The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zimbabwe govt threatens to ban white farmers' union

HARARE, May 27 - The Zimbabwean government said on Monday it was seriously
considering banning a union representing the country's white farmers for
allegedly pursuing activities outside normal union work.
       Agriculture Minister Joseph Made told Zimbabwe state television that
the 4,500-member Commercial Farmers Union (CFU) risked sanctions from
President Robert Mugabe's government for ''behaviour contrary to the current
agrarian programme.''
       Made -- who has spearheaded Mugabe's controversial seizures of
white-owned farms for black resettlement -- did not spell out the CFU's
alleged offences.
       But over the last two years the government has accused white farmers
of bankrolling the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in a
bid to stop Mugabe's land reforms.
       On Monday, the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) said the
government Cabinet Committee on Land had warned that the CFU could be
deregistered -- which means withdrawal of government recognition -- ''for
its unacceptable behaviour.''
       ''The committee said the behaviour of some commercial farmers and the
CFU is unacceptable,'' the ZBC said. Then it showed a television clip in
which Made said:
       ''The minister (of agriculture) has a number of options...and
deregistering the union is an option that I am seriously looking at.''
       CFU officials were not immediately available for comment on Monday on
the threat from Mugabe's government.
       Earlier this month, the government tightened a law governing its land
seizure programme to give it almost immediate control of farms targeted for
       Mugabe, who is accused by the opposition and many Western powers of
cheating in presidential polls two months ago, says he wants to finish his
''fast-track'' land redistribution by August.
       The southern African country has been in crisis since February 2000,
when pro-government militants, led by veterans of the 1970s liberation war,
began invading white-owned farms with government encouragement.
       Zimbabwe is facing a severe food shortage caused by the farm
disruptions coupled with drought.
       Mugabe's government -- which says it is seeking to correct imbalances
in land ownership created by British colonialism -- has targeted hundreds of
white-owned farms for seizure.
       Farmers say they support land redistribution but are opposed to the
methods employed by Mugabe, Zimbabwe's ruler since the former Rhodesia
gained independence in 1980

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Daily News

      Four foreigners languish in jail

      5/27/02 4:48:38 PM (GMT +2)

      By Fanuel Jongwe Court Reporter

      FOUR Pakistani nationals have been languishing in Harare Remand Prison
for more than a month without any charges pressed against them. The Supreme
Court has thrown out an urgent application by their lawyer to have them

      Advocate Charles Selemani said yesterday Muhammad Fiaz, 23, Falak
Sher, 21, Mohammed Naeem, 32, and Mirza Zeeshain Baig, 22, were arrested in
unclear circumstances by immigration officials at the Beitbridge border post
on 25 or 26 April as they were travelling to South Africa. They were
transferred to Bulawayo
      before they were eventually detained at Harare Remand Prison where
they have been since then. Selemani said he heard about the Pakistanis'
ordeal from their colleague, Zufikar Hussain Mohammed, who was staying with
them at a lodge in Harare and who has since been deported.

      Mohammed has been phoning from Pakistan to ascertain their fate. The
lawyer said he had been able to elicit "very little" information about the
circumstances in which the detainees were arrested from one of them who
understands a bit of English. "The exercise achieved very little, save to
establish that they have been in detention since the 25th or 26th of April
and they have not been informed of the reason why they are in detention or
the charges they are facing or why they have not been taken to court,"
Selemani said in an urgent application to have the Supreme Court compel
immigration officials to have the Pakistanis released or deported.
      He said the Pakistani High Commission in Harare had not responded to
his request for an interpreter.

      Efforts to get a comment from the High Commission of Pakistan failed
yesterday. The Supreme Court declined to hear the matter "on an urgent
 basis". Selemani said his clients were having problems with the food at the
prison and their health had deteriorated astonishingly. He said their
detention was unlawful as it had exceeded the mandatory 14 days stipulated
by the law for the detention of foreigners suspected to have breached the
Immigration Act.

      The lawyer said Section 8 of the Immigration Act "authorises the
detention of persons reasonably suspected of having entered Zimbabwe in
contravention of
      the said Act for a reasonable period not exceeding 14 days for the
specific purpose of establishing such a person's identity, national status
and any other facts as may be relevant to the question of whether such a
person is a prohibited person or not".
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Daily News

      Zanu PF ejects invaders

      5/27/02 4:30:05 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      SCORES of peasants at Maganga Estate in Marondera on Friday lost
property worth thousands of dollars when armed policemen and the provincial
leadership of Zanu PF burnt down their houses, and forcibly evicted them
from the farm.

      The hapless settlers, who occupied the farm since the government
encouraged them to invade commercial farmland two years ago as part of the
fast-track land redistribution programme, and their minor children have been
sleeping in the open. The eviction came in the wake of unconfirmed reports
that a government minister had since been allocated the land under the
so-called A2 model commercial farming scheme that has benefited mostly top
government officials, their relatives and other people linked to Zanu PF.

