HARARE - The Zimbabwe government will allocate new land to
thousands of families who are being evicted for illegally occupying farms not
earmarked for acquisition under the controversial land reform programme, the
state-run Herald and radio said.
The Herald said the move has been
taken to "make way for a systematic land redistribution
Government last week began evicting thousands of families who
have occupied black-owned farms, conservancies, church land and white-owned
farms that were not earmarked for acquisition under the country's land
More than 12,000 occupants on unlisted farms were
removed last week, and the evictions are continuing.
mainly white-owned farms started more than two years ago when President
Robert Mugabe stepped up a controversial land reform programme aimed at
correcting imbalances in ownership that dated from the
Despite making up just one percent of the population of
Zimbabwe, whites owned around 30 percent of the country's prime
Under the reforms, an estimated 95 percent of all land owned by
some 4,500 white commercial farmers in Zimbabwe will be taken over, according
to the Commercial Farmers' Union.
TUESDAY 21/05/02 16:50:31 Mugabe sanctions
European foreign ministers will this month consider extending
travel sanctions on Robert Mugabe to include his wife and family, the
British government said in the Lords today.
Tory peers complained that
the Zimbabwean president`s wife could still come to London for
Tory ex-minister Lord Blaker said at question time: ``The
sanctions which were imposed by the EU on Mr Mugabe and his cronies in
respect of their foreign travel and their foreign assets do not apply to the
spouses and families of those people.
``Should not such an extension
be made to the scope of the sanctions? Or are we content that Mrs Mugabe
could still come here and shop at Harrods?``
Junior Foreign Office
minister Baroness Amos replied: ``The current EU sanctions do not apply to
spouses and children.
``This is clearly something that the General
Affairs Council will wish to return to, and they will be discussing Zimbabwe
at their next meeting in June.``
The minister later explained that
``international treaty obligations`` had allowed Mr Mugabe to attend a recent
UN conference in New York and his police chief to attend an Interpol meeting
in Lille, France.
As the government forges ahead with its controversial
fast-track land resettlement programme, there is growing evidence that most
of the resettled people could be sitting on a health
Most of the 264 000 families settled on farms
throughout the country have neither schools, health care facilities nor clean
drinking water. These families were hastily moved from their former homes,
where they had access to well-equipped health care facilities and
Jonas Mungate, the headman of Sleamish Farm in Mazowe,
where about 29 families from Chiweshe, Rushinga and Muzarabani were resettled
said on Friday he was very concerned that the farm has neither a school nor
Mungate said: "We've held several meetings with the
local councillor and discussed and identified a central place to build a
clinic and a school but it appears that the authorities are not
going to do anything for us."
He said he feared there could be an
outbreak of disease in the new settlement. He said about 55 children from the
farm walk between five and seven kilometres each day to school in Glendale,
and the parents have to walk the same distance for medical care.
Although a temporary school has been set up at a neighbouring farm, it only
offers primary education. As a result of the poor roads in most resettlement
schemes, peer educators and community-based health workers cannot easily
reach the resettled people. The problems in the resettlement areas are
not confined to people but also affect domestic animals such as cattle, as
there are no dip tanks.
5/21/02 8:33:17 AM (GMT +2) By Nyasha Nyakunu
Deputy News Editor
MORGAN Tsvangirai, the MDC leader, on Sunday
said a spontaneous uprising by the masses was inevitable because of the
deteriorating harsh economic conditions prevailing in the
Tsvangirai, who brushed aside threats by President
Mugabe that he would deal with the opposition party if it engages in any form
of violence, said the uprising would not necessarily be organised by the
"This mass action is already embedded in the feelings of the
people. The mood in the people is totally uncompromising . . . it is defiant
and Mugabe should not mislead himself.
