The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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      ZSE seen retreating after 2003 budget

      Mcdonald Dzirutwe
      11/20/02 9:00:00 PM (GMT +2)

      SHARE prices on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (ZSE) are expected to
decline in the last few weeks of 2002 as edgy investors bail out following
the announcement of new government regulations on foreign currency and
interest rates.

      Stockbrokers said the announcement last Thursday that exporters would
have to surrender 100 percent of their foreign currency earnings to the
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) had caused panic selling on the stock market.

      Previously, exporters had to remit 40 percent of their earnings to the
central bank and could trade the remainder on the parallel market for
foreign currency, where rates are more lucrative than at the fixed exchange
rates on the official market.

      Following Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa's presentation of the 2003
national budget last Thursday, the ZSE's industrial index, the key indicator
of share prices, shed 6 238.08 points or 4.84 percent to 122 698.38 points
on Friday.

      It tumbled a further 9.55 percent to 110 000 points at the end of
trading on Monday.

      The index had reached a record high of 130 899.60 points on November

      Market watchers said there was panic selling of export and financial
stocks when trading opened on Monday and this was expected to continue in
the next few weeks.

      "There is a lot of panic selling especially in export counters which
have been badly exposed by the new Reserve Bank regulations," a Harare-based
stockbroker told the Financial Gazette.

      "There are more sellers of export and financial counters and this is
going to see weakness in the industrial index."

      An analyst at Sagit Stockbrokers said: "The situation is bleak because
all counters that traded (on Monday) were down and the market is still
assessing the exact impact of the forex regulations until the end of the

      Some of the counters that lost ground on Monday include Delta, CFI,
Econet, Edgars, Interfresh TA Holdings, First Bank, Kingdom, PG Industries,
Truworths and Zimsun.

      Analysts said the stock market was also awaiting an announcement by
the central bank of an increase in interest rates, although they said they
were not expecting a substantial rise that would draw investors away from
the equities market and back to the money market.

      Murerwa announced during his presentation of the 2003 national budget
that interest rates would rise under a new monetary policy to be announced
by the RBZ.

      Low interest rates, which crashed to 10-year lows in January 2001 and
have remained soft, have fuelled a bull-run in the stock market in the past
two years.

      The analysts forecast a staggered interest rate increase of up to 70
percent by the end of next year, although they anticipated no major movement
in treasury bill (TB) rates because the government is depending on TBs to
borrow funds cheaply from the domestic market.

      First Mutual Life fund manager Nyasha Chasakara said the stock market
would still offer a safe haven for investors unless interest rates were
hiked to more than 150 percent, above the October inflation level of 144.2

      He said the decline in the industrial index signified lack of
confidence in the stock market, which has seen prices ballooning in the last
23 months because of low money market rates and high inflation.

      Chasakara predicted that the industrial index was likely to end the
year below 110 000 points, saying this would still offer positive returns to

      A Harare stockbroker said: "There is going to be a weakness in the
industrial index, which will go down to between 60 000 and 80 000 points
before things sort themselves out."

      Meanwhile there was no trade on Monday in TH Zimbabwe, which ZSE chief
executive Emmanuel Munyukwi said was suspended to protect investors as the
company completed the demerger of its divisions.

      On the money market, dealers said Murerwa's budget announcement had
had little impact, with the market estimated to have opened between $5 and
$6 billion short on Monday.

      Call and seven-day rates were quoted above 50 percent this week, while
30-day TBs and bankers' acceptances were yielding between 33 and 35 percent
per annum.

      Foreign currency dealers said the Zimbabwe dollar gained against major
currencies on the parallel market on Monday this week following a government
announcement that all bureaux de change will be shut down by the end of this

      The US dollar was selling at between $1 300 and $1 500, up from $1 800
before the budget announcement on Thursday. The British pound was selling at
between $1 800 and $2 000, up from $2 400.

      Rates on the parallel market, where the bulk of Zimbabwe's foreign
currency transactions take place, have devalued by more than 50 percent in
the past four weeks, pushing up commodity prices and inflation.
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Tourists: come and experience a total ‘eclipse’

11/20/02 7:40:12 PM (GMT +2)
EDITOR — Tourists, come and experience a total "eclipsed Zimbabwe" but do take note of the following drawbacks: severe food and fuel shortages and the dreaded foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in cattle.
Crime is rife. Police do not react as they could either be classed as "political" or they would have to wait for "orders from the top" as well as "we do not have transport".
Cameras are a "no-no" — you could be classed as a foreign journalist. Photos of so-called war vets, squatters or settlers are forbidden, as these axe-wielding people might attack you.
Racial and ethnic hatred is rife. You might be accused of being a "colonialist", "imperialist", "Blair puppet" or "British pig".
The axe-wielding militants will demand that you "go back to Britain as you are stealing the country blind".
There is a severe shortage of foreign currency.
Bring a map or global positioning system as most town and river signs have been vandalised.
Game has been decimated by poachers, but numerous tame cattle, donkeys, goats, dogs and chickens can be viewed as you travel along the main roads.
Numerous beautiful trees are now chopped down to create areas where maize crops will be grown. Thatched roof mud huts sprouting like mushrooms are now where once pristine mopani trees existed.
Some holiday lodges on farms are occupied by "war vets". Be sure to book your accommodation where you would be safe.
Enjoy your eclipsed holiday, and be patient in the queue.

Eclipsed Veteran,
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      Muzenda to quit in April?

      By Sydney Masamvu Assistant Editor
      11/20/02 8:48:28 PM (GMT +2)

      VICE President Simon Muzenda plans to retire from active politics in
April next year, setting in motion the long-awaited leadership succession in
Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU PF, insiders in the governing party said this week.

      They said the 80-year-old Muzenda, citing "ill health and fatigue",
had indicated to some top members of ZANU PF's supreme Politburo organ that
he wanted to retire by April, when Zimbabwe celebrates its 23rd independence

      President Robert Mugabe is aware of Muzenda's intentions to retire,
according to the insiders.

      Muzenda's plans to retire are widely expected to be announced at the
party's 2002 conference to be held in Chinhoyi next month.

      The insiders said government officials were working on a comprehensive
retirement package for Muzenda - Mugabe's deputy since Zimbabwe's
independence from Britain in 1980 - a development which had led to the
recent revision of the presidency's perks.

      Muzenda, unwell for much of this year, had his request to quit active
politics before the March presidential election shot down by Mugabe, who
described the period then as a critical phase in ZANU PF's 22-year rule.

      The vice president then shelved his plans and said he would retire
after the conclusion of the government's land reforms, which ZANU PF says it
has done.

      Neither Muzenda nor his spokesman could be reached for comment this
week. Officials in the vice president's Harare office repeatedly said he was

      The insiders said while Muzenda's retirement was not on the official
agenda of ZANU PF's annual conference, it was expected to come up during

      "Vice President Muzenda has made his intentions clear that he wants to
retire," a senior Politburo member told the Financial Gazette.

      "President Mugabe and other senior Politburo members close to him are
in the know. What has been the subject of discussion within the top party
ranks has been the timing, but the issue will become clearer at the
conference. Muzenda has hinted he wants to go in April," the Politburo
member said.

      In an interview with ZANU PF's official People's Voice newspaper on
the eve of his 80th birthday four weeks ago, Muzenda said his retirement
plans were on the cards but that these would only be made known at an
appropriate time.

      Official sources say most of Muzenda's duties, who now spends most of
his time at his rural home in Gutu, are being handled by Special
Presidential Affairs Minister John Nkomo.

      They say the elevation of Nkomo to a special affairs ministry in the
President's Office is apparently to prepare for Muzenda's retirement.

      ZANU PF insiders say while Nkomo's elevation to replace Muzenda is
imminent, Parliamentary Speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa, who is also the party's
administration boss, remains Mugabe's number one choice of successor.

      Mnangagwa is thus expected to take over from Msika in a phased
retirement plan.

      In elevating Nkomo, party insiders say ZANU PF wanted to break the
tradition of allocating positions on tribal and party lines.

      Mugabe, controversially re-elected in a March vote criticised as
flawed by the international community, says he has not decided on when
exactly he will himself quit the state presidency because a successor has
not been identified and groomed.

      He also says he wants to retire after completing his agrarian reforms,
under which the government has seized about 10 million hectares of prime
land that used to be run by 4 500 white farmers to resettle landless blacks.