      Evicted peasants alleged that the Zanu PF provincial chairman for
Mashonaland East, Lawrence Katsiru, was part of the team that destroyed
their property.
      Narrating their ordeal, some of the settlers said armed policemen
descended on their property without warning and set their houses on fire.
The settlers lost maize, clothes and utensils during the blitz.

      The peasants, enraged by the eviction, said they would demand an
audience with President Mugabe to find out whether he was serious about
evicting them from the farms which had already become their homes. Esther
Muza, 40, said: "We were persuaded to come here by the Zanu PF leadership
two years ago, but now they are chasing us away. We were very happy here
because we thought we were going to carry out our farming in peace, not
knowing that there were other plans. Now this is what is happening to us.
Our homes have now been razed and we have lost all the property that we have
worked for over the years."

      Another settler, Biggie Chinyasha, said he had lost all hope for a
meaningful life under the Zanu PF government. Chinyasha said: "We are now
refugees in our own country. They told us to occupy farms two years ago and
we responded by coming here because we desperately needed the land. It is
surprising that the people who led us here are now chasing us away. I have
lost all hope in my life because I believed that Zanu PF would save us from
hunger." The settlers said they were allocated land by the district
administrator who came and demarcated the land for them.

      Muza added: "Most of the people whose homes have been razed have
nowhere to go. This had become our home and now we don't know what to do."
The evicted settlers said they had been told they were going to be moved to
another farm, which has reportedly already been occupied by other people.
Contacted for comment, David Karimanzira, the Governor for Mashonaland East,
said: "I am indisposed. Talk to the district administrator in Marondera."

      But by last night, the district administrator could not be reached for
comment. Thousands of desperate peasants around the country have been thrown
into destitution and homelessness following a government directive that they
move out of the farms invaded after 31 March, 2001.
      Meanwhile, thousands of people who registered for land and whose names
were subsequently published in the State media as having been allocated
land, are still waiting for the promised land.

      Learnmore Jongwe, the MDC's secretary for information and publicity,
said it was clear Zanu PF had used the land issue as a ruse to fool
thousands of gullible people into voting for Mugabe in the March election.
Jongwe said: "The government's action is hypocritical because it sanctioned,
encouraged and condoned these illegal farm occupations and settlements. "The
MDC and other rational voices pointed out at the time that farm invasions
were not land resettlement and that the government-sponsored lawlessness
would certainly backfire. Now the chickens are coming home to roost."
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Zimbabwe declares AIDS emergency

AIDS and HIV sufferers to get access to generic drugs

HARARE, Zimbabwe, May 27 - The Zimbabwean government has declared a
six-month emergency period to deal with one of the highest rates of HIV/AIDS
infections in the world. In a notice published in the government's weekly
gazette made available on Monday, Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa said
the emergency order would allow people with HIV or AIDS to use generic

       HEALTH OFFICIALS say an average 2,500 people die from AIDS every week
in Zimbabwe, and that at least 20 percent of the state's 14 million people
have HIV, the virus that causes the killer disease.
       "In view of the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS among the population of
Zimbabwe, the minister hereby declares an emergency for a period of six
months, with effect from the promulgation of this notice for the purpose of
enabling the state or a person authorized ... to make or use any patented
drug," Chinamasa said in the notice issued last Friday.
       The minister said the declaration would also allow President Robert
Mugabe's government and other authorized people "to import any generic drug
used in the treatment of persons suffering from HIV/AIDS or HIV/AIDS-related
       Zimbabwe has permitted the use of anti-retrovivals, especially for
pregnant mothers, since last year.

       Mugabe's critics say the 78-year-old Zimbabwean leader -who is
battling a severe economic and political crisis blamed on his controversial
policies - is not paying adequate attention to the AIDS problem.
       But the government denies the charge, saying Mugabe is one of the few
leaders in the region to have established an AIDS levy to deal with the

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Zimbabwe political violence-rights groups disagree

HARARE, May 27 - A Danish rights group said on Monday that political
violence against the opposition in Zimbabwe was as serious as before March
elections, but a local coalition said the rate of torture and killing was

       The Danish group Physicians for Human Rights said the perception was
wrong that government-sanctioned violence against opposition supporters had
declined since Robert Mugabe won a controversial presidential election in
       The group said in a report posted on the internet that supporters of
the ruling ZANU-PF party were largely to blame for the violence.
       But the Zimbabwe Human Rights Non-governmental Organisations Forum,
which is usually fiercely critical of the government, said in a separate
report that political violence had fallen by 50 percent in the first two
weeks of May.
       ZANU-PF supporters were widely blamed for most of the violence before
the March election, but Mugabe's government has continued to deny that his
supporters attack the opposition.
       Police say incidents of politically motivated violence have fallen
sharply since the election, which foreign governments and watchdog groups
accuse Mugabe of stealing.
       The Danish group said its findings were based on interviews with, and
medical examinations of, torture victims in Zimbabwe ''both dead and alive''
between March 15 and May 10.
       ''Since the elections, there has been little international media
attention to human rights abuses in Zimbabwe, and this has led to a general
misperception that the situation has improved or normalised in the
post-election period.
       ''This is not the case,'' the group said.
       The local coalition, which groups independent and largely
anti-government human rights groups, said there was a sign of improvement in
       ''There has been a decrease of 50 percent in the reported cases of
torture (since April). Notwithstanding this decline, it is regrettable that
two lives were reportedly lost in the first fortnight of May,'' it said.
       The latest killings brought to 57 the number of politically related
deaths this year, the Zimbabwean group added.
       In its report, Physicians for Human Rights said MDC supporters and
their children were ''systematically denied access care,
schooling and food, including to some international donor-funded feeding
       Aid agencies say thousands of Zimbabweans face starvation as donor
aid trickles in after a severe drought and Mugabe's controversial seizure of
white-owned commercial farms for redistribution to blacks slashed output
last season.