"The uprising is not
going to come because the MDC has organised it but it is going to arise as a
need to resolve a political crisis which he has failed to resolve," he
Speaking at the Zanu PF Youth League's national assembly
meeting in Harare, Mugabe said the youths should never allow British stooges
to reverse the gains of independence and warned the MDC against organising
Mugabe, who is on record as saying his party has
degrees in violence, said Zanu PF comprised of people who attended the school
of war and peace. "They will be dealt with effectively and there won't
be any nonsense about that anymore. If called upon by the demands of the
situation to do something, we will do it effectively," said
Tsvangirai, however, scoffed at the threats as something
that the MDC was now used to. "We have been living under threats from this
government for the past two-and-a-half years since the MDC was launched and
we will not take cognisance of one more threat.
threatening statements are inconsequential to the plight of Zimbabweans. By
threatening to crush the MDC he is not responding to the problems of mass
starvation, poverty and unemployment," Tsvangirai said.
leader blamed Mugabe for scuttling the peace talks between the opposition
party and Zanu PF. Hopes for the immediate resumption of
the dialogue collapsed after the MDC refused to accept fresh demands
from Zanu PF.
The talks were scheduled to resume on 13 May but
foundered after the ruling party set certain preconditions.
Nigerian and South African facilitators to the dialogue left Harare on
Thursday last week after failing to drag the two parties back to the
negotiating table. Zanu PF said it could not continue with talks in
view of the MDC's pending court application challenging the results of the
disputed 9-11 presidential election. Tsvangirai said it was not the
MDC's burden to resuscitate the dialogue but that this was entirely up to
"The burden is not on the MDC but is really
squarely on him because instead of being at the forefront of a viable
economy, he is the one who is at the forefront of the ruin of the economy
that he is supposed to be the custodian of," he
Daily News - letter Reconciliation can never co-exist with
5/21/02 8:38:30 AM (GMT +2) I AM absolutely
intrigued by President Mugabe's call for Zimbabweans to bury their
differences and work together for peace and rebuild the country. Some
gullible Zimbabweans have celebrated that call as a display of
the magnanimity of our "Comrade President", who once again is prepared to
extend a hand of reconciliation and embrace his enemies as he did in 1980 and
I submit that this is all a load of horse manure! If Mugabe has
seen the light and is sincere (which he has never been in the last 22 years),
why does he still refuse to meet face-to-face with his arch rival
Morgan Tsvangirai and discuss with him the way forward concerning the
presidential election he so unashamedly stole from MDC and the Zimbabwean
Why is he persecuting civil servants viewed as MDC sympathisers
and denying drought relief to those perceived to be in the opposition? If
Zanu PF has repented from their grisly and callous acts of murder, rape and
anarchy through rogue elements of the war veterans' association and
the odious youth brigades, why don't they publicly acknowledge these
atrocities and disband their militia?
If it has dawned on Mugabe that
despite political differences, those in the opposition are Zimbabweans and
not "totemless" sellouts, dissidents and terrorists, why does he still
persecute and arrest MDC and other activists? Mugabe cannot be taken at face
What he says cannot be accepted as gospel truth. During the
presidential election run-up he called for peace whilst arming youth brigades
and charging his sycophants to strike terror in the heart of the
In 1980 he extended a hand of reconciliation to the whites
only to terrorise them in 2001.
Was it reconciliation when he
swallowed PF Zapu lock, stock and barrel in 1987 after crushing all forms of
dissent? If you believe Mugabe's call for nation building, reconciliation and
peace, you might as well believe that Martians live at State House! I do not
think Zimbabweans are that naive and gullible.
Mugabe should know that
we have very acute differences with him and his murderous Zanu PF which we
are not prepared to bury. What we will bury are our friends and relatives his
supporters murdered in pursuit of his quest to remain at State
War vets order Old Mutare farmer to leave his
5/21/02 8:30:31 AM (GMT +2) From Our
Correspondent in Mutare
ABOUT 40 war veterans on Sunday besieged
Grange Farm in Old Mutare and ordered the owner, Brian James, to vacate the
property with immediate effect.