      Mugabe has been generally reluctant to discuss the succession issue.

      He also declined to allow Joshua Nkomo, a vice president who died from
prostate cancer in July 1999, to retire after Nkomo had expressed a wish to
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      And now to the Notebook . . . Is it a funeral parlour budget?

      11/20/02 7:48:10 PM (GMT +2)

      Somebody has drawn Mukanya's attention to words uttered by one Robert
Gabriel Mugabe during the Southern African International Dialogue on Smart
Partnership held in Kasane, Botswana, in May 1997.

      We quote: "The finance ministry is being accused of running a kind of
a funeral parlour. I do not know what makes the ministry resist
implementation of decisions. Maybe it's the fear of being asked to be
accountable for what they would have done."

      Mukanya has a humble request to make to comrades Jona and George.
Could they please check with His Excellency, on our behalf of course,
whether his opinion on Comrade Herbert Murerwa is still the same?

      But more importantly, can they also check what His Excellency thinks
of Murerwa's budget released on November 14?

      Does the budget read like it was prepared by the director of some
funeral home, presumably with the intentions of turning the whole country
into a funeral parlour, which Mukanya reckons should not be too difficult to
achieve given the way things are already?

      Ex-convicts & fugitives from justice

      One umafikizolo (Johnie-come-late) in ZANU PF loves to remind anybody
who cares to hear how National Constitutional Assembly chairman Lovemore
Madhuku was once jailed for abusing clients' funds, which is true.

      Mukanya was wondering whether any of you readers out there remember
the name of one gentleman who was accused of snatching children and of
running away with some of them to some east African country, even after a
court ruling awarded custody of the children to his ex-wife.

      We remember the then justice minister Emmerson Mnangagwa saying the
said fugitive from justice would be arrested the day he landed at Harare

      Even to this day journalists - of course this does not include
Munyaradzi Huni of the Sunday Mail - are still trying to establish what
became of this important case.

      How times change. Mukanya would like to remind the gentleman, who now
happens to be a senior government official: those who live in glass houses
should not throw stones.

      Of discs and phantom interviews

      The propaganda war has reached alarming proportions. Now we hear
allegations that one official does not even trust his mouthpieces at one of
the local weeklies that he has resorted to interviewing himself and sending
a disc over to the newspaper where a reporter or is it a political editor's
name is added onto the story to give the impression the unfortunate guy was
the one who actually did the story.

      Mukanya even hears of countless trips by a 405 vehicle to the
newspaper's head office, especially on Saturday afternoons, to deliver
stories done by the said official.

      Talk of people singing for their supper!
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      Zimbabwe's tourism revenue drops 44%

      Staff Reporter
      11/20/02 9:04:12 PM (GMT +2)

      ZIMBABWE'S tourism receipts dropped by 44.3 percent to US$24.1 million
in the first half of this year but a ministerial task force on tourism says
the completion of the government's controversial land reforms will result in
the sector generating as much as 11 percent of the country's total export

      Zimbabwe's export receipts are expected to decline to US$1.4 billion
this year from US$1.7 billion in 2001.

      In its October economic update report released this week, Intermarket
Holdings says tourist arrivals in Zimbabwe in the first six months of 2002
declined by 48 percent.

      "Perceived insecurity of tourists on the back of political violence
has compromised Zimbabwe's image, hence negatively impacting on tourist
traffic," it said.

      "During the first half of 2002 tourism receipts dropped by 44.3
percent over last year from US$43.3 million to US$24.1 million."

      But Intermarket said the sector was projected to register a major
rebound in the last quarter of this year due to anticipated revenue
windfalls from the Solar Eclipse, which will be experienced in the southern
parts of Zimbabwe on December 4 2002.

      A ministerial task force on tourism, which is working on ways to
revitalise Zimbabwe as a safe tourism destination, said the government
should provide a timetable for the completion of its fast-track land reforms
under which hundreds of white farmers have been expelled from their
properties to make way for blacks.

      The task force also said the private sector should invite the
diplomatic community to work with stakeholders in the tourism industry to
remove the negative perception by inviting influential people from their
countries to visit Zimbabwe.

      Zimbabwe has lost more than US$582 million in tourism receipts in the
past three years due to the unstable operating climate and poor strategies
used to revive the ailing industry.

      The country's tourism recovery programme has been hindered by a
barrage of negative publicity accompanying the government's land reforms and
political violence during the run-up to the June 2000 parliamentary
elections and the March 2002 presidential elections.

      The Central Statistics Office says only US$80 million was generated
from tourism the whole of last year.

      But the ministerial team was however optimistic that tourism could
contribute more than six percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 11
percent of Zimbabwe's export earnings.

      "The sector (has the) potential to contribute 6.5 percent of GDP and
earn as much as 11 percent of total export receipts," the task force said.

      It noted that presently there was no coherent strategy to promote
Zimbabwe's tourist resorts in new markets by both the government and the
private sector.

      Tourist arrivals from traditional markets such as Europe and the US
have nose-dived by 68.2 percent since 2000 while direct flights to Zimbabwe
by virtually all major airlines have been halted.
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      Govt accused of causing costly delays

      Staff Reporter
      11/20/02 8:56:55 PM (GMT +2)

      WHITE commercial farmers this week accused the Ministry of Lands of
causing costly delays in approving compensation funds for their farms seized
by the government under controversial agrarian reforms to resettle blacks.

      Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU) director David Hasluck said the
ministry was dragging its feet in approving and disbursing the compensation

      "It is the Ministry of Lands and Agriculture which has the final say
on the disbursement of compensation funds," he told the Financial Gazette.
"What this means is that it (the compensation) is not a priority at all."

      The government set aside $4 billion to compensate the farmers in the
2002 budget. But up to September this year, only $1.7 billion had been paid
out. Most farmers complained that the painstakingly slow process showed that
the government did not want to compensate them.

      The government has set aside $4.5 billion as compensation for the
farmers next year, although the unused $2.3 billion from last year will be

      Patson Mbiriri, principal director of Lands, Resettlement and
Technical Services in the Lands Ministry, conceded this week that there were
indeed delays but said these were caused by the slow legal process involved
in the land reforms.

      There are currently hundreds of cases being heard in the
administration courts, where farmers are contesting the seizure of their
properties by the government, which says it will only pay for improvements
made on farms and not for the land itself.

      Mbiriri however said where there was a mutual agreement between the
government and the farmer, payment of compensation was prompt.

      Although there were no updated figures of the number of farmers paid
compensation, the CFU this August said just over 106 farmers had been paid
out since 2000.

      "The legal process is somewhat slow, especially in administrative
courts, and that really explains the utilisation of the funds allocated for
compensation," Mbiriri said.

      Hasluck said the lands ministry did not have adequate staff to deal
with the farmers' compensation, especially land valuers.

      Mbiriri said his ministry had initially received help from the
Ministry of Local Government and National Housing to complement its valuers
but this had now been stopped, placing more pressure on his department to
expedite the valuation of farms.

      Although the ministry did not have the capacity to train valuers, it
would soon recruit people with some background in valuation to understudy
its own valuers.

      Hasluck said the CFU had appointed a consortium of valuers who were
busy evaluating acquired farms for CFU members to come up with models to
determine the value of improvements made on the farms.

      He said according to a donors' land conference held in Harare in 1998,
Zimbabwe's 4 500 farms owned by CFU members were then valued at US$865
million ($47.57 billion at today's official rate). The amount was for both
the land and improvements.

      He could not put a time frame during which the consortium would
complete its evaluations although he said this was likely to be completed by
the second half of next year.

      Meanwhile a post-budget meeting held in Harare this week to debate the
financial votes of the lands and water development ministries in last
Thursday's budget noted with concern that the funds allocated to the two
ministries were far below what had been agreed with the Ministry of Finance
prior to the budget.

      Former agriculture minister Kumbirai Kangai said the finance ministry
should commit itself to a supplementary budget because the allocated funds
were inadequate.

      For example, he said the lands ministry had bid for $40 billion for
farm inputs. After meetings with finance ministry officials before the
budget, the figure of $29.9 billion had been agreed upon. But in the budget,
the farm inputs vote was slashed to $12.5 billion.

