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Matinenga defers Constitution Bill debate

07/05/2013 00:00:00
     by Staff Reporter

CONSTITUTIONAL Affairs Minister Eric Matinenga came under attack from Zanu
PF MPs on Tuesday after he deferred debate on the Constitution of Zimbabwe
Bill to Wednesday.

Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa (Zanu PF) accused Matinenga and his MDC-T
party of trying to delay the Bill in the hope of pushing elections – which
President Robert Mugabe says should be held by June 29 – further back.

MPs had been ordered to suspend all business for the debate on the new
constitution which passed a public referendum on March 16. A motion had also
been adopted suspending the automatic adjournment of the House at 6.55PM as
MPs prepared for a long day.

Matinenga, after introducing the Bill, asked for the debate to be deferred
to allow MPs a chance to study it. But Zanu PF MPs said the Bill had been
gazetted for the preceding 30 days, and lawmakers who wished to would have
read its contents before Tuesday.

Amid noisy scenes in the House, Zvimba East MP Patrick Zhuwawo (Zanu PF),
shouted: “MaChinja avekutya kuti tidebate constitution [The Change party
(MDC-T) is now scared of debating the constitution].”

Speaker Lovemore Moyo then called a 20-minute consultation period between
MPs and their Parliamentary leadership.
Zanu PF heavy hitters Vice President Joice Mujuru, Defence Minister Emmerson
Mnangagwa, Chinamasa and chief whip Jorum Gumbo huddled together in animated
discussions while the MDC-T secretary general and Finance Minister Tendai
Biti taunted the Zanu PF MPs.

Matinenga’s stance also appeared to surprise MPs from the MDC led by
Industry Minister Welshman Ncube. The party’s secretary general Priscilla
Misihairabwi-Mushonga reached out for talks with Chinamasa.

In the end, Matinenga said an agreement had been reached between the parties
allowing him to introduce the Bill but defer the debate.

Mangwe MP Edward Mkhosi (MDC), said: “We expected the minister to have a
debate on the Bill and I thought we were going into it because it is the
reason why we had to suspend all the other business.

“I thought we were coming to the end of this process but it appears the
minister had other ideas.”
Chinamasa said there was agreement between the parties that the Bill would
be introduced and debated on Tuesday before adoption by the required two
thirds majority on Wednesday.

Using that timetable, the Bill would be taken to the Senate on Thursday with
expectations that senators would pass it by mid-week next week before
President Robert Mugabe signs it into law.

Chinamasa said: “It’s very clear they are employing delaying tactics. They
told me that they don’t want elections early. They think by stalling this
process elections can be delayed. That’s the sad thing about people who call
themselves democrats but they are afraid of elections.

“In the meantime, I’ve spoken to the Speaker and I hope that he’ll use his
influence so that we finalise this matter on Wednesday so that we’ve the
Bill in the Senate on Thursday.”

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30,000 new voters register to vote

By Tichaona Sibanda
8 May 2013

Almost 30,000 new voters have registered to vote since the mobile
registration exercise was launched two weeks ago, the Zimbabwe Electoral
Commission (ZEC) chairperson said on Wednesday.

At a press conference Rita Makarau told journalists in Harare that 29,940
new voters registered since the campaign began on 29th April.

She also said that in the same period 3,839 citizens used the exercise to
transfer their votes from one ward to the other. The former Judge of the
High Court said ZEC is satisfied with the progress achieved from the
exercise despite numerous complaints, mainly to do with the unfair
distribution of voter registration centers in the country.

‘42,882 people have taken identification cards while 33,645 have used the
occasion to inspect the voters roll,’ said Makarau who urged all Zimbabweans
to take the opportunity to register as voters and at the same time inspect
the voters roll.

‘If anyone has a complaint, they are invited to lodge the complaint with the
district offices or the head office in Harare. They should be specific as to
the nature of the actual complaint,’ Makarau added.

The ZEC chair explained that the commission has deployed two voter educators
per district to educate people on who is eligible to vote and the type of
documents that a person is required to submit, in order to register.

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RG’s office cause chaotic situations at voter registration centres


Wednesday 08 May 2013

Hundreds of Harare residents who have besieged the voter registration
centres in Dzivaresekwa and Glen View suburbs are failing to register as
there are acute manpower shortage and delays, which have seriously affected
the process.

The move has disenfranchised some of the residents as they cannot cope with
the long queues and standing in the sun for long periods as a result of the
chaotic situation which is being created by the officials from the Registrar
General’s Office.

At Glen View 2 Primary School, police had to be called in to quell the
situation after the residents were angered by the delays in registering
voters by RG’s officials.

The two registration centres in Glen View and Dzivaresekwa Polyclinic are
being manned by only six officials each. Most of the people gathered at the
Dzivaresekwa Polyclinic failed to register yesterday while the team was at
Dzivaresekwa Hall and were told by the RG’s officials to come today to the

But by up to this afternoon they had not registered. On Tuesday, at the
Malborough High School in Harare, there was a highly suspicious and covert
deployment of soldiers only a few metres from the school where the mobile
voter registration centre for Harare West was taking place.

Similar chaotic situations are reported to be taking place across the

The MDC is greatly outraged at the attempts by the Registrar General's
Office to rig the upcoming general elections in Zimbabwe through the blatant
manipulation of the ongoing voter registration exercise across the country.

The MDC position is that the Registrar General Tobaiwa Mudede, who is
notorious for rigging elections for Zanu PF should have nothing to do with
the mobile voter registration exercise and that as provided in the GPA the
Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) should assume responsibility for this
important process.

The MDC cannot accept a voter registration exercise designed to
disenfranchise some people in Zimbabwe. The clandestine manner in which the
current mobile voter registration process is being conducted is totally

It is clear that the current exercise cannot produce a credible voters’ roll
meaning that it is incapable of resulting in a free and fair election. MDC
reiterates its position that it is ready for free and fair elections at any
time. However, no elections must be called on the basis of the current
voters roll.

We totally reject the current voters roll as currently constituted. We
demand complete and transparent audit of the voters roll with the
participation of all the stakeholders.

Zimbabweans are ready for a new dispensation, an era of genuine
transformation and will turn out in their numbers to register to vote
despite attempts to frustrate them. Change is nigh. No weapon designed to
detract our people shall prosper any more for the wheels of change are on

The MDC continue to call on the people of Zimbabwe to remain steadfast and
vigilant in the face of these challenges as we march towards a new Zimbabwe
which will bring real transformation to the lives of many.

Yes - Together we can complete the change!!

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Rifts widen in ZANU PF ahead of elections

By Violet Gonda
08 May 2013

Campaigning for the right to represent ZANU PF in forthcoming elections is
said to be in full throttle. No names have yet been publicised of who will
contest in the primaries, in a process that has created serious infighting
in the former ruling party.

ZANU PF’s Politburo met over the weekend and finally adopted internal
guidelines for the yet to be announced primary elections, after weeks of
haggling and fire-fighting, especially over toning down tempers in the
volatile Manicaland province.

Political commentator and ZANU PF insider, Livingston Dzikira, said there is
no political party which will go to elections without some squabbles, and
challenges will be found in all political parties.

The latest developments have also exposed internal divisions over who will
succeed 89 year old President Robert Mugabe. In a rare sign of public
outrage over this issue Zanu PF’s secretary for administration, Didymus
Mutasa, was quoted in the weekly Standard newspaper attacking Defence
Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa for openly challenging Vice President Joice

“We all agreed unanimously. Now we are surprised that there are some people
like Mnangagwa who are now leading another faction claiming that they want
to take over the party. Anyone who objects to the legitimacy of Mai Mujuru
the vice president of the party, then that person does not belong to Zanu
PF,” Mutasa said.

Dzikira said Mutasa was specifically talking about Mujuru’s vice presidency,
which is a unanimous decision of ZANU PF, and was not referring to who will
succeed Mugabe. “The contest of who takes over from President Mugabe has not
even opened and the statement that has officially been given by ZANU PF is
that discussion is not there because there are no vacancies,” the
commentator added.

The ZANU PF secretary for administration accused members of the Mnangagwa
faction as being “sell outs who are perpetuating the destruction of the
party,” even though he is in the centre of faction fighting in Manicaland

Mutasa and Women’s league boss Oppah Muchinguri are said to be leading
splinter groups of the party, which has led to the appointment of  a new
provincial leadership led by Zimbabwe’s Ambassador to Cuba, John Mvundura,
who will now become the Manicaland provincial chairperson with Retired
Lieutenant General Mike Nyambuya as his deputy.

