May 2007
Posted to the web 10 May 2007

Torby Chimhashu

ZIMBABWE'S Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), has appealed to the African
Union (AU) to call an Extra Ordinary summit to force President Robert
Mugabe's government to halt escalating torture against human rights and
political activists.

Tendai Biti, the secretary general of a faction of the divided MDC led by
Morgan Tsvangirai, told journalists in Harare on Wednesday that violence and
abductions of party supporters have reached alarming levels despite promises
of peace brokerage by South African President Thabo Mbeki.

Biti claimed close to 1000 supporters of the MDC had been abducted and
tortured in various camps and detentions across the country in recent weeks.

He said: "It is imperative that African leaders, in particular the African
Union and the SADC, take note of the current crisis in our country.

"We ask the respective African leaders to call for an extra-ordinary summit
on Zimbabwe which is long overdue to condemn these atrocities and put
pressure on the regime to stop the onslaught on democratic forces.

"We ask the facilitator of the SADC dialogue, President Mbeki, to realise
that no dialogue can take place in an environment full of fascism and
violence perpetrated by the state. It is our view that turning a blind eye
on this state-sponsored violence and atrocities is tantamount to fertilising

Biti said that since the March 11 assault of Tsvangirai and other MDC
leaders, there has been systematic torture and attacks on the MDC
supporters, especially in Manicaland province where 150 supporters have fled
their homes.

He said most of the supporters had been hospitalised following attacks by
the Zanu PF militia commonly known as the "Green Bombers".

"The situation has not mitigated. On Monday, 30 April 2007, our Manicaland
provincial information officer Pishai Muchauraya was abducted from Mutare
and spent a horrendous week at Harare Central Police being tortured and
beaten by state thugs.

"The very next day, our youth leader, Godfrey Kauzani was taken at his home,
bundled into a truck and taken to Beatrice Police station (70 km out of
Harare) where he was tortured and and brutalised only to be released on May
3, 2007.

"This is the amazing brutality of this regime, whose actions shame even the
desperate expressions of the settler regime of Ian Smith. These acts of
thuggery are the birth pains of a new Zimbabwe. The MDC is prepared to
change this culture of impunity which Zanu PF has turned into a national

Despite a one day special summit called to discuss the deteriorating
situation in Zimbabwe by SADC heads in Tanzania in March, violence against
opposition supporters has continued, charges the MDC.

Although Mbeki was chosen to mediate and help defuse simmering political
temperatures in Zimbabwe, Biti said the MDC is far from being happy with the
pace of Mbeki's mediation.

He said: "One can never be happy in an environment where 80 percent of the
population lives on less than US$1 per day. One can never be happy in an
economy recording its 10th year of recession. So, I can never be happy with
the pace of Mbeki in dealing with our crisis".

Mugabe stands accused of using terror tactics to destabilise and cow the MDC
ahead of the watershed Presidential plebiscite set for 2008 which the
opposition party says must be held under a new constitution and in the
presence of depoliticised civil servants and international observers.

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Mugabe govt snubs Wits debate


Written by Phakamisa Ndzamela and Franny Rabkin
Thursday, 10 May 2007

ZANU-PF were "a bunch of thugs", so it was not surprising they skipped
a campus panel discussion on Zimbabwe, according to a Movement for
Democratic Change representative.
It was no holds barred after that.

Nqobizitha Mlilo was speaking at a at a Model African Union discussion
on Tuesday evening. The Zimbabwean consulate declined to attend. But
nonetheless, sparks flew as Zimbabwean students took on the MDC.

Mlilo and Ayesha Kajee, of the South African Institute of
International Affairs, dealt with the role of the African Union in Zimbabwe
in resolving the political and economic meltdown.

Mlilo said "there is nothing abstract about the crux of the Zimbabwe
question". The root of the crisis was a political one, stemming from
disputed elections. Despite its economic decline, resolution "lies in
addressing the fundamental political problem".

The social and economic decline were "mere symptoms of a deeper

The MDC welcomed the SADC mediation initiative led by President Thabo
Mbeki. But he emphasised that "it is a regional effort rather than a foreign
policy initiative of the South African government" and also not "personal
benevolence on the part of President Mbeki".

He said the role of the AU was to "insist. on a constant briefing of
the progress being made in the mediation process [so it can] redirect the
mediation" if there was any derailing.

But Kajee said it was not enough just to bring the MDC and Zanu-PF
together, since both organisations were "fractured right now". There was
also "disturbing evidence of ethnic divisions" in both parties.

She proposed a broader initiative, involving civil society
organisations and, most importantly, organised labour.

Another factor was lack of political will by some SADC countries to
intervene. She blamed this partly on those countries' elites having "their
own interests and benefiting in the meltdown".

Both speakers felt the question mark hanging over intervention stemmed
from the long-standing tradition of respect by African countries for the
sovereignty of others.

Respect for sovereignty was a pillar principle of the Organisation for
African Unity.

But the AU has a slightly different approach. Respect for sovereignty
is still a fundamental principle. But it recognises the right of the AU to
intervene in circumstances of "war crimes, genocide and crimes against

The way these principles were balanced was a fundamental question
facing the AU, Kajee said.

The discussion was attended by students from all over Africa, but the
Zimbabwean students were vociferous in their criticisms of the MDC. Mlambo
Nkoma accused the MDC of being puppets of the West.

He said it was known the MDC was funded by the US, which was
unequivocal in its regime-change objectives in Zimbabwe.

Other issues raised were Morgan Tshvangirai's comment on amnesty for
Mugabe and forgiveness for the 1982 Matabeleland Massacre. "How can one
Shona forgive another Shona for a massacre of Ndebeles?" asked Nkoma.