This comes at a time
when the government is evicting illegal settlers on commercial farms that
have not been listed for compulsory acquisition. The war veterans allegedly
lit a bonfire and barred workers from feeding hundreds of chickens on the
farm, saying they were to be left to starve and die.
the farm was listed for designation under President Mugabe' s controversial
land reform programme, but James successfully contested the acquisition. He
obtained an eviction order against the illegal occupiers in November
James said following the order, the war veterans were
evicted, but 12 days later they returned and occupied the part suitable for
He said: "Twelve days after eviction, the war
veterans came back and occupied the arable portion of my farm. We alerted the
police, but no action was taken. I suspect the governor is aware of this new
Oppah Muchinguri, the Manicaland Governor, yesterday
refused to talk to The Daily News. Muchinguri has not been co-operative with
The Daily News following a story published in in the newspaper last month in
which she lashed out at Ignatius Chombo, the Minister of Local Government,
Public Works and National Housing.
The governor accused Chombo
of blocking the Mutare City Council's resolution to repossess an undeveloped
stand in the city belonging to Saviour Kasukuwere, the MP for Mount Darwin
Muchinguri said then: "You want me to be at loggerheads with
members of the party? Why did you quote me verbatim? "Chombo telephoned me
asking me what I was trying to achieve by that. I am going to sue you. We
will meet in court."
However, John Nkomo, the Minister of Home
Affairs, said he would investigate the fresh invasion of James' farm. "I will
look into it,'' said Nkomo. James said he proposed to the Land Task
Force in Manicaland that he would surrender a portion of his farm for
resettlement and offered to assist the poultry project on the
James said: "A hearing on my proposal is scheduled for today
at the Administrative Court in Harare." He said after the fresh invasion,
three armed policemen arrived at his farm but immediately left saying they
were going back to ask for assistance from Muchinguri.
police ran scared. Muchinguri never turned up and besides we never expected
her to," James said. "We have negotiated with the war veterans and the police
at Penhalonga. For our safety, we agreed to move off the farm and manage it
from Mutare city centre.
"Inspector Waita from Penhalonga police
station has assured us that there would be no looting of property until our
matter has been solved by the responsible authorities." The police
in Mutare refused to comment.
Mugabe's threats just reckless talk, says NCA,
5/21/02 8:26:02 AM (GMT +2) By Collin
THE National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) and the
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) have dismissed as reckless and careless
recent statements by President Mugabe accusing the NCA of receiving British
funding on behalf of the MDC.
Mugabe told Zanu PF youths
and war veterans on Saturday his government would deal "effectively" with the
MDC if it organised mass protests. Lovemore Madhuku, the NCA
chairperson, said Mugabe's statements clearly showed he was being misinformed
by his intelligence staff.
Madhuku said: "If the President believes
what he said recently, then it is clear that he is being misinformed and that
his intelligence system has totally collapsed. For the record, it is not true
that we are a conduit for the MDC. The NCA is an organisation pursuing a
genuine agenda of constitutional reforms."
Madhuku said the NCA
was a legitimate civic body which accepts financial assistance from anyone
who supports the agenda for constitutional reforms. "If the
President thought in making his statement, he would encourage his thugs to
descend on the NCA, we are not intimidated at all and we will not be
distracted from our agenda," Madhuku said.
He urged NCA members to
prepare for another peaceful mass demonstration in the next few weeks.
Learnmore Jongwe, the MDC information and publicity secretary, said his party
and members of the public were now tired of hearing unfounded allegations
that they were getting funds from Britain through the NCA. He
challenged the government to expose the evidence of such foreign funding and
to take the appropriate legal action.
On threats to deal with the
MDC violently, Jongwe said: "Mugabe's threats do not affect us because he is
threatening to deal with people who will travel on the path of violence. As
the MDC we have no intention whatsoever to engage in violence. If we are to
take the decision to carry out any protests, we will do that in a non-violent
Nelson Chamisa, the MDC national youth chairperson, said
party youths would defy the threats of violence by Mugabe as they were meant
to stifle dissenting voices.
