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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zimbabwe says Blair sponsors terrorism
By Peta Thornycroft in Harare
(Filed: 19/11/2001)

PRESIDENT MUGABE accused Tony Blair and Britain yesterday of sponsoring
terrorism in Zimbabwe in an attempt to overthrow the Harare regime.

In a frenzy of accusations, Mr Mugabe repeatedly claimed that the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change was a terrorist organisation.

He said it was sponsored by the British Government "which is corrupting our
youth, showering them with trinkets, drugs and drinks to get them ready for

Mr Mugabe said the party "had plenty of funding from [mainly white]
commercial farmers, organisations within the region, and international
organisations such as the Westminster Foundation which gets its dirty money,
its dirty tricks, from the British Labour Party, the Conservative Party, the
Liberal Party and also from the government of Tony Blair."

The Westminster Foundation for Democracy is an independent London-based
charity set up in 1992 with the aim of building and strengthening democratic
institutions abroad.

It receives £4 million a year from the Government as well as contributions
from the private sector and organisations such as the National Lottery. No
one from the foundation was available for comment yesterday.

Mr Mugabe was speaking at the state funeral of a Mugabe loyalist, Cain
Nkala, 43, a veteran of the independence war who was abducted and found
strangled a week later in a shallow grave near Zimbabwe's second-largest
city, Bulawayo.

The president accused the MDC of organising Mr Nkala's "abduction, torture
and cruel death".

Political analysts say Mr Mugabe's accusations are a precursor to increased
persecution of the MDC, whose leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, is standing against
him in a presidential election which must be held before March 17 next year.

The Times


Mugabe says Blair pays for 'terrorists'


IN HIS most unbridled tirade against political opponents,President Mugabe of
Zimbabwe described them yesterday as terrorists sponsored by Britain and
signalled a severe security crackdown.
Speaking at the state funeral of Cain Nkala, a murdered ruling party
militant, Mr Mugabe blamed the death on “internal and external terrorist
forces” funded by, among others, the British Government. He repeated the
word “terrorist” about 30 times in his 45-minute speech.

Among his targets were Britain and “Rhodesians” whose “dirty money”, he
said, was being used in an attempt to recolonise Zimbabwe. “Let it be heard
in the tall towers of London, in their tall towers elsewhere, we shall never
brook attempts to subject us to colonial rule,” he said.

His rambling speech ended a week of frenzied denunciations in the state
media of the “terrorist” opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC),
the arrest of 14 party officials, the destruction of its Bulawayo offices
and the setting alight and stoning of supporters’ homes there.

A Foreign Office spokesman in London said that any suggestion that Britain
was supporting terrorism was absurd. Britain had helped to fund the
Zimbabwean opposition, specifically through the Westminster Foundation for
Democracy, set up in 1992 to support democracy around the world, he said. Mr
Mugabe cited “the Westminster Foundation which as we have established beyond
doubt gets dirty money, dirty tricks from the British Labour Party, the
Conservative Party and the Liberal party, and that is, of course, also from
the Government of Tony Blair”.

Mr Nkala, who was found strangled in Bulawayo, was known for leading violent
occupations of white-owned farms in the Bulawayo area. An MDC official has
been publicly accused of the killing but the independent weekly Zimbabwe
Standard quoted unnamed relatives yesterday as saying that Mr Nkala had been
kidnapped and murdered by an opposing faction of the war veterans’ militia.

It said Mr Nkala, who was facing charges of abducting an MDC agent in
Bulawayo last year, had told relatives that his life was in danger and he
was about to flee to Britain.

As Mr Mugabe spoke at a “hero’s burial” for him, about 200 riot police
surrounded the MDC headquarters in central Harare. They told party officials
that they were there to prevent war veterans from storming the building.

There is alarm now that Mr Mugabe’s regime is about to revisit upon the
western provinces of Matabeleland the reign of terror of the mid-1980s when
government troops massacred up to 8,000 Ndebele civilians. “The brutality,
torture, intimidation, the arrests in the middle of the night, the heating
up of emotions is exactly what we had in the run-up to the 1985 elections,”
David Coltart, an MDC MP, said.

The Electronic Herald - Glasgow

Mugabe 'tall towers' warning

ROBERT Mugabe, president of Zimbabwe, last night made thinly veiled
references to the atrocities of September 11 in an attack on the British

In an emotional speech at the funeral of one of his supporters he accused
Tony Blair of sponsoring terrorism in Zimbabwe adding: "Let it be heard in
the tall towers of London, in their tall towers elsewhere . . . we shall
never, ever brook attempts to subject us."

He vowed to crack down on the opposition, describing them as the
"terrorists" backed by Britain.

In London, a Foreign Office spokesman said any suggestion that Britain was
supporting any kind of terrorism was "absurd."

The spokesman said Britain had helped fund the Zimbabwean opposition,
specifically through the Westminster Foundation for Democracy, a government
body set up in 1992 to support democracy around the world.

Mr Mugabe, who is known for making inflammatory statements, was speaking at
the funeral of a ruling party militant whose death he blamed on opposition

- Nov 19th

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Trudy's Diary - no 9: 20 October 2001 - published in Zimbabwe Independent

The Presidential election procedure finally got under way last Friday when
the Mobile Registration exercise was announced to start October 15 and end
Thursday 13 December.  The programme has been very poorly advertised so
far - only one appearance in the Herald, none in the independent press - so
few people will be aware, few will register or check, and - Bob's your

I have not seen an official ban on NGOs carrying out civic education,
although the intention was made clear "from the highest office".  I recall
very clearly the RG's office stating in early 2000 that they did not have
sufficient funds to advertise or consider making provision for overseas
voting, and they were depending on "others" to do this - yet they refused
funding or any assistance from a recent international delegation.  It is
useful to have an excuse to maintain the communist way - pretence at
democracy, secrecy, fear, pseudo parties and NGOs, stage-managed
"consultation", all in the name of "the people".  For an MP to obtain a copy
of the voter's roll to help constituents check their names, it will cost $30
000 - a month's salary.   The RG's office could assist enormously by
providing access to the electronic version on diskette - but that would be
too much like genuine assistance.  Why should they make life easy for
anyone, especially anyone in MDC?  So sick and elderly people will have to
queue all day in the hot sun, and be jostled, taunted and intimidated - and
maybe turned away in the end - in an effort to claim their right to vote.

Speculation on the date is gathering momentum, made difficult by uncertainty
as to whether Mugabe will uphold the provisions of the Constitution and the
Electoral Act or once again make use of statutory instruments and his
prerogative to do whatever suits him.  I visualize an operations room at
ShakeShake building where a jittery team is trying to do mathematical
calculations on probability of food riots, resettlement revolt/harvest,
dollar devaluation/crash, targeted sanctions (seizing chefs' overseas
assets, banning their travel, stopping their offspring studying abroad,
etc.), general strike, mutiny in DRC, colonisation by Libya, etc.
before/after such and such a date. The Titanic is at 85 degrees.

Brisbane CHOGM is postponed 6 months.  This is good, since Mugabe is
pressured to restore and maintain law and order for much longer than he
thought he could get away with - until after the election, in fact!
Likewise the Abuja agreement cannot be swept away as soon as he probably
hoped, while the EU machinery grinds on - they meet again next week to
re-consider targeted sanctions and other measures under Article 96 of the
Cotonou agreement.  Pressure is building up, internationally, and that is
all for the better.  As if unaware, Mugabe converted his Brisbane jaunt to a
visit to Vietnam, where baffled war veterans wearing splendid red cards
listened uncomprehending as he speechified before the ZTV camera.