Mlilo quoted the South African Communist Party in asking why anyone
critical of Mugabe was labelled a stooge of the West. Even Cosatu, he said,
had been labelled a stooge of the West.

He denied the MDC was funded by the US.

His father was Shona and his mother Ndebele, he said, "but I am
Zimbabwean and I'm concerned about Zimbabweans".

Kajee said it was right that amnesty should be decided by Zimbabweans.
But this should include Zimbabweans from the diaspora, as the majority of
Ndebeles now lived outside the country.

She said some kind of amnesty should be seriously considered, if it
was the only way to effect change.

It finally fell to a student from Botswana to sum up the mood. It
seemed many Zimbabweans felt helpless and bitter, he said. They didn't want
Mugabe but they also didn't want MDC.

Maybe a spiritual approach was needed to overcome the problems in
Zimbabwe - "it seems the best thing I can do now, is to pray for Zimbabwe".

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Mugabe Creates New Instrument of Violence Ahead of 2008 Elections

World Politics Watch

Daniel Moyo | 10 May 2007
World Politics Watch Exclusive
BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe -- In a bid to quash growing dissent amidst a worsening
economic and political situation, Zimbabwe´s Robert Mugabe has ordered the
creation of a reserve army made up of war veterans that took part in the
country's liberation struggle in the 1970s.

The move comes after thousands of junior soldiers and police deserted or
resigned from the government's security forces over the past few years,
disgruntled by poor pay and working conditions, leaving Mugabe short of the
manpower that is essential to the maintenance of his oppressive regime. Many
have left to seek better paying jobs as private security guards in the
neighboring Southern Africa Development Community region, especially in
South Africa and Botswana.

This is not the first time that Mugabe has looked to war veterans to get him
out of a tough situation. In the run up to the 2002 presidential elections,
Mugabe's chief agency of violence against his political opponents was a
group coordinated by war veterans fanatically loyal to him.

The shadowy group now operates militias comprising youths loyal to Mugabe's
ZANU-PF Party and other ZANU-PF supporters, most of whom are not war
veterans. ZANU-PF finances the group's operations and the state security
agencies supply them with arms.

The group's leaders have repeatedly said they will use violence to ensure
the opposition Movement for Democratic Change does not assume power in
Zimbabwe, as they regard it as a front for the protection of white minority

The war veterans have helped Mugabe win the past three general elections
through a sustained campaign of violence against the opposition, leading to
Zimbabwe's suspension from the British Commonwealth in 2003.

The war veterans group's formation into a formal reserve force with official
state funding has sent shivers down the spines of opposition members. In the
past, such funding by the government was covert.

The law that will reorganize the war veterans has been published in the
Government Gazette under the name "Defence (War Veterans' Reserve)
Regulations 2007."

"There is hereby established a reserve force of the army to be known as the
war veterans' reserve," the regulation reads. "The war veterans' reserve
shall consist of members of the war veterans from a register of the war
veterans compiled in terms of the War Veterans Regulations of 1997 . . . who
volunteer to serve in the war veterans' reserve and are accepted into the
reserve by the commander."

According to the government gazette, the war veterans will be divided into
two classes. The first will consist of members below the age of 50 who could
be deployed to active military duty service and undergo training if the
commander of the army deems it necessary. The second group will consist of
veterans over the age of 50 who could be used for duties not requiring
physical military training.

Commenting on the latest developments, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
spokesperson Nelson Chamisa said it is no coincidence that the government
has made the move as the country's political players gear up for general
elections next year.

"It was clear that Mugabe is oiling all the institutions of violence that he
badly needs to disadvantage the opposition," Chamisa said.

The veterans have vowed to return to war if the opposition wins elections in
Zimbabwe. Moreover, they have said they would never salute anyone who did
not fight in the liberation war, an allusion to the fact that MDC leader
Morgan Tsvangirai did not participate in the independence struggle.

However, some members of the former Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army,
(ZIPRA), a military wing of the Zimbabwe Africa People's Union, which was
led by the late Vice President Joshua Nkomo, say they will not rejoin the
Zimbabwe National Army, arguing it has been turned into an instrument of

"ZIPRA has always been a disciplined army and there is no way we can be used
by ZANU-PF to turn against the people during election campaigns, for ZANU-PF
to win elections," said Max Mnkanlda, president of the Zimbabwe Liberators
Peace Initiative, a grouping of former war veterans. "This is a ZANU-PF
army. As an organization we have urged all members who were with the
disciplined ZIPRA not to rejoin the ZANU-PF political army."

Mnkandla, a former ZIPRA captain, said the government has not recognized the
role played by ZIPRA during the independence struggle.

"Most left the ZNA unceremoniously during the Matabeleland disturbances as
members were being targeted and killed, while also being sidelined for top
posts," he said.

But current ZIPRA officials, including Dumiso Dabengwa, Nkomo's former
intelligence chief, and Solomon Mujuru, husband to current Vice President
Joyce Mujuru, are assigned to oversee the recruitment of war veterans for
the new reserve army and make recommendations on their operations.

Last month, another splinter group of war veterans calling itself the
Zimbabwe Liberators Platform (ZLP), an organization formed by former
liberation war fighters to advocate for peace, democracy and good
governance, said it noted with deep concern the alarming rise in
state-sponsored violence since the beginning of the year.

"There have been abductions, arbitrary arrests and torture in police
custody, grievous assaults, intimidation and harassment of leaders of the
opposition and their general membership, labor and civil society activists
perpetrated by the police and state security agents. The trend continues
unabated," said ZLP Chairman Happyson Nenji in a statement.

