The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Sunday Times, SA

Mugabe gives land to booted squatters

HARARE - The Zimbabwe government will allocate new land to thousands of
families who are being evicted for illegally occupying farms not earmarked
for acquisition under the controversial land reform programme, the state-run
Herald and radio said.

The Herald said the move has been taken to "make way for a systematic land
redistribution programme".

Government last week began evicting thousands of families who have occupied
black-owned farms, conservancies, church land and white-owned farms that
were not earmarked for acquisition under the country's land reform

More than 12,000 occupants on unlisted farms were removed last week, and the
evictions are continuing.

Invasions of mainly white-owned farms started more than two years ago when
President Robert Mugabe stepped up a controversial land reform programme
aimed at correcting imbalances in ownership that dated from the colonial

Despite making up just one percent of the population of Zimbabwe, whites
owned around 30 percent of the country's prime farmland.

Under the reforms, an estimated 95 percent of all land owned by some 4,500
white commercial farmers in Zimbabwe will be taken over, according to the
Commercial Farmers' Union.


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TUESDAY 21/05/02 16:50:31
Mugabe sanctions considered

European foreign ministers will this month consider extending travel
sanctions on Robert Mugabe to include his wife and family, the British
government said in the Lords today.

Tory peers complained that the Zimbabwean president`s wife could still come
to London for shopping.

Tory ex-minister Lord Blaker said at question time: ``The sanctions which
were imposed by the EU on Mr Mugabe and his cronies in respect of their
foreign travel and their foreign assets do not apply to the spouses and
families of those people.

``Should not such an extension be made to the scope of the sanctions? Or are
we content that Mrs Mugabe could still come here and shop at Harrods?``

Junior Foreign Office minister Baroness Amos replied: ``The current EU
sanctions do not apply to spouses and children.

``This is clearly something that the General Affairs Council will wish to
return to, and they will be discussing Zimbabwe at their next meeting in

The minister later explained that ``international treaty obligations`` had
allowed Mr Mugabe to attend a recent UN conference in New York and his
police chief to attend an Interpol meeting in Lille, France.

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Daily News

      By Collin Chiwanza

      5/21/02 8:31:53 AM (GMT +2)

      As the government forges ahead with its controversial fast-track land
resettlement programme, there is growing evidence that most of the resettled
people could be sitting on a health time-bomb.

      Most of the 264 000 families settled on farms throughout the country
have neither schools, health care facilities nor clean drinking water. These
families were hastily moved from their former homes, where they had access
to well-equipped health care facilities and schools.

      Jonas Mungate, the headman of Sleamish Farm in Mazowe, where about 29
families from Chiweshe, Rushinga and Muzarabani were resettled said on
Friday he was very concerned that the farm has neither a school nor a

      Mungate said: "We've held several meetings with the local councillor
and discussed and identified a central place to build a clinic and a school
but it appears that the
      authorities are not going to do anything for us."

      He said he feared there could be an outbreak of disease in the new
settlement. He said about 55 children from the farm walk between five and
seven kilometres each day to school in Glendale, and the parents have to
walk the same distance for medical care.

      Although a temporary school has been set up at a neighbouring farm, it
only offers primary education. As a result of the poor roads in most
resettlement schemes, peer educators and community-based health workers
cannot easily reach the resettled people.
      The problems in the resettlement areas are not confined to people but
also affect domestic animals such as cattle, as there are no dip tanks.
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Daily News

      Economic slump recipe for uprising, warns MDC

      5/21/02 8:33:17 AM (GMT +2)
      By Nyasha Nyakunu Deputy News Editor

      MORGAN Tsvangirai, the MDC leader, on Sunday said a spontaneous
uprising by the masses was inevitable because of the deteriorating harsh
economic conditions prevailing in the country.

      Tsvangirai, who brushed aside threats by President Mugabe that he
would deal with the opposition party if it engages in any form of violence,
said the uprising would not necessarily be organised by the MDC.

      "This mass action is already embedded in the feelings of the people.
The mood in the people is totally uncompromising . . . it is defiant and
Mugabe should not mislead himself.