Muchinguri welcomed the new provincial leadership brought in to resolve the
challenges facing the party, which only won 6 out of the 26 parliamentary
seats in Manicaland in 2008. She is quoted in the state controlled Herald
newspaper saying: “What we want now is to win the elections. People should
change their attitudes. People must mature.”

ZANU PF has also been forced to change the provincial leadership in Bulawayo
as a result of internal disputes, with the appointment of Callistus Ndlovu
as chairperson. The party lost all 12 parliamentary seats in Bulawayo in the
last elections.

While it has been easy for ZANU PF to call for general elections to be held
at the end of June it has not been easy for the party to call for its own
primary elections.

All the political parties in the inclusive government are yet to conduct
primary elections, including the MDC-T which had said their internal polls
will start on May 3.

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Police launch renewed crackdown on MDC-T and journalists

By Tichaona Sibanda
8 May 2013

In the last few weeks police have launched a renewed crackdown on MDC-T
activists and officials, with just a few months to go before harmonized

On Tuesday authorities extended their crackdown to journalists who dared
write an article about the MDC-T engaging in discussion with some of the
country’s service chiefs.

Zimbabwe Independent Editor Dumisani Muleya and Chief Reporter Owen Gagare,
were arrested and charged for “publishing or communicating false statements
prejudicial to the State.”

Commenting on the arrest Muleya said; ‘This is a clear abuse of the state
machinery and an act of systematic harassment and intimidation of
journalists who are merely doing their job.

‘This has always been a common feature of Zimbabwe under President Robert
Mugabe and his ZANU PF regime since they came to power in 1980. This
uncalled for move is calculated to muzzle the media, in this case ourselves,
to scare us away from writing about such major issues of overwhelming public
interest, especially security sector reform, ahead of general elections.’

Journalists, the judiciary, human rights activists and MDC politicians are
among those targeted in a pattern of threats, harassment, imprisonment and
often attacks from ZANU PF thugs.

Two weeks ago, 19 MDC-T activists were arrested and charged with allegedly
impersonating government officials during a door-to-door campaign voter
registration campaign.

Since their arrest in Hatcliffe the activists have been held in custody
after a magistrate denied them bail last week and their hearing did not
proceed on Wednesday as scheduled. Lawyer Denford Halimane said the case was
postponed to Friday, after the state failed to allocate a prosecutor to deal
with the matter.

MDC-T Youth Assembly President Solomon Madzore is also still behind bars
after being arrested last week Thursday on allegations that he referred to
President Robert Mugabe as “a limping donkey” during an election campaign
rally in Mbire, Mashonaland Central.

While a Bindura magistrate granted the youth leader bail, the state
prosecutor invoked a controversial law to keep him in custody for seven

In Matabeleland north the party’s youth chairman for the province, Fredrick
Ngwenya, was arrested on Monday, while in Manicaland Prosper Mutseyami, the
Musikavanhu MP and the province’s organising secretary, was arrested on
Wednesday in Mutare. He’s expected to appear in court on Thursday.

Promise Mkwananzi, the MDC-T secretary-general of the Youth Assembly, told
SW Radio Africa that as the country approaches elections, fear was beginning
to settle within ZANU PF elements.

‘They are doing this (crackdown) with the full knowledge of the
inevitable…which is the defeat they face under the MDC-T.

‘They are targeting key actors of the party’s campaign machinery to try and
subdue the will of the people,’ Mkwananzi said, adding that repression of
dissent and the consolidation of political power go hand in hand in ZANU PF.

‘There is a real climate of fear in Zimbabwe, with those brave enough to
speak out against the Robert Mugabe often having to suffer badly for it,’
Mkwananzi added.

Analysts pointed out that the ZANU PF regime is also undermining the
judiciary’s independence by using the state media to attack judges who rule
in favour of victims of human rights violations.

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Zimbabwe journalists charged after military-MDC story

Cape Town, South Africa, May 8, 2013--Police in Harare have filed criminal
charges against two Zimbabwean journalists on accusations they published
"false statements prejudicial to the state" in a story about
behind-the-scenes discussions between military leaders and the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change.

The April 26 story in the Zimbabwe Independent claims that Prime Minister
Morgan Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change had engaged in "sensitive
high-level talks" with senior members of the military ahead of this year's
general elections in an effort to reassure them their jobs would be safe if
President Robert Mugabe were to lose in the general election due this year.
No date has been set for the vote.

Police came to the offices of the privately owned weekly on Monday and
ordered editor Dumisani Muleya and chief reporter Owen Gagare, to report to
Harare Central police station the next day.  "We were there for seven hours
while they charged us, took our fingerprints and statements," Muleya said,
describing how he and his colleague were questioned by police. "They wanted
to know who was the source for our story and tried to pressurize us." He
said the journalists would not identify unnamed sources for the story,
although they noted that one source had been named in the piece. The charge
carries a maximum prison sentence of 20 years. No court date has been set.

"Vigorous, unfettered news reporting is an essential element of any
democracy, particularly ahead of the upcoming elections when Zimbabweans
will want to make informed choices," said CPJ Africa Program Coordinator Sue
Valentine. "Independent journalism that throws light on the attitudes and
intentions of powerful groups within society must be nurtured."

Mugabe is reported to be seeking a vote on June 29, 2013, the date on which
his five-year term ends and the constitution orders parliament to be
dissolved. However, opposition leaders within the unity government want the
elections postponed until September. The inter-governmental Southern African
Development Community is also pushing for Mugabe to implement the reforms
outlined in Zimbabwe's new constitution before elections proceed.

Tawanda Zhuwarara of Zimbabwe's Lawyers for Human Rights, which is
representing Muleya and Gagare, told CPJ that this is a "very serious case,"
in part because it concerned the military. Zhuwarara noted a 1999 episode in
which the military secretly detained and mistreated two journalists who
reported on dissent in its ranks. Mark Chavunduka and Ray Choto of the
independent Standard newspaper were held incommunicado by the military for
more than 10 days during which they were severely beaten, according to CPJ
research.  Charges against them were later dropped.

The Zimbabwe chapter of the Media Institute for Southern Africa (MISA) said
that the new arrests "make a very strong case for urgent media legislative
reforms, more so in the context of the envisaged new constitution which
will, for the first time, explicitly guarantee media freedom and access to

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Former M&G reporter released after Zimbabwe arrest

08 MAY 2013 14:18 - SARAH EVANS

Former amaBhungane intern Owen Gagare and his editor Dumisani Muleya have
been released following their arrest by the Zimbabwean police.

Gagare, and his Zimbabwe Independent editor Muleya, were released on
Wednesday but the charges against them remain, and, if convicted, they face
prison sentences of up to 20 years in jail for allegedly "publishing
statements prejudicial to the state" in terms of Zimbabwe's Criminal Law
(Codification and Reform) Act.

Gagare was the author of a story, published in the Zimbabwe Independent two
weeks ago, which alleged that Zimbabwe's Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai
had met with security chiefs ahead of the country's elections.

Tsvangirai, also the leader of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC),
reportedly wanted the military and police's assurance that transition of
government would be without incident, in the event that the party wins the

Gagare and Muleya's arrests were widely condemned. AmaBhungane, the M&G
Centre for Investigative Journalism (MGCIJ), called for the charges against
them to be dropped. In a statement on Tuesday, the centre said, "Arresting
journalists for doing their work is in flagrant violation of press freedom,
the public's right to know and fundamentally undermines the rule of law."

Gagare, during his internship, helped lift the lid on several suspicious
spending sprees carried out by a man close to President Robert Mugabe, as
well as the behind-the-scenes dealings at the Marange diamond fields in

Arrests were 'deplorable'
AmaBhungane's statement said: "The two were arrested over a story pertaining
to the possibility of a post-election pact between the opposition party and
the securocrats in the Zimbabwean military.

"Despite their release from police cells, the spurious charges against them
remain. These charges, of 'publishing falsehoods prejudicial to the state'
are arbitrary, authoritarian and out of step with any conception of freedom
of expression.