      "We need to put pressure on the Ministry of Finance for a
supplementary budget for this ministry (Lands and Agriculture)," Kangai

      "We should get a commitment that officials from this ministry will not
be charged if they exceed the figures because this was not what was agreed
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      Blanket price freeze heralds more pain

      By Abel Mutsakani Deputy Editor-in-Chief
      11/20/02 8:56:13 PM (GMT +2)

      A BLANKET freeze imposed on prices of goods by the government will
inflict more pain on Zimbabweans as more businesses are driven into the
black market and consumers are forced to cough up more money for their food
basket, analysts said this week.

      They said the Soviet-style price clampdown announced by the government
last weekend was largely motivated by political considerations but also
highlighted the desperation of President Robert Mugabe and his
administration in the face of dwindling supplies of food, fuel and foreign
currency, among several crises afflicting the country.

      University of Zimbabwe (UZ) business studies professor Tony Hawkins
said besides fuelling the black market, the latest freeze on prices by
Industry and International Trade Minister Samuel Mumbengegwi would kill many
more companies in a country where unemployment in the formal sector is
already above 60 percent.

      The respected UZ don said the price freeze would discourage the few
investors who still had a heart to do business in the troubled southern
African country.

      "It (the price controls) is an unworkable idea. Price controls have
never worked before and there is no reason to think they will work this time
round," Hawkins said.

      Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa himself admitted last week that
attempts in the past 12 months to fix prices of basic goods had failed.
Nevertheless, the government went on to widen price regulations to cover
goods from basic foodstuffs to electronic gadgets such as calculators and
photocopying machines.

      The retail prices of newspapers were also placed under state controls
for the very first time, just when the cost of newsprint is skyrocketing
almost every month.

      Cooking oil, bread, sugar and other essential goods, whose prices the
government controls, are either in very short supply or have disappeared
from supermarket shelves. The goods are now mostly found on the black
market, where sellers charge more than treble the official prices.

      In some cases, manufacturers have easily evaded state regulated prices
by merely re-branding or repackaging their commodities.

      Sources at the Industry and International Trade Ministry said the
government planned to keep the blanket price freeze only for six months
after which a new system that allows companies some flexibility in
determining their selling prices would be agreed, although the state would
still set maximum prices.

      Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce economist James Jowa said the
price control plan appeared aimed at controlling prices throughout the
production chain.

      "The government appears to think the reason price controls failed on
basic commodities was because they had not controlled the whole production
chain and it appears that is what they are trying to do now," he told the
Financial Gazette.

      "But it is impossible to control prices throughout the whole process
because there are too many external factors involved. For example, the issue
of the availability of foreign currency."

      Most manufacturers say because of the acute foreign currency shortage,
they have had to mobilise forex from the black market - whose exorbitant
rates are not controlled by the government - to pay for machinery, spare
parts and raw material bought from foreign suppliers.

      Officially the Zimbabwe dollar trades at $55 to the American unit but
changes hands at anything upwards of $1 400 to the green back on the black
market, where most hard cash transactions now take place.

      Industrialists say businesses would collapse were the private sector
to use the government's official and overvalued exchange rate to determine
the prices of goods.

      Hawkins said the government was misdirecting its efforts by tinkering
with the prices of the few goods that were still available instead of
addressing the economic and political fundamentals that have hit
productivity in the entire economy.

      He said Mugabe and his government were better advised to address the
underlying cause of Zimbabwe's crisis, which he said was the government's
high expenditure that is pushing up the huge budget deficit, which in turn
is fuelling inflation.

      Zimbabwe's inflation has now hit an all time high of 144.2 percent.

      The government projects a budget deficit of 14.1 percent of gross
domestic product for this year but independent economists say the figure
could be more than 20 percent.

      The government must also address the concerns of the international
community about its controversial land reforms, bloated human rights and
democracy record and show its commitment to the rule of law in order to
unlock blocked international aid.

      The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have suspended aid
to Harare while the European Union, the US, Australia, Canada, New Zealand
and Switzerland have imposed targeted sanctions against Mugabe and his
officials over governance issues.

      Hawkins said it was clear that the government had decided it would not
confront the "real issues" facing it on the political and economic fronts
because of the high political risks involved.

      "This is a case of political interest preventing rational decisions
from being made so you end up with the irrational prevailing," the UZ
business professor said.
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      New foreign currency rules to worsen crisis

      11/20/02 7:06:51 PM (GMT +2)

      ZIMBABWE'S foreign currency crisis will worsen markedly after the
government's decision last week to outlaw foreign currency bureaux and
commandeer all forex in the name of resolving a long-festering and
self-created problem.

      Far from addressing the fundamental causes of the crisis, the new
measures will only exacerbate the forex shortages because, as shown by all
previous state controls, exporters and others with hard cash will simply go

      The little forex that is available will disappear.

      The solution to the hard cash squeeze lies in Zimbabwe earning more
forex and not in coercing the few exporters still keeping the country afloat
into giving up all their hard-earned money at the ridiculously overvalued
and fixed exchange rate.

      The government's capacity to do the wrong thing almost all the time
and its perennial refusal to learn from past mistakes is truly astonishing.

      In this particular instance, Zimbabweans can be certain that they will
hear more and louder cries of economic sabotage emanating from the
government when the results of its latest measures finally take their toll:
the drying up of all forex and the total collapse of an already sinking

      Instead of imposing these counter-productive measures, Finance
Minister Herbert Murerwa should have come up with meaningful incentives to
encourage the few remaining exporters to increase their exports and thus
earn more hard cash for Zimbabwe.

      Because Zimbabwe's record high inflation has inevitably made local
companies less competitive against rivals in neighbouring countries where
inflation is in single digits, the incentives should have focused on
lessening the burden of spiralling production costs faced by Zimbabwean
exporting firms.

      Whether Murerwa did this by giving them tax holidays or lowering their
corporate tax levels is something the minister needed to give much thought
to because, as Zimbabwe's fundamentals now stand, local companies can hardly
export at a profit.

      The seizure of all the firms' forex earnings, thus giving the central
bank the sole authority to decide the import needs of these firms, is
certainly not the right way of doing things.

      Not only does this decision increase red tape, which delays decisions
that need to be made quickly by firms when importing inputs, but it exposes
the central bank's control systems to possible corruption, already an
endemic problem in Zimbabwe.

      Assuming some incentives had been given to exporters, the question of
the exchange rate of the Zimbabwe dollar versus the currencies of the
country's major trading partners still needs to be addressed.

      There is simply no way that Zimbabwe can pretend it is living in
isolation of the global village and that therefore it can go it alone by
fixing the value of the local dollar regardless of the inflation
differentials which exist between it and its trading partners.

      In other words, the overvalued Zimbabwe dollar has to be allowed to
depreciate significantly to its perceived market value not only because this
is the right thing to do but because this also kills speculation in the
foreign exchange market and encourages exporters to work harder and earn
more forex for themselves and Zimbabwe.

      Zimbabwe needs to look no further than neighbouring Botswana for an
exemplary management of a country's foreign exchange resources.

      Not only has Botswana done well to manage its forex, but it has gone a
step further to abolish all forex controls, thus making itself a haven for
foreign direct investment which has contributed significantly to Botswana's
impressive economic growth.

      The abolition of exchange controls removes the temptation for any
company or individual to be dishonest in forex dealings, another reason why
open systems such as this one - as opposed to a closed and controlled
system - need to be encouraged.
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      Church leaders back Pius Ncube

      Staff Reporter
      11/20/02 8:57:32 PM (GMT +2)

      BULAWAYO -Senior clergy in and around Matabeleland this week rallied
around outspoken Roman Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube, who has accused the
government of denying food to starving opposition supporters to cynically
try to win their support.

      Seven church leaders in and around Matabeleland said they agreed with
Ncube that government food aid had been politicised to the detriment of
opposition MDC followers.

      The one-page statement was signed by Bishop Dube of the Evangelical
Lutheran Church, Bishop Wilson Sitshebo of the Anglican Church Diocese, the
Reverend Graham Show of the Methodist Church, the Reverend Kevin Thompson of
the Presbyterian Church, the Reverend Noel Scott of the Anglican Church in
Bulawayo, Kingsley Dube of the Church of Christ and Pastor Ray Motsi of the
Baptist Church.

      "We, the church leaders, fully support Archbishop Pius Ncube's
statement of the 6th November 2002 as reported on the BBC (the British
Broadcasting Corporation). We hear the cries of the suffering, the harassed
and starving people of our country for help," the statement said.

