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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Daily News

Little sympathy for Zimbabwe at summit

11/12/01 8:05:30 AM (GMT +2)

Political Editor

ZIMBABWE'S frantic efforts to enlist the support of developing countries at
the African, Caribbean and Pacific and European Union (EU) joint
parliamentary assembly in Brussels last week to head off looming EU
sanctions appear to have met with little success.

The Zimbabwe delegation to the assembly included Zanu PF MPs Edward
Chindori-Chininga and Kumbirai Kangai and the opposition MDC's Abednico
Bhebhe. MDC MPs Paul Themba Nyathi, David Coltart and the party's
representative to Brussels, Grace Kwinjeh, were also at the assembly where
they championed their party's cause and gave information on the country's
sad situation.

Chindori-Chininga's delegation failed to garner enough backing for Harare in
the face of razor-sharp criticism from colleagues.

"Speaker after speaker from both EU and ACP groupings condemned the
behaviour of the Zimbabwe government towards its own people over the last
two years," a diplomatic source said. Chindori-Chininga defended his
government while Bhebhe and his colleagues responded to the Zanu PF claims.

The week of frenetic lobbying by the Zanu PF delegation fell completely
flat. Last month the EU parliament in Strasbourg passed a resolution calling
for stern measures against Harare for its systematic repression and
lawlessness. The measure included the imposition of targeted sanctions such
as travel bans and the freezing of any overseas-based assets belonging
President Mugabe and his close allies.

The EU Council of Ministers invoked Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement that
will see the imposition of sanctions. According to diplomatic sources,
European and developing country parliamentarians failed to deliver the
support the Zimbabwe government had been expecting and relying upon.

Chininga on Friday said no resolution had been adopted at the end of the
conference, adding the assembly had nothing to do with the EU Council of
Ministers since they had already made a decision to invoke Article 96.
Sources said out of 54 ACP votes, 17 MPs and hundreds of EU legislators
voted against Zimbabwe, pushing the country into further isolation.

Sadc was divided over Zimbabwe's plight. South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique,
Lesotho and Zambia are said to have refused to back Zimbabwe, which was
supported in the region only by its remaining ally, Namibia.

The proceedings in Brussels were a serious rebuttal of government claims
that developing countries in the ACP/EU forum were united behind Harare
while EU states were opposed to the government
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The Guardian

Zimbabwe Evicts 1,000 White Farmers

Monday November 12, 2001 6:50 PM

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) - The Zimbabwean government on Monday banned 1,000
white farmers from cultivating their fields and gave them three months to
vacate their homes as part of its ``fast track'' land redistribution plan.

The government has targeted 5,000 white-owned commercial farms, about 95
percent of all farms owned by whites, for seizure and redistribution to
landless blacks.

In a government gazette released Monday, President Robert Mugabe invoked
special powers forcing the 1,000 farmers who had already received
notification their land was being seized to stop all work on it, regardless
of whether they had crops waiting to be harvested or appeals of the seizures
pending in court.

They were given three months to leave their houses.

Lands and Agriculture Minister Joseph Made said the government would begin
allocating plots on the farms to 51,000 black families.

He said 201,000 black families had already been resettled as communal
farmers on formerly white farms, a number white farmers dispute as vastly

``This (plan) is now fundamentally complete and has been a major success,''
Made said.

White farmers say over 500 farms are lying idle as a result of political
violence, while many others are in only partial production, with militants
occupying some of the fields.

Ruling party militants began occupying white-owned commercial farms in March
2000, soon after voters rejected a constitutional referendum that would have
further entrenched the powers of Mugabe, who has ruled Zimbabwe since
independence in 1980. The government later announced its plans to seize the
white farms.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change won 57 of the 120 elected
seats in parliamentary elections in June 2000, despite a campaign election
monitors said was rife with violence, mainly caused by ruling party

Opposition officials accuse the government of using land seizures to garner
support and further intimidate political opponents ahead of what promises to
be hard-fought presidential elections next year.

Vice President Joseph Msika said Sunday the government supported arming the
ruling party militants following the abduction of one of their leaders.

``If they (the opposition) are looking for a blood bath, they will certainly
get one,'' Msika told state radio and the government-controlled Bulawayo

Police arrested Simon Spooner, a white member of the Movement for Democratic
Change, on Monday in connection with the abduction.

Also Monday, police tried to search the opposition party's offices in
Harare, but were turned away when they could not produce a warrant.

The government's announcement of farm seizures Monday would further damage
agriculture in a country deeply dependent on it, said Adrian de Bourbon, a
lawyer for the Commercial Farmers Union, which represents most white

``I believe this is yet another nail in the coffin of commercial farming in
this country,'' he said.

Zimbabwe, which normally runs large food surpluses, is now facing serious
food shortages.

The United Nations World Food Program announced last week plans to begin a
large-scale aid program next month to assist more than half a million hungry

De Bourbon said the 3,000 farmers who had received preliminary warnings the
state intended to seize their farms would likely begin receiving seizure
notices next week.

The move basically signaled the death of an agreement the government signed
in Abuja, Nigeria, in September promising an orderly and legal land reform
process and an end to political violence, de Bourbon said.

Zimbabwe orders 1,000 white farmers from homes

The Zimbabwean government has banned 1,000 white farmers from working their fields.

It has also given them three months to leave their homes.

President Mugabe has invoked special powers.

The government has targeted 5,000 white-owned commercial farms, about 95% of all farms owned by whites, for seizure and redistribution.

The 1,000 farmers had already received notification their land was being seized.

Opposition officials accuse the government of using land seizures to garner support and further intimidate political opponents ahead of what promises to be hard-fought presidential elections next year.

Lands and Agriculture Minister Joseph Made says the government will begin allocating plots on the farms to 51,000 black families.

Police have arrested Simon Spooner, a white member of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), in connection with the abduction of a ruling party militia leader.

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"I spent the day in Harare today and returned feeling frazzled. 
However, my trials and tribulations paled into insignificance (once again) when I heard about D, R and W's (R's brother for those who dont know them) excitement for the day.
In Kuwadzana Township inBanket lives a delightful person who goes by the name of Kodoza.  This wonderful character has been a thorn in the sides of many farmers and non-ruling-party people for many years, and is a notorious thug and ignoramus.  He is very fat and overpaid, and lately he spends most of his days swanning around the district, terrorising all and sundry.
Yesterday was W's turn.  He was summonsed by the toad, and the 'meeting' took place in a public place within the township.  D went along for support, while R took over the responsiblity of the Ruben Barwe of ZBC News impersonation.
A few threats were bandied about by Kodoza (including a fairly graphic description of what would happen to W if he continued his land preparation for next year's crop), and when he noticed that his actions and words were being kept for posterity he simply lost it, ranting and raving like the madman that he is.  R made a quick get-away while W and D tried to placate this idiot.
Today all three were summonsed to the Banket Police station by some Sergeant, who failed to come up with a reason to see them.  The track record of the police over the last year or so leaves a lot to be desired, and not many (white, or non-ruling-party member) people who have responded to 'requests' to present themselves at a police station have managed to sleep in their own beds for some time afterwards, so naturally these three were a bit cautious (we already have the "Chinhoyi 21"; we dont really need the "Banket three").  R called his lawyer who advised that the police HAVE to give a reason for calling anyone in for questioning - once again no reason could be given so R has managed to delay this 'meeting' by a week.
D and R's mill is within spitting distance from the police station (in fact the buildings are right next door to each other), so this is all very stressful for both of them.  They have been advised to go away for a while by concerned friends and neighbours (and wives!), but they both, rightly, insist that they have done nothing wrong.  Both are also tired of having work disrupted by these morons, as a week doesn't go by when they don't spend at least one day driving around the district, either rescuing farmers or doing the Reuben Barwe Act.
The whole situation is very wearying, and we are all finding it difficult to maintain a positive outlook, and a sense of humour - very essential these days.
D has won $1,000.00 (Z, not US unfortunately, so not really worth alot)
from R for not losing his temper for a whole week.  Imagine that!  Not one tantrum, yelling act or bout of uncontrolled swearing.  Quite incredible.  And I am sure that those of you who know better, and seen/heard him in action will not believe it, and will think that he has been telling more Abujas.
We have a busy weekend coming up.  On Saturday there is a fund raising party/fun day about five houses up from ours in aid of the afore-mentioned Chinhoyi 21.  Their legal fees are running into eight figures.  Naturally they will never manage to foot these bills themselves, so the community decided to give them a hand."
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"We have a friend, (I will call him John Doe) who used to live fairly near us on his family home until he moved to his own place in Doma a few years ago. (A few years before that they lost their youngest (two year-old) son in a tragic drowning accident).
He and his wife, Jane, have struggled since day one, as farmers do, to make a success of their farming business, and up until August, they had managed to succeed.  Then came the madness of August when 90% of farms in the Doma area were trashed - destroyed in the name of the Third Chimurenga, and Land Reform by savage, Government-backed so-called War Veterans.  John and Jane's house was one of them...  even the baths and toilets were smashed in this violent orgy of destruction.
The Does have managed to stay positive through this all.  About three weeks ago, while, ironically, John was in the Police Station reporting some theft or something, a huge fire was started on his farm by the wahvits to flush out what little game was still alive on the farm.  This fire went on to destroy some of their own houses.
On Thursday, John was arrested by the police for starting this fire and deliberately destroying property belonging to the wahvits!  He spent Thursday night inside a filthy, rat- and lice-infested cell with common criminals, and was only finally released late on Friday; a lawyer flew out from Harare to ensure that this happened.
The 'houses', which these wahvits build, are pathetic grass and stick 'structures'.  (the kind of building that our kids make in the pine forests in Nyanga as forts!) Certainly nothing permanent or valuable, and built using grass and sticks stolen from John's property anyway!  In addition to this, they are illegal squatters.  They should not be there in the first place, and yet they get so-called 'justice' before John does (not one person has been arrested, or questioned with regards to the looting and trashing of the Doe's house).
John has now been paraded on ZTV news (or should I say ZANU PF TV?), as the baddie, of course, with his court hearing being shown from within the court!  I don't know if this is the norm, but sounds strange to me that cameras were allowed in the court in the first place!
The blatant disregard for the rule of law, and the petty, unjust harassment of all people in Zimbabwe who are perceived to be non-party sympathetic is getting out of hand, and I really wonder what we are in for next."
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Farm Invasions and Security Report
Thursday 8 November 2001

This report does not purport to cover all the incidents that are taking place in the commercial farming areas. Communication problems and the fear of reprisals prevent farmers from reporting all that happens. Farmers names, and in some cases farm names, are omitted to minimise the risk of reprisals.