"The MGCIJ therefore calls for the removal of these charges and for a
renewed commitment to press freedom by the Zimbabwean authorities."

The Voluntary Media Council of Zimbabwe (VMCZ) said the arrests were

"The VMCZ reiterates that it is undemocratic for the state to seek and
continue to criminalise the work of professional journalists. This is
particularly so where there is the utilisation of the Criminal Law
(Codification and Reform) Act to arrest and charge journalists under
criminal law with publishing falsehoods."

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Governing Parties Dismiss Call to Extend Unity Govt to Allow Reforms

Blessing  Zulu

WASHINGTON — President Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF and Prime Minister Morgan
Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change have shot down suggestions by
the International Crisis Group that the life of the government of national
unity be extended to allow for further reforms before elections are held
sometime this year.

The think tank’s report titled “Zimbabwe Election Scenarios” says reforms
have been slow in coming and the risk of large scale violence and military
involvement is high.

The unity  agreement was facilitated by the Southern Africa Development
Community (SADC) in 2009 with the hope of ending political violence,
stabilising the country’s battered economy and creating a roadmap to
credible elections. This after a disputed election in 2008.

The ICG report says: “Deferral, if accompanied by firm SADC pressure,
presents opportunities to promote reforms, on condition that strict
timelines are defined, monitoring is enhanced significantly, political
parties understand the risks of failure, and institutional weaknesses and
the potential for interference by the security sector are reversed.”

SADC appointed mediator, President Jacob Zuma of South Africa is struggling
to come up with an election road map for Zimbabwe. The slow pace of reform
forced Mr. Tsvangirai to embark on a diplomatic initiative last week,
meeting key African leaders urging them to push President Mugabe to
implement crucial political and media reforms.

Spokesman, Douglas Mwonzora of the Tsvangirai-led MDC told VOA that
extending the life of the GNU is not something they are considering though
they still want further reforms.

Zanu PF spokesman Rugare Gumbo concurs with Mwonzora, saying extending the
life of the GNU will be unconstitutional. Gumbo says enough reforms have
been made and elections cannot be delayed.

But the ICG report says: “As the Global Political Agreement (GPA) staggers
to an end, continued violations of the agreement, reform deficits, limited
institutional credibility and the rejection of UN election needs assessment
mission underscore the continued absence of conditions for peaceful and
credible elections, despite the new constitution adopted in March 2013."

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Mugabe draws iron curtain around Zim

Wednesday, 08 May 2013 12:45

HARARE - An iron curtain has been drawn across Zimbabwe as President Robert
Mugabe’s Zanu PF erects an access denial policy to perceived foreign
critics, analysts have said.

Zanu PF negotiators — ministers Patrick Chinamasa and Nicholas Goche last
week boycotted meetings convened by South African President Jacob Zuma’s
facilitation team, fuelling suspicions the party wants to ditch regional
mediators pushing for reforms ahead of polls.

Charles Nqakula, Zuma’s facilitator and convenor of the meeting, was
diplomatic about the real reasons why Zanu PF did not attend the meeting of

“On our part we believe Zanu PF representatives must have had a plausible
reason for staying away” Nqakula said. “We don’t believe their action was in
any way an act of bad faith.”

Earlier, Zuma’s facilitation team was barred from a Joint Monitoring and
Implementation Committee (Jomic) meeting last month and three officials
seconded to work with Jomic by the Sadc Troika, have been denied audience.

Despite endorsement by the heads of State summit in Sandton South Africa in
June last year, David Katye from Tanzania and Colly Muunyu, a Zambian
national were only sent to Zimbabwe a year later after protracted resistance
by Zanu PF, which interpreted this measure as interference in the domestic
affairs of a sovereign member State.

Katye and Muunyu have been barred from meetings of the GPA negotiators.

Zanu PF fired the first major salvo of that new conflict when it refused
entry to a UN team last month that wanted to assess election funding needs,
after the international agency requested access to meet civic society

The UN mission was expected in Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare, on April 10 for
talks with Zimbabwe Electoral Commission leaders, the Registrar-General,
political leaders in the ruling coalition representing Mugabe and Prime
Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and African and Western diplomats.

But when the UN team tabled a request to meet with civil society groups, the
trip was terminated by Chinamasa and Foreign Affairs minister Simbarashe
Mumbengegwi — both senior members of Mugabe’s Zanu PF party.

“In the course of deploying the mission to Zimbabwe, it became apparent that
there were different expectations on the modalities of the NAM (Needs
Assessment Mission),” said UN resident coordinator Alain Noudehou.

Trevor Maisiri, senior analyst for southern Africa at the International
Crisis Group (ICG), said under the UN General Assembly mandate, the UN
assessment teams have a template which they use to evaluate the political
environment as well the specific needs for funding and said Zimbabwe cannot
negotiate special exclusive conditions for its Zimbabwean mandate outside of
the UN General Assembly endorsed framework.

He said Zanu PF may be uncomfortable with the downstream effects of election
observation mechanics that come out of the UN assessment mission for

“The assessment mission can find local political conditions to be so
restrictive to a credible election that they can recommend issues like early
observation of election, monitoring of the elections rather than mere
observation, inclusion of international observers — and they may also even
recommend certain key reforms be in place before an election is held,”
Maisiri said.

Zanu PF’s UN blockade and subsequent attempts to bar foreign election
observation is a war of steely nerve, and diplomatic obstruction that has
left its rivals fuming.

Added to this, Zanu PF, which faces a stern credibility test in the
forthcoming harmonised elections, has reiterated its position that only
selected observers — international and local — would be accredited for the

Zanu PF has been dilly-dallying in timeously issuing out invitations to
local and regional poll observers, effectively shutting out any
international scrutiny.

Mugabe, whose party needs to triumph in an undisputed election to attain
some measure of credibility and respectability in the international
community, has ruled out inviting observers from Western countries — which
have been among Harare’s most strident critics over its political crisis and
alleged human rights violations - ostensibly because their objectivity has
been compromised by sanctions they imposed on Zanu PF.
Non-resident Zimbabweans, believed to number around 3,5 million and most of
them in the United Kingdom, United States and South Africa cannot vote, the
government contends.

Ongoing access denial is in contrast to public statements and pledges by the
government touting an “open-door policy” to foreigners ostensibly because
“we have nothing to hide.”

Analyst Daniel Molokele said Zanu PF was anxious to ensure it continues to
unfairly influence the electoral contest.

“Zanu PF is afraid that if the electoral environment is more open and
enabling, then it will not stand a good chance,” he said. “Zanu PF would
like a semblance of free and fair elections as long as it is able to retain

Maisiri said Zanu PF has been adamant about instituting further reforms
beyond the adoption of the new constitution while the MDCs have been
insisting on further reforms.

“Zanu PF’s actions are meant to discourage any further reforms and are seen
as making way for an election without them,” Maisiri said.

“Given the time limitations, it does not look likely that we will have full
reforms before the elections; however should Sadc remain resolute we may
have at least a credible election process.

“Everything depends on how much Zanu PF will hold on to its anti-reform
stance, how much the MDCs will hold on to their pro-reform stance; and just
what position Sadc takes in trying to find a balance.”

Analysts warned that indications of the government’s paranoia bordering on
the absurd would increase as election day drew closer.

The analysts noted that in the face of a seemingly stubborn MDC barely
showing signs of visible political fatigue, Zanu PF was now jittery hence
its determination to ignore or disregard implementing some of the minimum
standards on democratic elections agreed by the Sadc at successive summits.

The MDC says the ex-majority party had put huge obstacles in the opposition’s
way to winning the polls and alleges Zanu PF has cobbled up cosmetic changes
to “hoodwink” Sadc and other international stakeholders with a keen interest
in the polls.

Zanu PF negotiators in the GPA Patrick Chinamasa, left and Nicholas Goche
allegedly snubbed South African president Jacob Zuma’s facilitation team. -
Gift Phiri, Political Editor

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Mujuru outwits Mnangagwa

By Fungai Kwaramba, Staff Writer
Wednesday, 08 May 2013 12:45

HARARE - President Robert Mugabe’s loyalist and Vice President Joice Mujuru
is walking with a spring as her faction is on a roll, cleansing provinces
ahead of elections and positioning itself for an eventual takeover of Zanu

Mujuru, who is reportedly engaged in a fierce battle to succeed Mugabe with
bitter rival Defence minister Emmerson Mnangagwa, has her interests
protected by the party’s secretary for administration Didymus Mutasa and
national chairperson Simon Khaya-Moyo.