      "We condemn in the strongest terms the actions of (President Robert)
Mugabe and his government in hijacking food supplies and distributing them
in a partisan way and in hindering the work of non-governmental
organisations and other concerned bodies in their efforts to feed the hungry
and suffering people in our midst," it said.

      Ncube, accused by the government of being an MDC supporter, told
church leaders in Durban last week that about 160 villagers had starved to
death in Matabeleland because the government was allegedly denying them food

      "We face an absolutely desperate situation in Zimbabwe and the
government is lying to the world about it. Our government continues to
engage lies, propaganda, the twisting of facts, half-truths, downright
untruths and gross misinformation because they are fascists," Ncube charged.

      "Mugabe is using the food crisis in Zimbabwe to force people to vote
for his party," he added.

      Information Minister Jonathan Moyo has denied Ncube's charge and
accused him of being mad.

      "When a bishop is mad, he is mad and I don't think it is fair to
comment," Moyo told the BBC's Focus on Africa.

      Last month the United Nations' World Food Programme (WFP) suspended
famine relief aid in the southwestern district of Insiza after ruling ZANU
PF militants seized three tonnes of WFP maize and gave it to ZANU PF
supporters ahead of a parliamentary by-election there.

      ZANU PF subsequently won the poll.

      Zimbabwe is in the throes of its worst famine after crops failed last
season because of a devastating drought and the government's controversial
land seizures. About half of the country's 14 million people are threatened
with starvation.

      In their statement, the seven church leaders said they were aware that
villagers and other people suspected to be MDC supporters were being denied

      They condemned what they said was the government's orchestrated
campaign of violence, intimidation and torture "that adds to the suffering
of our freedom and peace- loving people".

      They stated: "We commit ourselves to do all we can to serve the people
and to co-operate with other caring bodies in bringing urgent relief to all
those who desperately need food and help.

      "We call the government to repentance and a change of heart, to listen
to the cries of the people and to return to the path of justice, peace and

      Analysts said the statement by the clergy was certain to put them on a
collision path with the government, which has repeatedly urged the church to
keep out of politics.

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      Coltart remanded in election shooting case

      Staff Reporter
      11/20/02 9:00:04 PM (GMT +2)

      BULAWAYO - A Bulawayo magistrate has remanded to February 2003
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) legislator David Coltart,
who is accused of shooting at ZANU PF supporters in the run up to the March
presidential election.

      Magistrate Fadzai Mthombeni ordered Coltart, the Member of Parliament
for Bulawayo North, to appear in court again on February 10 next year.

      Coltart's lawyer, Nicholas Mathonsi of Bulawayo law firm Webb, Low and
Barrow, said he would ask the state to withdraw its case against his client
when he next appears in court. He said the prosecution had failed to clearly
indicate what charges Coltart was facing.

      The state alleges that on February 15 this year, Coltart was driving
along Mapie Road in Bulawayo when he saw ZANU PF supporters putting up
election campaign posters of Robert Mugabe, that party's candidate in the
presidential election.

      Coltart allegedly fired two shots into the air from a pistol to scare
away the ruling party supporters.

      Coltart denies owning a gun or any of the cars, a Mazda double cab
truck or Toyota Venture, which the state alleges he was driving on the day
in question.

      The MDC parliamentarian says he was actually in a different part of
town during the time he is supposed to have fired the gun along Mapie road.

      Mathonsi said: "The state has also failed to investigate my client's
alibi. We feel there is no basis to prosecute my client and the behaviour of
the state bears testimony to that. The prosecutors know that there is no
case but are afraid to withdraw the charges against my client."
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      Byo council moves to acquire 133 farms

      Staff Reporter
      11/20/02 8:55:32 PM (GMT +2)

      BULAWAYO - The government is finalising the acquisition of 133 farms
in Umguza for the Bulawayo City Council to undertake urban agricultural
projects, but officials in the area say the fate of at least 10 000 people
occupying properties in the constituency is unclear.

      Lennox Mhlanga, a spokesman for the Bulawayo municipality, said the
acquisition of the 133 farms, measuring 138 000 hectares in total, was
likely to be completed before the end of this year.

      He told the Financial Gazette that the farms had been identified by
city council officials and had been under the control of the Umguza Rural
District Council since the government took them over from white farmers
under the land reform programme.

      It was however not clear if the government, which has yet to
compensate white farmers for land seized under its agrarian reforms, would
pay the Umguza council cash for the farms.

      "The government is facilitating the acquisition of these farms," said
Mhlanga. "In the meantime, we are in talks with officials from Umguza as
most of the farms identified by us are under their jurisdiction."

      He said as well as urban agriculture projects, the land would be
useful in future if the city of Bulawayo, home to nearly two million people,
decided to expand by creating new residential suburbs and commercial and
industrial areas.

      "The land is also for our future development. We are negotiating with
all the concerned parties, with the government being the facilitator,"
Mhlanga said.

      The city council spokesman would not provide further details on the
133 farms, but opposition Movement for Democratic Change legislator for
Bubi-Umguza Jacob Thabane said thousands of people already lived on those

      At least 10 000 people are said to have moved into the area since
ruling ZANU PF supporters began occupying white-owned farms in February
2000, while others have been resettled under the government's land reforms.

      Bulawayo City Council officials were unable to shed light on what
provisions were being made for these people, saying negotiations were still
in progress and the fate of the settlers would become clearer in the

      Thabane, who claims there is a ruling party plot to unseat him, said
plans to pass the farms over to the Bulawayo City Council could be used to
ZANU PF's advantage.

      "The whole idea is to dilute my constituency. ZANU PF wants to bus
their people into my constituency under the pretext of establishing urban

      "I agree that the council needs land for expansion and Umguza is
adjacent to Bulawayo. But I can foresee this being used by ZANU PF to its

      But Mhlanga shot down these claims. "As the city continues to grow, we
will continue to seek land outside the city for our future growth," he said.
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Zimbabwe journalists challenge media laws
            November 21, 2002, 12:00

            Zimbabwe's highest court was due to hear a challenge by
independent journalists today questioning the constitutional validity of
tough new media laws which critics say are aimed at muzzling dissent.

            The Independent Journalists' Association of Zimbabwe (IJAZ)
filed papers with the Supreme Court in July challenging the Access to
Information and Protection of Privacy Act which President Robert Mugabe
signed into law in March.

            Critics say the legislation is aimed at stifling opposition in
the face of the country's worst political and economic crisis since Mugabe
took power at independence from Britain in 1980.

            Abel Mutsakani, the IJAZ president, said: "The main argument we
are putting forward is that we want the court to strike down as
unconstitutional the requirement that journalists should be registered to
work in this country.

            "This is the first of a series of court challenges that we want
to bring against this law."

            Media laws necessary to restore ethics
            The government argues the media law was necessary to restore
ethics in the private media, which it accuses of spreading Western
propaganda against Zimbabwe in retaliation for Mugabe's seizure of
white-owned farms for redistribution among landless blacks.

            The law punishes "abuse of journalistic privilege", such as
publishing falsehoods, with fines and up to two years in prison and also
bans foreigners from working in the country as correspondents for foreign

            Twelve journalists have been charged under the new act,
including a US citizen and correspondent for Britain's Guardian newspaper,
Andrew Meldrum, who was acquitted in July of charges of reproducing a false

            In September, the government refused to renew the work permit of
an American journalist working for French news agency Agence France Presse's
(AFP) Harare office, citing the clause barring foreigners from working as
correspondents in Zimbabwe. - Reuters
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US Accuses Mugabe Government of Fabricating Story on Embassy Employees

David Gollust
State Department
21 Nov 2002, 00:07 UTC

There was more angry U.S. criticism of Zimbabwe's government Wednesday over
an incident last week in which two U.S. embassy employees and others were
accosted by pro-government activists while trying to assess hunger
conditions outside the capital Harare. The State Department is accusing
President Robert Mugabe's government of fabricating a story that the embassy
employees provoked the incident.

The relationship between the Bush administration and the Mugabe government,
already troubled, appears to be deteriorating further amid conflicting
accounts of what U.S. officials say was an unprovoked attack on two U.S.
embassy employees and others last Friday southeast of Harare.

According to the State Department, a U.S. diplomat, a Zimbabwean employee of
the U.S. embassy, a British United Nations official and a Zimbabwean serving
as a guide for the group, were stopped in their car by a group of pro-Mugabe
activists, so-called "war veterans", as they tried to assess hunger
conditions at a farm compound about 25 kilometers from the capital.