He said the ZLP condemns all forms of violence being perpetrated against the
innocent. He also condemned the Mugabe regime's undermining of the judiciary
by ignoring court orders.

"Impunity now generally reigns for patronage purposes for the ruling elite,
despite public admission of plundering of national resources on a grand
scale," Nenji said. "All these wanton actions in clear betrayal of the
ideals of the liberation struggle are eloquent testimony to the hijacking of
the liberation struggle by self-seeking nationalists. Zimbabwe's greatest
tragedy is the continuation of an erstwhile nationalist leadership devoid of
any interest to deliver the gains of liberation to the people."

Daniel Moyo is a freelance journalist based in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

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Zimbabwe's starving border jumpers


10 May 2007, 13:24 GMT 14:24 UK

      By Orla Guerin
      BBC News Africa correspondent

How far would you go to put food on the table?

Would you take your life in your hands - wading through
crocodile-infested waters, and walking unprotected through land where
leopards roam?

That is what Monica has just done, for the sake of her three-year-old

She has joined the exodus of Zimbabweans crossing illegally into South
Africa - the so called "border jumpers".

They travel in the dead of night, guided by traffickers. The going
rate is 200 rand (£14 or $28).

We met Monica shortly after dawn, as she emerged from the bush about
6km (3.7 miles) inside South Africa.

She was on foot with four other women - their faces showing the

Monica told us they had been travelling for four days with traffickers
who abandoned them when their money ran out.

"They called us baboons," she said. "They told us if you have no money
we will leave you here and call the police to come and arrest you.

"We have nowhere to go right now. We have no money and the police are
all over. We don't know what to do."


Monica was driven out of her homeland by poverty, hunger, and concern
for her little girl.

"The situation is very bad," she said. "We will try by all means to
get jobs. We can't go back. We are starving in Zimbabwe."

Mary, one of her travelling companions, is a mother of four. She also
talked of starvation.

"We've got no jobs," she said. "We can't do anything in Zimbabwe. We
are suffering."

After resting for a few moments the women picked up the few belongings
they were carrying, and began walking towards the highway.

With no money and no place to go, their ordeal may be just beginning.

A short distance away a group of taxi drivers were waiting at a
favourite rendezvous point - under a baobab tree.

They are part of a highly organised and lucrative trafficking network.

The taxi drivers have spotters with mobile phones, who warn if the
police or army are near.

A ride to Johannesburg costs a fortune for a Zimbabwean - 1300 rand
(£92 or $184).


No-one knows for sure how many border jumpers arrive every day, but
the estimate from the taxi drivers is more than a thousand.

"Even pregnant women or women with a baby on their backs are jumping a
2m high razor-wire fence," one driver said. "Some are carrying newborns.
It's bad."

The taxis leave with their human cargo within three to five minutes.

"We phone the guy at the corner," he says. "If he says the place is
safe, we take everyone. If not, we offload them quickly."

For some the journey involves jumping fences, or cutting holes in them
to crawl underneath. But there are easier places to cross the border, if you
know where to look.

We found an area protected by only a single fence. There is no need to
cut a hole, because there is an unlocked gate.

Once through the gate, the Limpopo River is just ahead, and beyond it,

Risking everything

The Limpopo is low now, but border jumpers have drowned when the river
is in flood.

Just downriver another group was making their crossing, holding their
valuables above their heads.

They arrived safely on dry land, but there was a reception committee
of local thugs.

They often lie in wait to rob or rape the new arrivals, sometimes
tipped off by the traffickers.

The border jumpers spotted them in the distance. There was panic as
they rushed to squeeze back through the fence, and return to the river.

They got away this time, but the thieves are a constant threat.

Zimbabwe is haemorrhaging some of its brightest and best.

In Johannesburg these days you find doctors, lawyers and head masters
from Harare ready to work as cleaners.

Plenty of illegal migrants are arrested and sent home. So far this
year, 57,600 have been deported to Zimbabwe, according to the International
Organisation for Migration.

But many attempt the crossing again and again, unable to survive in a
country with 80% unemployment and the world's highest inflation rate - now

The price of corn, the staple food in Zimbabwe, has just risen by a
staggering 680%. That may drive many more desperate men and women into the
arms of the traffickers.

Along the border between Zimbabwe and South Africa, a tragedy is
unfolding - though its victims usually pass unseen.

They are women like Monica and Mary - mothers risking everything for a
chance to feed their children.

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A Cold, Waterless Winter

The Herald (Harare) Published by the government of Zimbabwe

10 May 2007
Posted to the web 10 May 2007


This newspaper has this week been carrying potentially depressing news about
electricity and water supplies. Zesa Holdings "promised" a 20-hour
electricity cut while Zinwa said it intended to increase water charges while
also calling us to brace for the worsening water situation.

The news, coming to an already overburdened consumer could be a bit too much
to stomach. I was just imagining how we will survive with little or no
electricity and water at the same time.

The two are critical components of our daily lives. There may be a few
substitutes for electricity, which are hard to come by, but there is
definitely no substitute for water.

We are told we have to brace for the power outages for the next three

Zesa warned early this year of massive power cuts due to high demand in
winter while the general shortage of electricity in the region has also
begun to affect this country, but nothing had prepared us for the 20-hour
power blackout.

Of course, this is being done to ensure wheat farmers are allocated
uninterrupted power supplies. Well and good, but the effects of the power
cuts are not in any way ameliorated by the reason behind this.

When I saw the headline in the paper I immediately thought of the meat and
other perishables in the freezer.

What will become of them, never mind other inconveniences of not having
electricity when you need it.

Those of us with electric cookers will have to use firewood for cooking.
That we can live with, but what do you do with foodstuffs that will
obviously rot?.