Back home, the indigenisation troika - Chiyangwa, Kasukuwere and Chapfika -
re-activated their ZanuPF Parliamentary Caucus Committee on Empowerment and
went on a tour of businesses ostensibly to check on prices.  Once again they
intimidated and terrorized people (including an unsuccessful attempt on
Permanent Secretary Comberbach), threatened to take them over - and now
government is doing the same thing.  The visits explain why the genuine
Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs, Industry and International
Trade, also chaired by Chiyangwa, which is bi-partisan and is bound to
conduct itself in accordance with Standing Rules and Orders, was cancelled
two weeks in a row, at a crucial time just before the Budget is to be
presented.  No wonder Parliament is not taken seriously.

As if industry and commerce were not enough, Chiyangwa and Kasukuwere even
disrupted a Parliamentary workshop organized by the Association of West
European Parliamentarians for Africa - AWEPA - to accuse MDC MPs of wanting
to stay in fancy hotels and waste money - seemingly unaware that AWEPA
organized the accommodation, and hiding the fact that their own lifestyle is
extravagant in the extreme.

CZI hosted a breakfast to launch their report on the March-May company
invasions (notable absentees Chiyangwa and Kasukuwere) where what was not
said in the report was almost as revealing as what was said - eg. it was not
mentioned that the invasions were politically motivated!  The omissions were
made very clear in the discussion, as was the feeling that the consultant
had deliberately avoided certain major issues.  CZI was reminded that they
had failed to come up with a single concrete position during the invasions,
which had resulted in their members being left to fend for themselves, and
that until they began to act as a body to protect members, they would
continue to be harassed and invaded.  Interestingly, a week later after the
price controls were announced, CZI put full-page adverts in both government
and independent press showing the cost of producing a loaf of bread and the
consequence if government sticks to the new controlled price.  They are

Government does not learn, however - we are back to price controls and "the
socialism we always wanted to implement"!  We on the other side have tried
to work out the strategy, which surely cannot be to shoot themselves in the
foot just before the presidential election, but - that's the result!  We
already have bread shortages, other controlled goods cannot be found - and
talk of impending food riots is rife.  We know they will go for short-term
populist measures in an effort to stay in power, but taking over bankrupt
companies will only fool the Chinos of this world.  Chapfika is leading the
crusade against the parallel market and bank profits, sour grapes for
Unibank's dismal performance.

Parliament went into recess on 4 October, ostensibly in preparation for
Budget Day re-scheduled for Thursday 1 November (delayed from the
much-heralded 11 October announced in July).  We passed the Children's
Protection and Adoption Amendment Bill and the Criminal Penalties Amendment
Bill, which sets a scale of penalty levels rather than amounts, so that they
can be adjusted without always having to refer back to Parliament -sensible
in times of economic instability.  Ironically, however, some penalties are
not covered by the new Bill - eg. the Broadcasting Regulations penalty for
broadcasting without a licence is $ 5 million, while the current maximum
under the new Act is only $200 000!   No amount of arguing would make
Chinamasa see the inconsistency - nor did he think it inconsistent to be
setting specific amounts of penalty in the Children's Protection and
Adoption Amendment while at the same time arguing for the need for levels
rather than amounts in the Criminal Penalties Amendment passed on the same

Mangono managed to persuade the House that Masvingo should be granted City
status, while Minister Herbert Murerwa fast-tracked ratification of the
ACP-EU Cotonou Agreement despite pleas to allow the Parliamentary Portfolio
Committee to study it before proceeding - which is what should happen,
according to Standing Rules.  The provisions to promote democracy and
transparency are welcome, but we hope Zimbabweans will not live to regret
this major international trade agreement.  The motion to investigate
circumstances leading to the Zisco disturbances and the killing of 3 workers
is still unresolved, as is the motion on the strikes and collapse of the
Health sector, while Madiro has given notice of a motion to condemn ZCTU for
"the recent two-day stayaway" (it was last year!).

Most ministers are still not attending Question Time, which is frustrating
for members and also burdensome on the few who do attend, as they then have
to face a barrage of questions!  We continue to probe the disbursement of
"project funds" and the National Youth Service, both highly suspect
activities.  Chombo answered my question on Hatcliffe Extension by admitting
that only some 40 families have been allocated houses since the Temporary
Holding Camp was established - in 1993!  As to measures to upgrade the
existing settlement, he informed us that they are busy knocking down houses
in Mbare so that they can put up some flats there.!  The following week I
wanted to ask him about allocation of stands in Harare, but neither he nor
many other ministers were there, however the Speaker insisted that I could
not raise a point of order on that issue but I should just ask my question -
which I duly did and which Chinamasa admitted he could not answer.  Makoni
gave a graphic description of what happens when a government simply prints
more money, and admitted it is one reason we have constantly increasing
prices, but would not be pinned down on it being responsible rather than the
"economic sabotage by Whites" being put about by Jono, Chiyangwa and co.

Ministers have been responding to issues raised in response to the
Presidential address at the opening of the session.  Gumbo (Deputy - Home
Affairs) requested that we not pre-judge the new Public Order and Security
Bill until we have seen it, since it should have had all the "problems"
removed.  Debate on the American Zimbabwe Democracy and Recovery Bill has
been suspended to the end of this month in view of the attacks on New York
and Washington, but Gwisai's proposed amendments to both it and Chiyangwa's
Price Control motion are likely to confuse issues.

October is suicide month, they say - the heat sends us into varying states
of madness, including possibly the "struggles within the struggle"
(acknowledgement to Prof Masipula Sithole) purportedly gripping MDC.  The
greater madness, however, is of those who suspend their powers of reason to
the extent of believing what they see and hear in the state-controlled
media.  What is certain is that all the machinery and all the tricks ZanuPF
can muster are being put into full and immediate action to prevent the
change which 99,9% of the people of this country desperately want to happen
in the next few months.  If we allow ourselves or our acquaintances to be
duped and disillusioned so easily, we ourselves will be guilty of betrayal.
This is the time for us to stand firm in our resolve to complete the change
for a better life.

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Daily News

Mugabe threatens to crush the MDC

11/19/01 10:04:21 AM (GMT +2)

By Pedzisai Ruhanya

PRESIDENT Mugabe yesterday threatened the MDC and vowed to crush it after he
accused the opposition party of abducting and killing Cain Nkala, the
Matabeleland province chairman of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War
Veterans’ Association.

Addressing hundreds of mourners at the National Heroes Acre where Nkala was
buried yesterday, Mugabe said: “The MDC and their supporters should know
that their days are numbered. The time is now up for the MDC terrorists as
the world has been awakened by the death of Nkala.”

Mugabe said Nkala was murdered by MDC activists and officials assisted by
internal and external forces with funds from the commercial farmers,
organisations in the region and the Westminster Foundation in Britain.

He charged that the Westminster Foundation gets its funding from the Labour,
Conservative and Liberal parties in the United Kingdom with the help of the
British government led by Prime Minister Tony Blair.

In a blistering 40-minute attack on his foes, Mugabe labelled the MDC and
the country’s white farmers “terrorists” at least 20 times.

“Comrade Nkala’s brutal murder was a bloody outcome of an orchestrated, much
wider and carefully planned terrorist plot by internal and external enemy
forces with plenty of funding from some commercial farmers and organisations
in the region (and) organisations internationally . . . ,” he said.

British officials were not immediately able to comment on the accusations.

But the MDC has denied involvement in Nkala’s death and accused the Zanu PF
government of using it as a pretext to crack down on the opposition as the
country sinks deeper into an economic and political crisis.

“We are not a terrorist organisation by any stretch of the imagination, nor
are we foreign-funded,” Professor Welshman Ncube, secretary-general of the
MDC, told Reuters yesterday.

He said Mugabe was building a case to ban the MDC before the presidential
election, due before April.
“They want to systematically terrorise our people and drive us out of the
campaign field,” Ncube said.

