The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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      Mutare Magistrate bars war veterans from Chimanimani school

      5/23/02 9:27:58 AM (GMT +2)
      From Brian Mangwende

      The Mutare magistrate's court has ordered five war veterans accused of
terrorising teachers at Matendeudze primary school in Nhedziwa, Chimanimani,
not to visit the institution - or risk arrest.

      The teachers,Webster Dube, Shepherd Hokoza and Anthony Makaza, alleged
that since 2000, war veterans at villages around Nhedziwa growth point have
been threatening to kill them, accusing them of supporting opposition

      Through their lawyer, Arnold Tsunga, of Henning Lock Donagher and
Winter, the teachers said: "Since the year 2000, the war veterans have all
or individually been terrorising and victimising us for sympathising with
opposition parties, including the MDC.

      Towards the presidential election, the threats of violence and deaths
intensified. The war veterans would come close to the school and sing
political songs and shout threats to us and our families. The threats were
verbal and written."

      Following the death threats, the teachers said they went into hiding
and failed to report for duty.

      In a provisional order issued on 17 May against Samuel Nkosi, Zanu PF'
s chairman for Ward 4, Dave Muchazoreka, P.

      Musariyarwa, Shepherd Kashiri and Rufas Maruta, Mutare magistrate
Rangarirai Muhloro said: "This order shall operate as a provisional order
directing the respondents not to set foot on the applicants' residential or
work premises and breach peace, and authorising and directing the police to
arrest any of the respondents should they breach this order, and to bring
them to court at the first available opportunity for a due enquiry to be

      On 25 March, Nkosi ordered the school's headmaster to dismiss the
three teachers.

      Nkosi said: "You are kindly advised that the following teachers must
not report for duty on the second term due to the fact that during the presi
dential election campaign 2002 they were doing their job which they were
employed for by the Zimbabwean government.

      They are supporting the opposition MDC while they are getting paid by
the government which is ruling today."

      Meanwhile, the Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ) released
a report saying more than 107 000 teachers throughout the country have been
forced to pay protection fees between February 2000 and April 2002.

      Teachers at eight schools in Buhera district have been given until 22
May by Zanu PF supporters to contribute towards President Mugabe's victory
celebrations to be held in that area soon.
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Evictions Expose Mugabe's Hypocrisy
Movement for Democratic Change (Harare)
May 22, 2002
Posted to the web May 22, 2002

Zimbabwe, Statement from MDC President Morgan Tsvangirai on farm evictions
Robert Mugabe and his regime have exposed their hypocrisy further by
evicting people they had encouraged to resettle on farms.
During the run up to the 2000 and 2002 elections Mugabe, who was desperate
to hoodwink landless Zimbabweans to support his re-election bid encouraged
and condoned land invasions and the lawlessness and barbarism that
accompanied the exercise.
The Movement for Democratic Change pointed out at the time that this
haphazard, ill-planned and lawless way of resettling genuinely landless
people was not sustainable and would have catastrophic consequences on the
The regime did not take heed of our advice in the same way that it
arrogantly refused to take our word, that partly due to the chaotic land
reform programme, Zimbabwe was heading for massive food shortages and
The regime felt that taking our advice on the need for government to effect
a proper, legal and orderly land reform programme would result in its
electoral defeat, as it would not be able to posture, kill and coerce voters
in the name of land reform.
Now that through banditry and election theft the regime feels a false sense
of security, Mugabe is now beginning to pompously display his true colours,
chief among which are selfishness, arrogance and downright hypocrisy.
The poor souls who a few months ago were called heroes and abused in the
name of the "revolution", "self-determination" and such other high sounding
phrases are now all of a sudden being labelled "impostors" by Zanu PF
chairman John Nkomo.
The MDC does not take kindly to John Nkomo insulting Zimbabweans, not least
because he is an unelected minister. There is no need for this illegitimate
government to pour scorn and insults on Zimbabweans who genuinely need land,
moreso when these Zimbabweans were encouraged to occupy farms by none other
than Mr Mugabe.
If its impostors that we are looking for, then we need not look further than
Mugabe and John Nkomo, who allow people to occupy farms for over a year and
then evict them on the pretext of carrying out legal land reform.
Morgan Tsvangirai, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) President.

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Daily News

      Top Zanu PF land grabbers named

      5/23/02 9:27:04 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporters

      Several prominent Zanu PF and top government officials have helped
themselves to prime commercial farming land, according to a document
compiled from information provided by the Commercial Farmers' Union.

      They have been allocated their fertile pieces of land, in most cases
whole farms, way ahead of thousands of genuinely landless villagers who
still stand in the queue, patiently waiting to be resettled.

      Some of the beneficiaries of land handouts under the A2 commercial
farming scheme are relatives of top government officials, Cabinet ministers
and Members of Parliament.

      The VIP land allocations list puts paid to Zanu PF's official line
that the land resettlement programme is transparent and designed for the
benefit of landless peasant Zimbabweans.
      The Vice-Presidents, Simon Muzenda - with two prime farms - and Joseph
Msika, are among the beneficiaries of the government's land redistribution

      The list includes Retired Lieutenant Colonel Boniface Chidyausiku,
Zimbabwe's Ambassador to Switzerland, who will take over the 895-hectare
Estees Park Farm in Mazowe.

      Workers at the farm yesterday confirmed the pending take-over, saying
they had stopped working after new invaders took over part of the farm.

      They said if the diplomat were to take over the farm, he was likely to
clash with the new invaders who have occupied part of the property.

      Msika has taken over part of Umguza Block owned by the
financially-troubled Cold Storage Company, while Muzenda is taking over
Chindito and Endama farms in Gutu.
      Muzenda has been negotiating with the farm owner, Chris Nel Smit, who
says he hopes to receive compensation of about $15 million for the farm's

      Thousands of people who registered for land and whose names appeared
in the Press just before the presidential election as having been allocated
land, are still waiting for the promised land.