In previous cases we have been criss-crossing the town, rushing to areas
where there are no blackouts to ask a friend or relative to keep our food,
but in this instance we'll be stuck.

"We urge consumers to understand that this is being done for a worthy cause.
We want to keep our industry and our agricultural sector ticking. It is
better for us to produce adequate wheat than to import flour in the end,"
Zesa chief executive engineer Ben Rafemoyo was quoted as saying.

Indeed, increased wheat production will benefit the country immensely.
Zimbabwe can save foreign currency that could otherwise have been used to
import wheat.

However, we still feel Zesa could have come up with a less painful

Zimbabwe has immense potential to produce enough power supplies for local
consumption and for export.

The sector, as enunciated in the Interim Monetary Policy Statement, needs a
tariff structure that ensures recovery of average production overheads,
consistent coal supplies for thermal power production from Hwange Colliery
and the implementation of already identified expansion programmes such as
Hwange Power 7 and 8, Batoka Gorge and the Gokwe North Project.

Construction of hydro plants for power generation will also save the

The story about Zesa needs to change for the better at some point. We hope
the powers that be at the parastatal will take heed.

One of the major causes of the power challenges we are facing is lack of
spares and ageing equipment.

It has taken long to recapitalise the power utility but we are optimistic
the energy deal with Nampower of Namibia under which Zesa will receive a
loan of between US$30 million and US$40 million will begin to bear fruit

Already, Zesa has started procuring spare parts for the rehabilitation of
Hwange Thermal Power Station under the energy co-operation agreement.

Electricity output is thus expected to increase by 100 megawatts once the
spares arrive from Germany.

It is our fervent hope that this will happen well before August, so that the
situation normalises again soon.

The repair of another generator at Hwange will also result in a maximum
production of 780MW. Wow! That would be the day.

Presently, Hwange is only producing 350MW, with only two of its six units

We hope Zesa has sorted its problems with Hwange Colliery. We understand the
third unit at Hwange Thermal functions well if it receives enough coal
supplies, but it has been down most of the time because the two parastatals
are always squabbling over payment and the quality of coal delivered.

Electricity is vital in our everyday living. We need to cook and eat, we
need to study, we need to warm ourselves and we need to bath. These are
daily routines which are made easier by the availability of electricity and

Now that Zinwa has also said water will increasingly be scarce. Some of us
have had to make do with water cuts everyday for months and we thought it
could not get any worse!

We were warned yesterday of reduced water pressure and rotational water

We were also told we would have to pay more. Of course, it does not make
sense that Zinwa produces a cubic metre at $2 200 and sells at $180. This
naturally calls for a price review.

However, the paradox exists where in the same announcement we are told that
water will be scarce but we will still have to pay more. It sounds

We can only hope that the situation will get better soon.

However, the onus is also on us as citizens to conserve both water and
electricity where we can. Sometimes we think we are cheating the system by
using hosepipes when we have been advised against doing so. In the end, we
will be cheating ourselves.

Let's do what we can as citizens and try to make life easier for these
utilities. Who knows, we may end up getting a better deal from them if we

We also challenge wheat farmers to take note of the sacrifices we have been
forced to make by Zesa. We hope higher wheat output will be reflected in
better deliveries to the Grain Marketing Board.

It would not make much sense if we were to sacrifice for farmers who go on
tosell their wheat elsewhere for other uses while starving the national
grain procurer. We would still have to import, hence we would be back to
square one.

Stringent measures have to be put in place to ensure that that does not
happen at all.

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Raw Sewage Continues to Flow Into Rufaro Dam

The Herald (Harare) Published by the government of Zimbabwe

10 May 2007
Posted to the web 10 May 2007


More than eight million cubic litres of raw sewage have flowed into Rufaro
Dam, Marondera's remaining source of water, over the past five weeks after
the breakdown of a pump and the collapse of a temporary reservoir holding
the filth.

The Chicago Pump Station, which pumps effluent from Rujeko, Dombotombo,
Yellow City, Ruvimbo Park and other eastern suburbs to Elmswood Treatment
Works, broke down five weeks ago, the Environmental Management Agency has

An attendant at the station said this meant that all the effluent had to be
diverted into an emergency holding sewage pond. The pond was overwhelmed
because of the other effluent flows from Rufaro sub-station and Dombotombo
Pump Station, resulting in the wall collapsing and all the raw sewage
flowing unabated into Rufaro Dam.

Since then, EMA has established that more than 8 000 cubic litres of raw
sewage per hour have been flowing into the dam from Chicago Pump Station.

Mashonaland East provincial chief environmental officer Mr Robson Mavondo
said Zinwa was breaching the EMA Act, which states that when effluent is
discharged into the environment, an appropriate plant has to be installed,"
he said.

A health disaster is looming in Marondera amid revelations that Zinwa is
allegedly "blending" water from the sewage-infested Rufaro Dam with the
meagre supplies left in Nyambuya Dam.

Marondera Municipality had been forced to draw water from Nyambuya Dam
following its conviction in court last week for deliberately polluting
Rufaro Dam with effluent.

The local authority was fined $10 000, which was suspended for three years
on condition that the council implemented within the period recommendations
put forward by the two complainants, Zinwa and EMA.

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Africa to blame for Zimbabwe repression: Ncube

10 May 2007 08:37:02 GMT
Source: Reuters
 By Rob Taylor

CANBERRA, May 10 (Reuters) - African nations were to blame for the ongoing
repression of Zimbabwe by President Robert Mugabe because they refused to
pressure the strongman to step down, the country's Catholic archbishop said
on Thursday.