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Daily News - Feature

      Regional breadbasket SA urged to watch exports

      5/27/02 4:12:26 PM (GMT +2)

      JOHANNESBURG - South Africa, the breadbasket of a region hard hit by
food shortages, could find itself unable to meet domestic needs should
exports to neighbours outstrip reserves.

      The estimated regional maize deficit stands at 3,3 million metric
tonnes for the year. South Africa's department of agriculture adjusted its
estimate of the yield from its domestic maize crop from 8,5 million to 8,59
million tonnes. The 91 925 tonnes increase was "based on weather conditions,
as well as information supplied by a consortium that was appointed to
develop an improved crop forecasting system", it said in a statement.

      But it's an estimation the commercial grain producers, Grain SA, have
called "overly optimistic", and warned could result in too much maize being
exported, leaving less than the required amount for domestic consumption.
Grain SA's Bully Botma said: "More than 400 000 hectares were planted during
December/January. We had unexpected early frost, on 29 March, and that has
not been taken into account in the estimate. Some of the crops currently
being harvested are yielding up to 30 percent less than estimated.
      "If you talk to the insurance people they say damage from hail and
frost is way above normal."

      While there was no immediate danger of a shortfall in meeting domestic
requirements, Botma pointed out that South Africa had already imported
significant quantities of maize (280 000 tonnes) from the European Union and
United States markets for domestic consumption. - IRIN
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Daily News - Feature

      Women carry the burden when food shortages bite

      5/27/02 4:10:48 PM (GMT +2)

      'Seasonal shortfall in food availability tends to affect women
disproportionately since their already inadequate intake will be curtailed

      JOHANNESBURG - "Women's work" like fetching food, tending crops,
searching for firewood and carrying water is considered "invisible work",
according to recent studies. As millions of southern Africans face smaller
larders this year, the region's women face the daunting task of carrying out
these duties with dwindling energy reserves and at the same time trying to
keep their bodies going.

      A recent World Health Organisation (WHO) study of women in developing
countries noted that malnutrition did not affect all members of a household
equally, with men and boys often getting served first and getting more food.
"Seasonal shortfall in food availability tends to affect women
disproportionately since their already inadequate intake will be curtailed
drastically," the report said.

      "Even when more food is available, it tends to be preferentially
allocated to men, thus preventing women from accumulating any reserves. "If
seasonal shortfall coincides with pregnancy or lactation, the implications
for women and infants are particularly harsh." In Africa the traditional
division of agricultural labour assigns women specific tasks, but their work
is mostly considered "invisible", the report said.

      These tasks include fetching water and cooking, walking to the fields
for planting, weeding and harvesting. They also brew beer for special
occasions and carry goods to the market.
      While technological changes have made crop cultivation easier, the
expansion of areas under cultivation sees women walking further to get to
the fields or to collect firewood from bordering forests.

      Social changes have left women taking on extra tasks, while men
migrate to cities and towns for work. But men are reluctant to take on
additional "women's work". While women's productivity determines how much
food is available for consumption, it doesn't determine how much they
consume, the researchers said. Often, women give the men the nutritious
food, while they settle for bulky, low calorie foods themselves.

      A study of subsistence farming in Tanzania found that women supplied a
little more than half the calories consumed by the household, while men
contributed just under half. "Observations during meal times showed that men
normally received the lion's share of the food. On the rare occasions when
meals include meat, men exceptionally become the servers and are responsible
for the distribution of meat among family members.

      As household heads, men are entitled to have the best choice at meals,
and more than their fair share when food is short. "Furthermore, prestigious
foods such as meat and eggs are often consumed by men outside the home, in
coffee shops and beer bars, thus draining household resources," the study
said. A nutritionist interviewed another dimension:
      "The culture in most African countries is that the man gets the better
share. Women do this partly to protect their marriage - they don't want the
man to think he will get better food with another woman so they give him
nice food.

      "We all do it a little bit, but when food is scarce and there is a
limited amount of meat or chicken it will go to the man first," she said.
"Women will spend money they earn on food for the household but men will
think, 'I need to taste some meat' and will take money and buy some." In
addition, women around the world will often feed their children first and
pretend they have already eaten when the family is struggling.