      Hundreds of land-hungry peasants, most of them unconnected to top
government officials, have meanwhile been ordered to vacate the farms they
invaded after 31 March 2001.

      Other VIPs or Zanu PF-linked people who were allocated land include
Reuben Barwe, the chief correspondent of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting
Corporation, Webster Bepura, the Mayor of Bindura, police spokesman Wayne
Bvudzijena, David Chapfika, the MP for Mutoko North, and Peter Chanetsa, the
Governor of Mashonaland West.

      Others are Police Commissioner Augustine Chihuri, the Minister of
State Security, Nicholas Goche, Edward Chindori-Chininga, the Minister of
Mines and Energy, Nobbie Dzinzi, MP for Muzarabani (Zanu PF), Paul Mangwana,
the Deputy Minister of Justice, General Constantine Chiwenga, the army
commander, and other top army officials.

      President Mugabe's sister, Dr Ntombana Gata, was allegedly allocated a
farm in Tsatsi in Mashonaland Central Province.

      Also included on the list are Saviour Kasukuwere, the MP for Mount
Darwin South, Shuvai Mahofa, the Deputy Minister of Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation, her boss Elliot Manyika, Joseph Macheka, the
former Executive Mayor for Chitungwiza, Swithun Mombeshora, the Minister of
Transport and Communications, Obert Mpofu, the Matabeleland North Governor,
the Registrar-General, Tobaiwa Mudede, Herbert Murerwa, the Minister of
Industry and International Trade, and Sydney Sekeramayi, the Minister of
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Daily News

      Civil society urged to safeguard democracy

      5/23/02 9:25:43 AM (GMT +2)
      Staff Reporter

      Dr Anton Bosl, Zimbabwe's resident representative of the Konrad
Adenauer Foundation (KAF), says civil society should guard against the decay
of democracy as that will lead to dictatorship and authoritarianism, as was
the case with Germany during Hitler's iron rule.

      Bosl said: "A lack of democracy and democratic culture eventually led
to the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler and ultimately to the Second World War
in which 55 million people died and Europe was destroyed.

      "As KAF we want to help to make sure that these things will never
happen again anywhere. . . . KAF is co-operating with many partners from the
political arena and from civil society in order to promote democracy, human
rights and the rule of law."

      He was speaking at the Youth Parliamentary Awareness Project's two-day
workshop in Harare on Saturday.

      The KAF-sponsored workshop, to find various ways on how youths can be
taught about the functions and operations of Parliament.

      Delegates to the workshop were drawn from heads of secondary schools
and of tertiary institutions in Harare.

      Edna Madzongwe, the deputy Speaker of Parliament, said she hoped that
the Youth Parliamentary Awareness Project would not be hijacked by

      "We just want the youths to be informed," she said. "We do not want
politicians to hijack this noble programme."

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Daily News

      Zimbabwe students turn to SA after exam ban

      5/23/02 9:28:47 AM (GMT +2)

      South African private schools are being inundated with requests for
help from parents of Zimbabwean schoolchildren who have been banned from
writing foreign exams.

      The Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture told schools at the end
of March that they would no longer be allowed to enter for foreign exams
such as GCSE and that all schools would have to enter their candidates for
examinations offered by the Zimbabwe School Examinations Council.

      About 2 500 pupils have been affected by the change in regulations,
which has come into effect more than halfway through their course. Since
April, private schools in South Africa have received daily calls from
parents hoping their children will be able to complete their exams here.

      The southern African representative for Cambridge Examinations, Ray
Howarth, confirmed the last Cambridge A level examinations would be
delivered to Zimbabwe in June due to the changed laws.

      Howarth said the restriction meant pupils would not be able to write
the November exams. Parents who could afford it were approaching schools in
neighbouring countries as they had been caught off-guard.

      Although only a few South African private schools offered the British
O and A level exams, others had offered to help. Kearsney College marketing
director Colleen Ross said her school had told the British Council it was
willing to set up the school as an exam centre and pupils could register and
write exams through the council.

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From ZWNEWS, 23 May

Don't brush Zimbabwe under the carpet
It is vital that at the 26-27 June summit in Kananaskis, Canada of the G-8,
the world's most powerful nations do not promise financial aid and
investment under the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) while
Robert Mugabe and his Zanu PF party remains in power. The South African and
other African leaders argue that Nepad's pledge of democracy and good
governance in Africa is on course, and that the Zimbabwe crisis is being
sort-of-dealt-with through now-stalled talks about a government of national
unity. Even more worrying are signs that summit host Canada is going along
with this pretence. Canada's High Commissioner in South Africa, Lucie
Edwards, said in a breath-taking statement recently that the suspension of
Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth following the disputed March presidential
elections was "a sign of real political will to apply the principles of good
governance within the region.''
First, Mbeki, whose country is heavily subsidising Mugabe, did his best to
stop Zimbabwe being suspended from the Commonwealth. Second, the scale of
repression, violence, seizures of farms by Zanu PF chefs and general gross
violations of human rights has got even worse since the rigged election. In
addition, millions face starvation and Mugabe's officials are denying food
aid to areas which voted for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.
Even to mention "principles of good governance'' in the region while this
situation continues is a travesty.
The G8 groups the following countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy,
Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. If you live in one
of these countries, please contact your elected parliamentary
representatives. Give them a simple message: the Zimbabwe problem is not
solved, and should not be swept under the carpet at the Kananaskis Summit.
Protests can also be sent to High Commissioner Edwards at the following
The Canadian High Commission, Private Bag X13, Hatfield, 0028, Pretoria,
South Africa. 27-12-422-3000 (phone); 27-12-422-3071 (fax);
Please also lobby Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrietien. The Prime Minister
has a website - - and can be contacted at the following
Office of the Prime Minister, 80 Wellington Street, Ottawa, K1A 0A2, Canada.
1-613-941-6900 (fax);
There is also a Canadian Government website dedicated to the Kananaskis G8
Summit at On that site (under "Contact Us") is a facility to
send your comments regarding the forthcoming G8 Summit.
Please seek assurances that the Zimbabwe crisis will not be brushed aside,
and that aid and investemnt under the Nepad plan will be withheld while
Mugabe is permitted to hang on to power.