      "The uprising is not going to come because the MDC has organised it
but it is going to arise as a need to resolve a political crisis which he
has failed to resolve," he said.

      Speaking at the Zanu PF Youth League's national assembly meeting in
Harare, Mugabe said the youths should never allow British stooges to reverse
the gains of independence and warned the MDC against organising mass

      Mugabe, who is on record as saying his party has degrees in violence,
said Zanu PF comprised of people who attended the school of war and peace.
      "They will be dealt with effectively and there won't be any nonsense
about that anymore. If called upon by the demands of the situation to do
something, we will do it effectively," said Mugabe.

      Tsvangirai, however, scoffed at the threats as something that the MDC
was now used to. "We have been living under threats from this government for
the past two-and-a-half years since the MDC was launched and we will not
take cognisance of one more threat.

      "Those threatening statements are inconsequential to the plight of
Zimbabweans. By threatening to crush the MDC he is not responding to the
problems of mass starvation, poverty and unemployment," Tsvangirai said.

      The MDC leader blamed Mugabe for scuttling the peace talks between the
opposition party and Zanu PF. Hopes for the immediate resumption of the
      collapsed after the MDC refused to accept fresh demands from Zanu PF.

      The talks were scheduled to resume on 13 May but foundered after the
ruling party set certain preconditions.

      The Nigerian and South African facilitators to the dialogue left
Harare on Thursday last week after failing to drag the two parties back to
the negotiating table.
      Zanu PF said it could not continue with talks in view of the MDC's
pending court application challenging the results of the disputed 9-11
presidential election.
      Tsvangirai said it was not the MDC's burden to resuscitate the
dialogue but that this was entirely up to Mugabe himself.

      "The burden is not on the MDC but is really squarely on him because
instead of being at the forefront of a viable economy, he is the one who is
at the forefront of the ruin of the economy that he is supposed to be the
custodian of," he said.
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Daily News - letter
Reconciliation can never co-exist with persecution

5/21/02 8:38:30 AM (GMT +2)
I AM absolutely intrigued by President Mugabe's call for Zimbabweans to bury
their differences and work together for peace and rebuild the country.
Some gullible Zimbabweans have celebrated that call as a display of the
magnanimity of our "Comrade President", who once again is prepared to extend
a hand of reconciliation and embrace his enemies as he did in 1980 and 1987.

I submit that this is all a load of horse manure! If Mugabe has seen the
light and is sincere (which he has never been in the last 22 years), why
does he still refuse to meet face-to-face with his arch rival Morgan
Tsvangirai and discuss with him the way forward concerning the presidential
election he so unashamedly stole from MDC and the Zimbabwean people?

Why is he persecuting civil servants viewed as MDC sympathisers and denying
drought relief to those perceived to be in the opposition?
If Zanu PF has repented from their grisly and callous acts of murder, rape
and anarchy through rogue elements of the war veterans' association and the
odious youth brigades, why don't they publicly acknowledge these atrocities
and disband their militia?

If it has dawned on Mugabe that despite political differences, those in the
opposition are Zimbabweans and not "totemless" sellouts, dissidents and
terrorists, why does he still persecute and arrest MDC and other activists?
Mugabe cannot be taken at face value.

What he says cannot be accepted as gospel truth. During the presidential
election run-up he called for peace whilst arming youth brigades and
charging his sycophants to strike terror in the heart of the opposition.

In 1980 he extended a hand of reconciliation to the whites only to terrorise
them in 2001.

Was it reconciliation when he swallowed PF Zapu lock, stock and barrel in
1987 after crushing all forms of dissent?
If you believe Mugabe's call for nation building, reconciliation and peace,
you might as well believe that Martians live at State House! I do not think
Zimbabweans are that naive and gullible.

Mugabe should know that we have very acute differences with him and his
murderous Zanu PF which we are not prepared to bury. What we will bury are
our friends and relatives his supporters murdered in pursuit of his quest to
remain at State House.

This madness must stop - now!