      But while women in developed countries force malnutrition on
themselves to be fashionably thin, for women in developing countries,
malnutrition is a disaster bringing with it many ailments, mostly
energy-sapping anaemia. World Food Programme nutritionist Francesco
Erdelmann said: "Lack of iron is typically seen in women because of their
loss of blood.

      "Without enough iron the blood can't carry oxygen and this lowers
productivity. You can't see anaemia but people feel tired, they can't be as
active as they used to. "It can be a very limiting factor - the best
available source of iron is meat but poor people can't afford it." Erdelmann
said malnutrition also posed difficulties for pregnant women. "For African
women it is business as usual," she noted.

      "They are not expected to work less or eat more." Erdelmann explained
that the unborn child of a malnourished woman depends on its mother's
reserves in the womb.

      "If this is affected it could lead to a low birth weight for the baby.
This carries through to adolescence where many women have their first child
and the cycle of poor nutrition continues."

      Erdelmann said that while experiences in extreme emergencies such as
Ethiopia and Sudan have shown that malnutrition doesn't prevent a woman from
breast-feeding, "it is an enormous drain on her reserves". For some women
who have lost too much weight, their menstrual cycle may be disrupted or
they may stop menstruating altogether.

      "The body needs certain micronutrients to function. It's not just a
matter of being thin, the immune system needs certain nutrients to function
and if that is disrupted the body can't fight infectious diseases.

      "The public notices severe weight loss, but the body can already be
severely damaged before it even gets to that point," Erdelmann said. Many of
the latest aid donations for the southern African food emergency have
targeted women and children. The European Commission recently announced
emergency help for Malawi, including a special programme for breast-feeding

      However, Erdelmann said that the impact of the food shortages and
malnutrition on men also needed to be considered. "They can also be hard hit
by food shortages, which may affect their specific roles and
responsibilities in the household and community," she said. - IRIN
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Daily News - letter

      A very unscrupulous leader using youths

      5/27/02 4:28:46 PM (GMT +2)

      It is very strange that in this day and age there are people who still
support Zanu PF. Zanu PF has done nothing for this country except ruining
it. President Mugabe has literally destroyed the pride of many Zimbabweans.

      Now it's time for Zimbabweans to change the way Zimbabwe is being run
or else we are all doomed. We have to get rid of selfish old men who think
because they liberated Zimbabwe they have the right to ruin and destroy it.

      Did they liberate Zimbabwe so that they could oppress the masses? It's
now the black minority oppressing the majority.

      As Zimbabwean youths we should not allow this minority to use us to
further its selfish goals. Mugabe's regime has failed the youths of
Zimbabwe, the very future of the country.

      As Zimbabweans we are being held to ransom by a group of arrogant
people who claim to have liberated us and as good Zimbabweans they expect us
to be eternally grateful.

      Are we expected to just sit and watch them gather, plunder and
squander? The future of this great country should lie in our hands.

      Mugabe's regime has failed to run the economy wisely, thereby leading
to very high unemployment and crazy inflation. After having made the youths
unemployed, Mugabe is now taking advantage of the unemployed youths by
enrolling them into the fake national service programme at the Border Gezi
camp where the youths are taught the art of killing, intimidation and

      After training, these youths, armed with degrees and diplomas in
violence, which Mugabe himself boasts of possessing, are then bussed and
unleashed (shoulder-to-shoulder with the notorious war veterans) on innocent
Zimbabweans to kill, maim, mutilate, torture and intimidate anyone perceived
to be anti-Zanu PF.

      These youths need to be reminded that the money they get from Zanu PF
for doing its dirty and bloody work does not mean everything in life.

      They are being used by a very unscrupulous leader. He has now turned
them into thugs. Let them be reminded that in a civilised society we have no
place for them.

      Let us think about the future, comrades. Which investor would risk his
money in a country where the youths have been trained to be thugs, killers,

      Which investor would want to pour his money in a country where work
disputes in any company are resolved by cantankerous war veterans?

      Peter Maseko
      Organising and Information Secretary
      Liberty Party
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Daily News

      Police defy court order to return seized sculptures

      5/27/02 4:33:52 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      Highlands police on Wednesday refused to release the stone sculptures
they seized from Ambassador Arts Gallery at the Boka Tobacco Auction Floors
in February 2002 thereby defying a court order.

      The officer-in-charge at Highlands Police Station identified as
Mazivisa and detective constable Murove allegedly told the gallery owner,
Newman Chiadzwa, his lawyer Puwayi Chiutsi, and Alex Masunda from the
Messenger of Court, that they did not know where to find the artifacts.
Mazivisa refused to comment saying he was no longer dealing with the case.
The artifacts are valued at about $1 375 000.

      Chiadzwa and Taurayi Chimba had been accused of selling fake
sculptures purporting that they were made by world-acclaimed sculptor
Dominic Benhura.
      They were accused of having knowingly inscribed Benhura's name on the
fake pieces before selling them to Italian art collectors, Piero Giadrossi
and Mardies Munkle at an exhibition in Frankfurt, Germany.