Marondera South – angry mob breaks into farmhouse
Wenimbi and Ruzawi – 25 people including a three-year old child  beaten up
Kwekwe – farmer and wife locked in farmhouse by armed robbers
Kadoma/Chakari/Battlefields – farmer surrounded, and forced to dance and chant slogans
Macheke-Virginia - 120 hectares of gums were destroyed on Chabwino Farm. Irrigation piping was stolen from Glenisla farm  and was reported to the Marondera Police.  A blue land rover with people claiming to be war vets who would not give their names or ID’s, instructed the storekeeper on Chikumbakwe Farm to close the store, because they claimed the prices were too high.  Malda Farm had an individual arrive at the farmhouse, demanding compensation for the loss of his garden, caused by cattle belonging to the owner. The owner claimed his cattle were nowhere near that part of the farm, and called the police.  Illegal settlers on Hazeldene Farm  were arrested for the theft of a tyre in the yard. Later a group of 8 illegal settlers gathered outside the kitchen gate pressurising the owner, who informed the Macheke Police. The situation was later defused by the owner and his son.  On Mignon Farm the gate key was removed and cattle driven into the Lupin seeds. This situation could have arisen because the owner switched off the electricity to the farm village housing which is now only occupied by illegal settlers. War veteran Mtsatse from Macheke visited the farm to talk to the resident group. He told the farmer that he must negotiate with the committee of 7 to resolve problems on the farm.   Agritex arrived to peg Twist Farm  and Journey’s End   On Mignon Farm  60 head of cattle were moved inside the security fence by illegal settlers and a work stoppage continues.  The owner phoned Dispol who organised for the D.A. Murehwa and the Lands Committee to attend but the meeting achieved nothing and they left, telling the farmer to negotiate with the illegal settlers.  The Assistant DA  visited and advised the farmer that he was not permitted to feed workers still on the farm who were no longer working, and that he should give up the maize to the State. He insisted that the farmer sort out his problems by talking with the settlers’ committee on the farm. When the farmer did so with reference to the 90 head of cattle driven into the yard, he was told that he would have to pay the illegal settlers grazing fees. He was also told that only 5 workers could be employed on the farm, and that they would be chosen by the settlers. The farmer did not concede to these demands. Illegal settlers on Royal Visit  tied a calf to a stake in the vegetable garden, separating it from its mother in the hope that its bellowing would attract its mother and others into the garden, thereby facilitating a claim for compensation for damage. Fencing has also been stolen.
Beatrice - After the manager of Maasplein finished his term of employment and removed his possessions from his house, war veteran Mombe arrived at main homestead and demanded the keys to the vacated house from the owner. Police attended, but resolution of this issue is still pending.
Marondera South - A large and aggressive mob arrived at the homestead on Esperance in the Wenimbi valley, broke through the security fence and almost immediately set about breaking outside doors down and attempting to gain access through the roof. The owner and his wife were forced to disable the radio and retreat into the bedroom as the mob smashed down the door and entered the building. Police were contacted but the Support Unit only arrived three hours later. Fortunately the mob did not break through to the bedroom. The following morning neighbours gained access to the homestead to assess the situation, and on leaving their vehicle was attacked and damaged. Loss of broken windows, smashed doors, roofing, and looting from the kitchen amounted to an estimated $300 000. This attack is believed to have been in retaliation for the neighbour’s refusal to supply transport for illegal settlers to harass owner of nearby Ponderosa Homestead barricades and accompanying violence and looting are increasingly common and volatile in the Wenimbi and Ruzawi area, as is pressure against labour, with the perpetrators getting away with their excesses War veteran Musimbi and a mob returned to Eirene and smashed doors and windows in the farm village, burning down at least one house and destroying a vegetable garden. They then  went to Munemo and beat up 25 people including a three-year old child. Ten of the victims were hospitalised. The same mob then went on the rampage on Mushangwe where they again assaulted workers and smashed doors and windows in the farm village. Uitkyk is under threat of similar treatment this weekend. These violent activities follow the granting of a High Court Order to these farmers preventing the eviction of workers and allowing the farmers to get back to work. The police and DA, who are compelled to comply with the Order, have failed to do so and continue to ignore it in spite of the escalating excesses by war veterans and their followers.
Marondera North - A grey Land Cruiser, with white registration plates, arrived at Essexdale with members of the District Land Committee. After going to the farm village they spoke to the farmer at his house, introducing themselves as members of the Land Committee and the farm’s settler committee. The farmer was told that the illegal settlers were now the owners of the farm and that he and his workers were illegal squatters. The farm has been listed as a Section 5. The farmer was instructed to remove all his workers from Essexdale onto Coylto, a farm that the owner had previously offered through Provincial/District Administration. If he complied, he would be allowed to stay in his house for a short while, but if not he and his workers would be forcibly evicted “within hours”. The fact that there are no houses on Coylton did not concern the visitors who insisted that housing could be built within 2 to 3 days.
Harare South - Nyatsimefarm is being pegged. A fire was started on Auk’s Nest by illegal settlers. A returning illegal settler named Madzidire moved into the cook’s one-roomed house. After police spoke to him he agreed to move out. One sheep was killed and one injured by a settler’s dogs. Police undertook to arrest the owner of the dogs and to destroy the dogs.  A white 7-tonne Nissan lorry reg. No. 511-961D arrived with 10 passengers ranging from 13 to 40 years old. They dropped a metal hut on unlisted Stilton farm before leaving.  Agritex is pegging on Edinburgh
Marondera North – On Bothas Rust Agritex arrived to peg and left again as the farm is not listed.  Increased building is taking place on Rapids Agritex pegged with steel pegs and cement on Longlands   Hut building and work stoppage continues on Kirndean Warwick is unable to plant maize due to threats and valuators were there yesterday.
Featherstone – On Kuruman A  the owner was told by DA Chikomba that his dairy is not a registered dairy and cattle should be off the property by 15/11/01. The owner has been dairy farming for 35 years and the milk has been delivered to DZL.  The DA claims that there are only two registered dairies in Featherstone.  New pegging is taking place in a 70Ha gum plantation and also in the feed pens on R/E Kuruman  which allegedly will be "State Land". The situation concerning workers’ eviction and work stoppage on this property remains unresolved.  The owner of Vergenoeg  has until 11th November to remove the cattle from the property or the cattle will be rounded up and closed in handling facilities.    On Harvieston about 10 valuators, led by a Mr Gonah, arrived in a 7 tonne truck (GLM 2257) to value the property and stated that they will return to Uitkyk on Wednesday.  On Knockholt   two national registration officials in vehicle GLLS 2177 requested accommodation from 11th November for voters roll inspection and a voters registration team. A further team will be deployed to register births, deaths and national registration. Cattle numbers have been severely decimated in the last two months.
Norton - Pegging continues, even on one property which is not actually listed, by employees of the District Administrator who says that his orders "from the Ministry" are to continue pegging unpegged properties.  The tobacco crop looks to be about 30% down in the Norton area, due to farmers not having been allowed to plant.  Increased hut building is reported throughout the area.
Selous - Some work stoppages have been resolved.  On Mount Carmel Farm fires have been started every day this week.  The gate stopping free movement of cattle from the Musengezi small scale area has been broken three times in the last week without any arrests.  Pegging continues within the area by Agritex.
Kadoma/Chakari/Battlefields - On Benga Farm approximately fifty war veterans arrived at the farm village and a number of farm workers were assaulted, sustaining cuts and bruises.  The war veterans smashed 332 windows, damaged 13 asbestos sheets, 11 doors and 12 locks before moving off.  On Tawstock Farm fire setting continues.  On Pamene Farm the Agritex team is cutting up the irrigation lands into 1acre plots.  On Lanteglos he owner was surrounded and made to take his shoes off and dance and chant slogans.  He was also spat at and prodded with spears until Police intervened.  He has been told that he is not allowed to plant under his centre pivot.  On Normandy North Farm  another two beef cattle were slaughtered, but the culprits have finally been apprehended.   On Sillery Farm theft of sheep and goats continues on a weekly basis.  The ex-owner of Damvuri Ranch, who offered his farm for resettlement and is now living in town, was arrested on Monday night under charges related to Section 24 of the Law and Order Maintenance Act.  The alleged contraventions are supposed to have taken place on a farm that he was leasing, but has not been involved with since September.  Mr Lewis is an upright and respected member of the community and the charges appear to amount to straight harassment. 
Umboe – On Temperley Farm settlers called a meeting and asked when would the pegs in the lands be replaced. The Chairman and settlers agreed that they were going to sort out the problem.  They told the farmer to supply the pegs and labour as his cattle knocked out the pegs (to our knowledge there were no pegs put in ).  The farmer asked the Chairman and the seven settlers on the farm if they were going to plant the 205 ha of arable land that they had pegged.  This was confirmed and the farmer gave him the farm foreman to assist replacing the pegs and  made it quite clear that now that the settlers have decided they would plant all the row cropping land on the farm, the farmer would not be held responsible if at a later date the land was not fully utilized and blamed for not having used it to it's full potential.  Mseteka Sekesai I.D. No. 70-102209C70 arrived on the farm looking for his plot.  He showed the farmer an official letter from the D.A. Chinhoyi stamped 19.10.2001 informing him he had been allocated plot No. 8 on Temperley Farm.  On Oswa Farm settlers are burning their lands and chunks of grazing.  Fences are being cut daily.  Approximately 100 snares have been collected from the fence lines. A meeting was called with the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the settlers and the Asst. D.A. and 5 Land Committee members.  The main voice in the meeting was that of W V Magwaza who told the settlers that the land was already theirs, so they should carry on as they pleased.  The Asst. D.A. advised that as the owner had not been paid this was not yet the case and the answer was to share the land so that the sheep would still be able to graze.  The settlers returned to the farm and decided the farmer could use 18 out of 122 ha for his sheep, but under the condition that he provided ploughing and fertiliser seed for them. At the meeting the settlers were told not to take on more land than they could effectively use, but they refuse to share even with each other and are scared of forfeiting their pegs.  They were also informed by the D.A. that production had to be optimum or they would loose the land next year.  The farmer refuses to deal with them nd says he will make another plan for his livestock as he is expecting to be very short of grazing soon.  At Palmtree Extention  fires continue almost daily, random and unsupervised. Thousands of hay bales are being bought in to feed the cattle, and there is stumping of huge indigenous trees by the settlers. Snaring is also on the increase.  A policeman was brought in to speak to the chairman about all these illegal activities who denied all knowledgte of the burning even though the water carts were passing his house.  The manager was told not to approach the Chairman's house in case he was attacked by the guards.  All paddocks bar two have areas of stumped settler lands in them and one is not burnt yet, but pegged.  Steel wire is being stolen off the electric fence and turned into snares.  Lynfell Farm  has been closed down and farmer left.  Listed with Section 8. On Kaukua Farm snaring continues.  The Boundary fence has been taken down and used for snaring. Due to the fact that settlers continue to damage the ball valve on the cattle trough, the farmer is unable to graze the cattle on one portion of the farm.  The owner’s dog was killed in a snare.  3 more settlers have moved onto the farm although the farm is not listed.  On Devonia Farm a verbal agreement was reached between the settlers and the farmer that if any burning was to be done on the farm, settlers would approach the farmer and make arrangements with him for a water cart and they in turn would supply the labour to control the fire.  This was not done and on Saturday several small fires were started by the settlers, which got out of hand and as a result  burnt approximately 300 ha of grazing.  On Dichwe Farm  there is a work stoppage. A Fiat Tractor with two furrow Moldboard Ploughs arrived on the farm and commenced to plough an irrigated wheat land that has been harvested.  The tractor has ploughed approximately 4 ha.  On Ringari Farm a work stoppage occurred.  Settlers were involved in a dispute with the farmers irrigation staff over water.  A tap where settlers obtain their water was left open wasting water. Irrigation staff closed the tap and removed the tap handle.  Work stoppage lasted for about 1 hour and the matter was resolved.  3 Support Unit details are back on Long Valley Farm where there is an on going dispute between the farmer and the settlers over 90 head of cattle that have been brought onto the farm.  The cattle are mixed and no agreement  can be reached regarding the grazing and watering facilities.  The commercial herd is continually being pushed by the settlers onto the main road.  No land prep is being allowed .  On Inyati Farm land prep has not been allowed and no tobacco has been planted.  The settlers have stated that once the potato crop has been harvested, the owner must leave immediately as the farm no longer belongs to him.  On Talfourd Farm only work inside the security fence is allowed.  No land prep has been done and no tobacco planted. A decision has been made that no planting will take place this year. Settlers stole three bags of maize off the back of a farm trailer.  On Long Valley Farm cows are calving and there is no place for the cattle.  The farmer spoke to D.A. Chawaruwa about the stocking rate on the farm as the grazing is burnt out, and he said he would send an Agritex Team if he could fit it into his schedule.
Chinhoyi (Lions Den Area) - Agritex have started pegging Ormisten Farm The owners have left Kapiri Farm and Amagora Farm .  On Braeside Estates settlers tried to burn 4000 bales of Oats Hay in the field.  Only 4 were burnt and no investigation was carried out.  Theft of irrigation pipes has occurred on several occasions.  Whilst the police were investigating, the farmer asked them to investigate the setting of several fires.  They apprehended one suspect, and left the other and said this would be referred to the Land Committee.  Settlers have put their cattle into the farm workers vegetable gardens.  The farmer is missing 9 cows and calves and the theft of fencing continues.  Wytchwood Farm has a work stoppage.  At 6.00 am this morning all tractors were prevented from going to the land, trees have been chopped down and pulled across to block the road. The farmer approached the resident settlers, Budson, Badza’s brother and Abel, who instructed him not to send any tractors to the land because no agreement has been made with them. Budson warned not to attempt to move the trees as reinforcements were waiting in the bushes to prevent this. Apparently 6 of the settlers, Budson included are going to plant cotton in the fertilized ridges. The owner has reported this work stoppage to the police This farm is not designated and no section 5 or section 8 letters have been received.
Karoi - Troon Estate reported the arrival of Agritex who advised that they would not interfere with the farming operations. Agritex then visited Goodhope Mukunga, Buttevant Lot 2 Hunters Lodge and Bananza
Banket - Glenluce  has a work stoppage on land prep of 430 ha and irrigated pastures of 20 ha. The farmer was accused of holding an MDC meeting and the invaders threatened to burn his house.  North Banket has a work stoppage.  Mr Kadoza told the owner to stop farming or expect trouble, and not to work until he had spoken to the D.A.  The farm is not listed and no action was taken by the police.  On Koodoo Hill the building of houses continues and the owner has shut down the farm until police take action to restore law and order on the farm.  On St. Ninnians there is a work stoppage.
Tengwe - 26 house kitchens have been burnt and two brick houses on Ndiripo Settlers demanded a signed agreement from the owner of Chobeni Farm  before they will allow him to continue farming. 1 Kudu was killed over the weekend. 
Tayesa Farm (neighbouring farm to Chobeni) was previously stopped from all farming operations but has been allowed to plant tobacco on certain lands this last 2 weeks. All has being going well, but early this morning(7/11) the chairman of the settlers tried to stop the workers fertilizing a ridged land. Work is continuing at this time.  
Doma - Woelwehoek Farm Gravellotte Farm and Rukute Farm are all being pegged for A2 resettlement of 35 ha each.  In Rukutes case they want more plots than there are hectares.  At Gravelotte Extention the leasee Norman Madzoreke has killed about 80 sable. 
Raffingora - Junction Farm is an unlisted farm and cannot plant.  He went to see the P.A. who said he would get hold of the D.A.  Court case dates given to some listed farms. Agritex is in the process of preparing for the cases. Agritex arrived to peg Mariwano and the farmer phoned the relevant authorities and established it should not be pegged as it was not listed.
Trelawney/Darwendale - Mvebi Farm - 5 resident 'illegal settlers' prevented normal farming
operations from taking place demanding that an agreement be drawn up between settlers and the farm owner with the owner to provide transport for them to go to Murombedzi and the owner to sign the new