“Let’s make no mistake about what the target of the MDC and its British
sponsors is. It is our sovereignty, our independence and their wish to
subjugate us,” Mugabe From Page 1 said to cheers from the mourners accusing
the MDC of numerous assaults and murders of government supporters, Mugabe
said his government would not “allow this programme of terrorism to win. The
MDC should also know that their days are numbered”.

Mugabe also accused the MDC of showering youths in colleges with money to
induce them to commit terrorist acts against Zanu PF supporters.

“It is a fight to reverse our sovereignty and our right to determine who
shall lead us. It’s a fight to subject us to colonial rule through remote
control,” Mugabe said.

He said the West, not Asia or Africa, should tell Zimbabweans who the
terrorists are between the Zanu PF government and the MDC.

Mugabe accused the MDC of trying to come to power through the use of
“They want to reach the seat of government through the use of violence. The
leader of the MDC has said so,” Mugabe said.

He accused the MDC of training people to carry out terrorist acts in the
“Apart from MDC terrorist training camps in the commercial farms and outside
the country, there are similar activities of torture against Zanu PF
supporters by the MDC. We have already warned the MDC to desist from this
path of terrorism,” Mugabe said.

Mugabe urged his supporters to be calm and allow the police to investigate
the matter.
But Ncube yesterday denied that his party was a terrorist organisation.

Ncube said: “We want to state categorically that we are a lawful political
party. Our entire philosophical foundation is based on freedom, liberty and
equality of people before the law. We deny that we are a terrorist
organisation and do not train anyone militarily to violate the laws of the

He said it was Zanu PF and the war veterans who are involved in terror
campaigns against MDC supporters.

“We have had no less than 55 people killed in the last year or so and Mugabe
has been silent over these murders. Where is Talent Mabika, Tichaona
Chiminya, Patrick Nabanyama and Matthew Pfebve, to mention just but a few
people who were murdered in cold blood by Zanu PF supporters?” Ncube asked.

Mabika and Chiminya were allegedly petrol-bombed and killed by Joseph Mwale,
a member of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO), and Kainos Tom
“Kitsiyatota” Zimunya, a war veteran, on 15 April last year at Murambinda
Growth Point in Buhera while campaigning for Morgan Tsvangirai, the MDC
president, in last year’s parliamentary election.

Nabanyama, an election agent for David Coltart, now the MP for Bulawayo
South (MDC), was allegedly kidnapped by war veterans last year and has not
been found since, while Pfebve was killed in Bindura by alleged Zanu PF

Ncube said Mugabe’s allegations were a ploy to crack down on MDC supporters
on the pretext that they belonged to a terrorist organisation.

“What we are witnessing is a repetition of the Matabeleland disturbances
where Mugabe’s government used the CIO to plant weapons on former Zapu
properties and then went on to attack the party’s supporters for possessing
arms of war, but I think Zimbabweans and the world are watching carefully
the hypocrisy of this regime,” Ncube said.
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Monday, 19 November, 2001, 16:26 GMT
Harare limits farm sizes
Government supporters on a farm
Farm invasions began more than 18 months ago
The Zimbabwean Government has announced maximum sizes for commercial farms, and says that any farm which exceeds the limit will be sub-divided into smaller plots.

The new regulations apply to those remaining white-owned farms which have not already been listed for government seizure.

Government has decided that every property that has not been gazetted for compulsory acquisition should immediately be sub-divided

Agricultural Minister Joseph Made
The government says that in rich, arable farming areas, no property can exceed 250 hectates (2.5

And on poorer land used for cattle ranching, the limit is now 2,000 hectares (20

Agriculture Minister Joseph Made said the new maximum size regulations have been introduced with immediate effect.

Many white farmers own farms of several thousand acres in size.


The government says that much of the land owned by white farmers is not being effectively used.

President Mugabe
President Mugabe is increasing the pressure on the opposition
But economists warn that the new regulations - if enforced - would destroy the viability of some of Zimbabwe's most productive farms.

The move comes a week after President Mugabe passed a decree, amending the country's Land Acquisition Act so that white farmers could be forced off their land with immediate effect.

Effectively it means that farmers who have been issued with acquisition orders by the government will have to stop farming immediately and remain confined to their houses, which they will have to vacate after three months.

Zimbabwe's economy is already in crisis, blamed largely on President Mugabe's land-reform programme.


Political and social tensions have been on the increase in Zimbabwe.

War vet funeral
The killing of a war vet leader in Bulawayo has increased tensions
On Sunday, President Robert Mugabe described the main opposition party and white farmers as terrorists, and said the British Government have been funding terrorism in Zimbabwe.

Britain says the accusation is absurd.

On Friday, gangs of government supporters ran through the streets of the second city, Bulawayo, setting fire to buildings and attacking people after a ruling party militant was killed.

Police have confirmed the arrest of two journalists accused of taking part in a plot to link the government to the assassination of Cain Nkala.

The two journalists, from the only independent daily newspaper in the country, the Daily News, were arrested in Bulawayo on Sunday on charges of kidnapping and torture.

The Daily News says the reporters were arrested to prevent them from publishing an interview with a member of the the main opposition party - the Movement for Democratic Change - with details about the death of Mr Nkala.

Sixteen opposition activists and a member of parliament for the opposition party have been detained since the body of Mr Nkala was found last Tuesday.


Zimbabwe government drastically slashes commercial farm size

Zimbabwe's government has introduced a new regulation slashing the maximum
size of commercial farms in prime farmlands to 250 hectares each, down from
several thousands of hectares.

The new law will apply to commercial farms which have not been listed for
compulsory seizure by government under its controversial land reform scheme.

"Government has decided that every property that has not been gazetted for
compulsory acquisition should immediately be sub-divided," Agricultural
Minister Joseph Made told a news conference.

The biggest commercial farm in the country's most fertile regions will now
total 250 hectares, while farms such as cattle ranches in the more arid
regions will total just 2,000 hectares.

Most white-owned commercial farms in Zimbabwe average several thousands of

The move is likely to deal a blow to the few large-scale, white commercial
farmers who had escaped having their properties listed by the government for
compulsory acquisition.

Made said the properties affected by the agricultural ministry's new
regulations will include plantations, foreign-owned properties, wildlife
conservations and others.

Information Minister Jonathan Moyo, who was present at the press briefing,
said that since the country's independence in 1980 from white minority rule,
the country's white farmers had not fully utilised their land.

"There is a lot of idle capacity in this land," he said. "It has put at risk
food security."

Contacted for their reaction, officials from the country's Commercial
Farmers Union (CFU) declined to comment until they had more details.

But independent economist John Robertson described the new regulations as a
"set of absurdities" which would destroy the country's international
competitiveness in agricultural exports.

He said Zimbabwe's exports of tea, sugar, coffee and tobacco, like those of
its major rivals, were produced at a large scale to offset input costs and
price fluctuations.

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ZIMBABWE: Poverty breeds opposition

HARARE, 19 November (IRIN) - A visitor to Joseph Shonga's home can't help but notice the large fissure that zigzags from the roof of his mud hut, down the decaying wall, and into the ground. A few metres from the crumbling dwelling is a stinking metal and plastic shack that serves as the toilet for Shonga's family.

These images of poverty and squalor are everywhere at Porta farm, a fast-expanding squatter camp 18 km southwest of Zimbabwe's capital, Harare.

Shonga leans back in his battered chair, draws a long puff from his home-made cigar, and sums up the reasons why he and his family left the better environs of Harare's Warren Park "high density" suburb to come to Porta farm in 1999. "It is all about jobs. I lost my job when our company closed in September 1999. There was nowhere else where rentals were cheaper, except here at Porta farm," he told IRIN.
Like the other shanties blighting the urban landscape, Porta farm is testimony to Zimbabwe's decline after a decade of failed economic policies.