The two Zimbabweans were said to have been severely beaten, while the others
were subjected to what was termed "hostile interrogation" and their vehicle
looted of personal and official items this, as Zimbabwean police ignored
telephone calls for help from the U.S. diplomat.

The State Department earlier this week expressed "outrage" over the
incident. But State Department spokesman Philip Reeker said Wednesday U.S.
anger has been magnified by false accounts of the affair in
government-controlled newspapers claiming the embassy employees provoked the

"The assertion that the Zimbabwean government has made in these press
reports that embassy staff created and filmed a scramble for food among farm
workers are complete fabrications, utterly without foundation and clearly,
once again betray the cynicism of the Mugabe regime in Zimbabwe," he said.
"The United States regards the unprovoked attack on our personnel as a
serious breach of the Zimbabwe government's responsibility to safeguard
diplomatic personnel in Zimbabwe. The breach cannot be hidden behind the
Zimbabwe government's fabrication of a nonsensical story to justify the
lawless actions of its supporters."

Spokesman Reeker said the treatment of the officials contravened the Vienna
Conventions on diplomatic protocol. He suggested that United States might
withdraw personnel and warn Americans against travelling to Zimbabwe unless
authorities respond to U.S. complaints over the affair, and punish those

As reported by the government-run Herald newspaper, the U.S. embassy
employees sparked the incident by repeatedly throwing food at farm workers
from their car and filming the resulting commotion. Zimbabwe's Information
Minister Jonathan Moyo had earlier accused the United States of "intrusive
and interventionist" behavior concerning the regional food crisis.

The Bush administration, a persistent critic of the Harare government's
human rights performance, has accused it of making the country's
drought-related food problems much worse through "ill-considered" economic
policies, including the confiscation of white-owned commercial farms.

Despite the political conflict, the United States has been a key supplier of
food aid to Zimbabwe and other hard hit countries in the region, and
spokesman Reeker said the Bush administration's decisions on aid to the
people of Zimbabwe will not be affected by its attitude toward the Mugabe
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HIV/Aids Scourge Ravages Varsities

Vanguard (Lagos)

November 21, 2002
Posted to the web November 21, 2002

Emmanuel Edukugho

The AIDS epidemic is ravaging Nigerian ivory towers with thousands of
university students already afflicted by the killer ailment. If you are one
of those sceptics who believed AIDS had not yet arrived on our campuses,
then hold it!

Former Senior Special Assistant to the President on HIV/AIDS and Chairman
National Action Committee against AIDS (NACA), Professor Ibironke Akinsete,
has declared that the dreaded disease is now very much around in the
universities, citing University of Lagos as an example.

"I have seen a lot of AIDS patients from the University of Lagos," said
Professor Akinsete of the Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion,

She lamented: "Nothing is going on in the universities on AIDS. Absolutely
nothing. The disease is devastating our university population. In respect of
the larger national population, 3.8 million Nigerians have AIDS."

Tracing the onset of the epidemic in Nigeria and initial response, she
recalled that the first case was reported in 1986. Initial response was not
robust and hampered by denial. HIV/AIDS considered a problem of the health
sector and even then a minor segment. There was very limited funding and
political support. Insufficient capacity and understanding to effectively
respond to challenges imposed by the epidemic.

Shortcomings of the initial response included limited contribution and
ownership of response by all possible stakeholders, very narrow funding base
(health sector and donors), poor planning, co-ordination, monitoring and
evaluation. Efforts did not lead to reduction in prevalence, behaviour
change or improved knowledge.

As regards current national response, Professor Akinsete acknowledged that
there is now political commitment present at the highest level.
Establishment of new multi-sectoral structures and broader funding base.

Democracy has brought on more partners and a better understanding of the
epidemic and what works.

She listed the multi-factorial causations of AIDS. These are socio-economic
determinants, behavioral determinants, biological determinants and system
factors (blood supply, contaminated instruments).

There had been paradigm shifts which was described as a series of shifts in
fundamental thinking about the epidemic. These are: The realisation that the
HIV/AIDS epidemic is at an early stage of development and that its long term
evolution is still unclear.

That successful proven approaches to HIV prevention have been identified,
and the need for a particular emphasis on young people has been recognised.

That community mobilisation is the core strategy on which success against
HIV has been built.

That access to comprehensive care and treatment for HIV/AIDS is not an
optional luxury in global responses.

That addressing the economic, political, social and cultural factors that
render individuals vulnerable to HIV/AIDS is crucial to a sustainable and
expanded international response.

That lack of capacity to absorb increased resources allocated for HIV/AIDS,
while posing challenges, is no reason to delay the boosting of responses in
countries expressing commitment to an expanded response.

According to her, generally speaking, about half of all new infections occur
in young people aged 15-24. In Nigeria, young girls carry several fold the
HIV burden of boys of corresponding age due to asymmetry in sexual
partnerships, etc. Girls become infected younger and die earlier.

Professor Akinsete, in a graphic presentation on African higher education
institutions, responding to the challenges of the HIV/AIDS pandemic (case
studies, best practices) to mark African University Day, listed the impact
on the education sector. These are: Increased absenteeism in schools, loss
of concentration/poor performance exclusion from international training,
loss of teachers, e.g. Zimbabwe lost 1,300 teachers to AIDS in 10 months
(1998) and 10% of teachers in Africa will die of AIDS in the next five
years. Disruption of teacher/pupil ratio, note long term impact.

With the ravaging AIDS scourge, more students are not likely to be present
in lecture rooms. Even those who manage to attend lectures with the ailment
will suffer from impaired concentration and extremely poor academic
performance. They will not be able to make excellent grades.

In respect of international training, Professor Akinsete referred to a case
in which about 200 people sent abroad for training, over 10 of them tested
positive to HIV/AIDS and were sent back to Nigeria. Consequently, AIDS can
cause the loss of opportunities to study abroad by our students either for
first degree or masters.

With the projection that 10% of teachers in Africa are likely to die of AIDS
in the next five years, the implication will be grave and tragic for
Nigeria's education system. In a country where teaching has become a mere
stepping stone to other lucrative professions, the situation will be more
pathetic when AIDS begin to take its toll on teachers.

Disruption of teacher/pupil ratio means that we are going to have more and
more pupils to few and fewer number of teachers.

According to the situation analysis, the epidemic is still in its early
stages. That effective responses are possible but only when there is
political will at all levels.

That unless more is done today and tomorrow, the epidemic will continue to

Inaction has proved to be a deadly mistake. Evidence has never been stronger
that action against AIDS gets positive results.

Half measures and piecemeal responses do not work. There must be an agenda
for change which has been embraced by the Abuja declaration of commitment by
all nations of the world at the UN General Assembly special session on
HIV/AIDS in June 2001.

The important thing is to act and act now.

Professor Akinsete wants lecturers, students, faculties and departments to
form a committee that will take the campaign to all the universities.

"The universities should set up a think tank. I am appealing to them to sit
down and do something. They should sit down and write proposals and
strategies to address the problem. Nigerian universities have done nothing.
In Botswana, Zimbabwe, they have taken the bull by the horn. Every one is
active. But not so in Nigeria."

The Professor of Haematology said we should aim at changing the mindset of
Nigerian university students who are behaving as if AIDS does not exist.

"We must take the campaign on HIV/AIDS to them in their respective campuses,
in their hostels, cafetaria, peer groups, social clubs, etc. We should reach
them anywhere they are."

There is the need to raise awareness and sustain it. Asked why the TV and
radio stations are not used to convey AIDS messages to the people, Professor
Akinsete answered:

"Our TV stations are highly commercial. You have to pay a lot of money
because they are all interested in income generation. In other countries, it
is mandatory for television stations to show AIDS programmes on a daily
basis. But not so in Nigeria. Money is the bottom line."

She advocated something called ABCD. A for Abstinence, B for Being faithful,
C for Condom and D for Death.

"It is your choice to pick any of them. You can Abstain, or Be faithful, or
use Condom or Death," adding that, "we should put heads together and do
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Most of the under mentioned Trusts and databases have been in operation for some time and have assisted many of our members and their families. This is to serve as a reminder of services available.