Archbishop Pius Alick Ncube said the president would never surrender power
until South Africa, the region's heavyweight, stopped treating its neighbour
as part of an untouchable club.

"The international community has tried its best. The people letting us down
are the African nations. They will not come out and clearly condemn the
injustices that are in Zimbabwe," Ncube told Reuters in Canberra.

Ncube, the Archbishop of Bulawayo, has been one of the strongest critics of
83-year-old Mugabe, who last year accused the cleric of being "possessed by
a demon".

In reply the Roman Catholic Church has been asked by Mugabe critics to
consider excommunicating the president -- an action not taken against a
world leader since Cuban leader Fidel Castro's 1962 excommunication.

Ncube said South Africa's President Thabo Mbeki was reluctant to criticise
Zimbabwe because he shared Mugabe's mistrust of former colonial powers and
it suited his country's economy.

"It's a kind of club of African leaders trying to defend one another. They
will not listen to the West," he said.

"South Africa seems to be benefitting economically, because they are buying
up property and investing in Zimbabwe."

African Union chairman and Ghanaian President John Kufuor said this week
Africa should be worried about the growing crisis in Zimbabwe and he planned
to question Mbeki on the situation.

Mbeki was recently appointed by the Southern African Development Community
to mediate in Mugabe's crackdown on political rivals, which saw the police
beating of opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader Morgan

Ncube urged Australia to abandon a planned September cricket tour of
Zimbabwe to avoid handing Mugabe a propaganda victory.

The archbishop, who met Australia's Foreign Minister Alexander Downer on
Thursday ahead of talks between Downer and Cricket Australia, said the
situation in Zimbabwe was "unbearable".

Zimbabweans were coping with shortages of food, medicine, fuel and foreign
currency, and the government had just announced electricity rationing, he

"I encouraged him that the Australian cricket team should not go. The tour
would be propaganda. Mugabe will spend a lot of money on cricket to try and
show things are normal," Ncube said.

Downer said he also wanted the team to abandon tour plans, with the
government prepared to pay a possible $2 million fine.

"They are the world champions. The regime will be able to say 'well some
politicians are isolating us, but look, we have the world's greatest cricket
team here'," Downer told Australian television.

Mugabe, in power since independence in 1980, says the MDC is being funded by
the West to carry out a campaign of terror to topple his government. The MDC
denies the charges.

Ncube, who returns to Zimbabwe on Friday, said a solution in Zimbabwe would
come only through the Southern African Development Community, which was
slowly beginning to harden against Mugabe.

"Change must come, Mugabe knows how unpopular he is," Ncube said. "He
regularly changes his bodyguard. He is shaking.

"Something must happen for Zimbabwe to continue to exist."

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Judge Throws Out MDC Application

The Herald (Harare) Published by the government of Zimbabwe

10 May 2007
Posted to the web 10 May 2007


THE MDC yesterday lost its bid in the High Court to have parts of the
Electoral Act and the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission Act declared null.

The opposition party was told its application amounted to an abuse of the

The court rejected the MDC case on the basis that the Sadc principles and
guidelines on free and fair elections were only a guide, and were not part
of Zimbabwe's domestic law.

Judge President Rita Makarau said there was no legal standard that made the
Sadc principles and guidelines binding on member states.

"To me, the principles and guidelines are no more than guiding principles.
They set forth the principles and guidelines upon which election legislation
is to be modelled by member countries," she said.

The Judge President said being a model, the document had no binding nature
and could not be enforced in its format.

MDC faction leader Mr Morgan Tsvangirai had brought the application
following the August 2004 Sadc summit held in Mauritius, at which the
principles and guidelines governing democratic elections for member
countries were adopted.

Zimbabwe, as a member state, approved of the guidelines and assented to
them. After the summit, the Government enacted two specific laws to regulate
the conduct of the elections in Zimbabwe in accordance with Sadc
principles -- the Electoral Act and the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission Act.

At the time of the enactment of the two laws, the Public Order and Security
Act, the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act and the
Broadcasting Services Act were already in existence.

In his application, Mr Tsvangirai had sought to attack some of the
provisions of these Acts as being inconsistent with the fundamental
principles set out in the Sadc election principles and guidelines.

But Justice Makarau, in her judgment, found that Mr Tsvangirai had "elevated
the Sadc principles and guidelines to a law and then placed that law in a
position superior to domestic law".

"In my view, the fact that the Sadc principles and guidelines are not a
source of domestic law should mark the end of the inquiry as far as the
first two orders are concerned," she said.

The MDC also failed to convince the court to consider the doctrine of
legitimate expectation to hold that the provisions of the guidelines were
relevant and applicable in the court.

Justice Makarau said the agreement entered into by President Mugabe and his
Sadc counterparts in Mauritius in 2004 in setting out principles and
guidelines was not a direct source of rights and obligations under the
country's law.

"The signing of the agreement by the first respondent (President Mugabe),
acts to indicate to the national and international community that his
Government ascribes to the minimum standard set out in the guidelines.

"It does not give the applicant (Mr Tsvangirai) or any other citizen of
Zimbabwe a cause of action that is enforceable in a domestic law court based
on the guidelines," she said.

Justice Makarau said she could not find merit in the application, which in
her view amounted to an abuse of the court. The Judge President rejected the
relief the MDC sought to set aside the delimitation of constituencies upon
which the March 2005 elections were held and subsequent by-elections.

The opposition party had also sought to have the Electoral Supervisory
Commission, which had already been abolished, nullified on the grounds that
it was improperly constituted among other orders.

Justice Makarau said she was not satisfied that the declarators sought in
the application by the opposition party would have an effect of finally
deciding the question of the 2005 elections between the MDC and all
interested parties.