According to the UN Development Programme (UNDP), three-quarters of the country's 12.5 million people live in poverty. In 1990 that figure stood at 40 percent, just before President Robert Mugabe reluctantly embarked on Western-backed economic reforms. The government acknowledged in its latest poverty assessment survey that 45 percent of Zimbabweans are not able to meet "basic nutritional needs".

Zimbabwe's early development success at independence has given way to despair. After the neglect of white minority rule, in its first decade in power, the government increased the number of primary schools by 90 percent to 4,549 in 1990. Several hundred clinics were built across the country, bringing the percentage of Zimbabweans with access to medical facilities to 87 percent, up from only 15 percent in 1980.

By 1990, however, the economy was weighed down by debt and was in trouble. Most local analysts say Zimbabwe's economic reform programme, initiated in 1991, failed largely because of the government's persistent inability to meet agreed fiscal targets. Concerns over policy choices - including military intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), extra budgetary awards to war veterans, and a chaotic land reform process - froze donor aid and investment.

For the vulnerable in society, the reality - unseen in the poverty statistics - are of families being forced to survive on one meal a day, with little hope that things will improve. In the words of Shonga's neighbour at Porta farm, Simon Chadema, it has also meant: "Exerting super human labour on a daily basis but only to earn a sub-human living."

At 4.00 a.m. each morning Chadema starts walking to Harare's Golden Quarry Road dump site, about 15 km from Porta farm. There he spends the day scavenging for plastic waste which he sells to a recycling company in town. He makes Zim $7,000 (US $127 at the official rate, US $27 on the blackmarket) or about one-third of what his family of six would need for their basic monthly survival, according to latest figures by the Consumer Council of Zimbabwe.

"I believe it is the listlessness caused by hunger that has resulted in my son, who is doing grade six at Porta primary school, falling behind in his school work," Chadema told IRIN.  

"Poverty has reached alarming levels at a time when neither the economy has the capacity nor the government the resources to pay for proper social safety nets," University of Zimbabwe business studies professor Tony Hawkins explained. The government's Social Dimensions Fund (SDF), created to ease the conditions of people retrenched under structural adjustment, is now all but bankrupt.

Social scientist Edwin Kaseke argues that, as economic failure turned into political opposition at the end of the 1990s, the authorities began to focus too much on "political survival". But, he told IRIN, the long term affects of poverty "are just too high. In the long run this has the potential to destabilise society itself and could even have a serious bearing on the political stability of the nation".

Petros Shumba, a resident of Epworth - yet another shanty 30 km east of Harare - believes things have yet to get worse before they can improve. "If only everything could get worse, with more poverty and suffering then perhaps every Zimbabwean could awaken to the need to complete the change," Shumba told IRIN. "Completing the change" is a euphemism for voting for
opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai in Zimbabwe's historic presidential election next year.

Shumba moved to Epworth in 1999 because he could no longer afford the higher rentals in Harare's townships after a wire making company he worked for relocated to neighbouring Botswana, citing Zimbabwe's deteriorating economic climate. He now survives by selling firewood to other residents in the fast growing but un-electrified shantytown.

Shumba, who blames his job loss on what he calls "President Mugabe's confrontational policies", said he wants to settle the score with the 77-year old president come election time early next year. The poll will be the first time in Mugabe's more than 20 years of rule that he faces a genuine political challenge.

But it remains to be seen to what extent the electorate blames Mugabe and his party for the economic hardships, and whether poverty will translate into political change when Zimbabweans vote.
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Daily News

Inflation could balloon to 1000% warns economist

11/19/01 10:25:13 AM (GMT +2)

Business Reporter

IF a comprehensive economic programme is not initiated to halt the country’s
decline, inflation could spiral to a 1 000 percent by next year, an economic
consultant has warned.

Zimconsult consultant, Peter Robinson, who was speaking at a Confederation
of Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) post-budget seminar said: “If you take the
Budget Statement as an indication of what is going to happen next year and
you assume the government stays in power and they stick to the low interest
rates and fixed exchange rate, inflation is going to go sky-rocketing.

“People will have no reason to save but every reason to consume and to
speculate. They will move into the stock market and the foreign exchange
market creating inflationary pressures. If we continue in this fashion we
will get into true hyperinflation, continually accelerating inflation.
“We will not just have increases in inflation but the rate of increase will
accelerate every month. We could end up with an inflation rate of 1 000
percent next year.

However, Robinson expressed scepticism that the government would stick to
its budget. He said: “None of us believe the budget. Even the Minister of
Finance and Economic Development Simba Makoni assumes there will be a change
policy, that there will be an increase in the nominal exchange rate and that
there will be changes in interest rate policy. That could help to moderate
inflation and in terms of official figures you could have lower inflation if
you have price controls.”
Assuming that a new government came into power after the presidential
elections, Robinson said it should launch a new economic programme with a
clear vision of its aims which could only be achieved if underlying
political issues such as the rule of law and the land issue were resolved.

Robinson said: “The nexus of inflation, interest and exchange rate will have
to be addressed immediately. Although rates of inflation are at
unprecedented levels, Zimbabwe is yet to experience true hyperinflation, in
which the rate of inflation itself is continually accelerating and monthly
inflation levels move into the three digit range.
“Such chaotic episodes tend to be shortlived and are, to a large extend,
fairly easy for the authorities to
grapple with. This is not true of the other common inflation variant, which
is inflation that is persistently high but relatively stable. This
phenomenon, sometimes referred to as ‘chronic’ inflation, is closer to the
Zimbabwean experience.”
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Daily News

UNDP land team holds meeting with Mudenge

11/19/01 10:52:37 AM (GMT +2)

Business Reporter

A United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) technical team, whose mission
is to look at the land redistribution programme, on Friday held a
closed-door meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Stan Mudenge, at
Munhumutapa Building.

After Mudenge had given his welcome speech and the UNDP team leader had
responded, all journalists were asked to leave the room.

In his speech Mudenge said the invitation to the UNDP to visit Zimbabwe
predated the Abuja agreement signed in the Nigerian capital of the same name
on 6 September by Zimbabwe and Britain.

Mudenge said: “The parentage of this UNDP team is before Abuja. It was
always envisaged that the UNDP should play a useful and constructive role.
We are very much looking to your team to come up with ideas which will
impact on the land reform programme as it affects this season and as it
affects the long-term land reform programme.

“You shall see all the stakeholders and you can visit anyone you want so
that you can do a credible job. As a government, we are willing and ready to
help in any way that we can to facilitate your mission.

“Feel free to suggest who you want to meet and where you want to go. We are
looking very much forward to your fulfilling your mission.”

A spokesman for the UNDP delegation said: “We are here to continue dialogue
between the UNDP and the government of Zimbabwe and to move the process of
land reform in a credible and equitable manner. We are hoping that based on
the discussions we have and our assessment of the current programme and of
the context in which reform is taking place, we will be able to put together
an outline framework which will be acceptable to you.

“It’s our duty to make sure that the international community will agree that
the programme is transparent and credible. We are playing a catalytic role.
We are hoping that within the next few weeks we will move this process
forward. Land reform is central to the developmental challenges that
Zimbabwe is facing.”

The meeting was also attended by Victor Angelo, the UNDP representative in

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Zimbabwe police seize reporters

Jessica Hodgson
Monday November 19, 2001

Police in Zimbabwe say they have arrested two reporters from the country's
only independent daily newspaper after they allegedly witnessed the torture
of a man by opposition supporters.

The man was forced by members of the opposition Movement For Democratic
Change to implicate the national spy agency in the murder of a war veterans'
leader, according to Reuters.