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Daily News

Leader Page

      Bringing the ZCTU, NCA and MDC together

      5/23/02 9:24:44 AM (GMT +2)

      THE opposition forces in this country are defined mainly by three
organisations, namely the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU), the
National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) and the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC).

      These organisations have always been strongly linked and are
invariably part of the political force that has more than ruffled the
feathers of the Zanu PF government.

      In the stalemate that is currently characterising Zimbabwe's political
theatre, there has been somewhat sporadic attempts by these related
organisations at trying to put the government under pressure to accept the
necessity of democratic reforms in order for the country to move forward.
These sporadic attempts have come from the ZCTU and the NCA with some form
of MDC backing.

      The issue that has now emerged from these attempts is that the
official opposition, the MDC, must now also begin to take centre stage in
the carrying-out of activities that seek to raise the costs of the Zanu PF
regime and also show "people power".

      Moreover, the talk has floated around the idea that the NCA, ZCTU and
the MDC must now make an obvious attempt to come together formally and
effect programmes that lead to the promulgation of a new constitution as
well as the presidential election rerun. These two agendas are reasonable
translations of the general anger and frustrations that the ordinary people
are feeling in and about the March 2002 presidential poll.

      But the mechanism for bringing about these goals is the more difficult
question of putting up sufficient answers. More significantly, how should an
alliance of the three strongest bodies in the country work in order to
achieve these goals? Will the alliance not harbour the risk for swallowing
previous individual agendas of the organisations and thus confuse the
public? These are all very important questions that we shall attempt to give
answer to in this discourse. Queries will be raised over the primacy of the
constitutional agenda over that of an election rerun and this might be seen
to be the first stumbling block to such an alliance.

      The MDC in its rallies has already stated that it wants nothing short
of an election rerun from the current political impasse with the government,
whilst the NCA has given an absolute position on the way forward being the
rewriting of the Constitution.

      The ZCTU has shown support for both the election rerun and
constitutional agendas, but has, however, been less assertive about this
position for reasons yet to be disclosed.

      Regardless, the three bodies can combine both agendas with ease. The
election rerun agenda feeds into the constitutional agenda with so much ease
that it does not have to be a separate agenda.

      The constitutional agenda not only augments the election rerun
campaign, but gives it a wider appeal that the election will not be simply
technical, but will also mean that with it there would be democratic
constitutional change; and that there will be sufficient constitutional
mechanisms to ensure that the election is free and fair without clamouring
for the United Nations to run it on behalf of the Zimbabwean people. So in
terms of the agenda that would be the focus of the alliance, it is clear
that there should be no problem.

      However, there might be problems that will arise in relation to the
leadership of the alliance. The three organisations might not be keen to
assume that they can be construed as equal players in the struggle. One
organisation might feel it is more politically relevant to make the guiding
principle of the alliance a reality and, therefore, will only be
participating out of token commitment to a united effort.

      To prevent this from happening, the alliance will have to come up with
a technical structure that will govern it. This technical arm can be given
whatever term they deem fit, but must comprise the top leadership of the
three organisations, at least at secretary-general level. It will serve as
the primary policy body as to what form of action is to be taken by the
alliance at any given time. It will also co-ordinate with interested civic
organisations about the role they too can play in attaining the ambitions of
the alliance. In terms of the activity of the normal day-to-day business of
the different organisations, there should be no interference, save when it
comes to organising protests and key decisions that seek to confront the
current government.

      The chairpersonship of this organ should be on a rotational basis of a
month each in order to stave off any extra responsibility on one
organisation to bring everyone together. Press statements and any other such
public announcements should be made jointly or through jointly signed
documents. In the event that one organisation wants to pull out of the
alliance and in effect does so, there alliance must disband and the
organisations must go about their business as usual.

      The alliance must also give itself a life span in which it feels it
can achieve these goals. And in the event that the life span does not bring
the desired results, there must be room for re-assessment solely with the
aim of carrying on with the struggle. Any re-assessment on the basis of
disbanding must not be undertaken in the interests of maintaining public
confidence in the different organisations.

      The formation of this alliance will not be without reactions from the
government. The initial reaction will be to brand the NCA and the ZCTU as
all along having been "arms of the MDC", a thing that will not be new for
the Zimbabwean populace.

      The other reaction will be the almost immediate arrest of the main
leaders of the alliance before any activity even begins to take place in
earnest on the basis of plotting to overthrow the sitting government of

      The regional community will adopt a wait-and-see attitude. In the
event that the alliance cannot show "people power", states like South Africa
will maintain their relatively quiet stance whilst the rest will see the
current government as always having had the people of Zimbabwe on its side.

      The alliance will be misinterpreted by some to be a political party
that seeks to assume ascendancy over the MDC and other opposition parties.

      This perception will be short-lived on the basis of the activities
that the alliance will undertake in terms of its founding principles.

      Overall, the importance and necessity for such an alliance cannot be

      It is an ostensible way forward for making the struggle for democracy
in Zimbabwe to be at the fingertips of our citizens.