agreement. They want a tractor to transport poles, maize, water and the sick, without the settlers having to pay for this service. They also require food. The settlers refused to go to the police station. Police said they could not respond even though the farm made transport available, saying it was an issue for the Lands' Committee.  The Lands' Committee said they were busy, had no fuel to attend the matter, but they would attend the next day if they were given transport/fuel.  The settler's, approximately 15 in number, verbally abused farm management and told various lies about management to the police.  It was agreed farmer could continue with farm work and a meeting would be held the following day. A meeting held on Wednesday 31st October resolved these issues. The Land Committee drafted a letter to Mr Churu, forbidding him from interfering with Mvebi farm and cites that the full wrath of the law will apply to him should he break the law. The farmer took the settlers to the Member in charge Darwendale on Thursday 1 Nov to make it clear to the settlers what they can or cannot do.  The Member in Charge agreed to attend any further work stoppages or breaches of the law.  On Mpanda Farm hut building has started on an unlisted section of the farmTengwe - A Support Unit and Constable Moyo from Tengwe arrived on Indiripo  to inform the settlers that the farmer  was to plant the lands that had been prepared for this season.  One of the lands had some structures on it, three of which needed to be moved.  The Support Unit Sergeant told the settlers this and ALL of them that were there agreed.  The farmer and his labour then attempted to move the structures so that he could disc the land.  War vet Sitcha arrived on the farm and declared war on the farmer.  He does not agree with Support Unit's instructions because he was not present at the meeting.  He said he does not take orders from Government, this D.A., the Governor, Police or Support Unit and said "they are all kids, babies in civilian clothes". The Settlers then ransacked the compound, beat the labourers and burnt their houses.  They broke open 4 of the main gate entrances to the premises.  The farmer  was told to leave the farm by 12.00 pm otherwise "there would be blood, my blood
Horseshoe – On Dunaverty a large quantity of irrigation equipment was stolen.  On Penrose a door and electrical switchgear was stolen. A cottage on Nainital was broken into and burgled.  The owner of Chingoma sent a pickup to the valley with a driver and a worker who had retired to move his belongings to his home. The retiree was dropped off and on the way back, in the Masomo area, the vehicle was stopped by logs on the road and about 30 youths, who were all drunk.  They pulled the driver and two passengers from the car, searched them and the car looking for MDC cards. Nothing was found and the youths beat up all three and wanted to burn the truck but couldn't find matches. The main problem apparently being the influx of farm workers (MDC) from the closed farms into the valley. This is perhaps a warning to others who may send vehicles down that way.  Mangondo experienced extensive hunting with dogs, large numbers of animals being killed and meat sold; no assistance or support from Parks despite promises to do so.  Peugeot station wagon 369-807R and Nissan 7-tonne truck G-LMP bring people onto the farm to fish and hunt. Amajuba returnws to work (at the request of farm labourers) after total work stoppage i.e. coffee, banana, horticulture and fishery, although no tobacco/planting is allowed.  Despite advice and direction from the Ministry of Labour and NEC to the Worker's Committee on Blue Grass to cease the total work stoppage, the labour have again been very militant and prevented any feeding or watering of pigs all day.  Police notified but there has been no resolution.  Finally late in the day the Ministry of Labour instructed ZRP and DA to allow a return to work at the piggery on condition that the farmer pays the labour in the interim in part as per the pending legislation and has to make up the difference as and when legislation effective.  Penrose experienced a militant labour disturbance and total work stoppage, including no watering of citrus and mango orchards. ZRP attended and the police were locked up in the farmhouse by the war vets and labour. They were finally released late in the evening. Watering of orchards has finally been allowed.  All the farm labourers forced off Rungudzi by war vets.  On Siyalima farm labourers were requested by war vets to return to work after a total work stoppage.  A local war vet instructed he would consider allowing work to continue and stated that the Ministry of Labour and NEC were not in charge, the war vets are. Discussions with the DA and Member in Charge at Guruve ZRP gave no resolution. - directions from DA were "there are laws in this country, follow them".  Large numbers of war vet cattle are being driven onto Siyalima, including on to irrigated pastures. On Nyamfuta there is a total work stoppage. On Karoe tobacco planting was stopped but after negotiation with settlers the farmer was allowed to complete the final 7ha of tobacco planting.
General - Police are not being very co-operative in dealing with identified gang members who are operating over a wide area, robbing farm villages.
Kwekwe: On Sunday morning, two persons posing as thatching grass buyers, accessed a homestead armed with a revolver. They forced the husband and wife to lie on the floor and demanded the whereabouts of the safe, threatening to shoot the couple if they did not give them this information. The wife was then escorted round the house by the unarmed thief, looking for a non-existent safe while the husband was held at gun point. Having searched the house and found no safe the couple were again threatened. The wife gave them all the money in the house and the thieves demanded the keys of their vehicle, saying they would leave it in town. The thieves then locked the couple in the bathroom and made off with the satellite decoder, video, TV and cell phone. By about 1.00 p.m. the couple managed to escape by unscrewing the bathroom burglar bars and immediately alerted the Police through family members in town. Police response was slow as it was their lunch break and they had no transport. Family members provided transport to the property but, on arrival, police advised that they could not take fingerprints as they had no dusting kit. The vehicle was sighted in a lay-by on the Harare road near Sable Chemicals. Police were again transported by family members to recover the vehicle but were again unable to take fingerprints. The satellite decoder was in the vehicle but nothing else was recovered. On another farm a substation door and 13 x 50kg bags of MOB were stolen. Elsewhere, more irrigation equipment has been stolen. 4 cattle have been found in snares, cattle were moved off a property 3 weeks ago and the herd is now 41 short.  A poacher was caught with an impala carcass whilst two others were caught netting fish in the dam. Police have not responded to the last two incidents. Approximately 7 hectares of land have been opened up and cleared with a bulldozer on a property on which new people are opening up lands. When the owner went to help a neighbour put out a fire, he was verbally abused by war veterans. The farmer’s cattle camp was set on fire but it was extinguished in time. As was threatened last week, 80 Ha of wheat stover was burned by settlers and a bulldozer was brought in to clear lands. 14-16 structures are going up and the farmer is still unable to plant. On an un-designated farm, a farmer has been given permission to plant paprika by the D.A.  Another farmer was visited by the Governor and told not to plant on designated land and to have all the lands burned by the 10th November. Settlers threatened to burn the combined lands but the D.A. told them this can only be done by the farmer. On another farm, a fire on combined wheat lands was put out as the adjacent land is still to be combined. The fire brigade was called in to assist and the owner has since received death threats. House building continues. The D.A. visited the farm to tell the farmer to co-exist with the occupiers and to wait for confirmation from him before planting. A group of 9 people arrived on another A group-designated farm from a Game Park, which they said was not good enough anymore. Snaring and poaching continues on this farm and two new groups have started tree cutting but left when apprehended. The farmer was approached by a settler from a neighbouring farm asking for the loan of a tractor to prepare his lands. The request was refused. Invaders drove through properties on private roads and the boundary gate to the Rhino Conservancy, which has been kept locked for many years, has been broken down.  Perpetrators say there is no such thing as trespass anymore.
Shurugwi: A farmer’s security gate was barricaded by a crowd of illegal occupiers, assisted by gold panners, chanting and uttering threats. Two employees were threatened with death. Police reacted and advised the crowd to disband and remove the barricade.
Somabhula/Daisyfield: 3 people were spotted stealing 10 dairy heifers in broad daylight. The farm workers set off in pursuit and managed to recover 9 of the heifers.  Occupiers are setting snares all along the fences of a farm. The fences are being pulled down by the wildlife which gets entangled as a result, mainly Tsesebe. Most of the wildlife thus caught is left to rot in the snares. On another farm a breeding cow was slaughtered. The case was reported to ZRP who have been out to investigate but have as yet no suspects.
Gweru East/Lalapanzi: Two poachers with a dog were apprehended trying to dig an antbear out of its hole. The poachers were taken to the police who were reluctant to do anything until the farmer insisted on an RRB number. The dog was taken to the SPCA. The same farmer, acting on information received, located $5000 worth of 20mm polypipe that had been stolen from him. The police were taken to where the pipe had been found but did not arrest the perpetrator, Hamba Trust, because he claimed to be suffering from TB and could not travel in the back of a pickup. He claimed to have bought the piping in Chinhoyi.
Nyamandhlovu – On Merrylands a 4 month old calf was killed and only the hindquarters removed.   Two men in a government vehicle visited the owner and invited him to a court case in Harare regarding the property that they maintained had been offered to the government. They could not produce an official summons and were handed a copy of the letter of objection to acquisition.  A suggestion that the matter could be resolved in Bulawayo was unacceptable to the farmer who declined further discussion on the issue and the men left.  Two out of three workers’ huts were demolished by squatters and all the personal property scattered around.  Constable Kantosa of the Z.R.P. Tsholotsho who assists the Prosecutor In Charge at Tsholotsho Magistrates Court phoned to find out how his workers were on Luchabi Ranch where he has a plot.  A D.D.F. vehicle driven by an unidentified man with a woman passenger and a number of youths on the back arrived at Porter Farm saying they were checking the infrastructure with a view to settling people.  When told by the farmer that following the listing of the farm no Section 5 order or any other order had been served, they looked at one pump and drove away.
On Redwood Park a D.D.F. tractor is ploughing up paprika lands with irrigation drip lines and irrigation equipment  valued at $11 million.  The drip tape had been removed from the lands and thrown aside in a manner that has caused hundreds and thousands of dollars worth of damage, and the tractor has turned on rows and rows of connectors causing extensive damage.  This is despite a new High Court Order that invaders should not interfere with the work on the farm.
General  - Poaching, starting of bushfires and general lawlessness continues as does the plea from the Police that transport is unavailable when required.  When a farmer said an accused poacher would be held until such time as he was collected the Police vehicle arrived within 45 minutes.
West Nicholson – On Janee a self appointed settler cut a gate into the game fence along the main Bulawayo Beit Bridge road and has allocated himself a plot.  This is in spite of the fact that the other half of the ranch north of the Sandawana road has been conceded for re-settlement, and is in the process of being settled.  The settlers who moved off Jonsyl Ranch were actually evicted as the ranch has now been allocated to 30 individuals who will each receive 1000ha under the model A2 Resettlement Scheme.  The small-scale commercial lots are being taken up by the owner of Pindi Stores and various other businessmen and a Mr Mangena.  Reata has also been divided into 1000ha plots and is being occupied by a Magistrate, some doctors and four senior policemen from Gwanda. An Agritex team returned for the second time to peg Swallowfork Ranch, presumably for Model A2 resettlement.  They failed to gain entry to the ranch as the boundary fence was locked and they could not break the lock or chain.  A phone call to the elderly mother was threatening, demanding that the gate be opened or they would break through that day. This is happening whilst many neighbouring properties are being cleared of settlers by the Army and Police. In retaliation for the eviction of settlers by the Police and Army from the Bubiana Conservancy, a group of 100+ settlers surrounded the farmyard of Peregwi, outside the security fence, and threw stones at the workshop where the owner and his manager were repairing a vehicle.  The owner moved to the house to radio for help, attracting a hail of rocks, one of which crashed through the asbestos roof into the living room.  A passing army detail involved in moving the settlers was nearby and reacted.  Police also came and the situation was contained.  A second demonstration occurred the following day. The Army were also present and prevented the situation from getting out of control.  On Atherstone Ranch 10 Members from the Law and order Maintenance Unit arrived with a search warrant claiming that the farm owner had an arms cache on his property.  An extensive search of the property revealed nothing.  It is suspected that a false report was made by a fired domestic worker.
Insiza/Shangani – On Battle Farm a white Mazda B1800 pick-up, Registration Number 750-112N, containing six army members, with the driver identifying himself only as Hobb, was found driving around the property "looking at accessibility of property for official military manoeuvres".  They claimed to be lost in spite of having district maps with them.  They said they had "hardware" with them and the attitude toward the farmer was quite menacing.  The farm has not been designated, yet the DA claims that as the Council had not sent a rates account, the farm was now Government's.  The voter's registration caravan in Shangani and on Debshan, and now on the mine, is reported to be registering land applicants and not voters.
Gwaai – On Gwaai Ranch three individuals, one positively identified as a National Parks employee, each brandishing  an AK47 rifle, have been travelling around the district in a Parks government number plate Land Rover claiming to be doing a game count on the game ranches.  They claim Parks will not issue any hunting quotas in the district next year as there is no game.  A major portion of the area they are inspecting has been burnt out and the game has naturally moved elsewhere.  On Hankano the owner has had his borehole and equipment tampered with on several occasions as reported last week.  This Friday the ball valve was smashed and a section of pipe removed to prevent him from pumping water for his staff and his homestead.
Umzingwane - Management on Essexvale Ranch has been weakened with the resignation of the second farm manager.  The property is being overrun by settlers with little attempt being made to control the problem. 
Inyathi/Bubi – On Shemers  invaders arrived and Mr Ben Mkandla has cut 46 poles and is working for Mr Douglas Magutshwa, a teacher in Gweru, and Nkosilathi Magutshwa of the Zimbabwean Airforce. Reports have been made to the Member in charge at Inyathi Police Station who said he would be visiting the farm with the DA and the Chairman of the War Veteran's Association of Inyathi.  Agritex officials arrived on South Beldans to measure the diptank, troughs and the dam.  Pegging and marking of stands has started by Agritex officials.  This was reported to the ZRP who advised the foreman to contact the DA.  There was no reply.  On Redlands Farm the owners have, after much haggling, been offered a sandveld property of approximately 3000 acres with absolutely no infrastructure at all in exchange for his 11,000 acre property with approximately $40-50 million worth of improvements.  The farm that was originally agreed to by the authorities over a year ago has in the meantime been settled on by a top local official and his family.
Marula – On Mananda Farm cattle have been snared and the case is being investigated.  The accused are setting snares in the late afternoon They then drive the cattle into the snare line during the evening or after dark.  Once the animal is caught it is killed with an axe, cut up and carried away.  The meat is dried and sold.  Police and farm security have arrested three people in connection with the snares, all of whom admitted the act.  A large amount of meat was recovered. 
Beit Bridge -  The owner of  Sentinel Ranch discovered that the war vets are paying their cattle herders on the property $800 a month.  He has told them that he will report them for paying below minimal agricultural wages if they do not meet the legal stipulated wages.  Strict measures are being enforced on the property to control and prevent further illegal movement of stock.  Any cattle without Veterinary brands will be removed and/or prevented from coming onto the property.  War Vet cattle owners whose animals are on the property are agreeable to these measures.
Masvingo East and Central Area -Nothing to report
Mwenezi Area
The water situation in Mwenezi has now become very desperate.  On Lizuma Farm, the owner reports that he may have to start killing cows and calves due to the continued harassment of water rgihts.
Mor invasions of people continue all over the area, more huts erected on a daily basis.  Fires are a daily occurrence as are cutting of fencing and wire theft, as well as continued poaching and laying down of snares.  Farm gates are left open, on one farm alone nine out of ten gates are left open on a daily basis and the owner is having to continually check.
Chiredzi Area
Continued poaching, snaring, building of huts, felling of trees, veld fires.
Save Conservancy
Nothing to terport
Gutu\Chatsworth Area
On Wheatland farm, Chibakwe farm, Lorn farm and Edgars Ridge farm cattle have been chased off the properties by very militant illegal occupiers wielding axes and pangas.  A heavy presence of army personnel is present throughout the disrict and owners are presently dealing with DA Gutu and the police to try and resolve this issue.
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Daily News