She also noted that since the 2005 elections had been held, the opinions
sought from the court by the MDC were not in the interests of the public
policy considerations.

Some MPs, she said, had been elected and would want to keep their seats
while those who lost during the elections challenged the results under law.

Justice Makarau said considering the developments that had taken place since
March 2005, it was her view that the declarations sought would serve no
practical value.

President Mugabe, the Delimitation Commission, the Electoral Supervisory
Commission, the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission and the Minister of Justice
Legal and Parliamentary Affairs Cde Patrick Chinamasa were cited as

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Mpofu convicted, escapes jail

New Zimbabwe

By Lebo Nkatazo
Last updated: 05/11/2007 03:28:17
ZIMBABWE'S Trade Minister Obert Mpofu has been convicted over the Ziscosteel
saga by the parliamentary privileges committee that recommended that he be
fined as jailing him would be disproportionate to his offence.

The committee that was chaired by Defence Minister Sydney Sekeramayi gave
its findings on Mpofu on Thursday, and recommended that must be fined Zim$40
000 for prevaricating, but acquitted him on the serious charge of lying
under oath.

Presenting the findings Sekeramayi said: "The committee considered section
21 of the Act which only provides for a fine not exceeding $40 000 or
imprisonment for a period of two years.

"The committee was agreed that imprisonment would be
disproportionate to the offence and hence settled to recommend that the Hon
Obert Mpofu be fined be fined the maximum fine provided in section 21 of the
Act which is $40 000."

MPs were last night calling for Mpofu's resignation.

Sekeramayi said the privileges committee's terms of reference were "to
investigate whether Hon Mpofu prevaricated or gave false, untrue, fabricated
evidence before the foreign affairs, industry and trade committee."

The Trade Committee had pushed for Mpofu's impeachment on grounds that
during two separate hearings in September 2006, he gave conflicting
statements about allegations of corruption at the state-run steel
manufacturing firm, Ziscosteel.

In his first appearance, Mpofu said there was a "shocking" report that
showed Ziscosteel had been massively looted by his colleagues in Zanu PF,
only to backtrack during the second hearing.

"Accordingly, it is your committee's conclusion that Hon. Mpofu is not
guilty on the charge of presenting to parliament any falsehoods, untrue,
fabricated, falsified evidence.the committee recommends that he be

MPs are expected to soon debate on the privileges committee report before
the minister is given an opportunity to respond to it. After that,
parliament will vote on whether to adopt the recommendation.

Mpofu will not be present when his fate is debated.

Sekeramayi said during his committee's probe on Mpofu, the minister had
conceded to the existence of the damning report saying: "Let the report
prove me wrong or correct. I keep on saying this report is there."

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US condemns assault of Zim lawyers

Zim Online

Friday 11 May 2007

By Patricia Mpofu

HARARE - The United States on Wednesday condemned this week's assault of
legal practitioners by Zimbabwean police saying the assault was part of
Harare's efforts to suppress all opposition ahead of next year's key

"The government's assault on the legal profession and the rule of law is
part of its continuing effort to suppress all opposition in advance of next
year's election," said said US State Department spokesperson, Sean McCormack
in a statement.

The lawyers were assaulted in Harare on Tuesday for protesting against the
detention of their two colleagues, Alec Muchadehama and Andrew Makoni, last

The US called on President Robert Mugabe's government to respect the rule of
law and the rights of all Zimbabweans saying the latest crackdown by Harare
would not augur well for the holding of free and fair polls next year.

Washington said at least 30 members of the main opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) party were still being detained in police custody
following their arrest last March.

"Many of them have been refused access to legal counsel and some are in
critical medical condition as a result of beatings inflicted upon them by
government security forces.

"We call on the government of Zimbabwe to respect the rule of law and the
rights of all Zimbabweans," said McCormack.

The Zimbabwean government says the MDC activists were behind the bombing of
state institutions in March following the arrest and subsequent torture of
MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai and other senior party officials.

The MDC denies the charge saying Harare is using the petrol bombing
incidents as a ruse to crack down on the resurgent opposition ahead of key
presidential and parliamentary elections next year. - ZimOnline

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CPJ outraged by police beating of award-winning media lawyer in Zimbabwe

Committee to Protect Journalists

  New York, May 10, 2007-The Committee to Protect Journalists today called
for a full and transparent investigation into the police beating on Tuesday
of prominent Zimbabwean human rights lawyer Beatrice Mtetwa, a 2005
recipient of CPJ's International Press Freedom Award, and three other

  Mtetwa, president of the Law Society of Zimbabwe, suffered bruises on her
back, arms, and legs after police in Harare beat her and three colleagues
with rubber clubs for several minutes, she told CPJ. The four attorneys were
forced to lie face down before being beaten, said Mtetwa, who was treated at
a local hospital and released later that day.

  "We condemn this vicious assault on Beatrice Mtetwa, a champion of the
rights of journalists in a country that has trampled on the independent
press," CPJ Executive Director Joel Simon said. "The government must conduct
a full and transparent investigation into this outrageous act of police
brutality and bring all those responsible to account."

  The four lawyers, dressed in professional robes, had been forced into a
police truck and driven to an open area in Harare's outskirts after officers
broke up a protest of more than 60 lawyers outside Zimbabwe's High Court,
said Irene Petras, acting director of the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights.
The lawyers were gathering to present the justice minister with a petition
protesting the treatment of two colleagues arrested last week, according to
news reports. The two arrested lawyers were challenging the government's
detention of several opposition officials accused of involvement in bomb
attacks after a police crackdown on the opposition in March.

  Also injured in the beating were lawyers Chris Mhike, Colin Kuhini, and
Terence Fitzpatrick, according to Petras.