CFU Database of Accommodation, Storage Space and Job Opportunities

The CFU has a database of accommodation, storage space and job opportunities. This is a very large document and is, therefore, issued to members on request. Categories cover accommodation on offer in Zimbabwe and other countries. Job opportunities – by country – Regional and others. A limited amount of storage space is on offer as most of this has already been taken up.

Should you require a copy of this, contact the undersigned, Lisa Fulton or Anita Briggs.


Farm Families Trust

Following the brutal murder of CFU members the Union set up a Widows Fund to assist the widows of these members with financial commitments such as school fees, medical bills etc. The Fund was eventually expanded into the Farm Families Trust and the first meeting took place on Thursday 5th June, 2000. The elected Chairman and Vice Chairman are Anthony Swire-Thompson, Chairman, and Richard Winkfield, Vice Chairman.


The objects of the Trust are for the purpose of alleviating hardship amongst Zimbabwean farmers and their families whose lives have been affected by any form of violence or dispossession and attending to the health, financial needs and general welfare of such persons and their families. Any member in need can apply to the Trust for assistance.

Contact details Mr A J Swire-Thompson 04 883173 Mr R Winkfield 04 300632


Flame Lily Foundation – South Africa

The Flame Likely Foundation in South Africa can put distressed farmers in touch with well-wishers in South Africa who have offered temporary accommodation. Please direct enquiries to John or Mary Redfern on


Stress Management

Following the Stress Management Seminars at the Commercial Farmers’ Union, the Farm Families Trust initiated an outreach programme to bring qualified speakers to the farming areas. As the illegal invasion of commercial farmland escalated and the use of extortion and violence by war vets to intimidate landowners and their employees became more common many farmers and their wives and families reached breaking point. As a result of this Farm Families Trust decided to expand its role to help deal with the crisis. It developed a network of skilled people who can help farmers and their wives to cope with and reduce the mental anguish and trauma that they are experiencing. A number of seminars have been held in the districts.

The CFU or the Farm Families Trust can provide a list of Counsellors on request.


Info Regarding The Farm Worker Relief Fund

The National Employment Council for the Agricultural Industry comprising of the ALB and GAPWUZ resolved to establish a Relief Fund to assist farm workers and their families who have lost property and been maimed or injured as a result of the current spate of lawlessness prevailing in Zimbabwe.

In this connection an account was opened at Barclays Bank, Westgate Branch in the name of The Farm Workers Relief Fund.

The account number is : 2144 - 3286926

The National Employment Council has made an initial deposit of $100,000.00.

Monies donated will be used to purchase necessities.

The National Employment Council for the Agricultural Industry 6 Cottenham Avenue P O Box WGT 312 (Off Lomagundi Road) Westgate Telephone No: 334472/3 and 303669


The Zimbabwe Farmers’ Trust Fund


Aims And Objects Of The Trust


Ø To raise funds to assist those Zimbabwean farming families who are under threat to have a short holiday in the United Kingdom.


Ø To help these families pay for certain quantifiable costs, most notably travel from the point of entry into the country – say London     Heathrow International Airport – to the hosts, which may number more than one, with whom they will be staying.


Ø To help hosting families to a very limited degree, with the cost of providing ongoing support for their guests should all this             become burdensome and only if alternative accommodation cannot be found – say in the event of illness and hospitalisation of a     Zimbabwean guest.


D. Wolseley-Brinton Tel 01776 705316

Fax 01776 889488

e-mail WolseleyBrinton@aolc


Castle Kennedy




Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust


Extract From Appeal:


This email is an urgent appeal, on behalf of the Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust (ZAWT) to all Zimbabweans, ex-Zimbabweans (and anyone with a love of the country).


Please read it, make a donation and forward it to all Zimbabweans you know, wherever in the World they are.

Over recent months, we have witnessed unprecedented change and turmoil in our country. As expected the people hardest hit by the recent upheavals have been the farmers and their workers (The two are dependent upon each other and are facing the same crushing pressure).


We have spent the last few months working in close contact with farmers groups, the workers communities, human rights organisations and NGOs to establish a workable plan to help the people who are battling it out on the ground. Our plan is called Project Survival. It aims to support those who without help would lose everything: and it depends upon people like you to succeed.

The biggest problem facing the farmers, and by extension the communities that they support is keeping up with the costs associated with maintaining a labour force whilst unable to produce. To this end, one of the most recent focuses of Project Survival is to help farmers to cover the costs of their labour force, who will benefit by being able to stay in their homes and their communities in relative safety. We normally offer this support for 3-month periods.


This support is vital to keep farmers going. For the workers it can literally be the difference between life and death, as starvation haunts the country.


We are reliant upon the Zimbabwe community around the world to fund our work. We are currently receiving no other support.

We are now able to receive online Visa donations through our totally secure website. This is the quickest way for you to help. Failing that, please send a cheque (payable to ZAWT) to the address at the bottom of this email.


Click here for more details of Project Survival and how you can help. ZAWT is a charity registered in the UK.

Please don’t delay. Forward this email today and dig as deep as you can.

Thank you.


Lao Watson-Smith


Zawt (Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust)

P O Box 168



IP 13 8WE

United Kingdom


Website :


If you would like to contact us please email us at

Registered in the UK as a Charity No. 1091003

Patron: The Most Reverend Desmond M Tutu O.M.S.G.

D.D. F.K.C.

Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town


Society For The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

SPCA have assisted many farmers with removal of their PRT animals and other services. Ms M Harrison has appealed to farmers not to leave farm horses abandoned on farm because the cost of putting them down\retrieving them is prohibitive and stretching the resources of the society. She estimates there are + 10 000 horses on farms, many of which will have to be put down, as there is no market for these animals (save the crocodile farm and lion and cheetah park). The Society is quite prepared to assist farmers dispose of these animals but would require some support (fuel\transport\payment of veterinary fees) from the farmer.


Jan Wentworth


Agricultural Ethics Assurance Association of Zimbabwe - building competencies and promoting food quality and worker safety in global food chains.




Global food chains are the enabling environment for both international companies engaged in trade and commerce and for local exporters supplying international consumer markets. Consumers in the developed world have become accustomed to increasingly high standards of quality and uniformity of agricultural produce. Retailers have translated this expectation into ever greater pressure on their suppliers for higher quality, larger volumes, year-round supplies and at lower cost, to satisfy their customers’ needs and to increase their own market share in a highly competitive trading environment.


Fortunately, progressive Zimbabwean producers and exporters decided to be proactive by introducing a Code of Practice for Exporters that establishes a common minimum standard across the Zimbabwean agricultural industry. This enables Zimbabwean exporters to speak with a common purpose and show our customers, both old and new, that Zimbabweans are responsible producers who recognise and accept the concept of ethical trading. The Code combines the expectation of our major markets with existing national legislation and is managed by the Agricultural Ethics Assurance Association of Zimbabwe.


Mission statement


The mission of the Agricultural Ethics Assurance Association of Zimbabwe is “To develop, promote and encourage the widespread adoption of the Code of Practice by exporters of agricultural products in order to improve the quality and competitiveness of Zimbabwean products, safe guard the health and safety of the workers and consumers, protect the environment and encourage sustainable agricultural production.”




¨       To formulate, adopt, periodically review, modify and improve a CODE OF PRACTICE governing the production, processing and packing of all agricultural products, particularly those destined for export from Zimbabwe;


¨       To secure and maintain recognition of this CODE OF PRACTICE amongst the importers of agricultural products exported from Zimbabwe and the foreign agencies or bodies representing the interests of workers involved in the aforesaid production, processing and packing, the people sharing the environment in which this is done and the consumers of such products abroad;


¨       To promote the adoption of and adherence to the CODE OF PRACTICE amongst all persons who, within Zimbabwe, are producing, processing and packing agricultural products particularly those intended for export and consumption abroad;


¨       To promote responsible and ethical practices throughout the agricultural community of Zimbabwe, the production of wholesome food stuffs and a recognition and respect for the people involved in these processes and natural environment in which the products are grown, processed and packed;


¨       To design, adopt or otherwise make or acquire, a stamp, badge, label or other such device bearing a logo or other sign of approval by the Association of the acceptance and implementation of the provisions of the CODE OF PRACTICE by that producer, processor or packer;      


¨       To secure and maintain recognition of that sign of approval as an indication of the observance of responsible standards by the growers, processors and packers of the produce that is to stamped;


¨       To appoint independent auditors or monitors to ensure that the Association's sign is not abused and that all members of the Association do strictly observe and implement the CODE OF PRACTICE.