There is untold fear in the hearts of the people

11/12/01 8:19:13 AM (GMT +2)

I AM an African. I believe in the sanctity of my roots. In my Africanness, I
got the urge to visit my folks. Taking advantage of the porous national
boundaries, I quietly slipped back into the country of my birth. The journey
was not eventful. I only lost R250 (about Z$1 800) to some hungry police in
the land of self-imposed bondage. I arrived at my rural home during the
witching hour.

Early next morning I duly got the standing ovation I deserved. My hero
status was swiftly bestowed upon me without any long and tiresome bargaining
process. I asked everybody why I was being pampered like a demi-god. The
reason was clear. I was like the prodigal son who had decided to return
home. My return was worthy of some celebration. Of course, I had to sponsor
my own "welcome home party"! I had only been away for six months but my
folks made it look like a century.
I only concluded that my rural folks were just too hungry for a party. They
demanded to be spoiled and spoiled they were.
What I considered important business for me started when the "politburo" of
the family asked for an audience.
This was after the party and when all the invited guests and gate-crashers
had gone. We assembled in the dimly lit hut and "Chairman Mao" called for

On being granted the silence, my old grandfather, whom we gave the nickname
"Chairman Mao" because of his beliefs that are similar to the great Chinese
leader, spelled out the purpose of the hastely convened session.
"Chairman Mao" expressed his profound gratitude to the gods for allowing him
to see his grandson who had left for another country without the blessing of
the ancestors. He warned his progeny never to undertake such dangerous trips
without the knowledge of the elders. He made it clear that it was only
through the blessing of the gods that his large family could prosper.
I agreed with his advice. I knew that I could never win an argument with
him, however hard I tried. Then questions started being fired from all

I was asked questions on both important and trivial aspects of life in
Johannesburg. I was asked if I have had the chance to meet former president
Nelson Mandela in person.
On this question I answered by asking if there were any members of the
"politburo" who had ever met President Mugabe in person.

No one spoke. No one moved. I could clearly hear the heartbeat of "Chairman
Mao". There was even fear in his breath.
I was frightened by the fear in the hut. What had I said that had scared the
whole "politburo"? There was no enthusiasm to continue discussing. A fatal
interruption had killed off the debate. My trip back home was not worth the
tension that was in the hut.

The situation was saved by the quick thinking of my cousin. We call him
"Stalin" because he claims that he was trained to use the "Katyusha" during
the war of liberation. The "Katyusha" is the multi-barrelled artillery piece
also known as the Stalin Organ. Instead of denigrating our cousin by calling
him Stalin's Organ, we just called him Stalin. "Stalin" intelligently
changed the subject to the more mundane one of weather and sport. When the
"politburo" finally closed business, I asked to have a one-on-one audience
with "Chairman Mao". I really wanted to know why he had lost his composure
when I asked if there were any who had met President Mugabe in person. I
wanted to know if I had said anything taboo to the family, clan and tribe.

I wanted to know if at all there had been enacted a new law against uttering
the name of the President. I wanted to know what I did not know. "Chairman
Mao" asked me to promise not to raise my voice. He pleaded with me to keep
that promise. He asked me to swear never to divulge whatever he was going to
tell me. The way my grandfather shivered was as if he was about to sell the
juiciest of all State secrets to some foreigner. But then I cannot keep any
I told him so.

I find it hard to see the secret in any information that comes to me without
bargaining for it. Those who fail to keep their own secrets should not
expect others to keep their secrets for them.
Without any solid promise from me to keep the secret, "Chairman Mao" refused
to tell me what it was that bothered him so much.

All he said was that walls had ears and they were now developing eyes. He
said whatever people said went to the wrong ears.
He claimed that whatever people did was also seen by the wrong eyes.
The brief by "Chairman Mao" unsettled me a bit. I began to imagine that in
the darkness lurked some pair of eyes with night-vision lenses trying to
picture what this wretched returnee from bondage was up to. I fearfully
imagined that in the stark darkness of the night, there was some pair of
ears wearing sound amplifiers waiting to hear a dint of treason from an
border-crossing migrant worker.

I was unsettled by the onslaught on democracy that was being imagined by
"Chairman Mao".
I began to think of the possibility that Big Brother was truly watching over
Without blasphemy, I equated the Big Brother effect to the situation where
God watches over His people. Perhaps Big Brother is a noble invention.
There is need for the people to be watched over. While God watches over his
people from above, Big Brother can watch the rest of us from the ground.

When I illegally returned to South Africa, I smiled triumphantly at the
flaws of Big Brother. Big Brother could not spot me or stop me from
illegally crossing the national boundaries of three countries. I imagined
how sleepy the Big Brothers of the three countries I was violating their
national borders were.
My sixth sense forebade me from celebrating the flaws of Big Brother
prematurely. My sixth sense told me that at times Big Brother just ignores
as citizen upon citizen transgress the limits of their freedom and
I could only conclude that the Big Brother effect scares the hell out of us.
I could picture my old grandfather shivering with fear.
There is untold fear in the hearts of the people. The worst affected are the
rural dwellers who believe that Big Brother is everywhere, every time and on

"Chairman Mao" is a typical stereotype from the rural areas. He fears what
he believes in and he believes in his fears. This "Chairman Mao" could never
have led the great revolution. But then "Chairman Mao" is my grandfather. I
will not
persecute him for being a failure. I will continue to revere him as the
father of my father. I will remain loyal to his advice. I will seek guidance
from him whenever I need it. I will continue to make him feel great. I will
continue to send him money so that he may subscribe to the demands of the
dispensation. I am positive that he is not the type to want to buy the green
card for relocation to the United States. He would only buy cheap cards as
he is budget conscious.
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Monday, 12 November, 2001, 14:23 GMT
Zimbabwe's white farmers face eviction
Government supporters on a farm
Farm invasions began more than 18 months ago
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has amended the country's Land Acquisition Act so that white farmers can be forced off their land with immediate effect.