Daily News reporter Mduduzi Mathuthu and photographer Grey Chitiga were in
police custody on Monday after their arrest on Sunday in Bulawayo, a
colleague told Reuters.

A police spokesman confirmed the arrest but could not say wwhat the
reporters would be charged with.

The state-owned Herald newspaper reported on Monday that the two witnessed
the assault of a man in Bulawayo by MDC supporters who made him confess that
the murder of war veteran Cain Nkala was the work of Zimbabwe's central
intelligence organisation.

"The youths eventually called the Daily News reporter Mathuthu who brought
Chitiga to film the proceedings," the Herald said.

The Daily News said the reporters had been arrested to prevent them from
publishing an interview with an MDC activist it said claimed to know the
full details of Nkala's murder.

President Robert Mugabe's government has accused the MDC of involvement in
Nkala's death, a charge the opposition denies.

The MDC says the ruling party is using the death as an excuse to crack down
on the opposition ahead of next year's presidential vote.

A Harare magistrate on Friday dismissed fraud charges against two senior
employees of the Daily News accused by the government of giving false
corporate information.

Magistrate Weston Nyamwaza said there was "no evidence on the table to
suspect any wrong-doing" by the Daily News editor-in-chief, Geoff Nyarota,
and Wilf Mbanga, a former director of the newspaper's parent company.

The two men were arrested in what they said was part of a government drive
against the private media.

The Daily News has been highly critical of Mugabe's controversial drive to
seize white-owned farms for redistribution to landless blacks.
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ZIMBABWE: NGOs fear being targeted as violence escalates

JOHANNESBURG, 19 November (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) fear being next on President Robert Mugabe's "hit-list" after a weekend of political violence.

"It's open season now on the opposition and white farmers, government label us as anti-state so we're expecting the worst," the head of a prominent Harare-based NGO told IRIN anonymously, fearing reprisals.

On Friday, reported members of the ruling ZANU-PF party firebombed offices of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in the second city of Bulawayo, where prominent war veteran Cain Nkala was found strangled earlier this month. At least 14 MDC members have been arrested for Nkala's killing but have not been allowed to see their lawyers. MDC supporters torched a college owned by a prominent ZANU-PF official in retaliation.
In the last month, NGOs and civil groups have come under increasing government scrutiny. Last week information minister Jonathan Moyo said local and international NGOs would not be allowed to distribute emergency food aid that Zimbabwe has requested from foreign donors. NGOs have also been forbidden from undertaking voter education work in the run-up to next year's presidential poll.
Such groups have also effectively been banned from monitoring and observing the election. In a recent interview with the BBC, Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa said local monitors would be government appointees and international observers could only play a role in the election process "when invited".

Tony Reeler of the Amani Trust, an NGO that assists victims of political violence, told IRIN that events in Bulawayo at the weekend signalled a worrying shift in government's attitude to civil society. "Before we thought they would try and silence us by legal means, now government supporters go on the rampage and burn MDC offices while the police stand by and watch, we could come under a similar onslaught," he said.

One analyst told IRIN that recent events illustrated government's determination to suppress any individual or organisation perceived to be opposing it.

"Commercial farmers, the MDC, businesses, gay people, the government is at war with them all, the NGO's have every right to be worried. Most NGOs will tell you they are neutral, but there's no neutral any more, if you are not for ZANU-PF you're in the firing line," he said.

At Nkala's funeral on Sunday, President Robert Mugabe threatened to crack down on opponents, describing them as "terrorists" sponsored by the British government. In London, a British Foreign Office spokesman, speaking on condition of anonymity, told news agencies that any suggestion that Britain was supporting any kind of terrorism was absurd.

Britain has helped fund the Zimbabwean opposition, specifically through the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD), a government body set up in 1992 to support democracy around the world. A representative of the WFD told IRIN this was not the first time this organisation had been vilified by Mugabe and that such accusations were not worth responding to.

Nkala's death "was the brutal outcome of a much wider terrorist plot by internal, and external terrorist forces with plenty of funding from some commercial farmers and organisations like the Westminster Foundation, which we have established beyond doubt gets its dirty money for dirty tricks, from the British Labour Party, the Conservative Party and Liberal Party and also of course from the government of Tony Blair," Mugabe said.
At least 31 people, most of them opposition supporters, were killed in political violence before the June 2000 parliamentary election in which the MDC won 57 of the 120 contested seats. MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai warned on Friday of possible civil unrest across the country after ZANU-PF militants burned down his party offices in Bulawayo.
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Daily News

Zapu fears Mugabe out to get at political opponents

11/19/01 10:52:02 AM (GMT +2)

From Mduduzi Mathuthu in Bulawayo

ZAPU has expressed fears that President Mugabe and his ruling Zanu PF could
use the murder of Bulawayo War Veterans’ Association leader, Cain Nkala, to
get at opponents in the opposition.

The Zapu secretary for publicity and information, Gorden Moyo, deplored
Nkala’s abduction and subsequent murder as a callous act.

He said the matter should be looked at as Zanu PF’s widening conspiracy to
ignite a new conflict in Matabeleland.

He said the government should investigate previous abductions for a
long-term solution to the string of abductions which date back to the
post-independence genocide carried out by government security agents. An
estimated 20 000 people died and hundreds of others are still unaccounted

“We are disturbed about the situation in Matabeleland over the past three
weeks. People in Matabeleland don’t deserve this state of insecurity and
tension because they are still nursing spiritual and physical wounds
inflicted on them since independence,” Moyo said.

Three houses were burnt and scores of MDC supporters have fled their homes
following the shelling of three houses with petrol bombs, two of them in
Magwegwe West and the other, belonging to MDC councillor Peter Mangena, in

“It is particularly sad that this crisis has its roots in the
post-independence period when Zanu PF committed acts of mass torture,
abductions and genocide. There are thousands of cases still pending and all
these should be investigated if the police are serious,” Moyo said.

“In the past, we had terror brought to Matabeleland from outside, but a new
strategy has been hatched for brother to kill brother and neighbour to turn
against neighbour. People should refuse to be used by parties which bring
misery into Matabeleland.”

He lashed out at the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation chief correspondent,
Reuben Barwe, who was deployed to Matabeleland soon after Nkala’s abduction.

He said the reporter was trying to whip up emotions to sow seeds of

“He came here to incite the people of Matabeleland to fight against each
other,” said Moyo. “People should not suspend their reasoning and allow
emotions to take over.”

The MDC president, Morgan Tsvangirai, and his secretary-general, Welshman
Ncube, have denounced Nkala’s murder, describing the perpetrators as callous
killers who should face the wrath of the law.

“The agenda being put in place is to create a siege mentality in
Matabeleland resulting in a low voter turn-out,” Tsvangirai said when asked
about chances of a backlash.

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Daily News

Lawyers, MDC call for Mnangagwa’s resignation

11/19/01 10:54:14 AM (GMT +2)

By Pedzisai Ruhanya

ANDREW Chigovera, the Attorney General, has refused to say whether an
investigation ordered by the High Court into Emmerson Mnangagwa’s conduct
during his tenure as Minister of Justice has started.

On Friday, Chigovera’s secretary said: “Chigovera said he has no information
in connection with that case. He said he has nothing to say to you. What do
you want me to say?’’

Two weeks ago, Justice David Bartlett ordered Chigovera and David Mangota,
the permanent secretary for the Ministry of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary
Affairs, to investigate Mnangagwa in connection with George Tanyanyiwa
Chikanga’s premature release from prison.

The judge also ordered a thorough probe into other releases effected during
Mnangagwa’s tenure at the Justice Ministry.

But the opposition MDC and a number of Harare-based lawyers have called on
Mnangagwa, now the Speaker of Parliament, to resign after disclosures that
he facilitated the premature release of Chikanga, a hard-core armed robber,
when he was the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs.