§         Membership of the Association is open to all growers, producers and organisations involved:


a)       in the production, processing and packing of agricultural products within Zimbabwe;

b)       in the production or provision of inputs for such activities;

c)       in servicing those activities through their labour and in sharing the environment with those who produce, process and pack agricultural products. 


§         Membership is also open to organisations operating within Zimbabwe or abroad who have an interest in promoting the         objects of this Association.



For more details, contact:


Kennedy Chakanyuka


P O Box WGT290

Westgate, Harare

Tel: 04 309 800/309 868

Fax: 04 309 868

E-mail: or



If you require any further information on any of the above issues please contact Tel 04 -309800 ext. 255 or e–mail and we will endeavor to supply prompt answers.




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Daily News

      Zimbabwean wins crucial rights case in SA

      11/21/02 8:41:40 AM (GMT +2)

      From Japhet Ncube in Port Elizabeth,South Africa

      A Zimbabwean asylum seeker in Cape Town has won herself and the rest
of the continent's displaced nationals a crucial court battle allowing
refugees to work and live in South Africa while their status is being
ascertained, and their applications processed.

      The ruling has brought a deep sigh of relief to thousands of
Zimbabweans fleeing their crumbling economy and the political crisis in
their country.
      But the biggest challenge now is to prove they fall under the
definition of refugees, legal experts said on Monday.

      The ruling in the Cape High Court gives the refugees the right to work
and live in the country while their applications are being processed. It may
take up to a year for applications to be processed. And all refugees fleeing
African tyrants have Zimbabwean Murial Millie Wachenuka to thank. Lawyers
for Wachenuka, her disabled son Sipho Mlagisi and the Cape Town-based
Refugee Centre, which looks after jobless refugees while they wait to be
granted asylum seeker status, took the Department of Home Affairs to court
to challenge the constitutionality of the Refugees Act.

      They argued that it was an infringement of refugees' constitutional
rights to equality, human dignity, life and just administrative action, not
to allow asylum seekers to work or study while waiting for their
applications to be processed.

      Every month South Africa deports thousands of illegal immigrants,
mostly from neighbouring states, particularly Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

      But the Cape Town court found that a ministerial blunder in the
regulations that created the ban meant the regulations were unlawful and
unconstitutional. This meant that it was unnecessary for the court to rule
on the infringement of fundamental rights.

      The battle started in February. Wachenuka and her son applied for
asylum in Cape Town, and they were not allowed to work and study

      The fiery Zimbabwean enlisted the services of the Legal Resources
Centre and took on the Minister of Home Affairs, the director-general and
the chairperson of the standing committee on refugee affairs, demanding she
be allowed to work, and her son to study.

      In his judgment, Justice Hennie Erasmus noted that the standing
committee consisted entirely of Home Affairs officials, and was headed by
the deputy director of refugee affairs.

      Justice Erasmus said it was unnecessary to find that the standing
committee was appointed unlawfully as he had already set aside the ban on
working and studying because of the mistake in the issuing of regulations.
The Refugees Act, which came into effect in April 2000, was created to give
effect to international conventions relating to asylum seekers.

      But barely five days after it became law, the Minister of Home Affairs
passed a set of regulations that would allow asylum seekers to stay in the
country but prohibited them from working or studying.

      But the passing of the regulations failed to recognise that the legal
requirement that the standing committee on refugee affairs should determine
whether or not refugees could study or work.

      South Africa has been battling the influx of illegal immigrants since
the country's first ever democratic elections in 1994. It loses millions
each year repatriating illegal immigrants, most of whom return to what they
see as the land of milk and honey.

      According to the Act, refugees are people and their dependants who
have fled their countries of origin or can't return home because of the
well-founded fear of being persecuted by reason of their race, religion,
nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group.

      Wachenuka and many other Zimbabweans fall into this description.
Political violence and the general collapse in the rule of law are driving
Zimbabweans into exile in South Africa.

      Although there was no comment from Wachenuka or her legal
representatives on Monday, it was clear the ruling would be cause for
celebration among many refugees in South Africa, which boasts the best
constitution in the world, and democracy.
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Daily News

      DRC recalls envoy

      11/21/02 8:22:37 AM (GMT +2)

      By Luke Tamborinyoka Political Editor

      THE Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to
Zimbabwe, Mwanananga Mwawapanga, has been recalled.

      President Joseph Kabila last week launched a crackdown on senior
government officials linked to the plunder of diamonds and other mineral
wealth during the four-year civil war in his country.

      Senior government and army officials in Zimbabwe were named in a
United Nations' report for plundering the resources of the DRC. But the
government of President Mugabe has dismissed the report as
British-orchestrated "malicious rumours". It emerged yesterday that while
the Zimbabwean government was dithering over the detailed corruption and
plunder report, Kabila had suspended his Harare representative and recalled
him to Kinshasa.

      Yesterday, the consul at the DRC embassy in Harare, Richard Biladi,
confirmed Mwawapanga's suspension. "He was recalled home about a week ago
following the inclusion of his name in the report by the UN panel. The
ambassador was one of the officials suspended by President Kabila," Biladi

      Kabila's actions are in sharp contrast to the inaction by his allies
in Harare, who have said they will not investigate the officials linked to
the looting of "blood diamonds" during the four years which Zimbabwe
committed nearly 11 000 troops to the Congo.

      Speaking from Kinshasa yesterday, Kikaya bin Karubi, the DRC Minister
of Information, said five officials had been suspended, including
Mwawapanga, who was then Minister of Finance. "The DRC government is
conducting its own investigations. Our ambassador to Harare was mentioned in
the UN report and he is on suspension pending finalisation of that matter -
that is all I can tell you," said Bin Karubi The Speaker of Parliament,
Emmerson Mnangagwa, the Minister of Defence, Sydney Sekeramayi, and some of
the country's top military brass were implicated in the scandal.

      The two senior Zanu PF officials allegedly received payments from the
playboy son of an Omani oil minister who is chief executive officer of Oryx
Natural Resources, which jointly owns a diamond mining concession in
Mbuji-Mayi with Zimbabwe.

      Last week, Patrick Chinamasa, the Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs, completely dismissed the UN report. He said the
government would not investigate the senior government officials named in
the report. But Kabila is reportedly not happy that the DRC's allies
connived with DRC government officials to loot the country's resources,
taking advantage of their presence in the war-torn country to ward off
rebels backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Last week, Kabila fired three key
government officials over the UN report. The suspended officials include
National Security Minister Mwenze Kongolo, the government's key negotiator
at the peace talks, Katumba Mwanke, and the head of the national security
agency, Didier Kazadi Nyembwe.

      Mnangagwa, the alleged mastermind of the transfer of "blood diamonds"
and cash through couriers who bypassed customs officials at Harare
International Airport, has confirmed he once dealt with Kongolo in order to
facilitate the release of an Oryx employee from a prison in the DRC but
denied being involved in any shady deals.
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Daily News - Feature

      Is Munyaradzi Gwisai an MDC or ISO MP?

      11/21/02 8:19:55 AM (GMT +2)

      Saul Gwakuba Ndlovu

      The Highfield Member of Parliament, Munyaradzi Gwisai, reportedly
snubbed a disciplinary committee of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
tasked to hear his case over alleged anti-MDC public pronouncements.

      Gwisai has been reported on several occasions before publicly
criticising the MDC for allegedly losing ideological direction by siding
with employers at the expense of the workers, and also for becoming an
"elitist" organisation.

      Gwisai also represents the International Socialist Organisation (ISO)
whose objectives, he feels, have been betrayed by the MDC.

      It is obvious that Gwisai's public remarks have caused the MDC some
embarrassment, hence the decision to take disciplinary action against him.

      I do not know what the MDC constitution stipulates on such matters,
but I am sure that the decision to hold such a hearing (on Gwisai's
sentiments) was based on the belief that he is constitutionally bound to
respect the MDC's rules and regulations.

      If that understanding is not correct, one wonders how the MDC thinks
it can discipline a person who is not bound by its constitutional

      If Gwisai is an MDC member, I wonder why he does not voice his
sentiments to the policy-making body of that organisation rather than to the
public through the mass media.

      It would appear that Gwisai owes more loyalty to the ISO than to the

      Should that be the case, one wonders whether the Highfield voters are
also more loyal to the ISO than to the MDC.