Chamisa said: "These are the sort
of threats that can only come from an illegitimate leader. "All legitimate
leaders never threaten their own people, instead they concentrate on bread
and butter issues affecting their people, not vain threats such as those made
Chamisa said it was surprising to note that most of the
Zanu PF youths were very old and could only have been real youths during the
liberation struggle. Chamisa said: "Statements such as those coming
from Mugabe were last heard during the Smith regime, and where is Smith
Bezuidenhout, the Odzi farmer charged with the murder of Febian Mapenzauswa,
who had been settled on his farm, yesterday pleaded guilty to a lesser charge
of culpable homicide.
Bezuidenhout knocked down Mapenzauswa
with his motor vehicle. Public prosecutor Benhilda Manyowa, however, rejected
the plea, saying the State would lead evidence to prove the murder which
carries a stiffer penalty.
Bezuidenhout has pleaded not guilty to
murder. He denied intending to kill or injure Mapenzauswa, saying it was a
traffic accident and he regretted the death. Manyowa proceeded to
call Godfrey Gola, an agricultural extension officer and member of the Mutasa
district land distribution committee, to testify against the farmer, after
High Court judge, Justice Ben Hlatshwayo, ruled that she could not call
Doctor Eric Sidney to testify yesterday.
Sidney conducted the
post-mortem on the deceased. Hlatshwayo agreed with Bezuidenhout's counsel,
Advocate Eric Matinenga, who said he had not anticipated the State would call
Sidney to the witness stand yesterday.
Gola said Bezuidenhout drove
past Mapenzauswa and his friend Tapera Makombe, and Anna Mary Sithole, whom
he was allocating land at the farm under the fast-track land resettlement
scheme on 14 July 2001.
Bezuidenhout, Gola said, drove by pointing
threateningly at them and raised his clenched fist at the group on his way
back. Gola said he heard a woman screaming that they were in danger and
noticed Bezuidenhout's vehicle speeding towards them.
Bezuidenhout's vehicle flung Mapenzauswa into the air and sped off leaving
him lying in a pool of blood on the tarmac.
The State is alleging
Bezuidenhout of Tara Farm, struck with the intent to kill Mapenzauswa with a
motor vehicle thereby killing him. According to the State, Bezuidenhout drove
his car at high speed directly at Mapenzauswa's stationary car. The farmer is
accused of leaving his lane and driving on the verge of the road.
Mapenzauswa, who had come out of his vehicle to avoid the impact, was,
however, struck by Bezuidenhout's car. He was pronounced dead on arrival at
Mutare's Seventh Avenue Surgical Unit.
He died of internal
bleeding. Bezuidenhout, in his defence outline, said prior to the fateful day
invaders occupied his farm and there was growing tension between them and his
On the day, some of the workers were attacked by the
settlers and a report was made at Odzi police station, but no arrests were
made. When he went to Odzi police station later that day to follow up on the
report made earlier, he came across a suspicious motor vehicle he had seen
earlier on his farm on the verge of the Mutare-Harare Highway.
He decided to investigate. He was driving at 70km an hour. The
car's occupants fled in different directions resulting in Mapenzauswa being
struck by his vehicle. Manyowa, who plans to call 15 witnesses,
yesterday produced the post-mortem report, photographs and a sketch-plan of
the crime scene as exhibits. She also produced a report by the
Vehicle Inspection Department and a statement recorded by the police from
Bezuidenhout which was confirmed as true and accurate by a magistrates'
Matinenga said he would challenge some of the observations
indicated in the sketch-plan. The trial continues today.