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Dear Readers,
The future of Zimbabwe hangs so very precariously in the balance...the forthcoming G8 summit will be discussing, amongst other things, "ZIMBABWE".
Representatives from Nigeria, South Africa and Canada have all recently declared that since the last elections there has been an improvement in law and order in Zimbabwe and the country is in the process of stabilising.
We believe that these very unrealistic claims were made to try and appease western leaders and representatives who are in the process of debating the NEPAD financial aid package.
You all well know that since the last Zimbabwe elections there has been this almost total media blackout and most Western and African leaders have been silent on Zimbabwe, despite there being an upsurge in violence and a continual deterioration of law and order.  There is evidence to suggest that not only have many western and African leaders tended to ignore all bad reports on Zimbabwe but their governments have actively suppressed news and information that is derogatory about President Mugabe and his Government.
Based on this evidence, we can therefore only assume that something very sinister is on the cards...we believe that they propose to try and sweep this whole "Zimbabwe problem" under the table and pretend that all is now stable....just so that this NEPAD financial aid package may be granted and implemented.
We therefore ask all of you to PLEASE make the effort to register your views and feelings at either one of the addresses listed below:- Canadian High Commissioner, South Africa:- Prime Minister of Canada:- Or you may view the G8 summit website and express your views :- Your assistance is appreciated.
"Concerned Zimbabwean"
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Media Monitoring Project Zimbabwe
Media Update # 2002/16
May 13th - May 19th 2002

1. General Comment
2. Land evictions
3. Agricultural production
4. From our subscribers

Government's decision to evict "illegal land occupiers" during the week
provided official acknowledgement that a state of lawlessness prevails on
many commercial farms. It also provided evidence to support accusations by
civic society and the political opposition that government delayed restoring
the rule of law to enhance ZANU PF's re-election chances.
But none of the media managed to get a sensible response from the government
on why it had allowed the chaos on the farms to continue for more than a
year before taking action.
Also during the week, the state-owned Press reported regularly on the
difficulties the South African and Nigerian facilitators to the inter- party
talks were encountering in reviving the dialogue, which had been shelved by
the ruling party, following the MDC's court petition challenging the results
of the presidential election. These were relatively balanced (The Herald
14th, 15th and 16/5 and The Chronicle 14/5). But by the end of the week
their stance had changed, blaming the MDC for terminating the talks ".after
it refused to have the dialogue postponed." reported The Herald (18/5) under
the headline, 'Opposition MDC terminates inter-party talks'.
In an earlier report, The Daily News (14/5) said the dialogue appeared
 "dead" after ZANU PF failed to turn up for the scheduled resumption of the
talks on the Monday. It's headline, 'Zanu PF slams door on talks', reflected
the MDC's point of view and reported MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube as
saying his party believed "Zanu PF had pulled out of the talks."
ZTV (16/5) also quoted him saying: "The talks are long dead.ZANU PF did that
on Monday." But they followed this up in the same report with a 'balancing'
comment from the ruling party's Emmerson Mnangagwa saying: ". If they have a
feeling that they have buried talks, we will still keep the door open when
they will realize it is necessary to talk because we belong to one family."
SW Radio Africa (13/05) reported that the MDC delegation did go to the talks
venue despite ZANU PF's decision not to attend.
Following the dialogue's collapse, vaguely reported threats from the MDC
that "it was now up to Zimbabweans to reclaim their freedoms and liberties."
provided President Mugabe with the ammunition to drop his party's charade of
being tolerant.
He was quoted in a belligerent mood (ZTV, 18/05, 8pm) warning the MDC
against embarking on mass action: ".we warn them here that ZANU PF, which is
ruling today, comprises a membership and leadership that has gone to the
school of both war and peace.when there are forces that want to take to war,
to violence, they will be dealt with effectively and we will deal with them
The Sunday Mail (19/5) echoed ZBC's report, saying that Mugabe had warned
the MDC that ".government would not tolerate anymore 'nonsense and rubbish'
from the British-funded opposition party."

In the week, three more journalists from the privately owned Press were
arrested under the tyrannical Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act bringing to 20 the number of journalists who have been arrested
since the enactment of the new law and its equally repressive companion, the
Public Order and Security Act.
The targets this week were the journalists from the Sunday Standard
newspaper who were arrested under a section of the Act dealing with the
abuse of "journalistic privilege" making the publication of falsehoods a
criminal offence. Two stories from the paper's May 12th edition were cited
as offending this anti- constitutional section of the law, but none of the
media told their audiences what the stories contained that actually
constituted the offences- and the police weren't making any offers.
The arrests followed an especially abusive and vitriolic attack on The
Standard's editorial team, particularly against its editor, Bornwell
Chakaodza, a former editor of The Herald, by Information Minister, Jonathan
Moyo. According to a report in The Herald and The Chronicle (13/5), Moyo
charged that editorial matters at The Standard had "fallen into the hands of
fools" in dismissing a story in The Standard suggesting the minister was
planning a major reshuffle at Zimpapers, the state-owned publishing company.
Warning the paper's editors to be "careful", he said: "We are ready for them
and we know their track record of incompetence." The Herald's "reporters"
then delved into Chakaodza's tenure at the state-owned daily, stating that
under his editorship the paper "lost its former glory" but without
explaining the circumstances. This clearly malevolent piece of state
propaganda made no attempt to provide Chakaodza with the opportunity of a
response and convicted him of "fabricating stories".
MMPZ finds Moyo's abusive and threatening statements to be a seriously
disturbing development unworthy of a government minister and deplores the
slavish behaviour of the editors at The Herald and The Chronicle who allowed
their newspapers to be so crudely used as a vehicle for publishing insults
and propaganda. In reproducing such unbalanced, partisan, and vindictive
material they have contributed immeasurably to the further polarization of
the media and the decline of professional journalistic standards in