The two strongmen are leading a party restructuring exercise ahead of

The former guerrilla movement is on fire with factional fights spreading
across the country’s 10 provinces including the restive Masvingo province,
where knives are drawn out for the incumbent chairperson Lovemore Matuke —
reported to be a key member of the Mnangagwa faction.

Already the former guerrilla movement has been forced to reform its
Manicaland and Bulawayo provinces as factional wars escalate ahead of an
election which could be the 89-year-old Mugabe’s last due to advanced age.

Ousted Manicaland chairperson Mike Madiro — also fingered in the infamous
Tsholotsho declaration of 2004 which sought to block the elevation of Mujuru
to the vice presidency — was last month booted out for allegedly stealing
Mugabe’s birthday party beasts and had been replaced by Dorothy Mabika.

Mabika has also been suspended.

In Bulawayo, Callistus Ndlovu has replaced Killian Sibanda as the Bulawayo
Zanu PF provincial chairperson.
Both in Bulawayo and Manicaland province, Mujuru has emerged triumphant as
individuals loyal to her faction are in the saddle.

The case is no different in Masvingo province.

In a letter seen by the Daily News, Zanu PF Masvingo political commissar
Trainos Huruva has invited the party’s national chairperson — who heads a
crack team formed by the politburo to “unite” the party ahead of polls — to
visit the province on May 10.

“I am writing to confirm that Masvingo province is ready to receive you this
Friday 10th of May 2013,” Huruva’s letter says.

“All arrangements are lined up in respect of the meeting. As the political
commissar for the province, I strongly recommend that you come and lay the
groundwork for an immediate change in leadership in the Masvingo Zanu PF
provincial executive in line with the agreed roadmap.

“Mr Matuke, the current chairman of the province is resisting to co-operate
with the VP’s views on the province’s new direction.”

Matuke yesterday said he was unaware of a plot to oust him, even though he
confirmed that he was aware Khaya-Moyo was due in Masvingo province.

“Yes, they are coming but I don’t know their aim, however, they have been to
other provinces,” he said.

Asked whether he knew his head was on the guillotine ostensibly because of
failed leadership, Matuke retorted, “I am not aware of that, maybe it is his
(Huruva) opinion.

“As far as I know, we are doing the right thing. It is just a letter from an
individual and we cannot respond to that.”

Matuke is accused of having snubbed the Independence Day celebrations at
Mucheke Stadium preferring to attend a low key meeting of an aspiring MP in

The Mujuru faction, led in the province by politburo member Dzikamai
Mavhaire, wants Mugabe to discipline their rivals for defying his calls for
non-electioneering before primary elections dates and guidelines are set.

“In every province there could be factions but in Masvingo they are not that
big. Factionalism had been suppressed but then it can arise anytime because
people have their own interests,” Matuke said.

The factionalism rocking Masvingo presents a further headache to Mugabe
whose party has failed to groom or anoint a successor.

Insiders say the chaotic scenes bedevilling the Masvingo, Bulawayo and
Mutare provinces are replicated in all the 10 provinces, which are divided
along factional lines and engaged in deadly combat.

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Curtain closes on African ‘spies’ jamboree

By Nomalanga Moyo
08 May 2013

The 10th conference of African spy chiefs ended in Zimbabwe Wednesday amid
reports of ‘a charm offensive’ by President Robert Mugabe ahead of the
harmonised poll.

Since May 2nd, members of the Committee of Intelligence and Security
Services in Africa (CISSA) were gathered for the annual meeting, whose theme
this year was ‘The nexus between Africa’s natural resources, development and

In his opening remarks, Mugabe told the CISSA delegates that at least 20
armed conflicts in Africa have been used by outsiders since 1990 to spy on
African countries.

“Our erstwhile colonisers continue to manipulate international institutions
and conventions to justify unilateral military interventions in African
states with the objective of extracting and unfairly exploiting our
resources,” the Associated Press reported Mugabe as saying.

Mugabe also spoke about the “increasing human and drug trafficking, money
laundering and cyber-terrorism.”, and called for Africa’s security chiefs to
guard against the “new scramble for control of Africa’s “raw wealth”.

The president then extended an invitation to the more than 4,000 delegates
to “enjoy Zimbabwean hospitality” and visit the nation’s tourist
attractions. Delegates were also asked to indicate their golfing
capabilities, with several of them going on to enjoy the game in teams on

By Wednesday, the security chiefs were in Victoria Falls, for what media
reports said was a “5-star tour” of the holiday resort hosted by the town’s
mayor and officials from the tourism ministry.

Quoting a source in the President’s Office, the online newspaper The
Zimbabwe Mail, reported that the spies “were showered with extraordinary
luxuries, with some being bribed with diamonds to set them to influence
their governments to back a stolen election in Zimbabwe.”

The paper further cited the recent visit to Zimbabwe by Malawian President
Joyce Banda where she received lavish state treatment, as another example
that Mugabe was on a path to win continental leaders to his side ahead of
the elections.

However speaking off the record, a senior MDC-T official said ZANU PF was
wasting resources on a strategy that was bound to fail.

The official said: “Africa has moved forward. ZANU PF needs to realise that
they can’t perpetuate the old order by simply lobbying security agencies.
Most of these security agents in Africa belong to the younger generation and
so the sentiments of the old guard that centre on liberation war credentials
don’t work them.

“Besides, as intelligence agents, they would have been able to assess and
analyse for themselves the situation in Zimbabwe on arrival. So if they
thought they could use hospitality as a bribe for support in the event of a
stolen poll, they got it all wrong,” the MDC-T official said.

MDC spokesman Nhlanhla Dube said Mugabe’s attempts to curry favour with
African leaders will not work.

Dube told SW Radio Africa via Facebook: “As long as the monitoring and
observation of elections is done by a broad spectrum of the international,
continental and regional groupings then ‘stealing’ the election will be

“It is because of these attendant fears the MDC has called for the
de-politicisation of the securocracy and the confinement of the military to
the barracks.”

Political analyst Rejoice Ngwenya said Mugabe was wasting time and resources
in trying ‘bribe’ the continent’s intelligence services, and added that the
whole of Africa was democratising, and it was time ZANU PF realised this and
moved with the times.

Zimbabwe’s top spy Happyton Bonyongwe, head of the country’s feared security
agency the Central Intelligence Organisation, has taken over the chair of
the continental spies’ organisation.

CISSA was formed in 2004 to tackle the increasing security challenges on the
continent. Last year, the conference was held in Algiers, Algeria.

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Mugabe pampering African Intelligence Chiefs to secure own shaky position

Staff Reporter 2013-05-07 18:57:00

HARARE - Robert Mugabe has embarked on an intricate charm offensive ahead of
generals elections as he hosts Central Intelligence and Security Services of
Africa (CISSA) chiefs, sources in President's Office says this is a daylight
bribery mission in preparation for backing from African leaders after
rigging elections.

Some of Africa's most brutal State spies agents are being pampered and taken
to splash Victoria Falls tourist resort at a considerable cost as a plot to
influence their governments to secure his shaky position.

Last week Mugabe hosted Malawian President Joyce Banda on a five day
official visit to Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's relations with Malawi had hit an
all-time low when Banda took over the presidency of that country. Too close
to the West, Zimbabwe thought of Banda.

With Mugabe in a war of contrition with the West, it was unthinkable that
the Zimbabwean President could sup with Banda. She came into the country and
she was conquered with unprecedented State welcome protocol.

This week Zimbabwean intelligence agents dressed in dark suits thronged the
corridors of the downtown Harare convention center.

Mugabe said he hoped the visiting intelligence chiefs will enjoy "Zimbabwean
hospitality" and visit the nation's tourist attractions.

Accreditation forms for the convention asked delegates to provide details of
their golfing handicap and several played golf in teams arranged Sunday.

General Happyton Bonyongwe, head of Zimbabwe's feared domestic security
agency, the Central Intelligence Organisation, took over as chair of what is
known as "the spies' organisation" for the next year.

The members of the Central Intelligence and Security Services of Africa
(CISSA) are now in Victoria Falls for a Five Star tour of the majestic
falls, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Last night a senior source in President Mugabe's office said the Spy agents
were being showered with extraordinary luxuries since their arrival and
behind it all, some are being bribed with diamonds to set them to influence
their governments to back a stolen election in Zimbabwe.