      The question that has to be answered is: Did Gwisai win the Highfield
seat as an ISO or as an MDC representative?

      I do not know much, if anything at all, about ISO. But I can state
that I have more than an academic understanding of socialism: a political
and economic system or theory in which the means of production, exchange and
distribution are collectively owned by the community, usually through the

      It would be most interesting to find out how Gwisai has implemented
socialism in Highfield, his constituency.

      That apart, I have always struggled to understand why he is a member
of an international organisation whose local affiliate is to me completely

      Where is the (Zimbabwean) national socialist organisation which, as is
the normal practice, should be Gwisai's local power base but affiliated to
the ISO?

      If there is such a party in Zimbabwe, one would have thought Gwisai
would be championing its cause rather than that of an umbrella body, the

      Another aspect of this controversy I find to be of much interest to
the generality of the people of this country is whether or not there was an
agreement between the MDC and the ISO for Gwisai to contest the Highfield
seat under the auspices of the MDC, or whether or not there was an
understanding that the MDC would pursue a socialist, that is to say, an ISO
ideological line.

      My understanding of the MDC is that it is merely a movement aimed at
the democratisation of Zimbabwe.

      In it are workers, as in trade unions; intellectuals, made up of
lawyers, medical doctors, teachers and lecturers; peasants; commercial
entrepreneurs; farmers; industrialists; and church organisations.

      Now, it has become clear to many Zimbabweans that the world
(international) socialist movement is also a part of the MDC.

      If this perception is correct, I wonder what would become of that
obviously loose coalition of democratic interests were each group to press
its demands over those of others.

      It is also of much interest why Gwisai thinks that he can speak for
the workers of this country and yet it was they (the workers) who created
the MDC, and chose their own people to represent them in that organisation's

      I strongly feel that if Gwisai is of the opinion that the MDC has
performed far below his expectations, he should quit that organisation.

      That would mean resigning the Highfield seat as well inasmuch as it is
an MDC constituency. He would thereafter fight a by-election as an ISO

      That is the only honourable course of action for him.
      I do hope that since he is accusing the MDC of betrayal, he is, in
effect, talking about honour.

      Why not lead by example rather than by precept by doing the honourable
thing - resigning and standing as a fully-fledged ISO candidate?

      As for the MDC leaders, it is surprising that they find it advisable
to show so much tolerance. Do they not know the good, old English adage: A
stitch in time saves nine?

      The wisdom in that saying is expressed differently in different
Zimbabwean languages.

      In tjiKalanga they say:
      Mbgwanana inolobgwa itjanya; in siNdebele, they say: Isigogo sigoqwa
sisemanzi; in chiShona they say: Simbi inorohwa ichapisa.

      Other Zimbabwean languages have, I am quite certain, equivalents to
these pithy sayings.

      By dilly-dallying, the MDC leadership is, in fact, doing a disservice
to the Highfield voters, some of whom must now be wondering whether or not
they elected the right person to represent them in Parliament.

      If Gwisai is either dissatisfied with, or embarrassed by the
performance of the MDC, he should either leave it for a better organisation
or be pushed out into an environment where he can openly criticise that
organisation with maximum freedom and more frequently than he is presently
able to do.

      That is freedom of association and expression.
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Calls for Zimbabwe to be expelled from the AU
November 20, 2002, 13:00
Zimbabwean opposition party, the People's Freedom Party (PFP), have handed
over petitions to the South African Government and the African Union (AU).

The party is demanding the expulsion of Zimbabwe from the AU. The group
marched to the Union Buildings in Pretoria to express their grievances. They
called on the South African government and the AU to expel Zimbabwe from the

The protesters said that South Africa should take a more public stand to
prevent genocide in Matabeleland. They also want the country to accept
Zimbabwean refugees. Malcolm Ngcube, of the PFP said: "We want the African
union to look seriously at the Zimbabwe situation before its too late and we
definitely demand that Zimbabwe be expelled from the organisation."

The protesters said they must not be held responsible for violence if their
demands are not met©2002. All rights strictly reserved. Independent Online
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HARARE, Nov. 20 (Xinhuanet) -- The lack of a clear monetary policy and the
requirement that exporters remit 50 percent of their proceeds to the Reserve
Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) have adversely affected the performance of the stock
 Following the announcement of the budget last Thursday by Finance and
Economic Development Minister Herbert Murerwa, the industrial index tumbled
6,238.08 points or 4.84 percent last Friday to 122,698.38 points as major
counters weakened.
 On Monday, the index fell a further 11,719.84 points or 9.55 percent to
close at 110,978.54.
 The market continued to weaken on Tuesday and the benchmark industrial
index dipped 3,375.42 points or 3.04 percent to close at 107,603.12 points.
 The big question is what aspect in the budget caused panic among investors
who have been quite happy to participate on the market for almost two years.
 The investors are uncertain about the measures introduced in the budget,
which need to be clarified by the RBZ.
 They blamed Murerwa for presenting a budget that was hazy on issues of
critical importance.
 The issues of interest rates and foreign currency accounts had been
suspended for the past year and investors had expected clear direction from
the budget, which, however failed to deliver, leading to speculation and
panic on the market.
 Most investors are now adopting a wait-and-see attitude until the position
is made clearer, resulting in a slow-down on the stock market, which since
last year has been performing beyond expectation in the face of skewed
macro-economic fundamentals.
 The hardest hit counters have been those in the export sector like Bindura,
Trans Zambezi Industries and Interfresh which have taken the brunt of the
 The Intermarket Stockbrokers said that a lot of export-orientedstocks have
been behind most of the decline in the market. This could be a reaction to
the announcement pertaining to the rules guiding the remittances of foreign
exchange to the RBZ.
 They added that investors were wondering how that was going to work. "Maybe
we will see a change when the monetary statement comes out as we are sure
the RBZ is working on something to explain how the measures are going to
 Murerwa announced in the budget that the percentage of foreign exchange
received from the export of goods and services and surrendered to the RBZ
had been raised from 40 to 50 percent with immediate effect to meet critical
 This, he said, meant that authorized dealers were now required to buy 50
percent of all export service receipts up-front, for theaccount of the RBZ.
 The remaining 50 percent would also be surrendered to the RBZ and held to
the order of the exporter, he said.
 Murerwa said that usage would be related to a priority list to be specified
by the RBZ, adding that the priority list and operational details would be
announced by the RBZ governor shortly.
 Investors were interested in clarification of these measures and whether
the remaining 50 percent would be changed at the official rate of 55
Zimbabwean dollars to one US dollar or some other rate.
 Investors were speculating and those who were unwilling to take risks were
getting out.
 Kingdom Financial Holdings investment analyst Patrick Saziwa said if
interest rates went up, there would be positive returns for money market
traders and the market was not as risky as the stock market.
 "We need to have a monetary policy first for the situation on the stock
market to improve. Personally, I do not think that the rates will go up to
an extent that will affect the market very much," he said.
 "For positive returns, interest rates should be above the inflation rate.
It's only panic that is causing the market to fall.The market should pick up
maybe in January next year. The situation has been compounded by the fact
that the performance of the market is traditionally low around Christmas,"
said Saziwa.
 He, however, said the market had performed extremely well this Year.
 The index was at around 9,000 points in January 2001, jumped to2,000 in
January 2002 and had gone up to more than 128,000 points before the budget
 Zimbabwe's stock market was judged one of the best emerging markets in the
year 2000.
 "It is still one of the top emerging markets although it has been mainly
inflation driven," said Saziwa.
 Sagit stockbroker analyst Oliver Lutz concurred with the other analysts
that the 50-50 split of export proceeds and the price freeze had impacted on
the market.
 He said many stocks had been re-rated downwards and would remain so until
they released their results and a clear monetary policy was announced.
 Investors were nervous and were taking a more cautious approach so as to
reduce exposure to equities.
 Sagit said that the mention of interest rates always hampered any stock
 "Historically, December has been a slow month on the market because of the
build up to Christmas. On that basis, I don't thinkwe will sustain the
current rate of collapse," he said.
 Local analysts are considering that the market would remain weak until next
year or might correct sooner depending on when the monetary policy was
 The stock market has been a shining beacon in a gloomy economy
characterized by high inflation of 144.2 percent, foreign exchange shortage,
company closures and high unemployment. by Gao Shixing
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