Qobo Mayisa

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Daily News

      War vets order Old Mutare farmer to leave his property

      5/21/02 8:30:31 AM (GMT +2)
      From Our Correspondent in Mutare

      ABOUT 40 war veterans on Sunday besieged Grange Farm in Old Mutare and
ordered the owner, Brian James, to vacate the property with immediate

      This comes at a time when the government is evicting illegal settlers
on commercial farms that have not been listed for compulsory acquisition.
The war veterans allegedly lit a bonfire and barred workers from feeding
hundreds of chickens on the farm, saying they were to be left to starve and

      Initially, the farm was listed for designation under President Mugabe'
s controversial land reform programme, but James successfully contested the
acquisition. He obtained an eviction order against the illegal occupiers in
November 2000.

      James said following the order, the war veterans were evicted, but 12
days later they returned and occupied the part suitable for crop-growing.

      He said: "Twelve days after eviction, the war veterans came back and
occupied the arable portion of my farm. We alerted the police, but no action
was taken. I suspect the governor is aware of this new development."

      Oppah Muchinguri, the Manicaland Governor, yesterday refused to talk
to The Daily News. Muchinguri has not been co-operative with The Daily News
following a story published in in the newspaper last month in which she
lashed out at Ignatius Chombo, the Minister of Local Government, Public
Works and National Housing.

      The governor accused Chombo of blocking the Mutare City Council's
resolution to repossess an undeveloped stand in the city belonging to
Saviour Kasukuwere, the MP for Mount Darwin South.

      Muchinguri said then: "You want me to be at loggerheads with members
of the party? Why did you quote me verbatim? "Chombo telephoned me asking me
what I was trying to achieve by that. I am going to sue you. We will meet in

      However, John Nkomo, the Minister of Home Affairs, said he would
investigate the fresh invasion of James' farm. "I will look into it,'' said
      James said he proposed to the Land Task Force in Manicaland that he
would surrender a portion of his farm for resettlement and offered to assist
the poultry project on the farm.

      James said: "A hearing on my proposal is scheduled for today at the
Administrative Court in Harare." He said after the fresh invasion, three
armed policemen arrived at his farm but immediately left saying they were
going back to ask for assistance from Muchinguri.

      "The police ran scared. Muchinguri never turned up and besides we
never expected her to," James said. "We have negotiated with the war
veterans and the police at Penhalonga. For our safety, we agreed to move off
the farm and manage it from Mutare city centre.

      "Inspector Waita from Penhalonga police station has assured us that
there would be no looting of property until our matter has been solved by
the responsible authorities."
      The police in Mutare refused to comment.
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Daily News

      Mugabe's threats just reckless talk, says NCA, MDC

      5/21/02 8:26:02 AM (GMT +2)
      By Collin Chiwanza

      THE National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) and the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) have dismissed as reckless and careless recent
statements by President Mugabe accusing the NCA of receiving British funding
on behalf of the MDC.

      Mugabe told Zanu PF youths and war veterans on Saturday his government
would deal "effectively" with the MDC if it organised mass protests.
      Lovemore Madhuku, the NCA chairperson, said Mugabe's statements
clearly showed he was being misinformed by his intelligence staff.

      Madhuku said: "If the President believes what he said recently, then
it is clear that he is being misinformed and that his intelligence system
has totally collapsed. For the record, it is not true that we are a conduit
for the MDC. The NCA is an organisation pursuing a genuine agenda of
constitutional reforms."

      Madhuku said the NCA was a legitimate civic body which accepts
financial assistance from anyone who supports the agenda for constitutional
      "If the President thought in making his statement, he would encourage
his thugs to descend on the NCA, we are not intimidated at all and we will
not be distracted from our agenda," Madhuku said.

      He urged NCA members to prepare for another peaceful mass
demonstration in the next few weeks. Learnmore Jongwe, the MDC information
and publicity secretary, said his party and members of the public were now
tired of hearing unfounded allegations that they were getting funds from
Britain through the NCA.
      He challenged the government to expose the evidence of such foreign
funding and to take the appropriate legal action.