      However, magistrate Stanley Ncube dismissed the allegations against
the two saying there were deficiencies in the State case. Chiutsi who
represented the two, argued the allegations were "dangerously vague". He
said remanding the two on allegations of fraud would have been a fragrant
violation of their liberty.
      The magistrate referred the matter to the civil courts.

      An order was subsequently issued on 17 May ordering the police to
release the seized sculptures. But Masunda, Chiadzwa and Chiutsi failed to
retrieve the artifacts on Wednesday despite serving the order papers at
Highlands Police Station. The trio said Mazivisa and Murove were reluctant
to show them where the goods were, arguing that they wanted authority from
their superiors to release them. Chiutsi confirmed that the police had
refused to release the goods despite being served with the papers.

      On Thursday, Chiadzwa said they were now applying to the magistrate's
court for a warrant of arrest against Murove and Mazivisa, accusing them of
being in contempt of court.
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Daily News

      Government departments owe council $520 million

      5/27/02 4:31:54 PM (GMT +2)

      By Luke Tamborinyoka Municipal Reporter

      GOVERNMENT departments owe the Harare City Council about $520 million
in unpaid water, rates and related charges. According to confidential Harare
City Council documents, government ministries owed the capital city $520 638
158,13 as at 9 April 2002. The government debt has been a sore issue among
urban councils as the government owes them over $1 billion.

      In Harare, the newly-elected council has called on the government to
pay up its dues so that the city could effectively deliver services.
Government departments, big corporations and other private companies owe
Harare $971 613 597,85. Officials in the Treasury department said some of
the companies had made special payment arrangements with the city. According
to the documents, water charges alone for the government debt amount to $291
812 665,31. Though the government has paid part of the debt, which at one
time stood at over $700 million, they still owe millions to the council.

      The biggest debtor is, ironically, the "parent ministry" of the
council, the Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and National
Housing, with $300 million, and the least is the Ministry of Public Service,
Labour and Social Welfare, with $43 952. Ignatius Chombo, the Minister of
Local Government, Public Works and National Housing could not be reached for
comment. Other big government debtors include the Airforce of Zimbabwe, with
$77 977,05, the Ministry of Defence, about $52 million and the Ministry of
Health, $58 968, 49.

      The council also provides water to other local authorities such as
Norton, Ruwa, Chitungwiza and Epworth. As at 25 April 2002, Chitungwiza
Municipality owed Harare $75 824 237,27, but has arranged to clear their
arrears through post-dated cheques. Norton Town Council is yet to pay $36
124 487,22, Ruwa Local Board $19 860 357,18 and the Epworth Local Board $64
893 591,59.
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Daily News

      Makarau relaxes bail conditions for Matamisa

      5/27/02 4:30:48 PM (GMT +2)

      By Chief Reporter

      JUSTICE Rita Makarau early this month relaxed the bail conditions of
Silas Matamisa, the MDC chairman for Mashonaland West province and 10 party
youths facing charges of public violence.

      Matamisa and his colleagues were granted $2 000 bail each by the
Chinhoyi Magistrate Court last November and were not allowed to travel
outside the town.
      Makarau said in the High Court: "It is ordered that the bail order
granted on 12 November 2001 be and is hereby varied. The applicants should
report once every Friday at Chinhoyi Police Station between 6am and 6pm."

      In her ruling on 7 May, Makarau said that the 11 MDC activists were
free to move in any part of the country. They appear in court today.
Matamisa and his colleagues were arrested in October last year on charges of
assaulting Zanu PF supporters and the police in Banket. Matamisa denied the
charges, accusing the police of working together with Zanu PF officials in a
desperate bid to frustrate the MDC's campaign in the presidential election.
Meanwhile, the Chinhoyi Magistrate Court last month granted bail to three
MDC activists who were arrested by the Chinhoyi police for allegedly
stealing $441 000 meant to pay the party's polling agents.

      Washington Chimedza, the Zvimba North youth chairman and Jafarin
Ngunda, an activist, were granted bail of $20 000 and $10 000 respectively
and will appear in court this week. But Ben Moyake, the security officer for
the district was remanded in custody after he failed to raise the $10 000
bail. The three MDC activists are facing charges of theft by conversion. The
State alleged that the three converted public funds to their own use after
they failed to pay the MDC polling agents for their role in the March
presidential election.

      It is alleged that on 12 March, Chimedza, Moyake and Ngunda were given
the money by the party to pay 144 polling agents. When some of the polling
agents gathered at the Chinhoyi Show Grounds to receive their money, the
three told them to disperse because alleged Zanu PF supporters were coming
to attack them, the State alleged. However, the polling agents regrouped
when they realised that it was not true that Zanu PF supporters wanted to
attack them but the three culprits had disappeared.