5/21/02 10:45:15 AM (GMT +2) From Brian Mangwende in
TEACHERS at eight schools in Buhera District have received
letters from the Zanu PF ward councillor, identified only as J Nyawo,
demanding they pay $500 each to finance the ruling party's victory
The festivities are to be held soon by the
party's Gukurahundi Youth Group to mark President Mugabe's disputed victory
in March's presidential election. The letter reads in part: "Each
school is required to submit a list of teachers, starting with the
headmaster, and a donation of $500 per head as attached and signed
thereafter. Remember that we have eight schools, to include both primary and
"This letter serves to inform you that it is high time
you should support your young age group who eagerly participated during the
just-ended presidential election and are helping to celebrate and you will
also be part and parcel of the celebrations. Please attach a list of names of
your school and the amount therein requested to pay."
for comment yesterday, Winnie Chirimamhunga, the regional director in the
Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture for Manicaland, asked for a copy of
the letter in question.
She said: "Send me a copy of the letter and
I will investigate." A teacher in Buhera, who refused to be identified, said:
"We're still being victimised by the Zanu PF youth brigades."
Early this month, The Daily News carried a story quoting Takavafira Zhou, the
president of the Progressive Teachers' Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ), saying Zanu
PF youths and war veterans had forced 107 503 teachers throughout the country
to pay a protection fee to them.
Raymond Majongwe, the PTUZ's
secretary-general, said last week the union stood by its story and stressed
that the teachers were forced to pay the protection fee to war veterans and
Zanu PF youths.
His remarks came after an official denial of the
story by the government and Zanu PF. Majongwe said teachers in rural schools
were victims of extortion and have been forced to make contributions towards
the 21st February Movement, which marks Mugabe's birthday. This reporter, who
broke the story, was arrested over the article and briefly detained at
Mutare Central police station.
The reporter was released without
charge after spending some time in police custody.
Zimbabwe police charge editor over ''false''
HARARE, May 21 - Police have charged the editor of
Zimbabwe's only private daily newspaper in a crackdown on journalists accused
of publishing false stories aimed at tarnishing the image of President Robert
Daily News editor-in-chief Geoffrey
Nyarota was arrested and and charged on Monday for publishing a false story
last month saying that ruling ZANU-PF supporters beheaded a woman in the
northern district of Magunje, his lawyer said on Tuesday. ''He was
arrested and charged yesterday over the Magunje story before police released
him,'' lawyer Lawrence Chibwe told Reuters. Chief police spokesman
Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena confirmed Nyarota's arrest on
Tuesday, adding: ''He will appear in court once we have completed our
investigations.'' The Daily News published an unverified story on
April 23 citing a man who claimed his wife had been beheaded by ruling
ZANU-PF party militants while his two children watched. Several
international newspapers carried the story. But the Daily News later said it
had doubts about the alleged murder after failing to locate the woman's
grave. The paper apologised to Mugabe's ZANU-PF party. Nyarota, winner
of the 2002 UNESCO world press freedom award, has been arrested twice in the
last two months under a tough new media law that punishes ''abuse of
journalistic privilege by publishing falsehoods.'' Eleven journalists
have been arrested since Mugabe signed the Access to Information and
Protection of Privacy Act into law soon after his controversial re-election
in March. Last week three journalists, including a former government
spokesman, were arrested for publishing two allegedly false stories,
including accusations that some policemen were demanding sex from prostitutes
caught soliciting on the streets. Under the Act, journalists can
face fines of up to Z$100,000 ($1,818) or up to two years in jail if they are
found guilty of publishing ''falsehoods.'' Zimbabwe's Supreme Court
ruled last Friday that a challenge brought by journalists working for foreign
organisations in the country against the media bill did not need to be heard
urgently, meaning the hearing could be delayed for months. Mugabe's
government has been accused of cracking down on journalists since March 9-11
presidential elections which were rejected as fraudulent by the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change and major Western countries.