      On threats to deal with the MDC violently, Jongwe said: "Mugabe's
threats do not affect us because he is threatening to deal with people who
will travel on the path of violence. As the MDC we have no intention
whatsoever to engage in violence. If we are to take the decision to carry
out any protests, we will do that in a non-violent manner."

      Nelson Chamisa, the MDC national youth chairperson, said party youths
would defy the threats of violence by Mugabe as they were meant to stifle
dissenting voices.

      Chamisa said: "These are the sort of threats that can only come from
an illegitimate leader. "All legitimate leaders never threaten their own
people, instead they concentrate on bread and butter issues affecting their
people, not vain threats such as those made by Mugabe."

      Chamisa said it was surprising to note that most of the Zanu PF youths
were very old and could only have been real youths during the liberation
      Chamisa said: "Statements such as those coming from Mugabe were last
heard during the Smith regime, and where is Smith today?"
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Daily News

      Farmer pleads guilty to culpable homicide

      5/21/02 8:25:24 AM (GMT +2)
      Court Reporter

      PHILIP Bezuidenhout, the Odzi farmer charged with the murder of Febian
Mapenzauswa, who had been settled on his farm, yesterday pleaded guilty to a
lesser charge of culpable homicide.

      Bezuidenhout knocked down Mapenzauswa with his motor vehicle. Public
prosecutor Benhilda Manyowa, however, rejected the plea, saying the State
would lead evidence to prove the murder which carries a stiffer penalty.

      Bezuidenhout has pleaded not guilty to murder. He denied intending to
kill or injure Mapenzauswa, saying it was a traffic accident and he
regretted the death.
      Manyowa proceeded to call Godfrey Gola, an agricultural extension
officer and member of the Mutasa district land distribution committee, to
testify against the farmer, after High Court judge, Justice Ben Hlatshwayo,
ruled that she could not call Doctor Eric Sidney to testify yesterday.

      Sidney conducted the post-mortem on the deceased. Hlatshwayo agreed
with Bezuidenhout's counsel, Advocate Eric Matinenga, who said he had not
anticipated the State would call Sidney to the witness stand yesterday.

      Gola said Bezuidenhout drove past Mapenzauswa and his friend Tapera
Makombe, and Anna Mary Sithole, whom he was allocating land at the farm
under the fast-track land resettlement scheme on 14 July 2001.

      Bezuidenhout, Gola said, drove by pointing threateningly at them and
raised his clenched fist at the group on his way back. Gola said he heard a
woman screaming that they were in danger and noticed Bezuidenhout's vehicle
speeding towards them.

      Gola said Bezuidenhout's vehicle flung Mapenzauswa into the air and
sped off leaving him lying in a pool of blood on the tarmac.

      The State is alleging Bezuidenhout of Tara Farm, struck with the
intent to kill Mapenzauswa with a motor vehicle thereby killing him.
According to the State, Bezuidenhout drove his car at high speed directly at
Mapenzauswa's stationary car. The farmer is accused of leaving his lane and
driving on the verge of the road. Mapenzauswa, who had come out of his
vehicle to avoid the impact, was, however, struck by Bezuidenhout's car. He
was pronounced dead on arrival at Mutare's Seventh Avenue Surgical Unit.

      He died of internal bleeding. Bezuidenhout, in his defence outline,
said prior to the fateful day invaders occupied his farm and there was
growing tension between them and his workers.

      On the day, some of the workers were attacked by the settlers and a
report was made at Odzi police station, but no arrests were made. When he
went to Odzi police station later that day to follow up on the report made
earlier, he came across a suspicious motor vehicle he had seen earlier on
his farm on the verge of the Mutare-Harare Highway.

      He decided to investigate. He was driving at 70km an hour. The car's
occupants fled in different directions resulting in Mapenzauswa being struck
by his vehicle.
      Manyowa, who plans to call 15 witnesses, yesterday produced the
post-mortem report, photographs and a sketch-plan of the crime scene as
      She also produced a report by the Vehicle Inspection Department and a
statement recorded by the police from Bezuidenhout which was confirmed as
true and accurate by a magistrates' court.