Welshman Ncube, the MDC’s secretary-general and shadow minister of home
affairs, on Friday said: “It is a matter of conscience for Mnangagwa. If he
is a principled person he should resign, even though he may be innocent,
until the investigation is completed.’’

Ncube insisted that Chigovera should investigate Mnangagwa in line with the
High Court order.

“The problem we have in this country is that the law is for other people,
not Zanu PF. Chigovera’s office is a creation of the Constitution and he
should investigate Mnangagwa without fear or favour,’’ he said.

The MDC spokesman said if the case involved the MDC, the police and
Chigovera’s officials would have moved swiftly to investigate the matter.
“This selective application of the law should not be allowed,’’ he said.

Mnangagwa yesterday refused to comment on the matter. He cut his cellphone
twice each time the reporter introduced himself.

Dr Lovemore Madhuku, the chairman of the National Constitutional Assembly
and a law lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe, said in a normal
democracy, Mnangagwa should have resigned long back.

Madhuku said: “The only honourable thing for Mnangagwa to do is to resign.
There is more to it in the release of Chikanga than Mnangagwa’s position
that the release was an error.’’

He said in a country where a government respects and upholds the country’s
constitution, the government should follow recommendations of the judges.

“Judges do not always make such orders and when they do so, the Executive
should implement them. Chigovera should just do that and nothing more,’’
Madhuku said.

Innocent Chagonda, a prominent Harare lawyer, said Chigovera should
implement Barlett’s recommendations because the judge noted certain
irregularities in Chikanga’s release which the public is entitled to know.

Chagonda said: “If the investigation is not carried out, the public will
raise questions which make Mnangagwa unsuitable to hold the position of
Speaker and any other public office. Whether Mnangagwa should resign or not
can only arise after the investigation, if it is done.’’

Obert Chaurura Gutu, another Harare lawyer, said: “The moment such serious
allegations were raised against him, the only honourable thing for Mnangagwa
to have done was to resign and allow an investigation into the matter.’’

Gutu urged Chigovera to urgently investigate the matter so that people could
have confidence in his office.

He said: “Chigovera should respect the due process of the law by urgently
carrying out a thorough investigation into the matter. Everybody is looking
forward to a proper carriage of justice in our country,’’ he said.

Bartlett said because Chikanga was unlawfully released, he would be failing
in his duties if he did not make recommendations designed to find out how
that happened and to ensure that it did not recur.

Chikanga was released before serving his sentence of 35 years on armed
robbery charges after his mother convinced Mnangagwa and his officials that
her son had hypertension and was the sole breadwinner at the age of 17 when
he was initially convicted and sentenced.

An investigation ordered by the judge revealed that Chikanga did not suffer
from hypertension.

In his affidavit to the court two weeks ago, Mnangagwa said the release was
made in error by his late permanent secretary Augustine Chikumira and his
personal assistant, a
Mr Nyathi, who is also late.

Chikumira died in January this year.

But Bartlett said he knew Chikumira for 18 years in his various capacities
as regional prosecutor, director of public prosecutions and permanent
secretary. The judge said he had the highest regard for Chikumira’s
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Daily News Feature.

Hell hath no fury like a hungry student

11/19/01 10:35:21 AM (GMT +2)

Candid Talk with Musola

I SNEAKED into the country to visit my toiling cousin at the academic war
zone in Mount Pleasant where some Hill is King.

First I shall relate on the people of Harare and then on the student at the
not-so-pleasant campus in Mount Pleasant. Surely one cannot go to the
University of Zimbabwe without noticing the peace that the people of Harare

I will not mention the calmness and collectedness of the people of Harare. A
simpleton would have thought that everyone was at peace with themselves,
with their neighbours and with their rent-demanding landlords.

From the surface, Harare looked like a Utopian city devoid of any crime and
suffering. That was before I came face-to-face with daring street kids,
street brothers and sisters and street parents.

An encounter with the bun-snatching street kids and the glue-sniffing street
brothers brought me back to my senses. Nothing was exactly new. I have seen
worse in Johannesburg. It was the manner in which my hope was dashed. Before
I had set my sight on any desperado in Harare, I thought to myself that
Africa had a model of a city free from vile and vice. I had bought myself a
chicken burger from one of the food outlets in town. As I lifted it up for
the second bite, the burger was gone!

My alertness moved a gear up. I started seeing the cruelty of life. I came
across some adolescent boys sniffing glue in total contempt of a police
caravan post nearby.

The twinning of Harare and Johannesburg had taken place without pomp and

The similarities of the two cities in terms of vagabonds was striking. I
could not tell whether it was the route for all cities or it was mere
coincidence that the two cities had similar social crises roaming the

The few people I spoke to were not interested in talking much about their
economic and social survival. They preferred referring me to the next
person. I really did not know what they were afraid of. Perhaps I looked

If it is vigilance that made the people refuse to talk to a stranger, then
such vigilance is killing. It is making the people look unfriendly. Perhaps
then that was the angry mood of the hungry people. I could only imagine the
hardships faced by the people. The melancholy in most of the people spoke
volumes of their plight for survival. Even the absent-mindedness of some of
the people jaywalking the busy streets of Harare was enough testimony of
people mourning their eroded purchasing powers.

I got to the university campus in Mount Pleasant having learnt a lot about
the hardships of a stagnant economy. I had learnt of the people’s survival
instincts. I had learnt of the dealers, those swift briefcase traders and
merchants who can con anyone into an unholy transaction.

I had learnt of the pavement stalls that sold anything from locally grown
fruits to imported shoes and electronic gadgets. Some mischievous pavement
seller whispered to me that one could even buy a “wife” for a stipulated
period right there in the streets!

Hell hath no fury like a hungry student. No sooner had I entered the
precincts of the university than some yelling and stone throwing began. The
students were demonstrating!

The police were also reacting to the demonstration. I was caught in the
middle of a war I had no intention of finding myself in. I only wanted to
see a cousin of mine who was a student. Now, in a short spell, the situation
had changed into a war zone. Certainly the ozone layer around the campus was
depleted below the levels stipulated as tear gas enveloped the atmosphere.

All possible escape routes were sealed by some law enforcement agents who
looked ready to do battle with some fierce enemy. I wondered if the students
had hired some armed mercenaries from the Comoros to warrant all that force.
I could imagine the duel between the law enforcement agents and the likes of
Mad Mike Hoare as hired outlaws tried in vain to dislodge the men of the

In the confusion of the tear gas-filled atmosphere and amid screams for help
and menacing commands, I came across some group of young men who seemed to
know what they were doing. The best thing anyone could do at that time was
to find the quickest way out of the campus.

One of the young men invited me to exit via the “Appian Way”. I followed
this small group and found myself scaling a fence at a point where there
were no law enforcement agents. The group explained that the “Appian Way”
was not known by those who had laid siege to the oldest institution of
higher learning.

I then enquired why there was all that mayhem. The young men were surprised
that I did not know the cause. They asked me prodding questions in an effort
to find out who I was and what I really stood for.

Having been satisfied by my answers, they started relating to me their
living conditions. They spoke of the lack of money and of broken promises.
They spoke of hardships. Regarding hardships, I discouraged them from saying
more as I had seen it for myself in the streets of Harare.

And so when is the suffering going to come to an end? When are we going to
say, “enough of this suffering, we are fed up”? When are we going to
emancipate ourselves from this slavery of dependence? When are we going to
laugh at the senselessness of other countries? When are we going to be
spared the ridicule we are being subjected to by our neighbours and those
beyond? When are we going to put our house in order? When are we going to
enjoy the fruits of freedom?