The delegation including directors-general from the CISSA member states,
were received at the Victoria Falls Airport by Mayor Jiyane, ZTA Chief
Executive Karikoga Kaseke, Tourism and Hospitality Industry Secretary
Margaret Sangarwe and other senior government officials.

The delegates will tour the rainforest and the Zambian side and also get an
appreciation of the state of preparedness ahead of the UNWTO General
Assembly in August.

The Mayor of Victoria Falls, Jiyane said the delegation has been given an
opportunity to experience the true hospitality of Zimbabwe and as such
should be tourism ambassadors and market the country when they go back to
their home countries.

He said Zimbabwe is proud to host the 10 CISSA conference and hopefully the
intelligence chiefs will endorse Zimbabwe as the tourism destination of

Opening a convention of the continent-wide 49-nation Committee of
Intelligence and Security Services on Monday, Robert Mugabe said outsiders
have used at least 20 armed conflicts in Africa since 1990 to gather
intelligence and deploy “stealth predator drones,” unmanned surveillance
aircraft, to spy on African countries.

He told Africa’s annual meeting of security agents who work under the cloak
of secrecy that they are now confronted by increasing human and drug
trafficking, money laundering and cyber- terrorism.

Mugabe said Africa's vast reserves of untapped resources and the world-wide
recession have triggered a new scramble for control of its "raw wealth."

Opening a convention of the continent-wide 49-nation Committee of
Intelligence and Security Services,  Mugabe said outsiders have used at
least 20 armed conflicts in Africa since 1990 to gather intelligence and
deploy "stealth predator drones," unmanned surveillance aircraft, to spy on
their countries.

"Our erstwhile colonizers continue to manipulate international institutional
and conventions to justify unilateral military interventions in African
states with the objective of extracting and unfairly exploiting our
resources," Mugabe said.

He told Africa's annual meeting of security agents, who work under the cloak
of secrecy, that they are now confronted by increasing human and drug
trafficking, money laundering and cyber-terrorism.

The pervasive fear of violence and intimidation in Zimbabwe’s 2013 elections
contradicts Robert Mugabes’ rhetorical commitments to peace, and raises
concerns that the country may not be ready to go to the polls.

The last time Zimbabwe held an election it descended into extreme violence.
200 people were killed and thousands more injured.

Zimbabwe’s Inclusive Government – the country’s uneasy power-sharing
experiment, based on a 2008 Global Political Agreement (GPA) between,
principally, President Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party and Prime Minister
Morgan Tsvangirai’s MDC-T party – averted greater political violence and

But it has not delivered political or economic stability. A reasonably free,
conclusive vote is still possible, but so too are disputed polls or even a
military intervention by security officials supporting, and profiting from,
Mugabe’s continued rule.

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Mangoma under pressure over US$1bln tender

07/05/2013 00:00:00
     by Staff Reporter

ENERGY Minister Elton Mangoma has come under pressure after a Chinese
company questioned the award of a billion dollar tender to upgrade Hwange
Thermal Power Station to a rival firm charging at least US$300m more.

Synohydro Corporation bid US$990 million for the project which will see
Hwange’s capacity increased by up to 600 megawatts while rival, China
Machinery Engineering Company (CMEC) offered to do the work for US$1.3

The tender was awarded to CMEC with Mangoma insisting that Synohydro were
satisfied with the manner in which the process had been adjudicated.

“This tender was properly evaluated,” Mangoma told reporters last week.
“Sino Hydro actually raised a query and they were called in and they were
walked through the evaluation. As far as I know, they were satisfied.”

But Synohydro issued a statement Wednesday contradicting the minister’s
claims, according to the Herald newspaper.
“We are not satisfied at all; besides, it’s not a matter of us being
satisfied or not. It is up to the Zimbabwean Government’s judgment,” the
company is quoted as saying.

“If the government preferred a higher price, as Sino Hydro we respect that
decision, though we feel US$300 million would have been a big saving.

“We are interested in continuing to work with the Government of Zimbabwe in
infrastructural development as we are doing in the expansion of Kariba South
Hydro Power Station.”

Zimbabwe currently produces about 1,400 MW of electricity against peak
national demand of about 2,200MW.
Efforts to plug the gap with imports from the region have been undermined by
ZESA’s financial problems forcing the utility to ration supplies to both
domestic and commercial users.

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European Union Ready to Fund Zimbabwe Electoral Process

Thomas Chiripasi

HARARE — The European Union (EU) says it is willing to help fund Zimbabwe’s
electoral processes as the cash-strapped unity government considers
introducing new mining taxes to raises money to pay for this year’s crucial

The EU spoke as the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) admitted today that
it is reeling under a severe financial crisis to pay for the voter education

The EU’s top diplomat in Zimbabwe, Ambassador Aldo del’Arricia told a news
conference that the EU is willing to fund elections expected to be called
sometime this year. Harare, however, has not requested any election funding
from the EU nations.

Harare recently withdrew its $132 million election funding request from the
United Nations after the Zanu PF side of the unity government expressed
concerns over conditions set by the world body, including media and security
sector reforms, arguing the UN wanted to interfere with the country's
internal politics.

Zanu PF wanted the money but without conditions.

Following Harare’s refusal to accept terms set out by the UN, Zimbabwe has
not been able to start its voter education campaign ahead of the crucial

ZEC chairperson, Rita Makarau, told reporters that the electoral body does
not have enough resources to fund the voter education programme which is
running concurrently with the mobile voter registration exercise.

Makarau said about 25,000 new voters have been registered since the mobile
voter registration exercise started on April 29.
She urged all eligible voters to ensure their names are on the voters’ roll
to enable them to exercise their right to vote when elections are eventually

As election talk gathers momentum, del’Arricia said the EU is closely
monitoring the human rights situation in the country ahead of the polls
following Tuesday’s arrest of two scribes from the Zimbabwe Independent
newspaper and the recent onslaught on civic society organizations.

Meanwhile, the ZEC said election observers that want to monitor the polls
can start submitting their applications to her commission once the election
dates have been proclaimed.

Foreign Affairs Minister Simbarashe Mumbengegwi is on record saying
observers from countries that imposed sanctions on President Robert Mugabe
and some senior Zanu PF officials will not be invited to monitor Zimbabwe’s

But Makarau said the minister can only recommend to the commission who
should be accredited.

It was not immediately clear whether the unity government would accept
election funds being offered by the EU or whether there would be some
conditions tied to the support.

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Gono’s replacement


by Farai Mabeza

The process of appointing a new Governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
will not run smoothly, analysts believe.

Gideon Gono will in November have served his second and last term in
accordance with the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Act. The law stipulates that a
governor and his or her deputies can only serve a maximum of two five-year

Analysts agree that the country is not short of competent bankers but fear
that politicians will continue to put their interests ahead of the needs of
the economy.

Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce president, Oswell Binha, said he was
worried by political appointments.

“What we are worried about is the process. It has to be transparent and
stringent, giving the assurance that the right candidate will be selected,”
Binha said. “We want the right candidate appointed for the job.”

Economist John Robertson said he feared that competent and skilled bankers
would not want to be considered for the post because they would not be
willing to take political directives.

“The technically qualified people I know would definitely not be willing to
work under those conditions,” Robertson said. The respected economist was,
however, not willing to put forward any names.

Confederation of Zimbabwe President, Kumbirai Katsande, said it was a shame
that the industry was not consulted on such matters.

“We are not consulted on these issues. We just wait for whoever is appointed
and work with that individual,” Katsande said.

Finance and economics research firm, Econometer Global Capital, in its
survey of bank chief executive officers for 2013, identified three
candidates including CBZ Holdings chief John Mangudya and deputy governor
Kupukile Mlambo as some of the leading contenders for the post.

“We tip the top man at CBZ Holdings to be a leading candidate with
individuals such as Mthuli Ncube, a senior economist at the African
Development Bank, remaining a contender for the post without discounting the
chances of the newly appointed RBZ deputy governor,” Econometer said.

Analysts also say since the new governor is going to be a political
appointment the result of the forthcoming elections will also be a factor in
deciding who the new central bank chief will be.