      Matinenga said he would challenge some of the observations indicated
in the sketch-plan. The trial continues today.
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Daily News

      Teachers forced to pay for victory party

      5/21/02 10:45:15 AM (GMT +2)
      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      TEACHERS at eight schools in Buhera District have received letters
from the Zanu PF ward councillor, identified only as J Nyawo, demanding they
pay $500 each to finance the ruling party's victory celebrations.

      The festivities are to be held soon by the party's Gukurahundi Youth
Group to mark President Mugabe's disputed victory in March's presidential
      The letter reads in part: "Each school is required to submit a list of
teachers, starting with the headmaster, and a donation of $500 per head as
attached and signed thereafter. Remember that we have eight schools, to
include both primary and secondary.

      "This letter serves to inform you that it is high time you should
support your young age group who eagerly participated during the just-ended
presidential election and are helping to celebrate and you will also be part
and parcel of the celebrations. Please attach a list of names of your school
and the amount therein requested to pay."

      Contacted for comment yesterday, Winnie Chirimamhunga, the regional
director in the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture for Manicaland,
asked for a copy of the letter in question.

      She said: "Send me a copy of the letter and I will investigate." A
teacher in Buhera, who refused to be identified, said: "We're still being
victimised by the Zanu PF youth brigades."

      Early this month, The Daily News carried a story quoting Takavafira
Zhou, the president of the Progressive Teachers' Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ),
saying Zanu PF youths and war veterans had forced 107 503 teachers
throughout the country to pay a protection fee to them.

      Raymond Majongwe, the PTUZ's secretary-general, said last week the
union stood by its story and stressed that the teachers were forced to pay
the protection fee to war veterans and Zanu PF youths.

      His remarks came after an official denial of the story by the
government and Zanu PF. Majongwe said teachers in rural schools were victims
of extortion and have been forced to make contributions towards the 21st
February Movement, which marks Mugabe's birthday. This reporter, who broke
the story, was arrested over the article and briefly detained at Mutare
Central police station.

      The reporter was released without charge after spending some time in
police custody.
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Zimbabwe police charge editor over ''false'' story

HARARE, May 21 - Police have charged the editor of Zimbabwe's only private
daily newspaper in a crackdown on journalists accused of publishing false
stories aimed at tarnishing the image of President Robert Mugabe's

       Daily News editor-in-chief Geoffrey Nyarota was arrested and and
charged on Monday for publishing a false story last month saying that ruling
ZANU-PF supporters beheaded a woman in the northern district of Magunje, his
lawyer said on Tuesday.
       ''He was arrested and charged yesterday over the Magunje story before
police released him,'' lawyer Lawrence Chibwe told Reuters.
       Chief police spokesman Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena
confirmed Nyarota's arrest on Tuesday, adding: ''He will appear in court
once we have completed our investigations.''
       The Daily News published an unverified story on April 23 citing a man
who claimed his wife had been beheaded by ruling ZANU-PF party militants
while his two children watched.
       Several international newspapers carried the story. But the Daily
News later said it had doubts about the alleged murder after failing to
locate the woman's grave. The paper apologised to Mugabe's ZANU-PF party.
       Nyarota, winner of the 2002 UNESCO world press freedom award, has
been arrested twice in the last two months under a tough new media law that
punishes ''abuse of journalistic privilege by publishing falsehoods.''
       Eleven journalists have been arrested since Mugabe signed the Access
to Information and Protection of Privacy Act into law soon after his
controversial re-election in March.
       Last week three journalists, including a former government spokesman,
were arrested for publishing two allegedly false stories, including
accusations that some policemen were demanding sex from prostitutes caught
soliciting on the streets.
       Under the Act, journalists can face fines of up to Z$100,000 ($1,818)
or up to two years in jail if they are found guilty of publishing
       Zimbabwe's Supreme Court ruled last Friday that a challenge brought
by journalists working for foreign organisations in the country against the
media bill did not need to be heard urgently, meaning the hearing could be
delayed for months.
       Mugabe's government has been accused of cracking down on journalists
since March 9-11 presidential elections which were rejected as fraudulent by
the opposition Movement for Democratic Change and major Western countries.