Government's sudden concern for restoring a measure of order on unlisted
commercial farms was treated by the public media as if its decision
constituted normal procedure. News of the eviction of "illegal settlers"
however, received minimal coverage in the privately owned Press, beyond a
Reuters news agency story first published in The Financial Gazette (16/5)
and repeated in The Daily News (18/5), reporting a Commercial Farmers' Union
spokesperson welcoming "all moves.aimed at getting some order back into the
farming sector."
In breaking the news of the evictions, The Herald (15/5) gave the impression
that the Rural Land Occupiers (Protection from Eviction) Act only protected
settlers who had occupied farmland before the Act's promulgation in March
last year, although it actually said: "Land occupiers who have been on
commercial farms since March 2001, are however protected by the.Act and
cannot be violently and unilaterally ejected outside their proper and
dignified relocation by government..."
It went on to report, confusingly, that settlers who had occupied commercial
farms ".after March 1st 2001 are therefore not protected by the Act". It
made no effort to clear up the confusion these two statements created, or to
examine the ambiguity of the conditionality contained in the first
statement, thus raising questions about who exactly constituted an "illegal"
The paper did not even address the issue of why the government had taken
more than a year to respond to the issue of illegal farm invasions, although
in a story also published in The Chronicle the next day, The Herald gave the
impression that lawlessness on the farms was a recent development. It did
this by quoting deputy police commissioner, Godwin Matanga, who, it said, is
also the chairman of the National Wheat Task Force, admitting this state of
affairs: "There are reports of new invasions and "jambanja" (chaos) which we
are not going to tolerate. Everything has been regularized by the government
and there is no reason to continue having jambanja."
Matanga threatened to use force if settlers refused to move and provided
evidence that government appeared to be reacting to international pressure
when he was quoted saying: "We cannot allow a situation where the government
continues to be demonized because of the actions of a few individuals. Let
us now concentrate on getting more resources as opposed to engaging in
activities which tarnish the image of the government. We want to ensure that
all farming-related activities are carried out without any interference."
But none of the media managed to extract a sensible answer from government
over why it had procrastinated so long over the issue of restoring order on
the farms and opening itself to accusations locally and internationally that
it was manipulating the land issue for its own political benefit.
While ZBC was initially silent over the evictions, it did however raise this
question with Home Affairs Minister, John Nkomo, when it eventually raised
the issue in an interview on ZTV's 8pm bulletin (17/5). But he failed to
provide an intelligible response: "Well things happen everyday and what
happened today, which may not have been appreciated or understood by the
system, should not stand in the way of any action that's taken by government
after that.And what government is doing or was doing from that day was to
try and identify, determine and acquire farms to resettle those who were on
the farms at that material time. But we are now aware that there are others
who came in, some of them non-deserving.applicants"
Earlier that day, Radio 3FM (17/05, 6am) confirmed The Herald's (15/5)
report that the illegal settlers were being moved to designated farms. But
in ZTV's evening bulletin Minister Nkomo was quoted saying: "They must move
to where they came from and apply through the relevant levels."
Notably, Radio Zimbabwe (18/05, 4pm) gave its listeners the unusual platform
to comment on the evictions during its live phone- in programme Utongi
Mumatare. Callers criticized the government for evicting settlers with some
stating that government had used people to regain political power.
While The Standard (19/5) did not subject the eviction issue to scrutiny in
its own right, the topic emerged in its report quoting war veterans' leader
Andrew Ndlovu following his arrest for allegedly threatening members of the
Indian community.
Ndlovu was quoted dismissing his arrest as an attempt by ZANU PF "to gain
international sympathy after smart sanctions were slapped on a beleaguered
President Robert Mugabe and his associates." Ndlovu accused the government
of exploiting war veterans and other ZANU PF supporters: "Why do they
(government) want us to campaign for them and then dump us after the
campaign.? Those Border Gezi youths who helped the party to win the
elections are crying out in the bush. They are not being catered for. If we
don't put pressure on the government those ministers will feed themselves
and sleep in Cabinet." Confirming the common knowledge that top government
officials have been acquiring farms, Ndlovu said: "The masses want land, not
the ministers. They have been grabbing farms since 1980. Can you point out
to me one minister who does not own a farm?"

The tobacco auction floors opened on May 14 preceded by speculation over the
possibility of the local dollar's devaluation and government's decision to
resist this measure. This took the form of a decision by the Reserve Bank to
designate tobacco a special crop for exchange control purposes making all
purchases payable in foreign currency. This initially invited resistance
from a number of quarters, notably from ZANU PF legislators who were earlier
reported as saying there should be an overhaul of the RBZ "because it is
introducing policies likely to worsen Zimbabwe's economic crisis," and that
its decision ".was illegal and should not be implemented" (The Financial
Gazette, 25/04).
Contrary to The Herald's claim (14/05), that the industry was expecting
better prices and greater transparency in foreign currency inflows, there
was mayhem at the auction floors as farmers protested against poor prices.
ZBC's news bulletins (ZTV, 13/05, 8pm & ZBC radios, 14/05, 6am) initially
concentrated on the high quality of the crop that was expected and that more
small-scale farmers, mostly beneficiaries of the land reform programme, were
expected to deliver their crop to the tobacco floors.
But when the farmers withheld their crop, ZBC quoted small-scale farmers
raising their grievances thereby indirectly questioning government policy.
However, the public broadcaster merely acted as a conduit for the tobacco
growers without seeking its own expert economic analysis. The farmers were
quoted (ZTV, 14/05 &15/05, 6pm & 8pm) saying they were disappointed with the
US$1.65 per kilo merchants were offering and threatened to pull out of
growing tobacco next season.