President Robert Mugabe appointed Gono to his current post in November 2003
and the tenure was renewed in November 2008. Past occupants of the office in
independent Zimbabwe include Leonard Tsumba and Kombo Moyana.

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Govt’s plan to restore ZINWA

The government has rolled out its five year plan to restore the Zimbabwe
National Water Authority to its ‘original intended level’, a policy document

by Farai Mabeza

In the National Water Policy, the Ministry of Water Resources Development
and Management said that within five years ZINWA would focus on its core
functions of planning, developing and managing the country’s water resources
in accordance with the provisions of the Water Act of 1998.

The government said it wanted to revitalise agriculture and needed an agency
to manage the country’s water resources.

“It is vital that the primary function of ZINWA be urgently restored,” the
policy document says. “At the end of the five year recovery period, ZINWA’s
functions will be clearly split into two.” ZINWA has been heavily criticised
for its inefficiency. According to the document, the treated water supply
function will be addressed through the creation of a National Water Supply
and Sanitation Services Utility.

“This will be in line with the original thinking at the time ZINWA was
formed,” the document explains. However, the government said that in order
to avoid disruptions during the recovery period, ZINWA would continue to
provide portable water services to government institutions and local

The Minister of Water Resources and Management Samuel Sipepa Nkomo revealed
to the media in February that ZINWA was in the process of handing back water
and sewer infrastructure to municipalities such as Gwanda, Beitbridge and

He said in order for a municipality to qualify for a handover of the water
and sewer reticulation, it should have a proper billing system and have an
ability to demonstrate revenue collection.

During its management of Harare water, ZINWA was accused of failing to
properly manage water supplies and sewer reticulation. In terms of the Water
Act, the authority is obliged to assist the government with matters
pertaining to the development, exploitation, protection and conservation of
water resources.

ZINWA’s operations are always under the spotlight because of the
organisation’s importance to Zimbabwe’s agro-based economy.

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Solomon Madzore denies calling Robert Mugabe 'limping donkey'

Incarceration of opposition party's youth president is sign of president's
desperation, says Movement for Democratic Change

David Smith, Africa correspondent
The Guardian, Wednesday 8 May 2013 15.36 BST

A Zimbabwean opposition youth leader arrested for allegedly calling Robert
Mugabe a "limping donkey" who should be put out to pasture is to spend a
second week behind bars.

Solomon Madzore, head of the youth wing of the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC), denies describing the 89-year-old president that way and
claims the charge was trumped up by police loyal to Mugabe's Zanu-PF party.

In a further sign of rising tensions before elections expected this year, a
newspaper editor and reporter were arrested on Tuesday and charged with
publishing false statements prejudicial to the state.

Madzore was arrested on 2 May after allegedly insulting the president during
a pre-election rally in Mbire, Mashonaland Central province. The MDC said
prosecutors have used a contentious appeal law to block a court ordering his
release on $100 bail. He faces a fine or several months' imprisonment.

The MDC claimed Madzore's arrest was a sign of desperation by Zanu-PF,
calling it "the kicks of a dying horse". Clifford Hlatywayo, spokesman for
the MDC youth assembly, who was at the rally, said: "The accusation is not
true. He said he respects the person and the office of the president and
wants Zimbabwe to move forward. We don't remember him insulting individuals.
These are fabrications that are meant to disturb the movement and the

Hlatywayo said the youth assembly was campaigning for the prime minister and
MDC leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, around the country and calling for a peaceful
vote, a message that riled Zanu-PF. He added: "Zanu-PF is allergic to peace.
It hates peace so anyone who proclaims peace is an enemy to them. They brew
and drink violence."

Hlatywayo visited Madzore in remand prison on Wednesday. "He is in a good
condition. The jail is well-known for inhumane conditions but he is
surviving well. He is in high spirits. He is giving us courage to soldier on
and encouraging us to continue with our campaign."

Madzore has previously spent more than 400 days in prison in connection with
the death of a policeman.

Detention for making offensive comments about the presidency is not unusual
in Zimbabwe. At least 60 have been arrested and charged with insulting
Mugabe since 2010, according to Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights.

Two journalists from the Independent newspaper were arrested on Tuesday over
allegations of publishing "falsehoods" against state institutions involving
reports that generals and security chiefs were willing to meet Tsvangirai,
who is seeking reforms in the armed forces.

Dumisani Muleya and Owen Gagare, editor and chief reporter of the weekly
paper, were released later in the day after police said their investigations
into the allegations were continuing.

Mugabe's two most senior generals have publicly said they will not meet
Tsvangirai. The Independent's reports that other generals are willing to do
so allegedly demoralised the ranks of the police and military and
jeopardised state security.

In comments reported byrelayed by the Media Institute of Southern Africa
after his seven-hour detention at Harare central police station, Muleya
said: "This is a clear abuse of state machinery and an act of systematic
harassment and intimidation of journalists who are merely doing their job.
This has always been a common feature of Zimbabwe under president Robert
Mugabe and his Orwellian Zanu-PF regime since they came to power in 1980."

He added: "This uncalled-for move is calculated to muzzle the media, in this
case ourselves, to scare us away from writing about such major issues of
overwhelming public interest, especially security sector reform, ahead of
general elections. But one really wonders why authoritarian regimes like the
one in Zimbabwe still think they can successfully suppress the media in this
digital and social media age."

Rights groups claim there has been an increase in arrests and intimidation
of journalists and civil society activists as the country prepares for
elections, probably in August or September, to end the shaky unity
government formed by Mugabe and Tsvangirai in 2009.

Philani Zamchiya, outgoing regional director of the Crisis in Zimbabwe
Coalition, warned that "silence and subjugation" would be used. "There are
likely to be systematic attacks on civil society organisations and activists
as we proceed towards elections ...… It is rule by law, not rule of law."

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Former M&G intern tells of Zim police intimidation tactics

08 MAY 2013 18:08 - SARAH EVANS

The former amaBhungane intern Owen Gagare shares his experience of being the
difficulties facing many journalists in Zimbabwe today.

Journalists in Zimbabwe have never had it easy. The Mugabe regime has a
history of arresting and detaining reporters it believes are guilty of
crimes such as "undermining public confidence in a law enforcement agency".

Now, with an election looming, the arrests of a former Mail & Guardian
journalist and his editor in Harare this week have drawn into sharp focus
the climate of insecurity that persists in the country. In particular, the
arrests have highlighted the fear surrounding the post-election future of it’s
securocrats – many of whom have allegations of gross human rights
violations, dating back to the country’s bloody 2008 election, hanging over
their heads.

Owen Gagare, chief reporter at the Zimbabwe Independent and a former intern
at amaBhungane, the M&G's Centre for Investigative Journalism, and the
Zimbabwe Independent’s editor Dumisani Muyela were arrested on Tuesday and
charged with “publishing or communicating false statements prejudicial to
the state". They were charged under section 31 of Zimbabwe’s Criminal Law
(Codification and Reform) Act.

Their alleged crime is the publication of a story, which revealed that Prime
Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and his Movement for Democratic Change were
talking to the country’s security chiefs about various post-election
scenarios, in the event that Robert Mugabe’s Zanu-PF loses the elections.

President Robert Mugabe has pushed for an election to be held in June, when
the current Zimbabwean Parliament's term ends.

He has done little to allay fears that the country will stick to a Southern
African Development Community election road map, and that observers will be
allowed to ensure a free and fair vote.

The South African government is reportedly negotiating a conditional loan to
Zimbabwe to assist with the election process.

Jail sentence
In terms of the provisions under which they have been charged, Gagare and
Muyela: "(a) published or communicated to any other person a statement which
is wholly or materially false with the intention or realising that there is
a real risk or possibility of -

(iii) undermined public confidence in a law enforcement agency, the prison
service or the defence forces of Zimbabwe …"

A conviction carries a maximum jail sentence of 20 years. They have denied
the charges.

According to Gagare, he and Muyela were summoned to a police station in
Hahare on Tuesday, and interrogated for seven hours under police guard.
Their every move was monitored by the police, including trips to the toilet.
Their interrogators intimated they would only be released once they revealed
their sources.

Gagare said they were forced to hand over their banking details too. He said
he could only speculate that this was to check if they were receiving
foreign funding of any kind.

This is despite the fact that Gagare’s story quoted at least two named
sources – both senior military men. The police therefore already knew who
their sources were.