The move means that farmers who have been issued with acquisition orders by the government will have to stop farming immediately and remain confined to their houses, which they will have to vacate after three months.

Previously, land-acquisition orders had to pass through the courts first, now the courts will examine cases retrospectively which correspondents say could take months.

Zimbabwe's white farmers say farming is likely to stop on almost 800 farms immediately.

Robert Mugabe
President Mugabe has his sights set on elections next year

Zimbabwe's economy is already in crisis, blamed largely on President Mugabe's land-reform programme.

Militants loyal to the government have occupied an estimated 1,700 white-owned farms over the last 18 months, demanding that they be redistributed to landless blacks.

This, and the violence that's accompanied it, has meant that farming activities have been massively disrupted.

Food aid

The World Food Programme is due to begin a huge relief operation next month to feed over 500,000 Zimbabweans who face hunger or starvation.

Bread in Harare
Bread is in short supply after prices were fixed

But on Sunday, the Zimbabwean Government announced a ban on humanitarian agencies from distributing food aid saying groups were using it as a pretext to campaign for the opposition party.

Information Minister Jonathan Moyo told state media that where food aid distribution is needed, it would be done by the government.

Mr Moyo stressed his government would not allow strangers to interfere in the political affairs of the county.

Aid groups and political analysts have expressed concern that the government will use food aid to bolster votes in the presidential election.

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Daily News - Leader Page

Preparing the ground for election fraud

11/12/01 8:25:12 AM (GMT +2)

THE government's approval of additional amendments to the Electoral Act that
entail changing regulations on postal voting, campaigning, polling and on
the voters' roll itself, as reported in the State media, is both regrettable

Regrettable because the government, arrogant as always, decided on those
amendments alone without consulting other stakeholders for consensus. This
makes the amendments a partisan affair clearly meant to make it easier for
the government to manipulate the ballot in favour of Zanu PF, perhaps as a
way of ensuring that President Mugabe's vow that "Tsvangirai will never,
never, ever rule this country" holds true.

Disheartening because the amendments are clearly a self-serving move
designed to make all other aspiring contestants in the next and subsequent
elections lose all hope of winning as the cumulative effect of the
amendments is to render the political playing field in Zimbabwe much more
uneven than it had been hitherto.

Over and above the physical dangers those who brave standing against Zanu PF
candidates face because of the ever-present violence the party always
unleashes against those who oppose it, the amendments make contest by
anyone outside Zanu PF a costly, futile exercise.

Under the proposed amendments, only uniformed forces and staff at Zimbabwe's
diplomatic missions abroad will be allowed to vote through the postal ballot

Now, this is really as self-serving as electoral amendments will ever come.

The government is keenly aware that, over the years, hundreds of thousands
of Zimbabweans have been forced into the diaspora where they are living as
economic refugees as a direct result of its repressive rule and
disastrous economic policies.

The government also knows quite well that those hundreds of thousands are
very bitter and angry with it for forcing them into a life of expatriates by
making conditions back home unbearable and that, for that reason, none of
them will vote for Zanu PF. It has, therefore, resolved to deny them the
vote as their votes would only serve to swell those for the opposition.

On the other hand, uniformed forces' votes and those from embassies abroad
are always taken for granted to be votes for the ruling party. Besides, the
collection of those votes provides an excellent opportunity for throwing in
a few hundred or so phantom ones, which could just make that crucial
difference between winning and losing for the ruling party.

Put bluntly, the government has devised an easy mechanism to cheat its way
into remaining in power.

The other glaringly self-serving amendment to the Electoral Act stipulates
that only personnel recruited and trained by the Electoral Supervisory
Commission will be allowed to monitor all elections.

As we all know, members of the Electoral Supervisory Commission are all
hand-picked appointees of President Mugabe who naturally would consider
loyalty to Zanu PF as the number one qualification for appointment to the
commission. With the Registrar-General being a self-confessed ruling party
member, what this effectively means is that chances of impartial policing of
any polls are almost non-existent.

As if these two measures were not sufficient to ensure opposition
contestants are cripplingly disadvantaged even before the race proper has
started, the government has placed yet another hurdle on its opponents' lane
of the race course.

Most Zimbabweans who are permanent residents in neighbouring countries such
as Botswana and South Africa and who, therefore, would find it relatively
easy to travel home to vote have been virtually banned from voting.

The amended Act will now require that they produce passports and bills to
prove they have lived in their
constituencies for a continuous period of 12 months.

What all this means is that the government is doing its damnedest to
disenfranchise all Zimbabweans it thinks will vote for the opposition.

This is criminal.
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Daily News

ZESN condemns plans to recruit civil servants as presidential poll monitors

11/12/01 8:03:05 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

THE Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN) has condemned Government's
plans to recruit civil servants as election monitors during next year's
presidential election saying this was detrimental to a free and fair poll.

ZESN said the civil servants would be under immense pressure to support the
ruling party.

The government resolved on Tuesday to amend the Electoral Act to make it
clear that the mandate of the Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC)
includes recruitment, training and deployment of election monitors.

If this succeeds, the ESC would be required to draw monitors from the public
service only.

In a statement ZESN said : "We recognise Government's constitutional right
to effect amendments of an Act of Parliament using Zanu PF's slim majority.

"However, we implore the Executive to reach out to broader civil society and
to be more accommodating. It should be noted that flawed electoral processes
are often a cause of conflict."

"We reiterate that it is absolutely imperative that there be an Independent
Electoral Commission, and not a mere addition of civil servants to the
existing ESC," the ZSEN said.

"We will not shy away from our right and duty to observe the coming
elections. We reiterate that there be early accreditation of both local and
foreign monitors and observers.
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Daily News

Magistrate flees home after attack by Zanu PF mob

11/12/01 8:02:16 AM (GMT +2)

From 0ur Correspondent in Gweru

Vakai Douglas Chikwekwe, a senior magistrate at the Gokwe Magistrate Court
fled his home last Friday after he was attacked by a mob of suspected Zanu
PF supporters.

Police confirmed the incident and said they were still investigating the

It is alleged that Chikwekwe convicted a Zanu PF supporter from Nembudziya
to an effective eight-month jail term after he found him guilty of robbery

This angered his colleagues who ganged up and demonstrated at the
magistrates court before proceeding to Chikwekwe's home at night.

Household goods and window panes to Chikwekwe's home were destroyed when
about 100 suspected Zanu PF supporters besieged his home at Gokwe Growth
Point to vent their anger over what they called a "miscarriage of justice."

Chikwekwe, who was at home when the attack occurred, escaped unhurt. Police
and senior officials from the Ministry of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary
Affairs met with senior Zanu PF officials in the area on Tuesday to resolve
the impasse.

No comment could be obtained after the meeting as the officials remained

July Moyo, Zanu PF's Midlands provincial chairman could not be reached for

Chikwekwe becomes the latest victim of Zanu PF's terror campaign in Gokwe
where several villagers and teachers have been attacked for allegedly
supporting the opposition MDC.

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Daily News

Suspected Zanu PF supporters burn MDC administrator's truck

11/12/01 8:01:28 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

Kudzanai Mashumba, the MDC provincial administrator for Mashonaland East,
had his Nissan Hardbody truck burnt by suspected Zanu PF supporters in
Marondera, at around 2.30am, yesterday.

Mashumba said the vehicle had been driven the previous day by an MDC driver,
Steven Nakomo, to Murehwa where the party was conducting a voter education

Nakomo, 31, said he had parked the vehicle at his home in Cherutombo high
density suburb, when he heard his neighbours screaming.

He said he then observed a cream Mazda 323 and three other vehicles used by
suspected Zanu PF supporters, driving off.

"Zanu PF does not want us to campaign. It does not even want people to
register to vote," Mashumba said.
"These attacks can only be solved if the police in this country are

Mashumba said he suspected a member of the CIO, identified only as Bakasa,
to have been behind the arson.
A policeman at Marondera police station, who refused to be named, confirmed
the incident.

He said police were investigating the case.
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Daily News

Wits engages lawyers to recover $10,5m from Moyo

11/12/01 7:58:37 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

THE University of Witwatersrand (Wits) in Johannesburg, South Africa, has
engaged lawyers to recover about $10,5 million paid by the university to
Professor Jonathan Moyo, the Minister of Information and Publicity, for a
research project he undertook to carry out as a visiting professor but never

Dawn Taylor, of the university's legal department, last week said: "All we
have done is refer the matter to our lawyers for advice. I am sorry I cannot
tell you anything more until the matter is of public record."

She refused to say when the university approached the lawyers or to name

Professor Tom Lodge, the head of Wits' department of political studies, had
said: "The university's legal proceedings are going on, but I don't think
that they have got to a stage of bothering Moyo yet.

"But I can tell you that I don't think we are going to get our money back,"
he said, before referring questions to Taylor. Lodge, last year in
September, said the university's legal department was engaged in discussions
with Moyo to recover the money given to him while he was working on a
research project, initially funded by the Swedish International Development
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Mbeki's efforts are crucial ahead of polls in Zimbabwe

NOW that the month-long bombing campaign in Afghanistan is losing its
lustre, Africa's newsmakers of the year Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe
and his troubled country are bouncing back into the limelight.
As in the past year, the question is not so much what Zimbabwe and its
leader are up to, it is what can be done to deal with him. He has
reintroduced price controls; he continues to intimidate the opposition; he
has turned up the heat on the country's independent press; he is
strengthening his propaganda machinery ahead of the presidential elections
due in March; and the diplomat in him is keeping the international community
guessing about his next move as Zimbabwe heads for hyperinflation.

As things stand, the opposition looks sufficiently disorganised and
incapacitated by internal wrangling to launch a credible electoral challenge
to him. The pseudosocialism he has introduced will buy him time in the short
to medium term that is, certainly before next March from ordinary citizens
by delaying street protests that would result from economic hardship.

Unlike in last year's general election, this year's strategy is more
sophisticated and, if all falls into place, may not rely on violence at all.
Price controls and harassment of editors that keeps them away from their
desks, plus an effective propaganda campaign, seek to restore the old image
of a people's hero that Mugabe once enjoyed.

The western world's attention continues to be trained on the anti-terror
campaign. In the US, the administration is not keen for mainly wrong reasons
to impose sanctions on Harare. Sanctions, which are contained in a law, are
an inflexible tool to any administration. But a significant body of opinion
in Washington still believes sanctions can work.

The European Union has made it clear enough is enough. Brussels is planning
consultations with Harare the precursor to the imposition of sanctions in
protest at the human rights violations under a multilateral accord. The
Commonwealth, which helped broker the Abuja deal that Harare has now turned
its back on, has few teeth.

The African Union (AU) is run unofficially, yet effectively by Mugabe's
friend, Libya's Colonel Muammar Gadaffi. Prompted by press commentators and
opposition, leaders of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
have now resorted to publicly scolding the Zimbabwean leader.

More worrying, Pretoria's influence in Zimbabwe has weakened significantly
with its change in approach. Those who were urging President Thabo Mbeki to
publicly rebuke Mugabe are now urging sanctions. Impose travel restrictions
on Zimbabwe's ruling elite, freeze its assets abroad and cut off
electricity, they urge.

These calls are misguided. None of the African leaders will ever support
sanctions. In fact, they have already refused to back them against Harare. A
year ago, they showed little interest in aiding Belgian authorities to
arrest and prosecute Abdoulaye Yerodia, then Laurent-Désiré Kabila's foreign
minister, accused of fuelling ethnic hatred in the Democratic Republic of

Sanctions hurt the poor. Worse, in Zimbabwe's case, sanctions might just be
the reason for a state of emergency, which will further undermine democracy
and crucial freedoms in that country. It is also, in part, for this reason
that they will never be supported, even wisely, by Zimbabwe's opposition
Movement for Democratic Change.