      On Monday, the MDC managed to pay their polling agents the money that
was due to them.
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      Floriculture Projects Create 1,300 New Jobs in Zimbabwe


      Xinhuanet 2002-05-27 15:53:00

      HARARE, May 27 (Xinhuanet) -- Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon
told a group of foreign guests on Sunday that Israel acceptsthe Saudi
Mideast peace initiative as an overall vision, Monday's Jerusalem Post

      The projects spread across the country include Florinova, Thetford
Farms and Cherry Wood and have a total capital outlay of more than 12
million U.S. dollars.

      The Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA) said more than 36
million U.S. dollars would be realized from the projects by the turn of

      "About 50 hectares are under greenhouses in these projects and
this is expected to rise to about 120 hectares by next year," the EPZA said.

      The EPZA said the approval of Cherry Wood last year was a
watershed for more applications from flower growers and exporters who wanted
to have their projects granted the export processing zone status.

      Cherry Wood is a joint venture between investors from Holland and
Zimbabwe. Holland is the traditional market for most of the flowers grown in

      "Their project has already secured lucrative international markets
with the first exports on the EPZA project expected in October this year,"
said the EPZA.

      Floriculture is one of the fastest growing sectors in the
horticultural industry and accounts for 60 percent of the fresh produce.

      It is projected that this season flower exports will earn Zimbabwe
about 85.5 million U.S. dollars.

      The director of Export Flower Growers' Association, Mary
Dunphy,recently said there was a 15 percent increase in total export sales
for this season.

      Zimbabwe has also started a project that would see new farmers
entering the sector, which has been dominated by white commercial farmers
for years. Enditem

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      Zimbabwean Editor Wins Freedom Prize
      The Associated Press, Mon 27 May 2002

      BRUGES, Belgium (AP) - The editor of Zimbabwe's beleaguered
independent daily newspaper won the World Association of Newspapers annual
press freedom prize Monday.

      Geoff Nyarota was awarded the Golden Pen of Freedom in recognition for
his ``outstanding service to the cause of press freedom in the face of
constant persecution,'' the association said.

      Nyarota and his newspaper, The Daily News, have borne the brunt of a
harsh crackdown on the independent media by the government of President
Robert Mugabe.

      Since the newspaper started in 1999, it had its printing plant
destroyed in a mysterious explosion involving land mines that was never
solved. Many of its reporters were beaten by ruling party militants and
arrested by police.

      Nyarota himself was charged last week with publishing false
information, the tenth independent journalist arrested under harsh new media
laws designed to quash criticism of the government.

      ``I receive this award today on behalf of the beleaguered and much
terrorized journalists of Zimbabwe,'' Nyarota said upon receiving the award.

      ``It is my very sincere hope, nay, my fervent prayer, that in the
not-too-distant future the people of Zimbabwe will collectively receive a
major media award befitting of our once prosperous nation - genuine press,''
he said.

      The presentation was made during the opening ceremonies of the
four-day 55th World Newspaper Congress and 9th World Editors Forum, which
drew 900 newspaper publishers, senior executives and editors from 79

      WAN, the global association of the newspaper industry, has awarded the
Golden Pen annually since 1961.

      Past winners include Argentina's Jacobo Timerman (1980), Russia's
Sergei Grigoryants (1989), China's Gao Yu (1995), and Vietnam's Doan Viet
Hoat (1998). Last year's winners were San San Nweh and U Win Tin of Burma.

      Nyarota, 50, also won UNESCO's top press freedom prize in February for
denouncing corruption and criminal activities by government leaders in the
face of death threats, arrest, detention and libel suits, the U.N. agency

      The southern African nation of Zimbabwe has descended into its worst
economic and political crisis ever. Inflation and unemployment have exploded
and human rights groups and international monitors have accused Mugabe of
cracking down on opponents and stealing the March presidential election.

      The Paris-based WAN represents 18,000 newspapers; its membership
includes 71 national newspaper associations, individual newspaper executives
in 100 countries, 14 news agencies and nine regional and worldwide press

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Daily News

      Political violence on decline, says report

      5/27/02 4:36:43 PM (GMT +2)

      JOHANNESBURG - Politically motivated violence appears to be decreasing
in Zimbabwe, according to the latest report by a local human rights group.
      The Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum's (Human Rights Forum) latest
report on political violence, released last Thursday, indicates that the
number of incidents have decreased as tensions subside.

      "Reported cases and instances of political violence have decreased in
comparison to the cases reported in the first four months of 2002. There has
been a decrease of 50 percent in the reported cases of torture, compared to
the month of April," the Human Rights Forum report stated. However, the
report noted that "notwithstanding this decline, it is regrettable that two
lives were reportedly lost in the first fortnight of May". This brought to
57 the total number of politically-related deaths in 2002.

      The Human Rights Forum, in the midst of this lull, urges the
Zimbabwean government to take meaningful steps towards achieving an
environment of peaceful political competition. "Further to this, of critical
importance is the restoration of the rule of law and the end to impunity
enjoyed by perpetrators of violence," the organisation said.