“They gave us the sense that if we didn’t cooperate they would detain us
over night, and that if we cooperated we would be released,” Gagare said.

“We got the sense that they wanted to harass and intimidate us so that we
don’t continue pursuing the story. My feeling was that they wanted to remind
us that worse things could happen to us if we pursued it.”

The root of the story – and the anger it provoked within Zimbabwe’s security
networks – goes back to the 2002 elections: some of the generals in Zimbabwe’s
army swore never to salute anyone who was not a part of Zimbabwe’s
liberation movement, Zanu-PF. Now it has been revealed that some of these
generals are negotiating with Tsvangirai’s MDC.

"Clearly, the revelations are embarrassing to them. The story upset many
people," Gagare said.

Secured future
According to Gagare’s sources, Tsvangirai wanted to assure the generals
their futures would be secured if Mugabe’s Zanu-PF loses the election.
Crucially, he wanted to assure them they would not be charged for human
rights abuses dating back to the 2008 election violence.

Gagare said it remains unclear if this would mean indemnity from prosecution
for the army across the board. But some senior military men, who voiced
uncomfortability in working with the MDC, have been assured that if they
will be allowed to retire if they choose to.

Said Gagare: "In 2008 the military element took over the Zanu-PF campaign.
There was a lot of violence and human rights violations. There is insecurity
among securocrats that they might be charged and prosecuted for what
happened then.”

His sources would not reveal further details; how many generals could be
granted immunity from an MDC government, or what the terms of immunity were.

“Clearly giving more details would compromise their negotiations, so they
didn’t want to reveal too much,” he said. As expected, some generals have
denied the talks are happening at all.

Gagare explained the climate of uncertainty in the country, especially for
journalists who remember the 2008 arrests, intimidation, and violence:

“Generally what happens, and what is clearly happening now, is that there’s
a lot of insecurity abound the election. Just last week a senior reporter
from News Day was also summoned to the police station, and another reporter
was also arrested. Clearly there is some kind of pressure and we can expect
it to heighten closer to the election.”

'Used' by opposition
In the days prior to Gagare and Muyela’s arrest, police made threatening
statements in the state media. Journalists were threatened not to allow
themselves to be “used” by the opposition.

For Gagare, the climate demands that journalists up their game. This is no
room for stories that quote anonymous sources, or reveal information that
cannot be backed up with watertight evidence. And this is why Gagare and
Muyela are confident that they will win if the case goes to court.

“It’s always been tricky in Zimbabwe. You really need to be on solid ground
and get your facts right. If this story was false, we’d be in serious
trouble. We just have to be a bit more thorough and make sure we have
evidence to fall back on when they come after us,” Gagare said.

For the International Crisis Group, the climate of fear in the country
contradicts the commitments to peace made by politicians.

Piers Pigou, the organisation's Southern Africa project director, says
elections held in a context of "acute divisions" cannot provide stability to
the country.

“The Southern African Development Community must define and enforce the
necessary minimum conditions for a credible vote, and ensure the country
does not rush into elections before there is clarity and consensus on – and
implementation of – necessary reforms,” he said.

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Mangoma on the state of power generation

07/05/2013 00:00:00
     by Elton Mangoma, MP

Statement by Energy Minister Elton Mangoma on power development initiatives
to boost power generation:

In view of the current challenges besetting the efficient supply of power
nationwide and the need to enhance the financial position of the electricity
utilities, the Ministry of Energy and Power Development has come up with a
number strategies to mitigate the power situation in the country.

The measures being taken are divided into Generation capacity and supply
side activities, Demand Side Management and Institutional changes. The
supply side is further split into short, medium and long term measures.


The generation capacity of the Hwange Power Station has improved
significantly with an average of five units (580MW). This has allowed the
Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) to carry out upgrade works and preventive
maintenance at the Kariba Power Station without causing major power
shortfall to the system.  The Kariba Power Station has continued to maintain
a steady power generation.


The smart/prepayment metering is a valuable short term strategy which seeks
to improve revenue collection by the utility and influence behaviour change
on how consumers use electricity. The system also assists ZETDC to recover
accrued debts by deducting 20 percent on every electricity purchase going
towards servicing the debt, among other benefits.

As of May 2, 2011, a total of 150,000 prepayment meters had been installed
for both domestic and commercial users. Government issued a Statutory
Instrument 44A on Electricity (unpaid bills, prepaid meters and smart
meters) regulations, 2013 which aims, among other things, to speed up the
implementation of the prepaid/ smart metering programme.

The Statutory Instrument compels all electricity consumers to purchase and
install smart meters with the exception of high density customers, rural
customers and light load agricultural customers. The Statutory Instrument
also deals with outstanding bills on the date on which the prepaid meter is
installed as these will be transferred to the property at which the prepaid
meter is installed.

In order to ensure efficiency, ZETDC has commissioned a new Vending Platform
supplied by Itron of South Africa. The new platform can accommodate both
smart and prepaid meters.

Medium Term Power Generation

•    KARIBA SOUTH EXPANSION - The Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) and Sinohydro
have concluded negotiations for the 300MW Kariba South Expansion Project.
As a result, Sinohydro has commenced work at the site.

•    HWANGE POWER STATION – adjudication process for the 600MW Hwange
Expansion Project has been completed and the project was awarded to CMEC.
Work is expected to commence before the end of the year.

•    84MW DIESEL GENERATOR - A diesel plant (84MW) that has operated for
100hours has been identified at a capital cost of €37 million. This about
50% of the cost of new plant. The ZPC has made a technical analysis and that
diesel generators are suitable for our system and have the capacity of
reducing load shedding by 80MW.

•    30 MW GAIREZI SMALL HYDRO POWER PLANT - The project is now at design
stage following completion of feasibility studies and official launch is
expected this month.

•    500MW CBM POWER STATION- ZPC has also floated a tender for resource
mapping of coal bed methane.  The tender was awarded to WAPCOS of India and
it is ready to carry out the work.  However, ZPC is awaiting CBM special
grants documentation from the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development.
Instead there are two grants awarded to one company Shangani Energy and
another to China Africa Sunlight by the mines ministry.  The grants are
overlapping with the desired ZPC concession area.  These concessions were
granted after Cabinet granted ZPC concession but the Mines and Mining
Development ministry is refusing to effect Cabinet decision.

•    1000MW WESTERN AREA POWER STATION – China Railway International (CRI)
and China International Fund (CFI) have signed a Memoranda of Understanding
(MoUs) with the government to develop a 1000MW thermal plants. China Railway
International came for site investigation in December 2012 and has submitted
a draft contract for the project development. The finalisation of
reinstating the Western Area coal concession to the ZPC by the Ministry of
Mines is important.  Again the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development is
not cooperating, causing a delay in the commencement of this project.

•    100MW ON-GRID SOLAR POWER – Some suitable sites for the 100MW solar
power plant are being identified.  The ZPC has engaged the Plumtree Town
Council for land to construct the power station.  A tender for the 100MW
power plant is expected to be floated soon. The tender will cover BOT, IPP,
PPP and pure debt basis.


agreed to undertake this project on a BOT basis. This was after Zimbabwe
agreed to honour the EXCAPCO assets debt of $70.8 million. So far a total of
US$40 million has been paid towards the US$70, 8 million. The Zambezi River
Authority called for Expressions of Interest to develop the Batoka on a
Build Operate and Transfer basis. The response was extremely good -25
companies showed interest and the majority from credible international

•    THE GREAT INGA HYDRO PROJECT - is proposed on the Congo River in the
DRC.  This can produce around 100 000MW.  This project is too big for the
DRC and requires a regional approach. If this is constructed it will change
the economic fortunes of the region. Hydro power is cheap and it is worth
the time spent on promoting it.


•    RESTRUCTURING OF THE POWER SECTOR – The restructuring of ZESA Holdings
has been approved by Cabinet. This is to make ZESA more efficient and
responsive to the consumers, whilst at the same time, setting up a mechanism
to make it easy for Independent Power Producers to have a level playing

These developments will result in the following.

•    ZESA Holdings be collapsed into a National Grid Services Company (NGSC)
and move all the legacy debts to this company.  It will be 100% Government
owned and it will not be privatised.  NGSC will be responsible for
Transmission, Market and Systems Operation.  It will have the “reserve
supply” responsibility.