Sanctions also undermine sovereignty. This is very precious to all African
governments both elected and unelected.

What Mbeki's critics refuse to admit is the success of his "quiet
diplomacy". It was through this approach that SA managed to send in
observers to last June's elections. What these parliamentary observers saw
and reported, though, is something else.

Mbeki also succeeded in internationalising and regionalising the Zimbabwean

In the same way that it would be unwise for him to publicly claim credit for
these efforts, Mbeki would be ill-advised to start scolding Mugabe in
public. Equally, he cannot disengage or juniorise SA's dealings with
Zimbabwe, as his critics want him to.

He must use his influence in the SADC, the Commonwealth and AU teams in
which Pretoria participates to step up pressure on Mugabe to behave better
ahead of next year's polls. Among others, Mbeki must insist that foreign
election observers are invited. Otherwise, democracy will remain endangered.
So will both Mbeki's and SA's reputation.

Sanctions might just be the reason for a state of emergency, which will
further undermine democracy and crucial freedoms in the country

Nov 12 2001 12:00:00:000AM  Business Day 1st Edition

12 November 2001

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The Times


Mugabe bans charities' food aid


PRESIDENT Mugabe’s Government announced yesterday that it would not allow
aid agencies to distribute emergency food supplies to Zimbabweans affected
by a famine.
The ban will wreck a relief operation that was being mobilised by the United
Nations and several international charities, including Oxfam, Western
diplomats said.

Nearly a million people are in dire need of food, according to a survey last
month by the World Food Programme. Food stocks are expected to start running
out in December and even the Government says that at least four times as
many people will be affected as the famine worsens.

Yet Jonathan Moyo, the Information Minister, said yesterday that charities
would use food relief to campaign for the opposition Movement for Democratic
Change. Aid agencies were “planning to smuggle election monitors into
Zimbabwe using the guise of food aid to continue with their plans to
decampaign (destabilise) the present Government ahead of next year’s
presidential elections,” the state-controlled The Sunday Mail quoted him as
saying. “Suggestions by these groups to distribute food through NGOs are
totally unacceptable.” The Government alone would distribute food. “We will
not allow any strangers to roam around interfering in the political affairs
of our country,” he said.

The biggest concern among international donors is the ruling Zanu (PF) party
’s strategy of issuing emergency relief to party supporters and cutting off
areas with a record of support for opposition parties. With Mr Mugabe’s
popularity shrinking as the economy implodes, the party means to ensure it
has food as a weapon before the elections that are due by the end of March.

Diplomatic sources confirm that international donors have decided to exclude
the Government from the distribution of their supplies of food.

A source said: “No one must be allowed to go without food because they
support this or that party.”

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Swazi king pays fine

MAHLANYA (Swaziland). — Swaziland's young absolute monarch bowed to pressure
from the maidens of his kingdom yesterday and delivered up an ox as a fine
for taking another fiancee after demanding that all young women take a vow
of chastity in a bid to counter the Aids menace. Five soldiers escorted the
300 triumphant young women and the ox back from Ngabezweni Palace, the
king's sleeping quarters in the centre of the tiny mountain kingdom, which
is sandwiched between South Africa and Mozambique, to their village of
Mahla-nya, seven kilometres away. That trek took five hours, because the ox
was unco-operative.

At Mahlanya, they slit its throat, and the village held a barbecue, eating
the entire ox, because the soldiers forbade them to take any meat home.

The saga began in mid-September, when King Mswati III, who is just 33, and
at that point had seven wives and one fiancee, announced the reintroduction
of the age-old "Umchwasho" chastity rite, under which young women and
teenage girls must wear "don't touch me" woollen tassels and foreswear sex
for five years.

That was a bid to counter AIDS, which is estimated to have killed 50,000 of
Swaziland's one million people.

Shortly afterwards, the young women, annoyed that a 14-year-old daughter of
the king was attending school in Britain, and had thus escaped the rite,
discovered that the king had just taken a second fiancee, 17-year-old
Nontsetselelo Magongo, a schoolgirl he spotted at a traditional reed dance.

They rebelled, and marched Sunday ululating and chanting on the palace,
where they demanded the fine.-AFP

The Herald

Farm controversy ends

By Ivy Ncube

THE Government has authorised the Minister of Lands, Agriculture and Rural
Resettlement, Dr Joseph Made, to acquire two Karoi farms which were at the
centre of controversy between the white owner and landless settlers.

The two farms, Peveril Place, owned by Mr Marshall Henry Roper and Ansdel
farm, owned by Rockwood Estates P/L, have a total of 22 852 370 hectares.

According to an amendment of the Land Acquisition Act gazetted last Friday,
the Government immediately takes over ownership of the land and the farmer
remains confined to his house, which he should also vacate within three

This effectively means that the two farm owners would with immediate effect
be confined to their houses.

Being the new landowner, the Government can now start demarcating, pegging
and allocating land to the settlers.

The settlers can also immediately start farming activities on their plots.

This is also to pave way for the resettlement Model A2 expected to begin
this week.

"Whereas it is provided by section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter
20:10) that an acquiring authority may, inter alia, not less than 30 days
after the publication in the Gazette of a preliminary notice of intention to
acquire land compulsorily in terms of sub-section (1) of section 5 of the
said Act, acquire by order land or any interest in or right over land," said
Cde Made in two acquisition orders signed yesterday and to be delivered to
the farmers this morning.

According to the orders, Cde Made has been authorised by the President to
acquire Peveril Place measuring 15 884 372 hectares and the remaining extent
of Ansdel, measuring 6 967 998 hectares as described by General Notices 439
and 400 of 2000.

The amendment to the Land Acquisition Act also rules out the contentious
issue of co-existence, where a farmer does not own a piece of land but only
his house.

This is the case with the majority of farms to be acquired under the new

By so doing, the Government wants to ensure that farming activities take
place in a peaceful environment.

This comes against increased violence in which some farmers have been
mobilising their workers to perpetrate violence.

Minister of State for Information and Publicity Professor Jonathan Moyo
yesterday welcomed the development as it had resolved the critical issues
pertaining to land ownership and co-existence.

"This is an important development because the legal ambiguity surrounding
the whole issue of co-existence has been removed.

"There will hence be no co-existence to talk about unless a farm had been
subdivided and the farmer allocated part of that sub-divided farm.

"It is a legal requirement for the farmer to leave the property and
Government to take ownership and allow farming activities by the resettled
farmers with immediate effect," said Prof Moyo.

The new development reverses a ruling last Wednesday by the High Court
ordering settlers on Peveril Farm to defend their continued stay on the farm
and barring any pegging on the land in the interim.

Justice Makarau also made a provisional order directing the occupiers to
show cause why the court should not grant a final order compelling their

The settlers were supposed to defend themselves in the court.

The settlers and the owners of the farm were ordered to hold a meeting
within 14 days to work out a way of co-existing peacefully.

Cde Made said there were many more farms to be compulsorily acquired under
the new Act, including some in Hwedza.

Mr Roper had filed for the eviction of the land occupiers alleging that they
had disrupted his farming operations.

He claimed that they were ploughing on land prepared for tobacco.

In a desperate attempt to evict the landless families, Mr Roper made the
second application through Justice Makarau after his first application had
been rejected by Justice Chinhengo.

In re-filing the matter, Mr Roper through his lawyer Advocate Adrian de
Bourbon, sought that it be considered "in new light’’ although no new
evidence had been produced on the matter.

The Herald

No crisis in Zimbabwe: Mudenge

THE Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr Stan Mudenge, has rebuffed attempts by
the European Union to coerce the United Nations to intervene in Zimbabwe’s
land dispute with Britain.

Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister Mr Louis Michel, whose country is currently
the EU president at the weekend called on the United Nations’ 56th General
Assembly to help resolve what he described as "a crisis" in Zimbabwe.

But Cde Mudenge quickly dismissed the claims that Zimbabwe was in a crisis,
saying provided all parties honoured their obligations, the so-called land
crisis would disappear overnight.

"Obviously when Mr Michel referred to a crisis in Zimbabwe he meant the land
reform programme. I dismissed that of course. I told the delegates that
there is no crisis. In fact, Zimbabwe is helping the UN in resolving crises
in the rest of the world. We have police officers in Kosovo, East Timor,
Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

"What we have in Zimbabwe is a land reform which is meant to correct the
skewed land ownership structure as a direct result of racist policies and
laws of successive colonial regimes between 1890 and 1980.

"Britain has accepted responsibility and this is why we are working towards
implementing the Abuja pact," Cde Mudenge said in an interview from New York

Cde Mudenge said the attempt to lump the reform process in the country with
crises such as in other areas was mischief of the highest order.

He told the assembly that 70 percent of arable land was owned and utilised
by less than one percent of the population represented by 4 100 white
farmers of British descent while 13 million black Zimbabweans eked a living
from 30 percent of the worst arable land.

Cde Mudenge said such a situation has to be corrected in the interest of
equity, justice, social harmony and political stability in the country and
in the Southern Africa region.

"The land reform programme guarantees that none of the present white farmers
will be left landless. Every existing white farmer, who wants to farm, is
assured of getting a farm. The programme is not about total alienation or
dispossession but equitable redistribution.

"As to who should pay for compensation, we have understandings and
agreements reached with the former colonial master when we negotiated our
independence at Lancaster House in 1979. Obligations to pay compensation
were assumed by the former colonial master," he told the assembly.

Permanent representative to the UN in New York, Ambassador Tichaona Jokonya
said it was unfortunate that Zimbabwe’s efforts at rectifying unsustainable
colonial imbalances were seen by others as a crisis.

He said it was apparent that the EU strategy to demonise Zimbabwe hit
another hurdle as the country received overwhelming support from Third World

Latin American and Third World countries gave Zimbabwe rapturous support to
correct the colonial legacy that was evident in the racially skewed land
ownership structure in the country through the reform process.

"In fact it became racial after Cde Mudenge’s response to Mr Michel’s
allegations. How can the EU take an interest in issues that were bilateral.
Zimbabwe is resolved to correct this colonial injustice in spite of the
outcry from some quarters who regard the defence of the present injustice as
their historical responsibility," said Cde Jokonya.

In his address to the UN General Assembly, Mr Michel, said the world body
should help resolve crises in Africa’s troubled spots such as the Great
Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Zimbabwe.

He however, excluded Sierra Leone and Angola where war has been raging for

The delegates were surprised that the EU — which recently threatened
Zimbabwe with sanctions if it did not accept monitors and observers during
the presidential election — had suddenly taken a bilateral issue between
Zimbabwe and Britain to the world body.

Understanding the Budget

A genuine understanding of the 2002 Budget, presented to the nation by the
Minister of Finance and Economic Development Dr Simba Makoni, is only
possible if one has in clear view and grasp of the current interplay of both
the internal and external historical, social, economic and political factors
on the Zimbabwean scene.

Such a premise spells out the reality that we have to go by, if Zimbabweans
as individuals and loyal citizens, the civil society, non-governmental
organizations, donor community and the progressive peace loving
International community expect to meaningfully contribute to the Zimbabwe
national building efforts in the year 2002 and beyond.

The determining reality currently is that:

l the Budget is a definitive document that typically articulates just like
any other country, the Zimbabwean priorities, goals and values (historical,
social, economic, political and etc) in their national, regional and global

l it constitutes an official rallying and referral point for all genuine
stakeholders (national and foreign) in the development moratorium of
Zimbabwe in 2002 and beyond;

l The Budget is chara-cteristically more of an inward looking official
document that seeks to remind Zimbabweans that they only have themselves to
look upon and decide whether Zimbabwe is to be or not to be especially at
this crucial transitional juncture demanding the last graduation leap from
the remnants of the colonial past to the era of consolidation of their
sovereignty (that is Zimbabwehood);

l while attempting to address a wide range of interests on one hand it again
on the other hand hardly does that exhaustively because of scarcity of
resources and the unfavourable image of the Government of Zimbabwe that has
been projected by the opposition and foreign media with no interest in
objectively portraying the Zimbabwean historical reality;

l the Budget provides a highly motivating platform for dialogue by different
local and foreign interests who genuinely subscribe to the Zimbabwean cause
for a human centred socio-economic development process;

l while articulating Zimbabwean priorities the Budget is just but another
commendable step to stabilise the macroeconomic fundamentals which since the
early 90s have had a strong dimension of incoherence and instability (rising
inflation, increasing unemployment levels, very retarded economic growth
rates, etc).