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Business Day

Six MDC activists charged under new Zimbabwean law

HARARE Police charged six opposition activists yesterday on allegations that
they plotted against the government, their lawyer said.
The activists, arrested on Sunday in the provincial town of Chinhoyi, 115km
northwest of Harare, were charged under a subversion clause in new security
laws that carried a penalty of up to 20 years in jail without the option of
a fine, lawyer Tapiwa Muchineripi said.
In a separate incident, four white farmers, detained on Saturday near
Chinhoyi, were also charged under the same clause, the Commercial Farmers
Union said.
It was the first time charges of subversion by "coercing or attempting to
coerce the government" have been used since the laws were passed in January.
Coercion includes threats against the state or the actual use of "violence,
boycotts, civil disobedience or resistance". Muchineripi said Silas
Matamisa, the provincial chairman of the Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC), his deputy and four others were released yesterday to be summoned to
court at a later date.
They were accused of plotting against the government with unidentified white
farmers in their district at a secret meeting on the outskirts of Chinhoyi
on April 24.
The four farmers, whose alleged crimes were evidently not linked to those of
the opposition officials, were also freed to be summoned to court later, the
union said. The farmers denied holding an illegal or subversive meeting in
the Lion's Den area on April 6 as alleged by police.
The charges came a day after the opposition announced plans for a campaign
of civil disobedience and mass action to unseat long-time ruler President
Robert Mugabe, declared the winner in a disputed presidential election in
The opposition and independent human rights groups blame ruling party
militants backed by the state for most of the political violence that has
wracked the nation since March 2000.
The opposition has demanded a rerun of the polls, citing the disquiet of
many international observers over intimidation and alleged vote rigging.
Mugabe vowed on Saturday to crush protests or mass action to oust him by
opponents supported by Britain, the former colonial power, and whites. "If
called upon by the demands of the situation to do something, we will do it
effectively," he said.
Zimbabwe is becoming increasingly volatile as famine looms due to farm
disruptions in Mugabe's programme to seize white-owned land and erratic
rains. United Nations food agencies estimate 3-million Zimbabweans will face
starvation by next month.
Three journalists were arrested last week for reporting that the government
had imported Israeli anti-riot equipment in anticipation of worsening food
shortages and civil unrest.
Israel confirmed the sale of water cannon, chemical additives and other riot
control equipment.

May 21 2002 12:00:00:000AM Angus Shaw Business Day 1st Edition
21 May 2002
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From The Daily News (SA), 20 May

Zim pupils turn to SA after exam ban

South African private schools are being inundated with requests for help from parents of Zimbabwean schoolchildren who have been banned from writing foreign exams. The Zimbabwean Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture told schools at the end of March that they would no longer be allowed to enter for foreign exams such as GCSE and Advanced Subsidiary and that all schools would have to enter their candidates for examinations offered by the Zimbabwe School Examinations Council. About 2 500 pupils have been affected by the change in regulations, which has come into effect more than halfway through their course. Since April, private schools in South Africa have received daily calls from parents hoping their children will be able to complete their exams here.

The southern African representative for Cambridge Examinations, Ray Howarth, confirmed the last Cambridge A level examinations would be delivered to Zimbabwe in June due to the changed laws. Howarth said the restriction meant pupils would not be able to write the November exams. Parents who could afford it were approaching schools in neighbouring countries as they had been caught off-guard. Although only a few South African private schools offered the British O and A level exams, others had offered to help in other ways. Kearsney College marketing director Colleen Ross said her school had told the British Council it was willing to set up the school as an exam centre and pupils could register and write exams through the council. "We have the facilities and quite a few teachers who have experience with the GCSE exams. We have also offered to accommodate pupils."

Although acknowledging that it had received a substantial number of queries from Zimbabwean candidates, the British Council exams manager Shamima Jooma said the council's involvement in the matter had not yet been confirmed. Sources said the council was being cautious because it was a politically sensitive matter. Michaelhouse rector Guy Pearson said his school had also received a number of queries and that several pupils had already been interviewed. Hilton College director of development Iain McMillan said the college had offered places to pupils who wanted to come to South Africa.

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