The Herald (15/05) noted that the marketing season "got off to a rocky
start.with two of the country's three auction floors shutting down as
hundreds of growers protested against poor prices."
The Daily News (15/05) reported auctioneers saying that in US- dollar terms,
prices were realistic as they were in line with international trends, but
were low in Zimbabwe-dollar terms "because the Reserve Bank had introduced
regulations that prohibit marketing of the crop at parallel exchange rates."
Both The Herald and The Daily News noted that the viability of tobacco
growers was being threatened and quoted farmers describing the prices as
Surprisingly, all radio stations initially ignored the farmers' protests,
catching up when they reported (16/05, 6am) that prices were expected to
rise following an emergency meeting that day between government and tobacco
farmers. The Herald (16/5) reported a "siege mentality" among the farmers
while awaiting the outcome of the talks.
In ZTV's bulletin announcing that government would pay farmers an 80%
support price subsidy on their total sales (16/05, 8pm) the station quoted
small-scale farmers saying they were still not satisfied. One of the farmers
was quoted saying the government should pay them "150% of the total" amount
they get from tobacco.
Finance Minister Simba Makoni also appeared in the same bulletin to explain
the subsidy, but he was not asked to explain why it would be paid on an ad
hoc basis when farmers had previously asked government for a consistent
support policy similar to those for gold mining and horticulture.
Notably, Makoni failed to explain where government would find the money for
the subsidy: "We are already reviewing the budget to create resources for
food imports. It is not my expectation that we will accommodate this support
measure directly from the budget. But the residual obligation is with the
fiscus if we cannot find other methods for financing it. We are
examining.other avenues for raising the support price."
No economists were sought to explain the implications of this unplanned
drain on the national fiscus.
Like ZBC, The Herald (17/05) merely announced the subsidy without question.
The private Press however, noted the growers' concerns that the measure
would not enable them to recover their production costs. The Zimbabwe
Independent (17/05) quoted farmers describing the arrangement as "daylight
robbery" but that the farmers had conceded because they needed the money.
"We have been here for almost a week now waiting to sell. The majority of us
do not have anywhere to sleep and have been sleeping in the open."
The Standard (19/05) scored a first by analyzing the implications of the
subsidy to inflation and the financial state of the government. It quoted
economic analysts who deplored the measure, which they believed was bound to
worsen the already precarious budget deficit and create a multiple exchange
rate. The paper quoted an economist with Kingdom Bank saying: "The financing
of the deficit will be done from the domestic money market and this will
fuel inflation and lead to excessive money growth."
SW Radio Africa (15/05) initially missed the story and only caught up with
it on the last day of the farmers' demonstration.
During the week SW Radio Africa quoted Commercial Farmers Union official
Collin Cloete saying government had promised to waive eviction orders for
selected commercial farmers who started preparing land for winter wheat.
This land-for-wheat blackmail of commercial farmers appeared in tacit form
in The Herald (14/05) and on ZBC's 3FM (14/05, 1pm) and Radio Zimbabwe
(14/05, 8pm). All three state media institutions aired a statement issued by
Information Minister Jonathan Moyo threatening farmers who did not take part
in winter farming with "a Section 8 eviction order sooner rather than
 later," according to The Herald.
Moyo was responding to a Chronicle report in which MDC leader Morgan
Tsvangirai was alleged to have urged commercial farmers not to participate
in winter cropping.
Following this up, SW Radio Africa (16/05) reported Manicaland farmers
saying it was too late to prepare land for wheat.


I NOTE THAT ONE OF YOUR readers expresses concern about the economic options
for Zimbabwe. I am doing research on behalf of my organisation on the
economic crisis in Zimbabwe and its effect on the region. If anyone has any
information, or can point me in the direction of such information, I would
be grateful.
Reg Rumney (
The BusinessMap Foundation
YOU SHOULD BE ASHAMED OF YOURSELVES because you and we all know that most of
the stories published by your so- called independent media are cooked by
white racists who think that they can keep on fooling Africans. When are you
going to see the light and understand that Africans are as smart,
intelligent and clever as your good selves. There is a saying in the English
language which goes: "You can fool some people sometimes but you cannot fool
all the people all the time."
This is not the first episode. And if the Herald did not say the truth, you
would not have written this comment. I think 90% of what your so-called
independent media publish is nothing but rubbish. Do you remember Mr. Peta?
Where do you get your funding anyway? Why don't you go to countries like
Rwanda? Or why don't you send the same resources to support black media in
the United States? Why doesn't your so-called SW Radio Africa broadcast
programs that can help the African rural folks who need information on the
agricultural calendar or health and sanitation issues?
When the Daily News publishes an editorial which says that Africans could
not rule themselves before the white man came to this continent, who are you
kidding? Everybody except you and the fools at the Daily News knows that the
first and greatest civilization, the Pharaohs of Egypt was a civilization of
black people. When you white Europeans were still living in caves, the Queen
of Sheba in Ethiopia was trading with King Salomon.
Get real and stop disgracing yourselves.
From a Disgruntled African Diplomat

The MEDIA UPDATE is produced and distributed by the Media Monitoring Project
Zimbabwe, 15 Duthie Avenue, Alexandra Park, Harare, Tel/fax: 04- 703702,

MMPZ is and independent Trust that monitors the information output of the
mainstream print and electronic media. It started as a joint initiative of
Article 19: Global Campaign for Freedom of Expression, the Civic Education
Network Trust and the Media Institute of Southern Africa- Zimbabwe Chapter.
The Project produces weekly reports of its findings and occasional reports
on media performance.

Feel free to respond to MMPZ. We may not be able to respond to everything
but we will look at each message.
Previous reports can be accessed at or on request.
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Business Day

Moralise about Mugabe for a bit


I AM sure that all Zimbabweans will appreciate presidential spokesman Bheki
Khumalo's promise that SA "will keep on talking and talking until we
succeed, even if this takes very long".

We can rest assured that government will keep this promise, since it has
proved beyond a shadow of a doubt is capable of talking ad nauseum, as is
Zanu (PF), Zimbabwe's ruling party.

It is interesting to note that Vice-President Jacob Zuma is calling for
moral regeneration in society. One would assume that he would feel morally
obliged to do what is right for Zimbabwe.

Attempting to legitimise a government that hijacked the will of its own
people through talks aimed at forming a government of national unity can
hardly be construed as a moral stand.

Would Mr Zuma and his colleagues have taken a back seat to a National Party
government had they stolen the 1994 poll?

SA cannot afford to fiddle whilst Zimbabwe burns. We cannot "talk and talk"
while Zimbabweans starve and suffer.

Tonderai MoyoVia e-mail
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Plans to Compensate Disturbance Victims

The Herald (Harare)

May 23, 2002
Posted to the web May 23, 2002

Political Reporter
THE Government has plans to come up with income generating projects as a way
to compensate families that were affected by the Matabeleland political
disturbances during the 1980s.