•    ZETDC will transfer the transmission functions to NGSC and transform to
Zimbabwe Distribution Company (ZEDC) and be responsible for Distribution of

•    SUMMARY – Measures to consolidate the power availability and
reliability will continue. Such measures will include taking out plant for
preventive routine maintenance and equipment upgrade.  Negotiations for firm
power imports from the region will be pursued by both Government and the
power utility.  The implementation of all power projects continue to be a
critical success factor for securing self-sufficiency and reliability in
power supply to the nation. To this end the Ministry is continuously
evaluating project risks and working on mitigatory measures to ensure the
projects are realised.

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Sibanda century steers Zimbabwe to series win

BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe (AFP), Wed, May 08 2013

Vusi Sibanda's second one-day century guided Zimbabwe to a rare series
victory as they beat Bangladesh by seven wickets in Wednesday's third
one-day international at Queens Sports Club.

Sibanda had passed fifty on 19 previous occasions and converted only one of
those innings to three figures, but he made the most of two dropped catches
to hit the winning runs and finish unbeaten on 103 not out with Zimbabwe
having more than two overs to spare.

The result also prompted Bangladesh skipper Mushfiqur Rahim to announce he
was stepping down.

Having limited Bangladesh to 247 for nine in their 50 overs, Zimbabwe made a
solid start to their reply as Sibanda put on 79 for the first wicket with
Hamilton Masakadza, who made 41.

That was followed by a 56-run stand between Sibanda and Sikandar Raza, but
when the pair became bogged down in the middle overs, Bangladesh hit back
with a couple of wickets that left the match in the balance.

However Sibanda was joined by Sean Williams, who recorded his second
consecutive half-century to finish unbeaten on 55 as Zimbabwe cruised home
with 17 balls to spare.

"It wasn't easy to get dropped from the team for the first ODI in the
series, but obviously I had to keep my head up and concentrate on making the
most of the chance when it came," said Sibanda.

"I hope this is the beginning of more hundreds to come."

Bangladesh's innings was once again reliant on the lower order, with
Mahmudullah's career-best 75 not out and Nasir Hossain's 63 rescuing the
tourists from a position of 110 for five.

Zimbabwe's seamers had made the most of the advantage provided to them by a
9am start, with left-armer Brian Vitori striking twice in his second over.

Although Mushfiqur and Tamim Iqbal led a brief recovery, both departed in
the space of three overs before Shakib Al Hasan fell victim to part-time
spinner Williams.

A 79-run stand between Mahmudullah and Nasir clawed Bangladesh forward, but
when Nasir departed with a little more than seven overs remaining there was
still plenty of work to be done.

At that point Mahmudullah had just 28 from 44 deliveries, but he found the
boundary with increasing regularity and added 25 to his total in the last
two overs alone.

Nevertheless it was not enough, as Zimbabwe clinched their first one-day
series win since Bangladesh's last visit in August 2011.

"It's massive for us," said captain Brendan Taylor.

"This is probably the third series win in all formats in eight or nine years
for me, so it's big for the guys.

"It should give us the confidence to push on and keep believing that we can
at least win at home. We're over the moon."

Meanwhile, Mushfiqur said he will quit as captain of Bangladesh after the
two Twenty20 internationals against Zimbabwe this weekend.

The Tigers began their tour of Zimbabwe as favourites after an encouraging
trip to Sri Lanka, but lost the first Test by 335 runs before winning the
second to earn a share of the series.

"This is probably my last tour as captain," he told reporters. "I will
resign once we get back to Dhaka.

"The reason is the way we lost the games and at the same time I failed to
perform. I think I failed to lead my team, so the two T20 matches will be my
last as captain."

The 24-year-old only took over as captain in September 2011, after his
predecessor Shakib Al Hasan was removed from the job.

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Zimbabwe Wall of Shame: Milton Kachepa

By Lance Guma

MUDZI – A shocking You Tube video exposes the murderous role of Zanu PF’s MP for Mudzi North, Milton Kachepa (also known as Newton in other reports).

Video posted by SW Radio Africa last year implicates Milton Kachepa as an inciter of violence in Mudzi

Video posted by SW Radio Africa last year implicates Milton Kachepa as an inciter of violence in Mudzi

Despite the formation of a coalition government in February 2009 the MP was filmed in 2012 warning MDC-T supporters that Zanu PF doesn’t just ‘kill’ but ‘destroys’ those who provoke it by supporting ‘sell-outs’ in the opposition.

A headman who also gave his testimony in the video says Kachepa boasted to him during a meeting that he had killed MDC-T activists known as Muronde, Tambo, the son of an official called Mweza and another activist in Ward 2.

The headman said Kachepa told him: “All these four people were killed by me. The only one left is you (he said pointing at the headman). He said ‘You are the only one left and I am yet to kill you. You are easy to kill.”

The video dated 20 April 2012 and which was posted by SW Radio Africa onto video sharing website You Tube, clearly captures Kachepa inciting violence at Dendera Business Centre in Mudzi.

Speaking in Shona he tells the crowd: “Don’t be taken away by things to do with sell outs (MDC-T). If you do sell out things, I am telling you, you will cry.” He proceeds to warn them: “You should stop provoking the spirits of the dead heroes. That’s why there was chaos in 2008.”

Kachepa was referring to the violence that preceded the June 2008 presidential run-off.

After MDC-T leader Morgan Tsvangirai won the first round of the March 2008 presidential election, state security chiefs loyal to a defeated Mugabe launched a retribution campaign killing over 500 people and maiming tens of thousands.

“We should not support something that will make us suffer and lose our human aspects at the end,” Kachepa lectured the crowd.

“When we talk about the nation, we talk about death. I am with you here because of the issue of death. You say ZANU PF kills. It doesn’t kill. If you provoke it, it destroys,” he warned them.

Several days after Kachepa’s speech in which he was inciting violence, a group of over 300 ZANU PF supporters advanced on a gathering of some 70 MDC-T supporters who were having a rally at Chimukoko Business Centre. The skirmishes resulted in the death of MDC-T official Cephas Magura.

According to the testimony of a young boy herding cattle at the time, Magura was hit with a stone by the ZANU PF gang, who continued to assault him as he lay on the ground. He was then dragged to the roadside and left for dead. Seven other MDC-T activists were injured and treated at the Avenues Clinic in Harare.

Two ZANU PF MPs, Kachepa (Mudzi North) and Aqualinah Katsande (Mudzi West), were implicated in this and many other incidents in the area.

Several witnesses saw Kachepa’s pick up truck and Katsande’s Mazda T3500 truck being used to ferry the ZANU PF youths, who later attacked Magura.

The Zimbabwe Wall of Shame is constantly updated with new information. If you have any extra details or testimonies that need investigating or publishing contact this journalist via email or follow him on twitter @LanceGuma


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Sometimes I hate to be Zimbabwean


If patriotism was a uniform I would religiously put it on for all to see my
unwavering love for this nation of milk and honey.

I do not need President Robert Mugabe or his Zanu PF supporters to remind me
that I should be patriotic—because that is something inbred.

Although I love my country and would fiercely gird my loins in armour to
defend this nation in times of adversity—that loyalty which I feel to the
marrow has limits.

When police arrest women and political parties murder innocent children like
Christpowers Maisiri—I find my own resolve and patriotism snapping.  When
justice is partially applied and when prisons become home to Mugabe’s
opponents I really find it stupid to be a proud Zimbabwe.

I watched in horror as Zanu PF supporters beat up an MDC official and the
BBC news crew in Mbare recently just before a critical referendum.
Repulsive as it was, I know that the worst is yet to come—when mothers and
fathers turn into monsters, unashamed of killing opponents.

I cannot be patriotic in a country where people are not allowed to freely
choose their churches, political parties and even wives.

How can I love a nation where free opinion could result in your imprisonment
as was the case with Beatrice Mtetwa.

Often when elections come, we in Zimbabwe sublimate our patriotism
preferring to be withdrawn—and praying instead of acting for a better

It is during times like this that I really hate to be a Zimbabwean because
the dastardly deeds that my compatriots often demonstrate are so repugnant—I
try to dissociate myself from Zimbabwe, but it is not possible.

It is the realization that I do not have any other home that provides me the
armour to stand up and fight for children who are murdered and wives who are
raped by the militia

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