      The Human Rights Forum is a consortium of NGOs working in the field of
human rights. One of its core members, the Amani Trust, which specialises in
documenting instances of torture and assisting victims, is to receive an
international award for its work. The Centre for Victims of Torture (United
States) are presenting their annual Eclipse Award to Amani chair Tony Reeler
in recognition of his advocacy on behalf of human rights in Zimbabwe and the
work of Amani Trust in the care of victims of torture.

      The trust said the presentation would take place in Washington on 25
June in observance of the United Nations International Day in Support of
Victims of Torture.
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New Vision, Uganda

Zimbabwe White Farmers Shift Investments To Uganda

By John Kakande
Zimbabwean white farmers are considering shifting their investments to
Uganda, the American Washington Times newspaper has said.

The paper, quoting Toby Madison, who grows Sweetheart roses in Uganda for
export, revealed that a group of Zimbabwean whites was due to visit here
late this month to look for farming opportunities.

The paper, in the article published on Friday titled 'Investing in Africa's
Future,' gave a detailed analysis of the investment climate in Uganda and
political and economic concerns of the investors.

Madison said he would be hosting a group of farmers from Zimbabwe - where
the government is confiscating white-owned farms, this month.

He said they will look at farming opportunities in Uganda. He predicted that
Uganda would continue to improve at least until the next election, and most
likely beyond.

"Uganda is stable," Madison said. Besides Madison, the paper also quoted
James Mulwana who said in Uganda "you could take a $100,000 retirement
cheque and double it in one year."

Madison was reported to have come to Uganda a few years ago after retiring
from the British army. He stays with his wife and two children.

"The president has done a pretty good job. It may not be a democracy in the
Western sense, but it is a government that has behaved reasonably well," the
paper quoted Madison as saying.

"You can't say (civil unrest) will not happen here again. This is Africa.
But Uganda is stable now. It is safe. The risks are greater, but I am
looking at a return at a higher rate than I could possibly find in another
developing economy," he said.

The paper said Museveni, under the current Constitution, could not run for a
third term and must step down in 2006.

"But based on his aggressive campaign rhetoric and, at times, the violent
intimidation of his political opposition, there is a growing fear that he
has decided to go the traditional way of the dictatorial "big man," the
paper said.

"We are concerned," said an American expatriate who spoke on the condition
of anonymity, as did virtually every aid worker or businessman in Uganda
when the topic shifted to Museveni, democracy and Ugandan politics.

A missionary reported to the paper that Museveni had recently changed. "In
the election he began saying things like, 'I am the only one who can run the
country. I am the only one who can control the army.' He has been good for
Uganda, and we hope he will step down, but this is Africa and constitutions
can be changed," he said.
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In this update

  a.. Statement by MDC President Morgan Tsvangirai on Africa Day - May 24
  b.. Zanu PF decision on uniforms trivia in face of serious challenges -
May 24
  c.. Evictions expose Mugabe's hypocrisy - May 22
  d.. MDC Mashonaland West Leaders arrested - May 19

Statement by MDC President Morgan Tsvangirai on Africa Day

May 24, 2002

As Africans we all dream of a great African future. We want to be in control
of our lives . our future . our destiny. We need to reclaim our pride and
walk tall in the belief that Africa can do much better than it is currently

The anger we feel at years of colonial bondage and slavery is sensible, but
we need to move on. This continent has known challenges and surmounted them.

The formation of the African Union and the launch of the New Partnership for
Africa's Development (Nepad) present an opportunity for Africa's development
by Africans.

As we celebrate Africa Day (25 May), the MDC welcomes the emergence of Nepad
as an African-driven initiative and will throw its weight behind the linkage
between economic assistance and investment and the issues of democracy,
human rights, freedom of speech and good governance.

Only then can a true African renaissance take place . a renaissance of
African people taking part in democracy and economic emancipation, not a
renaissance of a club of leaders among which are ruthless dictators who do
not value the sanctity of life.

For the Zimbabwean people, the resolve must be stronger in the face of an
illegitimate government that stole an election and seeks to impose itself on
the people against their will. The very freedoms that the whole African
continent and the world is fighting for are being trampled upon by a regime
whose only answer to our calls for food, jobs, justice and healthcare is
violence against the people.

Zimbabweans should however rejoice in the fact that someday in the not so
distant a future, we will all complete the change for a better life for all.

Morgan Tsvangirai
MDC President
May 24, 2002


Zanu PF decision on uniforms trivia in face of serious challenges
May 24, 2002

The MDC is amazed by Zanu PF's ability to sink deeper and deeper into trivia
at a time when the nation yearns for more serious decisions in the face of
the tough challenges, which the nation faces. The decision by the Ministry
of Education to require a single school uniform for all students is just one
more indication of the illegitimate Mugabe regime's lack of vision and
solutions for Zimbabwe's future.