Home Affairs Minister Cde John Nkomo said the process was being looked at
through the involvement of chiefs and provincial governors of Matabeleland
North, and South and the Midlands.
"It's an ongoing process, but I am sure the reception that President Mugabe
got during the presidential campaign was a demonstration that the people
were prepared to move ahead in unity," said the minister.

Cde Nkomo said the role of traditional leaders and governors was to identify
the requirements of individual families, who need urgent assistance.

However, the minister said that the assistance would not be in monetary
terms but in the way of projects that would also be of benefit to the whole

"In approaching this issue we need to be careful not to do anything that
would revive the painful memories. We are approaching the issue by way of
healing the wounds through development projects," he said.

He said the Government was aware of the fact that some groups wanted to
divide the nation by trying to evoke sad memories of the era.

Cde Nkomo mentioned the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace, which he
said was itself not a saint. He said some individuals like Mr Mike Auret and
Mr David Coltart both MDC legislators who had spearheaded the revival of the
sad memories were themselves involved in more ghastly activities against
blacks when they served in the colonial regimes.

"Why is it that they are not calling for Ian Smith to compensate thousands
of innocent blacks he massacred at refugee camps during the war?" asked Cde

He said compensating individuals in monetary terms would defeat the whole
purpose of national unity, which came as a result of the Unity Accord
between Zanu-PF and Zapu in 1987.

"It would be wrong to dwell on it as it was the first time there were
disturbances in the country. President Mugabe even said that it's something
that should never have happened."

The minister said the enemies of the country had manipulated the situation
that existed soon after independence by fanning divisions among people.

He said the enemies were able to carry out their divisive programme because
some of them still remained in the State Security departments and the army.
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The Demise of the Tobacco Industry

The Movement for Democratic Change has been waiting Zimbabwean tobacco growers to set out in clear terms just what is going on in an industry that is so important to the economy of Zimbabwe. This past week it was left to the small-scale growers to lodge the first effective protest at recent government actions and to demand redress. The large-scale growers remain silent and, by implication, complicent.

Once again Simba Makoni has rushed to he sees as a localized crisis and applied a patch up remedy to try and resolve the complaints of the small-scale growers. After three days of hurried consultation the government has given the tobacco industry the same treatment as that granted to the gold industry. They have agreed to a special exchange rate for tobacco sold on the local market in US dollars.

The facts of this action are quite clear – tobacco growers will get an 80 per cent premium, paid by the Reserve Bank, for the tobacco they sell on the auction floors in Harare. This will raise the Zimbabwe dollar price to about Z$180 per kilo on average for the season and represents an exchange rate of about 90 to 1 against the US dollar.

This will cost the Reserve Bank about Z$16 billion in the year and will allow farmers to earn a similar price in local dollars to that which they earned in 2001. In an environment where inflation is running at over 100 per cent per annum and actual costs on many items has escalated by two or even three times in the past year, this action will not solve the basic problem which is to allow farmers to earn a profit on their production. It is simply a palliative to try and get the small-scale growers out of the auction floors where they have effectively blocked the sale of the present crop.

The state, desperate for the nearly US$400 million that will be earned by the present crop is hoping that this action will bring the crop to the floors and that sales will now get under way in earnest. But it will do nothing to halt the decline in an industry that has been the corner stone of the economy for 50 years.

After 50 years of effort, Zimbabwe has captured 25 per cent of the global demand for flue cured tobacco. This makes Zimbabwe one of the top three exporters of flue cured tobacco in the world, along with Brazil and the USA. This is no small achievement. It is the result of many years of research and development and the training of farmers and their staff.

The industry employs directly and indirectly about 300 000 people throughout the economy and generates about 25 per cent of total export earnings. In addition the Zimbabwe industry with its well-developed technological base and industrial firms, has helped develop thriving industries in Malawi, Zambia and Tanzania. All these countries sell their crops to merchants who are attracted into the region by the Zimbabwe crop with its reputation for quality and presentation. The sale of the crop at free market auctions is also a feature of the Zimbabwe industry that buyers find attractive. Harare has some of the largest auction floors in the world.

In recent years the industry has sponsored the entry to tobacco production of some 10 000 small-scale growers who are now beginning to make a significant contribution to the crop. This is the first time that this has happened and is largely the initiative of the established large-scale growers. This is a commendable development which has received scant recognition from the Zanu PF led regime and the Minister of Agriculture.

The illegal and irresponsible programme of farm invasions and acquisition conducted by this regime over the past two years has reduced production from 236 000 tonnes in 2000 to 216 000 tonnes in 2001 and 165 000 tonnes in 2002. Weather has got very little to do with this decline in output and in fact it is remarkable that farmers were able to grow as much tobacco as estimated this year. Land preparation for the coming season – normally completed by now, is barely underway in most districts and if nothing is done to redress this, then the 2003 crop is likely to be well below 50 000 tonnes.

Not satisfied with the systematic and deliberate destruction of the farming industry that grows this lucrative crop in the face of intense global competition, the Zanu PF regime has now signaled its death warrant by in effect, stealing the crop for half or less of its real value.

By demanding that all buyers pay for the crop in US dollars on the pretext that this will ensure that all the foreign exchange comes into Zimbabwe and then denying the industry a special exchange rate to protect grower’s interests, tobacco farmers are being forced to sell their 2002 crop at prices that are a quarter of what they should be. Even with the 80 per cent premium paid by the Reserve Bank, growers will still receive less than they got last year. This is a blow to all producers but especially the newer growers and the small-scale growers whose costs are higher than the established large-scale growers. This could be a deathblow to an industry that has been a mainstay of the country for half a century. It also has serious long-term consequences for the region as a whole and for the food industry that employs the resources created by the tobacco industry to support the production of other crops.

The reason for the government action is a desperate attempt to secure supplies of hard currency at these dramatically discounted rates. Essentially they are asking the growers and their workers to subsidize government to the extent of over Z$40 billion dollars or Z$250 per kilogram. What government does with the hard-earned foreign exchange is also anyone’s guess. We can only hope they spend it on food and not more anti riot equipment to suppress the people’s democratic rights or luxury vehicles and travel for Zanu PF cronies and officials.