  In February, police banned demonstrations for three months, but Mtetwa
told CPJ the gathering was lawful since required notice had been served to
police the day before. The legality of the ban is being challenged in court.

  Sternford Moyo, a veteran lawyer and president of the Southern Africa
Development Community Lawyers' Association, told CPJ that legal action
against the police will follow. "We will not be encouraging impunity for the
brazen contempt of the rule of law," he said.

  Mtetwa has defended dozens of journalists and fought for press freedom,
all at great personal risk. In March, police officers manhandled and
threatened her while she was serving them court papers, according to news
reports. In October 2003, she filed charges against police after being
detained on specious allegations of drunken driving for three hours, during
which she was beaten and choked, according to CPJ research.

  "The government should not frustrate the efforts of lawyers to provide
anyone with their entitled right to legal counsel. It has nothing to do with
politics," Mtetwa said.

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JAG Job Opportunities dated 10 May 2007

Please send any job opportunities for publication in this newsletter to: JAG
Job Opportunities; or

(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)

Contracts in the DRC

Wanted: for  six month renewable contracts in the DRC, three Zimbabwean farm
managers.  One with experience in orchard and plantation crops especially
citrus and bananas, the second with experience in row cropping: potatoes,
maize/soya, wheat and barley and the third with experience in dairy
production.  Formal agricultural qualifications an advantage but not a

Fluency in Swahili preferable but not essential.

Contact: 011610073.


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)


We have a vacancy for a mature/semi retired man to join our team.  The
position would be as workshop manager to be in charge of maintenance and
repairs of all farm equipment.  Accomodation and competitive package offered
for the right person. Situated 30km from Beit Bridge (Zim)
Please send CV/References to or


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)


We are looking for a business partner in Bulawayo or Gweru or Masvingo to go
into a 50/50 venture to offer instant passport and visa photographs. We will
provide all equipment and training. The equipment comprises 1 compact
digital camera and 1 printer (the size of a supermarket till). The partner
will need to have a shop outlet close to the CBD and be able to devote a few
square metres of floor space to the passport/visa photography. The partner
will operate the venture and share all costs and profits on a 50/50 basis.
No photographic experience is required. The net profit to each party should
be in the region of USD 600 (equivalent) per month. Please reply to giving details of your location and any other
relevant information.


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)

Management Couple / Professional Guide

Management couple/professional guide needed to run small, exclusive, safari
camp in Kariba/Matusadona as soon as possible.  Salary and benefits
negotiable depending on experience and qualifications - please contact one
of the following:
Steve -  Phone 013 43358    011 207 307
Wendy -  0912 307 875
Belinda - email:  phone:  (04) 301494/301496 or 011 603


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)

Transport Manager

To co-ordinate all aspects of transport for cane haulers, mechanical
background is a pre-requisite

Please contact Rob Buchanan, E-Mail -
Cell 082-3371290, Tel 033-3431106


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)

Manager for Sawmill

We are a large furniture manufacturing company (J.W.Wilson Int (Pvt) Ltd).
Based in Harare. We are currently looking for a manager for our sawmill in
Matabeleland, which supplies our Norton factory with teak.

The position entails travel to the mill in the Thlotsho area spending 2
nights, 3 days, a week at the mill attending to the management of the mill.
We feel that the job would suit a person with a farming background.

Should you need any further details please contact me at
of phone on cell 0912231 511 or Harare 620131.


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)


A leading Independent School in Zambia requires a teacher of Computer
Studies for September 2007. Experience in a CHISZ school in Zimbabwe or an
Independent School in South Africa is essential. A good US dollar salary is
offered along with accommodation and other benefits which include medical
There is a possibility of other vacancies at both primary and secondary
arising in the future and interested teachers with appropriate experience
should register there interest.
A brief resume should be emailed to


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)


Looking for an honest hard worker in Harare to work in the house as well as
in the garden. We would prefer a mature male who has experience.

Please if there is anyone out there who is leaving or knows of someone
please contact me on 011207583 or 0912308410.


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)


Busy office in Avondale requires a full day lady to take care of
correspondence and general office duties.    Email/computer knowledge an
asset but we can teach
you what you need to know.   Pleasant working environment - to start as
early as possible.

Please contact -


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)

Employment Offered

I am a South African farmer who needs employers for the following vacancies:

1: A person with mechanical knowledge who can do welding and am able to work
with steel as well.  He must be reliable, able to attend to my vehicles and
help with general work on the farm and with the cattle

2. A reliable chef, housekeeper. He/she must have experience in western

I would like to see references which can be e-mailed to the following E-mail


(Ad inserted 3 May 2007)


Looking for a retired Christian couple - will suite ex-farming couple - to
be caretakers of a dairy enterprise.  70kms from Harare.  Accommodation on
farm.  Package to be discussed.  Please email CV and contact details to


(Ad inserted 10 May 2007)

Employment Offered

OXFORD IT is looking for cvs for the below mentioned positions.  Please send
your cv as soon as possible if you wish to be considered for the positions.

Administration - Temp PA's/Receptionists and Secretaries, Company Secretary
Advertising - Graphic Designers, Public Relations Executives, Marketing
Officers, Key Account Executives
Consultants - SAP, Spectrum
Finance - Bookeepers, Chartered Accoutants, Accountants, Internal Auditors
IT - Developers (esp Web and Oracle), Network Engineers, Workshop Managers,
Technicians, Linux/Unix
Management - General Managers, Managing Directors, Chief Executive Officers,
Finance Director/Manager, Project Managers
Other - Mornings Only, Part-time, Flexi-time, Contract, Driver/Messenter,
Stores/Warehouse, Procurement/Purchasing Buyer
Hotel/Catering  - Attachments
Human Resources - Training Officer/Manager
Sales & Marketing - Sales/Marketing Managers, Regional Sales Managers,
Corporate Sales Personnel, Business Development Manager
Shipping - Import/Export Controller, Transport/Logistics Distribution
Tourism - Reservationists, Consultants

Please email you cv to the below email address or contact the General
Manager for more information.  We have many other jobs that are not
advertised, so call today to find out more!