What shall be done by us to correct the imbalance? What shall we remain
clinging onto as the last straw of hope? What shall we term the turning
point as there is no improvement in sight? What shall we tell our children
as they see the empty bowl extended to them by us? What shall we do when we
are charged with criminal negligence? What shall we eat when the grain runs
out? What shall our children drink when the well of hope and survival dries

What shall you do when the emaciated bodies of your kind start appearing on
foreign television stations? What shall you do to save your skin?

You can elect to monitor the situation from your bunker of plenty or you can
elect to observe from a distance.

It is your choice.
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Daily News - Leader Page

Government must probe goings-on at ZOU

11/19/01 10:12:46 AM (GMT +2)

By Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem

Last Monday we carried a story, which was shocking even by Zimbabwe’s
appallingly low moral standards, of the almost unbelievable catalogue of
blatant misdemeanours and gross mismanagement at the Zimbabwe Open
University (ZOU), the extent of which has never been imagined possible at an
institute of higher learning anywhere in the world.

The allegations of misconduct levelled against ZOU’s Vice-Chancellor,
Professor Peter Dzvimbo, and some of his senior members of staff are of such
a serious nature they ought to have provoked an immediate reaction from the

It is, therefore, surprising that, one full week after those shocking
revelations, the Minister of Higher Education and Technology, Dr Samuel
Mumbengegwi, has still not said a word by way of reaction to the story.

The allegations are contained in a damning 99-page report produced by
K-Resources, a firm of management consultants, who were contracted to
conduct an organisational development process on the university’s behalf
nearly two years ago.

The natural expectations were that ZOU management would review the report as
expeditiously as possible and make recommendations to the authorities in the
Ministry of Higher Education and Technology as a guide for whatever
organisational structures they would subsequently put in place for the

However, almost a year after K-Resources submitted its report, the
university authorities have done nothing to act on the consultants’

Reading through the report, it is not difficult to see why the ZOU
authorities, Dzvimbo himself in particular, have decided to sit on it.

The things they are alleged to be doing – which insiders say are only the
tip of an iceberg – are so reprehensible that handing the report on to the
ministry would have been tantamount to Dzvimbo recommending his own sacking.

Little wonder that most of the university’s key founding management
personnel, including Dr T J Nhundu, who had at one time been hotly tipped to
become ZOU’s first Vice-Chancellor before the scales inexplicably tipped in
Dzvimbo’s favour – saw no alternative but to resign as both a way of saving
their honour and registering their frustration.

Of major concern to Mumbengegwi ought to be the allegations of naked
nepotism levelled against Dzvimbo.

The alleged nepotism by the Vice-Chancellor is so rampant that employees at
the institution have unofficially renamed ZOU the University of Chiweshe
because, as is clearly shown in the K-Resources report which cites names and
positions held, there is a disproportionately high number of people from
Chiweshe, Dzvimbo’s home area, among ZOU’s staff.

Especially disturbing is a part of the report which says that at least 10
senior members of staff are being paid for doing absolutely nothing after
they were superseded in their post by underlings or new appointments whose
main qualification is either that they are related to, or they come from,
the Vice-Chancellor’s home area.

We believe this constitutes an abuse of authority and a wastage of resources
which the government can ill-afford to countenance in silence if it is not
to set a very bad precedent.

For the institution to have not only kept on its payroll since July 1999 10
senior employees whose salaries should naturally be substantial, but also
paying them performance-related bonuses to this very day is to commit
government to wastefulness which calls for severe censure or worse.

Apart from nepotism and general maladministration, the running of course
studies is so haphazard and lackadaisical that students are just as
frustrated and unamused as the employees of ZOU.

It is absolutely imperative that Mumbengegwi interests himself in the
goings-on at ZOU by instituting an immediate investigation to establish the
full extent of the rot that has allegedly set in there.
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Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust
P.O.  Box 168
IP13 8WE



17th November 2001

News Flash: Since the writing of this appeal, there have been some major
developments in Zimbabwe, as a result the following is an announcement from
the ZAWT Trustees ...

"The events of the last few days, particularly the passing of an amendment
to the Land Acquisition Act, (Statutory Instrument 338 of 2001 - dated 9th
November 2001) have sent shockwaves through the Farming sector, and indeed
all sectors of the Zimbabwean and International communities. The full
ramifications of this amendment in terms of actual and measurable effect are
still to be assessed, and it is very difficult to predict with any degree of
certainty what will ultimately be the result of it.

What is certain, however, is that it has taken the plight of Farmers, their
Workers and the communities who depend on them to yet another, more
desperate level. As such, we at ZAWT feel that a new sense of urgency is
called for, and we hope that we can count on your full support in getting
the help these guys so sorely need down to grass-roots level, where it can
do the most good”

Dear Friends,

Appeal Report

On behalf of the Trustees, thanks to all of you who have made donations or
offers of help to ZAWT.  We are deeply grateful to you for your
contributions, especially since recent world events have made it all too
easy to forget the tens of thousands of people struggling on farms in
Zimbabwe.  This letter will provide more detail about the importance of your

For those of you still considering the Fund, this report will give a much
broader picture of what we are doing and the critical importance of our

The agricultural community in Zimbabwe is in need of our help, now more than
ever.  There have been scores of new farm invasions, many of them involving
the savage beating of innocent people, mutilation of livestock and pets,
destruction of property and large-scale displacement of people.
The Abuja Agreement has brought no respite to the farms and political
“activity” is intensifying in the run-up to the Presidential election. The
Zimbabwe Government itself has admitted that it will require thousands of
tons of food aid within the next 90 days or so to avoid mass starvation.
Recent price controls have emptied the shelves of basic commodities, while
even the meagre maize supplies carried by bus passengers have been
confiscated at roadblocks.

Three quarters of Zimbabweans now live below the poverty line, and
Zimbabwe's economy will have contracted by 7.3 % by the year's end.  To
quote Finance Minister Simba Makoni, "we are sitting at the bottom of the
pile".  In a recent report forecasting food insecurity in Zimbabwe, the Food
and Agriculture Organization (FAO) identified “farm workers who lost their
jobs as a result of farm invasions or land acquisitions” as one of the most
vulnerable sectors of the population.


· ZAWT aims to help the Zimbabwean agricultural community as a whole to
survive, so that it can continue to provide livelihoods for hundreds of
thousands of farm workers and their dependents, as well as food and income
for the whole country.

· ZAWT is concentrating initially on trying to help farm workers who are
under threat of being laid off.  We are working in close co-operation with
farmers and their organisations to help to retain workers on farms to
prevent them becoming refugees in their own land. The farmers themselves
tell us this is the help they need.

· There are already over 600 000 “internally displaced” people in Zimbabwe,
whose ranks are being swelled all the time by former farm workers. We will
support projects to try to find and help destitute farm workers where

· Given sufficient resources, ZAWT aims to broaden its support to include
educational and health initiatives within farm communities, as they struggle
to withstand the traumatic pressures they are currently under.


· Apart from being the bedrock of Zimbabwe’s economy, agriculture also
provided a livelihood and support system for some 320 000 workers, i.e.
nearly 25% of the employed workforce of the country, together with their
families - nearly 2 million human beings altogether.  Anything that sustains
the farming community sustains the country.

· Farm workers have been abandoned, in some cases actively targeted, by the
Government. From the outset of the “fast track” land exercise they were seen
as sympathetic to the opposition MDC and to “white” interests. Many of them
originate in neighbouring countries and have no right to vote in Zimbabwe.
Most of them have few possessions and no-where else to go. They need our
help more than most.

· With a few exceptions, the farm workers have largely avoided siding with
the invaders, often at extreme cost to themselves, their properties and
families. Between February 2000 and August 2001, an estimated 28 farm
workers had been killed during the farm invasions. Thousands more have been
intimidated, beaten, and even raped. They will not see any benefit from the
fast track exercise which has robbed them of their livelihood. As owners are
forced to abandon farms, the pressure to join the invaders will increase.
They have earned our help.