But for the workers involved in this vital industry, their employers and their families, this is yet another blow to the economy of Zimbabwe by an irresponsible, illegitimate and delinquent regime. It is a further example that it cares little for the country or its people and is only concerned about its own future to the detriment of everyone else, and especially the poor.

MDC Economic Affairs Committee.

23rd May 2002.

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      Zimbabwe Receives 75,000 tons of Imported Maize


      Xinhuanet 2002-05-23 17:24:51

           HARARE, May 23 (Xinhuanet) -- AT least 75,000 tons of maize
imported from Kenya, China and Brazil arrived at Beira Port in Mozambique
and began rolling into the country, according to the Herald reported on

     In addition, several tons of the commodity procured from South
Africa at a cost of 13 million U.S. dollars would continue coming into the

     The Government has so far paid more than 75.4 million dollars
since the maize imports began a few months ago.

     On average the landing price for all the maize consignments coming
into the country was between 225 to 250 dollars a ton.

     It costs 225 dollars a ton to buy maize from Kenya up to Harareand
the maize from Brazil and China cost 130 dollars and 136 dollars a ton up to
Maputo and Beira respectively.

     The Grain Marketing Board (GMB) acting chief executive Joan Mtukwa
recently said that large consignments of maize would be ferried into the
country through Chicualacuala and Forbes borders.

     Mtukwa said new multi-million dollar maize contracts have been
signed between the GMB and some suppliers for the supply of a further 50,000
tons from South Africa and an additional 30,000 tons from Kenya of white
maize by the end of this month.

     The deliveries will bring to 400,000 tons of maize bought
sinceZimbabwe began importing maize a few months ago.

     Mtukwa said the maize consignments were sufficient to feed the
country up to the end of July and thereafter, the country's stockswould need
to be replenished.

      The country this year anticipates a lower maize harvest of about
594,500 tons, a 60 percent reduction from last year's 1.5 million tons owing
to the severe drought which hit the country.

     The country's neighbors Zambia and Malawi were also facing severe
food shortages as a result of the prolonged dry spell this year. Enditem
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Zimbabweans given the boot in alien crackdown

      May 22 2002 at 08:49PM

South Africa deported 2 345 Zimbabweans at the weekend in a sign of an
intensifying crackdown on Zimbabwe's illegal aliens.

Reports said the latest deportees brought to 11 181 the number of
Zimbabweans deported from South Africa since January this year, compared to
8 603 in the same period last year.

South African police told Zimbabwe's independent Daily News that the
Zimbabweans had been taken by train from Johannesburg to Messina and then
transported across the border in trucks. Most of them were rounded up in

Dennis Chitsaka, the Zimbabwean principal immigration officer at the Beit
Bridge border post, said South African immigration authorities were planning
to acquire equipment to enable them to fingerprint every deportee so that
once they were expelled, they would be blacklisted and barred permanently
from re-entering the country.

The South African army has set up a 24-hour checkpoint two kilometres from
the Beit Bridge border point. Up to 600 Zimbabweans are also being deported
from Botswana and Malawi every day fleeing from their country's economic
ruin. - Independent Foreign Service
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African negotiators to go to Zimbabwe
May 22, 2002 Posted: 7:39 PM EDT (2339 GMT)

BLANTYRE, Malawi (AP) -- The Southern African regional trading bloc plans to
send a mission to Zimbabwe to help mediate the resumption of talks between
the government and the opposition, officials said Wednesday.

The 14-nation Southern African Development Community was prompted to send
the mission after calls by visiting EU officials to intervene in the
stalemate which followed Zimbabwe's contested March presidential elections.

Officials from Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's ruling party ZANU-PF
recently called off the talks with the opposition Movement for Democratic

The Movement for Democratic Change accuses ZANU-PF of rigging the elections
in which long time leader Mugabe was declared the winner.

The opposition demanded new internationally supervised elections, but the
government refused. It decided on protest action following the collapse of
talks brokered by South Africa and Nigeria, which were aimed at setting up a
government of national unity.

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U N I T E D  N A T I O N S
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN)

ZIMBABWE: Political violence decreases

JOHANNESBURG, 23 May (IRIN) - Politically motivated violence appears to be decreasing in Zimbabwe, according to the latest report by a local human rights group.

The Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum's (Human Rights Forum) latest report on political violence, released on Thursday, indicates that the number of incidents have decreased as tensions subside.

"Reported cases and instances of political violence have decreased in comparison to the cases reported in the first four months of 2002. There has been a decrease of 50 percent in the reported cases of torture, compared to the month of April," the Human Rights Forum report stated.

However, the report noted that "notwithstanding this decline, it is regrettable that two lives were reportedly lost in the first fortnight of May". This brought to 57 the total number of politically-related deaths in 2002.

"The Human Rights Forum, in the midst of this lull, urges the Zimbabwean government to take meaningful steps towards achieving an environment of peaceful political competition. Further to this, of critical importance is the restoration of the rule of law and the end to impunity enjoyed by perpetrators of violence," the organisation said.

The Human Rights Forum is a consortium of NGOs working in the field of human rights. One of its core members, the Amani Trust, which specialises in documenting instances of torture and assisting victims, is to receive an international award for its work.

The Centre for Victims of Torture (US) are presenting their annual Eclipse Award to Amani chair Tony Reeler in recognition of his advocacy on behalf of human rights in Zimbabwe and the work of Amani Trust in the care of victims of torture.

The trust said the presentation would take place in Washington on 25 June in observance of the United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.


Tel: +27 11 880-4633
Fax: +27 11 447-5472

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Copyright (c) UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 2002


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The time has come to say ENOUGH IS ENOUGH.
Hoot vigorously every day For 30 seconds at 1 pm.
Don't miss the roller coaster, get on board now!
(Starting 27th May.)
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