Six MDC activists charged under new Zimbabwean
Sapa-AP HARARE Police charged six opposition activists yesterday
on allegations that they plotted against the government, their lawyer
said. The activists, arrested on Sunday in the provincial town of Chinhoyi,
115km northwest of Harare, were charged under a subversion clause in new
security laws that carried a penalty of up to 20 years in jail without the
option of a fine, lawyer Tapiwa Muchineripi said. In a separate incident,
four white farmers, detained on Saturday near Chinhoyi, were also charged
under the same clause, the Commercial Farmers Union said. It was the first
time charges of subversion by "coercing or attempting to coerce the
government" have been used since the laws were passed in January. Coercion
includes threats against the state or the actual use of "violence, boycotts,
civil disobedience or resistance". Muchineripi said Silas Matamisa, the
provincial chairman of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), his deputy
and four others were released yesterday to be summoned to court at a later
date. They were accused of plotting against the government with unidentified
white farmers in their district at a secret meeting on the outskirts of
Chinhoyi on April 24. The four farmers, whose alleged crimes were
evidently not linked to those of the opposition officials, were also freed to
be summoned to court later, the union said. The farmers denied holding an
illegal or subversive meeting in the Lion's Den area on April 6 as alleged by
police. The charges came a day after the opposition announced plans for a
campaign of civil disobedience and mass action to unseat long-time ruler
President Robert Mugabe, declared the winner in a disputed presidential
election in March. The opposition and independent human rights groups
blame ruling party militants backed by the state for most of the political
violence that has wracked the nation since March 2000. The opposition has
demanded a rerun of the polls, citing the disquiet of many international
observers over intimidation and alleged vote rigging. Mugabe vowed on
Saturday to crush protests or mass action to oust him by opponents supported
by Britain, the former colonial power, and whites. "If called upon by the
demands of the situation to do something, we will do it effectively," he
said. Zimbabwe is becoming increasingly volatile as famine looms due to
farm disruptions in Mugabe's programme to seize white-owned land and
erratic rains. United Nations food agencies estimate 3-million Zimbabweans
will face starvation by next month. Three journalists were arrested last
week for reporting that the government had imported Israeli anti-riot
equipment in anticipation of worsening food shortages and civil
unrest. Israel confirmed the sale of water cannon, chemical additives and
other riot control equipment.
May 21 2002 12:00:00:000AM Angus Shaw
Business Day 1st Edition Tuesday 21 May 2002
South African private schools are being inundated with requests
for help from parents of Zimbabwean schoolchildren who have been banned from
writing foreign exams. The Zimbabwean Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture
told schools at the end of March that they would no longer be allowed to enter
for foreign exams such as GCSE and Advanced Subsidiary and that all schools
would have to enter their candidates for examinations offered by the Zimbabwe
School Examinations Council. About 2 500 pupils have been affected by the change
in regulations, which has come into effect more than halfway through their
course. Since April, private schools in South Africa have received daily calls
from parents hoping their children will be able to complete their exams
The southern African representative for Cambridge Examinations,
Ray Howarth, confirmed the last Cambridge A level examinations would be
delivered to Zimbabwe in June due to the changed laws. Howarth said the
restriction meant pupils would not be able to write the November exams. Parents
who could afford it were approaching schools in neighbouring countries as they
had been caught off-guard. Although only a few South African private schools
offered the British O and A level exams, others had offered to help in other
ways. Kearsney College marketing director Colleen Ross said her school had told
the British Council it was willing to set up the school as an exam centre and
pupils could register and write exams through the council. "We have the
facilities and quite a few teachers who have experience with the GCSE exams. We
have also offered to accommodate pupils."
Although acknowledging that it had received a substantial
number of queries from Zimbabwean candidates, the British Council exams manager
Shamima Jooma said the council's involvement in the matter had not yet been
confirmed. Sources said the council was being cautious because it was a
politically sensitive matter. Michaelhouse rector Guy Pearson said his school
had also received a number of queries and that several pupils had already been
interviewed. Hilton College director of development Iain McMillan said the
college had offered places to pupils who wanted to come to South Africa.