Analysing the global economic development trends, which show greater
indications of weakening into the first half of 2002, the idea is to show
that the Budget is being drafted in highly unfavourable global economic
circumstances. In that perspective while the Budget is designed see Zimbabwe
making an input to the global economy it also seeks to make strategic
interventions that cushion the Zimbabwean nationals from the momentous
negative impact of the pending global economic downturn.

On another note the cited favourability of economic growth in Sub-Saharan
Africa from 3 percent in 2000 to 3,5 percent in 2001 and average 2,5 percent
for the SADC in 2001 while seemingly comforting are in the final analysis
dependent on the unpredictable performance of the global economy and ongoing
reforms in the region and world wide.

These are the challenges and realities 2002 Budget has to take into account
as it adopts measures to stimulate the recovery of the national economy,
which in fact is by virtue of its high 86,3 percent inflationary levels,
reduces Zimbabwe’s export competitiveness in the regional and global markets
where its trading partners have an average of under 5 percent inflationary

The challenges of the Budget are further complicated by consistently
declining prices of Zimbabwe’s major exports on one hand while on the other
hand paradoxically paying high prices for Zimbabwean imports.

Such a precedent creates a challenge for academia, industry, labour,
Government, civil society and international institutions, to dialogue and
emerge with alternative strategy-packages that should enable the Budget to
sail through 2002 and at the same time subsequently creating conducive
conditions for further development in the future.

An analysis of the Zimbabwe economic development in 2001 in the Budget just
as much as the global and regional analysis still portrays the same
unfavourability degree of the Zimbabwean economy and where such a negative
inexorable trend derives from.

Citation of such factors as continued uncertainty over land reform
programme, declining business confidence, withdrawal of international donor
support and foreign exchange shortage as the major sources of economic
contraction by 7,3 percent in 2001, is not only an end in itself but a
reflection of the deeply underlying fundamental contradictions and class
interest (national and equally foreign) on whose resolution the destiny of
Zimbabwe as a sovereignty ultimately depends.

A constructive dialogue with a developed, enlightened clear and near
objective conceptualisation of the past, present and future of Zimbabwe and
the place it has to occupy regionally and globally is just but one of the
guiding principles the stakeholders have to uphold, to ensure the Budget
will have better returns for all interests in the year 2002 and beyond.

Reviewal of the 2001 Budget in which targeted revenues saw reversals by such
a great order from $140,3 billion to $126,5 billion is indicative of a
contracting economy especially unstable and declining macro-economic

Beyond conviction this presents a real challenge to all stakeholders
(Govern-ment, Zimbabweans, non-governmental organisations, civil society,
opposition parties, ruling party, international community, etc) as to what
could be the most appropriate alternatives to be explored in order to boost
production within Zimbabwe, not only in provincial capitals but in the
peripheral zones (rural areas) which have long been taken for granted in
that respect, etc.

The 2002 Budget economic prospects exposure as a logical derivative of a
fairly critical analysis of the macro-economic fundamentals on the Global,
Sub-Saharan, Regional (SADC) and National (Zimbabwe) level for 2001, notes
that there will be a deceleration in economic activity decline in Zimbabwe
in the year 2002.

However, this unarguably simply confirms our expectations as citizens but
consideration of the vote appropriations for the ministries related to the
manufacturing sector, infrastructure development and other primary auxiliary
sectors cast a fairly cool wind of hope, but in the final analysis the
magnitude of the vote that is production targeted is what correctly matters.
Equally, stakeholder subscriptions to the Zimbabwean cause will on this
juncture once again have quite a big bone to chew in their attempts find the
most appropriate input for the 2002 period.

The departure point for the implementation of the 2002 Budget is as a matter
of principle the Millenium Economic Recovery Programme (MERP). The
objectives of this "budget anchor" are still fundamental as they in essence
address the national, regional and international priorities of Zimbabwe as a
sovereign state.

These objectives are:

l arresting economic decline;

l stimulation of production; restructuring of public sector in order to
promote capital formation and social services;

l fiscal discipline, to live within our means;

l establishing confidence and Government credibility with its citizenry, and
last but not least, restoration of positive relations with the international
community, etc.

In line with MERP some of the accompanying key elements of the 2002 Budget
for purposes of mobilisation of the nationals, for production and
development are:

l macro-economic stabilisation;

l effective land reform and increased agricultural production;

l substantive and broad-based economic empowerment and indigenisation;

l mitigating hardships and protecting the vulnerable groups;

l restoration of international cooperation, etc.

This makes a credible policy thrust for development in 2002 around which all
stakeholders by all means should attempt to rally as they make their various
inputs in the development process, to actually decelerate or mitigate the
declining development trend so pronounced in the Zimbabwean economy.
Part 2 :
As for the 2002 Great Zimbabwe Budget estimates, it is vital to note that
ministerial vote appropriations have generally been revised upwards. However
this would be commendable in terms of the real buying power of votes in the
contemporary since inflationary levels of 86,3 percent render the Zimbabwean
economy precarious and national currency considerably weak.

Even then and more so, what matters at the end is the amount of the vote
that is production generation targeted and promotive. This dimension equally
weighs for the productive and non-productive sectors as they all in the
final analysis constitute fundamental elements of the National Gross Product
on the principle of their indispensability. However, the citation made by
the Honourable Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Dr Simba
Makoni, of the Pan Africanist Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah on the founding of the
OAU on 24 May 1963 addressing other African leaders about the need to
eradicate symptoms of African troubles so that they do not turn chronic,
through combined planning and making concerted efforts to serve people,
rings a bell to those who opt to be in the leadership vanguard, that
political commitment and will are greatly essential as guiding principles.
Otherwise on another note, it also indicates one very vital feature that
governmental circles are gradually no longer a domain for politicians alone
but intellectuals with a clear and mature political orientation also.

Having noted the above, the commentary on the Budget would be premature
without a consideration of its eminent strengths, weakness and alternatives
it inherently generates. On one hand, the strengths of the 2002 Budget

its economic recovery stimulation dimensions;

definition of a policy thrust around which Zimbabwean nationals and
foreigners will be mobilised for the promotion of production and development
as well as alleviation and mitigation of suffering;

its accurate depiction of the unfavourable Zimbabwe socio-economic scenario
as a derivative of unstable macro-economic fundamentals (economic growth,
inflation, unemployment, debt, negative trade balance etc) on the global,
Sub-Saharan, regional scene, etc.

On the other hand the weaknesses of the 2002 Great Zimbabwe Budget

inadequacy of the resources and the absence of investment in research
science and technology as the major determinants of economic development;

absence of a vote appropriation to support the mechanism on mitigating the
effects of an already unfavourable global, sub-continental and regional
macro-economic environment;

its empowering inclination is still very small since Finance and Economic
Development; Industry and International Trade; Lands, Agriculture and Rural
Resettlement, as the currently relevant ministries have been accorded votes
which still fall short of the demands raised in those ministries, in the
contempoary, etc.

With the strengths and weaknesses of the Budget outlined, the challenge of
what alternatives to pursue becomes obvious. In the light of the
unfavourably prevalent circumstances in which the Budget obtained, some of
the alternatives to explore would be:

articulation of the Zimbabwe economic, political and social priorities by
way of rallying around this Budget by all stakeholders, that is the
nationals and internationals;

initiating debate within existing national, regional and international
institutions/ arrangements, that seeks to explain and support the Budget as
an instrument of justifying the Zimbabwean cause for development as a
sovereign state just like any other country;

not adopting the Budget as a tool for antagonisation, discriminating
nationals and internationals by various interest groups but otherwise
adopting it as an institution designed to promote the welfare and mutuality
of Zimbabweans in the final analysis.

Finally, while a lot could have their own reservations as a right, the 2002
Great Zimbabwe Budget constitutes a well thought out attempt to address the
Zimbabwean cause and case for development over the timeframe for which it is
typically designed.

Zanu (PF) launches presidential election campaign in Harare

ZANU (PF) Harare Province war veterans leader Cde Joseph Chinotimba
yesterday launched the ruling party’s presidential election campaign in
Harare by calling on the party’s supporters to stop infightings, which he
said cost the party all the Harare urban seats during the June 2000
Parliamentary election.

He told party supporters at the provincial headquarters in Harare that some
individuals in the party were bent on causing divisions.

"We must mobilise support for President Mugabe. This is the time for unity
and all divisions and factional fighting that characterised the
parliamentary election should cease," he said.

Cde Chinotimba said it was mandatory that all eligible voters check their
names on the voters’ role and register for the election.

He castigated the MDC party for betraying the struggle against colonialism.

"Don’t be like Mr Morgan Tsvangirai. We gave him a job to look after the
welfare of the workers, but he has instead betrayed them. Tsvangirai is like
Muzorewa he is being used by the British," said Cde Chinotimba.

After observing a minute of silence in a prayer for Cde Cain Nkala, the
Bulawayo Province war veterans leader who was kidnapped last week by yet
unknown persons Cde Chinotimba said: "The kidnapping of Cde Nkala is like
asking for the elections to be cancelled. Hondo yavatanga havaigoni. They
(MDC) won’t be able to sustain the war they have declared."

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From The Times (UK), 12 November

Govt threatens bloodbath

Events following the disappearance of Cain Nkala, a senior Bulawayo-based war veteran, took a further sinister turn yesterday and today, as senior government and Zanu PF officials threatened a violent response to members of the MDC, who they accuse of being responsible for his ‘kidnapping’. Police this morning arrested Simon Spooner, managing director of a Bulawayo-based chemical manufacturing company, and campaign manager for Bulawayo MP David Coltart in last year’s parliamentary elections. The arrest follows threats made yesterday in the state media by vice-president Joseph Msika, Sikhanyiso Ndlovu, Zanu PF national deputy political commissar, and Obert Mpofu, governor of Matabeleland North. "If they are looking for a blood bath they will certainly get it. We have not arrived at that juncture yet. We do not want to be controlled by anger but our reaction will come at the appropriate time, " Msika said yesterday.

Nkala disappeared from his Bulawayo home early last week, being dragged away by ten men armed with AK47s after a struggle which resulted in Nkala’s wife being injured. The government has repeatedly blamed the MDC for the abduction, and has used the incident as a pretext for an eight-hour raid of the MDC’s Bulawayo offices last Friday, the storming by a large mob of Zanu PF thugs of the MDC’s Harare headquarters on Saturday, and the current crackdown on MDC members and supporters in Bulawayo and elsewhere. Ian Beddowes, owner of a construction company which enjoys the patronage of Zanu PF, was quoted in today’s Bulawayo Chronicle as saying: "This is the beginning of a lot of things which are going to happen, that is if we leave them to do as they please. Unfortunately we cannot afford to let them do that. I believe all this is fuelled by the M15, which is using MDC to destabilise the country." Cde Msika also alleged there was a "a third force", which he said was using the opposition Movement for Democratic Change to destabilise the country.

Nkala’s disappearance is linked to the earlier kidnapping, shortly before the June 2000 parliamentary elections, of Patrick Nabanyama, Coltart’s election agent. Nabanyama has not been seen since, and was almost certainly murdered. Nkala and other Bulawayo-based war veterans were charged with his kidnapping but have yet to be brought before the courts. Sources within the war veterans’ association say that growing discontent had developed within the organisation because the war veterans who actually conducted Nabanyama’s abduction resented the fact that they had been charged with the offence, whereas members of the CIO, to whom they reputedly handed Nabanyama after kidnapping him, had not been charged. Kidnapping and murder are offences not covered by the presidential amnesty granted last year to perpetrators of politically-motivated crimes.