Miss Sarah Vale
Oxford IT Recruitment
Agriculture House, c/o CFU Building, Cnr Adylinn Road/Marlborough Drive,
Marlborough, Harare
Tel: (Direct) 309274
Tel: (Switchboard) 309855-60 (ext 23)
Fax: 309351


(Ad inserted 10 May 2007)

Vacancy for Farm Assistant

Samona (Z) Ltd.,
P.O. Box 630557

Tel: +260 3 225 018
Cell: +260 97 790 209

The above-mentioned company has a vacancy for a Farm Assistant to work
directly under the Managing Director, to help with the running of a large
tobacco enterprise situated in the Choma/Kalomo farming area in the Southern
Province of Zambia.

Qualifications required:

Internationally recognised Diploma/Degree in Agriculture

The farming programme for the 2007/2008 season is 120 Ha Tobacco (55
Irrigated and 65 Rainfed), 60 Ha Soyabeans (Supplementary Irrigation), 60 Ha
Winter Wheat. There is currently no livestock production.

Remuneration package:

Commission (paid in US Dollars) will be calculated as a percentage of farm
profit, details of which, together with other benefits, will be made
available to applicants considered for the position once all CV's have been
received and processed.

Applicants should apply to Samona Zambia Ltd using the above e-mail address
attaching their CV for consideration by the company.


 (Ad inserted 10 May 2007)

Project Manager in Tanzania

we have a pretty large Eco-Tourism and  residential Beach Plot scheme going
on for which we are looking for a Project Manager with overall
responsibility for the whole thing. A farmer background would be ideal.
Please advise whether  there are still farmers willing and able to leave Zim
for a new horizon. If affirmative we would of course provide you with
further details.
Look forward to hearing from you.

Best Regards - Georges C. Hess / Amboni Sisal Properties Ltd - Nairobi
Liaison Office


(Ad inserted 10 May 2007)

Vehicle Sales Administrator :

This position is in the busy front office of our Vehicle Sales and would
suit a self-motivated, efficient and pro-active lady.  The post combines all
aspects of Administration, client interaction and sales. Must be able to
work under pressure.

Building Foreman :
Must have hands-on-experience in all aspects of building including :
- Setting Out
- Foundation work
- Steel re-enforcing
- Concrete Work
- Brick laying / Plastering
- Carpentry / Roofing
- Plumbing / Electrics
- Material Ordering / Quantity Estimating
- Labour Procurement & Supervision
- Must be able to work on own initiative.

Forward CV or apply in person with contactable references to ABC Auctions,
Seke Road, Graniteside, Harare.
Glynis Wiley, 751343 or 751904 or cell 011 630164

ABC Auctions
Hatfield House
Seke Road
Telephone 263 4 751904/751906/751343/751498
Fax 263 4 751904/751906/751343/751498
Email Address:


(Ad inserted 10 May 2007)

Job Title:                  Chief Executive Officer
Based at:                  Asamankese, Ghana
Reports to:               Direct reporting to Shareholders

Introduction:  Pinora is the 3rd largest fruit processing plant in sub
Saharan Africa. Completed in 2006, the state of the art facility, and its
dedicated Pineapple orchard, occupies 610 acres, employs 250 staff and is
capable of processing 320,000mt of locally procured oranges and pineapples.

 Job purpose summary:
Identify, develop and direct the implementation of business strategy leading
to growth and profitability
Plan and direct the organisation's activities to achieve stated and agreed
targets and standards for financial and trading performance, quality,
culture and legislative adherence
Evaluate existing staff, and thereafter where necessary, recruit, select and
develop executive team members
Direct functions and performance, where necessary, via the executive team
Maintain and develop organisational culture, values and reputation in its
markets and with all staff, suppliers, partners and regulatory and official

Key responsibilities:
Evaluate existing procurement process and thereafter plan and implement
procurement strategy, including transportation of fruit to the plant.
Plan and implement supply(ier) retention, expansion and development.
Producing an operating budget and thereafter its monitoring, implementation
and reporting.
Maintain administration and relevant reporting and planning systems.
Evaluate existing and thereafter select and manage external agencies, such
as transportation companies, banks, insurance, quality management standard
bodies and inspection companies etc.
Identify and manage new business development and further potential
Plan, develop and implement strategy for organisational development



(Ad inserted 10 May 2007)


Maid needed for Avondale West area. We are looking for a maid to help with
housework, for a "growing" family. She needs to have her own accomodation.
Please call 091-2-300 059 or e-mail



-------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)


Available to oversee construction operations and
alterations/modifications, assess and monitor quality control; submission of
appraisals for repairs and maintenance undertakings, and other associated

For further information please reply to the following contact.


(Ad inserted 26 April 2007)

Employment Sought

A husband & wife team looking for employment with accommodation in Harare.
They both come highly recommended; he in the garden and she with housework,
cooking and child minding.  They have 4 children, 3 of whom are school
going.  Current employer does not allow the family on the property so he
spends his entire earnings on visiting them every 6 weeks in the Eastern
districts.  Please phone Julie on 011 605 083 or evenings only on 744156;


For the latest listings of accommodation available for farmers, contact (updated 10 May 2007)

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