The Ministry of Education's three major initiatives this year have been the
renaming of some schools, the requirement of the same uniform, and the
banning of the Cambridge examinations in Zimbabwe. None of these provide
real solutions to the critical problems that parents and students face

School fees continue to rise to levels that make the majority of Zimbabweans
unable afford to send their children to school. Diminishing government
support to schools over the years means that there are no books or materials
for students. Even the physical infrastructure of our schools is crumbling.
22 years after independence, thousands of children still learn under trees.
Meanwhile, instead of channeling money to help uplift our education system,
the illegitimate Mugabe regime is happier spending huge amounts of money
setting up youth brigades and training them to beat up their own parents.

The desperate and narrow-minded ZPF regime is interested only in confining
Zimbabwe's children to its limited vision of what it means to be a

Moreover, the MDC questions what, if any, consultative approach the ruling
party used in making this decision. Were parents, teachers, or students
consulted before this move was made?

An MDC government's education policy will not waste its time on trivial
matters such as school names and uniforms. Nor will it alter policy without
properly consulting the interested parties. An MDC government will make
education more relevant and children more productive to meet the challenges
of the changing economic times.

The ban on the Cambridge Examinations is causing justified anxiety to
parents, pupils and their teachers. The decision has resulted in a crisis in
that many families had already paid to write the November Cambridge
examination and their syllabus has been geared to this examination for the
past eighteen months.  Imagine, for example, an A-level English student
having to change set books at this late stage!  Our children's entire future
career is at stake, and has been thrown into jeopardy by a bankrupt party.

The MDC recognizes the right of families to choice in educational matters.
We believe that it is healthy for our young to have the same opportunities
as the rest of the world.  Only in this way can we build a vibrant,
economically sound nation able to interact and compete at the global level
of the twenty-first century.

Fidelis Mhashu
MDC Shadow Minister for Education


Evictions expose Mugabe's hypocrisy
May 22, 2002

Robert Mugabe and his regime have exposed their hypocrisy further by
evicting people they had encouraged to resettle on farms.

During the run up to the 2000 and 2002 elections Mugabe, who was desperate
to hoodwink landless Zimbabweans to support his re-election bid encouraged
and condoned land invasions and the lawlessness and barbarism that
accompanied the exercise.

The Movement for Democratic Change pointed out at the time that this
haphazard, ill-planned and lawless way of resettling genuinely landless
people was not sustainable and would have catastrophic consequences on the

The regime did not take heed of our advice in the same way that it
arrogantly refused to take our word, that partly due to the chaotic land
reform programme, Zimbabwe was heading for massive food shortages and

The regime felt that taking our advice on the need for government to effect
a proper, legal and orderly land reform programme would result in its
electoral defeat, as it would not be able to posture, kill and coerce voters
in the name of land reform.

Now that through banditry and election theft the regime feels a false sense
of security, Mugabe is now beginning to pompously display his true colours,
chief among which are selfishness, arrogance and downright hypocrisy.

The poor souls who a few months ago were called heroes and abused in the
name of the "revolution", "self-determination" and such other high sounding
phrases are now all of a sudden being labelled "impostors" by Zanu PF
chairman John Nkomo.

The MDC does not take kindly to John Nkomo insulting Zimbabweans, not least
because he is an unelected minister. There is no need for this illegitimate
government to pour scorn and insults on Zimbabweans who genuinely need land,
moreso when these Zimbabweans were encouraged to occupy farms by none other
than Mr Mugabe.

If its impostors that we are looking for, then we need not look further than
Mugabe and John Nkomo, who allow people to occupy farms for over a year and
then evict them on the pretext of carrying out legal land reform.

Morgan Tsvangirai,
MDC President


MDC Mashonaland West Leaders arrested

19 May, 2002

Mr. Silas Matamisa, the MDC Chairman for Mashonaland West Province, his
vice, Simon Mudzingwa and four other MDC members were picked up by police in
Chinhoyi this morning. The six are alleged to have held a secret meeting
with some commercial farmers at Ashton farm on the outskirts of the
Mashonaland West capital on 24 April this year, where they are said to have
hatched a plot to assassinate Mr. Robert Mugabe.

The other four arrested are Leonard Maphosa, Henry Muungani, Alexio
Harinongwi, and the son of Matamisa, Ronald Matamisa. They were picked up
together with Matamisa at about 5.30 am. Mudzingwa was picked from his home
at about 4.30 am. Maphosa, Muungani and Harinongwi are refugees who have
fled their rural homes as a result of Zanu PF sponsored violence.

The MDC views the arrest of the six as a desperate effort by Mr. Mugabe's
illegitimate regime to harass and frustrate party officials in a bid to
weaken the party. No such meeting took place as alleged by the police, and
the arrest is viewed as part of the on-going onslaught on MDC officials by a
desperate illegitimate regime. Several top MDC officials, including the
party President Morgan Tsvangirai, have had trumped up charges laid against

Further details on the arrest can be obtained from Gift Kojana, the MDC
Mashonaland West Province Administrator, on mobile number 011 808 145, or
from the lawyer representing the six, Tapiwa Muchineripi of Mushonga and
Associates on 091 232 344.

Learnmore Jongwe
Secretary, Information and Publicity
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