Three weeks ago, a local stringer for an overseas broadcasting organisation approached senior MDC officials with detailed and precise information as to the whereabouts of Nabanyama’s body, the location of which he had been shown by war veterans. Based on this information, the Amani Trust, a Zimbabwean human rights group which deals with the victims of torture, has taken the investigations several stages further. Nkala seems to have undergone a change of heart recently, and is reported to have been helping commercial farmers resolve disputes on illegally-occupied farms. War veterans in Bulawayo say that Nkala’s abduction last week was conducted by members of the CIO anxious to cover up their involvement in Nabanyama’s disappearance and murder.

From News24 (SA), 11 November

Mugabe steps up evictions

Harare - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has used his sweeping powers of decree to force farmers off their land and sidestep their rights to have their eviction approved by the courts, the state press said on Saturday. The state-controlled daily Herald said regulations issued on Friday under Mugabe's "presidential powers" - close to state of emergency authority - allow the government to resettle people on white-owned farms before the high court has heard the owners' appeals. Farm union officials were shocked by Mugabe's latest move. "It demonstrates that the government's fast track resettlement programme is illegal," said David Hasluck, director of the Commercial Farmers' Union. "Otherwise, why would they use executive powers?" Mugabe's new decree on land seizure allows the government to effectively to confiscate land without legal recourse, he said. Under current legislation, the government can issue farm owners with orders which state that their property has been acquired by government. However, Hasluck said, the government has no right to interfere with the farm until the owner has exercised his right to object to the high court. Only after the court has approved the acquisition can the state prepare the land and move settlers on. The court's approval is also needed before the owners' eviction is ordered. However, the new presidential decree allows the state to "survey, demarcate and allocate it (the land) for resettlement," and order the farmer off the land, the Herald said. Owners will have three months in which to abandon their land.

The move follows a series of high court rulings recently that have ordered squatters to stop harassing farmers and preventing them from carrying out farming operations while the farmers challenge the state's plans to seize their land. Friday's decree appeared to undermine any further appeals by farmers to be allowed to work without being attacked and harassed by squatters, Hasluck said. The move is expected to cause new anxiety of arbitrary mass evictions of white farmers as Mugabe attempts to build up support ahead of presidential elections due by the end of March 2002. The decree is the latest in a rash of legislation effected by the regime to enable it to seize land with the minimum of legal process, observers say. It also precedes the two-week survey due next week by a United Nations team to check if Mugabe's so-called "fast track land reform programme" is being carried out legally, transparently and without any disruption to agricultural output. Thirty-nine farm workers and nine white farmers have been murdered since the thousands of state-backed militias began invading white-owned land in February 2000. Over 7 500 farm workers have been driven off their land and commercial agriculture - responsible for 85 per cent of the country's formally marketed output - is forecast to fall by 40% this farming season.

From The Zimbabwe Standard, 11 November

Plans for rigging election begin

The recently launched mobile registration exercise taking place in resettlement areas and occupied farms is aimed at boosting Zanu PF’s chances of winning the elections, its critics have said. The Standard established last week that few people in the urban areas were aware of the exercise and believe it to be part of a wider plan by the ruling party to disenfranchise millions of potential voters. The current voter registration blitz is concentrated on the resettlement areas and occupied farms - the bastions of government power. There is, however, very little of the exercise going on in urban areas where the opposition derives most of its support. The opposition also believes that a number of headmen are compiling names of opposition supporters. It is not clear what the provincial registrars intend to do with the names, but opposition supporters have complained that they are having difficulty registering as voters.

The Zimbabwe Civic Education Trust sees this move as an attempt by government to rig the election. David Chimhini, the Zimcet executive director, said government was attempting to disenfranchise those perceived to be sympathetic to the opposition. Said Chimhini: "It is public knowledge that the exercise is concentrated around the farms. What happens to those displaced from the farms by the war veterans?" He added: "All these are deliberate mechanisms to deny people their right to vote. You don’t ban election monitors in a democratic society. If it is only the ruling party which decides who should be educated, then that is not democracy. They are saying civil servants will do the educating, and we know that they mean the CIO, war veterans, the police and the army - the people whose loyalty lies with the ruling party. But then you can’t referee your own game. You need an outsider to do that. The system is being designed to rig elections," said Chimhini.

The registrar-general’s office refuted allegations that voter registration was meant to facilitate rigging. "The allegations that our office is being used to rig next year’s presidential election is news to us because our office is very impartial in all its activities. It is a public office created to serve the people irrespective of their political persuasions. If there is anybody who has been denied registration because of his political party affiliation, we would be interested to know their details. Members of parliament, in addition to the local leadership, were advised about the exercise and asked to mobilise the people to take advantage and register as voters," said the registrar general’s office in response to queries from The Standard.

However, Giles Mutsekwa, MP for Mutare North, said he had received over 500 complains from supporters who had been frustrated by officials conducting the exercise. Mutsekwa, whose constituency is largely rural, said the exercise would prejudice the opposition as it was concentrated in Zanu PF strongholds. "The exercise is concentrated on the occupied farms. We will see a situation where very few people are going to vote. Zanu PF starts rigging the election from registration and this is part of that process. After covering the resettlement areas, they will fast track the exercise to deny our supporters a chance," said Mutsekwa.

MDC secretary general, Welshman Ncube, said what government was planning amounted to electoral fraud. "The fact that Zanu PF wants to avoid the scrutiny of impartial local monitors from civil society and the international community, clearly shows that they want to cheat. They know for a fact that they cannot win a free and fair election in Zimbabwe today and therefore they are doing everything to ensure that the presidential election is conducted under total cover of darkness. How can it be argued that a party that has killed over 50 opposition supporters, displaced over 200 000 farm workers, maimed thousands of people, and continues to victimise innocent Zimbabweans, can run elections without the full scrutiny of independent monitors?"

From ZWNEWS: We have a report compiled by the ZHR NGO - "How to rig an election" - setting out the detailed evidence, from witness statements and court testimony, of just how the government rigs elections. If you would like a copy of this report, please send us a message. It will be sent as a Word attachment to an email message, size 104 KB, or about twice the size of the average daily ZWNEWS.

From The Zimbabwe Standard, 11 November

$219 Million for VIP cars – But Stanley Botsh seeks Zimoco’s disqualification

The cash-strapped government has set aside $219 million to buy luxury cars for government ministers and their deputies, the speaker of parliament and judges, investigations by The Standard reveal. But the deal is facing problems. Documents at hand show that an order for 38 Mercedes Benz sedans has already been placed with Daimler Chrysler in Germany, while another for 18 Toyota Camry 220 SEis and three Peugeot 406s is yet to be made at a total cost of $219 250 000. In a letter to the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe dated 24 August 2001, the-then acting secretary for finance and economic development, E T Chigudu, described the vehicle purchases as a high priority. "The government wishes to procure vehicles for senior government officials with a total worth of $219 250 000 (see attachment). This is to confirm that this procurement is a government priority..." reads part of the letter.

Government purchase order number V3218 dated 28 September, from the Central Mechanical Equipment Department (CMED) to luxury vehicle supplier, Zimoco, lists a total of 38 vehicles to be imported from Germany. The order is for 32 Mercedes Benz E240s, two S320s and four E200s, which all cost $136 530 960, a figure more than a third of the 2002 budget allocation to the ministry of mines and energy. But the supply of the vehicles from German auto manufacturer Daimler Chrysler is now in doubt following an urgent High Court application by Girton Enterprises (Pvt) Ltd which is contesting the Government-Zimoco deal which did not go to tender. Girton had initially been awarded the tender to supply the vehicles in July this year. But in a twist of events, the ministry of transport and communication decided to place the order with Zimoco which had lost the tender.

In its application that cites the minister of transport and communication, the chairman of the Zimbabwe government tender board, the acting director of CMED and Zimoco, Girton argues that it had already secured the vehicles from South Africa and stands to lose out if Zimoco is allowed to make the delivery. Sources at the CMED said there had been a lot of connivance in the award of the order outside tender procedures between top officials in the transport ministry, the tender board, CMED and vehicle suppliers. They cited the Reserve Bank’s refusal to give Girton a letter of credit after the company had won the tender. It also emerged that if government had bought the vehicles through Girton, it would have saved $80 million to $90 million dollars. Girton had been awarded the tender on the strength that it offered the lowest prices. The vehicles ordered by Girton from South Africa are now in a warehouse where they are attracting storage charges, according to papers filed at the High Court on Friday.

Contacted for comment Girton managing director, Stan Botsh, refused to comment saying since the matter was before a court it would be subjudice to comment. In the initial tender, only Girton, Croco Motors and Southern Region Trading were the companies that met the required specifications. Tender adjudication documents show that Zimoco had failed to provide a tax clearance certificate, a prerequisite for any government tender. The failure by Zimoco to provide the tax clearance certificate means the company should have been disqualified. Although Girton is seeking a nullification of the order to Zimoco, a letter dated 31 October from Zimoco’s managing director to CMED acting director shows that 25 of the vehicles are ready for delivery.

From Business Day (SA), 12 November

UN wants all foreign troops out of Congo

New York - The Security Council unanimously approved a resolution giving the go-ahead to a new phase in the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission in Congo and demanding an end to all hostilities. The council at the weekend backed Secretary-General Kofi Annan's recommendation to start implementing the next phase in the peace process which calls for the withdrawal of all foreign forces in Congo and the disarmament, demobilisation and repatriation of armed groups. "The peace process in the Congo may be at a turning point," Annan told an open meeting of the council with parties to the 1999 Congo cease-fire accord, which is still being violated.

Congo's civil war broke out in August 1998 when Rwanda and Uganda backed Congolese rebels seeking to oust then president Laurent Kabila. Troops from Zimbabwe, Namibia and Angola now back the government, and Burundi joined the fray to fight Burundian rebels based in eastern Congo. The Lusaka Accord, which was repeatedly violated, gained momentum after Joseph Kabila became president of Congo in January, following his father's assassination. The UN-monitored cease-fire has largely held this year, despite continued fighting in the east. The council resolution welcomed "the general respect for the cease-fire", but demanded that the parties to the Lusaka agreement "cease any form of support to the armed groups, particularly in the east of the country." It stressed the importance of deploying UN military observers in eastern Congo.

Council members expressed "concern" at yesterday's announcement that Congo's two main rebel groups have agreed to set up a 4100-strong force to track down and disarm insurgents from neighbouring Rwanda and Burundi and planned to deploy a joint special force in the eastern town of Kindu. The Security Council stressed that the demilitarisation of Kindu is essential for the UN force to ensure that the voluntary disarmament and demobilisation of armed groups takes place "in a neutral environment." The council also reiterated its call for the demilitarisation of Kisangani, Congo's second-largest city. France's UN ambassador Jean-David Levitte said the council decided to reinforce the UN military presence in Kisangani in the coming months. In addition, Levitte said the council decided to send up to 2000 troops to Kindu by next summer to monitor the disarmament of armed groups and the withdrawal of all foreign forces.

The council welcomed the withdrawal of some foreign forces from Congo and urged others to comply with the accord's demand for a total pullout. Annan said the withdrawal of Namibian troops and many Ugandan soldiers "is encouraging," and he urged the governments of Angola, Zimbabwe and Rwanda "to speed up preparations for a rapid withdrawal of their troops." The secretary-general said the reopening of the Congo River "is the most important single step that can now be taken to reunite the country and stimulate its economic and social life." Rebels from the Congolese Rally for Democracy have blocked a UN initiative to reopen the river. Meanwhile, the main Congolese rebel movement said on Saturday their forces repulsed a major offensive by a coalition of forces backed by the Kinshasa government near Fizi in eastern Congo. "We have crushed a major attack by our enemies backed by the regime in Kinshasa," Kin-Kiey Mulumba, spokesman of the Rally for the Congolese Democracy said.

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