· One day, with luck, peace and the rule of law will return to Zimbabwe, but
by then it may be a desperate and impoverished place.  Agriculture is the
only sector that has the potential to bring Zimbabwe’s economy back from the
dead, but it will not be able to do so without its people.  This is an
investment in Zimbabwe’s future.

Please give us a hand!

If you would like to help, please forward a cheque to the address at the top
of this letter. May we suggest a figure of £52.00 (a pound a week for a
year) or a variation there-of. Alternatively, go to our updated website at for the bank details and transfer funds directly to the
trust account. You could even authorise a standing order monthly for, say,
£5.00. This really would have a massive impact.

Incidentally, anyone in a country other than the UK may forward a cheque in
any currency to the above address or alternatively go to the website and
acquire the bank details and transfer funds directly to the trust account.

In Zimbabwe, a little goes a long way.

Please pass this on to others you feel would wish us to succeed. Thank you.

Yours sincerely,

Charles Boscawen
On behalf of the Trustees
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Comment from Business Day (SA), 19 November

SA needs a tougher policy to bring Zimbabwe to heel

President Thabo Mbeki's "quiet diplomacy" towards Zimbabwe is not working. It is now time for SA to switch to tough diplomacy involving a higher level of rhetoric and smart sanctions. Smart sanctions, which are under consideration by the European Union (EU), would involve travel bans on the political leadership of the country, freezing their assets outside the country, and the possible deportation of the children of government leaders who are studying or working outside the country. An EU technical group is refining these sanctions and, if talks with Harare is viewed to have failed, they could be imposed after two months. SA's support for sanctions could be critical in ensuring their effectiveness. Engagement with Harare has brought no progress and is unlikely to do so without a stick to encourage the government to adhere to the rule of law and basic democratic norms. The alternative is to give the government a free reign in terrorising and starving a large section of its own population. Tough, rather than quiet diplomacy holds the promise that words from Pretoria and the international community will receive far closer attention. Comprehensive sanctions would hurt the innocent, but smart sanctions would target those who count and have the power to make decisions. However, depending on the response, smart sanctions can always be ratcheted up to include other items such as arms.

What is the aim of smart sanctions and would they work? The international community's diplomacy should, above all, ensure that the elections in March next year are free and fair and that food aid can be delivered without interference. Quiet engagement with Zanu PF is not working . Smart sanctions are the most expedient alternative and promise to hurt and isolate a self-interested elite. They would deliver a clear and unambiguous message about the international community's seriousness, while other avenues of engagement could still be kept open. Their implementation may not be totally effective, but governments have become a lot more effective in tracking down assets and, since September 11, there is far greater determination on this score.

Zanu PF cadre are quick to resort to the rhetoric of returning to the bush and a second liberation war. But international public opinion would be against them and the lack of opportunity to show support from the rest of the world could damage them in front of their supporters. The psychological effect of these sanctions is an important element and their potential effectiveness cannot be downplayed. The Zanu PF propaganda machine would no doubt try to label sanctions as a "colonial" attempt to re-impose rule. But if SA and other countries in the region are prepared to give their support, this would be very different. SA says its diplomacy is aimed at keeping open dialogue between the two parties. But in the current climate, the dialogue on key issues surrounding the election is one in which Zanu PF dominates. The opposition Movement for Democratic Change has said it is not interested in the SA proposal for a government of national unity. The world is dealing with a government that is not prepared to stick to the agreements it reaches and one that is turning into a rogue state. The international community is running out of options. The government intends to bar monitors, but now says international observers are welcome. While what happens on election day is important, what happens prior to the elections could be more important.

The number of immigrants fleeing growing unemployment and possible starvation under Zanu PF rule is mounting and the potential for massive instability and a massive influx of refugees cannot be discounted. Should that happen the situation would threaten SA interests directly. SA cannot afford instability on its northern border. Another concern is the growing influence of Libya in the country. While SA has been a very reluctant regional power since the first democratic elections in 1994, it now needs to face up to realities. This does not mean unilateral action against Zimbabwe it means being prepared to persuade other countries in the region that now is the time to switch policy. Festus Mogae, Botswana's president, has already harshly criticised Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and, with SA persuasion, others could follow. Quiet engagement with Zanu PF is not working. Smart sanctions are the most expedient alternative and promise to hurt and isolate a self-interested elite.

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From Business Day (SA), 19 November

Mugabe brands MDC as "terrorists"

Harare - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe vowed to crack down on the opposition Sunday, describing them as "terrorists" sponsored by the British government. In an emotional speech during the state funeral of a murdered ruling party militant whose death he blamed on opposition activists, Mugabe issued a warning to Britain, the former colonial power in Zimbabwe. "Let it be heard in the tall towers of London, in their tall towers elsewhere . . we shall never, ever brook (tolerate) attempts to subject us directly or indirectly to colonial rule," Mugabe said. In his comments, Mugabe, known for making inflammatory statements, appeared to be making reference to the September 11 attacks on the United States.

In London, a British Foreign Office spokesman speaking on customary condition of anonymity, said that any suggestion that Britain was supporting any kind of terrorism was "absurd." The spokesman said Britain has helped fund the Zimbabwean opposition, specifically through the Westminster Foundation for Democracy, a government body set up in 1992 to support democracy around the world. Zimbabwe's farming districts have been convulsed by chaos over the past 18 months, when ruling party militants began occupations of 1,700 white-owned farms, demanding they be redistributed to landless blacks. The government has since embarked on a plan to seize 5,000 farms - nearly all the farms owned by whites - without paying compensation.

Opposition officials accuse the government of using land seizures to garner support and intimidate opponents ahead of presidential elections scheduled for next year. The opposition is running on a platform of open and accountable government and its supporters range from black power activists to conservative whites. It has an especially large following among urban educated black Zimbabweans. Bracing for possible violence, the streets of the capital city of Harare were filled with hundreds of paramilitary officers with rifles and machine guns Sunday.

In his speech, Mugabe said that activists for the Movement for Democratic Change were responsible for the November 5 abduction and murder of Cain Nkala, a leading ruling party militant who was declared a national hero posthumously by the government. "(It) was the brutal outcome of a much wider terrorist plot by internal, and external terrorist forces with plenty of funding from some commercial farmers and organizations like the Westminster Foundation, which we have established beyond doubt gets its dirty money from dirty tricks, from the British Labour Party, the Conservative Party and Liberal Party and also of course from the government of Tony Blair," Mugabe said. Mugabe supporters held up signs at the cemetery that read, "Kill All Terrorists."

Nkala's body was found strangled in the western city of Bulawayo and MDC officials have denied any connection to his death. Nkala was known for leading many violent farm occupations in the Bulawayo area. There has been widespread violence since Nkala's murder. On Friday, ruling party militants firebombed offices of the opposition MDC in Bulawayo, and randomly beat whites on the city's streets. MDC officials were told Sunday that paramilitary units had been deployed near their headquarters in Harare to protect them from possible attack by ruling party militants after Nkala's funeral.

MDC secretary general Welshman Ncube denied Mugabe's allegations that the party, which holds 56 of the 120 elected parliamentary seats, has turned to violence. At least 14 MDC members have been arrested in connection to the murder but have not been allowed to see their lawyers. Ncube said they have been tortured into making bogus confessions. Ncube has suggested that Nkala was killed by fellow members of the ruling Zanu party in order to prevent him from testifying about violence committed by party members. A report in the independent newspaper, The Sunday Standard, quoted associates of Nkala saying he was about to fly to Britain to testify there on the unrest when he was abducted from his home by armed men.

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